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MODULE 1: ROLE OF THE YOUTH IN NATION-BUILDING Viva Tomasino!!!

Welcome to the University of Santo Tomas National Service Training Program (NSTP) Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS) and Literacy Training Service (LTS) courses! I sincerely hope that as you accomplish your chosen course and the modules, you will be able to share your ideas, experiences and help build a community of socially responsible students. There is a lot in store for you this semester, and to kick things up, read through the live following lessons so you will find out why indeed, are you taking up this course. Lets now go to Lesson 1. LESSON 1: GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUES At the end of this lesson, I hope you will be able to: 1. discuss the different citizenship values embedded in the Philippine Constitution 2. practice good citizenship values at all times, in all places I. What is a good Filipino citizen? Maka-Diyos Maka-Tao Maka-Bayan Maka-Kalikasan All of us are familiar with these citizenship values. They are even embedded in the Preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution: We the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God in order to build a just humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this constitution. You can be a good citizen by living in accordance to these values. It may sound simple but living by and exhibiting them is a big challenge for everyone. . All things considered, these values help, helped and will help shape and guide our Nation towards a better tomorrow. It has been best exemplified in events like EDSA I, proving to us that we are a nation built on values.

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II.

Good Citizenship Values: A Deeper Look

Let us now explore and discuss in detail the values that are instilled in us and face the challenge of living a life in accordance with it.

A. PAGKAMAKA-DIYOS 1. Faith in the Almighty God Have faith in God.. Truly I tell you, if anyone says to this mountain, Go, throw yourself into the sea, and does not doubt in their heart but believes that what they say will happen, it will be done for them. Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours -Mark 11:22-24

This is the basic value of the good Filipino citizen. As a Christian, you are asked to put God in the center of your life and communicate with Him by means of prayers. You should look at Him as your ultimate source, one with infinite powers, to help you in your work, to enable you to meet your needs and to get you out of trouble and crisis. With this experience, you become fully aware of the things you can accomplish when you live a life of faith. It is ironic, however, that in a country where citizens are maka-diyos, many acts violating the laws of God are committed each day. How then can it be that you ask for Gods help and guidance then go against His wishes? Let us read this story by Bro. Andrew Maria, MMHC Faith Alone A devout widow who was known to be a living saint was crossing a bridge with her child when an accident happened. Her son fell off the bridge and plunged into the deep water below. At this, some men got ready to jump into the water to save the child. However, the widow forbade them. Do not move, she told the men, my faith alone can save the child. After she had said this, the widow knelt on the bridge and prayed with great faith. In a short while, the child drowned and died. The widow wept.

This story teaches us that Faith alone, without work, is useless.

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You have to remember that as Thomasians dedicated to the service of the Church, family and country, you have to put your faith into action, live a life that that is based on good values; and serve as an inspiration to others who struggle with their own faith in Almighty God.

2. Respect for Life "Life is raw material. We are artisans. We can sculpt our existence into something beautiful, or debase it into ugliness. It's in our hands." - Cathy Better Your life and humanity is a gift from God. You are created from His image and likeness. This makes you a person of worth and dignity. In turn, you should uphold and recognize others dignity as persons and grow to appreciate their worth by keeping an open mind and charitable attitude so you may be able to appreciate others giftedness and special roles. Your body is Gods temple, it is sacred and by all means, you should be responsible for it because any form of violence against it defies the sanctity of life. Natural human rights protect you from anything that endangers your life and well being. You should also be responsible for upholding the rights of others. You shall not be an advocate of violence or any means that may harm the life and dignity of others. Life is precious. It is your duty to respect, protect, nurture and preserve the human life from the moment of its conception.

Thoughts to ponder on: As a student, do I have habits and vices that may lead to the destruction of my body, which is considered as Gods temple? Do I treat other people well and give them the worth and dignity due to them as human beings?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

3.

Order "He who has no taste for order, will be often wrong in his judgment, and seldom considerate or conscientious in his actions." -Johann Kaspar Lavater

The value of order is doing first things first. It is simply doing the right thing at the right time and the right place without hesitation.

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Order entails the discipline of mind, emotion and action. We need these so that we can live a peaceful, successful and productive life. Otherwise, it will trigger situations of panic, unrest, confusion, havoc and anarchy. You should understand that the value of Order is important in your quest to improve yourselves as citizens. You should learn to strive hard in arranging your life in a certain way that will allow you to be more productive.

Thoughts to ponder on: Do I recognize the benefits of living an orderly life? Have I sorted out my priorities in life? Do I do my best to live a life of order each day?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

4. Work Give fish to a man and he will have food for a day, teach him how to fish and he shall have food to eat throughout his lifetime -Chinese proverb Work is a gift and it has become part of your nature and destiny. God has given you talents to use as investments in your work and in return you are expected to settle for nothing less than excellent results. Hard, quality and honest work are what makes a citizen a good, productive and self-reliant member of the society. It is also important that you have the right values and attitude towards your work and dealings. You should always remember that no matter how much work you do, what counts in the end is not just the volume of work but also the amount of love you put into your work. Learn to work with love, integrity, and honesty to achieve excellent results. Thoughts to ponder on: Am I a committed student who gives my best in school and in other endeavors? Do I use my God-given talents wisely?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

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5. Concern for the Family and Future Generations No matter what you've done for yourself or for humanity, if you can't look back on having given love and attention to your own family, what have you really accomplished? -- Elbert Hubbard This value emphasizes that your family is a gift from God and that utmost attention must be focused on the family as sanctuary of life and a core unit of society. You draw inspiration and strength from your Family and in return you are expected to do your responsibilities as a member of the family to keep it intact and strong against the forces that tend to destroy its values and sense of unity. A family is worth more than any worldly gain. Be vigilant and possess the resolve to always value your family as your most precious gift next to your life. Be strengthened by love, understanding and mutual respect for all members of your family.

Thoughts to ponder on: What are the most pressing issues that my family faces today? Have I developed a strong personal conviction and resolve to value the well being and unity of my family in the midst of the growing threats against it?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

B. PAGKAMAKA-TAO 1. Love Love is patient and kind; love is not jealous or boastful; Love is not ill-mannered or selfish and irritable; love does not keep a record of the wrongs: love is not happy with evil but delights in the truth. Love never gives up. Love never fails. Love is eternalThere are faith, hope and love and the greatest of these is Love. 1 Corinthians 13 Love means so much to us simply because love is the answer to our many questions during hardship and trying times. It is by love that you care, respect, accept, forgive and trust. But why is it that our nation has never moved forward if we all have LOVE within us? Maybe not all of us ever learned how to live in love which holds us back to love others. This is what the Almighty God wants you to learn: learn to love.

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Love entails sacrifice, responsibility and service. It binds us together as a nation and serves as the key to our national progress. Let love be in the beginning, the middle and the end of our history as a nation.

Thoughts to ponder on: As a student, how will I show my love for my family, community and country?

2. Freedom Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought -Pope John Paul II

Freedom is the power to act or not to act. You are born with this value and it has given you the privilege to choose what you want to make with it. You acknowledged it by giving due recognition and respect to your individuality as persons with human rights and duties. You must always remember that freedom comes with the virtue of responsibility. The freedom our nation is enjoying now is a fruit of love, hardship and sacrifices of our ancestors. EDSA I and II are examples of events in our history as a nation that showed how we protected our freedom from tyrant leaders and anarchy. As a citizen, you are expected to practice freedom with a clear understanding of its limits, with a sense of discipline and chastity which will lead you to love your fellowmen, understand their plight, and do what is good and right while avoiding what is wrong and evil.

Thoughts to ponder on: As a student, in what ways can I demonstrate my commitment to freedom?

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3. Peace Peace means serenity of mind, simplicity of heart and tranquility of soul - St. Augustine Peace is a God-given gift to human being; it is the product of justice, love and order, nurtured by prayer and aided by forgiveness and reconciliation. It begins with ones self and can be attained when we live a life with dignity, living and working with others in harmony and avoiding violence as a way of settling disputes. You should be a person of peace, a builder of harmony among your fellowmen. You should strive hard to foster the value of peace in your personal endeavors, abhor all means of violence and arrange your affairs in order. . Thoughts to ponder on: What do I need to have peace? Which gives me more satisfaction and fulfillment: to work for peace or to work for war; violence and disorder?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

4. Truth A man who seeks truth and loves it must be reckoned precious to any human society -Frederick the Great

The value of truth is living and loving passionately with honesty and sincerity. Truth is important in our society because it is a condition for freedom. It entails transparency, honesty, integrity, sincerity, courage and humility. The truth also demands sacrifices and efforts but it is a worthy cause that highlights your own capacity as a person to do well and live with integrity. You are a person of integrity; let truth strengthen your character by honesty and responsibility. Honesty should be applied in all your roles in life because the truth will set you free and it should always prevail. As the saying goes, there is no truth and no good in lies.

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Thoughts to ponder on: Am I a truthful person? Do I recognize the importance of the value of truth in my life, family, work and country? Am I ready to commit myself to the truth in my own dealings and its defense as a virtue of righteousness?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

5. Justice Treat others the way you want to have them treat you. -Matthew 7:12 You value Justice by means of promoting ethical practices, correct use of power, moving purposefully away from graft, corruption and other evils. Justice is important in our lives because it ensures us that our society fosters an atmosphere that respects human dignity, security, and one that allows every person an equal opportunity to pursue posterity, development and happiness. Let me share with you a story that will simply show you that Justice is giving every man his due. To Every Man His Due Institute for Development Education Center for Research and Communication There was once a poor farmer who would come to town everyday in order to supply a baker with homemade bibingka. In exchange for five pounds of bibingka, the baker would give the farmer five pounds of bread for his family. One day, the baker decided to weigh the bibingka. He discovered that the bibingka was one pound short. This made the baker very angry, and he accused the farmer of having cheated him. But the farmer very calmly declared, You see sir, I am poor and I have no weights at home. So I take the five pounds of bread you give me and use it as a standard. In this way, I am sure of giving you an equal amount of bibingka.

From the story mentioned above, reflect on this question: As a citizen, have I done my share in giving my fellow men their basic share of justice by at least treating them with dignity and being mindful of their rights as much as I value my own?

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C. PAGKAMAKA-BAYAN 1. Unity If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand, and if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand -Mark 3:24-25 When you say UNITY is a good citizenship value, you mean that all of us Filipino citizens are expected to be one as a people. It also means that YOU: want your country to be united always. are able to think of others as you would of yourselves. are willing to lend a helping hand to others. want and are willing to work for what is the best for your countrymen. Here is a story from Fr. Bel San Luis, SVD The Preying Lion Three bulls fed in a field together in the greatest peace and safety. A lion had long watched them in the hope of making prey of them, but found little chance so long as they kept together. He therefore began secretly to spread evil and slanderous reports of one against another till he fomented jealousy and distrust among them. Soon, they avoided each other and each took to feeding alone. This gave the lion the opportunity it had been waiting for. He fell on them singly and made an easy prey of them all.

The story shows that whether in our country or our organizations, civic or church, we ought to be united, for the devil like the preying lion, divides and conquers. A kingdom divided against itself cannot stand. You should put aside division, and agree to work as one this is not easy to do, but it is something you must do. It is a heroic task. But remember, YOU, are called to be a HERO. This is a time for heroes.

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2. Equality There will never be real equality so long as one feels inferior or superior to another -Mahatma Gandhi This value means treating one another with equality, utmost dignity and respect regardless of religion, cultural orientation, sex, social status, race, etc. All men are created equal and have every right to be treated fairly in the interest of love and justice. As good citizens, you should therefore refrain from making irrational judgments of people; act conscientiously and decisively to protect each persons right to equality. This is essential in establishing a community of happy, loving, caring and peaceful people.

Thoughts to ponder on: 3. What does the value of equality mean to me? How important is it to me? 4. Do I treat others with a strong sense of equality? Am I aware of issues that threaten the value of equality in my community/society? 5. Have I chosen to be complacent with these issues? 6. How do these issues affect me as a person/citizen? 7. As a concerned citizen, what can I do to ensure that the value of equality is safeguarded and promoted?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

3. Respect for Law and Government The very idea of the power and right of the people to establish government presupposes the duty of every individual to obey the established government -George Washington You should be a law-abiding citizen regardless of who sits at the helm of the government. Laws and government are meant to serve our own interests as citizens and not of the interest of the few, especially those who are in positions of power and authority. You should seek ways to know the law more so that you may be able to follow them with more understanding. You should not allow your values to be compromised by illegal acts and practices. Strive to take a critical stand in making a decision to follow laws and appreciate the work of government. You should perform your patriotic duty of maintaining a sense of respect for your duly constituted right and authority to promote peace and order for the sake of your country.

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4. Patriotism The Filipino is worth dying for... It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees -Benigno Ninoy Aquino Jr

Patriotism means that you should be a vigilant citizen, looking out for the welfare of your country. It calls for you to be committed to serve the interest of the nation no matter who is seated at the helm of the government Patriotism is every persons sense of duty and responsibility: to contribute to the development of our country, protect our integrity, and uphold the rights and dignity of our people. Being proud of our personal and national identity and being responsible voters are some of the concrete examples of how we nurture the value of patriotism. Thoughts to ponder on: As a student, what are some ways in which I can perform simple acts of patriotism? Do I love my country enough that I am inspired to serve her in any way I can?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

5. Common Good God has given enough for everyones need, but no enough for everyones greed -- Gandhi The term common good refers to the sum total of goods and social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. The common good consist of three essential elements: Respect for the person as such- his fundamental and inalienable human rights The social well-being and development of the group itself Peace for the stability and security of a just order. The basic value of promotion of the common good clearly brings together other basic values and illustrates how the basic values are related and reinforce each other, e.g.: faith in Almighty God, unity, patriotism, work, love, peace and equality.

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To promote common good is an obligation of every member of society. It is to share what you have to the other members of society who need your help most so that their human dignity will be upheld. In doing this, you should be sincere and willing to be counted in the work of promoting the common good since the government needs all citizens to join in this mission. Now, are you ready to do your share in promoting the common good?

Thoughts to ponder on: Have I developed the habit of sharing my blessings to others specially those who are less fortunate?
Source: Modules on Good Citizenship

D. PAGKAMAKA-KALIKASAN Concern for the Environment Our world has become a dangerous place to live in, not because of some people who are evil, but because of the many people who do not do anything about it. -Albert Einstein This value means launching an efficient and sustainable clean and green program nationwide. God made us stewards of His creation. You are aware that your existence and that of the generations after you are threatened by the destruction of the environment. In this alarming situation, you should develop a sense of urgency in the way you treat your environment: Respect the integrity of creation by means of using all environment resources properly and prudently. You should treat Mother Nature as your own mother and masterpiece, giving it great care and appreciating its wonders and beauty. The acts could be as simple as throwing a candy wrapper on the garbage can instead littering on the streets, avoiding the use of plastics, etc. Here in the University, some colleges, buildings and offices have already implemented the Styro-free policy. You should participate in this advocacy too! Nature is Gods grace to you thats why you should take care of it so that you will have clean air to breathe, clean water to drink, clean ocean to launch adventures and above all, a life thats healthy and a future worthy to be shared with the next generation. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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With all these in mind, you, as the future movers of our country and parents of the future, are called to dedicate yourselves in the service of our Nation and motivate others by exemplifying the values of a good Filipino citizen. How do you respond? The next lesson will provide you with a means to respond this challenge

LESSON 2: The National Service Training Program: An Introduction

The previous lesson showed the values that we need to live by in order to become good Filipino citizens. These serve as the bedrock for the National Service Training Program. After this Lesson, I hope you will be able to: 1. examine the nature and history of the National Service Training Program and its components 2. appreciate the goals of the National Service Training Program in the Higher Educational Institutions 3. carry out your role as a citizen in service of our country through NSTP I. Whats in it for me? NSTP what?? Why do I have to take up this course? Do I really have to??

Im sure these questions have somehow crossed your mind when you enrolled in this program. You may have also asked: what is the connection or relevance of NSTP to my academic course? But you know what? In the grand scheme of things, your answer and your choice may probably, change your life. The reality is that the National Service Training Program is a required course mandated by law. However, if you look at it closely, its not just a requirement, its not just another subject --- it is a preparation and opportunity for you to be of service to others and to be a better citizen. It gives you the chance to be socially involved and have deeper awareness of yourself in relation to others. Moreover, NSTP endows you with theoretical and practical knowledge along with experiences that are needed for good citizenship and community service.

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It opens a window for you to see the current situation of your community and the country. At the same time, it trains you to respond to the present challenges, enhancing your capability for national service. The National Service Training Program prepares you to take on the challenge by our national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal: The youth is the hope of the motherland. Are you familiar with the song Kabataan para sa Kinabukasan by Francis Magalona? It beautifully depicts how promising the Filipino youth can be. gamitin ang talino, maging tunay na bayani, makabagong Pilipino Sulong kabataan, ipakita ang lakas, tunay at wagas na pag-asa ng bukas Nasa palad mo ang kapalaran

Your role, therefore, in shaping the future of our nation is very significant. Even our 1987 constitution recognized this. Stated in Section 13, Article II: The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nationbuilding and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. See? Its right there in our constitutionYOU are a valuable constituent of our country. With all your potential, idealism and energy, YOU are capable of doing a lot of things for the good of othersto be of service to OUR nation. YOU can serve in a lot of ways. This is the concept that shaped the National Service Training Program. This is what the program seeks to shape in YOU.

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II. Footsteps: Service to the Country Did you know? As early as 1762 in the University of Santo Tomas, the youth was formally organized and mobilized to be of service to the country. A battalion of young students was organized for military training by Rev. Fr. Domingo Collantes O.P. together with a Royal Spanish Army Sergeant. These young men were trained to fight the British troops invading the country. Having displayed such remarkable courage and spirit versus a far superior army, the King of Spain, Charles III, bestowed on the students the Regalia title and the seal of loyalty Muy Leal. The University, for its part, was also awarded the Royal Cedula. Source: http://www.goldencorps.net The following timeline would give you a glimpse on the evolution of the youths contribution to national service.

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In the late 90s, controversies plagued the program of the Reserve Officers Training Corps. Issues on irrelevance, corruption, incompetent instructors, bribery and other factors led to the clamor for the abolition of the program. These were further heightened in March 2001 by the death of Mark Welson Chua, a UST ROTC cadet who exposed the irregularities in the program. Known to his friends as Baron, the 19 year old Mark Welson Chua, together with other cadets observed and experienced some anomalous practices at the Department of Military Science Training (DMST) of the University of Santo Tomas which moved them to submit a complaint to the Universitys administrative officials and the Department of National Defense. Their expos was even published in The Varsitarian (Struggle against the System by Jayme Brucal; Feb. 21, 2001 issue). Investigation soon followed. This led to the dismissal of key officials in the UST ROTC Unit. But on the night of March 15, Mark was reported missing. Days after, his body, wrapped in a carpet bound by strips of cloth and packaging tape, was fished out of the Pasig River under the Jones Bridge. Investigation was immediately conducted by the PNP, NBI and the Philippine Army. To date, justice for Mark has not been completely served for only two of the four suspects are in the custody of the law. The other two are still at large. The UST cadets action to divulge the persistent issues on corruption within the ranks of ROTC was a catalyst for a much improved service program. It led to the passage of the National Service Training Program Law or the Republic Act 9163.

Did you know? On the 13th of June 2004 during the opening mass of the University, Mark Welson Baron Chua was given a posthumous award, the San Lorenzo Ruiz medal of courage, a medal conferred to students who have shown exceptional and exemplary courage in standing up for the truth and Thomasian ideals.

III. What is NSTP? The National Service Training Program, established by virtue of the Republic Act 9163, is a compulsory 1-year course for all freshmen in the universities and colleges in the country. Article 1, Section 3 of the RA 9163 states: It is a program that aims at enhancing consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of

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service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components. Its various components are specially designed to enhance the youths active contribution to the general welfare. Here are the three program components:

ROTC
Reserve Officers Training Corps
Provides military training in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize students for national defense preparedness. *The skills being developed among the cadets are military leadership, basic combat; map reading, military intelligence, artillery operations, unconventional warfare, marches and bivouac training.

CWTS
Civic Welfare Training Service
Refers to the activities contributory to the general welfare and betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry. *Students participate in several community development activities like shelter-building, tree planting, medical missions and the like.

LTS
Literacy Training Service
Trains the student to teach literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out-ofschool youth and other segments of society in need of their services *Students hold tutorials and other non-formal education related activities in public schools and underprivileged communities thereby promoting the importance of education among grade school and high school students, even adults, who were not given the chance to study.

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All Filipino students are mandated to take NSTP. That is why you and the rest of your classmates are taking it. After all, everyone is a citizen of this country and everyone should serve the country. Here at UST, ROTC is offered to First Year students while the CWTS and LTS courses are only offered to students in their Second Year and above. The administration opted to offer all three components to provide you with more choices, so you can select based on your interests. All NSTP courses used to be under the supervision of the Office for Student Affairs (OSA). However, given the nature of CWTS and LTS, it was later transferred to the Office for Community Development (OCD). ROTC however, remained to be under the OSA. Now that you are more knowledgeable on the history and nature of the NSTP, this provides several possibilities for you as a student. Considering that the population of the country is composed of relatively young citizens, your choice can be a meaningful experience in the process of nation-building. And you know what? After you finish either CWTS or LTS, you will become members of the National Service Reserve Corps. You can be tapped by the State for literacy and civic welfare activities, especially in times of calamities or disasters. On the other hand, those who take up ROTC will be a part of the Citizen Armed Force, a Reserve Force to be utilized in times of war, rebellion or invasion. They also provide assistance in relief and rescue during disaster or calamities. Interesting, right? By now, you must have realized that the heart of NSTP is service-- service to your fellowmen. Would you agree with me if I say that service to others should actually be done with or without legislation? That it should naturally reign in the heart of everyone? However, before you can claim to have helped other people improve the quality of their lives, as the program aims to do, you must begin with yourself as a student, as a son/daughter, as a citizen. As the Filipino Diplomat and Pulitzer Prize winner Carlos P. Romulo stated in his book, I walked with Heroes: The reinvigoration of the national spirit must take place in the grass roots, in every city, town and barrio in the Philippines, and it must start among our own people... To be a worthy citizen of the world one must first prove himself to be a good Filipino." ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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REFERENCES

Coloma,Teresita and Mauricia Herrera, et.al. Towards a relevant and responsive National Service Training Program in the schools. Manila: Mutya Publishing House, 2004 Floresta, Ma. Lourdes et. Al. National Service Training Program Literacy Training Service. Quezon City: C&E Publishing Inc., 2005 Gasilla-dela Cruz, Sonia et.al. National Development Via NSTP. Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing Co. Inc., 2005. Modules on Good Citizenship Values. Good Citizenship Movement, 2010

http://www.goodcitizenshipmovement.org/

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