Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1

Problem 3 Solution: The

graph on the right


represents the motion of an
UFO.

a) In which segment is the object moving fastest? slowest?


The object is moving fastest in segment C. Since the object is not moving in segment B, that
could be considered the slowest or it could be argued that segment A shows the slowest motion.
Physicists like to avoid the messiness of such semantics and would prefer to assign a numerical
value to the velocity for each segment and not worry about which is "slowest."

b) State two ways in which the motions of segments A and C are different and explain how you
know.
A shows motion slow and away from the origin. (small positive velocity according to the graph)
B shows motion several times faster toward the origin. (large negative velocity according to the
graph)

c) In which segment does the object have the greatest displacement? Explain how you know.
The greatest displacement occurs in segment C. Although the motion lasts slightly longer in
segment A, the displacement each second (velocity) is much greater in segment C.

Another way of comparing the


displacement is by looking at the area
between the horizontal axis and the velocity
graph. These areas are calculated by
velocity x time which equals displacement.
Clearly, C has the greater displacement.

d) Draw a corresponding position-time graph for the UFO.