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Initiating Events

 Process Upset
 Management Control
 Human Error
 Some External Event
Propagating Factors
• Ignition Sources
• Human Error
• Adverse Weather Conditions
Hazard Analysis

Can be performed to any phase in a

project life cycle
Should be done by team of
knowledgeable personnel

is the most effective
Project Phase Information Needs
Material Safety Data Sheets
Research and
Process Chemistry
Development Chemical Interactions
Design safety opportunities
Pilot Plant Hazardous operations interfaces
Waste reduction and pollution prevention
Comparison of sites
Facility Siting and Layout Employee and community risk
Transportation and storage of hazardous materials
Safety systems specifications
Detailed Design Materials of construction
Inventory, process and spill control
Inspection and testing of equiptment
Construction Safety systems verification
Anticipate problem situations
Start-up Provide training
Verify operating and safety parameters
Develop operating manual and procedures
Operation Integrity of equipment
Maintenance of safety systems
Identify safety Compromises
Expansion, modification,
Provide training
change Revalidate hazard analysis

Decommission Revalidate hazard analysis

Hazard Analysis
Main Objectives:
2.Identify process and plant hazards
3.Improve safety of the facility
4.Make the plant more productive

Sources of Information:
2.Material Data Sheets
3.Consensus standards of the


 Study of interaction of chemicals,
operating conditions, materials of
construction and contaminants, and
associated health and environmental
effects Chemical 1 Chemical 2 Chemical 3

Chemical 1

Chemical 2

Condition 1
Hazard Lists
Hazard Analysis Technique

OSHA Regulations requires the

employers perform hazard analyses

There are seven techniques specified