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Ti liu luyn thi H-C

Trn Lc- QX3


A/ Ph ng trnh loga rit:
Dng 1: log
a
f(x)=m

'

<
m
a x f
a
) (
1 0

Dng 2: log
a
f(x)=log
a
g(x)

'

>
>

<
0 ) (
0 ) (
) ( ) (
1 0
x g
x f
x g x f
a

A) Gii cc ph ng trnh sau:
1)
2 )
1
( log
3
1

x
x=-9
2) log
2
(2x-5)
2
=2 x=1,5;x=3,5
3)
2
1
32
1
log 2 , 0
x
x=4
4)
2 3 log
3
log

x
x=
3
3

5)
1
2
log
10
2
log
5 5
+

+
x
x
x=3
6)
) 4 ( log ) 3 ( log ) 54 2 ( log
3
3
1
2
3
+ + x x x
x=6
7)
3 log 3 log
1
1
3
5
+
+

x
x
x=-4
8)
3 2 log 8 log
2
2

x
x
x=16, x=0,5
9) 0 1 lg 20 lg
3 2
+ x x x=10, x=
9
10 .
10) 2
2
log 4 log
4
4
2
+
x
x x=2
11)
0 9 log 4 2 log
2
4
+ + x
x
x=1/4, x=1/
4
2

12)
3
4
1
3
4
1
2
4
1
) 6 ( log ) 4 ( log 3 ) 2 ( log
2
3
+ + + x x x
x=2, x=1- 33
13) log
2
(x
2
-3) - log
2
(6x-10) + 1 = 0 x=2
14) log
3
(x
2
-6) = log
3
(x-2) + 1 x=3
15) log
x
(2x
2
-3x-4) = 2 x=4
16) log
x+1
(x
2
-3x+1) = 1 x=4
17) log
2
(9
x
+5.3
x+1
) = 4 x=.?
18) log
2
(4
x
+1)=log
2
(2
x+3
-6) + x x=0
19) log
4
log
2
x+log
2
log
4
x = 2 x=16
20) ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log
2
6
2
3
2
2
+ x x x x x x x=1, x=
) 3 3 (
2
1
2 log 2 log
6 6

+
.
21) ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log
2
20
2
5
2
4
+ x x x x x x x=1, x= ) 5 5 (
2
1
4 log 4 log
20 20

+ .
HSPVinh:AB.2002
22)
0 ) 1 4 3 4 ( log
2
1
) 1 ( log
3 3
+ + x x x x
x=4 v 0 x1
23) log
2
(x+1)(x-4)=1+log
2
(4-x)
Ch bin: Trn Lc 1
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
24)
) 3 4 4 ( log
4
2
2
2
cot
2 2
+

+
x x
xy g xy tg

k y
x
2
2
1
vi: kZ
25)
3 log log 2 9 log
2 2 2
3 . x x x
x

x=2
26) x x
3 2
log ) 1 ( log + x=9
27) lg(x
2
-x-6) + x =lg(x+2) + 4 x=4
28)
) 2 ( log 2 ) 2 ( log 5 log ) 1 ( log
25
1 5
5
1
2
5
+ + + x x x
x= 21 /2
29) 0 16 ) 1 ( log ) 1 ( 4 ) 1 ( log ) 2 (
3
2
3
+ + + + + x x x x x=2, x=
81
80

.
30)
5 , 1 lg ) 1 ( log + x
x
x
31)
2
1
) 2 1 3 ( log
2
3
+
+
x x
x
x
2
5 3 +
v x =
2
29 9
32) x
x
3 ) 2 9 ( log
2
x=0 v x =3
33)
x
x
x
x
2
3
3 2 3
log
2
1
3
log log
3
log +
x=1 v x =
8
3
34) log
2
x + 2log
7
x = 2 + log
2
xlog
7
x x=7 v x = 4
35)
2 log ) 2 ( log
2
2
+ +
+
x x
x x
x=2
HNNghip I: B
2002
36)
) 3 2 ( log ) 4 4 ( log
1
2
1 2
+
+ x x
x
x=2 HCon:
2002
37) 4 ) 21 23 6 ( log ) 4 12 9 ( log
2
3 2
2
7 3
+ + + + +
+ +
x x x x
x x
x= -1/4 HKTQD:
2002
38)
) 1 ( log 2
2 log
1
) 1 3 ( log
2
3
2
+ + +
+
x x
x
x=1 HAn Ninh:
2002
39) 1 ) 6 9 ( log log
3

x
x
x HDLng
: 2002
40) 1 3 ) 2 3 . 4 9 ( log
1
3
+
+
x
x x
x=0 v x= 1 ) 15 3 ( log
3
+ HDLPhng ng:
2002
41)
2
2 2 2
log 2 log 6 log 4
4 2.3
x x
x
x= 1/4 HSP & HLut HCM:
A
2002

42)
2
9
3
3 2
27
) 3 ( log
2
1
log
2
1
) 6 5 ( log +

+ x
x
x x x=5/3 HVin Ctr QG-Pvin bo
ch: 2002
43)
3
8
2
2
4
) 4 ( log 4 log 2 ) 1 ( log x x x + + + +
x=2 v x= 24 2 HBKHNi: A
2002
44) ) 2 ( log log
3 7
+ x x x=49
HKTrcHNi: 2002
45)
2
3
2
3
2 log ) 1 ( log x x x x x + + x=1 HNghoi ThngHN:
2002
46) log
2
(x
2
+x+1)+log
2
(x
2
-x+1)=log
2
(x
4
+x
2
+1)+log
2
(x
4
-x
2
+1) x=0 v x=t1
Hvin QHQt: 2002
47) 3 ) 2 9 ( log
2
+
x
x x=0 v x=3
HHu: A-B
2002
Ch bin: Trn Lc 2
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
48) ) 9 3 . 11 ( log ) 3 3 ( log 3 log ) 1 (
5
1
5 5
+ +
+ x x
x x=0 v x=2 HSPVinh: D-G-
M
2002
49)
3 log
2
1
log
2
1
) 6 5 ( log
3
3
2 2
9
+

+ x
x
x x
x=5/3 HCNgh BCVThng:
2002
50)
) 4 ln( ) 3 2 ln( ) 4 ln( ) 3 2 ln(
2 2
x x x x + +
x=? HAnGiang: A-
B
2002

51)
0 log 40 log 14 log
4
3
16
2
2
+ x x x
x x x
x=? HCnh st :
2002
52) 2 log )
2
log
2
(log log ) 2 log 2 (log
2
4 4 2
2
2 4 2
+ + + x
x
x
x x x x=? Hthu sn : 2002
53)
0 ) 2 cos
2
(sin log ) sin
2
(sin log
3
1 3
+ + x
x
x
x
x=-
6
7
2 ; 4
6
k x m

+ + ?
54) 1
1 2
2
log
4
1 2

+
+

x
x
x
x=?
55)
2
1
) 2 1 3 ( log
2
3
+
+
x x
x
x=?
56) x x x
2
3
3
log 2 ) 1 ( log 3 + + x=4096
57)
1 ) 3 ( log
2
3

x
x x
x=1
58)
) 1 3 ( log ) 1 1 ( log
2
x x
a
a
+ +
x
59) log
3
(2x+1)+log
5
(4x+1)+log
7
(6x+1)=3x x=0 v x=1
60)
1 9 log ) 14 8 ( log
4 4
2
3
2

+ + x x
x x
x=-4
61) 2 1 lg 1 lg 3 1 lg
2 2
+ + + x x x x
62)
) 2 2 (
4
1
log
2
1
+ + x x x
x=
2
1
t
63)
8
1
) 2 lg(
2
1
+ x
x
x=3
64)
) 3 2 ( log ) 2 2 ( log
2
3 2
2
3 2 2

+
+
x x x x
x= 3 4 11 1 + t
65)
2 log
cos 2 sin
sin 2 2 sin 3
log
2 2
7 7 x x
x x
x x

x=
66)
9
11
) 2 2 ( log
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
2 2
2 2
+ +

+
+ +
+

+
+
+
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x=9/7 v x=7/9
57) (x+1)
lg(x+1)
=100(x+1) x=-9/10 v x=99
58)
5 log 3 log
2 2
x x x +
(x>0) x=2
59)
64 2 . 3
5 5
log 2 log
+
x
x
x=625
60)
) 5 2 ( log
2
25
1
) 5 3 (
5 3
1
x x
x
x
+

x=2 v x =
2
13 5 +
61)
) 2 7 1 ( log
2
4
1
) 1 2 (
1 2
1
x x
x
x
+

x=?
62)
116 5 9
2 ) 2 1 ( log
3

x
x

x=-13
63) log
3
(3
x
-8)=2-x x=2
Ch bin: Trn Lc 3
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
64) log
7
(7
-x
+6)=1+x x=?
65)
0 2 2 2
1 log log 1 log
5 5
2
5
+
+ x x x
x=5
66)
243 log
27 log
)
27
125
( )
5
3
(
5
5
) 1 ( log
) 1 ( log 2
27
1
9

+
x
x
x=2
67)
5 7 3 log
36
6
x x
x

x=? HM a cht :
2002
68)Tm cc nghim ca:
24 2 2 2
1 log 1 ) 16 ( log ) 16 ( log 2
5
2
3
2
3
+ +
+ x x x
tho mn: 0
4
1 3
cos <

+
x
x
x=? HLNghip: 2002
69)
2 log log
1 ) 2 2 ( ) 2 2 (
2 2
x x
x x
+ + + x=1 HMHN: A-D
2001
& HQGHNi:
A
2001
70) 2 6 log
2
log
2
2
9 . 2 x x
x

x=2 v x =
2 log 1
1
3
2

71) 1 2 ) 1 2 . 3 ( log
2
+ x
x
x H Nng: B
1997
72)
1 1
1
1 1
1
2
3 lg lg
3 2
+ +

+ +
x x
x
x x
73)
4 ) 2 ( log ) 2 ( log ) 2 ( log
2 , 0
3
5
5
+ + x x x
x=3
74)
5 , 0 log 3 log log 3 log
3 3
+ + + x x
x
x
75)
0 1 2 2 2
1 log log 1 log
5 5
2
5
+
+ x x x

76) ) 1 1 2 ( log log log 2
3 3
2
9
+ x x x
77)
0 4 log 3 4 log 2 4 log 3
16 4
+ +
x x x

78) log
5
x+log
3
x=log
5
3log
9
225
79) 5 , 2 )
5
2
(
) 8 5 ( log
2
25 , 0

x x
x=?
80)
0 ) 2 cos (cos log ) sin (cos log
1
+ + x x x x
x
x
81) x x x
4
8 4
6
log ) ( log 2 +
82) log
2
(6
x
+2.3
2x+2
)=2x+2
B) Gii cc ph ng trnh (c iu kin) sau:
1) Tm ga tr Min ca hm s: y=
) 1 ( log ) 3 ( log
2
3
2
1
2 2
+ +
+
x x
x x
.
2) Tm tt c cc nghim ca phng trnh: (2
x x
2
) 1
.
*) Thuc min xc nh ca hm s: y= lg(4x-1)
x=1
*) Thuc min xc nh ca hm s: y= ln(x
2
- x-2)
x=-5/3
3) Gii: log
a
axlog
x
ax=
a
a
1
log
2 vi: 0<a 1 x=1/a
2
v x=
a
1
4) Xc nh m phng trnh:
0 ) 2 2 ( log 2 ) 3 2 ( log 4
2
1
2 2
2
2
+ + +
+
m x x x
x x m x
c ba nghim? m=1/2 , m =3/2 v m=1
5) nh m phng trnh:
0 ) 1 2 2 ( log ) 4 ( log
3
1
2
3
+ + m x mx x
c nghim duy nht?
m=0 ,

2
1
m
10
1

Ch bin: Trn Lc 4
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
6) nh m phng trnh:
2
) 1 ( log
log
5
5

+ x
mx
c nghim duy nht? m=?
7) Tm x : ) 1 3 ( log ) 6 5 ( log
2
2
2 2 3 2
2
+
+
x x x m x m
m
c nghim ng vi mi m?
x=5.
8) Tm x : ) 1 5 ( log ) 5 3 5 ( log
2
2
2 2
2
+ +
+
x x mx x m
m
ng vi mx=?
HYHphng:2001
9) Tm m phng trnh: lg(x
2
+mx) lg(x-3) = 0 c nghim?
10) Vi gi tr no ca x th:
2 lg
1
lg
2
2
+
+
x
x y
t gi tr nh nht?
11) Cho hm s:
) 2 ( log
) 1 (
+
+

m mx
m x m
y
a
vi: 0<a 1
a) Tm min xc nh ca hm s khi m=
2
1

b) Tm tt c cc gi tr ca m hm s xc nh vi 1 x .
12) Tm m cc nghim x
1
,x
2
ca :
0 ) 2 ( log ) 4 2 2 ( log 2
2 2
2
1
2 2
4
+ + + m mx x m m x x
tho:
1
2
2
2
1
> + x x
13) Tm tt c cc gi tr ca m :
0 1 ) 2 ( log ) 5 ( ) 2 ( log ) 1 (
2
1
2
2
1
+ m x m x m

c 2 nghim tho mn: 2<x
1
x
2
<4.
14) Tm m phng trnh:
) 3 (log 3 log log
2
4
2
2
1
2
2
+ x m x x
c nghim thuc
[ ) + ; 32
15) Gii v bin lun phng trnh:
4 ) 2 ( log
2
2
2
+

m x
x
tu theo m R .
16) Gii v bin lun :
)
2
1 ( log ) 2 ( log )
2
1 ( log ] ) 1 3 ( 1 [ ) 2 ( log ] ) 2 ( 1 [
2
11
2
3
2
11
2 2
3
2
x
x x
x
m x x m + + + + +
17) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: 2lgx - lg(x-1) = lga vi aR.
18) Gii v bin lun phng trnh: 2x
2
+(1- log
3
m)x+ log
3
m 1 = 0 vi m
*
+
R
19) Gii v bin lun phng trnh:
0 log log log
2
+ + a a a
x a
ax x
vi a
*
+
R
20) Tm m :
0 log ) 1 ( log
2 5
2
2 5
+ + + +
+
x m mx x
c nghim duy nht?
21) Tm m :
0 ) ( log ) 4 ( log
2
7
1 7
+ + x mx x m
c ng hai nghim phn bit?
22) Cho phng trnh: 0 4 ) 1 lg( ) 1 ( 2 ) 1 ( lg ) 1 (
2 2 2 2 2
+ + + + m x x m x x
a) Gii phng trnh khi: m=-4
b) Tm m phng trnh c ng hai nghim tho:
3 1 x
23) Tm a : x ax x
a a
log ) 3 ( log
2
+ c nghim?
24) Tm a : log
2
(2
x
+1).log
2
(2
x+1
+2)=2+a c nghim?
25) Tm a :
) 2 ( log
) 2 ( log
2
2
2
2
+ +
+ + +
x x
a
a x x
c nghim thuc: (0;1)?
B/ Bt Ph ng trnh loga rit:
Ch bin: Trn Lc 5
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
Dng 1: log
a
f(x) > m

'

>
>

'

>
<
< <

m
m
a x f
a
x f
a x f
a
) (
1
0 ) (
) (
1 0
Dng 2: log
h(x)
f(x) > log
h(x)
g(x)

'

>
>
>

'

>
<
< <

0 ) (
) ( ) (
1 ) (
0 ) (
) ( ) (
1 ) ( 0
x g
x g x f
x h
x f
x g x f
x h
A) Gii cc bt ph ng trnh sau:
1) lg(x+4)+lg(9x+46)>3 x 6
2) log
4x-3
x
2
>1 x
( ) ; 3
3) log
x
(x
3
-x
2
-2x)<3 x
( ) + ; 2

4)
0
6 4
log
5
1

+
x
x
x
,
_


2
3
; 2

5) lg
2
x-lgx
3
+20 x
( ] [ ) + ; 100 10 ; 0

6) 1+log
2
(x-1) log
x-1
4 x
[ ) ( ) + ; 3 2 ; 4 / 5

7)
0
1 ) 4 ( log
5
2

x
x
x=5 v x ( ) + + ; 2 4
8)
0
5 4
) 3 ( log
2
2
2

x x
x
x=4 v x
( ) + ; 5
9)
4
1 log log
2
3
2
9
x
x x=2 v x
( ] 5 / 4 ; 0

10) 2
7
1
log log
7

x
x x
( ) + ; 1
11)
5
1
log 2 log 2
5 x
x
x
( ) + ; 1

12) log
x
2.log
2x
2.log
2
4x>1 x ( ) ( )
2 2
2 ; 1 5 , 0 ; 2


13)
1
14
2 24
log
2
16
25
2
>

x x
x
x
( ) ( ) 4 ; 3 1 ; 3

14)
0
3
1 2
log log
2
2
1
<
+

+
x
x
x x
( ) + ; 4
15)
64
1
log
12
1
2 ) 6 ( log
2
1
2
2 2
3
2
+ <
+
x
x
x 1
]
1


2
3
;
2
6

16)
0 ) 22 10 ( log
2
2
log
2
> + x x
x
x=?
17)
12 6
6 6
log 2 log
+
x x
x
x=?
18) lgx(lg
2
x+lgx
2
-3) 0 x=?
19)
x
x x
x
x x
x
2
log ) 2 24 2 14 ( ) 1
2
)( 12 7 2 (
2 2
+ + +
x=4
Ch bin: Trn Lc 6
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
20)
0 9 log log log
1 2
2
1
>
x
x
( ) 10 ; 4
21)
1
log 1
log 1
2
>
+
+
x
x
a
a
(0<a 1) x =?
22)
2
1
2
2 4
log
2

x
x
x x
( ) ( ] 7 3 ; 2 2 ; 1 3 1 ;
2
1
+
1
]
1

+
HVinh1999
23)
) 3 ( log 5 log log
2
1
3
1 3 9
+ > + x x x
x
( ) ; 0

24) log
x
(4+2x)<1 x
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ; 2 1 ; 0 0 ; 1 1 ; 2
25)
4
3
16
1 3
log ) 1 3 ( log
4
1 4

x
x
x
1
]
1

1
]
1

3
10
; 3
3
1
; 0

26)
0 5 4 log
8 4 12
2
>

x
x x
x
,
_


,
_

2
3
;
4
5
4
5
; 1
27) 0
4 3
) 1 ( log ) 1 ( log
2
3
3
2
2
>

+ +
x x
x x
x
( ) ( ) ; 4 0 ; 1
HBch Khoa H
Ni:19997
28)
2 ) 16 18 5 ( log
2
3
> + x x
x
x
( )

,
_

; 8 1 ;
3
1
HThng mi H Ni: 1997
29)
2
2 lg lg
) 2 3 lg(
2
>
+
+
x
x x
x HKTrc H
Ni:1997
30)
3 16 log 64 log
2
2
+
x
x
x
( ] 4 ; 1 2 ;
2
1
3
1

,
_


HY H Ni:1997
31)
0 6 log ) 5 2 ( log ) 1 (
2
1
2
2
1
+ + + + x x x x
x
( ] [ ) ; 4 2 ; 0
HLut - Dc H
Ni:2002
32)
1 )
3
1
(
] 3 ) 2
2
( [log log
1
2
log
2
3
1
2
3

+ +
x
x
x

,
_

+ +

2
217 1
;
2
73 1
Hti chnh H
Ni:2002
33)
1
2
2 3
log >
+
+
x
x
x
x
( ) 2 ; 1
Hc Vin qhQT: D
2002
34) log
x
log
9
(3
x
-9) 1 x >log
13
10 HVHo
: D
2002
35)
0 2 ) 5 ( log 6 ) 5 ( log 3 ) 5 ( log
25
1
5 5
2
5
1
+ + + x x x
x =?
36) 2 )
16
31
2 ( log log
5 , 0 2

x
x =?
37)
32
4 log
2

+ x
x
x =? CngGTVTi: 2002
38)
2
1
2
lg 2
1
2
lg 4
2
2
2
>
+
+
+
+
x
x
x
x
x =?
39)
1
3 ) 3 9 ( log
1
3

x
x
x
[ ) 2 ; 10 log 2
3

40) ) 2 4 3 ( log 1 ) 2 4 3 ( log
2
3
2
9
+ + > + + + x x x x x
,
_


1
]
1

1 ;
3
1
1 ;
3
7
H SP-HCM: A-B
2001
Ch bin: Trn Lc 7
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
41)
0 ) 1 6 2 8 (
1
5
log ) 1 3 4 (
2
5
2
+ + + + x x
x
x
x x
x =1 KTQD: A
2001
42) log
2
(2
x
+1)+log
3
(4
x
+2) 2 x
( ] 0 ;
HNTh-
ng: A
2001
43) log
2
x+log
2x
84 x
1
1
]
1


,
_

+
2
13 3
2
13 3
2 ; 2
2
1
; 0
HYthi
bnh: 2001
44)
2 2000 log 1 < +
x x
( )

,
_

; 2000
2000
1
; 0
3
H Nng: 2001
45)
) 2 ( log 3 log 6 log
3
1
3
1
2
3
+ > + x x x x
x =?
46)
2 ) 2 2 ( log ) 1 2 ( log
1
2
1 2
>
+ x x
x ( ) 3 log ; 5 log 2
2 2
+
47)
) 3 (log 5 3 log log
2
4
2
2
1
2
2
> + x x x
x
( ) 16 ; 8
2
1
; 0
1
]
1


48)
3
2 log 2 log x x
x x
x
[ )
,
_

; 2
2
1
; 0
3
49)
3
) 5 ( log
) 35 ( log
3

x
x
a
a
vi: 0<a 1 x
[ ] 3 ; 2
50)
) 1 ( log log ) 1 ( log log
2
5
1 3
2
5
2
1
x x x x + > + +
x
,
_


5
12
;
51) log
2
xlog
3
2x + log
3
xlog
2
3x o x
[ )
1
]
1

; 1
6
6
; 0
52)
x
x x x
x
x
3
3 5
5
log
) log 2 ( log
3
log log

< +
x
( ) 3 ; 1
5
5
; 0

,
_

53)
2
2
2
2
4 3 2
6 5 5 log ) ( log 6 5 x x x x x x x x x x + + + > + + x
1
]
1

3 ;
2
5
54)
0
3 5 2
) 11 4 ( log ) 11 4 ( log
2
3 2
11
2 2
5


+
x x
x x x x
x ( ) 15 2 ; 2
55) ) 1 1 2 ( log log log 2
3 3
2
9
+ > x x x x
( ) 4 ; 1
56)
0
1 3 2
5
5
lg
<
+

+
x
x
x
x
x
( ) ( ) 3 ; 1 0 ; 5

57) ) 1 ( log
1
1 3 2 log
1
3
1
2
3
1
+
>
+
x
x x
x =?
58) log
4
(x+7)>log
2
(x+1) x =?
59)
1 ) 2 3 ( log
2
> x
x
60)
1 ) 3 ( log
2
3
>

x
x x

61) (4
x
-12.2
x
+32).log
2
(2x-1) 0
62)
2 ) 8 3 ( log
3
1
> x
x

63) 1
1
3 2
log
3
<

x
x

B ) Gii cc bt ph ng trnh (c iu kin) sau:
Ch bin: Trn Lc 8
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
1) Trong cc nghim ca:
1 ) ( log
2 2
+
+
y x
y x
Hy tm nghim c tng: x+2y ln
nht?
2) Chng minh rng:
2
log 2 log log
2 2 2
b a
b a
+
+ Vi: a,b 1
3) Tm nghim ca:
3 2 sin
2
1
sin 3
2
+ x x
Tho mn: lg(x
2
+x+1)<1
4) Gii: log
a
(x
2
-x-2)>log
a
(-x
2
+2x+3) bit n c mt nghim x=9/4.
5) Cho
0 3 log ) 6 ( log ) 1 5 ( log
2
5
2
1
+ + + + + +
a
a
ax x ax x
.Tm a bpt c nghim duy nht?
tm nghim ?
6) Vi gi tr no ca a th bpt: log
2a+1
(2x-1)+log
a
(x+3)>0. c tho mn ng thi ti
x=1 v x=4.
7) Gii v bin lun theo a: log
x
a + log
a
x + 2cosa 0
8) Cho hai bt phng trnh: log
x
(5x
2
-8x+3)>2
(1)
v x
2
- 2x + 1 - a
4
0
(2)
.
Xc nh a sao cho: Mi nghim ca (1) cng l nghim ca (2) ?
9) Gii v bin lun bt phng trnh: log
x
100 -
2
1
log
m
100 > 0.
10) Vi gi tr no ca m th bpt:
3 ) 2 ( log
2
2
1
> + m x x
c nghim v mi nghim ca
n u thuc min
xc nh ca hm s: 2 log ) 1 ( log
1
3
+
+
x x y
x x
11) Gii v bin lun:
x a x
x
a
2 1 log
>
+
12) Cho:
x m x m x m x
2
1
2
log ) ( 3 ) 3 ( < + +

(1)
.
a) Kim nghim rng vi m=2 th bt phng trnh khng c nghim?
b) Gii v bin lun (1) theo m!
13) Cho
3
) 5 ( log
) 35 ( log
3
>

x
x
a
a

(1)
. Vi: 0<a 1 v 1+log
5
(x
2
+1)-log
5
(x
2
+4x+m)>0
(2)
.
Tm tt c cc gi tr ca m sao cho mi nghim ca (1) u l nghim c
(2)?
14) Tm cc gi tr x tho: x>1 nghim ng bpt:

1 ) 1 ( log
2 2
2
< +
+
m x
m
x x
Vi: . 4 0 < m x>3 HGTVTi: 2002
15) Gii v bin lun:
2 log
2
1
log log log log
2 2
a a
a a
a
x x +
x=? HNNI: A
2002
16) Gii v bin lun:
1 ) 1 ( log
2
2
1
< + +ax x
x=? HThng
long: A
2002
17) Tm m sao cho: log
m
(x
2
-2x+m+1)>0. ng vi mi x. x=? H
nng: A
2002
18) Tm m :
0 2 ) 5 ( log 6 ) 5 ( log 3 ) 5 ( log
25
1
5 5
5
1
+ + + x x x
v:
0 ) 35 )( ( x m x

ch c 1 nghim chung duy nht? x=? Vin
HMHN: A
2002
19) Tm m
[ ] 2 ; 0 x
u tho: 5 ) 2 ( log 2 log
2
4
2
2
+ + + m x x m x x x=?
HspHN: A
2001
20) Cho bt phng trnh: x a x
2 2
log log > +
a) gii khi a=1? x

,
_

+
2
5 1
2 ;
2
1
Ch bin: Trn Lc 9
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
b) Xc nh a bpt c nghim? a
4
1

HVin
BCVT: A
2002
21) nh m : log
x-m
(x
2
-1)>log
x-m
(x
2
+x-2) c nghim? x =? H
lt: A-B
2002
22) Tm m : 0 )
1
log 1 ( 2 )
1
log 1 ( 2 )
1
log 2 (
2 2 2
2

+
+
+
+ +
+

m
m
m
m
x
m
m
x c nghim duy
nht? m=
31
32

23) Tm m :
x m x m x m x
2
1
2
log ) ( 3 ) 3 ( + +
c nghim duy nht? tm nghim
? m=2.
24) nh m :
x x x
m
2 2 2
sin cos sin
3 . 3 2 +
c nghim? x =? HQGHN:
1999
C/ Ph ng trnh m:
A) Gii cc ph ng trnh sau:
1)
1 3
8 6
2

+ x x
x =2 v x=4.
2)
x x
)
2
25 , 0
( 4 . 125 , 0
8 2
x =
3
38

3) 5
2x-1
+5
x+1
- 250 = 0 x =2
4) 9
x
+ 6
x
= 2.4
x
x =0
5)
4 3 6 4
25 5

x x
x =7/5
6)
2 2 4 3
9 3

x x
x = ?
7) 2
2x-3
- 3.2
x-2
+ 1 = 0 x =1 v x=2
8)
2 4 4 2
)
2
5
( )
5
2
(

x x
x =1
9)
0 3 3 . 4 3
2 4
+
x x
x =0 v x=
4
1

10) 5
2x
- 7
x
- 5
2x
.35 + 7
x
.35 = 0 x =
2
1

11)
4
4 10
2
9
2
2
x
x
+

x =3
12) 3 3 , 0 . 2
100
3
2
+
x
x
x
x =
1 3 lg
3 lg

13)
x
x
100 1 , 0 . 1000 x =1 v x=
2
1

14)
7 3 3 1 3 1 3
8 2

x x x x
x
15) 2
x
.5
x
=0,1(10
x-1
)
5
x =
2
3

16) 36 3 . 2
x x
x =4
17)
4 2
1
) 1 (
3 9
x x
x =
2
3
v x=
2
1


18)
4 3 1
)
3
4
(
2
1
3
4
. )
4
3
(

x x
x =2
19) 3
x
+3
x+1
+3
x+2
=5
x
+5
x+1
+5
x+2
x =
43
31
log
5
3
Ch bin: Trn Lc 10
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
20) 2
x
+2
x-1
+2
x-2
=7
x
+7
x-1
+7
x-2
x =
343
228
log
7
2
21)
4
4 x x
x x
x =1 v x=
3
256
22)
1 6 1
4 2 . 2
+ +

x x
x =
2
1
23) 4 ) 3 2 ( ) 3 2 ( + +
x x
x =?
24) 10 ) 6 2 5 ( ) 6 2 5 ( + +
x x
x =2 v x=-2
23)
x x x
) 2 2 ( ) 15 4 ( ) 15 4 ( + + x =2
24)
x x x
) 5 ( ) 2 3 ( ) 2 3 ( + + x =? HvQHQT:1997
25)
3
2 ) 1 2 5 ( 7 ) 21 5 (
+
+ +
x x x
x =0 v x=
7 log
2
21 5+
HQGHN: D
1997
26) 2 ) 6 2 5 ( ) 6 2 5 (
sin sin
+ +
x x
x= k vi: Z k Hcn th: D
2000
27) 2 6 5 3 + + x
x x
x=0 v x=1 HSPHN: A
2002
28)
2 1
) 1 ( 2 2
2


x
x x x
x=1 Hthuli: A
2002
29) 0 9 3 . 6 1 3 . 7 3 . 5
1 1 1 2
+ +
+ x x x x
x=
5
3
log
3
;x=
5 log
3

HHng c: A
2002
30)
1 1 2
3 2 3

+
x x
x=? HDL ng : A-
D
31) 1 1
3 4
2

+ x x
x x=0;x=2;x=3 Csp ng
nai: 2002
32)
x x x
6 24 2 . 3 3 . 8 + + x=1 v x=3 HQGHN: D
2001
33) x
x
2 3 1
2
+
x=2 Hthi Nghuyn:
D
2001
34)
0 2 2 . 9 2
2 2 1 2
2 2
+
+ + + x x x x
x=-1;x=2 Hthu li c s II:
2000
35)
8 4 4 4 ) 2 4 ( 2
2 2
1
+ + x x x x
x x=1/2 Hm HN: D
2001
36) 4x
2
+ x.3
x
+ 3
x+1
=2x
2
.3
x
+ 2x + 6 x=-1;x=3/2;
3
3
1; ; log 2
2


' ;

37) 4
sinx
-2
1+sinx
.cosxy+
y
2
=0 x=k ;y=o v kZ
38)
1 1
2
1
9
+ +

x x
x
x=
2 log
3
t

39) 1
2
12
3 3
1
2 . 6 2
3
+


x
x x
x
x=1 HyHN: 2001
40)
1 2 1 2 2
1 1 2
+
+ + + x x x
x
{ } [ ) ; 1 3

41) 1 ) 1 (
3 4
2
+
+ x x
x x
{ } 3 ; 1 ; 0
42)
1 3 1 3 ) 1 ( 3 ) 4 (
1 1 1
+ + + +
+ x x x
x x x
x
{ } [ ] 1 ; 0 1

43)
x x
x x x=1 v x=4
44)
2 3 2
1 4 2 3 1
+
+ + y x y x
x=0,5 v y=0,5
45)
2 2 4 2 1
3 3 6 7 1 2.3
x x
x x
+ +
+ + +
x=-1
46)
) 3 2 ( 10
101
) 3 2 ( ) 3 2 (
1 2 1 2
2 2

+ +
+ x x x x
x=
) 3 2 lg(
) 3 2 ( 10 lg
1
+
+
t

47)
0 3 3 . 36 9
3 1
2 2
+
x x
x=?
48) 27
x
+13.9
x
+13.3
x+1
+27=0 VN
49)
3 1 3 3
) 10 .( 01 , 0 5 . 2
2 2

x x x
x=?
Ch bin: Trn Lc 11
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
50) 5
2x+1
-3.5
2x-1
=110 x=?
51)
30 81 81
2 2
cos sin
+
x x

52)
1
3 2
2

x x
x=?
53) 5
2x+1
-3.5
2x-1
=110 x=?
54) 5
x-1
+2
x
-5
x
+2
x+2
=0 x=?
55) 3
2+x
+3
2-x
=30
56) 3.25
x-2
+(3x-10)5
x-2
+3-x = 0
57) 2
x
.3
x-1
.5
x-2
=12
58) 3.4
x
+(3x-10).2
x
+3-x=0 x=1;x=-log
2
3
59)
2 2 2
) 1 ( 1
2 2 4
+ +
+
x x x x

60)
2
2 ) 5 3 ( ) 5 3 ( 3
+
+ +
x x x

61) x
x
cos
sin

62)
500 8 . 5
1

x
x
x
63)
2 2 2
18
2 2
2
2
8
1 1 1
+ +

+
+
x x x
x
x

64) 6 ) 8 3 ( ) 8 3 (
3 3
+ +
x x
65) 3
x
+4
x
=5
x
66) 7
6-x
=x+2
67) 5
x-2
=3-x
68)
1 3 2
2
+
x
x
69) 8
x
-3.4
x
-3.2
x+1
+8=0
70)
x x x x x x
2 3 3 2
5 2 6 2 3
2 2

+ + +
71) 4
x
+4
-x
+2
x
+2
-x
=10
72) 4
x
=2.14
x
+3.49
x
73) 0 3
2
7 7
7 )
2
7 7
.( 2
2
+
+

+
x x x x
74) 3 4 ) 11 3 2 ( ) 11 3 2 (
1 2 1 2
+ +
x x
75) 5 , 1 3 . 2
2
2

x x x

76) x
x+3
=1
77) 8
x
+18
x
=2.27
x
78) 27
x
+12
x
=2.8
x
79) 3
x-1
+5
x-1
=34
80)
1 6 1
4 2 2
+ +

x x
81)
x x x x 2 3 2 3 1
2 2
2 . 9 2 4
+
+

82)
10 1000 10
1 5
1 5
5

x
x
x
83)
16
9
)
3
4
.( )
4
3
(
1
1

x
x
84) 25
x
-2(3-x)5
x
+2x-7 = 0 HTCKT HN: 1997
85) 9
x
+2(x-2)3
x
+2x-5 = 0 H Nng: B.1997

B) Gii cc ph ng trnh (c iu kin) sau:
1) Vi gi tr no ca p th phng trnh: p.2
x
+ 2
-x
= 5 c nghim?
2) Tm m : m.2
-2x
- (2m+1).2
-x
+ m + 4 = 0 c nghim?
3) Gii v bin lun:
m mx x
m mx x mx x
+ +
+ + + + +
2 5 5
2 2 4 2 2 2
2 2
4) Gii v bin lun: a a a
x x
+ + 2 2 x=? Hthu sn: 2002
Ch bin: Trn Lc 12
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
5) Cho: (k+1)4
x
+(3k-2)2
x+1
-3k+1=0
(1)
a) Gii (1) khi: k=3
b) Tm tt c cc gi tr ca k (1) c hai nghim tri du?
H.Hng c: D
6) Gii v bin lun:
0 2 4
1

+
m
x x
7) Cho phng trnh: 5.16
x
+ 2.81
x
= a.36
x
a) Gii phng trnh khi: a=7 x=0 v x=
2
5
log
2
3

b) Tm tt c cc gi tr ca a phng trnh v nghim? a
( ) 10 2 ;
8) Gii phng trnh: 0 3 . 4 9
2 2


a
x x
V i: -3<a<0 v: x=2
) 4 2 ( log
3
a + t
D/ Bt Ph ng trnh m:
A) Gii cc bt ph ng trnh sau:
Bi tp 1: Gii btphng trnh
1)
x x x 3 4 13 15 4
)
2
1
( )
2
1
(
2
+
<
x =?
2) 2
2x-1
+ 2
2x-3
- 2
2x-5
>2
7-x
+ 2
5-x
- 2
3-x
x>8/3
3)
84 3 3
1
3
1
> +
+
x x
0<x<1
4)
6 2 . 3 . 2 3 . 3 4
2 1 2
+ + < + +
+
x x x x
x x x
x =?
5) 1
1
1
) 2 5 ( ) 2 5 (
+

+
x
x
x
x 1
6) 0
1 2
1 2 2
1

x
x
x
7) 7
x
+7
x+1
+7
x+2
=5
x
+5
x+1
+5
x+2
8) 1 ) 1 (
2 2
2
+
+ x x
x x
9)
x x x x x x 2 1 2 1 2
2 2 2
15 . 34 9 25
+ + + + +
+

10) 1
2
2
<
x x
x
11) 1
1
1
) 2 5 ( ) 2 5 (
+

+
x
x
x
12)
6 2 3 . . 2 3 3 . 4
2 1 2
+ + < + +
+
x x x x
x x x
13) x x x x x x x x
x
3 . 4 3 5 2 . 3 . 2 2 3 5 2
2 2 2
+ > +
14) 12 )
3
1
( 3 )
3
1
(
1
1
2
> +
+
x x
15)
x x x x + +
+
1
4 2 . 3 4
16)
x x x x
4 3 3 . 5 4
5 , 0 1 2 5 , 0
>
+
17) (x
2
+x+1)
x
<1
B) Gii cc bt ph ng trnh (c iu kin) sau:
1) Xc nh m mi nghim ca: 12 )
3
1
( 3 )
3
1
(
1
1 2
> +
+
x x
Cng l nghim ca
bt phng trnh: ( m-2)
2
x
2
-3(m-6)x (m-1) < 0
2) Cho bt phng trnh: 0 4 . 6 ). 1 2 ( 9 .
2 2 2
2 2 2
+ +
x x x x x x
m m m
a) Gii bt phng trnh khi: m=6.
b) Tm m bt phng trnh c nghim ng vi mi:
x

2
1
Ch bin: Trn Lc 13
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
3) Tm a : 9
x
+a.3
x
+1=0 c nghim?
4) Tm m : 0 3 2 . 4 + + m m
x x
c nghim?
E/ H Ph ng trnh lgart
A) Gii cc ph ng trnh sau:
1)

'

+
+ +
3
2
) ( l o g
2 l o g 2 l o g l o g
2 7
3 3 3
y x
y x
(3;6) & (6;3)
2)

'

+
+
1 6
3 l o g 2 l o g
4 4
2 2
y x
y x
( 2 2 ;
4
8 )
3)

'



x y
y x
2
2
2
3
2 2
l o g 8 l o g
2 l o g l o g l o g 5
(2
3
2
;
3
2
32
)
4)

'

+ +
3
3 ) ( l o g ) ( l o g
2 2
x y
y x y x
(3;1) & (
7
3 3
;
3
7
)
5)

'

2 2 2 2
2
) ( l g
2
5
l g l g a y x
a x y
(a
3
;
a
1
) & (
a
1
,a
3
)
6)

'


+
2 l g l g l g
1 ) ( l g
2
x y
y x
(-10;20) & (
3
10
;
3
20
)
7)

'

+
+
2 ) 2 3 ( l o g
2 ) 2 3 ( l o g
x y
y x
y
x
(5;5)
8)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
2 7 2
3 3
l o g l o g
3 3
x y
y x
x y
(3;9) & (
9
1
;
3
1
)
Ch bin: Trn Lc 14
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
9)

'

+ +
+ +
3
2
l o g l o g 1 2 l o g
2
3
l o g l o g 3 l o g
3 3 3
2 2 2
y
y x x
x
y y x
(1;2) H Thu li: 2001

10)

'


+
1 l o g l o g
4
4 4
l o g l o g
8 8
y x
y x
x y
(8;2) & (
2
1
;
8
1
) H Ti chnh:
2001

11)

'

+
8
5 ) l o g ( l o g 2
x y
y x
x y
(4;2) & (2;4) H DL hng vng:
2001
12)

'

+ + +
+ + +
1 l o g ) 4 2 2 4 ( l o g ) 1 ( l o g
) 3 ( l o g 1 2 l o g ) ( l o g
4
2
4 4
4 4
2 2
4
y
x
x y y x y
y x x y x
(2;1) v (a;a) vi a
*
+
R H M:
1999
13)

'

+
+
1
) 1 ) ( l o g ( l o g
2 2
2 2
y x
x y x y e e
y x
(
2
2
;
2
2
) H Thi nguyn: A-B
1997
14)

'

+

0 4 5
0 l o g l o g
2 2
2 4
y x
y x
(1;1) v (4;2)
15)

'



6
7
l o g l o g
2 ) ( l o g
4
y x
y x
x
x
(5;2)
Ch bin: Trn Lc 15
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
16)

'

+
+
5 , 0 ) 2 1 3 ( l o g
7 , 1 l g ) 1 ( l o g
2
3
x x
x
x
(
2
5 3 +
;
2
29 9
)
17)

'


+
1 l g 3
3 l g 2
2
x y
x y
( 10 ;4)
18)

'

1 9 l o g
0 l o g l o g l o g
2
y
x x
y
x=?
19)

'

+
3 ) 2 3 ( l o g
2 l o g
1
y
y
x
x
(2;4)
20)

'

+

1 ) ( l o g ) ( l o g
2
3 2
2 2
y x y x
y x
x=?
21)

'

+

1 ) 3 ( l o g ) 3 ( l o g
3 9
3 3
2 2
y x y x
y x
22)

'

+
+
1
3 2 2
y x
y x
x=?
23)

'

3 l g 4 l g
l g l g
) 3 ( ) 4 (
4 3
y x
y x
x=?
B) Gii cc bt ph ng trnh (c iu kin) sau:
1) Xc nh a :

'

+ +

1 ) ( l o g ) ( l o g
2 2
2 2
y x y x
a y x
c nghim? (k: 0<a 1)
Ch bin: Trn Lc 16
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
2) Xc nh cc gi tr ca m :

'

+
> +
+
5 2 l o g ) 5 2 ( l o g
4 l o g ) 1 ( l o g ) 1 ( l o g
5 2
2
2
3
3
2
3
x x
m x x
x x
c 2 nghim phn
bit? -
4
25
<m<-6
3) Gii v bin lun h:

'

+
+
2 ) 3 ( l o g
2 ) 3 ( l o g
k x y
k y x
y
x
vi kR.
4) Cho h phng trnh:

'

+ +
+ + +
4 ) s i n c o s ( l o g ) . s i n c o s ( l o g
4 ) s i n c o s ( l o g ) s i n c o s ( l o g


x y y x
x y y x
y x
y x
a) Gii h khi:
4



b) Cho:
,
_

2
; 0
bin lun h?
5) Cho h:

'

+ +
+ + +
4 ) ( l o g ) . ( l o g
4 ) ( l o g ) ( l o g
b x a y b y a x
b x a y b y a x
y x
y x
a) Gii h khi: a=3, b=5.
b) Gii v bin lun h khi:a>0,b>0.
6) Cho h:

'

+

0
0 l o g l o g
2
1
2
3
3
2
3
a y y x
y x
vi a l tham s.
a) Gii h khi: a=2.
b) Xc nh a h c nghim? 0<a
Ch bin: Trn Lc 17
Ti liu luyn thi H-C
Trn Lc- QX3
Ch bin: Trn Lc 18