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10

T<ys+ 8 d|+sY 2010

|C nqT+<+

Vr$ @ >- A M*y As$. >-


AV> * A A-$$.
-@ >k -VY *. 30, $ VY *.25,
$ VY *.5 M#. B $$V$Y$ VY Er$-s $$$$ $$$ *-V> ^$-M^ JMP-MP-M G ^$a$?
JMPMP s
= ($$ $$/$$-$ Q)
= (30+25+5)/3 = 60/3 = *.20
*{$$$
1) >- = (>-$ $$-$$-)/(>-$ Q)
2) >$ $$$$ = >- x >$ Q
3) >$ Q = (>-$ $$-$$-)/>-
4) m $ M$ >- $ a $$$ n
$ M$ >- $ b A$$
$ (m+n) M$ >- $ =
(ma+nb)/(m+n)
5) m $ M$ >- $ a $$$ n
$ M$ >- $ b A$$
$ (m-n) M$ >- $ = (manb)/(m-n)
V$-M @ C_a Q$ JM {M$ -Z Er*
s * $$ * A$$-^
B Q- >- = ($$-s Q + _
Q-)/ 2
* $$ AV> H y$ $ Q
$ $$
E- 3, 7, 11, 15, 19
3, 7 * $$ (7&3) = 4
7, 11 * $$ (11&7) = 4
15, 11 * $$ (15&11) = 4
19, 15 * $$ (19&15) = 4

M$-V-$$$?

*y & 4
7 Q >- 30 A$Z 4 Q >- 15
A$$ $W- Q >-- M$-V-$$$?
f$ @ (ma-nb)/(m-n) A$ *{$$ > M$V---^$a$. m=7, a=30, n=4, b=15
>- = (7 x 30&4 x15)/(7&4) = (210&60)/3
= 150/3 = 50
$$ {$-^y @
4) 8 Q >- 25 A$Z 4 Q >- 20
A$$ $W- Q >-- M$-V-$$$?

*y & 5
JM B-$Z E-V$ $$ i Q$a *.
4,00,000. Vr$ i *.16,000 A$$
B-$Z ^$ E-V$ Q G?
f$ @ >$ Q = (>-$ $$)/(->--)
A $M$ $$. D *{$$ B--$$V>
E-V$ Q = ($$ i)/(-Vr$ i)
= 400000/16000 = 25
$$ {$-^y @
5) JM B-$Z E-V$ $$ i Q$a *.
8,00,000. Vr$ i *.25,000
A$$ B-$Z ^$ E-V$ Q
G?

*y & 6

M >- = 450/15 = 30
Shortcut

*y & 10

M >- = >- + { QM$ M- JM {V*#Z 20 $ $$ M$. Z A


Q = 25+5 = 30
A M Z $ A M ^y >
$$ {$-^y @
B {V*# $$MP >- $# 1 M.h -W.
12 Q >- 32. { QM$ 3$ M-
A $$MP $$MP $# 50 MZ$ A$$-^
$y ^$a M >-- M$-V-$$$?
$ $$MP $# G?
*y & 8
f$ @ Short Cut
JM -V--Z 40 $ -$ Vr$ $$ 16 {V*#-ZM MV> _a M $# = (V*# $y
---$$$. M E--$$ $$ M$-rM$ M $-#) +(-{V*-#-Z
--y$ Vr$ $$ 1 --$$ -W-^
$ Q x -W >--) = 50+(20 x1)
E--$$ $$ G?
$ $$MP $# = 70 MZ$
f$@ 40 $ -$ $-$ $$ = Logical Method
>- x 40 ; 16 x 40 = 640
{V*#Z $y JM$ $-sM $-M$
40 $ -$$ $$$ E--$$
$-$. AV> {V*#-Z $$ "20'
$-$ $$ = >- x 41 = 17 x41 =
$. -M 1 Mh >- $# -V$.
697
AV> $$ $ 20 MZ $# -V$.
E--$$ $$ = 697 & 640 = 57
$ $$MP $# A M 20 MZ $#
Shortcut
GM$P Ey---$$$.
E--$$ $$ = (M >---)-+-(--- $ $# = 50+20 = 70 MZ$
$ Q x -W V-r$)
$$ {$-^y @
= 17+(40 x1) = 17+40 = 57
10) JM {V*#Z 25 $ $$ M$. Z
Logical Method
>g A M Z $ A M ^y
Vr$ 1 -W --$$Z $M$ M>> B {V*# $$MP >- $# 1 Mh f$ D V> Ey$$.
W-. >g $$MP $-# 35 MZ$ A$$-^
$ $$MP $# G?

d> (AVERAGE)

JM -V--Z -$ >- $$ 12 --$$$. -V-Z 35 $ -$$


*y &1
E^ $$ $$ G?
7, 12, 18, 32, 28, 23 $$MP >-- M$-V-$$$? f$ @ >$ $$ = >- x >$ Q
f$ @ >- = (>-$ $$-$$-)/(>-$ Q-)
A $M$ $$. D *{$$ B--$$V>
= (7+12+18+32+28+23)/6 = 120/6 = 20 -$ $$ $$ = >- $$ x $$ {$-^y @
$ Q = 12 x 35 = 420 -->$
1) 3, 8, 7, 13, 22, 37 $$MP >-- M$-V$$$? $$ {$-^y @
*y &2
6) JM -V--Z -$ >- $$ 11
125, 131, 137, 143, 149, 155, 161 $$MP
---$$$. -V-Z 25 $ -$$
>-- M$-V-$$$?
E^ $$ $$ G?
f$ @ >- = (>-$ $$-$$-)/(>$ Q)
*y & 7
= (125+131+137+143+149+155+161)/7
15 Q $$MP >- 25. { Q-M$ 5$ M= (1001)/7 >- = 143
$y ^$a M >-- M$-V$$$?
ShortCut
f$ @ 15 Q $$ = >- x 15
C_a Q$ JM {M$ -Z E$$ $$$ = 25 x 15 = 375
s * $$ "6'.
{ Q-M$ 5 M-$ AV> 5 x15 = 75
C_a Q >-
{$-$$ 15 Q $$ = 375+75 =
= ($$-s Q-+-_- Q-)/2 = 286/2 = 143
450; M >- = 450/15 = 30
$$ {$-^y
Short Cut
2) 130, 134, 138, 142, 146, 150 $$MP >- M >- = >- + { QM$ M-
M$-V-$$$?
Q ; = 25+5 = 30
*y &3
$$ {$-^y @
10 --- >- 7 $$$ 15 --- >- 12 Q >- 32. { QM$ 3$ M-
12 A$$-^ $$$$ --- >--
$y ^$a M >-- M$-V$$$?
M$-V-$$$? (S.I -2008)
*y & 7
f$@ (ma+nb)/(m+n) A$ *{$$ > M$V15 Q $$MP >- 25. { QM$ 5$ M--^$a$. m=10, a = 7, n = 15, b = 12
$y ^$a M >-- M$-V-$$$?
>- = (10 x 7+15 x12)/(10+15)
f$@
15 Q $$ = > x 15
= (10+180)/25 = 250/25 = 10
=
25
x
15
= 375
$$ {$-^y
3) 4 --- >- 15 $$$ 6 --- { QM$ 5 M-$ AV> 5 x 15 = 75
>- 20 A$$-^ $$$$ --- >-- {$ 15 Q $$ = 375 +75 = 450

$$ k *-O E~-{V-$ M$-V-$-$$?

*y &11

$$s 9 Q >-- M$-V$$$?


f$ @ $$s 9 Q$ = 2, 4, 6, 8,
10, 12, 14, 16, 18
{Z C_a Q $$$$ f$ A#-$.

D Q JM {M$---Z E$$.
{Z C_a Q$ 40, 16, 1

$$$ s * $$ "2'
E--$$ $$ = 40 +16+1 = 57

>

= ($$-s Q- +- _- Q-)/2 =
$$ {$-^y @
(2+18)/2 = 20/2 = 10
8) JM -V--Z 30 $ -$ Vr$ $
shortcut
$ 9 . M E--$$ $$ M--y$ Vr$ $$ 1 -W-^ E- $$s n Q >- = (n+1)
C^ar n=9
-$$ $$ G?
$$s 9 Q >- = (9+1) = 10
*y & 9
$

$
{$-^y @
$, $V $$$ $ -$$ Vr$ E~11)

$$s 35 Q >-- M$-V-$$$?


{V 400C. $V, $ $$$ V$$--*y & 12
$$ Vr$ E~-{V 410C A$$-^ $-

$
$

Q
>-- M$-V-$-$$?
$$ k *-O E~-{V-$ M$-V-$$$?
f$ @ $$s 8 Q$ = 1, 3, 5, 7,
(R.R.B, Allahabad-2009)
9, 11, 13, 15, 17
f$ @ $, $V $$$ $ -$$
$ *-O $$ E~-{V = Vr$ E~- D Q JM {M$---Z E$$ $$$
s * $$ "2'
{V x3
0
0
>- = ($$-s Q-+-_- Q-)/2
= 40 C x 3 = 120 C------> $-M- (1)
$V, $ $$$ V$$ -$$ $ = (1+15)/2 = 16/2 = 8
*-O $$ E~-{V = Vr$ E~-{V x 3 Shortcut
$$s n Q >- = n
= 410C x 3 = 1230C------> $-M- (2)
$-M-$ (2) & (1) ^$V>
C^r n= 8
V$$- E~-{V & $- E~-{V
$$s 8 Q >- = 8
= 1230C - 1200C = 300C
$$ {$-^y @
$$ {M>-$$ V$$- k *O 12) $$s 10 Q >-- M$-V-$-$$?
E~-{V = 450C M$M,
$$ {$-^y & f-$$ @
0
45 C & $ E~{V = 30C
1) 15 2) 140) 3) 18 4) 30
$- *-O E~-{V = 450C-30C = 420C 5) 32 6) 275 - 7) 35
$$ {$-^y @
8) 40 9) 450C
9) $, $V $$$ $ -$$ Vr$ E~- 10) 60 Mi$ 11) 36
{V- 500C. $V, $ $$$ V$$ - 12) 10
$$ Vr$ E~-{V 520C. V$$--$$ K.VENKATA SWAMY
k *-O E~-{V 510C A$$ $-- Hyd. Cell: 9885357654