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Types of aquatic environment

Landsat Thematic Mapper image of the coastal region of


North Peninsular Malaysia
LANGKAWI ISLANDS
Existing Coastal Habitats
North

Kuala Kedah

PAYAR ISLANDS
ALOR SETAR

SONGSONG ISLANDS
STRAITS OF MALACCA
Merbok

Muka Head Marine


Research Station USM
Kota Kuala
Muda
PENANG Georgetown Butterworth
HABITAT CLASSES
Permanent shallow marine Intertidal mudflats
waters (5 m depth contour)

Mangrove Reclaimed land

Coral reefs Rocky shore

Seagrass bed Sandy shore

Manmade island
Scale 1:80 000
Ocean currents
The Need for Management of the Aquatic
Environment

• Protection of economic resources


• Protection of aesthetic resources
• Sustainability of development programmes
• Heritage and traditional values protection
• Habitat development and restoration
• What remains to be discovered