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Prof. Argenis A. Zapata Fonética y Fonología Inglesa I (B-2005)

Universidad de Los Andes Facultad de Humanidades y Educación Escuela de Idiomas Modernos

The Organs of Speech

Educación Escuela de Idiomas Modernos The Organs of Speech Names of the Organs of Speech The

Names of the Organs of Speech

The organs of speech /Di • "O…rg´nz• ´v• \ spi…tS/

An alveolus /´n • œl \ vi…´l´s/

The Adam's apple [Di • \ œd´mz • Æœp:`]

The air stream /Di • \ E´r• Æstri…m/

The alveolar ridge /Di • œl"vi…´l´r \ rIdZ/

The

alveoli /Di • œl \ vi…´laI/

The nasal cavity [D´ "neIz:` \ kÓœv´ti] or nasal

passage [D´ "neIz:` \ pÓœsIdZ]

The oesophagus or esophagus /Di I \ sÅf´g´s/

The pharyngeal cavity [D´ f´"rIndZ:` \ kÓœv´ti]

The pharynx /\ fœrINks / (or /\ ferINks /)

The rims of the tongue /D´ "rImz • ´v D´ \ tøN/

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The apex /Di • \ eIpIks/

The back of the tongue /D´ "bœk • ´v D´ \ tøN/

The blade of the tongue /D´ "bleId • ´v D´ \ tøN/

The epiglottis /Di • epI \ glÅtIs/

The front of the tongue /D´ "frønt • ´v D´ \ tøN/

The glottis /\ glÅtIs/ (or [ \ glA|Is])

The hard palate /D´ "hA…rd \ pœlIt/

The larynx //\ lœrINks / (or /\ lerINks /)

The lower lip /D´ "lO…´r \ lIp/

The lower teeth /D´ "lO…´r \ ti…T/

The lungs /\ løNz/

The mouth cavity /\ mAUT Ækœv´ti/

Prof. Argenis A. Zapata Fonética y Fonología Inglesa I (B-2005)

The root of the tongue /D´ "ru…t • ´v D´ `tøN/

The soft palate /D´ "sÅft \ pœlIt/ or velum

/"vi…l´m/

The tip of the tongue /D´ "tIp • ´v D´ \ tøN/

The tongue /\ tøN/

The trachea /\ treIki´ / or windpipe

/ "wIndÆpaIp/

The upper lip /Di • "øp´r \ lIp/

The upper teeth /Di • "øp´r \ ti…T /

The uvula /\ ju…vj´l´ /

The vocal apparatus [D´ "voUkl` \ œp´r´t´s] or

the vocal tract [D´ "voUk:` \ trœkt]

The vocal cords [D´ "voUk:` `kÓO…rdz] or vocal

folds [D´ "voUk:` \ foU:dz]

Names of the Criteria and Features Used to Classify and Describe the Production of Consonant Sounds

Place of articulation ["pleIs• ´v• A…rtIkj´ \ leISn`]

Voicing /'vOIsIN/

bilabial /baI"leIbi´l/

voiced /'vOIst/

labiodental [ÆleIbioU"dent:`]

voiceless /'vOIsl´s/ or unvoiced /øn"vOIst/

dental ["dent:`]

devoiced /dI"vOIst/

alveolar /œl"vi…´l´r /

Force of air /"fO…rs • ´v• \ E´r/

postalveolar /ÆpoUstœl"vi…´l´r /

fortis ['fO…rtIs] (or ['fO…r|Is])

palatoalveolar [Æpœl´toUœ:"vi…´l´r] or

lenis /'li…nIs/

alveopalatal [Æœ:vioU"pœl´t:`]

Manner of articulation ["mœn´r• ´v• A…rtIkj´ \ leISn`]

palatal ["pœl´t:`]

plosive /'ploUsIv/ or stop [stÅp]

velar /'vi…l´r /

fricative /'frIk´tIv/

labiovelar /ÆleIbioU'vi…l´r/

affricate /'œfrIkIt/

glottal ["glÅt:`] (or ["glA|:`])

nasal ["neIz:`]

approximant [´"prÅksIm´nt]

lateral / "lœt´r´:/

frictionless continuant ["frIktSn`l´s k´n`tÓInju´nt]

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