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1643 - 1727

y Born January 4, 1643 y Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England y Attended Trinity College, Cambridge from 1661-1665.

(After which the university closed down as a precaution against the Great Plague)

y Isaac Newton and Gottfried

Leibniz (Germany) independently invent calculus in the late 17th century.

y Leibniz began publishing in

1684, while Newton published in 1693.

y Newton was the first to apply calculus to

general physics. y Leibniz developed much of the notation used in calculus today.
y Leibniz gave the new discipline its name, calculus. y Newton called his calculus "the science of fluxions".

y In the early 1670s Newton

worked in the field of optics (mirrors/lenses).

y Published Opticks in 1704

y Newton returned to work on

mechanics in the late 1670s.

y Published Philosophiae

Naturalis Principia Mathematica in 1687. (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy)

y Served as a member of the British

Parliament from 1689 to 1690.

y Became Master of the Royal Mint in


y Knighted by Queen Anne in 1705 for his

work. y Sir Isaac Newton

y Was made President of the Royal Society

in 1703.

y Died March 13, 1727

Westminster Abbey.

buried in

st Law of 1


y Every body perseveres in its state

of rest, or of uniform motion in a right line, unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed thereon.

rd 3

Law of Motion

y To every action there is always

opposed an equal reaction: or the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts.