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Water-in-Fuel Indicator Sensor Circuit - Voltage Below Normal, or Shorted to Low S...

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FAULT CODE 429 Water-in-Fuel Indicator Sensor Circuit - Voltage Below Normal, or Shorted to Low Source
Overview
CODE Fault Code: 429 PID: P097 SPN: 97 FMI: 4/4 LAMP: Amber SRT: REASON Water-in-Fuel Indicator Sensor Circuit Voltage Below Normal or Shorted to Low Source. Low voltage detected at the waterin-fuel circuit. EFFECT None on performance. No water-in-fuel warning available.

ISX - Water-in-Fuel Sensor Indicator

ISM - Water-in-Fuel Sensor Indicator

Circuit Description The water-in-fuel sensor is attached to the fuel filter. The electronic control module (ECM) provides a 5 VDC reference signal to the water-in-fuel sensor. When the water collected in the fuel filter covers the sensor probes, the water-in-fuel sensor then pulls the 5 VDC reference voltage to ground indicating high water accumulation in the fuel filter.

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Component Location The water-in-fuel sensor is integrated into the bottom of the OEM supplied suction fuel filter. This diagnostic runs continuously when the keyswitch is in the ON position. The ECM detects that the sensor signal voltage is below 0.05 VDC for one second. The ECM illuminates the amber CHECK ENGINE light immediately when the diagnostic runs and fails. The ECM will turn off the amber CHECK ENGINE light immediately after the diagnostic runs and passes. Shop Talk Verify the electronic control module (ECM) calibration is correct. Check the calibration revision history found on QuickServe Online for applicable fixes to the calibration stored in the ECM. If necessary, recalibrate the ECM. Refer to Procedure 019-032 (ECM Calibration Code) in Section 19 in the corresponding Troubleshooting and Repair Manual for the engine being serviced. Possible causes of this fault code include: Signal circuit shorted to ground in the harness, sensor, or connector. Cautions and Warnings

CAUTION
To reduce the possibility of damaging a new ECM, all other active fault codes must be investigated prior to replacing the ECM.

CAUTION
To reduce the possibility of pin and harness damage, use the following test lead when taking a measurement: Part Number 3822758 - male Deutsch/AMP/Metri-Pack test lead.

Troubleshooting Steps
STEPS STEP 1. Check the fault codes. STEP 1A. Check for an active fault code. STEP 2. Check the water-in-fuel sensor. Fault Code 429 active? SPECIFICATIONS

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STEP 2A. Inspect the engine harness and sensor connector pins. STEP 2B. Check the circuit response. STEP 2C. Check the fault codes and verify sensor condition. STEP 3. Check the engine harness. STEP 3A. Inspect the engine harness, sensor, and ECM connector pins. STEP 3B. Check the ECM response. STEP 3C. Check for a pin-to-pin short circuit . STEP 3D. Check for a pin to ground short circuit. STEP 3E. Check for an inactive fault code. STEP 4. Clear the fault codes. STEP 4A. Disable the fault code. STEP 4B. Clear the inactive fault codes.

Dirty or damaged pins?

Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? Fault Code 429 is active?

Dirty or damaged pins?

Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? Greater than 100k ohms? Greater than 100k ohms? Fault Code 429 is inactive?

Fault Code 429 inactive? All fault codes cleared?

Guided Step 1 - Check the fault codes.

Guided Step 1A - Check for an active fault code.


Conditions Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool.

Action Check for an active fault code.

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Use INSITE electronic service tool to read the fault codes. Fault Code 429 active? YES No Repair Go to 2A No Repair Procedure 019-362 (Inactive or Intermittent Fault Codes) in Section 19 Fault Code 429 active? NO

Guided Step 2 - Check the water-in-fuel sensor.

Guided Step 2A - Inspect the engine harness and sensor connector pins.
Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the water-in-fuel sensor. Action Inspect the engine harness and sensor connector pins for the following: Loose connector Corroded pins Bent or broken pins Pushed back or expanded pins Moisture in or on the connector Missing or damaged connector seals Dirt or debris in or on the connector pins Wire insulation damage Connector shell broken Damaged locking tab connector. For general inspection techniques, refer to Procedure 019-361 (Component Connector and Pin Inspection) in Section 19. Dirty or damaged pins? Dirty or damaged pins?

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YES A defective connection has been detected in the ECM connector or engine harness connector. Clean the connector and pins. Repair the damaged harness, connector, or pins if possible. Refer to Procedure 019-043 (Engine Wiring Harness) in Section 19. Go to 4A No Repair

NO

Go to 2B

Guided Step 2B - Check the circuit response.


Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the water-in-fuel sensor. Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool. Action Check for the appropriate ECM response after 30 seconds. Use INSITE electronic service tool to read the fault codes. Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? YES No Repair Go to 2C No Repair Go to 3A Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? NO

Guided Step 2C - Check the fault codes and verify sensor condition.

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Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Connect the water-in-fuel sensor to the engine harness. Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool. Action Check for the appropriate circuit response after 30 seconds. Use INSITE electronic service tool to read the fault codes. Fault Code 429 is active? YES A defective sensor has been detected. Replace the water-in-fuel sensor. Refer to Procedure 019-127 (Water in Fuel) in Section 19. Go to 4A Go to 4A Fault Code 429 is active? NO None. The removal and installation of the connector corrected the failure.

Guided Step 3 - Check the engine harness.

Guided Step 3A - Inspect the engine harness, sensor, and ECM connector pins.
Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the ECM connector. Disconnect the engine harness from the water-in-fuel sensor.

Action

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Inspect the engine harness, sensor, and ECM connector pins for the following: Loose connector Corroded pins Bent or broken pins Pushed back or expanded pins Moisture in or on the connector Missing or damaged connector seals Dirt or debris in or on the connector pins Wire insulation damage Connector shell broken Damaged locking tab connector. For general inspection techniques, refer to Procedure 019-361 (Component Connector and Pin Inspection) in Section 19. Dirty or damaged pins? YES A defective connection has been detected in the ECM connector or engine harness connector. Clean the connector and pins. Repair the damaged harness, connector, or pins if possible. Refer to Procedure 019-043 (Engine Wiring Harness) in Section 19. Go to 4A Go to 3B No Repair Dirty or damaged pins? NO

Guided Step 3B - Check the ECM response.


Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the ECM connector. Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool electronic service tool.

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Action Check for the appropriate ECM response after 30 seconds. Use INSITE electronic service tool, read the fault codes. Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? YES No Repair Fault Code 428 active and Fault Code 429 inactive? NO Call for authorization to replace the ECM. Upon receipt of authorization, refer to Procedure 019-031 (Electronic Control Module (ECM)) in Section 19. Go to 3C Go to 4A

Guided Step 3C - Check for a pin-to-pin short circuit.


Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the water-infuel sensor. Disconnect the engine harness from the ECM connector. Action Check for a pin-topin short circuit. Measure the resistance between the water-in-fuel SIGNAL pin at the ECM

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connector of the engine harness and all other pins in the ECM connector. Refer to the circuit diagram or wiring diagram for connector pin identification. For general inspection techniques, refer to Procedure 019361 (Component Connector and Pin Inspection) in Section 19. Greater than 100k ohms? YES No Repair Greater than 100k ohms? NO A short circuit has been detected in the engine harness. Repair or replace the engine harness. Refer to Procedure 019-043 (Engine Wiring Harness) in Section 19. Go to 3D Go to 4A

Guided Step 3D - Check for a pin to ground short circuit.

Conditions Turn keyswitch OFF. Disconnect the engine harness from the ECM connector. Disconnect

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the water-infuel sensor from the engine harness. Action Check for a pin to ground short. Measure the resistance between the water-in-fuel sensor SIGNAL pin in the engine harness ECM connector and ground. Refer to the circuit diagram or wiring diagram for connector pin identification. For general inspection techniques, refer to Procedure 019361 (Component Connector and Pin Inspection) in Section 19. Greater than 100k ohms? YES No Repair Greater than 100k ohms? NO A pin to ground short circuit on the SIGNAL line has been detected in the engine harness. Repair or replace the engine harness. Refer to Procedure 019-043 (Engine Wiring Harness) in Section 19. Go to 3E Go to 4A

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Guided Step 3E - Check for an inactive fault code.


Conditions Connect all components. Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool. Action Check for the appropriate circuit response after 30 seconds. Use INSITE electronic service tool to read the fault codes. Fault Code 429 is inactive? YES None. The removal and installation of the connector corrected the failure. Go to 4A Fault Code 429 is inactive? NO Troubleshooting procedures need to be repeated from the beginning. A failure mode should have been detected. Go to 1A

Guided Step 4 - Clear the fault codes.

Guided Step 4A - Disable the fault code.


Conditions Connect all components. Connect INSITE electronic service tool. Action Disable the fault code. Start the engine and let it idle for 1 minute. Use INSITE electronic service

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tool to verify that the fault code is inactive. Fault Code 429 inactive? YES No Repair Fault Code 429 inactive? NO Troubleshooting procedures need to be repeated from the beginning. A fault mode should have been detected. Go to 4B Go to 1A

Guided Step 4B - Clear the inactive fault codes.


Conditions Connect all components. Turn keyswitch ON. Connect INSITE electronic service tool. Action Clear the inactive fault codes. Use INSITE electronic service tool to clear the inactive fault codes. All fault codes cleared? YES No Repair Repair complete No Repair Appropriate troubleshooting steps All fault codes cleared? NO

Last Modified: 28-Jan-2008 Copyright 2008 Cummins, Inc. All rights reserved

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