Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 20

1.

1 :
,
,
,
: Ken Yeang
,
: William Reed
,
,
: Stanley Abercrombie
.
,

,
, % 30 ,
,
,



,

,


,
% 70

,
,

, ) (
, :
): ( pv cells
,
, , ,
, ,
) ( ,
, ,
,
,

) ( )( pv panel
,

,
,
,
,

, ,
,

.
,
,

2 : Adapting With Climate
,
, ,
,

,
,
: ,
,

, ,
,
,
:
: .
:
.
:
.
:

.
: ,
. .
:

.
:
.
:
.
: Minimizing New Resources
,
-

- ,

,
, ,

,

,
,
.
4.1.2 : Respect for site

,
,
, ,
,

,

,
,

,

,

)) Susan Maxman
.
((Ian Macharg
.

, ,
,
)(
,
,
)(Sustainable Design
:
1.2 :
:
: .
: .
:
.


, :
1.1.2 : conserving energy

,
.
,

,

:

.
2.1 :





.
,
.
.
,
.

.
..

,
, Pueblo Bonito
) (
,
,
,

, ,
,

, ) (
,
)(

,

,
,
,
) (
) ( ,
,

,
,
.
,
,


.

:
1.2 :
:
: .
: .
:
.

, :
1.1.2 : conserving energy

,
.
,

,

,

,
, % 30 ,
,
,



,

,


,
% 70

,
,

, ) (
, :
): ( pv cells
,
, , ,
, ,
) ( ,
, ,

,
,
) ( )( pv panel
,

,
,
,
,

, ,
,

.
,
,
). (4.2
2.1.2 : Adapting With Climate
,
, ,
,

,
,
: ,
,

, ,
,
,
:
: .
:
.
:
.
:

.
: ,
. .
:

.
:
.
:

. .
: Minimizing New Resources
,
-
- ,

,
, ,

,

,
,
.
4.1.2 : Respect for site

,
,
, ,
,

,

,
,

,

,
2 : Respect for users

,
,
,
,
) (
,
,
) (
,
) ( ,
,

,
,


,
6.1.2 : Holism

,

)( ,
,
)( ,
,

,
,
Jean Nouvel
,
,
,
,
:
1.3 :
,
:
1.1.3 :

)
( Thermal Comfort
)( ,
:
:
,
:

,

) ( ) ( ,

:
- 1

-2 ,
,
-3 ,
,
-4
,


,



, )
( ,

,
,
,
,

.

, Biomass
,

, ,

Biogas

.
2.1.3 :

, ,
:
- 1 .
-2 ) (
.
,
, P.V.C
, )(
,

,
3.1.3 :
,

,

)(3

Grey Water
,

,
,
, ,
, ,
,
) (1.3 ,
.
4.1.3 :
,
,
,

Synthetic ,
,
,
,
,
,
) (3.3),(2.3 ) (2.3 )(3.3
Porous Material

) (
,
,
5.1.3 :
, ,
Sheard
,
,
: ,
,
:
:
- 1 .
- 2
.
-3 ) (
.
-4 ) (4.3
, .
:
: ,
.
,
.
6.1.3 :
,
,

Reflect ,
,
,
,
,

.
7.1.3 :
,
,
:
,
,
) ( ,
,
,
,
, ) ( ,

) (
,
,
) (
) , (5.3 Shelterbelt Planting 6-15
.
8.1.3 :
,
,
,


,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

,
) ( .
9.1.3 :

,
.
)( , ,

, ,
.

:
, .
:
.
) (

,
,

. :

,

)) :
) (( .. 60( ,
,
, ,

.
) , (7.3

, .
, :
: , ,
,
.
: ,
,
.
: ,
.
:
.

.
:
) 1.4 ) Menara Mesiniaga 1992
, Ken Yeang Subang Jaya
, .I.M.B
Ken Yeang ) ( ,
, ,
, : Ken Yeang
,
:
, . , , .
:
, , , , ,
, .
:
63 , 14 + , , 6503 , :
, , : , , , Curtain Walls , , ,
,

, , , , $ 13590 ,
,
.


:


.
) (Sustainable Development
"
" .


.




. -
.




.
"
" " " " " ,


).(Renewable Sources
:
.. .. .. ..



)(Running Costs
.

) (Sustainable Development
.



.



) (Sick Buildings



.
.
)(


.
.

.

.
) (%40
) (Raw Materials ) 3(
. ) (%65
) (%30 .

) (James Wines " "



.
) (built environment
40-20 .
.

)(by-products
)bio-
(systems .
" "

. ""
. )Michael
(Crosbie ) (Steven Winter Associates
"

".

.
- - )Green
(Design Techniques ) (Clever Technology




.

) 99(
) (%30 .
.

.



)Rachel and Stephen
(Kaplan
.
) (Lockheed Martin ) (%15
) 2.500(

.

) (Heschong Mahone )
(%40 ) .(Skylights
).(%20
:



:

.

" " )(Initial Costs
. )
(BREEAM 1990 .
) (LEED )Leadership in
(Energy and Environmental Design
) (USGBC 2000 .
) (LEED

. ) (LEED



) 17( )5
( ) 15(
:
.
) (LEED
) 39( )(
) (%50
) 52( )(
) (%70 .

) (Inefficient Buildings
. )(Phillip Bernstein
) (Yale .." :

.. " .
) (


.
:

.


.





.

) (Conde Nast )
48( ) ( .

.

.
) 400 (
) (%5

.
.

. ) (Photovoltaic Panels
) 15 ( .
.
.
) (%40-35 .
) (The Swiss Re Tower


) 41(

) (%50 .
.
) (
.

.

.
" "

. )
(Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and Studio Daniel Libeskind
.
) 1.776( ) (
) 1 ( )
(%20 .

.
:
" "

.






. -
.
-


.

) (Crystal Palace 1851
) (Milan's Galleria V. Emanuele II
1877
.
:





.

.
" "..." :

."...

.




.
.



.

.




" " " "


.

. ) (Tools

.

"" .





.