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# Gravity Worksheet Answers Explained 1) What-If question: Fg = (Gm1m2)/r2 = ((1)(3)(3))/(1)2 = 9x greater 2) Fg = (Gm1m2)/r2 = ((1)(2)(1))/(1)2 = 2x greater (twice as great) 3) What-If

question: Fg = (Gm1m2)/r2 = ((1)(2)(2))/(1)2 = 4x greater If the original force was 20 N, the new force is 4x20N = 80N 4) What-If question: Fg = (Gm1m2)/r2 = ((1)(1)(1))/(1/3)2 = 1/9x as great 5) What-If question: Fg = (Gm1m2)/r2 = ((1)(1)(1))/(2)2 = 1/4x as great If the original weight was 600 N, the new force is x 600N = 150N 6) Gravity is an inverse-squared law. That is, the force of gravity is proportional to the inverse of the distance between the objects squared. Therefore, the correct graph should be a decreasing, curved line. 7) This one is kind of a backwards What-If problem. First we can eliminate two choices. If we want the force to increase, then we should decrease the distance between them. Thus, we can eliminate choices 2 and 4. If you understand the inverse-squared relationship between gravity and distance, then you may be able to just choose D/2. If not, take the change described in each of the choices and calculate the effect on gravity using the What-If method. 8) The tricky part for this one is to figure out exactly what is changing. When the satellite is on the Earth, its distance to the center of Earth is already one Earth radius. If it is put into orbit one Earth radius above the surface, it is now two Earth radii from the center. This means that the distance has been doubled, and using the What-If method you can figure out that the force of gravity (weight) would be quartered.