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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

ESSAGE

This Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) was borne out of the need to rationalize the planning process at the local level. This was the missing link to the national, regional and municipal land use plans. With its production, we are now translating national policies into this plan to be more responsive to local conditions. Inversely, we are integrating herein municipal land use policies, not only because of their socio-economic linkages with other entities of the province, but also to avoid future conflicts in land use allocation and designation between adjacent municipalities.
Even as the PDPFP indicates the manner in which lands in the province shall be put to use in the next five years, it likewise delineates the direction and extent of expansion of urban and other built-up areas of municipalities, the alignment of transportation networks, the location of major infrastructure projects and facilities and all major development proposals that have provincial, regional, national, or international impact and significance. As enunciated in the 2007 Guideline for the Formulation of the PDPFP prepared by NEDA-ADB, the main responsibility in preparing this PDPFP rested on my shoulders. Creation of the PDPFP Core Team and PDPFP-TWG reinforced this, which explains why under this leadership, the province formulated its PDPFP in accordance with national standards and guidelines. It was an awesome responsibility. The task was not entirely easy, but the result of the PDPFP preparation was worth all the efforts and provincial resources spent for this purpose. That is, if we were to consider that Aklan now has a new physical framework plan which serves as a ready reference for all provincial officials, municipal executives, planners, technical personnel, investors, private entities, and the public in general. Likewise, we are now assured of a legitimate guide in the preparation of training courses for planners, especially in the choice of topics in the determination of appropriate methodologies for the province. Certainly, these are considerable achievements of this administration. With the PDPFP now in place, it gives me great repose and deep sense of joy that this document will play an important role in hastening the development of our province and country even now and in the very near future.

CARLITO S. MARQUEZ Provincial Governor

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

The Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) is the primary technical guide to the development of the province of Aklan, aimed and designed to derive the overall vision of the province; provide the analytical basis for understanding existing conditions and identifying key development issues, problems, opportunities, goals, objectives, and targets of the province; translate the vision into implementable strategies towards the attainment of goals, objectives, and targets; and guided by the vision, identify programs, projects, and activities consistent with the proposed strategies. Guided by a long-term vision, the PDPFP coincides with two three-year political terms of the Governor, and can be aligned with a full term of the national leadership. It is the key link in the network of plans covering the national, regional, provincial, and municipal levels because plans and investment programs at the provincial level must have vertical connections to corresponding plans at the regional and municipal levels. In turn, regional plans and programs must relate to corresponding plans at the national level. The resulting PDPFP, therefore, serves as a vertical link between local development objectives and regional and national priorities. At the provincial level, the Programs, Projects and Activities (PPAs) derived from the PDPFP are the bases for a multi-year investment program (PDIP-a prioritized list of PPAs with cost estimates) and an annual investment Program (AIP or the current year slice of the PDIP. Here, the AIP serves as the basis for budgetary allocations for PPAs. The preparation and approval of the PDPFP involves several stages, described here with an emphasis on their institutional linkages: Stage 1: Visioning It reflects the provincial communitys aspirations for the long-term future of the province and serves as an overall guide to the planning process. Stage 2a: Situation analysis: organization, data, initial analysis It covers the initial organization and meetings of TWGs. Stage 2b: Situation analysis: plan environment It covers much of the technical analysis and the identification of key issues, problems, and constraints Stage 3a: Formulation of development goals, objectives/targets, strategies, and PPAs It covers the identification of development goals, objectives/targets, strategies, and PPAs in consultation with TWGs and key sectoral representatives, especially for sectors with identified priority issues. Stage 3b: Draft PDPFP It involves drafting the revised PDPFP, updates to the Governor, the PDC/ExeCom, and other key stakeholders with respect to proposed strategies and PPAs, and a public hearing on the Draft PDPFP.

REFACE

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

Stage 4: Sanggunian Approval It involves the submission of the Draft PDPFP, with appropriate revisions according to the public hearing, to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan for Approval.

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

ABLE OF CONTENTS
Page i ii v vi ix xi xii 1 3 5 6 9 11 14 15 17 20 22 23 27

Title Message Preface Acknowledgement List of Acronyms List of Tables List of Figures List of Maps A. Introduction 1. Historical Background 2. Plan Objectives and Context 3. Coverage of the Plan 4. Outline of the Plan B. Vision and Mission Statement C. The Planning Environment 1. Location, Land Area and Political Subdivision 2. Population and Settlement 2.1 Population: Regional and National Context 2.2 Demographic Characteristics 2.2.1 Size and Distribution 2.2.2 Density 2.2.3 Growth rate 2.2.4 Densities and Growth Rates 2.3 Existing Settlement Pattern 2.4 Summary 3. Physical Resources 3.1 General Land and Water Characteristics and Resources 3.1.1 Topography and Slope 3.1.2 Land and Water Resources 3.1.3 Climate and Rainfall 3.2 Land Use Potentials and Constraints 3.2.1 Land Classification 3.2.2 Land Suitability 3.2.3 Protection Areas 4. Economy 4.1 Economic Structure 4.1.1 External Context of the Local Autonomy 4.1.2 Distribution Pattern of Industry Concentration and Specialization 4.1.3 Basic Sectors and Industries 4.2 Industries with Potential for Contributing to Economic Growth 4.2.1 Industries of Competitive Advantage 4.2.2 Declining Industry 4.3 Local Factors
Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

31 33 37 39 41 44 47

53 55 58

68 71 73
5

4.4 Summary 5. Transportation, Access and Circulation 5.1 External Linkages 5.1.1 Description of External Linkages 5.1.2 Linkages and /or Facilities that Should be given High Priority for Improvement 5.2 Internal Circulation 5.2.1 Description of Internal Circulation Routes 5.2.2 Priority Internal Routes and Linkages that need to be improved 5.2.3 Proposed New Routes and Transportation Facilities 6. Income, Employment, Service Access and Poverty 6.1 Employment/Unemployment 6.2 Family Income 6.3 Social Services 6.3.1 Health 6.3.2 Education 6.3.3 Housing 6.3.4 Security 6.4 Utility/Infrastructure Services 6.4.1 Water and Sanitation 6.4.2 Power 6.4.3 Drainage/Flood Control 6.4.4 Irrigation 6.4.5 Solid Waste Management 6.5 Other Services and Facilities 7. Land Use and Physical Framework 7.1 Existing Land Use, Trends and Potential Expansion 7.1.1 Existing Land Use 7.1.2 Trends 7.2 Physical Framework 7.2.1 Initial Settlement Growth 7.2.2 Initial Settlements and Protection Land Use 7.2.3 Overall Physical Framework D. Development Issues, Goals, Objectives/Targets 1. Development Issues and Problems 2. Development Goals, Objectives, Targets E. Strategies, Programs, Projects and Activities

75

80 82 84 85 87 88 90 90 96 102 105 107 109 111 112 112 114

123 124 124 129 133 142 147 149

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

CKNOWLEDGEMENT

The drafting and completion of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) of the Province of Aklan was a complex and timeconsuming project. Tremendous amount of help was provided by various national line agencies like the DENR, DPWH, DTI, DOLE, PNP, BJMP, BAS, DepED, DAR, NIA, NSO, DILG, CAAP (ATO) and their respective archives, local offices and institutions such as BAS, ASU, OPVET, PGO, PEO, PPDO, OPA, PHO, MKWD, AKENRO, EEDD, PHILVOCS and the members of PLPEM Core Team PEO, PPDO, PACCO, PBO and PTO; individuals, friends, colleagues, superiors and even family members of the PDPFP-TWG, to thank them all would be a pleasant task, but an extensive one that would fall short of being complete even with best intentions. We are greatly indebted to Governor Carlito S. Marquez who provided us exceptional support, financial or otherwise. Special credits are due also to the Green Forum-Western Visayas and the National Economic and Development Authority, Regional Office VI, Iloilo City. Particularly, our grateful acknowledgement is hereby professed to the members of the Green Forum Team: Mr. Melvin B. Purzuelo, Mr. Gregaldy Azares, Mr. Dennis Taborno and Mr. Richard Malongayon; Mr. Philip Sage who provided us technical assistance and skills in GPS operation, on-ground survey, map digitization and reproduction. The same credit goes to the NEDA Staff of Region VI, Iloilo City headed by Director Ro-Ann Bacal, and in particular to Ms. Ma. Lourdes Miado, Atty. Raul Anlocotan, Ms. Teresa Guadalupe, Mr. Othelo Derecho, Ms. Erlinda Chiu, Ms. Isabel Blancia, Ms. Leah Letrero and Mr. Gil Altura. They did not only take dynamic roles in reviewing, making editorial contributions, monitoring and evaluating the document, but they painstakingly guided us all the way towards this successful edition, offering not only their professional expertise, but with their personal touch of friendship, too. To them, who, in any way contributed valuable information to this document but, for whatever reason, we have no more contact or we have not formally contacted for this purpose, and whose abundant creativity, relentless industry, limitless patience, constant good humor, and tireless efforts have made this document possible, and To HIM, the GREATEST PLANNER OF ALL TIME, WHO disposes of what man proposes OUR INDELIBLE GRATITUDE AND DEEPEST APPRECIATION REMAIN.

PLPEM CORE TEAM-PDPFP-TWG, AKLAN


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan 7

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ADB A&D AIP AKENRO APGR ASU BAS BSTPO BJMP CAAP CSE CV DAR DENR DepED DILG DOLE DOST DPWH DRSTMH DTI FIDA

IST OF

CRONYMS

Asian Development Bank Alienable and Disposable Annual Investment Program Aklan Environment and Natural Resources Office Annual Population Growth Rate Aklan State University Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Boracay Special Tourist Police Office Bureau of Jail Management and Penology Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines Crime Solution Efficiency Crime Volume Department of Agrarian Reform Department of Environment and Natural Resources Department of Education Department of the Interior and Local Government Department of Labor and Employment Department of Science and Technology Department of Public Works and Highways Dr. Rafael S. Tumbokon Memorial Hospital Department of Trade and Industry Fiber Industry Development Authority
8

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

FMS Ha HDI HH IMR IPO LGU LMB LTO MGB MKWD MMR MSMEs MT MVA MW NEDA NGO NIA NIPAS

Forest Management Sector Hectare Human Development Index Household Infant Mortality Rate Intellectual Property Office Local Government Unit Land Management Bureau Land Transportation Office Mines and Geosciences Bureau Metro Kalibo Water District Maternal Mortality Rate Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Metric ton Mega Volt Ampere Megawatt National Economic and Development Authority Non-Government Organization National Irrigation Administration National Integrated Protected Area System

Non-NIPAS Non-National Integrated Protected Areas System NPAAD NSCB NSO OPA Network of Protected Areas for Agricultural Developments National Statistics Coordinating Board National Statistics Office Office of the Provincial Agriculturist
9

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

OPVET PACCO PAGASA

Office of the Provincial Veterinarian Provincial Accounting Office Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration Provincial Budget Office Provincial Development Council Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council Provincial Development Investment Plan Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Provincial Engineers Office Provincial Governors Office Provincial Health Office Provincial Local Plan and Expenditure Management Programs, Projects, and Activities Provincial Planning and Development Office Provincial Treasurers Office National Integrated Protected Areas System Law Regional Social Economic Trends Small, Medium Enterprises Special Education Strong Republic Nautical Highway Tuberculosis Upper Respiratory Track Infection

PBO PDC PDCC PDIP PDPFP PEO PGO PHO PLPEM PPAs PPDO PTO R.A. 7586 RSET SMEs SPED SRNH TB URTI

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

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Table Number 1 2 3

Title Core Elements and Sectors Data Requirements

IST OF TABLES
Page Number 6 7 11

Land Area of Municipalities in the Province of Aklan, by District Region VI, Population, APGR, Density, Area, by Municipality, Philippines, 1995-2007 Aklan Population, APGR, Density, Area, by Municipality, 1995-2007 Aklan Population Shares, by Municipality, 1995-2007 Estimated Population, Density, and Additional Population at the End of 2013 Land Classification by Municipality Vegetative Cover within Forestland Land Suitability Total family Income by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry Joint Probability: Shares of Family Income (%) by Household Head, by Kind of Business/Industry Concentration: Total Family Income (%) by Household Head, by kind of Business/Industry Specialization: Total Family Income (%) by Household head, by Kind of Business/Industry Location Quotients: Total Family Income (%) by Household head, by kind of Business/Industry Employment/Unemployment Rate

14

18

6 7

18 30

8 9 10 11

42 44 45 54

12

54

13

55

14

56

15

58

16

81

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

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Table Number 17a 17b 17c 18 19 20

Title Total Family Income, Region VI, by Province Average Family Income, Region VI, 1994, 1997, 2000 Real Per Capita Income/Province Local Service Standards Existing Land Use Summary of Strategies and Major Programs and Projects

Page Number 88 89 90 120 123 149-150

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Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Hierarchy of Settlement Figure 4.

IST OF FIGURES

Page 29 53

Overall Distribution of the Regional Economy Community, Recreation & Personal Services: Shares of Total Family Income by HH Head Business/Industry, Region VI Specialization: Aklan Shares of Total Family Income by HH Head Business/Industry Roads by Surface Type Problem Tree Summary of the Aklan Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2008-2013 Development Vision, Goals, and Objectives

56

57 83 144

Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7.

145 148

Figure 8.

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

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L
Map 1. Map 2. Map 3a. Map 3b. Map 3c. Map 4a. Map 4b. Map 4c. Map 5a. Map 5b. Map 6. Map 7. Map 8. Map 9. Map 10. Map 11. Map 12. Map 13a Map 13b Map 13c Map 13d Map 14. Regional Location Map Province Map Density Map by Municipality, 1995 Density Map by Municipality, 2000 Density Map by Municipality, 2007 APGR, by Municipality, 1990-1995 APGR, by Municipality, 1995-2000 APGR, by Municipality, 2000-2007 Built-Up Areas Existing Hierarchy of Settlements Slope Map, Aklan Geologic Map, Aklan Climate Map, Region VI and Aklan Land Classification Map, Aklan Land Suitability Map, Aklan Protection Areas Production Handicraft and Furniture Industries Food Processing Industry Tourism Map Aquaculture Industry

IST OF MAPS
Page 12 13 19 19 19 21 21 21 25 26 32 36 38 43 46 52 61 64 65 67 70 86
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External Linkages and Internal Circulation Routes

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

Page Map 15. Location of Health Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Health-Related PPAs Location of Education Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Education- Related PPAs Location of Housing Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Housing-Related PPAs Location of Security Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Security-Related PPAs Location of Water and Sanitation Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Water And Sanitation-Related PPAs Location of Power Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Power-Related PPAs Location of Solid Waste Facilities, Priority Areas, and Proposed Solid Waste-Related PPAs Other Existing and Proposed Facilities Poverty Map Aklan Existing Land Use Map, Aklan Initial Settlement Growth Initial Settlements and Protection Land Use Settlements Framework Protection Framework Production Framework Transport/Infrastructure Framework Overall Physical Framework Project Location Map, Aklan

95

Map 16.

101

Map 17.

103

Map 18.

106

Map 19.

108

Map 20.

110

Map 21.

113 118 119 125 126 129 132 134 138 140 141 152

Map 22. Map 23 Map 24. Map 25. Map 26. Map 27. Map 28. Map 29. Map 30. Map 31. Map 32.

Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan

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PROVINCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK PLAN, 2008-2013 PROVINCE OF AKLAN

I.

INTRODUCTION

1.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The written history of Aklan takes us back to the middle of the 13th century when ten Bornean datus, together with their families, fled the oppressive rule of the Bornean king, Sultan Makatunaw.

In search for freedom, new lands and better fortunes, they left Borneos shore on a flotilla of balangays (ships) sailing northward. And one day, in 1250 (circa), they landed on the bank of the Sirwakan River near the present town of San Joaquin, Iloilo. Immediately after, Datu Puti, the leader of the expedition, came in contact with the Atis, the blackskinned, pygmy aborigines of Panay Island. The Ati king named

Marikudo and his queen, Maniwang-tiwang, welcomed the newcomers. Datu Puti asked Marikudo if the latters people would be willing to move into the hinterlands and mountains in favor of the newcomers.

An agreement was reached. The price for the land was a gold saduk (wide-brimmed helmet), a chain of pure gold necklace, and some gifts consisting of colored clothes, decorated arms, and fanciful trinkets.

The historic sale (Barter of Panay) was sealed by a sumptuous banquet attended by both the Atis and the Bornean peoples, and everybody had a joyous celebration feasting, dancing and singing. The celebration is commemorated every year, during the blooming season of mangoes, or at about the same time of the year when the purchase was consummated. In later years, when the Ati descendants of Marikudo withdrew to the mountains, the settlers chose to perpetuate the celebration. In the absence of the Atis, some of the settlers smeared themselves with soot to simulate the Atis. Thus, from

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then on, the celebration that has withstood the tests of centuries came to be known as the Ati-atihan Festival.

The island of Panay was divided into three sakups (districts): IrongIrong (now Iloilo) under Datu Paiburong; Hantik (now Antique) under Datu Sumakwel; and Aklan (what was then Aklan and Capiz combined) under Datu Bangkaya. These three sakups were united for mutual protection against enemy attacks into one confederation called Confederation of Madyaas under the overlordship of Datu Sumakwel who was the oldest and wisest of the ten Bornean datus.

Our historians have overlooked an interesting fact about Datu Bangkayas sakup of Aklan. It was originally (geographically and

ethnologically also) the valley of Aklan, centering in the present town of Kalibo. Since the days of Datu Bangkaya, the people of this region have developed their own peculiar dialect, distinct customs and traditions, and local culture. Thus, it has come to pass that the

present-day Aklanons posses a deep-rooted pride and loyalty to their own locality, setting them apart from the rest of the Capiceos. They fondly aspire to be an independent province, separate and independent from Capiz province.

There is further historical validity to the Aklanons dream of a separate province. As early as 1433, according to Parayan historical records, there was already a well-organized government on Aklan soil under the rule of Kalantiaw, the third chief of Panay. This Aklan ruler wrote the famous Kalantiaw Code containing eighteen sugo (orders) which reveal the high degree of civilization which the people of Aklan had then.

Following that spirit of patriotic desire, after having developed their ideals of freedom and having progressed in education and culture, in commerce and industry, and in political maturity and experience,

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whenever occasions presented, the people of Aklan, through their chosen leaders, had taken the issue of separation and independence:

April 14, 1901:

Don Natalio B. Acevedo, Aklan delegation head,

presented the first memorial for the separation of Aklan from Capiz to the Junta Magna headed by Commissioner Dean C. Worcester;

1920: Representatives Jose Alba Urquiola and Eufrosino Alba of the second and third districts of Capiz, respectively, presented a Bill for Aklans formal separation from Capiz; 1925 to 1930: Representatives Manuel Laserna and Teodulfo Suner from the third district of Capiz filed a similar Bill. Subsequently, Dr. Rafael S. Tumbokon of the same succeeded in securing the approval of the Committee on Provincial and Municipal Governments after the hearing, but was not able to push it through due to time constraints; April 25, 1956: Republic Act 1414 was signed by President Ramon Magsaysay, eventually separating Aklan from Capiz. This was made through the efforts of Congressman Godofredo P. Ramos who filed House Bill No. 334. For such fate, he was regarded as the Father of Aklan. Aklan became the 53rd province of the country. 2. PLAN OBJECTIVES AND CONTEXT

2.1

Objectives

of

the

Provincial

Development

and

Physical

Framework Plan (PDPFP)

To enhance and strengthen the development of the province, the formulation of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan was based on the following Specific Objectives:

a.

To design and outline the overall Vision of the province.

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b.

To provide analytical basis for understanding existing conditions and identifying key development issues, goals, objectives, and targets of the province.

c.

Based on the provinces Vision, identify programs, projects, and activities consistent with the proposed strategies.

2.2

Context of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP)

The Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) is the key link in the network of plans covering the national, regional, provincial, and municipal levels.

Plans and investment programs at the provincial level have vertical connections to corresponding plans at the regional and municipal levels. In turn, regional plans and programs relate to corresponding plans at the national level. The resulting PDPFP, therefore, serves as the vertical link between local development objectives and regional and national priorities. At the provincial level, the Programs, Projects and Activities (PPAs) derived from the PDPFP are the bases for a multiyear investment program and an Annual Investment Program (AIP), the basis for budgetary allocations for PPAs.

3.

COVERAGE OF THE PLAN

3.1

Historical Coverage

The Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) is a six-year medium-term development plan of the province of Aklan, guided by its long-term vision. It is formulated to coincide with two three-year terms of the present leadership, Governor Carlito S. Marquez, that can be aligned with a full term of the national leadership. Planning analyses, however, extend beyond the medium term to
Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan Province of Aklan 19

consider longer-term trends.

These are significant and necessary

inputs to the identification of Strategies, Programs, Projects, and Activities (PPAs) for the six-year plan period.

3.2

Geographical Coverage

The political boundaries of the province define the primary level of geographical analysis. Other provinces in Region VI (Western Visayas) as well as the region itself, and the country as a whole, are also included as benchmark in some of the analyses.

Municipalities within the province serve as the major level of analytical disaggregation, barangay-level data are also considered for population analysis. Groups or clusters of municipalities as well as geographically delineated areas like the Metropolitan Kalibo are also considered. References to land and land use which include water and water use are likewise a part of the planning environment. 3.3 Sectoral Coverage

The planning environment of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) includes all major sectors for and in the development of Aklan.

These are the core elements of Population which covers its sector; Economic Activity agriculture, fisheries, forestry, trade, industry, services, and tourism; Physical Resources environment, natural Income/Access to other services and

resources, and transport;

facilities for the elderly, children, indigenous peoples, the third sex, and the women; and Land Use which is the physical integration of all the sectors.

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