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# Pupil Teacher Name Abdul Vahid Roll No.

## Subject: Science Short Lesson Plan College College Session : 1

: General

:1 : Ambica T.T.

: 2010-11

General Objectives: To acquaint students about Sub Particles of Atom. To develop scientific approach among learners about structure of matter. To inculcate habit of meticulous observation. To reinforce logical and analytical thinking regarding structure and stability of atom. To develop evaluative and inductive skills among students.

Specific Objectives: Knowledge To impart knowledge of basic technical terms, symbols, definitions, information and hypothesis related to Sub Atomic Particles. To explain terminology, facts, principles and assumptions related to Sub Atomic Particles in detail. To apply acquired knowledge of Sub Atomic Particles. Reading of Scientific literature related to Atomic Structure. To accept principle/law on basis of logic related to Atomic Structure.

Understanding

Application Interest

Attitude

Skills

1. To present graph, diagram and figures in appropriate manner and in proper scale.

Teaching Aids: General: Black Board, Chalks, Roller Board etc. Specific: Charts, Audio Video presentation. Teaching Methods: and role play. Teaching Points:1. Atom 2. Sub Particles of Atom 3. Properties of Sub Particles of Atom Previous Knowledge: students have basic knowledge of matter. Question and Answer, interactive discussion, demonstration

Introductory Question:PT ACTIVITY What is Matter? What is matter made up of? What is smallest indivisible unit of matter which contains its property? What are particles? the various sub atomic PUPIL ACTIVITY Some students reply anything occupies space and has mass. that

Some reply matter is made up of very small particles. Some reply Atom. Students are perplexed and there is hush in class.

Announcement of Topic:Today we will discuss and learn about Atom and Sub Particles of Atom. Teaching Point Pupil Teacher Activity Students Activity Black Board Summary

Atom

Q-What will happen if atom of Oxygen is broken in its sub particles? Atom is the smallest indivisible unit of matter which holds the unique property of its element. If atom is further divided into its sub particles it loses its unique properties. Dalton Proposed Atomic Theory.

Students are Atom listening attentively and replying queries put by teacher.

## Sub Particles of Atom

Q-What is the charge of Electron? Is atom neutral? Explain. Atom is made up of mainly three subatomic particles. Proton- carrying positive charge. Discovered by Goldstein. Electroncarrying

## Properties of Sub Particles of Atom

ProtonHas positive charge of magnitude of 1.6 x 10-19 coulomb. It has the mass equal to neutron i.e. 1.626 x 10-27 kg. They are found in centre of atom with neutron. Electron- Has negative charge of magnitude of 1.6 x 10-19 coulomb. It has negligible mass, Which is ignored while calculating the mass of atom. Neutron- Has no charge. Found in centre of atom with nucleus. Has mass almost equal with proton. Atomic Weight= no of Protons + no of neutrons Atom is neutral- no. of electron are equal to no. of protons. Protons and neutrons are collectively called Nucleon.

Recapitulating Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. What are sub atomic particles? What are nucleons? Why weight of electron is not included while calculating weight of atom? Who discovered neutron?

Evaluating Questions: MCQ: Q1.) What is the charge of proton? a..) Positive b..) Negative c..) Both d..) Neutral

## b..) Neutron and Electron c..) Proton, Electron and

Q.1) Write properties of various sub particles of atom. Q.2) What is atom? True/false Weight of electron is included while calculating the weight of atom. In an atom number of protons is equal to number of electrons.

## Pupil Teacher Name Abdul Vahid

Roll No. Subject: Science Short Lesson Plan College T.T. College Session

: 1 : General

:2 : Ambica

: 2010-11

General Objectives: To acquaint students about Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions. To develop scientific approach among learners about various chemicals. To inculcate habit of meticulous observation. To reinforce logical and analytical thinking regarding chemical formulas of given chemicals. To develop evaluative and inductive skills among students.

Specific Objectives: Knowledge To impart knowledge of basic technical terms, symbols, definitions, information and hypothesis related to Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions. To explain terminology, facts, principles and assumptions related to Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions. To apply acquired knowledge of Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions Reading of Scientific literature related to Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions To accept principle/law on basis of logic related to Atomic Structure.

Understanding

Application

Interest Attitude

Skills

## 1. To present chemical formulas in correct manner.

Teaching Aids: General: Black Board, Chalks, Roller Board etc. Specific: Charts, Audio Video presentation. Teaching Methods: and role play. Teaching Points:1. Molecule 2. Molecule of Compound 3. Ions Previous Knowledge: students have basic knowledge of Symbol of Elements. Introductory Question:Question and Answer, interactive discussion, demonstration

## PT ACTIVITY Does various together? element combine

PUPIL ACTIVITY Some students reply yes. No reply. Students are perplexed and there is hush in class.

## Why do they combine? In what manner do they combine?

Announcement of Topic:Today we will discuss and learn about Molecule, Molecule of Compound and Ions.

Teaching Point

## Pupil Teacher Activity

Students Activity

## Black Board Summary

Molecule

Molecules of Compound

Molecule is the smallest unit of element or compound which has independent existence. When two or more elements combine together in order to have independent existence. The elements combine together in whole no. They do so in order to get stability. Ex- O2, Cl2 and N2 etc

Students are Molecule listening attentively and replying queries put by teacher.

When atoms of different element joins together in a definite proportion to form molecules of compound. Eg. H2O in water 2 atoms of hydrogen combines with 1 atom of oxygen atom. Q-If formula of Sulphuric Acid is H2SO4 then find out the no. of various elements in it. Is this molecule of compound?

Ions

The charged species are called Ions. Cation: positively charged species are called Cation. Ex-Na+1, Ca+2, Anion: Negatively charged species are called Anion. Ex-SO4-2

Recapitulating Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. What are sub atomic particles? Is ozone gas(O3) is molecule or molecule of compound? Give three examples of cations. Give three examples of anions.

Evaluating Questions: MCQ: Q1.) Which one of the following is molecule of compond? a..) Glucose b..) Flourine Gas c..) Both d..) Iron

Q2.) Which one is diatomic molecule? a..) Sodium b..) Sulphur c..) Chlorine Gas d..) All of the above

Q.1) Define Ions in detail with help of examples. Q.2) Define molecules and molecules of compound. True/false No. of electrons and No. of protons in Sodium ion are same. Carbon di Oxide gas is an example of molecule of compound.

## Subject: Science Short Lesson Plan College T.T. College Session

: General

:3 : Ambica

: 2010-11

General Objectives: To acquaint students about Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. To develop scientific approach among learners about Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. To inculcate habit of meticulous observation. To reinforce logical and analytical thinking regarding Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. To develop evaluative and inductive skills among students.

Specific Objectives:

Knowledge

To impart knowledge of basic technical terms, symbols, definitions, information and hypothesis related to Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. To explain terminology, facts, principles and assumptions related to Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. To apply acquired knowledge of Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. Reading of Scientific literature related to Isotopes and Isobars. To accept principle/law on basis of logic related to Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. 1. To present graph, diagram and figures in appropriate manner and in proper scale.

Understanding

Application

Interest

## Attitude Skills Teaching Aids:

General: Black Board, Chalks, Roller Board etc. Specific: Charts, Audio Video presentation. Teaching Methods: and role play. Teaching Points:1. Atomic No. and Atomic Weight 2. Isotopes 3. Isobars Previous Knowledge: students have basic knowledge of Atom and its sub particles. Introductory Question:PT ACTIVITY Where are the protons and neutrons found in an atom? Is weight of electron is considered while calculating the weight of an atom? Is no. of element? protons fixed for each PUPIL ACTIVITY Some students reply in nucleus Some reply no due to its negligible weight. Some reply yes. Students are perplexed and there is hush in class. Question and Answer, interactive discussion, demonstration

## What is the similarity and dissimilarity in 35lC and 37Cl?

Announcement of Topic:Today we will discuss and learn about Atomic No. Atomic Weight, Isotopes and Isobars. Teaching Point Pupil Teacher Activity Students Activity Black Board Summary

## Atomic Number & Atomic Weight

Each element has definite no. of protons in their nucleus. No. of proton of an element decides its Atomic Number. Atomic Weight- No. of protons + no. of neutrons determine atomic weight. A.W. = n +p 23 11Na Q-If atomic no. of Sodium is 11 and atomic weight is 23 then find out no. of neutrons in it.

Students are Atomic No. listening attentively and replying queries put by teacher.

Isotopes Isotopes: When one or more than two atoms having same no. of protons but has different no. of neutrons. Ex-Hydrogen has three isotopes Protium, Dutirium and Tritium. (1P1, 1D2, 1T3 ) Carbon has two isotopes12 14 6C ,6C Isotope of Carbon(A.W.14) is used in carbon dating. Isotope of Cobalt is used in treatment of Cancer.

Isobars

## Isobars: Two atoms having different atomic no. but

have same atomic weight. Ex- 18Ar40 and 20Ca40 Q-What are no. of neutrons in both the atom shown above.

Recapitulating Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Define Atomic Number. Can with the no. of electrons in a neutral atom show its atomic number? Write two uses of Isotopes. Write difference between Isotopes and Isobars.

Evaluating Questions: MCQ: Q1.) Isotopes of Hydrogen is. a..) Protium b..) Duetirium c..) Tritium d..) All of the above

Q2.) If an atom has 8 protons and 8 neutron and other atom has 8 protons and 10 neutrons. What are they? a..) Isotopes of Nitrogen Oxygen d..) Isobars of Oxygen Q.1) Define Isotopes with example and give their uses. Q.2) Define Isobars. True/false Argon and Calcium are examples of isotopes. Isotope of Cobalt is used in treatment of Cancer. b..) Isobars of Nitrogen c..) Isotopes of

Fill in the blanks: Isotopes of . Is used in finding out age of given substance. Isobars have same .. Define Isotopes and Isobars and find out various other