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Calculation Sheet

Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

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1.0

Introduction The purpose of this calculation is to document the design of a padeye. This spreadsheet was developed primarily to satisfy the requirements of Reference 1, Edwin P Russo and Rudolph A Hall, " Systematic Approach to Lifting Eye Design"

1.1

Applied Loading The lifting loads were determined from a lift analysis which considered a load factor of 2.0 applied to the structure gravity loads, in order to determine the design load to be used for the padeye design. From SACS analysis of bridge lift: Padeye design load 72.2 kips

2.0

Padeye Configuration The principal features of the padeye are shown below, while details have been included on drawing INSERT DRAWING NUMBER.
r R
SWL

SW L

Sw

R b B A h

2r

c g

B A

Rh

t Tp t T

where: SWL Rh r R Tp t T h b c Sw e p = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = safe working load angle from horizontal Hole radius Cheek plate radius Main plate radius Main plate thickness Cheek plate thickness Total plate thickness Base width Distance from edge of taper to center of hole Distance from base of plate to center of hole Cheek plate weld leg Main plate to cheek plate clearance Taper angle Shackle pin diameter

The dimension T should equal 60 - 85% of shackle jaw width.

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path The pin hole diameter, d, should be 1/8" greater than the selected shackle pin size The main plate radius is approximately R = 3 Rh Cheek plate radius is approximately r = R - 1.5t The cheek plate thickness (t) should be less than or equal to the plate thickness (Tp). Shackle load 36.1 kips = 18.05 short tons Use G-2130 Crosby 2-inch shackle, capacity 17 tons, shackle pin size Refer to http://catalog.thecrosbygroup.com/maininterface.htm Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

of

1.63 inches

in Shackle jaw width A = 2.382 Total padeye width should be between in Shackle pin size D = 1.630 Pin hole diameter should be 2.063 Hole radius = 1.031 in so main plate radius should be approximately Say main plate radius = 2.938 in Cheek plate radius = 2.375 in Rh r R Tp t T h b c e p Fy 3.0 Stress Checks The following stress checks are performed in this analysis Bearing Stress Shear Stress Tensile Stress Weld Stress Combined Stress Taper Angle Out-of-plane bending 3.1 Load P Ph Pv 3.2 Design Stresses = 72.2 = = = = = = = = = = = = = 1.031 2.375 2.938 1.000 0.625 2.250 14.750 0.000 3.938 0.563 90 1.630 36

1.429

> and <

2.025

in

in 3.094 in

in Hole radius in Cheek plate radius in Main plate radius in Main plate thickness in Cheek plate thickness in Total plate thickness in Base width in Distance from edge of taper to center of hole in Distance from base of plate to center of hole in Main plate to cheek plate clearance degrees = 1.571 radians in 200 ton shackle ksi Yield strength of padeye material

determines the average bearing stress of pin on hole. two planes from pin hole to plate edge in load direction. calculated on the net area through plate. calculated around cheek plate determined at the base of padeye plate and at various points along padeye plate

- check on value of taper angle - check combined tension, in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending

= =

= 36.1 62.5

kips Design Load (max from Table 1.1-1) 60 degrees = 1.047 radians kips Horizontal In-Plane Component kips Vertical In-Plane Component

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

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Bearing Stress Bearing Allowable UC1 Shear Stress Shear Allowable UC2

= = =

19.7 ksi 32.4 ksi 0.608 OK

Bearing = P/(T*p) Allowable = 0.9Fy

= = =

10.1 ksi 14.4 ksi 0.699 OK

Shear = P/(4(r-Rh)*t+2(R-Rh)*Tp) Allowable = 0.4Fy

Tensile Stress From Section D3.2 of AISC, the distance used in calculations, across the hole, is the minimum of 4 times the plate thickness at the pinhole or 1.6 times the hole diameter. Tensile stress = 9.7 ksi Effective width = 3.3 in Plate thickness = 2.3 in Allowable stress = 16.2 ksi UC3 = 0.600 OK Weld Stress Load on one weld Weld Shear = Allowable = Fw UC4 = = Tensile = P/(Effective width * plate thickness)

Allowable = 0.45Fy

= Sw =

36.1 kips 6.8 ksi 0.500 in 21.0 ksi 70.0 ksi 0.326 OK

Weld load F = P/2 (assume each weld takes full load) Weld Shear = F/(2r*(0.707*Sw)) fillet weld size Allowable = 0.3Fuw E70XX Electrodes, ultimate strength

Combined Stress The axial stress due to uniform tension along a section is given by: fa = P sin / TP h

The elemental bending stress which is linearly distributed along the section B-B may be expressed as: fb = 12PC (b cos - 0.5 h sin + R sin) / TP h2

where C represents the distance of an element from the neutral axis. For Section A-A, b should be replaced by c in the above equation. The shearing stress varies parabolically along the length of the padeye and is given as: 1.5P cos (1 - 4C2) / TP h

fV =

The maximum principal stress that exists on an element is given by: fmax = ((fa + fb)/2) + [((fa + fb)/2)2 + fv2]1/2 and the maximum principal shear stress on an element is given by: fmax = [((fa + fb)/2)2 + fv2]1/2

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

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The following table shows the values of the axial stress, bending stress, shear stress, principal stress and maximum shear stress at various points along the length of the plate. The allowable stresses are: Tension Allowable = Shear Allowable = 21.6 ksi 14.4 ksi Allowable = 0.6Fy Allowable = 0.4Fy Stresses calculated at Section A-A. Tension Shear fv fmax fa fb UC fvmax UC (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) 4.2 0.0 3.7 6.4 0.29 4.2 0.29 4.2 -0.7 3.5 5.7 0.26 3.9 0.27 4.2 -1.5 3.1 4.7 0.22 3.4 0.23 4.2 -2.2 2.3 3.6 0.16 2.6 0.18 4.2 -3.0 1.3 2.1 0.10 1.5 0.10 4.2 -3.7 0.0 0.5 0.02 0.3 0.02 0.29 0.29

C (in) 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 MAX

Stresses calculated at Section B-B. Tension Shear fv fmax fa fb UC fvmax UC (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) 4.2 0.0 3.7 6.4 0.29 4.2 0.29 4.2 -1.5 3.5 5.1 0.24 3.8 0.26 4.2 -3.1 3.1 3.7 0.17 3.1 0.22 4.2 -4.6 2.3 2.2 0.10 2.4 0.16 4.2 -6.1 1.3 0.7 0.03 1.6 0.11 4.2 -7.7 0.0 0.0 0.00 1.7 0.12 0.29 0.29

C (in) 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50

Out-of Plane Bending Check out-of plane bending at section A-A, which is the worst case scenario, ignoring the gusset plates. In addition as the padeyes are aligned with the slings, take a minimum load of 5% of the total applied load. Note that this out of plane stress is combined with the inplane bending stress and tensile stress calculated above. Out-of-plane load PL = Lever arm, c = Bending moment, M = Section modulus S = Out-of-plane bending stress = Allowable = Out-of-plane bending stress / allowable = Maximum tensile stress = Allowable = Tensile stress / allowable = Maximum in-plane bending stress = Allowable = In-plane bending stress / allowable = Sum of ratios = 3.6 kips 3.9 in 14.2 in-kips 2.5 in3 5.8 ksi 27.0 ksi 0.21 OK 4.2 ksi 21.6 ksi 0.20 OK 0.0 ksi 23.8 ksi 0.00 OK 0.41 OK (P / 20) (PL c) (1/6 hT2p) (M / S) (0.75 Fy)

(0.6 Fy)

(0.66 Fy)

For out-of-plane bending at the B-B axis, the out-of-plane bending moment is reduced by the ratio of the lever arms and therefore, is not critical. Consequently, no analysis of this section is required.

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

of

1.0

Introduction The purpose of this calculation is to document the design of a padeye. This spreadsheet was developed primarily to satisfy the requirements of Reference 1, Edwin P Russo and Rudolph A Hall, " Systematic Approach to Lifting Eye Design"

1.1

Applied Loading The lifting loads were determined from a lift analysis which considered a load factor of 2.0 applied to the structure gravity loads, in order to determine the design load to be used for the padeye design. From SACS analysis of bridge lift: Padeye design load, P 7.04 kips

2.0

Padeye Configuration The principal features of the padeye are shown below, while details have been included on drawing INSERT DRAWING NUMBER.
r R
SWL

SW L

Sw

R b B A h

2r

c g

B A

Rh

t Tp t T

where: SWL Rh r R Tp t T h b c Sw e p = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = safe working load angle from horizontal Hole radius Cheek plate radius Main plate radius Main plate thickness Cheek plate thickness Total plate thickness Base width Distance from edge of taper to center of hole Distance from base of plate to center of hole Cheek plate weld leg Main plate to cheek plate clearance Taper angle Shackle pin diameter

The dimension T should equal 60 - 85% of shackle jaw width.

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path The pin hole diameter, d, should be 1/8" greater than the selected shackle pin size The main plate radius is approximately R = 3 Rh Cheek plate radius is approximately r = R - 1.5t The cheek plate thickness (t) should be less than or equal to the plate thickness (Tp). Shackle load SWL 3.52 kips = 1.76 short tons Use G-2130 Crosby 2-inch shackle, capacity 35 tons, shackle pin size Refer to http://catalog.thecrosbygroup.com/maininterface.htm Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

of

2.3 inches

in Shackle jaw width A = 3.250 Total padeye width should be between in Shackle pin size D = 2.300 Pin hole diameter should be 2.500 Hole radius = 1.250 in so main plate radius should be approximately Say main plate radius = 5.000 in Cheek plate radius = 4.000 in Rh r R Tp t T h b c e p Fy 3.0 Stress Checks The following stress checks are performed in this analysis Bearing Stress Shear Stress Tensile Stress Weld Stress Combined Stress Taper Angle Out-of-plane bending 3.1 Load P Ph Pv 3.2 Design Stresses = 7.0 = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0.433 0.984 1.378 0.472 0.236 0.945 4.528 1.772 1.772 0.394 35 2.300 50

1.950

> and <

2.763

in

in 3.750 in

in Hole radius in Cheek plate radius in Main plate radius in Main plate thickness in Cheek plate thickness in Total plate thickness in Base width in Distance from edge of taper to center of hole in Distance from base of plate to center of hole in Main plate to cheek plate clearance degrees = 0.611 radians in 200 ton shackle ksi Yield strength of padeye material

determines the average bearing stress of pin on hole. two planes from pin hole to plate edge in load direction. calculated on the net area through plate. calculated around cheek plate determined at the base of padeye plate and at various points along padeye plate

- check on value of taper angle - check combined tension, in-plane bending and out-of-plane bending

= =

= 3.5 6.1

kips Design Load (max from Table 1.1-1) 60 degrees = 1.047 radians kips Horizontal In-Plane Component kips Vertical In-Plane Component

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

of

Bearing Stress Bearing Allowable UC1 Shear Stress Shear Allowable UC2

= = =

3.2 ksi 45.0 ksi 0.072 OK

Bearing = P/(T*p) Allowable = 0.9Fy

= = =

5.0 ksi 20.0 ksi 0.249 OK

Shear = P/(4(r-Rh)*t+2(R-Rh)*Tp) Allowable = 0.4Fy

Tensile Stress From Section D3.2 of AISC, the distance used in calculations, across the hole, is the minimum of 4 times the plate thickness at the pinhole or 1.6 times the hole diameter. Tensile stress = 5.4 ksi Effective width = 1.4 in Plate thickness = 0.9 in Allowable stress = 22.5 ksi UC3 = 0.239 OK Weld Stress Load on one weld Weld Shear = Allowable = Fw UC4 = = Tensile = P/(Effective width * plate thickness)

Allowable = 0.45Fy

= Sw =

3.5 kips 1.6 ksi 0.500 in 21.0 ksi 70.0 ksi 0.077 OK

Weld load F = P/2 (assume each weld takes full load) Weld Shear = F/(2r*(0.707*Sw)) fillet weld size Allowable = 0.3Fuw E70XX Electrodes, ultimate strength

Combined Stress The axial stress due to uniform tension along a section is given by: fa = P sin / TP h

The elemental bending stress which is linearly distributed along the section B-B may be expressed as: fb = 12PC (b cos - 0.5 h sin + R sin) / TP h2

where C represents the distance of an element from the neutral axis. For Section A-A, b should be replaced by c in the above equation. The shearing stress varies parabolically along the length of the padeye and is given as: 1.5P cos (1 - 4C2) / TP h

fV =

The maximum principal stress that exists on an element is given by: fmax = ((fa + fb)/2) + [((fa + fb)/2)2 + fv2]1/2 and the maximum principal shear stress on an element is given by: fmax = [((fa + fb)/2)2 + fv2]1/2

Calculation Sheet
Project title Client Calculation title Path Calc no Proj no Phase/CTR Page

of

The following table shows the values of the axial stress, bending stress, shear stress, principal stress and maximum shear stress at various points along the length of the plate. The allowable stresses are: Tension Allowable = Shear Allowable = 30.0 ksi 20.0 ksi Allowable = 0.6Fy Allowable = 0.4Fy Stresses calculated at Section A-A. Tension Shear fv fmax fa fb UC fvmax UC (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) 2.9 0.0 2.5 4.3 0.14 2.9 0.14 2.9 0.1 2.4 4.3 0.14 2.8 0.14 2.9 0.2 2.1 4.1 0.14 2.6 0.13 2.9 0.3 1.6 3.8 0.13 2.2 0.11 2.9 0.4 0.9 3.5 0.12 1.9 0.09 2.9 0.5 0.0 3.4 0.11 1.7 0.08 0.14 0.14

C (in) 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 MAX

Stresses calculated at Section B-B. Tension Shear fv fmax fa fb UC fvmax UC (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) (ksi) 2.9 0.0 2.5 4.3 0.14 2.9 0.14 2.9 0.1 2.4 4.3 0.14 2.8 0.14 2.9 0.2 2.1 4.1 0.14 2.6 0.13 2.9 0.3 1.6 3.8 0.13 2.2 0.11 2.9 0.4 0.9 3.5 0.12 1.9 0.09 2.9 0.5 0.0 3.4 0.11 1.7 0.08 0.14 0.14

C (in) 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50

Out-of Plane Bending Check out-of plane bending at section A-A, which is the worst case scenario, ignoring the gusset plates. In addition as the padeyes are aligned with the slings, take a minimum load of 5% of the total applied load. Note that this out of plane stress is combined with the inplane bending stress and tensile stress calculated above. Out-of-plane load PL = Lever arm, c = Bending moment, M = Section modulus S = Out-of-plane bending stress = Allowable = Out-of-plane bending stress / allowable = Maximum tensile stress = Allowable = Tensile stress / allowable = Maximum in-plane bending stress = Allowable = In-plane bending stress / allowable = Sum of ratios = 0.4 kips 1.8 in 0.6 in-kips 0.2 in3 3.7 ksi 37.5 ksi 0.10 OK 2.9 ksi 30.0 ksi 0.10 OK 0.5 ksi 33.0 ksi 0.02 OK 0.21 OK (P / 20) (PL c) (1/6 hT2p) (M / S) (0.75 Fy)

(0.6 Fy)

(0.66 Fy)

For out-of-plane bending at the B-B axis, the out-of-plane bending moment is reduced by the ratio of the lever arms and therefore, is not critical. Consequently, no analysis of this section is required.