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SPELLING RULES OF THE PAST TENSE

-If a regular verb ends with CONSONANT + Y change the Y to I before adding ED for
both the simple past and past participle forms.

carry------carried
copy-----copied
cry-----cried
marry-----married
reply-----replied
study-----studied

-If a regular verb ends with CONSONANT+VOWEL+Y add ED with no other spelling
changes for both the simple past and past participle forms.

annoy-----annoyed
enjoy-----enjoyed
play-----played
stay-----stayed
obey-----obeyed

-If a regular verb ends with E add only D for both the simple past and past participle
forms.
advise-----advised
agree-----agreed

-If a one-syllable verb ends with CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT, double the


final consonant before adding ED to form both the past simple and the past participle.

plan-----planned
rob-----robbed
stop-----stopped
stir-----stirred
zip-----zipped

-If a verb with more than one syllable ends with CONSONANT + VOWEL +
CONSONANT, double the final consonant before adding ED (only when the last
syllable is pronounced more strongly than the others) to form both the past simple and
past participle.
prefer-----preferred
regret-----regretted
permit-----permitted
but...

visit-----visited
listen-----listened
develop-----developed
remember-----remembered

-If a regular verb ends witht L and the last syllable is not pronounced more strongly
than the others, the final L is often doubled in British English but not in American
English to form both the past simple and the past participle.

Cancel-------canceled (Am)----- cancelled (Br)


Travel--------traveled (Am)------- travelled (Br)