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4541/1
Form 4 Chapter 1 Standard Form
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 27.035 = 27.0 (3 sig. fig.)
3 5
2 4.23 104 = 0.0004.23
= 0.000423
429 000
4.29 105
3 =
1.5 102 1.5 102
4.29 105
=
102 1.5
= 2.86 105 (2)
= 2.86 107
4 2.35 108 2.48 107
= 2.35 108 0.248 101 107
= 2.35 108 0.248 108
= (2.35 0.248) 108
= 2.102 108
4
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 4 10/7/2008 3:17:36 PM
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Form 4 Chapter 2 Quadratic Expressions and Equations
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 3h(1 h) + (h 1)2
= 3h 3h2 + h2 2h + 1
= 2h2 + h + 1
Paper 2
2
8
3m = 10
m
8 10m
3m =
m
2
3m = 8 10m
2
3m + 10m 8 = 0
(3m 2)(m + 4) = 0
2
m = or 4
3
3 (9p 1)2
81p2 18p + 1
72p2 18p + 1
(12p 1)(6p 1)
9p2
9p2
0
0
1
1
p = or
12 6
=
=
=
=
5
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 5 10/7/2008 3:17:44 PM
Form 4 Chapter 3 Sets
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 A = {4, 9}
Set A has 2n = 22 = 4 subsets.
The subsets are {4}, {9}, {4, 9}, { }.
2

4 = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,
14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20}
P = {6, 11, 16}
Q = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12}
P Q = {1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12}
n(P Q) = 6
Paper 2
5 (a)
K T
15
5
30
P
Q
20
R
It is given that
n(K T ) = 5.
n(K ) n(K
= 20 5
= 15
T) n(T ) n(K
= 35 5
= 30
T) (P
(b)
P
Q) R
Q
R n() n(K T)
= 70 (15 + 5 + 30)
= 20
3

P
R
Set (P
Union
P
R
Q)
with
Q
Set R
Q
In the above diagram,
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represents the set
(Q R), and
(b) the shaded region represents the set
P.
The intersection of (a) and (b) is the set
that is required by the shaded region of the
question i.e. (Q R) P.
Uniting (P Q) and R, we have
(P Q) R, as shown in the following
Venn diagram.
P
R
Q
6
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 6 10/7/2008 3:17:52 PM
Form 4 Chapter 4 Mathematical Reasoning
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 2
1 (a) 3m2 + 5m 2 = 0 is not a statement.
This is because we cannot
determine its truth value.
3 (a)
(i) 15 | 3 = 5 and 72 = 14 is false.
15 3 = 5 is true.
72 = 14 is false.
true and false is false.
(b) Premise 1: All sets which contain n
elements have 2n subsets.
Premise 2: Set A contains 3 elements.
Conclusion: Set A has 23 subsets.
The given argument is a type 1 argument.
Premise 1: All P is Q.
Premise 2: R is P.
Conclusion: R is Q.
where
P : 3 elements
Q : have 23 subsets
R : Set A
1 1
(ii) 24 is a multiple of 6 or > is
7 5
true.
24 is a multiple of 6 is true.
1 1
is false.
7 5
true or false is true.
(c) 1 = 2(1)3 1
15 = 2(2)3 1
53 = 2(3)3 1
127 = 2(4)3 1
The nth term is 2n3 1,
n = 1, 2, 3, 4,
2 (a) Some quadratic equations have two
distinct roots.
A quadratic equation may have two distinct
roots, two equal roots or no roots.
(b) Premise 1: If the side a rhombus is
5 cm, then its perimeter is
20 cm.
Premise 2: The side of rhombus P is
5 cm.
Conclusion: The perimeter of
rhombus P is 20 cm.
The given argument is a type 2 argument.
Premise 1: If p, then q.
Premise 2: p is true.
Conclusion: q is true.
where
p : The side of rhombus P is 5 cm.
q : The perimeter of rhombus P is 20 cm.
(b) If x 3, then x < 8.
The converse of the above statement is
If x 8, then x 3.
The converse is false.
When x 8, x = 7, 6, 5, 4, but x = 7, 6,
5 and 4 is not less than 3.
(c) 5x 10 if and only if x 2.
Implication 1: If 5x 10, then x
Implication 2: If x 2, then 5x
2.
10.
(c) Premise 1: If set M is a subset of set N,
then M N = M.
Premise 2: M
NM
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Conclusion: Set M is not a subset
of set N.
The given argument is a type 3 argument.
Premise 1: If p, then q.
Premise 2: Not q.
Conclusion: Not p.
where
p : set M is a subset of set N
q : M N = M
7
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 7 10/7/2008 3:18:06 PM
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Form 4 Chapter 5 The Straight Line
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 2x + 5y = 7
5y = 2x + 7
2 7
y = x +
5 5
2
4 m =
5
2 3x + 6y + 5 = 0
6y = 3x 5
1 5
y = x
2 6
5
4 c =
6
Paper 2
3
D(2, 3)
E
G(2, 0) O
Since DE passes through point D(2, 3),
x = 2 and y = 3.
1
3 = (2) + c
3
2 7
c=3=
3 3
Hence, the equation of DE is
1 7
y = x + .
3 3
At the x-axis, y = 0.
1 7
0 = x +
3 3
0 = x + 7
x =7
4 x-intercept = 7
(b) G is point (2, 0).
The equation of GF is y = mx + c, i.e.
1
y = x + c
3
x
y
F
1
(a) mDE = mGF =
3
The equation of DE is y = mx + c, i.e.
1
y = x + c
3
Since GF passes through point G(2, 0),
x = 2 and y = 3.
1
0 = (2) + c
3
2
c =
3
Hence, the equation of GF is
1 2
y = x
3 3
3y = x 2
8
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 8 10/7/2008 3:18:16 PM
Form 4 Chapter 6 Statistics III
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 2
1 (a) Distance (km)
21 30
31 40
41 50
51 60
61 70
71 80
81 90
Midpoint (x)
25.5
35.5
45.5
55.5
65.5
75.5
85.5
Tally f
2
4
11
10
8
4
1
| = 40
|
2160
(b) x = = = 54 km
40
|
(c) (i), (ii)
40
35
fx
51.0
142.0
500.5
555.0
524.0
302.0
85.5
| = 2160
Class boundaries
20.5 30.5
30.5 40.5
40.5 50.5
50.5 60.5
60.5 70.5
70.5 80.5
80.5 90.5
12
Cumulative
frequency
30
25
20
15
10
10
Frequency
8
6
4
2
5
0
29.5
0
20.5 30.5 40.5 50.5 60.5 70.5 80.5 90.5
39.5 49.5 59.5 69.5
75
79.5 89.5 99.5
Marks
Distance (km)
2 Marks
20 29
30 39
40 49
50 59
60 69
70 79
80 89
90 99
Upper
boundary
29.5
39.5
49.5
59.5
69.5
79.5
89.5
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99.5
Tally f
0
4
5
7
10
7
5
2
Cumulative
frequency
0
4
9
16
26
33
38
40
(c) (i) Q3 = 75
3
(ii) The third quartile means of the
4
students (i.e. 30 students) have
marks of 75 and below.
9
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 9 10/7/2008 3:18:25 PM
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Form 4 Chapter 8 Circles III
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
126
B
54
50
27
D
t
A
E
54
A
27
2
C
P
y
20
30
O 120
30
x
B
C
Angle in the
alternate segment
Q
HOB = HBA = 50
Angle in the
alternate segment
Angles on a
straight line
ABA = AAE = 54
XBA = 180 ABA
= 180 54
= 126
180 ABX
BAX =
2
180 126
=
2
= 27
t= BAX = 27
HOO + OOB = 50
20+ OOB = 50
OOB = 30
OBO = OOB = 30
OB = OQ
BD = BC
BOO = 180 OBO OOB
= 180 30 30
Angles in a triangle
= 120
BOO 120
y= = = 60
2 2
Angle in the
alternate segment
The angle subtended by an arc at the centre of a
circle is twice the angle at the circumference.
x= OHB = 60 Angle in the
alternate segment
4 x+ y= 60+ 60= 120
10
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 10 10/7/2008 3:18:33 PM
Form 4 Chapter 9 Trigonometry II
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
8 4
cos \ = cos HOP = =
10 5
x
13 cm
12 cm
T
5 cm
R 10 cm Q
y
P
y
13 cm
U
HOP is the basic angle
which corresponds to \.
cos \ is negative because \ is
an angle in the third quadrant.
V
S
3 The graph of y = cos x for 0
as shown below.
x 180is
5
sin x=
9
5
sin PEO =
9
RQ
=
SQ
10
=
SQ
5SQ =
SQ =
5

9
5

9
90
18
1
PEO is the basic angle
which corresponds to the
obtuse EO (x ). sin x
is positive because x is an
180
0
90
1
x
4
cos \ = 0.4226
Basic = 65
4 TQ = SQ ST = 18 13 = 5 cm
In UTQ, based on the Pythagorean triples,
TU = 12 cm.
12
tan y= tan TOY =
5
TOY is the basic angle which corresponds to the
obtuse HOY (y ). tan y is negative because y is
an angle in the second quadrant.
S
A
65
65
\2
\1
T C
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y
P(8, 6)
10
6
x
4 \1 = 180 65= 115
4 \2 = 180+ 65= 245
cos \ is negative in the
\
O
T
8 R
11
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 11 10/7/2008 3:18:40 PM
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Form 4 Chapter 10 Angles of Elevation and Depression
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
2
Angle of depression
40
Angle of elevation
P
40
15 m
xm
P
T
40
3m
1m
R
R
Q
xm
18 m
Q 15 m S
In PQR,
In RTP,
x
tan 40=
15
x = 15 tan 40
= 12.586 m
4 RS = 2x = 2 12.586 = 25.17 m
x
tan 40=
18
x = 18 tan 40
= 15.10 m
4 Height of tree = 15.10 + (3 1)
= 17.10 m
12
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 12 10/7/2008 3:18:50 PM
Form 4 Chapter 11 Lines and Planes in 3Dimensions
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
Orthogonal
projection
J
Normal
M
A
N
D
G
H
12 cm
F 5 cm M 5 cm E
N
Paper 2
3
B
10 cm
C
8 cm
K
L
The line is KN.
The normal is KJ.
The orthogonal projection is JN.
The angle between the line KN and the
plane NMJ is the angle between the line
KN and its orthogonal projection (JN), i.e.
KN0.
2
P
N Q
The line of intersection of the planes ABM
and ABCD is AB.
BAM is a right angle on the plane ABM.
BAA is a right angle on the plane ABCD.
Hence, the angle between the planes ABM
and ABCD is MAA.
A
5 cm
N
D
M
A
B
C
8 cm
The line of intersection of the planes NCM
and QBC is MC.
NMX is a right angle on the plane NCM.
OMX is a right angle on the plane QBC.
Hence, the angle between the planes NCM
and QBC is NMO.
M
Let N be the midpoint of AD.
In ANM,
8
tan MAN =
5
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MAN = 57.99(or MAA = 57.99)
13
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 13 10/7/2008 3:18:58 PM
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Form 5 Chapter 1 Number Bases
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
4 23405 = 2 53 + 3 52 + 4 51
+ 0 50
But it is given that:
23405 = 2 53 + 3 52 + y 51 + 0 50
Hence, by comparison, y = 4.
4
2
100
421
4
3 53
2
52
3
51
4
50
05
000 1112
421
0
421
78
8 157
8 19 5
8 2
0
3
2
1 1
1 1 0 0 12
+ 1 1 1 0 12
1 1 0 1 1 02
12 + 12 = 102
12 + 12 + 12 = 112
4 15710 = 2358
But it is given that 15710 = 2k58.
Hence, by comparison, k = 3.
14
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 14 10/7/2008 3:19:05 PM
Form 5 Chapter 2 Graphs of Functions II
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 The general shape of the cubic graph
y = 2x3 9 is
3 (a) When x = 1, y = 8 (1)3 = 9
When x = 1.5, y = 8 (1.5)3 = 4.625
(b)
y
10
8.4
8
The yintercept of y = 2x3 9 is 9.
Hence, the graph of y = 2x3 9 is as
shown below.
y
x
1.0 0.5
0.75
6
y = 8 x3
4
2
1.25
0
2
4
0.5 1.0
y = x
1.5 2.0
2.15
2.5
x
O
9
6
8
Paper 2
2 For y 2x + 4, shade above the straight
line y = 2x + 4 and it should be a solid
line.
For y x + 1, shade below the straight line
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y = x + 1 and it should be a solid line.
For x 4, shade to the left of the straight
line x = 4 and it should be a dashed line.
The region which satisfies all the given
inequalities is as follows.
y
6
4
(c) From the graph,
(i) when x = 1.25, y = 6
(ii) when y = 8.4, x = 0.75
Graph drawn (d) y = 8 x3
3
+0=x x8 Given equation
y = x
This is the equation of the straight
line which has to be drawn.
From the graph, the value of x which
satisfies the equation x3 x 8 = 0
is the x-coordinate of the point of
intersection of the curve y = 8 x3 and
the straight line y = x, i.e. x = 2.15.
y
2
=
x
+
1
2
O
2
4
x
2 4
+4
2x
y=
15
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 15 10/7/2008 3:19:14 PM
Form 5 Chapter 3 Transformations III
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 2
1
6
(b)
y
Centre of rotation
R
G H
(i) A(1, 3) + A(5, 0) + A(0, 5)
H G
(ii) A(1, 3) + A(3, 1) + A(7, 2)
4
A
2
B
O
2
C
4 6
x
P
Q
(c)
8
6
4
y
K
Q2
L
y=6 R
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4541/1
A and P. Construct a perpendicular
bisector of the line segment AP.
Draw a line segment to join the points
BQ. Construct a perpendicular bisector
of the line segment BQ.
(i) The centre of rotation is the point
of intersection of the perpendicular
bisectors of and , i.e. (3, 5).
(ii) The angle of rotation is 90
(anticlockwise).
(i)
P
2
Q M
O 2 4 6 8
x
PQR is transformed to KQR
under transformation V, i.e.
reflection in the straight line
y = 6.
(ii) KQR is transformed to KLM
under transformation W, i.e.
enlargement with centre (5, 9)
and a scale factor of 2.
16
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 16 10/7/2008 3:19:22 PM
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4541/1
Form 5 Chapter 4 Matrices
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 2 h 2 0 2 = 2
3 5 3 k 9
2 h 0 4 = 2
3 5 6 2k 9
2 h 4 = 2
9 5 2k 9
h4=0
h =4
4h+k=41=3
2 2A
1
1
0 = 5 2
4 9 8
2A = 5 2 + 1
9 8 1
2A = 6 2
8 12
1 A = 6 2
2 8 12
A = 3 1
4 6
5 2k
57
2
k
Hence, by comparison, k = 17 and
h = 4.
(b) 3x 4y = 5
2x + 3y = 8
The matrix equation is
3 4 x = 5
2 3 y 8
1
x = 3 4 5
17 2 3 y 8
1
x = 17
x
17 34 P y = y
x
x = 1 P 1P
y
y 2
x
I
0
7
0
7
0
7
=
=
=
=
7
2k
2k
1
5
8
= P 1
5
8
4 x = 1, y = 2
0
4
5 (a) Let A =
3 (k
4) 2 0 =
k 7
k(0) + 4(7)) =
(2k 28) =
2k =
k=
(14
(14
(14
14
7
28)
28)
28)
(k(2) + 4(k)
2 1
6 4
1
A1 = 4 1
2(4) (1)(6) 6 2
1
= 4 1
2 6 2
1
2
2
=
3 1
But it is given that A1 = 2 h .
3 1
1
Hence, by comparison, h = .
2
(b) 2m n = 6
6m + 4n = 20
The matrix equation is
2 1 m = 6
6 4 n 20
1
m = 2 6
2
n 3 1 20
1
m = 2 6 (20)
2
n 3 6 1(20)
m = 2
n 2
4 m = 2, n = 2
m
n
m
1
A A
n
m
I
n
m
n
A =
5
= P 1
y 8
x 5
1
=P
y 8
Paper 2
4 (a) PQ = 1
0
PP 1 = 1
0
4 Q = P 1
1 = 3
3(3) (4)(2) 2
1
= 3
17 2
4
3
h .
3
4
3
0
1
0
1
6
20
6
20
6
20
6
20
= A1
= A1
= A1
1 But it is given that Q = 3
k 2
17
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 17 10/7/2008 3:19:35 PM
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Form 5 Chapter 5 Variations
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 y x3
y = kx3, where k is a constant
When x = 3, y = 9,
9 = k(3)3
9
k =
27
1
k=
3
1
4 y = x3
3
8
When x = k and y = ,
3
8 = k3 1

3 3
3
k =8
k =2
1
2 Q
3
R
k
Q = , where k is a constant
1

R3
Q = kR
1

3
m
3 s
n
km
s = , where k is a constant
n
1
When m = 2 and n = 8, s =
2
k(2) 1 =

8
2
4k = 8
k =2
2m
4 s =
n
When s = 25 and m = 50,
2(50)
25 =
n
100
n =
25
n =4
18
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 18 10/7/2008 3:19:42 PM
Chapter 6 Gradient and Area Under a Graph
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 2
1
Speed (m s1)
16
400
10
8
P
O
Q
Time (s)
O
5 11 22
Time (min)
2 Distance (m)
d
4 7 n 18
(a) Rate of change of speed from nth s to
5
18th s = m s2
2
10 0
5
=
18 n 2
5(18 n)
90 5n
5n
5n
20
20
90 20
70
70
n =
5
n = 14
=
=
=
=
(a) The length of time Normala stops for a
rest
= 11 5
Horizontal part of
= 6 minutes
the graph
(b) Speed in the first 5 minutes
400
5
= 80 m min1
(c) Average speed
Total distance

Total time
d

22
d
= 30 m min1
= 30
= 30
= 660
(b) (i) Length of time the particle travels
at a uniform speed
=n7
Horizontal part of
= 14 7
the graph
=7s
(ii) Average speed in the first 7 s
Total distance
=
Total time
Area P + Area Q
=
Total time
1 1
(8 + 16)(4) + (16 + 10)(3)
2 2
=
7
87
=
7
3
= 12 m s1
7
19
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 19 10/7/2008 3:19:50 PM
Form 5 Chapter 7 Probability I & II
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1 Let S Sample space
A Event that the card drawn is a factor
of 48
A = {6, 12, 24, 16, 3, 4, 8}
= {3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24}
n(A) = 7
7 n(A)
4 P(A) = =
12
n(S)
2 Let M Event that a male fish is chosen
F Event that a female fish is chosen
S Sample space
5 7
P(F) = 1 =
12 12
n(F) 7
=
12
n(S)
35 7
=
12
n(S)
12
n(S) = 35
7
= 60
3 Let R
B
H
S
P(B) =
n(H) =
=
=

Event of drawing a red pen
Event of drawing a blue pen
Event of drawing a black pen
Sample space
2
50 = 20
5
n(S) n(R) n(B)
50 18 20
12
4 Let M Event that a male student is chosen
F Event that a female student is chosen
H Event that a student carrying a
handphone is chosen
S Sample space
n(S) = n(M) + n(F) = 24 + 16 = 40
5
n(H) = P(H) n(S) = 40 = 25
8
Hence, the number of male students who
carry handphones
= Total number of students who carry
handphones Number of female students
who carry handphones
= 25 7
= 18
Paper 2
5 (a) Let R Event that a red cube is drawn
Y Event that a yellow cube is drawn
P(RR or YY)
2 4 3 6
= +
5 10 5 10
13
Outcomes
=
5
25 R RR
11
5R
2 (b)

5
R
2R
3Y
Jar
3

5
6

Bowl 11
4

11
Y 4R
7Y
7

Bowl 11
6Y
Y
R
RY
YR
Y YY
P(RR or YY) = P(RR) + P(YY)
2 5 3 7
= +
5 11 5 11
31
=
55
20
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 20 10/7/2008 3:19:59 PM
Form 5 Chapter 8 Bearing
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
Bearing of R from T
N2
T
42
N1
S
42
42
R
P
TS = TR
RS //VT and alternate
angles are equal.
V Q
2
N1
50
20
130
R
N2
Bearing of P
from R
TPE = TEP = 42
TP = TPE = 42
4 Bearing of R from T
= 180+ 42
= 222
N1QR = 50 It is given that the bearing of
R from Q is 050.
N2RQ = 180 50= 130
QN1//RN2 and the sum of
interior angles is 180.
4 Bearing of P from R
= 360 (130+ 20)
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21
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 21 10/7/2008 3:20:06 PM
Form 5 Chapter 9 Earth as a Sphere
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 1
1
Paper 2
3
Q
N
N
P
F
65
G
0
O
35
H
35E
J
M
55W
42 O
T
S
42S
10E
S
Since the longitude of point H is 35E,
IOH = 35.
Since the difference in longitude between
point F and point H is 100, uOH = 100.
4 IOu = 100 35= 65
Therefore, the longitude of point F is 65W.
Hence, the longitude of point J is
(180 65)E = 115E
2
D
H
A
40
O 40
B
F 40S
S
N
50N
(a) Longitude of point P = (180 55)E
= 125E
(b) Distance of MT
= (55 + 10) 60 cos 42
= 2898.3 n.m.
(c) Distance of MQ = 4740 n.m.
Fb: 2011 SPM Tips/Ramalan/Soalan Bocor (Public page)

4541/1
4740
MOO = = 79
60
Hence, the latitude of point Q
= (79 42)N
= 37N
Distance of MNP
(d) Time =
Speed
180 60
=
660
= 16.36 hours
= 16 hours 22 minutes
MOH = 180
because MP is the
diameter of the earth.
0.36 hours
= 0.36 60
= 22 minutes
Since the difference in latitude between
point D and point F is 90, then
BOu = 90 50= 40
Therefore, AOH = 40because FOH is the
diameter of the earth.
Hence, the latitude of point H is 40N.
22
Suc Math SPM (Passport).indd 22 10/7/2008 3:20:14 PM

Form 5 Chapter 10 Plans and Elevations
Passport To Success
(Fullyworked Solutions)
Paper 2
1 (a)
(ii)
M/N 3 cm J/R
T/S 2 cm
V/U
L 3 cm B/A 4 cm
J/M
1 cm
N/T
7 cm
5 cm
Q/P
U/P L/V
Plan
K/Q
C
Elevation as viewed from Y
R/S
(b) (i)
L/A/M 3 cm B/J
U/T 2 cm 1 cm
V/N
6 cm
5 cm
P/S Q/C/R
Fb: 2011 SPM Tips/Ramalan/Soalan Bocor (Public page)

4541/1
Elevation as viewed from X