Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 393

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~
~
~~~~~~
~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~
~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~
~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~~~~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~

~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ · ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~
~· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~
~
~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~· ~· ~~~ ~~· · ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~·
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~
~~

~~~ ~~~
~~~
~ ~~~~~~~~~~
~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
·
~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
·
~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~
· ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~
· ~
~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~
· ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~
· ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~
· ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~
· ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~
· ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
· ~
· ~·
~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
·
· ·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

·
· · ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· · ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~

· · ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· · ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~

· · ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~
~~~
· · ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~·
· · ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ·
· · ~· ~· ~~~~~~~~~~~~

· · · ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
· · · ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~

· · · ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ·
· · · ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
·
· · · ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
· · · ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~

·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~

~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~·
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~·
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~~~

·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~

~ ~~~ ~~~· ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~· · ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ · ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~

~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~· ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~·

~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·

~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~

~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~· ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~·
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~· ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~~~~~~~~~

~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ · ~ ~~
~~ ~~

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~

~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~·
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~

~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~
~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~


~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~

~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ · ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~·
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~

~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~·
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~
~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~

~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~· ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ · ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~·
~ ~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ · ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ · ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ · ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
· ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~· ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~

~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~

~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~· ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~
~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~·
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~· ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~· ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~· ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ · ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
· ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~

~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~· ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ · ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~

~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·

~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~

·

~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
· ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ·

~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ · ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ · ~~~~~ ·
~ · ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~~
~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~

~
~ · ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ · ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~
~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~· · · ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~
· ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~· ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~

~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ · ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~

~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~· ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ·
··
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ·
· ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ · ~~ · ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
· ~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ · ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~
~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~

~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~~ ~~ · ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~

~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~
~
~~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~·
·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~·
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~

·
~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~· ~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~

~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~· ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ · ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~

~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~· ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ · ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ~
~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~·
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~
~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~·
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~
· ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~ · ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~

~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~·
~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~

~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~·
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
·
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ · ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~„ ··
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~

·
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~
~~~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~~~~~ · ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
· ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~

·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
· ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~

~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ · ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~
· ~
~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
· ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ · ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
· ·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~

~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~

~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~~~~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ · ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

· ·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ · ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ · ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~· ~
· ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ · ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~·
·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ · ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
· ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~

·

~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
· ~ ~
~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~
~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~

~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~

~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~
~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ · ~· ~ · ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~
· ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~· ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~

~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~· ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~

~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~·
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~· ~ ~~
~~~· ~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ · ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ • ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~

·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
· ~ ~~~· ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~·
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~~~

·
~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~· ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~

~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~

~~~~ ~· · ~ · ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~

~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~~~

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ · ~ ~~~~~~ · ~·
~~ · ~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ · · ~~~~~
~ ~ · ~~ · · ~~~ · ~· ~· ~· ~~
~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
· ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~

~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~

~~~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ · ~~~~~~· ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
· ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ · ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ · ~~~~ ~~~ · ~ ~
~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~

~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
· · ~ · · ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~·
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~

~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~

~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~

· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~~~

~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~
~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~

~~~ ~~~
~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
· ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~· ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~

~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~· ~
·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ · ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~· ~· ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ · ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~~·
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~

·
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ · ~~ ~~~ ~~ ·

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ · ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ · ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~
~~~ ~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~· ~·
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~
~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~ · ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ · ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~
· · · ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ·
~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ · ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~
~~~ ~~~~

~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~

~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
· ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~
~~~~

~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~· ~~~~~ ~~ · ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
· ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~· ~~ ~
· ~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~
·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~· ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~ · ~~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~

· ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~

·
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ · ~ ~~~~~
~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~

~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~

~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ · ~~ ·
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ · ~~~~~~ ~· ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~

~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~

~ ~~~~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ · ~
~ ~· ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~

~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~

~ ~~ ~ ~
~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~
~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~

~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~
~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
· ~~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~~~~

~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ · ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~· ~ ·
~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~

~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~·
· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
· ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ · ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~· ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~

·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
· ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~· ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~

~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~· ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~· ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~· ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ · ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ · ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ · ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~

~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~

~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~· ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
· ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~

~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
· ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~· ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~· ~~ ~~~ ~~· · ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ · · ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
· ~~ ~~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~· ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~

~
~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ · ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~

~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~· ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~

~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
· ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
· ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~

~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~

~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~

~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~
~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~

~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~
~ · ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

~

~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· · ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ · ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ·
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~

~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

~
~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~· ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~· ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~

~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~· ~ ~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~

~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~·

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·

~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~

~ ~
·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~

~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ · ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~· ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~

~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~

~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~

~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ · ~

~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·

~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~· ~ ~· ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~~~~~~~

~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ~· ~·
~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~·
~~~ ~~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~· ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~· ·
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~

~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·

~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ · ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~

~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~
~~

~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~· ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~

~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~

~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~ ~·
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ·
~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~· ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~
·~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


~~ ~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~

~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~

~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~·
~~ ~· ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~
~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~· ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~·
~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~~~
~ ~
~~~
~~
~~ ~ ~

~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ · ~ ~~

~~~
~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~
~~~~
~~~~~~~

··
~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~· ~ ~~
~~~

~~~
~~
~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~· ~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~

~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~
~~
~
~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ · ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~· ~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~

~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~
· ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ·

~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~· ~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~

~~~~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
· ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
· ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~· ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ · ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~·
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
· ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~
~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~
· ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~·
~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~

~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~·
~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~· · ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~·
~~~~~ ~~~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~·
~ · ~~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ · ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~

~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~

~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ · ~· ~ ~ ~~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~· · ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~·
~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~

~~ ~~~ ~~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~

~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~
~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~

~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~· ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~·
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~· ~~~
~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~~· · ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~· ~~~

~~~ ~~~· ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~·
~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ · ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~· ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~

~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ · ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~

~ · ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ·
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~
~~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~ ~
~~· ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~· ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~· ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~· ~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~
~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
·

~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~·
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~·
~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~· ~·
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·

~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~· ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~
~~
~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~· ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~
~~ ~~~ ~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~

~· ·
~~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~·
~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~~
~
~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~·
~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~
~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~·
~
~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ·
~~~~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ·
~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~
~
~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~~
~~~
~ ~~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~~ · ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~~~ ~~~~~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~·
~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~·
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~

~~· ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ · ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~~ ~
~~ ~

~ ~

~~ ~~
~~~

~ ~ ~~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~
~~

~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~
~~ ~
~~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~
~~
~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~
~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~
~
~~~
~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~
~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~
~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


~~ ~ ~~ ·
~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~
~~
~~
~ ~
~~ ~~
~~ ~~
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~
~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~
~
~
~~~
~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~
~
~ ~~~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~ ~
~ ~
~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~
~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ·
~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~ ~
~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~ · ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~
· ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ · ~ · ~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
·
~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~

~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~

~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~
~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~· ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~·
~~~· ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~

~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ · ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ·
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ · ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~·
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~
~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~

~~~~~ ~
~~
· ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~· ~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~·
~· ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~· ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~· ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ · · ~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~

~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~
· ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~· ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~· ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~~ · ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ · ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~·

~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~· ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~


~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~

~
· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~· ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ·
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ·
~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~· · ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~· ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~· ~
~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~~ ~· ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ · ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~

~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~· ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~

~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~
~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~· ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~·
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~
~
· ~~~~~ ~
~~ ~
~· ~~
~~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~· ~· ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~
· ~~~
~~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ · ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ · ~ ~~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~

~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ · ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~

~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ · ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~· ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~· ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~

~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~ ~ ~
~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~

~
· ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ · ~~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ · ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~

~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~~~
~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~


~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~~~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ · · ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~~ ·
~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~· ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~·
~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~
~~~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~
~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~
· ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~

~
· ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
· ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ·
~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~ · ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ · ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~·
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~
~~~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~

~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~

~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
· ~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~

~~~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~
~~~
~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~

~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~

~
· ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~·
~~~~ ~
~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~~~ ~· ~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ·
~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ · ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~
~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~

~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~· ~
~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ·
~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~

~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~
~ ~
~· ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~

~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~

~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~
~~~~~ ~~~
~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~~ ~~~~· ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~~~
· ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~ ~

~~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~~

~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~·
~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~~~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~·
~ ~~ ~· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~
~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ ~

~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~
~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~

~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~
~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ · ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~
~~
~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~
~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~
· ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~· ~~· ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~~
·

~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~· ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ·
~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~ · ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~
~~·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~~·

~
· ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ·
~
~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~
~ · ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~· ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ · ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~

~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~· ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~~ · ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ · ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~ ~ ~~·
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~· ~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~
~~~~~~
~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~· ~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ·
~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~~~·
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~· ~~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~
~ ~ ~~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~
~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ · ~~
~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~·
~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~
~ ~~~~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ·
~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ·

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ·
~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ·
~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~ ~
~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~
~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~~ ~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~
~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ·
~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~
~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~~~~ ~ ~
~ ~~~ · ~~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~
~ ~~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~
~ ~~ ~~~~~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~· ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~·
~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~
~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ · ~~ ~
~ ~~~ · ~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ·
~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~~
FIGSANDTHISTLES

1 7 5
m o v e m e n t s e e k i n g t o t a k e t h e e y e s o f t h e Am e r i c a n
p e o p l e o f f t h e r e a l g o o d t h e y e n j o y , a n d i n d u c e t h e m
t o i n t e n s i f y e v i l s , w h i c h e v i l s w h e r e t h e y e x i s t a t a l l
s a v e i n t h e i m a g i n a t i o n o f s o m e p e r s o n s , a r e s u f -
f e r e d b u t i n a m i n o r w a y ? . . . "
" ' He r e m o r e p e o p l e o w n t h e i r o w n h o m e s , m o r e
p e o p l e h a v e b a n k a c c o u n t s ; m o r e p e o p l e r i d e i n
t h e i r o w n a u t o m o b i l e s ; m o r e p e o p l e e n j o y a l i b e r a l
e d u c a t i o n ; m o r e p e o p l e a r e s t e a d i l y e m p l o y e d a t
g o o d w a g e s , a n d t h e r e a r e f e w e r e m p t y s t o m a c h s
t h a n i n a n y o t h e r c o u n t r y
. .
. . We m u s t t u r n o u r
a t t e n t i o n , f o r t h e m o m e n t , t o a n o t h e r c o u n t r y .
" ` Th a t c o u n t r y i s R u s s i a . O n c e r i c h a n d p r o s -
p e r o u s , h e r c h i l d r e n - f o r t h e g r e a t m a j o r i t y o f h e r
p e o p l e h a v e n e v e r r i s e n a b o v e t h e m e n t a l i t y o f a
c h i l d - w e l l f e d a n d w a r m l y c l o t h e d , a r e n o w d e s o -
l a t e a n d i n d e s p a i r ; . . .
" ` . . . R u s s i a i s t h e b e s t i l l u s t r a t i o n o f w h a t
w i l l h a p p e n t o t h e U n i t e d St a t e s , u n l e s s t h e p e o p l e
s t o p t h e i r f o o l i s h h a b i t o f a c c e p t i n g a s r e l i a b l e
t h e v a s t a m o u n t o f p r o p a g a n d a p r e s e n t e d t h e m
d a i l y , y e s , h o u r l y , t h r o u g h t h e p r e s s , t h e m a g a z i n e s ,
b o o k s a n d n o v e l s , t h e t h e a t r e s a n d t h e m o v i e s . . . .
" ' Th o s e w h o w o u l d d e s t r o y a l l w e h a v e b u i l t i n
t h e U n i t e d St a t e s b y t o i l , e n e r g y , a b i l i t y a n d i n -
i t i a t i v e , d o n o t c o m e f r a n k l y i n t o t h e o p e n a n d
e x p r e s s t h e i r t r u e p u r p o s e . . . . ' "
C o n o v e r s a i d , " J i m , Ia m c o m m e n c i n g t o p i e c e t o g e t h e r
t h i s i n t r i c a t e j i g - s a w p u z z l e .
" R u s s i a i s Ex h i b i t ` A' i n t h e So c i a l i s t - C o m m u n i s t p l a n
.
1 7 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Th e So v i e t s c h e m e i n R u s s i a f a l l s i f s h e f a i l s t o o v e r -
t h r o w o t h e r g o v e r n m e n t s
; i t c a n n o t e x i s t b y i t s e l f .
" R u s s i a h a s s u c c e e d e d i n g a i n i n g t h e s u p p o r t i n o t h e r
c o u n t r i e s o f s o m e s o - c a l l e d i n t e l l e c t u a l s w h o a r e a i d i n g
h e r .
" Th e So c i a l i s t s h a v e r e c r u i t e d p r o f e s s o r s i n a l l d e p a r t -
m e n t s b u t m o s t l y i n Ec o n o m i c s , P h i l o s o p h y , ' So c i o l o g y ,
Et h i c s , Hi s t o r y , a n d En g l i s h .
" O n e p i e c e o f t h e p u z z l e , t h o u g h , h a s e s c a p e d m e . Wh o
i s b e h i n d R u s s i a ? "
M o r r o w s m i l e d a s h e s a i d , " B i l l , y o u a r e g e t t i n g t h e
p i c t u r e . To m o r r o w w e w i l l f i n d t h a t m i s s i n g p i e c e o f t h e
p u z z l e .
" If Im a k e n o m i s t a k e , t o m o r r o w y o u w i l l h e a r s o m e -
t h i n g t h a t w i l l o p e n y o u r e y e s w i d e r t h a n t h e y h a v e e v e r
b e e n o p e n e d b e f o r e . Y o u w i l l h a v e t h e g r e a t e s t s u r p r i s e o f
y o u r l i f e .
" In t h e m e a n w h i l e , Iw i l l t e l l y o u t h i s . Th e p l a n o f
t h o s e w h o s e e k t o o v e r t h r o w t h e e x i s t i n g o r d e r o f s o c i e t y ,
c e n t e r s a r o u n d t h e p l a n , f i r s t o f s m a s h i n g a l l i d e a l s . Wi t h
a n u n c a n n y i n s t i n c t f o r i n t r i g u e , t h e y a r e t r y i n g t o s m a s h
t h e i d e a l s o f t h e y o u n g e r g e n e r a t i o n .
" In t h e Li t e r a r y Di g e s t o f M a r c h 1 0, 1 928, a p p e a r s
t h i s v e r y i l l u m i n a t i n g a r t i c l e .
"
` Ex i t t h e Id e a l s
" ` An a g e o f c y n i c i s m i s u p o n s o m e o f o u r
s c h o o l s , c o n c l u d e s a n e d i t o r i a l w r i t e r i n t h e n e w
m a g a z i n e , Th e Na t i o n ' s Sc h o o l s ( C h i c a g o ) . Id e a l s
a r e r e g a r d e d , h e s a y s , a s " m u s h , " a n d o u r a n i m a l
i n h e r i t a n c e i s s t u d i e d r a t h e r t h a n t h e h u m a n a d d i -
FIGS AND THISTLES

1 7 7
t i o n s t o i t t h a t w e h a v e b e e n s t r u g g l i n g f o r a g e s t o
a c q u i r e . He w r i t e s : .
" `
" R e c e n t l y a c e r t a i n h i g h s c h o o l w a s b e i n g
l o o k e d o v e r b y a c o m m i t t e e o f u n i v e r s i t y m e n w i t h
a v i e w t o d e c i d i n g w h e t h e r , i t s h o u l d b e p l a c e d o n
t h e i r a c c r e d i t e d l i s t . C l a s s e s i n h i s t o r y , En g l i s h l i t -
e r a t u r e , b i o l o g y , a n d p s y c h o l o g y , a m o n g o t h e r
c l a s s e s , w e r e i n s p e c t e d . O n e g r o u p o f s t u d e n t s w a s
d i s c u s s i n g t h e c o l o n i a l p e r i o d i n Am e r i c a n h i s t o r y .
Th e w h o l e h o u r w a s d e v o t e d t o w h a t m i g h t b e
c a l l e d a n e x p o s e o f t h e s e a m y s i d e o f t h e l i f e o f t w o
o f o u r n a t i o n a l i d o l s . Th e s e t w o o n e - t i m e d i g n i -
t a r i e s w e r e p a i n t e d i n p r e t t y d a r k c o l o r s . Th e y h a d
v e r y l i t t l e c h a r a c t e r l e f t a f t e r t h e t e a c h e r g o t
t h r o u g h w i t h t h e m . . . .
" Ag r o u p o f s e n i o r s t u d e n t s w a s d i s c u s s i n g
t h e ` u n c o n s c i o u s ' i n a c l a s s i n p s y c h o l o g y . Th e
t e a c h e r w a s w h a t i s k n o w n a s a Fr e u d i a n . Th e
c l a s s h a d f o r s e v e r a l d a y s b e e n d i s c u s s i n g t h e s u b -
j e c t o f t h e h o u r . Th e p u p i l s h a d b e e n l e d b y t h e
t e a c h e r t o t a k e t h e p o i n t o f v i e w t h a t a l l o f u s a r e
d o m i n a t e d b y i m p u l s e s a n d p a s s i o n s w h i c h h a v e
t o b e g i v e n c o n s i d e r a b l e r e i n o r e l s e t h e y w i l l m a k e
l i f e i n t o l e r a b l e f o r u s . Th e t e a c h e r c i t e d s u p p o s e d
c a s e s o f n e r v o u s a n d m e n t a l b r e a k - u p b e c a u s e t h e
g r e a t u r g e s o f l i f e w e r e u t t e r l y r e p r e s s e d . ` In
o r d e r t o k e e p b a l a n c e d a n d s a n e , ' h e s a i d , ` w e h a v e
t o u n c l a m p . Th o s e w h o h o l d i n e v e r l a s t i n g l y g e t
t o b e f r e a k s o r n e r v o u s w r e c k s . ' Th e p u p i l s
s e e m e d q u i t e r e a d y t o a g r e e w i t h t h e i r i n -
s t r u c t o r . . . .
1 7 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
" ` " Th e v i s i t o r s d i d n ' t h e a r a w o r d s p o k e n i n
t h a t s c h o o l d u r i n g t h e e n t i r e d a y w h i c h s u g g e s t e d
i n t h e s l i g h t e s t d e g r e e a n y t h i n g Id e a l i s t i c . It w o u l d
n o t h a v e b e e n f a s h i o n a b l e t o h a v e t a l k e d a b o u t
i d e a l s i n a n y c l a s s , b e c a u s e t h a t s c h o o l i s s t r i c t l y
` m o d e r n . ' O n e e x p e c t s t h i s s o r t o f t h i n g i n m o s t o f
t h e u n i v e r s i t i e s t h e s e d a y s , b u t h e c a n n o t h e l p b u t
b e d i s a p p o i n t e d w h e n h e f i n d s t h a t c y n i c i s m o f t h e
t i m e s i s g e t t i n g i n t o t h e h i g h s c h o o l s t o o . Is i t p o s -
s i b l e t h a t w e a r e i n c e s s a n t l y h u n t i n g f o r t h e w o r s t
i n h u m a n n a t u r e a n d p l a y i n g i t u p i n t h e c o l l e g e s
a n d h i g h s c h o o l s ? . . .
" ` " We a r e c e r t a i n l y e n t e r i n g , i f w e a r e n o t a l -
r e a d y i n , a n a g e o f c y n i c i s m r e g a r d i n g i d e a l i s t i c
c o n c e p t i o n s o f h u m a n n a t u r e a n d t h e o b j e c t i v e s o f
h u m a n l i f e . " '
" B i l l , p l o w i n g c o m e s b e f o r e s o w i n g . B e f o r e t h e r a d i c a l s
s o w t h e i r s e e d s t h e y p l o w t h e g r o u n d . Th e i r p l o w i n g c a l l s
f i r s t f o r t h e s m a s h i n g o f i d e a l s .
" It i s g e t t i n g l a t e , b u t w e w i l l h a v e t i m e t o r e a d a n
a r t i c l e t h a t b r i n g s o u t v e r y c l e a r l y a m o d e r n t r e n d
i n t e a c h i n g . Iw a n t y o u t o r e a d t h i s a r t i c l e p u b l i s h e d i n
` Th e So j o u r n e r . ' Y o u w i l l f i n d t h a t t h i s a r t i c l e h i t s f r o m
t h e s h o u l d e r a n d d o e s n ' t m i n c e w o r d s . "
" ` P e r h a p s f e w o f u s s e n s e t h e e x t e n t t o w h i c h
s o u n d s o c i a l , m o r a l a n d e c o n o m i c b e l i e f s a r e b e i n g
u n d e r m i n e d i n m a n y Am e r i c a n i n s t i t u t i o n s o f
h i g h e r l e a r n i n g b y d e s t r u c t i v e i n f l u e n c e s . Th e s e
c o m e i n p a r t f r o m c o m m u n i s t i c p r o p a g a n d a a m o n g
s t u d e n t s ; i n p a r t f r o m s e n s a t i o n a l l i t e r a t u r e a n d
FIGS AND THISTLES

1 7 9
o b j e c t i o n a b l e f i l m s ; b u t a l s o - a n d m o s t e f f e c t i v e l y
- f r o m t h e t e a c h i n g s o f r a d i c a l a n d " m o d e r n i s t i c "
p r o f e s s o r s i n t h e f i e l d o f e c o n o m i c s , p h i l o s o p h y ,
p s y c h o l o g y a n d e t h i c s .
" ` We u r g e t h o s e w h o a r e t r u s t e e s o f e d u c a t i o n a l
i n s t i t u t i o n s o r w h o h a v e c h i l d r e n a t t e n d i n g h i g h
s c h o o l s o r c o l l e g e s , t o d o t h e i r u t m o s t t o s e e t h a t
a s o u n d a n d o r t h o d o x v i e w p o i n t o n t h e s e s u b j e c t s ,
f u n d a m e n t a l t o o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s a n d o u r c i v i l i z a t i o n ,
s h a l l b e p r e s e n t e d b y t h e s t r o n g e s t t e a c h i n g t a l e n t
o b t a i n a b l e .
" ' An y e d u c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n t h a t i s u n w i l l i n g
t o m a k e t h i s p r o v i s i o n s h o u l d b e p u b l i c l y l a b e l l e d
a n d a d v e r t i s e d , a s d e s t r u c t i v e o f c h a r a c t e r - a n d
t h e r e a f t e r a v o i d e d b y i n t e l l i g e n t p e o p l e a s u n f i t t o
t r a i n o u r y o u t h . '
" P r o f . P a u l Sh o r e y , f o r 3 0y e a r s a f a m o u s t e a c h e r o f
c l a s s i c s i n o u r l a r g e s t u n i v e r s i t i e s , r e c e n t l y d e l i v e r e d i n
De n v e r a n a d d r e s s o n ` Li t e r a t u r e a n d M o d e r n Li f e , ' w h i c h
h a s b e e n p u b l i s h e d i n t h e
At l a n t i c M o n t h l y
f o r M a y . It
i s m o s t u n u s u a l f o r s u c h a s p l e n d i d p r o t e s t a g a i n s t l i t e r a r y
s h a l l o w n e s s a n d i n d e c e n c y t o a p p e a r i n a n y Am e r i c a n
m a g a z i n e . Th e f o l l o w i n g q u o t a t i o n s w i l l g i v e a n i d e a o f
P r o f . Sh o r e y ' s v i e w p o i n t :
" ' Ip r e a c h c o n s e r v a t i s m m a i n l y b e c a u s e , t h o u g h
t h e o r d i n a r y M a i n St r e e t Am e r i c a n d o e s n o t y e t
v o t e r e d , a l l i n t e l l e c t u a l Am e r i c a r e a d s a n d t a l k s
p i n k . Th e c l i c h e s a n d c o m m o n p l a c e s o f m o d e r n
r a d i c a l i s m a r e i n c u l c a t e d w e e k l y i n a l l t h e l i t e r a r y
r e v i e w s w i t h o u t e x c e p t i o n , a n d i n a t l e a s t 99o u t o f
1 80

SINISTER SHADO WS
1 00o f a l l u n i v e r s i t y l e c t u r e s a n d a d d r e s s e s
. We
n e v e r h e a r a n y t h i n g e l s e
. It c a n d o u s n o h a r m
t o l i s t e n f o r o n c e t o a f e w q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f t h e m .
" ` Th i s i s n o t t h e f i r s t o r t h e s e c o n d t i m e t h a t
f a s h i o n h a s t r i e d t o b a n i s h d e c e n c y f r o m l i t e r a t u r e ,
a n d t h e e f f e c t s o n l i t e r a t u r e h a v e n e v e r b e e n e n -
c o u r a g i n g . . . . An y b o d y c a n t a l k o r w r i t e s e x .
It i s t h e l i n e o f l e a s t r e s i s t a n c e .
" ` . t h e b a n n i n g o f o n e i n d e c e n t o r a n t i -
p a t r i o t i c o r i r r e l i g i o u s b o o k r a i s e s a h u e a n d c r y
t h r o u g h o u t t h e l a n d . B u t n o b o d y p a y s a n y a t t e n -
t i o n t o t h e f a c t t h a t t h e r e a d i n g c o m m e n d e d t o t h e
a t t e n t i o n o f t h e y o u n g , b y l i b r a r i e s , u n i v e r s i t y r e -
f e r e n c e s h e l v e s a n d b o o k r e v i e w s i s i n a s t e a d i l y
i n c r e a s i n g p r o p o r t i o n e r o t i c , r e v o l u t i o n a r y , a n t i -
n a t i o n a l , s o c i a l i s t i c , a m o r a l o r i m m o r a l - r a d i c a l ,
i n s h o r t , i n i t s s u g g e s t i o n s w h e n n o t i n i t s d i r e c t
t e a c h i n g s .
" ` Th e i n s a n i t y o f a n a t i o n i s , Is u p p o s e , a f i g u r e
o f s p e e c h , a n d t h e r e a r e m a n y c a u s e s o f t h e R u s s i a n
m a d n e s s b e s i d e s t h e b o o k s w h i c h t h e l i t e r a t e c l a s s e s
o f R u s s i a w r o t e a n d r e a d . Y e t t h e r e m u s t b e s o m e
c o n n e c t i o n o f c a u s e a n d e f f e c t b e t w e e n t h e d o o m
t h a t o v e r t o o k e d u c a t e d R u s s i a n s a n d t h e t h o u g h t s ,
t h e i m a g e s , t h e f o r m u l a s i n w h i c h t h e i r l i t e r a t u r e
h a d b e e n s t e e p i n g t h e i r m i n d s f o r f i f t y y e a r s . ' "
" B i l l , b e f o r e Im a d e a s t u d y o f t h i s t h i n g Iw a s m y s t i -
f i e d a n d b e w i l d e r e d
. Li k e m a n y o t h e r s Is m i l e d i n a
s u p e r i o r w a y a t t h o s e w h o w e r e s h o u t i n g t h e i r w a r n i n g s .
It h o u g h t t h e y w e r e o b s e s s e d w i t h c o n t r a - r a d i c a l i d e a s .
FIGS AND THISTLES

1 8
1
" M a n y a d a y h a v e Ir i d d e n t h e r a n g e p u z z l i n g o v e r t h i s
t h i n g
. Af t e r Ig o t d o w n t o Wa s h i n g t o n , Id e l v e d i n t o t h e
s i t u a t i o n a n d f i n a l l y s a w t h e l i g h t .
" It i s d o u b t f u l i f a n y s o c i a l i s t w i l l a g r e e t o t h e d e f i n i -
t i o n o f So c i a l i s m g i v e n b y a n y o n e o t h e r t h a n h i m s e l f .
" In h i s ` P o l i t i c a l Ec o n o m y , ' J
. S. M i l l s t a t e s ` t h e w o r d
o r i g i n a t e d a m o n g t h e En g l i s h C o m m u n i s t s
. ' M . Le r o u x
l a i d c l a i m t o t h e o r i g i n o f t h e n a m e
. He d e f i n e d i t s
m e a n i n g a s :
" ' Ap o l i t i c a l o r g a n i z a t i o n i n w h i c h t h e i n d i v i d u a l
i s s a c r i f i c e d t o s o c i e t y . '
" We h a v e h a d a l o n g s e s s i o n t o d a y
; s u p p o s e w e c a l l
f o r a r e c e s s u n t i l t o m o r r o w . "
" J u s t o n e q u e s t i o n , " s a i d C o n o v e r . " Ha v e y o u e v e r
w o r k e d o u t y o u r o w n d e f i n i t i o n o f So c i a l i s m ? "
Se n a t o r M o r r o w p u l l e d a w a y o n h i s p i p e f o r s e v e r a l
m i n u t e s b e f o r e a n s w e r i n g
:
" In a w a y Ih a v e , B i l l
; h e r e i t i s : So c i a l i s m i s t h e
r e f u g e o f t h e i n c o m p e t e n t s , t h e h a v e n o f t h e f a i l u r e s a n d
t h e m i r a g e o f t h o s e w h o , h a v i n g w a s t e d , s e e k t o w r e s t t h e
f r u i t s o f t h e i r a c c o m p l i s h m e n t s f r o m t h o s e w h o h a v e
p l a n n e d a n d s a v e d a n d c r e a t e d . "
C h a p t e r X III
THEHIDDENKEY
M o r r o w a n d C o n o v e r h a d a u n i q u e s h o w e r b a t h
An c h o r e d t o a l i m b o f a t r e e w a s a b u c k e t o f w a t e r t h a t
t i p p e d o v e r i n a n s w e r t o a p u l l o f a r o p e . U p w i t h t h e s u n
t h e n e x t m o r n i n g , t h e t w o d a n c e d a n d j u m p e d a n d y o w l e d
u n d e r a d e l u g e o f i c e - c o l d w a t e r . To w e l s s n a p p e d a n d
c r a c k e d l i k e w h i p s u n d e r v i g o r o u s m a n i p u l a t i o n
.
C o n o v e r m a d e t h e f i r e , p u t o n t h e c o f f e e , s l i c e d t h e
b a c o n a n d f r i e d t h e e g g s w h i l e t h e b a t t l e o f t h e g a s t r i c
j u i c e s w a s g o i n g o n
.
O n e m a y w r i t e p a n e g y r i c s , o d e s a n d e p i c s t o g r e a t
e v e n t s , t o m y l a d y ' s e y e - b r o w , t o s u n s e t s , b u t w h o c a n d o
j u s t i c e i n m e r e w o r d s t o t h e d e l e c t a b l e a r o m a o f s t e a m i n g
c o f f e e m i n g l i n g w i t h t h e i n t r i g u i n g o d o r o f b a c o n , p r e -
p a r e d o n t h e a l t a r o f n a t u r e u n d e r t h e t r e e s o f a n e a r l y
m o r n i n g ?
It i s n o t f o r m e r e w o r d s . It d a n c e s b l i t h e l y a n d u n -
b l u s h i n g l y i n t o t h e r e a l m s o f i n t o x i c a t i n g m u s i c . Gr i n n i n g
l i k e k i d s t h e t w o m e n d i d f u l l j u s t i c e t o t h e m e a l .
To g e t h e r t h e y w a l k e d t o t h e r i m o f t h e c a n y o n .
" Lo o k , J i m , " s a i d B i l l , p o i n t i n g t o a r o c k y p l a t f o r m
j u t t i n g o v e r t h e a b y s s , a s l e n d e r s h e l f b e n e a t h w h i c h w e r e
t w o t h o u s a n d f e e t o f s p a c e
.
O n t h e s h e l f a s t r i d e a p i n t o p o n y m i n u s s a d d l e a n d w i t h
o n l y t h e s i n g l e g u i d i n g r o p e s a t a n In d i a n . M o t i o n l e s s
w e r e t h e p a i r s a v e f o r t h e f o r m e r ' s f l u t t e r i n g m a n e a n d
t a i l a s t h e b r e e z e s r i p p l e d o v e r t h e m
.
1 82
THE HIDDEN KEY

1
8
3
It m i g h t h a v e b e e n a s t a t u e b y t h e h a n d o f a m a s t e r
s c u l p t o r .
M o t i o n l e s s t h e B r a v e s a t , a s h e s t a r e d a c r o s s t h a t
s u b l i m e c h a s m .
Im m e d i a t e l y b e l o w h i m r o s e a p i n n a c l e , o n t h e a p e x o f
w h i c h w a s a t h i n g o f s t i c k s . As a n e a g l e s c o o p e d t o t h e
n e s t , t h e e a g l e t s s c r a m b l e d t o t h e e d g e s w i t h o p e n b e a k s
f o r t h e c o m i n g m o r s e l .
U n d e r h i s b r e a t h , C o n o v e r w h i s p e r e d , " Wh a t a p i c t u r e ! "
B e l o w t h e m , l i k e a t i n y r i b b o n o f s i l v e r , f l o w e d t h e
m i g h t y C o l o r a d o R i v e r , w i n d i n g i t s w a y t h r o u g h t h a t
t r e m e n d o u s g o r g e
.
" Th e a n i m a t e b r o o d i n g o v e r t h e i n a n i m a t e , " m u r m u r e d
C o n o v e r .
Th e y s t o o d t h e r e g i v i n g f u l l r e i n t o i m a g i n a t i o n u n t i l
t h e In d i a n b a c k e d h i s p i n t o f r o m t h e s h e l f a n d d i s a p -
p e a r e d .
" Li f e , l i f e , p u l s a t i n g , t h r o b b i n g l i f e ! Wh a t a b o o n c o n -
f e r r e d o n p u n y m o r t a l s ! " s a i d Se n a t o r M o r r o w a s t h e t w o
d r a n k t h e i r f i l l o f t h e p a n o r a m a .
Th e y t o o k s o m e t h i n g a w a y a n d t h e y l e f t s o m e t h i n g
b e h i n d a s t h e y r e t r a c e d t h e i r s t e p s t o c a m p .
" J i m , w h e r e d o e s t h e u r g e c o m e f r o m t h a t a l w a y s
a b i d e s i n t h e b r e a s t s o f r e a l m e n , t h e c a l l t o d u t y ? Wh e n
w e w e r e o n t h e r i m m y h e a r t s a i d ` s t a y a w h i l e . ' M y h e a d
s a i d ` l i s t e n t o t h e t o c s i n o f d u t y ' - d u t y ? Do e s n ' t t h a t
p r e s u p p o s e a n u r g e c o m i n g f r o m o u t s i d e t o w h i c h w e
m o r t a l s m u s t s y n c h r o n i z e o u r s e l v e s , i f w e a r e t o l i v e a
w o r t h w h i l e l i f e ?
" It i s y o u r u r g e a n d m y u r g e t o p l a y a p a r t , a m i n o r
p a r t , i n t h e g r e a t a d v e n t u r e o f t r y i n g t o l e a v e o u r c h i l d r e n
1 84

SINISTER SHADO WS
a d e c e n t w o r l d i n w h i c h t o l i v e
. It i s o u r u r g e t o e n l i s t
i n t h e g r e a t c a u s e t o w h i c h o u r f o r e f a t h e r s p a i d t h e ` l a s t
f u l l m e a s u r e o f t h e i r d e v o t i o n
. ' "
" Y o u r e m i n d m e , B i l l , o f t h o s e e a g l e t s i n t h e n e s t w e
s a w a f e w m i n u t e s a g o
. Y o u a r e a s e a g e r t o g e t f a c t s a s
t h e y w e r e t o g e t f o o d
. M y c a r e h a s b e e n n o t t o o v e r l o a d
y o u
. Id i d n ' t w a n t y o u t o g e t m e n t a l i n d i g e s t i o n
. Ih a v e
t r i e d t o s h o w y o u t h a t y o u r c o u n t r y ' s f i r s t l i n e o f d e f e n s e ,
o u r
. s c h o o l s , a r e b e i n g a s s a i l e d - t h a t So c i a l i s m a n d c o m -
m u n i s m a r e w o r k i n g i n c e s s a n t l y t o i n d o c t r i n a t e t h e
y o u n g e r g e n e r a t i o n w i t h t h e o r i e s t h a t w o u l d d e s t r o y o u r
c i v i l i z a t i o n
.
.
" Ne x t Ih a v e t r i e d t o p i c t u r e t h e d e n i n w h i c h l i v e s t h e
R e d R u s s i a n B e a r t h a t i s p o i n t e d t o a s ` Ex h i b i t A' o f
So c i a l i s m a t w o r k .
" To d a y b e f o r e Ic o m e t o t h e b i g s u r p r i s e Ip r o m i s e d
y o u y e s t e r d a y , i t w o u l d b e w e l l i f w e p u t o u r f i n g e r o n t h e
r e a s o n w h y t h e r e i s a f e r t i l e f i e l d i n o u r c o u n t r y f o r s u c h
i m p o s s i b l e t h e o r i e s .
" It c a n b e s u m m e d u p i n o n e w o r d , Im m i g r a t i o n .
" P r o f e s s o r Wi l l i a m St a r r M y e r s o f P r i n c e t o n p o i n t s o u t :
" ` Ac c o r d i n g t o t h e r e p o r t s o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s
C o m m i s s i o n e r o f Im m i g r a t i o n , t h i s c o u n t r y h a s a d -
m i t t e d a t o t a l o f 3 5 , 26 7 , 807 a l i e n i m m i g r a n t s i n t h e
y e a r s 1 820t o 1 923 i n c l u s i v e . M o r e o v e r , s i n c e
1 895 t h e r e h a s b e e n a s h i f t i n t h e s o u r c e o f i m m i -
g r a n t s f r o m n o r t h e r n a n d w e s t e r n t o
So u t h e r n a n d
Ea s t e r n Eu r o p e .
" ' Th u s i n t h e y e a r 1 91 4 , i m m e d i a t e l y p r e c e d i n g
t h e w a r , w e a d m i t t e d 1 , 21 8, 4 80f o r e i g n e r s , o f w h o m
THEHIDDEN KEY

1 85
a b o u t 81 7 , 5 5 0w e r e f r o m Au s t r i a , Hu n g a r y , It a l y
a n d R u s s i a , a n d o v e r 3 3 1 , 000
i l l i t e r a t e .
" ' Th i s m e a n s t h a t i n o n e y e a r w e a d m i t t e d a
n u m b e r o f i l l i t e r a t e s a l m o s t e q u a l t o t h e t h e n p o p u -
l a t i o n o f o u r C a p i t a l C i t y , Wa s h i n g t o n , D
. C . '
" B i l l , l e t t h a t s i n k i n
. In o n e y e a r a n i n f l u x o f
i l l i t e r a t e s o f n e a r l y a
t h i r d o f a m i l l i o n a n d e v e r y i l l i t e r a t e
r i p e a n d r e a d y f o r t h e s o a p b o x o r a t o r ! "
Se n a t o r M o r r o w c o n t i n u e d , " M o r e t h a n
o n e - f o u r t h o f
a l l o u r p o p u l a t i o n i s e i t h e r f o r e i g n b o r n o r o f f o r e i g n b o r n
p a r e n t a g e .
" Th e f o r e i g n b o r n m e n a l o n e i n o u r c o u n t r y a r e m o r e
t h a n t h e t o t a l p o p u l a t i o n o f
Au s t r a l i a .
" Si n c e 1 890t h i s f o r e i g n b o r n s t r e a m h a s c o m e t o o u r
s h o r e s i n s u c h a d e l u g e , s u c h a t i d a l w a v e t h a t t h e i r
n u m b e r s a r e g r e a t e r t h a n t h e c o m b i n e d p o p u l a t i o n o f t h e
e n t i r e s t a t e s o f
Ne w Y o r k , Il l i n o i s a n d O h i o .
" Le t u s t a k e a q u i c k s u r v e y o f o n l y f o u r s t a t e s .
" Le s s t h a n 1 / 3 o f t h e p o p u l a t i o n o f Ne w Y o r k s t a t e
a r e n a t i v e b o r n Am e r i c a n s - i n M a s s a c h u s e t t s l e s s t h a n
1 / 3 - i n C o n n e c t i c u t a b o u t 1 / 3 - i n Ne w J e r s e y l e s s t h a n
1 / 2 .
" No w l e t u s l o o k a t Ne w Y o r k C i t y
. Th e s e f i g u r e s w i l l
m a k e y o u g a s p .
O n l y o n e o u t o f e v e r y f i v e i s a n a t i v e
b o r n Am e r i c a n
o f n a t i v e b o r n p a r e n t s .
" Fo u r t e e n
o u t o f e v e r y h u n d r e d i n Ne w Y o r k C i t y
r e m a i n s a n
Al i e n .
" Do n o t m i s u n d e r s t a n d m e .
Am o n g t h i s n u m b e r o f
f o r e i g n b o r n a r e m a n y w h o b e c o m e d e s i r a b l e a n d p a t r i -
1 8 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
o t i c Am e r i c a n c i t i z e n s
. M a n y o f t h e m a r e t h e h i g h e s t
t y p e s Am e r i c a p o s s e s s e s , b u t t h e
g r e a t m a j o r i t y c a n n o t
b e a s s i m i l a t e d .
" Fr o m 1 7 7 6 t o 1 820l e s s t h a n o n e - q u a r t e r o f a m i l l i o n
c a m e t o o u r h o s p i t a b l e s h o r e s
. Fr o m 1 820t o 1 84 6 c a m e
o n e a n d o n e - q u a r t e r m i l l i o n .
" In t h e f i r s t s e v e n t y y e a r s o f o u r n a t i o n a l e x i s t e n c e
c a m e o n e a n d a h a l f m i l l i o n .
" In o n e y e a r , 1 91 4 , t h e v o l u m e o f i m m i g r a n t s n e a r l y
e q u a l l e d t h e v o l u m e o f t h e e n t i r e s e v e n t y y e a r p e r i o d b e -
t w e e n 1 7 7 6 a n d 1 84 6 . Ne v e r i n a l l t h e h i s t o r y o f t h e
w o r l d h a s a n y n a t i o n a d m i t t e d s u c h h o r d e s .
" So m e o f t h o s e c o m i n g t o o u r s h o r e s c a m e w i t h t h e
i d e a t h a t t h i s l a n d o f o p p o r t u n i t y b e c k o n e d t o t h e m ; t h e y .
c a m e ; p r e p a r e d t o a d o p t o u r c u l t u r e a n d e n j o y t h e p r i v i -
l e g e s Am e r i c a o f f e r s .
" O t h e r s c a m e i m b u e d w i t h t h e i d e a t h e y w o u l d t a k e
w h a t w e h a d t o o f f e r a n d r e m a i n h y p h e n a t e d . O t h e r s
c a m e , d u m b l y a n d b l i n d l y .
" Th i s s i t u a t i o n i s d a n g e r o u s i n t h e e x t r e m e . He r e o n
o u r h o s p i t a b l e s h o r e s w h e r e t h e y e n j o y t h e ` b l e s s i n g s o f
l i b e r t y , ' t h e i l l i t e r a t e s l e n d w i l l i n g e a r s t o a g i t a t o r s a n d
t a s t i n g f r e e d o m , b e c o m e i n t o x i c a t e d w i t h l i c e n s e .
" He r e i s t h e p a r a d o x i c a l s i t u a t i o n . To o m a n y t i m e s d o
t h e s e s t r a n g e r s t o o u r h i s t o r y a n d t o o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s s e e k
t o i n c o r p o r a t e i n t o o u r g o v e r n m e n t t h e v e r y t h i n g s t h a t
h a v e m a d e t h e i r n a t i v e c o u n t r y s u c h a n u n d e s i r a b l e p l a c e
f o r t h e m t h a t t h e y l e f t i t .
" If Am e r i c a c l o s e d i t s d o o r s f o r
t w e n t y - f i v e y e a r s , s h e
s t i l l w o u l d h a v e h e r h a n d s f u l l i n e n d e a v o r i n g t o Am e r i -
c a n i z e t h o s e n o w w i t h i n h e r b o r d e r s .
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 8 7
" J u d g m e n t d i c t a t e s a m i n i m u m o f i m m i g r a n t s ; p r u -
d e n c e p l e a d s f o r i t
.
" Th i s s i t u a t i o n , B i l l , i s o n e o f t h e k e y s t o t h e p r e s e n t
u n r e s t . It a n s w e r s y o u r i n q u i r y s h o u l d y o u a s k ` Wh y
d o e s t h i s g e n e r a t i o n s e e m t o l o v e t h e i r c o u n t r y l e s s t h a n
d i d o u r f a t h e r s ? '
" Am o n g t h e s e f o r e i g n b o r n a r e m a n y w h o m w e a r e
e x c e e d i n g l y p r o u d t o c a l l f e l l o w c o u n t r y m e n , b u t t h e v a s t ,
m a j o r i t y
w i l l r e m a i n Am e r i c a ' s p r o b l e m f o r d e c a d e s t o
c o m e . O u r n a t i o n a l s t o m a c h i s h e a v y w i t h i n d i g e s t i b l e
m e a l s . Y e t w e a r e u r g e d t o l o a d i t s t i l l f u r t h e r . Ar e w e
d e l i b e r a t e l y i g n o r i n g a l l l a w s o f n a t u r e a n d c o u r t i n g t h e
i n e v i t a b l e n a t i o n a l a p o p l e x y a n d i t s p r o p h e c y o f d e a t h ?
" B i l l , i n v e s t i g a t e t h i s q u e s t i o n o f i m m i g r a t i o n c a r e -
f u l l y . It i s v i t a l . An d h e r e i s w h e r e y o u r t i m i d p o l i t i c i a n
i n C o n g r e s s c o m e s i n . M a n y h a v i n g n o c a p a c i t y f o r
l e a d e r s h i p , t h o u g h r e c o g n i z i n g t h e p e r i l t o a n y c o u n t r y i n
o p e n i n g t h e d o o r s t o u n r e s t r i c t e d i m m i g r a t i o n , y e t f e a r t o
l i f t t h e i r v o i c e s i n p r o t e s t l e s t t h e y g i v e o f f e n s e t o s o m e
h y p h e n a t e d g r o u p f o r w h o s e v o t e s t h e y a r e f i s h i n g .
" Th i s c o n d i t i o n t h e n w i l l e x p l a i n t o y o u t h e c h a n g e t h a t
h a s c o m e o v e r t h e t h o u g h t o f Am e r i c a d u r i n g t h e l a s t
q u a r t e r o f a c e n t u r y .
" B i l l , s u p p o s e w e t a k e a l i t t l e t i m e o f f f o r l u n c h . Th i s
a f t e r n o o n Iw i l l s h o w y o u t h e c e n t e r p i e c e o f t h i s j i g - s a w
p u z z l e a r o u n d w h i c h t h e s e o t h e r p i e c e s f i t p r e c i s e l y . We
h a v e s e e n t h e s c h o o l p i e c e , t h e R u s s i a n So c i a l i s t -
C o m m u n i s t p i e c e a n d t h e i m m i g r a t i o n p i e c e
. Ne x t w e
w i l l e x a m i n e t h e k e y p i e c e , t h e m y s t e r i o u s m e m b e r t h a t
w i l l e n a b l e y o u t o p u t t h e p u z z l e t o g e t h e r .
" P r o b a b l y , " s a i d Se n a t o r M o r r o w , " y o u h a v e t a k e n
1 8 8 SINISTER SHADO WS
r e f u g e i n t h e w o r d ` c o i n c i d e n t ' m a n y t i m e s w h e n y o u h a v e
o b s e r v e d s i m i l a r e v e n t s t r a n s p i r i n g i n a s i m i l a r w a y a t
d i f f e r e n t t i m e s i n d i f f e r e n t p l a c e s . Y o u h a v e o b s e r v e d
w h a t s e e m e d t o b e s p o n t a n e o u s o u t b u r s t s i n v a r i o u s a c -
t i v i t i e s .
" Th i s a f t e r n o o n y o u a r e g o i n g t o g e t a s k e t c h y o u t l i n e
o f a n i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o n s p i r a c y t h a t h a s b e e n b r e w i n g i n
, i t s l a t e s t i n t e n s i t y o v e r o n e h u n d r e d a n d f i f t y y e a r s .
Ha t e a n d i n t r i g u e h a v e b e e n b o i l i n g f u r i o u s l y i n t h i s
Wi t c h e s ' C a u l d r o n
.
" Y o u w i l l h a v e t o m a k e a n i n t e n s i v e s t u d y o f t h i s a n g l e
b y y o u r s e l f , b e c a u s e o u r t i m e h e r e w i l l p e r m i t o n l y t h e
b r i e f e s t o u t l i n e . B u t Iw i l l g i v e y o u e n o u g h t o s t a r t y o u r
i n v e s t i g a t i o n . Y o u w i l l f i n d t h e r e f e r e n c e b o o k s i n o u r
d u f f l e b a g .
" Th e p l a n i s b a s e d o n t h e r u l e s f o r r e v o l u t i o n s
.
" Fi r s t : ` It i s n o t t h e p e o p l e w h o p r e p a r e R e v -
o l u t i o n
. O n e h a s t o p r e p a r e t h e p e o p l e
f o r r e v o l t . '
" Se c o n d : ` Sy s t e m a t i c a t t e m p t t o c r e a t e g r i e v a n c e s
i n o r d e r t o e x p l o i t t h e m . '
" Th i r d :
` No t h o w e v e r t o a c c e l e r a t e r e f o r m s , b u t
t o a r r e s t
t h e m i n o r d e r t h e i n c r e a s e
p o p u l a r d i s c o n t e n t a n d b r i n g t h e m s e l v e s
( t h e c o n s p i r a t o r s ) i n t o p o w e r . '
" In t h e y e a r 1 1 85 t h e r e w a s f o r m e d i n Fr a n c e a s o c i e t y
c a l l e d ' C o n f r e r e r i e d e l a P a i x . '
" It s o s t e n s i b l e o b j e c t w a s t o p u t a n e n d t o w a r s . B u t
l i k e m a n y p e a c e s o c i e t i e s , t h e a d e p t s s t a r t e d o u t w i t h a n
a p p e a l t o h u m a n i t a r i a n i s m o n l y t o l e a d t h e i r d u p e s i n t o
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 8 9
a b l i n d a l l e y o f C o m m u n i s m , f o r i t w a s n ' t v e r y l o n g b e f o r e
t h e p l e a f o r p e a c e w a s s h u n t e d i n t o t h e b a c k g r o u n d a n d
t h e r e a l o b j e c t , t h e e s t a b l i s h i n g o f C o m m u n i t y o f l a n d ,
d r a g g e d t o t h e f o r e g r o u n d .
Fr o m 1 1 85 t o 1 7 1 2i s a j u m p o f m o r e t h a n f i v e h u n d r e d
y e a r s , b u t t h e t w o d a t e s a r e s t r a n g e l y i n t e r w o v e n b y t h e
f a c t t h a t i n 1 7 1 2w a s b o r n a t a i n t e d g e n i u s w h o , p r o m u l -
g a t i n g n o t h i n g n e w , p r o c l a i m e d a n e w t h e d o c t r i n e o f 1 1 85 .
" J e a n J a c q u e s R o u s s e a u , a Fr e n c h J e w , p o i s o n e d t h e
m e n t a l w e l l s o f h i s d a y w i t h d i a b o l i c a l c u n n i n g
a n d
t h o r o u g h n e s s . He w a s a s e l f - c o n f e s s e d t h i e f . Hi s f i v e
i l l e g i t i m a t e c h i l d r e n h e s e n t t o a f o u n d l i n g s ' h o m e w i t h
s n e e r s a n d e p i g r a m s .
" P r o f e s s o r St o d d a r d a b l y d e s c r i b e s h i m : ` He w a s
b o r n o f u n s o u n d s t o c k . He w a s n e u r o t i c , m e n t a l l y u n -
s t a b l e , m o r a l l y w e a k , s e x u a l l y p e r v e r t e d , a n d d u r i n g t h e
l a t t e r p a r t o f h i s l i f e w a s u n d o u b t e d l y i n s a n e . To g e t h e r
w i t h a l l t h i s h o w e v e r h e p o s s e s s e d g r e a t l i t e r a r y t a l e n t s ,
h i s
.
s t y l e , p e r s u a s i v e n e s s a n d c h a r m c a p t i v a t i n g a n d c o n -
v i n c i n g m u l t i t u d e s . He a c c o r d i n g l y e x e r t e d u p o n t h e
w o r l d a p r o f o u n d - a n d i n t h e m a i n a b a n e f u l - i n f l u e n c e ,
w h i c h i s w o r k i n g i n d i r e c t l y b u t p o w e r f u l l y e v e n t o d a y . '
" B a c k t o t h e t e a c h i n g s o f 1 1 85 l i k e a h o m i n g p i g e o n
w e n t t h i s d i s e a s e d b r a i n f o r h i s p h i l o s o p h y t h a t h a s w i t h i n
i t t h e g e r m o f t o d a y ' s c o m m u n i s m
.
" B o i l d o w n t h e e n t i r e c r e e d o f R o u s s e a u a n d t h e r e i s
l e f t o n l y t h i s o n e m a n d a t e , ` De s t r o y C i v i l i z a t i o n ; w h a t -
e v e r i s , i s w '
" N. H
. We b s t e r , t h e d i s t i n g u i s h e d a u t h o r i t y i n En g l a n d ,
p o i n t s o u t , ' De s t r o c i v i l i z a t i o n i n i t s e n t i r e t y a n d t h e
h u m a n r a c e s i n k s t o t h e l e v e l o f t h e j u n g l e i n w h i c h t h e
1
9 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
o n l y l a w i s t h a t o f t h e s t r o n g o v e r t h e w e a k , t h e o n l y
i n c e n t i v e , t h e s t r u g g l e f o r m a t e r i a l n e e d .

o r a l t h o u g h
o u s s e a u s i n j u n c t i o n , " -
Go
b a c 1 i n t o t i e w o o d s a n d b e -
c o m e m e n ! " m a y b e e x c e l l e n t a d v i c e i f i n t e r p r e t e d a s a
t e m p o r a r y m e a s u r e , " g o b a c k i n t o t h e w o o d s a n d r e m a i n
t h e r e " i s a c o u n s e l f o r a n t h r o p o i d a p e s ! '
" B i l l , n o t i c e a g a i n t h e s e t w o d a t e s , 1 1 85 a n d 1 7 1 2
. We
a r e g o i n g t o a d d t o t h e s e a n o t h e r a n d t h i s o n e y o u w i l l
r e c o g n i z e a l i t t l e l a t e r a s t h e o n e t h a t w i l l f i t i n t o t h e s c h o o l
p i e c e , t h e So c i a l i s t - C o m m u n i s t p i e c e a n d t h e R e d R u s s i a n
p i e c e . Th e t h i r d d a t e i s 1 7 4 8, f o r i n t h a t y e a r w a s b o r n
Ad a m We i s h a u p t , t h e f o u n d r e o f t h e Il l u m i n a t i t h a t c a m e
i n t o e x i s t e n c e a y 1 , 1 7 7 6 .
" Ha d t h i s m o n s t e r p o i s o n e d t h e d r i n k i n g w a t e r s o f t h e
w o r l d o f h i s d a y , h i s s i n s w o u l d h a v e b e e n l e s s t h a n i n
t u r n i n g l o o s e u p o n t h e w o r l d p e s t i l e n t i a l i d e a s t h a t h a v e
u n d e r m i n e d t h e b o d y p o l i t i c a n d a g a i n s t w h i c h t h e s a v -
i o r s o f m a n k i n d c a n a d m i n i s t e r o n l y o n e s e r u m , r e a l
. e d u c a t i o n - o n e p r o p h y l a c t i c , d i s s e m i n a t i o n o f t r u t h .
" B i l l , w h e n y o u s t u d y t h i s t h i n g , y o u w i l l f i n d t h e
d i r e c t c o n n e c t i o n f r o m 1 1 85 t h r o u g h R o u s s e a u t o We i s -
h a u p t ' s Il l u m i n a t i d o w n t h r o u g h M a r x , w h o m e r e l y c o d i -
f i e d t h e r a v i n g s o f We i s h a u p t a n d o t h e r s , t h r o u g h t h e
C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o a l m o s t l i n e a n d l i n e t o t h e s o - c a l l e d
` C o n s t i t u t i o n o f t h e R u s s i a So c i a l i s t Fe d e r a t e d So v i e t
t R e p u b l i c . ' B e a r i n m i n d t h a t R e d R u s s i a h a s b e e n c a l l e d
! So c i a l i s m a t w o r k .
" Y o u m u s t m a s t e r t h e Il l u m i n a t i i n o r d e r t o u n d e r s t a n d
t h i s m e n a c e t h a t t o d a y i s t h r e a t e n i n g t h e o v e r t h r o w o f
So c i e t y . It i s t h e s i n i s t e r s h a d o w
f r o m w h i c h s p r a n g
M a r x i s m .
" Th e El e c t o r o f B a v a r i a k n o w i n g t h e d a n g e r t o t h e
s t a t e i s s u e d a n e d i c t b a n i s h i n g t h e ' Il l u m i n a t i . '
" Fo u r d i s g r u n t l e d m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i e t y i n Ap r i l ,
1 7 85 , w e r e s u m m o n e d b e f o r e a C o u r t o f In q u i r y . Th e s e
f o u r , C o s s a n d e y , Gr i i n b e r g e r , R e n n e r a n d U t s c h n e i d e r , a l l
p r o f e s s o r s o f t h e M a r i a n e n Ac a d e m y , t e s t i f i e d :
` Al l r e l i g i o n , a l l l o v e o f c o u n t r y a n d l o y a l t y
w e r e t o b e a n n i h i l a t e d . M o r e o v e r , e v e r y e f f o r t
w a s t o b e m a d e t o c r e a t e d i s c o r d

'
J
" P r o f e s s o r R o b i n s o n i n h i s m a s t e r p i e c e , t h e ` P r o o f o f a
C o n s p i r a c y , ' s a y s i n r e f e r e n c e t o t h e Il l u m i n a t i :
" ` . . . p a t r i o t i s m a n d l o y a l t y w e r e c a l l e d n a r r o w -
m i n d e d p r e j u d i c e s . . . t h e y m e a n t t o a b o l i s h t h e
l a w s w h i c h p r o t e c t e d p r o p e r t y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
l o n g - c o n t i n u e d a n d s u c c e s s f u l i n d u s t r y ; a n d t o
p r e v e n t f o r t h e f u t u r e a n y s u c h a c c u m u l a t i o n . . .
t h e y i n t e n d e d t o r o o t o u t a l l r e l i g i o n a n d o r d i n a r y
m o r a l i t y , a n d e v e n t o b r e a k t h e b o n d s o f d o m e s t i c
l i f e , b y d e s t r o y i n g t h e v e n e r a t i o n f o r m a r r i a g e
v o w s , a n d b y t a k i n g t h e e d u c a t i o n o f c h i l d r e n o u t
o f t h e h a n d s o f t h e p a r e n t s . '
" Th e s i x p o i n t s o f t h e Il l u m i n a t i ,
" 1 . Ab o l i t i o n o f a l l o r d e r e d Go v e r n m e n t s .
" 2 . Ab o l i t i o n o f p r i v a t e p r o p e r t y .
" 3 . Ab o l i t i o n o f i n h e r i t a n c e .
{" 4 . Ab o l i t i o n o f p a t r i o t i s m .
" 5 . Ab o l i t i o n o f f a m i l y
.
" 6
. Ab o l i t i o n o f a l l r e l i g i o n .
" B i l l , c o m p a r e t h e s e p o i n t s w i t h M a r x ' s So c i a l i s m a n d
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 9 1
1 92

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e So v i e t
. C r e e d . Th e y a r e t h e s a m e . N. H
. We b s t e r ,
o n e o f t h e o u s t a n d i n g a u t h o r i t i e s o n Il l u m i n i s m , s t a t e s :
" ' M o r e o v e r , w h e n , a s w e s h a l l s e e , t h e p l a n o f Il l u m i -
n i s m a s c o d i f i e d b y t h e a b o v e s i x p o i n t s h a s c o n t i n u e d u p
t o t h e p r e s e n t d a y t o f o r m t h e e x a c t p r o g r a m m e o f t h e
Wo r l d R e v o l u t i o n , h o w c a n w e d o u b t t h a t t h e w h o l e m o v e -
m e n t o r i g i n a t e d w i t h t h e It l u m i n a t i ,
o r w i t h t h e s e c r e t
i n f l u e n c e s a t w o r k b e h i n d t h e m ?
" ' Wi t h r e g a r d t o t h e p h i l a n t h r o p i c n a t u r e o f Il l u m i -
n i s m i t i s o n l y n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s u l t t h e o r i g i n a l w r i t i n g s
o f We i s h a u p t t o r e a l i z e t h e h o l l o w n e s s o f t h i s a s s u r a n c e
.
Am o n g s t t h e w h o l e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e w h i c h p a s s e d b e t w e e n
We i s h a u p t a n d h i s a d e p t s l a i d b a r e b y t h e Go v e r n m e n t o f
B a v a r i a , w e f i n d n o w o r d o f s y m p a t h y w i t h t h e p o o r o r
s u f f e r i n g , n o h i n t o f s o c i a l r e f o r m , n o t h i n g b u t t h e d e s i r e
e i t h e r f o r
Do m i n a t i o n , f o r Wo r l d P o w e r , o r Sh e e r Lo v e o f
De s t r u c t i o n ,
a n d t h r o u g h o u t a l l t h e i n s a t i a b l e s p i r i t o f
i n t r i g u e .
Fo r t h i s p u r p o s e e v e r y m e t h o d w a s h e l d t o b e
j u s t i f i a b l e , s i n c e t h e f u n d a m e n t a l d o c t r i n e o f
t h e s e c t
w a s t h a t " Th e En d Sa n c t i f i e s t h e M e a n s
. " '
" We i s h a u p t d e c r i e d a n d d e n i e d t h e e v i d e n c e o f t h e f o u r
p r o f e s s o r s .
" Ho w e v e r , m o r e t h a n o n e y e a r a f t e r w a r d s , o n O c t o b e r
1 1 , 1 7 86 , t h e B a v a r i a n a u t h o r i t i e s r a i d e d t h e h o u s e o f o n e
Z w a c h a n d t h e r e f o u n d l e t t e r s f r o m We i s h a u p t a n d d o c u -
m e n t s v e r i f y i n g a l l t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r s h a d t e s t i f i e d t o i n
C o u r t . "
Dr i v i n g i n h i s p r o o f s , Se n a t o r M o r r o w c o n t i n u e d
.
" Le t u s t a k e o n l y a g l a n c e a t t h i s c r e a t u r e We i s h a u p t
i n p a s s i n g .
" In 1 7 83
h e w r o t e t o a f e l l o w c o n s p i r a t o r c o n f e s s i n g
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 93
t h a t h e h a d s e d u c e d h i s s i s t e r - i n - l a w . ` Ia m t h e r e f o r e i n
d a n g e r o f l o s i n g m y h o n o u r a n d t h a t r e p u t a t i o n w h i c h g a v e 1
m e s o m u c h a u t h o r i t y o v e r o u r w o r l d . '
" To M a s s e n h a u s e n a n d P r i n c e v o n Sa l m h e w r o t e
` Th e s e g o o d p e o p l e s w e l l o u r n u m b e r a n d f i l l o u r m o n e y
b o x ; s e t y o u r s e l v e s t o w o r k - t h e s e g e n t l e m e n m u s t b e
;
m a d e t o n i b b l e a t t h e b a i t . '
" Th e c o d e o f t h e Il l u m i n a t i r e a d s :
" ' It i s a l s o n e c e s s a r y t o g a i n t h e c o m m o n
p e o p l e t o o u r o r d e r . Th e g r e a t
m e a n s t o t h a t
e n d i s i n f l u e n c e i n
t h e s c h o o l s . '
" B i l l , e n g r a v e t h e s e w o r d s o n y o u r b r a i n
. It i s t h e p l a n
o f t h e c o m m o n e n e m y , t h e i r e x a c t w o r d s
.
` We m u s t a c q u i r e t h e d i r e c t i o n o f e d u c a -
i f Li o n , o f c h u r c h m a n a g e m e n t , o f t h e p r o f e s -
s o r i a l c h a i r a n d o f t h e p u l p i t . ' ( R o b i s o n , p a g e
1 7 1 . )
" P r o f e s s o r R e n n e r a t t h e t r i a l i n B a v a r i a t e s t i f i e d , ` Th e
Il l u m i n a t i f e a r n o t h i n g s o m u c h a s b e i n g r e c o g n i z e d u n d e r
t h i s n a m e
. '
" Th a t i s w h y , B i l l , y o u w e r e n o t f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e n a m e .
Th e s o c i e t y w e n t u n d e r g r o u n d a n d , w i t h M a c h i a v e l l i a n
a d r o i t n e s s , s i t s i n a d a r k e n e d c o r n e r l i k e a p r e y i n g s p i d e r ,
h a v i n g s p u n i t s w e b s h e r e a n d t h e r e a r o u n d a w o r l d t h a t
f a i l s t o s e e i n t h e i n n o c u o u s n a m e o f t h i s a n d t h a t g r o u p ,
t h e a r c h v i l l a i n o f t h e p l a y .
" Wh e n y o u r e t u r n h o m e , B i l l , m a k e a s t u d y o f t h e
Il l u m i n a t i
. Y o u w i l l t r a c e i t a l m o s t w o r d f o r ' w o r d t o
M a r x ' s C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o a n d t h r o u g h t h a t t o t h e
1 9 4 SINISTER SHADO WS
So v i e t p l a n , a l l s t r u n g t o g e t h e r o n t h e t h r e a d o f t h e
So c i a l i s t - C o m m u n i s t a c t i v i t i e s o f t o d a y .
" Th e i r g r e a t o b j e c t i v e t o d a y i s t o g a i n c o n t r o l
. o f
Am e r i c a n s c b o o Ts : - ~
" We h a v e h a d
a l o n g s e s s i o n t o d a y , b u t i t h a s b e e n w o r t h
w h i l e .
" O n l y o n e t h i n g m o r e a n d w e w i l l c a l l i t a d a y ' s w o r k
.
" P r o f e s s o r F. J . C . He a r n s h a w ,
M . A. , LL. D. , o f t h e
U n i v e r s i t y o f Lo n d o n , h a s w r i t t e n a m o s t c o m p r e h e n s i v e
a n d r e m a r k a b l e b o o k , ` ASu r v e y o f So c i a l i s m
. '
" He r e a r e a f e w e x t r a c t s f r o m i t
. Y o u w i l l f i n d i t s u m s
u p m o s t a b l y t h e f a l l a c y o f So c i a l i s m . "
C o n o v e r e a g e r l y r e a d :
" Fo r n e a r l y
f o r t y y e a r s Ih a v e b e e n i n t e r e s t e d
i n So c i a l i s m
. If i r s t f e l t i t s f a s c i n a t i o n i n t h e e a r l y
n i n e t i e s . . . .
If a t t h a t p e r i o d Ih a d b e e n c a l l e d a
So c i a l i s t Is h o u l d n o t - a t t h a t p e r i o d - h a v e f e l t
m y s e l f i n s u l t e d . . . .
Th e e f f e c t o f m y f o r t y o r s o
y e a r s o f s t u d y , o b s e r v a t i o n , a n d r e f l e c t i o n h a s b e e n
r a d i c a l l y t o a l t e r m y v i e w o f So c i a l i s m . . . . Ih a v e
r e l u c t a n t l y b u t d e c i d e d l y b e e n c o m p e l l e d t o c o m e
t o t h e c o n c l u s i o n t h a t i t s d i a g n o s i s o f t h e d i s e a s e s
o f t h e b o d y p o l i t i c i s s o
e n t i r e l y w r o n g , a n d t h e
r e m e d i e s w h i c h i t p r o p o s e s s o d a n g e r o u s l y p e r -
n i c i o u s ,
t h a t i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o d e n o u n c e i t a s a
p u b l i c p e r i l
.
" Th e d i f f e r e n c e a t t h e p r e s e n t m o m e n t b e t w e e n
C o m m u n i s m
a n d w h a t s t i l l c a l l s i t s e l f So c i a l i s m i s
a l m o s t w h o l l y o n e o f m e t h o d a n d o f p a c e . . . . Th e
C o m m u n i s t m e t h o d -i s d i r e c t a c t i o n . . .

Di r e c t
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 95
a c t i o n i s t h e f i r s t s t a g e i n t h e p r o c e s s w h i c h i s i n -
t e n d e d t o l e a d t o t h e s o c i a l r e v o l u t i o n , t h e s u d d e n
'
e x t e r m i n a t i o n o f c a p i t a l i s m , t h e d i c t a t o r s h i p o f t h e I
p r o l e t a r i a t , a n d t h e e q u a l i t a r i a n El y s i u m . So c i a l -
i s t i c d e m o c r a c y h o p e s t o a c h i e v e t h e s a m e e n d b y j
s l o w e r a n d l e s s s a n g u i n a r y m e a n s - b y u s i n g t h e t
v o t i n g p o w e r o f t h e p r o l e t a r i a n m a j o r i t y i n o r d e r t
t o s e c u r e c o n t r o l o f t h e m a c h i n e r y o f Go v e r n m e n t
. . . a n d t h e n e x t i n g u i s h c a p i t a l i s m a n d p l a c e t h e
p r o l e t a r i a t p e r m a n e n t l y i n p o s s e s s i o n o f p o w e r
.
" Af a v o r i t e t h e m e o f o l d e r So c i a l i s t i c w r i t e r s w a s
t h e s o - c a l l e d C o m m u n i s m o f p r i m i t i v e m a n . . . .
In t h e i r o p i n i o n , c i v i l i z a t i o n m a r k e d a d e c l i n e f r o m
. . . p r i m e v a l f e l i c i t y . . .
. Ne e d l e s s t o s a y , n o s u c h
c o n d i t i o n o f p r i m e v a l f e l i c i t y e v e r e x i s t e d . . . . In
s o f a r a s t h e r e w a s C o m m u n i s m , i t w a s a C o m -
m u n i s m o f t e r r o r a n d h a t r e d , p o v e r t y a n d a n x i e t y ,
b r i e f l i f e a n d p a i n f u l d e a t h .
" C o m m u n i s m . . . i s p o s s i b l e o n l y i n a C a p i t a l -
i s t i c Wo r l d , o n t h e r e s o u r c e s o f w h i c h i t c a n d r a w ,
w h e t h e r b y m e a n s o f e n d o w m e n t , a s i n t h e M i d d l e
Ag e s , o r b y m e a n s o f Sp o l i a t i o n , a s i n t h e p r e s e n t
d a y . C o m m u n i s t s w h o w o u l d d e s t r o y c a p i t a l i s m
a r e l i k e i d i o t s s a w i n g a w a y a t t h e b r a n c h o f a t r e e
o n w h i c h n o t o n l y a r e t h e y s i t t i n g , b u t f r o m w h i c h
t h e y d e r i v e t h e i r s o l e n u t r i m e n t
.
" Th e So c i a l i s m a n d t h e C o m m u n i s m o f t h e e a r l y
m o d e r n p e r i o d ( s i x t e e n t h c e n t u r y ) . . . w e r e i n
e s s e n c e t h e p r o d u c t s o f t h e s a m e a p p e t i t e s a n d
p a s s i o n s a s m a n i f e s t e d t h e m s e l v e s o n t h e h i g h s e a s
i n p i r a c y , a n d e v e r y w h e r e i n p r o f l i g a c y . Th e y w e r e
1 9
6

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e f r u i t s o f d i s e a s e d m i n d s , d e f e c t i v e e d u c a t i o n ,
a n d d e p r a v e d m o r a l s .
" Th e r e i s a g e n u i n e d i f f e r e n c e i n f o r m b e t w e e n
t h e ` De c l a r a t i o n o f t h e R i g h t s o f M a n ' a n d t h e
` C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o . ' B u t i t i s m e r e l y a d i f -
f e r e n c e i n c a m o u f l a g e . B o t h t h e o n e a n d t h e o t h e r
c o n c e a l r a t h e r t h a n r e v e a l t h e m o t i v e p o w e r b e h i n d
t h e i d e a l i s m o f t w o r e v o l u t i o n s , w h i c h w a s o n e a n d
t h e s a m e - v i z . , t h e h u n g e r o f t h e p e a s a n t r y f o r
l a n d , t h e d e s i r e o f t h e d e m o r a l i z e d f o r d o l e s , a n d
t h e p a s s i o n o f t h e c r i m i n a l f o r l o o t . . . . Th e
R u s s i a n - R e v o l u t i o n ' s C o m m u n i s m w a s s i m p l y a
s c r e e n o f M a r x i a n v e r b i a g e w h i c h b a r e l y v e i l e d
t h e n a k e d h i d e o u s n e s s o f p r e d a t o r y i n d i v i d u a l i s m
- t h e p e r v e r t e d a n d a n t i s o c i a l i n d i v i d u a l i s m o f t h e
b u r g l a r a n d t h e a s s a s s i n
.
" Th e C o m m u n i s m o f M a r x i a n So c i a l i s t s i s n o t h -
i n g e l s e t h a n t h e m a s s e d i n d i v i d u a l i s m s o f a h o r d e
o f p r i m i t i v e c a v e - m e n . . . . It i s n o t t h e n e x t s t e p i n
a p r o g r e s s i v e e v o l u t i o n ; i t i s a r e v e r s i o n t o a p r e -
h i s t o r i c s t a g e o f b a r b a r i s m a n d s a v a g e r y . M a r x i a n
So c i a l i s m i s p o t e n t . . . j u s t b e c a u s e o f i t s a p p e a l
t o t h e p r i m i t i v e i n d i v i d u a l i s m o f t h e s u b n o r m a l
m a n . It e x c i t e s h i s p a s s i o n f o r p l u n d e r ; i t s t i m u -
l a t e s h i s l o v e o f f i g h t i n g ; i t b e m u s e s h i s r u d i m e n -
t a r y c o n s c i e n c e , m a k i n g h i m b e l i e v e h e i s o u t f o r
j u s t i c e a n d n o t f o r l o o t ; i t m u d d l e s h i s i m m a t u r e
m i n d w i t h i n e f f a b l e n o n s e n s e c o n c e r n i n g t h e c o m -
p l i c a t e d e c o n o m i c t h e o r i e s o f v a l u e a n d s u r p l u s -
v a l u e .
" In En g l a n d ( Ka r l ) M a r x c o n t i n u e d t o e x i s t f o r
THEHIDDENKEY

1 97
t h i r t y - f o u r y e a r s ( 1 84 9- 1 883 ) - m o r e t h a n h a l f o f
h i s l i f e . En t i r e l y l a c k i n g b u s i n e s s c a p a c i t y a n d
p r a c t i c a l c o m m o n s e n s e , i n c a p a b l e o f r e n d e r i n g a n y
u s e f u l s e r v i c e t o s o c i e t y , h e l i v e d i n e x t r e m e d e s t i -
t u t i o n a n d m i s e r y . . . . He w a s e n t i r e l y l a c k i n g
i n t h e s c i e n t i f i c s p i r i t , t o t a l l y i n c a p a b l e o f d i s p a s -
s i o n a t e a r g u m e n t . . . . It i s d i f f i c u l t t o a v o i d t h e
c o n c l u s i o n t h a t h e k n e w t h e f a l l a c y a n d e v e n t h e
a b s u r d i t y o f t h e e c o n o m i c t h e o r i e s w h i c h h e p r o -
p o u n d e d i n h i s l e a d i n g w o r k s , a n d t h a t h e d e l i b e r -
a t e l y i n v o l v e d t h e m i n s u c h a m a z e o f a m b i g u o u s
v e r b i a g e t h a t i t i s i m p o s s i b l e w h o l l y t o u n r a v e l
t h e m . . . . M a r x ' s e m i n e n c e i s t h a t o f t h e a g i t a t o r ,
n o t t h a t o f t h e t h i n k e r .
" Th e l u r e o f M a r x i s m i s t h e l u r e
o f l o o t ; a n d
e v e r y w h e r
e
M a r x i s m i n p r a c t i c e
m e a n s t h e d i c t a -
t o
s h i p o f t h e c r i m i n a l c l a s s
.
" Te ' o c i a l i s t i c m e n t a l t i y i s t h e m e n t a l i t y o f t h e
u n d e r m a n . . . .
So c i a l i s m i s t h e c u l t o f i n c o m -
p e t e n c e . . . .
" So c i a l i s m p r o p o u n d s f a l l a c i o u s a n d m i s l e a d i n g / f
e c o n o m i c t h e o r i e s .
" B e s i d e s b e i n g e t h i c a l l y u n s o u n d , So c i a l i s m i s
s o c i a l l y p e r n i c i o u s ; f o r i t c r e a t e s a n d f o s t e r s . . .
a d e c a d e n t a n d d e m o r a l i z e d p r o l e t a r i a t
. .
. .
So -
1
c i a l i s m i s p o l i t i c a l l y p e r i l o u s . .
. .
It i s g e n e r a l l y
c l o s e l y b o u n d u p w i t h p a c i f i s m , d e f e a t i s m , c o n -
s c i e n t i o u s
o b j e c t i o n a b l e n e s s ,
c o s m o p o l i t a n i s m ,
a n t i - p a t r i o t i s m , a n t i - n a t i o n a l i s m ,
. . . So c i a l i s m
s e e m s t o p o s s e s s a n i r r e s i s t i b l e f a s c i n a t i o n f o r
c r a n k s a n d e c c e n t r i c s o f a l l s o r t s . "
1 9 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
Ar o u n d t h e c a m p f i r e t h a t e v e n i n g s a t t w o v e r y s e r i o u s
m e n . Ev e n a n o v i c e i n r e a d i n g h u m a n n a t u r e m i g h t h a v e
r e a d t h e s t o r y o f t h e t w o m e n ' s t h o u g h t s b y t h e s m o k i n g
o f t h e i r p i p e s , n o w s l o w l y w i t h t h e s m o k e w r e a t h i n g i t s e l f
u p w a r d i n l a z y s p i r a l s , n o w f u r i o u s l y p r o j e c t e d w i t h f o r c e -
f u l p u f f s . Fo r t h e b e t t e r p a r t o f a n h o u r v e r y l i t t l e c o n -
v e r s a t i o n w a s i n d u l g e d i n . C o n o v e r w a s a r r a n g i n g
m e t h o d i c a l l y i n h i s m i n d t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n o f t h e d a y . Hi s
o r d e r l y m i n d w a s p i g e o n - h o l i n g t h e d a t a i n s e q u e n c e
.
Hi s a m a z e m e n t h a d b e e n b o u n d l e s s w h e n Se n a t o r M o r -
r o w h a d s h o w n h i m t h e c o n c r e t e , m a s t e r p l a n b e h i n d w h i c h
w e r e m a r c h i n g i n s o l i d , p h a l a n x t h e So c i a l i s t - C o m m u n i s t
h o r d e s t h a t w e r e s e e k i n g t o o v e r t h r o w o u r e x i s t i n g i n -
s t i t u t i o n s a n d t h a t w e r e c o n c e n t r a t i n g t h e i r a t t a c k s o n
o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g .
Fo r C o n o v e r i t h a d b e e n a d a y o f e n l i g h t e n m e n t . He h a d
f o u n d t h e c e n t e r p i e c e o f t h e j i g - s a w p u z z l e a r o u n d w h i c h
t h e o t h e r p i e c e s f i t t e d .
Su d d e n l y h e t u r n e d t o t h e Se n a t o r w i t h t h e q u e s t i o n ,
" J i m , w h y d o t h e s e m a l c o n t e n t s f l y i n t h e f a c e o f h u m a n
n a t u r e , i g n o r e a l l t h e l e s s o n s o f h i s t o r y , w a i v e a s i d e t h e
g r e a t a c ~ u e v e m e n t s o f ya -c i v i l i z a t i o n t h a t h a s l i f t e d i t s e l f
' f r o m - s a v a g ' e r y '
w i t h i n t h e s h o r t s p a n o f l e s s t h a n t e n
t o u s a n d y e a r ? . , Wh y d o t h e y s e e k t h e o v e r t h r o w
o f
a l i
t h a t h a s b e e n b u i l t b y b l o o d a n d t o i l a n d i n s p i r a t i o n ? "
Th e Se n a t o r s m i l e c j a s a r e p i e

i l l , I h a v e b e e n
w a i t i n g f o r t h a t q u e s t i o n . Le t m e e x p l a i n i t t h i s w a y
.
" Au s t i n Ho p k i n s o n s t a t e s ` So c i a l i s m , o n c e t h e d r e a m o f
k i n d l y b u t f o o l i s h m e n , h a s b e c o m e a m o n s t r o u s t y r a n t ,
s p r e a d i n g a b r o a d e n v y , g r e e d a n d h a t r e d , h o l d i n g m a n -
k i n d f r o m t h e p a t h o f t r u e p r o g r e s s , a n d e v e n s t r i v i n g t o
THE HIDDEN KEY

1 9
9
d r a g t h e h u m a n r a c e b a c k t o t h e b e a s t s f r o m w h i c h i t
s p r a n g . ' "
M o r r o w c o n t i n u e d , " It a p p e a l s t o f a n a t i c a l b r a i n s b y
i t s p r o m i s e o f a c h a n g e . It i n t r i g u e s t h e i n t e r e s t o f t h e
m a l c o n t e n t w h o , h a t i n g t h e g a m e a t w h i c h h e l o s t o n
a c c o u n t o f i n s u f f i c i e n t s k i l l , s e e k s t o c h a n g e t h e r u l e s t o
n e w a n d s t r a n g e o n e s u n d e r , w h i c h o n e , o f h i s m e d i o c r e
t a l e n t s m i g h t h u m b l e t h e o n e w h o m n a t u r e h a s e n d o w e d
w i t h a b e t t e r e q u i p m e n t f o r s u p r e m a c y .
" It i s t h e a g e - o l d w a i l o f t h e l o s e r w h o s e e k s t o c h a n g e
t h e r u l e s o f t h e g a m e a t w h i c h h e h a s p r o v e d h i m s e l f a
f a i l u r e t o r u l e s u n d e r w h i c h a w e a k l i n g m i g h t s l i p t h r o u g h
t o a c h e a p v i c t o r y . "
C h a p t e r X IV
LETTHER EB ELIGHT
Ea r l y n e x t m o r n i n g t h e t w o m e n s a d d l e d t h e i r h o r s e s
f o r a r i d e a l o n g t h e c a n y o n ' s r i m
. Th e v a c a t i o n o f s e v e r a l
d a y s h a d p u t t h e h o r s e s o n e d g e
. Th e Se n a t o r ' s r o a n h a d
s u b m i t t e d q u i e t l y t o s a d d l i n g
; b u t , f o r a l l t h e a p p a r e n t
d o c i l i t y , t h e Se n a t o r w a s t o o m u c h o f a h o r s e m a n t o b e
d e c e i v e d
. Th e r o a n a d v e r t i s e d t h e c o m i n g c o n t e s t b y t h e
r o l l i n g o f t h e e y e t h a t f l a s h e d i t s m e s s a g e t o t h e w e s t e r n e r
.
" Th e o l d b o y h a s t u r n e d B o l s h e v i s t , B i l l . "
Q u i c k l y t h e Se n a t o r s p r a n g t o t h e s a d d l e . Th a t i n s t a n t
t h e r o a n s t a r t e d a s e r i e s o f " b u c k s " t h a t d i s p l a y e d a
v e r s a t i l i t y a n d e x p e r t n e s s t h a t b e s p o k e a l o n g a p p r e n t i c e -
s h i p .
" R i d e h i m , c o w b o y , r i d e h i m ! " y e l l e d C o n o v e r .
U p t h e r o a n p l u n g e d t o c o m e d o w n s t i f f - l e g g e d w i t h a
f o r c e t h a t p r o m i s e d t o t e l e s c o p e t h e Se n a t o r ' s b a c k b o n e
.
In m i d - a i r t h e h o r s e c h a n g e d d i r e c t i o n s , c o m i n g d o w n
f o r a p u r c h a s e t o e n a b l e h i m t o r e a r o n h i s h i n d l e g s t i l l
i t s e e m e d h e w o u l d g o o v e r b a c k w a r d s .
C o n o v e r w a s l o s t i n a d m i r a t i o n o f t h e Se n a t o r ' s h o r s e -
m a n s h i p .
Fi n a l l y t h e b e w i l d e r i n g f a c t d r o v e h o m e t o t h e r o a n ' s
b r a i n t h a t h i s e f f o r t s w e r e u s e l e s s , t h a t h e h a d m e t h i s
m a s t e r .
Hi s b u c k i n g c e a s e d a n d h e s t o o d s t i l l , w i t h a
l o o k i n h i s e y e s t h a t s e e m e d t o s a y , " Ih a v e d o n e m y d a i l y
d o z e n ; l e t u s g o a b o u t t h e d a y ' s w o r k . "
M o r r o w s a t t h e s a d d l e , w h i l e C o n o v e r v a u l t e d h i s m o u n t
200
LETTHER EB ELIGHT

2 0 1
t h a t , b e y o n d a l i t t l e p l u n g i n g a n d p r a n c i n g , s e t t l e d d o w n
t o r o u t i n e w i t h o u t v e r y m u c h a d o .
To g e t h e r t h e y r o d e u n t i l t h e s u n w a s b a t h i n g t h e r e -
c e s s e s o f t h e c a n y o n w i t h i t s m o r n i n g r a y s
.
Th e n , t u r n i n g t h e i r h o r s e s , t h e y r a c e d b a c k t o c a m p
.
Th e r e t h e Se n a t o r s p r e a d a b l a n k e t o n t h e g r o u n d a n d
u p o n i t e m p t i e d t h e c o n t e n t s o f h i s d u f f l e b a g
.
Th e m o r n i n g w a s s p e n t i n a r e v i e w o f t h e v a r i o u s i t e m s
d i s c u s s e d d u r i n g t h e p r e c e d i n g d a y s
. R e f e r e n c e b o o k s
w e r e c o n s u l t e d a n d p a g e s m a r k e d a n d i d e n t i f i e d f o r f u r t h e r
s t u d y .
Su b v e r s i v e s o c i e t i e s w e r e s t u d i e d w i t h t h e i r i n t e r l o c k i n g
d i r e c t o r s . M o r r o w s h o w e d C o n o v e r t h e a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e
h e a d s o f t h e v a r i o u s s o c i e t i e s , t h e i r p a s t r e c o r d s a n d a f -
f i l i a t i o n s . C o n o v e r l e a r n e d o f t h e a d r o i t n e s s o f p a i d
a g i t a t o r s i n g e t t i n g t h e n a m e s , a s " f r o n t s , " o f e m i n e n t l y
r e s p e c t a b l e Am e r i c a n s w h o h a d n o i d e a o f t h e r e a l p u r -
p o s e b e h i n d t h e m o v e m e n t . He l e a r n e d t h a t b e h i n d t h e s e
i n n o c e n t " f r o n t s " t h e a d e p t s p u l l e d t h e w i r e s a n d d i r e c t e d
t h e s e e m l y m e r i t o r i o u s a g e n c i e s t o t h e g o a l t o w a r d s w h i c h
t h o s e i n t h e o u t e r c i r c l e h a d n o c o n c e p t i o n .
He w a s a m a z e d a t t h e d u p l i c i t y a n d d e c e p t i o n p r a c t i c e d
b y t h e a d e p t s a n d t o l d M o r r o w t h a t i t s e e m e d t o h i m
t h a t d e c e p t i o n w a s t h e m o s t p r e v a l e n t s y m p t o m o f t h e
d i s e a s e .
Se n a t o r M o r r o w s a i d , " O n e o f t h e m o s t g l a r i n g c a s e s
o f t h i s d e c e p t i o n i s s e e n i n t h e p r o p a g a n d a p u t o u t b y a
s o c i e t y t h a t i s a p p e a l i n g f o r f u n d s t o p r e v e n t w a r s .
" Th e c h a r g e o f i n s i n c e r i t y a g a i n s t t h e m i s b e s t s u b -
s t a n t i a t e d b y d i s t o r t i o n o f f a c t s o n t h e i r p a r t . Wh e n a n y
g r o u p r e s o r t s t o d i s t o r t i o n o f f a c t s a n d f i g u r e s , t h a t t h i n g
2 0 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
a l o n e i n d i c a t e s t h e w e a k n e s s o f t h e i r s o - c a l l e d c a u s e - t h a t
f a c t a l o n e p r o v e s t h e i n s i n c e r i t y o f t h e m o v e m e n t a n d
c o n d e m n s i t b e f o r e h o n e s t a n d f a i r - m i n d e d m e n .
" Tr u t h d o e s n o t s e e k t o b o l s t e r i t s c a u s e w i t h - f a l s e -
h o o d
.
-
` B i l l , y o u h a v e s e e n t h e p l a n t h a t c a l l s f o r n o n a t i o n a l
d e f e n s e . Th e r e a l r e a s o n i s n o t t h e p r a t e d h u m a n i t a r i s m
s o m e o f t h e d e l u d e d t h i n k . Th e r e a l r e a s o n , t h e o n e t h a t
t h e a d e p t s k e e p c o n c e a l e d , i s t h e s a m e o n e t h a t c r i m i n a l s
h a v e i n w i s h i n g f o r d i s a r m a m e n t o f p o l i c e m e n
.
" Th e r e a l r e a s o n f o r u n p r e p a r e d n e s s i s t o c r e a t e a c o n -
d i t i o n w h e r e t h e e n e m i e s o f s o c i e t y c a n p l y t h e i r n e f a r i o u s
c a l l i n g u n m o l e s t e d .
" Th e Gr e a t e s t P e a c e So c i e t y i n Am e r i c a i s t h e Am e r i c a n
Ar m y a n d Na v y . Th e a r m y d o e s n o t d e c l a r e w a r .
C i v i l i a n s d e c l a r e w a r a n d t h e n t h e a r m y d e c l a r e s p e a c e .
" Is t a r t e d o u t t o t e l l y o u o f a s o - c a l l e d P e a c e So c i e t y
t h a t s t i l l b r o a d c a s t s a f a l s e h o o d i n f u r t h e r a n c e o f i t s p l a n
t o d i s a r m Am e r i c a .
" Th i s So c i e t y a p p e a l s t o t h e p o p u l a c e w i t h t h e s t a t e m e n t
a t e i g h t y - f i v e p e r c e n t ( 85 % ) o f t h e Am e r i c a n b u d g e t
i s e x p e n d e d f o r m i l i t a r y p u r p o s e s .
t . .
" Th e i r a t t e n t i o n h a s b e e n d i r e c t e d r e p e a t e d l y t o t h e
e r r o r , b u t t h e s a m e a s s e r t i o n c o n t i n u e s .
" Wh e n a n e r r o n e o u s s t a t e m e n t i s r e i t e r a t e d i n t h e f a c e
o f c o r r e c t i v e a d v i c e i t c e a s e s t o b e a m i s t a k e a n d b e c o m e s
s o m e t h i n g e l s e .
" It d e s e r v e s t h e s h o r t a n d u g l y w o r d . Le t t h o s e i n -
t e r e s t e d i n f a c t s w r i t e t o t h e ` B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t ' i n
Wa s h i n g t o n .
" Wh y l e a v e i t i n t h e r e a l m s o f d i s p u t a t i o n w h e n i t i s a
LET THER EB ELIGHT

2 0 3
s i m p l e t h i n g t o g e t t h e f a c t s f r o m t h e U . S. Go v e r n m e n t
i t s e l f ?
" Th e f a c t s a r e t h a t Th i r t e e n a n d o n e - h a l f p e r c e n t
( 1 3 / % ) i s s p e n t f o r Na t i o n a l De f e n s e - q u i t e a d i f f e r e n c e
f r o m t h e e r r o n e o u s s t a t e m e n t b y w h i c h t h e So c i e t y s e e k s
t o b o l s t e r i t s c a u s e .
" Ni n e t e e n a n d t w o - t e n t h s p e r c e n t ( 1 92/ 1 0% ) i s p a i d
o u t i n P e n s i o n s , e t c . d i r e c t l y d u e t o t h e w o r k o f t h e s e s e l f
s a m e p a c i f i s t s a n d t h o s e w h o m t h e y s u c c e e d e d , f o r b e s i d e s
b e i n g t h e d i r e c t c o n t r i b u t a r y c a u s e
f o r t h e l i t e r a l m u r d e r -
i n g o f t e n s o f t h o u s a n d s o f y o u n g Am e r i c a n s o n a c c o u n t o f
l a c k o f p r e p a r a t i o n , t h e y c a u s e d t h e m i n o r t r a g e d y o f t h e
p a y m e n t o f b i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s i n . p e n s i o n s .
" Wi l l t h e d u p e s e v e r s e e t h e t e r r i b l e b l u n d e r t h e y a r e
m a k i n g b y t h e i r s t u p i d i t y ? Ia m i n f a v o r o f o u t l a w i n g
w a r , i f Ic a n b e s h o w n i t i s f e a s i b l e
. Ia m a l s o i n f a v o r
o f o u t l a w i n g f i r e , c r i m e , a n d d i s e a s e , i f , s u c h a c t i o n c a n b e
p r o v e d w o r k a b l e .
" Wh e n f i r e , c r i m e , a n d d i s e a s e a r e b a n i s h e d a n d o u t -
l a w e d b y r e s o l u t i o n o r l a w , w h e n w e r e a c h t h e t i m e w h e n - ~ -
w e c a n d i s p e n s e w i t h f i r e m e n , p o l i c e m e n , a n d d o c t o r s , t h e n
Iw i l l c o n c e d e t h e a r r i v a l o f t h e m i l l e n n i u m a n d a g r e e t h a t
t h e t i m e h a s c o m e t o d i s a r m o u r n a t i o n a l f o r c e s ; b u t ,
u n t i l s u c h t i m e , If e e l s a f e r w h e n Ir e a l i z e t h e f i r e m a n i s
t h e r e t o p u t o u t t h e f i r e , t h e p o l i c e m a n i s t h e r e t o f i g h t
o u t l a w r y , t h e d o c t o r i s t h e r e t o f i g h t d i s e a s e , t h e s o l d i e r i s
t h e r e t o g u a r d u s .
" Wh e n t h e v a r i o u s n a t i o n s o f t h e w o r l d r e a c h a U n i f o r m
l e v e l o f C i v i l i z a t i o n - w h e n w e h a v e n o l o n g e r w i t h i n o u r
o w n b o r d e r s t h o s e w h o a r e w a i t i n g l i k e w i l d a n i m a l s t o
s p r i n g u p o n t h e i r k e e p e r s , Iw i l l g i v e e a r n e s t c o n s i d e r a t i o n
204

SINISTER SHADO WS
t o f u r t h e r r e d u c t i o n s o f a r m a m e n t s b u t , u n t i l s u c h t i m e , I
w i l l f i g h t w i t h e v e r y o u n c e o f s t r e n g t h Ip o s s e s s t o p r e v e n t
t h e a w f u l c a t a c l y s m t h a t w o u l d r e s u l t f r o m a d e f e n s e l e s s
Am e r i c a
.
" Wh y , B i l l , o u r a r m y t o d a y i s o n l y a c o r p o r a l ' s g u a r d .
We c o u l d m a r c h e v e r y m a n i n U n c l e Sa m ' s a r m y i n t o
So l d i e r s Fi e l d i n C h i c a g o a n d g i v e e v e r y m a n a s e a t i n t h e
St a d i u m
. Im e a n p r e c i s e l y t h a t .
" Su c h i s t h e s i z e o f t h e l i t t l e h a n d f u l i n o u r a r m y t o d a y ,
a n d y e t t h e m e m b e r s a n d t h e p a i d s e c r e t a r i e s o f v a r i o u s
p e a c e s o c i e t i e s a r e c l a m o r i n g d a y a n d n i g h t f o r a s t i l l
f u r t h e r r e d u c t i o n
. Wh y ? Y o u k n o w t h e r e a l r e a s o n o f
t h e a d e p t s b e h i n d s u c h a c l a m o r .
" Ik n o w t h e f a l l a c i o u s a r g u m e n t s t h a t a p p e a l t o s o m e o f
t h e h o n e s t d u p e s o f t h e m a s t e r m i n d s i n t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n s
.
O n e o f t h e t y p i c a l a r g u m e n t s i s - Am e r i c a s h o u l d d i s a r m
t o s e t a g o o d e x a m p l e t o t h e r e s t o f t h e w o r l d , t h e r e b y
p r o v i n g o u r c o n f i d e n c e i n t h e r i g h t , e t c
. e t c . e t c .
" Ia l w a y s b e l i e v e i n e x p e r i m e n t i n g o n a s m a l l s c a l e f i r s t
b e f o r e c o m m i t m e n t t o a p o l i c y t h a t m i g h t d e s t r o y u s .
" Su p p o s e o n e o f o u r b i g c i t i e s s h o u l d d i s p e n s e w i t h a l l
i t s p o l i c e m e n , t h e s h e r i f f , a n d d e p u t i e s .
" Su p p o s e i t s h o u l d s a y t o i t s c r i m i n a l c l a s s , ` We a r e
g o i n g t o s e t y o u a g o o d e x a m p l e
. We a r e d o i n g a w a y w i t h
t h e a r m e d p o l i c e f o r c e
. We a r e g o i n g t o t a k e t h e b o l t s
f r o m o u r d o o r s a n d t h e l o c k s f r o m o u r w i n d o w s
. We
d o n o t b e l i e v e i n p r e p a r e d n e s s . We b e l i e v e t h a t o u r
d i s a r m a m e n t w i l l b e m a t c h e d b y y o u r v o l u n t a r y d i s a r m a -
m e n t . '
" B e a u t i f u l t h e o r y , i s n ' t i t , B i l l ? We l l , n o m a t t e r w h i c h
c i t y w e m i g h t c h o o s e f o r o u r e x p e r i m e n t , y o u k n o w w h a t
LETTHER E B E LIGHT

2 0
5
t h e r e s u l t w o u l d b e . In t w e n t y - f o u r h o u r s ' t i m e t h e r e
w o u l d b e a s a t u r n a l i a o f c r i m e t h a t w o u l d c o n v i n c e e v e n
o u r v i s i o n a r y f r i e n d s t h a t t h e w o r l d s t i l l c o n t a i n s b a r -
b a r i a n s , t h a t w i t h i n o u r c i t i e s a r e t h o s e w h o m s o c i e t y c a n
n e v e r a s s i m i l a t e o r c i v i l i z e
.
" In 1 923 o u r Am e r i c a n P e n a l In s t i t u t i o n s h e l d 3 5 7 , 4 93
p r i s o n e r s , f i g h t i n g e n e m i e s o f o u r c i v i l i z a t i o n - p r i s o n e r s o f
w a r , t h e y m i g h t b e c a l l e d , i n t h e p e r p e t u a l w a r w a g e d b e -
t w e e n o u r o w n c i v i l i z a t i o n a n d i t s d o m e s t i c e n e m i e s .
" An d o u r c i t y i s o n l y a m i c r o c o s m o f t h e w o r l d
.
` B i l l , w e a r e g o i n g t o l o o k a t t h e B u d g e t a g a i n a n d t h e
1 3 / % s p e n t f o r n a t i o n a l d e f e n s e .
" Th e U n i t e d St a t e s s p e n d s c o n s i d e r a b l y l e s s t h a n a t w o
c e n t s t a m p p e r d a y p e r c a p i t a f o r t h e a r m y a n d n a v y
c o m b i n e d .
" Is n ' t i t a s i n g u l a r t h i n g t h a t t h e c o s t o f o u r a r m y i s
c o n s i d e r e d b y t h e p u b l i c a t l a r g e a s e n t i r e l y a n e x p e n s e ?
" Th e Am e r i c a n Ar m y m a d e p o s s i b l e t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f
t h e We s t . Th e e a r l y s e t t l e r s l o c a t e d i n t h e w a k e o f o u r
a r m i e s m a r c h i n g f r o m Ea s t t o We s t .
" Th e Le w i s a n d C l a r k Ex p e d i t i o n w a s a n a r m y e n t e r -
p r i s e , r e s u l t i n g i n t h e o p e n i n g o f t h e Go l d e n We s t .
" Th e a r m y e n g i n e e r s y e a r s a g o c o n s t r u c t e d t h e :
" B a l t i m o r e & O h i o R . R .
" No r t h e r n C e n t r a l R . R .
" Er i e R . R .
" Ne w Y o r k , Ne w Ha v e n & Ha r t f o r d R . R .
" B o s t o n & Al b a n y a n d o t h e r s .
" Ar m y e n g i n e e r s p r o j e c t e d t h e o l d C h e s a p e a k e & O h i o
C a n a l . Th e y b u i l t t h e Er i e C a n a l .
Z 06

SINISTER SHADO WS
" U n d e r m i l i t a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n t h e P a n a m a C a n a l w a s
b u i l t .
" Th e Am e r i c a n Ar m y h a s b u i l t r a i l r o a d s , c a n a l s , a n d
h a r b o r s . It h a s c h a r g e o f a l l n a v i g a b l e s t r e a m s
. To d a y
t h e Am e r i c a n Ar m y e n g i n e e r s a r e d o i n g i n v a l u a b l e w o r k
o n h u n d r e d s o f w a t e r w a y s t h r o u g h o u t o u r l a n d
.
" Ar m y e n g i n e e r s b u i l t t h e Wa s h i n g t o n M o n u m e n t , t h e
w i n g s a n d d o m e o f t h e C a p i t o l , t h e o l d P o s t O f f i c e , t h e n e w
m u n i c i p a l b u i l d i n g , t h e g o v e r n m e n t p r i n t i n g o f f i c e , t h e
Wa r C o l l e g e , t h e Ag r i c u l t u r a l B u i l d i n g , a n d t h e Li b r a r y
o f C o n g r e s s
.
" Th e y s u p e r v i s e d t h e Li n c o l n M e m o r i a l a n d t h e p a r k
s y s t e m o f Wa s h i n g t o n .
" Th e a r m y o p e r a t e s 6 00m i l e s o f i n l a n d t e l e g r a p h l i n e s
i n Al a s k a . Th e Al a s k a c a b l e w a s c o n s t r u c t e d a n d o p e r a t e d
b y o u r s i g n a l c o r p s .
" Th e Am e r i c a n Ar m y o r g a n i z e d t h e We a t h e r B u r e a u
.
" Am e r i c a n Ar m y d o c t o r s b a n i s h e d y e l l o w f e v e r f r o m
P a n a m a a n d h a v e a l l b u t b a n i s h e d t y p h o i d i n t h e a r m y
.
" In e v e r y c i v i l d i s a s t e r a n d e m e r g e n c y t h e a r m y h a s
b e e n a p o w e r f u l a g e n c y f o r r e s c u e a n d r e h a b i l i t a t i o n
.
" Du r i n g t h e f i s c a l y e a r 1 928t h e Ai r C o r p s p h o t o -
g r a p h e d 3 5 , 000s q u a r e m i l e s o f a r e a s t h r o u g h o u t t h e
U n i t e d St a t e s .
" In No r t h e r n M a i n e , Ne w Ha m p s h i r e , Ve r m o n t , a n d
Il l i n o i s t h e Ai r C o r p s m a d e a s u r v e y o f a p p r o x i m a t e l y
5 , 000s q u a r e m i l e s .
" Th e s a v i n g o f a e r i a l s u r v e y o v e r t h e o l d m e t h o d o f
g r o u n d s u r v e y s a v e d t h e U n i t e d St a t e s Go v e r n m e n t n e a r l y
o n e h u n d r e d t h o u s a n d d o l l a r s .
" Th e Am e r i c a n Ar m y a n e x p e n s e ? No ! It i s a p r o f i t
LET
THER EB ELIGHT

2 0 7
s h a r i n g i n s t i t u t i o n f o r Am e r i c a n s , p a y i n g d i v i d e n d s o f
s e r v i c e .
" Al l t h e w o r k i s d o n e b y a l i t t l e h a n d f u l t h a t c o u l d b e
s e a t e d a t o n e t i m e
i n ' t h e St a d i u m i n C h i c a g o
; y e t , o u r
u n i n f o r m e d m e m b e r s o f p e a c e s o c i e t i e s c l a m o r f o r a s t i l l
g r e a t e r r e d u c t i o n i n s i z e .
" We a r e a p e a c e f u l c o u n t r y ; y e t , i n o u r e x i s t e n c e o f
1 5 3 y e a r s h a v e c o m e e i g h t w a r s , n o t c o u n t i n g i n n u m e r a b l e
w a r s w i t h t h e In d i a n s .
Th e R e v o l u t i o n a r y Wa r 1 7 7 5 - 1 7 83
Wa r w i t h Fr a n c e 1 7 98- 1 7 99
Wa r w i t h Tr i p o l i 1 801 - 1 805
Wa r o f 1 81 2 1 81 2- 1 81 5
M e x i c a n Wa r 1 84 6 - 1 84 8
C i v i l Wa r 1 86 1 - 1 86 5
Wa r w i t h Sp a i n 1 898
Wo r l d Wa r

1 91 4 - 1 91 8
" We h a v e a v e r a g e d a w a r e v e r y t w e n t y y e a r s a n d
Am e r i c a h a s n e v e r b e e n a d e q u a t e l y p r e p a r e d f o r a s i n g l e
o n e
.
" O u r l a c k o f p r e p a r a t i o n h a s c o s t h u n d r e d s o f t h o u -
s a n d s o f l i v e s a n d m i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s .
" We h a v e b l u n d e r e d t h r o u g h o u r w a r s . Ak i n d l y p r o v i -
d e n c e h a s s m i l e d u p o n u s i n t h e p a s t - t h a t i s , i t h a s
s m i l e d u p o n u s a s f a r a s t h e s u c c e s s f u l t e r m i n a t i o n w a s
c o n c e r n e d ; b u t , h o w a b o u t t h e v a l u a b l e l i v e s w e m i g h t
h a v e s a v e d a n d t h e t r e a s u r e l a v i s h l y s p e n t b e c a u s e w e
w e r e n ' t p r e p a r e d ?
" Ih e a r d a m a n , p r o m i n e n t i n p u b l i c l i f e , w a v e t h e q u e s -
t i o n o f p r e p a r e d n e s s l i g h t l y a s i d e w i t h t h e r e m a r k t h a t
2 0 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
i n c a s e o f t r o u b l e , ` Am i l l i o n m e n w o u l d s p r i n g t o a r m s
. '
" Le t u s l o o k i n t o t h e ` s p r i n g i n g ' i d e a
. In 1 81 4 t h e
B r i t i s h f l e e t w i t h 3 , 000m e n a b o a r d h o v e r e d a b o u t i n t h e
C h e s a p e a k e B a y f o r n e a r l y a y e a r .
" Du r i n g t h i s t i m e t h e U n i t e d St a t e s c r e a t e d t h e 1 0t h
M i l i t a r y Di s t r i c t w i t h a p o t e n t i a l s t r e n g t h o f 1 5 , 000m e n .
Af t e r s e e m i n g l y i n t e r m i n a b l e d e l a y s , t h e r e w e r e a s -
s e m b l e d 5 , 4 01 m e n
. Th e s e 5 , 4 01 ` s p r a n g ' t o a r m s
. ,
" Th e B r i t i s h l a n d e d
. Th e y w e r e s e a s o n e d t r o o p s ,
t r a i n e d o v e r a p e r i o d o f y e a r s
.
" Th e y l e f t h a l f t h e i r f o r c e i n c a m p , k n o w i n g t h e y d i d n ' t
n e e d t h e m b e c a u s e t h e y w e r e t o b e c o n f r o n t e d n o t b y r e g -
u l a r s b u t b y g r e e n t r o o p s
. It w a s t h e o l d s t o r y , t h e t r a i n e d
p r o f e s s i o n a l c o n t e s t i n g w i t h t h e u n t r a i n e d a m a t e u r
.
" Th e P r e s i d e n t o f o u r U n i t e d St a t e s a n d h i s c a b i n e t
c a m e o u t t o s e e a r o u t .
" In t h e i r m i n d s t h e r e c o u l d b e o n l y o n e r e s u l t
; - t h e
d i f f e r e n c e i n n u m b e r s w o u l d p e r m i t o f o n l y o n e r e s u l t
;
f o r w a s n o t t h e l i t t l e B r i t i s h f o r c e o f
1 , 5 00
t o b e o p p o s e d
b y 5 , 4 01 w h o h a d ` s p r u n g ' t o a r m s ?
" Th e B a t t l e o f B l a d e n s b u r g w a s o n
. Ar o u t , t h a t t h e
P r e s i d e n t a n d t h e c a b i n e t c a m e o u t t o s e e , t o o k p l a c e
;
b u t n o t s u c h a o n e a s t h e y h a d e x p e c t e d
.
" Th e s e a s o n e d B r i t i s h R e g u l a r s p u r s u e d o u r u n t r a i n e d
t r o o p s a n d b u r n e d w h a t l a t e r b e c a m e k n o w n a s t h e
Wh i t e
Ho u s e , g e t t i n g i t s n a m e f r o m t h e _ f a c t t h a t
i t b e c a m e
n e c e s s a r y t b
p a i n t t h e m a r b l e a n d s t o n e b u i l d i n g t o , _ i d e
t h e
_
m a r o f _ k s o f t h e f i r e
. Ne x t t i m e y o u s e e t h e Wh i t e Ho u s e ,
t h i n k
t h e p r i c e w e p a i d t h a t d a y f o r l a c k o f p r e p a r a t i o n
.
" In t h e M e x i c a n Wa r o f 1 84 6 ,
5 , 000
t r a i n e d Am e r i c a n s
p u t t o r o u t 20, 000
u n t r a i n e d M e x i c a n s .
LETTHER EB ELIGHT

2 0 9
" Hi s t o r y i s r e p l e t e w i t h e v e n t a f t e r e v e n t p r o v i n g t h e
f a l l a c y o f u n p r e p a r e d n e s s .
" St r o n g Na t i o n a l De f e n s e m i n i m i z e s t h e c h a n c e s o f
w a r . We a k Na t i o n a l De f e n s e i n v i t e s b l o o d s h e d a n d d e -
s t r u c t i o n .
" Gi v e h o n o r t o t h o s e w h o ` s p r a n g . '
" Gi v e s h a m e t o t h e t h o u g h t l e s s w h o m a d e t h e i r ' s p r i n g -
i n g ' f u t i l e .
" Am e r i c a n s
w h o
l o v e p e a c e c a n b e s t s e c u r e p e a c e b y
a d e q u a t e Na t i o n a l De f e n s e a n d n o t b y a m i l i t a r y w e a k n e s s
w i t o u t a n a w e s s n e s s r o m
t h a t i n v i t e s i n v a s i o n r o m
w „ 3 . I, . . n.
.
Wh e n t h e Se n a t o r c e a s e d s p e a k i n g , C o n o v e r r o s e t o
h i s f e e t
. " J i m , Ih a v e b e e n p u z z l e d o v e r t h e a g i t a t i o n i n
s o m e o f o u r c o l l e g e s i n r e s p e c t t o t h e R . O . T. C .
" Y o u r t a l k h a s c l e a r e d t h e s i t u a t i o n . It s e e m s t o m e
t h a t t h e o p p o s i t i o n t o m i l i t a r y t r a i n i n g i n o u r c o l l e g e s
m a y b e t i e d u p i n t h e s a m e b u n d l e w i t h c e r t a i n a c t i v i t i e s
i n So c i a l i s t g r o u p s o n t h e c a m p u s
. "
" B i l l , y o u a r e o n t h e r i g h t t r a i l
. As y o u g o a l o n g y o u
w i l l f i n d h o w n i c e l y s o m e o f t h e s e t h i n g s d o v e t a i l i n t o
o n e a n o t h e r .
" We h a v e a g r e a t c o u n t r y . It i s w o r t h f i g h t i n g f o r
d a y a n d n i g h t . B u t y o u a r e i n f o r a l o t o f f i g h t i n g i f w e
a r e t o c i r c u m v e n t t h e i n s i d i o u s w o r k i n g s o f t h o s e w h o
s n e e r a t p a t r i o t i s m a n d t h e Am e r i c a n C o n s t i t u t i o n , t h a t
i n a C e n t u r y a n d a h a l f m a d e f r o m a w i l d e r n e s s t h e g r e a t -
e s t c o u n t r y f o r o p p o r t u n i t y o n e a r t h
.
" We a r e t o l d , a s w e r e o u r f o r e f a t h e r s , ` t h e r e w i l l b e
n o m o r e w a r s
. ' M u c h o f t h i s p a c i f i s t i c a d v i c e i s a b o u t a s
v a l u a b l e a s w a s t h a t o f P r o f e s s o r Da v i d St a r r J o r d a n ,
21 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
w h o s t a t e d i n 1 91 3 , t h e y e a r b e f o r e t h e g r e a t e s t w a r i n
h i s t o r y :
" ' Wh a t s h a l l w e s a y o f t h e g r e a t w a r o f
Eu r o p e , e v e r t h r e a t e n i n g , e v e r i m p e n d i n g
a n d w h i c h n e v e r c o m e s ? We s h a l l s a y t h a t
i t w i l l n e v e r c o m e . '
" Y e t , t h e i n k w a s s c a r c e l y d r y o n t h e p a p e r o n w h i c h
w a s w r i t t e n t h i s p r o p h e c y b e f o r e t h e w o r l d w a s i n f l a m e s
.
" Wh a t a c o m f o r t t o t h e b o y s i n t h e t r e n c h e s w a s t h i s
s w e e t a s s u r a n c e o f P r o f e s s o r Da v i d St a r r J o r d a n , c o m -
m i t t e e m a n o f t h e Am e r i c a n
C i v i l Li b e r t i e s U n i o n -
Tr e a s u r e r o f t h e P e o p l e s C o u n c i l o f Am e r i c a - o r g a n i z e r
o f t h e Le a g u e t o Li m i t Ar m a m e n t s ! "
C h a p t e r X V
THESEAR C HLIGHTO FDEFINITIO NS
Af t e r b r e a k f a s t n e x t m o r n i n g t h e t w o f r i e n d s s t o o d
l o o k i n g a t o n e a n o t h e r m e d i t a t i v e l y
.
Th e n o i s e o f d i s l o d g e d s t o n e s i n t h e d i r e c t i o n o f t h e
c a n y o n ' s r i m c a u s e d t h e m t o t u r n i n t h a t d i r e c t i o n
.
St a n d i n g o n t h e e d g e o f t h e c h a s m , w i t h a s h e e r d r o p
o f m o r e t h a n f o u r t h o u s a n d f e e t , s t o o d t h e p a c k m u l e
.
As p r i g o f g r a s s a b o u t t w o f e e t b e l o w t h e l e v e l h a d
c a u g h t i t s e y e a n d t h e a n i m a l w a s s t a n d i n g w i t h i t s f e e t
b u n c h e d a n d i t s n e c k s t r e t c h e d o u t a n d d o w n i n t o t h e
d i z z y d e p t h s
. Se e m i n g l y i n c h b y i n c h i t s n e c k s t r e t c h e d .
Th e m e n c o u l d s e n s e t h e d e l i c a t e b a l a n c e n o w d i s t u r b e d
b y l o o s e n e d s t o n e s , n o w r e g a i n e d b y c o n t r a c t e d m u s c l e s
.
It s l i p s w o r k e d c o n v u l s i v e l y a s i t t r i e d t o g a i n t h e c o v e t e d
m o r s e l .
Sl o w l y t h e i d e a d r o v e h o m e t h a t t h a t p a r t i c u l a r t i d - b i t
w a s u n o b t a i n a b l e
. In c h b y i n c h i t b a l a n c e d i t s e l f b a c k
t o s a f e t y u n t i l i t r e g a i n e d f i r m e r f o o t i n g
. Th e d i s a p p o i n t e d
m u l e t u r n e d f r o m t h e c a n y o n ' s e d g e a n d r e s u m e d i t s
c r o p p i n g o f m o r e e a s i l y o b t a i n e d g r a s s e s
. No t a w h i t
b e t t e r w a s t h e u n o b t a i n a b l e a n d d a n g e r o u s s p r i g o n t h e
c a n y o n s i d e , b u t f r o m t i m e t o t i m e t h e s a d e y e s o f t h e a n i -
m a l w a n d e r e d t o t h e e d g e w h e r e t h e s p r i g s t i l l r a i s e d i t s
s e d u c t i v e h e a d
.
C o n o v e r ' s e y e s s o u g h t M o r r o w ' s
.
" Th a t i n c i d e n t o f f e r s a t e x t f o r s o m e o f t h e r a d i c a l
t e a c h e r s , J i m
. Th e m u l e m i g h t h a v e s e c u r e d t h e t h i n g
21 1
21 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
h e w e n t a f t e r , b u t h e w o u l d h a v e l o s t h i s l i f e i n g e t t i n g i t
. "
M o r r o w l a u g h e d a t t h e a p p r o p r i a t e a p p l i c a t i o n
.
" Th i s m o r n i n g , B i l l , Ia m g o i n g t o l e t y o u r e a d a p a m -
p h l e t t h a t w i l l c r y s t a l l i z e s o m e d e f i n i t i o n s f o r y o u w h i l e
Iw o r k o n a s p e e c h Ia m p r e p a r i n g t o d e l i v e r b e f o r e t h e
Da u g h t e r s o f t h e Am e r i c a n R e v o l u t i o n .
" No m o r e l o y a l , p a t r i o t i c , o r f a r - s i g h t e d w o m e n e v e r
g r o u p e d t h e m s e l v e s i n o n e o r g a n i z a t i o n t h a n t h e D
. A. R .
It i s a p r i v i l e g e t o a p p e a r b e f o r e t h e m .
" R e c e n t l y t h e y h a v e b e e n a t t a c k e d b e c a u s e t h e y
w o u l d n ' t o p e n t h e d o o r s o f t h e i r h o m e s , t h e i r h a l l s ,
a n d p r o v i d e s e a t s a t t h e i r t a b l e s f o r a n y r a d i c a l s w a g -
g e r e r w h o w i s h e d t o e n t e r t h e i r p o r t a l s w i t h o u t a n i n v i t a -
t i o n .
" Th e w o r k t h e y a r e d o i n g f o r t h e p r e s e r v a t i o n o f
Am e r i c a w i l l g o d o w n i n h i s t o r y a s p r i c e l e s s
. Th a n k Go d ,
B i l l , t h e s p i r i t o f o u r f o r e f a t h e r s b r o o d s o v e r t h e i r t e m p l e
.
Fu t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s w i l l r e m e m b e r w i t h g r a t e f u l h e a r t s
t h e g r e a t w o r k t h e y a r e a c c o m p l i s h i n g . "
Th e Se n a t o r h a n d e d h i s f r i e n d a m a n u a l f r o m w h i c h h e
r e a d .
" SO M EFAC TSAB O U TTHE` R ED' M O VEM ENT
ANDWHATITM EANSTO AM ER IC A
" WHATISA` R ED' ?
" A` R e d ' i s a m e m b e r o r a g e n t o f a n y r e v o l u t i o n a r y
o r g a n i z a t i o n h a v i n g f o r i t s o b j e c t t h e v i o l e n t o v e r -
t h r o w o f e x i s t i n g g o v e r n m e n t s a n d t h e d e s t r u c t i o n
o f t h e e s t a b l i s h e d l a w s a n d i n s t i t u t i o n s o f m a n -
k i n d .
THE SEAR C HLIGHTO FDEFINITIO NS

2 1 3
" WHATISB O LSHEVISM ?
" B o l s h e v i s m i s a n o r g a n i z e d r e v o l u t i o n a r y m o v e -
m e n t b a s e d o n f o r c e , v i o l e n c e a n d d e c e p t i o n w h i c h
h a s f o r i t s p u r p o s e t h e c o n q u e s t o f t h e w o r l d a n d
t h e s u b j u g a t i o n o f t h e n a t i o n s o f t h e e a r t h u n d e r
a B o l s h e v i s t De s p o t i s m .
" WHATISTHETHIR DINTER NATIO NAL?
" Th e Th i r d In t e r n a t i o n a l i s t h e c e n t r a l o r g a n i z a -
t i o n a n d g u i d i n g p o w e r o f t h e ` R e d ' m o v e m e n t .
It i s t h e s o u r c e o f c o m m u n i s t p r o p a g a n d a n o w b e -
i n g s p r e a d i n t h e U n i t e d St a t e s a n d o t h e r c o u n t r i e s
.
Th i s p r o p a g a n d a i s a t a l l t i m e s d i s g u i s e d u n d e r
m i s l e a d i n g n a m e s o r b y c o n c e a l m e n t o f i t s r e a l
p u r p o s e
. Th e He a d q u a r t e r s o f t h e Th i r d In t e r -
n a t i o n a l i s a t M o s c o w , i n R u s s i a . It s m e m b e r s a r e
t h o s e w h o d i r e c t t h e C o m m u n i s t o r g a n i z a t i o n s
i n R u s s i a a n d o t h e r c o u n t r i e s . Th e Th i r d In t e r -
n a t i o n a l i s c o n t r o l l e d b y a f e w m e n . Th e y a r e t h e
` m a s t e r m i n d s ' o f t h e w o r l d - w i d e B o l s h e v i s t m o v e -
m e n t a n d t h e d i r e c t s u c c e s s o r s t o t h e An a r c h i s t a n d
C o m m u n i s t l e a d e r s o f t h e l a s t c e n t u r y
. Th e y a r e
t h e s a m e m e n w h o n o w r u l e o v e r R u s s i a .
" DO ESTHETHIR DINTER NATIO NALSEEKTHEO VER THR O W
O FTHEGO VER NM ENTO FTHEU NITEDSTATES?
" Y e s .
Fo r m e r P r e s i d e n t C o o l i d g e a n d f o r m e r
Se c r e t a r y o f St a t e Hu g h e s h a v e w a r n e d t h e p e o p l e
o f t h i s i n t e n t i n t h e i r r e c e n t o f f i c i a l m e s s a g e s o p -
p o s i n g r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e So v i e t g o v e r n m e n t o f
2 1 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
R u s s i a b y t h e U n i t e d St a t e s w h i l e t h a t g o v e r n -
m e n t c o n t i n u e s t o s p r e a d t h e p r o p a g a n d a o f t h e
Th i r d In t e r n a t i o n a l i n t h i s c o u n t r y .
" WHY DO THE ' R EDS' WANT TO DESTR O Y THE C HU R C H?
" It i s t h e i r p u r p o s e t o a b o l i s h r e l i g i o n f r o m t h e
w o r l d . Al t h o u g h t h e C o m m u n i s t s a r e c a r r y i n g o n
r e l i g i o u s p r o p a g a n d a u n d e r t h e m i s l e a d i n g n a m e
o f ` C h r i s t i a n So c i a l i s m ' i n c o m m o n w i t h t h e So c i a l -
i s t s , t h e y d o n o t b e l i e v e i n r e l i g i o n a n d t e r m i t a
` s u p e r s t i t i o n ' a n d a n ` o p i u m f o r t h e p e o p l e . ' Th e
C o m m u n i s t s h a v e l e d s o m e c h u r c h l e a d e r s t o l o o k
u p o n C o m m u n i s m a s a n h u m a n i t a r i a n m o v e m e n t
a n d t o r e g a r d So c i a l i s m a s a r e l i g i o u s m o v e m e n t .
C o m m u n i s m , i n r e a l i t y , i s a n a n t i - C h r i s t i a n m o v e -
m e n t w h i c h a c c o m p l i s h e s i t s e n d s t h r o u g h f r a u d
a n d d e c e p t i o n . In s o m e p a r t s o f t h e w o r l d t h e
` R e d s ' s e e k t o g a i n t h e i r e n d s b y e x p l o i t i n g r a c i a l
a n d r e l i g i o u s p r e j u d i c e s a n d h a t r e d s
. Th e y t a k e
t h i s m e a n s o f i n f l a m i n g t h e m i n d s o f l a r g e n u m b e r s
o f p e o p l e a n d c a u s i n g t h e m t o c o m m i t a c t s o f l a w -
l e s s n e s s
. Th i s b r e e d s d i s o r d e r , u n d e r m i n e s t h e p u b -
l i c c o n f i d e n c e , a n d w e a k e n s t h e g o v e r n m e n t , w h i c h
i s t h e a i m o f t h e ` R e d ' l e a d e r s .
" WHY ISTHETHIR DINTER NATIO NALSP R EADINGP AC IFIST
P R O P AGANDAINTHEU NITEDSTATES?
" Th e C o m m u n i s t s r e a l i z e t h a t t h e y s h a l l n e v e r
b e a b l e t o m u s t e r e n o u g h s t r e n g t h i n t h e U n i t e d
St a t e s t o o v e r t h r o w t h e g o v e r n m e n t b y f o r c e w h i l e
w e a r e a d e q u a t e l y p r o t e c t e d a g a i n s t a t t a c k b y o u r
THE SEAR C HLIGHTO FDEFINITIO NS

2 1 5
Ar m y a n d Na v y . Th e p a c i f i s t p r o p a g a n d a o f t h e
` R e d s ' i s i n t e n d e d t o c r e a t e a s p i r i t o f d i s l o y a l t y b y
t h e f o r m i n g o f g r o u p s o f m e n a n d w o m e n w h o
p l e d g e t h e m s e l v e s n o t t o f i g h t f o r t h e i r c o u n t r y o r
p a r t i c i p a t e i n a n y w a y i n w a r f a r e , e v e n i n t h e e v e n t
o f i n v a s i o n . It i s f u r t h e r u r g e d t h a t w e a b o l i s h t h e
Ar m y , Na v y , a n d Na t i o n a l Gu a r d , o r g r e a t l y r e -
d u c e t h e i r s t r e n g t h a n d e f f e c t i v e n e s s . Th e c o u n t r y
w o u l d t h u s b e r e n d e r e d d e f e n s e l e s s , o r g r e a t l y
w e a k e n e d , i n t h e e v e n t o f a n a t i o n a l e m e r g e n c y
.
Th e ` R e d s , ' a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r o w n s t a t e m e n t s ,
w o u l d t a k e a d v a n t a g e o f o u r w e a k n e s s t o i n c i t e i n -
s u r r e c t i o n a n d r e v o l u t i o n . Th e f a c t t h a t t h e U n i t e d
St a t e s i s t h e m o s t p r o s p e r o u s a n d w e a l t h y n a t i o n
m a k e s i t a n e s p e c i a l l y d e s i r a b l e p r i z e i n t h e e y e s o f
t h e ` R e d ' l e a d e r s .
" WHATFO R M DO ESC O M M U NISTP R O P AGANDAASSU M EIN
SC HO O LSANDC O LLEGES?
" Th e s a m e o r g a n i z a t i o n s t h a t a r e n o w p r o m o t i n g
P a c i f i s m a n d t h e C l a s s St r u g g l e i n t h e U n i t e d
St a t e s a r e c a r r y i n g o n p r o p a g a n d a i n s c h o o l s a n d
c o l l e g e s u n d e r t h e g u i s e o f i d e a l i s m a n d l i b e r a l i s m
.
Ag i t a t i o n i s b e i n g c a r r i e d o n i n s o m e s c h o o l s i n
f a v o r o f s t u d e n t c o n t r o l o f t h e s c h o o l . P r o t e s t
m e e t i n g s , ,
a r e o r g a n i z e d a n d t h e s t u d e n t s u r g e d t o
r e s i s t t h e s c h o o l a u t h o r i t i e s i n m a t t e r s o f d i s c i p l i n e
a n d a u t h o r i t y . He r e a n d t h e r e s t r i k e s h a v e b e e n o r -
g a n i z e d a m o n g t h e s t u d e n t b o d y i n d e f i a n c e o f t h e
s c h o o l h e a d s . U n d e r t h e p l e a o f ` f r e e s p e e c h ' a t -
t e m p t s a r e m a d e t o p r e c i p i t a t e a l l m a n n e r o f a c a -
2 1
6

SINISTER
SHADO WS
d e m i c c o n t r o v e r s y i n t h e c l a s s r o o m a n d t h u s d i s -
r u p t t h e q u i e t a n d o r d e r o f t h e s c h o o l
.
" So m e o f t h e s a m e o r g a n i z a t i o n s w h i c h c i r c u l a t e
t h e P a c i f i s t p l e d g e i n Am e r i c a a r e a l s o c o n d u c t i n g
a c a m p a i g n f o r
r e v i s i o n o f h i s t o r y t e x t b o o k s . Th i s
i s p a r t o f t h e P a c i f i s t m o v e m e n t
. Th e p u r p o s e o f
t h e P a c i f i s t l e a d e r s
i n c h a n g i n g h i s t o r y b o o k s i s t o
d e s t r o y t h e s p i r i t o f l o y a l t y a n d p a t r i o t i s m . Th e y
d e c l a r e t h a t w e s h o u l d e x c l u d e f r o m t h e h i s t o r y
b o o k s s o m e o f t h e , v i t a l f a c t s a b o u t w a r s o f t h e p a s t
a n d t h a t m i l i t a r y l e a d e r s a n d m i l i t a r y h e r o e s s h o u l d
b e a s s i g n e d a s u b o r d i n a t e p l a c e i n h i s t o r y . Th e y
a s s e r t w e s h o u l d o m i t f r o m t h e h i s t o r i e s a l l r e f -
e r e n c e s t o f o r e i g n n a t i o n s t h a t m i g h t d i s p l e a s e o r
o f f e n d a n o t h e r c o u n t r y , b e c a u s e s u c h s t a t e m e n t s
m i g h t t e n d t o b r e e d h a t r e d a n d s c o r n . Th e r e a l
e f f e c t o f t h u s a l t e r i n g t h e f a c t s o f h i s t o r y , h o w e v e r ,
w o u l d b e t o s h i e l d a n y g u i l t y n a t i o n o r n a t i o n s
f r o m t h e j u s t r e s p o n s i b i l i t y a n d b l a m e f o r t h e
w r o n g d e e d s a n d a c t s o f a g g r e s s i o n o f t h e i r r u l e r s .
Sc h o o l c h i l d r e n t a u g h t f r o m s u c h b o o k s w o u l d h a v e
n o r e a l u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f h i s t o r y . If w e e x c l u d e
f r o m t e x t b o o k s t h e f a c t s a b o u t o u r p a s t w a r s a n d
m a k e t h e g r e a t m i l i t a r y l e a d e r s a n d s t a t e s m e n o f
t h e Wa r o f In d e p e n d e n c e a n d t h e C i v i l Wa r s u b -
o r d i n a t e t o l e s s e r l e a d e r s , w e s a c r i f i c e m a n y o f t h e
v i t a l t r u t h s a b o u t t h e Am e r i c a n g o v e r n m e n t . B o y s
a n d g i r l s i n s t r u c t e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h i s p l a n w o u l d
g r o w u p w i t h o u t a n u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e e v e n t s ,
t h e m e n a n d t h e i d e a l s t h a t h a v e m a d e a n d s u s -
t a i n e d t h e U n i t e d St a t e s . Th e r e w o u l d b e l i t t l e
THESEAR C HLIGHTO FDEFINITIO NS

21 7
s e n s e o f l o y a l t y i n t h e m i n d s a n d h e a r t s o f b o y s
a n d g i r l s s o t r a i n e d
. Wi t h t h e s p i r i t o f l o y a l t y a n d
p a t r i o t i s m b l i g h t e d o r l a c k i n g , a g e n e r a t i o n o f c i t i -
z e n s r a i s e d u p i n t h i s n e g a t i v e s t a t e o f m i n d w o u l d
b e r i p e f o r t h e i l l u s i o n s o f P a c i f i s m
. "
Sc a r c e l y h a d M r . C o n o v e r f i n i s h e d r e a d i n g w h e n Se n a -
t o r M o r r o w e x c l a i m e d : " Lo o k a t t h a t In d i a n , B i l l
. He
i s c e r t a i n l y d i s t u r b i n g t h e a t m o s p h e r e w i t h h i s s p e e d . "
M r . C o n o v e r g l a n c e d i n t h e d i r e c t i o n Se n a t o r M o r r o w
p o i n t e d a n d s a w a p i n t o p o n y r u n n i n g " b e l l y t o g r o u n d . "
O n h i s b a c k s a t a l e a n In d i a n h u g g i n g t h e s i d e s o f h i s h o r s e
w i t h l o n g a n d s i n e w y l e g s
.
St r a i g h t a s t h e f l i g h t o f a n a r r o w t o w a r d s t h e i r c a m p h e
c a m e , t h e h o r s e ' s h e a d s t r e t c h e d t o i t s f u l l l e n g t h , t h e
c l i n g i n g In d i a n l e a n i n g f a r f o r w a r d w i t h h i s f a c e i n
t h e m a n e o f h i s m o u n t .
Th e h o r s e s l i d t o a s t o p
. Th e In d i a n j u m p e d o f f . Wi t h
g r a v e f a c e h e h a n d e d a t e l e g r a m t o t h e Se n a t o r
.
Af t e r r e a d i n g i t , Se n a t o r M o r r o w h a n d e d i t t o M r
.
C o n o v e r , w h o r e a d : " St o c k y a r d s b e a r m e a t i g n i t i o n b a c k -
f i r e Wa s h i n g t o n
. M e n t i o n e d f i r s t t a b l e . "
Wh i l e M r
. C o n o v e r w a s r e a d i n g t h e c r y p t i c m e s s a g e ,
t h e Se n a t o r h a d g i v e n t h e In d i a n a b i l l , t h e s i z e o f w h i c h
b r o k e t h e r u l e o f t h e In d i a n ' s p o k e r f a c e . Wi t h a g r i n
t h e In d i a n v a u l t e d h i s p o n y , b r o u g h t d o w n h i s q u i r t , a n d
t h e l a s t t h a t t h e t w o m e n s a w o f h i m w a s h i s r e t u r n i n g
a t f u l l s p e e d w a v i n g a b i l l i n h i s h a n d .
" Iw i l l h a v e t o d e c o d e t h a t l i t t l e m e s s a g e f o r y o u , B i l l
.
It m e a n s t h a t w e m u s t r e t u r n
. ' Ia m g l a d i t d i d n ' t c o m e
s o o n e r
. As i t i s , y o u h a v e a f a i r s t a r t . We w i l l k e e p i n
2 1 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
t o u c h w i t h o n e a n o t h e r . Fo r s o m e t i m e t h o u g h y o u w i l l
b e b u s y w i t h t h e m a t e r i a l i n m y d u f f l e b a g . Wi r e m e w h e n
y o u g e t t h r o u g h a n d w e w i l l h a v e a n o t h e r s e s s i o n
. In
t h e m e a n w h i l e , Iw i l l s e e t h a t y o u m a k e t h e r i g h t c o n t a c t s
a n d a r e s u p p l i e d w i t h a l l t h e i n f o r m a t i o n n e c e s s a r y t o
g e t a g r a s p o f t h i s t h i n g t h a t i s t h r e a t e n i n g t h e o v e r t h r o w
o f o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s .
" No w f o r t h e m e s s a g e
. It m e a n s t h a t Se n a t o r B u l l
i s l a y i n g a g a i n t h e f o u n d a t i o n s f o r t h e r e c o g n i t i o n o f
So v i e t R u s s i a - t h a t i t i s i m p o r t a n t t h a t Ir e t u r n t o
Wa s h i n g t o n a t o n c e t o o r g a n i z e t h e o p p o s i t i o n . He a s p i r e s
t o a p o s i t i o n t h a t w i l l m a k e h i m s e c o n d i n p o w e r o n l y
t o t h e h e a d . "
C h a p t e r X VI
B EHINDTHEC U R TAIN
We m u s t n o w r e t r a c e o u r s t e p s t o t h e C a m p u s o f P a x -
t o n C o l l e g e a n d r e t u r n t o t h e t i m e w h e n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t
c a m e b a c k f r o m h i s c o n f e r e n c e w i t h h i s Ea s t e r n c o m r a d e s ,
h a v i n g b e e n a p p o i n t e d b y " Nu m b e r O n e " a s t h e " Ap o s t l e
f o r St u d e n t s a n d Te a c h e r s . "
He m o v e d t o a l a r g e r h o u s e , s o m e l i t t l e d i s t a n c e f r o m
t h e c a m p u s
. O n e d a y t h e r e a p p e a r e d f r o m o u t - o f - t o w n ,
w o r k m e n w h o s t a r t e d r e m o d e l i n g t h e r o o m h e h a d s e l e c t e d
a s h i s s t u d y . Hi s a s s o c i a t e s r e c e i v e d t h e e x p l a n a t i o n t h a t
t h e r o o m w a s t o b e m a d e o v e r t o c o n f o r m t o h i s i d e a s o f
It a l i a n a r c h i t e c t u r e
. Th e w o r k m e n l i v e d o n t h e p r e m i s e s
w h i l e t h e w o r k w a s g o i n g o n a n d ' d i d n o t m i n g l e w i t h t h e
t o w n s p e o p l e
.
Th e r e p o r t s p r e a d t h a t t h e P r o f e s s o r h a d b e e n t h e r e -
c i p i e n t o f a s i z a b l e l e g a c y a n d t h i s e x p l a n a t i o n s u f f i c e d .
An i n g e n i o u s a r r a n g e m e n t p e r m i t t e d a s e c t i o n o f t h e
b u i l t - i n b o o k s h e l v e s t o r e v o l v e , d i s c l o s i n g a c l o s e t l i n e d
w i t h s h e e t s t e e l i n w h i c h t h e r e w e r e s h e l v e s a n d d r a w e r s
a n d c o m p a c t f i l i n g c a s e s .
Wh e n t h e b o o k c a s e c a m e b a c k t o p l a c e , n o i n d i c a t i o n
o f t h e r o o m b e h i n d i t w a s i n e v i d e n c e .
Ha n d w r o u g h t i r o n w o r k a t t h e w i n d o w s l e n t a c h a r m
t o t h e r o o m i n e s t a b l i s h i n g t h e It a l i a n i n f l u e n c e .
Th e a r r a n g e m e n t a t t h e w i n d o w s b y i t s a r t i s t i c a p p e a l
c l e v e r l y c o n c e a l e d t h e u n d e r l y i n g d e s i r e f o r s e c u r i t y
a g a i n s t e n t r a n c e .
21 9
2 2 0 SINISTER SHADO WS
Al t e r n a t i n g b l o c k s o f w h i t e a n d o f b l a c k c o v e r e d t h e
f l o o r .
Fr o m a d i s t a n t c i t y c a m e t h e f u r n i t u r e . Th e p e r i o d
d e s k i n t h e c e n t e r o f t h e r o o m i n t r i g u e d i n t e r e s t . Af e w
y e a r s l a t e r a s t r a n g e r t o t h a t r o o m , w h e n i n v e s t i g a t i n g
i t , n o t i c e d d i s c r e p a n c i e s i n t h e l e n g t h o f v a r i o u s d r a w e r s
l e a d i n g t o t h e d i s c o v e r y o f s e c r e t c o m p a r t m e n t s i n w h i c h
w e r e f o u n d n u m e r o u s i n t e n s e l y i n t e r e s t i n g d o c u m e n t s
a n d l i s t s , w h o s e c o n t e n t s , w h e n d e c i p h e r e d , e x p l a i n e d t o
c r e d u l o u s c o l l e g e t r u s t e e s t h a t t h e w a r n i n g s w h i c h t h e y
h a d r e c e i v e d , o n l y t o d i s m i s s l i g h t l y a s r i d i c u l o u s a n d u n -
w a r r a n t e d a p p r e h e n s i o n s , w e r e b a s e d o n f a c t s
.
B u t a s u s u a l , w a r n i n g s f e l l u p o n d e a f e a r s
. It r e q u i r e d
t h e b u r s t i n g f o r t h o f f i r e b e f o r e t h e c o m p l a c e n t o n e s
r e a l i z e d t h a t t h e s m o u l d e r i n g e m b e r s h e l d a t h r e a t
.
In t h e m e a n w h i l e t r u s t e e s h e r e a n d t h e r e m e t i n s o l e m n
c o n c l a v e . M o t i o n s w e r e m a d e , s e c o n d e d a n d c a r r i e d .
P l a t i t u d e s d a n c e d w i t h e p i g r a m s . Lo n g r e p o r t s w e r e m a d e .
Th e f e w a c t i v e o n e s t o o k c a r e o f t h e m a c h i n e r y o f t h e
m e e t i n g s .
Th e t r u s t e e s o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e h a d c o n c l u d e d t h e i r
f o r m a l m e e t i n g . Ad j o u r n m e n t t o o k p l a c e . Th e m e m b e r s
s t i l l l i n g e r e d , i n d u l g i n g i n r e m i n i s c e n c e s
.
It w a s t h e s a m e d a y t h a t s a w t h e c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e
It a l i a n s t u d y i n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s h o u s e .
In a h i g h b a c k c h a i r b e f o r e t h e d e s k w i t h t h e s e c r e t
d r a w e r s , t h e p r o f e s s o r s a t i n s o l i t a r y g r a n d e u r
. Hi s m e g a -
l o m a n i a h a d t e m p e r e d h i s e g o t i s m t o a d e g r e e t h a t m a d e
e v e r y g o a l s e e m o b t a i n a b l e .
In t h e p e r i o d b e t w e e n t h e r e c e i p t o f t h e m a n d a t e f r o m
" Nu m b e r O n e " t o t h e p r e s e n t m o m e n t h e h a d s u c c e e d e d
B EHINDTHEC U R TAIN

2 2 1
i n e s t a b l i s h i n g n u m e r o u s c o n t a c t s
. As a n e x e c u t i v e h e
r a t e d h i g h . P o w e r f l o w e d t o h i m . Hi s a s s o c i a t e s c o n c e d e d
v o l u n t a r i l y h i s g i f t o f l e a d e r s h i p
.
O n e o f h i s f i r s t m o v e s w a s t o c a l l t o g e t h e r a t r i e d f e w
.
He p o s s e s s e d a n u n c a n n y i n s t i n c t i n f i n d i n g c h a n n e l s f o r
t h e p r o m u l g a t i o n o f s u b v e r s i v e i d e a s .
At t h e f i r s t c o n f e r e n c e o f t h e c h o s e n f e w h e s e i z e d a
b l a n k p i e c e o f p a p e r , h a s t i l y d r e w a l i n e f r o m t o p t o
b o t t o m , d i v i d i n g t h e p a p e r i n t w o p a r t s
.
O n o n e s i d e h e e n t e r e d t h e " e x a c t " s t u d i e s s u c h a s
:
M a t h e m a t i c s P h y s i c s
C h e m i s t r y Z o o l o g y
As t r o n o m y

B i o l o g y
O n t h e o t h e r s i d e h e e n t e r e d w i t h f e v e r i s h i n t e n s i t y :
Ec o n o m i c s

Li t e r a t u r e
P s y c h o l o g y

En g l i s h
P h i l o s o p h y

P o l i t i c a l Sc i e n c e
Et h i c s

So c i o l o g y
Hi s t o r y
Wh e n h e h a d w r i t t e n t h e l a s t w o r d h e t u r n e d t o h i s
a s s o c i a t e s a n d , w i t h t h e b u r n i n g e y e s o f a f a n a t i c , d a r t e d
h i s w o r d s a t t h e m
.
" He r e o n t h i s l i s t a r e t h e s t u d i e s w e m u s t u s e
.
" Le a v e t h e ` e x a c t s c i e n c e s ' a l o n e
. Th e y c a n n o t b e
t w i s t e d t o o u r p u r p o s e s
.
" B u t t h e c u l t u r a l s t u d i e s i n t h i s l i s t w e c a n t u r n a n d
t w i s t t o t h e t h o u g h t t h a t w e a r e g o i n g t o d r i v e h o m e i n t h e
b r a i n s o f t h o s e w e t e a c h
.
" O u r p l a n o f a t t a c k w i l l c e n t e r a r o u n d Ec o n o m i c s
.
Th a t w i l l b e t h e b a s e o f o u r So c i a l i s m
.
2 2 2 SINISTER SHADO WS
" If w e w o r k d i l i g e n t l y i n t h i s m a t t e r i n o u r c o l l e g e s a n d
u n i v e r s i t i e s , " c o n t i n u e d P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , " w e c a n u p s e t
t h e R e p u b l i c a n d u s h e r i n o u r f o r m o f g o v e r n m e n t a n d
t h e n t h e a b s e n c e o f g o v e r n m e n t i n a f e w y e a r s .
" Le a v e t h e ` e x a c t s c i e n c e s ' a l o n e . C o n c e n t r a t e u p o n t h e
l i s t Ih a v e o u t l i n e d . An a l y z e t h a t l i s t . Ev e r y s t u d y i n i t
w i l l l e n d i t s e l f t o o u r p u r p o s e .
" Wh i l e i n f i l t e r i n g o u r i d e a s i n t o t h e s e s u b j e c t s w e m u s t
a v o i d t h e a p p e a r a n c e o f b i a s .
" We m u s t s t r e s s o p e n n e s s o f m i n d . O u r a p p r o a c h
m u s t b e a l o n g t h e l i n e s o f a p p a r e n t l y s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s -
t i g a t i o n .
" St r e s s t h e s e w o r d s o f t e n - ' b o t h s i d e s o f t h e q u e s t i o n . '
So s h a p e c o l l e g e l e c t u r e s t h a t u n a v o i d a b l y t h e s t u d e n t
c a n d r a w o n l y o u r c o n c l u s i o n , y e t t h i n k t h a t i t i s h i s . Th a t
m e t h o d i s - t h e l a s t i n g o n e . It r e q u i r e s p a t i e n c e a n d s k i l l .
" It m u s t b e e x t r e m e l y s u b t l e a t f i r s t . As t i m e g o e s . o n ,
w e c a n c o m e o u t i n t o t h e o p e n m o r e a n d m o r e .
" At t a c k s o n u s w i l l b e m a d e b y p a t r i o t i c f o o l s . O u r
d e f e n s e w i l l b e ` Fr e e Sp e e c h . '
" We c a n t u r n t h e t a b l e s u p o n t h e m a n d a s k t h e m i f
t h e y a r e t r y i n g t o s u p p r e s s f r e e d o m o f t h o u g h t . " Fi n e
s m o k e s c r e e n , t h a t l
B e f o r e t h e d a y w a s o v e r p l a n s w e r e f o r m u l a t e d a n d a n
i n t e n s i v e c a m p a i g n b e g u n .
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t d e v e l o p e d h i s t e c h n i q u e . Hi s R u s s i a n
b l o o d w i t h i t s l o v e f o r i n t r i g u e f l o w e d f a s t a n d f u r i o u s l y .
He r e c e i v e d a n a p p o i n t m e n t t o t h e e d i t o r i a l s t a f f o f a
p i n k r e v i e w , a n a p p o i n t m e n t t h a t g a v e h i m a w e l c o m e
a v e n u e o f a p p r o a c h t o t h e l a y m i n d
.
Hi s n a m e c o m m e n c e d t o a p p e a r o n v a r i o u s b o a r d s o f
B EHINDTHEC U R TAIN

2 2 3
s o c i e t i e s , i n n o c e n t l y n a m e d , b u t o r g a n i z e d t o f u r t h e r t h e
M a r x i a n p l a n .
He c a s t l o n g i n g e y e s o n a g r o u p t h a t h a d w i t h i n i t s
m e m b e r s h i p t h e n a m e s o f m a n y o f t h e m o s t b r i l l i a n t
Am e r i c a n e d u c a t o r s
. It s m e m b e r s h i p o f 6 , 07 7 f a s c i n a t e d
h i m .
O v e r a n d o v e r a g a i n h e r e a d i t s c o n s t i t u t i o n - a l w a y s
w i t h t h e t h o u g h t i n m i n d o f h o w h e c o u l d b o r e f r o m w i t h i n
p r e p a r a t o r y t o t h e t i m e w h e n h e m i g h t m a k e u s e o f i t .
He r e a d Ar t i c l e I- Na m e a n d O b j e c t .
" 1 . Th e n a m e o f t h i s As s o c i a t i o n s h a l l b e t h e
Am e r i c a n
As s o c i a t i o n o f U n i v e r s i t y P r o f e s s o r s
.
" 2 . It s o b j e c t s h a l l b e t o f a c i l i t a t e a m o r e e f -
f e c t i v e c o o p e r a t i o n a m o n g t e a c h e r s a n d i n v e s t i g a -
t o r s i n u n i v e r s i t i e s a n d c o l l e g e s a n d i n p r o f e s s i o n a l
s c h o o l s o f s i m i l a r g r a d e f o r t h e p r o m o t i o n o f t h e
i n t e r e s t s o f h i g h e r e d u c a t i o n a n d r e s e a r c h , a n d i n
g e n e r a l t o i n c r e a s e t h e u s e f u l n e s s a n d a d v a n c e t h e
s t a n d a r d s a n d i d e a l s o f t h e p r o f e s s i o n . "
Lo n g h e p o n d e r e d o v e r i t
. It s l o f t y p u r p o s e s e e m e d t o
p r e c l u d e i t s w o r t h t o h i m
.
Fi n a l l y h i s m i n d t u r n e d f r o m i t s c e n t r a l c o n t r o l l i n g
b o d y t o t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f i t s
. c o m p o n e n t p a r t s - i t s
c a m p u s g r o u p s .
" Wh e n e v e r t h e m e m b e r s i n a g i v e n i n s t i t u t i o n n u m b e r
s e v e n o r e i g h t , t h e y s h a l l c o n s t i t u t e a c h a p t e r o f t h e As -
s o c i a t i o n . "
Wi t h h i s u n c a n n y i n s t i n c t h e d e c i d e d t h a t t h e p o s s i -
b i l i t y o f i n f i l t r a t i o n w o u l d b e w o r t h t h e e f f o r t a n d i m -
m e d i a t e l y d e c i d e d t h a t h e w o u l d d i r e c t h i s a s s o c i a t e s t o
2 2 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
s t a r t q u i e t l y a t t h e t a s k o f i n g r a t i a t i n g t h e m s e l v e s t o
p o s i t i o n s o f t r u s t a g a i n s t t h e t i m e w h e n t h e i r n u m b e r o r
c e l l s o f i n f l u e n c e w o u l d g a i n a s c e n d a n c y .
As h e r e a d a n d r e r e a d t h e i r m e r i t o r i o u s p u r p o s e , h i s
l i p s c u r l e d b a c k i n s a r d o n i c h u m o r a s h e t h o u g h t o f t h e
t i m e w h e n h e m i g h t h i d e b e h i n d i t .
" If Ic a n ' t d o a n y t h i n g e l s e w i t h i t , " h e t h o u g h t , " I
m a y b e a b l e t o u s e i t i n t y i n g t h e h a n d s o f a p r e s i d e n t i f
h e d i s c h a r g e s a r a d i c a l p r o f e s s o r w h o i s d o i n g o u r w o r k .
Ti m e w i l l t e l l . It i s w o r t h t h e e f f o r t . Iw i l l s o u n d o u r
g r o u p a n d s e e w h a t t h e r e a c t i o n i s . If Id e c i d e t h a t I
c a n c o u n t u p o n t h e i r a c t i v e e f f o r t s , Iw i l l t r y i t . Im a y
b e a b l e t o b u i l d u p a p r o t e c t i v e w a l l f o r o u r c o m r a d e s
t h a t c o l l e g e p r e s i d e n t s w i l l n o t b e a b l e t o s t e p o v e r i f
t h e y a r e u r g e d t o d i s m i s s t h e R a d i c a l s . "
In h i s w o r k o n t h e r e v i e w h e s t u m b l e d a c r o s s a n i d e a
t h a t f a s c i n a t e d h i m .
Af t e r h e h a d t a k e n c h a r g e o f t h e m o v e m e n t , h i s f i r s t
e f f o r t s w e r e d i r e c t e d t o w a r d s t h e c o o r d i n a t i o n o f v a r i o u s
g r o u p s w i t h t h e o b j e c t i v e i n m i n d o f d i r e c t i n g t h e f o c u s e d
e f f o r t s t o w a r d s t h e Ac h i l l e s h e e l o f o u r b o d y p o l i t i c , t h e
s c h o o l s
. He r e c o g n i z e d t h e f a c t t h a t i f t h e So c i a l i s t s a n d
C o m m u n i s t s c o u l d d i r e c t t h e t h o u g h t o f t h e y o u n g g e n e r a -
t i o n t h e c o m r a d e s m i g h t g a i n t h e i r o b j e c t i v e w i t h a r a -
p i d i t y t h a t w o u l d s w e e p a l l o p p o s i t i o n b e f o r e i t .
He w a s t o o s k i l l e d a s t r a t e g i s t , h o w e v e r , t o o v e r l o o k
a n y m e a n s t h a t m i g h t g a i n c o n v e r t s f o r h i s t h e o r i e s a m o n g
t h e a d u l t s , t h o u g h t h e c e n t r a l f i r e w a s t o b e d i r e c t e d
a g a i n s t t h e e a s i e r a n d m o r e p r o m i s i n g o b j e c t i v e , t h e i n -
s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g .
Th e i d e a t h a t f l a s h e d b e f o r e h i m , d a z z l i n g h i m w i t h i t s
B EHIND THE C U R TAIN

2 2 5
p o s s i b i l i t i e s , w a s t h e o n e o f i n d o c t r i n a t i n g t h e u n s u s p i c i o u s
r e a d i n g p u b l i c .
He o r g a n i z e d a " M a k e - u p - y o u r - m i n d - f o r - y o u - o n c e - a -
w e e k - B o o k - C l u b . "
Th i s a v e n u e m a d e p o s s i b l e t h e d i s s e m i n a t i o n o f b o o k s
w r i t t e n b y t h o s e w h o w e r e s e e k i n g t o c o n v e r t Am e r i c a n
o p i n i o n t o t h e t h e o r i e s d i s t i l l e d b y t h e t w i s t e d m e n t a l i t i e s
o f h i s g r o u p .
To o c l e v e r w e r e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t a n d h i s c o m r a d e s t o
a l a r m t h e p u b l i c a t l a r g e b y a t o o o b v i o u s d r i v e . Th e
b o o k s d i s t r i b u t e d c o v e r e d a w i d e r a n g e o f s u b j e c t s . Sk i l l -
f u l l y t h e p r o p a g a n d a f a v o r i t e s w e r e d r o p p e d i n t o t h e l i s t s
i n a p p a r e n t l y h a p h a z a r d m a n n e r , d e c e i v i n g t h e u n i n i t i a t e d
b y i t s s e e m i n g j u d i c i a l f a i r n e s s o f m i n d t h a t o f f e r e d a l l
t h i n g s t o a l l p e o p l e .
C o v e t ' s Ed i t o r i a l B o a r d b o r e t h e n a m e s o f a d v i s o r y
e d i t o r s w h o s e b a s i c t h o u g h t s p a r a l l e l e d h i s . He , h i m s e l f ,
w a s t h e d o m i n a t i n g i n f l u e n c e a m o n g h i s So c i a l i s t i c St a f f .
In t i m e , b y d i n t o f c l e v e r a d v e r t i s i n g , h i s b o o k c l u b
m a d e g r e a t h e a d w a y a n d t h e a p a t h e t i c p u b l i c w a s s k i l l -
f u l l y l e d i n t o t h e p a t h s s t a k e d o u t i n a d v a n c e b y t h o s e w h o
h a d b e c o m e p a s t m a s t e r s i n M a c h i a v e l l i a n i s m .
Hi s v a r i o u s a s s o c i a t e s i n t h e d i f f e r e n t g r o u p s l e n t t h e m -
s e l v e s t o p r o m p t o b e d i e n c e o f h i s r e q u e s t s .
To o n e h e a s s i g n e d t h e t a s k o f w r i t i n g a b o o k s t r e s s i n g
t h e f a c t t h a t t h e R e d m o v e m e n t i n Am e r i c a w a s n e g l i g i b l e
a n d t h a t t h e So c i a l i s t p r o g r a m w a s n o t t o b e t a k e n s e r i -
o u s l y o n a c c o u n t o f i t s s m a l l n u m b e r s . Th e b o o k p e r -
f o r m e d i t s m i s s i o n i n a s m a l l m e a s u r e a n d l u l l e d t o s l e e p
s o m e w h o w e r e c o m m e n c i n g t o b e d i s t u r b e d .
Th e u n d e r l y i n g p s y c h o l o g y i n t h e b o o k w a s t o s t r e s s
2 2 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e s m a l l n u m b e r s a s i f s m a l l n u m b e r s h e l d n o t h r e a t
.
Y e t o n l y 7 9, 1 7 4 p e o p l e t u r n e d R u s s i a i n t o a s h a m b l e s
.
Th a t w a s t h e n u m b e r b e h i n d Le n i n a n d Tr o t s k y . Y e t
b y t e r r o r t h i s i n s i g n i f i c a n t h a n d f u l m a s t e r e d 1 4 0m i l l i o n
o t h e r s . Le s s t h a n s i x f a n a t i c s o u t o f e v e r y t e n t h o u s a n d
o f i n h a b i t a n t s t u r n e d R u s s i a i n t o a m a d h o u s e . Y e t w e
a r e t o l d n o t t o b e d i s t u r b e d b e c a u s e t h e r e a r e o n l y a
f e w f a n a t i c s i n o u r Am e r i c a n c o l l e g e s .
Th o s e w h o w e r e c o n v e r s a n t w i t h t h e v a r i o u s a c t i v i t i e s
g o i n g o n b e h i n d t h e s c e n e r e c o g n i z e d i n t h e a t t e m p t t o
b e l i t t l e t h e v e r y m o v e m e n t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w a s e s p o u s i n g ,
a d e s p e r a t e a t t e m p t t o s t e m t h e t i d e t h a t w a s c o m m e n c i n g
t o b e a t a g a i n s t t h e i r d o o r s .
M o s t s i g n i f i c a n t , h o w e v e r , w a s t h e t a s k d e l e g a t e d t o a
c o m r a d e t o w r i t e a r t i c l e s o n P h i l o s o p h y f o r t h e m a g a z i n e s
- a s e r i e s o f a r t i c l e s t h a t t e r m i n a t e d i n a f l a r e o f c l i m a c t i c
w o r d s , e x t o l l i n g t h e So c i a l i s t B e r t r a n d R u s s e l l .
Le t u s e x a m i n e t h e r e c o r d o f t h i s i n d i v i d u a l p l a c e d o n a
p e d e s t a l o f p h i l o s o p h i c a l g r e a t n e s s b y a f e l l o w So c i a l i s t .
B e r t r a n d R u s s e l l w a s b o r n i n En g l a n d o f a d i s t i n g u i s h e d
f a m i l y .
Du r i n g t h e Wo r l d ' s Wa r h e w a s c o n v i c t e d i n Lo n d o n
o f " t r e a s o n a b l e a c t s t e n d i n g t o t h e a i d o f o u r b i t t e r
e n e m y . "
He w a s f i n e d 1 00p o u n d s a n d s e n t e n c e d t o s i x m o n t h s
i m p r i s o n m e n t .
Th u s w e s e e h i m c l a s s e d a s a t r a i t o r t o h i s c o u n t r y .
" Th e C o u n c i l o f Tr i n i t y C o l l e g e , C a m b r i d g e , r e m o v e d
h i m f r o m h i s l e c t u r e s h i p i n l o g i c a n d t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f
m a t h e m a t i c s i n t h e c o l l e g e i n c o n s e q u e n c e o f h i s c o n -
v i c t i o n u n d e r t h e De f e n s e o f t h e R e a l m Ac t .
B EHIND THE C U R TAIN

2
2
7
" In h i s b o o k , ` Wh y IAm No t a C h r i s t i a n , ' o n p a g e
28h e s t a t e s :
" ` Is a y q u i t e d e l i b e r a t e l y t h a t t h e C h r i s t i a n r e -
l i g i o n , a s o r g a n i z e d i n i t s c h u r c h e s , h a s b e e n a n d t
s t i l l i s t h e p r i n c i p a l e n e m y o f m o r a l p r o g r e s s i n t h e ~ ~
w o r l d . ' "
In h i s b o o k , " M a r r i a g e a n d t h e P o p u l a t i o n Q u e s t i o n , "
o n p a g e 1 85 , h e s t a t e s :
" Th e r e i s n o r e a s o n t o d e m a n d o r e x p e c t a l i f e -
l o n g s t a b i l i t y , o r t o e x a c t a n y g r o u n d f o r d i v o r c e
b e y o n d m u t u a l c o n s e n t . Th i s w o u l d m a k e i t p o s -
s i b l e f o r t h e w o m e n w h o a t p r e s e n t m u s t r e m a i n
u n m a r r i e d t o h a v e c h i l d r e n i f t h e y w i s h i t . "
Th e
B o s t o n Tr a n s c r i p t o f De c e m b e r 7 , 1 92" 7 , c o n t a i n s
t h i s i n t e r e s t i n g i t e m :
" B e r t r a n d R u s s e l l s a y s , ` M y v i e w i s t h a t t h e
St a t e a n d t h e La w s h o u l d t a k e n o n o t i c e o f s e x u a l
r e l a t i o n s a p a r t f r o m c h i l d r e n , a n d t h a t n o m a r r i a g e
c e r e m o n y s h o u l d b e v a l i d u n l e s s a c c o m p a n i e d b y a
m e d i c a l c e r t i f i c a t e o f t h e w o m a n ' s p r e g n a n c y . " '
Th i s , t h e n , i s t h e h i g h m i n d e d p h i l o s o p h e r p u t i n t h e
So c i a l i s t Sh o w C a s e w i t h t h e l a b e l " o n e o f o u r f i n e s t s p e c i -
m e n s . "
Wh y h a n d l e s u c h a o n e w i t h k i d g l o v e s ? Th e s t e r i l i z e d
r u b b e r g l o v e s o f a s u r g e o n , i n s u c h a c a s e , a r e p r e f e r a b l e
.
It i s i n t e r e s t i n g t o n o t e t h a t i n a b o o k p r o c l a i m e d b y i t s
t i t l e t o b e " Th e St o r y o f P h i l o s o p h y " w r i t t e n b y o n e Wi l l
Du r a n t , a p p e a r s t h i s s t a t e m e n t r e g a r d i n g R u s s e l l :
2 2 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Wh o k n o w s b u t t h e n e x t d e c a d e w i l l s e e h i m g r o w o u t
o f d i s i l l u s i o n m e n t i n t o w i s d o m a n d w r i t e h i s n a m e a m o n g
t h e h i g h e s t i n ` t h e s e r e n e b r o t h e r h o o d o f p h i l o s o p h s ' ? "
He r e i s R u s s e l l , t h e c h a m p i o n o f c o m p a n i o n a t e m a r -
r i a g e s s t a n d i n g i n h i s m u c k e y b a r n y a r d , b r a y i n g a t t h e
w o r l d i n t h e s e p h a l l i c w o r d s t a k e n f r o m h i s b o o k , " Wh a t I
B e l i e v e : "
" B o y s a n d g i r l s s h o u l d b e t a u g h t t h a t n o t h i n g
c a n j u s t i f y s e x u a l i n t e r c o u r s e u n l e s s t h e r e i s
m u t u a l i n c l i n a t i o n
.
" C e r t a i n f o r m s o f s e x w h i c h d o n o t l e a d t o
c h i l d r e n a r e a t p r e s e n t p u n i s h e d b y t h e c r i m i n a l
l a w ; t h i s i s p u r e l y s u p e r s t i t i o u s , s i n c e t h e m a t t e r
i s o n e w h i c h a f f e c t s n o o n e e x c e p t t h e p a r t i e s d i -
r e c t l y c o n c e r n e d . "
Al e c t u r e r i n r e b u t t a l t o t h e a b o v e r a v i n g s h a s a p t l y
s a i d :
" M o n k e y s l i v e i n c o m p a n i o n a t e m a r r i a g e , f r e e t o d e p a r t
f r o m t h e i r m a t e s a t a n y t i m e , a n d s o d o d o g s a n d p i g s
. "
' An d y e t t h i s s o - c a l l e d p h i l o s o p h e r w h o s e t h e o r i e s r u n
p a r a l l e l w i t h m o n k e y s , d o g s a n d p i g s i s f e t e d a n d e n t e r -
t a i n e d b y s o m e o f o u r " b e s t p e o p l e " w h e n h e t o u r s Am e r -
i c a , s p e a k i n g b e f o r e o u r s t u d e n t s i n c o l l e g e s .
Q u i t e a b u s y a g i t a t o r i s t h i s e x - i n m a t e o f t h e En g l i s h
j a i l . R o d n e y Gi l b e r t i n h i s b o o k , " Wh a t ' s Wr o n g Wi t h
C h i n a , " s a y s
. " C h i n a ' s f u t u r e h a s b e e n m u c h m o r e s e r i o u s l y
p r e j u d i c e d b y t h e i d e a s i m p o r t e d a n d p e d d l e d b y
s u c h p e r s o n s a s B e r t r a n d R u s s e l l , J o h n De w e y ,
Ta g o r e a n d Ka r a k h a n t h a n a l l t h e o p i u m , m o r p h i a ,
l
h e r o i n , c o c a i n e a n d h a s h i s h i m p o r t e d o r p r o d u c e d
i n C h i n a d u r i n g t h e p a s t t h r e e c e n t u r i e s . "
P r o f e s s o r B e r t r a n d R u s s e l l a n d P r o f e s s o r De w e y o f
C o l u m b i a a f e w y e a r s a g o o l e c t u r e d i n P e k i n . P r o f e s s o r
De w e y h a s b e e n a c t i v e b o t h i n C h i n a a n d R u s s i a a n d
h a s i n t e r e s t e d h i m s e l f i n t h e M e x i c a n s i t u a t i o n .
Am e r i c a n f a t h e r s a n d m o t h e r s m a y w e l l g a s p i n a m a z e -
m e n t a n d c o n s t e r n a t i o n i n l e a r n i n g t h a t R u s s e l l h a s
t r a v e l e d t h e l e n g t h a n d b r e a d t h o f o u r c o u n t r y a t t e m p t i n g
t o i n s t i l l h i s i d e a s i n o u r s o n s a n d d a u g h t e r s a t t e n d i n g ,
v a r i o u s c o l l e g e s .
An d y e t w e s i t i l l s m u g c o m p l a c e n c y w i t h f o l d e d h a n d s
a n d w i t h e y e s s h u t !
Is n ' t i t w o r t h t h e s a c r i f i c e o f a f e w g o l f g a m e s , a f e w
a f t e r n o o n s o f b r i d g e , t o i n v e s t i g a t e a n d t o t a k e p r e v e n t i v e
s t e p s ?
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t r u b b e d h i s h a n d s i n g l e e w h e n h e r e -
v i e w e d t h e b o o k t h e c o m r a d e w r o t e , d e v e l o p i n g t h e i d e a
t h a t t h e r e w a s n o s e r i o u s " R e d " m o v e m e n t i n Am e r i c a
.
Wh e n h e r e a d t h e a r t i c l e s o n P h i l o s o p h y t e r m i n a t i n g i n
f u l s o m e p r a i s e o f R u s s e l l , h e w r o t e t h e a u t h o r - c o m r a d e a n
e u l o g i s t i c l e t t e r t h a t s t i m u l a t e d t h e w r i t e r t o f u r t h e r
e f f o r t s .
He g l o a t e d o v e r t h e f a c t t h a t h i s p o t o f i n t r i g u e w a s
b o i l i n g f u r i o u s l y . C a m e a w a v e o f p a c i f i s t i c p r e a c h i n g
i n s p i r e d b y p r o p a g a n d a f r o m s o m e o f t h e
p u l p i t s . P r o -
e s s o r o v e t s a t b a c k i n h i s c h a i r a n d p e r m i t t e d h i m s e l f
t h e r a r e t r e a t o f s a r d o n i c s m i l e s i n t h i n k i n g o f a R u s s i a
w i t h a n e n o r m o u s s e v e n f i g u r e
a r m y
i n t e n s i f y i n g
i t s c o m -
p u l s o r y m i l i t a r y
t r a i n i n g t h a t _
i n c l u d e d e v e n w o m e n i n t h e
B EHIND THE C U R TAIN

2 2 9
2 3 0 SINISTER SHADO WS
m a r c h i n g r a n k s , _ w h i l e h e h a d s u c c e e d e d i n s t i r r i n g u p
a g i t a t i o n t h a t w a s r e s u l t i n g i n a i s a r m e d Am e r i c a .
He s a w h i s s c h e m e m a k i n g h e a d w a y i n t h e i n s t i t u t i o n s
o f l e a r n i n g . He s a w t h e r e a d i n g p u b l i c n i b b l i n g a t t h e b a i t
h i s a u t h o r - c o m r a d e s d a n g l e d b e f o r e t h e i r e y e s .
He d i s p l a y e d t o t h e i n n e r c i r c l e a r e p o r t f r o m w h i c h
t h e y d r a n k l o n g d r a u g h t s o f s a t i s f a c t i o n .
Th e r e p o r t c o v e r e d t h e s e s s i o n _o f t h e Na t i o n a l
St u d e n t
C o n f e r e n c e h e l d a t , M i l w a u k e e , Wi s c o n s i n , i n
1 926 , a t -
t e n d e d b. v a b o u t _ o n e t h o u s a n d s t u d e n t s .
He s h o w e d h i s c o m r a d e s a M a r x i a n d i s c u s s i o n t h a t t o o k
p l a c e i n t h a t s t u d e n t c o n f e r e n c e . Ei g h t h u n d r e d s t u d e n t s
i n t h a t c o n f e r e n c e v o t e d i n f a v o r o f t h i s s t a t e m e n t : '
" We b e l i e v e t h a t t h e p r e s e n t c o m p e t i t i v e e c o n o m i c
~ ~ o r d e r b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n f o r p r o f i t r a t h e r t h a n p r o d u c -
t i o n t i o n f o r u s e i s w r o n g . "
No t i c e t h e w o r d s c a r e f u l l y
. Th e y a r e t r a c e a b l e w o r d
f o r w o r d t o We i s h a u p t ' s Il l u m i n i s m ,
t h r o u g h t h a t t o Ka r l
M a r x , a n d t h r o u g h t h a t t o t h e p r e s e n t So v i e t " Sc r e e d . "
We a r e t o l d t h a t R u s s i a i s So c i a l i s m a t w o r k .
Th e r e w a s m u c h e l a t i o n o n t h e p a r t o f t h o s e t o w h o m
C o v e t r e a d t h e r e p o r t
.
Th e t h i n g w a s w o r k i n g e v e n b e t t e r t h a n t h e y h a d e x -
p e c t e d .
Th e i r p l a n s h a d a s m a n y l a y e r s a s a n o n i o n . Al w a y s
u n d e r n e a t h o n e s k i n w a s a n o t h e r
. Th e h e a r t o f t h e
o n i o n c o n t a i n e d o n l y t h e f e w t i m e - t e s t e d a n d d i s c i p l i n e d
o n e s .
So m e o f t h e o t h e r l a y e r s h a d n o c o n c e p t i o n o f t h e
m a s t e r - p l a n o f t h o s e w h o f o r m e d t h e c e n t e r , b u t a l l h a d
t h e o n i o n s m e l l .
B EHINDTHEC U R TAIN

2 3 1 • w
Th e y p o i n t e d w i t h p r i d e t o t h e So c i a l i s m o f Ge o r g e
B e r n a r d h a w , t h e i n t e l l e c t u a l m i d - w i f e o f c o n t e m p o r a r y
l i t e r a t u r e , w h o s e o b s t e t r i c a l o b s e s s i o n s h a d l e d t o r e p e a t e d
s e l f - i n f l i c t e d C x s a r i a n o p e r a t i o n s o n h i s c r a n i u m , t h e r e b y
p r o d u c i n g m e n t a l q u a d r u p l e t s , t h r e e m o n s t r o s i t i e s a n d o n e
p a s s i n g f a i r , w h i c h t h e f o u r b l a c k d w a r f s o f Er e b u s d i s -
p l a y e d t o t h e a u d i e n c e i n t h e r e c e p t i o n c h a m b e r , a d j a c e n t
t o t h e s m a l l d a r k e n e d r o o m i n w h i c h t h e b e w h i s k e r e d o n e
l a b o r e d a n d w a i l e d i n a m a z e o f t w i l i g h t s l e e p .
O f Sh a w , J a m e s Hu n e k e r i n h i s " Ic o n o c l a s t s " o n p a g e
23 5 , s t a t e s :
" He i s s t i l l t h e p r e a c h e r , Fa b i a n d e b a t e r , s o c i a l -
i s t , v e g e t a r i a n , l y c a n t h r o p e , a n d n o r m a l l y a b n o r m a l
m a n o f t h e e a r l y d a y s , t h o u g h h e p r i d e s h i m s e l f
o n h i s a b n o r m a l n o r m a l i t y . Fi n d i n g t h a t t h e e s s a y
d i d n o t r e a c h a w i d e e n o u g h a u d i e n c e , t h e w i l y
C e l t m o u n t s t h e r o s t r u m a n d b l a r n e y s h i s l i s t e n e r s .
s o m e t h i n g a f t e r t h i s m a n n e r :
" ` He r e ' s m y h u s t i n g s ; f r o m h e r e w i l l It e a c h ,
p r e a c h a n d c u r s e t h e c o n v e n t i o n s o f s o c i e t y . C o m e
a l l y e w h o a r e t i r e d o f t h e p r o p e r t y f a l l a c y ! Th e r e
i s b u t o n e Ka r l M a r x , a n d Ia m h i s l i v i n g p r o p h e t .
" ` Sh a k e s p e a r e m u s t g o , Ib s e n i s t o r u l e , Wa g n e r
w a s a Fa b i a n i t e ; t h e R i n g p r o v e s i t . C o m e a l l y e
w h o a r e h e a v y - l a d e n w i t h t h e m o r a l i t i e s ! Ia m
t h e l i v i n g w i t n e s s f o r Ni e t z s c h e
.
" ` I w i l l t e a c h c h i l d r e n t o r e n o u n c e t h e l o v e o f
p a r e n t s ; p a r e n t s t o d e s p i s e t h e i r o f f s p r i n g ; h u s -
b a n d s t o h a t e t h e i r w i v e s ; w i v e s t o l o a t h e t h e i r
h u s b a n d s ; a n d b r o t h e r s a n d s i s t e r s w i l l r a i s e w a r -
23 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
r i n g h a n d s a f t e r m y w o r d s h a v e e n t e r e d t h e i r s o u l s .
" ` Wh a t e v e r i s , i s w r o n g - t o a l t e r P o p e
. Th e
p r o s t i t u t e c l a s s e s - Id o n o t b a l k a t t h e u g l y w o r d -
c l e r g y m e n , d o c t o r s , l a w y e r s , s t a t e s m e n , j o u r n a l i s t s ,
a r e d e c e i v i n g y o u .
" ' Th e y s p e a k i n d i v e r s a n d l y i n g t o n g u e s
.
" ' Ia l o n e p o s s e s s t h e p r o p h y l a c t i c a g a i n s t t h e
e v i l s o f l i f e . He r e i t i s
; P l a y s , P l e a s a n t a n d U n -
p l e a s a n t
; a n d t h r e e P l a y s f o r P u r i t a n s . " '
C h a p t e r X VII
THE LU R E O FLO O T
Al l w a s g r i s t t h a t c a m e t o P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s m i l l .
He i m p r e s s e d u p o n h i s i n n e r c i r c l e t h e f a c t t h a t h e
c o u l d o p e r a t e t o b e t t e r a d v a n t a g e f r o m t h e c o r n e r o f h i s
w e b w h e r e h e w o u l d n o t b e s e e n
; c o n s e q u e n t l y v e r y f e w
p e o p l e r e a l i z e d t h a t i n t h e h a n d s o f a p r o f e s s o r w a s
c e n t e r e d s u c h t r e m e n d o u s p o w e r .
Tr u e i t w a s , h i s n a m e f i g u r e d
i n m a n y i n t e r l o c k i n g
b o a r d s o f d i r e c t o r s a n d t h a t h e f u n c t i o n e d a s a p u b l i c
l e c t u r e r o f v a r i o u s a b s t r u s e s u b j e c t s w h e r e i n h i s d e d u c -
t i o n s w e r e s o v a g u e a s t o p r e v e n t a n y c h a r g e o f d i r e c t
a c t i o n b e i n g l e v e l l e d a g a i n s t h i m
. He w a s a p a s t m a s t e r
i n i n s t i l l i n g , i n a m o s t a d r o i t a n d s u b t l e m a n n e r , i d e a s t h a t
w e r e m o r e d a n g e r o u s t h a n d i r e c t l i e s - i d e a s t h a t c o n -
t a i n e d h a l f t r u t h s
. He p o s s e s s e d a n u n c a n n y t a l e n t i n
p r e d i c a t i n g a p l e a o n a h a l f t r u t h a n d t h e n l e a d i n g h i s
h e a r e r s , b e f o r e t h e y w e r e a w a r e o f i t , u p t h e w r o n g p a t h
w h e r e t r u t h a n d f a l s e h o o d p a r t e d
.
Hi s g r e a t e s t d r a w b a c k w a s a n u n g o v e r n a b l e t e m p e r
t h a t a m o u n t e d a t t i m e s a l m o s t t o r a v i n g i n s a n i t y .
Am o r n i n g ' s m a i l , t h a t h a d n o w g r o w n t o h u g e p r o p o r -
t i o n s , b r o u g h t h i m a b o o k
.
It w a s l y i n g u n w r a p p e d o n h i s d e s k
. Hi s t h o u g h t s w e r e
m i l e s a w a y a t a c e r t a i n c o n f e r e n c e i n t h e Ea s t t h a t w a s t o
t a k e p l a c e t h a t d a y
.
He w o u l d h a v e l i k e d t o h a v e a t -
t e n d e d , b u t h e f e l t h e c o u l d n o t a f f o r d t o t a k e a c h a n c e
b e c a u s e o f t h e c e r t a i n t y o f t o o m u c h p u b l i c i t y . He h a d
23 3
23 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
s k i l l f u l l y p l a c e d h i s p u p p e t s a t p o i n t s o f i m p o r t a n c e a n d
f e l t t h a t t h e c o n f e r e n c e w o u l d p r o c e e d a l o n g t h e l i n e s h e
h a d l a i d d o w n
.
Ab s e n t - m i n d e d l y h e p i c k e d u p t h e b o o k a n d c a r e l e s s l y
t u r n e d t h e p a g e s
. Su d d e n l y h e b e c a m e r i g i d - h i s f a c e
w e n t w h i t e - h i s e y e s g l a r e d w i t h m a n i a c a l f u r y
.
Th e b o o k w a s " ASu r v e y o f So c i a l i s m , " w r i t t e n b y
P r o f e s s o r F. J . C
. He a r n s h a w o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f Lo n d o n .
He r e a d , w i t h a f u r y a n d a h a t r e d t h a t m o u n t e d t o a
p a r o x y s m , w o r d s t h a t t h r e a t e n e d t o o f f s e t a l l h i s s u b -
v e r s i v e a c t i o n s .
" Th e d i f f e r e n c e a t t h e p r e s e n t m o m e n t b e t w e e n
C o m m u n i s m a n d w h a t s t i l l c a l l s i t s e l f So c i a l i s m i s
a l m o s t w h o l l y o n e o f m e t h o d a n d o f p a c e . . . .
Th e s i x e s s e n t i a l s a r e :
1
. Ex a l t a t i o n o f t h e C o m m u n i t y a b o v e t h e In d i -
v i d u a l
.
2 . Eq u a l i z a t i o n o f Hu m a n C o n d i t i o n s
.
3 . El i m i n a t i o n o f t h e C a p i t a l i s t .
4
. Ex p r o p r i a t i o n o f t h e La n d l o r d .
5
. Ex t i n c t i o n o f P r i v a t e En t e r p r i s e .
6 . Er a d i c a t i o n o f C o m p e t i t i o n . . . .
" Th e l a s t t w o a r e e c o n o m i c f o l l i e s w h i c h a t t r a c t
t h e m a d
. Th e m i d d l e t w o a r e e t h i c a l i n i q u i t i e s
w h i c h a l l u r e t h e c r i m i n a l . . . .
J u s t a s t h e c o n c e p -
t i o n o f t h e e x a l t a t i o n o f t h e c o m m u n i t y a b o v e t h e
i n d i v i d u a l
. . . h a s b e e n d e g r a d e d b y M a r x a n d
h i s f o l l o w e r s i n t o a h a t e f u l a n d h o r r i b l e p r i n c i p l e o f
c l a s s a s c e n d a n c y , s o c i a l w a r , a n d p r o l e t a r i a n d i c -
t a t o r s h i p , s o h a s t h e i d e a o f t h e e q u a l i z a t i o n o f
THELU R EO FLO O T

2 3 5
h u m a n c o n d i t i o n s - w h i c h i s e n t i r e l y c o m m e n d a b l e
i n s o f a r a s i t c o n n o t e s a d e s i r e t o e l e v a t e t h e p o s i -
t i o n o f t h e p o o r - b e e n c o r r u p t e d b y M a r x i a n /
f e r o c i t y i n t o a m e r e i n s e n s a t e p a s s i o n t o d e s p o i l t h e
p r o s p e r o u s a n d d i v i d e u p t h e i r g o o d s .
Th e
w h o l e M a r x i a n t h e o r y o f v a l u e a n d s u r p l u s v a l u e I
i s a h u g e a n d c r a z y s t r u c t u r e o f e c o n o m i c e r r o r
e x p r e s s l y e r e c t e d f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f s u p p o r t i n g i
t h e So c i a l i s t f a b r i c a t i o n t h a t c a p i t a l i n p r i v a t e
h a n d s i s ` l o o t ' f i l c h e d f r o m l a b o u r , a n d t h a t i n t e r e s t
o n s u c h c a p i t a l i s ` t r i b u t e ' l e v i e d b y l a z y p a r a s i t e s
o n d i l i g e n t w o r k e r s w i t h o u t a n y m o r a l j u s t i f i c a t i o n .
. . . M o d e r n So c i a l i s t s , i n r e s p e c t o f l a n d a s i n
r e s p e c t o f c a p i t a l . . . c a l l t h e s m a l l e r p r o p r i e -
t o r s ( e s p e c i a l l y t h e p e a s a n t s ) t o t h e i r a i d i n o r d e r
t o e x p r o p r i a t e t h e l a r g e r
.
" Th e l u r e . . . i s , f r a n k l y a n d u n a s h a m e d l y ,
r
l o o t . .
. . Th e e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e c a p i t a l i s t a n d t h e J '
e x p r o p r i a t i o n o f t h e l a n d l o r d n e c e s s a r i l y i m p l y t h e /
e x t i n c t i o n o f p r i v a t e e n t e r p r i s e . . Th e e x t i n c -
t i o n o f c o m p e t i t i o n , e x c e p t w i t h i n t h e l i m i t s o f a
c i v i l s e r v i c e . . . . Th e c r y f o r t h e e r a d i c a t i o n o f 4
c o m p e t i t i o n i s s e e n t o b e , a t a n y r a t e a m o n g t h e
B o l s h e v i s t s o f R u s s i a , a m e r e e x c u s e f o r t h e u n - i `
p r i n c i p l e d s e i z u r e , a p p r o p r i a t i o n , a n d e x p l o i t a t i o n )
o f e v e r y s u c c e s s f u l i n d u s t r y . . . . "
C o v e t h u r l e d t h e b o o k f r o m h i m a n d , b o u n d i n g f r o m
h i s c h a i r , s t a m p e d u p o n i t . U p a n d d o w n t h e r o o m h e
r a g e d .
In h i s t e m p e s t u a l r a g e t h e r e b e a t i n t o h i s b r a i n w i t h
2 3 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
b l o w s t h a t t h r e a t e n e d t h e c o m p l e t e u n s e a t i n g o f a n y t r a c e
o f r e a s o n t h a t m i g h t r e m a i n , t h e t h o u g h t t h a t t h i s b o o k
w o u l d u n d o t h e p l a n o f m a n y o f h i s a c t i v i t i e s o r a t l e a s t
r e t a r d t h e m .
In a f r e n z y h e s e i z e d t h e t e l e p h o n e a n d p u t i n a l o n g
d i s t a n c e c a l l t o Ne w Y o r k .
" He l l o - h e l l o - Is t h i s P r o f e s s o r Fo x ? " Hi s v o i c e n o w
w a s c o l d a n d c u t l i k e a k n i f e . " Th i s i s P r o f e s s o r C o v e t . "
In a v o i c e c o m i n g f r o m d r y l i p s h e t o l d o f t h e b o o k . " I
w a n t y o u t o s t a r t t h e m a c h i n e r y g o i n g a t o n c e ; s e e t h a t
a l l t h e r e v i e w s a r e a d v e r s e . En d e a v o r t o k e e p i t f r o m t h e
p u b l i c .
" Ha v e P r o f e s s o r Fa r i n g a n d P r o f e s s o r B e a r d o f f s t a r t a t
o n c e a c a m p a i g n b e l i t t l i n g a l l i t s i d e a s , b u t d o n ' t m e n t i o n
t h e b o o k b y n a m e a n y w h e r e . Y o u r e m e m b e r Ih a v e a n -
t i c i p a t e d s u c h a p l a n i n e v e n t o f s u c h a t h i n g , b u t t h i s b o o k
i s m o r e d a n g e r o u s t o u s t h a n Ih a d a n t i c i p a t e d . Lo s e n o
t i m e . If i t i s o n t h e w a y t o p u b l i c i t y , u s e t h e s e c o n d p a r t
o f t h e o l d p l a n . De c r y i t .
" Do n ' t l e t a n y m i s t a k e b e m a d e .
Wr i t e m e a t o n c e .
Se n d b y a i r m a i l , u s u a l p r o c e d u r e , a d d r e s s e s , a n d m e t h o d .
Go o d b y . "
C o v e t s a n k b a c k i n h i s c h a i r , e x h a u s t e d b y h i s p a s s i o n .
He s h o o k a s i f w i t h a c h i l l .
Fi n a l l y h e a r o s e a n d w a l k e d t o t h e b o o k c a s e a n d a f t e r
m a n i p u l a t i o n o f s p r i n g s e n t e r e d h i s s e c r e t r o o m w h e n t h e
b o o k c a s e s w u n g o p e n .
He d r e w f r o m h i s p o c k e t s h i s k e y s a n d u n l o c k e d a
d r a w e r f r o m w h i c h h e t o o k t h e p l a n t o d e c r y t h o s e w h o
p r o m u l g a t e d i d e a s i n o p p o s i t i o n t o t h e c a u s e t o w h i c h h e
w a s c o m m i t t e d .
THELU R EO FLO O T

2 3 7
Th e n e x t h o u r h e s p e n t i n r e v i e w i n g
t h e v a r i o u s
m e t h o d s . At l a s t h e l o c k e d t h e d r a w e r , t h e s e c t i o n o f t h e
b o o k c a s e s w u n g b a c k t o p l a c e a n d h e t o o k h i s p l a c e a t h i s
d e s k a n d , i n a c o o l e r f r a m e o f m i n d , p r o c e e d e d t o b u i l d
u p h i s d e f e n s e s a n d o u t l i n e t h e c a m p a i g n a g a i n s t t h e b o o k
t h a t h a d s h a k e n h i m s o p r o f o u n d l y f r o m h i s s m u g s u r e -
n e s s .
He p r o d u c e d a l i s t f r o m o n e o f h i s s e c r e t d r a w e r s . In
i t t h e r e w e r e e n t e r e d t h e n a m e s o f R e v o l u t i o n a r y So c i a l i s t s
i n v a r i o u s c o l l e g e s a n d u n i v e r s i t i e s . He s c a n n e d i t c a r e -
f u l l y . Th e s e w e r e t h e " p i v o t " m e n u p o n w h o m t h e i n n e r
r i n g c o u l d c o u n t .
He p r e s s e d a b u t t o n o n h i s d e s k . So o n c a m e a k n o c k
o n h i s d o o r . Hi s f o o t r e a c h e d o u t f o r a d i s k b e n e a t h
t h e r u g u n d e r h i s d e s k . Ap r e s s u r e o f h i s f o o t r e l e a s e d t h e
c a t c h o n t h e d o o r . At h i s c a l l " C o m e i n , " t h e d o o r s w u n g
o p e n a n d t h e r e e n t e r e d w i t h a n o i s e l e s s g l i d e h i s s e c r e t a r y ,
Wa r b e r g , a s s t r a n g e a n d a s u n w h o l e s o m e a n i n d i v i d u a l
a s c o u l d b e i m a g i n e d .
It w a s o n e o f P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s p e c u l i a r i t i e s t h a t h e
n e v e r p e r m i t t e d a s h o r t h a n d b o o k t o l e a v e t h e r o o m . It
w a s a p r e c a u t i o n f r o m w h i c h h e m a d e n o e x c e p t i o n s . As
a r u l e h e p r e f e r r e d t o d i c t a t e d i r e c t t o t h e m a c h i n e .
Th e m o r n i n g w a s s p e n t i n w r i t i n g t o t h e " P i v o t s . " B y
n o o n t h e l e t t e r s w e r e r e a d y . Th e s e c r e t a r y s t a m p e d t h e
e n v e l o p e s , l e a v i n g t h e m o n t h e d e s k . C o v e t h i m s e l f t o o k
c a r e o f t h e m a i l i n g o f t h i s s p e c i a l l o t .
Th e t r u s t y s e c r e t a r y w i t h d r e w f r o m t h e a u g u s t p r e s e n c e .
In h i s e y e s w a s a d m i r a t i o n f o r t h e t e c h n i q u e C o v e t p o s -
s e s s e d f o r i n t r i g u e .
Se v e r a l y e a r s b e f o r e , t h e s e c r e t a r y h a d g a i n e d C o v e t ' s
2 3 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
c o n f i d e n c e . Fr o m t h e Gh e t t o i n Ne w Y o r k h a d c o m e a
w e i r d i n d i v i d u a l w h o i n t i m e h a d a c q u i r e d p r o m i n e n c e i n
t h e g a t h e r i n g s o f t h e r a d i c a l s
. Fi e r y , w i t h a n e x c e s s o f
a n i m a l m a g n e t i s m , d y n a m i c w h e n h i s p a s s i o n s w e r e
a r o u s e d , w i t h a s t r a n g e d u a l n a t u r e , a l t e r n a t i n g b e t w e e n a
f a w n i n g o b s e q u i o u s n e s s t h a t a l m o s t e f f a c e d h i s i n d i v i d u a l -
i s m a t t i m e s , t o p e a k s o f t e m p e s t u a l r a g e t h a t c a r r i e d h i s
c o m r a d e s b e f o r e h i m a t o t h e r t i m e s , h e h a d s q u i r m e d a n d
s m a s h e d h i s w a y t h r o u g h t o t h e f r o n t r a n k s o f t h e c o m -
r a d e s .
R u s s i a n b o r n , c r e a t u r e o f p l o t s a n d d a n g e r o u s
a d v e n t u r e s , a t n i n e t e e n y e a r s o f a g e , h e d e f i e d a n y e s t i m a -
t i o n o f h i s y e a r s
.
He b e c a m e t h e b o o n c o m p a n i o n o f B a l d r i d g e a n d R o s i k a
i n Ne w Y o r k .
Al e t t e r c a m e f r o m C o v e t t o R o s i k a e x p l a i n i n g t h e
d i f f i c u l t y C o v e t w a s e x p e r i e n c i n g i n g e t t i n g a t r u s t w o r t h y
s e c r e t a r y .
R o s i k a a n d Wa r b e r g h a d a l o n g c o n v e r s a t i o n . Th e r e -
s u l t w a s t h a t Wa r b e r g t o o k a t r a i n w e s t a n d , a r r i v i n g a t
h i s d e s t i n a t i o n , w i t h u n e r r i n g i n s t i n c t m a d e d i r e c t l y f o r
a s e t t l e m e n t h o u s e t h a t h a d b e c o m e a h o t b e d o f r a d i c a l i s m
a n d w h e r e h e w a s s u r e t o m e e t a c o m p o s i t e g r o u p o f c o m -
r a d e s . He r e h e s u c c e e d e d i n f i n d i n g a l o c a l c o m r a d e w h o
h a d w o r k e d i n t h e " c a u s e " w i t h h i m i n Ne w Y o r k a n d w h o ,
f o r t u n a t e l y , w a s i d e n t i f i e d w i t h P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i n s e v e r a l
o f t h e l o c a l b r a n c h e s .
Fr o m t h e s e t t l e m e n t h o u s e h e w e n t t o C o v e t ' s a f t e r
a r r a n g i n g f o r t h e m e e t i n g o n t h e p h o n e
. Im m e d i a t e l y
u p o n h i s d e p a r t u r e c a m e i n a c a l l f r o m C o v e t f o r t h e l o c a l
c o m r a d e w h o h e l d a l o n g t e l e p h o n e c o n v e r s a t i o n w i t h t h e
P r o f e s s o r .
THELU R EO FLO O T

2 3 9
Wa r b e r g p r e s e n t e d t h e n e c e s s a r y i d e n t i f i c a t i o n a n d a f t e r
t e s t s , o u t l i n e d t o C o v e t t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n h e h a d h a d w i t h
R o s i k a .
Th e l o n g a n d s h o r t o f i t w a s t h a t i n a f e w d a y s h e w a s
e n t e r e d i n t h e U n i v e r s i t y a s a s p e c i a l s t u d e n t i n Ec o n o m i c s
a n d t o o k u p t h e t a s k o f h e l p i n g C o v e t i n h i s u n d e r g r o u n d
a c t i v i t i e s .
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d t e l e p h o n e d R o s i k a i n Ne w Y o r k ,
a n d s h e h a d e m p h a s i z e d t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f s e c u r i n g Wa r -
b e r g ' s s e r v i c e s .
Hi s i n c l i n a t i o n a n d j u d g m e n t b a l a n c e d i n i n d e c i s i o n
w h e n R o s i k a s u g g e s t e d t h a t s h e m i g h t v i s i t h i m . He e n -
v i s i o n e d t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s h e w o u l d e x p e r i e n c e w i t h h i s w i f e
w e r e t h e v o l c a n i c i n g r e d i e n t o f R o s i k a i n t r o d u c e d i n t o
h i s h o u s e h o l d , s o h e p l a c a t e d R o s i k a w i t h t h e p r o m i s e t h a t
h e w o u l d s e e h e r s o o n i n Ne w Y o r k .
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s f i n a l i n s t r u c t i o n t o Wa r b e r g b e f o r e
e n r o l l i n g h i m a s a s p e c i a l s t u d e n t w a s , " Iw a n t y o u t o
m a s t e r Ec o n o m i c s , s o t h a t y o u c a n t u r n i t u p o n t h e c a p -
i t a l i s t i c o r d e r . "
Na t u r e h a d n o t s m i l e d w h e n Wa r b e r g h a d b e e n u s h e r e d
i n t o t h e w o r l d .
An u n d e v e l o p e d p u n y b o d y h a d b e e n f i n i s h e d w i t h a n
e n o r m o u s h e a d , b u l g i n g o d d l y o v e r h i s e a r s . Wh e n h i s
s p i r i t w a s l a s h e d t o a f r e n z y , h e b e c a m e a n e m o t i o n a l
h u r r i c a n e . He h a d s l i p p e d o v e r t h e l i n e o f s a n i t y b u t r e -
t a i n e d a c r a f t i n e s s t h a t e n a b l e d h i m t o p a s s , w h e n a w a y
f r o m c o m r a d e s , a s a c o l o r l e s s c r e a t u r e , i n o f f e n s i v e i n a p -
p e a r a n c e , a n d a n o b j e c t o f n o p a r t i c u l a r f o r c e .
He w a s a n a d m i r a b l e a i d t o C o v e t . Hi s R u s s i a n
t r a i n i n g h a d m a d e h i m s i n g u l a r l y s e c r e t i v e
. As t i m e
2 4 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
w e n t o n , C o v e t e n t r u s t e d t o h i m m o r e a n d m o r e d e t a i l
.
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d d i p p e d h i s h a n d s i n t o t h e m o n e y
b a r r e l . So m e o f t h e h u g e s u m s o f R u s s i a n m o n e y s e n t
t o t h i s c o u n t r y t o w o r k i t s d e s t r u c t i o n w e r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
h i s p u r p o s e s .
Th ec a m p u s p e o p l e s p o k e t o o n e a n o t h e r o f t h e g o o d
f o r t u n e t h a t h a d c o m e t o t h e p r o f e s s o r i n i n h e r i t i n g a
l e g a c y t h a t h a d p e r m i t t e d e x p e n d i t u r e s d e n i e d t h o s e l e s s
f o r t u n a t e . O c c a s i o n a l l y t h i s w a s m e n t i o n e d i n h i s p r e s -
e n c e , b u t i n v a r i a b l y h e d i s m i s s e d t h e s u b j e c t l i g h t l y w i t h
t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t " r e a l l y , m o n e y h a s v e r y l i t t l e i n t e r e s t
f o r m e , " a r e m a r k t h a t w a s r e c e i v e d i n s o m e q u a r t e r s w i t h
q u i t e a l i t t l e e y e b r o w - l i f t i n g . Fo r t u n a t e l y f o r t h e p r o -
f e s s o r a n d h i s c a u s e t h e s o u r c e o f h i s m o n e y s u p p l y w a s
n o t i n v e s t i g a t e d .
C h a p t e r X VIII
THETR AP ANDTHEB AIT
Hi s f a c u l t y a s s o c i a t e s w o u l d h a v e b e e n s u r p r i s e d h a d
t h e y k n o w n o f t h e p r o f e s s o r ' s s e c r e t f i l e s . Am a z e m e n t
w o u l d h a v e b e e n t h e i r s h a d t h e y k n o w n t h a t t h e h i s t o r y ,
a n t e c e d e n t s a n d f i n a n c i a l c o n d i t i o n o f e a c h m e m b e r o f
t h e f a c u l t y w e r e a t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s f i n g e r t i p s i n h i s
c a r d i n d e x s y s t e m .
It w a s a n a m a z i n g a n d c o m p r e h e n s i v e c o l l e c t i o n o f d a t a .
Se e m i n g l y t h e i n d i v i d u a l m u s t h a v e b e e n s u b j e c t e d t o
m i c r o s c o p i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n . Th e r e w e r e r e g i s t e r e d o n t h e
c a r d s n o t a t i o n s s h o w i n g t h e i n d i v i d u a l ' s t a s t e i n b o o k s ,
e x t r a c t s f r o m i m p o r t a n t c o n v e r s a t i o n s , r e c r e a t i o n s , t r a i t s ,
r a t i n g s i n d i c a t i n g c a p a c i t y . Se e m i n g l y n o t h i n g s a l i e n t
w a s o m i t t e d .
Fo r s o m e f e w w e e k s a c e r t a i n c a r d h a d c o m e o f t e n t o
C o v e t ' s a t t e n t i o n . It w a s e v i d e n t t h a t t h e n a m e i t b o r e
w a s o f u n u s u a l i n t e r e s t t o t h e P r o f e s s o r .
Ag a i n C o v e t r e a d i t . He n o t i c e d t h e s a l a r y , $ 2, 4 00 .
De p e n d e n t s - Wi f e a n d f o u r c h i l d r e n .
M e a n s - Sa l a r y o n l y - p a r e n t s p o o r .
C o m m i t m e n t s - Ho m e p u r c h a s e d o n l o n g t i m e
p a y m e n t s .
Fi n a n c i a l c o n d i t i o n - B e h i n d i n h i s h o m e p a y -
m e n t s .
R e m a r k s - Wi f e i n v a l i d , m a j o r o p e r a t i o n , Fe b . 1 9 .
Ev i d e n t l y p r e s s e d f o r m o n e y . C o m m e n c i n g t o l o o k
s h a b b y .
24 1
2 4 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
B u y s c h e a p e s t f o o d s
. P i a n o t a k e n f o r n o n - p a y -
m e n t o f i n s t a l l m e n t s .
Fo r s o m e t i m e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d b e e n f o l l o w i n g t h i s
c a s e . Th e m a n w a s a n As s i s t a n t P r o f e s s o r , a g r a d u a t e o f
o n e o f o u r l e a d i n g c o l l e g e s . He h a d g r a d u a t e d w i t h h o n -
o r s a n d h a d a n n e x e d m o s t o f t h e l e t t e r s o f t h e a l p h a b e t
a f t e r h i s n a m e . Th e p r o p h e c y o f a b r i l l i a n t c a r e e r h a d
d u l l e d a l m o s t t o t h e e x t i n g u i s h i n g p o i n t d u r i n g t h e l a s t
y e a r
.
C o v e t w a s a w a r e o f t h e c a u s e , s i c k n e s s a n d o v e r w o r k .
He w a s f o l l o w i n g t h e c a s e t i l l i t r e a c h e d i t s c l i m a x . He
d e c i d e d t h e p s y c h o l o g i c a l m o m e n t h a d a r r i v e d t o e n l i s t
a n e w w o r k e r , o n e w h o g a v e p r o m i s e b y h i s b r i l l i a n c y o f
b e i n g o f w o r t h t o t h e c o m r a d e s .
C o v e t r e p l a c e d t h e c a r d i n h i s d e s k f i l e . Wa r b e r g
h e l p e d h i m s l i d e i n t o h i s w e l l - t a i l o r e d s i l k l i n e d o v e r c o a t .
In a t h e a t r i c a l m a n n e r h e g a v e h i s h a t a c a r e l e s s p a t a n d
s a u n t e r e d d o w n t h e s t r e e t .
R e a c h i n g t h e y o u n g p r o f e s s o r ' s h o m e , h e o p e n e d t h e
r u s t i c g a t e a n d e n t e r e d t h e y a r d t h a t a t o n e t i m e h a d
b e e n a p r o f u s i o n o f f l o w e r s b u t w a s n o w o v e r r u n w i t h
w e e d s .
He f o l l o w e d t h e f l a g s t o n e w a l k w i n d i n g i t s w a y p a s t
f o r m e r f l o w e r b e d s t o t h e h o u s e , c o m m e n c i n g t o l o o k
s h a b b y i n i t s p e e l i n g w h i t e p a i n t .
It w a s a c o t t a g e t o i n s p i r e i m a g i n a t i o n . At t h e s i d e
o f t h e h o u s e h a d b e e n b u i l t a n o l d f a s h i o n e d c i r c u l a r
w e l l w a l l w i t h i t s s h i n g l e c o v e r e d r o o f a n d l o n g a r m o n
o n e e n d o f w h i c h w a s t h e c h a i n a n d o l d b u c k e t
.
O n e v e r y t r e e w a s a b i r d h o u s e
. Th e h e a v y t h a t c h
THE TR AP AND THEB AIT

24 3
e f f e c t r o o f o f t h e c o t t a g e w a s w e a t h e r t i n t e d a n d a d d e d
t h e l a s t t o u c h o f p i c t u r e s q u e n e s s .
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d a n e y e o n l y f o r t h e s h a b b y d e c a y
i n e v i d e n c e e v e r y w h e r e .
He s e a r c h e d f o r t h e b e l l a n d f o u n d i t o u t o f r e p a i r .
Af t e r a f e w m i n u t e s o f w a i t i n g h e l e f t t h e d o o r w a y a n d
t o o k t h e l i t t l e f l a g s t o n e w a l k t h a t l e d a r o u n d t h e s i d e o f
t h e c o t t a g e .
Th i s s u i t e d h i s p u r p o s e , f o r i t g a v e h i m t h e e x c u s e
t o e n t e r t h e s t a g e u n d e r t h e s p o t l i g h t o f h i s o w n a r -
r a n g i n g .
As h e p a s s e d a b a s e m e n t w i n d o w h e l o o k e d d o w n a n d
s a w w h a t t h e d i l i g e n t Wa r b e r g h a d t o l d h i m h e w o u l d
f i n d .
St a n d i n g b e f o r e t h e w a s h t u b s w i t h h i s s l e e v e s r o l l e d
u p a n d w i t h a n a p r o n o n w a s t h e y o u n g p r o f e s s o r d o i n g
t h e f a m i l y w a s h i n g .
Af t e r n o d d i n g C o v e t p a s s e d o n t o t h e s i d e d o o r w h e r e
t h e c h a g r i n e d p r o f e s s o r , d r y i n g h i s h a n d s w i t h a t o w e l ,
m e t h i m .
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i m m e d i a t e l y t o o k c o m m a n d o f t h e
s i t u a t i o n . " P r a y , d o n ' t l e t m e d i s t u r b y o u , " h e s a i d , a n d
p r o c e e d e d d o w n t h e s t a i r s t o t h e l a u n d r y f o l l o w e d b y t h e
b e w i l d e r e d j u n i o r p r o f e s s o r . It w a s t h e d i s t i l l e d e s s e n c e
o f c r u e l t y t o l e a d h i s v i c t i m b a c k t o t h a t t o r t u r e c h a m b e r ,
b u t C o v e t f i g u r e d i n h i s c u n n i n g w a y t h a t i t w o u l d s e r v e
h i s p u r p o s e b e s t
.
Ap p a r e n t l y C o v e t t o o k i t f o r g r a n t e d t h a t t h e r e w a s
n o t h i n g e x t r a o r d i n a r y i n w i t n e s s i n g a f a m i l y w a s h i n g
b e i n g d o n e b y a d o c t o r o f p h i l o s o p h y .
As f o r t h e y o u n g e r p r o f e s s o r , h i s f a c e w a s p e o n y r e d .
2 4 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
He s t a m m e r e d i n c o h e r e n t r e m a r k s a n d b r o u g h t f o r t h a n
h y s t e r i c a l l a u g h .
" Y o u h a v e c a u g h t m e a t i t , P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , " h e s a i d .
" Im i g h t j u s t a s w e l l b e p e r f e c t l y f r a n k w i t h y o u . Is p e n t
a l m o s t m y l a s t d o l l a r o n d o c t o r b i l l s , n u r s e s a n d h o s p i t a l
c h a r g e s w h e n m y w i f e w a s i n t h e h o s p i t a l t w o m o n t h s
a g o . Th a n k Go d , s h e i s b e t t e r a n d w i l l b e h e r s e l f a g a i n
s o o n , t h o u g h t h e d o c t o r i s u r g i n g m e t o s e n d h e r t o a
w a r m e r c l i m a t e w h e r e s h e c a n g e t o u t o f d o o r s a n d i n
t h e s u n s h i n e . He t e l l s m e t h i r t y d a y s o u t t h e r e w o u l d
w o r k w o n d e r s a n d h a s t e n h e r c o m p l e t e r e c o v e r y , b u t I
a m a f r a i d w e c a n ' t m a k e i t .
" As a m a t t e r o f f a c t , w e w e r e d i s a p p o i n t e d i n s e c u r i n g
a l a u n d r e s s , s o Ip i t c h e d i n . "
Hi s s t a t e m e n t a b o u t t h e d i s a p p o i n t m e n t w a s c o r r e c t ,
b u t d i d n ' t g o f a r e n o u g h . Hi s d i s a p p o i n t m e n t c o n s i s t e d
i n n o t h a v i n g t h e m o n e y t o p a y h e r c h a r g e s .
C o v e t f e l t a g l o w o f v o l u p t u o u s p l e a s u r e i n w a t c h i n g
h i s v i c t i m s q u i r m . Ac a t i n t h e c o r n e r w a s w a t c h i n g a
m o u s e h o l e . It w a s t h e • f i n a l t o u c h t o a s c e n e t h a t w o u l d
h a v e d e l i g h t e d a s t a g e m a n a g e r i n i t s f a i t h f u l c a r r y i n g
o u t o f d e t a i l s .
No t a p a r t i c l e o f s y m p a t h y o r a d m i r a t i o n d i d C o v e t
r e g i s t e r f o r t h e g a l l a n t m a n w h o w a s d o i n g h i s b i t .
Do w n d e e p i n h i s m a k e u p h e g l o a t e d o v e r t h e o t h e r ' s
e m b a r r a s s m e n t . He d i d n o t m i s s a s i n g l e r e a c t i o n .
He g a v e h i m s e l f o v e r t o t h e d e m o n o f d e s t r u c t i o n t h a t
r u l e d h i m f o r a f e w r a r e s e c o n d s w h i l e h e s u m m o n e d t o
h i s f a c e t h e e x p r e s s i o n t h a t w a s t o a i d h i m i n t h e c o n -
s u m m a t i o n o f h i s p l a n .
C o v e t c l e a r e d h i s t h r o a t i n h i s m o s t i m p r e s s i v e m a n n e r ,
THE TR AP AND THE B AIT

24 5
w i p e d h i s e y e - g l a s s w i t h a s t u d i e d , t h e a t r i c a l m a n n e r
.
a n d b e a m i n g u p o n t h e y o u n g e r p r o f e s s o r s a i d , " M y d e a r
p r o f e s s o r , h o w c o m m e n d a b l e ! Ih a v e a l w a y s e n t e r t a i n e d
a h i g h - y e s - Im a y s a y a v e r y h i g h o p i n i o n o f y o u r
a b i l i t y .
" Y o u m a j o r e d i n En g l i s h , Ib e l i e v e . Ic a l l e d t o d a y t o
a s c e r t a i n i f y o u w o u l d w r i t e a n a r t i c l e f o r t h e M a g a z i n e
w i t h w h i c h Ih a v e t h e h o n o r t o b e a s s o c i a t e d
.
" Th e y w i l l p a y o n e h u n d r e d d o l l a r s f o r i t
. It i s r e a l l y
a v e r y s i m p l e p e r f o r m a n c e
. Y o u c o u l d d a s h i t o f f i n a f e w
h o u r s . We w a n t a n e w v i e w p o i n t
. Y o u a r e j u s t t h e m a n .
Iw i l l b e v e r y g l a d i n d e e d t o f u r n i s h y o u a l l t h e n e c e s s a r y
d a t a . As a m a t t e r o f f a c t , b e i n g o n e o f t h e As s o c i a t e d
Ed i t o r s , If e e l w a r r a n t e d i n s a y i n g t h a t t h e m a g a z i n e w o u l d
p u b l i s h a s e r i e s o f a r t i c l e s f r o m y o u r p e n
. Do e s i t i n t e r -
e s t y o u ? "
Th e y o u n g p r o f e s s o r s w a l l o w e d h a r d s e v e r a l t i m e s
. Th e
b a c k o f h i s k n e e s f e l t s t r a n g e a n d w e a k .
Fr o m o u t t h e b l u e h a d c o m e t h e m i r a c l e . Wi t h t e a r s
s t r e a m i n g d o w n h i s c h e e k s , h e g r o p e d b l i n d l y f o r C o v e t ' s
h a n d a s h e s t a m m e r e d h i s a c c e p t a n c e a n d t h a n k s .
He s a w i n t h e o p p o r t u n i t y t h e m e a n s o f h e l p i n g h i s
c o n v a l e s c i n g w i f e t o a q u i c k e r r e c o v e r y
; h e s a w h i s c h i l -
d r e n b e t t e r f e d a n d c l o t h e d
. It w a s t y p i c a l o f h i m t h a t
a l w a y s t h e y c a m e f i r s t .
Fr o m h a l f c l o s e d l i d s , C o v e t n o t e d a l l t h e r e a c t i o n s a n d
f o u g h t w i t h h i m s e l f t o k e e p t h e j e e r i n g d e v i l s f a r b a c k
f r o m t h e w i n d o w s t o w a r d s w h i c h h e s e n s e d t h e y w e r e
s c r a m b l i n g . He h a d n o w i s h t o h a v e t h e m p e e p f r o m h i s
e y e s w h e r e t h e y o u n g e r p r o f e s s o r m i g h t s e e t h e m
.
He l a b o r e d u n t i l h e p r o d u c e d t h e r i g h t e x p r e s s i o n .
2 4 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
" If e v e r y t h i n g g o e s w e l l , " c o m m e n c e d C o v e t , " i t m a y
l e a d u l t i m a t e l y , m a y b e i n a y e a r ' s t i m e , t o g r e a t e r r e -
m u n e r a t i o n
. Y o u m a y b e a b l e t o c o m m a n d h i g h e r p r i c e s .
Fr o m t h e s t a r t , h o w e v e r , i t w i l l b e w o r t h $ 1 , 200a y e a r
e x t r a t o y o u . "
" Ha l f o f m y p r e s e n t s a l a r y , " t h o u g h t t h e y o u n g e r p r o -
f e s s o r .
Th e n f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e c a m e t o h i m a t h o u g h t t h a t i n
h i s e a g e r n e s s h e h a d n o t t a k e n i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n , a n d
h e v o i c e d h i s i n q u i r y .
" Al o n g w h a t l i n e s d o t h e y w i s h m e t o w r i t e ? "
C o v e t p r o d u c e d a s m i l e w h i l e h e s a i d :
" Th e n e x t i s s u e w i l l b e a n ` In t e r n a t i o n a l Ed i t i o n ' a n d
y o u r a r t i c l e w i l l b e o n s p e c i a l f e a t u r e s o f In t e r n a t i o n -
a l i s m . "
In d i s m a y t h e y o u n g e r m a n d e c l a r e d t h a t h e w a s w h o l l y
u n p r e p a r e d t o c o p e w i t h i t , a s t a t e m e n t t h a t C o v e t w a i v e d
a s i d e w i t h a c a r e l e s s g e s t u r e , s a y i n g :
" C o m e o v e r t o m y h o u s e t o n i g h t a n d Iw i l l g i v e y o u a l l
t h e n e c e s s a r y d a t a . As a m a t t e r o f f a c t , Ih a v e n ' t a n y -
t h i n g i n p a r t i c u l a r e n g a g i n g m y a t t e n t i o n t h i s e v e n i n g .
Su p p o s e w e s t a r t t o n i g h t . Y o u c a n t y p e i t t h e r e . It
s h o u l d n ' t t a k e m o r e t h a n t w o e v e n i n g s . " .
Se c u r i n g h i s a c c e p t a n c e o f h i s p r o f f e r , a f t e r a f e w
m i n u t e s , C o v e t b a d e g o o d b y a n d s t r o l l e d a c r o s s t h e
c a m p u s . U p o n e n t e r i n g h i s s t u d y , h e d r e w o u t a g a i n t h e
c a r d t h a t b o r e t h e y o u n g p r o f e s s o r ' s n a m e , a n d a f t e r m a k -
i n g n e w n o t a t i o n s u p o n i t , t r a n s f e r r e d i t t o a n o t h e r f i l e .
Th i s t i m e t h e j e e r i n g d e v i l s w e r e p e r m i t t e d t o s c r a m b l e
t o t h e w i n d o w s u n r e b u k e d
. So l o o k e d M e p h i s t o p h e l e s
w h e n h e w a t c h e d M a r g u e r i t e p l a y i n g w i t h t h e j e w e l s .
THE TR AP AND THE B AIT

2 4 7
O f t e n t h e s t u n n i n g e f f e c t o f j o y p a r a l l e l s v e r y c l o s e l y
t h e r e a c t i o n t o s o r r o w .
Af t e r P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d l e f t t h e l i t t l e c o t t a g e , y o u n g
P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r s t o o d a s o n e i n a t r a n c e f o r s e v e r a l
m o m e n t s .
He h a d b e c o m e s o a c c u s t o m e d t o t h e p r e s s u r e o f w o r r y
t h a t i t s r e m o v a l f o u n d h i m u n p r e p a r e d f o r i m m e d i a t e r e -
a d j u s t m e n t .
Hi s e n g i n e o f w o r r i m e n t w a s i d l i n g t o a s t o p , t h o u g h
t h e c a r w a s s t i l l r u n n i n g u n d e r i t s m o m e n t u m
. Fi n a l l y ,
w i t h a s m i l e t h a t h a d n o t b e e n o n h i s f a c e f o r m o n t h s , h e
r u s h e d i n t o t h e r o o m w h e r e h i s w i f e w a s i n h e r s i c k b e d
a n d , d r o p p i n g o n h i s k n e e s b e s i d e t h e b e d , t o l d h e r t h e
s t o r y .
Th e w a n h a n d o f t h e w i f e s t r o k e d h i s h a i r a s h e p o u r e d
o u t t h e s t o r y o f h i s Al a d d i n l a m p .
To o w e l l d i d s h e k n o w t h e s t r a i n u n d e r w h i c h h e h a d
b e e n . Wo m a n l i k e , s h e b e c a m e t h e m o t h e r , s o o t h i n g h i m
a n d s h a r i n g w i t h h i m h i s n e w h o p e s .
Ev e n i n g f o u n d h i m i n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s s t u d y
.
He t h r e w h i m s e l f i n t o h i s t a s k a n d a f t e r C o v e t h a d
o u t l i n e d t o h i m t h e t h e m e a n d h a d r e a d t o h i m v a r i o u s
t r a c t s , h e g r a s p e d t h e i d e a a n d f o r t h e n e x t f e w h o u r s
t h e t y p e w r i t e r c l i c k e d i n c e s s a n t l y .
Th e e v e n i n g o f t h e s e c o n d d a y s a w t h e a r t i c l e c o m -
p l e t e d . C o v e t s a t a t h i s d e s k , r e a d i n g t h e f i n i s h e d a r t i c l e
.
Th e a u t h o r o f i t s t o o d i n t h e s h a d o w s o f t h e r o o m .
To h i m c a m e a n e w d r e a d
. Wh a t i f i t d i d n ' t m e e t ' t h e
v i e w s o f t h e o n e w h o w a s g i v i n g i t s u c h c a r e f u l p e r u s a l ?
Th e r e a d i n g o f i t c e a s e d . P r o f e s s o r C o v e t o p e n e d a
d r a w e r a n d , w i t h o u t a w o r d , d r e w o u t a c h e c k b o o k a n d
2 4 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
s t a r t e d w r i t i n g
. Ev e n t h e n P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r d i d n o t g r a s p
t h e s i t u a t i o n .
Th e w r i t i n g c e a s e d . Th e c h e c k w a s t o m o u t a n d f o r
t h e f i r s t t i m e C o v e t l o o k e d u p .
" M a y b e t h i s w i l l c o m e i n h a n d y
. Th e c o m p a n y w i l l
r e i m b u r s e m e . Y o u r a r t i c l e i s v e r y m u c h w o r t h w h i l e . "
Sl o w l y P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r a c c e p t e d t h e p r o f f e r e d c h e c k .
It s e e m e d t o h i m t h a t h e w a s t h e s p e c t a t o r i n a p l a y
w a t c h i n g o t h e r s . It m u s t b e a p l a y . It c o u l d n ' t b e r e a l
l i f e .
As f o r t h e a r t i c l e , i t w a s a f a i r p r e s e n t a t i o n o f f a c t s
b a s e d o n i d e a l i s m .
Wh e n h e l e f t , C o v e t r e v i e w e d i t w i t h a w r y f a c e . It
d i d n ' t h a v e t h e p u n c h t h a t t h e r a d i c a l e d i t o r s s o u g h t f o r ,
b u t i t w o u l d s e r v e t h e i r p u r p o s e n i c e l y f o r a s m o k e s c r e e n
a n d w o u l d i m p r e s s a c a s u a l r e a d e r w h o m i g h t t a k e a l a r m
i f t h e c o l o r o f r e d w a s t o o n o t i c e a b l e .
C o v e t c o l l a b o r a t e d w i t h h i m i n t h e a r t i c l e s o f t h e n e x t
f e w m o n t h s . In o n e a r t i c l e , C o v e t h a d s u g g e s t e d t h e i n -
s e r t i o n o f s e v e r a l h u n d r e d w o r d s . Ad r o i t w o r d s t h e y w e r e ,
w i t h d o u b l e m e a n i n g , s t r e s s i n g t h e f a c t t h a t n a t i o n a l i s m
w a s o b s o l e t e . He e m p h a s i z e d t h a t t h e d a w n o f a b e t t e r
d a y c a l l e d f o r t h e o b l i t e r a t i o n o f n a t i o n a l b o u n d a r i e s .
Gr a d u a l l y t h e r e c r e p t i n t o h i s a r t i c l e s , a l w a y s a t t h e
s u g g e s t i o n o f t h e c r a f t y C o v e t , v a g u e h i n t s a n d t i n t s o f
So c i a l i s m .
Th e l i t t l e c o t t a g e n o w s h o n e i n a r e s p l e n d e n t c o a t o f
w h i t e p a i n t . Ag a i n t h e f l o w e r s b l o s s o m e d i n w e l l w e e d e d
b e d s . Th e r e a l e s t a t e m a n a g a i n w a s c o r d i a l ; t h e p a y -
m e n t s w e r e u p - t o - d a t e . Th e p i a n o w a s b a c k i n i t s a c -
c u s t o m e d p l a c e . B a c k o f t h e h o u s e i n t h e c h i c k e n y a r d
THE TR AP AND
THE B AIT

2 4 9
c a m e t h e c l u c k i n g o f t h e w h i t e h e n s
. O v e r h e a d , c i r c l i n g
t h e l o f t , w e r e t h e p i g e o n s .
Th e g a t e o p e n e d a n d t h e y o u n g p r o f e s s o r , d r i n k i n g
h i s f i l l o f t h e w o n d e r s o f h i s h o m e , c a m e u p t h e f l a g s t o n e
w a l k
. Fr o m o u t t h e w i n d o w c a m e t h e s t r a i n s o f h i s f a -
v o r i t e o p e r a . He s m i l e d a s h e e n v i s i o n e d h i s w i f e , r e s t o r e d
t o h e a l t h , a t h e r p i a n o
. Ar o u n d t h e c o r n e r o f t h e h o u s e
c a m e r u n n i n g p e l l m e l l h i s c h i l d r e n t o p o u n c e u p o n h i m
a n d o v e r w h e l m h i m w i t h t h e a f f e c t i o n s o f c h i l d h o o d
.
Th e p l a y i n g o f t h e p i a n o c e a s e d a n d h i s w i f e c a m e t o
t h e o p e n d o o r , s m i l i n g a t t h e a v a l a n c h e t h a t w a s b e a r i n g
d o w n u p o n h e r .
To d a y h e h a d m o r e g o o d n e w s . Th e m a g a z i n e h a d n o t i -
f i e d h i m t h a t h i s c h e c k s i n t h e f u t u r e w o u l d b e $ 200
. 00
p e r m o n t h .
Lo n g t h a t n i g h t , a f t e r t h e c h i l d r e n w e r e i n b e d , t h e
t w o s a t o u t o n t h e v i n e c o v e r e d p o r c h w i t h t h e m o o n b a t h -
i n g t h e l a w n i n i t s s i l v e r l i g h t .
" Id o n ' t u n d e r s t a n d i t a l l , Ar t h u r
. It s e e m s t o o g o o d
t o b e t r u e
. Iw o n d e r w h y P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a s o p e n e d
a l l t h i s t o y o u ? "
So e n g r o s s e d w i t h h i s g o o d f o r t u n e h a d h e b e e n , t h a t
t h e q u e s t i o n c a m e t o h i m w i t h a n a b r u p t s u d d e n n e s s
.
" C o m e t o t h i n k a b o u t i t , " h e r e p l i e d , " Iw o n d e r w h y
. "
Th a t n i g h t h e w e n t t o s l e e p b a f f l e d b y a q u e s t i o n f o r
w h i c h h e f o u n d n o a n s w e r .
U p o n a w a k e n i n g t h e n e x t m o r n i n g , t h e q u e s t i o n s t i l l
p e r s i s t e d
. He a t e h i s b r e a k f a s t a b s e n t - m i n d e d l y
. As h e
w e n t a b o u t h i s d a i l y t a s k s , e v e n w h e n i n t h e c l a s s r o o m ,
t h e q u e s t i o n w o u l d n o t d o w n
.
P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r l i k e a m o n k i n h i s s e c l u d e d c l o i s t e r
2 5 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
d r e a m e d o f a w o r l d w h e r e i n b y w a v i n g a w a n d o f w i s h e s ,
h u m a n n a t u r e w o u l d c h a n g e o v e r n i g h t , m a k i n g p o s s i b l e
w h a t , h e d i d n o t r e a l i z e , w a s t h e i m p o s s i b l e .
In h i s t h e o r i e s , t h e h u m a n e q u a t i o n w a s n e v e r t a k e n
i n t o a c c o u n t .
In c a p a b l e o f d e l i b e r a t e l y d e c e i v i n g o t h e r s , i t n e v e r o c -
c u r r e d t o h i m t h a t o t h e r s m i g h t a t t e m p t t o d e c e i v e h i m .
As h e w a l k e d t h r o u g h t h e c a m p u s h e e n c o u n t e r e d P r o -
f e s s o r C o v e t , w h o g r e e t e d h i m w i t h h i s h a b i t u a l d e l i c a t e
t o u c h o f c o n d e s c e n s i o n b l e n d i n g w i t h a n a t t e m p t a t c o r -
d i a l i t y .
" M y w i f e a n d Iw e r e t a l k i n g a b o u t y o u l a s t n i g h t , "
P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r s a i d . " Sh e w a s w o n d e r i n g w h y y o u
s i n g l e d m e o u t f o r t h i s o p p o r t u n i t y . "
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d b e e n w a i t i n g s e v e r a l w e e k s f o r
t h i s q u e s t i o n
. He k n e w h e w o u l d e n c o u n t e r i t s o m e d a y
a n d , k n o w i n g t h e a n s w e r t h a t Sl e e p e r w o u l d r e a c t t o b e s t ,
w a s r e a d y .
C o v e t r e p l i e d , s p a c i n g h i s w o r d s w i t h i m p r e s s i v e d e -
l i b e r a t i o n .
" P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r , Iw a n t e d t o b e a s s o c i a t e d w i t h y o u
i n t h e g r e a t a d v e n t u r e o f m a k i n g o v e r a w o r l d i n t o o n e
w h e r e i n h u m a n i n s t i n c t s w i l l b e ' g u i d e d a n d c o n t r o l l e d
b y t h e In t e l l i g e n t s i a . "
Sl e e p e r ' s d o u b t s d i s a p p e a r e d l i k e a m i s t b e f o r e t h e
s u n
. Th e v a g u e a n s w e r s a t i s f i e d h i m .
Af t e r a f e w m i n u t e s ' c o n v e r s a t i o n , t h e m e n p a r t e d .
O n C o v e t ' s f a c e w a s t h e g r i m s m i l e o f t h e c o u n t e r f e i t e r
w h o f i n g e r s i n h i s p o c k e t s t h e r e a l m o n e y r e c e i v e d f r o m
t h e e x c h a n g e o f t h e c o u n t e r f e i t .
As t i m e w e n t o n C o v e t i n d o c t r i n a t e d P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r
THE TR AP AND
THE B AIT

2 5 1
m o r e a n d m o r e . He s e c u r e d f o r Sl e e p e r s p e a k i n g e n -
g a g e m e n t s a n d h e l p e d h i m p r e p a r e h i s s p e e c h e s , a l w a y s
i n j e c t i n g m o r e a n d m o r e r e d p r o p a g a n d a u n t i l t h e d a y
c a m e w h e n P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r w a s r u n n i n g w i t h t h e p a c k ,
u n a w a r e o f t h e t h i r t y p i e c e s o f s i l v e r , b e a r i n g t h e t h u m b
p r i n t s o f J u d a s , w i t h w h i c h C o v e t h a d b r i b e d h i m .
Th e i n q u i r y n a t u r a l l y a r i s e s - w o u l d P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r
h a v e f a l l e n a v i c t i m t o t h e c u n n i n g o f C o v e t h a d h e n o t
b e e n i n s u c h d i r e s t r a i t s ? Le t u s i m a g i n e h i m t h e p o s -
s e s s o r o f s u f f i c i e n t s a l a r y t o m a i n t a i n h i s s t a n d i n g a s a n
e d u c a t o r , i m m u n e t o t h e e v e r p r e s e n t w o r r i e s o f a n i n a d e -
q u a t e w a g e .
Ha d h e b e e n i n s u c h a p o s i t i o n , P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w o u l d
n o t h a v e f o u n d s u c h a w e l l p r e p a r e d a v e n u e f o r h i s a p -
p r o a c h .
If h e h a d b e e n i n p o s i t i o n t o s p e n d h i s t i m e i n o r i g i n a l
r e s e a r c h i n t h e p r e p a r a t i o n o f h i s c l a s s r o o m w o r k , i n -
s t e a d o f b e i n g o b l i g e d t o d o t h e h o u s e h o l d w o r k , n o t
o n l y h e a n d h i s f a m i l y b u t h i s s t u d e n t s w o u l d h a v e b e n e -
f i t e d .
He w a s a v i c t i m o f t h e p u b l i c ' s s h o r t s i g h t e d n e s s .
Tw o p r i z e f i g h t e r s m a u l a n d p u m m e l o n e a n o t h e r f o r
t h i r t y m i n u t e s f o r a m i l l i o n d o l l a r p u r s e
. Ex - c l o w n s o f
t h e c i r c u s b e c o m e s t a r s o f t h e s t a g e a n d p l a y b e f o r e s i x
d o l l a r s e a t s . Ab a s e b a l l p l a y e r w i t h a r e p u t a t i o n o f k n o c k -
i n g h o m e r u n s c o m m a n d s a s a l a r y o f $ 5 0, 000p e r y e a r .
Aj o c k e y w i t h t h e k n a c k o f h a n d i s g i v e n a s i n g l e f e e o f
$ 2, 000f o r a w i n n i n g r a c e o f s e c o n d s . Af o o t b a l l c o a c h r e -
c e i v e s a s a l a r y d o u b l e t h e r e m u n e r a t i o n o f s o m e p r o -
f e s s o r s .
St r a n g e i t i s t h a t t h o s e w h o t a k e c a r e o f o u r h o r s e s , o u r
2 5 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
d o g s a n d o u r g a m e s a r e w e l l p a i d , y e t t h e e d u c a t o r w h o
h a s i n h i s h a n d s t h e d e l i c a t e t a s k o f i n s t r u c t i n g t h e y o u n g
g e n e r a t i o n i s b e g r u d g e d a r e a s o n a b l e r e c o m p e n s e .
At l e a s t t w e n t y y e a r s m u s t b e s p e n t i n a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
b e f o r e h e h a s a c h a n c e t o e a r n . Fi g u r e t h e i n v e s t m e n t i n
m o n e y a n d t i m e h e m u s t m a k e b e f o r e h e c o m e s i n t o
e a r n i n g .
Th e r e i s n o n o b l e r p r o f e s s i o n t h a n t h a t o f t e a c h i n g .
No
p r o f e s s i o n i s c a l l e d u p o n t o m a k e-g r e a t e r m o n e t a r y
s a c r i c e s .
If o u r p r o f e s s o r s w e r e b e t t e r p a i d , t h e p r o f e s s i o n w o u l d
a t t r a c t m a n y w h o h a v e t h e t a l e n t s a n d i n c l i n a t i o n t o t e a c h
b u t w h o n o w s e e k o t h e r f i e l d s p r o m i s i n g g r e a t e r r e -
m u n e r a t i o n .
It i s t i m e Am e r i c a a d d r e s s e s i t s e l f t o t h i s m o s t i m p o r t a n t
i s s u e . Th e f u t u r e o f t h e y o u n g m e n a n d w o m e n o f o u r
c o u n t r y i s a t s t a k e . Am e r i c a c a n n o t i g n o r e t h e p r o b l e m
a n y l o n g e r . We a r e p a y i n g t o o m u c h f o r o u r b l i n d n e s s .
C h a p t e r X IX
THU S SP AKETHEC O U R T
No o n e c o u l d d e n y t h e f a c t t h a t C o v e t p o s s e s s e d a r e a l
g i f t o f l e a d e r s h i p .
Ha d h e s e l e c t e d a j u s t c a u s e , h e m i g h t h a v e g o n e f a r
.
Du r i n g t h e Wo r l d ' s Wa r t h e r e h a d c o m e i n t o e x i s t e n c e
a s o c i e t y c r e a t e d t o d e f e n d a n d p r o t e c t s l a c k e r s a n d t r a i -
t o r s .
As u s u a l , i t a t t r a c t e d t o i t s b o a r d e c c e n t r i c s a n d
c r a n k s o f a l l s o r t s
. Wh e n t h e w a r w a s o v e r t h e s u g g e s -
t i o n w a s a d v a n c e d t o k e e p t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n i n t a c t a n d
d i r e c t i t s f u n c t i o n i n g t o w a r d s t h e p r o t e c t i o n o f p e a c e -
t i m e r a d i c a l s
. St e p s w e r e t a k e n t o r e o r g a n i z e t h e s o c i e t y
s o t h a t i t c o u l d o p e r a t e a s a c l e a r i n g h o u s e f o r v a r i o u s
s u b v e r s i v e s o c i e t i e s a n d b e c o m e a l e g a l b u r e a u
. . C o v e t
g r a s p e d i t s p o s s i b i l i t i e s .
It l a i d g r e a t s t r e s s u p o n Fr e e Sp e e c h , s e e k i n g t o h a v e
t h e t e r m c o v e r t h e a d v o c a c y o f v i o l e n c e
. In f a c t , i t
s o u g h t t o d o a w a y w i t h a l l r e a s o n a b l e s a f e g u a r d s
.
In t i m e t h e r e c a m e t o p o w e r i n t h e s o c i e t y o n e c a l l i n g
h i m s e l f Ad a m s J a c k s o n Va n B u r e n , a n a s s u m e d n a m e
t a k e n n o t f r o m P r e s i d e n t s b u t f r o m c r o s s s t r e e t s i n C h i -
c a g o .
Fr o m t h i s i n d i v i d u a l o n e d a y c a m e a l e t t e r t o P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t a s k i n g h i s a s s i s t a n c e i n s t a r t i n g a g i t a t i o n a g a i n s t
a Su p r e m e C o u r t d e c i s i o n t h a t h a d d r i v e n t h e r a d i c a l s t o
d e s p a i r a n d p r o m i s e d t o i n t e r f e r e w i t h t h e i r p l e a s a n t
p a s t i m e o f t e a r i n g d o w n Am e r i c a
.
Th e d e c i s i o n t h a t c a u s e d t h e m t o l o s e s l e e p w a s r e n d e r e d
25 3
2
5
4

SINISTER SHADO WS
b y t h e Su p r e m e C o u r t o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s i n t h e B e n -
j a m i n Gi t l o w c a s e , J u n e 8, 1 925 :
" It i s a f u n d a m e n t a l p r i n c i p l e , l o n g e s t a b l i s h e d , t h a t t h e
f r e e d o m o f s p e e c h a n d o f t h e p r e s s w h i c h i s s e c u r e d b y t h e
C o n s t i t u t i o n , d o e s n o t c o n f e r a n a b s o l u t e r i g h t t o s p e a k o r
p u b l i s h , w i t h o u t r e s p o n s i b i l i t y , w h a t e v e r o n e m a y c h o o s e ,
o r a n u n r e s t r i c t e d a n d u n b r i d l e d l i c e n s e t h a t g i v e s i m m u n i t y
f o r e v e r y p o s s i b l e u s e o f l a n g u a g e a n d p r e v e n t s t h e p u n i s h -
m e n t o f t h o s e w h o a b u s e t h i s f r e e d o m . . . . R e a s o n a b l y l i m -
i t e d , i t w a s s a i d b y St o r y i n t h e p a s s a g e c i t e d , t h i s f r e e d o m
i s a n i n e s t i m a b l e p r i v i l e g e i n a f r e e g o v e r n m e n t
; w i t h o u t
s u c h l i m i t a t i o n , i t m i g h t b e c o m e t h e s c o u r g e o f t h e r e p u b l i c .
" Th a t a St a t e i n t h e e x e r c i s e o f i t s p o l i c e p o w e r m a y p u n -
i s h t h o s e w h o a b u s e t h i s f r e e d o m b y u t t e r a n c e s i n i m i c a l t o
t h e p u b l i c w e l f a r e t e n d i n g t o c o r r u p t p u b l i c m o r a l s , i n c i t e t o
c r i m e , o r d i s t u r b t h e p u b l i c p e a c e , i s n o t o p e n t o q u e s t i o n . . .
" An d , f o r y e t m o r e i m p e r a t i v e r e a s o n s , a St a t e m a y
p u n i s h u t t e r a n c e s e n d a n g e r i n g t h e f o u n d a t i o n s o f o r g a n i z e d
g o v e r n m e n t a n d t h r e a t e n i n g i t s o v e r t h r o w b y u n l a w f u l
m e a n s . Th e s e i m p e r i l i t s o w n e x i s t e n c e a s a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
St a t e . Fr e e d o m o f s p e e c h a n d p r e s s , s a i d St o r y , d o e s n o t
p r o t e c t d i s t u r b a n c e s t o t h e p u b l i c p e a c e o r t h e a t t e m p t t o
s u b v e r t t h e g o v e r n m e n t . It d o e s n o t p r o t e c t p u b l i c a t i o n s
o r t e a c h i n g s w h i c h t e n d t o s u b v e r t o r i m p e r i l t h e g o v e r n -
m e n t o r t o i m p e d e o r h i n d e r i t i n t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f i t s
g o v e r n m e n t a l d u t i e s . . . .
It d o e s n o t p r o t e c t p u b l i c a t i o n s
p r o m p t i n g t h e o v e r t h r o w o f g o v e r n m e n t b y f o r c e
; t h e
p u n i s h m e n t o f t h o s e w h o p u b l i s h a r t i c l e s w h i c h t e n d t o d e -
s t r o y o r g a n i z e d s o c i e t y b e i n g e s s e n t i a l t o t h e s e c u r i t y o f
f r e e d o m a n d t h e s t a b i l i t y o f t h e s t a t e . . . . An d a St a t e
m a y p e n a l i z e u t t e r a n c e s w h i c h o p e n l y a d v o c a t e t h e o v e r -
t h r o w o f t h e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e a n d c o n s t i t u t i o n a l f o r m o f
g o v e r n m e n t o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s a n d t h e s e v e r a l St a t e s , b y
v i o l e n c e o r o t h e r u n l a w f u l m e a n s . . . . In s h o r t , t h i s f r e e -
d o m d o e s n o t d e p r i v e a St a t e o f t h e p r i m a r y a n d e s s e n t i a l
r i g h t o f s e l f p r e s e r v a t i o n , w h i c h , s o l o n g a s h u m a n g o v e r n -
m e n t s e n d u r e , t h e y c a n n o t b e d e n i e d . . . .
" . . . Th e i m m e d i a t e d a n g e r i s n o n e t h e l e s s r e a l a n d
s u b s t a n t i a l , b e c a u s e t h e e f f e c t o f a g i v e n u t t e r a n c e c a n n o t
THU S SP AKE THE C O U R T

2 5 5
b e a c c u r a t e l y f o r e s e e n
. Th e St a t e c a n n o t r e a s o n a b l y b e r e -
q u i r e d t o m e a s u r e t h e d a n g e r f r o m e v e r y s u c h u t t e r a n c e i n
t h e n i c e b a l a n c e o f a j e w e l e r ' s s c a l e
.
A s i n g l e r e v o l u t i o n a r y
s p a r k m a y k i n d l e a f i r e t h a t , s m o u l d e r i n g f o r a t i m e , m a y
b u r s t i n t o a s w e e p i n g a n d d e s t r u c t i v e c o n f l a g r a t i o n . It c a n -
n o t b e s a i d t h a t t h e St a t e i s a c t i n g a r b i t r a r i l y o r u n r e a s o n -
a b l y w h e n i n t h e e x e r c i s e o f i t s j u d g m e n t a s t o t h e m e a s u r e s
n e c e s s a r y t o p r o t e c t t h e p u b l i c p e a c e a n d s a f e t y , i t s e e k s t o
e x t i n g u i s h t h e s p a r k w i t h o u t w a i t i n g u n t i l i t h a s e n k i n d l e d
t h e f l a m e o r b l a z e d i n t o t h e c o n f l a g r a t i o n
. It c a n n o t r e a s o n -
a b l y b e r e q u i r e d t o d e f e r t h e a d o p t i o n o f m e a s u r e s f o r i t s
o w n p e a c e a n d s a f e t y u n t i l t h e r e v o l u t i o n a r y u t t e r a n c e s l e a d
t o a c t u a l d i s t u r b a n c e s o f t h e p u b l i c p e a c e o r i m m i n e n t a n d
i m m e d i a t e d a n g e r o f i t s o w n d e s t r u c t i o n
; b u t i t m a y , i n t h e
e x e r c i s e o f i t s j u d g m e n t , s u p p r e s s t h e t h r e a t e n e d d a n g e r i n
i t s i n c i p i e n c y . . . .
" It i s n o t n e c e s s a r y , w i t h i n t h e m e a n i n g o f t h e s t a t u t e
( N. Y . c r i m i n a l a n a r c h y l a w ) , t h a t t h e d e f e n d a n t s h o u l d
h a v e a d v o c a t e d ` s o m e d e f i n i t e o r i m m e d i a t e a c t o r a c t s ' o f
f o r c e , v i o l e n c e o r u n l a w f u l n e s s . It w a s s u f f i c i e n t i f s u c h
a c t s w e r e a d v o c a t e d i n g e n e r a l t e r m s ; a n d i t w a s n o t e s s e n -
t i a l t h a t t h e i r i m m e d i a t e e x e c u t i o n s h o u l d h a v e b e e n a d -
v o c a t e d . No r w a s i t n e c e s s a r y t h a t t h e l a n g u a g e s h o u l d
h a v e b e e n ` r e a s o n a b l y a n d o r d i n a r i l y c a l c u l a t e d t o i n c i t e
u n c e r t a i n p e r s o n s ' t o a c t s o f f o r c e , v i o l e n c e o r u n l a w f u l n e s s .
Th e a d v o c a c y n e e d n o t b e a d d r e s s e d t o s p e c i f i c p e r s o n s .
Th u s , t h e p u b l i c a t i o n a n d c i r c u l a t i o n o f a n e w s p a p e r a r t i c l e
m a y b e a n e n c o u r a g e m e n t o r e n d e a v o r t o p e r s u a d e t o
m u r d e r , a l t h o u g h n o t a d d r e s s e d t o a n y p e r s o n i n ' p a r t i c u l a r . "
Wh e n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t r e a d t h i s d e c i s i o n h e f e l l i n t o
h i s c u s t o m a r y r a g e o f p a s s i o n .
He r e w a s a p o w e r t h a t w a s i n t h e w a y o f h i s c o m r a d e s .
Fo r o n c e h i s i n g e n u i t y f a i l e d h i m ; h e h a d n o i m m e d i a t e
s u g g e s t i o n s t o m a k e . Hi s a n s w e r t o t h e l e t t e r w a s o n e o f
t h e w e a k e s t h e e v e r w r o t e . " . Ev e n P r o f e s s o r ` In f a l l i b l e '
h a s n o a n s w e r , " c o m m e n t e d Ad a m s J a c k s o n Va n B u r e n
w h e n h e s h o w e d t h e l e t t e r t o h i s c o m r a d e s i n Ne w Y o r k .
C h a p t e r X X
THEWITC HES' C AU LDR O N
Th e r e c a m e t i m e s w h e n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d h i s i n -
g e n u i t y t a x e d t o i t s l i m i t s . He w a s s a d l y h a n d i c a p p e d b y
t h e n e c e s s i t y o f s i t t i n g a s f a r b a c k i n h i s d a r k e n e d c o r n e r
a s h e c o u l d w h i l e h i s d u p e s w e r e d i s p a t c h e d t o g a t h e r
i n t h e f l i e s t h a t h a d b e c o m e e n m e s h e d i n t h e w e b .
He f e l t t h a t w i s d o m d i c t a t e d d i s c r e t i o n a n d t h a t t i m e
w a s f i g h t i n g o n h i s s i d e .
Al w a y s b e f o r e h i s e y e s d a n c e d a c e r t a i n w i l l - o ' - t h e -
w i s p t h a t f a s c i n a t e d h i m i n h i s a l l u r e m e n t s .
He r e a l i z e d t h a t " P r e x y " P o t t e r w a s b e n d i n g u n d e r
t h e w e i g h t o f y e a r s a n d t h a t t h e t i m e m i g h t c o m e a t a n y
d a y w h e n t h e c h a i r o f t h e p r e s i d e n t o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e
w o u l d b e v a c a n t .
He a d d r e s s e d h i m s e l f c o n s t a n t l y t o t h e t a s k o f i n -
g r a t i a t i n g h i m s e l f w i t h t h e c o m p l a c e n t t r u s t e e s o f t h e
C o l l e g e . P a s t m a s t e r i n t h e a r t o f e s t i m a t i n g r e a c t i o n s ,
h e r e a d t h e t r u s t e e s a r i g h t .
To s o m e h e a s s u m e d a f a l s e d i g n i t y , t h e c l o a k w o r n b y
f o o l s t o h i d e t h e i r m e n t a l n a k e d n e s s ; t o o t h e r s h e b e c a m e
t h e g e n i a l g o l f c o m p a n i o n . If a c l o s e c h e c k h a d b e e n
m a d e o f h i s g o l f g a m e s , i t w o u l d h a v e b e e n n o t i c e d t h a t
h i s b r i l l i a n t p l a y a l w a y s f a l t e r e d i n a c r i s i s f o r h e n e v e r
s u c c e e d e d i n t u r n i n g i n a b e t t e r s c o r e t h a n h i s t r u s t e e o p -
p o n e n t . Th e g a m e s w e r e a l w a y s s u f f i c i e n t l y c l o s e t o b r i n g
a g l o w o f v i c t o r y t o t h e t r u s t e e w h o s e c h a f f i n g s w e r e b o r n e
b y t h e d e f e a t e d p r o f e s s o r w i t h s u g g e s t i o n s t h a t n e x t
25 6
THE WITC HES' C AU LDR O N

2 5 7
t i m e m i g h t t e l l a n o t h e r a n d m a y b e a d i f f e r e n t s t o r y .
Af e w t r u s t e e s t h e r e w e r e w h o d i d n o t r e a c t t o a n y o f
h i s a d r o i t a d v a n c e s . Ap p a r e n t l y t o t h e m t h e r e w a s
n o a v e n u e o f a p p r o a c h .
U p o n t h e s e h e c o n c e n t r a t e d
h i s s c h e m e s f o r r e m o v a l
. Hi s a u d a c i o u s p l a n s b r o u g h t
f r u i t .
Th e t i m e c a m e w h e n m a n y o f t h e t r u s t e e s b e c a m e o b -
s e s s e d w i t h t h e i d e a t h a t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w a s a n o u t s t a n d -
i n g f i g u r e i n t h e e d u c a t i o n a l w o r l d a n d t h a t t h e i r c h i e f
i n t e r e s t c e n t e r e d i n r e t a i n i n g s u c h a b r i l l i a n t p r o f e s s o r
f o r w h o m o t h e r c o l l e g e s " m i g h t b r e a k t h r o u g h a n d s t e a l
. "
C o n s e q u e n t l y a t o n e o f t h e m e e t i n g s o f t r u s t e e s P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t w a s m a d e " De a n o f M e n . "
Th a t n i g h t t h e r e s a t i n a c e r t a i n l i b r a r y o f It a l i a n s e t -
t i n g a n i n d i v i d u a l w i t h a s a r d o n i c s m i l e w h o t a p p e d t h e
d e s k w i t h i d l e f i n g e r s w h i l e h e d r e a m e d o f t h e r u n g o f
t h e l a d d e r n e x t a b o v e h i m .
Wh e n t h e a p p o i n t m e n t w a s t e n d e r e d t o t h e P r o f e s s o r ,
n o a c t o r o n t h e s t a g e e v e r p l a y e d h i s p a r t b e t t e r
. Th e
a n x i o u s c o m m i t t e e w a s g r e e t e d b y t h e p i c t u r e o f a m a n
w e i g h t e d d o w n b y t h e i m p e n d i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
Ap o m p o u s i n d i v i d u a l i n t h e h i d e a n d l e a t h e r b u s i n e s s
c l e a r e d d e c k s f o r a c t i o n . " R e a l l y , P r o f e s s o r , " h e s a i d ,
" w e a r e c o u n t i n g u p o n y o u
. B y y o u r e m i n e n t a t t a i n m e n t s
a n d s c h o l a r l y r e p u t a t i o n y o u o w e i t t o P a x t o n C o l l e g e
t o t a k e u p o n y o u r s h o u l d e r s t h i s g r e a t t a s k . "
R e l u c t a n t l y t h e P r o f e s s o r p e r m i t t e d h i s s t a g e d o p -
p o s i t i o n t o b e b e a t e n d o w n
. Sl o w l y h e y i e l d e d a n d w i t h
c o n s u m m a t e s k i l l .
" Ge n t l e m e n , " h e s a i d , " Iw i l l a c c e d e t o y o u r w i s h e s
t h o u g h m y i n c l i n a t i o n i s o t h e r w i s e
. It n e c e s s i t a t e s a s a c -
2
5 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
r i f i c e , y e t If e e l Io w e i t t o t h e g r e a t c a u s e o f e d u c a t i o n ,
t o s a y n o t h i n g o f m y v e r y e a r n e s t d e s i r e t o l e n d m y s e l f t o
y o u r w i s h e s . "
He s t a b b e d h i s e g o t i s m w i t h p o i g n a n t p a i n w h e n h e
a d d e d , " If e a r y o u o v e r r a t e m e . Ho w e v e r , i f t h i s i s y o u r
d e c i s i o n , Iw i l l b o w m y h e a d t o y o u r w i s h e s w i t h o n e v e r y
i m p o r t a n t p r o v i s i o n . Iw i l l a c c e p t t h e b u r d e n i f Ic a n
d e p e n d u p o n y o u r w h o l e - h e a r t e d s u p p o r t . "
Ac l a m o r o f v o i c e s , a n x i o u s a n d c o n v i n c i n g , a r o s e .
Fr o m o u t t h e b a b b l e c a m e t h e v o i c e o f t h e C o m m i t t e e ' s
s p o k e s m a n .
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , Ia m c o n f i d e n t t h a t Iv o i c e t h e
u n a n i m o u s p l e d g e o f o u r c o m m i t t e e , a n d Im i g h t a d d t h a t
o f t h e e n t i r e b o d y o f t h e t r u s t e e s , w h e n Is a y t h a t y o u
w i l l h a v e o u r u n d i v i d e d s u p p o r t . "
Wh e n t h e C o m m i t t e e f i l e d o u t o f t h e h o u s e a n d a s t h e y
m a d e t h e i r w a y d o w n t h e s t r e e t , o n e y o u n g e x u b e r a n t
c o m m i t t e e m a n t u r n e d t o t h e h i d e a n d l e a t h e r m e m b e r
a n d w i t h a v o i c e f i l l e d w i t h a w e a n d a d m i r a t i o n e x p r e s s e d
t o h i m t h e d e b t t h a t P a x t o n C o l l e g e o w e d t o i t s p e r -
s u a s i v e c h a i r m a n .
In t h e It a l i a n l i b r a r y s a t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t . At h i s s i d e
w a s h i s s e c r e t a r y , Wa r b e r g . O n t h e d e s k w e r e t w o g l a s s e s
o f m o o n s h i n e w h i s k e y .
C o v e t r a i s e d h i s g l a s s . " He r e i s t o d a m n f o o l s i n
g e n e r a l , " s a i d C o v e t .
" Dr i n k h e a r t y , " s a i d R u s s i a n Wa r b e r g
.
O n f o r g o t t e n b o o k s h e l v e s a r e a n c i e n t t o m e s w r i t t e n
b y b r a i n s t h a t l o n g s i n c e h a v e r e v e r t e d t o t h e d u s t f r o m
w h e n c e t h e y c a m e . Th e c a r e f u l f i n g e r s t h a t w r o t e t h e l i n e s
h a v e t h e m s e l v e s b e c o m e a d u s t i n w h i c h t h e f i n g e r o f
THE WITC HES' C AU LDR O N

2 5 9
d e s t i n y t r a c e s l e s s o n s , t o o s e l d o m s t u d i e d b y t h e l i v i n g .
In t h e s e a n c i e n t t o m e s a p p e a r s o f t e n t h e t e r m " g e n t l e
r e a d e r , " a n i n t i m a t e l i t t l e t o u c h o f c o n f i d e n c e a n d f r i e n d -
s h i p h a p p i l y a s s u m e d .
Fr o m t h e s t o r e h o u s e o f a l m o s t f o r g o t t e n t h i n g s , l e t t h e
o l d t e r m m a k e i t s w i n s o m e c o u r t e s y .
Ge n t l e R e a d e r t h e n !
Do e s i t s e e m i n c o n g r u o u s t o h a v e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t l i f t
h i s g l a s s o f m o o n s h i n e w h i s k e y a n d p r o p o s e t h e t o a s t ,
" He r e i s t o d a m n f o o l s i n g e n e r a l " ?
R e c e n t l y i n a c l a s s r o o m i n t h e c i t y o f C h i c a g o a p r o -
f e s s o r w a s l e c t u r i n g . He s t o o d b e f o r e h i s d e s k . B e -
c o m i n g t i r e d , h e t h r e w o n e l e g o v e r i t s c o r n e r a n d s a t o n
t h e e d g e .
Ha n g i n g f r o m h i s t h i c k l i p s w a s a c i g a r e t t e t h a t i n -
s o l e n t l y d a n c e d u p a n d d o w n a s h e t a l k e d .
" Ha v e y o u - p r e p a r e d y o u r p a p e r ? " h e i n q u i r e d o f a
y o u n g g i r l , a d d r e s s i n g h e r b y h e r f a m i l y n a m e , o m i t t i n g
t h e M i s s .
" No s i r ! "
" We l l , w h y i n t h e h e l l h a v e n ' t y o u ? " s n a r l e d t h e p r o -
f e s s o r .
To o o f t e n h a v e t h e m a n n e r s o f t h e g u t t e r b e e n t u r n e d
l o o s e i n o u r c l a s s r o o m s
.
To o o f t e n h a v e i n a r t i c u l a t e n o n e n t i t i e s b e e n c o n v e r t e d
b y a c a d e m i c n e c r o m a n c y i n t o n o i s y , i n c o m p e t e n t a n d
r a d i c a l t e a c h e r s .
If t h e f a t h e r s a n d m o t h e r s o f s t u d e n t s i n v e s t i g a t e d
c o n d i t i o n s a n d a s k e d t h e i r s o n s a n d d a u g h t e r s a b o u t
s o m e o f t h e s e t h i n g s i n o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s t o d a y , Am e r i c a n
p a r e n t h o o d w o u l d h a v e a n a w a k e n i n g . It i s s a f e t o h a z a r d
2 6 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e p r o p h e c y , i f p a r e n t s v i s i t e d c l a s s r o o m s a n d s a t
t h r o u g h s o m e o f t h e l e c t u r e s a n d a n a l y z e d t h e u n d e r c u r -
r e n t , t h a t t h e e n r o l l m e n t w o u l d d e c r e a s e b e f o r e t h e n e x t
d a y d a w n e d .
In t h e s t a t e o f Fl o r i d a t o t h e St a t e B o a r d o f C o n t r o l
i n Ap r i l , 1 926 , c a m e a p r o t e s t .
P r i o r t o t h a t m e e t i n g m a t t e r h a d b e e n b r o u g h t t o t h e
a t t e n t i o n o f t h e p r e s i d e n t o f t h e Fl o r i d a St a t e C o l l e g e f o r
Wo m e n .
No a c t i o n
. Th e n e x t s t e p w a s t o a c q u a i n t t h e B o a r d
o f C o n t r o l .
Th e p r o t e s t c e n t e r e d a r o u n d c e r t a i n b o o k s u s e d i n t h e
c o l l e g e .
Ap a p e r i n J a c k s o n v i l l e , Fl o r i d a , t r e a t e d t h e m a t t e r i n
t h e f o l l o w i n g w o r d s :
" Th e w o n d e r o f i t a l l a p p e a r s f r o m t h e f a c t t h a t M r
. Ta t u m
c l a i m s t o h a v e b r o u g h t t h i s m a t t e r t o t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h e
p r e s i d e n t a n d t h e b o a r d o f c o n t r o l , a n d t h a t h i s p r o t e s t w a s
n o t o n l y t r e a t e d w i t h i n d i f f e r e n c e , b u t w i t h m a n i f e s t h o s -
t i l i t y . We a r e w o n d e r i n g f u r t h e r j u s t h o w s u c h b o o k s c a n
e s c a p e c e n s o r s h i p a n d h o w t h e y c a n b e s e n t t h r o u g h t h e
m a i l s . B u t t h e w o n d e r o f i t a l l i s t h a t m e n a n d w o m e n c a n
b e f o u n d i n t h e t e a c h i n g p r o f e s s i o n w h o w o u l d e v e n h a n d l e
s u c h b o o k s , m u c h l e s s t e a c h t h e m .
O n e w o u l d r e a d i l y
c o n c l u d e t h a t a n y g e n t l e m a n a f t e r r e a d i n g t h e m w o u l d q u e s -
t i o n h i s o w n r e s p e c t a b i l i t y , a t l e a s t u n t i l a t s u c h t i m e h e
c o u l d t a k e a b a t h . It g o e s w i t h o u t s a y i n g t h a t n o l a d y w i t h
a n y o f t h e p u r e i n s t i n c t s o f h e r s e x w o u l d s u f f e r h e r e y e s t o
f e a s t u p o n s u c h p u t r i d s t u f f , m u c h l e s s p a s s i t o n t o t h o s e
o f h e r s e x w h o s e m i n d s a r e s u p p o s e d t o b e p u r e a n d f r e e
f r o m s u c h t h i n g s . We l l m a y w e a s k , w h i t h e r a r e w e
t e n d i n g ?
" If s u c h m a t t e r s a r e t o b e t a u g h t t o o u r g i r l s , o u r c i v i l i z a -
t i o n i s d o o m e d . "
THE WITC HES' C AU LDR O N

2 6 1
Fr o m n o r t h a n d s o u t h , f r o m e a s t a n d w e s t i s c o m i n g
t h e r u m b l i n g o f d i s s a t i s f a c t i o n o f m u c h o f t h e t e a c h i n g o f
t h e d a y .
Am e r i c a i s l o n g s u f f e r i n g . Sh e h a s a w a y , h o w e v e r , o f
c o r r e c t i n g c o n d i t i o n s w h e n s h e b e c o m e s s u f f i c i e n t l y
a r o u s e d .
Am e r i c a h a d a b a n k i n g s c a n d a l , o u t o f t h e m u c k o f
w h i c h c a m e a b a n k i n g s y s t e m t h a t t o d a y i s t h e a d m i r a t i o n
o f t h e w o r l d .
Am e r i c a h a d h e r i n s u r a n c e s c a n d a l . O u t o f i t c a m e a
c a l l i n g c l o t h e d i n r e s p e c t a b i l i t y a n d r e s p o n s i b i l i t y , c o n -
f e r r i n g i t s b l e s s i n g s u p o n u n t o l d t h o u s a n d s .
Am e r i c a i s o n t h e v e r g e o f a n e d u c a t i o n a l s c a n d a l , t h e
c o l o s s a l s i z e o f w h i c h w i l l d w a r f a l l f o r m e r s c a n d a l s
.
Le t u s f e r v e n t l y h o p e t h a t f r o m i t w i l l a r i s e a s y s t e m
p u r g e d o f t h e u n d e s i r a b l e s - a s y s t e m t h a t w i l l h o l d f a s t
t o t h e b a s i c t h o u g h t t h a t m a d e Am e r i c a g r e a t , t h a t w i l l
m a k e h e r s o n s a n d d a u g h t e r s w o r t h y o f t h e h e r i t a g e o f
t h e a g e s .
C h a p t e r X X I
U NDER THEDO O R SO FC O NGR ESS
Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r w e r e s e a t e d
a r o u n d a t a b l e i n t h e Se n a t o r ' s o f f i c e i n Wa s h i n g t o n
. So
m u c h h a d t r a n s p i r e d s i n c e t h e i r d a y s a t t h e Gr a n d C a n y o n
t h a t t h e c a m p i n g t r i p s e e m e d a n e v e n t o f l o n g a g o
.
Wh e n C o n o v e r r e t u r n e d t o h i s h o m e f r o m t h a t n e v e r
t o b e f o r g o t t e n t r i p , h e a d d r e s s e d h i m s e l f a s s i d u o u s l y t o
h i s t a s k
. He m a d e m a n y v a l u a b l e c o n t a c t s
. He b e c a m e
i d e n t i f i e d w i t h o r g a n i z a t i o n s t h a t h e l p e d h i m v e r y m a -
t e r i a l l y i n p r e p a r i n g h i m s e l f
. He b e c a m e f a m i l i a r w i t h
t h e n a m e s a n d m e t h o d s o f t h o s e w h o s e a c t i v i t i e s w e r e a i d -
i n g t h e f o r c e s o f d e s t r u c t i o n .
Th e l o y a l t y a n d s i n c e r i t y o f t h e u n p a i d o f f i c i a l s w h o
w e r e g i v i n g t h e i r t i m e a n d t h e i r m o n e y g e n e r o u s l y f o r
t h e c a u s e o f p r e s e r v i n g o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s h e c o n t r a s t e d w i t h
t h e f l i p p a n t a t t i t u d e o f t h e p a i d o f f i c i a l s o f t h e s u b v e r s i v e
s o c i e t i e s w h o s e l a v i s h e x p e n d i t u r e s i n d i c a t e d t h a t a h i d d e n
v e i n o f w e a l t h h a d b e e n u n e a r t h e d .
C o n o v e r b e c a m e a l i v i n g i n t e r r o g a t i o n p o i n t . He w a n t e d
t o k n o w w h y a n d g e n e r a l l y f o u n d o u t .
He a n d Se n a t o r M o r r o w w e r e i n c o n s t a n t c o m m u n i c a -
t i o n
. Hi s v i s i t t o Wa s h i n g t o n t h i s t i m e w a s d u e t o t h e
f a c t t h a t h e w i s h e d t o d i s c u s s w i t h h i s f r i e n d a n i d e a
t h a t h a d s h a p e d i t s e l f t o u r g e n c y .
He e x p l a i n e d t o t h e Se n a t o r t h a t h i s o n l y s o n , J a c k ,
e x p e c t e d t o e n t e r t h e f r e s h m a n c l a s s a t t h e i r o l d c o l l e g e
i n t h e f a l l
.
26 2
U NDER THEDO O R SO FC O NGR ESS

2 6 3
" He r e i s t h e p o i n t , J i m . Wh e n J a c k i s s e t t l e d , h i s
m o t h e r a n d Ia r e t h i n k i n g o f c l o s i n g o u r h o m e a n d g o i n g
t o Eu r o p e f o r a f e w m o n t h s . B y t h e w a y , J a c k i s g o i n g
t o h a v e t h e s a m e o l d r o o m d o w n t h e r e t h a t y o u a n d I
h a d .
" Te l l m e f r a n k l y , J i m , i f Ih a v e t h e r i g h t i d e a
. Iw a n t
t o m a k e a s t u d y o f t h e R e d m e n a c e a t c l o s e r a n g e . It w i l l
s a v e t i m e i n t h e l o n g r u n . "
Th e i d e a i n a l l i t s r a m i f i c a t i o n s w a s d i s c u s s e d b y t h e
t w o , t h e r e s u l t b e i n g t h a t t h e Se n a t o r g a v e h i s e n t h u s i a s t i c
a p p r o v a l o f t h e p l a n .
" B i l l , " s a i d t h e Se n a t o r , " y o u r m e t h o d i c a l a n d p a i n s -
t a k i n g p r e p a r a t i o n p u t s
a n e w h e a r t i n t o m e . We w i l l b e
c a r r y i n g t h e o l d b a l l a g a i n f o r a , t o u c h d o w n b e f o r e m a n y
m o n t h s . "
Th e r e s t o f t h e d a y w a s s p e n t i n o u t l i n i n g t h e i t i n e r a r y .
Th e Se n a t o r w r o t e m a n y l e t t e r s o f i n t r o d u c t i o n
.
Fr o m C o n o v e r c a m e a l e t t e r w r i t t e n o n s h i p b o a r d t o
t h e Se n a t o r i n Wa s h i n g t o n .
" De a r J i m :
" Th i s m o r n i n g Iw a s s t a n d i n g o n t h e u p p e r d e c k t o w a r d s
t h e p r o w . No o n e w a s n e a r m e . Y e t t h e s p i r i t o f t h e s e a
s e e m e d t o b r o o d t h e r e . No s a i l i n s i g h t - j u s t a n e n d l e s s
e x p a n s e o f t u r q u o i s e w a t e r , p u l s a t i n g g e n t l y a n d b l e n d i n g
i t s e l f i n t o t h e h o r i z o n .
" Th e w o n d e r f u l , c l e a r , s a l t y a i r b l e w a w a y a l l m e n t a l
c o b w e b s .
" An o c e a n v o y a g e r e - e s t a b l i s h e s o l d l o s t p e r s p e c t i v e s .
" An d h e r e i s ' t h e t h i n g , J i m , t h a t c o n f i r m s m e . Wh e n
Il e a v e m y s a n d a l s o f c o n v e n t i o n a l i t y a t t h e d o o r a n d
e n t e r m y t e m p l e o f s o l i t u d e Ic o m e b a c k f r o m m y p i l -
2 6 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
g r i m a g e f i r e d w i t h a g r e a t e r z e a l t o d o m y p a r t i n t h e
g r e a t d r a m a o f l i f e
. To k e e p Am e r i c a o n t h e r i g h t t r a c k
w h e r e i t s e x a m p l e w i l l c h a l l e n g e o t h e r c o u n t r i e s t o e m u l a -
t i o n , w h a t a m a g n i f i c e n t a d v e n t u r e l
" At n i g h t w e p l o w t h r o u g h p h o s p h o r e s c e n t w a t e r s -
t h e s t a r s c o m e o u t - t h e s e a a s s m o o t h a s g l a s s s a v e
w h e r e o u r p r o w p l o w s h i g h w h i t e c r e s t s o f f o a m
.
" Th e l o u n g e i s c r o w d e d - t h e d e c k s a r e d e s e r t e d
. Th e
s o l i t u d e o f t h e d e c k s w i t h t h e c a l l o f t h e s e a w i t h i t s
r o m a n c e a n d h i s t o r y a l l u r e s o n l y a f e w .
" J i m , Il o v e h u m a n b e i n g s . Ie n j o y c o n t a c t s , b u t I
m u s t h a v e m y b r e a t h i n g m o m e n t s o f s o l i t u d e i n w h i c h I
c a n a r r a n g e m y t h o u g h t s i n o r d e r l y p r o c e d u r e . "
Th e Se n a t o r w a s o n h i s w a y t o t h e Se n a t e w h e n C o n -
o v e r ' s l e t t e r c a m e . He w a s p r e s s e d f o r t i m e , s o h e p u t t h e
u n o p e n e d l e t t e r i n h i s p o c k e t u n t i l h e r e a c h e d h i s s e a t .
He o p e n e d t h e l e t t e r a n d r e a d i t s l o w l y . He u n d e r s t o o d .
Su d d e n l y h e w a s a w a r e o f a r a u c o u s v o i c e d i s t u r b i n g h i m .
He s t u d i e d t h e f a c e o f t h e Se n a t o r w h o h a d t h e f l o o r .
Hi s m i n d w e n t b a c k t o a m e e t i n g h e l d i n J u l y , 1 921 ,
w h e n So c i a l i s t p a r t y l e a d e r s p a s s e d a r e s o l u t i o n :
" B e i t r e s o l v e d : Th a t t h e i n c o m i n g n a t i o n a l
e x e c u t i v e c o m m i t t e e b e i n s t r u c t e d t o m a k e a c a r e -
f u l s u r v e y o f a l l r a d i c a l a n d l a b o r o r g a n i z a t i o n s
i n t h i s c o u n t r y w i t h a v i e w o f a s c e r t a i n i n g t h e i r
s t r e n g t h , d i s p o s i t i o n a n d r e a d i n e s s t o c o o p e r a t e
w i t h t h e So c i a l i s t m o v e m e n t o n a p l a t f o r m n o t i n -
c o n s i s t e n t w i t h t h a t o f t h e p a r t y . "
Th e Se n a t o r r e c a l l e d a m e e t i n g i n C h i c a g o o n Sa t u r d a y ,
Fe b r u a r y 1 8, 1 922, a t w h i c h a p r o n o u n c e d So c i a l i s t w a s
U NDER THEDO O R SO FC O NGR ESS

2
6 5
m a d e p r e s i d e n t o f t h e g r o u p . He s a w e m e r g i n g f r o m t h a t
m e e t i n g a n o r g a n i z a t i o n w i t h t h e n a m e
" Th e C o n f e r e n c e f o r P r o g r e s s i v e P o l i t i c a l Ac t i o n . "
In Wh i t n e y ' s " R e d s i n Am e r i c a , " p u b l i s h e d i n 1 924
b y Th e B e c k w i t h P r e s s , Ne w Y o r k C i t y , t h e f o l l o w i n g
a p p e a r s o n p a g e 4 9 :
" In t h e t w o y e a r s o f i t s e x i s t e n c e , t h e C o n -
f e r e n c e f o r P r o g r e s s i v e P o l i t i c a l Ac t i o n , w i t h
f r a n k l y c o m m u n i s t i c c o n n e c t i o n s a n d w i t h a p r o -
g r a m w h i c h p a r a l l e l s i n m a n y r e s p e c t s t h a t o f t h e
C o m m u n i s t p a r t y o f Am e r i c a , h a s s u c c e e d e d i n
a c c o m p l i s h i n g t h i s
" It h a s c r y s t a l l i z e d t h e s m a l l a m o u n t o f r a d i -
c a l s e n t i m e n t t o b e f o u n d i n t h e n a t i o n a l l e g i s -
l a t u r e a t a l l t i m e s ; f u r n i s h e d t h i s n u c l e u s w i t h
a i d a n d c o m f o r t ; g i v e n i t a s t a n d i n g b y f o r c i n g
u p o n i t a p o s i t i v e p r o g r a m ; d i s c i p l i n e d i t , t h e r e b y
g i v i n g i t a d v a n t a g e s w h i c h a r e t o a c c r u e f r o m s u c h
m e a s u r e s .
" It h a s b a c k e d t h i s e l e m e n t i n i t s h o m e d i s -
t r i c t s a n d s e c u r e d r e - e l e c t i o n s
; a d d e d t o i t s
s t r e n g t h b y i n f l u e n c i n g t h e e l e c t i o n o f o t h e r r a d i -
c a l s a n d b r o u g h t t h e w h o l e g r o u p t o a p o i n t w h e r e
b y v o t i n g e n b l o c o n c e r t a i n m a t t e r s , i t e x e r c i s e s
t h e f u n c t i o n o f a m a j o r i t y p a r t y n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g
t h e f a c t t h a t i t s m e m b e r s w e r e e l e c t e d ( w i t h
t w o e x c e p t i o n s ) o n r e g u l a r p a r t y t i c k e t s
.
" In 1 922 t h e C o n f e r e n c e f o r P r o g r e s s i v e P o -
l i t i c a l Ac t i o n e n d o r s e d a m o n g o t h e r s f o r Se n a t o r -
s h i p s t h e f o l l o w i n g
2 6 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
M c Ke l l a r o f Te n n e s s e e R a l s t o n o f In d i a n a
Fr a z i e r o f No r t h

Sw a n s o n o f Vi r g i n i a
Da k o t a

Ho w e l l o f Ne b r a s k a
Ke n d r i c k o f Wy o m i n g
" In
1 923 t h e C o n f e r e n c e e n d o r s e d :
Di l l o f Wa s h i n g t o n

B r o o k h a r t o f Io w a
Wh e e l e r o f M o n t a n a

No r r i s o f Ne b r a s k a
As h h u r s t o f Ar i z o n a

Sh i p s t e a d o f M i n n e s o t a
La Fo l l e t t e o f Wi s c o n s i n J o h n s o n o f M i n n e s o t a
.
" Al l t h e a b o v e w e r e e l e c t e d . "
Se n a t o r M o r r o w s a t s i l e n t l y s t u d y i n g t h e t w i s t i n g f e a -
t u r e s o f t h e Se n a t o r w i t h t h e r a u c o u s v o i c e , t h e Se n a t o r
w h o h a d r e c e i v e d t h e e n d o r s e m e n t a n d t h e a c t i v e s u p p o r t
o f " Th e C o n f e r e n c e f o r P r o g r e s s i v e P o l i t i c a l Ac t i o n
. "
Se n a t o r M o r r o w h a l f c l o s e d h i s e y e s . It w a s b a d
e n o u g h h a v i n g t o l i s t e n t o t h a t s t r i d e n t v o i c e , t o s a y
n o t h i n g a b o u t t h e t o r t u r e o f w a t c h i n g t h e g r i m a c e s
. It
s e e m e d t o Se n a t o r M o r r o w t h a t t h r o u g h h i s h a l f - c l o s e d
e y e l i d s h e c o u l d s e e f i l i n g p a s t h i m d i s g u s t e d Se n a t o r s
o f o t h e r d a y s , t h e g i a n t s w h o h a d g i v e n d i s t i n c t i o n t o
t h e Se n a t e .
Th e m o n o t o n o u s v o i c e d r o n e d i n m e d i o c r i t y . An d a s
Se n a t o r M o r r o w s t u d i e d t h e o n e w h o s e c a p a c i t y h e w a s
g a u g i n g , h e t h o u g h t o f t h i s b l a t a n t p i g m y ' s m e n t a l t w i n
i n t h e l o w e r h o u s e o f C o n g r e s s .
He a s k e d h i m s e l f t h e q u e s t i o n : " Do e s Am e r i c a s l e e p
t h a t s h e p e r m i t s , t o s e r v e h e r a s C o n g r e s s m a n , a m a n w h o
i s g u i l t y o f a d d r e s s i n g t h e So c i a l i s t P a r t y i n t h e w o r d s o f
a n a r c h y ? " Th e Se n a t o r r e c a l l e d t h e w o r d s .
U NDER THEDO O R SO FC O NGR ESS

2
6
7
" C o m r a d e C h a i r m a n a n d C o m r a d e s
" Th e r e i s a g r o w i n g t e n d e n c y , n o t o n l y i n t h i s
c o u n t r y , b u t i n o t h e r c o u n t r i e s t o d e p r e c i a t e p o -
l i t i c a l a c t i o n . Th a t t e n d e n c y y o u c a n s e e i n It a l y
a n d Fr a n c e , e v e n i n Ge r m a n y t o s o m e e x t e n t , a l -
t h o u g h l e s s t h e r e t h a n a n y w h e r e e l s e , a n d i n t h i s
c o u n t r y . Th e Sy n d i c a l i s t s i n It a l y f i g h t p o l i t i c a l
a c t i o n
. Th e y c a l l t h e m s e l v e s So c i a l i s t s a n d a r e
m e m b e r s o f t h e So c i a l i s t P a r t y
.
" Th e r e i s a s t r o n g e l e m e n t
o r w a s a t l e a s t i n
t h i s c o u n t r y d o i n g t h e s a m e t h i n g , a n d Ih a v e
h e a r d i t p l e a d e d m a n y a t i m e r i g h t i n o u r o w n
m e e t i n g s b y s p e a k e r s t h a t c o m e t o o u r m e e t i n g s ,
t h a t t h e o n l y s a l v a t i o n o f t h e p r o l e t a r i a t o f Am e r i c a
i s d i r e c t ' a c t i o n ; t h a t t h e b a l l o t b o x i s s i m p l y a
h u m b u g . No w Id o n ' t d o u b t t h a t i n t h e l a s t a n a l -
y s i s w e m u s t s h o o t a n d w h e n i t c o m e s t o s h o o t i n g
Wi s c o n s i n w i l l b e t h e r e . We a l w a y s m a k e g o o d . "
Th e f o l l o w i n g y e a r t h i s m a n w h o s a t i n C o n g r e s s a n d
h e l p e d m a k e t h e l a w s o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s o f Am e r i c a
s a i d :
" Th e r e f o r e Is a y , e a c h o f t h e 5 00, 000So c i a l -
i s t v o t e r s a n d o f t h e 2, 000, 000w o r k i n g m e n w h o
i n s t i n c t i v e l y i n c l i n e o u r w a y , s h o u l d , b e s i d e d o i n g
m u c h r e a d i n g a n d s t i l l m o r e t h i n k i n g , a l s o h a v e a
g o o d r i f l e a n d t h e n e c e s s a r y r o u n d s o f a m m u n i t i o n
i n h i s h o m e a n d b e p r e p a r e d t o b a c k u p h i s b a l l o t
w i t h b u l l e t s i f n e c e s s a r y . "
Se n a t o r M o r r o w ' s t h o u g h t s w e n t t o C o n o v e r w h o w a s
p r e p a r i n g h i m s e l f t o c o u n t e r a c t j u s t s u c h s u b v e r s i v e
a g e n t s .
C h a p t e r X X II
THETR AILTHR O U GHEU R O P EANDASIA
Th e g r e a t o c e a n l i n e r w a s n o s i n g i t s w a y t o w a r d s t h e
c o a s t o f Ir e l a n d . Wo r d w a s p a s s e d a l o n g t h a t p a s s e n g e r s
f o r Q u e e n s t o w n w o u l d r e c e i v e a n e a r l y c a l l i n t h e m o r n i n g .
Ad e n s e f o g e n v e l o p e d t h e b o a t a s i t c r e p t s l o w l y f o r -
w a r d f o o t b y f o o t w i t h a l l b e l l s r i n g i n g a n d t h e f o g h o r n
s o u n d i n g i t s d i s m a l n o t e . It w a s l i k e a g a m e o f b l i n d -
m a n ' s b u f f . O u t t h e r e s o m e w h e r e i n t h a t d e n s e f o g w a s
t h e p i l o t t r y i n g t o l o c a t e t h e l i n e r b y s o u n d a n d s o m e w h e r e
e l s e o u t t h e r e w e r e t h e l i g h t e r s t o t a k e t h e p a s s e n g e r s
a s h o r e
.
M r . a n d M r s . C o n o v e r s t o o d a t t h e r a i l , i n t e r e s t e d
w a t c h e r s . Fi n a l l y t h e t i n y l i g h t e r s d r e w n e a r a n d t h e
p a s s e n g e r s w e r e t r a n s f e r r e d .
Fo r t h e n e x t f e w m o n t h s , n o s t u d e n t e v e r a p p l i e d h i m -
s e l f m o r e d i l i g e n t l y t h a n d i d C o n o v e r
. He m a d e a c l o s e
s t u d y o f t h e So c i a l i s t m o v e m e n t i n En g l a n d , Fr a n c e ,
B e l g i u m , Ho l l a n d , Sc a n d i n a v i a , Sw i t z e r l a n d , C z e c h o -
s l o v a k i a , t h e B a l k a n s , Sp a i n , It a l y , Ge r m a n y , Hu n g a r y ,
a n d Au s t r i a .
In It a l y h e s t u d i e d t h e d e f e a t o f a n a r c h y a f t e r i t h a d
f a s t e n e d i t s t e e t h u p o n 24 0It a l i a n c i t i e s , _ a m o n g t h e m
Ge n o a a n d Fl o r e n c e , b e f o r e r e a s o n d r o v e t h e s c u r r y i n g
r e d r a t s b e f o r e i t .
He s t u d i e d t h e So v i e t r u l e i n Hu n g a r y a f t e r C o u n t
Ka r o l y i , t h e p r e s i d e n t , i n d e s p a i r , t u r n e d o v e r t h e Hu n -
g a r i a n g o v e r n m e n t t o t h e C o m m u n i s t s B o h m a n d Ga r b a i
.
26 8
THETR AILTHR O U GHEU R O P EANDASIA

2 6 9
Wi t h R u s s i a n b r i b e m o n e y i n h i s p o c k e t c a m e t o
B u d a p e s t o n e C o h e n , a l i a s B e l a Ku n , m a k i n g . i t p o s s i b l e
f o r t h e p l o t t e r s t o So v i e t i z e Hu n g a r y a n d h o l d s u p r e m e
p o w e r f o r s e v e r a l m o n t h s .
In B a v a r i a , C o n o v e r m a d e a s t u d y o f t h e R u s s i a n c o n -
s p i r a c y , t h a t r e s u l t e d i n a s h o r t - l i v e d So v i e t g o v e r n m e n t
o n B a v a r i a n s o i l .
In Ge r m a n y h e s t u d i e d t h e m a n i f e s t o c a l l i n g f o r r e v o l u -
t i o n i n Ge r m a n y i n 1 91 9w h e n Z e t k i n , Lu z e m b u r g , Li e b -
k n e c h t a n d M e h r i n g a n d t h e i r So c i a l i s t r e v o l u t i o n a r y
f o l l o w e r s s o u g h t t o c r e a t e a So v i e t i z e d So c i a l i s t i c Ge r -
m a n y .
In e v e r y t r a p h e s a w a n d s m e l t t h e s a m e o l d R u s s i a n
b a i t o f Ge r m a n C h e e s e .
So o n h e n o t i c e d t h a t e a c h b a i t b o r e a t h u m b p r i n t ,
a n d t h a t t h e t h u m b p r i n t s w e r e i d e n t i c a l i n e v e r y c a s e
.
Th e t h u m b p r i n t s w e r e t h o s e o f We i s h a u p t , M a r x a n d
La s s a l l e , Ge r m a n J e w s . In h i s i n v e s t i g a t i o n s h e c a m e t o
l o o k f o r t h e s l o g a n " M a d e i n Ge r m a n y , " k n o w i n g t h a t h e
w o u l d f i n d i t s o m e w h e r e
. B e b e l a n d Li e b k n e c h t , t h e
l e a d e r s o f t h e e a r l y So c i a l i s t m o v e m e n t i n Ge r m a n y , h a d
b e e n d i s c i p l e s o f M a r x a n d h a d b e e n h i s i n t i m a t e s .
C o n o v e r t r a c e d t h e " M a d e i n Ge r m a n y " t h e o r y , f r o m
Ge r m a n y t o Fr a n c e , a n d f o u n d t h a t t h e s e e d s i n Fr e n c h
s o i l h a d b e e n s o w n b y J u l e s Gu e s d e w h o h a d s t u d i e d i n
Ge r m a n y .
C o n o v e r s t u d i e d t h e v a r i o u s U t o p i a n t h e o r i e s o f Sa i n t
Si m o n , Fo u r i e r , C o b e t , O w e n a n d m a n y o t h e r s . He f o u n d
t h a t a l l t h e v a r i o u s U t o p i a n p l a n s w e r e p a t t e r n e d f r o m
t h a t o f P h a l e a s o f C h a l c e d o n , s i x c e n t u r i e s b e f o r e t h e
C h r i s t i a n e r a . He s a w t h e d i s a s t r o u s f a i l u r e s o f t h e a b -
2 7 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
s u r d i t i e s w h e n t h e a t t e m p t w a s m a d e t o p u t t h e m i n t o
p r a c t i c e
.
He r e g a r d e d t h e m a s w e l l m e a n i n g b u t i m p r a c t i c a b l e
p l a n s - t h e d r e a m s o f v i s i o n a r i e s , w e l l m e a n i n g d r e a m s
t h a t s o u g h t t o l i f t t h e l o w l y b u t d i d n o t s e e k t o t e a r d o w n
t h e c o m p e t e n t s . Th e a p p e a l w a s n o t d i r e c t e d t o w a r d s t h e
b a s e r p a s s i o n s .
C o n o v e r , w i t h u n e r r i n g i n s t i n c t , p l a c e d h i s f i n g e r o n
t h e d o c u m e n t t h a t t w i s t e d U t o p i a n t h e o r i e s i n t o a p l a n
t h a t a p p e a l e d o n l y t o t h e p a s s i o n f o r t h e f t .
~ M a r x i n h i s " C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o " s u p p l i e d t o So c i a l -
i s m i s m t h e d e a d l y i n g r e d i e n t o f c l a s s h a t r e d a n d s p o l i a t i o n . ~ '
r He s o u g h t " t o l e g i s l a t e u n s u c c e s s f u l m e n i n t o s u c c e s s
b y l e g i s l a t i n g s u c c e s s f u l m e n o u t o f i t . "
Wh e r e a s t h e U t o p i a n s s o u g h t t o a i d t h e s u b m e r g e d t o
c l i m b , M a r x s h a m e l e s s l y b o a s t e d t h a t h i s i n t e r e s t l a y
n o t s o m u c h i n t h e a d v a n c e m e n t o f t h e i n c o m p e t e n t s a s i t
d i d i n t h e d r a g g i n g d o w n o f t h e c o m p e t e n t s . He f i g u r e d i t
w a s e a s i e r f o r t h e m a n y t o p u l l d o w n t h e f e w t h a n i t w a s
f o r t h e f e w t o p u l l u p t h e m a n y .
St a n d i n g o n t h e a n c i e n t m o u n t a i n t o p , t h e c r a f t y M a r x
d a n g l e d b e f o r e t h e d u l l e d e y e s o f h i s d u p e s t h e b r i b e o f
a s t o l e n w o r l d .
Th e C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o m o r e t h a n a n y o t h e r o n e
i n s t r u m e n t i n t h e w o r l d t o d a y i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e c a n c e r
t h a t i s e a t i n g i t s w a y i n t o t h e b o d y p o l i t i c .
" Th e f a s c i n a t i o n o f t h e M a n i f e s t o c o n s i s t e d i n
t h e f a c t s t h a t ( 1 ) i t d i v e r t e d s o c i a l i s m f r o m t h e
p o l i c y o f c r e a t i n g i d e a l c o m m u n i t i e s b y i t s o w n
e x e r t i o n s t o t h e m o r e a t t r a c t i v e t a s k o f s e i z i n g
THE TR AIL THR O U GH EU R O P E AND
ASIA

2 7 1
p r o p e r t y a n d a p p r o p r i a t i n g i n s t i t u t i o n s a l r e a d y i n
e x i s t e n c e
; ( 2) i t a b a n d o n e d t h e m e t h o d o f s e c r e t
c o n s p i r a c y a n d s u b t e r r a n e a n o p e r a t i o n h i t h e r t o
p r a c t i s e d b y c o m m u n i s t i c c o t e r i e s - h u m o r o u s l y
c a m o u f l a g e d a s ` Le a g u e s o f t h e j u s t , ' o r ` So c i e t i e s
o f t h e Se a s o n s ' - a n d o p e n l y p r o c l a i m e d w a r u p o n
a l l e s t a b l i s h e d c r e e d s a n d o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; ( 3 ) i t
f o r m u l a t e d a p h i l o s o p h y o f h i s t o r y w h i c h f i l l e d t h e
c r e d u l o u s w i t h h o p e a n d c o n f i d e n c e , f o r i t t o l d
t h e m t h a t c o m m u n i s m w a s t h e n e x t p r e d e s t i n e d
a n d i n e v i t a b l e p h a s e i n s o c i a l e v o l u t i o n , a n d t h a t
s o f a r f r o m h a v i n g t o f e a r s u c h f a i l u r e a s h a d o v e r -
w h e l m e d t h e U t o p i a n s , t h e y h a d o n l y t o s i t s t i l l
a n d w a t c h t h e p r e d e t e r m i n e d d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m -
m u n i s m o u t o f c a p i t a l i s m ; ( 4 ) i n o r d e r t h a t t h e y
m i g h t a s s i s t t h e f o r e - o r d a i n e d a n d h a s t e n t h e i n -
e v i t a b l e , i t p r o v i d e d . t h e m w i t h
a p r a c t i c a l p r o - -
g r a m m e o f g r e a t a l l u r e m e n t , t h e k e y n o t e o f w h i c h
w a s ` a b o l i s h , c o n f i s c a t e , a p p r o p r i a t e '
; ( 5 ) i t h e l d
o u t a p r o s p e c t o f r e v e n g e , d e s t r u c t i o n , a n d s a n g u i -
n a r y d e v a s t a t i o n - t h e o v e r t h r o w a n d h u m i l i a t i o n
o f t h r o n e s , a r i s t o c r a c i e s , a n d a b o v e a l l t h e h a t e d
b o u r g e o i s i e - t h a t a p p e a l e d w i t h i r r e s i s t i b l e a t t r a c -
t i o n t o t h e p a s s i o n s o f e n v y , h a t r e d , a n d m a l i c e
w h i c h f i l l e d M a r x a n d h i s a s s o c i a t e s w i t h f a n a t i c a l
a n d t r u l y d i a b o l i c a l f u r y . Th e e n e r g y a n d v i g o r
o f t h e C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o
i s t h e d e m o n i a c e n -
e r g y o f t h e m a d m a n , p o s s e s s e d b y t h e e v i l s p i r i t s
o f j e a l o u s y , g r e e d , l u s t o f p o w e r , a n d i n s a n e h u n g e r
f o r r e v e n g e i n r e s p e c t o f i m a g i n a r y w r o n g s . "
t o
" P r o f e s s o r He a r n s h a w ' s " ASu r v e y o f So c i a l i s m , " p a g e 221
.
27 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
Fr o m Ge r m a n y t o R u s s i a - f r o m R u s s i a t o Ge r m a n y ,
b a c k a n d f o r t h , C o n o v e r f o l l o w e d t h e t r a i l o f t h e Fr a n k e n -
s t e i n m o n s t e r , t h e e x p o n e n t o f c r a s s m a t e r i a l i s m t h a t
s n e e r e d a t a l l t h e f i n e r i m p u l s e s .
In En g l a n d C o n o v e r f o u n d t h a t t h e m o v e m e n t h a d
p r o c e e d e d f r o m t h e t o p d o w n w a r d
. He r e t h e " i n t e l l e c t u -
a l s " w e r e t h e f i r s t t o n i b b l e a t t h e b a i t . Th e Fa b i a n So -
c i e t y i n En g l a n d i n t h e e i g h t i e s l e n t w i l l i n g e a r s t o i t s '
a b s t r a c t i o n s .
En g e l s , t h e p a t r o n o f M a r x , i n w r i t i n g o f t h e Fa b i a n s
s a i d :
" Th e i r t a c t i c s a r e t o f i g h t t h e l i b e r a l s n o t a s d e -
c i d e d o p p o n e n t s b u t t o d r i v e t h e m o n t o So c i a l -
i s t i c c o n s e q u e n c e s ; t h e r e f o r e t o t r i c k t h e m , t o p e r -
m e a t e l i b e r a l i s m i n t o So c i a l i s m a n d n o t t o o p p o s e
So c i a l i s t i c c a n d i d a t e s t o l i b e r a l o n e s b u t t o p a l m
t h e m o f f , t o t h r u s t t h e m o n , u n d e r s o m e p r e t e x t . "
C o n o v e r f o u n d t h a t Ge o r g e B e r n a r d Sh a w a n d Si d n e y
We b b w e r e t h e o u t s t a n d i n g f i g u r e s i n t h e So c i e t y .
C o n o v e r p u z z l e d o v e r t h e n a m e Fa b i a n f o r s o m e t i m e
u n t i l h e r e c a l l e d h i s R o m a n h i s t o r y a n d f o u n d t h a t t h e
So c i e t y w a s n a m e d f r o m Fa b i u s C u n a t o r w h o s e " Fa b i a n
p o l i c y " i n t h e w a r s a g a i n s t Ha n n i b a l w a s o n e o f d e l a y ,
o f h a r a s s m e n t a n d a t t r i t i o n , a p o l i c y t h a t c o i n c i d e s p r e -
c i s e l y w i t h t h a t o f t h e p r e s e n t s o c i e t y b e a r i n g t h e n a m e
.
In h i s r e s e a r c h C o n o v e r f o u n d m a n y p e c u l i a r c o i n c i -
d e n c e s .
Th e u s e o f c l a s s i c a l n a m e s i n t h e v a r i o u s So c i e t i e s
w a s t o o f r e q u e n t t o b e c l a s s e d a s o n l y a c c i d e n t a l h a p p e n -
i n g s .
THETR AILTHR O U GHEU R O P EANDASIA

2 7 3
Wh e n We i s h a u p t , t h e Ge r m a n , f o u n d e d " Il l u m i n i s m , "
t h e w a n t o n t h a t g a v e b i r t h t o M a r x i s m , h i s a s s o c i a t e s
a d o p t e d c l a s s i c a l n a m e s f o r p u r p o s e s o f c o n c e a l m e n t a n d
o f s a f e t y . Z w a c h b e c a m e C a t o - M a s s e n h a u s e n , Aj a x -
He r t e l , M a r i u s .
We i s h a u p t t o o k t h e n a m e Sp a r t a c u s
. Wh e n C o n o v e r
i d e n t i f i e d We i s h a u p t u n d e r h i s a n c i e n t n a m e Sp a r t a c u s ,
h i s m i n d r a c e d f o r w a r d f r o m We i s h a u p t ' s d a y t o t h e t i m e
w h e n
" Th e R e v o l u t i o n a r y C o m m u n i s t La b o r P a r t y o f t h e
Ge r m a n Sp a r t a c u s Le a g u e " o n J a n u a r y 5 , 1 91 9, c a u s e d
t h e s t r e e t s o f B e r l i n t o r u n r e d w i t h b l o o d . J o f f e , t h e
B o l s h e v i k Am b a s s a d o r i n Ge r m a n y , m a n i p u l a t e d t h e
p r o p a g a n d a b e h i n d t h e Ge r m a n m a s s a c r e o f 1 91 9 .
" So We i s h a u p t a d o p t e d t h e n a m e Sp a r t a c u s . Th e
R e v o l u t i o n a r y p a r t y i n Ge r m a n y w a s t h e Sp a r t a c u s
Le a g u e , " r e f l e c t e d C o n o v e r .
B a c k a n d f o r t h , C o n o v e r s t u d i e d t h e t r a i l w i t h t h e p e -
c u l i a r r e a d i n g s . Al w a y s t h e t r a i l l e d b a c k t o t w o c o u n -
t r i e s , Ge r m a n y a n d R u s s i a . O n t h e s e t w o c o u n t r i e s , h e
d e t e r m i n e d , m u s t b e c o n c e n t r a t e d h i s i n v e s t i g a t i o n .
Wi t h u n e r r i n g i n s t i n c t h e r e a l i z e d t h a t t h e v e h i c l e h a d
c o m e f r o m Ge r m a n y , y e t i t s e e m e d t h a t R u s s i a h a d s e i z e d
t h e r e i n s a n d w a s d r i v i n g
. Y e t h e w a s r e l u c t a n t t o t h i n k
t h a t R u s s i a p o s s e s s e d a n y d i a l e c t i c i a n s s u p e r i o r i n p l o t -
t i n g t o t h e Ge r m a n R e d s .
He h a d h i s a n s w e r w h e n h e d e d u c t e d t h a t t h e a p p a r e n t
s u p r e m a c y c a m e f r o m o n e f a c t a l o n e a n d t h a t w a s t h a t
Ge r m a n y s t i l l m u l l e d o v e r t h e o r i e s w h i l e R u s s i a h a d p r e -
c i p i t a t e d t h e c r i s i s b y a t t e m p t i n g t o p u t t h e t h e o r i e s i n t o
p r a c t i c e .
27 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
So a g a i n h i s t r a i l d o u b l e d b a c k t o t h e Ge r m a n y o f
We i s h a u p t a n d M a r x .
Hi s s t u d y t o o k h i m b a c k t o Au g u s t , 1 91 4 , w h e n t h e f i r s t
s h o t s w e r e e x c h a n g e d b e t w e e n Ge r m a n y a n d R u s s i a .
He u n c o v e r e d t h e r u m o r s t h a t t h e R u s s i a n m i n i s t e r o f
w a r , Ge n e r a l So u h o m l i n o f f , w a s t h e p a i d a g e n t o f Ge r m a n y
a t t h e t i m e
. It w a s a n u n d i s p u t e d f a c t t h a t R u s s i a a t t h e
t i m e w a s t o t a l l y u n p r e p a r e d
. In h e r a r m y w e r e e n t i r e
r e g i m e n t s w i t h o u t g u n s o r a m m u n i t i o n .
Ar e c o r d o f t h e t i m e s t a t e d :
" Th e a p p o i n t m e n t o f St u e r m e r i n R u s s i a , a n a v o w e d
p r o - Ge r m a n , a s p r e m i e r , a n d t h e c o n s e q u e n t g h a s t l y b e -
t r a y a l o f R o u m a n i a t o Ge r m a n y , i n c r e a s e d t h e f e e l i n g
o f d e s p e r a t i o n . "
C o n o v e r c o m m e n c e d t o s e e l i g h t
. He f o u n d t h a t i n
1 91 7 a c e r t a i n g r o u p o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l b a n k e r s t r a n s f e r r e d
a h u g e s u m o f m o n e y f r o m Ge r m a n y t o Le n i n a n d Tr o t s k y
i n P e t r o g r a d . Wh e n h e u n e a r t h e d t h e f a c t t h a t t h e Im p e r i a l
Ge r m a n g o v e r n m e n t i s s u e d a p a s s t o Le n i n t o c r o s s Ge r -
m a n t e r r i t o r y i n a s e a l e d c a r w i t h e i g h t e e n o t h e r R e d s i n
h i s j o u r n e y f r o m Z i m m e r w a l d , Sw i t z e r l a n d , t o R u s s i a i n
o r d e r t o m e e t Tr o t s k y c o m i n g f r o m Ne w Y o r k , C o n o v e r
s a w t h e Ge r m a n p l a n i n a l l i t s b o l d n e s s . R u s s i a f e l l i n t o
t h e h a n d s o f t h e R e d s
. Th e a r m i e s o f R u s s i a t h a t h a d
h e l d t h e Ge r m a n s t o t h e Ea s t e r n f r o n t m e l t e d a w a y
; a n d
t h e m i l l i o n s o f Ge r m a n s o n t h e R u s s i a n f r o n t w e r e h a s t i l y
t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e We s t e r n f r o n t , w h e r e t h e Ge r m a n s
a u g m e n t e d b y t h e m a s s e s r e l e a s e d f r o m t h e Ea s t e r n f r o n t
n e a r l y s w e p t t o v i c t o r y .
Th e f i r s t p a r t o f t h e p l a n s u c c e e d e d
. Ge r m a n y ' s
s t r e n g t h w a s m a s s e d , b u t v i c t o r y e l u d e d h e r
.
THETR AILTHR O U GHEU R O P EANDASIA

2 7 5
Sh e h a d c r e a t e d a Fr a n k e n s t e i n m o n s t e r o f So c i a l i s m
t h a t , a f t e r h e r d e f e a t , t u r n e d u p o n t h e m a k e r .
Wh e n t h e Ex i l e o f Do o r n f l e d f r o m t h e Ge r m a n t h r o n e
a n d t h e P r i n c e s o f t h e v a r i o u s Fe d e r a l St a t e s h a d e i t h e r
a b d i c a t e d o r b e e n d e p o s e d , t h e f i r s t n a t i o n a l a s s e m b l y t o
b e c a l l e d t h e r e a f t e r h a d w i t h i n i t 1 6 5 M a j o r i t y So c i a l i s t s
a n d 22In d e p e n d e n t So c i a l i s t s , a t o t a l o f 1 87 o u t o f 4 23
m e m b e r s .
In 1 924 t h e R e i c h s t a g c o n s i s t e d o f 4 93 m e m b e r s . O f
t h i s n u m b e r t h e r e w e r e 1 3 1 So c i a l i s t De m o c r a t s , 1 4 Na -
t i o n a l So c i a l i s t s a n d 4 5 C o m m u n i s t s , o r a t o t a l o f 1 90o u t
o f 4 93 .
Th e o n e t h i n g t h a t Ge r m a n y d i d n o t c o u n t o n w a s d e -
f e a t . Th e Fr a n k e n s t e i n m o n s t e r s h e c r e a t e d w a s s u p -
p o s e d t o m a r c h f o r w a r d , n o t t o t u r n a b o u t a n d t r a m p l e
u p o n t h e o n e w h o h a d m a d e i t .
C o n o v e r r e v i e w e d h i s f i n d i n g s . He w e i g h e d a n d m e a s -
u r e d t h e So v i e t t h r u s t s a t t h e v a r i o u s c o u n t r i e s o f Eu r o p e .
He s a w t h e R u s s i a n b e a r d r a g g i n g i t s b r o k e n c h a i n o n
w h o s e l i n k s w e r e t h e w o r d s " M a d e i n Ge r m a n y . " He
h e a r d t h e R u s s i a n b e a r g r u n t i n g a n d g r o w l i n g , a n d s a w i t
f i g h t i n g w i t h j a w a n d p a w a s s l o w l y i t w e n t b a c k t o i t s
d e n .
Th e l e a d e r s h a d d e v e l o p e d a n e w p l a n . Eu r o p e , t h e y
r e c o g n i z e d , m u s t s e a s o n a w h i l e l o n g e r b e f o r e t h e i d e a
w o u l d t a k e h o l d . In t h e m e a n w h i l e t h e c o n s o l i d a t i o n o f
As i a u n d e r t h e R e d f l a g w o u l d b e a m a t t e r p r o m i s i n g
q u i c k e r c o n s u m m a t i o n . Th a t a c c o m p l i s h e d , t h e r e w o u l d
c o m e a m o r e s e r i o u s t h r e a t f o r Eu r o p e . Ag a i n w o u l d As i a
t h r e a t e n Eu r o p e
.
Ho w c r a f t i l y t h e R e d R u l e r s o f R u s s i a m a n i p u l a t e d
27 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e Ku o - M i n g - Ta n g p a r t y a n d t h e f i r s t P r e s i d e n t o f t h e
C h i n e s e R e p u b l i c , Su n - Y a t - Se n , i s s h o w n b y t h e l e t t e r
d a t e d M a r c h 1 1 , 1 925 , w r i t t e n b y t h e m i s g u i d e d a n d
R e d - i n f l u e n c e d Su n - Y a t - Se n t o t h e C e n t r a l Ex e c u t i v e
C o m m i t t e e o f t h e So v i e t s i n M o s c o w
.
" De a r C o m r a d e s :
" Wh i l e Il i e h e r e i n a m a l a d y a g a i n s t
w h i c h m e n a r e p o w e r l e s s , m y t h o u g h t s a r e
t u r n e d t o w a r d s y o u a n d t o w a r d s t h e f a t e s o f
m y P a r t y a n d m y c o u n t r y . . . . Th e r e -
f o r e Ic h a r g e t h e Ku o - M i n g - Ta n g t o c o n -
t i n u e t h e w o r k o f t h e R e v o l u t i o n a r y Na -
t i o n a l i s t M o v e m e n t . . . .
Wi t h t h i s o b j e c t
Ih a v e i n s t r u c t e d t h e P a r t y t o b e i n
c o n s t a n t
c o n t a c t w i t h y o u . I f i r m l y b e l i e v e i n t h e
c o n t i n u a n c e o f t h e s u p p o r t
w h i c h y o u h a v e
h i t h e r t o a c c o r d e d t o m y c o u n t r y . . . .
" Wi t h f r a t e r n a l g r e e t i n g s
"
SU N- Y AT- SEN"
Th e c a m p a i g n o f p r o p a g a n d a s t a r t e d a g a i n s t C h i n a
w i t h t h e R u s s i a n a g e n t , B o r o d i n , s i t t i n g i n C h i n a w i t h
h i s h a n d s e n c i r c l i n g h e r t h r o a t .
In t h e m e a n w h i l e t h e i d e a w a s d e v e l o p e d t o d i r e c t m o r e
i n t e n s i v e So c i a l i s t e f f o r t s a g a i n s t i n s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g
i n a l l c o u n t r i e s , i n d o c t r i n a t i n g t h e c o m i n g g e n e r a t i o n s
a g a i n s t t h e t i m e w h e n t h e
d u p e w i t h i n w i l l o p e n t h e g a t e
t o t h e e n e m y w i t h o u t .
C o n o v e r g r a s p e d t h e f a c t t h a t t h i s w a s t h e e x p l a n a t i o n
o f t h e i n t e n s i v e So c i a l i s t i c c a m p a i g n t a k i n g p l a c e t o d a y
i n Am e r i c a n s c h o o l s
.
C h a p t e r X X III
WHILEWESLEEP
Ag a i n M r . a n d M r s . C o n o v e r w e r e o n t h e At l a n t i c
.
Th e d a y s m e l t e d i n t o o n e a n o t h e r
. Fo r m o s t o f t h e p a s -
s e n g e r s t h e v o y a g e w a s o n e o f l a z y l o u n g i n g i n d e c k c h a i r s
a n d c o n v e r s a t i o n s t h a t s e i z e d e a g e r l y u p o n t h e s a i l
i n
t h e d i s t a n c e , t h e s p o u t i n g o f a w h a l e o r t h e p l a y i n g o f t h e
d o l p h i n s a b o u t t h e s h i p
.
Ar o u n d a n d a r o u n d t h e d e c k p a c e d a r e s t l e s s i n d i v i d u a l
w h o s e e a g e r n e s s t o g e t t o w o r k c h a f e d u n d e r t h e s t r a i n
o f e n f o r c e d i d l e n e s s .
Wh a t h e h a d u n c o v e r e d i n Eu r o p e h a d s h a r p e n e d C o n -
o v e r ' s r e s o l u t i o n t o a r a z o r e d g e
. He h a d l a i d t h e f o u n d a -
t i o n c a r e f u l l y a n d d e l i b e r a t e l y a n d w a s w a i t i n g s o m e w h a t
i m p a t i e n t l y t o r e a c h h i s Am e r i c a a n d t o s t a r t u p o n h i s
u n d e r t a k i n g .
Th e c r y w a s r a i s e d , " Th e St a t u e o f Li b e r t y
. "
C o n o v e r a n d h i s w i f e s t o o d o n t h e t o p d e c k , s t r a i n i n g
t h e i r e y e s t o s e e t h e s y m b o l o f t h e i r c o u n t r y t h a t t h e y l o v e d
w i t h a d e v o t i o n t h a t f i l m e d t h e i r e y e s w i t h t e a r s
.
Hi s h a n d c l o s e d o v e r h e r s o n t h e r a i l
. " O u r c o u n t r y ,
Wi l l , " s h e w h i s p e r e d
. " Y e s , o u r c o u n t r y , " h e r e p l i e d , a s
h e q u o t e d
:
" ' B r e a t h e s t h e r e a m a n w i t h s o u l s o d e a d
Wh o n e v e r t o h i m s e l f h a t h s a i d
Th i s i s m y o w n , m y n a t i v e l a n d ? " '
Th e n f r o m t h e v e r y d e p t h s o f h i s s o u l c a m e t h e w o r d s ,
27 7
2 7 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Go d g r a n t m e u n d e r s t a n d i n g a n d p o w e r t o o p e n t h e e y e s
o f m y c o u n t r y m e n b e f o r e i t i s t o o l a t e . "
Th e g a n g p l a n k s w e r e d o w n . B e l o w
. t h e m o n t h e p i e r s
w a s a s e a o f u p t u r n e d f a c e s - c a m e c r i e s o f j o y w h e n
f r i e n d e s p i e d f r i e n d c a m e t h e f l u t t e r i n g o f t h o u s a n d s o f
h a n d k e r c h i e f s .
Th e f o l l o w i n g e v e n i n g i n a l i v i n g r o o m i n Wa s h i n g t o n ,
D. C . , f o u r f r i e n d s f o r e g a t h e r e d .
Th e e y e s o f M r s . M o r r o w a n d M r s . C o n o v e r m e l t e d
w i t h u n d e r s t a n d i n g w h e n Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l C o n -
o v e r p a t t e d a n d s l a p p e d o n e a n o t h e r w h i l e t h e i r r i g h t
h a n d s w e r e g r i p p e d i n a b o n e - c r u s h i n g c l a s p .
Lo n g i n t o t h e n i g h t s a t t h e Se n a t o r a n d h i s f r i e n d .
M a s t e r o f c o n d e n s a t i o n , M r . C o n o v e r s k e t c h e d h i s f i n d -
i n g s . Th e n o d s o f a p p r o v a l a n d c o n f i r m a t i o n f r o m t h e
Se n a t o r b e c a m e m o r e a n d m o r e f r e q u e n t . C o n o v e r d e -
v e l o p e d h i s s u b j e c t w i t h c o n s u m m a t e s k i l l . Hi s g r a s p
o f t h e s u b j e c t , h i s s a n e d e d u c t i o n s , h i s o r i e n t a t i o n i n w o r l d
a f f a i r s d r e w f o r t h t h e a d m i r a t i o n o f t h e Se n a t o r .
" B i l l , " s a i d t h e Se n a t o r , " y o u r c o n c l u s i o n s a r e s o u n d
.
Y o u r d e d u c t i o n i s c o r r e c t t h a t t h e ` C o m m u n i s t M a n i f e s t o '
i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e l o o s e t h i n k i n g o f m a n y o f o u r c o l l e g e
p r o f e s s o r s . P r o f e s s o r Sh a d e w e l l i n h i s b o o k , ` Th e So c i a l i s t
M o v e m e n t , ' r e f e r r i n g t o t h e M a r x i a n p l a g u e s t a t e s t h a t
i t i s ` t h e m o s t p o i s o n o u s d o c t r i n e e v e r p o u r e d i n t o t h e
e a r s o f Ie n ; a d o c t r i n e i n v o l v i n g t h e d e l i b e r a t e c u l t i v a t i o n
o f h a t r e d a n d u n i v e r s a l s t r i f e . ' "
Th e Se n a t o r c o n t i n u e d , " Ih a v e b e e n w a i t i n g f o r t h i s
v i s i t . To m o r r o w y o u w i l l m e e t a g r o u p t h a t i s i n s y m p a t h y
w i t h o u r e f f o r t s y e t h a v e n o c o n c e p t i o n o f t h e i m m e d i a t e
WHILEWESLEEP

27 9
d a n g e r s u r r o u n d i n g t h e m , n o r o f t h e w o r l d w i d e r a m i f i c a -
t i o n s o f t h i s f o r e i g n i m p o s e d m e n a c e . "
Th e n e x t a f t e r n o o n i n a b a n q u e t h a l l i n a Wa s h i n g t o n
h o t e l , t h e r e g a t h e r e d a r e p r e s e n t a t i v e g r o u p o f p e o p l e
.
M r . C o n o v e r w a s c a l l e d u p o n t o m a k e a n a d d r e s s
. So m e -
w h a t r e l u c t a n t l y h e c o n s e n t e d , h i s r e l u c t a n c e c o m i n g f r o m
t h e t h o u g h t t h a t h e w a s n o t d u l y p r e p a r e d
.
Sl o w l y h e s t a r t e d s p e a k i n g
. As h e w e n t o n h i s e a r n e s t -
n e s s m e t w i t h c l o s e a t t e n t i o n
. Su d d e n l y t h e r e c a m e t o
b l o s s o m t h a t w h i c h h i s d a y s o f i n t e n s i v e s t u d y h a d b e e n
p r e p a r i n g .
Al w a y s a f o r c e f u l s p e a k e r , h e n o w a d d e d t o h i s e x -
t r a o r d i n a r y e l o q u e n c e t h e i n s p i r a t i o n o f a s e l f - s a c r i f i c i n g
m i s s i o n
. R o s e a n d f e l l t h a t w o n d e r f u l , m e l o d i o u s v o i c e ,
s h a k i n g a t t i m e s w i t h t h e f e r v o r o f h i s c o n v i c t i o n s , n o w
a n d t h e n f a l l i n g t o a w h i s p e r a s h e l e a n t f o r w a r d e t c h i n g
h i s t h o u g h t w i t h t h e d e l i c a t e t o u c h o f a m a s t e r
. He
g a t h e r e d h i s h e a r e r s t o h i s h e a r t a n d h e l d t h e m g e n t l y
b y t h e h a n d a s h e w a l k e d w i t h t h e m i n h i s g a r d e n
. a n d
t a l k e d h i s t h o u g h t s o u t l o u d
.
Ev e n t h e Se n a t o r w h o t h o u g h t h e k n e w h i s f r i e n d s a t
s p e l l b o u n d b y t h e m a t c h l e s s e l o q u e n c e , b y t h e r u g g e d f a c e
s h i n i n g w i t h a g l o w o f i n s p i r a t i o n a n d c o n v i c t i o n .
Th e n i n a b u r s t i n g c l i m a x t h a t c a r r i e d h i s h e a r e r s t o
t h e h e i g h t s o f c o u r a g e a n d r e s o l v e , M r
. C o n o v e r c e a s e d
s p e a k i n g .
Fo r a m o m e n t o r t w o h e s t o o d s i l e n t , a s t h o u g h h e w e r e
s u m m o n i n g f r o m t h e s i l e n c e a n a n s w e r t o h i s s p i r i t .
Th e n c a m e d e a f e n i n g a p p l a u s e a s m e n a n d w o m e n
j u m p e d t o t h e i r f e e t , t h e i r h e a r t s f i l l e d w i t h t h e s p i r i t o f
c r u s a d e r s .
2 8 0
SINISTER SHADO WS
In s u r p r i s e , C o n o v e r l o o k e d a r o u n d
. He h a d s o l o s t
h i m s e l f i n h i s s p e e c h t h a t h e f a i l e d t o r e c o g n i z e i m m e d i -
a t e l y t h a t t h e o v a t i o n w a s f o r h i m .
Hu m b l y h e b e n t h i s h e a d a s h e s l o w l y r e g a i n e d h i s s e a t
.
Th a t e v e n i n g a s t h e t w o m e n a n d t h e i r w i v e s s a t a r o u n d
t h e d i n n e r t a b l e , t h e Se n a t o r s t i l l u n d e r t h e s p e l l o f t h e
s p e e c h t o l d a b o u t t h e m e e t i n g .
In M r s
. C o n o v e r ' s e y e s t h e r e w a s a l i g h t t h a t w a s g o o d
t o s e e . It w a s a l m o s t l i k e t h e l i g h t i n a w o m a n ' s e y e s
w h e n f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e s h e l o o k s a t t h e t i n y f i r s t - b o r n b y
h e r s i d e .
Th e n e x t m o r n i n g C o n o v e r w a s s i t t i n g i n t h e Se n a t o r ' s
o f f i c e i n t h e Se n a t e o f f i c e b u i l d i n g
. At h i s d e s k s a t t h e
Se n a t o r g o i n g o v e r h i s m a i l .
O n a t a b l e n e a r t h e d e s k w e r e t h o u s a n d s o f l e t t e r s
r e c e i v e d i n t h e m o r n i n g ' s m a i l .
" B i l l , " s a i d t h e Se n a t o r , " n e a r l y e v e r y o n e i n t h a t p i l e
i s a p r o p a g a n d a l e t t e r
. Th e w o r d i n g i s e x a c t l y t h e s a m e
t h o u g h t h e l e t t e r s c o m e f r o m d i f f e r e n t c o r n e r s o f o u r
c o u n t r y .
In Wa s h i n g t o n t h e r e a r e 3 00o r g a n i z a t i o n s
s p e n d i n g a b o u t f i v e m i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s e v e r y y e a r f r o m
( t h e i r Wa s h i n g t o n o f f i c e s . Th e i r t o t a l e x p e n d i t u r e i s o v e r
t e n m i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s y e a r l y
. It i s t h e ` i n v i s i b l e g o v e r n -
m e n t . ' Fi f t y o r g a n i z a t i o n s s p e n d i n g $ 3 , 000, 000a n n u a l l y
a r e c e n t e r i n g t h e i r f i r e a g a i n s t p r e p a r e d n e s s . "
" O f c o u r s e , Ik n e w a l i t t l e a b o u t t h i s t h i n g , J i m , "
r e p l i e d C o n o v e r , " b u t Ih a d n o i d e a o f t h e m a g n i t u d e
o f i t . "
" Th a t i s t h e b e s t p a r t o f i t , t h e i n c r e a s i n g s i z e , B i l l .
It h a s r e a c h e d s u c h s t u p e n d o u s p r o p o r t i o n s t h a t i t s s i z e
w i l l w o r k i t s o w n d e f e a t . Th e r e a c t i o n i s s e t t i n g i n - t h e
WHILEWESLEEP

2 8 1
Se n a t o r s a n d C o n g r e s s m e n a r e b e c o m i n g e x t r e m e l y i r -
r i t a t e d b y t h e d o m i n e e r i n g c o m m a n d s . Iw o n d e r h o w l o n g
a l a w y e r o r a s u r g e o n o r a n e n g i n e e r w o u l d h a n d l e a c a s e
i f h e w e r e a n n o y e d c o n s t a n t l y b y a m a t e u r i s h d e m a n d s
c o m i n g f r o m u n i n f o r m e d m e d d l e r s .
" So m e o f t h e s e m e d d l e r s w h o k n o w n o t h i n g o f s t a t e -
c r a f t , o r , f o r t h a t m a t t e r , a n y t h i n g a b o u t t h e t e c h n i c a l
s u b j e c t w h i c h t h e y g l i b l y d i s c u s s w i t h a l l t h e a s s u r a n c e
o f i g n o r a n c e , r e m i n d m e o f t h e s a t i r e t h a t So c r a t e s p u t
i n t h e m o u t h o f Eu t h y d e m u s :
" ` M e n o f At h e n s , Ih a v e n e v e r y e t s t u d i e d
m e d i c i n e n o r s o u g h t t o f i n d a t e a c h e r a m o n g o u r
p h y s i c i a n s ; f o r Ih a v e c o n s t a n t l y a v o i d e d l e a r n -
i n g a n y t h i n g f r o m t h e p h y s i c i a n s a n d e v e n t h e a p -
p e a r a n c e o f h a v i n g s t u d i e d t h e a r t .
" ' Ne v e r t h e l e s s , Ia s k y o u t o a p p o i n t m e t o t h e
o f f i c e o f a p h y s i c i a n a n d Iw i l l e n d e a v o r t o l e a r n
b y e x p e r i m e n t i n g o n y o u . '
" B i l l , t h e o t h e r d a y w e w e r e d i s c u s s i n g t h e s e p r o p a -
g a n d a l e t t e r s i n t h e c l o a k r o o m
. O n e o f t h e w i t s o f t h e
Se n a t e s u g g e s t e d t h a t e a c h Se n a t o r i n s t a l l a l a r g e p l a t f o r m
s c a l e i n h i s o f f i c e a n d w e i g h t h e l e t t e r s . Ea c h Se n a t o r
w o u l d r e p o r t a c e r t a i n n u m b e r o f p o u n d s o f l e t t e r s i n
f a v o r a n d a c e r t a i n n u m b e r o f p o u n d s o f l e t t e r s a g a i n s t
t h e b i l l . B y t o t a l i n g t h e p o u n d a g e o f l e t t e r s r e c e i v e d b y
a l l t h e Se n a t o r s , t h e p r e s i d i n g o f f i c e r o f t h e Se n a t e w o u l d
r e p o r t t h a t t h e b i l l p a s s e d , 4 823 7 / p o u n d s o f l e t t e r s i n
i t s f a v o r a g a i n s t 4 823 7 Y 8p o u n d s i n o p p o s i t i o n .
" Ea c h m e n t a l p i g m y p r o p a g a n d i s t h a s h i s o w n l i t t l e
r o c k i n g h o r s e - u p h e j u m p s o n i t , w h i p p i n g i t v i o l e n t l y
2 8 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
a s h e d i g s i n t o i t s s i d e w i t h h i s h e e l
. B a c k a n d f o r t h h e
r o c k s , g e t t i n g n o w h e r e , b u t b y f u r i o u s e f f o r t s m a n a g e s
t o f a c e i n e v e r y d i r e c t i o n b e f o r e h e r u n s o u t o f b r e a t h o r
f a l l s o f f . "
Th e Se n a t o r t u r n e d t o h i s d e s k a n d a g a i n p l u n g e d i n t o
h i s w o r k .
Su d d e n l y h e s t r a i g h t e n e d i n h i s c h a i r .
Th e Se n a t o r w a s r e a d i n g a v o l u m i n o u s l e t t e r t o w h i c h
w e r e a t t a c h e d m a n y p a p e r s .
C o n o v e r w i t h h i s p r e m o n i t i v e m i n d s e n s e d t h e i m p o r -
t a n c e o f t h e d o c u m e n t t o w h i c h t h e Se n a t o r w a s a d d r e s s i n g
h i m s e l f w i t h s u c h i n t e n s e c o n c e n t r a t i o n .
Th e m i n u t e s p a s s e d . St i l l t h e Se n a t o r r e a d o n , a b s o r b e d
w i t h t h e c o n t e n t s . He d e t a c h e d a n e w s p a p e r c l i p p i n g
f r o m t h e p a p e r s a n d w i t h o u t c e a s i n g h i s r e a d i n g o r l o o k -
i n g u p , p a s s e d i t t o C o n o v e r w h o s a w t h a t t h e c l i p p i n g
w a s f r o m t h e C a r d i n a l , p u b l i s h e d a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f
Wi s c o n s i n .
" Z o n a Ga l e p l e a s Go r d o n r e l e a s e
" Do n o r o f Sc h o l a r s h i p C o n c u r s w i t h P r o f . O ' Sk e a i n
M e s s a g e "
C o n o v e r r e c a l l e d t h e e a r l y h i s t o r y o f t h i s f l a g r a n t c a s e .
Da v i d Go r o n e f s k i , a l i a s Da v i d Go r d o n , a n 1 8- y e a r - o l d
C o m m u n i s t , p u b l i s h e d i n Th e Da i l y Wo r k e r o n e o f t h e
v i l e s t , m o s t o b s c e n e p o e m s t h a t t h e b r a i n o f a m o r o n e v e r
c o n c e i v e d . It r e e k e d w i t h f i l t h a n d p o l l u t i o n .
So u t t e r l y v i l e w a s i t t h a t t h e s t a t e a n d U n i t e d St a t e s
Go v e r n m e n t t o o k c o g n i z a n c e o f i t . He w a s c o n v i c t e d a n d
s e n t e n c e d t o s e r v e t h r e e y e a r s i n t h e Ne w Y o r k St a t e
R e f o r m a t o r y .
WHILEWESLEEP

2 8 3
Im m e d i a t e l y f o l l o w i n g h i s c o n f i n e m e n t i n p r i s o n , . a g i t a -
t i o n w a s s t a r t e d f o r h i s r e l e a s e .
Th e Da i l y Wo r k e r c a m e o u t w i t h a n e d i t o r i a l p r o -
t e s t i n g h i s s e n t e n c e . M a n y o f t h e s a m e p e o p l e w h o r a n
w i t h t h e p a c k o f Sa c c o - Va n z e t t i s y m p a t h i z e r s j o i n e d w i t h
t h e r a b b l e c l a m o r i n g f o r t h e r e l e a s e o f t h e c o n v i c t .
Th e Wo r k e r e d i t o r i a l s t a t e d :
" Da v i d Go r d o n , t h e 1 8y e a r o l d m e m b e r o f t h e
Y o u n g Wo r k e r s ( C o m m u n i s t ) Le a g u e a n d f o r m e r
s c h o l a r s h i p s t u d e n t a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f Wi s c o n s i n
i s n o w s e r v i n g a n i n d e t e r m i n a t e t e r m o f t h r e e y e a r s
i n t h e Ne w Y o r k R e f o r m a t o r y f o r h a v i n g w r i t t e n
a s a t i r i c a l p o e m ` Am e r i c a ' w h i c h a n n o y e d t h e
j u d g e s o f t h e C o u r t o f Sp e c i a l Se s s i o n s .
" Th e i m m e d i a t e a n d u n c o n d i t i o n a l r e l e a s e o f
Da v i d Go r d o n , 1 8y e a r o l d m e m b e r o f t h e Y o u n g
Wo r k e r s ( C o m m u n i s t ) Le a g u e , n o w s e r v i n g a t h r e e
y e a r s e n t e n c e i n t h e C i t y R e f o r m a t o r y a t Ne w
Ha m p t o n w a s d e m a n d e d y e s t e r d a y b y t h e Ex -
e c u t i v e C o m m i t t e e o f t h e Y o u t h ' s C o m m i t t e e f o r
M i n o r s ' R e l i e f , r e p r e s e n t i n g 5 2y o u t h o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o f t h i s c i t y . . . . Go r d o n w a s a t t e n d i n g t h e
U n i v e r s i t y o f Wi s c o n s i n l a s t Ap r i l w h e r e h e w a s
a n h o n o r s t u d e n t , h a v i n g w o n t h e Z o n a Ga l e s c h o l -
a r s h i p , w h e n t h e C o u r t o f Ap p e a l s r u l e d t h a t h e
m u s t i m m e d i a t e l y b e g i n s e r v i n g t h i s s e n t e n c e . R e -
t u r n i n g t o Ne w Y o r k , Go r d o n w a s i m m e d i a t e l y
t h r o w n i n t o p r i s o n w h e r e h e h a s b e e n f o r t h e l a s t
f o u r w e e k s . Th e Y o u n g Wo r k e r s ( C o m m u n i s t )
Le a g u e , o f w h i c h Go r d o n i s a l e a d i n g m e m b e r , i s
2 8 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
p l a n n i n g a n a t i o n - w i d e c a m p a i g n t o s e c u r e h i s r e -
l e a s e , i t w a s a n n o u n c e d l a s t n i g h t . M a n y l i b e r a l s
h a v e a l s o j o i n e d t h e l i b e r a t i o n c a m p a i g n , n u m e r o u s
a p p e a l s b e i n g m a d e t o t h e p a r o l e c o m m i s s i o n ,
w h i c h h a s a n n o u n c e d t h a t i t s e e s ` n o r e a s o n f o r g i v -
i n g s p e c i a l a t t e n t i o n t o Go r d o n . ' "
C o n o v e r w a s f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e c a s e s o f a r , b u t h e w a s
n o t w h o l l y p r e p a r e d f o r t h i s s e q u e l .
He r e a d t h e c l i p p i n g f r o m t h e C a r d i n a l p u b l i s h e d b y
t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f Wi s c o n s i n s t u d e n t s , w h i c h t h e Se n a t o r
h a d h a n d e d t o h i m .
" ` P r o f e s s o r O ' Sh e a ' s s t a t e m e n t e x p r e s s e s m y
o w n s e n t i m e n t s w i t h r e g a r d t o Da v i d Go r d o n ' s
c a s e , ' R e g e n t Z o n a Ga l e t o l d t h e Da i l y C a r d i n a l
y e s t e r d a y o v e r t h e l o n g d i s t a n c e t e l e p h o n e
.
" De f e n s e o f Go r d o n a s a r e c i p i e n t o f a Z o n a
Ga l e Sc h o l a r s h i p w a s m a d e b y P r o f e s s o r M . V.
O ' Sh e a i n t h e C a r d i n a l o f Ap r i l 29 . Th e s e n t i m e n t
w a s e x p r e s s e d t h a t f u r t h e r u n i v e r s i t y t r a i n i n g
r a t h e r t h a n a r e f o r m a t o r y s e n t e n c e w o u l d g o f u r -
t h e r t o c h a n g e Go r d o n ' s c y n i c a l a t t i t u d e .
" Ac c o r d i n g t o a d e s p a t c h f r o m Ne w Y o r k i n a
l o c a l p a p e r y e s t e r d a y , M i s s Ga l e h a s w r i t t e n t h e
Ne w Y o r k p a r o l e b o a r d a s k i n g f o r Go r d o n ' s r e -
l e a s e . Th e l e t t e r f o l l o w s :
" ' Ia m i n t e r e s t e d i n t h e f u t u r e o f Da v i d Go r d o n .
M r . Go r d o n w a s t h e w i n n e r o f a s c h o l a r s h i p i n
c o m p e t i t i o n w i t h m a n y o t h e r a p p l i c a n t s , a s c h o l a r -
s h i p w h i c h h e h e l d a t t h e t i m e o f h i s c o n v i c t i o n f o r
WHILEWESLEEP

2 8 5
a n o f f e n s e c o m m i t t e d b e f o r e h e e n t e r e d t h e U n i .
v e r s i t y o f Wi s c o n s i n .
" ` As t h e d o n o r o f t h i s s c h o l a r s h i p , Iw a n t t o l e t
y o u k n o w t h a t w i t h t h e a p p r o v a l o f t h e p r e s i d e n t
t h e s c h o l a r s h i p w i l l c o n t i n u e t o b e l o n g t o M r
.
Go r d o n u p o n h i s r e l e a s e f r o m t h e r e f o r m a t o r y .
"
` M a y t h i s r e l e a s e b e a f t e r a s s h o r t a s e n t e n c e
a s i s c o n s i s t e n t , b e c a u s e If e e l t h a t a r e f o r m a t o r y
c a n n o t p r o v e s o d e s i r a b l e f o r t h e c o r r e c t i o n o r t h e
d i r e c t i o n o f t h i s y o u n g m a n a s w o u l d t h e s u r r o u n d -
i n g s a n d i n f l u e n c e o f a u n i v e r s i t y . " '
Wh e n h e f i n i s h e d r e a d i n g i t , C o n o v e r s p r a n g t o h i s f e e t
a n d w i t h f l a s h i n g e y e s s a i d :
" J i m , i t i s u n b e l i e v a b l e . Is i t c o m i n g t o t h e p o i n t t h a t
a p r i s o n r e c o r d i s a r e q u i r e m e n t f o r a d m i s s i o n t o a u n i -
v e r s i t y ? "
C o n o v e r r e r e a d t h e a r t i c l e i n t h e C a r d i n a l , r e a d i n g
a l o u d t h e c l o s i n g l i n e s , " If e e l t h a t a r e f o r m a t o r y c a n n o t
p r o v e s o d e s i r a b l e f o r t h e c o r r e c t i o n o r t h e d i r e c t i o n o f
t h i s y o u n g m a n a s w o u l d t h e s u r r o u n d i n g s a n d i n f l u e n c e
o f a u n i v e r s i t y . "
" Si n c e w h e n , " e x c l a i m e d C o n o v e r , " h a v e o u r u n i v e r s i -
t i e s t a k e n o n t h e r o l e o f r e f o r m a t o r i e s ? Ho w d o t h e f a t h e r s
a n d m o t h e r s o f y o u n g g i r l s a t t e n d i n g t h i s u n i v e r s i t y t a k e
t o t h e i d e a o f h a v i n g t h e i r d a u g h t e r s a s s o c i a t e w i t h a p u r -
v e y o r o f f i l t h a n d o b s c e n i t y , a j a i l b i r d ? "
C h a p t e r X X IV
THESHADEO FHER O DSTALKSATDU SK
La t e t h a t a f t e r n o o n t w o m e n w e r e w a l k i n g o n P e n n s y l -
v a n i a Av e n u e . B e h i n d t h e m w a s t h e w o n d e r f u l d o m e
a r i s i n g m a j e s t i c a l l y f r o m t h e h a l l s o f C o n g r e s s
. B e f o r e
t h e m c a m e i n t o v i e w t h e Wh i t e Ho u s e .
" B i l l , t h i s w a l k i s a v e r y f a m i l i a r o n e t o m e . It a k e i t
o f t e n , b u t i t i s a l w a y s n e w t o m e . It i s n o w a n d a l w a y s
w i l l b e i n s p i r a t i o n a l
. Wa s h i n g t o n i s t h e h e a r t o f Am e r i c a .
Ic a n f e e l t h e t h r o b s o f i t . Fr o m t h e b o t t o m o f m y o w n
h e a r t Ip i t y t h e j a d e d a n d s u p e r s o p h i s t i c a t e d o n e w h o
d o e s n o t r e s p o n d t o i t s e n c h a n t m e n t . "
Th e t w o m e n f e l l i n t o a p e r i o d o f s i l e n c e a s t h e y c o n -
t i n u e d t h e i r s w i n g i n g w a l k .
Tw o s m a l l b o y s s c a m p e r i n g b y s u n g o u t " Go o d e v e n i n g ,
Se n a t o r . "
" Wh y h e l l o , h e l l o , " b o o m e d t h e Se n a t o r
. " Se n a t e
p a g e s , " h e e x p l a i n e d t o h i s f r i e n d .
O v e r t o t h e U n i v e r s i t y C l u b , w e n t t h e t w o , w h e r e t h e y
s p e n t t h e n e x t h a l f h o u r
. Fr o m t h e r e t h e y t o o k a t a x i t o
t h e Se n a t o r ' s h o m e .
M r s . M o r r o w a n d M r s
. C o n o v e r w e r e i n t h e l i v i n g
r o o m .
Wh e n t h e m e n e n t e r e d , C o n o v e r s e n s e d s o m e t h i n g u n -
u s u a l
. Q u i c k l y h e g l a n c e d a t h i s w i f e . He r e y e s m e t h i s
b r a v e l y , b u t h e n o t i c e d a f l e e t i n g g l a n c e o f p a i n
. In h e r
h a n d s h e h a d a l e t t e r w i t h s e v e r a l p a p e r s
. O n M r s . M o r -
r o w ' s f a c e h e n o t i c e d a n e x p r e s s i o n o f b e w i l d e r m e n t
.
286
THE SHADEO FHER O DSTALKSATDU SK

287
Th e f o u r s a t d o w n
.
" B u s y d a y , J i m ? " a s k e d M r s
. M o r r o w .
" Th e u s u a l d a y , " h e r e p l i e d
. " He r e i s a p i e c e o f n e w s ,
t h o u g h , " a n d h e t o l d t h e w o m e n a b o u t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f
Wi s c o n s i n a n d h o w i t s p r e s i d e n t a n d r e g e n t h a d t h r o w n
o p e n i t s d o o r s t o a
C o m m u n i s t c o n v i c t w h o w r o t e o b s c e n e
a n d f i l t h y t h i n g s
.
" Th a n k Go d , Ih a v e n ' t a d a u g h t e r i n s c h o o l t o d a y , "
h e s a i d .
Wh e n h e f i n i s h e d , M r s . C o n o v e r ' s e y e s w e r e s u f f u s e d
w i t h t e a r s
.
" U n u s u a l , " t h o u g h t t h e Se n a t o r .
Fo r s e v e r a l m o m e n t s s h e s t r o v e t o o b t a i n m a s t e r y o f
h e r v o i c e
. Sh e f e l t t h a t i t w a s c o m i n g f r o m a g r e a t d i s -
t a n c e .
Tu r n i n g t o h e r h u s b a n d s h e s a i d , " Wi l l , l i s t e n t o t h e
c l o s i n g l i n e s o f t h i s l e t t e r .
"
` Y o u a r e a t l i b e r t y t o u s e t h e s e l e t t e r s i n a n y w a y
y o u w i s h , k e e p i n g m y n a m e o u t o f i t a s m u c h a s p o s -
s i b l e , u s i n g i t i f i t w i l l h e l p
. '
" Wi l l , t h a t i s t h e c o n c l u s i o n o f o n e o f t h e m o s t l o y a l
w o m e n t h a t Sm i t h C o l l e g e h a s g r a d u a t e d
. It w a s h e r
l o y a l t y f o r h e r o l d c o l l e g e t h a t p r o m p t e d h e r t o i n v e s t i g a t e
c o n d i t i o n s t h e r e .
" Sh e h a d b e e n f i l l e d w i t h i n d i g n a t i o n w h e n s h e e n -
c o u n t e r e d t h e c h a r g e s d i r e c t e d a g a i n s t t h e s c h o o l w h i c h
s h e l o v e d w i t h s u c h i n t e n s e d e v o t i o n , c h a r g e s t h a t t h e
i n s t i t u t i o n w a s a h o t b e d o f ` r a d i c a l i s m a n d a t h e i s m
. '
" An d i t w a s b e c a u s e s h e h a d e n c o u n t e r e d s u c h a c c u s a -
t i o n s t h a t s h e s o u g h t t o l e a r n t h e a c t u a l c o n d i t i o n s o s h e
m i g h t d o h e r b i t i n c o u n t e r a c t i n g s u c h t h i n g s
.
2 8 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Wi t h t h a t t h o u g h t i n m i n d , s h e w r o t e t o t h e P r e s i d e n t ,
h o n e s t l y a s k i n g f o r i n f o r m a t i o n s o t h a t i n t e l l i g e n t l y s h e
m i g h t a i d h e r b e l o v e d s c h o o l w i t h v o i c e a n d p e n i n r i g h t -
i n g w h a t s h e h o p e d s h e w o u l d f i n d t o b e o n l y m a l i c i o u s
r u m o r s . "
M r s . C o n o v e r ' s v o i c e b r o k e w i t h e m o t i o n a s s h e c o n -
t i n u e d .
" Iw i l l r e a d t o y o u t h e q u e s t i o n s s h e a s k e d a n d t h e
a n s w e r s h e r e c e i v e d .
" HER FIR STQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Do y o u b e l i e v e i n n a t i o n a l i s m , a s o p p o s e d t o i n t e r -
n a t i o n a l i s m ? '
" THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
"
` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER SEC O NDQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Wo u l d y o u s u p p o r t o u r c o u n t r y i f i t s h o u l d b e c o m e
i n v o l v e d i n w a r ? '
' ' THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
" ` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER THIR DQ U ESTIO N.
" ` Do y o u b e l i e v e i n t e a c h i n g p a t r i o t i s m ? '
" THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
"
` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER FO U R THQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Do y o u b e l i e v e i n o u r f o r m o f g o v e r n m e n t , a r e -
p u b l i c ? '
THE SHADE O F HER O D STALKS AT DU SK

2 8 9
" THE C O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
" ` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER FIFTHQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Do y o u b e l i e v e i n C h r i s t i a n i t y ? '
" THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
" ` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER SIX THQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Do y o u b e l i e v e i n t h e Am e r i c a n h o m e , b a s e d o n
t h e e s t a b l i s h e d r u l e s o f m a t r i m o n y ? '
" THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER .
94
' 1 d o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . '
" HER SEVENTHQ U ESTIO N.
" ' Ar e t h e r e a n y m e m b e r s o f t h e Sm i t h f a c u l t y w h o s e
t e a c h i n g s o r c o n v i c t i o n s w o u l d l e a d y o u t o b e l i e v e
t h e y c o u l d n o t a n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s i n t h e a f f i r m a -
t i v e ? '
" THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENT' SANSWER
.
" ` Id o n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e
q u e s t i o n s . ' "
Wi t h h e r e y e s s h i n i n g w i t h t e a r s , s h e h a n d e d b o t h l e t -
t e r s t o h e r h u s b a n d , w h o r e a d t h e m a l o u d i n d e t a i l .
" ' P r e s i d e n t Wi l l i a m Al l a n Ne i l s o n ,
Sm i t h C o l l e g e ,
No r t h a m p t o n , M a s s .
" ' M y d e a r P r e s i d e n t Ne i l s o n :
" ' As a g r a d u a t e o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e i n t h e c l a s s o f 1 91 0
2 9
0

SINISTER SHADO WS
a n d a s o n e w h o l o v e s t h e C o l l e g e a n d i t s h i g h s t a n d a r d s ,
Ih a v e b e e n v e r y m u c h i n t e r e s t e d a n d d i s t u r b e d b y t h e
r e c e n t u n p l e a s a n t n o t o r i e t y o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e . He r e i n
Wa s h i n g t o n , w h e r e Ia m t h e w i f e o f . . . Ia m f r e q u e n t l y
c a l l e d u p o n t o d e f e n d Sm i t h C o l l e g e , i t s p r e s i d e n t , a n d
f a c u l t y . In d o i n g t h i s Iw i s h t o b e i n t e l l i g e n t a n d a c c u r a t e ,
s o Is h a l l b e v e r y h a p p y i f y o u w i l l b e g o o d e n o u g h t o
a n s w e r t h e f o l l o w i n g q u e s t i o n s , i f p o s s i b l e e i t h e r b y ` y e s '
o r ` n o . '
" ' I
. Do y o u b e l i e v e
i n
n a t i o n a l i s m , a s o p p o s e d t o i n -
t e r n a t i o n a l i s m ?
" ' 2 . Wo u l d y o u s u p p o r t o u r c o u n t r y i f i t s h o u l d b e -
c o m e i n v o l v e d i n w a r ?
" ' 3 . Do y o u b e l i e v e i n t e a c h i n g p a t r i o t i s m ?
" ` 4 . Do y o u b e l i e v e i n o u r f o r m o f g o v e r n m e n t , a
r e p u b l i c ?
" ' 5 . Do y o u b e l i e v e i n C h r i s t i a n i t y ?
" ' 6 . Do y o u b e l i e v e i n t h e Am e r i c a n h o m e , b a s e d o n
t h e e s t a b l i s h e d r u l e s o f M a t r i m o n y ?
" ` 7 . Ar e t h e r e a n y m e m b e r s o f t h e Sm i t h f a c u l t y w h o s e
t e a c h i n g s o r c o n v i c t i o n s w o u l d l e a d y o u t o b e l i e v e t h e y
c o u l d n o t a n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s i n t h e a f f i r m a t i v e ?
" ` Y o u r a n s w e r s t o t h e s e q u e s t i o n s w i l l a i d m e m a t e r i a l l y
i n t h e d e f e n c e o f o u r c o l l e g e w h i c h m e a n s s o v e r y , v e r y
m u c h t o u s a l l
.
" ' Ia m v e r y s i n c e r e l y y o u r s
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THESHADEO FHER O DSTALKSATDU SK

291
THEANSWER
SM ITHC O LLEGE
NO R T f AM P TO NM ASSAC R O SETl a
O FFIC EO r TM P R ESIDENT
x u C h 6 , l 9Q 8
M r s .
Th e
_ St r e e t , N. W .
Wa s h i n g t o n , D. C .
M y d e a r M r s .
Y o u r l e t t e r o f Fe b r u a r y
1 2t h r e a c h e d
m e o n t h e e v e o f t h e m e e t i n g o f t h e Tr u s t e e s a n d t h e
Al u m n a e C o u n c i l , a n d a s i t r e q u i r e d a g o o d d e a l o f t h o u g h t
Ih a v e p o s t p o n e d r e p l y i n g u n t i l n o w
. Im a y s a y t h a t I
h a v e a l s o r e a d y o u r l e t t e r t o P i e s Sn o w a n d t h e o f f i c e r s
o f t h e Al u m n a e As s o c i a t i o n
. Fr o m t h e f o r m e r o f t h e s e
Ig a t h e r t h a t t h e a n s w e r s a r e t o b e u s e d b y t w o o r g a n i z a t i o n s ,
t h e n a m e s o f w h i c h y o u d o n o t g i v e
. It i s n o t d i f f i c u l t
h o w e v e r t o c o n j e c t u r e f r o m t h e n a t u r e o f t h e q u e s t i o n s a n d
t h e c o n t e n t s o f y o u r l e t t e r t o t h e o f f i c e r s o f t h e Al u m n a *
As s o c i a t i o n t h a t t h e s e o r g a n i z a t i o n s b e l o n g t o a t y p e w h i c h
h a s g i v e n u s a g o o d d e a l o f t r o u b l e t h r o u g h f r a g m e n t a r y a n d
i n a c c u r a t e q u o t a t i o n f r o m u t t e r a n c e s a t t r i b u t e d t o m e m b e r s
o f t h e c o l l e g e . U n d e r t h e s e c i r c u m s t a n c e s Id o n o t t h i n k
i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s t o t h e q u e s t i o n s .
I
a m
Si n c e r e l y y o u r s ,
2
9 2 SINISTER SHADO WS
Wh e n M r . C o n o v e r c e a s e d r e a d i n g , t h e Se n a t o r g l a n c -
i n g a t t h e a s t o n i s h e d g r o u p , s a i d : " Iw o n d e r i f y o u k n o w
t h a t P r e s i d e n t Ne i l s o n i s a d i r e c t o r w i t h P r o f e s s o r J o h n
De w e y o f C o l u m b i a a n d P r o f e s s o r R o s s o f Wi s c o n s i n a n d
o t h e r s o n t h e b o a r d o f t h e ` Am e r i c a n So c i e t y f o r C u l t u r a l
R e l a t i o n s w i t h R u s s i a . ' Iw o n d e r i f y o u k n o w t h a t t h e
n a m e s o f Ne w t o n Ar v i n , p r o f e s s o r o f En g l i s h , S. R a l p h
Ha r l o w , p r o f e s s o r o f r e l i g i o n , Gr a n v i l l e Hi c k s , d e p a r t m e n t
o f En g l i s h , a l l o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e , a p p e a r a s c o m m i t t e e m e n
i n t h e c i r c u l a r l e t t e r s i g n e d b y P r o f e s s o r P a u l Do u g l a s
o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f C h i c a g o , i n w h i c h t h e p l e a i s m a d e t o
b o l t t h e o l d p a r t i e s a n d v o t e t h e So c i a l i s t t i c k e t ?
" An As s o c i a t e d P r e s s a r t i c l e u n d e r d a t e o f Au g u s t 24 t h
i n t h e C h i c a g o , Tr i b u n e
l i s t e d t h e s e Sm i t h C o l l e g e n a m e s
a n d o t h e r s i n t h e So c i a l i s t p l e a . Af t e r w a r d s t h i s l i s t w a s
p u b l i s h e d i n t h e Sh a n g h a i Ti m e s i n C h i n a .
" Iw o n d e r i f y o u k n o w t h a t i n a c l a s s u n d e r P r o f e s s o r
Ha n k i n s w a s p r e p a r e d t h e Sm i t h Q u e s t i o n n a i r e i n w h i c h
t h e t h i r d q u e s t i o n w a s :
" ` Wh i c h d o y o u p r e f e r f o r y o u r s e l f ?
94
' a . Ac o m p a n i o n a t e w i t h o u t m a r r i a g e ?
" ' b . Ac o m p a n i o n a t e w i t h m a r r i a g e ?
( I
' c . M a r r i a g e w i t h c h i l d r e n ?
" ' d . C h i l d r e n w i t h o u t m a r r i a g e ? '
" Do y o u k n o w t h a t t h e C h i c a g o Da i l y Tr i b u n e q u o t e s
P r o f e s s o r Ha r r y El m e r B a r n e s o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e a s s a y -
i n g :
" ` Th e b i b l e d e s e r v e s n o r e v e r e n t i a l a w e ,
t h e t e n c o m m a n d m e n t s n o o b e d i e n c e e x c e p t
i n s o f a r a s t h e y c o n f o r m t o m o d e r n s c i e n c e . '
THESHADEO FHER O DSTALKSATDU SK

2 93
" Do y o u k n o w t h a t t h e s a m e p a p e r u n d e r d a t e o f No -
v e m b e r 26 t h q u o t e s P r o f e s s o r H. E. B a r n e s o f Sm i t h
C o l l e g e a s s a y i n g :
" ` Th e r e i s n o s u c h t h i n g a s s i n s c i e n t i f i -
c a l l y s p e a k i n g , a n d h e n c e i t d i s a p p e a r s i n t o
t h e
l i m b o
o f a n c i e n t s u p e r s t i t i o n s . '
" Do y o u k n o w t h a t P r o f e s s o r Ha n k i n s o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e ,
s p e a k i n g i n Dy n a m i t e r s Ha l l i n Ho l y o k e , s t a t e d a c c o r d i n g
t o t h e r e p o r t s i n t h e Sp r i n g f i e l d Da i l y R e p u b l i c a n t h a t
` If w e c o u l d w i p e o u t t h e t h e o l o g i c a l n o t i o n s o f t h e w o r l d
w e w o u l d b a n i s h f o r e v e r a l l h i n d r a n c e s o f m a n k i n d ' ?
" Do y o u s u b s c r i b e t o t h i s s t a t e m e n t o f P r o f e s s o r Ha n -
k i n s o f Sm i t h C o l l e g e m a d e o n p a g e 3 7 5 o f h i s b o o k :
" ' Th i s i s n o t a q u e s t i o n o f p r e s e r v i n g t h e
An g l o - Sa x o n s t o c k
. M u c h o f t h a t s t o c k i s
u t t e r l y w o r t h l e s s a n d s h o u l d b e s t e r i l i z e d a t
t h e e a r l i e s t p o s s i b l e d a t e . '
" Do y o u k n o w t h a t t h i s s a m e t e a c h e r o f g i r l s i n Sm i t h
C o l l e g e i n h i s b o o k o n p a g e 3 4 9s t a t e s :
" ` In f a c t i t s e e m s o b v i o u s t h a t l a r g e n u m -
b e r s o f m u l a t t o e s h a v e l a t t e r l y c r o s s e d t h e
l i n e i n t o w h i t e s t o c k
. O n e c a n n o t s e e t h a t
t h e r e s h o u l d b e t h e s l i g h t e s t o b j e c t i o n t o
t h i s f r o m t h e s t a n d p o i n t o f r a c e b i o l o g y . '
" Wh a t a s w e e t a s s u r a n c e t h i s s t a t e m e n t w o u l d b e t o
a w h i t e g i r l g r a d u a t e m a r r i e d t o o n e w h o c r o s s e d t h e l i n e
a n d w h o s e i s s u e w a s a t h r o w - b a c k , a c h i l d a s b l a c k a s t h e
a c e o f s p a d e s ! Ia m a l s o a f r i e n d o f t h e c o l o r e d p e o p l e ,
2 94

SINISTER SHADO WS
a n d Ih a t e t o h a v e t h e m m i s l e d b y t h e o r i e s t h a t w i l l i n j u r e
t h e m . "
M r s
. C o n o v e r w i t h t e a r s i n h e r e y e s a n d w i t h t r e m b l i n g
l i p s s a i d , " Se n a t o r , h o w w o u l d y o u f e e l i f y o u w e r e s t a n d -
i n g i n m y p l a c e ? Il o v e t h e s c h o o l . It m e a n s s o m u c h t o
m e
. Su r e l y o t h e r s w h o l o v e i t t h e s a m e a s Id o - o t h e r s
w h o t h i n k a s Id o , w i l l s e e k t o b r i n g i t b a c k t o t h e s c h o o l
w e k n e w a n d l o v e d .
" Wh y , o h , w h y , c o u l d n ' t a t l e a s t s o m e o f t h e q u e s t i o n s
i n t h a t l e t t e r h a v e b e e n a n s w e r e d w i t h a y e s ?
" J u s t o n e ` y e s ' w o u l d h a v e h e l p e d u s c l i n g t o o u r o l d
s c h o o l . We w o u l d h a v e h a d a l i t t l e h a p p i n e s s , a l i t t l e
h o p e i f o n l y o n e q u e s t i o n h a d b e e n a n s w e r e d y e s l We
` a s k e d f o r b r e a d a n d t h e y g a v e u s a s t o n e
. '
" We a s k e d ` Do y o u b e l i e v e i n t h e Am e r i c a n h o m e , b a s e d
o n t h e e s t a b l i s h e d r u l e s o f m a t r i m o n y ? ' Th e a n s w e r ` Y e s '
s h o u l d h a v e b e e n s h o u t e d f r o m t h e h o u s e t o p s i n n o u n -
c e r t a i n t o n e s . Y e t a l l w e r e c e i v e d w e r e t h e w o r d s ` I d o
n o t t h i n k i t w i s e t o s e n d y o u r e p l i e s , e t c . '
" We m e r e l y w a n t e d a l i t t l e a s s u r a n c e s o t h a t w e c o u l d
f i g h t f o r o u r o l d s c h o o l
.
" Th e e v a s i v e l e t t e r p r o v e s t h a t h e l p w i l l n o t c o m e f r o m
w i t h i n b u t m u s t c o m e f r o m w i t h o u t .
" M a y Go d g i v e m e s t r e n g t h f o r t h e t a s k ! Ia m g o i n g
t o f i g h t f o r t h e o l d s c h o o l t h a t w a s s o d e a r t o m e . "
" B e s s , " s a i d Se n a t o r M o r r o w , t u r n i n g t o M r s . C o n -
o v e r , " It h i n k Ik n o w h o w y o u f e e l . Ik n o w w h a t i t a l l
m e a n s t o y o u
. Iw i s h a l l t h e p a r e n t s o f y o u n g p e o p l e i n
o u r s c h o o l s t o d a y h a d t h e g r a s p o f t h i s t h i n g t h a t y o u
h a v e . Y o u a r e a m a z e d a t t h e s w e e p o f a t h e i s t i c t e a c h i n g
i n t h e s c h o o l . Th e r e i s a r e a s o n f o r i t . Th e p l a n c a l l s f o r
THE SHADEO FHER O DSTALKSATDU SK

2 9 5
i t
. Th e r e i s a w e l l d e f i n e d t i e b e t w e e n So c i a l i s m a n d a
h a t r e d t o w a r d s r e l i g i o n o n t h e p a r t o f So c i a l i s t t e a c h e r s
.
" Th e So c i a l i s t s f i g u r e t h a t t h e y m u s t b r e a k d o w n r e -
l i g i o n b e f o r e So c i a l i s m c a n t a k e h o l d
.
" Th e h i g h p r i e s t o f So c i a l i s m i n a l l i t s u n m a s k e d
v i c i o u s n e s s , Ka r l M a r x , s a i d :
" ' R ELIGIO NISTHEO P IU M O FTHEP EO P LE'
" En g e l s , ' t h e r i g h t h a n d o f M a r x , s a i d :
" NO WADAY S, INO U R R EVO LU TIO NAR Y C O NC EP TIO NO F
THEU NIVER SETHER EISAB SO LU TELY NO R O O M EITHER
FO R AC R EATO R O R AR U LER
. '
" R e b e l , t h e R e d l e a d e r o f t h e Ge r m a n So c i a l De m o c r a t s ,
s a i d
" C HR ISTIANITY ANDSO C IALISM STANDTO WAR DSEAC H
O THER ASFIR EANDWATER . '
B u k h a r i n , t h e R u s s i a n C o m m u n i s t a g i t a t o r , s a i d
:
" R ELIGIO NANDC O M M U NISM AR EINC O M P ATIB LE
. "
J P
Th e Se n a t o r c o n t i n u e d , " So c i a l i s m a n d a t h e i s m a r e
Si a m e s e t w i n s
. So c i a l i s m c a n a d v a n c e o n l y b y k e e p i n g
s t e p w i t h At h e i s m .
" It i s t i m e Am e r i c a n f a t h e r s a n d m o t h e r s i n v e s t i g a t e
c o n d i t i o n s b e f o r e i t i s t o o l a t e
.
" Y o u a n d o t h e r s l i k e y o u m u s t h a n g t h e l a n t e r n a l o f t
a n d g i v e w a r n i n g .
" We l l d o Ik n o w t h e h e a r t b u r n s t h a t w i l l b e y o u r s w h e n
i n y o u r c r u s a d e y o u w i l l m e e t w i t h i n d i f f e r e n c e a n d l a c k
o f i n t e r e s t
. Wh a t w a r n i n g h a n d s w i l l b e r a i s e d t o p e r s u a d e
y o u t o r e m a i n s i l e n t ! Wh a t l o v i n g f i n g e r s w i l l b e c k o n y o u
f r o m y o u r m i s s i o n ! Y o u w i l l b e a t t a c k e d a s o n e w h o i s
i n j u r i n g h e r Al m a M a t e r
. Ev e r y c o n c e i v a b l e a g e n c y w i l l
b e e n l i s t e d t o m a k e y o u m u t e
. Y o u w i l l b e a c c u s e d o f
2 9 6

SINISTER SHADO WS
m a l i g n i n g t h e i n s t i t u t i o n y o u s h o u l d l o v e w i t h s u c h i n -
t e n s i t y a s t o m a k e o n e b l i n d t o h e r f a u l t s .
" Th a t i s t h e s i d e t h a t w i l l h u r t y o u t o t h e q u i c k . Th e
o t h e r s i d e i s o n e o f g l o r i o u s a d v e n t u r e i n s e e k i n g t o r e -
h a b i l i t a t e y o u r b e l o v e d i n s t i t u t i o n
.
" Fr o m t h e f i r e w i l l a r i s e t h e P h o e n i x t o b e a r o n i t s s o f t
w i n g s y o u r o l d l o y a l t y t h a t w i l l c o m e t o y o u a g a i n , i f
y o u r m i s s i o n o f a w a k i n g t h e r i g h t - t h i n k i n g p e o p l e i s
s u c c e s s f u l , a s Ik n o w i t w i l l b e . "
C h a p t e r X X V
C O LLEGEDEGR EESANDP R ISO NSTR IP ES
Th e g r e a t w h e e l s o f t h e l o c o m o t i v e w e r e s p i n n i n g r a p -
i d l y , e a c h t i m e t a k i n g h o l d a l i t t l e m o r e , a s t h e l o n g t r a i n
g o t i n t o m o t i o n
. O n t h e r e a r p l a t f o r m w e r e s t a n d i n g M r .
a n d M r s . C o n o v e r w a v i n g g o o d b y t o t h e Se n a t o r a n d h i s
w i f e . O u t i n t o t h e s u n s h i n e r o l l e d t h e t r a i n
. Th e Wa s h -
i n g t o n m o n u m e n t , l i k e a h u g e f i n g e r o f s t o n e , s e e m e d t o
b e p o i n t i n g a w a y t o t h e s e r e n e s k y i n c o n t r a s t t o t h e
s w i r l o f c l a s h i n g i n t e r e s t s n e a r i t s b a s e .
Th e l a s t g l i m p s e o f Wa s h i n g t o n s o o n f a d e d f r o m v i e w .
Th e C o n o v e r s w e r e l o o k i n g f o r w a r d e a g e r l y t o t h e i r
a p p r o a c h i n g v i s i t w i t h t h e i r o n l y s o n w h o h a d t h e s a m e
r o o m t h a t h i s Da d h a d l i v e d i n m a n y y e a r s a g o i n o l d
P a x t o n C o l l e g e .
Th e t r a i n w a s r u n n i n g t h r o u g h t h e c o u n t r y f i l l e d w i t h
r e c o l l e c t i o n s f o r C o n o v e r . Ho w m a n y t i m e s h a d h e p a s s e d
t h a t r o w o f e l m s , w i t h t h e o l d o a k r a i l s n a k e f e n c e .
Ev e r y l a n d m a r k s e e m e d t o g r e e t h i m k i n d l y
. Th e
t r a i n p u l l e d i n t o t h e s t a t i o n , n o t t h e o l d f r a m e o n e h e
h a d k n o w n a s a s t u d e n t , b u t a n e w s t o n e o n e . O n t h e
p l a t f o r m w a s s t a n d i n g J a c k w h o s e g r e e t i n g s t o h i s m o t h e r
l e f t h e r w i t h e y e s s w i m m i n g w i t h t e a r s o f a c h i n g j o y
.
Fa t h e r a n d s o n c l a s p e d h a n d s w i t h q u i c k g l a n c e s o f s a t i s -
f i e d a p p r a i s a l w h i l e t h e y l a u g h e d a n d s l a p p e d o n e a n o t h e r ' s
s h o u l d e r s w i t h d i s g u i s e d c a r e s s e s
.
Th r o u g h t h e o l d f a m i l i a r c a m p u s t h e y w a l k e d - p a s t
t h e h a l l s t h e e l d e r C o n o v e r h e l d i n m e m o r y w i t h a p e r -
297
2
9 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
s i s t e n c y t h a t d e f i e d t h e y e a r s a n d t h e d i v e r t i n g a c t i v i t i e s .
O n t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e c a m p u s s t o o d t h e o l d f r a t e r n i t y
h o u s e w i t h i t s w a n d e r i n g p o r c h e s o n w h i c h w e r e g r o u p e d
t h e y o u n g e r g e n e r a t i o n o f C o n o v e r ' s f r a t e r n i t y b r o t h e r s .
Fa t h e r a n d s o n g l a n c e d a t o n e a n o t h e r w i t h t h e s a m e
t h o u g h t i n m i n d . Th e y w e r e t h i n k i n g h o w m u c h i t m e a n t
t o f a t h e r a n d s o n t o h a v e t h i s n e w b o n d o f f r a t e r n i t y
b r o t h e r h o o d .
" Ho w i s e v e r y t h i n g g o i n g , j a c k ? "
" Fi n e , Da d . Af t e r y o u r e g i s t e r a t t h e h o t e l a n d g e t
s e t t l e d , s u p p o s e d w e r u n o v e r t o t h e f r a t e r n i t y h o u s e . "
Tu r n i n g t o h i s m o t h e r , h e a d d e d , " Iw a n t y o u t o m e e t t h e
f e l l o w s t o o . "
Fo r y e a r s M r s . C o n o v e r t r e a s u r e d t h e r e c o l l e c t i o n o f
t h a t e v e n i n g w h e n f a t h e r a n d s o n s a t a s b r o t h e r s i n t h e
c i r c l e i n t h e l i v i n g r o o m o f t h e f r a t e r n i t y h o u s e s i n g i n g
t h e o l d f r a t e r n i t y s o n g s , t a l k i n g t h e o l d f r a t e r n i t y l o r e .
Th e f a t h e r l i v e d h i s y o u t h o v e r a g a i n i n l i s t e n i n g t o
J a c k ' s e n t h u s i a s t i c t a l k a b o u t t h e o l d c o l l e g e
.
Du r i n g j a c k ' s h i g h s c h o o l d a y s , h e h a d b e e n t h e o u t -
s t a n d i n g f o o t b a l l p l a y e r o f h i s s c h o o l . Th e p a p e r s d e -
s c r i b e d h i m a s t h e " f l a s h i n g h a l f - b a c k
. " As c a p t a i n , h e
h a d b r o u g h t h i s t e a m t h r o u g h h i s l a s t y e a r o f h i g h s c h o o l
p l a y i n g w i t h o u t a d e f e a t
. O l d t i m e r s i n w a t c h i n g t h e
p l a y w o u l d f o r g e t t h e p a s s i n g y e a r s a n d i m a g i n e t h e y
s a w " B i l l " C o n o v e r a g a i n p l u n g i n g t h r o u g h t h e l i n e ,
s o m u c h d i d j a c k l o o k a n d p l a y l i k e h i s f a t h e r b e f o r e
h i m .
In h i s Se n i o r y e a r i n h i g h s c h o o l j a c k h a d b e e n c a p t a i n
o f t h e f o o t b a l l t e a m , e d i t o r o f t h e s c h o o l p a p e r , a n d h a d
g r a d u a t e d w i t h t h e h i g h e s t s c h o l a s t i c s t a n d i n g o f h i s
I
C O LLEGEDEGR EESANDP R ISO NSTR IP ES

299
c l a s s , a n a l t o g e t h e r u n i q u e p e r s o n a l i t y - o n e t h a t f l a s h e s
a c r o s s a s c h o o l ' s h o r i z o n o n l y o n c e i n m a n y y e a r s .
Th r o u g h a l l t h e h o n o r s t h a t w e r e s h o w e r e d u p o n h i m , h e
k e p t h i s s a n i t y a n d m o d e s t y . It w a s a g r u e l i n g t e s t f o r
y o u t h , b u t h e c a m e t h r o u g h i t u n s c a t h e d w i t h n o o t h e r
v i s i b l e r e s u l t s f r o m i t t h a n a j u d g m e n t t h a t h a d m a t u r e d
s o m e w h a t f a s t e r t h a n i n h i s c o m p a n i o n s o f e q u a l a g e .
" Da d , w h a t d o y o u t h i n k t h e f e l l o w s h a v e d o n e ? I
h o p e Ic a n m a k e g o o d . Th e y e l e c t e d m e c a p t a i n o f t h e
Fr e s h m a n t e a m . It h i n k Tr u e b l o o d s h o u l d h a v e h a d i t . "
Th e f a t h e r i n q u i r e d , " J a c k , c a n y o u h a n d l e i t w i t h o u t
i n t e r f e r i n g , w i t h y o u r s t u d i e s ? "
" Y e s , Da d . Ih a v e b e e n g e t t i n g A' s a n d B ' s a n d f e e l
s u r e Ic a n k e e p i t u p . "
" Al l r i g h t , J a c k . Go a h e a d , b u t d o n ' t l e t y o u r s t u d i e s
s u f f e r . Ia m d e p e n d i n g u p o n y o u r g o o d s e n s e . "
M r . a n d M r s . C o n o v e r p a i d t h e i r r e s p e c t s t o " P r e x y "
P o t t e r . Th e y f o u n d t h e o l d g e n t l e m a n i n h i s s t u d y i n h i s
h o m e
. Ho w f a m i l i a r t h a t o l d l i b r a r y w a s t o C o n o v e r I
He w a s t h e s a m e d e l i g h t f u l l o v a b l e c h a r a c t e r , b u t t h e
y e a r s w e r e b e n d i n g h i m s l o w l y . As C o n o v e r a n d h i s
w i f e r e t r a c e d t h e i r s t e p s t o t h e h o t e l , e a c h f e l t t h a t t h e
g e n t l e s o u l w i t h w h o m t h e y h a d p a r t e d w a s s e t t i n g h i s
h o u s e i n o r d e r a g a i n s t t h e j o u r n e y t h a t a w a i t s e a c h
t r a v e l l e r .
" Ho w h e w i l l b e m i s s e d w h e n t h a t t i m e c o m e s ! " t h o u g h t
C o n o v e r t o b a n i s h t h e p r e m o n i t i o n q u i c k l y a s t h e p a i n o f
i t d r o v e i n
.
Tw o w o n d e r f u l d a y s p a s s e d a s s o m a n y h o u r s . Th e
l a s t g o o d b y w a s s a i d a s t h e t r a i n h u r r i e d M r . C o n o v e r a n d
h i s w i f e h o m e w a r d .
3 00

SINISTER SHADO WS
Fo r q u i t e s o m e t i m e t h e t w o h a d b e e n s i t t i n g s i l e n t l y
i n t h e c l u b c a r l o o k i n g o u t t h e w i n d o w s
. Ea c h w i t h o u t
t h e k n o w l e d g e o f t h e o t h e r w a s r e v i e w i n g t h e i n t e r v a l o f
t i m e b e t w e e n t h e d a y w h e n " P r e x y " P o t t e r h a d e x a c t e d
a p r o m i s e f r o m C o n o v e r t o h e l p p r e s e r v e t h e s c h o o l s , t o
t h e i n t e r e s t i n g d a y s i n Eu r o p e w h e r e c o n d i t i o n s w e r e
s t u d i e d a t c l o s e r a n g e . C o n o v e r ' s m i n d w e n t b a c k t o t h e
d a y s a t t h e Gr a n d C a n y o n w i t h h i s f r i e n d , t h e Se n a t o r -
d a y s t h a t w o u l d f o r e v e r l o o m l a r g e i n h i s r e c o l l e c t i o n
. He
f e l t s o m e w h a t a m a z e d a t t h e d i s t a n c e h e h a d c o v e r e d , t h e
d i s t a n c e a l o n g t h e m e n t a l t r a i l . Hi s e y e s h a d b e e n o p e n e d ,
a s h a d b e e n t h e e y e s o f Sa u l o f Ta r s u s .
Al l h i s t h o u g h t s f o c u s e d t o o n e i n q u i r y . " Wo u l d h i s
c o m p l a c e n t f e l l o w Am e r i c a n s t a k e t h e t i m e f r o m t h e i r a b -
s o r b i n g a c t i v i t i e s t o l i s t e n t o t h e w a r n i n g s ? "
Ex c e s s i v e l u x u r y i s t h e b r o c a d e d l i n i n g i n t h e c a s k e t
a w a i t i n g a d y i n g c i v i l i z a t i o n . C o n o v e r a s k e d h i m s e l f
" Ha s e x c e s s i v e l u x u r y s o e n e r v a t e d u s t h a t o u r s t e r l i n g
q u a l i t i e s h a v e a t r o p h i e d ? No ! B y t h e Et e r n a l Go d , No !
It i s o n l y t h e f e w w h o c r y ` Af t e r m e t h e d e l u g e . ' Wh e n
Am e r i c a g e t s t h e f a c t s , s h e w i l l r e a c t a s s h e a l w a y s h a s
t o t r u t h . No t h i n g c a n s h a k e m y a b i d i n g f a i t h i n t h e g o o d
s e n s e o f m y f e l l o w c o u n t r y m e n , c a r e l e s s t h o u g h t h e y b e
a t t i m e s . "
Tu r n i n g t o h i s w i f e w h o m h e f o u n d l o o k i n g a t h i m i n -
t e n t l y a s i f s h e w a s f a t h o m i n g h i s t h o u g h t s , h e s a i d a s
s h e n o d d e d i n a p p r o v a l n o w a n d t h e n a t h i s w o r d s , " B e s s ,
w e b o t h a r e i n t h i s f i g h t - d o n ' t h a v e a n y i l l u s i o n s a b o u t
i t - i t i s n ' t a l l g o i n g t o b e c l e a r s a i l i n g - t h e r e w i l l b e
m a n y s q u a l l s
. At t i m e s t h e v e r y h e a r t o f y o u w i l l b e s i c k .
Y o u a r e g o i n g t o b e h u r t a s o t h e r p a t r i o t s h a v e b e e n h u r t .
C O LLEGEDEGR EESAND P R ISO N STR IP ES

3 01
Y o u w i l l b e t h w a r t e d i n p l a c e s t h a t y o u h a d m o s t c o u n t e d
o n f o r h e l p
. Y o u a r e g o i n g t o m e e t w i t h i n g r a t i t u d e t h a t
e v e n i n t i m e s o f v i c t o r y w i l l y i e l d t o y o u o n l y s i l e n c e o r
w o r s e t h a n t h a t , b e g r u d g i n g a p p r o v a l .
" Y o u w i l l w i n c e u n d e r t h e m e a n n e s s o f t h o s e w h o
` h a v i n g e y e s s e e n o t , a n d h a v i n g e a r s , h e a r n o t ' y e t a s s u m e
a s u p e r i o r i t y t h a t m a k e s t h e m i m m u n e t o p a t e n t f a c t s .
Li e s w i l l b l o c k y o u r w a y . Se l f - i n t e r e s t w i l l m a k e m a n y o f
t h o s e w h o m y o u h o p e t o i n t e r e s t d e a f a n d d u m b t o y o u r
a p p e a l .
" B u t o u r p a t h i s b e f o r e u s
. O u r f e e t a r e o n i t . We w i l l
t a k e t h e l o n g t r a i l t h a t o u r c o n s c i e n c e h a s m a p p e d o u t
.
No o t h e r c o u r s e i s t h i n k a b l e . "
Wi t h a s m i l e o f u n d e r s t a n d i n g s h e s o u g h t h i s h a n d
. " I
k n o w , Wi l l
. Iw i l l p a y t h e p r i c e . O u r c o u n t r y a n d o u r
b o y a r e w o r t h i t
. "
Th e d e t a i l s , a l w a y s i n c i d e n t a l t o t h e r e t u r n h o m e f r o m
a l o n g a b s e n c e , e n g r o s s e d t h e i r a t t e n t i o n f o r a f e w w e e k s
w h i l e b o t h w e r e e n d e a v o r i n g t o g a t h e r u p t h e l o o s e e n d s .
O n e m o r n i n g C o n o v e r w a s s i t t i n g a t h i s d e s k . B e f o r e
h i m w a s h i s f i l e o n t h e " Wa r R e g i s t e r s In t e r n a t i o n a l
. "
He f o u n d a f f i l i a t e d w i t h t h i s g r o u p t h e " Fe l l o w s h i p o f
R e c o n c i l i a t i o n , " a s w e l l a s t h e " Le a g u e o f Y o u t h f o r P e a c e
( o r Fe l l o w s h i p o f Y o u t h f o r P e a c e ) . "
To b e c o m e e n r o l l e d i n t h e " Wa r R e g i s t e r s Le a g u e , "
t h e a p p l i c a n t m u s t s i g n a p l e d g e
.
Th e p l e d g e i s t h e n o t o r i o u s " Sl a c k e r ' s o a t h . " It r e a d s :
" Id e c l a r e i t t o b e m y i n t e n t i o n n e v e r t o
t a k e p a r t i n w a r , o
ff e n s i v e o r d e f e n s i v e ,
i n -
t e r n a t i o n a l o r c i v i l , w h e t h e r i t b e b y b e a r i n g
3 02

SINISTER SHADO WS
a r m s , m a k i n g o r
h a n d l i n g a m m u n i t i o n s ,
v o l u n t a r i l y
s u b s c r i b i n g t o w a r l o a n s o r
u s i n g m y l a b o r f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f s e t t i n g
o t h e r s f r e e f o r w a r s e r v i c e . "
" Wa i t a m i n u t e , " t h o u g h t C o n o v e r . " Se e m s t o m e I
r e m e m b e r , t h e r a d i c a l s h a v e d e c l a r e d t h e y w o u l d f i g h t
a g a i n s t b u t n o t f o r o u r c o u n t r y . " He s e a r c h e d t h r o u g h
h i s f i l e s u n t i l h e f o u n d m a n y s t a t e m e n t s t o t h e e f f e c t t h a t
t h e r a d i c a l s o b j e c t e d t o b e a r i n g a r m s f o r b u t n o t a g a i n s t
t h e c o u n t r y .
Fr o m h i s f i l e s h e t o o k a c l i p p i n g f r o m t h e
C h i c a g o
Da i l y Ne w s , d a t e d J u l y 3 0, 1 925
.
" Al e c t u r e g i v e n a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f C h i c a g o
b y a C o m m u n i s t n e w s p a p e r m a n , i n w h i c h t h e o v e r -
t h r o w o f t h e g o v e r n m e n t w a s s a i d t o b e t h e p r o p e r
g o a l o f r a d i c a l o r g a n i z a t i o n s o f t h e c o u n t r y , w a s
s i m p l y p a r t o f t h e U n i v e r s i t y ' s p o l i c y o f a l l o w i n g
t h e s t u d e n t b o d y t o h e a r a l l s i d e s o f a q u e s t i o n ,
t h e a c t i n g p r e s i d e n t s a i d t o - d a y . He s a i d t h e p o l i c y
o f n o t m u z z l i n g t h e s t u d e n t s h a d g i v e n p e o p l e a t -
t e n d i n g t h e u n i v e r s i t y a h e a l t h y h a b i t o f m i n d .
" Th e l e c t u r e w a s g i v e n b y C a r l Ha e s s l e r , f o r -
m e r l y a n i n s t r u c t o r a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f Il l i n o i s ,
w h o w a s i m p r i s o n e d a s a c o n s c i e n t i o u s o b j e c t o r
d u r i n g t h e w a r . He i s n o w m a n a g i n g e d i t o r o f t h e
Fe d e r a t e d P r e s s , a c o m m u n i s t l a b o r n e w s s e r v i c e .
He t a l k e d t o m e m b e r s o f t h e
Li b e r a l C l u b , a n
o r g a n i z a t i o n o f s t u d e n t s i n t e r e s t e d i n p o l i t i c a l a n d
s o c i a l m o v e m e n t s
. . . .
" Ha e s s l e r , w h o
s e r v e d t w e n t y - s i x m o n t h s i n
C O LLEGEDEGR EES AND P R ISO NSTR IP ES

3 03
Le a v e n w o r t h a n d Al c a t r a z M i l i t a r y P r i s o n s , f r o m
J u n e , 1 91 8, t o Au g u s t , 1 920, s a i d h e w o u l d n e v e r
g o t o w a r f o r t h e U n i t e d St a t e s , b u t t h a t h e w o u l d
t a k e u p a r m s a g a i n s t i t i f h e t h o u g h t t h e r e w a s a
c h a n c e f o r a r e v o l u t i o n t o s u c c e e d . He w o u l d g o t o
w a r f o r a w o r k e r s ' g o v e r n m e n t , h e s a i d , b u t w o u l d
n e v e r j o i n i n a w a r f o r w h a t h e c a l l e d ` c a p i t a l i s t
t y r a n n y . ' Th e s u b j e c t o f t h e l e c t u r e w a s ' Di s s e n t -
i n g Y o u t h i n Wa r Ti m e . " '
" Wh y , " t h o u g h t C o n o v e r , " s h o u l d a n e x - i n m a t e o f a
p e n i t e n t i a r y , a d v o c a t i n g s u c h d o c t r i n e s , b e a l l o w e d t o
s p e a k b e f o r e a g r o u p o f s t u d e n t s o n a u n i v e r s i t y c a m p u s ? "
Wh i l e C o n o v e r w a s b u s y i n g h i m s e l f i n h i s v a r i o u s a c -
t i v i t i e s h i s w i f e h a d p l u n g e d i n t o h e r m i s s i o n w i t h a n a b -
s o r b i n g i n t e r e s t .
At f i r s t , s h e w a s s u r p r i s e d a t t h e c o m p l a c e n c y s h e
e n c o u n t e r e d . In m a n y i n s t a n c e s , h e r i n t u i t i o n t o l d h e r
t h a t h e r s t a t e m e n t s w e r e r e c e i v e d w i t h o n l y a n a s s u m e d
i n t e r e s t . Ho w e v e r , i n v a r i o u s Al u m n a e g r o u p s h e r w o r d s
w e r e l i s t e n e d t o w i t h r a p t a t t e n t i o n
. C o m m i t t e e s o f i n -
v e s t i g a t i o n w e r e f o r m e d . C o n s t a n t l y s h e p l e a d e d , " Do n ' t
t a k e m y d e d u c t i o n s - i n v e s t i g a t e - p r o v e t o m e t h a t I
a m w r o n g - m y p r a y e r w a s t h a t Im i g h t b e w r o n g , b u t I
f o u n d o t h e r w i s e - l e t a c o m m i t t e e m a k e a t h o r o u g h i n -
v e s t i g a t i o n - a f a i r a n d i m p a r t i a l o n e - i s n ' t i t w o r t h a t
l e a s t t h a t l i t t l e e f f o r t ? "
In v e s t i g a t i o n s c o n f i r m e d h e r w a r n i n g s , a n d s h e m a d e
h e a d w a y w i t h Al u m n a e g r o u p s .
In h i s c o n t a c t s w i t h a c q u a i n t a n c e s , C o n o v e r w a s a m a z e d
a t t h e a b s e n c e o f k n o w l e d g e d i s p l a y e d r e g a r d i n g t h e t r e n d
3 04

SINISTER SHADO WS
o f i n s t r u c t i o n i n t h e s c h o o l s t h e i r s o n s a n d d a u g h t e r s
a t t e n d e d .
Fo r t h e m o s t p a r t t h e p a r e n t s m e r e l y a s s u m e d t h e
t e a c h i n g w a s c o r r e c t . Th e y r e g i s t e r e d s u r p r i s e t h a t s u c h
a m a t t e r w a s e v e n q u e s t i o n e d . C e r t a i n l y t h e y " d i d n ' t
c o u n t e n a n c e s u c h t h i n g s ! "
" Id o n ' t t h i n k t h e r e i s a n y s u c h t h i n g w h e r e m y s o n
i s a t t e n d i n g , " w a s a r e m a r k h e e n c o u n t e r e d s o m a n y t i m e s
t h a t h e a w a i t e d i t . In v a r i a b l y , w h e n p r e s s e d , r e f u g e w a s
t a k e n i n t h e s t a t e m e n t , " It h a s a l w a y s b e e n a w o n d e r f u l
s c h o o l . "
To w h i c h M r . C o n o v e r w o u l d r e p l y , " Y e s , i t h a s b e e n
a w o n d e r f u l i n s t i t u t i o n . Is i t n o w ? Do y o u p e r s o n a l l y
k n o w t h e p r e s i d e n t o r a n y t h i n g a b o u t h i s o u t s i d e a f f i l i a -
t i o n s ; h a v e y o u t a k e n t h e t r o u b l e t o f i n d o u t w h a t t h e
m e m b e r s o f t h e f a c u l t y s t a n d f o r , w h o a r e m o u l d i n g y o u r
s o n t o d a y ? Ha v e y o u i n v e s t i g a t e d t h e i r r e c o r d s a s c a r e -
f u l l y a s y o u i n v e s t i g a t e d t h e t r e a s u r e r i n y o u r b u s i n e s s
w h o i s h a n d l i n g y o u r m o n e y ? "
" Wh y , n o ! " w o u l d c o m e t h e p r o m p t a n s w e r .
" Do n ' t y o u t h i n k , " C o n o v e r w o u l d c o n t i n u e , " i t i s m o r e
i m p o r t a n t t o k n o w w h o i s h a n d l i n g y o u r s o n t h a n w h o i s
h a n d l i n g y o u r d o l l a r s ? "
M o n t h s a f t e r w a r d s h e w o u l d e n c o u n t e r a d i s m a y e d
p a r e n t w h o w o u l d b e r a t e h i m s e l f f o r h i s f o r m e r b l i n d n e s s
a n d a f t e r r e l a t i n g w h a t h e h a d f o u n d , w o u l d p l e a d w i t h
C o n o v e r f o r a d v i c e a n d r e m e d y .
Th e C o n o v e r s h a d a c c e p t e d a n i n v i t a t i o n t o a d i n n e r
p a r t y a t t h e h o m e o f a f r i e n d i n t h e n e i g h b o r h o o d .
" B y t h e w a y , Wi l l , " s a i d M r s . C o n o v e r t o h e r h u s b a n d
C O LLEGEDEGR EESANDP R ISO NSTR IP ES

3 0 5
w h o w a s s t r u g g l i n g w i t h a n e c k t i e , " M r s . Wa l k e r c a l l e d
u p t h i s a f t e r n o o n a n d t o l d m e t h a t P r o f e s s o r Wi s e o f
C o l u m b i n e C o l l e g e w i l l b e a t t h e d i n n e r t o n i g h t . "
" Th e e v e n i n g p r o m i s e s t o b e q u i t e a n i n t e r e s t i n g o n e , "
r e m a r k e d C o n o v e r .
Ar o u n d t h e t a b l e t h a t e v e n i n g w e r e s e a t e d f i v e c o u p l e s
a n d t h e P r o f e s s o r w h o s a t i n t h e s e a t o f h o n o r .
M r . C o n o v e r f o u n d h i m s e l f s t u d y i n g t h e p r o f e s s o r .
He s a w t h e w o l f e y e s t h a t k e p t t h e i r s t e e l w h e n t h e l i p s
w e r e s m i l i n g .
" Tr u e t o h i s s u b v e r s i v e t y p e , " h e m u s e d . Ve r y a d r o i t l y
t h e p r o f e s s o r g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r t h e c a s u a l r e m a r k s t i l l h e
h e a d e d t h e m f o r h i s o w n p a s t u r e , w h e r e t h e l o c o w e e d s
g r e w i n p r o f u s i o n . P o m p o u s l y h e d e c l a i m e d , " P a r o c h i a l
Am e r i c a h a s p a s s e d . We h a v e a p l a g u e o f i n h e r i t e d p r e j -
u d i c e s . C h a u v i n i s m i s a n o t h e r t e r m f o r Am e r i c a n i s m . "
O n a n d o n h e t a l k e d . Th e h o s t e s s s m i l e d w i t h s u p p r e s s e d
a m u s e m e n t .
C o n o v e r a n d h i s w i f e e x c h a n g e d g l a n c e s w i t h t h e i r
h o s t e s s . M o s t o f t h e g u e s t s s e e m e d q u i t e w i l l i n g t o s u b -
s c r i b e t o t h e p r o f e s s o r i a l c h a s t i s e m e n t Am e r i c a w a s r e -
c e i v i n g .
Th e p r o f e s s o r c e a s e d a n d f l a s h e d h i s g l a n c e a r o u n d t h e
t a b l e
. Se n s i n g h o s t i l i t y o n t h e p a r t o f t h e q u i e t , s t e a d y -
e y e d m a n o p p o s i t e h i m , h i s e g o t i s m d r o v e h i m t o t h e
c h a l l e n g e , " Y o u a g r e e w i t h m e ? "
Fo r a m o m e n t o r t w o M r . C o n o v e r p a u s e d . He w a s
a g u e s t
. Fo r t h a t m a t t e r , s o w a s t h e o t h e r , h e t h o u g h t .
. . He c o u l d n ' t a c q u i e s c e i n t h e v a p i d n o n s e n s e . Ne i t h e r
d i d h e f e e l t h a t i t w a s t h e t i m e o r t h e p l a c e t o d i s c u s s
d i f f e r e n c e s .
3
06

SINISTER SHADO WS
Hi s h e s i t a t i o n w a s t a k e n a s a w e a k n e s s b y t h e p r o -
f e s s o r , w h o m a d e h i s s e c o n d s t r a t e g i c a l m i s t a k e b y s a y -
i n g , " Ih o p e y o u a r e n o t a n a t i o n a l i s t . "
" Le t m e s u g g e s t , s i r , " r e p l i e d C o n o v e r w i t h a c o u r t e o u s
b o w t o h i s h o s t e s s , " t h a t w e d e f e r t h e d i s c u s s i o n t i l l
l a t e r . "
Th e h o s t e s s w i t h a s m i l e e x c l a i m e d , " 0, M r . C o n o v e r ,
w e a l l w a n t t o h e a r w h a t y o u h a v e t o s a y . "
He r w i s h w a s c h a m p i o n e d b y t h e o t h e r s . It w a s l i k e
t h e c r y " f i g h t ! f i g h t ! " a t r e c e s s i n s c h o o l d a y s .
" Ve r y w e l l , t h e n , " s a i d M r . C o n o v e r , w h o r e m a i n e d
s i l e n t f o r a m o m e n t o r t w o a s h e m a r s h a l l e d h i s t h o u g h t s .
In t h e m e a n w h i l e t h e a r d o r o f t h e p r o f e s s o r a c r o s s t h e
t a b l e w a s c o o l i n g a s h e e s t i m a t e d h i s a d v e r s a r y w h o , i n
h i s c a l m n e s s , w a s b e c o m i n g w h o l l y d i f f e r e n t f r o m t h e
o n e w h o m h e h a d t r i e d t o b r o w b e a t .
Sl o w l y C o n o v e r s t a r t e d s p e a k i n g . " Th e s t a t e m e n t w a s
m a d e , It h i n k , t h a t ` C h a u v i n i s m i s Am e r i c a n i s m . '
" Le t u s e x a m i n e t h e w o r d C h a u v i n i s m . If m y m e m o r y
s e r v e s m e c o r r e c t l y , i t c a m e f r o m C h a u v i n , a s o l d i e r u n d e r
Na p o l e o n t h e f i r s t , w h o s e a d m i r a t i o n f o r h i s l e a d e r w a s
b o u n d l e s s . In t i m e C h a u v i n i s m c a m e t o m e a n e x a g g e r a t e d
p a t r i o t i s m . No w m a r k t h i s w e l l ; i t c a m e a l s o t o m e a n '
` u n r e a s o n a b l e d e v o t i o n t o a n y c a u s e
. '
" Le t u s s t a r t w i t h c l e a r n e s s
.
" Am o m e n t a g o t h e p r o f e s s o r w a s p l e a d i n g t h e o p p o s i t e
o f e x a g g e r a t e d p a t r i o t i s m w i t h a v e h e m e n c e t h a t w a r r a n t s
m e i n c a l l i n g i t h i s c a u s e . No w g o b a c k t o t h e s e c o n d
d e f i n i t i o n , ` u n r e a s o n a b l e d e v o t i o n t o a n y c a u s e . ' An u n -
r e a s o n a b l e d e v o t i o n t o h i s c a u s e o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l i s m d r o v e
h i m t o t h e l e n g t h o f w a i v i n g a s i d e t h e a m e n i t i e s o f a
C O LLEGEDEGR EESANDP R ISO NSTR IP ES

3
0 7
s o c i a l e v e n i n g a n d f o r c i n g m e i n t o a p o s i t i o n w h e r e I
w o u l d s t u l t i f y m y s e l f b y a p p a r e n t a c q u i e s e n c e b y m y
s i l e n c e o r b e f o r c e d t o m a k e t h e s a m e s o c i a l e r r o r h e
c o m m i t t e d i n d i s r e g a r d i n g a c o u r t e s y w e o w e a s g u e s t s
.
It i s t r u e , h o w e v e r , i n , m y c a s e Iw a s u r g e d b y m y h o s t e s s
t o e n t e r t h e d i s c u s s i o n . "
Th e n f o l l o w e d a t a l k t h a t t h o s e a t t h e t a b l e r e m e m b e r e d
f o r m a n y y e a r s . R e p e a t e d l y h e s o u g h t t o s t o p . Ea c h
t i m e h e w a s u r g e d t o c o n t i n u e .
He c l o s e d h i s t a l k w i t h , " Y e s , l e t u s s t r i v e f o r u n d e r -
s t a n d i n g ; l e t u s g e t a w o r l d v i s i o n . B u t i t i s a r r a n t
n o n s e n s e t o s a y i f Il o v e m y f a m i l y l e s s , Iw i l l l o v e m y
c o u n t r y m o r e - i f Il o v e m y c o u n t r y l e s s , Iw i l l l o v e m y
w o r l d m o r e . Su c h a s e q u e n c e i s w r o n g - t h e r i g h t s e -
q u e n c e i s - t h e m o r e Il o v e m y f a m i l y , t h e m o r e Il o v e
m y c o u n t r y - t h e m o r e Il o v e m y c o u n t r y , t h e m o r e I
l o v e t h e w o r l d . Al l o t h e r d e d u c t i o n s a r e b u t i d l e d r e a m s
o r , w o r s e t h a n t h a t , a s c h e m i n g f o r s o m e t h i n g t h a t d o e s
n o t p e r m i t f r a n k e x p l a n a t i o n .
" It i s a r e a s o n a b l e d e d u c t i o n a n d o n e i n w h i c h y o u
a l l w i l l c o n c u r , t h a t t h o s e w h o a r e e s p o u s i n g i n t e r n a t i o n a l -
i s m a r e t h e a g g r e s s o r s . Fo r i n s t a n c e , t h i s e v e n i n g t h e
p r o f e s s o r i n t r o d u c e d t h i s s u b j e c t a n d p l e a d t h e c a u s e w i t h
e x t r e m e v e h e m e n c e . It h i n k t h e s e c o n d d e f i n i t i o n o f
C h a u v i n i s m m i g h t a p t l y ' b e a p p l i e d t o t h e g e n t l e m a n .
Th e p r o f e s s o r a p p l i e s t o t h o s e w h o t h i n k a s Id o t h e t e r m
C h a u v i n i s t s ; y e t , It h i n k i t i s a f a i r i n f e r e n c e t h a t h e
a n d h i s f e l l o w w o r k e r s r a t h e r t h a n m y s e l f a r e e n t i t l e d t o
t h e t e r m . Th e y a r e t h e a g g r e s s o r s . It i s t h e y w h o
e x e r c i s e ` u n r e a s o n a b l e d e v o t i o n t o a c a u s e
. '
" As f o r m y s e l f , i n t h e i n t e r e s t o f o u r h o s t e s s , Ia m
3 0 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
p e r f e c t l y w i l l i n g t o a c c e p t t h e t e r m e x a g g e r a t e d p a t r i o t -
i s m , p r o v i d i n g o u r f r i e n d a c c e p t s t h e s e c o n d d e f i n i t i o n a s
a p p l y i n g t o h i m s e l f . As f e l l o w C h a u v i n i s t s t o g e t h e r w e
c a n b o w t o o u r v e r y g r a c i o u s a n d p a t i e n t h o s t e s s a n d
m u t u a l l y s a y i t i s a l w a y s a n h o n o r t o b e n u m b e r e d a m o n g
h e r g u e s t s . "
" Ni c e l y s a i d , " l a u g h e d t h e h o s t , a s t h e o t h e r s c l a p p e d
h a n d s i n d e l i g h t , w h i l e t h e r o u t e d p r o f e s s o r d r e w a b o u t
h i m h i s m a n t l e o f t a t t e r e d d i g n i t y a n d s i l e n c e
.
C h a p t e r X X VI
THELITTLEWHITEHENLAY SANEGG
As t i m e w e n t o n C o n o v e r r e c e i v e d m a n y r e q u e s t s t o
s p e a k b e f o r e v a r i o u s , g r o u p s
. O n e d a y a n i n v i t a t i o n
c a m e t o a d d r e s s a B u s i n e s s Ex e c u t i v e s
O r g a n i z a t i o n .
Wh e n h e r e a c h e d t h e b a n q u e t h a l l , t h e C h a i r m a n a s k e d
h i m i f h e h a d a n y o b j e c t i o n t o t r a d i n g p l a c e s w i t h P r o -
f e s s o r Du g l o s t , e x p l a i n i n g t o M r . C o n o v e r t h a t t h e p r o -
f e s s o r h a d s u g g e s t e d t h a t h e b e p e r m i t t e d t o a p p e a r f i r s t
o n t h e p r o g r a m . Th e r e q u e s t a m u s e d C o n o v e r , b u t h e
s m i l e d i n d u l g e n t l y a s h e t o l d t h e C h a i r m a n t h a t h e w a s
n o t t e m p e r a m e n t a l a n d w o u l d b e p e r f e c t l y s a t i s f i e d w i t h
a n y t h i n g t h e C h a i r m a n m i g h t d o .
In d u e t i m e t h e C h a i r m a n a r o s e t o h i s f e e t . Hi s i n t r o -
d u c t i o n o f P r o f e s s o r Du g l o s t w a s f u l s o m e a n d f l a t t e r i n g .
As t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n p r o c e e d e d , C o n o v e r r e c a l l e d t h e t h r e e
e x c u r s i o n s i n t o t h e b u s i n e s s w o r l d t h e p r o f e s s o r h a d a t -
t e m p t e d , e a c h o n e t e r m i n a t i n g i n d i s a s t r o u s f a i l u r e . Y e t ,
t h e o n e w h o h a d e n c o u n t e r e d d i s a s t e r i n p r a c t i c e s t i l l
p o s e d a s a n e x p e r t i n t h e o r y
.
" We w i l l n o w h a v e t h e g r e a t h o n o r o f h e a r i n g f r o m o n e
o f t h e f o r e m o s t a u t h o r i t i e s i n Ec o n o m i c s i n t h e U n i t e d
St a t e s , t h e d i s t i n g u i s h e d P r o f e s s o r Du g l o s t . "
He m i g h t
h a v e a d d e d , " o n e o f t h e m o s t r a d i c a l o n e s a l s o , "
b u t
p r o b a b l y t h e C h a i r m a n d i d n ' t k n o w .
Ah a l f h o u r p a s s e d - t h r e e q u a r t e r s - a n h o u r - a n h o u r
a n d a q u a r t e r .
St i l l d r o n e d t h a t v o i c e i n u n i n t e r e s t i n g
d e f i n i t i o n s a n d c o m m o n p l a c e d a t a . Ar e s i g n e d h e a r e r
3 09
3 1 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
w o u l d s t r a i g h t e n i n h i s c h a i r , l i g h t a f r e s h c i g a r , a n d s i n k
b a c k w i t h a m a r t y r i z e d e x p r e s s i o n .
Th e s p e a k e r g a t h e r e d h i s s c a t t e r e d p a p e r s b e f o r e h i m .
Al o o k o f h o p e f u l n e s s c a m e i n t o m a n y e y e s o n l y t o d i e
o u t a s t h e p a p e r s w e r e p u t d o w n a g a i n .
At t h e e n d o f a n h o u r a n d a h a l f t h e s p e e c h w a s
f i n i s h e d .
Du r i n g t h e p r o f e s s o r ' s t a l k C o n o v e r s a t u p m a n y t i m e s
i n e x p e c t a t i o n o f h e a r i n g t h e s p e a k e r s w i n g
i n t o t h e
s o c i a l i s t i c t h o u g h t t h a t p e r m e a t e d a l l h i s b o o k s .
To -
n i g h t h e w a s " o n g u a r d . " He c o n t e n t e d h i m s e l f w i t h
s l y r e f e r e n c e s i n o r d e r n o t t o a l a r m h i s a u d i e n c e b y t o o
p r o n o u n c e d r a d i c a l i s m .
Th e C h a i r m a n h a d f i n i s h e d h i s " p a i d i n f u l l ' . ' w o r d s t o
t h e l a s t s p e a k e r a n d n o w w a s i n t r o d u c i n g M r . C o n o v e r .
Th e a u d i e n c e h a d h a d i t s v i t a l i t y s a p p e d . C o n o v e r
c o r r e c t l y e s t i m a t e d t h e s i t u a t i o n .
" Ge n t l e m e n - M y t a l k w i l l t a k e m e e x a c t l y f i v e m i n -
u t e s . " Gr a t i t u d e s h o n e i n t h e e y e s o f t h e a u d i e n c e , n o w
a l e r t a n d r e c e p t i v e .
" Ia m g o i n g t o t e l l y o u a s t o r y a b o u t a l i t t l e w h i t e
h e n . "
Th e r e a c t i o n h a d s e t i n a n d t h e a u d i e n c e a p p l a u d e d g o o d
n a t u r e d l y .
" Th i s p a r t i c u l a r l i t t l e w h i t e h e n f l e w i n t o a n o p e n
w i n d o w o f a So c i a l i s t p r o f e s s o r ' s h o u s e a n d i n t h e a b s e n c e
o f t h e t e a c h e r t o o k p o s s e s s i o n o f h i s s t u d y .
" Al e t t e r b a s k e t o n t h e d e s k a t t r a c t e d h e r .
Sh e a p p r o -
p r i a t e d i t f o r a n e s t . As s h e w a s a d v e r t i s i n g t o t h e w o r l d
t h e a g e - o l d m i r a c l e o f t h e e g g , t h e d o o r o p e n e d a n d t h e
p r o f e s s o r e n t e r e d .
THE LITTLE WHITEHEN LAY S AN
EGG

3 1 1
" No w i t h a p p e n e d t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r h a d t h e g i f t o f
t o n g u e s a n d c o u l d t a l k w i t h m a n a n d b e a s t a n d f i s h a n d
f o w l .
" ` Ah ! a n e g g , ' s a i d h e .
" ` Y e s , a n e g g , ' q u o t h t h e l i t t l e h e n .
C C '
Al l l i f e s t a r t s w i t h a n e g g , ' s a i d t h e p r o f e s s o r
.
" No r e p l y f r o m t h e l i t t l e w h i t e h e n , y e t i n h e r e y e s
s h o n e a l o o k o f s u p p r e s s e d a m u s e m e n t a n d a c q u i e s c e n c e
a s h e r t h o u g h t s t u r n e d t o a d d l e d e g g s
.
" Th e l e a r n e d o n e p r o c e e d e d
. ` Iw o n d e r i f y o u k n o w
t h e c o m p o n e n t p a r t s o f y o u r h a n d i w o r k ? '
" ' M y h a n d i w o r k ? 0, v e r y w e l l t h e n
. It h a s a s h e l l
a n d i n s i d e o f t h a t i s w h i t e a n d y e l l o w s t u f f
. '
" ' Ho w r i d i c u l o u s y o u r e x p l a n a t i o n i s
. Kn o w t h e n
t h a t t h e w o r d e g g i s d e r i v e d f r o m t h e La t i n w o r d
o v u m .
Eg g p r o d u c i n g a n i m a l s a r e o v i p a r o u s
. Th e p y r i f o r m e g g
b e f o r e u s w e i g h s a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1 , 000g r a i n s
. Th e w h i t e
w e i g h s 6 00g r a i n s , t h e y o l k 3 00g r a i n s , t h e s h e l l 1 00
g r a i n s
. Th e g l a i r i s a s t r o n g s o l u t i o n o f a l b u m e n i n w a t e r
a n d w h i l s t r e a d i l y m i s c i b l e w i t h w a t e r i n i t s o r d i n a r y
s t a t e , i t b e c o m e s i n s o l u b l e w h e n h e a t i s a p p l i e d
. It s
c h e m i c a l p a r t s a r e C 02, a l b u m e n a n d s a l t s
. Th e y o l k i s
c o m p o s e d o f i n g r e d i e n t s t h r o u g h w h i c h m u l t i t u d e s o f
m i n u t e g l o b u l e s o f o i l a r e s u s p e n d e d w h i c h r e n d e r i t
e s s e n t i a l l y a n e m u l s i o n . "
" ' C l u c k - c l u c k , ' e x c l a i m e d t h e a m a z e d h e n , a n e x -
p r e s s i o n w h i c h a s e v e r y o n e v e r s e d i n h e n l o r e , a s w a s t h e
p r o f e s s o r , w o u l d r e a d i l y i n t e r p r e t a s ` In d e e d ! '
"
` R e v e r t i n g t o t h e s h e l l , ' c o n t i n u e d t h e p r o f e s s o r , i t i s
w e l l k n o w n t h a t i t s c o m p o n e n t p a r t s a r e c a r b o n a t e o f
l i m e a n d m a g n e s i a
. Th e s h e l l i s m a d e u p o f t h r e e o r m o r e
3 1 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
c r y s t a l l i n e l a y e r s , t r a n s v e r s e d b y v e r t i c a l c a n a l s m a k i n g
t h e s h e l l p o r o u s , i t h a v i n g b e e n d e d u c e d b y n a t u r e t h a t
t h e f r e e p a s s a g e o f a i r w a s n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e e m b r y o n i c
c h i c k i n i t s d e v e l o p m e n t . '
" ' C l u c k - c l u c k , ' m e a n i n g ` Do t e l l ! ' i n t h e i d i o m o f
h e n o l o g y .
" ` As t o t h e c o l o r p r e d o m i n a t i n g o n t h e o u t e r s u r f a c e
o f , t h e s h e l l , ' e x p l a i n e d t h e l e a r n e d t h e o r i s t , ` i t i s d e r i v e d
f r o m t h e h a e m o g l o b i n o r r e d c o l o r i n g m a t t e r o f t h e b l o o d
s t r e a m
. '
" Fo r a s e c o n d t h e t w o , t h e p r o f e s s o r a n d t h e l i t t l e w h i t e
h e n , e y e d o n e a n o t h e r a c r o s s t h e g u l f b e t w e e n t h e m
.
" P i e r c i n g t h e l i t t l e h e n w i t h h i s e y e o f d i s a p p r o v a l , h e
s a i d , ` It i s a s t o n i s h i n g t o c o n t e m p l a t e s u c h m e n t a l d a r k -
n e s s . '
" Wi t h d r o o p i n g h e a d a n d d i s c o u r a g e d t r e a d t h e l i t t l e
h e n s l o w l y w a l k e d t o w a r d s t h e w i n d o w
. Sh e j u m p e d t o
t h e s i l l . O u t s i d e t h e w o r l d w a s f l o o d e d w i t h s u n s h i n e
.
Th e g e n t l e w i n d s o f s p r i n g w e r e c a r e s s i n g t h e n e w l y
a w a k e n e d f l o w e r s .
" ' C o m e a g a i n , a n y t i m e , ' s p o k e - t h e e r u d i t e o n e , w h o
h a d f a i l e d t h r e e t i m e s i n b u s i n e s s , ` f o r w i t h o u t p o s s e s s i n g
m y t h e o r y , y o u r a t t e m p t s a t p r a c t i c e a r e a b s o l u t e l y a b -
s u r d a n d d o o m e d t o f a i l u r e . '
" He r b a c k w a s t o w a r d s t h e r o o m , s o t h e l i t t l e w h i t e
h e n w a s o b l i g e d t o t u r n h e r h e a d t o w a r d s t h e o n e w h o h a d
p u t h e r t o s h a m e .
" B a c k a n d f o r t h s w u n g h e r t a i l f e a t h e r s
. O n e n o t
s e r i o u s l y m i n d e d m i g h t h a v e t h o u g h t t h e r e w a s b l a s -
p h e m o u s d e r i s i o n i n t h e m o t i o n .
" ` Ia m o n l y a l i t t l e w h i t e h e n - a l a y e r o f e g g s
. Ia n d
THE LITTLE WHITE HEN LAY S AN EGG

3 1 3
m y a n c e s t o r s h a v e l a y e d e g g s a l l o u r l i v e s
. Y o u h a v e
o p e n e d m y e y e s b y y o u r w o r d s
. M a y Ia s k y o u o n e l i t t l e
q u e s t i o n ? '
" ` C e r t a i n l y , ' r e p l i e d t h e o n e w h o h a d t u r n e d t h e l i g h t
o f h i s o v e r m a s t e r i n g k n o w l e d g e u p o n t h e b e n i g h t e d o n e
.
" Th e l i t t l e w h i t e h e n s t r e t c h e d h e r w i n g s f o r f l i g h t a s
s h e a s k e d :
" ' Di d y o u e v e r l a y a n e g g ? '
" ' C l u c k - c l u c k , ' w e n t t h e l i t t l e h e n , a s s h e r a c e d t o t h e
c h i c k e n y a r d w h e r e t h e o t h e r h e n s j o i n e d h e r i n j o y o u s
c l u c k i n g s o f p r a i s e f o r t h o s e w h o c l a i m t o k n o w t h e o r i e s
b u t w h o a l w a y s f a i l i n p r a c t i c e - f o r t h o s e w h o t e l l h o w
a n d w h y b u t c a n ' t l a y e g g s . "
C h a p t e r X X VII
THEC O LLEGEP R ESIDENTANDTHEGANGSTER
J a c k C o n o v e r h a d o c c a s i o n m a n y t i m e s t o r e m e m b e r
h i s f a t h e r ' s p a r t i n g t a l k b e f o r e t h e t h i r d g e n e r a t i o n o f
C o n o v e r s m a t r i c u l a t e d a t o l d P a x t o n C o l l e g e .
" J a c k , " s a i d h i s f a t h e r , " y o u a r e g o i n g t o t h e c o l l e g e
f r o m w h i c h g r a d u a t e d y o u r g r a n d f a t h e r a n d y o u r f a t h e r .
Ir e m e m b e r m y f a t h e r ' s w o r d s
. ` Wi l l , y o u a r e g o i n g t o
a w o n d e r f u l i n s t i t u t i o n
. Y o u w i l l f i n d t h e r e p r o f e s s o r s ,
e m i n e n t i n t h e i r c a l l i n g a n d m e n o f u n u s u a l c u l t u r e . Le n d
y o u r s e l f g r a c e f u l l y t o t h e i r t e a c h i n g s
. ' J a c k , Iw i s h I
m i g h t r e p e a t t h o s e w o r d s t o y o u , b u t Ic a n ' t . Th e
t i m e s h a v e c h a n g e d a n d t h e c a l i b e r o f s o m e o f t h e
t e a c h e r s h a s c h a n g e d . So m e a r e e s p o u s i n g d a n g e r o u s
t h e o r i e s .
" Y o u h a v e b e e n g r o u n d e d f a r b e y o n d t h e a v e r a g e i n t h e
Am e r i c a n C o n s t i t u t i o n a n d t h e g r o w t h o f g o v e r n m e n t s .
Fo r t u n a t e l y y o u a r e g o v e r n m e n t a l l y a n d l e g a l l y m i n d e d
.
Y o u h a v e s t u d i e d d w i t h m e t h e t r e n d o f m o d e r n s u b v e r s i v e
t e a c h i n g . Y o u h a v e l e a r n e d t o d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n f u n d a -
m e n t a l t r u t h s a n d v i s i o n a r y a n d u n w o r k a b l e t h e o r i e s
.
Y o u a r e i m m u n e t o t h e u n s o u n d d o c t r i n e s p r o m u l g a t e d
b y s o m e t e a c h e r s . "
Du r i n g h i s c o l l e g e c a r e e r , m a n y t i m e s t h e s e w o r d s o f h i s
f a t h e r w o u l d f l a s h a c r o s s h i s m e m o r y .
B y a s t r a n g e p r a n k o f f a t e , J a c k c a m e t o b e e n r o l l e d
i n t h e c l a s s i n Ec o n o m i c s u n d e r P r o f e s s o r C o v e t
.
Fr o m t h e s t a r t , J a c k a n d h i s f e l l o w s t u d e n t s s e n s e d
3 1 4
THE
C O LLEGE P R ESIDENT AND
THE GANGSTER
3 1 5
t h e p o o r l y c o n c e a l e d h o s t i l i t y m a n i f e s t e d b y t h e P r o f e s s o r
w h e n e v e r J a c k w a s c a l l e d u p o n t o r e c i t e .
As t i m e w e n t o n , i t s e e m e d t h a t t h e t e a c h e r ' s e x a s p e r a -
t i o n f e d o n h i s i n a b i l i t y t o " u n h o r s e " t h e s t u d e n t w h o s e
t h o r o u g h n e s s i n p r e p a r a t i o n e s t o p p e d h i m f r o m t h e e x -
p r e s s e d d i s a p p r o v a l t h a t J a c k f e l t w a s i m p a t i e n t l y a w a i t -
i n g i t s o p p o r t u n i t y .
R e a l i z i n g t h a t t h e r e w a s n o h o p e i n p l a c a t i n g t h e
p r o f e s s o r , J a c k t o o k r e f u g e i n a s k i n g q u e s t i o n s i n a b l a n d
v o i c e a n d a n a r t l e s s w a y , q u e s t i o n s t h a t d r o v e t h e p r o -
f e s s o r t o t h e l i m i t s o f h i s s h o r t p a t i e n c e .
C o v e t ' s h a t r e d o f J a c k g r e w w i t h t h e m o n t h s . It b e -
c a m e a n o b s e s s i o n . He s a w J a c k b e c o m i n g a n o u t s t a n d -
i n g f i g u r e o n t h e c a m p u s , a n d k n o w i n g t h e y o u n g m a n ' s
i m n p u n i t y t o t h e s o c i a l i s t i c t e a c h i n g a n d s e n s i n g t h e i m -
p o s s i b i l i t y o f c h a n g i n g h i m , h e b e c a m e s e i z e d w i t h t h e
p r e m o n i t i o n t h a t s o o n e r o r l a t e r t h i s y o u n g m a n w o u l d
m a k e i t d i f f i c u l t f o r t h e p r o f e s s o r t o m a k e h e a d w a y i n
m o l d i n g h i s c l a s s t o t h e s o c i a l i s t i c p l a n .
Th e r e w a s o n l y o n e n a m e , J a c k C o n o v e r , m e n t i o n e d
o n t h e c a m p u s f o r C a p t a i n o f t h e C o l l e g e f o o t b a l l t e a m .
Wh e n h e h e a r d o f i t , C o v e t ' s i n n e r r a g e w a s b o u n d l e s s .
It w a s d o u b l y t o r t u r o u s t o h i m o n a c c o u n t o f t h e n e c e s s i t y
f o r r e p r e s s i o n . He c h a f e d u n d e r t h e n e c e s s i t y o f a c -
k n o w l e d g i n g t o h i m s e l f h i s i n a b i l i t y t o i n t e r f e r e . He
r e c o g n i z e d t h a t h i s t a s k w o u l d b e m a d e m o r e d i f f i c u l t n o w
t h a t J a c k h a d b e c o m e a c a m p u s c h a r a c t e r .
Fa t h e r a n d So n !
Wh a t a d a m n a b l e t u r n o f f a t e ,
t h o u g h t C o v e t , t h a t t h e s e t w o h a d c r o s s e d h i s p a t h
. Hi s
m i n d w e n t b a c k t o t h e Hi g h Sc h o o l d a y w h e n t h e e l d e r
C o n o v e r h a d t h r a s h e d h i m s o u n d l y i n t h e f i g h t h e h a d
3 1
6
SINISTER SHADO WS
n e v e r f o r g o t t e n . Ho w h e h a t e d h i m a n d a l l t h e o t h e r s
w h o h a d a p p l a u d e d h i s h u m i l i a t i o n ! He w o r k e d h i m s e l f
i n t o a f r e n z y o f r a g e a s h i s m i n d r e v e r t e d t o t h e d a y s o f
h i s y o u t h w h e n h e d r o v e t h r o u g h a l l e y s , l i s t e n i n g t o t h e
c r y o f h i s f a t h e r , " R a g s a n ' o l d i r o n
. " He t h o u g h t o f
t h a t p a t i e n t o l d m a n , h i s f a t h e r , a s " t h e o l d f o o l w h o w a s
h a l f a s l e e p a l l h i s l i f e . "
In t o h i s m e m o r y f l a s h e d a g a i n t h a t Hi g h Sc h o o l f i g h t .
O v e r J a c k ' s h e a d h e p o u r e d t h e v i a l s o f h i s h a t r e d . It
w a s a n a c c u m u l a t e d h a t r e d , f e r m e n t i n g d u r i n g t h e y e a r s
t i l l i t h a d b e c o m e t h e v e r y e s s e n c e o f f u r y
.
*

*
Th e c l a s s i n Ec o n o m i c s h a d a s s e m b l e d . P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t h a d r e m o v e d h i s h e a v y - r i m m e d e y e g l a s s e s w i t h
t h e b r o a d r i b b o n s a n d w a s t w i r l i n g t h e m t h e a t r i c a l l y
a r o u n d h i s f i n g e r , a s w a s h i s c u s t o m w h e n h e s o u g h t t o
c r e a t e t h e a t m o s p h e r e s o d e a r t o h i s p e d a g o g i c i m i t a t i o n s .
Fo r a f e w s e c o n d s h e s t o o d b e f o r e h i s c l a s s m o t i o n l e s s
w i t h h i s e y e s r o l l e d u p t o t h e c e i l i n g .
Al w a y s h e o v e r d i d h i s a t t e m p t e d e f f e c t s . He h a d a
w a y o f s a y i n g " y o u n g m e n " i n a t o n e o f v o i c e t h a t p r o -
d u c e d t h e s a m e e f f e c t a s i f h e h a d s a i d " y o u c o n g e n i t a l
i d i o t s . "
" Y o u n g m e n , t o d a y Iw i s h t o d i r e c t y o u r a t t e n t i o n t o
t h e g o a l o f p e r s o n a l i n v e s t i g a t i o n . Ac c e p t n o t h i n g a s a
f a c t t i l l y o u s u b j e c t i t t o t e s t a n d c o n f i r m a t i o n .
" Ho w d o y o u k n o w t h a t s o m e w h e r e i n y o u r l i n e w a s n o t
a n a d d l e - p a t e d a n c e s t o r w h o h a s g i v e n h i s p o s t e r i t y a n
a b s o l u t e l y w r o n g p o i n t o f v i e w . Y o u m u s t n o t a c c e p t
o p i n i o n s w i t h o u t s u b j e c t i n g t h e m t o s t r i c t i n v e s t i g a t i o n
i n t h e l i g h t o f c u r r e n t t h o u g h t . In h e r i t e d d e d u c t i o n s a r e
THE C O LLEGE
P R ESIDENT AND THE GANGSTER
3 1 7
a b s o l u t e l y u n w o r t h y t o s t a n d u n d e r t h e l i g h t o f s c i e n c e
.
" So , w h e n a n y o n e , e v e n y o u r o w n f a t h e r , g i v e s y o u h i s
p o i n t o f v i e w , i n s i s t u p o n h i m s u b m i t t i n g t o y o u p r o o f s
s o t h a t y o u c a n a n a l y z e t h e q u e s t i o n
. "
B e f o r e h e w a s a w a r e o f i t , J a c k C o n o v e r w a s o n h i s
f e e t s a y i n g :
" P a r d o n m e , P r o f e s s o r , m a y Ia d d a w o r d o r t w o ? "
Th e s u d d e n n e s s o f t h e q u e s t i o n s t a r t l e d C o v e t , a n d t h e
C o v e t f e a r o f t h e C o n o v e r d r o v e h i m t o a c o n s e n t b e f o r e
h e h a d r e c o v e r e d f r o m h i s s u r p r i s e
.
In J a c k ' s m i n d w a s t h e t h o u g h t o f h i s l o n g l i n e o f
a n c e s t o r s .
B a c k h i s m i n d r a c e d t o t h o s e w h o p l a y e d b i g
p a r t s u n d e r Wa s h i n g t o n - t o t h o s e w h o h a d l a n d e d o n
P l y m o u t h R o c k - t o h i s f o r e b e a r s w h o h a d w r e s t e d t h e
M a g n a C h a r t a f r o m t h e r e l u c t a n t h a n d s o f Ki n g J o h n -
t o h i s a n c e s t o r , C h a r l e s M a r t e l , w h o a t To u r s t h r u s t b a c k
t h e Sa r a c e n t h r e a t t o w e s t e r n c i v i l i z a t i o n .
It s e e m e d t o J a c k t h a t t h e h e r i t a g e t h a t w a s h i s h a d
b e e n c h a l l e n g e d .
Hi s t h o u g h t s r a c e d t o h i s f a t h e r w h o
h a d a l w a y s t a l k e d t o h i m l i k e a b r o t h e r a n d w h o h a d
a l w a y s s o u g h t t o w a k e u p r a t h e r t h a n t o m a k e u p t h e
s o n ' s m i n d .
Wi t h l i g h t n i n g p e r c e p t i o n h e p u t t h e p r o p e r v a l u e o n
t h e w e a s e l w o r d s h e h a d j u s t h e a r d .
He r e c o g n i z e d t h e
t r u e i n t e n t - t o d i s c r e d i t e a r l y h o m e i n f l u e n c e n o m a t t e r
h o w e x c e l l e n t i t m i g h t h a v e b e e n
.
Sl o w l y J a c k s t a r t e d s p e a k i n g .
" It s e e m s t o m e , P r o f e s s o r , t h a t i t i s i l l - a d v i s e d t o
s i n g l e o u t o n e ' s f a t h e r a l o n e t o t a k e t h e w i t n e s s s t a n d .
Is u b s c r i b e t o t h e i d e a o f i n v e s t i g a t i o n , b u t w h y m e n t i o n
f a t h e r s o n l y ?
Ar e w e t o u n d e r s t a n d t h a t w e m u s t r e j e c t
3 1 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
a f a t h e r ' s c o u n s e l t i l l o u r i n v e s t i g a t i o n a n d y o u n g e r j u d g -
m e n t w e i g h s i t - t h a t w e a r e t o a c c e p t c l a s s r o o m m a n d a t e s
i n b l i n d f a i t h ? O r i s i t a s s u m e d t h a t w e w i l l t e s t t h e
p r o f e s s o r s ' c o n c l u s i o n s a l s o ?
" P o s s i b l y e v e r y a n c e s t r a l l i n e m a y h a v e w i t h i n i t s o m e
` a d d l e - p a t e d ' a n c e s t o r a s y o u s t a t e . M y p u z z l e i s w h a t
m a d e t h a t p a r t i c u l a r a n c e s t o r ' a d d l e - p a t e d ' ?
" Do y o u t h i n k i t w a s a n i n h e r i t e d a d d l e - p a t e d n e s s o r
d o y o u t h i n k i t p r o b a b l e t h a t t h e c o n d i t i o n a r o s e f r o m
r e c e i v i n g ' a d d l e - p a t e d ' i n s t r u c t i o n m a y b e i n a c l a s s r o o m ? "
J a c k s a t d o w n i n a d e e p s i l e n c e , b r o k e n s o o n b y g a l e s
o f l a u g h t e r a s t h e t h o u g h t d r o v e i n t o h i s f e l l o w s t u d e n t s .
As f o r P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , h i s f a c e w a s t w i s t i n g i n
d e m o n i a c a l r a g e . " Le a v e m y c l a s s r o o m a t o n c e , " h e
h u r l e d a t J a c k , w h o s l o w l y p r o c e e d e d t o t h e d o o r w i t h a
l o o k o f g r i m d e t e r m i n a t i o n o n h i s f a c e
.
R u m o r s o f t h e " r u n i n , " a s i t w a s c a l l e d , f l e w a r o u n d
t h e c a m p u s . Ea c h r e p e t i t i o n w o u l d h a v e a d d e d t o C o v e t ' s
d i s c o m f i t u r e , h a d h e h e a r d t h e u n i v e r s a l v e r d i c t .
Th e p h y s i c a l b e a t i n g t h e f a t h e r h a d i n f l i c t e d u p o n h i m
i n h i s y o u t h n o w t o o k s e c o n d p l a c e i n C o v e t ' s m i n d t o t h e
m e n t a l c h a s t i s e m e n t t h e s o n h a d a d m i n i s t e r e d .
" Si n g u l a r , " t h o u g h t J a c k , " t h a t h e s i n g l e s m e o u t e v e r y
t i m e . " He c o u l d n o t u n d e r s t a n d t h e a n i m o s i t y
. Ha d h e
k n o w n t h a t P r o f e s s o r B e n e d i c t C o v e t w a s t h e Iz z y Z u g
o f h i s f a t h e r ' s b o y h o o d , t h e s o l u t i o n w o u l d h a v e b e e n
s i m p l e
; b u t n e i t h e r J a c k n o r h i s f a t h e r k n e w t h a t t h e
f e u d w a s o f l o n g s t a n d i n g .
J a c k f u l l y e x p e c t e d t o h e a r f r o m t h e c o l l e g e o f f i c e , b u t
t h e d a y s w e n t o n a n d n o w o r d c a m e . Ev i d e n t l y C o v e t h a d
d e c i d e d t o t a k e n o f o r m a l s t e p s . Th e p r o f e s s o r a p p a r -
THE C O LLEGE P R ESIDENT AND THE GANGSTER 3 1 9
e n t l y i g n o r e d t h e o c c u r r e n c e . J a c k c o n t i n u e d i n t h e
c l a s s a n d , t h o u g h h i s c l a s s m a t e s r e a l i z e d t h a t b e t w e e n
C o v e t a n d J a c k t h e r e w a s a n a r m e d n e u t r a l i t y , t h e y
n o t i c e d t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r b e c a m e m o r e g u a r d e d i n h i s
t a l k s a n d c a l l e d u p o n J a c k l e s s f r e q u e n t l y
.
At f i r s t J a c k d e c i d e d t o w r i t e t o h i s f a t h e r i n d e t a i l ,
b u t f i n a l l y d e c i d e d t h a t i t w a s i m p o s s i b l e t o c o v e r t h e
m a t t e r i n a l e t t e r , s o c o n t e n t e d h i m s e l f i n m e r e l y s t a t i n g
i n a l e t t e r t h a t h e h a d h a d a " r u n i n " w i t h C o v e t .
" Wi l l t e l l y o u a l l a b o u t i t w h e n Is e e y o u , Da d . Do n ' t
b e d i s t u r b e d a b o u t i t . Id i d n ' t h e a r f r o m t h e s c h o o l
a b o u t i t , s o Ig u e s s i t h a s b l o w n o v e r
. "
J a c k s a w h i s f a t h e r m u c h s o o n e r t h a n h e h a d e x p e c t e d .
Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d M r . C o n o v e r r e c e i v e d i d e n t i c a l l y
w o r d e d t e l e g r a m s o n t h e s a m e d a y .
" P r e s i d e n t P o t t e r p a s s e d a w a y t o d a y . Fu n e r a l s e r v -
i c e s Tu e s d a y i n P a x t o n . "
Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r s a t i n h i s h o m e l o o k i n g o u t a w i n d o w
w i t h t h e t e l e g r a m i n h i s h a n d . It h a d n o t b e e n u n e x p e c t e d .
Ev e r s i n c e h i s l a s t v i s i t w i t h o l d " P r e x y " h e h a d e x p e c t e d
s u c h a m e s s a g e , b u t e v e n s o , h e w a s n o t p r e p a r e d f o r i t .
Th e t e a r s c o u r s e d d o w n h i s c h e e k s - q u i e t t e a r s - a m a n ' s
t e a r s .
M r s
. C o n o v e r f o u n d h i m t h a t w a y a n d u n d e r s t o o d ,
w i t h o u t t h e s p o k e n w o r d .
Sh e p a c k e d h i s g r i p a n d t e l e -
p h o n e d f o r r a i l r o a d r e s e r v a t i o n a n d t h e n c a m e a n d s a t b y
h i m , t h e s i l e n t m a n w h o s e h e a r t w a s t o o f u l l t o t a l k .
Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r m e t i n t h e o l d
i n n t h e d a y o f t h e f u n e r a l . It w a s h e l d o n t h e o l d c a m p u s
u n d e r t h e b i g e l m s h e l o v e d , n e a r b y t h e o l d i v y c o v e r e d
t o w e r
. Th e s i m p l e c a s k e t w a s b a n k e d w i t h f l o w e r s t h a t
3 2 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
g r e w i n t h e h o m e g a r d e n s o f t h e c a m p u s f o l k . Fr o m
e v e r y w a l k i n l i f e c a m e t h o s e w h o s t o o d u n d e r t h e t r e e s
a n d m o u r n e d f o r o n e w h o h a d d r a w n t h e i r h e a r t s t o w a r d
h i m .
U n a s h a m e d a n d w i t h n o t h o u g h t o f c o n c e a l m e n t s t o o d
m e n b l i n d e d w i t h t h e i r t e a r s .
As t h e l a s t w o r d w a s s p o k e n , t h e c h i m e s i n t h e o l d
t o w e r r a n g o u t , t h e c h i m e s t h a t f o r y e a r s h a d b r o u g h t t h a t
g e n t l e s m i l e t o t h e f a c e n o w s t i l l e d i n m a j e s t i c a n d g e n t l e
s l e e p .
Th e s e r v i c e s w e r e o v e r
. Th e t w o f r i e n d s h a d r e t u r n e d
t o t h e i r r o o m i n t h e h o t e l . Si l e n t l y t h e y s a t l o o k i n g o u t
t h e w i n d o w . O n t h e Se n a t o r ' s l a p w a s a m e t r o p o l i t a n
p a p e r w i t h t h e l a s t p a g e u p p e r m o s t .
He h a d n ' t g l a n c e d a t i t b u t h e l d i t a b s e n t - m i n d e d l y .
Gl a n c i n g d o w n , h e n o t i c e d a n a r t i c l e o f a f e w l i n e s
w h i c h h e r e a d t o C o n o v e r . It a n n o u n c e d t h e p a s s i n g o f
P r e s i d e n t P o t t e r a n d s u m m e d u p h i s l i f e i n l e s s t h a n
f o r t y l i n e s . Ev i d e n t l y t h e r e w a s n ' t m u c h n e w s v a l u e i n
t h e p a s s i n g o f t h a t g e n t l e s o u l w h o h a d i n f l u e n c e d s o m a n y
o t h e r l i v e s .
Th e Se n a t o r t u r n e d t h e p a p e r o v e r
. Sh r i e k i n g h e a d -
l i n e s r u n n i n g a c r o s s t h e e n t i r e f r o n t p a g e a n n o u n c e d t h e
f u n e r a l o f a n a s s a s s i n a t e d g a n g s t e r .
Th e Se n a t o r r e a d :
" ` Si x t h o u s a n d p e r s o n s , a m o n g t h e m h i g h p u b l i c
o f f i c i a l s a n d g a n g l a n d o v e r l o r d s , t o d a y p a r t i c i p a t e d
i n t h e f u n e r a l s e r v i c e .
" ' A$ 5 , 000b r o n z e c a s k e t w a s c o v e r e d w i t h a
b l a n k e t o f w h i t e r o s e s
. Tw o a i r p l a n e s f l y i n g a h e a d
THE C O LLEGE
P R ESIDENT AND THE GANGSTER 3 21
s h o w e r e d t h e r o u t e w i t h 1 0, 000r o s e s , o v e r w h i c h
t h e h e a r s e p r o c e e d e d
. As s i s t a n t St a t e ' s a t t o r n e y s ,
a s s i s t a n t c o r p o r a t i o n c o u n s e l s , a c t e d a s p a l l b e a r e r s
.
" ` P o l i t i c s , c r i m e , f a c t i o n a l s t r i f e a n d f a m i l y
f e u d h o v e r e d b a c k o f t h e s t a g e .
"
` J u d g e s , C o n g r e s s m e n , St a t e Se n a t o r s , a n d
p r o s e c u t i n g a t t o r n e y s r u b b e d s h o u l d e r s a n d e x -
c h a n g e d g r e e t i n g s w i t h r a c k e t e e r s , b o o t l e g g e r s ,
p a n d e r e r s , g u n m e n , a n d v a g r a n t s
.
" ' Fi f t y u n i f o r m e d p o l i c e m e n , t w e n t y m o t o r -
c y c l e o f f i c e r s c l e a r e d t h e w a y f o r t h e t r e m e n d o u s
p r o c e s s i o n
. Tw e n t y - f i v e a u t o m o b i l e s w e r e l o a d e d
w i t h f l o w e r s .
"
` An d l e a d i n g t h e m a l l w a s t h e m u r d e r e d d e -
g e n e r a t e g a n g s t e r w h o m t h e p o l i c e h a d i m p l i c a t e d
i n
m u r d e r s , b o o t l e g g i n g , a n d b l a c k m a i l
. " '
Wh e n h e f i n i s h e d r e a d i n g , t h e t w o m e n s a t l o o k i n g a t
o n e a n o t h e r
. C o n o v e r r e a c h e d f o r t h e p a p e r a n d s p r e a d
i t b e f o r e h i m
. O n t h e b a c k w a s t h e t i n y , t h r e e - i n c h i t e m ,
t e l l i n g o f t h e p a s s i n g o f a g r e a t s o u l - o n t h e f r o n t w a s t h e
m a i n p o r t i o n o f t h e p a g e s h r i e k i n g t o t h e w o r l d t h e
f u n e r a l o f a g a n g s t e r a t w h i c h l a w e n f o r c e r s a n d l a w
m a k e r s r u b b e d e l b o w s w i t h t h e l a w b r e a k e r s , t h e c r o o k s
a n d t h e o u t l a w s .
" Wh a t a c o m m e n t a r y u p o n o u r v a u n t e d c i v i l i z a t i o n ! "
s a i d t h e Se n a t o r
. " Th e s e a r e t h e t h i n g s t h a t m a k e o n e
p a u s e a n d w o n d e r a n d a s k , ` Wh a t h a s h a p p e n e d t o o u r
c i v i l i z a t i o n t h a t m a k e s p o s s i b l e s u c h f a l s e t o l e r a t i o n ? '
" O t h e r c i v i l i z a t i o n s h a v e p e r i s h e d b y t h e s a m e c a u s e
.
Is t h e s a m e c a n c e r e a t i n g i n t o o u r c i v i l i z a t i o n o f t o d a y ? "
3 2 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
" J i m , " s a i d C o n o v e r , " t h e s e t h i n g s h a v e t h i s v a l u e .
Th e y g o a d m y d e t e r m i n a t i o n t o f i g h t a l l t h e g r e a t e r .
" J i m , w e a r e g o i n g t o f i g h t t h i s t h i n g t o a f i n i s h .
We
a r e g o i n g t o c a r r y o n f o r ' P r e x y . ' He r e i n t h i s p a p e r
i s o n e o f t h e b e s t e x a m p l e s t h a t c o u l d b e f o u n d o f t h e
r e s u l t Am e r i c a i s g e t t i n g f r o m s o m e o f i t s r a d i c a l t e a c h -
i n g . "
Th a t e v e n i n g J a c k t o l d h i s f a t h e r a n d t h e Se n a t o r t h e
d e t a i l s o f h i s a f f a i r i n t h e c l a s s o f Ec o n o m i c s . Wh e n h e
f i n i s h e d , t h e t w o o l d e r m e n e x c h a n g e d s i g n i f i c a n t g l a n c e s .
Wh e n J a c k l e f t t h e m , t h e Se n a t o r t u r n e d t o h i s f r i e n d
a n d s a i d :
" B i l l , t h e r e i s s o m e t h i n g b e h i n d t h i s t h a t Ic a n ' t p u t m y
f i n g e r o n . Ic a n u n d e r s t a n d s o m e t h i n g s a b o u t i t , b u t w h y
s h o u l d C o v e t e v i d e n c e s u c h a p r o n o u n c e d a n t i p a t h y f o r
J a c k ? It e v i d e n t l y s t a r t e d u p o n s i g h t . Wh a t i s i t , d o
y o u s u p p o s e ? "
" J i m , Ih a v e n o i d e a
. P r o f e s s o r C o v e t p r i d e s h i m s e l f
u p o n b e i n g a n u l t r a - m o d e r n i s t . Ih a v e u n e a r t h e d q u i t e
a b i t a b o u t h i m , b u t h e i s v e r y c a n n y . Id o n ' t l i k e h i s
o u t s i d e a f f i l i a t i o n s . Hi s n a m e f i g u r e s i n t o o m a n y s u b -
v e r s i v e s o c i e t i e s
.
" Fr o m t h i s t i m e o n , Ia m g o i n g t o r u n t h i s t h i n g t o
e a r t h . In t h e f i r s t p l a c e , C o v e t h a s a s t r a n g e h o l d u p o n
t h e b o a r d o f t r u s t e e s . As a m a t t e r o f f a c t , o u r h o u s e
c l e a n i n g m u s t s t a r t w i t h t h e t r u s t e e s t h e m s e l v e s . Fo r
t h e m o s t p a r t It h i n k i t i s . s h e e r c a r e l e s s n e s s o n t h e p a r t
o f m a n y .
" C h e c k t h e m o v e r a n d y o u w i l l f i n d t h a t t h e r e i s n ' t a
s t r o n g m a n o n t h e b o a r d
. M o s t o f t h e m a r e t h e r e f o r t h e
THE
C O LLEGE P R ESIDENT AND THE GANGSTER 3
2
3
h o n o r a n d a r e c o n t e n t t o l e t t h e f e w d o t h e w o r k , a n d i t
s o h a p p e n s i n o u r c a s e t h e f e w a r e n o t t h e r i g h t s o r t
. "
" We l l , B i l l , " r e p l i e d t h e Se n a t o r , " t h e r e i s n o b e t t e r
t i m e t o s t a r t t h a n r i g h t n o w . Am e e t i n g o f t r u s t e e s h a s
b e e n c a l l e d f o r t o m o r r o w e v e n i n g . Y o u a n d Im u s t s e e
s o m e o f t h e m b e f o r e t h e m e e t i n g . Th e r e i s a r u m o r g o i n g
a r o u n d t h a t C o v e t i s a s p i r i n g t o t h e p r e s i d e n c y o f t h e
C o l l e g e . "
It w a s f o r t u n a t e t h a t t h e Se n a t o r a n d C o n o v e r i n -
t e r e s t e d t h e m s e l v e s i n t i m e . Th e y f o u n d m a n y o f t h e
t r u s t e e s i n f a v o r o f t e n d e r i n g t h e o f f i c e a t o n c e t o C o v e t .
Th e b o a r d i n v i t e d t h e t w o o l d " g r a d s t o a p p e a r b e f o r e
t h e m w i t h t h e r e s u l t t h a t d e f i n i t e a c t i o n w a s p o s t p o n e d
a n d a c o m p r o m i s e w a s e f f e c t e d b y h a v i n g o n e o f t h e o l d e r
p r o f e s s o r s f u n c t i o n a s a c t i n g p r e s i d e n t p e n d i n g t h e s e l e c -
t i o n o f a n e w p r e s i d e n t .
La t e r t h a t e v e n i n g t h e p r e s i d e n t o f t h e B o a r d o f
Tr u s t e e s - w e n d e d h i s w a y t o C o v e t ' s h o u s e a n d r e l a t e d i n
d e t a i l t h e p r o c e e d i n g s o f t h e m e e t i n g , w i n d i n g u p b y
a s s u r i n g t h e d i s a p p o i n t e d C o v e t t h a t i t w a s m e r e l y a
m a t t e r o f a f e w m o n t h s b e f o r e h e c o u l d s w i n g t h e m a j o r i t y
a r o u n d t o h i s p o i n t o f v i e w .
Ho w e v e r , a s t h e m o n t h s w e n t o n , t h e a s s u r a n c e o f a
q u i c k d e c i s i o n g i v e n t o P r o f e s s o r C o v e t b y t h e t r u s t e e
d i d n o t m a t e r i a l i z e
. Th e r e w a s d e v e l o p i n g a n o p p o s i t i o n
t h a t t h e d o m i n a n t t r u s t e e c o u l d n o t u n d e r s t a n d
. So m e o f
t h e t r u s t e e s , w h o m h e h a d b e e n c o n v i n c e d h e c o u l d w i n d
a r o u n d h i s f i n g e r s , w e r e d i s p l a y i n g a s t r a n g e o b s t i n a c y .
" Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r a r e d e t e r m i n e d
t o b l o c k y o u r a p p o i n t m e n t , " h e t o l d C o v e t , " b u t Iw i l l p u t
t h e m i n t h e i r p l a c e s . "
C h a p t e r X X VIII
THEQ U IC KSANDSO FR AGE
Th e s u m m e r v a c a t i o n h a d p a s s e d
. Ag a i n t h e c a m p u s
w a s a l i v e w i t h s t u d e n t s .
St i l l t h e c o l l e g e w a s f u n c t i o n i n g u n d e r t h e l e a d e r s h i p
o f a n a c t i n g p r e s i d e n t .
Th e p r o t r a c t e d d i s a p p o i n t m e n t o f C o v e t w a s t e l l i n g
u p o n h i s t e m p e r a m e n t .
" If C o n o v e r ' s s o n w a s n o t i n s c h o o l , m a y b e h e w o u l d n ' t
t a k e s u c h a n i n t e n s i v e i n t e r e s t i n i t s a f f a i r s , " t h o u g h t
C o v e t .
Th e i d e a p o s s e s s e d h i m
; h e c o u l d n o t l e t i t g o . Fo r
m o n t h s h e h a d h e l d h i m s e l f i n l e a s h w i t h h i s s u b v e r s i v e
a c t i v i t i e s d e c i d i n g t h a t t h e t e m p o r a r y n e g l e c t m i g h t
s t r e n g t h e n h i s h a n d s t o o b t a i n p o s s e s s i o n o f t h e p r e s i -
d e n c y a n d t h e n h e c o u l d m a k e u p f o r l o s t t i m e .
As a m a t t e r o f f a c t , t h i s c o u r s e w a s u r g e d u p o n h i m
r e p e a t e d l y b y t h e r a d i c a l p r o f e s s o r s w h o m e t i n h i s s t u d y
a n d c o u n s e l e d t h e t e m p o r a r y " s o f t p e d a l " a g a i n s t t h e t i m e
w h e n t h e y w o u l d d o m i n a t e t h e s c h o o l a n d i n s t i l l t h e i r
t e a c h i n g s w i t h o u t t h e f e a r o f d i s m i s s a l t h a t w o u l d b e
t h e i r s w e r e a p r e s i d e n t o f a n o t h e r t y p e a t t h e h e a d
.
C o v e t d i d n o t d i s c u s s w i t h t h e m t h e t h o u g h t t h a t p e r -
s i s t e d . " If J a c k C o n o v e r w a s n ' t h e r e , m a y b e t h e f a t h e r
w o u l d n o t b e s o k e e n t o i n t e r f e r e . "
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s g r e a t w e a k n e s s w a s h i s u n g o v e r n a b l e
t e m p e r .
It i s d i f f i c u l t t o s e e t h e w h i t e l i g h t o f r e a s o n
t h r o u g h t h e r e d o f a n g e r .
3 24
THE Q U IC KSANDSO FR AGE

3 25
Th e r u s h o f r e d o v e r f l o w e d e v e r y t r a c e o f w h i t e o n e
d a y w h e n h e p i c k e d u p t h e c o l l e g e p a p e r a n d r e a d a n
a r t i c l e t h a t s h o u t e d t o h i m t h e n a m e o f J a c k C o n o v e r ,
t h o u g h t h e a r t i c l e w a s n o t s i g n e d . Th e r e w a s n o n e e d
f o r h i m t o i n q u i r e t h e n a m e o f t h e w r i t e r , t h o u g h h i s
s e c r e t a r y , Wa r b e r g , h a d o b t a i n e d i t f r o m t h e e d i t o r a n d
h a d t o l d h i m
.
Th e a r t i c l e r e a d :
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t r e a d t o h i s c l a s s l a s t w e e k a n
e x t r a c t t a k e n f r o m t h e b o o k o f R o b e r t O w e n , t h e
So c i a l i s t .
Th e a r t i c l e w a s h e a d e d ` P r i v a t e P r o p -
e r t y . '
" ` In t h i s n e w s t a t e o f e x i s t e n c e a l l p r i v a t e p r o p -
e r t y , i n p e r s o n s a n d t h i n g s , t h a t i s i n o p p o s i t i o n t o
t h e f i x e d l a w s o f h u m a n n a t u r e , w i l l c e a s e ; a n d , i n
c o n s e q u e n c e , s e l f i s h n e s s a n d j e a l o u s y w i l l t e r m i -
n a t e , a n d p o v e r t y w i l l b e u n k n o w n
.
" ` In s t e a d o f s u b m i t t i n g t o t h e i n n u m e r a b l e e v i l s
a r i s i n g f r o m p r i v a t e p r o p e r t y , a r r a n g e m e n t s w i l l b e
f o r m e d t o s e c u r e t o e v e r y o n e , f r o m b i r t h t o d e a t h ,
a f u l l s u p p l y o f e v e r y t h i n g t h a t i s b e s t f o r t h e
h u m a n n a t u r e ; t a k i n g , a l s o , i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n t h e
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s f o r m e d b y n a t u r e , i n t h e o r g a n -
i z a t i o n o f e a c h i n d i v i d u a l .
" ' As s o o n a s a l l u n n e c e s s a r y p r i v a t e p r o p e r t y
s h a l l b e a b o l i s h e d , i t w i l l n o l o n g e r b e , o r a p p e a r t o
b e , f o r t h e i n t e r e s t o f a n y o n e , t h a t a n y t h i n g i n f e r i o r
i n q u a l i t y s h a l l b e p r o d u c e d f o r t h e u s e o f m a n .
" ' Th e r e w i l l b e n o i n f e r i o r c u l t i v a t i o n ; n o i n -
f e r i o r h o u s e s o r b u i l d i n g s o f a n y k i n d ; n o i n f e r i o r
3 2
6

SINISTER SHADO WS
r o a d s , b r i d g e s , c a n a l s , a q u e d u c t s , v e s s e l s f o r n a v i -
g a t i o n , o r m a c h i n e r y f o r a n y p u r p o s e
. Al l o f t h e m
w i l l b e c o n s t r u c t e d o f t h e b e s t m a t e r i a l s t h a t c a n b e
p r o d u c e d . ' "
Th e a r t i c l e c o n t i n u e d :
" It w o u l d s e e m t h a t l i t t l e R o b b i e O w e n p a s s e d
a w a y w i t h m e n t a l c o l i c b e f o r e h e c o u l d f i n i s h h i s
O d e t o t h e P o p p y , s o w e h a v e t a k e n p a i n s t o f i n i s h
t h e t h i n g f o r h i m , p r e s e r v i n g a s m u c h a s p o s s i b l e
h i s s t y l e a n d a b s e n c e o f t h o u g h t .
" Al l c o u n t r i e s a r e t o b e o f t h e s a m e s i z e a s w e l l
a s a l l o c e a n s . Th e r e w i l l b e n o t r e e s h i g h e r t h a n
o t h e r t r e e s a n d n o t r e e s h i g h e r t h a n a n y o t h e r f o r m
o f v e g e t a t i o n .
" Ev e r y t h i n g t h a t g r o w s f r o m t h e e a r t h s h a l l b e
o f t h e s a m e s i z e , q u a l i t y a n d q u a n t i t y .
" No r i v e r s h a l l b e l o n g e r t h a n a n y o t h e r r i v e r .
Al l h i l l s a n d p r o t r u s i o n s o n t h e e a r t h ' s s u r f a c e
s h a l l b e o f t h e s a m e h e i g h t . Al l h o l l o w p l a c e s w i l l
b e t u r n e d u p s i d e d o w n t o g a i n a l e v e l l i n g a s p e c t -
e q u a l i n a l l w a y s w i t h s u r r o u n d i n g s .
" Th e l i o n a n d t h e l a m b w i l l b e m a t e d , t h e r e b y
p r o d u c i n g a s p e c i e s w i t h t h e b e s t q u a l i t i e s o f e a c h .
B y s o d o i n g , t h e l i o n a n d t h e l a m b w i l l l i e d o w n
t o g e t h e r b e c a u s e e a c h w i l l b e b o t h .
" Th e r e w i l l ' b e n o m o r e d i s t i n c t i o n b e t w e e n l a n d
a n d w a t e r - o n l y o n e w i l l r e m a i n , t o b e d e c i d e d b y
a w o r l d w i d e r e f e r e n d u m , e x c l u d i n g f r o m t h e v o t -
i n g o n l y t h o s e w h o l i v e o n t h e w a t e r a n d t h o s e w h o
r e s i d e o n t h e l a n d .
THE Q U IC KSANDSO FR AGE

3 27
" Al l f a c t o r i e s , s t o r e s , o f f i c e b u i l d i n g s a n d h o m e s ,
i f a n y , s h a l l b e o f t h e s a m e h e i g h t , w i d t h a n d
b r e a d t h .
" Al l l o c k s s h a l l b e t h e s a m e k i n d a n d t h e s a m e
s i z e s o t h a t o n e k e y o n l y w i l l b e n e c e s s a r y .
" Th e r e w i l l b e n o d i f f e r e n c e s i n i n d i v i d u a l s a s t o
a g e , h e i g h t o r w e i g h t . Ev e r y o n e s h a l l b e b o r n
p r e c i s e l y a t t h e s a m e m o m e n t , s o m e w h a t l i k e s p o n -
t a n e o u s c o m b u s t i o n
. Ev e r y o n e w i l l b e e x a c t l y t h e
s a m e a s t h e o t h e r
. No p e r s o n s h a l l h a v e m o r e h a i r
t h a n a n o t h e r f o r i t i s r a n k i n j u s t i c e f o r o n e t o b e
e n d o w e d w i t h a s h o c k o f h a i r w h i l e h i s n e i g h b o r i s
s o d e s t i t u t e t h a t t h e u p p e r p a r t o f h i s h e a d l a y s
i t s e l f o p e n t o t h e c h a r g e o f g r o s s i m m o d e s t y .
Th e r e w i l l b e n o m o r e d i f f e r e n c e s i n t h e c o l o r o f
e y e s . Al l e y e s s h a l l b e o f a c o m p o s i t e n e u t r a l
c o l o r , e a c h e y e t o h a v e a l l t h e p r o p e r t i e s o f t h e
m i c r o s c o p e , t h e t e l e s c o p e a n d t h e X - r a y . Al l
b r a i n s , i f a n y , a r e t o b e o f t h e s a m e w e i g h t a n d
m a t e r i a l .
" Th e f u n c t i o n s o f t h e b r a i n a n d t h e w i s h b o n e t o
b e t r a n s f e r a b l e a t w i l l .
" Th e r e i s t o b e o n l y o n e s e x s o t h a t f u t u r e g e n -
e r a t i o n s w i l l h a v e m o r e t i m e i n w h i c h t o s t u d y t h e
g r a n d l a w o f m e d i o c r i t y . "
Th e r e a d i n g o f t h e a r t i c l e c e a s e d
.
Th e p r o f e s s o r ' s f a c e w a s m o t t l e d w i t h a n g e r . Wa r b e r g
g a v e h i m o n e h u r r i e d g l a n c e a n d s o u g h t t o l e a v e t h e s t u d y
.
" St a y h e r e , " y e l l e d C o v e t .
" Do e s t h i s y o u n g f o o l t h i n k h e c a n f r u s t r a t e m e ? " h e
3
2
8

SINISTER SHADO WS
e x p l o d e d
.
R u s h i n g t o t h e b e w i l d e r e d Wa r b e r g , h e s h o o k
t h e m a g a z i n e w i t h J a c k ' s a r t i c l e u n d e r h i s n o s e i n a
d e l i r i u m o f p a s s i o n , a s i f Wa r b e r g h a d b e e n t h e i n s t i g a t o r .
" Do e s t h i s i n s a n e s t r i p l i n g t h i n k h e c a n c r o s s m e a n d
s p o i l o u r p l a n s ? It e l l y o u h e w i l l p a y - h e w i l l p a y ; d o
y o u h e a r ?
An s w e r m e , y o u f o o l l Hi s s i l l y Am e r i c a n -
i s m ! Da m n a b l e r o t ! Wh o i s t h i s u p s t a r t w h o t h i n k s h e
c a n u n d o a l l t h a t Ia n d t h e o t h e r c o m r a d e s h a v e d o n e ?
Wa r b e r g , It e l l y o u i n a n o t h e r f i v e y e a r s w e w i l l h a v e
o u r f i n g e r s a r o u n d t h e t h r o a t s o f Am e r i c a n c o l l e g e s . Le t
t h e p a t r i o t i c f o o l s g e t i n o u r w a y a t t h e i r o w n p e r i l ! I
w i l l p u s h t h e m f r o m m y p a t h . "
Th e l a s t t h r e a d o f r e a s o n s n a p p e d a s h e d a s h e d a c h a i r
w i t h i n c o n c e i v a b l e f u r y a g a i n s t t h e w a l l . " Li k e t h a t ,
It e l l y o u . Li k e t h a t l "
Gr e a t a s w a s C o v e t ' s a n g e r , i t w o u l d h a v e r e a c h e d e v e n
h i g h e r p e a k s h a d h e h e a r d t h e s t u d e n t b o d y ' s c o m m e n t s
r e g a r d i n g J a c k ' s e d i t o r i a l . Ha r d l y a w e e k p a s s e d b y i n
C o v e t ' s c l a s s w i t h o u t r e f e r e n c e s t o t h e U t o p i a n t h e o r i e s
o f Sa i n t Si m o n , Fo u r i e r , C o b e t o r O w e n , a f a v o r i t e a p -
p r o a c h f o r C o v e t t o h i s M a r x i a n t h e o r i e s . Th e r e a r e f e w
w e a p o n s a s e f f e c t i v e a s r i d i c u l e , a n d J a c k ' s O w e n i s t i c
a d d e n d a w i t h i t s b i t i n g s a r c a s m t o o k f r o m o n e o f C o v e t ' s
r e f e r e n c e s i t s l a s t v e s t i g e o f i n f l u e n c e . O w e n i s m s t o o d o u t
i n a l l i t s n a k e d a b s u r d i t y .
Th o s e i n t h e f a c u l t y w h o s t o o d s h o u l d e r t o s h o u l d e r i n
t h e m o v e m e n t w i t h C o v e t w e r e f i l l e d w i t h a p p r e h e n s i o n s
.
No t h a v i n g h i s Ta r t a r b l o o d , t h e i r r e a c t i o n s w e r e l e s s
v i o l e n t .
THEQ U IC KSANDSO FR AGE

3 29
B u t a s a u n i t , t h e y r e c o g n i z e d t h a t a d a m a g e h a d b e e n
d o n e t h a t i t w o u l d r e q u i r e c o n s i d e r a b l e t i m e t o r e p a i r .
M o s t o f t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e f a c u l t y , h o w e v e r , i n d u l g e d
i n c h u c k l e s a n d w e r e n ' t a t a l l d i s p l e a s e d a t w i t n e s s i n g
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s d i s c o m f i t u r e , w h i c h t h e y t h o u g h t h e h a d
b r o u g h t d o w n u p o n h i m s e l f .
Th e c a m p u s a t m o s p h e r e s e e m e d t o b e s u r c h a r g e d w i t h
p r e m o n i t i o n s o f a f a s t a p p r o a c h i n g c l i m a x .
Wh i s p e r i n g s i n c r e a s e d
. Th e r e w e r e s o m e w h o h i n t e d
t h a t M r s
. C o v e t ' s p r o l o n g e d a b s e n c e f r o m h o m e w a s q u e e r .
Fo r
s i x m o n t h s o r m o r e t h e p r o f e s s o r h a d t o l d h i s a s s o -
c i a t e s t h a t h i s w i f e w a s t r a v e l i n g i n Eu r o p e . C a s u a l i n -
q u i r i e s d e v e l o p e d t h e f a c t t h a t n o o n e h a d h e a r d f r o m
h e r - n o l e t t e r h a d b e e n r e c e i v e d b y h e r m o s t i n t i m a t e
f r i e n d s
. At f i r s t t h e a b s e n c e o f a d v i c e d i r e c t f r o m h e r
c a u s e d n o s p e c i a l w o n d e r m e n t , f o r h e r a c q u a i n t a n c e s
k n e w t h a t s h e h a d s u f f e r e d a n e r v o u s b r e a k d o w n a n d h a d
l e f t h e r h o m e i n a w e a k e n e d c o n d i t i o n . Th e s i t u a t i o n w a s
a c c e p t e d a t i t s f a c e v a l u e , b u t a s t h e m o n t h s w e n t o n a n d
n o w o r d c a m e t h e w h i s p e r i n g s i n c r e a s e d .
Wh e n a s k e d h o w h i s w i f e w a s , P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i n -
v a r i a b l y r e p l i e d t h a t s h e w a s m u c h b e t t e r
; a n d , s u c h i s
t h e i n n a t e s y m p a t h y o n e h a s f o r m i s f o r t u n e , t h e p r o f e s s o r
e s c a p e d w i t h
. a p e r f u n c t o r y a n s w e r t h a t g a v e n o d e t a i l s .
Th e w h i s p e r i n g s s u b s i d e d u n t i l n e w o n e s a r o s e , t h i s
t i m e r e g a r d i n g t h e w i f e o f a p r o f e s s o r i n a c o l l e g e i n a n
a d j o i n i n g s t a t e . Sh e h a d m o v e d t o P a x t o n a n d r e n t e d a
h o u s e d i r e c t l y b a c k o f t h e o n e i n w h i c h t h e C o v e t s l i v e d
.
He r h u s b a n d r e m a i n e d b e h i n d . Sh e l i v e d a l o n e a n d b e -
c a m e a n i n t e r e s t i n g p r o b l e m f o r t h e n e i g h b o r h o o d . C o v e t
g a v e o u t t h e i n f o r m a t i o n
t h a t s h e w a s w r i t i n g a b o o k o n
3 3 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
Eg y p t i a n C i v i l i z a t i o n a n d p o s s e s s e d o n e o f t h e k e e n e s t
m i n d s h e h a d e n c o u n t e r e d .
It s e e m e d t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r m u s t h a v e b e e n i n t e r e s t e d
a l s o i n Eg y p t i a n C i v i l i z a t i o n , f o r a s t i m e w e n t o n c o n -
f e r e n c e s b e t w e e n t h e t w o b e c a m e m o r e a n d m o r e f r e q u e n t .
If h i s t h o u g h t s e v e r d w e l t u p o n h i s a b s e n t w i f e , i t w a s
o n l y w i t h a n i n t e n s e c o m p a s s i o n f o r h i m s e l f t h a t h e w a s
y o k e d w i t h o n e w h o s e m e n t a l i t y h a d t a k e n a n o t h e r p a t h
t h a n h i s . Th e i d e a t h a t s h e w a s h i s s u p e r i o r i n e v e r y w a y
n e v e r e n t e r e d h i s b l i n d e d m i n d . Hi s n e g l e c t o f h e r h a d
s l o w l y s a p p e d h e r a b i l i t y t o c a r r y o n .
Th e t r a g e d y o f h i s r a d i c a l i s m g r o w i n g w i t h t h e y e a r s
a n d f e e d i n g u p o n i t s e l f u n t i l h e h a d b e c o m e m o r e a n d m o r e
m o r o s e l e f t h e r w i t h n o h o p e s f o r a n u n d e r s t a n d i n g
.
Va l i a n t l y d i d s h e s w i m a g a i n s t t h e b r e a k e r s
. Ev e r y a r t
a t h e r c o m m a n d s h e u s e d i n v a i n . Th e c o m i n g o f t h e
w o m a n a c r o s s t h e a l l e y w a s t h e l a s t s t r a w
; t h e l a s t v e s t i g e
o f h e r h o p e f o r b e t t e r m e n t d i s a p p e a r e d . Ev e n i n g a f t e r
e v e n i n g s h e s a t a l o n e w i t h o n l y t h e s a d j o y o f t h e m e m o r y
o f h e r b o y w h o d i e d " o v e r t h e r e " d o i n g h i s b i t f o r h i s
c o u n t r y ; h e r b o y w h o w a s c u r s e d a n d r e v i l e d b y h i s
f a t h e r f o r d o n n i n g t h e u n i f o r m o f a U n i t e d St a t e s s o l d i e r .
Wh e n t h e b o y h a d l e f t h i s h o m e f o r t h e l a s t t i m e , C o v e t
h a d l o c k e d h i m s e l f i n h i s s t u d y d e a f t o a l l k n o c k i n g s
.
B u t t h e c o u r a g e o f t h e m o t h e r h a d m o u n t e d t o i t s s u b l i m e
p e a k a s s h e k i s s e d h e r b o y g o o d b y a n d s e n t h i m f r o m
h e r w i t h t h e s m i l e o f a n a n g e l o n h e r f a c e .
No w h e r b o y w a s g o n e . O n l y m e m o r y l i v e d . No r w o u l d
t h e f a t h e r p e r m i t t h e n a m e o f h i s s o n t o b e m e n t i o n e d i n
h i s p r e s e n c e .
C o v e t ' s w i f e w a s a w a y , s o h e d i s m i s s e d h e r f r o m h i s
THEQ U IC KSANDS O F R AGE

3 3 1
m i n d .
He r e g a r d e d h i s a f f a i r w i t h R o s i k a a s o n l y a
t e m p o r a r y a n d u n a v o i d a b l e e s c a p a d e
. Th e m u c k o f B e r -
t r a n d R u s s e l l ' s s o - c a l l e d p h i l o s o p h y w i t h i t s d r i v e l i n g
a b o u t i n h i b i t i o n s h a d b e c o m e h i s c r e e d
. Th e w r i t e r o n
Eg y p t i a n C i v i l i z a t i o n , o f w h i c h i n t r u t h s h e k n e w l i t t l e ,
i n t r i g u e d t h e p r o f e s s o r .
Sh e a f f e c t e d Eg y p t i a n c o s t u m e s w h e n a t h o m e
. M a n y
t i m e s w h e n P r o f e s s o r C o v e t c a l l e d h e f o u n d h e r r e c l i n i n g
o n h e r c o u c h i n t h e i n d o l e n t e a s e o f t h e O r i e n t a l
. Sh e
w o u l d b e d r e s s e d i n a v e r y f u l l p a i r o f s i l k t r o u s e r s , p i n k ,
s t o c k i n g s a n d a t i g h t v e s t w i t h h a n g i n g s l e e v e s
. He r
p e r s o n w a s a d o r n e d w i t h b i z a r r e o r n a m e n t s o f t h e Ea s t
.
He r e y e s w e r e t r e a t e d w i t h b l a c k o r i e n t a l p o w d e r , w h i l e
h e r h a n d s w e r e s t a i n e d d e l i c a t e l y w i t h h e n n a
. Sh e a n d
h e r l o v e r , C o v e t , w e r e r e i n c a r n a t i o n s , s h e w o u l d e x p l a i n
t o h i m
; r e i n c a r n a t i o n s o f t h i s o n e o r t h a t o n e w h o l i v e d
o n t h e Ni l e m a n y c e n t u r i e s a g o w h e n Ki n g De n w a s o n
t h e t h r o n e o f Eg y p t
. Th e y w o u l d t r y t o r e c a l l u n f i n i s h e d
c o n v e r s a t i o n s i n w h i c h t h e y h a d e n g a g e d i n t h a t l o n g a g o
.
As t h e i r h o u s e s s t o o d b a c k t o b a c k , i t s i m p l i f i e d m a t t e r s
g r e a t l y t o u s e t h e r e a r g a t e s .
Th e p r o f e s s o r ' s c a l l s b e c a m e m o r e f r e q u e n t .
In h i s c o n v e r s a t i o n s w i t h t h e l a d y o f h i s l a t e r c h o i c e i t
c a m e t o b e u n d e r s t o o d t h a t t h e w o r d " s h e " r e f e r r e d t o
h i s w i f e .
" Ih a v e i t a l l p l a n n e d , " h e s a i d . " Y o u w i l l g e t y o u r
d i v o r c e i n R e n o
. Ih a v e m a d e i n q u i r i e s a n d f i n d t h a t I
w i l l b e o b l i g e d t o g o We s t f o r m y d i v o r c e
. Y o u k n o w s h e
i s i n a s a n i t a r i u m
. Ih a v e s e e n t o i t t h a t s h e i s u n d e r
r e s t r a i n t
. In t h e s t a t e Ih a v e i n m i n d t h e g r o u n d s o f i n -
s a n i t y w i l l a n s w e r . It w i l l b e v e r y e a s y t o g i v e o u t t h e
3 3 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
i m p r e s s i o n h e r e t h a t Io b t a i n e d t h e d i v o r c e o n t h e g r o u n d s
o f d e s e r t i o n . No o n e w i l l b e t h e w i s e r . As a m a t t e r o f
f a c t , It h i n k t h e s y m p a t h y o f t h e p u r i t a n i c a l p u b l i c w i l l
b e w i t h m e o n t h o s e g r o u n d s ; n o t t h a t Ic a r e , b u t i t w i l l
b e m o r e e x p e d i e n t m a y b e n o t t o a r o u s e a n i m o s i t y . "
As h e s t r u t t e d b a c k t o h i s h o u s e , Wa r b e r g , w h o w a s
p e e p i n g o u t t h e w i n d o w , m u r m u r e d , " Wh y d o e s n ' t h e
l e a v e w o m e n a l o n e ? R o s i k a a n d h e s t i r r e d u p a m e s s i n
Ne w Y o r k a n d n o w t h i s ` P i g h e a d ' i s d o i n g t h e s a m e t h i n g
h e r e . Wa i t t i l l R o s i k a h e a r s a b o u t t h i s o t h e r w o m a n
.
Th a t w i l d c a t w i l l s c r a t c h o u t h i s e y e s . "
Wi t h a s h r u g o f h i s s h o u l d e r s a n d a r o l l i n g o f h i s e y e s
h e m a d e h a s t e t o l e a v e t h e w i n d o w b e f o r e t h e p r o f e s s o r ' s
a r r i v a l , f o r h e h a d n o d e s i r e t o c r o s s t h i s m a n w h o d o m i -
n a t e d h i m a n d w h o s e f a n a t i c a l e y e s o f h a t r e d , w h e n
a r o u s e d , m a d e h i m t r e m b l e .
Wa r b e r g h u r r i e d h i s d e p a r t u r e f r o m t h e p r o f e s s o r ' s
s t u d y , b u t b e f o r e g o i n g h e h a s t i l y r e a r r a n g e d t h e p a p e r s
i n t h e l e t t e r b a s k e t m a r k e d " U n f i n i s h e d b u s i n e s s , " t a k i n g
p a i n s t o p l a c e o n t o p t h e a r t i c l e i n t h e c o l l e g e m a g a z i n e
w r i t t e n b y J a c k C o n o v e r .
" M a y b e , " t h o u g h t Wa r b e r g , " t h i s w i l l t a k e h i s m i n d
o f f h i s a f f a i r a c r o s s t h e a l l e y . Wo m e n ! B a h ! "
An d l i k e a m a g n e t , t h e l e t t e r b a s k e t w i t h t h e o p e n e d
c o l l e g e m a g a z i n e d r e w C o v e t ' s e y e s i m m e d i a t e l y u p o n
h i s e n t r a n c e .
Hi s t h o u g h t s w e r e a s c h i p s o f w o o d i n a w h i r l p o o l . Hi s
n a t i v e c u n n i n g w a s e x i l e d . In i t s p l a c e w a s s i t t i n g t h e
u s u r p e r , U n c o n t r o l l a b l e R a g e , t h a t h a d a l r e a d y b a n i s h e d
f r o m i t s p r e s e n c e a l l t h a t c o u n s e l e d c a u t i o n
.
C h a p t e r X X IX
EX AM INATIO NTIM E,
Th e f o o t b a l l s q u a d w a s i n t h e d r e s s i n g r o o m o f t h e
" Gy m " i n v a r i o u s s t a g e s o f d r e s s i n g a n d u n d r e s s i n g . In
h a l f a n h o u r t h e y w o u l d b e o n t h e f i e l d f o r p r a c t i c e . Wh a t
m a g n i f i c e n t s p e c i m e n s o f m a n h o o d t h e y w e r e . Ho w . t h e i r
m u s c l e s r i p p l e d . An e x u b e r a n c e o f v i t a l i t y r a d i a t e d f r o m
t h o s e c l e a n b o d i e s . Wh a t a n i n s p i r a t i o n f o r t h e q u i c k e n e d
b r a i n o f a m a s t e r s c u l p t o r !
As t h e y t r o t t e d o u t t o t h e f i e l d , t h e b i g c e n t e r a n d
J a c k j o g g e d a l o n g t o g e t h e r .
" Ho w d o y o u s t a n d i n Ec o n o m i c s , J a c k ? So m e o f t h e
f e l l o w s t e l l m e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a s i t i n f o r y o u . No
c h a n c e o f h i s g e t t i n g n a s t y , i s t h e r e , J a c k ? "
" No t a c h a n c e , " r e p l i e d J a c k , " i f y o u m e a n t h a t h e
m a y ` f l u n k ' m e . He h a s b e e n h a n d i n g m e t h e l o w e s t m a r k s
Ih a v e e v e r r e c e i v e d i n m y l i f e . Ie x p e c t e d t h a t , b u t h e
w o u l d n ' t g o t o t h e l e n g t h o f a ' f l u n k . ' "
Th e t e a m w a s r o u n d i n g i n t o c o n d i t i o n i n p r e p a r a t i o n
f o r t h e g r e a t g a m e o f t h e y e a r . So f a r i t h a d c o m e t h r o u g h
t h e s e a s o n w i t h o u t a s i n g l e d e f e a t . Th e t e a m i t w a s t o
m e e t o n t h e c o m i n g Sa t u r d a y w a s i t s o l d e s t r i v a l . A
v i c t o r y o v e r t h a t p a r t i c u l a r t e a m m e a n t m o r e t o t h e s t u -
d e n t b o d y t h a n o n e o v e r a n y o t h e r t e a m i n t h e c o n f e r e n c e .
An e x a m i n a t i o n i n Ec o n o m i c s c a m e t h e Th u r s d a y b e -
f o r e t h e g a m e . J a c k C o n o v e r w a s i n t h e c l a s s r o o m b e n d -
i n g o v e r h i s p a p e r s . Se v e r a l q u e s t i o n s c a u s e d h i m t o p u z z l e
f o r s o m e t i m e . Th e y w e r e a d r o i t l y w o r d e d . J a c k r e a l i z e d
3 3 3
3 3 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
a t o n c e t h e - " c a t c h " q u e s t i o n s . He a n s w e r e d t h e m , e x -
p l a i n i n g t h e d e d u c t i o n i n t h e t e x t b o o k f r o m w h i c h t h e
q u e s t i o n s w e r e f o r m u l a t e d b u t c o n t i n u e d h i s a n s w e r s w i t h
t h e s t a t e m e n t s t h a t o t h e r a u t h o r i t i e s t o o k i s s u e w i t h t h e
s o l u t i o n s t h e r e i n e x p r e s s e d .
J a c k f e l t t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r h a d p r e p a r e d t h e d i l e m m a
e s p e c i a l l y f o r h i m . Ei t h e r h e h a d t o c o n c u r w i t h t h e t e x t -
b o o k ' s d e d u c t i o n s a n d t h e r e b y o u t r a g e h i s i n h e r e n t h o n -
e s t y o f c o n v i c t i o n o r h e w a s o b l i g e d t o a n s w e r a c c o r d i n g
t o t h e t e x t b o o k a n d e l a b o r a t e t h e a n s w e r w i t h h i s f i n d i n g s
f r o m m o r e d e p e n d a b l e a n d t r u s t w o r t h y a u t h o r i t i e s .
He f e l t i n t u i t i v e l y t h a t t h e p r o f e s s o r w a s r e a d y t o r u n
h i m t h r o u g h w i t h e i t h e r o n e o r t h e o t h e r o f t h e t w o h o r n s
o f t h e d i l e m m a .
J a c k t u r n e d i n h i s p a p e r s a f t e r r e v i e w i n g t h e m c a r e -
f u l l y a s w a s h i s h a b i t a n d s t r o l l e d a c r o s s t h e c a m p u s .
" Ab o u t a ` C ' i s t h e w o r s t Ic a n g e t , " h e t h o u g h t .
Th e t e a m w a s t r a i n e d t o t h e m i n u t e . Th e r e h a d b e e n
n o s c r i m m a g e f o r s e v e r a l d a y s . Fr i d a y ' s w o r k c o n s i s t e d
i n r u n n i n g a f e w s i g n a l s , f o l l o w e d b y b l a c k b o a r d w o r k .
Sa i d t h e c o a c h t o h i s a s s i s t a n t , " In e v e r s a w a b u n c h
s o c o n f i d e n t i n m y l i f e . J a c k C o n o v e r f i g h t s b e s t w h e n h e
i s c o m i n g f r o m b e h i n d a n d h e h a s s h o t h i s f i g h t i n g s p i r i t
i n t o e v e r y m a n o n t h a t t e a m . Wi t h o u t J a c k i n t h e g a m e
t o m o r r o w , i f Iw a s o p t i m i s t i c , Iw o u l d s a y o u r c h a n c e s -
a t t h e v e r y b e s t a r e a b o u t e v e n ; w i t h J a c k i n , m y g u e s s i s
o u r e d g e w i l l b e a b o u t s i x , m a y b e s e v e n p o i n t s
. "
*

*

*

*
Wh i l e t h e t e a m i s p r e p a r i n g f o r t h e b i g g a m e , a n d w h i l e
a c r o s s t h e c a m p u s b e f o r e h i s d e s k i n h i s l i b r a r y s i t s
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t b e n d i n g h i s m i g h t y i n t e l l e c t u p o n t h e t a s k
EX AM INATIO NTIM E

3 3 5
o f m a r k i n g t h e e x a m i n a t i o n p a p e r s , a t r a i n w a s s p e e d i n g
w e s t w a r d d u e i n P a x t o n e a r l y Sa t u r d a y m o r n i n g .
R a t h e r a n i m p o r t a n t t r a i n i t w a s , f o r o n e o f i t s p a s -
s e n g e r s , u n k n o w i n g l y h a d w i t h i n h e r h a n d s t h e d e s t i n y
o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e .
It i s a n i n t e r e s t i n g s t u d y t o t r a c e i m p o r t a n t e v e n t s
b a c k t o t h e a p p a r e n t l y i n c o n s e q u e n t i a l i n c i d e n t t h a t s e t
i n m o t i o n t h e c l i m a c t i c a g e n t .
Th e p a w n o f d e s t i n y i n t h i s c a s e w a s R o s i k a , t h e
t h r o w b a c k t o t h e t i m e o f c l u b a n d f a n g , t h e u n r e g e n e r a t e d
b a r b a r i a n w h o r a n w i t h t h e p a c k , h a t i n g t h e r e s t r a i n t s t h a t
c i v i l i z a t i o n h a d a t t e m p t e d t o i m p o s e .
It w a s a b e t t e r d r e s s e d R o s i k a t h a n i n h e r b a s e m e n t
d a y s . Sh e w a s a t t i r e d i n a f l a r e o f r i o t i n g c o l o r s . No o t h e r
t y p e o f w o m a n w o u l d h a v e a t t e m p t e d s u c h a c o m b i n a t i o n .
U p o n h e r , h o w e v e r , t h e r e s u l t w a s u n d e n i a b l y s t r i k i n g .
a n d e x o t i c . He r r a v e n b l a c k h a i r i n g r e a t q u a n t i t i e s w a s
d r e s s e d w i t h o r i e n t a l e f f e c t i v e n e s s . No l i n e o n h e r f a c e
p r o c l a i m e d h e r a b a n d o n e d l i f e . Na t u r e h a d p l a y e d o n e
o f i t s r a r e j o k e s i n c o v e r i n g a d e p r a v e d m i n d w i t h a f a c e
o f s t r i k i n g b e a u t y .
As t h e t r a i n s p e d w e s t w a r d , h e r r e s t l e s s n e s s i n c r e a s e d .
B a c k a n d f o r t h , f r o m c l u b c a r t o o b s e r v a t i o n c a r , s h e
w a l k e d w i t h t h e f a s c i n a t i n g g l i d e o f a t i g r e s s . Ev e r y t h i n g
s h e d i d e x u d e d e x c e s s o f v i t a l i t y .
" Al l p a s s e n g e r s o u t f o r P a x t o n , " s a n g o u t t h e b r a k e -
m a n .
R o s i k a s e t t l e d h e r s e l f i n a t a x i . Sh e g a v e t h e a d d r e s s
o f P r o f e s s o r C o v e t t o t h e d r i v e r .
C h a p t e r X X X
THER EVENGETHATB ANISHEDR EASO N
It w i l l b e r e c a l l e d t h a t o n Fr i d a y a f t e r n o o n P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t w a s e n g a g e d i n m a r k i n g t h e e x a m i n a t i o n p a p e r s .
He w a s f a r f r o m b e i n g i n a j u d i c i a l f r a m e o f m i n d w h e n
h e s a t d o w n t o t h e t a s k
. Hi s s u b v e r s i v e a c t i v i t i e s , h i s
d o m e s t i c c o m p l i c a t i o n s , e i t h e r o n e a l o n e w o u l d h a v e b e e n
a s u f f i c i e n t r e a s o n f o r h i s n e r v o u s n e s s , b u t o n t o p o f a l l
t h a t h a d c o m e a n i n c i d e n t t h a t h a d s h a k e n t h e d i c t a t o r i a l
o n e m o r e t h a n h e c a r e d t o a c k n o w l e d g e e v e n t o h i m s e l f .
As h e w a s w a l k i n g a c r o s s t h e c a m p u s , h e m e t M r s .
Sl e e p e r , o n e o f h i s w i f e ' s b e s t f r i e n d s . Im m e d i a t e l y h e
s e n s e d t h e s t r a i n e d g r e e t i n g .
Hi t h e r t o w h e n t h e y h a d m e t , a l w a y s h a d c o m e t h e
s o l i c i t o u s i n q u i r y r e g a r d i n g M r s . C o v e t . To d a y a d e c i d e d
r e s t r a i n t w a s n o t i c e a b l e . Th e a b s e n c e o f t h e u s u a l i n -
q u i r y d i s t u r b e d h i m ; i t h i n t e d o f k n o w l e d g e .
" Is n ' t i t a b e a u t i f u l d a y ? " h e d e c l a i m e d i n a t o n e o f
v o i c e t h a t r a n g w i t h t h e l o f t y d e d u c t i o n .
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , Ih a v e j u s t r e c e i v e d a l e t t e r f r o m
y o u r w i f e . "
Ha d h e r e c e i v e d a b l o w i n t h e f a c e , h i s r e a c t i o n w o u l d
n o t h a v e b e e n g r e a t e r . He s t r u g g l e d t o r e g a i n h i s c o m -
p o s u r e w h i l e h i s m i n d r a c e d f o r a s o l u t i o n . Ne v e r w a s
h i s n e e d g r e a t e r f o r s k i l l f u l h a n d l i n g o f t h e u n e x p e c t e d
.
It w a s t h e l a s t t h i n g h e h a d e x p e c t e d t o e n c o u n t e r
. Th e
n e e d e d i n s p i r a t i o n d i d n o t f a i l h i m . Th e r e c a m e t o h i m a
g l o w o f s a t i s f a c t i o n a s t h e r e f l a s h e d a c r o s s h i s m i n d a
3 3 6
THER EVENGETHATB ANISHEDR EASO N

3 3 7
m e t h o d o f h a n d l i n g t h e s i t u a t i o n t h a t w o u l d s o l v e e v e r y -
t h i n g a n d r e d o u n d t o h i s c r e d i t . Al w a y s h i m s e l f I
B u t h a d h e k n o w n h u m a n n a t u r e b e t t e r , h e w o u l d h a v e
r e a l i z e d t h a t a p a i r o f e y e s m a d e s h r e w d b y f r i e n d s h i p
w e r e a p p r a i s i n g h i s e f f o r t s a n d c o r r e c t l y w e i g h i n g t h e m
o n t h e d e l i c a t e s c a l e s o f i n t u i t i o n .
He f a n c i e d h e h a d h i m s e l f i n h a n d
. Ac t o r t h a t h e w a s ,
h e s u m m o n e d t o h i s a s s i s t a n c e a l o o k o f p r o f o u n d g r i e f
.
No t a s t e p o f t h e p r o c e s s e s c a p e d t h e w a t c h i n g e y e s o f
h i s w i f e ' s f r i e n d .
Wi t h a v o i c e c h o k e d w i t h e m o t i o n t h e p r o f e s s o r s a i d ,
" Wh a t a r e l i e f i t i s t o b e a b l e t o t a l k f r e e l y w i t h y o u l
Th e s i l e n c e o f t h e m o n t h s h a v e d r i v e n m e t o d i s t r a c t i o n
.
To s h i e l d h e r , Ih a v e b e e n o b l i g e d t o r e s o r t t o e x p e d i e n c i e s
t h a t h a v e g a l l e d m e . It o o k h e r t o Eu r o p e ; t h e s p e c i a l i s t s
t h e r e g a v e n o h o p e o f a r e c o v e r y . B a c k w e c a m e
. Wh a t
c o u l d Id o ? Th e r e w a s o n l y o n e t h i n g l e f t - a s a n i t a r i u m
- t h e b e s t o b t a i n a b l e .
" It i s d r i v i n g m e t o d i s t r a c t i o n . Te l l m e w h a t t o d o ? "
C o v e t w a s q u i t e p l e a s e d w i t h h i m s e l f a t h i s c l i m a x
.
B y f l i n g i n g h i m s e l f u p o n h e r a d v i c e , h e h a d h o p e d t o
d i s a r m h e r .
Wa s i t p o s s i b l e t h a t h e h a d n o t w o r k e d h i s w i l l u p o n
t h i s w o m a n w h o m i n o t h e r d a y s h e h a d a l w a y s c o n s i d e r e d
a s b e i n g r a t h e r c o l o r l e s s ?
Th e w i d e o p e n b l u e e y e s b e f o r e h i m w e r e r e a d i n g h i m
l i k e a b o o k
. Wh y d i d n ' t s h e s a y s o m e t h i n g ?
An d t h e n t h i s g e n t l e l i t t l e s o u l b e f o r e h i m e x p e r i e n c e d
o n e o f h e r f i r s t t o u c h e s o f s u b t l e t y w h e n s h e r e p l i e d
:
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , w e m u s t b e n d a l l o u r e f f o r t s t o w a r d
d o i n g t h e b e s t t h i n g f o r h e r
. "
3 3 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
Th e c r y p t i c a n s w e r d i s t u r b e d h i m . He h a d i t o n t h e
t i p o f h i s t o n g u e t o a s k h e r t o t r e a t t h e m a t t e r a s c o n f i d e n -
t i a l w h i l e t h e h u s b a n d a n d t h e f r i e n d w o r k e d f o r a s o l u -
t i o n , b u t b e f o r e h e c o u l d f r a m e h i s r e q u e s t t h e y w e r e
j o i n e d b y t h e w i f e o f a n o t h e r p r o f e s s o r w h o b o r e a w a y
h e r f r i e n d , l e a v i n g C o v e t p u z z l e d a n d f i l l e d w i t h a l a r m .
" Wh y d i d n ' t s h e s h o w m e t h e l e t t e r ? Th e s i t u a t i o n i s
a b s o l u t e l y a b s u r d
. Iw a s i n t h e d a r k c o m p l e t e l y . Da m n
t h e l u c k . Wh y d i d i t c o m e u p a t t h i s t i m e ? "
Gr e a t a s w a s h i s a g i t a t i o n , i t w o u l d h a v e b e e n s t i l l
g r e a t e r h a d h e r e a d t h e c o n t e n t s o f t h e l e t t e r w i t h t h e p a -
t h e t i c p l e a f o r r e l e a s e f r o m a c o n f i n e m e n t t h a t w a s n o t
o n l y i l l e g a l b u t f u l l o f t h r e a t f o r t h e d a r k e n i n g f u t u r e .
As C o v e t s a t a t h i s d e s k m a r k i n g t h e e x a m i n a t i o n
p a p e r s , h e w a s i n a f r a m e o f m i n d t h a t c l a m o r e d f o r a
s a c r i f i c e ; h i s t e m p e r d e m a n d e d a s c a p e g o a t . He r e a c h e d
f o r a n o t h e r e x a m i n a t i o n p a p e r . Ac a p r i c e o f c h a n c e - i t
w a s J a c k ' s . He r e a d J a c k ' s a n s w e r t r u e t o t e x t b o o k ,
t h e n f o l l o w e d t h e e l a b o r a t i o n t a k e n f r o m o t h e r s o u r c e s .
Sa r d o n i c s m i l e s p l a y e d o v e r h i s f a c e . " Th e f o o l h a s
g o n e a s t e p t o o f a r . "
Hi s r e d p e n c i l m a r k e d a n " E" a t t h e t o p a n d t h e t h i n g
w a s d o n e .
La t e t h a t a f t e r n o o n w o r d f l e w a r o u n d t h e c a m p u s t h a t
J a c k h a d " f l u n k e d " a n d t h a t h e w a s i n e l i g i b l e f o r t h e
b i g g a m e o f t h e y e a r o n Sa t u r d a y .
C h a p t e r X X X I
THE WO M ANSP U R NED
Wh e n R o s i k a a r r i v e d a t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s h o u s e o n
t h a t m e m o r a b l e Sa t u r d a y m o r n i n g a n d h a d r e c e i v e d n o
a n s w e r t o t h e r e p e a t e d r i n g i n g o f t h e b e l l , s h e o p e n e d
t h e d o o r a n d w a l k e d i n . C o v e t a n d Wa r b e r g h a d g o n e
u p t o w n f o r b r e a k f a s t . B y c h a n c e t h e d o o r o f t h e It a l i a n
s t u d y w a s u n l o c k e d a n d R o s i k a e n t e r e d . Sh e h e a r d t h e
p r o f e s s o r _ o p e n t h e f r o n t d o o r . Hu r r i e d l y s h e c o n c e a l e d
h e r s e l f a s t h e p r o f e s s o r a n d h i s C o m m u n i s t s e c r e t a r y ,
Wa r b e r g , e n t e r e d t h e s t u d y .
Wa r b e r g w a s i n a p a r o x y s m o f e x c i t e m e n t . " Th e s t u -
d e n t s a r e w i l d . Th e y a r e c r a z y m a d . Th e y s a y t h e y
w i l l t u r n t h e b u i l d i n g s u p s i d e d o w n i f C a p t a i n C o n o v e r
d o e s n ' t p l a y , " h e j a b b e r e d . " Ne v e r d i d Is e e a n y t h i n g
l i k e i t . "
" Th a t i s a l l , " r e p l i e d P r o f e s s o r C o v e t . " Ih a v e m a d e t h e
d e c i s i o n
. I` f l u n k e d ' h i m r e g a r d l e s s o f h i s m a r k s , a n d
t h a t w i l l n o t b e c h a n g e d
. Th e s t u d e n t s ' a n g e r w i l l t u r n
u p o n h i m w h e n h e d o e s n ' t p l a y
. M y n e x t s t e p w i l l b e t o
r e m o v e h i m f r o m t h e c a m p u s . Iw i l l n o t h a v e h i m u p -
s e t t i n g m y p l a n s . "
C o v e t a n d Wa r b e r g j u m p e d t o a t t e n t i o n u p o n h e a r i n g
a n o i s e a c r o s s t h e r o o m . Tu r n i n g t h e y s a w R o s i k a , w h o
g l i d e d t o w a r d s t h e m i n h e r s i n u o u s w a l k .
" An d h o w i s t h e P r o f . t h i s m o r n i n g a n d m y l i t t l e
p l a y m a t e ? " s h e s a i d , c h u c k i n g t h e b e w i l d e r e d Wa r b e r g
u n d e r t h e c h i n .
3 3 9
3 4 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Wh a t a r e y o u d o i n g h e r e , R o s i k a ? " b l u r t e d t h e s u r -
p r i s e d p r o f e s s o r
.
" Se e m s I' m n o t w a n t e d , " r e p l i e d R o s i k a , w h o h u r r i e d
o u t o f t h e r o o m , m a k i n g f o r t h e f r o n t d o o r . He r h a n d w a s
o n t h e k n o b . He r o r i e n t a l c r a f t i n e s s c a m e t o h e r a i d . Sh e
o p e n e d t h e d o o r , s l a m m e d i t i n f r o n t o f h e r , a n d s i l e n t l y
r a n u p s t a i r s .
" Wh e r e h a s s h e g o n e ? " f r a n t i c a l l y a s k e d t h e p r o f e s s o r .
Wa r b e r g h u r r i e d t o t h e d o o r , o p e n e d i t , p e e r e d o u t a n d
r e t u r n e d t o t h e p r o f e s s o r w i t h t h e a d v i c e t h a t s h e h a d
r u s h e d o u t o f t h e h o u s e a n d w a s n ' t i n s i g h t .
" Th e r e w i l l b e t h e d e v i l t o p a y i f y o u d o n ' t g e t h o l d
o f t h a t w i l d c a t a n d c u t h e r c l a w s , " h e t o l d C o v e t .
Sc a r c e l y h a d t h e e x c i t e m e n t o f R o s i k a ' s a r r i v a l a n d
d i s a p p e a r a n c e d i e d d o w n b e f o r e a n o t h e r c a l l e r h a d a n -
n o u n c e d h e r a r r i v a l .
C o v e t w e n t t o t h e d o o r e x p e c t i n g t o s e e R o s i k a a n d
f o u n d i n s t e a d h i s " s o u l m a t e " f r o m a c r o s s t h e a l l e y .
" B e n e d i c t , M r s . Sl e e p e r c a l l e d o n m e a t s e v e n o ' c l o c k
t h i s m o r n i n g . Th e i n d i g n i t y o f t h e t h i n g ! Sh e p r e s u m e d
t o q u e s t i o n m e a b o u t y o u r w i f e . Sh e t r i e d t o a p p e a l t o m y
` b e t t e r n a t u r e
. ' Sh e m a d e m e s i c k . Th i n k o f i t
. Sh e t r i e d
t o m a k e m e t h i n k Iw a s a c u l p r i t . Is t o o d i t , a s l o n g a s I
c o u l d . It o l d h e r y o u r w i f e h a d d e s e r t e d y o u - t h a t m y
h u s b a n d h a d l e f t m e - t h a t w e b o t h w e r e o f a g e a n d k n e w
o u r o w n m i n d s a n d t h a t n o t h i n g i n t h i s w o r l d w a s g o -
i n g t o k e e p u s a p a r t . "
Y e s t e r d a y M r s . Sl e e p e r h a d t o l d h i m a b o u t r e c e i v i n g
a l e t t e r f r o m h i s w i f e
. To d a y s h e c a l l e d u p o n t h e w o m a n .
" Di d s h e s a y a n y t h i n g a b o u t a l e t t e r ? " t h e p r o f e s s o r
i n q u i r e d .
THE WO M AN SP U R NED

3 4 1
" No , s h e d i d n ' t ; . w h a t l e t t e r ? " t h e w o m a n r e p l i e d .
Th e s i g n i f i c a n c e o f t h e o m i s s i o n w a s n o t l o s t o n C o v e t
.
C o v e t g r a b b e d h e r i n t o h i s a r m s a n d h a s t i l y a t t e m p t e d
t o c a l m h e r . " Do n ' t b e d i s t u r b e d
. Ev e r y t h i n g w i l l c o m e
o u t a l l r i g h t
. No w r u n h o m e a n d Iw i l l c o m e o v e r i n a
l i t t l e w h i l e
. We w i l l g e t t h i s t h i n g s t r a i g h t e n e d o u t . "
Sh e h u n g o n h i s n e c k w h i l e h e s h o w e r e d h e r w i t h t h e
r o u g h c a r e s s e s o f a m a t i n g w o l f i n w h o s e e y e s t e n d e r n e s s
n e v e r s h i n e s .
Th e d o o r s h u t a n d s h e w a s g o n e
. It w a s f o r t u n a t e f o r
C o v e t t h a t h e h a d n o t g l a n c e d u p s t a i r s , f o r i f h e h a d h e
w o u l d h a v e s e e n R o s i k a h a n g i n g o v e r t h e b a n i s t e r s , d i g -
g i n g h e r f i n g e r n a i l s i n t o h e r p a l m s u n t i l t h e y w e r e l a c e r -
a t e d .
So g r e a t a m a s t e r y h a d h e r n e e d f o r r e v e n g e a c h i e v e d
t h a t s h e h a d s u c c e e d e d i n h o l d i n g h e r s e l f i n l e a s h a g a i n s t
h e r p a s s i o n a t e l u s t f o r i m m e d i a t e d e s t r u c t i o n .
Ag a i n w e r e C o v e t a n d Wa r b e r g i n t h e s t u d y b e h i n d
c l o s e d d o o r s .
R o s i k a c a m e s i l e n t l y d o w n t h e s t a i r s
. Q u i e t l y s h e
o p e n e d t h e f r o n t d o o r a n d n o i s e l e s s l y f o l l o w e d t h e p a t h
t o t h e c a m p u s
. He r m i n d w a s i n a w h i r l . M a s t e r i n g e v e r y
o t h e r i m p u l s e w a s t h e d o m i n a t i n g t h o u g h t o f r e v e n g e , a n
u r g e t h a t w o u l d g i v e h e r n o r e s t s h o r t o f i t s a c c o m p l i s h -
m e n t . , It w a s t h e e l e m e n t a l r a g e o f a t h w a r t e d t i g r e s s .
C o m i n g f r o m t h e o t h e r d i r e c t i o n w e r e t w o f i g u r e s .
R o s i k a i n h e r b l i n d a n g e r
. a t f i r s t t o o k n o r e c o g n i t i o n o f
t h e m . Th e t w o h a d j u s t c o m e f r o m t h e t r a i n t o g e t h e r
w i t h a h o s t o f a l u m n i w h o w e r e r e t u r n i n g t o t h e o l d s c h o o l
t o w i t n e s s t h e g r e a t g a m e o f t h e y e a r .
Ha v i n g j u s t a r r i v e d , t h e y h a d n o t h e a r d t h e n e w s o f
3 4 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
t h e c a p t a i n ' s i n e l i g i b i l i t y .
As w a s t h e i r w o n t , Se n a t o r
M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r w e r e w a l k i n g t h r o u g h t h e
o l d c a m p u s , t h o u g h t h e d i s t a n c e w a s g r e a t e r , t o t h e In n .
R o s i k a g l a n c e d a t t h e p a s s i n g m e n a n d r e c o g n i z e d t h e
Se n a t o r
. Sh e k n e w Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r b y n a m e b u t h a d
n e v e r s e e n h i m .
He r e w a s h e r c h a n c e
. Sh e c o n f r o n t e d t h e Se n a t o r . Fo r
s e v e r a l m i n u t e s t h e t w o m e n f a i l e d t o g r a s p t h e i n f o r m a -
t i o n s h e w a s p o u r i n g o u t i n c o h e r e n t l y .
" It e l l y o u Iw a s i n C o v e t ' s s t u d y a n d h e a r d h i m s a y
h e ` f l u n k e d ' t h e c a p t a i n p u r p o s e l y a n d t h a t h e i n t e n d e d
t o d r i v e h i m f r o m t h e s c h o o l , " s h e s c r e a m e d .
C o n o v e r s p o k e u p . " Do Iu n d e r s t a n d y o u t o s a y t h a t
J a c k C o n o v e r w a s ` f l u n k e d ' i n s p i t e ? "
" Th a t i s w h a t Ia m t r y i n g t o t e l l y o u , " s h e s n a p p e d
b a c k a t h i m .
C o v e t h a d o p e n e d h i s f r o n t d o o r . He s a w t h e t h r e e
d e e p i n c o n v e r s a t i o n .
He c a l l e d q u i c k l y f o r Wa r b e r g a n d w h e n t h a t s u r p r i s e d
i n d i v i d u a l a p p e a r e d , C o v e t g r a b b e d h i m b y t h e a r m w i t h
f i n g e r s o f s t e e l t h a t t o r e i n t o h i s f l e s h .
" Hu r r y , h u r r y , Wa r b e r g , r u n o v e r t h e r e .
Ge t t h a t
w i l d c a t a w a y f r o m t h o s e m e n . Ta k e h e r a w a y , a n y w h e r e ,
h u r r y . Ge t t h e m a p a r t . "
. As h e s h o t h i s w o r d s a t Wa r b e r g h e p u s h e d h i m a s i f
h e w o u l d a i d h i s s p e e d .
Wa r b e r g ' s a p p e a r a n c e o n t h e s c e n e t o o k R o s i k a b y
s u r p r i s e , b u t b e f o r e Wa r b e r g ' s d e n o u e m e n t c o u l d t a k e
p l a c e , t h e Se n a t o r a n d Wi l l C o n o v e r h a d r e c o v e r e d f r o m
t h e i r s u r p r i s e a n d h a d b e c o m e m a s t e r s o f t h e s i t u a t i o n
.
In a f r e n z y o f r a g e , C o v e t s a w t h e f o u r p r o c e e d a c r o s s
THEWO M AN SP U R NED

3 4 3
t h e c a m p u s . He s t u m b l e d t o h i s f r o n t g a t e a n d s t o o d t h e r e
s w a y i n g a s a m a n d e e p i n d r i n k w h i l e h e w a t c h e d t h e m
e n t e r t h e In n .
Q u i c k l y C o n o v e r a r r a n g e d f o r t h e s u i t e o f r o o m s , r e -
s e r v e d f o r h i m f r o m t h e y e a r b e f o r e .
In s u r p r i s e t h e r o o m c l e r k f o l l o w e d t h e f o u r w i t h h i s
g l a n c e a s t h e y a s c e n d e d t h e s t a i r s .
" R o s i k a , t h i s i s J a c k C o n o v e r ' s f a t h e r , " s a i d t h e Se n -
a t o r . Tu r n i n g t o Wa r b e r g , h e s m i l e d a s h e s a i d , " An d
y o u r n a m e i s . . . ? "
Q u i c k l y a n d b e f o r e Wa r b e r g c o u l d r e p l y s h e s u p p l i e d
t h e m i s s i n g n a m e , a d d i n g , " He i s C o v e t ' s s e c r e t a r y . "
Th e n f o l l o w e d t h e c r o s s - e x a m i n a t i o n o f R o s i k a , w h o
a g a i n o u t l i n e d , a n d t h i s t i m e i n t h e p r e s e n c e o f Wa r b e r g ,
t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n s h e h a d o v e r h e a r d i n C o v e t ' s s t u d y .
Wa r b e r g ' s m o u t h s a g g e d o p e n . Hi s k e e n m i n d s i g n a l l e d
t h a t b e h i n d R o s i k a ' s w o r d s w a s a m o t i v e t h a t s o f a r h a d
e s c a p e d h i m . Hi s m i n d r e f u s e d t o f u n c t i o n . O n l y o n e
t h i n g w a s u p p e r m o s t . So m e w a y o u t m u s t b e f o u n d . So m e
r e a s o n a b l e e x c u s e m u s t b e g i v e n .
B u t i t w a s t h e Se n a t o r w h o f i r s t t h o u g h t o f a p l a n t o
u t i l i z e t h e s q u i r m i n g o f t h e t r a p p e d a n i m a l .
Tu r n i n g t o Wa r b e r g , h e s a i d , " Ev i d e n t l y s o m e m i s t a k e
h a s t a k e n p l a c e . R u n o v e r t o P r o f e s s o r C o v e t a n d a s k
h i m t o r e v i e w t h e p a p e r s . C o m e b a c k i n h a l f a n h o u r .
Ti m e i s t h e e s s e n c e o f t h i s m a t t e r . Do n ' t l e t t h e r e b e a n y
d e l a y . "
Wa r b e r g h u r r i e d t o t h e d o o r , b u t b e f o r e h e c o u l d d e -
p a r t R o s i k a w e n t t o h i m a n d w h i s p e r e d , " Y o u m i g h t t e l l
h i m f o r m e t h a t Iw a s u p s t a i r s a n d h e a r d h i m t a l k w i t h
t h a t ` b a b y d o l l ' o f h i s t h i s m o r n i n g . "
3 4 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
B u r s t i n g i n t o C o v e t ' s s t u d y , Wa r b e r g f o u n d t h e a g i t a t e d
p r o f e s s o r p a c i n g u p a n d d o w n t h e r o o m , p l u n g i n g h i s
h a n d s t h r o u g h h i s h a i r .
" Li s t e n a n d l i s t e n f a s t . R o s i k a h a s s p i l l e d . Sh e t o l d
t h e m t h a t y o u h a d ` f l u n k e d ' J a c k C o n o v e r o n p u r p o s e .
Do n ' t k n o w h o w m u c h m o r e s h e t o l d t h e m . Sh e i s w i t h
t h e m n o w . Ic o u l d n ' t g e t h e r a w a y . Th e y h a v e g i v e n m e
j u s t h a l f a n h o u r t o g e t b a c k . Wh e n Il e f t s h e c a m e o v e r
a n d w h i s p e r e d t o m e t o t e l l y o u t h a t s h e h e a r d y o u a n d
y o u r ` b a b y d o l l ' t a l k t h i s m o r n i n g . Sh e w a s u p s t a i r s w h e n
w e t h o u g h t s h e h a d g o n e o u t . "
C o v e t ' s n e r v o u s s y s t e m h a d g o n e t o p i e c e s . Th e e v e n t s
o f t h e d a y h a d l e f t h i m i n c a p a b l e o f a t t e m p t i n g a s o l u t i o n .
Wa r b e r g g a v e h i m a q u i c k g l a n c e a n d t o o k t h e s i t u a t i o n
i n t o h i s o w n h a n d s .
" He r e i s t h e o n l y w a y o u t , " s a i d Wa r b e r g . " Iw i l l b e
t h e g o a t . Te l l t h e m J a c k ' s f i r s t p a g e b e c a m e l o o s e a n d b y
m i s t a k e i t w a s p i n n e d t o t h e l a s t s i x p a g e s o f m i n e -
t h a t Id i s c o v e r e d t h e m i s t a k e a n d t h a t I` f l u n k e d ' b u t
C o n o v e r ' s o w n p a g e s g a v e h i m a ` C . ' Y o u h a v e g o t t o
c o m e t h r o u g h t h i s t i m e . It i s t h e b e s t l i e Ic a n w o r k u p .
It i s n ' t s o g o o d , b u t i t w i l l h a v e t o a n s w e r .
" Y o u j u s t w e n t c r a z y . Iw a n t t o s e e h i m k i c k e d o u t , b u t
y o u d i d n ' t d o i t r i g h t . Y o u w i l l h a v e e v e r y o n e a r o u n d h e r e
a b o u t y o u r e a r s i f y o u d o n ' t w a t c h y o u r s t e p . "
Th e g l a z e d e y e s o f C o v e t s t a r e d a t h i m a s t h e t h o u g h t
d r o v e h o m e t h a t t h e r e w a s n o o t h e r w a y o u t . He k n e w
R o s i k a w o u l d s t o p a t n o t h i n g . M a y b e s h e h a d n o t t o l d
a b o u t t h e w o m a n . Th a t w a s h e r t r u m p c a r d .
B a c k t o t h e In n r u s h e d Wa r b e r g t o f i n d t h a t R o s i k a
a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r h a d d i s a p p e a r e d .
THE WO M AN SP U R NED

3 4 5
Ve r y i n g e n i o u s l y Wa r b e r g m a d e h i s e x p l a n a t i o n . Th e
d o o r o p e n e d . J a c k a n d h i s f a t h e r a n d R o s i k a e n t e r e d .
Th e Se n a t o r r e q u e s t e d Wa r b e r g t o r e p e a t h i s e x p l a n a -
t i o n , w h i c h h e d i d t o t h e a m u s e d g l a n c e s t h a t p a s s e d b e -
t w e e n J a c k a n d h i s f a t h e r .
Th e n e x t h o u r w a s c r o w d e d w i t h e v e n t s . Wa r b e r g s e -
c u r e d C o v e t ' s w r i t t e n a d v i c e t h a t J a c k h a d p a s s e d . O v e r
t o t h e c o l l e g e o f f i c e r u s h e d t h e e l d e r C o n o v e r w i t h P r o -
f e s s o r C o v e t ' s l e t t e r . Hu r r i e d l y w a s p u t i n m o t i o n t h e
n e c e s s a r y s t e p s . De t a i l s w e r e b r u s h e d a s i d e a n d J a c k ' s
r e c o r d c l e a r e d .
At o n e o ' c l o c k t h e l a s t o b s t a c l e h a d b e e n s u r m o u n t e d
a n d J a c k w a s e l i g i b l e t o p l a y i n t h e g r e a t g a m e o f t h e
y e a r .
As t h e e l d e r C o n o v e r s l a p p e d J a c k o n t h e b a c k , t h e
b o y l o o k e d a w a y l e s t h i s " Da d s ' m i g h t s e e h i s t e a r s o f
j o y . If J a c k h a d l o o k e d a t h i s f a t h e r , h e w o u l d h a v e
s e e n t h a t t h e e y e s o f h i s f a t h e r w e r e s o m e w h a t m i s t y a l s o .
4
C h a p t e r X X X II
THETHIR DDO WN, TWO M INU TESTO P LAY
As o m b e r c r o w d f i l e d i n t o t h e g r a n d s t a n d s . As y e t t h e
s t u d e n t b o d y w a s n o t a w a r e o f t h e s u r p r i s e i n s t o r e f o r
t h e m .
Th e b a n d o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e p l a y e d , n o t a s o f o l d , b u t
i n a l i s t l e s s m a n n e r .
Th e c h e e r l e a d e r s i n a p e r f u n c t o r y m a n n e r s o u g h t t o
s t i r e n t h u s i a s m .
Su d d e n l y t h e c r o w d s a t u p . O u t o n t h e f i e l d c a m e r u n -
n i n g t h e t e a m
. He r e w a s n o t a t e a m s u b d u e d b y t h e a b -
s e n c e o f a l e a d e r w h o w a s n o t o n l y p e r s o n a l l y p o p u l a r
b u t c r e d i t e d w i t h b e i n g t h e b e s t " h a l f " i n t h e c o n f e r e n c e .
It w a s a t e a m c h a r g e d t o t h e f u l l w i t h a n e x u b e r a n c e a n d
s p i r i t t h a t i n i t s d y n a m i c p o w e r p a s s e d i t s e x c e s s s p i r i t
t o t h e s t u d e n t b o d y .
Ac r y w e n t u p . " C o n o v e r ! C o n o v e r ! C o n o v e r ! " He
w a v e d h i s h a n d t o t h e h y s t e r i c a l c r o w d w h o s e y e l l s r o s e
a n d f e l l w i t h a f o r c e t h a t s e n t t h e b l o o d t i n g l i n g t h r o u g h
t h e v e i n s i n a m a d r a c e .
Am i d t h e y e l l s , t h e t e a m r a n s i g n a l s - u p a n d d o w n t h e
f i e l d w h e r e t h r o a t s w e r e b e c o m i n g r a w a n d w h e r e m e n
h u g g e d o n e a n o t h e r i n a d e l i r i u m o f j o y .
Th e w h i s t l e b l e w . C a m e t h e k i c k - o f f . Wh a t n e e d i s
t h e r e t o p o r t r a y t h e g a m e ? B y t h e e n d o f t h e f i r s t h a l f
t h e s c o r e s t o o d 1 4 t o 0 . Th e r i v a l t e a m t r i e d t h e c e n t e r ,
t h e e n d s , f o r w a r d p a s s e s - a l w a y s t h e y f a i l e d t o o v e r c o m e
t h e s u p e r h u m a n t e a m b e f o r e t h e m
.
3 4 6
THE THIR DDO WN, TWO M INU TES TO P LAY 3 4 7
" If Ic o u l d h a v e a t h i n g l i k e t h i s h a p p e n b e f o r e e v e r y
g a m e , " t h o u g h t t h e c o a c h , " t h e r e i s n ' t a t e a m i n t h e c o u n -
t r y t h a t c o u l d b e a t u s . "
As h e s e n t t h e m o u t t o t h e f i e l d f o r t h e t h i r d q u a r t e r ,
t h e c o a c h s a i d , " Wh e n y o u t a c k l e , j u s t f i g u r e y o u a r e
t a c k l i n g C o v e t . "
It w a s n e a r i n g t h e e n d o f t h e f o u r t h q u a r t e r . Th e
s c o r e s t o o d 20t o 0 . Tw o m i n u t e s m o r e t o p l a y . C a m e a
q u i c k f o r m a t i o n . Th e b a l l i s s n a p p e d . J a c k r e c e i v e s i t .
Th e l i n e h o l d s . He c i r c l e s t h e r i g h t e n d . Th e i n t e r f e r e n c e
i s s u p e r b a n d t h e f i e l d l i e s b e f o r e h i m . Th o s e l e g s o f
s t e e l a r e c a r r y i n g t h e b a l l i n l e a p s a n d b o u n d s a n d g a t h e r -
i n g m o m e n t u m w i t h e v e r y s p r i n g . He r e c o m e s a r i v a l
" h a l f " c r o u c h i n g w i t h h a n d s e x t e n d e d . J a c k ' s c h a n g e o f
s p e e d b e w i l d e r s h i m . J a c k s w e r v e s b u t n o t e n o u g h . Th e
h a n d s o f t h e t a c k l e r h a v e c a u g h t h i m a r o u n d a k n e e .
O n e c o u l d f a i r l y f e e l t h e i n t a k e o f b r e a t h s f r o m t h e
g r a n d s t a n d s . Th e h a n d s s l i d o f f . J a c k h a d k i c k e d h i m -
s e l f f r e e .
Hi s i n t e r f e r e n c e t a k e s c a r e o f t h e l a s t o p p o s i n g m a n a n d
J a c k f a l l s o v e r t h e l i n e w i t h t h e l a s t t o u c h d o w n o f t h e
g a m e . He g a i n e d h i s f e e t a n d s t o o d t h e r e w i t h t h a t g o o d -
n a t u r e d s m i l e o f h i s p l a y i n g o v e r h i s f a c e .
Fr o m t e n t h o u s a n d t h r o a t s r o a r e d t h e a g e o l d c r y - t h e
c r y t h a t h a s c o m e d o w n t h r o u g h t h e a g e s a n d s w e l l s a
t h o u s a n d - f o l d i n r e c o g n i t i o n o f d e e d s o f d a r i n g .
As l o n g a s r e d b l o o d f l o w s t h e r e w i l l a l w a y s b e s o m e -
t h i n g Ho m e r i c i n g a m e s t h a t p r o v e v a l o r a n d a s k f o r n o
r e w a r d o t h e r t h a n t h e l a u r e l .
At t h e p r e v i o u s g a m e s o f t h e s e a s o n , t h e g r a n d s t a n d s
e m p t i e d r a p i d l y a f t e r t h e g a m e s . Th e s h o t f r o m t h e p i s t o l
3
4
8

SINISTER SHADO WS
a n n o u n c i n g t h e f i n i s h o f t h e g a m e t o d a y f o u n d t h e s t u -
d e n t b o d y r e l u c t a n t t o d e p a r t .
J a c k h a d p l a y e d , n o t w i t h s t a n d i n g t h e a d v i c e c u r r e n t
o n t h e c a m p u s t h a t h e w a s i n e l i g i b l e .
Th a t w a s t h e m y s t e r y t h a t h e l d t h e m r o o t e d t o t h e
s e a t s . Th e a i r w a s s u r c h a r g e d w i t h t h e u n u s u a l .
Th e p l a y e r s h a d n o t j o g g e d t o t h e " Gy m " a f t e r t h e
g a m e , b u t h a d g o n e t o t h e b e n c h e s w h e r e t r a i n e r s a n d
h e l p e r s w e r e t h r o w i n g t h e b l a n k e t s a r o u n d t h e i r s h o u l d e r s .
" Va n , " t h e b i g c e n t e r , s e e m e d t o b e t a k i n g t h i n g s i n t o
h i s o w n h a n d s
. Wh a t e v e r h i s p l a n s w e r e , i t w a s a p p a r e n t
t o t h e c r o w d t h a t t h e r e s t o f t h e s q u a d w a s i n h e a r t y
c o n s e n t . He w a l k e d t o w a r d s t h e b a n d a n d c a m e b a c k w i t h
a c o r n e t p l a y e r . He s e c u r e d f o u r c h e e r l e a d e r s w i t h t h e i r
h u g e m e g a p h o n e s a n d t h e s i x t o g e t h e r w a l k e d t o t h e c e n t e r
o f t h e f i e l d .
Th e c o r n e t p l a y e r b l e w a f e w s h r i l l n o t e s
. Th e m e g a -
p h o n e m e n t o o k t h e i r p l a c e s i n f r o n t o f t h e g r a n d s t a n d s .
" Th e r e w i l l b e a m a s s m e e t i n g a t t h e g y m n a s i u m t o -
m o r r o w a f t e r n o o n a t t h r e e o ' c l o c k . Ev e r y m a n o n t h e
t e a m w i l l b e t h e r e
. If y o u l o v e y o u r s c h o o l , d o n ' t s t a y
a w a y . To m o r r o w a f t e r n o o n a t t h r e e o ' c l o c k - t h e g y m -
n a s i u m . "
Ag a i n t h e t e a m w a s i n t h e d r e s s i n g r o o m . Th e b o y s
r u s h e d t h e m s e l v e s t h r o u g h t h e s h o w e r s w i t h n o t i m e l o s t .
Th e r u b b e r s h a d c a u g h t t h e s p i r i t o f h a s t e a n d h u r r i e d
t h e m a s s a g e s . Ag r i m l o o k o f d e t e r m i n a t i o n w a s o n e v e r y
f a c e .
Wh e n d r e s s e d , t h e m e n a s s e m b l e d i n a s m a l l a d j o i n i n g
r o o m
. P l a n s f o r t h e e v e n i n g m e e t i n g w e r e q u i c k l y m a d e .
THETHIR DDO WN, TWO M INU TES TO P LAY 3 4 9
Sp o k e o n e o f t h e e n d s , " Wh y w a s n ' t t h e m e e t i n g c a l l e d
f o r t o n i g h t ? "
Th e c e n t e r r e p l i e d , " It w i l l t a k e u s t h e b e t t e r p a r t o f
t h e n i g h t t o w o r k o u t t h e p l a n t h e c o m m i t t e e h a s u n d e r
w a y . It w o u l d b e a m i s t a k e t o h u r r y i t t o o m u c h . Al l
y o u f e l l o w s k n o w t h e f a c t s . Do n ' t d o d g e t h e m . An s w e r
i n q u i r i e s a b o u t e v e r y t h i n g e x c e p t t h e p r o g r a m t o m o r r o w .
" Gr a h a m h e r e i s i n c h a r g e o f p u b l i c i t y . Se e t h a t e v e r y
f r a t e r n i t y h o u s e , e v e r y ` d o r m , ' h a s a n o t i c e o n t h e b u l l e -
t i n b o a r d s o f t h e m e e t i n g
.
" Ge t t h e b a n d o u t , h a v e s o m e b a n n e r s m a d e , a n d g a t h e r
t h e c r o w d o n o u r w a y d o w n t o t h e ` Gy m ' t o m o r r o w .
We
w a n t e v e r y s t u d e n t t h e r e . "
So q u i c k l y w e r e t h e p l a n s f o r m u l a t e d t h a t b y e i g h t
o ' c l o c k t h a t e v e n i n g t h e r e w a s a s s e m b l e d a s p e c i a l c o m -
m i t t e e o f s e v e n t y - s i x m e n . In a f t e r y e a r s i t c a m e t o b e
k n o w n u n d e r t h e n a m e o f t h e C o m m i t t e e o f ' 7 6 .
In t h e i r r o o m s i n t h e In n w e r e s e a t e d Se n a t o r M o r r o w
a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r d e e p i n c o n v e r s a t i o n . Th e d o o r
o p e n e d a n d J a c k e n t e r e d .
" J a c k , " s a i d h i s f a t h e r , " w h a t s o r t o f a t u r n d o y o u
t h i n k t h e m e e t i n g t o m o r r o w w i l l t a k e ?
" C a n ' t s a y , Da d , t h e f e l l o w s a r e u p i n a r m s . It w a s
s u c h a c h i l d i s h t h i n g f o r C o v e t t o d o . He h a t e s m e , b u t
w h y s h o u l d h e l e t h i s h a t r e d f o r m e t a k e t h e t u r n o f i n -
j u r i n g t h e t e a m ? "
" We l l , J a c k , i t i s o n l y n a t u r a l t h a t t h e f e l l o w s s h o u l d
b e i n d i g n a n t . It w a s a c o n t e m p t i b l e t r i c k . Th e Se n a t o r
a n d Ih a v e b e e n d i s c u s s i n g i t . Th e r e i s s o m e t h i n g b e h i n d
i t a l l t h a t w e h a v e n ' t u n c o v e r e d . Ke e p t h e f e l l o w s i n h a n d .
We a r e g o i n g t o g e t a t t h e b o t t o m o f
t h i s t h i n g . "
3 5 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
Wh e n J a c k l e f t t h e m t o h u r r y b a c k t o t h e c o m m i t t e e
m e e t i n g , h e f o u n d t h a t t h r e e o f h i s f r i e n d s h a d d e p a r t e d
u p o n a n e r r a n d a n d h a d l e f t w o r d f o r J a c k t h a t t h e y w o u l d
c a l l f o r h i m a t h i s r o o m e a r l y t h e n e x t m o r n i n g .
Ha d a n y o n e f o l l o w e d t h e t h r e e c o m m i t t e e m e n , t h e y
w o u l d h a v e s e e n t h e m e n t e r C o v e t ' s y a r d a n d p r o c e e d t o
t h e f r o n t d o o r . De l i b e r a t i o n a n d p a t i e n c e m a r k e d t h e i r
a t t i t u d e . Th e p u s h b u t t o n w a s p r e s s e d a n d a f t e r a s h o r t
w a i t t h e d o o r w a s o p e n e d b y t h e v e r y o n e t h e y w e r e
s e e k i n g , Wa r b e r g .
Fo r s e v e r a l s e c o n d s n o w o r d w a s s p o k e n . Wa r b e r g ' s
t o n g u e a n d m o u t h w e r e d r y . He g r i m a c e d i n h i s a t t e m p t s
a t s p e e c h .
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i s o u t . He w o n ' t b e i n t i l l v e r y l a t e , "
h e s t a m m e r e d a t l a s t .
" In t h a t c a s e w e w i l l c o m e i n , " s a i d t h e c e n t e r , w h o e n -
t e r e d ' t h e h a l l w a y a n d p r o c e e d e d i n t o t h e p r o f e s s o r ' s
s t u d y , w h e r e a d i m l i g h t w a s b u r n i n g , f o l l o w e d b y t h e
b e w i l d e r e d Wa r b e r g a n d a f t e r h i m t h e t w o g u a r d s , " J o e "
a n d " Ha r r y . "
Th e b i g c e n t e r h e l p e d h i m s e l f t o a c o m f o r t a b l e c h a i r
a n d p r o c e e d e d t o p a c k h i s p i p e w i t h a d e l i b e r a t i o n t h a t
t h r e a t e n e d t o t a k e f r o m Wa r b e r g h i s l a s t b i t o f c o n t r o l .
" Le t m e s e e , " h e o p e n e d , " y o u a r e R u s s i a n b o r n , a r e n ' t
y o u , Wa r b e r g ? "
C a m e n o d s t h a t t h r e a t e n e d t o c o n t i n u e f o r s o m e t i m e .
" Ho w i s i t , t h e n , " t h e c e n t e r c o n t i n u e d , " y o u h a v e n o
p a s s p o r t ? "
As i g h o f r e l i e f c a m e f r o m Wa r b e r g t h i s t i m e .
" B u t Ih a v e o n e . It i s a l l s t r a i g h t . "
" Su p p o s e y o u l e t m e s e e i t , " d r a w l e d t h e c e n t e r .
THE THIR D DO WN, TWO M INU TES
TO P LAY 3 5 1
" P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a s i t i n s a f e k e e p i n g f o r m e , " r e -
p l i e d t h e c o n f u s e d Wa r b e r g .
" Al l r i g h t , t o m o r r o w w i l l d o , " r e p l i e d t h e c e n t e r , w h o
a r o s e t o h i s f e e t
. " B y t h e w a y , Wa r b e r g , Ih a v e n e v e r b e e n
h o n o r e d b y a c a l l f r o m y o u . Su p p o s e w e g o o v e r t o m y
r o o m . "
Wa r b e r g s t a r t e d t o p r o t e s t b u t c a u g h t a g l i n t o f c o l d
s t e e l i n t h e c e n t e r ' s e y e t h a t s t a y e d h i s c o m i n g p r o t e s t
w h i l e h e s t r u g g l e d w i t h h i s w o r d o f r e l u c t a n t c o n s e n t
.
R e a c h i n g t h e r o o m , t h e c e n t e r m a d e g r e a t a d o i n g e t t i n g
Wa r b e r g c o m f o r t a b l y s e a t e d .
C i g a r e t t e s w e r e p a s s e d .
Wa r b e r g j u m p e d b a c k i n a l a r m w h e n a l i g h t e d m a t c h w a s
p r o f f e r e d h i m
.
Th e c e n t e r ' s f r i e n d s e x c u s e d t h e m s e l v e s a n d l e f t t h e
r o o m .
" Do y o u t h i n k y o u d i d t h e w i s e t h i n g , Wa r b e r g , " c o m -
m e n c e d t h e c e n t e r , " w h e n y o u g a v e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t y o u r
p a s s p o r t f o r s a f e k e e p i n g ? "
" He a s k e d m e f o r i t , " w h i n e d Wa r b e r g
.
" 0, Is e e , " r e p l i e d t h e c e n t e r , " h e a s k e d y o u f o r i t
.
Y o u g a v e i t t o h i m
. Wh a t a c o m f o r t y o u m u s t b e t o h i m ,
Wa r b e r g . "
Th e c e n t e r b o u n d e d t o h i s f e e t .
An a c c u s i n g f i n g e r
d a r t e d t o w a r d s Wa r b e r g a s h e r e c o i l e d i n f e a r f r o m t h e
w o r d s .
" Wh a t n a m e w a s o n t h a t p a s s p o r t w i t h y o u r p i c t u r e ? "
Li k e a t r a p p e d a n i m a l , Wa r b e r g ' s e y e s d a r t e d h e r e a n d
t h e r e a b o u t t h e r o o m .
B e f o r e h e a t t e m p t e d a n a n s w e r , t h e b i g c e n t e r r e a l i z e d
t h a t h i s g u e s s h a d b e e n c o r r e c t .
Th e s w e a t i n g m a n b e f o r e h i m w a s t a k i n g r e f u g e i n
3 5 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
s i l e n c e
. Th e d o o r o p e n e d a n d t h e t w o g u a r d s w a l k e d i n
.
Ig n o r i n g Wa r b e r g ' s p r e s e n c e , t h e t h r e e i n d u l g e d i n a w e l l
r e h e a r s e d c o n v e r s a t i o n , a t t h e t e r m i n a t i o n o f w h i c h " Va n "
b o l t e d f r o m t h e r o o m a f t e r t e l l i n g t h e g u a r d s t o e n t e r t a i n
Wa r b e r g u n t i l h e r e t u r n e d
.
Th e t w o g u a r d s s u b j e c t e d Wa r b e r g t o a r a p i d f i r e c r o s s -
e x a m i n a t i o n
. Ag r e a t f e a r g r e w i n Wa r b e r g .
Th e h o u r s d r a g g e d b y
. Fi r s t o n e a n d t h e n t h e o t h e r o f
t h e g u a r d s n o d d e d
. It w a s s u f f i c i e n t l y g o o d a c t i n g t o
d e c e i v e t h e w a t c h i n g m a n
. Ac r a f t y l o o k c a m e i n t o Wa r -
b e r g ' s e y e s a s h e q u i c k l y m a d e h i s p l a n s t o e s c a p e
.
Q u i e t l y h e t e s t e d t h e f l o o r u n d e r h i s f e e t
. Wi t h a t e c h -
n i q u e t h a t p r o c l a i m e d l o n g a p p r e n t i c e s h i p h e c r e p t t o -
w a r d s t h e d o o r
. Sl o w l y a n d w i t h i n f i n i t e p a t i e n c e h e
t u r n e d t h e k n o b a n d d i s a p p e a r e d
.
Th e t w o g u a r d s g r i n n e d a t o n e a n o t h e r
. No t a m o v e h a d
t h e y m i s s e d
. Th e l o w e r h a l l d o o r s w e r e w i d e o p e n . As
Wa r b e r g c r e p t d o w n t h e s t a i r s h e m a d e a q u i c k e s t i m a t e
o f t h o s e o p e n d o o r s .
" B e t t e r b e s a f e , " h e d e c i d e d , s o h e w e n t d o w n o n e m o r e
f l i g h t a n d f o u n d h i m s e l f i n t h e b a s e m e n t
. At t h e e n d o f
t h e h a l l , h e s a w a s m a l l d o o r a n d o n t i p t o e s h u r r i e d l y
r e a c h e d i t . It o p e n e d
. He s h u t i t b e h i n d h i m a n d h e a r d
t h e l o c k s n a p . U p t h e o u t e r s t a i r s h e c r e p t
.
Th e n t h e s t i l l n e s s o f t h e n i g h t w a s s h a t t e r e d b y a p i s t o l
s h o t , t h e n o i s e o f p o u n d i n g f e e t , a n d s m o t h e r e d w o r d s o f
c o m m a n d .
Fr o m o u t t h e s h a d o w s c a m e a f i g u r e t o g r a s p Wa r b e r g
b y t h e a r m .
" Hu r r y , y o u f o o l , d o y o u w a n t t o b e k i l l e d ? " s a i d t h e
m a n f r o m t h e s h a d o w s .
THETHIR D DO WN, TWO M INU TES TO
P LAY 3 5 3
Fr o m t h e w i n d o w s o f ` t h e r o o m f r o m w h i c h h e h a d
e s c a p e d c a m e a r a i n o f t o r p e d o e s
. Th e h a l f - c r a z e d Wa r -
b e r g t h o u g h t h e w a s r u n n i n g t h r o u g h a b a r r a g e o f p i s t o l
s h o t s .
Ha l f c a r r y i n g , h a l f d r a g g i n g , t h e c e n t e r s u c c e e d e d i n
" r e s c u i n g " Wa r b e r g
. Ac r o s s t h e c a m p u s t h e y s p r i n t e d .
Th e " Gy m " l a y b e f o r e t h e m
. " Q u i c k , " s p o k e " Va n , " " i n
t h e w i n d o w . "
" Va n " a n d Wa r b e r g w e r e s i t t i n g i n t h e c o a c h ' s o f f i c e .
" Wh a t h a p p e n e d , Wa r b e r g ? Wh a t d i d y o u d o ? Wh a t
s t a r t e d t h e t r o u b l e ? "
Wa r b e r g s h r u g g e d h i s s h o u l d e r s
. " M e ? Id i d n ' t d o
a n y t h i n g
. " Fr o m t i m e t o t i m e t h e v o i c e s o f t h e p u r s u e r s
f a d e d a w a y , o n l y t o s t r i k e t h e h i d d e n m a n w i t h m o r e a l a r m
w h e n a g a i n t h e y d r e w n e a r e r . It w a s n e a r l y m o r n i n g
b e f o r e t h e c e n t e r f i g u r e d t h e c r a v e n o n e w a s r e a d y f o r t h e
l a s t p r e s s u r e .
Th e p u r s u e r s , a c t i n g t h e i r p a r t s w i t h g r e a t g u s t o , c o u l d
b e h e a r d s e a r c h i n g d o w n s t a i r s i n t h e " Gy m . "
" C o m e , Wa r b e r g , Ia m t h r o u g h .
Y o u c a n g e t o u t o f
t h i s m e s s t h e b e s t w a y y o u c a n
. Wh y s h o u l d Ih e l p y o u ?
Wh a t d i d . y o u c o m e t o t h e s c h o o l f o r i n t h e f i r s t p l a c e ? "
" C o v e t w a n t e d m e ; h e w a n t e d m e t o a c t a s h i s s e c r e -
t a r y . "
" Y e s , Iu n d e r s t a n d t h a t , b u t h o w d i d y o u h a p p e n t o
p a y s o m u c h a t t e n t i o n t o Ec o n o m i c s ? "
" He a r r a n g e d i t , " w h i m p e r e d Wa r b e r g
. Th e c e n t e r l e t
c o m e t h e q u e s t i o n " Wh y " a s h e w a l k e d a w a y .
" Wa i t , p l e a s e
. " C a m e a m o m e n t a r y s t r u g g l e a s Wa r -
b e r g w e i g h e d h i s p r o b l e m
. So g r e a t w a s h i s f e a r o f t h e
s e a r c h e r s , n o p r i c e s e e m e d t o o h i g h .
3 5 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
" He t o l d m e s o m e t h i n g In e ' e r f o r g e t . Ex a c t l y h e t o l d
m e , ` Iw a n t y o u t o m a s t e r Ec o n o m i c s , s o t h a t y o u c a n
t u r n i t u p o n t h e C a p i t a l i s t i c o r d e r . ' "
" No w o n e t h i n g m o r e , Wa r b e r g ; h o w w o u l d y o u l i k e t o
b e s e n t b a c k t o R u s s i a ? "
Sl o w l y Wa r b e r g ' s r e s i s t a n c e w a s b r o k e n d o w n . Wh e n
d a y l i g h t b r o k e , " Va n " t e l e p h o n e d M r . C o n o v e r , w h o a r -
r a n g e d f o r a s t e n o g r a p h e r a n d s o o n Wa r b e r g i n a t o r r e n t
o f w o r d s w a s d i c t a t i n g a s t a t e m e n t c o v e r i n g t h e f a k e d
n a m e o n h i s p a s s p o r t , t h e d e t a i l s o f h i s s e c r e t a r y s h i p ,
C o v e t ' s c o n s p i r a c y i n e n t e r i n g h i m a s a s p e c i a l s t u d e n t
a n d t h e f a l s i t y o f C o v e t ' s e x p l a n a t i o n r e g a r d i n g J a c k ' s
e x a m i n a t i o n p a p e r s . It w a s a m o s t a m a z i n g c o n f e s s i o n
t h a t p o u r e d i t s e l f o u t i n a t o r r e n t o f w o r d s .
Wh e n t h e l a s t w o r d w a s w r i t t e n , Wa r b e r g a f f i x e d h i s
n a m e . Th e w i t n e s s e s s i g n e d i t . An o t a r y p u b l i c t o o k t h e
d e p o s i t i o n .
" M r
. C o n o v e r , " s a i d t h e c e n t e r , " Ih o n e s t l y f e e l s o r r y
f o r t h i s c h a p . Da n g e r o u s , o f c o u r s e , h e i s . An y o n e w i t h
s u c h a t w i s t e d m e n t a l i t y i s d a n g e r o u s . B u t h o w a b o u t a
m a n l i k e P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w h o h a s n o t h e s i t a t e d t o b e n d
t h i s w e a k l i n g t o h i s p u r p o s e s ? Da n g e r o u s a s Wa r b e r g
i s , a t h o u s a n d t i m e s m o r e d a n g e r o u s i s P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ,
w h o i s t r y i n g t o m a k e m o r e Wa r b e r g s f r o m h i s s t u -
d e n t s . "
" Wa r b e r g , " s p o k e u p M r . C o n o v e r , " t h e c o n f e s s i o n
y o u h a v e s i g n e d m a k e s a m e n d s f o r m a n y t h i n g s . Y o u
m u s t k e e p o u t o f s i g h t o f t h e s t u d e n t s f o r s e v e r a l d a y s a t
l e a s t
. Iw i l l r e n t a n e x t r a r o o m h e r e i n t h e In n . Y o u a r e
w e l c o m e t o r e m a i n h e r e . Do y o u w i s h t o ? "
Wa r b e r g s w a l l o w e d h a r d . He l o o k e d i n t o M r . C o n -
THE THIR D . DO WN, TWO M INU TESTO P LAY 3 5 5
o v e r ' s e y e s t r y i n g t o f a t h o m h i s p u r p o s e . Wh a t h e s a w
t h e r e r e a s s u r e d h i m .
Hi s e m o t i o n a l t e m p e r a m e n t r e a c t e d , a n d h e b r o k e i n t o
t e a r s .
" M r . C o n o v e r , m y h e a d i s g o i n g a r o u n d . Wh a t a l i f e I
h a v e h a d . Is u s p e c t e v e r y o n e . B u t y o u - If e e l y o u a r e
f r i e n d l y . Iw i l l d o w h a t y o u s a y . "
C h a p t e r X X X III
THEHO U R O FDEC ISIO N
In n e w s p a p e r v e r n a c u l a r , t h e i n s i d e s t o r y " h a d n o t
b r o k e
. " Th e Su n d a y e d i t i o n s i n t h e s p o r t i n g s e c t i o n s c o n -
t a i n e d d r a m a t i c s t o r i e s o f t h e g a m e i t s e l f , r e p l e t e w i t h
s e n s a t i o n a l p l a y s
. Th e r e w a s c o n s i d e r a b l e d i s c u s s i o n r e -
g a r d i n g t h e s e n s a t i o n a l r e m o v a l o f t h e p r o h i b i t i o n a g a i n s t
J a c k ' s p l a y i n g i n t h e g a m e
. M a n y r e a s o n s w e r e a s s i g n e d
t o i t .
Th e Al u m n i i n d i f f e r e n t p a r t s o f t h e c o u n t r y i n r e a d i n g
t h e a c c o u n t s o f t h e g a m e w e r e b e w i l d e r e d i n a t t e m p t i n g
t o f i n d t h e r i g h t s o l u t i o n .
Th e l i t t l e t e l e g r a p h s t a t i o n i n P a x t o n h a d t h e b u s i e s t
d a y i n i t s e x i s t e n c e t h e d a y a f t e r t h e g a m e
.
Wh e n Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r c a m e i n t o
t h e t e l e g r a p h o f f i c e w i t h a t e l e g r a m t o b e s e n t t o o v e r
o n e h u n d r e d Al u m n i , t h e m a n a t t h e k e y t h r e w u p h i s
h a n d s , s a y i n g , " Iw i l l d o m y b e s t , b u t Ia m s w a m p e d
. "
*

*

*

*
Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r w e r e g e t t i n g t o -
g e t h e r t h e i r f o r c e s
. Th e h o u r h a d s t r u c k f o r h o u s e c l e a n -
i n g i n P a x t o n C o l l e g e
. Th e r e g u l a r m o n t h l y m e e t i n g o f
t h e t r u s t e e s w a s t o t a k e p l a c e o n t h e c o m i n g M o n d a y
.
Th e t w o m e n r e c o g n i z e d t h a t t h e s t a g e w a s s e t f o r a c t i o n
.
Ha d t h e y t h e m s e l v e s s e l e c t e d a d a t e f o r a t r u s t e e s ' m e e t -
i n g , a b e t t e r o n e t h a n M o n d a y c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n s e -
l e c t e d .
" We l l , B i l l , s u p p o s e w e g o d o w n t o t h e s t u d e n t s ' m e e t -
3 5 6
THE. HO U R O FDEC ISIO N

3 5 7
i n g . It i s c a l l e d f o r t h r e e o ' c l o c k , a n d i t i s n e a r l y t h a t
n o w . "
O u t o n t h e s t r e e t t h e b a n d w a s p l a y i n g . B i g p l a c a r d s
a n n o u n c e d t h e m e e t i n g . Af t e r t h e b a n d c a m e a n o r d e r l y
p r o c e s s i o n o f s t u d e n t s . P a s t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s h o u s e t h e
p a r a d e m a r c h e d . Fr o m b e h i n d t h e d r a w n s h a d e s t h e p r o -
f e s s o r , w i t h h i s Eg y p t i a n r e i n c a r n a t i o n a t h i s s i d e ,
w a t c h e d t h e m . He r i n a b i l i t y t o d e v i s e s u g g e s t i o n s m a d -
d e n e d h i m a n d d r o v e h i m t o a n s w e r h e r i n a n e q u e s t i o n i n g s
w i t h c u r t r e j o i n d e r s .
Wa r b e r g ' s c o n t i n u e d a b s e n c e s e e m e d t o h o l d a t h r e a t
o f t h e u n k n o w n t o h i m
. He l o a d e d t h e t h o u g h t o f h i s a b -
s e n c e w i t h h u n d r e d s o f p o s s i b i l i t i e s , e a c h o n e p o i n t i n g a
f i n g e r o f d a n g e r t o w a r d s h i m .
Th e c r o w d f i l l e d t h e " Gy m " t o o v e r f l o w i n g
. As t h e
Se n a t o r a n d C o n o v e r w a l k e d b y t h e h o m e o f P r o f e s s o r
Sl e e p e r , t h e d o o r o p e n e d a n d P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r c a m e o u t
.
" Ge n t l e m e n , " s a i d P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r , " w i l l y o u c o m e i n
f o r a m i n u t e ? M r s . Sl e e p e r w o u l d l i k e t o s e e y o u . "
Th e m e n e n t e r e d t h e h o u s e a n d e x c h a n g e d g l a n c e s o f
i n q u i r y a s t h e p r o f e s s o r h u r r i e d a w a y t o g e t h i s w i f e .
So o n s h e e n t e r e d a n d p l u n g e d i m m e d i a t e l y i n t o t h e s u b -
j e c t t o o b i g t o p e r m i t t h e u s u a l a m e n i t i e s .
Sh e r e c i t e d t o t h e m t h e r e c e i p t o f t h e l e t t e r f r o m M r s
.
C o v e t a n d h e r p i t e o u s a p p e a l f o r h e l p . " Wh e n Ir e c e i v e d
t h e l e t t e r , Ic a l l e d u p o n t h e w o m a n i n t h e c a s e . Ic a n ' t
d e s c r i b e h e r - j u s t a n o n e n t i t y - u n w h o l e s o m e i n e v e r y
w a y - a f l a c c i d v a m p i r e . In c e n s e s o t h i c k t h r o u g h o u t t h e
h o u s e a s t o b e n a u s e a t i n g . If o u n d n o a v e n u e o f a p p r o a c h
t o h e r t h r o u g h t h e w a l l o f h e r e x o t i c m a n n e r i s m s a n d h e r
i n o r d i n a t e s e l f i s h n e s s .
i
3 5 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
" Ir e c o g n i z e d t h a t i t w o u l d b e u s e l e s s t o s p e n d a n y
t i m e i n t h a t q u a r t e r , s o e a r l y Sa t u r d a y It o o k t h e t r a i n .
Ar r i v i n g a t t h e s a n i t a r i u m , Ib r u s h e d a s i d e f o r m a l i t i e s
a n d s a w t h e m u c h e n d u r i n g w i f e o f P r o f e s s o r C o v e t .
" So m e d a y Iw i l l t e l l y o u t h e p l a n Ia d o p t e d t o g e t
r e s u l t s . En o u g h n o w f o r y o u t o k n o w Is e c u r e d h e r r e -
l e a s e
. An a u t o w a s a w a i t i n g m e a t t h e g a t e s . Th e e n g i n e
w a s r u n n i n g a n d t h e c h a u f f e u r d r i l l e d .
" C a s u a l l y w e w a l k e d a r o u n d t h e g r o u n d s t i l l w e c a m e
t o t h e g a t e s
.
" At l a s t w e m a d e i t
. Sh e i s u p s t a i r s i n b e d r e s t i n g .
Ne v e r w i l l If o r g e t t h a t r i d e
. Th e r e i s n o h e l l t o o d e e p f o r
t h a t m a n
. I' a m g o i n g t o k e e p h e r h e r e a n d n u r s e h e r
b a c k t o h e a l t h . It e l l y o u h e r m i n d i s j u s t a s c l e a r a s
y o u r s o r m i n e .

'
" He d r o v e h e r t o a n e r v o u s b r e a k d o w n a n d t h e n w i t h
d i a b o l i c a l v i c i o u s n e s s p u t h e r a w a y w h i l e h e c o u l d c o n -
s u m m a t e h i s i n s a n e w i s h e s
.
" An d n o w , Ar t h u r , " s h e c o n t i n u e d , t u r n i n g t o h e r h u s -
b a n d , " t e l l y o u r s i d e o f t h e s t o r y . Te l l t h e m h o w t h i s
m a n h o o d w i n k e d y o u a n d d r e w y o u i n t o h i s c i r c l e b y h i s
i n d i r e c t b r i b e s . "
Fo r a m o m e n t o r t w o t h e s h a m e - f a c e d p r o f e s s o r h e s i -
t a t e d
. " Ge n t l e m e n , m a y b e C o v e t ' s s u b t l e t y w o u l d h a v e
o v e r p o w e r e d m i n d s g r e a t e r t h a n m i n e
. Id o n ' t k n o w . As
Il o o k b a c k u p o n i t n o w If a i l t o r e c o n s t r u c t t h e c o n v e r s i o n
i n i t s e n t i r e t y . An y w a y , i t r e s o l v e s i t s e l f i n t o t h i s . Hi s
s h e e r m e n t a l i t y o v e r m a s t e r e d m i n e
. Iw a s l i k e a n o v i c e
s i t t i n g a t t h e f e e t o f t h e m a s t e r
.
" It i s v e r y e a s y f o r o n e t o c h a r g e a g a i n s t t h e w o r l d h i s
o w n f a i l u r e . Ir e c a l l t h e d a y w h e n h e f o u n d m e d o i n g t h e
THE HO U R
O F DEC ISIO N

3 5 9
f a m i l y w a s h i n t h e l a u n d r y
. Iw a s i n a r e b e l l i o u s m o o d
.
Ia m m a k i n g n o e x c u s e s f o r m y s e l f
. Im a i n t a i n t h o u g h
t h a t Iw a s h o n e s t
. We a k ? Y e s ! To m e , i n m y m o o d o f
t h a t d a y , s o c i e t y w a s w r o n g
. We l l , h e i n d o c t r i n a t e d m e
w i t h w h a t s e e m e d t o m e , i n m y d i r e e x t r e m i t y , p l a u s i b l e
r e a s o n s f o r f o l l o w i n g t h e p a t h a l o n g w h i c h h e l e d m e
.
" La t e r Ic o m m e n c e d t o h a v e m i s g i v i n g s
. M y f i r s t d e -
f l e c t i o n f r o m h i s c a u s e c a m e , It h i n k , o n e d a y w h e n I
d e t e c t e d a r i n g o f i n s i n c e r i t y i n a s t a t e m e n t h e m a d e
.
Wh e n Ia t t e m p t e d t o d e f i n e o u r a r g u m e n t , h e d i s m i s s e d i t
i m p a t i e n t l y w i t h t h e p h r a s e , ` Wh a t i s t h e d i f f e r e n c e ? '
" Th e n Ic o m m e n c e d t o a n a l y z e h i m a n d h i s m e t h o d s
.
Is t u d i e d b o t h s i d e s w i t h d i l i g e n c e a n d m y e y e s w e r e
o p e n e d
. M a r x i s m i s o n l y d i s g u i s e d l o o t i n g
. Th e m a n i s
a s h a m a n d i s f u l l o f d e c e i t
. M y w i f e h e r e w a s r i g h t . I
h a d b e e n w r o n g
. Th e r e i s t h e s t o r y , g e n t l e m e n , i n a
n u t s h e l l .
" U p s t a i r s i n b e d i s a l i t t l e w o m a n , h i s w i f e , w h o s e s t o r y
w o u l d m a k e y o u w e e p . "
Wh e n t h e Se n a t o r a n d M r
. C o n o v e r l e f t P r o f e s s o r
Sl e e p e r ' s h o u s e , t h e y c a r r i e d w i t h t h e m t h e a s s u r a n c e
t h a t b o t h t h e P r o f e s s o r a n d h i s w i f e w o u l d s t a n d b e h i n d
t h e m i n t h e f i g h t t h a t t h e y h a d d e t e r m i n e d t h e y w o u l d
m a k e a t t h e t r u s t e e s ' m e e t i n g t h e n e x t d a y
.
B e f o r e t h e y l e f t , P r o f e s s o r Sl e e p e r h a n d e d Se n a t o r
M o r r o w a l i s t i n w h i c h w e r e e n t e r e d t h e n a m e s o f a l l t h e
r a d i c a l p r o f e s s o r s o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e w h o w e r e w o r k i n g
u n d e r C o v e t ' s g u i d a n c e
. As t h e Se n a t o r a n d M r . C o n o v e r
w a l k e d t o w a r d s t h e " Gy m " t h e Se n a t o r s a i d , " B i l l , t h i s
l i s t i s c o r r e c t . Ev e r y p r o f e s s o r e n t e r e d t h e r e o n i s a d a n -
g e r o u s r a d i c a l
. Ih a v e t h e i r f u l l r e c o r d s i n m y o f f i c e
. "
3 6 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
Wh e n t h e y r e a c h e d t h e " Gy m , " t h e y f o u n d i t p a c k e d
t o t h e d o o r s
. Th e y m a n a g e d t o s q u e e z e i n
. Tw o s t u d e n t s
g a v e t h e m t h e i r s e a t s i n t h e l a s t r o w .
Th e b i g c e n t e r h a d a l r e a d y c a l l e d t h e m e e t i n g t o o r d e r
.
- To t h e a m a z e m e n t o f t h e t w o m e n t h e y n o t i c e d Wa r b e r g
i n a n i n c o n s p i c u o u s s e a t o n t h e s t a g e a m o n g t h e f o o t b a l l
s q u a d .
So s i l e n t w a s t h e r o o m , i t m i g h t h a v e b e e n e m p t y .
Sl o w l y t h e c e n t e r s t a r t e d s p e a k i n g . So o n t h e w o r d s
c a m e t u m b l i n g o u t
. He t o l d o f t h e i n c i d e n t s l e a d i n g u p
t o J a c k ' s i n e l i g i b i l i t y
. He c a r r i e d t h e a u d i e n c e b r e a t h l e s s
t h r o u g h t h e d a y s i m m e d i a t e l y p r e c e d i n g t h e b i g g a m e
.
Dr a m a t i c a l l y h e p a u s e d
. " No w , f e l l o w s , Ia m g o i n g t o
h a v e a m a n s p e a k t o y o u
. He h a s c o m e t h r o u g h c l e a n
.
Tr e a t h i m r i g h t
. Li s t e n c a r e f u l l y t o w h a t h e s a y s . " He
w a l k e d o v e r t o w h e r e Wa r b e r g w a s s i t t i n g , a n d t h e t w o
c a m e t o t h e f r o n t o f t h e p l a t f o r m t o g e t h e r
.
" Fe l l o w s , y o u a r e g o i n g t o h e a r t h e t r u t h f r o m C o v e t ' s
s e c r e t a r y , Wa r b e r g
. "
In a d e a t h l y s i l e n c e Wa r b e r g w i t h " Va n " s t a n d i n g b e -
s i d e h i m s t a r t e d s p e a k i n g
. As h e p r o c e e d e d , h i s v o i c e r o s e
i n v o l u m e a s h e t o l d h i s s t o r y t h a t g r i p p e d h i s a u d i e n c e
i n s u c h i n t e n s i t y t h a t t h e y h e l d t h e i r b r e a t h s l e s t t h e y m i s s
a n y w o r d o f i t .
Wh e n h e f i n i s h e d , " Va n " t o o k h i m b y t h e e l b o w a n d l e d
h i m b a c k t o h i s c h a i r
.
" No w , f e l l o w s , Iw a n t t h r e e c h e e r s f o r Wa r b e r g
. Le t ' s
g o "
Li k e a
d u m b a n i m a l r e l e a s e d f r o m a b u s e , Wa r b e r g ' s
e y e s , f i l l e d w i t h t e a r s , f o l l o w e d " Va n " a s t h e b i g c e n t e r
a g a i n w a l k e d t o t h e f r o n t o f t h e p l a t f o r m
.
THE HO U R O F DEC ISIO N

3 6 1
" Y o u h a v e h e a r d t h e s t o r y . Ia m n o t g o i n g t o a d d a n y -
t h i n g t o i t . Wh a t i s y o u r w i s h ? "
U p s p r a n g m e n i n a l l p a r t s o f t h e " Gy m . " Ab e d l a m
o f v o i c e s w e r e y e l l i n g " M r . C h a i r m a n . "
" Va n " r e c o g n i z e d o n e a n d t h e o t h e r s s a t d o w n .
" M r
. C h a i r m a n , Im o v e t h a t a c o m m i t t e e o f f i v e b e
a p p o i n t e d b y t h e c h a i r t o d r a w u p r e s o l u t i o n s t o b e s u b -
m i t t e d t o t h e B o a r d o f Tr u s t e e s t o m o r r o w d e m a n d i n g
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s r e s i g n a t i o n . "
Hu n d r e d s o f v o i c e s s h o u t e d " Is e c o n d t h e m o t i o n . "
" Al l i n f a v o r o f t h e m o t i o n p l e a s e r i s e , " s h o u t e d " Va n . "
Ev e r y m a n i n t h e " Gy m " w a s o n h i s f e e t .
As t h e c r o w d l e f t t h e " Gy m , " Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r t u r n e d
t o t h e Se n a t o r a n d s a i d , " J i m , t h i n g s a r e m o v i n g f a s t .
Th e t r u s t e e s ' m e e t i n g i s c a l l e d f o r t h r e e o ' c l o c k t o m o r r o w .
B y t o m o r r o w m o r n i n g a g o o d m a n y o f t h e o l d c r o w d w h o
w e r e n ' t a t t h e g a m e w i l l b e i n t o w n i n r e s p o n s e t o o u r
t e l e g r a m s . Ih a v e s e e n t o i t t h a t m o s t o f t h e Sa t u r d a y
c r o w d w i l l w a i t o v e r t i l l a f t e r t h e t r u s t e e s ' m e e t i n g . B y
t e n o ' c l o c k t o m o r r o w m o r n i n g t h e r e w i l l b e p l a c a r d s
p o s t e d a l l o v e r t h e t o w n a n n o u n c i n g a n o t h e r m a s s m e e t i n g
i n t h e ` Gy m ' a t o n e o ' c l o c k . Th a t w i l l g i v e u s t w o h o u r s
b e f o r e t h e t r u s t e e s m e e t , a n d w e o u g h t t o a c c o m p l i s h a
l o t i n t h a t t i m e . "
Ag a i n e v e r y s e a t i n t h e " Gy m " w a s o c c u p i e d . Th e m o s t
d i s t i n g u i s h e d Al u m n i o f t h e c o l l e g e w e r e p r e s e n t , a s w e l l
a s t h o s e w h o s e e n d o w m e n t s p l a y e d s u c h a l a r g e p a r t i n
t h e p e r p e t u a t i o n o f t h e o l d s c h o o l .
O n t h e p l a t f o r m w e r e Se n a t o r M o r r o w , Wi l l i a m C o n -
o v e r , P r o f e s s o r Ha m i l t o n , a c t i n g h e a d o f t h e c o l l e g e , f a c -
u l t y m e m b e r s , t r u s t e e s , a n d Al u m n i o f n a t i o n a l i m p o r t a n c e .
3 6 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
Th e o l d c o l l e g e s o n g w a s s u n g , t h e s o n g t h a t h a d t h e
g r a n d m a r c h i n g s w i n g , t h e s o n g t h a t t h e s e g r e y - h a i r e d
m e n s a n g y e a r s a g o w h e n g l o r i o u s y o u t h w a s t h e i r s .
Hi g h e r a n d l o u d e r t h e v o l u m e o f t h a t s o n g s w e l l e d t i l l i t
t u r n e d b a c k t h e y e a r s . .
As t h e s i n g i n g c e a s e d , Se n a t o r M o r r o w a r o s e t o h i s
f e e t . He g l a n c e d a r o u n d t h e r o o m a n d t o o k h e a r t a t t h e
s i g h t o f t h e e a r n e s t f a c e s .
He h a d p r e p a r e d n o s p e e c h ; i t w a s n ' t n e c e s s a r y
. Al l
h e h a d t o d o w a s t o t a l k s t r a i g h t f r o m h i s h e a r t
.
" Fe l l o w Al u m n i :
" Th e s i n g i n g o f t h a t o l d s o n g h a s s h a k e n m e
t o t h e d e p t h s o f m y b e i n g . Y o u a n d Il o v e t h i s o l d
s c h o o l w i t h a l o v e t h a t p a s s e t h u n d e r s t a n d i n g
.
Y o u a n d Ih a v e r e a c h e d t h e t i m e o f l i f e w h e n w e
c a n p l a c e t h e p r o p e r e s t i m a t e o n t h e t h i n g s o f l i f e
.
As w e j o u r n e y a l o n g t h e r o a d o f l i f e , t h e w i s e m a n
d i s p e n s e s w i t h n e e d l e s s t h i n g s a n d l e a r n s t o h o l d
f a s t t o t h o s e t h i n g s t h a t w i l l b r i n g j o y t o h i s d e -
c l i n i n g y e a r s
. Th e g r e a t l a w o f s e l e c t i v i t y w o r k s i n -
c e s s a n t l y . Th e m e m o r i e s o f c h i l d h o o d a n d e a r l y
f a m i l y a s s o c i a t i o n s a r e c a r r i e d c l o s e t o o u r h e a r t s
t o t h e j o u r n e y ' s e n d , a n d m i n g l e d w i t h t h e m c o m e
o u r c o l l e g e d a y s
. Wh e n Is t e p o n t h e c a m p u s i t
s e e m s t o m e t h a t Ih a v e e n t e r e d f o r w o r s h i p i n t o a
v a s t c a t h e d r a l
. Ev e r y b u i l d i n g , e v e r y t r e e , e v e r y
b o u l d e r , b e c k o n s t o m e l i k e a t r i e d f r i e n d o f m y
y o u t h .
" So m e t i m e a g o w e s t o o d o n t h e s a m e o l d f r i e n d l y
c a m p u s l o o k i n g u p o n t h e l a s t e a r t h l y c o u c h o f o n e
o f t h e g r e a t e s t s o u l s Ie v e r k n e w
. Hi s g e n t l e e y e s
THE
HO U R O F DEC ISIO N

3 6 3
w e r e c l o s e d i n t h e i r l a s t s l e e p
. As l o n g a s m e m o r y
l a s t s t h e r e w i l l b e e t c h e d o n o u r m i n d s t h a t w o n -
d e r f u l , k i n d l y , y e t f o r c i b l e f a c e o f P r e s i d e n t P o t t e r
.
We w h o k n e w a n d l o v e d h i m f o r m o r e t h a n a q u a r -
t e r o f a c e n t u r y k n o w t h a t h e s t i l l l i v e s
. An
i n f l u e n c e l i k e h i s c a n n e v e r p e r i s h
. Th i s d a y w e
a r e d o i n g h i s w o r k f o r h i m
. C o u l d t h o s e m u t e
l i p s o p e n , y o u k n o w a n d Ik n o w w h a t h e w o u l d a s k
u s t o d o .
" Th a t b r a v e , t r u e s o u l w o u l d s a y , ` M a k e n o c o m -
p r o m i s e w i t h e t e r n a l t r u t h s
. P r e s e r v e o u r c o l l e g e
f r o m t a i n t
. Ke e p i t s f e e t o n t h e p a t h o f l o y a l t y
a n d d e v o t i o n t o o u r c o u n t r y a n d t o i t s C o n s t i -
t u t i o n
. Le t n o s i n i s t e r s h a d o w s b e c a s t u p o n i t s
s t u d e n t s . '
" B u t y o u a n d Im u s t c h a r g e o u r s e l v e s w i t h n e g -
l e c t .
" Wh i l e w e s l e p t , t h e e n e m y c r e p t i n a n d t h e v o i c e
o f t r e a s o n h a s w h i s p e r e d i n t o t h e e a r o f i n e x p e r i -
e n c e
. Wh i l e w e s l e p t , t h e e n e m y s o w e d t a r e s .
" Id o n ' t b e l i e v e t h a t t h e c o u r a g e t h a t w a s o u r
f o r e f a t h e r s ' h a s d i s a p p e a r e d . Th a t h e r i t a g e i s s t i l l
o u r s .
" To d a y w e h a v e a n u n p l e a s a n t t a s k t o a c c o m -
p l i s h . Ia m f i r m l y c o n v i n c e d w e w i l l n o t s h i r k i t
.
Th e t i m e h a s p a s s e d f o r s o f t w o r d s a n d d i s p u t a -
t i o n s .
" Wh e n e v e r a - n a t i o n l o s e s i t s c a p a c i t y f o r r i g h t -
e o u s i n d i g n a t i o n a n d c o m m e n c e s t o w a l l o w i n s m u g
c o m p l a c e n c y a n d t h e t o l e r a t i o n o f i d e a s i n i m i c a l
t o i t s b e s t t r a d i t i o n s , i t i s h e a d e d -f o r t h e s a m e o b -
3 6 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
l i v i o n t h a t h a s e n g u l f e d e v e r y o t h e r n a t i o n o f t h e
p a s t t h a t h a s g o n e s i m i l a r l y s o f t . "
Th e Se n a t o r p a u s e d a n d w i t h a l o w v o i c e t h a t w a s h e a v y
w i t h s i g n i f i c a n c e c o n t i n u e d :
" O u r a c t i o n t o d a y w i l l d e t e r m i n e o n c e f o r a l l ,
w h e t h e r o u r s c h o o l s u r v i v e s o r p e r i s h e s .
" Th e r e c a n b e n o h a l f w a y m e a s u r e s
. Ei t h e r w e
t a k e d r a s t i c a c t i o n a n d c u t d o w n t o t h e h e a l t h y
f l e s h o r l e t t h e c a n c e r a l o n e t o e a t i t s w a y t o t h e
d e a t h .
" Ia m t o l d n o t t o b e d i s t u r b e d - t h a t t h e r e a r e
o n l y a f e w r a d i c a l s i n t h e f a c u l t y .
" M y f r i e n d s , o n e d e c a y e d a p p l e i n a b a r r e l i n
t i m e w i l l c o n t a m i n a t e t h e r e s t
.
" Sm a l l n u m b e r s i n s i g n i f i c a n t , y o u s a y l
" Le t t h i s s i n k d e e p i n y o u r m i n d
. O n l y s i x
r a d i c a l s o u t o f e v e r y 1 0, 000o f w e l l - m e a n i n g ,
t h o u g h t l e s s p e o p l e i n R u s s i a t u r n e d t h a t c o u n t r y
i n t o a m a d h o u s e a n d a s h a m b l e s
.
" M a k e n o m i s t a k e a b o u t s m a l l n u m b e r s , n o r
t h i n k t h e p e r i l i s n o t a t o u r d o o r
.
" To d a y t h e r e a r e 6 0, 000i n s t r u c t o r s i n o u r c o l -
l e g e s a n d u n i v e r s i t i e s . Th e r e a r e 1 6 3 , 000i n s t r u c -
t o r s i n o u r h i g h s c h o o l s . Ne a r l y o n e q u a r t e r o f a
m i l l i o n i n s t r u c t o r s , a l l t o l d , d i r e c t i n g t h e t h o u g h t
o f o u r y o u n g p e o p l e .
" An d i n t h i s v a s t n u m b e r a r e t h o s e w h o p l a n
n i g h t a n d d a y t o u n d o a l l t h a t t h e g r e a t m a j -
o r i t y o f t h e l o y a l t e a c h e r s a r e s t r i v i n g t o a c c o m -
p l i s h .
THE
HO U R O F DEC ISIO N

3 6 5
" Th i s s e r p e n t h a s e n t e r e d o u r o w n Ed e n h e r e i n
P a x t o n C o l l e g e .
" Th e t i m e h a s p a s s e d f o r f a l s e t o l e r a t i o n . I
h o l d i n m y h a n d a l i s t o f p r o f e s s o r s w h o a r e k n o w n
a s r a d i c a l s . I
w i l l r e a d t h e m . "
Sl o w l y h e r e a d t h e n a m e s
. Ea c h n a m e h e r e a d t w i c e
.
" Ia m g o i n g t o a s k t h e p r o f e s s o r w h o h a n d e d m e t h i s l i s t
t o t e l l y o u h i s e x p e r i e n c e
. Gi v e h i m y o u r c l o s e a t t e n t i o n
.
P a x t o n C o l l e g e o w e s a d e b t o f g r a t i t u d e t o P r o f e s s o r
Sl e e p e r . "
Si l e n t l y t h e t a l l p r o f e s s o r s t o o d b e f o r e t h e m
. In l a b o r e d
w o r d s , h e c o m m e n c e d h i s t a l k i n a n e r v o u s , h i g h - p i t c h e d
v o i c e . As h e w e n t o n , h e f o u n d h i m s e l f
. Hi s v o i c e t o o k
o n m o r e t o n e . He c a u g h t t h e e y e o f h i s w i f e a n d w a s r e -
a s s u r e d . In s i m p l e w o r d s h e t o l d h i s s t o r y , n o t s p a r i n g
h i m s e l f n o r s e e k i n g e x c u s e s , b u t t a l k e d a s o n e n e i g h b o r
w o u l d t o a n o t h e r .
No m o r e i n t i m a t e t a l k c o u l d h a v e b e e n m a d e
. He c a r -
r i e d h i s h e a r e r s t h r o u g h i n c i d e n t a f t e r i n c i d e n t
. He u n -
b u r d e n e d h i s s o u l b e f o r e t h e m . Ev e r y s e n t e n c e s e e m e d t o
l i g h t e n t h e b u r d e n h e h a d b e e n . c a r r y i n g . He c l o s e d b y
s a y i n g : " Wh e n Ir e a l i z e d t h e e r r o r t o w h i c h Ih a d c o m -
m i t t e d m y s e l f , Ik n e w n o r e s t u n t i l Is o u g h t t o f i n d a
m e t h o d w h e r e b y Im i g h t m a k e a m e n d s f o r m y h o n e s t
b l u n d e r s
. In t h r o w i n g o p e n m y h e a r t t o y o u t o d a y a n d
e x p o s i n g t h i s t h i n g , If e e l t h a t y o u a n d It o g e t h e r c a n
p u r g e o u r s c h o o l o f t h i s m e n a c e
. "
He r e g a i n e d h i s s e a t a m i d t r e m e n d o u s a p p l a u s e
. He
h e l d h i s h e a d h i g h , a n d a s h e s m i l e d t o h i s w i f e , t h e r e w a s
a l i g h t i n h i s e y e s s h e h a d n o t s e e n f o r m o n t h s .
3
6
6

SINISTER SHADO WS
M r s . Sl e e p e r , w h o h a d n e v e r s p o k e n b e f o r e a n y g r o u p
b e f o r e , n o w w a s u s h e r e d t o t h e f r o n t o f t h e p l a t f o r m b y
Se n a t o r M o r r o w , w h o s a i d :
" M r s
. Sl e e p e r h a s c o n s e n t e d t o t e l l y o u a b o u t M r s .
C o v e t
. " In s i m p l e w o r d s o f c o n v e r s a t i o n , t h e l i t t l e w o m a n
t o l d h e r s t o r y
. El o q u e n t w a s t h e r e c i t a l i n i t s s i m p l i c i t y .
It r a n g w i t h t r u t h .
" No w , m y f r i e n d s , " s a i d t h e Se n a t o r , " Iw i l l r e a d y o u
a c o n f e s s i o n m a d e b y C o v e t ' s s e c r e t a r y
. "
Wh e n h e f i n i s h e d r e a d i n g , h e c a r e f u l l y f o l d e d t h e p a p e r
a n d r e t u r n e d i t t o h i s p o c k e t
.
" Th e r e a r e t h e f a c t s
. Th a t i s w h y Is a y , t h e f a t e o f
P a x t o n C o l l e g e i s h a n g i n g i n t h e b a l a n c e t o d a y
. Y e s t e r -
d a y t h e s t u d e n t b o d y d r e w u p a r e s o l u t i o n p e t i t i o n i n g t h e
t r u s t e e s t o a s k f o r P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s r e s i g n a t i o n
. To d a y
w e m u s t g o o n e s t e p f u r t h e r
. P a x t o n C o l l e g e m u s t r i d
i t s e l f n o t o n l y o f C o v e t , b u t o f e v e r y o t h e r r a d i c a l t e a c h e r
a l s o
. If w e a r e t o o t i m i d t o t a k e s u c h a s t e p , w e a r e
u n w o r t h y o f o u r r i c h h e r i t a g e
. As m a l l g r o u p d i s c u s s e d
t h i s m a t t e r i n e v e r y a n g l e l a s t e v e n i n g .
" Th e c o n s e n s u s o f o p i n i o n t h e n w a s t h a t w e s h o u l d
d e m a n d t h a t t h e t r u s t e e s s e c u r e t h e r e s i g n a t i o n o f e v e r y
p r o f e s s o r w h o i s i d e n t i f i e d w i t h P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i n h i s
s u b v e r s i v e a c t i v i t i e s
.
" Th a t w e s h o u l d n o t p e r m i t a n y o n e t o t e a c h i n P a x t o n
C o l l e g e w h o i s n o t a n a t i v e b o r n o r n a t u r a l i z e d Am e r i c a n
.
" Th a t w e s h o u l d d e m a n d t h a t t h e t r u s t e e s r e q u i r e e v e r y
t e a c h e r t o t a k e t h e f o l l o w i n g o a t h
:
" ' Id o s o l e m n l y s w e a r Iw i l l s u p p o r t t h e C o n -
s t i t u t i o n o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s a n d t h a t Iw i l l f a i t h -
THEHO U R O FDEC ISIO N

3
6 7
f u l l y d i s c h a r g e t h e d u t i e s o f a n i n s t r u c t o r i n P a x t o n
C o l l e g e a c c o r d i n g t o t h e l a w s o f t h e U n i t e d St a t e s
o f Am e r i c a
. Ib e l i e v e i n o u r R e p u b l i c . Ib e l i e v e
n a t i o n a l i s m i s p a r a m o u n t t o i n t e r n a t i o n a l i s m
. I
b e l i e v e i n t h e Am e r i c a n h o m e b a s e d o n t h e e s t a b -
l i s h e d r u l e s o f m a t r i m o n y
. Th i s o a t h It a k e w i t h -
o u t a n y e q u i v o c a t i o n , m e n t a l r e s e r v a t i o n , o r s e -
c r e t e v a s i o n o f a n y s o r t . ' "
Sc a r c e l y h a d t h e Se n a t o r f i n i s h e d b e f o r e s h o u t s c a m e
f r o m a l l c o r n e r s o f t h e r o o m . Th e p h i l a n t h r o p i s t w h o s e
y e a r l y c o n t r i b u t i o n s w e r e t h e g r e a t e s t a r o s e a n d s a i d :
" Ih a v e c o n t r i b u t e d m y l a s t d o l l a r t o P a x t o n C o l l e g e
w i t h o u t s u c h a s t i p u l a t i o n b e i n g a t t a c h e d t o m y c o n -
t r i b u t i o n s . It h e r e f o r e m a k e t h a t a s a r e s o l u t i o n . "
" O n e m i n u t e , p l e a s e , " p l e a d e d t h e Se n a t o r . " Le t m e
r e a d t h a t a g a i n , s o t h a t t h e r e w i l l b e n o c h a n c e o f a n y o n e
n o t u n d e r s t a n d i n g . If y o u w i l l p e r m i t m e , l e t m e s u g g e s t
w e b r e a k t h e s u g g e s t i o n i n t o t h r e e p a r t s a n d a c t u p o n
e a c h o n e s e p a r a t e l y . "
Sl o w l y h e r e r e a d t h e p a r t c a l l i n g f o r r e s i g n a t i o n s . Th e
m o t i o n w a s c a r r i e d w i t h e v e r y o n e o n h i s f e e t .
He r e a d t h e s e c o n d a n d t h i r d p a r t s , a n d e a c h w a s
u n a n i m o u s l y p a s s e d .
" An d n o w , " s a i d t h e Se n a t o r , " p e r m i t m e t o s u g g e s t
t h a t s u c h t r u s t e e s a s a r e p r e s e n t m e e t i n t h e m a i n o f f i c e
o f t h e ` Gy m . ' We h a v e h a l f a n h o u r b e f o r e t h e m e e t i n g
o f t h e t r u s t e e s i n t h e m a i n h a l l . Wi l l t h e t r u s t e e s k i n d l y
m e e t m e t h e r e a t o n c e ? "
Th e Se n a t o r t u r n e d t h e g a v e l o v e r t o Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r ,
a n d w h i l e h e w a s w i n d i n g u p t h e m e e t i n g , t h e t r u s t e e s a n d
t h e Se n a t o r w e r e a s s e m b l i n g i n t h e r o o m d o w n s t a i r s
.
3 6 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
Th e B o a r d o f Tr u s t e e s o f P a x t o n C o l l e g e c o n s i s t e d o f
s e v e n t e e n m e n , t w e l v e o f w h o m w e r e n o w i n t h e r o o m w i t h
t h e Se n a t o r .
Th e t r u s t e e s p l e d g e d t h e m s e l v e s o n e t o t h e o t h e r t o t h e
a g r e e d u p o n p r o g r a m . It w a s f o r t u n a t e t h a t t h e p l a n s o f
t h e t w e l v e w e r e w e l l m a d e , b e c a u s e o n t h e c a m p u s a t t h a t
v e r y h o u r w e r e a s s e m b l e d f i v e o t h e r t r u s t e e s w h o w e r e
p l a n n i n g t o p e r p e t u a t e t h e a r b i t r a r y c o n t r o l t h a t i n t h e
p a s t h a d b e e n t h e i r s .
Th e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e B o a r d h a d d e c i d e d t h a t h e w o u l d
h e l p P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w e a t h e r t h e s t o r m . " R u l e o r r u i n "
h a d a l w a y s b e e n h i s m o t t o . He m i s t o o k o b s t i n a c y f o r
f i r m n e s s . B e s i d e , h e w a s t i n c t u r e d w i t h a p i n k i s h b r a n d
o f So c i a l i s m a n d w a s g i v e n o v e r m u c h t o m e n t a l f o o d t h a t
w a s a t r i f l e " h i g h . "
" R e m e m b e r , " s a i d t h e d o m i n a n t o n e , " w e w i l l t a k e
n o a c t i o n t o d a y u n d e r a n y c i r c u m s t a n c e s r e g a r d i n g P r o -
f e s s o r C o v e t , " a s t a t e m e n t t o w h i c h t h e o t h e r f o u r h e a r t i l y
s u b s c r i b e d .
" If i t i s b r o u g h t u p , " h e c o n t i n u e d , " Iw i l l m a k e t h e
s t a t e m e n t t h a t i f h e i s d i s c h a r g e d o r h i s r e s i g n a t i o n a c -
c e p t e d t h a t Iw i l l r e s i g n i m m e d i a t e l y f r o m t h e B o a r d
. "
C a m e p r o t e s t s f r o m t h e o t h e r s , b u t t h e d o m i n a n t o n e
w a s a d a m a n t a n d r e p e a t e d t h e p r o m i s e t o h i s d i s m a y e d
a s s o c i a t e s .
" An d n o w , g e n t l e m e n , i t i s t i m e f o r t h e m e e t i n g . Le t
u s p r o c e e d t o t h e r o o m . "
C h a p t e r X X X IV
DR ASTIC R EM EDIES
At t h e s t u d e n t s ' m a s s m e e t i n g o n Su n d a y w h e n " Va n "
c a l l e d f o r c h e e r s f o r Wa r b e r g , h e h a d o p e n e d a w i n d o w
t h r o u g h w h i c h t h e p o o r c r e a t u r e o f p l o t s a n d i n t r i g u e s h a d
n e v e r p r e v i o u s l y p e e r e d . It w a s a w i n d o w l o o k i n g o u t i n t o
a g a r d e n o f f r i e n d s h i p a n d g o o d w i l l , a n o a s i s t h a t t h e
s u n - s c o r c h e d o n e h a d n e v e r e n v i s a g e d
. It l e f t h i m b r e a t h -
l e s s . Hi s w a s t h e s e n s a t i o n o f o n e i n u r e d t o d a r k n e s s
s u d d e n l y t h r u s t i n t o d a z z l i n g l i g h t .
Th e h a b i t s o f a l i f e t i m e d o n o t c h a n g e i n m i n u t e s
.
It
m u s t b e a t r i c k , h e t h o u g h t . As h e w a l k e d t h r o u g h t h e
c a m p u s h e w a s c o n s c i o u s o f t h e d i f f e r e n c e i n t h e g r e e t i n g s
h e r e c e i v e d c o m p a r e d t o t h o s e o f o t h e r d a y s
.
Sl o w l y t h e t h o u g h t d r o v e h o m e t o t h a t t r a p - s h y m i n d
t h a t t h i s w a s a d i f f e r e n t w o r l d t h a n t h e o n e h e h a d c o n -
s t r u c t e d i n h i s w a r p e d t h o u g h t s o f t h e p a s t .
" Va n , " h e f e l t , w a s h i s f r i e n d ; h e k n e w h e c o u l d t r u s t
M r . C o n o v e r . He c e a s e d e n v y i n g J a c k a n d c o m m e n c e d t o
a d m i r e h i m . No w t h a t Wa r b e r g h a d e s c a p e d f r o m P r o -
f e s s o r C o v e t ' s i n f l u e n c e , h e w a s r e c o n s t r u c t i n g t h i n g s i n
h i s m i n d a n d f o u n d h i s e n m i t y d w i n d l i n g , t h e c l o s e r h e
c a m e i n t o c o n t a c t w i t h t h o s e w h o m , a s a c l a s s , h e h a d
h a t e d w i t h s u c h i n t e n s i t y .
As h e t h o u g h t o f P r o f e s s o r C o v e t , s l o w l y t h e r e g r e w
w i t h i n h i m a h a t r e d o f t h e m a n w h o h a d t r i c k e d h i m . Hi s
w a s n o h a l f w a y n a t u r e . Th e h a t r e d g r e w w i t h t h e h o u r s .
In s o m e d i s p o s i t i o n s , t h o u g h t i s c o m p a r a b l e t o t h e s p u t -
3 6 9
3 7 0

SINISTER SHADO WS
t e r i n g f u s e w h o s e s p a r k s r a p i d l y a p p r o a c h t h e e x p l o s i v e .
Su c h w a s Wa r b e r g ' s e m o t i o n a l n a t u r e . Th e t r a i l o f h i s
m e d i t a t i o n s f o r c e d h i m t o a s u d d e n d e c i s i o n . An i d e a
f l a s h e d i n t o h i s m i n d w h i c h d r o v e h i m t o p r o m p t a c t i o n .
He h e a d e d f o r P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s h o u s e , r u n n i n g . He
s l a m m e d t h e g a t e a n d r u s h e d i n t o t h e h o u s e t o f i n d t h e
p r o f e s s o r i n h i s s t u d y .
P a n t i n g f o r b r e a t h , h e s t o o d b e f o r e t h e d e s k .
" Wh e r e h a v e y o u b e e n , Wa r b e r g , t h e p a s t t h r e e d a y s ? "
" P l e a s e , t h e y c a p t u r e d m e . Ne v e r d i d t h e y l e t m e o u t
o f t h e i r s i g h t . Sl e e p ! Ic o u l d s l e e p s t a n d i n g u p . Ea t ? I
a m s t a r v e d , " h e r e p l i e d a s h e s t o o d t h e r e , t h e p i c t u r e o f
d e j e c t i o n .
He w a s r e l i s h i n g t h e s i t u a t i o n . It a p p e a l e d t o t h e g u i l e
t h a t w a s p a r t o f h i s f l e s h a n d b o n e .
" B u t , Ih e a r m a n y t h i n g s . Th e y a r e g o i n g t o f i r e y o u .
Tr i c k t h e m y o u m u s t . B e a t t h e m t o i t . Se n d t h e t r u s t e e s
y o u r r e s i g n a t i o n q u i c k . Th e n t h e y b a c k d o w n m a y b e . "
" Th a t w i l l b e e n o u g h , Wa r b e r g , " r e p l i e d P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t . " Wh e n Iw a n t y o u r a d v i c e , Iw i l l a s k f o r i t . "
C o u n t e r f e i t i n g d e j e c t i o n , Wa r b e r g d r a g g e d h i m s e l f f r o m
t h e r o o m , s h a k i n g h i s h e a d i n f e i g n e d u n c e r t a i n t y .
Wa r b e r g ' s i n t r u s i o n h a d c o m e a t t h e v e r y m i n u t e t h a t
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t h a d m a d e h i s d e c i s i o n . Ev e n a t t h i s c r i s i s
i n h i s a f f a i r s h e w a s d i s t u r b e d t o t h i n k t h a t h e h a d n o t
a c t e d b e f o r e o n e , w h o m h e c o n s i d e r e d h i s i n f e r i o r , h a d
i n t r o d u c e d t h e s u b j e c t .
Ha s t i l y h e t u r n e d t o h i s t y p e w r i t e r a n d w r o t e h i s r e s i g -
n a t i o n . He w a s v a s t l y p l e a s e d w i t h h i m s e l f . It p u t h i m
i n g o o d h u m o r w i t h h i m s e l f , f o r h e f e l t t h a t a g a i n h e w a s
m a s t e r o f t h e s i t u a t i o n .
DR ASTIC R EM EDIES

3 7 1
He k n e w t h e t r u s t e e s w e r e i n s e s s i o n , a n d w h i l e h e h a d
f e l t a p p r e h e n s i v e , h e w a s i n c l i n e d t o t h i n k t h a t t h e P r e s i -
d e n t o f t h e B o a r d w o u l d c o n t r o l t h e o t h e r s . He h a d
h y p n o t i z e d h i m s e l f i n t o t h e b e l i e f t h a t t h e a f f a i r w o u l d
b l o w o v e r .
Su c h w a s h i s o v e r w h e l m i n g e g o t i s m t h a t h e h a d c o m -
m e n c e d t o f e e l t h a t h e w a s i n d i s p e n s a b l e t o t h e s c h o o l .
B y n o s t r e t c h o f t h e i m a g i n a t i o n c o u l d h e r e a c h a n y o t h e r
c o p c l u s i o n .
He p r e s s e d t h e b u t t o n f o r Wa r b e r g , w h o e n t e r e d .
" Wa r b e r g , " h e s a i d , " t a k e t h i s l e t t e r a t o n c e t o t h e
P r e s i d e n t o f t h e B o a r d o f Tr u s t e e s .
Th e y a r e i n s e s s i o n
n o w . Hu r r y
. "
O u t o f t h e h o u s e d a r t e d Wa r b e r g
. As h e e n t e r e d t h e
d o o r o f t h e b u i l d i n g i n w h i c h t h e m e e t i n g w a s b e i n g h e l d ,
h e e n c o u n t e r e d Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d M r . C o n o v e r
.
Th e l e t t e r h a d n o t b e e n s e a l e d . Q u i c k l y h e t o o k i t t o u t
o f t h e e n v e l o p e a n d h a n d e d i t t o t h e Se n a t o r , w h o , a s -
s u m i n g i t w a s f o r h i m , r e a d i t i n a m a z e m e n t .
" Th i s i s n o t f o r m e , Wa r b e r g . "
" No , n o , " r e p l i e d t h e c r a f t y Wa r b e r g . " Se e , h e r e i s
t h e e n v e l o p e . It i s f o r t h e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e B o a r d . "
Th e Se n a t o r ' s e y e s t w i n k l e d a s h e r e a l i z e d t h a t Wa r b e r g
h a d t a k e n t h e o n l y m e t h o d a v a i l a b l e t o l e t h i m s e e t h e
l e t t e r b e f o r e i t s d e l i v e r y .
" C o m e w i t h m e , " t h e Se n a t o r s a i d t o Wa r b e r g . " Iw i l l
h e l p y o u d e l i v e r i t . "
Th e t h r e e a p p r o a c h e d t h e i n n e r d o o r . It w a s o p e n e d .
Th e m e e t i n g w a s p r o c e e d i n g i n i t s u s u a l m a n n e r . Th e
b i g m o m e n t h a d n o t a r r i v e d . R o u t i n e m a t t e r s w e r e b e i n g
d i s p o s e d o f f i r s t .
3 7 2

SINISTER SHADO WS
Th e Se n a t o r a n d M r . C o n o v e r w e r e i n v i t e d t o e n t e r a s
t h e d o o r s l a m m e d t o , l e a v i n g Wa r b e r g s h a k i n g h a n d s
w i t h h i m s e l f a s h e s t r u t t e d a w a y i n i m i t a t i o n o f t h e p r o -
f e s s o r ' s w a l k .
Th e Se n a t o r h a n d e d t h e l e t t e r t o o n e o f t h e f a i t h f u l f e w
w i t h t h e r e q u e s t t h a t t h e t r u s t e e h a n d t h e l e t t e r t o t h e
P r e s i d e n t , w i t h t h e s t a t e m e n t t h a t i t w a s P r o f e s s o r C o -
v e t ' s r e s i g n a t i o n , s o t h a t t h e r e w o u l d b e n o c h a n c e o f t h e
P r e s i d e n t n o t k n o w i n g t h a t i t s c o n t e n t s w e r e p u b l i c . ,
Th e t i m e t h e P r e s i d e n t s p e n t i n r e a d i n g i t w a s s u f f i -
c i e n t l y l o n g t o h a v e p e r m i t t e d t h e r e a d i n g o f a d o z e n
l e t t e r s .
" Ge n t l e m e n , Ih a v e j u s t r e c e i v e d a c o m m u n i c a t i o n f r o m
P r o f e s s o r C o v e t i n w h i c h h e t e n d e r s h i s r e s i g n a t i o n . I
w i l l a s k t h e Se c r e t a r y t o r e a d i t a l o u d . "
Im m e d i a t e l y a f t e r t h e r e a d i n g o f t h e l e t t e r t h e P r e s i d e n t
a r o s e t o h i s f e e t .
" Ge n t l e m e n , If e e l s u r e Ie x p r e s s t h e s e n t i m e n t o f e v e r y
t r u s t e e w h e n Is a y t h a t t h i s i s v e r y u n f o r t u n a t e . We m u s t
l e a v e n o s t o n e u n t u r n e d i n t r y i n g t o p e r s u a d e t h e p r o -
f e s s o r t o r e c o n s i d e r t h e m a t t e r a n d t o w i t h d r a w t h e l e t t e r
.
He i s t h e o n e o u t s t a n d i n g f i g u r e o n o u r c a m p u s . He h a s
b e c o m e k n o w n t h r o u g h o u t t h e l e n g t h a n d b r e a d t h o f t h e
c o u n t r y a n d h a s a d v e r t i s e d P a x t o n C o l l e g e m o r e t h a n a l l
t h e r e s t o f t h e f a c u l t y c o m b i n e d
. Sc a r c e l y a d a y p a s s e s
w i t h o u t n e w s p a p e r ' p u b l i c i t y d u e t o h i s a c t i v i t i e s .
" Ik n o w y o u f e e l a s Id o , s o Iw i l l e n t e r t a i n a m o t i o n
t o t a b l e t h e m a t t e r u n t i l o u r n e x t m e e t i n g . "
Th e f o u r h e n c h m e n c l a m o r e d f o r r e c o g n i t i o n . Fr o m
o n e c a m e t h e s t a t e m e n t , " Im a k e s u c h a m o t i o n . " An -
o t h e r s e c o n d e d i t .
DR ASTIC
R EM EDIES

3 7 3
" Ar e y o u r e a d y f o r t h e q u e s t i o n ? " s a i d t h e p r e s i d e n t ,
w h o w a s a l r e a d y c o n g r a t u l a t i n g h i m s e l f f o r t h e e a s e i n
w h i c h t h e m a t t e r w a s b e i n g h a n d l e d
.
" Q u e s t i o n ! Q u e s t i o n ! " c a m e t h e v o i c e s .
" Al l i n f a v o r s a y ` Ay e , " ' s a i d t h e P r e s i d e n t
.
Lu s t i l y d i d t h e f o u r b o o m f o r t h " Ay e
. " Q u i t e a v o l u m e
' o f n o i s e t h e y m a d e .
" Th o s e o p p o s e d s i g n i f y i t i n t h e u s u a l w a y , " h e d r o n e d .
C a m e a t h u n d e r o f " No ' s . " Fo r a m o m e n t o r t w o t h e
P r e s i d e n t s t o o d b e w i l d e r e d .
Fr o m t h e b a c k o f t h e r o o m c a m e a v o i c e .
" Ic a l l f o r a s t a n d i n g v o t e . " It w a s t a k e n , a n d t h e
Se c r e t a r y r e c o r d e d t h e m o t i o n a s l o s t , t w e l v e t o f o u r .
Th e P r e s i d e n t w a s o n h i s f e e t . He g l a r e d a t t h e t r u s t e e s
w h o m i n o t h e r d a y s h e h a d d o m i n a t e d w i t h s u c h e a s e
.
" If e a r t h a t t h e m o t i o n w a s n o t u n d e r s t o o d . If , h o w -
e v e r , i t w a s , It h i n k t h i s i s a n o p p o r t u n e t i m e f o r m e t o
s a y t h a t Ic a n n o t b e a p a r t y t o a n y a c t i o n t h a t w i l l d e -
p r i v e P a x t o n :
C o l l e g e o f t h e e s e r v i c e s o f i t s m o s t d i s t i n -
g u i s h e d p r o f e s s o r . It i s i n c o n c e i v a b l e t o m e t h a t s u c h
a c t i o n s h o u l d h a v e b e e n t a k e n
. It w o u l d h a v e b e e n t h e
p a r t o f w i s d o m t o h a v e d e f e r r e d t h e m a t t e r
. B u t b e f o r e
w e p r o c e e d , Iw i s h t o m a k e m y p o s i t i o n i n t h e m a t t e r
v e r y c l e a r . If t h e B o a r d a c c e p t s h i s r e s i g n a t i o n t o d a y ,
m y r e s i g n a t i o n , n o t o n l y a s P r e s i d e n t b u t a s B o a r d m e m -
b e r a l s o , t o t a k e e f f e c t a t o n c e , w i l l i m m e d i a t e l y - f o l l o w
. "
He s e t t l e d h i m s e l f i n h i s c h a i r , c o n v i n c e d t h a t h e h a d
m a s t e r e d t h o s e u p o n w h o m h e h a d a l w a y s w o r k e d h i s w i l l
i n t h e p a s t .
As o f t s p o k e n t r u s t e e w a s o n h i s f e e t . Wi t h o u t l i f t i n g
h i s v o i c e o r e v i d e n c i n g a n y t e n s e n e s s h e s a i d :
3 7 4

SINISTER SHADO WS
" M r . P r e s i d e n t , Im o v e t h a t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t ' s r e s i g -
n a t i o n b e a c c e p t e d , t o t a k e e f f e c t a t o n c e . "
An o t h e r t r u s t e e s l o w l y a r o s e a n d s a i d , " Is e c o n d t h e
m o t i o n . "
Th e m o t i o n c a r r i e d t w e l v e t o f o u r .
An o t h e r t r u s t e e a r o s e . " M r . P r e s i d e n t , Im o v e t h a t t h e
r e s i g n a t i o n o f t h e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e B o a r d , a s o u t l i n e d b y
h i m s e l f , b e a c c e p t e d . " C a m e a h a s t y s e c o n d . An d b e f o r e
t h e d a z e d P r e s i d e n t g r a s p e d t h e s i t u a t i o n , h e h a d b e e n
t a k e n a t h i s w o r d a n d w a s o u t o f o f f i c e .
Th e r e q u i c k l y f o l l o w e d t h e i m m e d i a t e r e s i g n a t i o n s o f
t h e i n d i g n a n t f o u r w h o g a t h e r e d a r o u n d t h e P r e s i d e n t .
" Y o u m e n c a n r u n t h i s i n s t i t u t i o n i n t o t h e g r o u n d ,
a s Ik n o w y o u w i l l , " t h e P r e s i d e n t h u r l e d a t t h e v i c t o -
r i o u s m e m b e r s a s t h e f i v e e x - t r u s t e e s s t a m p e d f r o m t h e
r o o m w i t h a s g o o d g r a c e a s t h e i r l a c e r a t e d f e e l i n g s w o u l d
p e r m i t .
Wi t h i n t h e n e x t f e w m i n u t e s Se n a t o r M o r r o w a n d
Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r h a d b e e n e l e c t e d t r u s t e e s .
Th r e e o t h e r n a m e s w e r e p r o p o s e d f o r t h e o t h e r t h r e e
v a c a n c i e s , a n d t h e y w e r e d u l y e l e c t e d .
Th e n t h e r e a l h o u s e c l e a n i n g s t a r t e d , a n d b e f o r e t h e
n e x t h o u r h a d p a s s e d , m o t i o n s w e r e c a r r i e d d i s m i s s i n g t h e
r a d i c a l t e a c h e r s w h o h a d b e e n a s s o c i a t e d w i t h P r o f e s s o r
C o v e t .
Fo r t u n a t e l y , t h e i r c o n t r a c t s e x p i r e d w i t h t h e s c h o o l
y e a r
. It w a s v o t e d t o p a y t h e m t h e i r s a l a r i e s i n f u l l t o
t h e e n d o f t h e t e r m , b u t t o d e m a n d t h e i r i m m e d i a t e w i t h -
d r a w a l f r o m t h e f a c u l t y .
Ne v e r i n t h e h i s t o r y o f t h e s c h o o l h a d s u c h a t h o r o u g h
p i e c e o f w o r k b e e n d o n e . Th e t r u s t e e s w e r e m a s t e r s u r -
DR ASTIC R EM EDIES

3 7 5
g e o n s p e r f o r m i n g a n e m e r g e n c y o p e r a t i o n
. Wh i l e t h e c u t
w a s o p e n , a l l d i s e a s e d p a r t s w e r e t a k e n o u t
.
Fi n a l l y t h e t h i n g w a s d o n e a n d t h e t r u s t e e s , r a t h e r
b r e a t h l e s s , s a t b a c k f o r t h e i r d e s e r v e d r e s t
.
Se n a t o r M o r r o w w a s s p e a k i n g
. " Ge n t l e m e n , Iw o u l d
c a l l t h a t a m a j o r o p e r a t i o n , p r o b a b l y t h e b i g g e s t o n e t h a t
h a s e v e r t a k e n p l a c e i n a n Am e r i c a n c o l l e g e
. Wh e n t h e
h i s t o r y o f t h i s c a s e b e c o m e s p u b l i c , Ie x p e c t t o s e e s i m i l a r
o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d i n o t h e r c o l l e g e s
.
" Th e d a y o f c o m p r o m i s i n g w i t h p r i n c i p l e s h a s p a s s e d i n
o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g
.
" It i s n o w n e a r l y s i x o ' c l o c k
. If a g r e e a b l e t o t h e m e m -
b e r s , Iw i l l e n t e r t a i n a m o t i o n t o a d j o u r n t i l l e i g h t o ' c l o c k
t h i s e v e n i n g . "
Ad j o u r n m e n t w a s t a k e n
. As s o o n a s t h e t r u s t e e s a p -
p e a r e d t h e y w e r e g r e e t e d b y n e w s p a p e r m e n w h o r e a l i z e d
t h a t f r o m P a x t o n C o l l e g e h a d c o m e n e w s t h a t w o u l d b e
f r o n t p a g e m a t e r i a l t h r o u g h o u t t h e c o u n t r y .
C h a p t e r X X X V
THEP EDDLER C O M P LETESTHEC IR C LE
As t h e ' t r u s t e e s w e r e w a l k i n g a c r o s s t h e c a m p u s f o r
t h e i r d i n n e r s , o n e o f t h e m c a l l e d t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h e
o t h e r s t o a s w a r m i n g o f s t u d e n t s b e h i n d t h e " Gy m . "
Ab i g b o n f i r e w a s t h r o w i n g o u t h i g h t o n g u e s o f f l a m e .
Th e y n o t i c e d a m a i n g r o u p a r o u n d t h e o u t s i d e o f w h i c h
m i l l e d t h e s t u d e n t s w h o s o u g h t p l a c e s o f v a n t a g e
. B y
t h e l i g h t o f t h e f i r e t h e y s a w s t u d e n t s h a n g i n g o u t t h e
" Gy m " w i n d o w s , s e a t e d i n t h e l o w b r a n c h e s o f n e a r b y
t r e e s a n d s t a n d i n g o n b o x e s . Ev i d e n t l y i n t h e c e n t e r o f t h e
g r o u p w a s t a k i n g p l a c e s o m e t h i n g t h a t w a s a m a t t e r ' t o
o b s e r v e r a t h e r t h a n a c a l l f o r c o o p e r a t i o n .
" Th a t i s a s i n g u l a r p e r f o r m a n c e , " s a i d o n e . " Su p p o s e
w e w a l k o v e r . "
Wh e n t h e t r u s t e e s r e a c h e d t h e s p o t , w h a t e v e r t h e o b -
j e c t i v e h a d b e e n , i t w a s e v i d e n t t h a t a c c o m p l i s h m e n t h a d
t a k e n p l a c e . Th e c r o w d w a s l e s s c o m p a c t , s o t h e Se n a t o r
a n d M r . C o n o v e r e x p e r i e n c e d n o d i f f i c u l t y i n w o r m i n g
t h e i r w a y t o t h e i n n e r c i r c l e .
O n t h e g r o u n d w a s a m a s s o f h a i r . Tw o s t u d e n t s w i t h
c l i p p e r s i n t h e i r h a n d s h a d f i n i s h e d t h e i r t a s k s . Th e o n e
u p o n w h o m t h e y h a d o p e r a t e d t u r n e d a r o u n d s q u a r e l y i n
f r o n t o f Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r
.
" Iz z y Z u g , " e x c l a i m e d M r . C o n o v e r i n a m a z e m e n t .
" Y e s , Iz z y Z u g , " s a i d t h e o n e d e n u d e d o f h a i r . " Da m n
y o u a n d t h a t h e l l h o u n d s o n o f y o u r s 1 M a y y o u b o t h r o t
i n h e l l . "
3 7 6
THEP EDDLER C O M P LETESTHEC IR C LE

3 7 7 .
M r . C o n o v e r h a d n o t b r i d g e d , e v e n n o w , t h e t w o p e r -
s o n a l i t i e s
. He h a d c o m e i n t o o l a t e f o r t h e f i r s t a c t
.
O n e o f t h e s t u d e n t s s p o k e u p . " M r
. C o n o v e r , w h a t d o e s
h e m e a n b y s a y i n g ' Z u g
. ' We t h o u g h t P r o f e s s o r C o v e t
w o u l d l o o k b e t t e r w i t h h i s h a i r a n d b e a r d c u t o f f , s o w e
m a d e a n o f f e r i n g t o De l i l a h
. He t r i e d t o t r i m u s Sa t u r d a y ,
s o w e t h o u g h t i t w a s o n l y f a i r t o t r i m h i m t o d a y
. "
M r
. C o n o v e r r e c e i v e d t h e f l a s h
. P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w a s
Iz z y Z u g ! No w h e r e a d t h e r i d d l e t h a t h a d s o l o n g b a f f l e d
h i m
. Ev e r y t h i n g c l e a r e d . He u n d e r s t o o d C o v e t ' s e n m i t y
a t s i g h t f o r J a c k
.
He f e l t d a z e d
. Th e u n e x p e c t e d e v e n t l e f t h i m b e w i l -
d e r e d
. Su d d e n l y h e r e a l i z e d h e h a d a d u t y t o p e r f o r m
. He
r a i s e d h i s h a n d a n d s a i d :
" Y o u n g m e n , y o u s h o u l d n o t h a v e t a k e n m a t t e r s i n t o
y o u r o w n h a n d s
. Le t t h e p r o f e s s o r g o a t o n c e .
Gi v e h i m
a n e s c o r t a n d s e e t h a t h e r e a c h e s h o m e s a f e l y
. " He w a t c h e d
t h e s l i n k i n g f i g u r e c h a r g e d w i t h v e n o m o u s h a t r e d e n t e r
h i s h o u s e
. He s a w a d i s t u r b a n c e a t t h e d o o r s t e p
. Th e
n e x t m o m e n t t h e p r o f e s s o r h a d e n t e r e d a n d s l a m m e d t h e
d o o r s h u t a s t h e m e n s o u g h t t o r e a c h h i m
.
Hi s m i n d w e n t b a c k t o h i s f i g h t w i t h C o v e t i n h i g h
s c h o o l d a y s , w h e n h e h a d r e c e i v e d a s i m i l a r i n s u l t , w h e n
t h e e s c o r t t o l d h i m t h a t j u s t b e f o r e C o v e t e n t e r e d h i s
h o u s e h e h a d t u r n e d a r o u n d a n d s p a t f u l l i n t h e f a c e o f
o n e o f t h e p a r t y a n d h a d h u r l e d a t t h e m u n p r i n t a b l e
n a m e s .
" Th e s a m e n o w a s h e w a s t h e n , " m u s e d M r
. C o n o v e r a s
h e w a l k e d t o t h e In n
.
As s o o n a s M r
. C o n o v e r s t e p p e d i n t o t h e In n , h e w a s
s u r r o u n d e d b y a c r o w d o f t r u s t e e s , a l u m n i , a n d s t u d e n t s ,
3 7 8

SINISTER SHADO WS
i m p a t i e n t t o l e a r n t h e d e t a i l s o f t h e s e n s a t i o n a l n e w s t h a t
h a d t r a v e l l e d l i k e w i l d f i r e a r o u n d t h e c a m p u s
.
He w a s h e l p e d u p o n a c h a i r w h e r e h e s t o o d
. He p a i n t e d
t h e p i c t u r e o f o l d Z u g h u d d l e d o n t h e r e f u s e w a g o n p i l e d
h i g h w i t h r a g s a n d o l d i r o n , d r a w n b y t h e o l d b a y w i t h
f l o p p i n g e a r s
. B e f o r e t h e i r e y e s h e d r e w t h e p i c t u r e w i t h
l i t t l e Iz z y Z u g s i t t i n g a m i d t h e l i t t e r y e l l i n g " R a g s
a n ' O l d Ir o n , " a s t h e w a g o n m a d e i t s w a y d o w n t h e
a l l e y s .
He c a r r i e d h i s h e a r e r s t h r o u g h t h e h i g h s c h o o l d a y s . He
t o l d t h e m o f t h e p r o v o c a t i o n t h a t s t a r t e d t h e f i g h t i n t h e i r
b o y h o o d d a y s .
O n a n d o n h e c a r r i e d t h e m t o t h e c l i m a x w h i c h h i s
h e a r e r s h a d s o r e c e n t l y w i t n e s s e d
.
" An d n o w , Im u s t g e t a b i t e a n d h u r r y b a c k t o t h e
a d j o u r n e d m e e t i n g , " h e s a i d a s h e s t e p p e d d o w n a n d
h u r r i e d a w a y .
Th e l i t t l e t o w n o f P a x t o n h a d s u d d e n l y b e c o m e a
m a g n e t , d r a w i n g t o i t t h e a t t e n t i o n o f t h e e n t i r e c o u n t r y
.
It s s t r e e t s s w a r m e d w i t h r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e p r e s s
. In
e v e r y t r a i n c a m e " f e a t u r e w r i t e r s " a n d p h o t o g r a p h e r s
.
It w a s r e c o g n i z e d t h a t h e r e i n P a x t o n C o l l e g e t h e t o c s i n
h a d b e e n s o u n d e d
. Th a t h e r e h a d t a k e n p l a c e ' a h o u s e
c l e a n i n g w h i c h w o u l d b e f o l l o w e d i n o t h e r c o l l e g e s
. Th a t
h e r e w e r e m e n i n a u t h o r i t y w h o d i d n o t f l i n c h f r o m t a k i n g
n e c e s s a r y a n d d r a s t i c a c t i o n .
Th e n e w s p a p e r m e n t u r n e d t h e s e a r c h - l i g h t o f t h e i r
i n v e s t i g a t i o n i n t o e v e r y n o o k a n d c r e v i c e o f t h e s c h o o l
.
Th e y t r a c e d r a d i c a l i s m t o i t s c o l l e g e l a i r a n d , e x p e r i e n c e d
a s t h e y w e r e , t h e y w e r e s u r p r i s e d a t i t s r a m i f i c a t i o n s i n
o u r - i n s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g
. Th e v e t e r a n w r i t e r s , t h e
THEP EDDLER C O M P LETESTHEC IR C LE

3 7 9
d e a n s o f t h e i r p r o f e s s i o n , p r o p e r l y e v a l u a t e d t h e t r e -
m e n d o u s n e w s i n t e r e s t t h e c a s e o f f e r e d .
Ea g e r l y t h e y s e i z e d u p o n t h e s e n s a t i o n a l e p i s o d e o f
t h e h a i r a n d w h i s k e r c u t t i n g w h e r e b y P r o f e s s o r C o v e t
h a d b e e n r e c o n v e r t e d i n t o Iz z y Z u g . B i g h e a d l i n e s t o l d
o f Wi l l i a m C o n o v e r ' s a m a z e m e n t w h e n h e s t o o d f a c e t o
f a c e w i t h t h e o n e w h o h a d r e a c h e d a p r o f e s s o r ' s c h a i r
u n d e r a n a s s u m e d n a m e .
Wh i l e t h e t y p e w r i t e r s a r e b u s y w i t h t h e i r s t o r i e s , l e t
u s r e t u r n t o t h e In n a n d l i s t e n t o a c o n v e r s a t i o n b e t w e e n
t h e i n n e r g r o u p o f t h e " C o m m i t t e e o f ' 7 6 . "
" Va n , " t h e b i g c e n t e r , w a s t a l k i n g . " Fe l l o w s , t h e r e i s
o n e t h i n g Ic a n ' t u n d e r s t a n d a n d t h a t i s a d o w n r i g h t
' r o t t e r . ' Y o u k n o w Iw a s a g a i n s t t h e h a i r c u t t i n g p r o p o -
s i t i o n w h e n i t w a s d i s c u s s e d . Ia m g l a d n o w w e d i d i t .
If w e h a d n ' t d o n e i t , w e w o u l d n e v e r h a v e k n o w n a b o u t
t h i s ' Z u g ' a n g l e .
" Iw a s r e a d y t o l e t t h e t h i n g d r o p a f t e r t h a t , b u t w h e n
h e v i l e l y i n s u l t e d t h e f e l l o w s w h o w e r e s e e i n g h i m h o m e
s a f e l y , w e l l , a l l Ic a n s a y i s Ih a v e s t a r t e d b o i l i n g a g a i n .
" M r . C o n o v e r ' s t a l k g a v e m e a n i d e a . " " Va n " o u t l i n e d
h i s p l a n a m i d t h e r o a r s o f h i s s c h o o l m a t e s .
" Gr e a t , w e a r e f o r i t , " t h e y s h o u t e d . Q u i c k l y t h e p l a n s
w e r e f o r m u l a t e d . Ea c h s q u a d r e c e i v e d d e f i n i t e i n s t r u c -
t i o n s .
Th e c a m p u s w a s f i l l e d w i t h s t u d e n t s . Th e e l e c t r i c l i g h t s
t h r e w f a n t a s t i c s h a d o w s o n t h e g r o u n d
. P a s t t h e o l d t o w -
e r s c a m e a s t r a n g e e q u i p m e n t . An o l d b a y h o r s e w i t h
f l o p p i n g e a r s w a s p u l l i n g a d i l a p i d a t e d o l d w a g o n w i t h
w o b b l i n g w h e e l s . P i l e d h i g h i n t h e w a g o n w a s a m o t l e y
3 80

SINISTER SHADO WS
c o l l e c t i o n o f " R a g s a n ' O l d Ir o n . " O n t h e b a c k s a t
" Va n " l u s t i l y y e l l i n g a t t h e t o p o f h i s l u n g s , " R a g s a n '
O l d Ir o n . "
O n t h e s e a t , w i t h a g r e a t f e a r i n h i s h e a r t , s a t t h e
n o w s m o o t h - f a c e d P r o f e s s o r C o v e t w i t h a n o l d f e l t h a t
d r a w n d o w n i n a v a i n a t t e m p t t o h i d e h i s s h a m e .
In
l i s t l e s s h a n d s h e h e l d t h e r e i n s .
P a s t t h e b u i l d i n g s h e d r o v e b l i n d l y , c a s t i n g
Si n i s t e r
Sh a d o w s .
Af i g u r e t h a t h a d b e e n s t a n d i n g b e h i n d o n e o f t h e t r e e s
r u s h e d t o w a r d s t h e w a g o n . Wi t h a f o o t o n t h e h u b , R o s i k a
s p r a n g t o t h e s e a t b e s i d e C o v e t .
" Dr i v e o n . C h e e r u p . Y o u c a n g e t a j o b w i t h o t h e r d i s -
c h a r g e d r a d i c a l ' p r o f s ' i n t h e ` Fo u n d a t i o n ' a t t w i c e t h e
m o n e y y o u g e t h e r e . It i s a l l s e t . Th e c o m r a d e s f i x e d i t
f o r m e o v e r t h e t e l e p h o n e t o d a y . "
Th e d u l l b r a i n o f t h e m a n s t a r t e d w o r k i n g . He r e w a s
t h e l a d d e r t h a t w o u l d e n a b l e h i m t o c l i m b o u t t h e p i t
o f d e s p o n d e n c y . R o s i k a n o t e d t h e g l a n c e o f a c q u i e s c e n c e .
Sp r i n g i n g t o h e r f e e t , s h e m o u n t e d t h e p i l e o f r e f u s e
.
Sh e s t o o d w i t h f e e t w i d e a p a r t , b a l a n c i n g h e r s e l f a s s h e
f a c e d t h e c r o w d , y e l l i n g l o u d a n d o f t e n " R a g s a n ' O l d
Ir o n . " C a s t i n g Si n i s t e r Sh a d o w s , t h e y d r o v e o f f t h e c a m p u s
w i t h t h e c a l l s o f " R a g s a n ' O l d Ir o n " r i n g i n g i n P r o -
f e s s o r C o v e t ' s e a r s , p r o c l a i m i n g a n e w t h a t w h i c h h e
s t a r t e d l i f e p e d d l i n g a n d t h a t w h i c h h e h a d p e d d l e d d u r i n g
a l l h i s d a y s ' i n t h e p r o f e s s o r i a l c h a i r
.
Th e
Q . E. D.
o f
SINISTER SHADO WS
AN AFTER WO R D
Th e q u e s t i o n n a t u r a l l y a r i s e s , w h y a r e s o m e e d u c a t o r s
s o p r o n e t o e s p o u s e r a d i c a l a n d c o m m u n i s t i c t h e o r i e s ?
An e x p l a n a t i o n i s f o u n d i n " Th e De g e n e r a t i o n o f
C l a s s e s a n d P e o p l e s " b y Dr . M a x No r d a u w h o s t a t e s :
" B e s i d e s t h e e x t r e m e f o r m s o f d e g e n e r a c y
t h e r e a r e m i l d e r f o r m s , m o r e o r l e s s i n c o n -
s p i c u o u s , n o t t o b e d i a g n o s e d a t a f i r s t
g l a n c e . Th e s e , h o w e v e r , a r e t h e m o s t d a n -
g e r o u s f o r t h e c o m m u n i t y , b e c a u s e t h e i r
d e s t r u c t i v e i n f l u e n c e o n l y g r a d u a l l y m a k e s
i t s e l f f e l t ; w e a r e n o t o n o u r g u a r d a g a i n s t
i t ; i n d e e d , i n m a n y c a s e s , w e d o n o t r e c o g -
n i z e i t a s t h e r e a l c a u s e o f t h e e v i l s i t c o n -
j u r e s u p - e v i l s w h o s e s e r i o u s i m p o r t a n c e
n o o n e c a n d o u b t .
" Am a t t o i d o r h a l f - f o o l , w h o i s f u l l o f
o r g a n i c f e e l i n g s o f d i s l i k e , g e n e r a l i z e s h i s
s u b j e c t i v e s t a t e i n t o a s y s t e m o f p e s s i m i s m ,
o f ' We l t s c h m e r t z ' - w e a r i n e s s o f l i f e . An -
o t h e r , i n w h o m a l o v e l e s s e g o i s m d o m i n a t e s
a l l t h o u g h t a n d f e e l i n g , s o t h a t t h e w h o l e
e x t e r i o r w o r l d s e e m s t o h i m h o s t i l e , o r -
g a n i z e s h i s a n t i s o c i a l i n s t i n c t s i n t o t h e
t h e o r y o f a n a r c h i s m . At h i r d , w h o s u f f e r s
f r o m m o r a l i n s e n s i b i l i t y , s o t h a t n o b o n d o f
s y m p a t h y l i n k s h i m w i t h h i s f e l l o w m a n o r
w i t h a n y l i v i n g t h i n g , a n d w h o i s o b s e s s e d
b y v a n i t y a m o u n t i n g t o m e g a l o m a n i a ,
p r e a c h e s a d o c t r i n e o f t h e Su p e r m a n , w h o i s
3 83
3 84

SINISTER SHADO WS
t o k n o w n o c o n s i d e r a t i o n a n d n o c o m p a s -
s i o n , b e b o u n d b y n o m o r a l p r i n c i p l e , b u t
` l i v e h i s o w n l i f e ' w i t h o u t r e g a r d f o r o t h e r s .
Wh e n t h e s e h a l f - f o o l s , a s o f t e n h a p p e n s ,
s p e a k a n e x c i t e d l a n g u a g e - w h e n t h e i r i m -
a g i n a t i o n , u n b r i d l e d b y l o g i c o r u n d e r s t a n d -
i n g , s u p p l i e s t h e m w i t h o d d , s t a r t l i n g f a n c i e s
a n d s u r p r i s i n g a s s o c i a t i o n s a n d i m a g e s -
t h e i r w r i t i n g s m a k e a s t r o n g i m p r e s s i o n o n
u n w a r y r e a d e r s , a n d r e a d i l y g a i n a d e c i s i v e
i n f l u e n c e o n t h o u g h t i n t h e c u l t i v a t e d c i r -
c l e s o f t h e i r t i m e . "
P r o f e s s o r Lo t h r o p St o d d a r d s u p p l i e s a n o t h e r k e y i n
h i s s t a t e m e n t :
" . . .
w e m u s t n e v e r f o r g e t t h a t i t i s t h e
` h i g h - g r a d e ' d e f e c t i v e s
w h o a r e m o s t d a n -
g e r o u s t o t h e s o c i a l o r d e r
. It i s t h e ' n e a r -
g e n i u s , ' ,
t h e m a n w i t h t h e f a t a l t a i n t w h i c h
p e r v e r t s h i s t a l e n t s , w h o o f t e n e s t r o u s e s a n d
l e a d s t h e m o b
. Th e l e v e l l i n g s o c i a l r e v o -
l u t i o n a r y d o c t r i n e s o f o u r o w n d a y , l i k e
Sy n d i c a l i s m , An a r c h i s m , a n d B o l s h e v i s m ,
s u p e r f i c i a l l y ` a l l u r i n g y e t b a s i c a l l y f a l s e a n d
d e s t r u c t i v e , a r e e s s e n t i a l l y t h e p r o d u c t o f
u n s o u n d t h i n k i n g b y u n s o u n d b r a i n s
. "
Th e k e e n a n a l y s i s m a d e b y Dr
. No r d a u e x p l a i n s t h e
m y s t e r y o f t h e t a i n t e d t y p e o f p r o f e s s o r b o r i n g
f r o m
w i t h i n m a n y o f o u r i n s t i t u t i o n s o f l e a r n i n g
.
AN AFTER WO R D

3 85
Th i s c o n d i t i o n w a s f o r e s e e n m o r e t h a n a c e n t u r y a g o
b y t h e g r e a t h i s t o r i a n M a c a u l a y , w h o s t a t e d :
" Y o u r R e p u b l i c w i l l b e p i l l a g e d a n d r a v -
a g e d i n t h e 20t h C e n t u r y , j u s t a s t h e R o m a n
Em p i r e w a s b y t h e b a r b a r i a n s o f t h e f i f t h
c e n t u r y , w i t h t h i s d i f f e r e n c e , t h a t t h e d e v -
a s t a t o r s o f t h e R o m a n Em p i r e c a m e f r o m
a b r o a d , w h i l e y o u r b a r b a r i a n s w i l l b e t h e
p e o p l e o f y o u r o w n c o u n t r y a n d t h e p r o d u c t
o f y o u r o w n
i n s t i t u t i o n s . "
Am e r i c a s l e e p s w h i l e t h e c o h o r t s o f d e s t r u c t i o n a r e
w o r k i n g d a y a n d n i g h t
. Th e a p e x o f t h e i r a t t a c k i s a g a i n s t
o u r s c h o o l s
. If t h a t l i n e o f d e f e n s e c r u m b l e s , c i v i l i z a t i o n
w i l l g o d o w n u n d e r t h e r u t h l e s s h e e l o f t h i s h y d r a - h e a d e d
m o n s t e r , An a r c h y
.
It b e h o o v e s Am e r i c a t o i n v e s t i g a t e h e r e d u c a t i o n a l
i n s t i t u t i o n s b e f o r e i t i s t o o l a t e
.
Ge o r g e Wa s h i n g t o n ' s f a m o u s o r d e r s h o u l d b e s h o u t e d
f r o m t h e h o u s e t o p s
.
" P LAC ENO NEB U TAM ER IC ANSO NGU AR D
TO NIGHT. "
THEEND

CC

1 TELL YOU THE HOUR HAS STRUCK"
(Pugs S3 )

Sinister Shadows
By

Edwin Marshall Hadley

k

CHICAGO THE TOWER PRESS, INC .
180 North Michigan Avenue

1929

COPYRIGHT, 1929, BY EDWIN MARSHALL HADLEY
All Rights Reserved

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

TO THE WORTHY PROFESSORS OF MY YOUTH

As a debt of gratitude this book is dedicated, with the hope that, in a humble way, it may aid them and their worthy successors in purging their ranks o f those who are bringing discredit upon one of the noblest of professions .

PREFACE AND PROPHECY EN this book takes wing for its initial flight, rtain wild eyed hunters will foregather with slingshots, cross bows, blunderbusses and poisoned arrows, frantically endeavoring to bring it down . Among the number of the hunters will be a certain writer in Kansas-a woman novelist in Wisconsin-a rabbi in New York-a columnist discharged from a New York newspaper-a professor discharged from Columbia -a notorious criminal lawyer in Illinois-a discredited radical minister of the gospel in New York City-a smug social worker in Chicago-a discharged professor of an old college in the East, now professor in a Mid-West university-a professor in a fashionable Eastern school for girls-a certain dean of an eastern law school, etc ., etc ., etc., etc . An aggregation of critics who clamor, in season and out, for a free speech that would go to the length of advocating violence, are going to read in "Sinister Shadows," Free Speech,* not the kind they are striving for, but Free Speech, that advocates construction and not destruction . The object of this book will be accomplished if it succeeds in driving such critics into the open where Americans can see them under a bright sunlight . The writer of this story suggests to the defamers of those who love our country, that the time has passed for defensive only, on the part of those against whom ridicule

Wce

*See Chapter XIX, page 2 54, for U. S. Supreme Court definition and decision .
Vii

Viii

PREFACE AND PROPHECY

has been levelled on account of their love for their country . In our military hospitals are gallant men . For ten years they have been there . They paid the price for our security . The royalties of this book will be turned over to the Advertising Men's Post Number 38 of the American Legion which will administer the funds through the "Veteran's Welfare Committee and the Board of Directors for the relief of the wounded and incapacitated veterans of the World War ." It is for these boys and for the fathers and mothers of the coming generation, this book has been written with the eager and earnest desire that the teaching in our institutions of learning may be sound and sane . * * * The Communist and Socialist reviewers and critics march under exact orders . Here are the orders : "We must take care that our writers be well puffed and that the reviewers do not depreciate them ; therefore we must endeavor by every means to gain over the reviewers and journalists ; and we must also try to gain the booksellers, who in time will see it is to their interest to side with us ."
(Professor John Robison, professor of Natural Philosophy, Edinburgh, in "Proofs of a Conspiracy," page 191 .)

"If a writer publishes anything that attracts notice and is in itself just, but does not accord with our plan, we must endeavor to win him over or
decry him ."
(Professor John Robison, professor of Natural Philosophy, Edinburgh, in "Proofs of a Conspiracy," page 194 .)

Whether it remains on or is taken off depends upon the actions of the critics who seek to tear down our American Institutions . the button on the end of his pen is easily removed . That is why the author of "Sinister Shadows" knows the Book will be decried ." America. Let the writer of this book suggest that in the duel of pens. PREFACE AND PROPHECY ix There is the program-the plan of Professor Weishaupt. THE AUTHOR . however. has a way of making up its own mind when facts are in her possession . She does not need the assistance of critics who "decry" everything not lending itself to destructive propaganda . the founder of "Illuminism" from which came the Marxian Serpent that is leaving its slimy trail across our literature of today . The order will go out "decry it . .

Contents CHAPTER PAGE I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV XXVI PEDDLER ZUG STANDING ON THE KNOLL THE TORCH PASSED ON THE CODED TELEGRAM THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA COBWEBS AND VICTIMS PLOTS AND PLANS THE MEETING OF Two OLD FRIENDS THE DAWN OF YESTERDAY THE SOWING OF TARES THE SWORD or DAMOCLES FIGS AND THISTLES THE HIDDEN KEY "LET THERE BE LIGHT" THE SEARCHLIGHT .OF DEFINITIONS BEHIND THE CURTAIN THE LURE OF LOOT THE TRAP AND THE BAIT THUS SPAKE THE COURT THE WITCHES' CAULDRON UNDER THE DOORS OF CONGRESS THE TRAIL THROUGH EUROPE AND ASIA WHILE WE SLEEP THE SHADE OF HEROD STALKS AT DUSK COLLEGE DEGREES AND PRISON STRIPES THE LITTLE WHITE HEN LAYS AN EGG . 3 16 25 32 37 56 72 93 113 122 160 169 182 200 211 219 233 241 253 256 262 268 277 286 297 309 xi .

Two MINUTES TO PLAY THE HOUR OF DECISION DRASTIC REMEDIES THE PEDDLER COMPLETES THE CIRCLE AN AFTERWORD . xu CHAPTER CONTENTS PAGE XXVII XXVIII XXIX XXX XXXI XXXII XXXIII XXXIV XXXV THE COLLEGE PRESIDENT AND THE GANGSTER THE QUICKSANDS OF RAGE EXAMINATION TIME . 339 346 356 369 376 383 THE THIRD DOWN. 314 324 333 336 THE REVENGE THAT BANISHED REASON THE WOMAN SPURNED .

SINISTER SHADOWS .

They told of a long line of Zugs scourged with the whip of Autocracy and symbolized. at one and the same time. but. had fallen into typical curves and creases . It would have been difficult to have pictured Zug in any hat other than that old nondescript felt . seemed to mirror in their depths the woes of far away Russia ." Long before the old bay horse poked his white nose into the alley. the voice of old Zug. with it all the faint but unquenchable spark of hope .Chapter I PEDDLER ZUG "Rags an' old iron. His forehead. high and seamed. the old bay had 3 . weatherbeaten wagon piled high with the pick-up of the day . however. the Russian Jew. came floating around the corner-"Rags an' old iron . huddled on the seat of the dilapidated. but." A pathetic figure of a man was old Zug. was that of a thinker and redeemed his face from mediocrity . through long association. His eyes looked out upon the world through a veritable jungle growth of whiskers . the cringing of the ruled and the undying hatred of the oppressed . His eyes. From time to time he clacked mechanically to his old horse and at times he made great show of waving his whip menacingly . through long experience. No razor had ever profaned his face . sing-song and monotonous. Rags an' old iron . His old felt hat. slitted by many summer suns and many winters' driving snows.

For a few seconds he seemed powerless to speak . making one think indistinctly of a weasel . His memory sped back to the hatreds and raucous quarreling voices of barbaric Russia . the other on the wagon. It was so written in the book of life before their little hands thumbed its pages . 4 SINISTER SHADOWS learned that these demonstrations always subsided without damage. On top of the load sat Zug's only son. the other. he was unprepared for the realization that in the person of his own small son had been distilled a venom so malignant. so diabolical that . and he accepted the outbursts as part and parcel of his daily routine . looked into one another's eyes . In the meeting of two people ofttimes antipathy quickens in a flash . The shrill voice of Izzy hurling denunciations at his hereditary foe caused Zug to turn around. belying his youthful age of twelve years by the hard scheming lines of his little face. one whose ancestors carved an empire from the American wilderness decades ago . Hard would it have been to have imagined a greater contrast than these two boys afforded. one on the back fence. Accustomed as he was to violent scenes. the one a part of the flotsam and jetsam thrown on our shores by the careless tides of immigration. On a back fence sat the youthful heir of Conover . On down the alley went the groaning and protesting wagon and the bay horse with ears flopping grotesquely . Hate and envy glared from little Zug's eyes. one the son of a Russian Jew. The two boys. the other the offspring of a long line of Nordic ancestors . Izzy. surprise and wonderment from young Conover's .

his wife . the dazzling thought possessed him-why not put it all behind him and go to America? So came about the Great Adventure and Zug. the tenseness of impatient fingers. Now and then came a snarling interlocution until snarls faded to mutterings and mutterings finally dwindled to silence . Then arrived the day when the great resolution was made . Groping to find a way out. the little throwback whose anger had precipitated the flood of words that were now engulfing him . Around her. inheriting the prejudices. defying the pleadings of the husband. Suddenly the dam of surprise and indecision gave way and from Zug's lips came a torrent of Yiddish that rose and fell like the waves of an angry sea. but into the cry of "Rags an' old iron" there crept a new note. The wolfish glare in his eyes. Memory carried him back to a Russian hovel. On the bare ground with a few rags under her lay his wife in child labor . all combined to paralyze the father . PEDDLER ZUG 5 all human traits had been changed in the twinkling of an eye to the instincts of a ferocious beast . submerging by its swirling volume. Rose and fell that volume of words . With a final admonition Zug shrugged his shoulders and again took up his task. lips drawn back from grinding teeth. stood half-drunken Cossacks singing ribald songs and polluting the air with obscene remarks . one of bewilderment and apprehension. the animosities and the hatred of his class. In such an atmosphere was ushered into the world Izzy.

Whisperings and plots were a thing of the past in his new land of freedom . Dreams that dazzled-but-could he make over this were-wolf son of his? Could he change the natural product of the hatreds of his class? Long after the old wagon turned the corner of the alley. but credited with an oddly balanced brilliancy. It seemed as if he could never fill his lungs enough with the glorious air of emancipation . he heard no longer. Izzy. His goings and his comings were his own affair . was known as a morose boy incapable of friendships. The swish of the knout of the Cossacks. The quagmires and nightmares of oppressive Russia were back there in the wake of the steamer . * * * * * A few years later the two boys entered the Freshman class of a local High School . the natural venom in his makeup dominated all his actions . He established no companionships. young Conover remained sitting on the fence thinking over the strange incident. 6 SINISTER SHADOWS and the small boy. It was better than they had ever known in Russia . He was old-too old. found themselves in the steerage of a great ocean liner plowing through the waves towards the land of promise. and in his boyish way reconstructing the scene . to avail himself of all its opportunities . The discomforts of the steerage did not exist for the Zugs . but. . Although young Zug was possessed of a bright mind. he dreamed dreams for his only son . maybe.

" What. PEDDLER ZUG 7 He was gloomy and taciturn. He was familiar with the books written by tainted geniuses. was more natural than that such a one should gravitate to Rousseau. then. A group of Seniors was standing in front of the school discussing the affair . On and on his fanaticism carried him . the superior of you all . Bakunin." he shouted. It was elemental and tempestuous . "I am a dialectician. After school hours he haunted the bookshops and the libraries . when young Zug sprang to his feet and with flashing eyes sought to tear down everything that loyalty and nationalism and patriotism had built up . He developed a taste for literature that was "high" and was drawn irresistibly to the "odor of decay emanating from unbalanced brains . leaning towards mysticism with the odd and bizarre appealing to him-a mind filled with phantasmagoria . Babeuf. envy and greed . Immediately the cry was started and taken up by all : "Make way for the Dialectician!" . Nietzsche and similar twisted mentalities? One day in the Senior year of the High School in a history class. was telling the class of his findings. Conover. produced a mental jaundice . Hate motivated him and back of that. The professor and the class sat dumfounded ." That night his path and Conover's crossed as they were leaving the schoolhouse . Weishaupt. "I know these things. Engels. Young Zug came out the door . Marx. who had made special preparation on the American Constitution. feeding upon itself. His very oddness.

Not a hand went to his assistance . when Zug doubled over. the coolness of the one drove the other to desperation . gory and disgusting . Someone pushed Conover towards him . following by a left to the nose . Now Zug was fighting with hands. For a second. Instantly Zug's face became distorted with rage. A battered youngster was on the ground. feet. drove into the solar plexus and. A crowd quickly formed . but he sought to force his way through . Then started a fight that became a classic in that school. But Conover took what he couldn't avoid and awaited his time . Conover feinted him into an opening and then with all his weight behind a short blow. shot in a right upper cut to the chin. 8 SINISTER SHADOWS When he approached the group. "Will someone please get me a basin of water?" asked Conover . his egotism did not permit going around it. "Will you wipe that off?" came the low. a story that classes told succeeding classes . Angry murmurs swelled as Zug repeatedly tried foul tactics . Fuel was added to the intense flame of his anger by the cool tactics of Conover. the group froze into living statues . And as the fight went on. The answer came in a repetition. and he spat full in Conover's face . even voice of Conover . finger nails and teeth. Zug was weakening . His head he sought to use as a battering ram . accompanied with a torrent of invectives. .

his disappearance created no special stir .found him again in the old college town . he turned to the whimpering boy on the ground." Next day the two boys were back in their classes . Their educational paths parted at graduation day . Busy as he was. "Now go. A June day in 19. and in due time graduated and entered business life where his talents and popularity speedily gave him the standing of a substantial citizen in his community . Young Zug disappeared . he turned to Zug who was now on his feet . PEDDLER ZUG 9 When it was brought to him. "Now wash away your insult from my face ." said Conover . having no contacts outside of his family. "Take the handkerchief with you . I can't use it again . Taking out his own handkerchief. his activities did not prevent him from maintaining a very active interest in his old college and its activities . and here he was again in the old town of Paxton in the heart of which was the famous college with its campus studded with the great oaks. His affection for the old college quickened. but the fight had gone out of him and he complied ." For a second Zug hesitated. he handed it to Zug and commanded him with a voice that cracked like a whip. Young Conover went to Paxton College from which his father had graduated. but. His face he didn't touch . you have touched it . merely saying "Don't go away" and proceeded hastily to wash his hands and to tidy his clothing . Finishing. and with the winding avenue arched over with . because in a few years his own son was to enter .

the classes had left behind them something for their memory to cover lovingly. the gift of the class of 1850 . elusive . blatant. the call. the old "grads" felt a subtle change . for the old foster mother beckoned to them lovingly. a sense of something impending. Back to the old shrine they came yearly to gather new inspiration at its fount. True it was that there were many who gave promise of becoming worthy successors to the distinguished teachers of former years . much as the ivy caresses the ancient tower from which the chimes ring out. intangible. 10 SINISTER SHADOWS the stately elms. but. the class of 1831 had given the chimes in the stately tower . most of the old professors had answered to the last roll call . but in recent years when they returned. and seeking noto- . self-seeker who sought to achieve prominence by running amuck through sane traditions. For one thing. Wonderful doors those. Year after year. For decades had gone from its portals men who had made their mark . Yes. here and there was a swaggering. At every commencement had come her alumni from the four corners of the world. the mission that had been theirs. the putting of the cultural side of things before those other things which were proving so enticing to some of the younger professors . maybe that was it. They were filled with a vague unrest. Very precious to the memory was that old guard that had sacrificed creature comforts and luxuries to the call of teaching . leading up to those venerable doors upon which generation after generation had knocked for admission.

Where formerly there had been an atmosphere that had lent itself so delightfully to the earnest pursuit of scholarly attainments. the enrollment was spoken of in terms of hundreds. unwieldy thing . The fetish was size . losing a sense of proportion. quantity production . "How could one be so naive as to think that learning for the sake of learning was anything other than archaic?" Much more important. it seemed to the student body. was becoming a huge. More and more one heard the expression "Sold" on this and "Sold" on that . "fordizing" the minds . Raw nerves were spurred to new interests by new stimuli. the old "grads" sensed. PEDDLER ZUG 11 riety. felt well repaid by newspaper publicity. even if achieved at the expense of sober and sound sense . The old personal touch between teacher and pupil was missing . It was a case of restlessness tortured to new lengths by newness . The increased tempo of modern life had drawn into its vortex the former peaceful calmness of academic life . The higher educational system. It was mass against man. Education for education's sake was relegated to the store room of outgrown things . it was not surprising that a few. now by thousands . now there existed a disquieting spirit born of excessive activities . Often the charge was made that our colleges and universities were becoming graduate factories. was leadership in the multitudinous college activities . In former days. and having been taught a smattering of everything except how . And in turn when the yeasty ferment of such a condition came to an appointment to a professor's chair.

Even when his study door was closed. ornately framed. Over his desk. an eager opportunist . he never put aside his role . now. On this same June day Professor Covet sat pondering in his study . In former days these undesirable teachers would have been weeded out . 12 SINISTER SHADOWS to think. but. but whose profession was in danger of being discredited by the misfits . Jeannette Meddle"-a worker in a settlement house whose halls were thrown open to meetings of anarchists . a superlative egotist. Altogether he was a most interesting type to pathologists . who had sought to avoid those things that had within them the elements that had destroyed former civilizations . a man of warped mentality. strutting to the tune of notoriety and bringing discredit upon the great army of teachers who were devoted to their calling. and enthusiastic claque. in the crowd. extravagantly over-autographed with mawkish expressions. for always with him was an audience of one. chose the short cut to publicity by promulgating the sensational and untried things that history and research would have shown them were the rejections of our wise forefathers. To have made the thing complete she might have added "Social Worker identified with nearly every unpatriotic . Such a misfit was Professor Benedict Covet. was a smugly patronizing photograph. extolling the great learning of the all wise professor by "Your friend in the cause. his alter ego . An accomplished actor. envious. a most appreciative audience. supercilious and exercising a most pernicious influence upon the minds of the students . he played the part. they were allowed to swagger along.

PEDDLER ZUG 13 society in the United States and many whose ramifications run through various foreign countries . who on this particular June day was sitting in his study in what he was pleased to call profound meditation . No longer could she lead them blindly . Years ago when she appeared before a certain group of women. broken and bent . This. a day cataclysmic and to be dreaded ." There was a time when many women had been carried away by this theorist.almost all women emerge safely . was the Patron Saint of the learned Professor Covet. often adroitly. when her prominence had appealed to them as the one who was leading her sex into the promised land of public life . the iron entered her soul and she plunged from one activity into another. with flapping ears . A day from which. saw again. And the eyes of the women were opened . This was at a period when her charitable acts were many-with other people's money . From that day dated the wanderings of that distorted brain in the labyrinths of radicalism . then. always with an uncanny stealthiness. an old bay horse. huddled on the . He was in a vicious temper because he had been thrown from his usual stride . He saw again an old dilapidated wagon. they would stand up in rapt adoration until she took her seat on the platform . His mind went back to a certain spring day many years before. a few. And then came the day of all days to a woman of a certain age. When that day came. hiding her bitterness under a mask of saccharine placidness . The same thing had happened in the month of June for so many years .

Thrushes and robins. saw himself. the mirror that Mother Earth held up shyly to catch therein the grace of the turquoise sky . he found himself prominent with collegiate distinction. he recalled the day he discarded his past. It was a scene of serenity and peace. The metamorphosis had happened-Izzy Zug had become Professor Benedict Covet . . Mentally retracing the intervening years he remembered leaving the old town hated and friendless . a small boy seated on the load . His study window looked out upon the campus with its wonderful shading of greens.carefully trimmed VanDyke beard and a moustache completed the transformation . a bewhiskered Russian Jew . 14 SINISTER SHADOWS seat. he revisualized the days and nights of intensive study. From the trees came the songs of myriad birds . Rumor had it that he came from a very distinguished family . saw again the Nordic boy. throwing away the name of Zug forever . When this was hinted at in his presence. Overhead wheeled and darted the martins . a sanctuary for tired and buffeted humanity. But Professor Covet saw nothing of the panorama. for now he was the Professor Covet. On the other side of the campus could be seen the placid little river. he assumed a mysterious smile. bluebirds and noisy bluejays added note and color to the scene . with its elms and oaks and maples casting dancing shadows on the grass . a . whom he had thenceforth hated with stupendous hatred . The past was buried . A heavy shock of hair. giving the impression that one would be surprised indeed if he was at liberty to tell . Head of Economics .

The fly in his ointment was the presence in that surrounding of his former class mate of high school days. . unconscious of the baleful gaze following his steps and unaware of the drama so soon to take place. reacted not in the least to the inspiration . PEDDLER ZUG 15 heard none of the songs. for Conover had come back for commencement and was walking across the campus. in which he was to be so vitally interested .

His path through the campus was taking him to the walk winding its way through the trees towards the main building . his activities many . It was good to be alive . He smiled whimsically at what the world called success . Wave after wave of emotion swept over him . walkouts and grievance committees were unknown in his factory . He ruled with firmness and fairness . his step grew lighter. "Lucky" his competitors called him because strikes. His word was law to over three thousand employees . Conover paused and removed his hat . The years slid off his shoulders. a new luster came into his eyes . He had built an organization that had caught from him enthusiasm and whole-souled co-operation . What were his wealth or honors or position in life compared to the joy of living he was experiencing now? It was the eternal boy within him that fascinated his friends and acquaintances .Chapter II STANDING ON THE KNOLL Conover threw back his head and filled his lungs to the full with the glorious air . He had a way of looking into a man's eye and talking himself straight into the other man's heart . His outlook on life was broad. From the ivy-covered tower came the music of the chimes mingling their notes with the songs of the countless birds . his enthusiasm -boundless. The last note of the chimes 16 .

Looking up. His features were strong and rugged. Wisdom. a month is a year at eighty." And as the two clasped hands and looked into each other's eyes. ivory colored . had exerted . The sun filtering through the trees touched. They stood and searched and understood . William Conover . and radiated kindliness . STANDING ON THE KNOLL 17 had scarcely melted into silence when the bent. gray-clad form of President Potter framed itself for a moment in the doorway of the stately towered hall and like a monk from his cloister slowly came down the steps . charity and understanding had etched their blessings on that wonderful face. Under his arm he carried a book as tenderly as a mother carries her babe . the sea blue eyes of "Prexy" twinkled . Here was the man who. His was an aura of contemplation and serenity . worn long. An odd lump arose in his throat and a suspicious moisture filled his eyes . What a tremendous toll the last year had taken ! A day is a month. smooth shaven and like old parchment. bless my heart. "Why. the beautiful white hair that. but the brain of "Prexy" was young . caressed his coat collar . As the hatless figure came towards him. Conover stood still. For a moment or two no other word was spoken . with gentle fingers. he recognized Conover and hurrying his steps put out both hands as he advanced . Age had snowed his hair and slowed his steps and dimmed his eye. toned to mellowness by high resolve and lofty purposes. next to his parents.

always there had been a delightful little cross fire of questions and answers . I feel like a trainer in a cage of lions . The trainer must keep his eye upon them constantly lest they spring upon him." In former days when the two met. Occasionally there comes to my ears reports of their activities off the campus . William. He is not deceived by the fawning and prated docility . Conover put his arm lightly around those bending shoulders and together. But today he plunged. I am filled with alarm when I encounter the attitude of mind of . You . What golden ingots of thoughts had Prexy 1 How he could coin those ingots into sparkling words . I am disturbed over the subtle change that is coming over our educational institutions . some of our young professors . precipitously. not the exception . "When I discuss these things with them. invariably I am told they have been misquoted . into a subject that he had been waiting. well. 18 SINISTER SHADOWS the greatest influence in his youthful days. I am glad indeed to see you . to discuss with this clear eyed man before him . "William. directed their steps towards a rustic bench . It warms my old heart to talk to you again . without discussing it and apparently with one inclination. Such had been his custom in the past . but misquotations today must be the rule. "Well. Maybe so. A genuine and mutual love and admiration shone in the eyes of each . Word pictures 1 He possessed the dramatist's instinct in being able to pick up apparently trivial things and embellish them with the wealth of his imagination and the pure gold of his heart. impatiently.

STANDING ON THE KNOLL

19

have no idea of the difficulty we are experiencing in securing high grade teachers, those who have a broad culture and with a personality measuring up to the requirements . It is getting more difficult every year . "You remember the type we had in your day-how broad their vision-how eager most of them were to guide and assisthow friendly and kind they were-how under their real dignity was an earnest and eager desire to talk over intimately various problems with the individual student ." "Yes, Prexy, I remember a talk you and I had just twenty-five years ago this month . I was at a cross road then . I recall it as if it was only yesterday, your sage advice, your charity of analysis, your wonderful presentation of facts that simplified many things for me . What patience you displayed! That talk alone is the thing I remember best of all in my college course . It oriented me and has been with me all my life ." "William, what a reward is mine! There is no greater profession in the world than teaching . Think of the joy of directing youth along the lines of straight thinking and patriotism, developing the youthful ., minds towards the end of making their possessors better Americans . "Ianidistressed when I see a tendency to cut loose from old and accepted moorings, when I see a readiness to throw overboard the anchors, when I see experimenters playing roughly with the compass . There are eternal truths . To juggle with them is to court disaster . "Sometimes I close my eyes and visualize a figure of the dissolute King Louis XV in a luxurious and degenerate court. I seem to see that figure after all the intervening

20

SINISTER SHADOWS

centuries, strutting again across the stage of today. He is in all his foppery-lace and ermine and showy baubles . He pauses and with airy grace and ceremony draws forth an ornate and bejewelled snuff box . Slowly and daintily he presses a, pinch of snuff to the jaded royal nostrils-a cynical smile and again he says : `Apres moi, le deluge!' "Sycophantic courtiers take up the cry : `Apres moi, le deluge!' "Is a cynical civilization today saying, parrot like, `After me, the deluge'? "God forbid!" The earnestness of "Prexy" held Conover breathless . He felt that he was in the presence of one of the patriarchs, one whose eye had pierced the veil and had looked with reverence into the mysteries of life . The simplicity of greatness was his . Yet he had as many facets as a diamond, each with a dazzling brilliance . For a moment or two "Prexy" paused . His eye roved over the ivy covered tower . He received the benediction of sunbeams, shadows, songs of birds and shade of trees . Here and there were groups of students on which his eyes rested lovingly. Slowly he went on : "William, years ago a great man sat on the banks of Lake Geneva in Switzerland and wrote his heart into an intimate little diary. The man was Henri Frederic Amiel and after the gentle soul embarked on the last great adventure, his friends gave to the world this precious record of his microscopic analyses of his feelings. Amiel's `Journal Intime' is a book, the heart throb of which is felt when it is opened with understanding.

STANDING ON THE KNOLL

21

"On September 6th, 1851, he wrote in his intimate little diary these lines : " `The age of great men is going ; the epoch of the anthill, of life in multiplicity is beginning . The century of individualism, if abstract quality triumphs, runs a great risk of seeing no more true individuals . By continual leveling and division of labor, society will become everything and man nothing . " `As the floor of valleys is raised by the denudation and washing down of the mountains, what is average will rise at the expense of what is great . The exception will disappear . A plateau with fewer and fewer undulations without contrasts and without oppositions, such will be the aspect of society . " `The statistician will register a growing progress and the moralist a gradual decline ; on the one hand the progress of things ; on the other a decline of souls . The useful will take the place of the beautiful ; industry, of art ; political economy of religion ; and arithmetic, of poetry . "'The spleen will become the malady of a leveling age . " `Is this indeed the fate reserved for the democratic era? May not the general well being be purchased too dearly at such a price?' "William, a seer and a prophet uttered these words and voiced that question over seventy long years ago . Was he right?" For several minutes the two men sat silent, each rapt in his own thoughts . Then old "Prexy," he of the white hair, he who entertained "visits from the Muse Urania, who traces around the foreheads of those she loves the phosphorescent nimbus of contemplative power" spoke

22

SINISTER SHADOWS

again with the modulated voice that had all the charm of music. Conover glanced at his face, spellbound . "William, I too have had a vision . "It seemed to me that I saw in the distance the three crosses. On the right and on the left were the thieves, in the center the figure of the Nazarene . "And as I looked, the cross on the right and the cross on the left slowly faded from view, while the cross in the center grew to mammoth proportions . "The figure also changed . It was no longer that of the Nazarene . It was a figure of a strong, virile youth of gigantic stature, symmetrical as a Greek God . Around the cross I saw a mob and heard the music of the jungle . `The Internationale' mingled with `The Volga Boatman .' I heard jeers and growls . "The figure was that of Civilization . "Men and women and children of all nations milled around. "Now passed before that cross upon which civilization was being crucified, men who bore aloft, with cynical smirks, statues grotesque, illy proportioned, like replicas of Totem Poles, the conception of ultra modernists who called themselves sculptors . "And on a knoll near by stood the shades of Phidias, Praxiteles, Michelangelo and Saint Gaudens wringing their hands in despair in witnessing the desecration of their art . "Now came men who jeered and held aloft to that suffering patient figure canvasses on which were depicted things that offended the taste, conceptions that seemed to be the

STANDING ON THE KNOLL

23

product of the orgies of drug addicts, violating all the rules of the Masters-things that reeked of garbage and sewage . "And on the knoll stood Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Rembrandt and Rubens, wide eyed and in despair . "Now came the pseudo, self-styled Philosophers holding on high their weird works and dangerous theories of the jungle. "And on the knoll stood Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, and Spencer with poignant pain stabbing their hearts and with looks of helplessness and despair . "Following came a group, strutting and high voiced holding aloft books, polluting the air with so-called realism, as if realism did not also include decency and things of beauty-books filled with the mouthings of gossip mongers, espousing filth and catering to morons-books that sought to tear down everything the labnrful years had slowly built, glorifying things that had plunged other civilizations into chaos . "And on the knoll stood Homer, Dante, Goethe, Cervantes and Shakespeare with drooping heads and eyes in which there was a great misery . "Came a dancing, weaving tribe, jangling the nerves with musical instruments from which came sounds from which melody was missing . Sounds that summoned to the feast of death all baser impulses ; the call of abandon . "And on the knoll stood Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, Schumann and Verdi, with hands over ears and their faces, on which were sinking ever deeper the lines of agony, upturned in mute appeal to the heavens . "As the motley crowd passed the figure of Civilization

24

SINISTER SHADOWS

on the cross, they spat upon it and saluted it with obscene gestures . "And wonder of wonders, joining hands with the Communists, the degenerates and the outlaws, with the reds, the pinks and the yellows, were paid pacifists who would disarm America so as to make it an easier prey for the powers of darkness-preachers who grasped for secular power, unmindful of the fact that the union of State and Church was always baptized in blood-politicians who would sell their birthright for a mess of votes-professors who played with the dynamite of unbridled license in governmental and private affairs, ridiculing Church and State and marriage . "Around and around circled the wild eyed, shrieking, gesticulating mob, lifting high their caricatures of art and their subversive works . "They stamped and leaped to the music of the jungle . "It was a prancing of pigmies ."

Chapter III
THE TORCH PASSED ON . "William, my race is nearly run . I am an old man . Maybe my mental eyes see clearer than my dimming bodily ones . "It would be difficult to overemphasize the seriousness of the situation in our schools today . The `dreams of honest visionaries, the schemes of fanatics, and ambitious egotists-the undigested thoughts of unbalanced brains, the greed of gold or of power' are working with feverish haste at the foundations of civilization. "When their plans are exposed and thwarted, they hurl the old cry `You are standing in the way of progress,' as if they knew what progress was. What they mean is `You are standing in the way of change .' "Progress must not be confused with change . Progress implies change, but change does not necessarily imply progress . The words are not synonymous . "There are both change and progress in the process of graduation from greenness to ripeness in fruit . "From ripeness to decay there is change but not progress . "Change in the one is progress ; change in the other is disintegration . It is easier to make a change for the worse than for the better . It is easier to tear down than to build up.

25

men who seek to instill into the minds of students germs which they hope will destroy everything the ages have slowly built up . some of whom have served sentences in penitentiaries." Prexy fumbled among his pockets and finally produced a newspaper clipping review of a book from which he read : . Misca Hilkowicz. 26 srNisma SHADOWS "Edmund Burke comforts me when I read his lines : `Better be despised for too anxious apprehensions than ruined by too confident security . Augustine : " `Let them laugh at me for speaking of things which they do not understand and I must pity them while they laugh at me . as well as the press and the church are honeycombed with Socialist sympathizers . There is a well organized movement seeking to convert the youths of our land to the doctrines and policies of Socialism. a New York Socialist. atheism.' _ "Then there comes to my mind these words of St . men who are trying to Sovietize our America. men who seek to tear down everything that our wise forefathers have created. I am not an alarmist-I have maintained a judicial attitude .' "This same exultant note rings in his book . directed. communism. and other equally vicious 'isms . Bolshevism. alias Morris Hillquit. boasted : `The American Schools and Colleges. "In 1912. by central groups of subversive master minds .' "William. a Russian-born Jew. in the Metropolitan Magazine.' In various colleges and schools there are liberal clubs. pacifism. Before these clubs there appear from time to time men.

To the masses of the workers and non-workers. It illustrates my contention . "Bear with me. Skilled tacticians they are. In Russia the revolution has been accomplished . In other countries it is yet to come ." . for a word or two more and I will finish. better groomed for its appearance in college circles . In their gross materialism they seek to remove from their paths all opposition . and it is their immediate political task to maintain themselves in power . ness of prowling foxes . Soviet Russia is and always will be a practical demonstration o f Socialism at work and the prototype of all Socialist Governments . with the canni .' "There is the acknowledgment that Socialism is only Communism. 11 'The Russian Revolution has suddenly ushered in a new era in the Socialist movement in the world-the era of direct efforts for the practical realization of the Socialist program . "I have in my pocket a clipping from the Springfield Daily Republican . William. THE TORCH PASSED ON 27 " `In Russia. "So clever are these people that they are leaving no stone unturned . Communism is Socialism in its working clothes . "They would slap the very face of the Creator Himself . the Socialists are in full possession of the power of government. In the Western countries the Bourgeoisie is in political control and the immediate task of the workers is to wrest the power from the hands of their opponents-The Russian revolution is beyond doubt the greatest event in the history of Socialism .

November 14-`If we could wipe out the theological notions of the world. `we would banish forever all hindrances of mankind such as wars and pestilence . substitute the methods of science `which would make us healthier and happier . "Holyoke. 28 SINISTER SHADOWS Prexy handed Conover the clipping . Labor Told. . Hankins of Smith College.' Professor Hankins said . But of course they can't say much about it as they would be thrown out and then where would their living come from? But they encourage the students all they can in Atheistic thought . but when they talk with you in private where their views will not be proclaimed. Her will states that the institution is to be founded on the principles of the Christian Church . the founder of Smith College would say if she were alive .' He would. then it is a different story." "I wonder what Sophia Smith." "William." said Prexy.' said Professor Frank H . Help World. "Do you know that chapters have been organized in various colleges by an Atheistic Society? "Here is the Atheistic boast : "'The beauty of it is that we have so many Atheists in the college faculties of America . in its stead. speaking at the opening of the 7th annual Holyoke Labor College tonight at Dynamiter's Hall. Hankins of Smith College speaks at Holyoke . "Prof.' "Hardly a professor in any of the Connecticut Valley Colleges will publicly deny the existence of God. He read : "Oust Theology. Frank H .

' "Another leader in this group states "'We are going to undermine the churches of America as certainly as time comes . then in a voice that came from his very soul. go back to that Socialist's boast in 1912 that `The American schools and colleges . "This menace is inside our colleges today . continued : "William. `We must build our redoubts and man them with patriots of peace equipped with common sense and the teachings of past struggles and fired with as unquenchable a zeal as that of heroes in arms . THE TORCH PASSED ON 29 "'As the movement grows.' "They are making good their claims . for the churches are already slipping . My hands are getting feeble . the professors will become more and more open in their private beliefs . On his face was a glow of earnestness that held Conover breathless. . "Still another says : " `We can do it. formerly Secretary of State. We have found putting over Atheism in America much easier than we had anticipated . . Hughes.' " "Prexy" ceased speaking . "God grant that we_ Americans will wake up before it ~~ is too late! "William. A few minutes passed. placing his arm around William's shoulder. "Prexy" leaned towards Conover and. Some day my fingers will relax and the torch will fall from my hands . William. and when we show the reason to the people who have been humbugged by preachers and priests they accept it . . I know you . are honeycombed with socialistic sympathizers . I love you as a father loves his son . to use the words of Mr .' "Now.

not heart words. It is the most important mission I know of today . "The best thing you can leave your son is . "Pardon the intrusion. must carry on . For a few seconds the two men sat silently looking into one another's eyes ." Scarcely were the words uttered when an approaching footstep was heard. 30 SINISTER SHADOWS "You-you-you. yet there was an intangible something about them unpleasant and repellent. Shall I wait for you in your office?" It is a singular thing. Then Conover clasped President Potter's hand solemnly and firmly . I will aid you to the limit of my ability and my endurance . William. It is the price that insincerity cannot dodge . and looking up President Potter and Conover saw Professor Covet walking towards them . "I will . "Take upon you this burden-consecrate your life to this great adventure . but you wished a conference with me this afternoon. Commonplace as were his words. Maybe it is the uncontrollable rattle. determination and confidence into his answer. President Potter." "Prexy" paused. long study . Make haste -study this thing-investigate-get at its foundation . These were lip words. You have the talent-you can find the time. It was typical of Conover to pack super-resourcefulness. . a decent world in which to live. I believe . "It is a long. It was as if a veiled challenge had been delivered . nature's precaution and wise provision. the wide variance of effect the same words can summon . ringing with earnestness and conviction .

" With a smirk which he was pleased to think was a scholarly smile and a low bow he resumed his walk . head of Economics . at the other end of the campus. if you will be so kind as to meet me there in half an hour. I would like to have you know my dear friend and former pupil." . and to "Prexy. Professor Covet. Sir. There was something strangely reminiscent about those eyes . Sir. "I am very glad to have made your acquaintance. In the meanwhile. That evening when Conover was alone in his room. he gave himself up to the puzzle ." The two bowed and shook hands . THE TORCH PASSED ON _ 31 "Yes." came from Professor Covet ." "I will have the pleasure of seeing you then in half an hour . an enigmatical smile . especially a friend of our great President. Conover caught the flutter of an eyelid quickly trying to screen the thoughts behind it . William Conover. Covet. was smiling in disdain thinking : "I know him but he has no idea who I am . Conover smiled gravely. shall we say? By the way. What was this thing he was searching for? Where in the past had he encountered this sector of an incomplete circle? The solution evaded him . Class of '98-Professor Covet. Into Conover's grasp slid a clammy talon-like hand that signalled immediately a message that neither artifice nor words could belie ." to Conover. "I am indeed delighted to meet you.

his great mind never permitted him to count the costs . And now the waiter. You see. the result of his ordering was a masterpiece of epicurean selection . Counting out the money. he pushed it and the bill far from him and stalked from the car. scowling viciouslyjust another little example of not counting the cost . professing lofty superiority to luxury. The Professor had ordered carelessly as befitting one whose mind was above mundane absurdities . Immediately the seven devils of hostility danced in his eyes . 32 . but. by a very singular coincidence. A certain night five years before saw him seated in the dining car . With a bored expression. Professor Covet should have spurned the luxury of the finest train running between the middle west and New York City.Chapter IV THE CODED TELEGRAM We must now turn back the clock of time to a certain night a few years before that saw Professor Covet en route to the East . the Professor looked at the amount . presented the bill on a little silver platter. Singular it is that so many who rebel against the existing order of things. suave and expectant. avail themselves with such remarkable alacrity of the thing they profess to abhor when the opportunity presents itself 1 To have been thoroughly consistent.

when the occasion demanded. blood and bone. The man was tall. His subconsciousness. Towards the porter his attitude was that of master and slave . Many people responded to his flashes of brilliancy. At such times he was a master in ingratiating himself. THE CODED TELEGRAM 33 He antagonized the gray haired train conductor with the insignia on his sleeves showing thirty years' service . As he sat in the sleeper. pithy and full of shrewd com- . He made the Pullman conductor feel resentful . yet deep in his heart. Across the aisle from him sat a young farmer and his wife evidently unaccustomed to travel and to whom everything was a matter of surprising interest . He talked glibly of the brotherhood of man. trained to effacement. he studied his fellow passengers with illy-concealed scorn . he harbored contempt for others . He was positivism personified . They were neat and clean and wholesome . His face was strong and made one think of hills . he could hold in leash the traits that gave offence . big boned and muscular . There was a great deal about his appearance and manner that made one think of Lincoln . His drawling comment. His own aggrandizement was ever uppermost in his thoughts . Yet. It wasn't so much what he said as it was his manner of saying it-his assumed superiority . Intrigue and duplicity came naturally to him-they were part of his flesh. always stood on guard in dark corners subtly insinuating revenge for the years when he and his parents calloused the knees in bending to the will of those who taught the present rulers of Russia their lessons of atavistic cruelty.

ain't it?" He received a curt nod for an answer . the one who had lived in squalor. The difference between the young Kentuckian and the supercilious Covet across the aisle was that the young farmer expressed common sense in bad grammar while the other expressed twisted thoughts in good English . he secured a magazine and settled himself in a chair . life just seems full of comings and goings. . With studied calmness he turned to an article on "Pragmatism" by Sherwood . The Russian Jew was holding the American in contempt because the farmer said "I done it" and "her and me was . Shrugging his shoulders he left his seat. in whose recollection often ran the words "Rags an' old iron. Of schooling he had had very little . Arriving there. "Why am I annoyed with such vapid nonsense?" thought Covet . Here was the ironical comedy of the situation . going to the club car . but the charm of his southern accent and the meat of his thought and observations made the rules of grammar sink into a relatively unimportant place." the tainted genius whose colossal egotism fepudiated the guidance of precept and precedence was registering disdain and contempt for an American whose ancestors were making an empire from a wilderness. 34 SINISTER SHADOWS mon sense had the charm of Kentucky. "Stranger. when Covet's forebears were steeped in mental darkness and physical cowardice ." So judicial and calm and profound were the deductions of this lofty intellect . The train slowed down and stopped at a station . The farmer leaned towards Covet and said. the state from which he came . The graduate of the steerage. He took audacious and unconscious liberties with grammar.

But he was too far involved now to hold back . While the Professor is making his plans for his New York conference and the train is speeding eastward. because there was no food to his vanity in not having the name Covet blazed across the page . illustrations" were the agreed code words around which could be built a blind message. this thing of writing under a pen name. for the present. He settled back in his chair with finger tips pressed together and gave himself up to the puzzling telegram. THE CODED TELEGRAM 35 Cage . there were compensations because it made quite a machine gun nest of invulnerability for him . Though he could repeat the words from memory. Publishers . It had its drawbacks." Grim lines settled around his mouth . It had its compensations . publishers. It was coming . Wire time arrival . Will have representative meet you at train . let us . the receipt of which was responsible for his trip . but the whole telegram had too much of a peremptory ring to suit one of his overmastering egotism . "Come to New York at once. ambuscades and indirection must serve . Bring duplicate manuscript . He felt quite a glow in thinking how few people knew that Sherwood Cage was the nom de plume of Benedict Covet. True it was. He decided that he would counsel a somewhat slower development on the grounds of expediency and felt convinced that his judgment would be followed . The time had not yet come for open field work . but. We have prepared illustrations . yet. he produced the message from his pocket to reread it much as one would read a message for the first time . The thing was moving faster than he had anticipated . the words "manuscript.

Surprised. would have been his acquaintances had they peeped behind the scenes . indeed. 36 SINISTER SHADOWS leave him to his meditations while we spend a few minutes in making an estimate of the congenial co-workers awaiting him . .

The Barbarians who ruined her glare and crouch with gnarled fingers while the malignancy of their hatred for humanity distills more poison in their brains to spur them to greater atrocities . Thus has come the preponderance of the Asiatic in the Russian character . her natural affinity . In the first five years of the Soviet rule in Russia. 37 . The center of her ethnographic gravity ever moved eastward towards the loadstone of Asia. To every drop of Slav blood has been added thousands derived from oriental sources . The Anarchistic fanatics with their bloody hands at the throat of Russia have now dragged their victim away from the civilization of Europe . The Slav stock of the Carpathians has nearly lost all original distinctiveness by the dilution of Asiatic elements . Her European lands are dwarfed in size in comparison to her Asiatic holdings . Richer by far and a greater storehouse of natural wealth than European Russia are those vast lands of Siberia .Chapter V THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA With a bold stroke geographers drew a line from the Arctic Ocean down the length of the Ural Mountains and proclaimed the decree-this on the west is Europe-this on the east is Asia . On the ground writhing in her agony. Russia has turned her back to Europe and faces east . mutilated and ravished she lies . Like a huge clothes pin the Russian Empire straddled this line .

In England and China they have been caught red handed at their plotting-and shown the door . or have been tried. economic and political fabric of a huge country. "Today they are the only government which can- . mean and shameful intrigue. But if Russia must be permitted every freedom to play with suicidal revolutions on her own ground. with nothing to offer as a substitute for the past except a set of formulas which never have been tested in the crucible of history. laws and customs . states : "As the decade closes Russia is to the civilized world a dreadful example of doctrinaire madness let loose on the complex. "But they sought hospitality for the sole purpose of betraying and destroying their well meaning hosts . 38 SINISTER SHADOWS millions were killed in Russian prisons-millions of voices stilled because they would not pledge allegiance to the murderers who sat in the seats of the mighty . what about her position after these ten years in the field of international relations? "The Red rulers of Moscow have been at every trick. . . they put the happiness of scores of millions of terrorized peoples on the roulette wheel of their crazy experiments. The Detroit Free Press under date of November 7th. 1927. with the zeal of witch burners and the hooliganism of bullies. every desperate. The fanatics have not yet finished tearing up institutions. to force their way into the society of selfrespecting and honorable nations . only to be rejected as nonsense .

in thinking of the joke he was playing upon "the brains of the world. Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. explained that Americans desiring to enter Russia must first secure a letter either from Eddy or Borah . but must be required to show that it has clean hands before being admitted into the presence of decent statesmanship . The Soviet delegate was known to the delegates of the other nations as Maxim Litvinoff . not? Who was Stalin to criticize a little thing like murder and robbery? 'In October. Worker . together with the influence of Senator William E . Vail.) . alias Buckman. alias Finkelstein. Laughing in his sleeve was Stalin. He was assistant Commissar of Foreign Affairs under Georges Tchitcherin. 1926. alias Graf. THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 39 not be treated with the usual courtesies and confidence of diplomacy." (Sherwood Eddy.M . to continue his research work in Moscow. He was none other than Meyer Moisevitch Vallakh. to change the attitude of the United States government towards the Soviets . who was then in Berlin. Commissar of Foreign Affairs for the Union Soviet Socialist Republic." The shameless effrontery of the present unscrupulous rulers of Russia was demonstrated at the recent Geneva conference when the Soviet delegate raised his voice in that assembly and outlined his insincere plan for disarmament . contained this interesting item : "The bureau for Cultural Relations. a student of Stanford University." The Chicago Daily News on October 22. Georges Tchitcherin.C. alias Litvinoff . 1926. in refusing to assist Edwin S . a Y. alias Harrison. Borah.l His letter on "Revolutionary Instructions" to Soviet agents in Great Britain resulted in the "Arcos Raid" terminating in the severance of diplomatic relations between Great Britain and Russia ." by foisting an outlaw upon them as a delegatewhy.A . Germany. stated : "I rely on American business and banking interests. the head of Russia.

with a record of four divorces to five weddings. the present real head of what was Russia . alias Ivanovitsch. the arts throttled. industry smashed. a bank in Tiflis was robbed . Ossets. Inguschs. Armenians and the outcasts of society gathered here and took for their leader a ruffian of many aliases. 1928. to this country. with hordes of fatherless and motherless children running wild in packs like animals. Instead they sit in power and a timid world listens to their suggestions . To desolated Russia with arch criminals in power. On the outskirts of Baku he made his headquarters in a low saloon frequented by criminals. 1907. the last one Stalin . Probably never in all history has such a desperate crew of pirates and cutthroats wielded such power as do the present rulers of Soviet Russia . Stalin and his gang planned the Tiflis bank robbery in 1907 . sunk by unscrupulous usurpers in degradation and sensuality and bestiality. His real name is Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili. went in a body nearly two score American College Presidents and Professors to study the educational system . . a shambles. The robbery was planned by two of the Red Rulers of Russia. What? Do jungle monsters presume to stand in the assembly of world diplomats and speak for one hundred and forty million people? Here is Stalin's record . The gallows and the cell were not for them . in the year of our Lord. alias Josef Stalin. 40 SINISTER SHADOWS At noon June 13. alias Tschischikov. education stifled. Fifty victims were murdered in cold blood for gold . alias Nischeradse. morons and the dregs of the gutter-degraded Georgians. alias Koba. with religion banished.

The despatch reads : "Anyone reading the decrees and articles issued by Lunatcharsky. "Red War on the Family . Commissariat of public instruc- ." Russia wants no interference in its deformed educational system . THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 41 1 Why? Were these men of learning so naive as to think Russia. flattered and cajoled into drafting a whitewash report lulling the awakening world into another period of apathy while America disarms and Russia arms to the teeth? The Commissar of Education in Red Russia is L . extracts from which were printed in the book. Do these American educators think they could gain anything from the educational system of a country sunk in barbarism to transplant to American education? Or was the thought in mind that these educators might be hoodwinked. He it was who entertained and exerted high pressure salesmanship upon the visiting American educators . a system that teaches "religion is the opium of the people"? Their apparent creed is "Better to reign in hell than serve in Heaven . Lunatcharsky. desired to change its so-called educational system sponsored by leaders to whom culture is a sign of weakness. V. that children should be taken from parents and raised by the State. A despatch was sent to the New York Times. Her leaders would not permit a change . a system that teaches that the family is to be disbanded." The following facts taken from the despatch will stand as impregnable fortresses against which Red Russia sympathizers will break their puny arrows of propaganda in vain .

In some cases extremely illiterate supporters of the Bolshevistic regime have been appointed instructors . .' "The atmosphere of the Bolshevik schools is impregnated with precocious criminal instincts. "With tears in their eyes the mothers of Russia will tell you : `There are no longer any children in Russia today. . would suppose that Russia has been transformed into a children's paradise. . and the decisions o f the children are obligatory upon the teachers . and to train them as future propagandists of Lenin's materialistic and criminal doctrines . in order to obtain a lasting hold over them. of course. "There being no schedule of lessons. the scholars of the four higher classes decide themselves every day what they shall be taught . In the state boarding school boys and girls are quartered together in the same dormitories . must inevitably lead to revolting conditions. children from the age of 12 and upward. . sit delegates of the scholars' committee. in the school councils. . 42 SINISTER SHADOWS Lion. . because co-education in `absolute liberty' in a primitive country like Russia. Side by side with the teachers. . . but the truth is altogether different . if moral guidance is completely lacking. This prohibition is particularly fiendish. only vicious little brutes whose chief talk is of money and pleasure . "Religious instruction. is strictly prohibited . . and bestial jealousy . But it is a deliberate part of the Bolshevik plan to corrupt and deprave the youth o f the land." .

as saying : "People who are cogs in the state educational mechanism.-one book to four children-teachers' salaries are below the pay of wage .000 primary schools. In 1914 there were 120. according to Lunatcharsky..000 schools with 3 million scholars and they were threatened with the necessity of closing 20 per cent. has studied Russia's educational system for years in contrast to the week end trips made by some American professors with a flair for meddling." He quotes Lunatcharsky.D. or one in five.D.." Dr. Commissary of Public Instruction. these victims of the Bolshevik schools. "The Breakdown of Socialism. In 1924. professor of Slav at the University of Copenhagen. Madame Lenin. M . M. Culture and scholarship are crushed by the bear's pawss of Bolshevism. in his book. on the authority of Lunatcharsky." on page 76 states : "Education is in a truly desperate condition. and the Congress of Teachers ." Professor Karlgren states : "We meet the same picture everywhere throughout the Russian educational system .A . but who do harm to the Communistic propaganda must be removed remorselessly from the state apparatus . Arthur Shadwell. LL. In his book.. giving instruction to 8 million children. "Bolshevist Russia. who will be a future menace not only to Russia but to the entire civilized world ." Professor Karlgren. THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 43 "It is evident that there will be a generation of men and women morally and physically corrupted in Russia. the head of education in Russia. there are 40.

to perform other public services and carry on propaganda . People's Commissar of Education of Union Soviet Socialist Republics . Their cheeks are eaten with lumps and sores . Many are in such a state of prostration that they can no longer beg . in the public lavatories. poured out his reactions to the Soviet entertainment by writing a letter to L . The letter was published in "Isvestia. sleep under the braziers for boiling asphalt." Madame Lenin herself says it is a "picture of nightmare and horror . ragged. They are driven away. The letter reads : "Dear Sir : "Preparing to leave and on the eve of my de- . . in 1928. struck and beaten . on the dung heaps . One of the visiting American Professors. Lunatcharsky. They have. shaking with fever. V . famished. ." These are the truths regarding Red Russia's miscalled educational system ." a Soviet paper . Wherever inquiry was held the same fact stood forth-yet personally conducted visitors to Russia have selected the `educational system' for special praise. and held it up to the admiration of more benighted countries. All papers in Russia are Soviet owned and censored . in addition. they have scurvy and their gums bleed . 44 SINISTER SHADOWS earners ." On page 78 of the same book appears these lines referring to the children blessed by the Russian school system so admired by some of our American professors who are entertained by the Russian Communists . "The poor little things.

. for only at this price can we conquer the universe . The anti-religious campaign must not be restricted to Russia . The delegation does not intend to prepare a combined report because we did not have at our disposal the time requisite for a thorough-going all around study of the subject in its entirety ." Does the press agent made American professor who led his American educators into Soviet Land subscribe to the theories of the Communist educator to whom he wrote his letter in which he states : "Thus we hope to do something and to share with others our sentiments to your great country"? The Soviets in Moscow have baited their traps .R. however. . . . People's Commissar of Education of the Soviets . . I shall be glad to do everything within my power for this end . . that the individual members (of the delegation) will acquaint their circles with the result of their observations . This head of education in Soviet Russia has said : "We hate Christianity and Christians . it should be carried on through the world ..S . .what we want is hatred . . . I first of all wish to express my gratitude for the generous hospitality . I am convinced. They . . . Even the best] of them must be regarded as our worst enemies . Thus we hope to do something and to share with others our sentiments to your great country . We must know how to hate. THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 45 parture from the U . ." It will be noted that this letter signed by an American professor was addressed to Lunatcharsky. .S .I Down with the love of one's neighbors .

They were taken in automobiles past factories. themselves Communists. Russia is spy mad . 46 SINISTER SHADOWS have built a few "exhibit" factories. a few "exhibit" hospitals and a few "exhibit" schools as scenery to delude the gullible . if they can wheedle from visiting educators a report that conditions are better than might be expected . can be depended upon to interpret as Moscow dictates even if those interviewed dare attempt to tell the truth . „~Ivan Ifoolemalwaysavitch. Every interpreter in Russia is a Communist . They were "wined and dined" lavishly and shown the "goldbricks" the Soviets wished them to see . were invited to visit Russia . To the Soviets the cost of the goldbricks. hired by a Communist Government. They would have found . Men are also . looking out the dusty window of the deserted factory at the speeding automobiles filled with prospective promoters for his Soviet comrades must have winked craftily at his sweating comrade stoking hay in the abandoned furnace and murmured. They would have been surprised had they stepped inside . on their goldbricks in order to sell them to the credulous . working only the men feeding the furnaces with hay to create the smoke. is a bagatelle. "Is it that the foreign jackass eats hay with his eye?" Interpreters. but from whose chimneys belched forth dense clouds of smoke . the cost of lavish entertaining. stated : "No qualification is strong enough to describe the horrors of this diabolical system . at which they did not stop. The London Times in June. This is the same coating of gold that confidence men put. a typical case of Soviet deception . 1923. Several years ago some hand picked guests .

janitors. for a piece of bread. U . drivers. pretending. which is a shortening of the words Tchresvytchainaja Kommissija meaning Extraordinary Commission. you must spy upon them . Thus are kept in power the monsters who have set brother to spying upon blood brother . that they have been ill . ' The Inquisition of Red Russia is known as the Tcheka. betray friends-starvation converted cultured people into animals . "You have friends . THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 47 victimized .2 whose headquarters is in the Lubianka . or your fiancee will come here. or your mother or your father . and supplications that their revelations may be kept secret . Letters and telegrams are opened by the G ." A man on the street is apprehended . if not. It is this which divides the enemies of Bolshevism in Russia. P. At the edge of Moscow stands a huge red prison. Waiters. and makes all union among them impossible. as a rule. This sinister body is commonly known as the G. your wife or your daughters. . . Children are given candy to spy upon their parentsfriends." the secret ed police . They suddenly disappear for a few days. The Tcheka today functions under the name Gosudarstvennoe Polititcheskoe Upravelenie meaning the State Political Division. After a few days in prison the Tcheka speaks . . the Butyrky." Russia is a bedlam of spies . U. the women of the street in Russia are spies of the dreaded "Tcheka. then come back with white faces. P. the political secret police . Honor and truth have been ground to destruction under the ruthless heels of the present rulers of Russia . and is the most diabolical inquisition of all history. Sometimes the truth escapes from them with tears.

the executioner steps up to him from behind. Paid secretaries of subversive societies. alias Apfelbaum. in one and the ' Senate Resolution 44 introduced in the United States Senate. presses the muzzle of the revolver behind his ear. alias Apfelbaum. and fires . That the Senate of the United States favors the recognition of the present Soviet Government of Russia . by Senator William E . reads : "Resolved. says "We hope that the party will step by step conquer the proletarian forces of America and in the not distant future raise the Red Flag over the White House . one of the leaders of Red Russia." If Soviet Russia has nothing to conceal. 1927. Borah. December 12. Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations. Why does it censor all news? Why does it resort to its present underhanded methods of publicity? Who is the master mind behind these trips to Russia? What is the real motive? Gregory Zinoviev.48 SINISTER SHADOWS "The condemned prisoner is ordered to leave his cell and as he walks down the ill-lighted corridor. comes this prophecy : "I can share with you the information that our comrades at the head of the Soviet Union are awaiting calmly and with absolute assurance the day when America will recede from its nonsensical position and will recognize Russia . why has it abolished the freedom of the press? Not a paper is published in all Russia that is not minutely censored . (See page 58)." From Zinoviev." ."' Russian gold has been poured into our United States and other countries in tremendous volumes to accomplish their propaganda purposes .

THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 49 same breath. it reads : "We appeal to you. They are treated as enemies and destroyers of the present social order. Russia has the largest standing army in the world. .Don't you know about the communist censorship of . that . From a Russian prison came a petition to the world . . "Nothing can be published without the approval . In spite of all her precautions. . in spite of censorship and terror the truth comes out regularly . are clamoring for American disarmament and advocating the recognition of Soviet Russia . . "It pains us to think that the clinking of glasses filled with government champagne to which foreign writers were treated in Russia deadened the clanking of the chains with which our literature and the whole Russian people are fettered . May. whose free speech is utterly suppressed? `socialist' Russia? . The soil of Russia trembles under the footsteps of more than a million marching Lettish. are dismissed from every post and deprived of the means of earning their living . How is it. Modern writers suspected of idealism have no chance of ever seeing their works in print . writers of the world . . Tartar and Mongolian soldiers trained and armed. " . It is dated Russia. waiting the zero hour to spring at Western civilization when Soviet Russia's adepts and dupes in other countries disarm the people for the slaughter . 1927 . . . . . . yet they wish to recognize Russia with its enormous army and to disarm America . you take no heed of us Russians.

Many of us are no longer capable of passing on to posterity the terrible experiences we have lived through . Learn the truth . The coming dawn of liberation is not yet in sight . only that which is certain to be approved by the communist censor is accepted for publication. In our gloomy prison we have never heard your voice raised in protest or indignation or any appeal on your part to the moral feelings of the peoples! Why . not even works on chemistry. respond! . and mathematics . "Under the conditions. knowing that propaganda is impossible. was shot solely because a draft scheme of a Russian constitution was found in his flat . you who are the ear. No other works. . one of the best Russian authorities on jurisprudence. eye. they have indeed to be concealed. But the death penalty and the persecution of the best of the Russian people who do not even try to spread their ideas. "Do you know all this? Do you realize the horror of our position? If you do know. . astronomy. and conscience of the nations. . Professor Lazarevsky. and only that is published which does not deviate from the universally binding communist doctrines . why are you silent? We have all heard your loud protest against the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti . can be published . "We are perishing . seems to leave you cold . however talented or remarkable. . So SINISTER SHADOWS of the censor. . Their discovery during a domiciliary search may lead to the banishment or even the execution of their author .? "Writers. .

professional propagandists attempt to convince the American public that America should clasp in friendship the hand of Russia ruled by gangsters whose hands are red with the blood of slaughtered millions . We do not know whether it will ever reach the free press .are sending this letter as from a subterranean dungeon . we bid you listen. you who are free. THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 51 about us. He has returned. think of what we say. write of it. it will be carried across the border at the risk of life. in an article printed in the International Labor Press of America states : "The appearance of Professor John Dewey as an apologist for the Soviets has become a much more serious matter than it seemed to be when I first called public attention to it at the New Orleans convention of the American Federation of Labor . read. Do this-and it will be easier for us to die. "Professor Dewey had gone to Russia for an international propagandist body founded and fostered by the Soviets . At great risk we are writing it . But if it does. International Labor Press of America. The Vice-President of the American Federation of Labor and President. like nearly ." Yet in spite of all proofs to the contrary. At that time I was struck by the menace to our schools that lay in the speeches of this eminent educator presenting the Soviet schools as models for this country . "We . that the eyes of the present and coming generations may be opened. if our voice from beyond the grave is heard by you.

52 SINISTER SHADOWS all the others invited by this body to tour Russia and officially guided through that country. . in the N. he defended the Soviets from a `cultural' standpoint. Professor Robert H . Alumni News of April. . 1929. in referring to the Dewey excursion states : . a thorough-going apologist for the Soviets ." In the group of American professors visiting Soviet Russia in 1928. . Professor Dewey had been back only a few weeks when a meeting was held in which. . . . Gault of the psychology department at Northwestern University. "Professor Dewey's return was hailed by the communists as well as the non-communist supporters and defenders of the Soviets as a great event for the Soviet dictatorship-especially in view of the latest campaign for official recognition by the government of the United States . U. "While Professor Dewey was insisting that the Soviet-Communist regime is mainly constructive.' . "As an example of the propaganda efficiency of this body I am reliably informed that one of the Soviet agents directly connected with the organization has openly said that Professor Dewey is doing more for the Soviet cause than all the avowed communists the country has ever sheltered or produced . . . . . the Communist International-in session when Dewey was in Russia-was declaring once more for `the overthrow by force of the whole of the existing social order. . there was one who was not deceived by the red propaganda .

THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 53 "The leaders of Soviet Russia profess an absorbing interest in the elevation of the common level of culture . Soviet Russia will have . The land and the universities -student body and all-are filled with spies to seek out violations . . " . but what doctrines shall be taught in the schools. The over-bold and independent are being transported to prison and to Siberia. made an unfavorable impression upon me . for a generation. . "The one great aim of education in Soviet Russia is to rear men and women who will be supporters of the political and economic doctrines that underlie the present regime . . . have. . Incidentally one cannot escape the feeling that this abundant activity is one form of propaganda . These statements have been made by ardent friends of the regime . . Not even science and politics are divorced . we have always believed. the atmosphere of Soviet Russia. One result of it is that the visitor can hardly avoid feeling an atmosphere of dread among these people who. "On the whole. . . . been struggling for freedom from just this sort of situation . as of old . Everything is bent to the straining point in this direction . Autocracy is on the other foot . as I felt it last summer. Woe to the violator! . . It is one central authority-the Commissariat of Education-that determines for the realm not only what educational policies shall prevail. We of the West cannot conceive of a great civilization arising upon such a foundation as is in Russia today .

from the effects of the oftrecited Bolshevist modifications of marriage and divorce. however. states "Down with the love of one's neighbors . evidencing a faith in human nature which is democratic beyond the ambitions of the democracies of the past . the institution of the family is being sapped indirectly rather than by frontal attack . they are identified-Marxian theoriesthere is plenty of that in the schools . Dewey states : "In consequence." "Education is propaganda!" "Nobly heroic!" Lunatcharsky. propaganda is education and education is propaganda . He states : "The main effort is nobly heroic. "In the schools and universities the Tcheka has its special watchers among the scholars and stu- . 54 SINISTER SHADOWS to change her line of advance in order to get very far ahead . blows hot and cold in his book. in discussing the socalled educational system of Red Russia. ." On another page." Yet this same author continues by saying : "Apart. the head of Red Russia's distorted educational system." Even Professor Dewey himself. what we want is hatred . . . They are more than confounded ." "Nobly heroic!" From a newspaper correspondent who escaped from Red Russia after months of horror comes the carefully tested fact .

Hundreds and thousands of the unhappy students committed suicide . .000 students were expelled from the universities and their careers ruined ." "Nobly heroic!" Yet the little Red Riding Hoods from American colleges visiting Red Russia say. As a result 60. Every student was tested . "What big teeth you have. grandmal" to the jungle beast that wrinkles its nose derisively at the colossal gullibility of those who return to our country disseminating the "Soviet made" schemes . THE DEBACLE OF RUSSIA 55 dents who have to test the `Communist purity' of their own comrades . This tragedy of the Russian students was the work of the Tcheka.

. At this time there was started in New York a newspaper called "Novy Mir. It is of course clear that these fairy tales are a hindrance 56 .Chapter VI COBWEBS AND VICTIMS Prior to the Russian Proletarian Revolution in 1917 hordes of Social Revolutionists and Social Democrats had flocked to America. God so to speak is a really rich. a precise counterfeit . . one who rules the heavens. the conspiracy was hatched. . alias Nikolai Lenin." published in the Russian language. ." In an article titled "Church and School in the Soviet Republic" published in the "Class Struggle. the "literary mouthpiece and program maker of Vladimir Ulianov. a judge -in a word. powerful master. swarming in a Russian colony in New York City." he aid "One of the instruments for the obscuring of the consciousness of the people is belief in God . Working in close contact with exiles in other countries and with those who remained in Russia. a slave-holder. and the leader in the Soviet Educational System . a branch of the Socialist Party of America . not only to overthrow the Czar. . but to wage an intensive propaganda campaign among the American workers to recruit them for the International Revolutionary cause . The fountain head of this conspiracy was the Russian Socialist Federation. Its editor was Nicholas Ivanovich Bucharin.

Born in Russia of German parents. . 110 West 40th Street. he stated he was a member of the Communist party of Russia . New York City. He became affiliated with a revolutionary organization while in Russia. in which organization was Ulianov. he was registered as a German . He admitted to the Com- . alias Lenin . Another poison of this type is opium . Another worker in this group was Ludwig C . who at a later date showed his hatred of luxury by ruling over extensive headquarters in the World Tower Building. New York. having announced himself as the Representative in our United States of the Union Soviet Socialist Republics . From that country he went to London. . COBWEBS 'AND VICTIMS 57 in the path of human progress . Martens. known as Leo Davidovitch. destined to swagger across the bloody pages of Russian history . A. -But the use of opium later results in a complete undermining of the health and the user gradually becomes a complete idiot . are at once transported to paradise . or who may have some other interest in their continued existence . After serving a prison term he was deported to Germany . Those who have smoked it behold all sorts of lovely visions. but let them be supported by those who wish to purchase their poison. the Bronx. In his forced testimony before a legislative committee of the state of New York. later entering the United States with a German passport . alias Leon Trotsky. . the priests may continue to exist. It is the same with religion . .. alias Leon Bronstein. . K . " Associated with this Atheistic Bolshevist on the "Novy Mir" was one who resided at 1522 Vyse Ave .

The method designed by the word "Aesopian" consisted . conspired. just as the working class is taking over Russia. He it was who." He wrote with caution using the "Aesopian" methods of the Reds . in Zurich. alias Lenin. Weinstein. an exile. his web being spun. dying in confinement . winked at the separation of the -Russian Socialist Party into Bolsheviki and Mensheviki. who was connected with the "Novy Mir . Here in Zurich." At a meeting held at the Central Opera House." Like a huge hairy spider. all milling around his creed : "We set ourselves as our final aim the task of destruction of the State . and Gregory Weinstein. he talked. sitting in a dark corner with eyes gleaming with hate and intrigue there sat Ulianov. in the conspiracy in which he was engaged. Switzerland . In this same group was Santeri Nuorteva. shrieked : "We have come here to tell Comrade Martens that we have come prepared to take over this country. In later years he became a raving maniac. 58 SINISTER SHADOWS mittee and also before a sub-committee of the Foreign Relations of the United States Senate that the Russian Soviet regime had appropriated moneys to carry out a propaganda for a world wide revolution . the master mind. a measure that the world at large considered a weakness . and wrote works. with Machiavellian adroitness. a small compact group was more effective than a large unwieldy one . turning from his audience and facing Martens. corresponded. but the spider knew.

"Anarchists. We are inclined to treat the issue as one for public disputation. but the Bolsheviks look upon us as enemies and treat us as such." Key words were used. after his life long study of the Russian Bear in reviewing the despoilers of Russia. A compromise in the conflict waged by the Soviets against civilization is impossible ." Poliakoff. COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 59 in circumlocution . Moscow is undermining the position in which our principles are founded. Snowden said : "These fanatics are destructive maniacs without an atom of constructive capacity . Whilst we are losing time in an interminable demonstration of the falsity of Bolshevik principles. for instance. The instinct of self preservation and whatever there is left of pride suggest the necessity of treating them likewise together with those who sympathize with them. The work of the party must be done in co-operation with the work of the Soviets . states : "It is worse than useless to judge them by our standards or try to impress them with our moral arguments ." From Russia came an edict to the conspirators : "The International Bureau insists on the junction of all groups that stand on the Soviet platform . for the worst enemy of civilization is not Moscow but the parlour Bolshevik intoxicated by a novel doctrine . in referring to "Social Democrats" the term used was "Consistent Marxist . a White Russian. each with its own particular significance . former Menshevists and Social .

In a public speech Covet had used the magical expressions "production for use rather than for profit" and "there is too much civilization. Intelligentsia ! The time had come to departmentalize this branch of their activities in the United States . The decision might either make or break this angle of their plan ." With their uncanny understanding of organization.. . for these were exact quotations from the Communist's Manifesto-the exact words of their dead leader. 60 SINISTER SHADOWS Revolutionaries. the Russians developed the plan to make use of the weapon thrust into their hands by the Socialists of various countries . who express the wish to co-operate with the Soviets must not be rejected . a German Jew. alias Karl Marx. A leader must be selected . etc . Intelligentsia. there had come to the attention of the inner group the name of Professor Covet . there was great elation. whose false doctrines have spread contagion around a world." Intelligentsia ! Quick to perceive. too much commerce . "The American schools and colleges are honeycombed with Socialistic sympathizers ." When the inner group read this speech in a daily paper. A few years before these events were taking place. They rolled under their tongues the sweet morsel . too much means of subsistence. too much industry. No false move to' be made here-the task was of colossal size . lightning fast to act. Mordechia. they clearly perceived the necessary step that must be taken in order to weld this scholastic influence to their cause .

By word of mouth. on 84th Street. first as a dupe. The telegram calling him East had been sent . Under the long novitiate. Covet gravitated to the inner circle. their plans called for greater fire under the witch's caldron in which was brewing their revolt against civilization . by "aesopian" editorials in radical newspapers. where the tom-toms of radicalism were beaten to bring to a white heat the wild-eyed mob that Roosevelt designated as the "lunatic fringe." Shouted one of the speakers with the veins of his fore- . He smarted under the thought that as yet he had not been admitted into full confidence ." They were leading him from one commitment to another against the time when their hold upon him would be such that no order could be disobeyed . by apparently innocent blind advertisements in the daily papers. Socialist groups met at various halls in New York. he became restless . The time of test had come . The skilled tacticians were permitting him to "season . the word was spread to "stand by" and wait . then as an adept . their hold upon him would be too secure for him to attempt anything other than strict and immediate compliance . He was speeding to New York to come into his own . against his arrival. on 127th Street. On their part. telegraphing thereby from mile to mile their messages and warnings with a despatch and efficiency truly remarkable . COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 61 Little by little. There was much whispering in out-of-the-way places by those on the outer edge . on 5th Street. In the jungles of Africa the natives beat huge hollow logs.

if he had. America! When will you. he was still an "allowance man . Some day though. Capitalism is tottering-the Revolutionary spirit is spreading throughout the world . and with saliva dribbling from purple lips "Comrades. a gentleman with gold rimmed glasses from which descended a wide black ribbon climaxed his talk with : "Oh. At thirty-five years of age. with eyes flashing with the light of insanity. No more temporizing and hesitating . In another hall before an audience of greater selection. However." At another meeting a speaker shrieked : "We will take over the factory. the store. He didn't mention this feature ." Most of the labor this speaker had ever done had been behind prison walls when a convict . they might manage to get their . too. the warehouse and every other necessity for life and happiness without having any profiteer government or church parasite to profit by our labor . join the great procession? When will you unfurl red banners and proclaim yourselves the rightful owners of the world?" Before the largest group stood an Eastern college graduate who had been granted one more opportunity by the inner circle after incessant requests . 62 SINISTER SHADOWS head standing out like whipcords. the comrades thought. the farm. Long live anarchy! The world is ours! Kill the vermin who stand in your way." Against him there had been leveled the charge by his comrades that he spent all the allowance on himself and gave nothing to the cause . he would not have lost caste in this choice assemblage. because a great percentage of his audience were alumni from similar institutions .

30. well done . "There they are. The task before us is the substitution of worker's control for capitalist control in industry . We will laugh to scorn their sweet ideals and dear moralities .000. to get into the hands of the thirty million wage workers the message of communism . The last light in the halls of treason went out . No quarter I No quarter ! Death to them! Exile for their God ! " The night of ravings wore to a close-the audiences filed out. who ran his fingers under the coat collar of the whispering one till he found the crossed pins . most of whom are literally murdering themselves in the capitalist's shambles . With broad a's and with marked evidence of a veneered culture. he said : "There's inspiration in knowing that thousands are doing what you are doing for the same cause you are laboring for .000.000 of them waiting to be educated. to work with them. improvised from a coal cellar. . Gleefully did the leaders rub their hands-"Well done. "We are going to destroy the upper classes . wild-eyed. COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 63 fingers on that allowance and then the cause would prosper . came singly eight men ." Late that night in a den. after much reconnoitering and with the stealth of prowling things. sharpened to razor edge .000 of them. You are invited to join the thousands. As each man sought admission he placed his mouth close to the ear of the guard. "We intend to scrap their silly patriotism . Another whispered word and he passed within while the lone guard took up his lonely vigil . gesticulating. • The first man took his position as guard outside the coal cellar door . a little every -day. 30. Comrade.

sad faces. The engineer swung down from his cab. Though he had never seen him. To him had been assigned the task of meeting Professor Covet at the train . Their work of the night was done . the city was stretching and brushing the sleep from its eyes. Among the comrades he was known as the "Disinherited One. the wife. the calls of street peddlers. the world in microcosm . the men left the place. mingling' quickly with the passing throng . In his line were illustrious names . his eyes darting from passenger to passenger. They were ready for Professor Covet . At the exit gate from the train platform stood a "Comrade. scanning the faces rapidly. Came the heavy rumbling of early trucks on the cobblestone pavements . the husband. all the gamut of life . Came the shrill cry of newsboys. Back of him came his passengers pouring from the cars -little cries of joy when the waiting ones espied the friend. the noise of an early morning in a city . The details had been worked out . flexed and reflexed tired fingers and called "hello" to a fellow engineer on the next track . he was sure he would recognize him from the photograph that he had scrutinized carefully before he had set out upon his errand ." because his family had disowned him after years of patient attempts at reclamation . the son or the daughter. 64 SINISTER SHADOWS The persecution of Czarist police had schooled the plotters into a caution that much exceeded ordinary vigilance . His family name was a thing to conjure with ." alert. kaleidoscopic. One by one. On time to the minute the train pulled into the station . happy faces . stretched himself. Outside. unobtrusively as possible.

she outran her male comrades in the vehemence of her radicalism . Russian born. COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 65 of ancestors who had played great parts in American History . A barbarian. Her face in repose gave little hint of the maniacal fury that played over it when she was in full swing. There was a certain feline gracefulness in her move- . living thousands of years after her era. she had added a meager smattering of elemental education. Her taunts of their softness spurred them and shamed them if they lagged behind her steps in violence . haranguing the mob . The police came to dread this biting. gifted with not a little brilliancy. the civilization of the day was beyond her ken . some queer kink in his character caused him to gravitate to a profligacy and debauchery that was a wonder even to the underworld where surprise is not registered easily . the relative importance of the things of life. advised by parents who judged. To a native wit. reared in a home of culture and broad understanding. Educated at one of the leading eastern colleges. she had made a name for herself in Communistic circles by dint of inborn leadership . garnered at odd times in various night schools . nevertheless. He became enamored with a girl working in a cigar factory on the east side of New York City . fighting Amazon from whose lips poured out a stream of filth that caused even those familiar with handling the dregs of humanity to wonder . Many times she had been arrested . A dyed-in-the-wool Communist. with remarkable clearness. She was a true throw-back to the time of club and fang . endowed with Amazonian voluptuousness and possessed of a dynamic personality. Constantly she hurled her challenges to her audiences .

eating its way into his flesh. In a dingy alley Rottenberg had been found with his head beaten to a pulp . Back and forth in a chair she rocked. It was he who was found in a hallway with protruding eyes and with hands tied behind him . who sat silent and morose. filling the room with laughter. 66 SINISTER SHADOWS ments that fascinated . Around his neck. deformed and ghastly . With it ringing in his ears. From upstairs came wild laughter while Rosika clinked glasses with another . a physical wreck. There was no mirth in her laughter that rang out in a rich contralto . Next came surly Borodon. when her claws were sheathed. crippled for life. The alibi was perfect . in drying. became ever tighter . Kornsky came to her weeks afterward. Glistening-white. The police filed down the stairs baffled . In her lighter moments. Came Brakehoff who was reclaimed from a watery grave. that. In course of time came the "Disinherited One" who asked. perfectlyformed teeth behind naturally red lips were magnets that drew to them her victims . laughter that singed and burnt . a shadow of a man. the pitiful wreck of the former cave man dragged himself from the room . "Where was Rosika?" asked the police . There were Kornsky and Rottenberg who had fought for her. "Why doesn't someone tame this wild cat?" He laughed and she laughed and the attempt at taming started . following her with eyes of jealousy when she spoke to anyone else . a bloated derelict . . was a wet rawhide strap. she could purr softly and make her glances as languishing and as enticing as any of the sisterhood who hunted .

old Turn-AllThe-Way-Around. our cause comes first . the individual must do as he wants. signifying the interview was over . That's all . "Is that so?" shrieked Rosika. He held his position by his adroitness . take what he wants-well. COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 67 Word flew around the quarter . The alliance of the "Disinherited One" and Rosika was ." It was unanswerable . They are walking stiff legged around each other snarling and snapping at each other and forgetting our cause . with eyes like balls of fire. "This thing has got to stop. her actions gave no evidence of it . Their meeting was a stormy one . "Number One" was a tactician ." and he turned from her. came Rosika till her face was only a few inches from that of "Number One . "Haven't you told me a thousand times that to build up internationalism. Rosika . His face was frozen into an idol-like expressionless mask. feel as he wants. Across the room. Time for all that when we get the world into our own hands. don't let me hear about these things again. when we drive capitalism before us ." Was it possible? Did not this tigress know that "Number One" had tamed more than one jungle creature of their tribe? If she knew it. you are raising the devil with the Comrades . He gave no indication that he had heard her . hiding the rage he always felt when crossed. that is just what I am doing--do you hear-that-is-what-I-intend-to-do . bounding like a tigress. nationalism must first be broken down-to break up nationalism the family group must be broken down-to break up the family group. It reached the ears of "Number One. Remember." who sent for her .

Communism. till that time. He was obliged to change his plans quickly . It will be his to do with as he wants . What is the difference? They all are cut from the same piece ." Rosika's brain had stopped working when she heard "Number One" mention the sum one million dollars . "It is the masterpiece of powerful minds to save themselves by what has ruined them . Anarchy. No little of his strength was due to his quick decisions and his ability to act promptly . Sovietism. All strings are cut loose from it then . After next April nobody will call Baldridge the `Disinherited One . "Listen. "We are going to keep him in our front show case with the sweet little label on him marked `Parlor Socialist . "We can use their rotten money . with his stuck-up family reputation. into consideration . ." "Number One. will look good in our show case and will bring to us new customers. Rosika." with a lightning flash of intuition. with his education and money. "When we get the unthinking fools inside our store we will sell them Socialism. He rarely divulged more of his plans to his subordinates than he deemed necessary for their consummation. 68 SINISTER SHADOWS an angle that "Number One" had not taken. by his grandfather . previously. "Baldridge. here is the plan . Victor Hugo wisely observed. perceived a way out of the dilemma .' Why? Because next April he comes into one million dollars left in trust to him.' That will fool our customers . the parlor pinks .

to a high table where she sat. "Of course. if you can't. swinging her legs and unconsciously creating the atmosphere favorable to the announcement she was about to make ." slowly . "You. "Well. a million . COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 69 "That stiff-one million dollars-my God!" The man continued. get him drunk and listen to this-marry him! Do you get it? Marry him!" Rosika threw back her head while peals of cold laughter rang out . He knew her . Less than a week afterwards Rosika glided into "Number One's" presence with her sinuous tigress-like movements and sprang." murmured the crafty tempter . to sub ide quickly as a cold. calculating light came into her eyes . As soon as he gets it. hence the insinuating challenge ." she said. I won't say any more about it. I know his vanity . "Here is where you come in-lead him on-enmesh him-fan his family troubles and then when the boob is eating out of your hand. . like her prototype. drag out your damn preacher man tomorrow and we will pull off your sweet little marriage . "Who says I can't?" flashed back the Amazon . He guessed her aright . Silently they eyed one another . "One million dollars" mused "Number One. We will stick a wisp of hay in front of the jackass's nose and call it the Baldridge Foundation and then we Comrades will plunge our hands into it up to the arm pits-up to our arm pits. we will make him start a Foundation with it . "Yes. I tell you . "you say marry!" Again came the laughter.

Pandemonium broke loose . Now from a side door." The ceremony was interrupted while a shrieking woman. The Comrades decorated it with flaming red bunting . They stamped and yelled till throats were sore . "We can. I would not be an absolute Pacifist. the Comrades filled the hall to suffocation . led the crowd in their yell. Suddenly the band crashed into an ear piercing. Suddenly the band broke forth with the Internationale . At one end of the room had been erected a gallows. nerve racking jazz and to its strains came up the aisle. the bride wore as a corsage an enormous bunch of red flowers . like a cheer leader. to take his place behind the gallows. I would still not raise a hand to kill.4 A hall was rented . 4 In a public speech.70 SINISTER SHADOWS "He called me his 'Wildcat' l Well. "Who gives this woman away?" The roar from the mob rose and fell. one Dr. for if I did." The next evening the travesty of a wedding occurred . In his hand he carried an immense book . a poltroon minister stated : "Were ravishers to enter my home and attack my family. As the hour approached. came the minister who shamed his fellow clergymen . delivered in a large auditorium in Chicago. repeated over and over . The services were enlisted of a renegade preacher. but he will have to have a hell of a lot of milk dished out for me . whose name was anathema to the honest and sincere clergy. I will be his 'Kittie' -`Kittie'-`Kittie' all right." the precious pair who were making a sacrilege of one of the most agehonored of ceremonies . Jay May Haas. but we won't ." . with two nooses .. In flaming red. "Shimmying.

"I pronounce you man and wife." A sweating band leader waved a sickle and hammer ." The ceremony went on . From her he absorbed some little of her positivism . but we won't . The tigress became the tamer . She had merely schooled herself to repression when that would serve her purpose better . And thus were married the scion of a distinguished family and one from the dregs of the gutter . found that she could pass current in groups that hitherto she had not been able to meet on a plane of equality. Again the band crashed into the Internationale while men and women pushed and mauled their way to the two standing under the gallows with the noose around their necks . She became known in the Borderland Zone as "the brilliant and eccentric Russian . C . from him she acquired an addition to her vocabulary and. 0 . L. COBWEBS AND VICTIMS 71 "We can. by imitating his mannerisms. the man became the tamed ." Not a whit had she changed basically .

Years afterward. From this source came the money that the executors of the Estate of Stephen Baldridge turned over to the Communist Baldridge who was seeking to tear down that which his grandfather had built ." No one gave it serious consideration. He turned it into one of the great systems . Stephen Baldridge. He was a Spartan in his hatred of luxuries for himself . worn-out railroad that "didn't start or end anywhere . part of the fortune made by his grandfather. they had held when they were laughing at "the glutton for work who didn't know when to quit. The great adventure of helping to build an empire appealed to his imagination . He outgrew one position after another . His personal wants were few . albeit on other roads. His greatest satisfaction came when he saw towns and industries and producing areas where had been only endless prairies and waste spaces . Few of his clerks dressed as economically as did he . who started his life in railroading as a telegrapher in a small station . he found many of his former associates in the same positions. He learned his jo