Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 263

STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

PART B AEROPLANE OPERATING MATTERS

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

This ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES is published under the authorization of the Cambodia Angkor Air, Chief Operation Officer. Any questions with respect to the use of this manual or information contained herein should be addressed to: Flight Operations Department Cambodia Angkor Air 206A Norodom Blvd, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Tel: +855.23666787 Fax:+855.23224164 Email: ducna.opr@cambodiaangkorair.com.

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

LOEP/P 1

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


REVISION RECORD LONR/P1 LONR/P2 SIG/P1-3 SIG/P4 SIG/P5 SIG/P6 SIG/P7 SIG/P8 SIG/P9 SECTION 2 NORMAL PROCEDURES 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P1 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P2

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

AUTHORISATION PAGE 00 15 Jul 09 RONR/P1-2 LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 1 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 2 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 3 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 4 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 5 15 Jul 09 00 LEOP 6

SECTION 0 INTRODUCTION 00 TOC/P1 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P2 15 Jul 09 0.1/P1 0.1/P2 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

2.1/P1 2.1/P2 2.1/P3 2.1/P4 2.1/P5 2.1/P6 2.1/P7 2.1/P8 2.1/P9 2.1/P10 2.1/P11 2.1/P12 2.1/P13 2.1/P14 2.1/P15 2.1/P16 2.1/P17 2.1/P18 2.2/P1 2.2/P2 2.3/P1 2.3/P2 2.4/P1 2.4/P2

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

SECTION 1 LIMITATIONS 00 TOC/P1 00 TOC/P2 00 1.1/P1 00 1.1/P2

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

LOEP/P 2

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


2.5/P1 2.5/P2 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 16 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 17 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 18 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 19 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 20 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 21 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 22 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 23 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 1 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 2 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 3 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 4 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 5 15 Jul 09 PAGE 6 13 15 Jul 09 PAGE 7 13 15 Jul 09 PAGE 8 13 15 Jul 09 PAGE 9 13 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 10 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 11 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 12 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 13 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 14 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 15 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 16 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 17 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 18 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 19 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 20 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 21 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 22 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 23 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 24 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 25 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 26 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 27 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 28

2.6/P1 2.6/P2

00 00

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P1 00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P2 00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P3 00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P4 00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P5 00 15 Jul 09 2.7/P6 SOP APPENDIX INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 1 PAGE 2 PAGE 3 PAGE 4 PAGE 4A PAGE 4B PAGE 4C PAGE 4D PAGE 5 PAGE 6 PAGE 7 PAGE 8 PAGE 9 PAGE 10 PAGE 11 PAGE 12 PAGE 13 PAGE 14 PAGE 15 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

LOEP/P 3

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


APPENDIX FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 29 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 30 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 31 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 32 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 33 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 34 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 35 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 36 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 37 15 Jul 09 00 PAGE 38 00 PAGE 39 00 PAGE 40 00 PAGE 41 00 PAGE 42 00 PAGE 43 00 PAGE 44 SECTION 3 ABNORMAL PROCEDURES 00 TOC/P1 00 TOC/P2 00 3.1/P1 00 3.1/P2 00 3.1/P3 00 3.1/P4 00 3.1/P5 00 3.1/P6 00 3.1/P7 00 3.1/P8 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX 00 PAGE 1 00 PAGE 2 00 PAGE 3 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 PAGE 4 PAGE 5 PAGE 6 PAGE 7 PAGE 8 PAGE 9 PAGE 10 PAGE 11 PAGE 12 PAGE 13 SECTION 4 PERFORMANCE TOC/P1 TOC/P2 4.1/P1 4.1/P2 4.1/P3 4.1/P4 4.1/P5 13 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 20 Dec 08 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

00 00 00 00 00 00 00

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

00 4.1/P6 15 Jul 09 SECTION 5 FLIGHT PLANNING 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P1 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P2 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P1 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P2 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P3 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P4 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P5 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P6 15 Jul 09 00 5.1/P7 5.1/P8 00 00 00 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

5.1/P9 5.1/P10 5.1/P11 5.1/P12

LOEP/P 4

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


SECTION 6 MASS AND BALANCE 15 Jul 09 TOC/P1 00 15 Jul 09 TOC/P2 00 6.1/P1 6.1/P2 6.1/P3 6.1/P4 00 00 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 SECTION 10 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P1 15 Jul 09 00 TOC/P2 10.1/P1 10.1/P2 10.1/P3 10.1/P3A 10.1/P3B 10.1/P4 10.1/P5 10.1/P6 10.1/P7 10.1/P8 10.1/P9 10.1/P10 10.1/P11 10.1/P12 10.1/P13 10.1/P14 10.1/P15 10.1/P16 10.1/P17 10.1/P18 10.1/P19 10.1/P20 10.1/P21 10.1/P22 10.1/P23 10.1/P24 10.1/P25 10.1/P26 10.1/P27 10.1/P28 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

SECTION 7 - LOADING 00 7.1/P1 00 7.1/P2

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

SECTION 8 CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST 15 Jul 09 00 8.1/P1 15 Jul 09 00 8.1/P2

SECTION 9 MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST 15 Jul 09 00 9.1/P1 15 Jul 09 00 9.1/P2

LOEP/P 5

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


SECTION 11 EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES 00 15 Jul 09 TOC/P1 00 15 Jul 09 TOC/P2

11.1/P1 11.1/P2 11.1/P3 11.1/P4 11.1/P5 11.1/P6

00 00 00 00 00 00

15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09 15 Jul 09

SECTION 12 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 00 15 Jul 09 12.1/P1 00 15 Jul 09 12.2/P2

LOEP/P 6

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

LOD/P1

LIST OF DISTRIBUTION
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

LIST OF DISTRIBUTION
TITLE State Secretariat of Cambodia Aviation Aircraft Aircraft Safety Quality and Security Division Technical Division Flight & Cabin Crew Department Flight Operation Department LOCATION PhnomPenh VN-B227 VN-B231 PhnomPenh PhnomPenh PhnomPenh PhnomPenh COPY No 01 HC 01 HC 01 HC 01 CD 01 CD 01 CD 01 HC

LONR/P2

LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

LONR/P1

LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

No REV

ISSUED DATE

EFFECTIVE DATE

APPROVAL

01

15 Jul 09

02

03

04

05

LONR/P2

LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

No RE V

ISSUED DATE

EFFECTIVE DATE

APPROVAL

06

07

08

09

RECORD OF NORMAL REVISIONS


ATR72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

RONR/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

RECORD OF NORMAL REVISIONS No REV 00 ISSUED DATE


15 Jul 09

INSERT DATE

SIGNATURE & NAME

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

RECORD OF NORMAL REVISIONS


ATR72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

RONR/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

RECORD OF NORMAL REVISIONS No REV 13 ISSUED DATE INSERT DATE SIGNATURE & NAME

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 0 INTRODUCTION

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

INTRODUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

0.1 0.1.1 0.1.2

INTRODUCTION Manual Policy General Aircraft Information

0.1/P1 0.1/P1 0.1/P1

INTRODUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

0.1/P1

INTRODUCTION
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

0.1 0.1.1

INTRODUCTION Manual Policy This ATR-72 Standard Operating Procedures Manual conforms to the CCAR manual format for Aeroplane Operating Matters Type Related. This manual contains the Company ATR-72 Standard Operating Procedures and additional Company information and procedures that are to be used in conjunction with the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manuals Volumes 1, 2 and 3 and the Quick Reference Handbook. In the interests of standardisation these Standard Operating Procedures do not duplicate, except where considered necessary, information available in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manuals. Amendment and revision of this manual shall be in accordance with Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 0.2. It is the responsibility of all manual holders and offices holding copies of the manual to update them when revisions or bulletins are received, in accordance with the instructions included in the revision or bulletin.

0.1.2 0.1.2.1

General Aircraft Information Units of Measurement Company operations are based upon the use of metric units of measurement.

0.1.2.2

Abbreviations Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual Volume 1 for a listing of standard abbreviations.

0.1.2.3

Aircraft Dimensions Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual Volume 1, 1.00.10 for aircraft dimensions.

0.1.2.4

Conversion Tables Refer Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 0.1, page 21 for conversion tables.

0.1/P2

INTRODUCTION
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

0.1/P2

INTRODUCTION
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 1 LIMITATIONS

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

LIMITATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

1.1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.1.4 1.1.5

LIMITATIONS General Passenger Configuration Mass and Centre of Gravity Speed and Weight Limitations Performance Limitations

1.1/P1 1.1/P1 1.1/P1 1.1/P1 1.1/P1 1.1/P1

LIMITATIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

1.1/P1

LIMITATIONS
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

1.1 1.1.1

LIMITATIONS General Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01 for applicable limitations.

1.1.2

Passenger Configuration The aircraft seating capacity is 68 passengers in an all economy class configuration.

1.1.3

Mass and Centre of Gravity Refer Part B Section 9 Mass and Balance

1.1.4 1.1.4.1

Speed and Weight Limitations General Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01 for applicable speed and weight limitations.

1.1.4.2

Crosswind Limitations Company crosswind limitations are as follows: Runway Width (m) 45 30 Dry Runway (Kt) 30 25 Wet Runway (Kt) 25 15

Maximum cross wind 20 kts must be applied when aircraft stopping capability is degraded (ground spoiler and/or one brake is inoperative). Maximum cross wind 20 kts must be applied and visibility is degraded (RVR is 400 m or less).

Friction coeficient 0.4 and above 0.39 -0.36 0.35 -0.30 0.29 -0.26 0.25 -0.10 1.1.5

Breaking Action Good Good/medium Medium Medium/poor Poor

Crosswind component(kt) Apply above mentioned table 15 15 10 5

Performance Limitations Refer Part B Section 4 Performance and Runway Analysis Manual

1.1/P2

LIMITATIONS
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 2 NORMAL PROCEDURES

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.1.5 2.1.6 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.3 2.3.1 2.4 2.4.1 2.4.2 2.5 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 2.5.4 2.5.5 2.5.6 2.5.7 2.5.8

OPERATING POLICY General Crew Coordination Concept (CCC) Checklists Task Sharing Standard Calls Briefings PRE-DEPARTURE Departure Clearance Flap Selection for Takeoff Takeoff Data First Officer Takeoff and Landing TAXI OUT ATC Clearance TAKEOFF Takeoff Minima Monitoring During Takeoff AFTER TAKEOFF Clean Up and Thrust Reduction Altitudes Maximum Angle of Bank Turns after Takeoff Departure Terrain Awareness Autopilot Engagement Fight Mode Annunciation (FMA) Mode Changes Flight in Turbulence Fuel Management

2.1/P1 2.1/P1 2.1/P1 2.1/P4 2.1/P5 2.1/P7 2.1/P14 2.2/P1 2.2/P1 2.2/P1 2.2/P1 2.2/P2 2.3/P1 2.3/P1 2.4/P1 2.4/P1 2.4/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P1 2.5/P2 2.5/P2

NORMAL PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.6 2.6.1 2.6.2 2.7 2.7.1 2.7.2 2.7.3 2.7.4 2.7.5 2.7.6 2.7.7 2.7.8 2.7.9 2.7.10 2.7.11

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT Cruise Flight Descent APPROACH AND LANDING General Deceleration Sequence CAT I ILS Procedure Non-Precision Approach Turns onto Final Approach Stabilised Approach Requirements Mandatory Missed Approach Monitoring During Approach Aiming Point Crosswind Landing Heavy Landing

2.6/P1 2.6/P1 2.6/P2 2.7/P1 2.7/P1 2.7/P1 2.7/P2 2.7/P3 2.7/P4 2.7/P4 2.7/P5 2.7/P6 2.7/P6 2.7/P6 2.7/P6

ATR-72 SOP APPENDIX

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1 2.1.1

OPERATING POLICY General It is Company policy to operate the ATR-72 aircraft in accordance with the applicable ATR Flight Crew Operating Manuals and Quick Reference Handbook. The standard operating procedures outlined in this section are to be applied in conjunction with the procedures detailed in the ATR Flight Crew Operating Manuals. The following sets out the abbreviations used in this manual for the assignment of flight crew duties: (a) (b) (c) (d) CM 1 - Refers to the flight crew member in the left hand seat; CM 2 - Refers to the flight crew member in the right hand seat; PF Refers to the pilot flying; and PNF Refers to the pilot not flying.

At the end of this Section there is a Standard Operating Procedures Appendix that provides a summary of standard operating procedures for the ATR-72. To improve the service life on duplicated systems, system 1 should be used when operating on odd number days and system 2 when operating on even number days. 2.1.2 2.1.2.1 Crew Coordination Concept (CCC) General Standard operating procedures have been established to ensure that flight deck operations are conducted in a safe and efficient manner. It is essential that flight deck crew members are fully aware of the procedures outlined in this section and that they are adhered to in normal and emergency/abnormal operations. Standard Operating Procedures are designed to be: (a) (b) (c) (d) Simple; Similar; Self-explanatory; and Safe

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

To apply Standard Operating Procedures in a modern two crew aircraft, a coordinated effort must be made to fully utilize the available technology and is called - Crew-Coordination-Concept (CCC) 2.1.2.2 Purpose The purpose of the Crew Coordination Concept (CCC) is to ensure the full leadership/responsibility of the Pilot-in-Command (PIC) regardless of whether he/she is the PF or the PNF. Tasks between PF and PNF must be shared such that the PF is able to pay full attention to flight manipulation and that both pilots work as a team to provide mutual supervision, information and assistance. 2.1.2.3 Subdivision of CCC CCC is generally subdivided into the following: (a) Operation of Flight Deck Switches and/or Levers (i) (ii) (iii) If a switch or lever can only to be reached by ONE CM, then this CM shall only operate it; If a switch or lever is to be reached by both CMs, the CM who is assigned, as the PNF shall operate such switch or lever; Once a CM is responsible for the operation of a particular switch or lever he shall continue to be responsible for its operation under all normal operation conditions. This procedure shall only be altered if the workload under a specific condition becomes too high for the actions of the normally scheduled CM; The PIC can at any time give a command to the other CM to transfer the responsibility for a certain action to that crewmember for a limited action.

(iv)

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P3 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(b)

Communications Communication between CMs must be systematic and standardized and is divided into the following three categories: (i) Call-outs Call-outs are necessary for: (ii) The transferring of information; Acknowledgment of a certain situation; and Checking for any incapacitation

Announcements CMs must provide announcements if deviation(s) from normal are experienced. These announcements serve the purpose of alerting the CM responsible for the deviation(s) from normal that a corrective action must be carried out (e.g. a below glide slope announcement should result in a corrective action to decrease the rate of descent). There must be a response to any announcement from the addressed CM. If there is no response the announcement shall be repeated. If there is still no response from the addressed CM this CM has to be considered incapacitated and control shall be taken by the other CM using the call out I have control.

(iii)

Commands A command is an order given to change the aircrafts configuration such as flap setting, power setting and landing gear position. After a command is received, the addressed CM (the PNF) must acknowledge the actions required by the command and report the status of the new configuration. As a final confirmation the CM giving the command must confirm the new configuration. For example: 1. 2. 3. 4. Command Acknowledgment Report Confirm PF: PNF: PNF: PF: FLAPS 15 FLAPS 15 selected FLAPS 15 set Check

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P4 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.3 2.1.3.1

Checklists General The normal checklist is used to make sure that the aircraft is safely prepared for the next flight phase. It serves to verify actions already performed and shall be used as a DO-AND-READ list. Individual checklists for the particular phase of flight are kept as short as possible and include all safety and other necessary items. The checklist items generally follow the panel scan sequence. Individual checklists should be read in their entirety and should not be interrupted. If interruption cannot be avoided the complete particular checklist must be re-read from its beginning.

2.1.3.2

Requesting a Checklist Prior to requesting a checklist, PF (on ground always CM 1) shall ensure: (a) (b) That the other CM is at their station; That all required panel scan actions have been completed.

The PF can then request the appropriate checklist by announcing XXXXX Checklist 2.1.3.3 Reading a Checklist All checklists are read by PNF (on ground always CM 2). Reading shall start with the complete checklist title. Only the left side of the print is to be read. The reader shall verify that the answers comply with the right side of the print before proceeding. Upon completion of the checklist the PNF shall announce XXXXX Checklist completed 2.1.3.4 Responding to a Checklist For each item one or both CMs are assigned to respond. Assignment depends on role (PF/PNF) or seat location (CM 1/CM 2) and is printed behind each checklist. If more than one CM is assigned, the response sequence is PF first followed by the PNF. The assigned CM shall only respond after having checked the existing configuration/condition. The other CM shall, whenever feasible, crosscheck the validity of the response to provide redundancy.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P5 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.3.5

Deviations from Standard If the actual configuration/condition is inadvertently not in accordance with the checklist standard, corrective action shall be initiated before proceeding. If the actual configuration/condition is purposely not in accordance with the checklist standard (e.g. abnormal operation or MEL procedure) the response must be modified to reflect the actual situation. Any such deviation(s) from the standard position must be fully understood by all CMs.

2.1.4 2.1.4.1

Task Sharing General Normal procedures describe actions that are necessary for the routine operation of the aircraft. While the sequence of procedures follows the natural phases of flight the sequence of actions in a procedure normally follows the standardized scan of panels or equipment except in the case where out of sequence priority actions are required. All actions of a procedure are either required to operate the aircraft safely in the related phase of flight or to prepare the aircraft for the following phase of flight. Each action is assigned to a specific crewmember to ensure coordinated operation. Basic principle during preparation is the Lights Out Concept. For all procedures the general task sharing stated below is applicable and assumes that the PF remains as the pilot flying throughout the procedure: (a) PF Responsibilities (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) PLs Flight path and airspeed control Aircraft configuration Navigation

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P6 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(b)

PNF Responsibilities (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Reading of the checklist Execution of required actions Actions on the overhead panel Communications

2.1.4.2

Principles of Normal Checklist Application Normal cockpit scan patterns are first performed by memory rather than by direct reference to the checklist. There are two versions of the Final Cockpit Preparation checklist: (a) Complete Procedure Checklist This checklist is used for the first flight of the day, after any routine maintenance, if the aircraft has been left unattended by qualified personnel, if the previous crew completed the Leaving Aircraft Procedure or if there is any doubt about the status of the aircraft. (b) Transition Procedure Checklist This checklist follows the same scan pattern as the Complete Procedure but omits system functionality checks that are not required and is used in during transit stops or a series of flights.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P7 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.5 2.1.5.1

Standard Calls General Standard calls are an established method of ensuring that the flight deck crew operates as a team and that both pilots are "in the loop" at all times. Standard calls are also an essential method of ensuring that undetected subtle incapacitation does not occur, particularly during critical stages of flight.

2.1.5.2

Takeoff Condition PNF Positive climb indicated on VSI and altimeter after lift off. Positive Climb Response PF Gear Up

2.1.5.3

Climb and/or Descent Condition PNF 1,000 FT to any assigned or limiting altitude or until established inbound on an instrument approach. Transition altitude during climb: 1,000 feet to go Response PF Check

Transition altitude ___Flight level (Call out deviation) Transition level ___Feet (Call out deviation) Crossing 10,000 or FL100

_____Flight level now _____Feet now

Transition level during descent.

10,000 FT/FL100 during climb or descent.

Checked

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P8 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.5.4

Visual Approach Condition PNF When radio altitude displays at 2,500 FT When cleared for a visual approach: The altitude selector should be set to 1,500 FT once commencing final approach. 500 FT AGL Five hundred stable or Five hundred unstable________( name of deviation) Go-around One hundred Eighty Sixty Forty Twenty Ten Checked continue or Correcting____ (name of deviation) Radio altitude alive Missed approach feet set Response PF Checked Checked

If deviation not corrected after two announcements. 100 FT

Going around

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P9 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.5.5

CAT I ILS Manual or Autopilot Approach Condition PNF When radio altitude displays at 2,500 FT LOC* displayed Set runway heading GS* displayed Missed approach altitude set on ADU Passing Outer Marker or Locator. 1,000 FT AGL Radio altitude alive Loc star Checked Glide slope star Checked Final altitude checked Response PF Checked Checked Runway heading___set Checked Missed approach altitude_____feet set Checked_____feet

One thousand stable Checked continue or or Correcting____ One thousand (name of deviation) unstable_________ (name of deviation) Go-around Five hundred to minimum One hundred to minimum Minimum Landing Go-around I have control____ State intentions Positive climb Going around Checked Checked

If deviation not corrected after two announcements. 500 FT above minima 100 FT above minima. At minimum. If visual contact established. If no visual contact. At minimums No response from PF Positive climb indicated on VSI and altimeter.

Gear up

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P10 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Condition PNF 100 FT One hundred Eighty Sixty Forty Twenty Ten

Response PF

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P11 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.5.6

Non Precision Approach Manual or Autopilot CONDITION PNF Over station outbound ALT* (Step down altitude) ALT HOLD Setting of next step down altitude When radio altitude displays at 2,500 FT Inbound turn FAF/FAP Timing ALT star ALT hold Checked Radio altitude alive Time ____out My side set Final approach fix RESPONSE PF Timing__minutes Checked Checked Pre-set altitude____feet Checked Final course____set Checked Timing__minutes (if required) Checked

Established on final descent

Rate of descent____feet per minute set One thousand stable or One thousand unstable________(n ame of deviation) Go-around Five hundred to MDA One hundred to MDA

1,000 FT AGL

Checked continue or Correcting____ (name of deviation)

If deviation not corrected after two announcements. 500 FT above MDA 100 FT above MDA

Going around Checked Checked

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P12 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

CONDITION PNF At MAP. If visual contact established. If no visual contact. At MAP No response from PF Positive climb indicated on VSI and altimeter. 100 FT Minimum

RESPONSE PF

Landing Go-around I have control____ State intentions Positive climb One hundred Fifty Forty Thirty Twenty Ten

Gear up

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P13 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.5.7

Out of Tolerance Calls CONDITION PNF Localiser: When localiser deviation exceeds one dot. Glideslope: When glideslope deviation exceeds one dot. VOR approach: Course bar deviation exceeds dot. NDB/Locator approach: Track outside +/- 5 degrees. Below 500 feet with airspeed +10/-0 knots from required speed. Below 500 feet with rate of sink in excess of 1,000 feet per minute. Localiser RESPONSE PF Check

Glideslope

Check

Track

Check

Track

Check

Speed

Check

Sink rate

Check

The PNF should continue to repeat the appropriate call(s) until it is obvious that the PF has corrected the deviation and the flight path is returning to within tolerance.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P14 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.6 2.1.6.1

Briefings General In order to ensure a safe, efficient and coordinated operation, briefings must be conducted as defined below. Briefings should be concise and only address important safety items. Prolonged briefings with unnecessary secondary information should be avoided.

2.1.6.2

Pre-Flight (a) Flight Deck Crew and Cabin Crew Briefing Prior to the first flight with new crew members or at a crew change the Commander is responsible to assemble together and brief other flight deck crew members, the Purser and all cabin crew on the following: (i) Information relating to the flight such as flight time, cruise altitude, en-route and destination weather conditions and any other pertinent information; Any additional security measures (if applicable) for the flight(s); Other relevant information.

(ii) (iii)

The Purser in turn is to advise the Commander on any special passengers such as deportees, stretcher case, etc. At transit stops with the same cabin crew the Commander should brief the Purser only on the information relating to the next flight sector and the Purser should in turn advise the Commander of any non-standard information. (b) Flight Deck Technical Log Briefing Prior to the first flight on a particular aircraft the Commander must review the Technical Log and brief the First Officer on any MEL or ADD items, if applicable.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P15 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(c)

Pre-Takeoff Briefing Prior to takeoff the Commander or PF will ensure that all flight deck crew members are briefed on the procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency. A full briefing covering the items detailed in Standard Emergency Briefing below should be given on a flight deck crews first flight at the commencement of a tour of duty. On subsequent takeoffs with the same crew items (i), (ii), (iii) and (v) below should be covered. The term standard emergency procedures can be used to cover item (iv). Standard Emergency Briefing (i) (ii) (iii) Runway to be used including any weather considerations such as wet runway, possible windshear, cross-wind, etc; Obstacle information, if applicable; Normal departure procedure including the anticipated departure track (SID), MSA considerations, radio aid settings and transition altitude; Emergency procedure including: Up to 70 Kt takeoff may be rejected for less significant malfunctions; Between 70 Kt and V1 a rejected takeoff should only be conducted in the event of an engine failure (identified by at least two instruments), fire warning and/or severe damage or any malfunction or condition where there are unambiguous indications that the aircraft will not fly safely. Note: Either pilot may call STOP. However, in all cases the rejected takeoff procedure shall be carried out by the pilot in the left hand seat.

(iv)

No action will be taken up to acceleration altitude, except in the case of an engine flame out when the PNF must confirm Engine 1 or 2 (as applicable) Up trim and Auto feather;(confirm manually if necessary) ,or engine fire when memory items must be execute immediately above an 400ft AGL.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P16 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(v) (d)

Acceleration altitude Single engine procedure Checklist sequence

Any other additional information.

Jumpseat/Observer Briefing A briefing is to give to any approved observers traveling in the jumpseat and it is the PICs responsibility to ensure that this is completed. The briefing may be given by either pilot and is to include safety equipment located in the cockpit and the procedures for the observer to adhere to in the event of an emergency. The briefing is to include in the cockpit and how to use the cockpit overhead emergency exit.

2.1.6.3

Approach Prior to commencement of descent the PF must brief the PNF on the salient points of the arrival including STAR (if applicable) and the instrument approach. An instrument approach briefing should include the following: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) Chart number and runway; Chart date; Transition level; MSA; Initial approach altitude and holding procedures including holding pattern entry, minimum altitude, time/distance limits, wind corrections; Altitude at outer marker, locator or any limiting altitude on the approach; Minimum altitude and visibility including radio altimeter setting (if applicable); Field/touch down elevation; Missed approach procedure and if applicable, circling altitude and anticipated manoeuvring; Glideslope and VASI angle; Runway length and condition.

The briefing should also include the Vref setting and the wind and gust additive.

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P17 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.1.6.4

Post Flight Following a flight or the last flight in a series of flights the Commander should assemble the flight deck crew and the cabin crew to: (a) (b) Conduct a review of the flight(s) including a review of any matters applicable for inclusion in the Captains or the Pursers Report; and Complete and agree the crew duty and rest time data sheet.

2.1.7

Automation of the flight The automation for the task can be followed by AP or manually. (a) (c) (a) (c) With HDG mode (Heading) With APP mode (ILS approach) Cross-checking the status with other sources Supervising the resulting guidance and aircraft performance (b) With NAV mode ( Radial, Localizer, LNAV) The AFCS and any automation task have to be monitored by: (b) Observing the result of any change

NORMAL PROCEDURES OPERATING POLICY


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.1/P18 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES PRE-DEPARTURE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.2/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.2 2.2.1

PRE-DEPARTURE Departure Clearance Both pilots must be in the flight deck for the receipt of the ATC clearance. The clearance must be recorded on the computer flight plan adjacent to the route line. After ATC clearance has been received both pilots must be absolutely certain that the clearance is understood before "read back" to ATC. The review of the clearance must be conducted in the following manner, assuming expected SID or departure tracking has already been entered into the GNSS; (a) The First Officer will read the clearance while the Commander will observe the GNSS to ensure compatibility with the actual ATC clearance received; If the comparison between the ATC clearance and the data in the GNSS are different the Commander will re-program the GNSS for the clearance received; The Commander will set the MCP altitude selector to the initial cleared altitude, which is to be cross checked by the First Officer; The Commander will set the HDG select to the required initial after takeoff heading.

(b)

(c) (d) 2.2.2

Flap Selection for Takeoff The standard Company flap setting for takeoff is Flaps 15.

2.2.3

Takeoff Data Takeoff performance should be calculated in accordance with the following: (a) Reference the RTOW charts to obtain the maximum takeoff weight for the airport at the actual temperature and enter this as the MTOW on the takeoff data card. The Commander shall inform the Station Manager or Load Controller of the MTOW; On the takeoff data card, note whether takeoff will be conducted as a bleeds ON or bleeds OFF takeoff, in accordance with the departure temperature and wind conditions;

(b)

NORMAL PROCEDURES PRE-DEPARTURE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.2/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(c)

Once the load sheet has been received, cross checked and signed by the Commander the First Officer shall obtain the takeoff speeds for that particular weight from the QRH and enter on the takeoff data card; The First Officer should read out the V1, VR and V2 speeds which shall be set and cross checked; The F/O shall enter the zero fuel weight (ZFW) on the GNSS performance page which shall be cross checked by the Commander.

(d) (e)

2.2.4

First Officer Takeoff and Landing Commanders are approved, at their discretion, to give First Officers takeoffs and landings with the exception that initial command Commanders must complete a minimum of 50 hours or 10 landings, which ever occurs first, before giving First Officers takeoffs or landings. Prior to giving a First Officer a takeoff or landing the Commander should assess the existing conditions and the First Officer's experience; both total and recent. If there are any doubts the Commander must conduct the takeoff or landing. During takeoff and landing the Commander must always be in a position to take over control of the aircraft with feet lightly on the rudder pedals, one hand adjacent to the control column and the other hand adjacent to the thrust levers. In the event of an engine failure after V1, the First Officer should continue to fly the aircraft until the Commander, at his discretion, takes over control. Such take over, if required, should not take place before the landing gear has been selected up. Any transfer of control should be clearly understood between both pilots with the Commander (CM1) stating "I have control" or You have control and the First Officer (CM2) responding with the words "You have control" or I have control.

NORMAL PROCEDURES TAXI


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.3/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.3 2.3.1

TAXI ATC Clearance Prior to takeoff the PF will brief the PNF on the salient points of the ATC clearance. If the ATC clearance has not been obtained prior to taxi it should be reviewed in accordance with 2.2.1 Departure Clearance.

2.3.2

Taxi consideration (a) Taxi operations must be conducted by the pilot in the left hand seat (b) Maintain outside vigilance during taxi (c) PM will advise taxi route by airport diagram. (d) In case of captain incapacipitation, the first officer requests to tow the aircraft to parking bay.

NORMAL PROCEDURES TAXI


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.3/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES TAKEOFF


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.4/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.4 2.4.1

TAKEOFF Takeoff Minimum Takeoff minima are not less than the minima specified in the Jeppesen chart 10-9. The lowest authorised takeoff minima for the ATR-72 aircraft is 400 m provided the runway is equipped with operational runway edge lighting operational and the runway centreline markings are clearly visible. Note: The Commander is solely responsible for ensuring the applicable takeoff minima exists when conducting reduced visibility takeoffs. The visibility minima must be available at the threshold and in the lift-off zone. Where visibility information is not available for the lift-off zone, the latter is deemed to be between 1,300 m and 1,500 m from the threshold.

2.4.2

Monitoring During Takeoff The PF must observe his/her airspeed during takeoff with the "V1" and "Rotate" calls from the PNF serving as backup only. During all instrument takeoffs the PNF must positively monitor flight instruments to at least 500 FT and alert the PF if tolerances are being exceeded.

NORMAL PROCEDURES TAKEOFF


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.4/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES AFTER TAKEOFF


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.5/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.5 2.5.1

AFTER TAKEOFF Clean Up and Thrust Reduction Altitudes It is required that thrust reduction, flap retract and clean up heights as promulgated in the Flight Crew Operating Manual or Runway Analysis Manual be adhered to. Subject to published exceptions, 800 FT (AGL) should be used as the standard thrust reduction altitude.

2.5.2

Maximum Angle of Bank Twenty-five degrees is the normal angle of bank with a maximum of thirty degrees that must be closely monitored, particularly during instrument flight.

2.5.3

Turns after Takeoff Turns after takeoff at altitudes below 500 FT (AGL), except for noise abatement procedures, are to be avoided. An appropriate cockpit PA announcement should be made advising passengers when such a turn is necessary.

2.5.4

Departure Terrain Awareness On all IMC departures, without a published SID, speed should be held at normal climb speed as published in the Flight Crew Operating Manual, unless in icing conditions. In icing conditions, the speed shall be red bug speed for that particular weight, until reaching the Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA) the Minimum Off-route Altitude (MORA) or the Minimum En-route Altitude (MEA). Pilots must always assess departure terrain and at some airports it may be necessary to climb in the circuit area to set heading over the top at the MSA, MORA or MEA, as applicable.

2.5.5

Autopilot Engagement The PF must advise the PNF when the autopilot is engaged and the selected active modes. Note: Autopilot is not to be engaged below 100 FT (AGL).

2.5.6

Fight Mode Annunciation (FMA) Mode Changes During any flight phase any change in FMA annunciation must be called by the pilot first observing this change.

NORMAL PROCEDURES AFTER TAKEOFF


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.5/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.5.7

Flight in Turbulence Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Chapter 2.01.03 for turbulence penetration speed.

2.5.8

Fuel Management At any time that the configuration of the fuel system is changed from normal operation, e.g. Cross-feeding, both pilots are to be aware of the changed configuration and an estimated time calculated and recorded to return the fuel system to normal operation.

NORMAL PROCEDURES CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.6/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.6 2.6.1 2.6.1.1

CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT Cruise Flight Flight Level Check On reaching initial cruise flight level (and any subsequent amended flight level) the crew must conduct a positive check between the altimeters and the flight level displayed in the altitude alert window.

2.6.1.2

Oxygen Masks Both crew members must wear oxygen masks with the diluter demand regulator in the NORMAL position at all times while the cabin altitude exceeds 10,000 FT.

2.6.1.3

En-Route Weather Monitoring Pilots shall regularly monitor the weather reports of suitable en-route alternates, the destination and the destination alternate(s).

2.6.2 2.6.2.1

Descent Arrival Procedures In IMC or VMC (day or night) on a track without a published STAR, the aircraft must maintain the MEA, MORA or MSA, as applicable, until commencement of the instrument approach procedure. Under VMC (day or night) the aircraft should complete the appropriate instrument approach procedure except at airports where it is safe to conduct a visual approach once the aircraft is within the relevant circling area. Under radar vectoring the aircraft may be assigned altitudes below the MEA, MORA or MSA. Under these circumstances pilots must continue to remain aware of terrain clearance requirements.

2.6.2.2

Rate of descent at lower heights At the lower altitudes the rates of descent are restricted as: Bellow 3.000ft.. Bellow 2.000 ft 3.000ft/min or less 2.000ft/min or less

Bellow 1.000ft.1.000ft/min or less

NORMAL PROCEDURES CRUISE FLIGHT AND DESCENT


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.6/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P 1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.7 2.7.1

APPROACH AND LANDING General In preparation for any instrument approach the briefing requirements as set out in 2.6.3 and the Standard Calls, including the Out of Tolerance Calls, as set out in 2.1.5 apply. Whenever weather conditions are such that an instrument approach is necessary the autopilot(s) should be engaged to fly the approach. Operations are permitted to CAT I minima all engines or one engine out, with or without the autopilot and/or flight director engaged. First Officers are not permitted to operate as the PF during an instrument approach where the reported landing minima are below 200 FT and visibility is less than 800 m, or 550 m RVR. In the event of an engine out go-around following an instrument approach the level off altitude listed for the takeoff on the particular runway should be used as the acceleration altitude.

2.7.2 2.7.2.1

Deceleration Sequence IMC Approach Deceleration Sequence Commence deceleration on glide slope (30) and: Maintain IAS=240 Kt (a) (b) (c) (d) At 180 Kt extend flaps 15; At 170 Kt select landing gear down; At 150 Kt select flaps 30; Adjust speed to Vapp - Vapp + 10 Kt not later than 1,000 FT (AGL).

2.7.2.2

VMC Approach Deceleration Sequence Maintain a 30 descent path with IAS=240 Kt, retard PL to FI at altitude = (IAS x 10), adjusted for head or tailwind, and: (a) (b) (c) (d) At 180 Kt extend flaps 15; At 170 Kt select landing gear down; At 150 Kt select flaps 30; Adjust speed to Vapp - Vapp + 10 Kt not later than 500 FT (AGL).

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.7.3

CAT I ILS Procedure During the briefing for the approach the DH should be set, for reference only, to the CAT I minimum. The PF will nominate whether the approach will be conducted as a manual or autopilot approach. The aircraft should be configured for the ILS approach in accordance with the Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual. The PNF must primarily monitor flight instruments throughout the approach and provide the appropriate standard calls. The PF must primarily monitor flight instruments until after the 500 feet to minimum call. After this call the PF should expand instrument scan to include outside visual cues. The PNF should call visual any time visual reference is established above the minimum. At the minimum call by the PNF the PF should assess outside conditions and declare either landing or go-around as the case may be. The landing call at the minimum by the PF must be based upon the observation of the approach lights, runway lights, runway or touchdown zone lights and that the approach can be continued in visual conditions on the normal approach profile to a safe landing. After the landing call, by the PF the PNF MUST maintain concentration on the flight instruments in order to monitor the glideslope and localiser for the remainder of the approach. If the PF calls go-around at the minimum, or if visual contact is lost after the minimum, an immediate go-around in accordance with the Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual must be conducted.

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P3 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.7.4 2.7.4.1

Non Precision Approach Procedure During the briefing for the approach the applicable minimum should noted on the Landing Data Pad. The DH should be set to zero for non-precision approaches. The PF will nominate whether the approach will be conducted as a manual or autopilot approach. The aircraft should be configured for the non-precision approach in accordance with the Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual. The final segment of a non-precision approach should be flown at a constant descent profile. The PNF must primarily monitor flight instruments throughout the approach and provide the appropriate standard calls. The PF must primarily monitor flight instruments until the 500 feet to minimum call. After this call the PF should expand instrument scan to include outside visual cues. The PNF should call visual any time visual reference is established above the minimum. At the minimum call by the PNF the PF should assess outside conditions and declare either landing or go-around as the case may be. The landing call at the minimum by the PF must be based upon the observation of the approach lights, runway lights, runway or touchdown zone lights and that the approach can be continued in visual conditions on the normal approach profile to a safe landing. After the landing call, by the PF the PNF MUST continue to maintain concentration on the flight instruments to monitor the remainder of the approach. If the PF calls go-around, at the minimum, or if visual contact is lost after the minimum, an immediate go-around in accordance with the Normal Procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual.

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P4 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

2.7.4.2

Circling Approach The aircraft should be configured for the circling approach in accordance with the procedures detailed in the ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual. During a circling approach the PNF must primarily monitor the flight instruments and alert the PF to any out of tolerance manoeuvring.

2.7.5

Turns onto Final Approach Turns on to final approach are to be made by at least 800 FT AGL (except for a circling approach when the minimum altitude is 500 FT AGL).

2.7.6

Stabilised Approach Requirements Any significant deviation from the planned flight path, airspeed, or descent rate must be announced. The decision to execute a go-around is no indication of poor performance. Note: Do not attempt a landing from an unstable approach.

All approaches must be stabilised by 1,000 FT above airport elevation in IMC and 500 FT above airport elevation in VMC. An approach is considered stabilised when all of the following criteria are met: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The aircraft is on the correct flight path; Only small changes of heading/pitch are required to maintain the correct flight path; The aircraft speed is not more than Vref + 20 Kt IAS and not less than Vref; The aircraft is in the correct landing configuration; Rate of descent is no greater than 1,000 feet per minute (if an approach requires a rate of descent greater than 1,000 feet per minute a special briefing should be conducted); Power setting is appropriate for the aircraft configuration; All briefings and checklists have been completed.

(f) (g)

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P5 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Specific types of approaches are stabilised if they also meet the following additional criteria: (a) (b) Note: ILS approaches should be flown within one (1) dot of the glideslope and localizer; During a circling approach wings should be level on final when the aircraft reaches 300 feet above airport elevation. An approach that becomes unstabilised below 1,000 FT above airport elevation in IMC or below 500 feet above airport elevation in VMC requires an immediate go-around.

The above criteria should be maintained through the rest of the approach for it to be considered a stabilised approach. If the above criteria cannot be established and maintained at and below 500 FT above airport elevation an immediate go-around should be initiated. At 100 FT above airport elevation for all visual approaches the aircraft should be positioned so that the flight deck is within, and tracking so as to remain within, the lateral confines of the runways extended centre-line. As the aircraft crosses the threshold it should be: (a) (b) (c) Stabilised on target airspeed to within 10 Kt until arresting descent rate at flare; On a stabilised flight path using normal manoeuvring; Positioned to make a normal landing in the touch down zone.

If the above criteria cannot be maintained a go-around should be initiated. 2.7.7 Mandatory Missed Approach On all instrument approaches execute an immediate missed approach if any of the following occurs: (a) (b) (c) A navigation radio aid or flight instrument failure occurs that affects the ability to safely complete the approach in instrument conditions; When on ILS final approach in IMC and either the localiser and/or glideslope indicator shows full deflection; When the navigation instruments show significant disagreement and visual contact with the runway has not been established;

NORMAL PROCEDURES APPROACH AND LANDING


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

2.7/P6 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(d) (e) 2.7.8

On a radar approach radio communication is lost; On reaching the minima the required visual contact is not established.

Monitoring During Approach On all approaches the PNF must monitor airspeed and rate of descent, particularly below 500 FT and call if either is outside tolerance. In adverse conditions the PNF should call height, airspeed and rate of descent each 100 FT below 500 FT.

2.7.9

Aiming Point An aiming point of 300 m should be used.

2.7.10

Crosswind Landing Prior to landing in crosswind conditions consideration must be given to the following factors: (a) Cross wind limitations; Note: (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Any crosswind corrections (e.g. for a wet or slippery runway) must be applied to the steady state wind speed.

Runway length; Runway width; Runway conditions; Wind gust factor; Expected turbulence on approach; Correct crosswind landing technique.

The PF must be prepared to conduct a go around if the aircraft is not positioned for a safe landing. 2.7.11 Heavy Landing: A heavy landing whether above or below the structural landing weight limit must be reported in the Technical Log with all relevant information such as actual weight, sink rate, touch down forces etc. 2.7.12 Minimum Fuel expected for Landing When the minimum fuel quantity of 320 kgs or equipvalent of 30 is expected upon crossing the threhold of the arrival/alternate airport, the PIC must declare an emergency using appropriate terminology and file a report immediately upon landing.

ATR72 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION

GROUND PHASE EVENT Starting engine 2 in HOTEL mode should be postponed until the all passengers are on board (with GPU and Ground A/C) or 10 min before if ground A/C is not available (with or without GPU) Both pilots on their stations and cleared by ground staff to start engine number 2 in Hotel Mode.

CM 1 - Command Start engine number 2 in hotel mode -

CM 2 Parking brake ON Check FU value at zero Check EEC 2 FAULT light extinguished Check PWRMGT is in TO position Check PROP/BRAKE is ON Service door closed Select fuel PUMP ENG 2 to RUN Select start rotary selector to START A or START B (according to day). If any malfunction use START A & B - Check right side clear and announce Right side clear - Announce Starting engine number 2 - Select START 2, check ON light illuminates and announce Starter on - *Monitor NH and announce Check. When NH passes 10%, advance CL 2 to FTR *Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is recommended between 10%-19% and when ITT>200C Command Timing

- Monitor starting - When NH increases announce NH rising or No NH

- Start timing and respond Timing

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 1

GROUND PHASE EVENT Engine number 2 in hotel mode(continued)

CM 1 - When fuel flow increases announce Fuel flow rising or No fuel flow - When ITT rising announce ITT rising or No ITT - When positive oil pressure indicated announce Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure

CM 2 - Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked - When NH passing 45% announce NH 45 - Check ITT drop and engine number 2 idle parameters stabilized and announce ITT drop. Stable - Select start rotary selector to OFF & START ABORT

- Check start light extinguished and announce Starter light off or Starter light not off - Stop timing

Ground power unit disconnection

- Check DC GEN 2 on line and BTC NORM illuminates - Request ground staff to Disconnect GPU

- Release EXT PWR switch and verify DC GEN 2 on line and BTC NORM illuminates - Select ENG 2 BLEED to ON - Select EMERG light to ON - Conduct engine number 1 fire test - Conduct CVR test - Select oxygen MAIN SUPPLY to ON - Select FDU RESET

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 2

GROUND PHASE EVENT Load sheet on board

CM 1 - Load sheet check and sign - Set takeoff data bugs

CM 2 - Load sheet copy received - Takeoff Data Card file - Set takeoff data bugs - PF gives takeoff briefing

Takeoff briefing: PF takeoff briefing to include: Read takeoff data card Any red light before V1, Captain will stop aircraft Any failure after V1, takeoff will continue. No action EXCEPT in case of engine flame out when gear up, up-trim and auto-feather must be confirmed; and in case of eng fire the memory items must be done immediately above 400ft AGL. Acceleration altitude is .. Single engine procedure is... Final cockpit preparation checklist

- PF gives takeoff briefing

- Command Final cockpit preparation checklist RESPONSE: - Prop brake, no smoking, seat belts on - Three on board - ___kilograms checked - Left side set READ: - Memo panel - Gear pins and covers - Fuel quantity - Takeoff data bugs - Right side set

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION

PAGE 3

GROUND PHASE EVENT - ____Set

CM 1 - Trims - Altimeters - ___set (cross check)

CM 2

- ___set (cross check) - Landing elevation

- ___set - COM/NAV - ______Set - Engine test - Performed - Parking brake - Set/PRESS CHK - Takeoff briefing - Completed Ground air-conditioning truck disconnected and clear of aircraft Passengers on board: Purser to inform We have ___passengers, tail prop on board, may I close the door? Start, or push back and start clearance ATR-72 SOPs - Check passenger number agrees with load sheet and if correct command Close the door - Command Request start clearance or Request push back and start 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 - Request start, or push back and start clearance from ATC FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4 - Checked * Request from ground staff to start engine number 2 in Hotel Mode (Refer page 1). * Can be done before receipt of load sheet - Announce Final cockpit preparation checklist completed - Start engine number 2 in Hotel Mode (Refer page 1)

GROUND PHASE EVENT Push back procedure:

CM 1 Select NOSE WEEL STEERING to OFF

CM 2

Ground: Ground to cockpit Ground: Parking brake release

- Call ground: Cockpit to ground Ready for push back and start - Release parking brake Parking brake released Select DC AUX PUMP to ON Check DOOR lights extinguished Select BEACON to ON Check PROP BRAKE green light illuminates Command Check right side

Ground: Commencing push back

Release of PROP BRAKE Ground: Clear to release prop brake

- Check right side area clear and announce Right side clear

- After request from ground staff Release prop brake - Announce Releasing number 2 - Set PROP BRAKE to OFF, check red UNLK light and both blue Lights extinguished (On both MEMO and overhead panel) - Select flap lever to 15 position - Select ANTI SKID test (All 4 lights F should Illuminate and then extinguish) - Set RADAR to STBY ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4a

GROUND PHASE EVENT Start engine number 1

CM 1 - Request ground engineer for permission to start engine number 1: Request to start Engine No.1 - Check EEC 1 FAULT light extinguished - Select fuel PUMP ENG 1 to RUN - Select start rotary selector to START A or START B (according to day). if any malfunction use START A & B - Check left side clear and announce Left side clear - Announce Starting engine number 1 - Select START 1, check ON light illuminates and announce Starter on - *Monitor NH and respond Check. When NH passes 10%, advance CL 1 to FTR * Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is recommended Between 10%-19% and when ITT>200C - Command Timing

CM 2

Ground: Clear to start engine No.1

- Monitor starting - When NH increases announce NH Rising or No NH

- Start timing and respond Timing - When fuel flow increases announce Fuel flow rising or No fuel flow - When ITT rising announce ITT rising or No ITT - When positive oil pressure indicated announce Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4b

- Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1 - When NH passing 45% announce NH 45 - Check ITT drop and engine number 1 idle parameters stabilized and announce ITT drop. Stable - Select start rotary selector to OFF & START ABORT Set parking brake ON Announce: Parking brake ON Set Nose Wheel Steering ON Check NP >14% and stable CL 2 then CL 1 to AUTO (or MAX RPM ATR72 200) - Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then extinguish and announce SGL channel - Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and announce Low pitch - Check ACW BUS TIE (after CL2) - Check ACWILD ELEC PWR panel on line and hydraulic pressure - Select Windshield HTG to ON - Select Anti-icing as RQD - Announce to ground staff You may disconnect - Announce Testing radar. Test radar and set to STBY mode -

CM 2 - Check start light extinguished and announce Starter light off or Starter light not off - Stop timing

When push back completed Ground: Parking brake ON

- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then extinguish and respond Checked - Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and respond Checked

Ground staff disconnect interphone, remove chocks and stand on the side of aircraft and show the nose gear PIN. Disconnecting

- Respond Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4c

GROUND PHASE EVENT Push back procedure At TAN SON NHAT AIRPORT ONLY -

CM 1 Select NOSE WEEL STEERING to OFF

CM 2

- Call ground: Cockpit to ground Ground: Ground to cockpit Ground: Parking brake release Ready for push back and start - Release parking brake Parking brake released Ground: Commencing push back

When push back completed Ground: Parking brake on - Set Parking brake -Announce: Parking brake on -Set Nose wheel steering ON

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 4d

GROUND PHASE EVENT Release of PROP BRAKE: 1. ( Without push back procedure) or 2. (After push back procedure, when push back car disconnect at TAN SON NHAT airport ONLY) -

CM 1 Select DC AUX PUMP to ON Check DOOR lights extinguished Select BEACON to ON Check PROP BRAKE green light illuminates Command Check right side

CM 2

- Check right side area clear and announce Right side clear

- After request from ground staff to Release prop brake - Announce Releasing number 2 - Set PROP BRAKE to OFF, check red UNLK light and both blue Lights extinguished (On both MEMO and overhead panel) - Select flap lever to 15 position - Select ANTI SKID test (All 4 lights F should Illuminate and then extinguish) - Set RADAR to STBY

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 5

GROUND PHASE EVENT Start engine number 1

CM 1 - Request ground engineer for permission to start engine number 1: - Check EEC 1 FAULT light extinguished - Select fuel PUMP ENG 1 to RUN - Select start rotary selector to START A or START B (according to day). if any malfunction use START A & B - Check left side clear and announce Left side clear - Announce Starting engine number 1 - Select START 1, check ON light illuminates and announce Starter on - *Monitor NH and respond Check. When NH passes 10%, advance CL 1 to FTR * Passing from FUEL SO to FTR is recommended Between 10%-19% and when ITT>200C - Command Timing

CM 2

- Monitor starting - When NH increases announce NH Rising or No NH

- Start timing and respond Timing - When fuel flow increases announce Fuel flow rising or No fuel flow - When ITT rising announce ITT rising or No ITT - When positive oil pressure indicated announce Oil pressure rising or No oil pressure

- Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked - Monitor and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 6

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM 1 - When NH passing 45% announce NH 45 - Check ITT drop and engine number 1 idle parameters stabilized and announce ITT drop. Stable - Select start rotary selector to OFF & START ABORT - Check NP >14% and stable - CL 2 then CL 1 to AUTO (or MAX RPM ATR72 200) - Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then extinguish and announce SGL channel - Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and announce Low pitch - Check ACW BUS TIE (after CL2) - Check ACW ELEC PWR panel on line and hydraulic pressure, 3 x 3000psi - Select Windshield HTG to ON - Select Anti-icing as RQD

CM 2 - Check start light extinguished and announce Starter light off or Starter light not off - Stop timing

- Check both SGL CH lights illuminate and then extinguish and respond Checked - Check both LO PITCH lights illuminate and respond Checked

Ground staff disconnect interphone, remove chocks and stand on LEFT side of aircraft

- Announce to ground staff You may disconnect - Announce Testing radar. Test radar and set to STBY mode - Respond Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 7

GROUND PHASE EVENT Before taxi checklist

CM 1 - Command Before taxi checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Tail prop - Removed and on-board - Cockpit door - Locked - Doors - Closed - Beacon - On - Prop brake - Released

CM 2

- Windshield HTG - On - Anti-icing - ON or OFF (As RQD) - CLs - Auto or Max RPM - Flaps - 15/15 - Antiskid - Tested - Radar - Tested and standby - Checked - Announce Before taxi checklist completed

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 8

GROUND PHASE EVENT Before taxi checklist completed Taxi clearance obtained

CM 1 - Command Request taxi clearance - Obtain taxi release from ground staff - Check left side clear and announce Left side clear. Check right side - Taxi & TO light select to ON - Conduct normal brake check - Conduct emergency brake check and announce Left side brake checked. Check right side

CM 2 - Request taxi clearance from ATC - Check right side clear and announce Right side clear

Taxi

- Conduct normal brake check and announce Right side brake checked - Receive ATC clearance

ATC clearance obtained PF departure briefing to include: Departure clearance is.. FL. Squawk - PF reviews key points from ATC clearance and if necessary reviews the takeoff briefing - PF reviews key points from ATC clearance and if necessary reviews the takeoff briefing

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 9

GROUND PHASE EVENT Taxi checklist

CM 1 - Command Taxi checklist READ: RESPONSE:

CM 2

- Taxi & TO lights - ON - Brakes - Checked - Cockpit com hatch - Closed - AFCS - _______Set - Takeoff configuration - Tested - Departure briefing - Completed - Announce Taxi checklist completed - Checked Purser report to Captain Cabin ready for takeoff - Receive Purser report

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE10

GROUND PHASE EVENT Before takeoff actions Line up and wait

CM 1 - Command Before takeoff actions - Check left spoiler by looking outside and announce Left spoiler up

CM 2 - Release gust lock and announce Flight control check - Turn control wheel to full forward and to the left - Check spoiler light panel and announce Light on - Turn control wheel to full forward and to the right - Check right spoiler by looking outside and announce Right spoiler up - Pull control wheel without any bank input fully backwards and release to the neutral position - Select ENG 1 BLEED and ENG 2 BLEED as required with FLOW to NORM - Select Probe HTG to ON - Select start rotary selector CONT RELIGHT as RQD - Select LAND L, LAND R, TAXI & TO and STROBE lights ON - Press TO INHI on CCAS - Select transponder to ALT - Select TCAS to AUTO - Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for takeoff - Announce Before takeoff actions completed

- Check spoiler light panel and announce Light on - Check full rudder travel to the left then to the right and announce Rudder checked - Set rudder CAM (Rudder pedals centered and brief action on rudder trim) - Line up runway HDG and check lateral FD bars centered - Select radar as required

PA announcement

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE11

GROUND PHASE EVENT Before takeoff checklist

CM 1 - Command Before takeoff checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Gust lock - Released

CM 2

- Flight controls Right side checked - Left side checked - ON or OFF (As RQD) - Probe HTG - Normal - Continuous relight - ON - External lights - ON or OFF (As RQD) - CCAS - ON - Radar - Takeoff inhibit - Transponder - Standby or On (As RQD) - Rudder - ALT - TCAS - Centered and CAM - FD bars - AUTO - Centered ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE12 - Bleed valves - Air flow

GROUND PHASE EVENT Before takeoff checklist (continued) - Completed - Checked Takeoff clearance

CM 1 - PA

CM 2

- Announce Before takeoff checklist completed - Receive takeoff clearance and announce Cleared for takeoff. Wind _____0/______knots

Takeoff run

- Announce Takeoff, timing, flight control left or right - Advance PLs to notch position and announce Notch

- Select clock to RUN and CHR - Hold control column forward and into wind - Check ATPCS ARM light illuminates and announce ATPCS arm - Check FDAU bars on RTO value - Check engine parameters TQ, NP, ITT, NH oil and announce Power set - Continue to scan airspeed and engine instruments throughout takeoff and announce Engine instruments checked normal - Announce Seventy knots

At 70 Kt Note: If CM2 is PF takeoff power is set by CM1. CM1must keep his/her hands on the PLs until reaching V1 in order to be ready to retard the PLs in the case of an aborted takeoff ATR-72 SOPs - Release nose wheel steering and announce I have control or You have control (CM2 as PF) - Confirm You have control or I have control (CM2 as PF)

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE13

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT V1 VR Positive climb established on VSI - Command Gear up

PF - Check speed - Release hand from PLs - Check speed - Rotate aircraft - Announce V1

PNF

- Announce Rotate - Announce Positive climb - Select gear lever to the UP position and announce Gear up selected - Engage yaw damper and announce Yaw damper on - Check no lights on LDG GEAR panel and announce Gear up set - Select TAXI & TO light OFF and announce Taxi light off - Announce Acceleration altitude - Increase IAS to white or red bug speed (as applicable) and announce White bug speed set or Red bug speed set (as applicable) - Announce White bug or Red bug (as applicable) - Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps zero selected - Check flap indicator shows 00 and announce Flaps zero set FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE14

- Command Yaw damper on - Check no lights on LDG GEAR panel and respond Checked - Command Taxi light off Acceleration altitude - Command Speed to white bug or Speed to red bug (icing conditions) - Check selected speed on ADU and respond Checked Speed at white or red bug speed - Check ASI speed and command Flaps zero - Check flap indicator shows 00 and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Climb sequence

PF - Command Climb sequence

PNF - Set PWR MGT to CLB - Retard CLs to 86% - Select ENG BLEED 1 and ENG BLEED 2 to ON (if not already selected ON prior to takeoff) - Select start rotary selector as required and announce Climb sequence completed - Select speed as requested and announce 170 knots set or White bug set or Red bug set

Climb

- Command Speed 170 knots or White bug (obstacle clearance) or Red bug (icing conditions) - Check selected speed on ADU and respond Checked - Command After takeoff checklist

After takeoff checklist

READ: RESPONSE: - Up - Off - Climb auto or Climb 86% - Flaps - Zero, zero ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE15 - Landing gear - Taxi light - Power management and condition levers

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT After takeoff checklist (continued) - On

PF - Bleed valves

PNF

- Continuous relight - ON or OFF (As RQD) - Checked - At 5,000 FT select SEAT BELTS sign OFF to signal cabin crew that cabin service activities can be commenced. If not possible to select the SEAT BELTS sign OFF due turbulence advise Purser by interphone to remain seated or can commence service with the SEAT BELTS sign ON Transition altitude - Set QNE (29.92/1013) and cross check and announce _____Flight level, now - Announce Transition altitude - Set QNE (29.92/1013) and cross check. Announce _____Flight level (call out deviation) - Announce Crossing ten thousand or Crossing flight level 100 - Select landing lights off and announce Landing lights off READ: - Altimeters - Memo panel FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 16 - Announce After takeoff checklist completed to altimeters

10,000 FT or FL100

- Check crossing 10,000 FT or FL100 and command Landing lights off - Check landing lights off and respond Checked

After takeoff checklist (continued) RESPONSE: - Set QNH 29.92/1013 - Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT - OFF

PF - LAND lt

PNF

- Announce After takeoff checklist completed - Announce One thousand to go

- Checked 1,000 FT to any assigned altitude or flight level (climb or descent) Level off (climb or descent) - Check EADI with amber light ON and respond Checked - Check ALT* on ADU illuminates and respond Checked - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and respond Checked

- Set speed inner bug and respond Checked - Check TQ bug set to target % and respond Checked At target speed - Select PWR MGT to CRZ and command Power management to cruise

- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and announce ALT star - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and announce Altitude hold - Check SAT, compute delta ISA and cruise parameters. Announce Cruise target speed____knots - Set speed inner bug - Announce Cruise target TQ___%, set - Set TQ bug to target %

- Check PWR MGT to CRZ and respond Checked

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 17

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Cruise checklist

PF - Command Cruise checklist RESPONSE: - Cruise - OFF or ON (as required) - Observed - If entering icing conditions: Select anti-ice ON Set CLs to AUTO/ 82% (ATR-72-500) Set CLs to Set 86% Set CLs to AUTO/ 86% (ATR-72-500PEC) MIN icing speed observed - Checked READ:

PNF

- Power management - Seat belts - Flight conditions

- Announce Cruise checklist completed

Descent preparation

- Compute top of descent Set speed bugs * DA (DH) set Set NAVAIDS GA TQ bugs set (100%)

- Obtain airport landing information (ATIS or ATC) and complete Landing Data card - Set speed bugs - * DA (DH) set - Set NAVAIDS - Monitoring flight path (navigate) - Confirm briefing * The DH is only to be set for precision approach for reference only

Approach briefing to include: TOD, weather and runway information Read Landing Data card details Brief in accordance with 2.2.1

- Transfer monitoring flight path - Make Approach briefing * The DH is only to be set for precision approach for reference only 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

ATR-72 SOPs

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 18

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Top of descent Descent clearance obtained

PF - Command Request descent Select cleared FL/Altitude on ADU Select calculated rate of descent on ADU Select RCL on CCAS SEAT BELTS sign ON (PIC only)

PNF - Request descent clearance

PA announcement Descent checklist - Command Descent checklist

- Make PA announcement Cabin crew prepare for landing

READ: RESPOND: - CCAS - Recall - Landing data Right side set - _______Left side set - GA TQ bugs - ______%Set - Seat belts - On - PA - Completed - Approach briefing - Completed - Announce Descent checklist complete - Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 19

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Descent path 10,000 FT or FL100

PF - Maintain 30 path whenever possible - Check crossing 10,000 FT or FL100 and command Ldg lts ON, Cont relight ON or OFF (As RQD) - Check LAND L and LAND R LIGHTS ON - Check CONT relight ON or OFF and response: - Checked

PNF

- Announce Crossing ten thousand or Crossing flight level 100 - Select LAND L and LAND R lights ON - Select CONT relight as RQD(ATR72-200) and announce Ldg lights ON and Cont relight ON or OFF - Announce Transition level - Set QNH and cross check. Announce ____feet (call out deviation)

Transition level or when cleared to an altitude by ATC

- Set QNH and cross check and respond ____feet, now

Approach checklist (after setting QNH)

- Command Approach checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Landing Lights (bellow FL 100) - On - Altimeters - QNH____set. Cross checked - Cabin altitude/ELEVATION - Checked - Icing angle of attack light (speed versus) - Checked on or off

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 20

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Approach checklist (continued)

PF - ON or OFF (As RQD) - Checked

PNF - Continuous relight - Announce Approach checklist complete - Confirm ADU settings and respond Checked

Radar vectoring

- Select assigned altitude(s) and heading(s) on ADU and announce Altitude____set and/or Heading _____set - Select APP mode on ADU and check LOC and GS armed, announce Approach mode armed - Crosscheck NAV settings

PRECISION APPROACH: When clearance for approach, or last heading to intercept final course is received: Both left and right VLF selected: PF on ILS PNF on VOR frequency. ADFs selected to OM frequency and audio selector panel MKR switch selected ON When radio altimeter displays at 2,500 FT LOC*

- Check APP mode on ADU and respond Checked - Crosscheck NAV settings - Announce Radio altitude alive

- Check and respond Checked - Check LOC* on ADU and EHSI and respond Checked - Select runway heading and announce Runway heading____set - Select second VLF on ILS frequency Check GS* on ADU and EHSI and respond Checked - Select missed approach altitude on ADU and announce Missed approach ____feet set 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

- Check LOC* on ADU and EHSI and announce Loc star - Check runway heading and respond Checked - Check GS* on ADU and EHSI and announce Glide slope star - Check missed approach altitude and respond Checked FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE21

GS*

ATR-72 SOPs

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT FAF

PF - Cross check altitude and respond Checked_____feet

PNF - Cross check altitude and announce Final altitude checked

Altitude 1,800 FT (AGL) and IAS not above 180 Kt

- PL retard to FI position and command Flaps 15

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond Checked Speed 170 Kt - Command Gear down

- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 150 position and announce Flaps 15 selected - Check flap indicator shows 150 and announce Flaps 15 set - Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select gear lever to the DOWN position and announce Landing gear down selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) then TO - Select TAXI & TO light to ON - Check start rotary selector CONT RELIGHT AS RQD - Check CL 1 and CL 2 to AUTO-100% or MAX RPM-100% - Check landing gear down with three green lights and announce Landing gear down, three green on

- Check landing gear down with three green lights and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 22

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Speed 150 Kt

PF - Command Flaps 30

PNF - Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 300 position and announce Flaps 30 selected - Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps 30 set - Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for landing

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond Checked PA announcement

Before landing checklist

- Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt - Command Before landing checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Landing gear - Down three greens - TLU green light - ON - Flaps - 30/30 - Power management - Takeoff - CLs - Auto-100% or MAX RPM-100% - External lights - ON

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 23

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF - PA - Completed - Checked

PNF

- Announce Before landing checklist completed - Check 1,000 FT AGL and announce One thousand stable or - One thousand unstable______ (name of deviation(s)) - If deviation continues announce _____(name of deviation(s)) unstable - If deviation(s) not corrected after two announcements, announce - Go-around - Announce Ground contact or Approach lights in sight or Runway in sight

Altitude 1,000 FT AGL In IMC conditions Rate of descent not greater than 1,000 fpm Speed Vapp -0 to +15 Kt No abrupt power changes Localizer within ONE dot Glide slope within ONE dot - Respond Checked continue or - Correcting ______(name of deviation(s))

Final phase During the final phase when visual reference is established it should be announced

- Respond Going around

- Respond Checked continue 500 FT above minimum Expand instrument scan to include outside visual cues 100 FT above minimum - Respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 - Respond Checked

- Announce Five hundred to minimum

- Announce One hundred to minimum

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 24

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT At DA

PF - Respond Landing (if visual contact established) or Go-around (no visual contact established)

PNF - Announce Minimum

Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

- Maintain 30 glide slope

- Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls): One hundred Fifty Forty Thirty Twenty Ten - Check IDLE GATE - Check both LO PITCH lights ON and announce Low pitch lights on

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI position. Touchdown Both LO PITCH lights illuminated - PLs to REV (as required) - Select PLs to GI position

- Announce Seventy knots Speed 70 Kt CM2 GROUND PHASE EVENT CM1 - Command Hold flight column - Respond I have control - Hold flight control wheel as required and announce Flight column hold - Confirm that CM1 takes control of the aircraft and announce You have control FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 25

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT NON - PRECISION APPROACH: Approaching holding over IAF

PF - Set inbound holding course on EHSI - Maintain holding speed of 175 Kt - Maintain MSA or ATC assigned altitude - Set outbound course on EHSI and announce Outbound course set - Set next step-down altitude on ADU and announce Pre-set altitude_____feet - Command Timing______minutes - Initiate a descent at 1,000 fpm or a constant descent profile of 30

PNF

Clearance for non-precision approach obtained

- Check selected course and respond Checked - Check pre-set altitude and respond Checked - Select CHR on the clock and respond Timing - Check altitude alert audio signal and amber light and announce One thousand to go - Check ALT* on ADU and announce ALT star - Check ALT HOLD on ADU and announce ALT hold - Check pre-set altitude and respond Checked - Announce Time____out - Select final course and announce My side_____set

Over station

Outbound procedure (1.000 FT to step-down altitude) ALT* (Step-down altitude)

- Check altitude and respond Checked - Check ALT* on ADU and respond Checked - Check ALT HOLD on ADU and respond Checked - Set next step-down altitude or FAF altitude on ADU (after * disappears) and announce Pre-set altitude_____feet

Inbound turn ATR-72 SOPs

- Select final course and announce Final course_____set 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 26

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT When radio altimeter displays at 2,500 FT Inbound procedure Established on final course (IAS 180 Kt)

PF - Check and respond Checked - PLs retard to FI - Command Flaps 15

PNF - Announce Radio altimeter alive -- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 150 position and announce Flaps 15 selected - Check flap indicator shows 150 and announce Flaps 15 set - Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select gear lever to the DOWN position and announce Landing gear down selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) than TO - Select TAXI & TO light to ON - Check start rotary selector: CONT RELIGHT AS RQD - Check CL1 and CL2 to AUTO or 100% - Check landing gear down with three green lights and announce Landing gear down, three green on - Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 300 position and announce Flaps 30 selected - Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps 30 set FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 27

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond Checked - Command Gear down Speed 170 Kt

- Check landing gear down with three green lights and respond Checked - Command Flaps 30 Speed 150 Kt - Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT PA announcement

PF

PNF - Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for landing

- Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt Before landing checklist - Command Before landing checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Landing gear - Down three greens - TLU green light - On - Flaps - 30/30 - Power management - Take off - CLs - Auto-100% or MAX RPM - External lights - ON - AP - Disengaged - PA - Completed - Checked - Announce Before landing checklist completed

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 28

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT FAF/FAP with MDA pre-selected

PF - Confirm FAF and respond Checked - Command Timing______minutes (if required) - Initiate a descent at 1,000 fpm or a constant descent profile of 30 - Announce Rate of descent _____feet per minute set

PNF - Announce Final approach fix - Select CHR on the clock and announce Timing (if required) - Check rate of descent on ADU and respond Checked - Check 1,000 FT (AGL) and announce One thousand stable or - One thousand unstable______ (name of deviation(s)) - If deviation continues announce _____(name of deviation(s)) unstable - If deviation(s) not corrected after two announcements, announce - Go-around

Altitude 1,000 FT (AGL) In IMC conditions Rate of descent not greater than 1,000 fpm Speed Vapp -0 to +15 Kt No abrupt power changes - Respond Checked continue or - Correcting ______(name of deviation(s))

- Respond Going around - Announce Ground contact or Approach lights in sight or Runway in sight

Final phase During the final phase when visual reference is established it should be announced

- Respond Checked continue

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 29

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT 500 FT above MDA - Respond Checked Expand instrument scan to include outside visual cues 100 FT above MDA - Respond Checked Minimum MDA

PF

PNF - Announce Five hundred to MDA

- Announce One hundred to minimum - Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and announce ALT star. MDA - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and announce Altitude hold - Confirm missed approach altitude on ADU and respond Checked - Advise PF of distance or time to MAP by announcing ___miles to missed approach point or ____seconds to missed approach point - Respond Checked - Announce Missed approach point - Respond Landing (if visual contact established) or Go-around (no visual contact established)

- Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and respond Checked - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and respond Checked - Select missed approach altitude on ADU and announce Missed approach altitude set

MAP

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 30

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

PF - Maintain 30 glide slope

PNF - Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls): One hundred Fifty Forty Thirty Twenty Ten

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI position. Touchdown Both LO PITCH lights illuminated - PLs to REV (as required) Speed 70 Kt - Select PLs to GI position

- Check IDLE GATE - Check both LO PITCH lights ON and announce Low pitch lights on - Announce Seventy knots

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM1 - Command Hold flight column - Respond I have control

CM2 - Hold flight control wheel as required and announce Flight column hold - Confirm that CM1 takes control of the aircraft and announce You have control

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 31

7FLIGHT PHASE EVENT CIRCLING APPROACH (When ever weather conditions permit always use higher visual circuit pattern)

PF - Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and respond Checked - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and respond Checked - Select missed approach altitude on ADU and announce Missed approach altitude set - Respond Circling (if visual contact established) or Go-around (no visual contact established) - Set heading 450 from runway heading and command Heading____, timing 30 seconds - Turn on downwind heading and announce Downwind heading set (adjust for wind)

PNF - Check ALT* illuminates on ADU and announce ALT star. MDA - Check ALT HOLD illuminates on ADU and announce Altitude hold - Confirm missed approach altitude on ADU and respond Checked - Announce Missed approach point

MAP Any runway environment in sight. For a circling approach the required visual reference are The runway environment Runway end/or runway lights Approach lights In view at all time Downwind leg Abeam threshold

- Start timing and respond Timing - At the end of 30 seconds announce 30 seconds time out - Check downwind heading and respond Checked Start timing and respond Timing - At the end of 30 seconds announce ___seconds time out

- Command Timing____seconds (for reference use three seconds for every 100 FT wind component) - Keep runway in sight

Turning base

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 32

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Commencing descent - Command Flaps 30

PF

PNF - Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 300 position and announce Flaps 30 selected - Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps 30 set - Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for landing

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond Checked PA announcement Adjust PL to maintain Vapp Vapp + 10 Kt

Before landing checklist

- Command Before landing checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Landing gear - Down three greens - TLU green light - ON - Flaps - 30/30 - Power management - Takeoff - Auto-100% or MAX RPM - ON - AP - Disengaged - CLs - External lights

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 33

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT - Completed - Checked 400 FT (AGL) on final Rate of descent not greater than 1,000 fpm Speed Vapp -0 Kt to +15 Kt No abrupt power lever changes Altitude from 100 FT (AGL) - Respond Landing or - Go-around

PF - PA

PNF

- Announce Before landing checklist completed - Announce 400 feet stable or - 400 feet unstable go-around - Announce(not RQD if EGPWS calls): One hundred Fifty Forty Thirty Twenty Ten - Check IDLE GATE - Check both LO PITCH lights ON and announce Low pitch lights on - Announce Seventy knots CM2 - Hold flight control wheel as required and announce Flight column hold - Confirm that CM1 takes control of the aircraft and announce You have control FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 34

- Maintain 30 glide slope

Touchdown

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI position. - Select PLs to GI position - PLs to REV (as required)

Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

Speed 70 Kt GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM1 - Command Hold flight column - Respond I have control

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT VISUAL CIRCUIT PATTERN Downwind at 1,500 FT (AGL). Speed 180 Kt Upwind end of runway - PLs retard to FI - Command Flaps 15

PF

PNF

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and respond Checked Speed 170 Kt - Command Gear down - Adjust PLs to maintain IAS=140Kt

- Check IAS not above 180 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 150 position and announce Flaps 15 selected - Check flap indicator shows 150 and announce Flaps 15 set

- Check IAS not above 170 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select gear lever to the DOWN position and announce Landing gear down selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT(3s) than TO - Select TAXI & TO light to ON - Check start rotary selector: CONT RELIGHT As RQD - Check CL1 and CL2 to AUTO or 100% - Check landing gear down with three green lights and announce Landing gear down, three green on

- Check landing gear down with three green lights and respond Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 35

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Abeam threshold. Speed 140 Kt

PF - Command Timing____seconds (for reference use three seconds for every 100 FT wind component) - Select HDG to 900 to final, Retard PLs to Vapp commence descent and Command Flaps 30

PNF Start timing and respond Timing - At the end of timing announce ___seconds time out - Check IAS not above 150 Kt and announce Speed checked - Select flap lever to 300 position and announce Flaps 30 selected - Check flap indicator shows 300 and announce Flaps 30 set - Make PA announcement Cabin crew be seated for landing

Base leg

- Check flap indicator shows 300 and respond Checked - Adjust PLs to maintain Vapp Vapp+10kt PA announcement

Before landing checklist

- Command Before landing checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Landing gear - Down three greens - TLU green light - On - Flaps - 30/30 - Power management - Takeoff - CLs - Auto-100% or MAX RPM - External lights - On

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 36

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT - Disengaged

PF - AP - PA - Completed - Checked

PNF

- Announce Before landing checklist completed

Turning final 500 FT (AGL) on final Rate of descent not greater than 1,000 fpm Speed Vapp -0 Kt to +15 Kt No abrupt power lever changes Altitude from 100 FT (AGL)

- Set HDG to runway heading

- Respond Landing or - Go-around - Maintain 30 glide slope

- Announce 500 feet stable or - 500 feet unstable go-around

- Announce (not RQD if EGPWS calls): One hundred Fifty Forty Thirty Twenty Ten

- Visual flare to touchdown. Reduce PLs to FI position. - Select PLs to GI position Touchdown ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 - Check IDLE GATE

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 37

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Both LO PITCH lights illuminated

PF

PNF - Check both LO PITCH lights ON and announce Low pitch lights on

- PLs to REV (as required) Speed 70 Kt - Announce Seventy knots

GROUND PHASE EVENT

CM1

CM2

- Command Hold flight column - Respond I have control

- Hold flight control wheel as required and announce Flight column hold - Confirm that CM1 takes control of the aircraft and announce You have control

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 38

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT GO-AROUND Go-around required

PF

PNF

- Command Go-around and simultaneously: PLs advance to the RAMP position Press the GA switch Rotate aircraft to go-around attitude (90) Command Flaps 15

- Check PLs at the RAMP position and announce Go-around power set - Select flap lever to 150 position and announce Flap 15 selected - Announce Positive climb - Select gear lever to the UP position and announce Gear up selected - Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on LDG GEAR panel and announce Flaps 15, gear up set - Select TAXI & TO light to OFF and announce Taxi light off - Select HDG, BANK to low and adjust IAS to VGA on ADU and announce Heading, low bank and IAS set

Positive climb established on VSI - Command Gear up - Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on LDG GEAR panel and respond Checked - Command Taxi light off

Established in stable climb

- Command Heading, low bank IAS - Check settings and respond Check

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATIONPAGE 39

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Acceleration altitude

PF - Command Speed to white bug or Speed to red bug (icing conditions) - Check selected speed on ADU and respond Checked

PNF - Announce Acceleration altitude - Increase IAS to white or red bug speed (as applicable) and announce White bug speed set or Red bug speed set (as applicable) - Announce White bug or Red bug (as applicable) - Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps zero selected - Check flap indicator shows 00 and announce Flaps zero set

Speed at white or red bug speed - Check ASI speed and command Flaps zero

- Check flap indicator shows 00 and respond Checked - Check PLs at NOTCH position and announce Notch checked - Set PWR MGT to CLB - Retard CLs to 86% - Select ENG BLEED 1 and ENG BLEED 2 to ON (if not already selected ON prior to takeoff) - Select start rotary selector as required and announce Climb sequence completed

PLs back to NOTCH position

- Retard PLs to NOTCH position and announce Power levers back to notch - Command Climb sequence

Climb sequence

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 40

GROUND PHASE EVENT AFTER LANDING: Below 70 Kt Vacating runway

CM 1

CM 2

- Maintain direction with nose-wheel steering - Use brakes and reverse as required - Command Gust lock engage

- Hold control wheel as required - Engage gust lock (flight controls to neutral) - Select clock to HLD position - Complete after landing scan as follows: TCAS Standby Transponder, ADF 1 and 2 and Com 2 Off Flaps 00 Trims Reset EHSI 1 and 2, EADI 1 and 2, RA, radar contrast Off TQ Bug Set 90% ADU Standby ALT pre-select 0 VOR 1 and 2 Off LAND L, LAND R and STROBE lights Off Cont relight Off Anti-icing level 1 Off

Runway vacated

- Command After landing checklist

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 41

GROUND PHASE EVENT Engine cool down time (PL between FI and GI for one to two minutes

CM 1 -- Command CL number 1 to feather

CM 2 - Select CL 1 to FTR position (timing 20 seconds for oil check), - Select ENG 1 BLEED to OFF and announce CL number one to feather Select CL 1 to FUEL SO position, Check hydraulic crossfeed-open Reset fuel used(FU) Select PUMP ENG 1 to OFF Announce CL number one to shut off

- Respond Checked Engine 1 fuel shut off - Command CL number 1 to shut off (After 1-2min with PL between FI and GI) - Respond Checked

- Silently read and cross check After Landing Checklist and when complete announce After landing checklist completed - Respond Checked Marshall in sight PARKING: At the final parking position Select TAXI & TO light to OFF Set parking brake to ON Select CL 2 to FTR position Open communication hatch - Follow marshallers instructions

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 42

GROUND PHASE EVENT Propeller brake on

CM 1 - Check green READY light illuminates and NP stable (20 seconds timing) - Select PROP BRAKE switch ON and check PROP BRK light illuminated - Select BEACON to OFF - Select SEAT BELTS to OFF - Select EMERG EXIT LT to DISARM - Select ENG 2 BLEED to OFF - Select CL 2 to FUEL SO position and announce CL number 2 to shut off

CM 2

- Check right hand side engine 2 and announce Prop brake on

Engine 2 fuel shut off (On night flights wait for GPU to be connected before shutting down engine 2) Parking checklist

- Select COM 1 to OFF, cockpit door main switch to OFF and oxygen MAIN SUPPLY to OFF.

-Command Parking checklist READ: RESPONSE: - Parking brake - On - CL 2 - Fuel shut off - COM 1 - Off - Prop brake - On, locked - Bleed valves - Off - Emergency exit lights/ Seat belts - Disarmed/Off - Beacon - Off ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 43

GROUND PHASE EVENT Parking checklist (continued) - Off

CM 1 - Fuel pumps

CM 2

- Cockpit door main switch - Off - Parking checklist completed - Checked LEAVING THE AIRCRAFT: Contact ground crew and confirm chocks set Complete flight documentation - Release parking brake - Complete Technical Log entries - Select BAT to OFF and announce Battery switch off - Select NAV to OFF Leaving the aircraft checklist - Command Leaving the aircraft checklist RESPONSE: - Released - Off - Off - Off - Completed - Checked ATR-72 SOPs 15 Jul 09 - REV 00 FINAL COCKPIT PREPARATION-PAGE 44 READ: - Parking brake - NAV light - EXT lights - Battery - Documentation - Leaving the aircraft checklist completed - Complete required post flight documentation

ATR 72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES APPENDIX

ATR 72 INTERNAL INSPECTION

PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION

GROUND PHASE EVENT INTERNAL INSPECTION (Prior to the powering the aircraft with GPU)

CM 1

CM 2 Lateral and overhead panel C/Bs -Check that all C/Bs are set (IN) Emergency equipment check -Exit hatch: closed handle locked & secured Escape rope stowed -L/G emergency handle: stowed and cover closed -Axe stowed -Portable fire extinguisher: secured and pressure within the green area -Check 3 gear pins stowed behind F/O seat -Protective gloves -Oxygen masks stowed (both side) -Flash lights stowed (both side) -Smoke goggles stowed (both side) -Life jackets stowed (bellow both seat) Documentation -Check on board

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 01

GROUND PHASE EVENT INTERNAL INSPECTION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 Batteries -Set BAT toggle switch to ON -Check: MFC1A and MFC2A flashes then extinguish -Check: MFC1B and MFC2B flashes then extinguish -Check EMER BUS and ESS BUS supply indication arrows illuminate -Check UNDV light extinguished PROP BRAKE(hotel mode only) -Check ON light illuminate -Check PROP BRK light illuminate on MEMO panel Landing gear -Check control lever DOWN Engine -Both EEC selected ON -Both PEC selected ON(ATR72-500) -Both PL on GI -Both CL on fuel SO

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 02

GROUND PHASE EVENT INTERNAL INSPECTION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 Parking brake -Check ACCUM. pressure(3000psi) -Use HYD AUX PUMP if necessary -Set Parking handle to PARKING-ON

Flight Controls -Check GUST LOCK engaged -Check/Set Flaps control lever to agree with actual flaps position

GPU connected (green AVAIL on)

GPU AVAIL -Push GPU AVAIL green light P/B and check that only DC GEN 1 & DC GEN 2 amber FAULT lights illuminates. Lights -NAV light ON -NO SMKG light ON -Seat Belts signs ON

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 03

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (Cont)

CM 1

CM 2

OVERHEAD PANEL

Annunciator light -Annunciator light switch select to TEST and check ALL lights (except Fuel LO LEVEL) illuminate. F/O wiper -Check wiper rotary selector as OFF Bleed & Air condition panel -Extinguish any white light except BLEED 1 & BLEED 2 -Select TEMP selectors to 12 oclock Avionics ventilation -Check OVBD VALVE in AUTO position and no amber or white light

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 04

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 Oxygen panel -Check oxygen high pressure sufficient for the scheduled flight -Check PAX supply OFF -Select MAN supply ON COMP SMK Depress SMK TEST p/b to check Smoke detectors. When the test is Over, reset AVIONIX VENT EXH.MODE p/b to restart extract fan. ENG 2 FIRE Protection-test -Check FIRE HANDLE 2 IN latched -Extinguish any white light -Depress SQUIB TEST pb and check both AGENT SQUID light illuminate -Select TEST switch on FIRE , and check: ENG FIRE red lt illuminates into associated fire handle; -CCAS is activated:(CRC+MW+ENG 2 FIRE on CAP+ Red light in CL-out off S/O position) -Select TEST switch on FAULT and check both LOOP A&LOOP B light illuminate (MC+SC+LOOP light on CAP)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 05

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 Signs panel -Check NO SMKG is to ON -Check SEAT BELTS is to ON De-icing/Anti-icing panel -Check all lights extinguished PROBS/Windshield htg panel -Check all white lights illuminated ACW electric panel -Check all white lights extinguished HYD panel -Check all white light extinguished -BLUE & GREEN PUMP LO PR lt illuminates EMER LOC XMTR -Check switch AUTO, guarded External lights -Check NAV light ON -WING & LOGO lights ON (night flights only)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 06

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 PROP BRK (engaged ON) -Check ON lt illuminate(MEMO panel also) -UNLK lt extinguished DC/AC electric panel -Check no amber light except both GEN FAULT lights CVR-TEST -With GPU can be performed only by pressing the RCDR p/b on the pedestal -Check ON blue lgt illuminates in p/b -Depress the TEST ,check needle in green arc -Stop the CVR by depressing RESET on the pedestal CAPT. Wiper -Check wiper at OFF position STORM light -As RQD STDBY Compass light -Check light is OFF

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 07

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1 DOME light -As RQD MIN CAB light -Check switch is in OFF

CM 2

FUEL panel -ENG 1 PUMP ON=FEED LO PR1 extinguish -FUEL X-FEED on line=FEED LO PR2 extinguished -FUEL X-FEED closed = FEED LO PR 2 illuminated -ENG 2 PUMP ON=FEED LO PR2 extinguish -Both ENG FUEL PUMP select OFF DOORS Test: Depress TEST sw -Check CAB OK & SVCE OK lights illuminates (provided doors are open) Spoiler lights -Check lights OFF LDG indicators -Check LDG lever down and 3 green lights

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 08

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 TLU -Check TLU in AUTO position no amber light

ENG 1 FIRE Protection-test -Check FIRE HANDLE 1 IN latched -Extinguish any white light -Depress SQUIB TEST pb and check both AGENT SQUID light illuminate -Select TEST switch on FIRE , and check: ENG FIRE red light illuminates into associated fire handle; -CCAS is activated:(CRC+MW+ENG 1 FIRE on CAP+Red light in CL-out off S/O position) -Select TEST switch on FAULT and check Both LOOP A & LOOP B light illuminates (MC+ SC+ LOOP light on CAP)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 09

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1 PEDASTAL

CM 2

Lights -Adjust lights as RQD ATPCS-test -Set ATPCS selector (Left)to ARM check ATPCS green light illuminate -Set ATPCS selector to ENG 1 check ENG 2 UPTRIM illuminate, after 2.15s ARM light extinguishes -Do the same for ENG 2 (Right) TCAS -Test: Select ATC to STBY Select TCAS to STBY Press TEST button on TCAS Check aural message and visual Display on VSI. -TCAS selector stays at STBY FDEP - Enter flight number on data panel

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 10

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 TRIMS First flight of the day: -Check PITCH, ROLL and YAW trim Operation in both direction to full deflections. -Check STBY PITCH trim operation, check SW guarded in OFF position Before each flight: -Check PITCH,ROLL and YAW trim -Check STBY PITCH operation, SW check guarded in OFF position. VHFs, -ON than TEST ADFs, -ON than TEST ATC -STBY than TEST IDLE GATE -Check amber band visible on the lever, and IDLE GATE FAIL amber light extinguished.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 11

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 EMER AUDIO CANCEL -Check SW guarded and lock wired PLs -Check in GI position CLs -Check in S/O position -Engines oil press LOW warning test (First flight of the day): -Select both CLs out of S/O position -After 30s timing check: Both local alert oil LOW press CCAS OIL LOW PRESS Master warning light with CRC -Select both CLs to S/O position GUST LOCK -Check engaged ON AIL LOCK light -Check extinguished

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 12

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 F/O- EFIS control panel -TEST /SET: *Select EADI to ON (Check composite mode), *Select EADI to OFF *Select EHSI to ON (Check comp mode), *Select EADI to ON -Test DH by depressing DH TEST p/b, check RA increasing to 100ft, and three boxes on bottom right of EADI displaying O, M, I side by side -EHSI inner knob select to max radar brightness ( recommended),check WX amber light on EHSI -Select one of ADF/VOR/LNAV EHSI pointer SECURITY DOOR panel -Check FAULT lgt lit (if main SW is OFF) GPS -Select ON (if installed) CAPT- EFIS control panel -Same as for F/O side

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 13

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 F/O LATERAL CONSOLE MAINTENANCE panel -Check that rotary selector is in NORM FLT position before flight. EXTRACT AIR FLOW --Check forward and guarded OXIGEN MASK/Test First flight of the day: -Set audio control panel to INT -Depress and hold PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, (observe blinker momentarily turns yellow and must turn dark (if no leak ) -HOLD the PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, and press the red grips on each side of the hose (oxygen press inflates the harness), observe blinker momentarily turns yellow and must turn dark if there is no leak. -HOLD the PRESS TO TEST AND RESET pb, and select the EMERG knob(test flow) observe blinker turns yellow during the oxygen flow and must turn dark when the knob is released.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 14

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 -Check that oxygen flow sounds through loudspeakers. -Check OXY LO PR light not lit -Set N/100% rocker lever to 100% AHRS -Check AHRS 2 light extinguished F/O SWITCHING -Check ATT/HDG, VOR/ILS, and EFIS/SG: depress then reset -Check lights extinguished AUDIO -Check AUDIO 2 light extinguished F/O INSTRUMENT PANEL VSI -Check no flags and pointer indicates zero. -Set 12nm TCAS distance and above ALTIMETER -Check no flag-Set QNH

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 15

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 E/GPWS -Push GPWS/GS pushbutton for TEST EHSI/RMI -Crosscheck heading information -Select RMI on VORs or ADFs pointers. EADI -Check no flags ASI -Check no flags, pointer indicates zero , VMO pointer indicates 250kt CLOCK -Check time, adjust if necessary CENTRAL PANEL CAB PRESS panel -Check no light illuminated -Check rotary selector facing to green mark AUTO PRESS panel TEST: Depress TEST pb, and check: -MC+SC+AIR on CAP

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 16

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 -FAUL amber light lit in MODE selector pb, -display cycling between -8800 and 18800 CAB PRESS indicators -Check : DIFF = 0 RATE= 0 ALT = pressure altitude HYDRAULIC gauges -BLUE and GREEN pressure = 0 -ACCUMULATOR pressure=3000psi ANTI-SKID -Check no light illuminated LANDING GEAR -Check lever DOWN 3 green ON BRK TEMP -Check no light illuminated FLAPS indicator -Check position according to flaps lever position and external inspection.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 17

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1 TLU -Green light lit ON STICK PUSHER -Check no light illuminated

CM 2

TRIM indicator -Check neutral setting for YAW and ROLL axis. MEMO panel -NO SMOKE - SEAT BELTS ON -PROP BRAKE ON (If engaged) FUEL USED -Pull knob to reset fuel used value ENG 1 & 2 instruments -Oil press = 0 -Oil temp = realistic indication -FF/FU = 0 -NH = 0 -ITT = realistic indication -NP = 0 -TQ = 0 INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 18

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 ENG panel -ECU 1 & 2 ,and ATPCS pbs depress IN STBY instruments -Check no flags -Pull knob to erect STBY horizon if necessary. -Set QNH on STBY ALT PWR MGT -Check rotary selector in TO position SYNPHR -Check synphr off white lt extinguished. PEC 1 & 2 (ENG 127F) -Check no amber light illuminated CAP -Check amber light extinguished ICE DETECT panel -Check no any white light illuminate

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 19

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2 FUEL QTY panel Depress TEST pb, and check: - MC+SC+FUEL on CAP -All lights and displays -Both LO LVL lights illuminated -Both RUN green lights illuminated in fuel pumps pb

CAPT. INSTRUMENT PANEL ADC -odd days :ADC 1 -even days : ADC 2 -FAULT light extinguished TAT/SAT/TAS -Check TAT value with weather information VSI -Check no flags and pointer indicates zero. -Set 12nm TCAS distance and above

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 20

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1 ALTIMETER -Check no flag-Set QNH

CM 2

EHSI/RMI -Crosscheck heading information -Select VORs or ADFs pointers (RMI) EADI -Check no flags ASI -Check no flags, pointer indicates zero , VMO pointer indicates 250kt CLOCK -Check time, adjust if necessary

CAPT. LATERAL CONSOLE

(E)GPWS switch -Check switch guarded in normal position -TERR amber lgt lit (when radar in OFF)

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 21

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2

CAPT SWITCHING -Check ATT/HDG, VOR/ILS, EFIS SG lights extinguished AHRS -Check AHRS 1 light extinguished AUDIO -Check AUDIO 1 SEL light not lit MKR -Set MKR sw to LO OXYGEN MASK -Test (once a day), same like F/O side N/W STEERING -Check N/W steering sw. guarded on normal position.

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 22

GROUND PHASE EVENT PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION (cont)

CM 1

CM 2

GLARESHIELD FD bars -Check FD bars switches (CAPT/FO) in ON position. NAV 1 & 2 -Set ON and TEST ADU -Select HDG, LO BANK, IAS and check FD bars appearing on both EADI -Select first altitude on ALT PRESEL -Select COUPLING to PF side

ATR-72 SOPs

15 Jul 09 - REV 00

INTERNAL INSPECTION & PRELIMINARY COCKPIT PREPARATION PAGE 23

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 3 ABNORMAL PROCEDURES

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.1.6 3.1.7 3.1.8 3.1.9 3.1.10 3.1.11 3.1.12 3.1.13 3.1.14

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES General Procedures Notification and Verification of Condition Initiation of Procedure Reading of Checklist Acceleration Height Engine Shutdown Procedure Flight with an Engine Inoperative Emergency Airports Depressurisation Cabin Fire Procedures Interception Procedures Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) TCAS

3.1/P1 3.1/P1 3.1/P1 3.1/P3 3.1/P3 3.1/P3 3.1/P4 3.1/P4 3.1/P4 3.1/P5 3.1/P5 3.1/P7 3.1/P7 3.1/P8 3.1/P8

ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

3.1/P1

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

3.1 3.1.1

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES General Refer ATR-72 Flight Crew Operating Manual, Section 2.04.00, Introduction, for non-normal procedures. Pilots must be sufficiently familiar with the QRH to ensure that they can, if necessary, expeditiously and accurately locate any required non-normal procedure. Selection of transponder codes for emergency situations (7700) and the making of emergency radio calls to ATC is a normal crew function and should be actioned by crew members in appropriate circumstances. It is Company policy that on all aircraft fire detector warnings are treated as genuine and the appropriate emergency procedure is completed. Abnormal or/and emergency procedures describe actions to be taken that are necessary to deal with a pending or already effective failure of any of the aircraft systems or its components. These actions are required to protect the occupants or/and the aircraft from impending or even critical harm. The main objective of the flight crew must be to: MAINTAIN POSITIVE CONTROL OF THE AIRCRAFT The conduct of any emergency procedures or the analysis of any technical problems should not normally take place until: (a) (b) (c) The vertical and lateral flight path is under positive control; Possible ground contact is no longer a threat; and Altitude is above 400 FT (AGL)

3.1.2

Procedures The presentation of the emergency procedures assumes a standard cockpit composition in which CM 1 is PIC and PF, and the CM 2 is PNF. Under some circumstances a different task distribution may be more appropriate in applying these procedures. Therefore, it is essential that the PIC assesses the situation and clearly determines the task distribution for the different phases of flight.

3.1/P2

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Since abnormal and/or emergency operation is non-routine, all actions in abnormal and/or emergency procedures have to be announced before they are performed. The actions prescribed in abnormal and/or emergency procedures are classified according to their mode of application, as follows: (a) Memory Actions Some specific actions during the application of abnormal and/or emergency procedures must be carried out as soon as the situation permits. It is not acceptable to refer to any document due to the inherent time delay. In these cases crewmembers must be able to act by memory. After completion of memory actions the complete applicable abnormal/emergency checklist must be completed including the memory items. (b) Monitored Actions Some abnormal and/or emergency procedures contain non-reversible actions, which may lead to imminent danger if they are incorrectly executed. Such actions have to be monitored and shall only be executed when monitoring is confirmed by the other crewmember. These actions include: (i) (ii) (iii) (c) Power lever reduction of a failed engine; Selection of the condition lever to FTR/FUEL SO position; Activation of the fire handle and extinguisher switch.

Read-and-Do Actions With the exception of the memory items most of the abnormal and/or emergency actions shall only be executed after being read from the appropriate documentation. Some of the procedures contain configuration changes of the aircraft. Therefore, proper crew coordination must be carried out before executing such action(s).

(d)

Review Actions For flight phases where the read-and-do concept is not possible to follow, review actions are presented for the flight crew to read in advance of what has to be done, thus enabling the flight crews to memorize these items when they are needed.

3.1/P3

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

3.1.3

Notification and Verification of Condition Any crewmember detecting an abnormal and/or emergency shall immediately inform the other crewmember. (a) (b) (c) (d) Aural warnings shall be silenced by pressing Warning/Caution light; The affected system shall be recognized on the CAP; The systems local fault shall be identified on the overhead panel; The PF must call for the appropriate checklist which must be confirmed by the PNF as the checklist applicable for the particular abnormal/emergency situation. The PIC will designate the PF.

(e) 3.1.4

Initiation of Procedure After the PF is ready he shall initiate application by using the wording Start Procedure. (a) (b) Memory actions are then performed by the PNF on commands from the PF; Upon completion of the memory items the PF will call for the complete checklist on a Read-And-Do basis including previously completed memory items.

3.1.5

Reading of Checklist Abnormal and/ or emergency procedures are read by PNF starting with the procedure title and shall be read once the PF is ready to follow the execution of the procedures. Memory actions must be read and confirmed. Except for memory items and irreversible actions (e.g. engine shut down) the required action must be read first, then executed and reported to PF, who shall cross check whenever feasible. Any abnormal or emergency has to be continued to its end and upon reaching the end of the checklist the PNF must announce that the applicable checklist is COMPLETED.

3.1/P4

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Note:

There may be special situations in which it is of benefit to stop an abnormal and/or emergency procedure. The decision to do so rests solely with the PIC and such decision should be based upon sound analysis of the situation. The main goal is to maintain positive aircraft control. All action shall be done as soon as possible but never in a hurry. Strict adherence to the checklists is mandatory. According to CCARs regulations and Company policy the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) circuit breaker should be pulled after landing on any flight where a significant abnormal/emergency situation has occurred.
Deleted:

CAUTION 1:

CAUTION 2:

3.1.6

Acceleration Height A standard acceleration height (AGL) of 800 FT should be used or such height as published in the pre-computed takeoff charts whichever is the higher, in the event of an engine failure on takeoff.

3.1.7

Engine Shutdown Procedure Refer ATR 72 Abnormal/Emergency Procedures Appendix at the end of this Section.

3.1.8

Flight with an Engine Inoperative Following an engine shutdown in flight it is the commander's responsibility to decide whether: (a) (b) (c) The flight should be continued to destination; The flight should return to the departure airport; or A landing should be made at the nearest suitable airport.

Factors that need to be considered for flight with an inoperative engine include the following: (a) (b) (c) Nature of the malfunction which preceded the engine shutdown and any further mechanical difficulties which may arise from the shutdown; Availability of the inoperative engine for use; Altitude, aircraft weight and useable fuel at the time of engine shutdown;

3.1/P5

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i)

Distance to be flown; Relative characteristics of suitable airports available for landing; Weather conditions en route and at suitable airports available for landing; Air traffic congestion; Type of terrain; and Familiarity of pilot with airport to be used.

It is expected that the commander will, at all times, operate the aircraft with full regard to safety. No undue emphasis should be placed on the continuation of a flight to the destination unless the commander is satisfied that this is a desirable and safe course of action. Following an engine shutdown a two engine aircraft should normally proceed to the nearest suitable airport, although there is no objection to the aircraft proceeding to the destination provided the increased flying time is not significant. When runway approach slope guidance is not available the aircraft should carry out a normal circuit unless circumstances or terrain make this unadvisable. 3.1.9 Emergency Airports Pilots must maintain an adequate knowledge of airports, suitable for an emergency landing, which are on, or adjacent to, the aircraft's flight path. The appropriateness of a particular airport is related to the urgency of the situation. However, in general, an airport should be considered suitable, depending upon the nature of the emergency, even if it does not meet normal operational standards and if it can reasonably assumed that a safe landing can be made. 3.1.10 3.1.10.1 Depressurisation General In the event of a depressurisation the requirement for the donning of oxygen masks is immediate. The following table of Times of Useful Consciousness are representative of a person in normal health in a seating position.

3.1/P6

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

ALTITUDE (FT) 22,000 25,000 28,000 30,000 35,000 40,000

TIME 5 minutes 2 minutes 1 minute 45 seconds 30 seconds 18 seconds

The above times can be reduced by approximately 50% with moderate activity and by approximately 33% in a rapid depressurization. If oxygen is applied expeditiously the debilitating effects of oxygen deprivation are removed within 20 seconds. 3.1.10.2 Emergency Descent Procedures If an emergency descent is required the procedures as detailed in the Flight Crew Operating Manual should be followed. Following completion of the applicable nonnormal procedure(s), the First Officer should select transponder code 7700 and advise ATC through the use of a PAN call. The commander should make the following PA announcement: COCKPIT SPEAKING, CABIN CREW SEATED AND FASTENED Flight deck crews must be aware of the height of the terrain in the vicinity of the descent and must limit the descent to the MSA (or grid MORA) for the sector or 10,000 FT whichever is the higher. During the descent, the First Officer should call each 5,000 FT, 2,000 FT and 1,000 FT prior to the nominated level off altitude. When the aircraft attains the required level off altitude, the commander should make a PA announcement indicating that the use of oxygen masks (if used by the passengers) is no longer required and/or explain the reason for the emergency descent. Based upon this PA announcement the purser shall enter the flight deck to report on the condition of passengers and cabin crew.

3.1/P7

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

The flight deck crew should assess the situation with respect to: (a) (b) (c) (d) 3.1.11 The state of any structural damage (if required); Distance to and weather conditions at suitable diversion airport(s); Any intervening terrain between the aircrafts position and suitable diversion airport(s); and Diversion fuel requirements.

Cabin Fire Procedures In the case of a fire in the cabin, a cabin crew member will contact the flight deck either personally or via the interphone providing the following information: (a) (b) (c) (d) What is actually on fire and its location; If the fire is in the galley area, request that galley power be removed; The amount and the colour of the smoke and the effect it is having on the passengers; and The ferocity of the fire and whether it can be contained.

The purser should keep the commander updated as to the progress in containing the fire and if at any time the situation appears out of control an immediate face to face report will be made. In this case a landing at the nearest adequate airport should be considered. 3.1.12 Interception Procedures ICAO standard procedures are to be followed in the event of in-flight interception. These procedures, including the State variations are detailed in the Jeppesen Airway Manual together with an appropriate NOTAM for any variations from standard procedures. In the event of an in-flight interception proceed as follows; (a) Do not perform any manoeuvre that may be construed as hostile. Maintain straight and level flight;

3.1/P8

ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(b) (c)

Select transponder to 7700 and where possible notify the appropriate ATC centre; Attempt to establish communication with the interceptor or with the appropriate intercept control unit by making a general call on 121.5 MHZ giving the identity and position of the aircraft and the nature of the flight; and Follow instructions from intercepting aircraft responding as appropriate to instructions.

(d)

If any instructions received by radio from any source conflict with those given by the intercepting aircraft request immediate clarification whilst complying with the instructions given by the intercepting aircraft. 3.1.13 Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Page 2.02.16. 3.1.14 TCAS Refer Flight Crew Operating Manual, Page 2.02.15

ATR 72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX

GROUND PHASE EVENT ENGINE FIRE BEFORE V1 Takeoff run

CM 1

CM 2

- Receive takeoff clearance and announce Cleared for takeoff. Wind _____0/______knots - Announce Takeoff, timing, flight control left or right - Advance PLs to notch position and announce Notch - Select clock to RUN and CHR - Hold control column forward and into wind - Check ATPCS ARM light illuminates and announce ATPCS arm - Check FDAU bars on RTO value - Check engine parameters TQ, NP, ITT, NH oil and announce Power set - Continue to scan airspeed and engine instruments throughout takeoff and announce Engine instruments checked normal

- Announce Seventy knots At 70 knots - Release nose wheel steering and announce I have control or You have control (CM2 as PF) - Confirm You have control or I have control (CM2 as PF)

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 1

GROUND PHASE EVENT Fire warning occurs - STOP

CM 1 - Engine Fire

CM 2

- Engine 1 fire, wind from (left or right) - Rejected takeoff: Retard PLs to FI then GI Reverse as required Full braking Stop aircraft with good engine into the wind (00 to 900) or Engine 2 fire, wind from (left or right) Cancel fire warning Hold control column Notify ATC

Aircraft stopped

- Parking brake ON - Retard both CLs to FTH then SO and announce Both condition levers to feather and shut off - Pull fire handle (1 or 2) and announce Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled - Activate AGENT 1 push button and announce Agent 1 discharged - Commence timing and announce Timing started

Memory Items

- Command: Both condition levers to feather, then shut off Fire handle (1 or 2) pull Agent 1 discharge Timing 30 seconds

- Make PA announcement Cockpit speaking, cabin crew to your stations

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 2

GROUND PHASE EVENT On Ground Engine Fire checklist

CM 1 Command On ground engine fire checklist

CM 2 Read On Ground Engine Fire checklist

After 30 seconds and fire warning continues - Command Agent 2 discharge

- Announce 30 seconds fire continues - Activate AGENT 2 push button and announce Agent 2 discharged - If fire warning continues announce Fire continues - Command Fire handle (1 or 2) pull - Pull second fire handle and announce Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled

If fire warning continues or there is external evidence of fire

Evacuation

- Make PA announcement Evacuate left/right, evacuate left/right, evacuate left/right

- Command Emergency evacuation checklist Emergency evacuation checklist

- Read and do Emergency Evacuation checklist - When complete announce Emergency evacuation checklist completed

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 3

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT ENGINE FIRE AFTER V1 Note: No any action relating to the engine fire are to be made until the landing gear has been selected UP V1 VR

PF

PNF

- Announce: V1 - Check speed - Release hand from PLs - Announce: Rotate - Check speed - Rotate aircraft - Announce: ENGINE FIRE (Immediately after fire warning sounds, cancel CRC by pressing the MW or EMER AUDIO CANCEL) - Announce: Positive climb - Select gear lever to the UP position and announce: Gear up selected - Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and announce: Gear up set - Confirm: Engine fire (1 or 2) - Notify ATC - Announce: 400 Feet - Check altitude and order: Memory items

ENGINE FIRE

- Respond: Continue

Positive climb established on VSI - Command: Gear up

- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and respond: Checked Identify engine - Identify engine: Confirm (1 or 2) Notify ATC 400Ft AGL

Memory items PLs

- Hold non-affected engine PL - Command: Power lever (1 or 2) to flight idle 15 JUL 09 REV 00

- Confirm correct engine and retard affected PL to FI position and announce: Power lever (1 or 2) to flight idle PAGE 4

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Memory items(cont) CLs

PF - Hold non-affected engine CL - Command: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather, then shut off

PNF - Confirm correct engine and retard affected CL to FTH then SO and announce: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather(wait one second) and shut off - Place hand on applicable fire handle - When confirmed pull fire handle (1 or 2) and announce: Fire handle (1 or 2) pulled - Respond: Timing - After 10 seconds announce: 10 seconds time out - Activate AGENT 1 push button and announce: Agent 1 discharged Note: Light comes ON when bottle is Empty. - After 30 seconds announce: 30 seconds time out - Activate AGENT 2 push button and announce: Agent 2 discharged - Announce: Memory items completed

Fire handle

- Command: Fire handle (1 or 2) pull

Timing 10 seconds

- Command: Timing 10 seconds

Agent discharge

- Command: Agent 1 discharge

- Monitor Fire handle red light If Fire continue 30 seconds - Command: Agent 2 discharge

- Monitor Fire handle red light - Respond: Checked

- Announce: Acceleration altitude Acceleration altitude - Command: Altitude Hold - Select ALT HOLD on ADU and announce: Altitude hold

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 5

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT In-Flight engine fire check list

PF - Command: In-flight engine fire checklist - Monitor and confirm items

PNF - Read and do In-Flight Engine Fire checklist - When complete announce: In-flight engine fire checklist competed - Announce: White bug or Red bug (as applicable) - Select IAS and announce: IAS set - Select flap lever to 00 and announce: Flaps zero ( fifteen) selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce: MCT set - Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing) and announce: Flaps zero (fifteen) set - Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

Speed at white or red bug speed - Check ASI speed and command: IAS, flaps zero (fifteen icing), MCT

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and PWR MGT to MCT and respond: Checked

After Takeoff checklist

- Command: After takeoff checklist - Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do After Takeoff checklist - When complete announce: After takeoff checklist completed - Read and do Single Engine Operation checklist - When complete announce: Single engine operation checklist completed

Single Engine Operation checklist

- Command: Single engine operation checklist - Monitor and confirm items

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 6

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF - Command: Clear CAP

PNF

- Push CLR on CAP Decision Land ASAP - Announce intentions and diversion airport.

PA announcement

- Make PA announcement to passengers

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 7

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT ENGINE FLAMEOUT AFTER V1 Note: No any action relating to the engine flame-out are to be made until the landing gear has been selected UP V1

PF

PNF

- Check speed - Release hand from PLs - Check speed - Rotate aircraft - Respond: CONTINUE

- Announce: V1

VR ENGINE FLAME OUT AT TAKE-OFF

- Announce: Rotate - Announce: ENGINE FLAME OUT

Positive climb established on VSI - Command: Gear up - Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and respond: Checked CONT RELIGHT (ATR72 -200 only) UP TRIM - Check CONT Relight ON and respond: Checked - If no UP trim , both PLs advance to RAMP

- Announce: Positive climb - Select gear lever to the UP position and announce Gear up selected - Announce: CONT RELIGHT ON (select if not) (ATR72-200 only) - Check UP trim on live engine and announce: UP TRIM or NO UP TRIM

AUTO FEATHER

- If no AUTO FTHR command: CL (1 or 2) to Feather - Check TQ=100% on live engine and NP=0% on failed engine - Respond: Checked - Check NP=0% on failed engine and announce: AUTO Feather , if not NO AUTO Feather - Retard CL (1 or 2) to feather position and announce: CL (1 or 2) Feather

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 8

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT LAND GEAR

PF

PNF - Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and announce: Gear up set - Notify ATC - Announce :Acceleration altitude - Select ALT mode on ADU and announce: Altitude hold - Respond: Confirm engine ( 1 or2), if identification incorrect.

- Check no lights on LAND GEAR panel and respond: Checked Notify ATC Acceleration altitude - Command: Altitude hold

Identify engine Memory items PL

- Announce: Engine flame out (1 or 2) - Announce: Memory Items - Hold non-affected engine PL - Command: Power lever (1 or 2) to flight idle (Retard PL to NOTCH on good engine if it was on RAMP) - Hold non-affected engine CL - Command: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather, then shut off - Respond: Checked

- Confirm correct engine and retard affected PL to FI position and announce: Confirm power lever (1 or 2) to flight idle - Confirm correct engine and retard affected CL to FTH (wait one second) then SO and announce: Condition lever (1 or 2) to feather and shut off - Announce: Memory items completed - Announce: White bug or Red bug (as applicable) - Select IAS and announce: IAS set - Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps zero ( fifteen) selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce: MCT set PAGE 9

CL

Speed at white or red bug speed - Check ASI speed and command: IAS, flaps zero (fifteen icing), MCT

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT

PF

PNF - Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing) and announce: Flaps zero (fifteen) set

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and PWR MGT to MCT and respond: Checked

- Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

Engine Flame Out At Takeoff checklist

- Command Engine flameout at takeoff checklist - Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do Engine Flame Out At Takeoff checklist - When complete announce Engine flame out at takeoff checklist completed

After Takeoff checklist

- Command After takeoff checklist - Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do After Takeoff checklist - When complete announce After takeoff checklist completed

Single Engine Operation checklist

- Command Single engine operation checklist - Monitor and confirm items

- Read and do Single Engine Operation checklist - When complete announce Single engine operation checklist completed

- Command Clear CAP - Push CLR on CAP Decision Land ASAP - Announce intentions and diversion airport. PA announcement - Make PA announcement to passengers

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 10

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT SINGLE ENGINE GO-AROUND Go-around

PF -- Command Go-around and simultaneously: PLs advance to the RAMP position Press the GA switch Rotate aircraft to go-around attitude (80) Command Flaps 15

PNF

- Check PLs at the RAMP position and announce Go-around power set - Select flap lever to 150 position and announce Flap 15 selected - Announce Positive climb - Select gear lever to the UP position and announce Gear up selected - Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on LDG GEAR panel and announce Flaps 15, gear up set

Positive climb established on VSI - Command Gear up

- Check flap indicator shows 150 and no lights on LDG GEAR panel and respond Checked - Command Taxi light off Established in stable climb

- Select TAXI light to OFF and announce Taxi light off - Select HDG, BANK to low and adjust IAS to VGA on ADU and announce Heading, low bank and IAS set

- Command Heading, low bank IAS

- Check settings and respond Check Notify ATC Acceleration altitude - Command Altitude hold PLs back to NOTCH position -Retard PLs to NOTCH position and announce -Power levers back to notch - Notify ATC - Announce Acceleration altitude - Select ALT mode on ADU and announce Altitude hold -Check PLs at notch position, announce -Notch checked PAGE 11

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT Speed at white or red bug speed

PF

PNF - Announce White bug or Red bug (as applicable)

- Check ASI speed and command IAS, flaps zero (fifteen icing), MCT

- Check IAS, flap indicator shows 00 (or 150)) and PWR MGT to MCT and respond Checked

- Select IAS and announce IAS set - Select flap lever to 00 and announce Flaps zero ( fifteen) selected - Set PWR MGT to MCT and announce MCT set - Check flap indicator shows 00 (150 icing) and announce Flaps zero (fifteen) set - Adjust IAS to white/red bug speed

- Command After takeoff checklist After Takeoff Checklist - Read and do After Takeoff checklist - When complete announce After takeoff checklist completed - Make PA announcement to passengers PA announcement

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 12

FLIGHT PHASE EVENT EMERGENCY DESCENT According to flight event -Order: Emergency descent

PF

PNF

Autopilot remains engaged

Memo items :Do - Mask/Crew communication(as RQD) - Select minimum altitude on ALT SEL - Select IAS mode and set 245kts - Turn with HDG knob 45 - PLs to FI - Cont relight on (ATR72-200 only) - CLs to 100 OVRD or MAX RPM (ATR72-200 only) -Order: Emergency descent checklist - Emergency checklist response - Monitor R/D

:Do - Mask/Crew communication(as RQD) - Seat belts on - PA: - XPDR 7700 set - ATC: Mayday, mayday, mayday - Oxygen pax supply on - Oxygen pressure check Memo items completed

:Do - Emergency checklist read Emergency descent checklist completed

Approaching FL 100

- Order: Masks off :Do - Oxygen mask remove - Oxygen hatch close - Oxygen test P/B depress :Do - Oxygen mask remove - Oxygen hatch close - Oxygen test P/B depress

ATR-72 ABNORMAL/EMERGENCY PROC

15 JUL 09 REV 00

PAGE 13

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 4 PERFORMANCE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

PERFORMANCE TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3

COMPUTER TAKEOFF CHARTS General Takeoff Chart Format De-Code of Takeoff Chart

4.1/P1 4.1/P1 4.1/P2 4.1/P3

PERFORMANCE TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

4.1/P1

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

4.1 4.1.1

COMPUTER TAKEOFF CHARTS General The Company produces computer generated runway takeoff and landing charts for the ATR-72 aircraft. Airport analyses facilitate the determination of the maximum allowable takeoff for specific airport conditions and aircraft configurations with the failure of the most critical engine. The limitations observed are those specified in the approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM). The maximum allowable takeoff weight is determined by the most limiting of the following: (a) (b) Maximum Certified Takeoff Weight: The structural limit weight; Climb Limit Weight: The maximum weight at which the required minimum climb gradients are available in the second and final segment based on the airport elevation and temperature; Runway Limit Weight: The maximum weight at which the aircraft complies with the certification requirements under the rules governing required runway length. The runway limited weight is a function of runway length, slope, airport elevation, temperature and wind; Obstacle Limited Weight: The maximum weight at which obstacle clearance required by ICAO can be demonstrated. The obstacle limited weight is a function of obstacle height and distance, temperature, airport elevation, runway slope and wind. Unless otherwise specified on the airport analysis, a straight flight out path along the extended runway center line is assumed;

(c)

(d)

4.1.2

Takeoff Chart Format Set out below is a facsimile of the Company standard computer generated takeoff chart for ATR-72 aircraft.

4.1/P2

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

F15

13/07/2004

TANSONNHAT

VVTS 25R ATR72-500 JAR-DGAC V2/VS OPTIMIZED V1/VR OPTIMIZED AIR COND. ON NORMAL CONDITIONS WITHOUT REVERSE

ELEVATION= 33.0 (FT) LIMITATION CODES T.O.R.A = 10000.0 (FT) 0-DRY CHECK 5-TYRE SPEED A.S.D.A = 11017.0 (FT) 1-STRUCTURE 6-BRAKE ENERGY T.O.D.A = 11017.0 (FT) 2-2ND SEGMENT 7-RWY 2 ENGINE SLOPE = -0.08 (%) 3-RUNWAY 8-FINAL TO LARGE WIDTH ASSUME 4-OBSTACLE 9-VMC NO OBSTACLE AVAILABLE

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

- WIND O KT A T (DC) 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 22.0 24.0

TOW (KG) CODES V1 VR V2 (IAS KT)

QNH = 1013.2 (HPA)

DRY RUNWAY SCREEN HEIGHT 35 FT

-10 22500 1-1 98 110 114 22500 98 110 22500 97 110 22500 97 110 1-1 114 1-1 114 1-1 114

-5 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114

0 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114

5 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114

10 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 100 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114 22500 1-1 101 110 114

22500 0-0 96 110 114 22500 1-1 96 110 114

DATA INTENTIONALLY NOT DISPLAYED (EXAMPLE ONLY)


44.0 46.0 48.0 50.0 21866 2-4 98 113 117 21582 2-4 98 113 117 21285 2-4 99 114 117 20991 2-4 100 114 117 22257 2-4 107 122 125 21922 2-4 107 122 125 21574 2-4 109 123 126 21220 2-4 110 123 126 800. (FT) 2184.(FT) 22231 2-2 115 129 132 21965 2-2 115 127 131 21596 2-2 114 126 129 21228 2-2 114 125 128 QNH ALT: QNH ALT: 22231 2-2 115 129 132 21965 2-2 115 127 131 21596 2-2 115 126 129 21228 2-2 115 125 128 833 (FT) 2217 (FT) 22231 2-2 115 129 132 21965 2-2 115 127 131 21596 2-2 115 126 129 21228 2-2 115 125 128

16. /NO OBSTACLE 17. /MINI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT: 18. /MAXI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT:

4.1/P3

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

4.1.3 1.

De-Code of Takeoff Chart F15...... 13/07/2004. TANSONNHAT. VVTS 25R. ELEVATION = 33.0 (FT). LIMITATION CODES. ATR72-500 JAR-DGAC T.O.R.A = 10000.0 (FT) 0-DRY CHECK. 5-TYRE SPEED V2/VS OPTIMIZED.. Flap setting Date chart prepared Name of airport IATA code and runway direction Airport elevation Title Aircraft type and model Certifying authority Takeoff run available Program checks both dry and wet conditions and if a dry limit shows this limit code Tyre speed limit code Basis of chart calculation Accelerate stop distance available Structural limit code Brake energy limit code Basis of chart calculation Takeoff distance available Second segment limit code Two engine runway lengthy limit code Air conditioning on Runway slope Runway limit code Program checks fourth segment and if a limit shows this limit code Statement on conditions

2.

3.

4.

A.S.D.A = 11017.0 (FT) 1-STRUCTURE 6-BRAKE ENERGY. VI/VR OPTIMIZED T.O.D.A = 11017.0 (FT) 2-2ND SEGMENT 7-RWY 2 ENGINE AIR COND. ON. SLOPE = -0.08%............. 3-RUNWAY 8-FINAL TO... NORMAL CONDITIONS.

5.

6.

4.1/P4

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

7.

LARGE WIDTH ASSUMED. 4-OBSTACLE 9-VMC.... WITH OUT REVERSE.

Program has the capability to enter runway width. If not entered displays this text meaning a default width of 30 m Obstacle limit code VMC (G) limit code Operation with out reverser assumed for dry runway. With reverser for wet runway Obstacle data is presented in this field

8.

NO OBSTACLE AVAILABLE WIND. TOW (KG). CODES. QNH=1013.2 (HPA). DRY RUNWAY. O KT V1 VR V2 (IAS KT).. SCREEN HEIGHT A.. T.. DC... -10, -5, 0, 5, 10.. 5.0 22500 1-1. 98 110 114. /NO OBSTACLE

9.

Title Title Title QNH pressure used for chart Runway condition Title Title Text on dry runway screen height Title Title Degrees C Wind speed OAT Maximum takeoff weight and limitation code V1, VR and V2 speeds Statement on obstacle

10.

11. 12. 13

14.

15. 16.

4.1/P5

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

17.

MINI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT. 800. (FT) QNH ALT: 833 (FT).. MAXI. ACCELERATION HEIGHT. 2184. (FT).. QNH ALT: 2217 (FT)

Title Minimum acceleration height (AGL) Minimum acceleration height (QNH)

18.

Title Minimum acceleration height (AGL) Minimum acceleration height (QNH)

4.1/P6

PERFORMANCE
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 5 FLIGHT PLANNING

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

FLIGHT PLANNING TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3

FLIGHT PLANNING Sample Computer Flight Plan De-Code of Computer Flight Plan Fuel Calculations

5.1/P1 5.1/P1 5.1/P4 5.1/P11

FLIGHT PLANNING TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

5.1/P1

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

5.1 5.1.1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

FLIGHT PLANNING Sample Computer Flight Plan


PLAN 1660 K6XXX/PNHSGN VDSR TO VVTS AT72 HSC/F IFR 15/07/09 NONSTOP COMPUTED 0258Z FOR ETD 0800Z PROGS 0000ADF VNB212 KGS ATTN CAPT FLT RELEASE XXXXXX VDSR/REP 1500L/0800Z/. . . . BLOFF . . . . VVTS/SGN 1608L/0908Z/. . . . BLON . . . . GCD 0228 G/D 0279 A/D 0285 W/C M007 TEMP M13 TDV/P18 MAXS 4/POPET E.FL A.FUEL E.TIME TRIP 702 . . . . 1.08 ROUTE RES 5PCT 50 . . . . 0.05 FUEL BURN ADJUSTMENT FOR ALTERNATE VDPP 392 . . . . 0.35 FINAL RES 250 . . . . 0.30 1000 KGS INCR/DECR EXTRA 0 . . . . 0.00 IN TOW +/- 10 KGS TAKE OFF 1394 . . . . 2.18 TAXI 40 . . . . BLOCK 1434 . . . . 2.18 BLOCK FUEL . . . . ------------------ --------------E.WT CORR. OP.LIMIT STRUC. REASONS FOR OP.LIMIT DOW 013640 ... .. EPLD 004000 ... .. EZFW 013640 ... .. MZFW ... .. 020300 / . . . . . . . . . ETOW 015034 ... .. MTOW ... .. 022500 / . . . . . . . . . ELAW 014332 ... .. MLAW ... .. 022350 / . . . . . . . . . ------------------ --------------FUEL CONSUMPTION - 0.0 PCT/HR/ENG COMPANY ROUTE R01 FL230 VDSR W15 PNH R468 TSN..VVTS ------------------ ---------------

26

CAPT. . . . . . . . . . FO . . . . . . . . DISP. . . . . . . . . . ------------------ ---------------

27 28

DEST ALTERNATE MSA TTK GDIST ADIST FL W/C TIME FUEL ALTN - 1 VDPP/PNH 073 292 138 139 180 P001 00.35 392 TIME TO DIST W/C CFR FOB XFR ETP / ALT ETP1 VDSR/VDPP 0066/0066 P003/M003 0 001160 00000 00.19/00.16 N12378E104366 ETP2 VDPP/VVTS 0059/0056 P004/M017 0 000875 00000 00.49/00.14 N11108E105468 ------------------ --------------VDSR ELEV 00059FT REMAINING AWY FIX OAT FL TAS GS MCSE ZDIST ZTIME ETA ECBO TIME EFOB FREQ MSA WIND ITCS RDIST CTIME ATA ACBO AFOB ---------------------------------W15 SATON P00 15 239 241 123 0057 00/14 .... 000.2 00/54 001.2 082 053/003 122 0222 00/14 .... ..... ..... ----------------------------------

29 30 31

32 33 34 35 36

5.1/P2

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

37

W15 ETP1 M13 23 269 263 169 0020 00/05 .... 000.2 00/49 001.2 082 114/011 169 0202 00/19 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------W15 TOC M13 23 269 263 169 0028 00/07 .... 000.3 00/42 001.1 082 114/011 169 0174 00/26 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------W15 PNH M13 23 269 263 169 0038 00/09 .... 000.4 00/33 001.0 114.3 082 114/011 169 0136 00/35 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 ETP2 M13 23 269 258 113 0060 00/13 .... 000.5 00/20 000.9 073 116/011 112 0076 00/48 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 TOD M13 23 269 258 113 0007 00/02 .... 000.5 00/18 000.9 073 116/011 112 0069 00/50 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 POPET M11 22 346 336 113 0003 00/01 .... 000.5 00/17 000.9 073 141/011 112 0066 00/51 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 SAPEN M04 17 322 319 110 0015 00/03 .... 000.6 00/14 000.8 046 053/005 109 0051 00/54 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 CUCHI P06 11 293 292 114 0017 00/04 .... 000.6 00/10 000.8 046 082/000 114 0034 00/58 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------R468 TSN P15 07 272 275 114 0013 00/04 .... 000.6 00/06 000.8 116.7 016 264/004 114 0021 01/02 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------.. VVTS P18 00 269 258 079 0021 00/06 .... 000.7 00/00 000.7 .../... 0000 01/08 .... ..... ..... ---------------------------------VVTS ELEV 00033FT

38

VDSR N13247E103487 SATON N12570E104336 ETP1 N12378E104366 PNH N11326E104506 ETP2 N11108E105468 POPET N11060E105570 SAPEN N11012E106110 CUCHI N10542E106269 TSN N10490E106387 VVTS N10492E106397

------------------ --------------FIRS VVTS/0054 ------------------ --------------39 40 41 42 ALTERNATE DATA -N0272F180 SAP1C SAPEN R468 CPT LAT LONG MCS D249D N10474 E106348 251 SAPEN N11012 E106108 300 POPET N11060 E105570 290 VDPP N11330 E104516 293 DIST 0005 0028 0015 0090

43 44 45

(FPL-XXXXXX-IS -AT72/M-SGDH/S -VDSR0800

5.1/P3

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

46 47 48 49 50 51 52

-N0269F230 W15 PNH R468 TSN DCT -VVTS0108 VDPP -EET/VVTS0054 REG/VN-B212 SEL/CFMR -E/0218 P/TBN R/UV S/MJ J/L D/0 0 C N/A A/BLUE) C/......)

53

END OF JEPPESEN DATAPLAN REQUEST NO. 1660 END OF PLAN 1660

5.1/P4

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

5.1.2 1.

Decode of Computer Flight Plan PLAN 1660... K6XXX/PNHSGN VDSR........... VVTS........ ATR72......... HSC/F....... IFR........ 15/07/09 NONSTOP.... COMPUTED 0258Z....... FOR ETD 0800Z........ PROGS........ 0000ADF........................... VNB-212......... KGS.. Flight plan with reference number. Title (Flight number/sector) Departure airport (ICAO). Arrival airport (ICAO). Data plan aircraft type. Primary cruise mode/fuel conservation. Instrument Flight Rules. Day/month/year flight plan computed Non stop flight plan. Time flight plan was computed. Estimated Time of Departure. Bracknell winds prognostics. Date time collection weather data, ADF Aviation Digital Format Customer aircraft data base file. Kilos (Flight plan in kilos). Send to responsible person Call sign Departure airport (ICAO/IATA). Estimated Time of Departure - Local/Zulu time Block off time Arrival airport (ICAO/IATA). Estimated Time of Arrive Local/Zulu time Block on time

2.

3. 4.

ATTN CAPT........ XXXXXX.. VDSR/REP.. 1500L/0800z....... BLOFF......... VVTS/SGN 1608L/0908Z .......... BLON....

5.

5.1/P5

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

6.

GCD 0228....... G/D 0279......... A/D 0285... W/C M007............ TDV/P18... MAXS 4/POPET......... E.FL.......... A.FUEL E.TIME...... TRIP.......... 702.......... 1.08........... ROUTE RES 5PCT 50...... 0.05.......

Great Circle Distance. Ground Distance. Air Distance. Average Wind Component. Average Temperature Deviation. Maximum wind shear at waypoint. Estimated fuel burn values. Actual fuel burn values. Estimated time values.

7.

8.

Estimated trip fuel burn. Estimated time en-route. Variable reserve = 0.05 x (TRIP+ALTERNATE). Reserve fuel value. Estimated time value of reserve fuel.

9.

10.

ALTN VDPP..... 392........ 0.35.......... FINAL RES........ 250....... 0.30........ FUEL BURN ADJUSTMENT FOR 1000 KGS INCR/DECR IN TOW +/ 9 KGS....

Alternate (ICAO) Estimated fuel burn to alternate. Estimated time to alternate. Holding fuel and time values. Hold fuel 30 minutes holding at alternate (1500 FT AGL).

11.

12

Fuel burn for each 1000 kg increase or decrease in take-off weight.

5.1/P6

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

13. 14.

EXTRA.. TAKE OFF... 1394......... 2.18.......... TAXI.. 40......... BLOCK........ 1434......... 2.18.......... BLOCK FUEL.. E.WT........ CORR...... OP.LIMIT.. STRUC......... REASONS FOR OP.LIMIT.. DOW EPLD EZFW MZFW ETOW MTOW ELAW MLAW 013640 4000 013640 020300 015034 022500 014332 022350

Extra fuel and time values. Take-off fuel and time values. Estimated take-off fuel. Estimated total time. Taxi fuel Taxi fuel quantity Ramp fuel and time values. Estimated ramp fuel. Estimated total time. Actual ramp fuel fill in area Estimated weight Correct Operations limit Structure limit Reasons for operations limit Dry operating weight Estimated payload Estimated zero fuel weight Maximum zero fuel weight Estimated takeoff weight Maximum takeoff weight Estimated landing weight Maximum landing weight

15.

16.

17.

18. 19. 20.

21.

22.

5.1/P7

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

23. 24.

FUEL CONSUMPTION 0.0 PCT/HR/ENG.... COMPANY ROUTE R01... VDSR W15 PNH..............

Primary cruise mode fuel degradation Name of company route in route database file

25.

Route summary with airway and significant waypoint Signature of Captain Signature of First Officer Signature of Dispatcher Destination alternate. Minimum Safe Altitude (grid MORA data). True track to alternate Ground distance to alternate Air distance to alternate. Flight Level. Wind component. Estimated time en-route. Estimated fuel burn en-route. Primary alternate (up to 4 permitted) Alternate airport (ICAO/IATA) Minimum safe altitude (grid MORA data). True track to alternate Ground distance to alternate. Air distance to alternate. Flight level to alternate. Average wind speed to alternate Time to alternate. Fuel to alternate.

26.

CAPT..... FO.. DISP..... DEST ALTERN....... MSA.. TTK...... GDIST...... ADIST... FL.. W/C...... TIME........ FUEL........ ALTN - 1...... VDPP/PNH....... MSA 073 . TTK 292....... GDIST 138....... ADIST 139......................... FL 180........ W/C P001........ TIME 00.35.. FUEL 392........

27.

28.

5.1/P8

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

29.

DIST.. W/C...... CFR...... FOB...... XFR...... ETP1........ VDSR/VDPP....... 0066/0066....... P003/M003.. 00000....... 001160. 00000......

Distance to en-route alternate from ETP. Wind component to en-route alternates. Critical fuel required. Fuel on board. Extra fuel required. Equal time point 1. En-route alternate airports. Distance from ETPs to en-route alternates. Average wind component from ETPs to en-route alternates. Fuel required from ETPs to en-route alternates. Fuel on board at ETPs. Extra fuel required. Lat/long coordinates of ETP. VVNB elevation (departure elevation). Airway identifier. Waypoint identifier. Outside air temperature Flight level. True airspeed. Ground speed. Magnetic course. Zone distance Between check points Zone time Estimated Time of Arrival fill in area. Estimate cumulative burn off fuel Remaining time. Estimated fuel remaining on board

30.

31. 32. 33.

N12378E104366....... VDSR ELEV 00059FT...... AWY.. FIX..... OAT.. FL.. TAS...... GS.... MCSE... ZDIST...... ZTIME............................... ETA...... ECBO................................ TIME........ EFOB.......

5.1/P9

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

34.

FREQ....... MSA.. WIND....... ITCS.. RDIST...... CTIME.. ATA...... ACBO...... AFOB.. Body of flight plan...... Body of flight plan...... VVDN ELEV 00033FT...... VVNB N21133E105483.. ALTERNATE DATA....... -N0245F080 W2.........

Navaid frequency. Minimum Safe Altitude (grid MORA data). Wind direction and speed. Indicated true course Remaining distance Cumulative time Actual Time of Arrival fill in area. Actual cumulative burn off fuel fill in area. Actual fuel remaining on board fill in area. Includes all relevant data. Includes all relevant data. VVDN elevation (arrive elevation). Name and coordinates of flight plan waypoints. Header line for alternate data. Route summary from arrival airport to alternate airport. Checkpoint. Latitude. Longitude. Route segment magnetic course. Route segment distance. Includes all relevant data. Flight Plan Call Sign IFR Scheduled.

35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

41.

CPT LAT....... LONG....... MCS.. DIST.. Body of alternate plan FPL-XXXXXX-IS........

42. 43.

5.1/P10

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

44.

AT72/M- SGDH/S..............

Type of aircraft/wake turbulence category Equipment and transponder code. Departure airport and ETD. Speed, Flight Level and route of flight. Arrival airport, trip time and alternate airport. Estimated Elapsed Time to FIR boundaries.

45. 46. 47. 48. 49.

VDSR0800....... N0269F230 W15 PNH....... VVTS0108 VDPP... EET/VVTS0054...... REG/VN-B212 SEL/LSCF........ E/0218.. P/TBN...... R/UV........... S/MJ...... J/L.......... D/ C .................................. A/BLUE.. C/...... END OF JEPPESEN DATAPLAN..

Aircraft registration and SELCAL code. Endurance time. Persons on Board. Radio. Survival equipment. Life jackets. Dinghies, number, capacity and colour. Aircraft colours. Name of pilot in command.

50.

51. 52. 53.

Jeppesen end statement.

5.1/P11

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

5.1.3

Fuel Calculations Refer Company Policy & Administration Manual, Chapter 8.1.7 for Company fuel policy.

5.1/P12

FLIGHT PLANNING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 6 MASS AND BALANCE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

MASS AND BALANCE TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

6.1 6.1.1 6.1.2 6.1.3

MASS AND BALANCE General Departure Control System (DCS) Load Sheet and Balance Chart

6.1/P1 6.1/P1 6.1/P1 6.1/P1

MASS AND BALANCE TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

6.1/P1

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

6.1 6.1.1

MASS AND BALANCE General Aircraft mass and balance information including Dry Operating Weight(s) and Dry Operating Indices for each particular ATR-72 aircraft is included in the aircrafts library.

6.1.2

Departure Control System (D.C.S) Aside from the Company standard format DCS generated load and balance sheet there are also a number of different formats of Departure Control Systems in use by ground handling companies. These systems are self evident in the presentation of the weight and balance data necessary for the calculation of takeoff performance.

6.1.3

Load Sheet and Balance Chart The ATR-72 aircraft utilises a combined Load Sheet and Balance Chart that is compiled as follows: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Enter the DOW (Dry Operating Weight) in the DOW field, make any appropriate adjustments and determine the ADJ DOW; Enter the fuel load in the TAKEOFF FUEL field and sum to ADJ DOW to determine the OPERATING WEIGHT; Complete the fields MAX-ZFW, MAX-TOW and MAX LW to determine ALLOWED TFC LOAD; Calculate the TOTAL TRAFFIC LOAD and enter the DRY OPER WEIGHT to determine ZERO FUEL WEIGHT; Enter TAKEOFF FUEL and sum to ZERO FUEL WEIGHT to determine TAKEOFF WEIGHT; Enter TRIP FUEL and deduct from TAKEOFF WEIGHT to determine LANDING WEIGHT; Make any appropriate adjustments to the DOI (Dry Operating Index) in the field designed for this purpose then enter the balance grid with the ADJ DOI and draw down through the index scale (in the direction of the slope) to account for: (i) (ii) Passengers in compartments A, B and C; Baggage and cargo in the forward and aft cargo compartments.

6.1/P2

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(h)

From the last obtained point draw a vertical line to intercept the horizontal line corresponding to the actual zero fuel weight and check that the intersection point is within the zero fuel weight operation limits (dotted lines) and not above the maximum zero fuel weight for the aircraft without fuel; From the point after passengers and baggage have been accounted for, enter the fuel grid and account for the planned fuel load; From this point draw a vertical line to intercept the horizontal line corresponding to the actual takeoff weight and check that the intersection point is within the takeoff and landing certified limits and not above the maximum takeoff weight; Determine the takeoff weight centre of gravity in percentage MAC and continue down to the determine the stabilizer setting at the takeoff weight; Following the vertical line associated with the takeoff condition return upwards to the fuel zone, subtract the trip fuel quantity then return back to the centre of gravity grid to ensure that the landing weight is within the takeoff/landing certified limits and not above the maximum landing weight.

(i) (j)

(k) (l)

6.1/P3

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

6.1.4

LAST MINUTE CHANGE PROCEDURE Last minute change means any change concerning passengers, baggage, cargo, mail, fuel occurring after the using of the load sheet. This LMC must immediately be communicated as soon as noticed by traffic agent if take- off weigh variation exceeds 300 kg. The following must be checked: No weight limitation is exeeded. MACTON and MACZFW remain within the limit. If the LMC exeed 300kg , the new Loadsheet and Balance sheet have to be issued.

6.1/P4

MASS AND BALANCE


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 7 LOADING

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

7.1/P1

LOADING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

7.1

LOADING Refer Company ATR-72 Weight and Balance Manual.

7.1/P2

LOADING
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 8 CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

8.1/P1

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

8.1

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST Refer Company Policy and Administration Manual, Chapter 8.6. SSCA approved ATR-72 Configuration Deviation List is included in the flight deck documentation library.

8.1/P2

CONFIGURATION DEVIATION LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 9 MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

9.1/P1

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

9.1

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST Refer Company Flight Operations Manual, Chapter 8.6. SSCA approved ATR-72 Minimum Equipment List is included in the flight deck documentation library.

9.1/P2

MINIMUM EQUIPMENT LIST


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 10 EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1 10.1.1 10.1.2 10.1.3 10.1.4 10.1.5 10.1.6 10.1.7 10.1.8 10.1.9

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT General Emergency Equipment Location Portable Oxygen Water (H20) Extinguisher HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 1) HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 2) Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) Life Vests Miscellaneous Safety Equipment

10.1/P1 10.1/P1 10.1/P1 10.1/P3 10.1/P6 10.1/P8 10.1/P10 10.1/P12 10.1/P21 10.1/P25

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

10.1/P 1

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1 10.1.1

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT General Cabin crew is responsible for the serviceability checking of all cabin emergency equipment in accordance with procedures detailed in the Cabin Crew Manual. The Purser shall report to the Commander prior to departure that this check has been satisfactorily completed. The flight deck crew is responsible for the serviceability checking the flight deck emergency equipment.

10.1.2

Emergency Equipment Location Portable emergency equipment is stowed at strategic locations throughout the aircraft. This may include: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) Life vests; Portable breathing equipment; Emergency locator transmitter(s) (ELTs); Halon fire extinguishers; Water fire extinguishers; First aid kits; Megaphone(s); Flashlights; Crash axe(s)/crow bar(s); Flight deck escape ropes; Life rafts.

Refer the following flight deck and passenger cabin emergency equipment layout diagrams specific for locations.

10.1/P 2

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT LAYOUT VN-B227, B231


Flight desk 03 Crew lifevests 03 Crew oxygen masks 03 Smoke goggles 02 Flash lights 01 Crash Axe 01 Emer Escape rope 01 Fire flighting gloves 01 Fire extinguisher BCF (halon 1211) FWD PARTITION SAFETY STW 01 FWD ATTENDANT Protective breathing equip(PBE) 01 (underseat stowage) First aid kit 01 Oxygen bottle with first aid mask 01 Flash lights 01 Crew life vest FWD ATTENDANT (underseat stowage) 01 Oxygen bottle with first aid mask 01 Flash lights 01 Crew life vest 02 Oxygenmask keys

FWD ATTENDANT SEAT STW 01 Water Fire extinguisher bottle

AFT LEFT STOWAGE 01 First aid kit STOWAGE LH AFT 01 Fire extinguisher BCF bag 01 First aid oxygen (Halon 1211) ng 4 oxygen masks containi 01 Protective Breathing equipment(PBE) 01 Megaphone 01 Emer medical kit (EMK)

AFT AFT C/A SEAT PARTITION SAFETY STW 01 Fire extinguisher BCF 01 Oxygen bottle (4.25 cuft) with (halon 1211) mask first aid 01 Protective breathing equip(PBE) 01 Flash lights 01 Crew life vest 01 Fire extinguisher BCF (halon 1211)

10.1/P 3

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.3 10.1.3.1

Portable Oxygen General Portable oxygen bottles are installed with oxygen masks that include a moulded face-piece, re-breather bag and elastic restraining strap that are individually wrapped for hygienic reasons. A supply tube is also provided. Portable oxygen bottles can be used by passengers with breathing difficulties or by cabin crew as a walk around bottle following a depressurisation and an emergency descent. Portable oxygen bottles are not suitable for use during the fighting of an in-flight fire because the masks have holes in the sides that allow cabin air to enter the mask. The portable oxygen cylinder is fitted with a HI outlet and a LO outlet, a quantity/contents gauge and a yellow ON-OFF control knob. The following table details flow rate and duration based upon oxygen bottle 100% full: Bottle Size 310 litre (passenger) 120 litre (crew) Flow Rate (litres/min) HI 4 4 LO 2 2 Duration (minutes) HI 77 30 LO 155 60

10.1.3.2

Pre-Flight Check During the pre-flight inspection of oxygen bottles the following should be observed: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) The bottle quantity/contents gauge indicates 3/4 full or 1500 psi; The bottle is secured in its brackets; The dust caps are in position; There is no oil or grease on the fittings; There is a mask taped to each bottle; and There is a serviceable shoulder strap.

10.1/P 4

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.3.3

Operation (a) (b) Push aside or remove dust cover and insert metal connector of mask tube into the HI outlet ensuring that it clicks into position; Turn yellow control knob ON; Note: With the yellow control knob ON, inserting the mask connector into one of the two outlets starts the oxygen flowing. Removal of the mask connector stops the oxygen flow. (c) After using oxygen turn yellow control knob OFF (finger tight) and remove the mask connector. SCOTT PORTABLE OXYGEN BOTTLE

10.1/P 5

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.3.4

Precautions When Using Oxygen When using a portable oxygen bottle the following precautions should be taken: (a) As oxygen promotes combustion there is to be no smoking within a 3 metres radius of the passenger using oxygen (approximately 3 passenger rows either side); Ensure that the oxygen bottle fittings are free from any oil or grease as such contaminants can cause combustion; Turn the ON/OFF valve slowly and do not over tighten when closing; Before putting on the mask wipe away any heavy lipstick or grease from the mouth area; Ensure tubing is not kinked and that oxygen is flowing (filling of rebreather bag) before fitting the mask with an efficient seal to the passenger's face. Some oxygen masks are fitted with a green indicator flow valve. When oxygen is flowing to the mask, the indicator (normally clear or sometimes red) will turn green; If it is necessary to use a portable oxygen mask on an infant, reverse the mask (nose part under the chin) and hold gently against the face. The rebreather bag should be held vertically to ensure the free flow of oxygen; Oxygen therapy is rarely detrimental to a patient and its value far outweighs the very rare problems caused by its use. The passenger will normally be able to advise the position in which he/she breathes easiest. If required and available, cabin crew should seek assistance from a medically qualified passenger(s); and When the pressure gauge indicates less than 200 psi the valve should be turned off and the bottle considered empty.

(b) (c) (d) (e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

10.1/P 6

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.4 10.1.4.1

Water (H2O) Fire Extinguisher General Water (H2O) extinguishers are designed for extinguishing smouldering fabric or waste fires and should NEVER be used on a fire originating from an electrical source. Accordingly, water (H2O) extinguishers should never be used for a fire in the galley area.

10.1.4.2

Pre-Flight Check (a) (b) (c) Note: Ensure that the extinguisher is secured in its brackets; The lock-wire seal is intact; and That the CO2 cartridge is visible though the hole in the handgrip. If the locking wire is broken unscrew the handgrip by turning it anticlockwise and check the cartridge for puncture.

10.1.4.3

Operation (a) (b) (c) (d) Remove from bracket; Hold extinguisher upright; Turn handle clockwise rapidly to the limit of its travel, breaking the locking wire; and Holding the extinguisher upright aim at the base of the fire and depress the trigger with the thumb.

10.1.4.4

Precautions (a) (b) (c) Do not discharge directly at a person; Do not use to fight a fire in the flight deck; Do not drink contents in a survival situation.

10.1/P 7

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

WATER (H2O) FIRE EXTINGUISHER

10.1/P 8

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.5 10.1.5.1

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 1) General This type of fire extinguisher is designed for extinguishing electrical and flammable liquid fires and is suitable for ALL types of fires in an aircraft. The extinguishing agent is a vaporising liquid that interrupts the chemical reaction taking place in the flames thereby extinguishing the fire. It is a colourless, noncorrosive liquefied gas that can give off an acrid odour that can cause running of the eyes and nose.

10.1.5.2

Pre-Flight Check (a) (b) Check that the pressure indicator is positioned in the green range indicating acceptable pressure charge; and That the ring pin is in place with the seal intact. Note: The extinguisher is serviceable even if the plastic seal of the ring pin is broken, provided that the pressure gauge is in the green band.

10.1.5.3

Operation (a) (b) (c) Remove from bracket; Remove ringed safety pin from the lever and handle; Hold the extinguisher upright with the fingers of one hand under the handle and the thumb on the top of the lever. The other hand should be placed on the bottom of the bottle to steady it if necessary; and Aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire and press the lever down with the thumb. Duration of discharge from the small size bottle is approximately six (6) seconds and twelve (12) seconds from the large size bottle.

(d) Note: 10.1.5.4

Precautions (a) (b) Do not discharge directly at a person; Discharge distance should be between 1.5 and 2 metres with an open fire in the cabin. In the case of a fire in a confined space the extinguisher should be held as close as possible.

10.1/P 9

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

HALON FIRE EXTINGUISHER (TYPE 1)

10.1/P 10

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.6 10.1.6.1

HALON Fire Extinguisher (Type 2) General The extinguishing agent has the same properties as the HALON fire extinguisher (Type 1) above.

10.1.6.2

Pre-Flight Check Check the red indicator disc is in place and that the sealing wire is intact. Note: If the red disc or sealing wire are missing the weight of the extinguisher should be compared with a serviceable bottle to determine if the contents are still intact. If not, the extinguisher must be replaced.

10.1.6.3

Operation (a) (b) (c) Remove from bracket; Raise safety catch on the back of the operating head by pushing up with the thumb; Grasp the operating handle and put the forefinger through the loop provided at the same time firmly pressing the trigger at the back of the handle with the heel of the hand; Initial depression of the trigger will cause the red disc to fall out and a little additional effort is required to break the sealing disc of the extinguisher; Hold extinguisher at an angle within 600 of vertical position; Firmly squeeze the actuation trigger; and Ensure that the discharge nozzle head is pointing toward the fire before operating. Duration of discharge is approximately thirteen (13) seconds.

(d) (e) (f) (g) Note: 10.1.6.4

Precautions (a) (b) Do not discharge directly at a person; Discharge distance should be between 1.5 and 2 metres with an open fire in the cabin. In the case of a fire in a confined space the extinguisher should be held as close as possible.

10.1/P 11

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

HALON FIRE EXTINGUISHER (TYPE 2)

10.1/P 12

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.7 10.1.7.1

Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) General Protective breathing equipment (PBE) is a breathing apparatus designed to protect the wearer's eyes and respiratory tract from the effects of smoke and toxic fumes while fighting an in-flight fire. The following general features apply to all types of PBEs installed on Company aircraft: (a) They are designed to enclose the head within an elastic neck seal and provide for a minimum of 15 20 minutes (depending upon the manufacturer) of breathable air from a chemical generator; They can be worn by persons with glasses, jewellery, a beard or a hair bun; They are installed with a neck shield (of varying length depending upon manufacturer) that extends downward from the hood to protect the collar and upper shoulder area; and They have features that permit the wearers voice to be heard outside the PBE. Excess make-up should be removed before donning a PBE as contact between grease and oxygen can cause burns.

(b) (c)

(d) Note:

Wearers should be aware that although the head area is protected, the rest of the body is not and the wearer should guard against a feeling of invincibility. Company aircraft are installed with one of three types of protective breathing equipment as detailed below.

10.1/P 13

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.7.2

Puritan Bennett PBE This PBE is a demand device which means that more strenuous the work the more oxygen will be produced. (a) Pre-Flight Check: (i) (ii) (iii) (b) Inspect that the PBE unit is visible through access door; Confirm that the white tamper proof seals located at the top and bottom of the access door are intact; and Ensure that the foil pouch is in place and is not obviously expanded.

Operation: (i) Open the container by pulling the red handle. Pull the red tag to open the foil pouch and pull out on the blue aural/nasal cone and remove the hood; Place both hands inside the neck seals, palms facing each other and visor facing downward. Guide the hood over the head and down over the face using the hands to shield the face and glasses from the blue cone ensuring that hair clothing and jewellery is clear of the neck seal; Using both hands pull the neck shield down over the collar and shoulders; and Grasp both adjustment straps at the lower corner of the visor and pull forward simultaneously to activate the oxygen canister, then backward to seal the cone over the nose and mouth. Oxygen will inflate the hood. If required, adjust glasses through the fabric, not through the neck seal. Note: The blue cone must be positioned high on the nose with a firm seal otherwise fogging may occur. If the hood begins to deflate and becomes hot and moist the oxygen supply is depleted and the PBE must be removed.

(ii)

(iii) (iv)

(v)

10.1/P 14

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(c)

Abnormal Operation (i) Failure of Starter Candle If the starter candle fails to activate when the adjustment strap is pulled an additional sharp pull on the strap may be adequate to actuate the device. If the device still fails the hood will continue to function. Placing fingers into the neck seal may be required to enable sufficient breathing volume until the chemical generator begins supplying oxygen. (ii) Loss of Neck Seal The continued presence of strong irritating odours inside the hood that results in eye and respiratory tract discomfort is an indication of an ineffective neck seal. Ensure that the neck seal is in contact with the skin and that the seal is not disrupted by hair or jewellery. If the condition persists or there is evidence of a tear in the neck seal, the wearer should quickly go to a safe area and remove the hood and don an alternative unit.

(d)

Removal (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Move away from fire and/or toxic fumes area; Push adjustment buckles forward with thumbs to release straps; Place both hands under neck seal and ease up over face; Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up.

10.1/P 15

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

PURITAN BENNETT PBE

10.1/P 16

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.7.3

Drager PBE The oxygen canister can be activated by just breathing into the oral-nasal mask but to start the chemical reaction by this method takes a few seconds, therefore pulling the black quick-start toggle is the more immediate method of activation. (a) Pre-Flight Check: (i) (ii) (b) Check container seal is intact and the yellow serviceability indicator is not broken; and The container is not broken.

Operation: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Open container and remove foil bag containing the hood; Pull red tear strip at top of foil bag and remove hood; Place hood over head ensuring that the breathing bag cover is to the front over the chest; Ensure that the neck seal is free of obstruction (e.g. hair, clothes collar, etc) and that the head harness is pulled down for a secure fit; Fit oral-nasal mask securely to the nose and mouth and pull black quick start toggle to activate; and Fit tie strap around the waist.

(v) (vi) (c)

Abnormal Operations: If the hood collapses onto the head during inhalation or there is an increased breathing resistance check the fitting of the oral-nasal mask as the cause may be an incomplete respiration back to the breathing back due to leakage or an empty oxygen source. After correcting the fitment of the oral-mask check the equipment by making five (5) deep breaths. If the collapsing of the hood or increased resistance occurs again either the oxygen reserve has been used up or the hood is defective and should be removed.

10.1/P 17

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(d)

Removal: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) Move away from fire and/or toxic fumes area; Release the tie strap; Place both hands under neck seal and ease up over face; Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up. DRAGER PBE

10.1/P 18

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.7.4

Scott PBE (a) Pre-Flight Check: (i) A date/month/year stamp should be visible, but set back through the round inspection window. Note: If the date/month/year stamp appears to be firmly pressed against the inspection window, as if the inside of the container is pressurised, the PBE should be further checked for serviceability. (ii) If the vacuum sealed bag is soft and not tightly formed around the hood, or if the humidity indicator inside the bag has changed colour from blue to pink, the unit is unserviceable.

(b)

Operation: (i) (ii) (iii) Open the storage case by lifting the latch marked LIFT and remove sealed unit from the storage case; Grasp the red strip and tear open the sealed bag and remove the PBE from bag; Hold the hood and pack firmly against the body with one hand and with the other hand pull the ring marked PULL TO ACTUATE in the direction indicated. The unit will be actuated when the ring and the pin pull free; Note: unit. (iv) A flow of oxygen should be audible, if not discard the

Grip the hood around the neck seal edge with the oxygen pack away from the body, bend forward from the waist and pull hood over the chin, across the face and over the head. Stand upright and pull hood down until the headband engages the forehead; and Ensuring that hair, jewellery or clothing is clear of the neck seal in order to make a tight seal around the neck pull the skirt of the hood fully down over the chest and shoulders.

(v)

10.1/P 19

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Note: It is normal to hear the sound of oxygen rushing into the hood, indicating that the oxygen generator is operating correctly. Once the noise ceases move to a safe area and immediately remove the hood. Heat is produced by the generator and may cause minor discomfort inside the hood, but it is no cause for alarm. The generator pack should not be touched during and after operation due to heat build-up. (c) Removal: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Move away from the fire or toxic area; and Pull the hood from the back forwards and over the head. Stow PBE in a safe dry place and allow it to cool; and Brush hair with hands to break down any oxygen build up.

10.1/P 20

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

SCOTT PBE

10.1/P 21

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.8 10.1.8.1

Life Vests General Life vests are carried on all Company aircraft and are normally stowed in a container attached to the underside of the passenger seats. The following section contains information on life vests from various manufacturers that may be installed on Company aircraft. Life vests installed on Company aircraft consist of the following components: (a) Pressurised cylinder(s) as the primary means of inflation, activated by pulling on one or two (depending upon the number if chambers) red toggles that hangs from the bottom of the vest; A mouth inflation valve for secondary inflation that can be used to inflate the life jacket by blowing into one or two (depending upon the number of chambers) mouthpieces. The life jacket can be deflated by depressing the pin in the centre of the mouthpiece(s); A whistle for attracting attention; and A light, with a continuous life of approximately 20 hours that is connected to a water sensitive battery and activated automatically immediately on contact with water.

(b)

(c) (d)

Life vests are designed to ensure that an unconscious or injured person will automatically roll face upward in the water. 10.1.8.2 Double Chamber Life Vest Operation (a) (b) (c) (d) Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and un-roll the vest; Put the vest over the head with the larger portion of it in the front over the chest; Secure the tapes around the waist by the clip(s) provided; To inflate the vest, pull down firmly on both red toggles.

10.1/P 22

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Note: Life vests worn by adults must not be inflated in the aircraft cabin. It may be impossible for an adult wearing an inflated life jacket to evacuate through a window exit. If a passenger is evacuating through a door exit the jacket may be inflated just prior to leaving the aircraft. Life vests worn by small children and persons incapable of inflating the life jacket may be inflated at the exit area, just prior to leaving the aircraft. DOUBLE CHAMBER LIFE VEST

10.1/P 23

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.8.3

Single Chamber Life Vest Operation (a) Adult: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and unroll the vest; Put the vest over the head with the larger portion of it in the front over the chest; Secure the tapes around the waist and tie them in the front towards the side of the body with double knots; To inflate the vest, pull down firmly on the red toggle. Note: Life vests worn by adults must not be inflated in the aircraft cabin. It may be impossible for an adult wearing an inflated life jacket to evacuate through a window exit. If a passenger is evacuating through a door exit the jacket may be inflated just prior to leaving the aircraft. Life vests worn by small children and persons incapable of inflating the life jacket may be inflated at the exit area, just prior to leaving the aircraft. (b) Use on a Child (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Remove vest from its stowage, tear off the plastic container and unroll the vest; Inflate the vest by pulling the red toggle; Place vest over childs head (partially deflate, if necessary); Cross tapes at the back and tie in a single knot over the inflated life vest and a double knot at the back.

10.1/P 24

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

SINGLE CHAMBER LIFE VEST (ADULT AND CHILD USE)

10.1/P 25

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.9 10.1.9.1

Miscellaneous Safety Equipment Megaphone Portable battery operated megaphones (loud hailers) are carried on board Company aircraft to provide the means for cabin crew (and flight deck crew, if necessary) to control passengers during evacuation when the PA system is inoperative or to control passengers when outside the aircraft following an evacuation. The megaphone may be used in the cabin only in emergency situations when the PA system has failed. It is not to be used for normal passenger briefing or for making non safety related announcements. The megaphone consists of a microphone, amplifier, battery, trumpet shaped loud speaker and a carrying strap. The following general rules apply to megaphone use: (a) (b) When used inside the aircraft the megaphone should be pointed down the central length of the cabin; When used outside the aircraft announcements should be made and repeated a number of times in different directions as the sound is emitted in a narrow beam which is not easily audible on either side; Speak slowly, calmly and do not shout as this can distort the speech.

(c) 10.1.9.2

Emergency Torch All Company aircraft are fitted with emergency torches (flashlights) that are located near cabin crew seats and in the flight deck. These torches are for emergency use only. The torch is waterproof, but will not float and has a wrist strap attached to the base. When activated, the torch will operate for approximately six hours. (a) Pre-Flight Check (i) (ii) Note: Ensure torch correctly positioned in stowage with the plastic guard in place and with the lead seal intact; and That the red light is flashing in 3 to 10 seconds intervals. If the interval is longer than 10 seconds, the battery power is low and they should be replaced.

10.1/P 26

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

(b)

Operation (i) (ii) Note 1: Pull the torch out from its stowage mount. This action turns the light on; Wear the wrist-strap over the wrist to prevent from loss during evacuation. In survival situations (when a torch needs to be carried unilluminated), unscrew the bottom cap of the torch, disconnect the plug inside and replace the cap. Reverse this procedure to reactivate the torch when required. On some aircraft, the torch is fitted with an ON/OFF switch. During the pre-flight check the switch should be turned on to ensure the torch operates correctly. EMERGENCY TORCH

Note 2:

10.1.9.3

Heat Resistant Gloves One set of heat resistant gloves are stowed in the flight deck and are to be used for protection in the case of an in-flight fire.

10.1/P 27

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

10.1.9.4

Crash Axe Company aircraft have a crash axe installed in the flight deck that can be used to open panels in the case of an in-flight fire. The handle is insulated to prevent electric shock if a cable is cut during fire fighting.

10.1.9.5

First Aid Kit There are first aid kits of varying sizes containing at least the following basic first aid supplies that can be used in the case of a medical emergency: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) Compressed Wound Dressings; Bandages and splints; Triangular bandages; Adhesive strapping; Tablets and medicines for head ache and other common ailments; A pair of scissors, burn ointment and antiseptic swabs; Latex gloves.

If an emergency first aid kit is opened, the purser must submit a report to the Cabin Crew Unit outlining the circumstances requiring its use. Additionally, an entry should be made in the Cabin Technical Log for the supply of a replacement emergency first aid kit.

10.1/P 28

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 11 EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P1 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

11.1 11.1.1 11.1.2 11.1.3 11.1.4 11.1.5

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES Categorisation of Emergency Landings Flight Deck Procedures Evacuation Responsibility Evacuation PA Announcements Evacuation

11.1/P1 11.1/P1 11.1/P2 11.1/P3 11.1/P4 11.1/P4

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES TABLE OF CONTENTS


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

TOC/P2 Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

11.1/P1

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

11.1 11.1.1

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES Categorisation of Emergency Landings: Emergency landings are categorised as follows: (a) Prepared Emergency Landing An emergency landing where there is sufficient time for cabin and passenger preparation. (b) Unprepared Emergency Landing Is an emergency landing where it is necessary to land the aircraft as soon as possible. An emergency landing is further defined as follows: (a) Forced landing Is a landing, on land away from an airport (b) Ditching Is a landing on water (c) Abnormal Landing An abnormal landing is a landing at an airport in which some aircraft damage is anticipated. An abnormal landing is to be considered if the landing gear cannot be locked fully down or some other malfunction exists and it is known or considered possible that the aircraft will be damaged during landing. In an abnormal landing, preparation for rapid evacuation should be as for either a forced landing or ditching, with the exception that it is not necessary to have passengers remove and stow certain items or loosen tight clothing. If landing gear standby indicators indicate that the landing gear is down and locked then normal procedures will apply. A tower fly past should only be conducted if there is reason to doubt that the landing gear is not fully down or there is known damage to the landing gear.

11.1/P2

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

11.1.2 11.1.2.1

Flight Deck Procedures Prepared Emergency Landing In all emergency situations it is important that the cabin crew are given adequate time in which to complete their passenger cabin preparation duties. As soon as it is expected that an emergency landing will be required, the SEAT BELT and NO SMOKING signs should be selected ON and the Purser summoned to the flight deck by the following PA announcement: COCKPIT SPEAKING, PURSER REQUIRED IN COCKPIT The Purser is to be informed of the emergency in the following format: (a) (b) (c) (d) Nature of the emergency; Approximate flight time available; Type of emergency landing (forced landing, ditching or abnormal landing); and Any other relevant information such as whether the Commander intends to make a PA announcement prior to cabin preparation or if a BRACE command will be given.

The Purser will repeat the Commanders instructions to ensure that everything is completely understood prior to returning to the cabin to commence the cabin preparation. As the flight deck crew will be occupied dealing with the emergency situation the Purser is responsible for the PA announcement to the passengers detailing the nature of the emergency, the time available and the steps required in cabin preparation. If time and/or duties permit the Commander (or First Officer) should make a PA announcement providing additional appropriate information on the emergency and the anticipated landing. It is essential that this PA announcement does not over-ride the cabin preparation PA announcement being made by the Purser.

11.1/P3

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

In the case of a forced landing or ditching both pilots should loosen their collar, tie and shoe laces, remove sharp objects from pockets and, in the case of a ditching, fit a life jacket (do not inflate). The Purser must advise, or the Commander must confirm, that passenger cabin preparation has been completed prior to the commencement of final approach. All appropriate checklists must be completed. 11.1.2.2 Unprepared Emergency Landing In the case of an unprepared emergency landing the degree of cabin preparation will depend upon the time available. As a situation requiring an unprepared landing is most likely to occur shortly after takeoff or during approach and landing the cabin should be secure with respect to cabin service items, cabin crew and passengers seated with seat belts fastened. If possible, the Commander should communicate the situation to the Purser by summoning him/her to the flight deck in accordance. If there is insufficient time the Commander (or First Officer) should make an appropriate PA announcement which will alert the cabin crew and the passengers to the emergency situation. 11.2.2.3 Brace Instructions At approximately 1,500 FT the First Officer should make the following PA announcement: CABIN CREW TAKE YOUR SEATS FOR LANDING At 30 seconds or approximately 300 FT before landing the First Officer should make the following PA announcement: BRACE FOR IMPACT, BRACE FOR IMPACT Whenever there is a possibility of a runway overrun on a rejected takeoff or of an unanticipated abnormal landing involving abnormal decelerations cabin crew should be alerted by a PA announcement: BRACE FOR IMPACT, BRACE FOR IMPACT 11.1.3 Evacuation Responsibility The Commander is responsible for the evacuation PA announcement. Cabin crew will only initiate evacuation when it is obvious that the aircraft must be immediately evacuated due to catastrophic circumstances.

11.1/P4

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

Following a rejected takeoff or a landing that does not appear normal and there are visible signs inside or outside of the cabin of an emergency situation, that may not be apparent to the flight deck crew (e.g. smoke and/or fire) the Purser shall make the following PA announcement: PASSENGERS REMAIN INSTRUCTIONS SEATED AND AWAIT FURTHER

The Purser will then enter the flight deck and advise the Commander of the emergency situation. The Commander will assess the situation and be responsible for the evacuation PA announcement. 11.1.4 Evacuation PA Announcements Immediately the aircraft comes to a stop the Commander (or First Officer) shall make the following PA announcement: COCKPIT SPEAKING, CABIN CREW TO YOUR STATIONS Once the Passenger Evacuation checklist is completed and evacuation is required the Commander (or First Officer) will make the following PA announcement: EVACUATE, EVACUATE! 11.1.5 Evacuation If possible, pilots should proceed to the passenger cabin to assist in the emergency evacuation as follows: (a) (b) Assist in the opening of any suitable doors and exits. Assist in the evacuation by directing passengers to the most suitable exit avoiding congestion and by calling in a loud, clear voice urge passengers to: HURRY, COME THIS WAY

(c) (d)

In the case of a ditching instruct passengers to inflate life jackets when outside the aircraft; If possible, the Commander or the Purser should check that all passengers have evacuated the aircraft.

11.1/P5

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

When no significant aircraft damage has occurred and cabin crew have prepared the passenger cabin for evacuation the speed of the evacuation should be a consideration. Passenger safety is the prime consideration in any emergency evacuation. The flight deck crew and cabin crew will usually be able to determine whether or not the evacuation requires utmost speed at the increased risk of injuries to individual passengers.

11.1/P6

EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES


ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

SECTION 12 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE

12.1/P1

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

12.1

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS Refer FCOM, Volume 1 for information on aircraft systems.

12.1/P2

AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
ATR-72 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Rev 00 15 Jul 09

INTENTIONAL BLANK PAGE