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Theoretical Framework The theoretical framework that will be used in the study is the Input-Process- Output Model.

In the IPO model, a process is viewed as a series of boxes (processing elements) connected by inputs and outputs. Information or material objects flow through a series of task or activities based on a set of rules or description points. Flow charts and process diagrams are often used to represent the process. What goes in is the input; what causes the change is the process; what comes out is the output. The IPO model will provide the general structure and guide for the direction of study.

The Input-Process-Output Model also known as the IPO+S Model is a functional model and conceptual schema of a general system. An IPO chart identifies a programs inputs, its outputs, and the processing steps required to transform the inputs into the outputs.

The IPO model has many interdisciplinary applications, and is used to convey systems fundamentals in IT overview education and as a brainstorming, preliminary investigation tool in systems development processes. It consists of at least three, and sometimes four, distinct components. In contemporary Information Technology, it is almost always discussed as a three component model in which the fourth is a named optional. The components of the IPO model are defined as: Input - The information, ideas, and resources used Processing - Actions taken upon/using input or stored material Output - Results of the processing that then exit the system

Conceptual Framework

Some students are not Faculty informed will inform The Class due to INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT the Class President will absence President send texts to on the day about the the class or it was changes spreads the announce on class announceme d or class Figure 1.1 schedules, nt vocally to president activities Paradigmclass the of faculty may not on spreading or events have the announcements correct without SMS contact Technology numbers

Students INPUT will subscribe to the Email and SMS Notification on the portal

The faculty will create a PROCESS message about the announcemen t online and sends the Figure 1.3 Paradigm of messageon faculty through Email spreading or SMS announcements service without SMS Technology

The student will OUTPUT immediatel y receive the notification of announcem ent from the faculty.