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# 10

|C nqT+<+

## Vr\$ @ >- A M*y As\$. >-

AV> * A A-\$\$.
-@ >k -VY *. 30, \$ VY *.25,
\$ VY *.5 M#. B \$\$V\$Y\$ VY Er\$-s \$\$\$\$ \$\$\$ *-V> ^\$-M^ JMP-MP-M G ^\$a\$?
JMPMP s
= (\$\$ \$\$/\$\$-\$ Q)
= (30+25+5)/3 = 60/3 = *.20
*{\$\$\$
1) >- = (>-\$ \$\$-\$\$-)/(>-\$ Q)
2) >\$ \$\$\$\$ = >- x >\$ Q
3) >\$ Q = (>-\$ \$\$-\$\$-)/>-
4) m \$ M\$ >- \$ a \$\$\$ n
\$ M\$ >- \$ b A\$\$
\$ (m+n) M\$ >- \$ =
(ma+nb)/(m+n)
5) m \$ M\$ >- \$ a \$\$\$ n
\$ M\$ >- \$ b A\$\$
\$ (m-n) M\$ >- \$ = (manb)/(m-n)
V\$-M @ C_a Q\$ JM {M\$ -Z Er*
s * \$\$ * A\$\$-^
B Q- >- = (\$\$-s Q + _
Q-)/ 2
* \$\$ AV> H y\$ \$ Q
\$ \$\$
E- 3, 7, 11, 15, 19
3, 7 * \$\$ (7&3) = 4
7, 11 * \$\$ (11&7) = 4
15, 11 * \$\$ (15&11) = 4
19, 15 * \$\$ (19&15) = 4

M\$-V-\$\$\$?

*y & 4
7 Q >- 30 A\$Z 4 Q >- 15
A\$\$ \$W- Q >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?
f\$ @ (ma-nb)/(m-n) A\$ *{\$\$ > M\$V---^\$a\$. m=7, a=30, n=4, b=15
>- = (7 x 30&4 x15)/(7&4) = (210&60)/3
= 150/3 = 50
\$\$ {\$-^y @
4) 8 Q >- 25 A\$Z 4 Q >- 20
A\$\$ \$W- Q >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?

*y & 5
JM B-\$Z E-V\$ \$\$ i Q\$a *.
4,00,000. Vr\$ i *.16,000 A\$\$
B-\$Z ^\$ E-V\$ Q G?
f\$ @ >\$ Q = (>-\$ \$\$)/(->--)
A \$M\$ \$\$. D *{\$\$ B--\$\$V>
E-V\$ Q = (\$\$ i)/(-Vr\$ i)
= 400000/16000 = 25
\$\$ {\$-^y @
5) JM B-\$Z E-V\$ \$\$ i Q\$a *.
8,00,000. Vr\$ i *.25,000
A\$\$ B-\$Z ^\$ E-V\$ Q
G?

*y & 6

M >- = 450/15 = 30
Shortcut

*y & 10

## M >- = >- + { QM\$ M- JM {V*#Z 20 \$ \$\$ M\$. Z A

Q = 25+5 = 30
A M Z \$ A M ^y >
\$\$ {\$-^y @
B {V*# \$\$MP >- \$# 1 M.h -W.
12 Q >- 32. { QM\$ 3\$ M-
A \$\$MP \$\$MP \$# 50 MZ\$ A\$\$-^
\$y ^\$a M >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?
\$ \$\$MP \$# G?
*y & 8
f\$ @ Short Cut
JM -V--Z 40 \$ -\$ Vr\$ \$\$ 16 {V*#-ZM MV> _a M \$# = (V*# \$y
---\$\$\$. M E--\$\$ \$\$ M\$-rM\$ M \$-#) +(-{V*-#-Z
--y\$ Vr\$ \$\$ 1 --\$\$ -W-^
\$ Q x -W >--) = 50+(20 x1)
E--\$\$ \$\$ G?
\$ \$\$MP \$# = 70 MZ\$
f\$@ 40 \$ -\$ \$-\$ \$\$ = Logical Method
>- x 40 ; 16 x 40 = 640
{V*#Z \$y JM\$ \$-sM \$-M\$
40 \$ -\$\$ \$\$\$ E--\$\$
\$-\$. AV> {V*#-Z \$\$ "20'
\$-\$ \$\$ = >- x 41 = 17 x41 =
\$. -M 1 Mh >- \$# -V\$.
697
AV> \$\$ \$ 20 MZ \$# -V\$.
E--\$\$ \$\$ = 697 & 640 = 57
\$ \$\$MP \$# A M 20 MZ \$#
Shortcut
GM\$P Ey---\$\$\$.
E--\$\$ \$\$ = (M >---)-+-(--- \$ \$# = 50+20 = 70 MZ\$
\$ Q x -W V-r\$)
\$\$ {\$-^y @
= 17+(40 x1) = 17+40 = 57
10) JM {V*#Z 25 \$ \$\$ M\$. Z
Logical Method
>g A M Z \$ A M ^y
Vr\$ 1 -W --\$\$Z \$M\$ M>> B {V*# \$\$MP >- \$# 1 Mh f\$ D V> Ey\$\$.
W-. >g \$\$MP \$-# 35 MZ\$ A\$\$-^
\$ \$\$MP \$# G?

d> (AVERAGE)

## JM -V--Z -\$ >- \$\$ 12 --\$\$\$. -V-Z 35 \$ -\$\$

*y &1
E^ \$\$ \$\$ G?
7, 12, 18, 32, 28, 23 \$\$MP >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$? f\$ @ >\$ \$\$ = >- x >\$ Q
f\$ @ >- = (>-\$ \$\$-\$\$-)/(>-\$ Q-)
A \$M\$ \$\$. D *{\$\$ B--\$\$V>
= (7+12+18+32+28+23)/6 = 120/6 = 20 -\$ \$\$ \$\$ = >- \$\$ x \$\$ {\$-^y @
\$ Q = 12 x 35 = 420 -->\$
1) 3, 8, 7, 13, 22, 37 \$\$MP >-- M\$-V\$\$\$? \$\$ {\$-^y @
*y &2
6) JM -V--Z -\$ >- \$\$ 11
125, 131, 137, 143, 149, 155, 161 \$\$MP
---\$\$\$. -V-Z 25 \$ -\$\$
>-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?
E^ \$\$ \$\$ G?
f\$ @ >- = (>-\$ \$\$-\$\$-)/(>\$ Q)
*y & 7
= (125+131+137+143+149+155+161)/7
15 Q \$\$MP >- 25. { Q-M\$ 5\$ M= (1001)/7 >- = 143
\$y ^\$a M >-- M\$-V\$\$\$?
ShortCut
f\$ @ 15 Q \$\$ = >- x 15
C_a Q\$ JM {M\$ -Z E\$\$ \$\$\$ = 25 x 15 = 375
s * \$\$ "6'.
{ Q-M\$ 5 M-\$ AV> 5 x15 = 75
C_a Q >-
{\$-\$\$ 15 Q \$\$ = 375+75 =
= (\$\$-s Q-+-_- Q-)/2 = 286/2 = 143
450; M >- = 450/15 = 30
\$\$ {\$-^y
Short Cut
2) 130, 134, 138, 142, 146, 150 \$\$MP >- M >- = >- + { QM\$ M-
M\$-V-\$\$\$?
Q ; = 25+5 = 30
*y &3
\$\$ {\$-^y @
10 --- >- 7 \$\$\$ 15 --- >- 12 Q >- 32. { QM\$ 3\$ M-
12 A\$\$-^ \$\$\$\$ --- >--
\$y ^\$a M >-- M\$-V\$\$\$?
M\$-V-\$\$\$? (S.I -2008)
*y & 7
f\$@ (ma+nb)/(m+n) A\$ *{\$\$ > M\$V15 Q \$\$MP >- 25. { QM\$ 5\$ M--^\$a\$. m=10, a = 7, n = 15, b = 12
\$y ^\$a M >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?
>- = (10 x 7+15 x12)/(10+15)
f\$@
15 Q \$\$ = > x 15
= (10+180)/25 = 250/25 = 10
=
25
x
15
= 375
\$\$ {\$-^y
3) 4 --- >- 15 \$\$\$ 6 --- { QM\$ 5 M-\$ AV> 5 x 15 = 75
>- 20 A\$\$-^ \$\$\$\$ --- >-- {\$ 15 Q \$\$ = 375 +75 = 450

*y &11

## \$\$s 9 Q >-- M\$-V\$\$\$?

f\$ @ \$\$s 9 Q\$ = 2, 4, 6, 8,
10, 12, 14, 16, 18
{Z C_a Q \$\$\$\$ f\$ A#-\$.

D Q JM {M\$---Z E\$\$.
{Z C_a Q\$ 40, 16, 1

\$\$\$ s * \$\$ "2'
E--\$\$ \$\$ = 40 +16+1 = 57

>

= (\$\$-s Q- +- _- Q-)/2 =
\$\$ {\$-^y @
(2+18)/2 = 20/2 = 10
8) JM -V--Z 30 \$ -\$ Vr\$ \$
shortcut
\$ 9 . M E--\$\$ \$\$ M--y\$ Vr\$ \$\$ 1 -W-^ E- \$\$s n Q >- = (n+1)
C^ar n=9
-\$\$ \$\$ G?
\$\$s 9 Q >- = (9+1) = 10
*y & 9
\$

\$
{\$-^y @
\$, \$V \$\$\$ \$ -\$\$ Vr\$ E~11)

## \$\$s 35 Q >-- M\$-V-\$\$\$?

{V 400C. \$V, \$ \$\$\$ V\$\$--*y & 12
\$\$ Vr\$ E~-{V 410C A\$\$-^ \$-

\$
\$

Q
>-- M\$-V-\$-\$\$?
\$\$ k *-O E~-{V-\$ M\$-V-\$\$\$?
f\$ @ \$\$s 8 Q\$ = 1, 3, 5, 7,
9, 11, 13, 15, 17
f\$ @ \$, \$V \$\$\$ \$ -\$\$
\$ *-O \$\$ E~-{V = Vr\$ E~- D Q JM {M\$---Z E\$\$ \$\$\$
s * \$\$ "2'
{V x3
0
0
>- = (\$\$-s Q-+-_- Q-)/2
= 40 C x 3 = 120 C------> \$-M- (1)
\$V, \$ \$\$\$ V\$\$ -\$\$ \$ = (1+15)/2 = 16/2 = 8
*-O \$\$ E~-{V = Vr\$ E~-{V x 3 Shortcut
\$\$s n Q >- = n
= 410C x 3 = 1230C------> \$-M- (2)
\$-M-\$ (2) & (1) ^\$V>
C^r n= 8
V\$\$- E~-{V & \$- E~-{V
\$\$s 8 Q >- = 8
= 1230C - 1200C = 300C
\$\$ {\$-^y @
\$\$ {M>-\$\$ V\$\$- k *O 12) \$\$s 10 Q >-- M\$-V-\$-\$\$?
E~-{V = 450C M\$M,
\$\$ {\$-^y & f-\$\$ @
0
45 C & \$ E~{V = 30C
1) 15 2) 140) 3) 18 4) 30
\$- *-O E~-{V = 450C-30C = 420C 5) 32 6) 275 - 7) 35
\$\$ {\$-^y @
8) 40 9) 450C
9) \$, \$V \$\$\$ \$ -\$\$ Vr\$ E~- 10) 60 Mi\$ 11) 36
{V- 500C. \$V, \$ \$\$\$ V\$\$ - 12) 10
\$\$ Vr\$ E~-{V 520C. V\$\$--\$\$ K.VENKATA SWAMY
k *-O E~-{V 510C A\$\$ \$-- Hyd. Cell: 9885357654