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SAGE Standards based 3rd grade READING CURRICULUM (including Universal Intellectual Standards and Related Questions)

UNIVERSAL INTELLECTUAL STANDARDS AND RELATED QUESTIONS What are the implications of my reasoning (if I am correct)? What is my fundamental purpose? What is the key question I am trying to answer? What information do I need to answer my question? What is the most basic concept in the question? What assumptions am I using in my reasoning? What is my point of view with respect to the issue? What are my most fundamental inferences or conclusions?
CLARITY Could you elaborate further? Could you give me an example? Could you illustrate what you mean? ACCURACY How could we check on that? How could we find out if that is true? How could we verify or test that? PRECISION Could you be more specific? Could you give me more details? Could you be more exact? RELEVANCE - How does that relate to the problem? How does that bear on the question? How does that help us with the issue? DEPTH What factors make this a difficult problem? What are some of the complexities of this question? What are some of the difficulties we need to deal with? BREADTH Do we need to look at this from another perspective? Do we need to consider another point of view? Do we need to look at this in other ways? LOGIC Does all this make sense together? Does your first paragraph fit in with your last? Does what you say follow from the evidence? SIGNIFICANCE Is this the most important problem to consider? Is this the central idea to focus on? Which of these facts are most important? FAIRNESS Do I have any vested interest in this issue? Am I sympathetically representing the view points of others?
From: Foundation for Critical Thinking

STRAND 1: Reading Process Concept 4. Acquire and use new vocabulary in relevant contexts SAGE - 3rd Grade . rd Arizona Performance Objectives for 3 grade: KEY PHRASES
PO1. Use knowledge of prefixes to determine the meaning of words (e.g., un-, re-, in-, dis-). PO2. Use knowledge of suffixes to determine the meaning of words. (e.g., -ful, -ly, -less). PO6. Determine the meaning of common synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms. PO7. Determine the meanings and other features of words using the dictionary, thesaurus, and CD-ROM and Internet when available (e.g., pronunciation, syllabication, synonyms, parts of speech). (PO3 through PO5 not included -- required learning in an earlier grade) Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO 1. Use knowledge of root words and affixes to determine the meaning of unknown words. PO 2. Use context to determine the relevant meaning of a word. PO3. Determine the difference between figurative language and literal language. PO4. Identify figurative language, including similes, personification, and idioms. PO5. Determine the meanings, pronunciations, syllabication, synonyms, antonyms, and parts of speech of words by using a variety of reference aids, including dictionaries, thesauri, glossaries, and CD-ROM and Internet when available. PO6. Identify antonyms, synonyms, and homonyms for given words within text.

Prefixes un-, re-, in-, disSuffixes ful, -ly, -less Synonyms Antonyms Homonyms Resources: dictionary, thesaurus, internet Vocabulary pronunciation, syllabication, part of speech

Root Words Affixes (prefixes and suffixes) Context Clues Figurative meaning Vs. Literal meaning Figurative language simile, personification, idiom.

STRAND 1: Reading Process Concept 5. Read fluently SAGE - 3rd Grade . rd Arizona Performance Objectives for 3 grade:

KEY PHRASES

PO2. Read aloud from familiar prose and poetry with fluency and appropriate rhythm, pacing, intonation, and vocal patterns. (PO1 not included -- required learning in an earlier grade) Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO 1. Read from familiar prose and poetry with fluency and appropriate rhythm, pacing, intonation, and expression relevant to the text.

Read aloud: fluent rhythm fluent pacing fluent intonation fluent vocal patterns PROSE & POETRY Read with EXPRESSION according to text content

STRAND 1: Reading Process Concept 6. Comprehension Strategies SAGE - 3rd Grade . rd KEY PHRASES Arizona Performance Objectives for 3 grade: PO1. Predict events and actions, based upon prior knowledge and text features. PO4. Answer clarifying questions in order to comprehend text. PO5. Extract information from graphic organizers to comprehend text (e.g., webs, Venn diagrams, flow charts). PO6. Connect information and events in text to life experiences and to related text and sources. (PO2 and PO3 not included -- required learning in an earlier grade) Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO 1. Predict text content using prior knowledge and text features (e.g., illustrations, titles, topic sentences, key words). PO2. confirm predictions about text for accuracy. PO3. Generate clarifying questions in order to comprehend text. PO4. Use graphic organizers in order to clarify the meaning of the text. PO6. Use reading strategies to comprehend text (e.g., drawing conclusions, determining cause and effect, making inferences, sequencing). (PO5 not included -- required learning in an earlier grade) ACCURACY: Confirm predictions STUDENT ROLE: Generate clarifying questions Continue applying graphic organizers READING STRATEGIES: Draw conclusions Cause and effect Make inferences Sequence events STUDY TEXT FEATURES: Illustrations Titles Topic sentences Key words PREDICT: What will happen? What will characters do? TEACHER ROLE: Ask clarifying questions Utilize GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS: Various webs Venn diagrams Flow charts MAKE CONNECTIONS to: similar real life situations prior readings

STRAND 2: Comprehending Literary Text Concept 1. Elements of Literature SAGE 3rd Grade

Arizona Performance Objectives for 3rd grade: PO1. Compare and contrast literary elements across stories, including plots, settings, and characters. PO2. Describe characters within a literary selection (e.g., traits, roles, similarities). [2nd grade PO2.] PO3. Sequence a series of events in a literary selection. [2nd grade PO3.] PO4. Make relevant connections between earlier events and later events in text. (e.g., relationships, cause/effect, comparisons). PO5. Identify the speaker or narrator in a literary selection. PO6. Identify rhyme, rhythm, repetition, and sensory images in poetry. PO7. Distinguish between/among fiction, nonfiction, poetry, plays, and narratives, using knowledge of their structural elements.

KEY PHRASES
LITERARY ELEMENTS: Plot Setting Characters CHARACTER: Traits Role (protagonist/antagonist) Compare to other characters SEQUENTIAL PLOT LINE MAKE CONNECTIONS using: earlier and later events (foreshadowing) cause/effect sequences analyze changes in plot compare actual plot event to predictions VOICE: 1st person Personal Narrative 3rd person Someone else is telling story POETRY Rhyme Rhythm Repetition of sounds: assonance (vowel sounds); alliteration (initial consonant sounds); consonance (internal consonant sounds); onomatopoeia (imitation of real sounds) SENSORY IMAGES: (what we see, hear, taste, smell, touch) GENRE LITERARY STRUCTURES Fiction Nonfiction Poetry Plays Narratives IDENTIFY MAIN PROBLEM and RESOLUTION OF PROBLEM SPECIFIC TO STORY PLOT IDENTIFY LITERARY CONFLICT (person v. person; person v. society; person v. self; person v. nature; person v. supernatural)

Arizona Performance Objectives for 4 grade: PO1. Identify the main problem or conflict of a plot PO2. Identify the resolution of a problem or conflict in a plot

th

Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade (continued) PO3. Identify the moral of literary selection (e.g., fables, folktales, fairytales, legends). PO4. Distinguish between major and minor characters. PO5. Describe a characters traits using textual evidence (e.g., dialogue, actions, narrations, illustrations). PO7. Identify all aspects of the setting (e.g., time of day or year, historical period, place, situation). PO8. Compare and contrast characters, events, and setting in a literary selection. PO9. Identify characteristics and structural elements of poetry (e.g., imagery, rhyme, verse, rhythm, meter). PO10. Identify common forms of literature based upon their characteristics (e.g., poetry, novel, short story, biography, autobiography, drama). (PO6 not included see PO5 3rd grade above)

KEY PHRASES (cont.)

IDENTIFY MORAL OF A FABLE IDENTIFY HUMAN TRAITS AND RELATIONSHIPS IN A FOLKTALE IDENTIFY TRAITS OF PROTAGONIST AND ANTAGONIST IN A FAIRYTALE IDENTIFY TRAITS THAT MAKE THE STORY A LEGEND DISTINGUISH: MAJOR FROM MINOR CHARACTERS DESCRIBE A CHARACTERS PERSONALITY by looking at: What character says and does What other characters say about him/her Illustrations SETTING Time Place Historical period Sensory detail COMPARE find similarities CONTRAST find differences CHARACTERS, PLOT EVENTS SETTINGS POETIC/VERSE STRUCTURE: Rhyme Rhythm Meter Imagery LITERARY GENRE: Poetry Novel Short story Biography Autobiography Adventure Historical fiction Mystery Science fiction Fantasy Folktale (fable, fairytale, tall tale)

STRAND 2: Comprehending Literary Text Concept 2. Historical and Cultural Aspects of Literature SAGE 3rd Grade

Arizona Performance Objectives for 3rd grade: PO1. Compare events, characters and conflicts in literary selections from a variety of cultures to their experiences. (This PO originates in 1st grade.) Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO1. Describe the historical and cultural aspects found in cross-cultural works of literature.

KEY PHRASES CULTURAL COMPARISONS American British World Literature: By looking at Events, Characters, and Conflicts Selections from different cultures HISTORICAL ASPECTS American, British, and World Literature Selections from historical fiction and biography, or autobiography genres

STRAND 3: Comprehending Informational Text Concept 1. Expository Text SAGE 3rd Grade
Arizona Performance Objectives for 3rd grade: PO1. Identify the main idea and supporting details in expository text. PO2. Locate facts in response to questions about expository text. (Originates in 2nd grade.) PO3. Locate specific information by using organizational features in expository text (e.g., title, table of contents, headings, captions, bold print, key words, glossary, indices, italics). (Connected to Research Strand in Writing) PO4. Use a variety of sources to answer specific questions, and/or gather information (e.g., trade books, encyclopedias, magazines, atlases, almanacs, electronic source, textbooks). (Connected to Research Strand in Writing) PO5. Interpret information from graphic features of expository text (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, illustrations, tables, timelines). (Connected to Research Strand in Writing) Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO2. Distinguish fact from opinion in expository text. PO3. Determine authors main purpose for writing the expository text (e.g., to inform, to describe, to explain). PO4. Locate specific information by using organizational features of expository text. (e.g., table of contents, headings, captions, bold print, glossaries, indices, italics, key words, topic sentences, concluding sentences). (Connected to Research Strand in Writing) PO5. Identify appropriate print and electronic reference sources needed for a specific purpose (e.g., encyclopedia, atlas, almanac, dictionary, thesaurus, periodical, textbooks, CD-ROM, website). (Connected to Research Strand in Writing) PO7. Distinguish cause and effect. PO8. Draw valid conclusions based on information gathered from expository text. (PO1 and PO6 not included See PO1 and PO5 for 3rd grade.)
KEY PHRASES MAIN IDEA & Supporting Details ORGANIZATION OF EXPOSITORY TEXT: Title Table of contents Headings Captions Bold print Key words Glossary Index Italics Topic Sentence Concluding Sentence VARIOUS SOURCES: Trade books Encyclopedias Magazines Atlases Almanacs Electronic sources Textbooks Dictionary/Thesaurus Periodical CD-ROM /Website GRAPHIC FEATURES Charts/Maps Diagrams Illustrations Tables Timelines FACT v. OPINION Authors Main Purpose: TO INFORM TO DESCRIBE TO EXPLAIN TO ENTERTAIN CAUSE AND EFFECT CHAIN Consider how effect becomes a new cause in a cause and effect chain VALID v. INVALID CONCLUSIONS Consider facts from selection to draw valid conclusions

STRAND 3: Comprehending Informational Text Concept 2. Functional Text SAGE 3rd Grade
Arizona Performance Objectives for 3rd grade:

KEY PHRASES PO1. Follow a set of written multi-step directions. (PO1 originates in 2nd grade.) PO2. Provide multi-step directions. PO3. Evaluate written directions for sequence and completeness. PO4. Interpret information in functional documents for a specific purpose (e.g., maps, schedules, pamphlets). Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO1. Locate specific information from functional text (e.g., letters, memos, directories, menus, schedules, pamphlets, search engines, signs, manuals, instructions, recipes, labels, forms). PO2. Interpret details from functional text for a specific purpose (e.g., to follow directions, to solve problems, to perform procedures, to answer questions). FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS WRITING DIRECTIONS ANALYZING DIRECTIONS Maps Schedules Pamphlets Recipes

FUNCTIONAL TEXT CAN BE FOUND IN: Directories Menus Schedules Pamphlets Search Engines Signs Manuals Instructions Recipes Labels Forms Letters Memos HANDS-ON Follow directions to: Solve problems Perform procedures Answer questions

STRAND 3: Comprehending Informational Text Concept 3. Persuasive Text SAGE 3rd Grade Arizona Performance Objectives for 3rd grade: KEY PHRASES PO1. Distinguish fact from opinion in persuasive text (e.g., advertisements, product labels, written communications). PO2. Identify persuasive vocabulary used to influence readers perspectives (e.g., emotional words). Arizona Performance Objectives for 4th grade: PO1. Determine the authors position regarding a particular idea, subject, concept, or object. PO2. Identify persuasive vocabulary used to influence readers opinions (e.g., loaded/emotional words, exaggeration). FACT v. OPINION Advertisements Product labels Written communications PERSUASIVE VOCABULARY Loaded/Emotional Words and Exaggerated Claims (best, prettiest, safest, tastiest, friendly, new and improved, classy, cleaner, faster) AUTHORS POSITION IN PERSUASIVE TEXT Pro Con Neutral

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