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Parallel Basics

Traditional Equipment Construction

Paralleling Control 1 per genset

Master Control 1 per system

Distribution Equipment control

breaker

Distribution Equipment

Paralleling Functions
REMOTE

genset.
EC: Engine Control GOV: Governor AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulation

GOV AVR

GEN

CB

POWER TO LOAD

ENGINE

Traditional Designs start with a non-paralleling

EC

Load Sharing
kVAR = alternator
kW = engine

kW Demanded by Load

kVar Demanded by Load

Engines Produce kW--Fuel Rate Controls Alternators Make kVAR--Excitation Controls

Load Sharing
REMOTE

GOV ILS AVR

GEN

CB

Add kW Load Sharing Controls: ILS Add kVar Load Sharing: Cross Current
POWER TO LOAD

ENGINE

LOAD SHARE DATA

EC

Synchronizing
REMOTE

GOV SYNC ILS AVR

GEN

CB

POWER TO LOAD

ENGINE

LOAD SHARE DATA

EC

Alternator Capability Curve

Traditional Design
GOVERNOR GOVERNOR

GENSET

ENGINE CONTROL

GENSET

ENGINE CONTROL

START COMMANDS

AVR

AVR

ALARM LAMPS

ALARM LAMPS

ALARM LAMPS

PROTECTION

PROTECTION

PLC

PROTECTION

AC METERS

AC METERS

AC METERS

ILS SYNC

ILS SYNC

52-G

52-G

PARALLEL CONTROL #2

PARALLEL CONTROL #2

MASTER CONTROL

LOADS

Load Govern Functions


REMOTE

GOV
I/E VAR/PF METER

PROT

SYNC

ILS AVR GEN

UTILITY CB CLOSED SIGNAL

CB

THESE FUNCTIONS ARE ALL REQUIRED FOR UTILITY PARALLELING APPLICATIONS

POWER TO LOAD

ENGINE

Import/Export Control Var/PF Control

ALARM
LOAD SHARE DATA

EC

PowerCommand ANSI Functions

GENSET

AM

SW

KW

KWH

PF

40

32

65

90

51V

VM

SW

HZ

27

81U

59

VM

SW

HZ

47

SYNC

25

86

CONTROL SWITCHGEAR

SS

TRIP

CLOSE

SURGE SUPPRESSORS

Paralleling Hardware: Each Genset

Load Sharing
Droop or Isochronous?

Synchronizing
Auto and Manual

Genset Protection
Reverse Var, Reverse Power, Sync Check

Monitoring and Manual Control


Metering
AM, VM, FM, kWM, Sync Scope/Lights

Breaker Control

Load Govern (Optional)

Master Control Systems


(Isolated Bus)
LOAD ADD/SHED COMMANDS START COMMANDS

PLC

BUS PROT

BUS METERS

START COMMAND, ALARM DATA

MASTER CONTROL
LOAD SHARE DATA

ALARM

ALARM

EC

EC

ENGINE

GOV METER PROT SYNC ILS AVR GEN METER PROT SYNC ILS

GOV

AVR

GEN

PARALLEL CONTROL
CB

PARALLEL CONTROL
CB

ENGINE

POWER TO LOAD

PCC3100 PCC PCC3200/1

PCC3100 PCC PCC3200/1

Master Architecture
TOUCHSCREEN ModLon 3rd Party Device

GENSET GENSET

GENSET GENSET Operator Panel


PLC SYNCHRONIZER

MASTER COMMAND MODULE (MCM3320)

M
52-G1 52-G1 52-G2 52-G2

DIGITAL TRANSDUCER

DIGITAL PROTECTION TRANSDUCER

PROTECTION

PROTECTION

52-GM 52-GM

52-UM 52-UM

LOADS

IO

52-F1

52-F2

IO

LOADS

LOADS