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Steps in Direct Instruction

• Explain the strategy


(tell or show what it is and how it works)

• Demonstrate the strategy


(provide a good model using Think-Aloud)

• Guide the students to apply the strategy


(provide multiple opportunities to practice with guidance)

• Practice the strategy


(create settings for group, paired, and independent practice)

• Reflect on strategy
(afford opportunities to think, talk and discuss the strategy and its use)

Generating Questions
Narrative Text Expository Text
Previewing What is this story about? What do I really know about…?
What might happen in this story?

Self-Questioning Why is the…telling this story? Why did this event occur?

Making Connections How does this story compare or How does the text description of
contrast to another story? …compare or contrast to…?

Visualizing Is my mental picture of the main What did the…look like? To


character still good? Do I need to what can it be compared?
change it?

Knowing How Words Work Does the word make sense in the What clues in the text can I use
sentence? to figure out the word, …?

Monitoring Does what I’m reading make sense? Does what I’m reading make
If not, what can I do to clarify? sense? How can I find out?

Summarizing What has happened so far? What is the most important


information in the chapter?

Evaluating Do I believe this story? Why? How would my life be different


How does this story rank with other if…?
stories I’ve read?