Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 293

VZiz

~g *
!g[g

VZiz

b)6 DDD *

VZiz

VxgzZ

VZiz
( wzZz)
gzZ *
!Wg L )
L *
*izg)
ZM
zg Q
x w= Zz ~]Zg Zzg Qszc}uzo
z ~T}p(2005-6)wzm{z
WizZ],
6b)(gzZ Y6 ~:
X yNgzZy*
!ix [|Q ,
mzs

gvZ{*
*
File C:\Documents and
Settings\Administrator\Desktop\Mahad
not found.

: x Z/

( 8 -)g7yg I-: { :*
*

wzZ T
Y 2008 DD | 1429
( wzZz) VZiz

[ x *
*

gvZ{*
*

;*
@

pyZg*
*

M,
K
F

320

4]
5E
(n
W,
Rzg Q ^]L L ) "
G

],
$,
"
R

0-9959897621:y *
!WgMg *
! 2-36ZM

x Z/

File C:\Documents and


Settings\Administrator\Desktop\Mahad
not found.

*
*

( 8- )gzg -: {
1j 1 1

*
!Wg D *
!WsZ Z<X. Z
*
!Wg *
N *
0 ,
4 {g7hkg+
i,
R
*
!WgyT*gZy*zy





}p
z
7
9
13

~g7*
*

:
:
:

i Ww
!x *
*gzg
7





~g *
!g[g
17
22
27
32
38

( x Zz[Z WDD s MZ )

6,
a Z.
} 

^ e}i
! ug I
)
Zx ug MZypg
'ug MZypg






b)6 DD *
45

$E
0G
sZ DDhw*
@E 

50
56

[NZ Z,
'
[Z Wzx Z DD ^zz

59
66

~ h"
`
ZN

71
77
82
89






gsZ DDczg ,
mg 
!sZ)qZ DD ZZ 

` ZggzZ
e ZgzZZ DD)*
$
*b




95
101
1 12
117
123
129
134
139
144
1 50
1 55
161
167
172
182

]gzzZ DD Y ,x
x Zz[Z WDD ]q
_Zh]g~xsZ





` gzZn% DD k+
iZ 
gx Zw 
|zz+
#
h
ykZgzZZ |z K
Z 
]gzY ZqZ DD Y ?Zg Z 
b) Z{ izg
Z gZ z~b
YH
45"y
$E
5F
G
0G
sZ DD E

m,
?gzZ { ,
^YDD cZg b
V*
c g Z)fgzZx DD
$E
0G
sZ DD }/

}gt: DDX wh$


eg
]xsZgzZ]










VxgzZ
188

N ZwsZgzZy*zy

1 93

&ZpgzZ ,
6

203

$E
0G
K
ZgzZsZ DD
$E
0G
sZ DDf

208

! wV{ i *
@~i ZM
+K
Z [f

213

+
0i~]

198




218

h N Zg

224

235

Z &Zp
#

242

li qZ DD y
L yWL

: Y: Z/

259

{ "z,
6gzZ CDD :

265

g zgzZ$
- ;Z Y C
mZ 

248

(X ]Cr#w)

276

Zw Z +
Dg Z

282

&ZpgzZN Zw

288

y: ZZ)\7

298

! [X

304

'&~i ZVa

310

*
0 Z Z

315

li kggzgzZu*
*qZ

   

VZiz

i Ww
r VZizL L~ 'L LHkZ
yZzZY 1999l *
c
(270:],) VZiz
L }pZzT~wqZOHqz
}wq ) ZxZ[
z ,
m}& Z T~Y 2002 x *
*
~p {z ZZ ~~qzkZ H ( M%Z
H3g~kZ yZ x *

*gz ygvZ L LDDDDB


}pJY 2004 Y 2001Qg *
!f VLZ *
@
7e,+
h x *
* { Zg L L~V*
0 D
: bkZ H
H~V Z Zp y*kZH
GE
l:}p~P+
X
EzC 
XVxgzZ:~}g*
!Vz"z,
6gzZV0xsZ 
X b)Yq):~:]uZzZzW7~` 
$E
X0G
sZ DD b)6 :b) ZzZa ~q) 
X igzZb) DD~)z :b)0 
\vZ { Zg L Lx *
* u}g7 BBx *
* ~f kZ
yZ bZ CY S,
7 tz tzf ,,
k Zt ~]Zg Z ]
X qZ,
k+
5 ~,
(V
g ZZ [xZ}p Zz Y~Y 2005D 6
Z $
A N Y }p w *
0 { ZgZ Z e *
* YWZ

VZiz

7zz Y }p~ { Zg
L Va p Y H
kZ Zwn kZn {g7p}pV z yZgzZn
7~#.
}Mg~Vz}ptO 4 *
* Y$
A%
]
+
Z
bvZ ) ~z+
0g Z *
* gzZ pyZg*
* Z/
Z ,
m\vZ
~Vzt[ZgzZ H ZVz,
kyZ~,
(]Z|yZ}
ZzDDDD C T Z ~ V DDDD-: {
M
,gzZ [g,
6 R y*zy [Z tVa ;g VJMg
: { ) #
rZ [ n kZ *
@Y J ,
7 o yz=g f
og *

!x *
* Z nVyZ Zg[xZ}uzgzZ ( -
~z+
0Z*
* ~ ,
m H
Hx VZizL LyZ n kZ
4]
5E
lpG
*
* gzZ 8+
igsz,
6 kZz~,
(
Z
b]Z|XyZ \vZ 8ikZBy
! ^j] a ] ]
yWftnHkZpgzZkZMg

gvZ{

| 1428Z ~ fB3
   

VZiz

!x *
*gzygvZ
x,
k } ] Zg egzZ h B
qZ } h Y { z
#
rg [ <g Wt Z lpgzZ
z 4LZ #
r g [
x*
* L Lz kZ ~ *
!Wg g Zz,
6 :{$
dB
[ R 7w ~sgzZ ~C{ z~ kZ1 *
@Y *
* Yg ZqZ
X
g Zz %+
$,
k g Z kZ [Z ;g ~ g
G
Z ~gzWp=t gzZ VZ/
u~ V/
uZ izg: V yZ #
r
} Z c+
iZIg ZkZ-C *
c C #
rg
g g f L Ln xkZ ~ r\W xqZ ~ Z
Z c+
iZ I Zg7 gzZ #
r g 7 ,
m?yZ
; ~ , yZ VZizL L\W%Z e *
*x x *
*
Wg Y[Zg D { (gzZ D W0 *
!L L[kZ
X W
*
!Wg L L $
ez #
ry{ "y{
yW
*.E
kZ Vzuz 0gp (ZgzZ Z q0 V*
!*
@G
qZ,
6 i
-Z ,,
q
kzg #B],16
y Wz wzZ8g! Bg 3
z z Dq gzZ qZ yC gzZ yIg Zz Z }gzZ qZ
g Z [zZqZ~zgQ 7~st <C

10

VZiz

zg QqZg *
!gzZ ZQ0VZzg {z[Z7VZzg /
~J
X ;g ,
6],20gzZ 16gzZ~Rg Z
]Vap;[Z zwZqtzf}~ZVq
rO
@6~#
ZgzZ Lg MZ Zp zgzZ],
6
VZizL L~nkZ ;gg/
z~k(
Z H qz
YWB; ,,
k~P+
EgzZk& Z C kZ H[NZ
[zwZL L~ t Zt Z{+
Z=pUkZZzgzZ
6,g ZZ #
r! [ gzZ g [ V2z x H}
d{ *
@gzZ :Z *~rC V>Vz yZ H
W~z}
gzZ *
@Yx ~ *
! ZV*
@Z Z]vZp VZ/
*
!qZzz
YWx ~]
yWgvZKgzZ KgtVr
gyQ
X me ] o ] ^
{zqZV*
@[NZ ]bz~,
6gx ~VZiz
b)yZgzZD0 ]qgzZ Zz W7{%izg
$E
Y b),Z}uz V *
@[ Zz0G
sZ~}g *
!
6,yZ~:yR 0Q [fV0 Yz b &
ZqZ a \vZt ]gz % 1gzZ
V Zzp
pg+gzZDIZtzfZ,,
kt~
g y**
!iTg D WygzZo~kZCWI
-Y hgzZ *
@YH ,
6] CY Z Z,j
X D | ,
7Z *
c D qP+
EzyLZ,
kkZ~
V Z^ VkZgzZ,
6ZO+
0W#
ZO Z

11

VZiz

V
z ,
m}g e *
* $
A% }pyZ Zp
g b VZizL qz#
rZxZ[| ,
(
sg*
* [=gm{}g qZp TkZgzZ
#
rxZO g8i}pyZ % {g Z z Y ZZ }
,,
kt w J e *
c { i Z+
0ZgzZA ]*
* Z }pyZ ,
6 Zp
kZ *
@g Z nV *
*+
h
y[?Z ,
6 ],J WB
YH T}pwqZ *
0 ] *
!{gt[xZ n
qJMg }uz {W ;e vZ t \W
X
yZt]S}gG#
rg[,
6kZ
~,
(B}#
rZxZ[ Zqz}pyZ,
6q
6,]*
! C g Z Zzg px,
3 Y G pgzZ p
ng *
@,
' mgzZ
* Z Zt] Vz,
*
mgzZ z ,
6gm{= ~ }pyZ Ou E
5O!W
}~ Vd \vZZ@ *
* Z ~ ,
mqZ e
5Z Op[Z ~gFqZ=zzyZg zyz
yZ p
ng tzf ds:~ ,
m V H
~ Z
~uz yZ *
c M
K,
F kZ *
@ Zz gzZ ]gzp
\vZ@sg *
* ,
mxgzZ 4 },
gzZ Dx 8iBzf lp ( ,
R)
4]Z|XyZ \vZ Y DvZ {zgzZ yZ
},
( {z CW *
c xj%#
rg [= z kZ Y
` Z4
lL
L yZ,
6 O
% L LyK
ZpgzZ
z 4<g Wtzf *
!

VZiz

12

}g \ vZ {z 6*
U >!
L
K
L k\Z1[Z
X n3gBgLZygZ.
}
"
5F

5E
4G
.nIG
;g T EE
r , Z L Lx Z,
ki *
!WgsZ Z<X. Z L
L t
x PZ z Y gzZ ,
FVzgZ Z Vz yZ {zV *
@
Zpg Mg
X N Y n*gzZ]
y WgTZg ZkZgzZ n
n] n] k ^ fi ^e

gvZ{

| 1421{Z gB23
   

VZiz

13

7
o ] F ] l^v^] i je ji p] v]
= e l^fn_] i^m q]] fv o l^] ]

e `DDDD Z *
f
@ 8
x XDDDD ~VzLZ u *
0 vZ
m]wZgx ,
6yZgzZD i ZV6&!gzZ

X nVZ {z ^f m` ^n ]a^q

gvZ{*
* f *Z*
*z *
!WgsZ Z<X. Z L L
C gzZ k& Z d \ hX ~ ]~LZ
x Z sZ g ZuZz ig< Zi Z V6& )nV
vZ Z] y),
F+4{zt Zz ` Z'x gzZ `g Zz r
X qm{yZ+Zq B

]V Zz~ Dp~h N *
!WgsZ Z<X. Z
{%: Z
: { sZ xEV /
%xqZ sZ
q w U Z%zg rX Z +
yOz }n
G
G
E
E
E
+
+
+G
B
B
B
{
{
{
tuZ xZz >Z gzZ $
gZ Z V
}pZ,J SggvZ [z ]zx! KV
X g]~
Z Z] \h ~q mH
m,
FY ,gQ#
Z Z
*

!WgyqZ~HM
,
FkZ ] XtkZ ;g *
@
x Z<0 kZgzZ ]g ~ T Z q Z {qZ Vz
`*
@

VZiz

14

4hZb) ZvgzZ
J#
|zz+
h
y,
6M
,Z]g ^gZ^g F
vZ { *
* ]|,
6 {)z #
|zz+
h
yi eg Z Zz ~g Y
G
z *
XG ]ZnZ Vz
`*
@~ ]Z 0E
c [0Z g
XH
*
c [Z j
H
m,
FqZ xsZ > mvZ Z]wqZIkZ
**
gzZ Z\gzqZ VzZ e Zxt Z
**
\ h g b) ~C
%Z kZ t yZ s
4&xEB [,
0E
Ws
,

'i]~G
G

X AzZsZ Z<X. Z *
*g g wYggzZ Zi ZA
&
yZ VZizL Lg Z s*
* x Z{ Zgi Z
gzZ {q]q}ptZg DDDD *
c 3{i }p ZP
yZC ~:]uZzz b) Zz zg~ {
]Z g Z zmvZ -vZ wggzZ ]*
c Z@ W{z H
sf
Zg7 < qz ,
7 yZ#
Z (Z y[|QgzZ +'
]qZyZC x gzZ(yi Z+
0Zts: Bx\W
X VZizLtL nJ/ { ZgzZzgzZ
E
-d,Z]*
: Gz]nV E
* ZPkZ
X Z}g /

X,
^Y*
*,
6Zg Z /

?4,
6z*
c 4zz / ?g bzg *
c g Zz /
X V*
cgZ)fVZDDb /

Xtzg: gzZ++
ZI /

Xi* /

X yK
Zgpx W /

X XZZV /

XM%Z,
6kg Z /

VZiz

15

XJu~ Zi WZgg Z /
zw'b)+
h.
] z2Z[ L L:?Y Zg s Z c *
* ]|
X V;g*
@{ .Z GEZkwZZ { Zg > 2izx xsZx Zw
}WX )*
@qJtz] .
}] *
* \h

~g7
( g gw7]g ZY ?Zg Z<)
   

VZiz

45

E
G
$

0 sZ DDhw*
@E
D)
)l }i 5 ~g u z ze *
* ~Z &6

Y,
6w *
@E~
q}i 5~g u *
c ^g*4

VyZ ,
' gz',
6 kZ^g*4 7hZ *
c
)ZgzZ nZg *
* J,
6 kZ Y [ZgZ w g *
N ZBB
~ Y 1998 7 t p ` }g Z ,
F*
! gzZ ~gz

}i 5J Iw: ZgzZ H bkZ ^g; !ZP

X _g bkZ l
W^g*4,
6X 8 Z

/ZgzZ 3 Zg qh,

^YLZ~x ~g/` Z~Z

Vg]gzZ {+
0vn` Y Zi Wzzu{Cbz ` Z

~{ ,
]ZM WgzZ ` Z,
6 *
* ` Z,
6Z *
*zZ w*
@E
xsZ~t ~ C
yK
Z Gg Z WZg *
*,
6] *
!Tg

: g Z \vZ *
@thkZ

^ $ ] % ^e ` r ] # ] g% v m
( 148:Y Z ) ! ^ n ^ n # ]

Z *
@7I gzi ]*
! ~,
' \vZ

X Zz+ YgzZ Zzg


GvZxkZ

{Cbz ` Z,
6i
os Z *
* z g Z kZ\vZ
{g e
Z~ i ZzWs *
@ xi Z

~: r Z Zg f ` W ~g YZ Z,
6 * YZ

46

VZiz

tzg Zzg*
*#gzZ #
sz LZ Zg f}uzgzZ-+
ig ]Zg Z

}uz gzZ # bZ 4Z ~ kZ g Z s %Z
X ~kZ g Z b,
'gzZ KZZg f

: yvVx T L*
*g (Z Zg f,Z n` Z
GL !.
~ ] kZ
}#
rqZ $
eZzg {,
kC 1Z ]| R

@$
ef Z= z,
7qZ Z HngzZ q
] \W Lg *

6,3 ZggzZ 1y CZ kZzg,


63 Zgwy CZ *
c g Z kZ
$
ef Z= z,
7 Z H{z *
@wqZ *
@g* V;z *
c wZ e

\vZ,
6kZ :HZzg* 3gwC*
!y t~nkZ

?~[Zg^ yLZ
Zpg kZgzZ *
c Wz,
7
y W} ZgZvZ

Y iqZ ` Z *
c t( 571&1:M0Z) Vz 7$
ef Z L

# H7Z Z CgzZ 5Z Z . Ug$/


Z
Z *
c g (Z ]*
! kZ~

}:]g,
6LZC{z
gtn]g}: Z Z$CJ
` Z *
c t g0CpL 8kZz*
!kZ Y: yC*
c
X ]gqZ

yvJnV5Fz +Z'gZ ` Z` W

~h
kL
: yvZgzZ {zgzZ C)
*
! ]gzZ
DqgzZgZg e~w*
@Ep Cw*
@E2- w*
@E

VzyyZp Cg*+
0i yZ,
6wZW$
e.,
6gx {z

h
M7# kZ {zzz Zp CYW$
"V~
Sg ~g Y Za w *
@ Vzg gzZ Vzg
yv Zuz

@vC+Z Y Z Zgi Sgg#


|zgzZ,
FkZgzZ

47

VZiz

Va *
@x Zyv| ,
( Vz yZgzZCY{g*
!gzZ
yi Z ) kZ CY g y gzZ CY| ,
(~g Zi *
!

Dg6,
6e
h Z vgzZ C #
|z~9zgq 9zgz CY

X
:,
WOyi Z ~ V H
3gp]*
! kZ~ ]g x xsZ

~iz+
0Z {f pg Z H
H I g Z L Ln Z Y *
c

kZnY Za *
@ :~g Zi *
! uzg+
h
ytgzY Z
`*
@

kZ ]vZ wg Y #
|z~ k q z gzZ N Y| ,
( b
G
G
&
0 L L~V(ubZ HI]gzZ #Ji
GG
&
qZ,
6 gx ~: i t 0 L L H
*
c I
y ~
g ~uz
g qZD *
c YCg }uz

C*
!gtuPZzW#
Z t*
@ =g f
6,]gz Z bkZ *
@*
0 7Vy ~g Zi *
!AgzZ e
f+
h
yy

]g+Z t *
@Z ~ Z/
gzZ CY ~gZ {g YZ Vz
`*
@P

Z *
c I kZ ] \Wn kZ ,
WOyi Z ~ V

KZ v]t {zgzZ H
*
c I T ]ggzZ qZ b
y CZ {z n kZ T e *
* Y :ZzgzZ D Wn#
|zg ZzZa

M{+
ZtVzg
gzZ Mly *
@{+
Ztx Z}#
|zl
{z CY
ZgZ,
'7~g7 yZzz g:ngzZ xg

IV } Zj}gw CZ V Zz w ]
zgg *
@Z ~ V *
@t ,#
|z~ 7 4Z

^f ^u neL L~$
guT*
c I]\WkZY

48

VZiz
X H
H

pgg Z ,
' yi Z ~gz xsZ YY H{ i Z+
0Z x Z yZ

c*
]& ZZg f ? ,+
D H1zg J
mg*
@Z ~)~ VgzZ
Y Z *
@ yvZ ,
(
w*
@E ]g %m{
gzZ Vzg
V;z C Za y V CY yi Z )

7 Zq zx Z,
6 ] }uzgzZ C7q
ZVzg

{g gzZ yvZ Z ,
( t *
@,
7*
*+
h
y~ VP F P z
] .
}i#
Z CY Za z kZ wqgui *
* { *
c i kZ

yZ {)z w*
@E ~W
7 w*
@E VzZ e *
@ ` Z ~%

$
e. g xzx Z X 0]*
c gz,
k/
*
* yK
Z V
Z ~,
(]*
c gziyK
Z~xsZ ]*
!gzZz

gzZ~
q i /
Z q ,
FkZ ,
6 gzZ ] Z.
}

i Y/
*
c Y[ze *
c V } h 7i {z/
Z6+
0Z

z,
'Wz ]z w x Z z #
ZZz *
* kZgzZ *
*h

,Y bxz ] .
^
} iVx ` Z Zgi Z n kZ 0

X7

{ 1UVz~ kZ _ ,
7 ~` }g $
eZzg ` Z

n ` Z }uz Dg ZZ,
6 ]]_ Zzg*
* wZ Zz ` Z

#s~uz Dg (Zg T Vg],


6 RZgzZ { 1

Cn,
6 C
zgzZ L
L C *#
y W *
@.*
* tzg

pg 2~ 1gzZ yvx Z#p bkZ g


} ! Z
yi Z L Lp

VZiz

49

]m ]L LYH7yvzgtwZ xsZ
k=g f

yvqZgzZ)
) qZ yvqZ~{ xsZ2
^i ]L L:Y  p .{ *
c igzZZ { *
c iyv ` }g7

h,
^YqZ ` Z ( 44:{Z) ^` h^i^e ] ^` ^i

$Y0: $
d
e*(Z {zVzu nkZ ~gzp

! Y0)
*
!g,
6RZozx gzZ Yx Z
Y 2003m&5
   

VZiz

50

[NZ Z,
'
) ( [ x/
b~g7 [NZ 0cgzZ [ # $Z

gY ',
6}uzqZ~3 r *
!!gzZ[Zp}
ZzZVzgzZ ]Z ~}g*
! ] .
} KZgzZ ]c Vzz

]YtgzZ]VzgZDxzzg`WZy*zyDDDD

o]+ZZ
`ZVzZizg~~gizg"7ZgVv
++
Z} ,
(} ,
(o 7C*
! k, Z
` {ZWZ,
kiz

6,x blg*
! ~ w *
0 *eZZ
`gzZ Vg~}g*
!

V2*
c g ZgzZ ~ g*
0 : VYgzZ gY DWgzZ W

-:eM{z[Z~ Z~,
J
(Zx'*
*:7 ~VZ

q #
Z p? $Y g HgzZ ZkZ V,Z V
)
kZgzZ 4wJZ r z w W W CY]

_Za~VZ
(&Z
`zkZ*
@Y *
@kZ

]gVg LB
L e )
)gZMZu,
'z*
!
yZp
Xg{

*qZ [Z n VgzZpg {,
6,
6 V-gz$KZ

) gzZ Z qz =]Zg *
! Vzg *M,
6 Z
(

4x Z *
@g ,
6nZ LZ{g Z ZgzZg Z Z MqZ qZ
GG3B^] ( GtZg7+
h V Z gzZ
gzZ ]*
!^zZ/
gzZ

V g ~ V5( {W/
Z Y Hk\ZgT,
6 o zZ kZ

51

VZiz

# VY e *
Z
*: Y Z Vzg gzZ Y *
c Zg
(
2E
.G
Q *
* \Z H
x Zb: gzZ *
* s x Zb {
VLZgzZ Y,
F Z,
6o
(z {z/
+C

X Y x qi ZqZ

4,
6 *
c W ]qui*
* ~ $Z {nV
G
GL E
.cIgzZ
B+LZ gh ugzZ _|
ogZMZ
m,
6 g Z M Z *
! xE
XgzZhzZJ[Z[xi ) {z ,
Fo

g*
0 7Za qZ'~} Z: *,
6#xi

*
c gZ qZBV7 C*
c LZyZ kz mwgZMZ
LZ ) {z s~uz `tZ.
}*
* CZV!
,
6 {z

twq yZ7gZ r Z yZpgZ{$


eg/\W
LZgzZ y*
!i KZ {z T ,
m{ *
c i C*
c yZyZ
( )

`+ZwVyZ~g,jgzZ/ZtDgZ~g

zkZ: CY Y n`B 4

p Ytz~~0Z]gZwT v Wzt:gzZ

wqgkZqZ nZ 7~yZt~ C
gzZZ

~gzZzZg[NZ *
c x *
* Z zyJL
L / Zzyx,
3LL

LZv*
!gZMZo {zn Y t~}g*
!T7]+Z

X n~B;

\WLZ$Z Y7(Z ?, H~]qyZy


yW

$Z v ZhgzZ ]*
! 7+
0Z *
* E ~,
( t B Z
{zD}zF L gzZ1
7WV z

52

VZiz

IgzZ N Y {g {z/
gz ?f qZ ~ o kZ yQ gzZ Y

^zzVZ 4Z ]*
! t ~ V1 T8 Z ~zgzZg Z-,
6

n kZ s Z[x/yZ nt Y*
c xzh
gzh^zz{zceyCgzZ ]gz~,
( qZ 8
z~$Z

^zz V ~g Z)f ~g t gzZ }wEZ

77 ~zi Z ,
F
( ^zz } )}g ,

X h
MyizCZ~
(o^zz}g

%Ng *
/Z CF

0 20~X545 uzkZ

e y119 ~ 545 Y gz/


~ *
!WV
{z gzZ g J: *
@h Z a Z VzMyJ[Z #
Z

yZ WZz)
) (TgzZ } V

~ V129 !ZPgzZ S*
* e *
* ZO+
0WZ*
c g ! g { *
c i {

~q HZ {a o { *
c i20 Zk,
Rzz y~V60

15Y 93
k,
Rzz y~ 8- { *
c i 33
k,
Rzz y
414Y 54~ *
-H
!W~6g7Ig14Y 13~ggzZ
36Y 10~g <XG
*
!W Z% 39Y 45~gL 47Y 12~g7xZg I8- 54~ggzZ

p 25~ ZgzZ 25Y73~Y 31 Y 56~gzg 38 Y 60~


zz Z)^zzV { z ] ~yZk\Z
k,
Rzz ~ V74 g*
0 z CY A
$Z )
,
6
^zzVzg ZzyZKg *

0 gzZVkg *
0 yZ/
Z { *
c i20

x ~qZ y/
Z {iZ+
0Z s g C[*
c Y

VzgZzyZy~ Z{ *
c i{z,zz~hKg*
0 ,
6g{gzZB

53

VZiz

X h
MZ ZgZ /
{ *
!i Z 7{ *
!/
ZgzZh
M~g *
0
? D HwZ #
r qZ tzg /]| *
*

/]| ] n] L L'Y~:*
c [Z V,Z

~uzgzZsqZ #
ZCVY 7]*
! m{ t : *
c

~z x *
*D *
c Q Y*
c hggzZ YH[NZ s
L 4 + Yq+Z
{Z$
e.t m] n L
] gp #
ZZz )zgZ,
' $
"*
U x Z ZL
<z [

)Iy*
!igzZ} rZ,
61 Iy*
!i :g ,
61zg *
c

1zgZ,
'i kZ} rZ,
6KZ,
' w g Z

n pgg Z ,
' Z V Lg6+
0Z s %ZgzZg O
_Z ~
]\W ~g Fg f1Z]|O 48
g (Z {,
6, Z

,wzt LZ?dV Zx, Z ?} H*


c g

~g Fg f1Z ]| ?z H ?~]g+Z ,7Z Z t }g vp

7:*
c ]\W, JcZ *
c [Z

kZ ] \W ?gzZ N YW~g *
!gvZ {z W*
@ 8
x
4$ g Z
{ *
c i~zg { Zg" V Zxgg Z ,
'Z V hIE
]L L:*
c g Z]\WbZY*
c : ,
WOZ nkZ Z

4$ g ZkZ ( Z Zi x Z},
hIE
'gzZiZ ) q^ e

4x Z n kZ *
c g Z i ~x Z ] \W

< Zz ",
7 yW4
*
c ] \W e *
*4

p e *
*x Z Zzpg z qgz { *
c i
gzZ { Wz Zz { *
c i

0` s'/gzZ *
c g Z ,
^Y Y Z MZ
` ] \WBBkZ

VZiz

54

4$kZ Z Zi ~Y Z MZVgzZg O
_Z#Z z hIE
zg Z D Y,
^,
6# Zv,Zi VY Y*
c X Z)

g O
_Z z Y U Z/
Z p D bz g Z

X Z { *
ci*
* Xg O
_Z#Z~]g+Z Lg6+
0Z

**
f yZ V KgHZ P ,
6 C
Z +C y sZ

:
o
! ^] ] ^] ] vjm

H{g ZyvgzZSngzyv
X Y

*
`
@/
Z Y zgkZ kZ g (Z& ~Z e IY

gzyvZ kZ *
@ YY Hc,
3 Y Z } qzzVZ/

Xn Y H
h^i^e ] ^` ^i ^i ]
! ^`

Z,
'~ ,
({g ZZ,
' V7g V Z,
'z #
Z
X Yzg

~z L
L t Hy ~ ]ZgzZ p Z Z Y wZ kZ

7g yvz V L
L t*
c Y H{g Zg ~gzgzZ
X YXyv} ,
({g Zyv
! x^] gq o ^]

X*
*gzZ{*
ciqgzZ

yvyvUZuz~kZpw{+
ZsqZ/
Z

VZiz

55

X q,
Fgz

# ~z,ZZ
qZgzZF
F,
6VZ yZ]Z ZY ! <g

gzZ ggV.z ygzZk]" vx ~x


(

yvgzZ { *
c igzZ Bx ~Z {z ~gz`/ iB
G
ZZ
L ^Z ~g Z)f ~g ~]qyZN _t9
X ,{gZZ,
'~VZ,
',
k/
*
*z e
fx

EE
Y 2004s,
6Z&9| 1424 . Z#&18
   

VZiz

56

[Z Wzx Z DD ^zz
c*
~g gzZnxsZV \vZ

T YqZ]( 60:wZ) j_j]^ ` ]L L:

` t i Z+
0Z ,
W Z,
6 VhgzZ } x {z ~
#~g/ ZzDgzZ ZgzZ] ZZ $
J
m,
6g Z M Z *
!=gf^zz ~,
(qZ ^zzVyZq

YY *
c Z/
JV { Z V- { C " yK
Z g Z^zzgzZ YY
Xg,
WqZgzZ qZ qZ ^zznkZ

]q{tqZ: ~gzgpVUz~^zznkZ

*:^zzgzZ ~zg9IqZ b^zz n}g y~

gzZ qh#
ZgzZ ZqZ^zzVY ; [gZ *
@zg Z

gkZy~o kZz kZgzZ Y~gz Zn1zg

t ~y *
!iyW ;7Zz b,
'UkZ gezwq
G
( 283:{Z )X *
c I\vZT ] )-
&
4E
5gG
zZ b 1 ^
Zp { H
k~ ]qx 8
x G

ce g pkZ { H
k Z,
( { *
c i gzZ ^x ~
)qZ ; 7x )s b^zzg( b^zz,
6x *
*}uz

wqCxsZn kZ { [ZvZyK
Z nkZgzZ

+
0iYIBV{ Zp pg g ZZ Z~

XB
k 0cJVyZy
(*
c

57

VZiz

yZxsZ Vx{z Vp~g V ~ $


eg/

o}g t { ~,
(
*
@wJyZBb & Z V{

o]gzZzD: n{ ZgzZe
hz~[NZ~

C*
c gzZ IY D zg *
*zg kZ v ]gz$
-*
c z t Z:

ZZ lZ ,
F {+ *
* ,Z b)k ogzZ D *
c Y ZZ

A & \ gzZ gZ,Z ~ o}g *

@!Zj

W kZ ]*
! [Z D ` x x Z K
gzZ i * "

g*
*gzZ'*
* g V~i y W,Z~ Z~,
(gzZ _ Y

g /
:7 Z
`6DggzZ *
*i O,
6 yZ x
SgyZ nsgzZyZ[Z C yZ n

x eZ~}g *
!g7[ZgzZ g Z a [Z
(gzZB

X ] *
!wqZ[ZtVY ;C7]~x ,

| 7,Z qZ+
h~ yZ D} 9~ $Z v

,
'
y~u5Z x ZgzZs z u *
0 +
0iXBg Z+
0ZZ~

y*zyw{g*
! ,
6g+ZgZ eV} ,
F Z:~yZykZ x

yk ngyZ ` z LZ lz#
Z gzZgg

E
E
.
{
43 Zg Zz1wCZ 7x
*
0 Rg:z kZg| WZ EG
*
0 k*
0 yZ e
h:~MYz1~z+
0Z&*
* #
Z [zg

z ~ T 3 , k*
0 KZgzZ Z Z :~ VzgzZn: [zg
gzZ q,
6 ]PVz Z ` Wp: { *
c i [zgJ e

V Cg ?Y :7 gzZ *
@ y ZA
L L,
6 i y

X DW,
'ykyZ]Zg-i

Z]*
!kZ\W H
^zz~ hgZzyZ #
Z `W

VZiz

58

gzZ #.
} 0E
!.
_ $
-Z z $
-*
c KZ q,
4\W ~ VzgZzyZ x

\W~}g*
!nozxgzZ4~A
&
LZ O#.
}xgzZ ZggzZ$
2 t~D\W: yEZ

V*
c ,^zzZ\Wz*
!kZkZ#.
}yZ+
0{LZgzZ

K~kZV{+
$Z ~}g*
!kZ\WV\vZ , (,
FkZ
Vgx{H
k{H
k Z KpZ,
'^CV-{H
k Z

(
X *
c g qZ~VH
k} ,
(Z]vZwg| ,

t *
* g ]*
! kZ Og ZgzZ A
& g ZzyZ ~ ^zz

*
c x CZ f V#Zg kZ] kZ}g D}g

Z KgzZ$
- t 7
g ;g}n^zzt

(Z {+
$Z V \vZ~}g *
! kZ C ]gb t gzZ

~}g *
! ^zz n kZ >% Zp+
$Bx ~g7 ; 7z qZ

gzZ +
0i*kZ ce *
*g,
6 Vzg ZzyZx ce *
*a[p

4g ZzyZTQgzZce 8
{ ,
^Y tzggzZ u|kZBVx

! xZ n,
Rzz ce b ^zz~ hkZ *
@ggzZ

LZ Zz ^zzL L$
A H
g ; {z/
Z HwEZ ^zz kZ~hT

:g>% $
- V*
c \vZ {z W,
'{ ~g Z)f gzZ9I

7n x Y *
c ^zzg ZzyZ,Z/
ZgzZ Y H

kZ LZ {zVY ; g ;tn,
RzzyqZ Q YA
g ZzyZ
X { .
~ Z.tkZ~zi Z ,
F Z.
}gzZ {+
$ZvZ$
"*
!

EE
Y 2004s,
6ZB16| 1424 . Z#B25
   

VZiz

59

~ h"
=g, ZqZ]K
ZVY b ]gz ZqZ +
0i K
Z

z 4 kZ~ i Zz gzZx/
zu+
0igzZg Z z kZ *
@

Z#
Z \vZ nZgg Z z
A
gzZ z7x W]|yK

7 \W H
7Vzw%Z +Z *
c i Zu Vz
g8
y K
Z {g Z ]*
!kZt zx?Z ?Y Zj]| kZ L E
bZ ]gzqZ +
0i(ugzZ u 7 z k] lzgpn
# VaxsZ z ]=g L| ,
E
LG
(]*
c gz~yZ

b kZ n Z gp$
eg,
6xxkZgzZ ]
b HI*
*+
0igzZ Z Z,jkZ ~]i YZs:

!azZ Z K
ZgzZ=g f yjy z

pzk*
0 }uzqZgzZyzb*
!myxg~Vxb

G Hy~tZ,
6"gzZBCg[p$
e.yWU

bkZ {zgzZ $7~uz &pgzZ4 kZ ng ZkZ

( 187:>Z ) $ ` $
^f j *] $ ^f $ a H
*
c g Z k]}uzqZ~Vx

,Z *
@ uQ{z *
@X VgzZ VHyK
Z k]
} , Z L
9o /
D X lg *
! D k] C,
'
Z qZ k]: V )
*
!
gzZ #
sZg ~ /
D Y wEZ

p{z x ~Vx XkZgzZ~x/


zu

s{z N Wx }uzqZ~V gzZVE +


0igzZ gzZ

60

VZiz

=g }uz qZ ~ V*
0 W +
0i V: [z H
X V
gzZ V{gzZ Vp8 ZqZ qZ {zt U Z qZ k]

kZ gzZ Lg 0 g Z i Zg yK
Z {z p *
@ Zz [z

~}g *
!}uzqZ zi ` Z' r
gVV-gz$

/ZgzZ h

MZz V{gzZ Vp}uz qZ ~Vx e *


*

h
M[g Z
wkZBWT{ze*
*z,
'W"}uzqZ

yZ {zt k]n}uzqZO Y7Zuz

z,
'Wz]}uzqZgzZOg {,
6,
6V*
@gzZV-gz$yZN [
X Fy
o
\ZgWgzZM
ink]E
iUqZ~k]
L 8{z ZgWzM

Z+
0i r
gw AL
9o~k]yK
ZUkZ =gf
*
@Y3gwL
9ogkZ +
h~qgzZ ~WZz]gz

z w *
c PgzZk]n}uzqZ ~Vx#
Z Zx kZ
G4]
+
0i k] Cp$
eg V 3E
o~ k]Zz Y w

$
egZ *
@
ogp L
9ozZ 0<Eg/~kZ YHn

kZL
9ob*
!~{)z
zgzZ&yZ+
0{ H ]Y L LY 
Vn Za ~gZ+
Z*
0 gzZxZz~ b G
00_Ig *
@ Rpgp
b < zZgzZ &]*
0 ]Z f xsZ ~}g*
! ]Y X
+
0iZgzZ YV;zg <zZ~VX .tp

*
@Y *
c gZ~gz,
6kZgzZ *
@Y3g Zzg&Z+
0{~iZ%x

{mugzZZ+
0{gzZ7~9gZ- <zZyxgVK
ZxsZ

61

VZiz

^ ] v ^ :*
c gzZ3gwIyK
Z%Z~b*
c 7gn[NZ*
c

mtZgzZ *
@ZqZyZ+
0{LZyK
Z DDDD ( 3:Y Z) h ^
,ZkZ Le *
* b ~ yZ+
0{ LZ {z,
6C
Z kZ *
@[8

~ ]i YZ ,
' L
9okZ < CL
9o{ *
c i V

X |]Y
x z *
@yZ+
0{mIgzZ> eL
9o

mkZ bZ > z^gzZg Zz t Z1( g


b /
Z CW $Lb ZqZ VY  *
@ wz

~$kZ Y*
c $` %~yZ+
0{kZ]gZ7gH$z
t $Z $ Vg/ ~uz yZ+
0{ H
3gp/

H7g Z T Z /Z ~ b bkZ ]g
X YY

H*
c g] vZ wg ~z% vZ0,
'Y ]|

~g Z. : Y7]\WV; : Hn,
'Y]| ? 1 b ?

]\W]g{+
hC:Hn,
'Y]| ?]g{+
hC*
c
'Y]| ? ~ : VY ~g Z.?:*
c
~uZ zZz,
+Z~ H7g ,
'Y]|~ yL

:$
gu 5247 :$
gu ~g g ) n wN V Le *
* ]g

p
ngp/ ,
'Y ]| ] \W: ( 2048 :$
gu Z1Z 3636

~/ ~Vx Zx kZ *
c {gt ~ / L
9oZ

` gzZ yZ+
0{ kZp e *
*: ]z ZgzZ e L
9ogzZ yi Z
X Y0L
: ZgzZg nV

62

VZiz

S~]\WnkZ9gzZwgvZ]vZwg

z VxsZt gzZ b ] \W~ bDZ *


@ b x Z YZzi Z

<Z {z *
@ N W~xw]\W'gf yzz@~)
Z
J#ZZQgzZ b~g7
] \W tQ IL *
kZ g
!: g Z <nyZ+
0{ kZ ]gkZ s: *
* W~ b
L
C
9owZjZgzZ/~ Vg Zz*
! kZ SkZ n

h *
c { ]Z0 Zzi Zx vZ g ]|ZO C
]\W vZ gM
5i]|#
Z _ { VzCz gzZ

( 400 : ]7Z ] G
) w 35 yZgzZug I/ ] \W Z b
0Zj ) w 30zb ]\ W/ vZg`
M
M
5i]|

w 67 z b ] \W/ vZ g Z ]|( 414: .


V Vg e N W~ b ] \W#
Z vZ gx Z ]|

gzZ wM/zb ] \W vZ g`
M
M
5i ]|
( 414:]7Z > G
)X I*
0 ]z{ P

Z]| b vZ g ]| *
*~ V- Z ] \W

gzZ &21Z]|gzZw&15/vZg]|zkZ Z

w&18vZ g]|z-g *
@x VZzg
g { { *
c i,
6M
+7 yZ+
0{~{[Vq ( 620z24:]7Z> G
)

~g Z.m{ Q]*
!t ~ ]~tz*
!kZ /gzZ CY
X *
@Y3gp$
"/~b VY

IL *
kCg
!]z{ *
c iyxg/ ~Vx~ {y*zy

h*
c { Di Z+
0ZZ v ~ ]qm{m{ *
@Y H

63

VZiz

Z CZpV H
wZ ]gw E
L 8]g

Y wZ Zz *
c yWlgz,
6 V *
@ Y b %

~lgz,
6VyZ *
@ YW~b g- `ze CY

L
:g z )]*
!t : p wz/
Z~ ]qx :gz : ~g Z
X H
HgZ~<]*
c ZzgYgzZs~b),ZgzZ CY

[qZ ( wB 16)H: g/qZ~]Zg ZV*

V Zz *
c z D q :Z b B( wB73 ) [Q

-Z *
q
!Wg kZ H
WB; * qZ { z,
6 s V
qwqu]Zg Z~o}g7 nHW

kZ ZY ]Z b TZu ogzZu *
* k\Z G]uZzbkZ

V,Z VY+ZgzZ ` b bb kZ [ L L~

btQV/{*
c ikZ V(ZgzZV7yZ+
h H b
I
8
{z ~gznV H
H gF]gzZ H{izgP

+Z pL
9o~/ ~ VxVY ,xuzg ]uZz,Z
IL *
Xgz)
!~igzs kZ~`y*zygzZ[~
Z kZ ]Z[Z
y}uz b c h1 , Z

D W~g]uZzWgzZ { i Zzg VZ,


'D Za

{zZz wZjZ Yvp Y#


sz kZ7q(Zt

k)
*
! { nt Z V*
c +Z { WbhZ CkZ

{z {+
0iC#
Z C,
7 g Z *~ ] s]g p 8/Q

zZ kZg ez g*CgzZ CVZ1 kZ

bT C*
0 7x Z bkZ M
,
Fz VyZQ 01

64

VZiz

ZgzZgz }gzZ Dx w v ~kZ e

e SZwZzZ Z D ZgzZ D Z +
0i VYx9
E
J ,
7 b c,Z {z e M
,
FV G3r Zz J ,
7b

i*
! \WLZ ,Z {zN V Zz B { ,
^Ywqg
#Z *
@ , iwqgkZ ZZ cg *
!gzZgZ)f` gzZOg

X: Za ]g d n

Wt ]uZz, Z +Zzp~g Z)f ~,


(
~ kZ

cu ,ZVY/KZ~mw gzZV+Zz

bkZVq YJZu}g 1tnkZ *


c *
c !Zj

H b %/
o et*
* ]Y| ,
(1 7Z1
$ yZ gz' $
dt : VY gz'gzZ $
d{z { Zp Y

z p 4 l Zz b 4 h1 Zz g~

V kZgzZBkZt:gz Y ~~ kZ$
d
X OV/gzZ

\*
!V 3g" zx",Z ` }g ~g Z)f ~,
(~kZ

, $
. V gzZ V zig Wx9KZ w1 Y D

~g s Z ~ Z N Yh # n gg {+
0iyZgzZ

{z *
c y"1,
6B\*
!V $
dgzz%4gzZ]]_
,Zg6 n) B; bgzZ X +
0i{ H
k

Y Zi WkZ ]]_` Zg /
Z b yZc

V\WZ {z Cg \ gzZ( z z n\*


! V
??h
M7~z i WgzZ

VZiz

65

tVY 7]*
! : /
C *
* : K
< zz ]uZz, Z

@*
Y HgzZ YY HwEZ y iZiZgzZ wEZ y

7gHu]z/yxgVYgzZ V~y *
]qgzZg+Zz]*
c Zzg YmkZ e*
* (Z:gzZ

r Z Zg f p D W7]uZz h " { H
k~ {! f
zZzz{ WZ,
6]z/~m ]gz%gzZ7])
*
!{ z n

gzZ Y f 4 z s xsZ { *
c i ~g^ K
Z~ kZ CY

gzZ ,1zg]uZz,Z sqZ {z ~g Z)f ++


ZI
gz , 7]i YZ Z ~gZ,ZVzg Z Z ~g ugzZg us~uz
X Y{ i Zzg Z~<kZ:

Y 2004y &4| 1424{Z g&15


   

VZiz

66

ZN
zg Q Z q X
ZN L L z

" kZ&Zp7 eZ ]Zg Z ~ ,


mZ {z]Zg Z

{i$
"CW *
c &Zpy,
6Z,Z,
6gx*
c zD *
c gZ

y{i ]Z Y: Zg Zz gzZ g e z k#Z }g* u

7Zz0t :zb p CYVZ7i ZzWL~}g *


!&Zp
BwEZ < zz : *
c Z *
* KZvgzZ YW

Z ~ T g *
0,
G L L]gy r Z Zg f
X *
@*
* Z/
!,
4,
6xsZgzZ *
* s@<

h
M7)Z ,
'V*
@KZ}x ZZ,
6VzuzCp

X ]*
! Y gzZ
n #Z ~g7 G *
* W7 ]uZz , Z

Hs Z Z V,Z H
Hg /
~nu okZZ yZgzZ #
r
yZ ,
6yLZ#
rD *
c Z{zV*
c +Z *
0*
@ge{ C

D W ci Zg / g Z { ;g 3 Zg W Vp~)n

:Zz nI{ qZ izg{gGgzZD[NZ wK*


!
H b kZ {W C q :Z#
r]zZ gzZ D Y

J ,
7b g - C[WKZZp? Zz
kZtZ )gzZ w Vg Z (Lodge)` /
ZgzZ CY

7+ZzkZgzZ " z $
d 8
g ~,
( w {z
| W ~ Z wz g $ 7gzZ 8
vZ yZ *
@hg

67

VZiz

{z \,
6 )*
* b z b gzZ *
@Y ` ~z wzy7
X *
@Y1 \,
6{ n,
kt :{W*
c,
6) *
*t:

kZ }Z,
'yK
Z %KZgzZ ~ Zi W{ H
k~* ` W V-

# h W Z
qZp Zz1zgB; :gzZ Zz1 Iy*
!i :,
6

xT CkCxgzZ *
@k\Z YHh Z[B+

kZzz V*
@KZ OW
L
: ]kZ }Z+ yZ
X =g f *
*+
$

-Z Vz *
q
@Y Hn kZ b gzZ gg ZG *
0qZ b ~ xsZ

}uzqZ~i ZzgzZx/
zumg+
0iB}uz
M ZpZz Z ) )+
qZ t : gB

xZwgzZ {H
kN Y Z}uzqZHizgP *
* b
Xn{ggZG*
0 gt{ *
c i{ *
c ig (Z+
D+Zzb nZ

yZ+
0{: Y *
c g~g Z + n[NZgt Z

SkZ~V(u]vZwg[Zzw gzZw)z

Dg *,
6 yZ+
0{v CZK
ZVa p

gZ~ OZgzZ *
@gZuwZO(ZgzZ Z,
6> z^v

KZgzZ g7+
h~[NZg n kZ *
@Y ]*
!

(4:Y Z)X ^ ] h ^ ^ ] v ^ ~]i YZ b ._I

~b p}Z: { ~uz Y,
7{ qZ/
Z7,
^Y9 x)

Y!
G
5
.2E
+
${ Zg Z b Zz/
Z Y gzZ ~]i YZ G
;g { e *
*gT YNkZ Q6+
0Z ] :
b gzZZa : $
eD{{W~]gz^

68

VZiz
Xgg Z ,
'x PZzx Zz~gkZ

,Y x Z p g R t : ]gzY xsZ
^
E3!
vZ g/0vZ]| *
c g Z {+
hI*
* z nE
{ *
c i
~ Vzq

~ Vzq x Zwq ,
4 \vZ D$
eZzg ] vZ wg

xsZ ( 2178:$
gu Z1Z ) _] # ] o v] eL
L t :{+
hI*
*
,kZ ~ggx Z`%juob

]i YZ~ xsZ T H
3g *
! i: dkZb ~ yZ

%qZ p
L L]gqZ ~ yZ H
*
c Vgx *
!
yZ )~< *
@ *
c }~!+
$kZgzZ *
@ H b g ]g

g (Z g +
D ( ` ~ vX~ g Z x ZwVzq
b x Zw~ V%&[Zn Z H
Hx Zwg Zz%ZgzZ
nTgzZ *
@Y b T~/
g (Z]g ~n

-Z%F~T g L Lb 2C Z},
q
6 yLZ 'gx,
6 g

wZ CW~\*
!^=gfgzZD b ]g
( g-,
6g wq~T)ppH
*
c gZ xZw~%
D- bkZ yZgz^,
6gxyp H
3g *
!~%ZZ

66z*
c l
X*
c }g Z x Zw,
6gZ]vZwg,

Q L LVY ]g,
^ Y*
*gzZqZ bp
VZ~ kZgzZ *
@ ppt t~ gzZp

g (Z b ~ T {z CY 7~gz
tb n{PwP]qZgzZVy;ZgzZ Y

X *
!gzZx Zw L Lt *
!bZ *
!gzZx Zwp

69

VZiz

CYx Zwb~g7 ,
6 %{z *
c } t :&~KZ /
Z

W$
"t : kZ t ZgzZ b kZ%gzZ /
ZQ

Y% b kZ {g *
!zgzZ Yw'nC {z [Z

~:W*
c Zg]*
!t~wp,
6ix H b /
Zp

w'n % {z *
@ } } t :Z b {z [
b Va p Y g Z ~C b Y
IL *

! Jt kZ n kZ mg qZt } gZM
+ Zz

6,ZpC/
ZgzZ,
6 Zz b ,Z ]vZwggzZ { H
k
( nvj] |^ h^e 267&4:+
ZZzZ : )X ,
6kZ H
H (Z

gzZ ` gzZ Y
ZgzZ :7 ga w LZ yK
ZVY

~C]5,Z Y} 7 Z.
}p Y X V
g Zbzg KZp N Ybg Z ,
^Y,
6 ggzZ g Z

b w1 Y ]g *
c *
@ b bkZp { H
kgzZ *
*i {z

{z*
@ kZ w1 Yw 6ZigzZ Zi{z~{ Z.
} C
E
kZ Zz 3Kzg L kZgzZ Zz g *
!zg *
*iZg

wz ]
` Z kZ gzZ J ,
7 b kZ z*
! Zz wq g
X YHgq~]
` Z~g +
$gzZg zyz~~g +
${z}

Z Z$p}gH$~b :*
c gZ ]vZwg

(Z W]*
#
!t~$
g qZgzZ g *
*i {z r
g 7{ Zg Z
<g( 284D5&4:+
ZZzZ ) A \vZwg +
$gzZ ZiqZ~
p ]*
! ~,
't :gH$zb gzZ $s ]g$

b g g kZ *
* M
+kZ b 1 Y b

VZiz

70

~g ZgzZg t yxgx Zwz w'gzZ 4Z~ |

nT)
P & *
*[VgzZ Z+
0z y : o

X Y*
c g UQgzZ *
c

Y +Zz D eg 8e ~ n izgP v
=g f z,
'W" VYKZ w1
] n w' E
.
L i w {z W
$ Z x Xb M{z D =g fx ZwkZ O4z
-

3^gzZ9 Z yZ *
* X {H
kyZgzZ b & Z ` 0
H DwJ C
g !Wn ~g +
$ p{z ~g Z)f X oV Zz
{z HgzZ ?p
ngVZ1kZ *
c ?h
M$ ]vZ wg

~~g+
$*
c g+
$z ZiqZ~{ g *
! Z.
}y#g n]*
!kZ

0#QgzZxsZ ~ *gzZ ??N 3 ]gKZ wg z yz


! ^ e * ] ]. ^m ] f j ^ X F=g f z,
'W"z$gzZ Zgz
f n

Y 2004y &11| 1424{Z g&22


   

VZiz

71

gsZ DD czg ,
mg
kZ +
$8 ZqZ p( w) z z Zg7 yK
ZqZ/
Z

+/
Z CYS { ,
6{{iZ Z CY*
* Cgzp

gzZ Z *
c %Z7 wY qZ p V8g lpgzZ { i *
@z,
FwY}g

Y *
* ~g LZ ~g Z]B}7 {%,
9 kZ zg"
4&,
G
Z*
NI{gq
y,%%kZp,
6w zZZgWz EG
Hyk/
Z

*
@W~wgzZ g,
6z*
* ZV Zz Z gzi *
! *
c
gzZ Vwq *
@ $
di {+
hgzZ ]gzpgt *
@ zt /
Z

g Z V D Y *
0 ]4gzZ {z/
P ~x qZ/
Z V

6,Vka g z x *
! LZVzq
z,
6 R Z gzZ V,
6 w z Z

yZgzZV~Z~o qZ *
c *
@9 Z|
m
gzZn0: VZzgqZ yZ~^~ OZ]z{ *
c i Z~g ~

gZZ}notgzZ 74 Gt, VqyxgyZ

X s Zpg

t Z *
*gzZ +
$ szz ]z )gzZ ~,
'Z,
'*
* kZ

gzZg gzZ *
@ Za g ~ ]4xz]zZ CW7
` Zg7 T CY0v W+Z Z *
*t Q *
@g (Z ^A
g Y

]k1V-;k1~i Z0y(ZgzZ 4W
-Z kZq
q!~y*zy g,
'iz,
kiqZC JVz

X w V

72

VZiz

~ kZ CW7]gz]n]4{+
0?)
*
! Z

|qZ t pCY ! p V6&V*


c gZ)f7
Y1:x ._A
&kZJq ]

nUq/
Zg Zg J @+A
&kZ g
**
!,
6gm{nwEZZgzZ CY+g J YH: wEZJ

1: x WgzZ N Y ~|+
0*
! VC
V,
6 W *
@,
7*
*/
ggzZ

bZgzZg 8
]ZgygzZ} hg /
Z *
@,
7,
WZ,
6 C
Y
v CY ,
WOA
&hzgzZkZ Yg*qZ

**
g Z*)
P q'% n yZ p
ng w'~ x \WLZ

**
gzZx yZe
fr CZ ~g " vp *
@{VZ/

g D zx #
Z Vwq *
@kCg *
!VZ/
qZ
@@]kZ W WgzZ CY Za ~yQ *
* ~ kZ Sg
k
*
@n kZ (Z C7A
&~yZ *
@7n kZ (Z

igzZ ~z 6f,
6gxx kZ {z *
@Y HwZ yZ V-

yZVyZv]Z f zZgzZa,
'~y*zy 2~g *
*

zg dZgzZ ] g+
0ZyZ CY g]Z f q ,
4

~V, Z H
*
c x Z#
Z p 7A
&V
J
E
*g Wgido}g
x Zg yd ,
kiz [xgzZ+
Zg E4&Zg *

v ZzpgmkZ,
6VzkgzZg Z)f $
e.gzZ Za v

iZ ! g}x Z ZLZB! x$
e.gzZ izZ

z,
6 Vzx ~B; yZ # vCB 12s~

VZiz

73

dZ~Vx { (D {zgzZ}g
vC*
c dZ,
^
o#
Z p 7 A
& `z #gzZ *
*q
ts:z kZ[Z 1~B; LZ #zg *
!zg Vx { (gzZ Z Zi W
yZyC uz g} x Z ZLZB ! x ~g7

X g| ,
(W~
kZ ~gzn ,
6 x ]*
! gzZ X wZ yZ
@*
Y ~zq,
6Vz~gzZg ZM Z #
ZVY Y H[*
! wZ

N *
0 VZ:u{z L Lg *
@gzZ 7
K Vz/
}uz {z

|qZtVq wV Zz wZ , Z y*zy

PW 3g7tzgt~#LZB*
c g),
6gx V
v f ~}g*
! *
!Wgx V{ Zy ,

~Vk*
* yZgzZf-,Zk\ZgzZD{ "z,
6

Z*
*BVzy {z y WZ,
kiz . Zg ,
3 ~z 8 g7 *
gzZzy~Vi5._~gx%Y 1931~xpD

: bkZ

B 23 y

B74

zy

:7z`

B32

BB

B 65

BB

i 5~g u

B5

BB

B92

BB

wz

B 13

BB

B85

BB

]g

( 8988:wZziz`z *
!Wg : )

~]g gzZgzZ ~ Vi 5~gzZ *


!Wgz kZp

H
V YY C 5g g

VZiz

74

gzZ B 14
~ *
!WV ~ 8- ~ Y 1939 ~ Zi W ?
:
sfD
~Vi 5V;zzkZ { *
c ikZ ` W
&EG
& Z *
34G
G
B39Y 6 y B52Y 5 zy #i 5 H
!
B43Y 6

BB

B54Y 9 BB

g Z^

B43Y8

BB

B54Y 2 BB

5Z:7

B28

BB

B56 BB :7sW$
.S4e

x{+
E
yZ z kZ Vi 5 ~uz wq z

: bkZ
V ~Vi 5~Y 1981~/Z)
*
!
B4Y 41

s~,
F #~/
%

D1

B 6Y 01

~,
F V*
!

D2

B 2Y 99

Z} ZW

D3

B2Y85

Z8 W

D4

B2Y 65

} wg

D5

B2Y 18

D6

( 76:y*zy)

p z $
d$
d~Y 1981
~ *
!WV <g
D~ay *
@Yt! Zg
~Vi 5
t wZp 7g] #n kZ D *
0 7W~ gzZ

g Z (y*
!izg QgzZ ^y*
!i V ?VY~y

6,Vzz Z ~zs ,
F(yZ: H
*
c }g Z ,
W)

7[V*
c/
e dZ~X ,Z #i 5tQ H
*
c

B y/
Z #i 5 ` gzZ :7 i 5 xg X 0<Eg

75

VZiz

|qZtp *
@4
yZ~VyZ Cg: Zzg ~

q v f x$ ~ ~ OZ o kZ

b} ,
(,
6 Z.
]Zz Y *
!WyZ V *
c Zgz*
!,
6g
,
6
YZ hg: /
ZZJ#
Z nkZ H Zgz?fZgzZJ e

X Y7x Z kZ

-dt~ C
wBV E
yW~}g *
!b),Z

xsZ DDDD ( 90:Z) ^u] ^e m ] ] e*


* YnyZgzZ

V " bzgZ x }g7 <gzZx Zx


yZ L L *
*n $
eg SB yZgzZ w *
* X wZ

gez Z *
* z wZ gzZ xz,
6 Z,Z n kZ ]g
<x Z x yZzw *
* Z]Z%gzZczg ,
mg
-dBKZi g ` Z'~
gzZ!%p n,
6V E
Z Zi 4 ]gzD
gzZ!%IgtgSn)
*
! C } izg Z Z g z ~ i Zz gg eVz)gzZ Y

3g IVg~ $
eg n)gzZ !%p n,
6 y

gzZ h1 7ez > 2i,


6V' 7n] ,
6V H

)g FgzZq h1gzZ yZ *

!*
* z *
! t V

kZ H
Ht ~x Z yxgZz*
* z Zz $
dgzZg Z }gzZ

C
py Y gp$
eg yZ Vgz$v kZ
yZ v Zzpg A
& V: v ,
6 kZ

X ,~g7]*
c gz

wg $
eZzg 1Z ]| ` Z'm{ V1

VZiz

76

DkC\WVY V ~ [Z : *
c zmvZ -vZ

-Z t7g Z Zzgnty/
q
KZt gzZ Z[

kZ H
*
c p
ngt `Z'gzZ]qzkZ czg,
mg b
Z ~gZ Za ]*
! t ~ wgZ #
Z ]z \Wn

1Z ]| VgH ~ +
`'qZgzZgZZ qZ *
c V
kizgzZV~Z :*
c &
X m] ^ n]~?,
~,
'Z,
' { g e kZ g T Z ~

zp!wZM

zqZgzZN Y~+@WB

wZ uDgzZ VlZ \W *
c WB; M
V6T czg ,
mg bqZ *
c t*
c yxg+
`'

V{+
0?g ZgzZ *
*Vwqy.,
6 *
*x$
"*
U,
6xsZ

X ._` Z'sZczg ,
mg~]qyZnkZ DDDD *
* VZ,
6z Z

g}czg,
mg ,
6ZO+
0W#z kZV t|

,
6ZO+
0W._g z ZZ#pVY hyZ {z

Y 2~ze *
* B 4~S*
* p kZgzZ B 9
~ *
!W~

{Qp qV czg ,
mgB12~ZPgzZB5
~V2*
c g ~uz ! l Yx4qZx ZZ kZ#

! !N U%nLZkZ~ Z gzZ

Y 2004B30
   

VZiz

77

!sZ)qZ DD ZZ
v WgzZ uQM~kZ *
c ZZ 0yK
Z \vZ

**
(ZgzZ 6Zz/
{ *
c i gzZ 4 gzZ k{ *
c i ]g Zw

kZ H
5nT~ *yK
ZVY ~gz
yK
Z n Z ~gz *
*q ]:Sz ] gzZV6&Zn

~ kZ /.
_ x ZgzZ bZ H
3g { g*g,gzZ~
J{z Z Z w W:,
6]*
!yK
Z/
Zg7

* kZ W: ~
wx Z 0E
!.
_/
Z V;z Re
h x Z VgzZ

g %P
`t ~` T Yf,
(C *
c izgzZ ~z~
: @W Zz% Z e @W~V\W~{ TV: 3*
!i Zzpg

MK
+
Z Y{z g 7*
! V Zzt B; ~ TgzZ V

g Z ,
'/.
_ #zs n kZ Y 0k M
+ gzZ ~i
X ~gzxg

gzZ ~i ZM
+K
Z 7~/
cgzZ ~zu /
Zt

vZ Z ~,
(+
0igzZyp K
Z~xsZX 3gB{K
Z

kZp( 32:{+
Z) *
c gZ DM
+K
Z ~g7X+
0iyK
ZqZ \

V>~T ~ (,
FkZ ~7]i YZ z*
!

gzZ S+
0W/
Z zp CY 3Y Vz VgzZ

|+
0*
!,
6kZ gzZ}ZVZ" $
e,
',
'gzZ Z *
* : Zz1zgkZg Z-

}: % Z e *
0,
6kZ gzZg v W~zg : Zz"+
0*
!

78

VZiz
XN Y DoxyZgzZ Yk,
(,jV>

%kZVY wZgzZ [,
6g~ ZZ/.
_t

w,
6 gzZ C; Z6,
'X $g Z*7+
0i: Zqz,
'WgzZ ]*
! x

i iZgzZ Y Z ~ Z ~g EZ: ZI W

x t ` W *
@Y 1wJ }Q]*
! kZ/
ZX ~

G7Zg+
2ypI~V**
!tts kZp;D

LZ g zg Z uZ gzZ Z vg KZ Vzq,j

V>gzZ Zzg r Z
l ~ Zi WVzLyZ Y$
A H3 Zg WVzu
V gzZ V zy/
Z~ y*zyo}g p Dg (Zg Z Zg

-Z ` W H ' ~: V**
q
!nkZgzZ C ~: Z ~ Zi W

! 7/
CgzZ7?D,
6'*wx Zi WgzZg Up]*
!

gzZ/.
_~qZ/.
_x ZyZgzZ#zs V>nkZ

z#Z K
ZgzZ ~,
'Z,
'z]Zz) K
Zs Zz w Wz Z~*

gzZ y C kZ *
@ ~gz$
e.xg /.
_ kZ n $
e
3g: Zzu|ZB~ [Z/
Z ~ {,
]Zs Z wZ

n wY s Z z Z vgzZ Y 0g Zig{ Z *
* *t Y
Z
~ yZX CwZ x Z xsZ n Z ',
F
N*
@g *
!g*
!kZ yWX Y 1: }uz!+
$qZt wZ

~ qY U iX *
c Zz|kZ ] \W~ V(ugzZ

DO%+
$]g Zi W+
$kZ Lxv

zgzZ kZ zgTLw>}g *
@t

L *
c C gzZ *
c g Z tzgW~kZ yWp N : K
CZ

79

VZiz

qZ *
c Zzy t]
y Wz*gzZ ( 178:>Z) YHO~x Z z
( 18:) ! pF ] i X 7Zuzg Z)f t

kZ *
c yvzg T x tiqZ xsZ

W kZ CY Hiu*
* Y *
c kZ yv{ *
ci

D Y9gykZ v *
c yv$
- Z Y ~ hY
\vZX ,hg yY kZT ev Hi,
6g~z
b

WyY~+
$yYL L:*
c gzZ HIlzg Y"kZ x ZgzZ C *
c ikZ

$
- Z+
$ $
- ZgzZ y+
$ y u *
*+
$ u *
* W+
$
pe ~,
'Z,
'~ kZ Hi /
ZgzZ Y 1m
( 45:{+
ZZ )X Y3g

uZ n}gv C *
c iB}gv gZs yW

\vZtY C*
ci,
6kZ/
Z7{*
cikZRVZxJ

(194:>Z) n pj] ^ %e n ]j^ n pj] :p"

ZVg W?vS]*
!kZ ~B
kJV

D7I C*
c i \ vZz: ]o C*
ci : K
VzuzzB
k
(190:>Z)X m j ] g
% v m #] $ ] j i i ^ m m $] #] n f ] i ^

t Z z vqZ $
e DDDDgz'&y*zy z kZ

gzZ+ZzyZgg*wq]g ZZ DDDDgx ~
t u",
6wqgkZo Zg7{zyZp ]*
!~C,
G,
6kZ

"t 7b 8
$
egzZ t ZM%ZZ v& gz'$
d

$
en 4wLZ gzZ ~gz'}g e
GiE
M%Z
o$
egzZ t Z *
c t ZZ v$
e[Z

80

VZiz

X ~ VyZ y*zyq 3g Z Vzg ZZ ~:

qg ZY)gzZ *
0 i ZM%Z 8 Z ! ;g st Z q

7f.gzZV*
c 1zgO%Z,
6t ZkZzz~gz

~ *
! qg ZY)gzZ $
eg/ ~,
(
*q

+O%Zt Z~ V/" {z Qp Y i ZzW,


&
W{ *
c i {zzz

Vzgz' *zy $
dz*
! kZ ;g *
@g Z `
X ,
]*
!s Z V-*
* : K
ZZ

[Z kZ ? ]i YZ ,ZVxsZ Hs kZp

c*
V-g]"Y~ ,
'zO%Z ZzJ e~t Z ~G
R]*
!kZ ~ B
k 7i Z e
h x Z Vzgz'ogzZ

VY Y H,
6 3}uz~[Z H 3qZ` C
Vz *
c oz bZ Cg La,
'}uz qZVz
V-{ Yg /
ZZ {z/
}uz {z/
qZ B
k yxg

nYHoLZ~!nV-{m *
@ Y$
egt

H,
6` ] \W Mi Z kZZ]vZwg

c*
Z ;gV-{y!+
$ yZgzZ Hg/
V {z/
g zZ
X

Q]*
c Z@ Y #\WgzZ] vZ wg ~B
kp

kZY*
c :: K
Vzgz'gzZVh1VVg#
sZt~yZ

V7 LZ {z ~ B
k Zy YY H{ i Z+
0Z { xsZ

{+
0g ,
'Yz qZM%Z7~ kZ r
g Zz u|4 B
gzZg Zb Z *
* 2upz-gzZxzVzgZiM
+K
Z

VZiz

81

gzZ jZ .ZgzZ !}} } o kZ vZ DDDD o+


0xsZ
n V pDDDD ! ] ~g mZ sZ

VzgZgzZsZ\WLZ ~~{+Z i WzyJZ {z ~gz

{+
0ggzZ V7 +,
F+
$LZ V ~zVl 6 Og ,
6
KZgzZ *
c 7UgB; Z s Zz w~ ++
0

X 3~* l~Z

Vzi *
c Vq*
c mZz ZZ e *
*,
F Z Zg7~yJZ kZV ` W

" +,
6gx D W7 s ZZP]uZz ZZ

xsZgzZ Zg *
*+
$V ~* ~g7]uZztpD Z {

VZzg: )gzZ 0Z D
z +Z G xsZ W
L
: C

# gzZg^S+
Z
0W]*
!.
_#
Z gzx Z >W#
Z 7]i YZ

gzZvZgzZ gg+
0Zzu<\WLZ z kZ [ ,
m_: e
Z.
}nkZgzZ wZ *
* Y:C*
! Vzswg
! ~{ui *
* i WzY eZgzZyJZs

Y 2004~Z&13| 1425{Z ~ )&26


   

VZiz

82

` Zg gzZ
4E
gzZ H qz *
* Vz E
5G
i W):7VPO S

C *
c iz BVzHgzZ bn~g /
yZ ZVzg Zp
[gZ x
` u ogzZ u *
* k\Z {z Wt ]uZz

; *
@ ypG gzZ kZ V Z{ hZ ~ V Zz

N*
@$
e.gzZ #B]VZ,
'X~xsZVY

~yW qZ~yZ H
HIV*
!XBx Zz
kZy#g Zp H
*
c g Z gzZ#~VWg eg e

g hg/
Z H
*
c t ( 275: {) {iL
W{z *
c Z b

~~gZp~( 278:{) Yg nB
k wgkZgzZvZ :

Z g Z t( 160:Y K
) H
*
c f,
6gm{
w~,
'kZ yZ77
~ w kZq ,
4vZp DnZ~ w + A

~kZD Z Z >i/.
_q ~p Z.
}gzZ 7Z
( 39:xzg )X ZPF

zg kZ XV{ H
k #zg kZ ]vZwg

}~g+
$BV KZ (Zzg ,
FkZgzZ #
80vZ]|( nn] o37&2:qg)
3E
~z% E
(7&3:9nZz(nZ)*
cgZ|,
(*
*igqZ]vZwg

[pVH
kyZ :*
c g Z ]\W~zZg 0s

y7kZZo:y#Zz3 :*
c g Z tQN Y7

83

VZiz
( 110&4:+
ZZzZ )X Y*
c VZ~]g

6 qZ
D H
kgZ yZgzZ Hf Vzq $] ] \W,

) ~{ xsZ ( 2766:$

gu ~gg ) *
c f 3,
6,v*
0

yzbC ~g *
!zg ~e
hs: ]\W wqt
IL *
Zze
h vZ : *
c gZ ] \W *
c g Z
!
z(nZ : ) ,
6VZzg*
!zg ~gzZZzW
{Z~n~Zz

( 1598:$
gu,
'Y) ,
'Z,
'
{z ~VZzggzZ ( 5&3:9nZ

gzZ *
*i~xT ~z%gZt ]\W&0ZvZ]|

]e] ^] ` ^L L:1ZZ\WLZkZYx

~gzkZgzZ(8&3:9nZz(nZ37&2:qug) ] h] `e ]u
:*
c ]vZwgVY ; &i kZ {z ] ~gp

(9&3:9nZz(nZ)X Y][ZgzZ*
*i$
d#

qZZ ]\WkZ )
~xsZ

~ qY U i : *
c ] \W *
c yZ #wkZ~x
kR LZ
gzZ V*
@YnVLZ~Z `Zzg

(vZ0,
'Y1218 :$
gu ) V gZ x0Z
G L ]~: kZ H
Hg(Ztzg J ~ sZ<~

D *
c S/]| Hg(ZUZ~kZ

sZ/
Z D vZ g k0ZvZ]| gzZ
kZ ~gZ)f Zx Z _C~g*
! zg ~~ #

o uL L'}Zh Zy/
kZ7$
T*
@{z/
ZgzZ}$
T*
@
(15&3:9nZ(nZb)X h q fjjm n] ^

84

VZiz

{,
kC 1Z ]| *
c y ] vZ wgpkZ ? H|

s!nbkZg b g b :*
c gZ ]\WD
^m^e ^m]L
L :bkZ! ng g7

gu) ] ^`ne
~! nkZVY ; (1588:$

kZo1%^~~gz{~+
0eggzZ gb

o *
c Bzg~gz{ !ngggzZgbgb n

N Yb[zg/
Z kZ! noZ

{ gzZYH Bzg~{gZ Z *
c N YK wz[zg {*
c ikZgzZ

X]gqZGtYwzg{*
cig

xZwzw' nkZV*~g7[<\vZ

V* ~g7{z:$
"*
UY]Z~yZ=gf? ~/
ZxZ
gZMZ xi ~ T~ o,Z *
c Lg ~ o y{z {Zp 0

$zYZgzZZxZ wxZ xZO7~B; V


E
!z=Z) ~ ZgZ bZ xZw~xsZgZ Zg
279&3: GE
$E
!w~[ZgZt0G
xZgzZ1ZxZ%Z (47&4:hZ391&9:[vb

kZgzZ ,
^Y8
g+
ZZi}n)*
c Vy{Zp{*
!okZ

7yxg!wgzZy~[ZgZ $
eZzgqZ wj? ~C

4)Z) hv] ] ev] ] ne ]eL L*


gZF$
eZzgtp(95&10:o iE
@

Xg.

7$
eZzg kZ
ZgZ,
' V,Z n kZ 7!wj (1)

Y gzZ$ %L L~b Z/$


gu$
eZzg+Z

X C7xq ,
4

85

VZiz

DwxZ *
c gZx*
* $$
eZzgkZ (2)

y)Z0Z)gzZ(59&2:tb: ) e ru L L7w+Z.$
gut
xnv m L L W7$
eZzgt~[xz9

(47&4:hZ)X e $ h^j

pth
MpVz ev] ] ne ]e LQ
L ( 3)
G
G+
YtZuzgzZ*
@7 B yxg!wgzZyY

gzZ V*
! e~ e \vZ 6 7,
^Yyxg!wgzZ y

c gZnI} Z
] q & :*

,Y: ?#we
^
h!wt Z%pZuzt/
Z(197:>) s v ]
X

v 7 egpUkZQ (4)
kZ YHiZZkZ~:gzZ qTZ E<X; H
*
c

sqZ~! n qZ ~ [ZgZ oZ

Y~}]iYZ kZ/
ZVY ;YHIkZgzZ YHgZ

X YfV)

o 1Zx Z ? [Zg Z y*zyH g.]*


! tQ

Z V;zt w Z : &n W
[Zg Z
E
V ~#L<XV } Zg Z wZ kZ}uz
Z+
$ ) g 7*
!,
6 C
t Z {z q t ~y Z

$gZ~dgzZ@y *
x
0 wZ y*zy<g[Z(112&6: E
5{Z

V ~o kZ}uz y V
#
Vz,
mZgzZ qJ[Z tzB q t~

VZiz

86

gzZ ~uz ~ ,
77q$
eyZuiZzzW
2-++
&Z *
c W
]*
!~gYZJVgzZ 7,
6gDo~

p DVz/
x{z D ~gYxZ ~ o ~g/qZ

~ b) }uz gzZ _Z t :z b ~ h V ~ y*zy


GL G
$
; 7*
* y zy,
6$
eZzyVq *
@Y H,
6 sZ
V y IZ ~ y*zy H g]*
! t n kZ
?

gzZV2Z V~/
Z t )

n] ^u kmq L LY7[Zg ZZ2ZuIZ

@*
xkS(288&6:g G
5B+ Zg) hu ] i ] a ^u
xZVzV)gzZVVVY ; 7[ZgZy*zy

X ~gY
#F
F,
6 x ~g/#
Z gZ Y * t

xgqZyxg[ZgZgzZxsZgZ~g/~gz {7g

~+
<
0iKZ{z/
CgzZ *
@7< CZ #~T ]g
|L LwVkZ~ ]vZwg *
@qg(Z ,
6
0xsZgZ
L
L ][ZgZ l
L L] YY*
c gZ

gzZ |<#~T yxgVz yZ^ |L LgzZ H

|z kZ gzZ y*zy ~ ZiW,


6 < LZV

X 7
g I[ZgZZnkZz

]*
!Zs[ZgZo g.]*
!tQ

gZ 0xZ gzZ kZ 7V;z 70

VZiz

87

H N Y] o kZ {z ]g #
ZZz,
6 V [Z

]iYZ ~[ZgZ VQ ? YY *
c {gtkZV y*zy

w yZ=gf *
c #
|zgZ% *
c,
k [Z Vwz

kZ]Z|XVY ; ( 97&4:{ZZ-FF7q) ]iYZq

ot s 7x9w !wq ,
4yZ *
c gZ,
^Y

]iYZ V*
!
yZV ~y*zy/
Z C[Z Y17x
?n{g*
!~VxZZ H ]<Y~}

~ [ZgZt wZ : ]gzz,
6 V}gzZ z ~kZ

pn VbZ ~ ]iYZ + A ~ V

~[ZgZt]*
!Z ~uz YZiZ ~gpV
VyZ ; 7nVZz ~ o kZ ]iYZ e
h

Wo y,
6 gzz Z,
mzgzZ V {*
! o y n
7
-FF+Z [)gzZ #
sZ kZ Y Z V
: HybkZkZ#
sz
^ a ^e ] ^e hv] ] ] ]
a^ jn ]m ] ^e nae
F
7+Z[q) ! vm ^]
( 97&4:{ZZ-F

gz4Z ( Z ,
mz)y Z~[Zg Zy

# zg Z% *
|
c,
k *
c [Z *
c }#
|zg qZ+
$
X w' wgzZr ZByZ *
c }

y y*zy ]i YZt Y 1 y [Zg Zy*zy/


Z *
c
X 7nVz*
!

VZiz

88

$.t *
e
c g Z Z ] vZ wg wZ V':

~ * ]
y Ws: ~ kZ ~ VH
k+
hgzZ} ,
(

L
<z[ {z~* { ZpygzZ6+
0Z ~+
0zZ.
}[Z

kZ Y *
c g Z ,
^Y}g Z [Zg Zy*zy/
Z *
0 x Z

*
*,
6 XV 0x Z,ZgzZ V Za VH

q Y f,
()
) Vzg Zp,ZgzZ ,
] rgzZ

mZz ZZ e ~]gC#wt2 gzkZ:7

{H
kkZ ` }g \vZ JgzZ {g Z Z C1 *
c Y Hq

H*

c g Z s ZB
k] wgkZgzZ Z.
}& =v
=pZv*
!zX
Y 2005~g&14| 1425Z ~ f &2
   

VZiz

89

$ ZgzZZ DD)*
e
*b
yZY LkZ n Z yZ+
0{]gz~,
( qZ nyK
Z

~ Vg XyK
Z *
@W~z Vzg Zg yZ+
0{ *
@Y

yZ Y HgpwZOgzZ w*
* w Z :&,
6g~ C
{z Z J
*
* gzZ Z zZ b G
00_Ig +Zz b C
V-g Z $
"Z qg
n Z C
L
:W~zwZOb kZpgzZ *
@h yZ+
0{

+
0ik"gzZ Z Z,jkZ ~ Z ~,
( b ~xsZ

@*
Y ^gzZ ~EqZ b ~<ZxsZ H
HI*
*
# xsZp H
{z ]E
LG
*
c gZ =g f $
" Z.
}v b gzZ
6,] Zg bg (ZlzkZ 7b ]z ]

Y C
mZ}uzgzZ KZ]vZwg[xsZ9b kZ nZ

X*
c g Z L
<kl

{@ g +
0iyxg]gz%ztg b ~xsZ

;gZ1 e CY07ZGYgzZ !%]gzz b

Le xsZgzZ {@qZ t b]Z@}uz ;:

zz/
ZV;gT m{@kZB}uzqZ=gVz+
0i
xgB}uzqZ yZ[ZZa~gzgzZ]+Zyxg
GG
4E
&8zyjgtgzZ Y1n}uz3E
M
qZg YgZ

6,igZpgzZ4{z xsZ Y0v W]zZz ]O

90

VZiz

+
0iKZ KZVzgzZ, {@kZBg(Z u}uzqZ
(229:>Z ) ! ^ue xmi e ^,i Wgz6

gzZ ~g ZtZ {@ qZ #
|zz +
h
y D gzZ ]Z@

$
"g pz
b Z {@ yxg Vhz #i 5

gzZ Z Z
amb*
! V Z+
0{ F T {@ (Z b p; ]Z@
kZ 0b) {)z
gzZ M
,
F Zz W T
H3g[ *

0 nkZ n Z SqZ kZ n

CY N n yZgzZ CY S @~ T
E
m{qZ zs ~ Xf ]*
c WyZg *
! g*
! ~ b 0E
08
nkZ]{*
c i]m~Vxt{zgzZ
$uzg 7q gzZ Y ZspZ.
}_hgzZ C *
c iB}uz qZ

X S g*
!g *
!gzZ,
6gm{nZ

~]Z@Xp *
@W~z wJz[XZ *
!i ~Z b

pgzZiaZ 8
$
A% egg ~,
k~yZ V Z Z~wgZ
H Z Z~$]zZ Z~ b ( 282: >Z ) #
sZkZ yW

b ~ b) 4Z ~ ]Z@yZ t n kZ *
@Y
$%,
A
6g~,
k{@b /
Z n kZ CW7]gz eg gR
s#,
6] Z n Z ._< Z'tY1

*
* b t [7
*
* b s {g Z Z I V *
c
X yzz@~$
"*
U]Z ,
4kZ ZzZa {W

3 Z Z.
}/
ZgzZ *
@ Z]o b yxg ~ Vx)*
* b

*
@$
"*
U]*
!kZ)*
* b C
?s kZ Y( kZ &

91

VZiz

gzZpyZ,
6 % zZ %Z {z Za a ,]gkZ
b q_Zh~,
F%kZVyZgzZ ~g Z)f

b g Z,p s%kZ
]g *
@$
"*
U]*
!kZ)*
*
x Zw *
* b X *
@ Z]oVg yZ zz *
*

Z Z$zb CZz]*
!tgzZ Cxg Zl$)*
*b
?7*
cH
H

Z.
}zz h YgzZ/Zz *
* <Z V ~gz {

g Zpn zi~ )
*
* b
L C kC]gz)
*
! p"

~gz~pg ]w5B}uz qZgzZ g Z /


+
0i

H*

c Zz,
6 i4zZ t ~)*
* b O V ]*
c Z@
E
ZpC Z ~,
({zCY~]*
c Z@zib 0E
08

V `g]*
c Z@~gz~)*
* b B[/
ZCY {g~
X )
*
!P+
En@)*
* b t
i]Z ,
4b*
! ~ VxXZ qZ~ ]qy*zy

c*
~ {g Z Z I kZ O V[Z
y]~ zi/
Z
D Y Vk*
0 Y z,Z N nLZgzZ N Y k*
0 ,I

D VZ {+
Z ~i Zg )lgzZ J ,
(W)l{ *
c i iXX
`zzwqgkZ Cpwz:{*
c i{ *
c i

L ,
:
^Y % *
@ (Z L gW7]uZz { 1 ~

X}:&%K$
egVZ*
c }t:%

**
qu]gzz e*
* b*
!*
c C *
c i%/
ZtUZuz

CW7~gZ ~,
(nyZ : { W,
6 t :Ck,
F*
* Z.
}gzZ e

92

VZiz

}uz7x b Zs Q)Y~
Z{z/
Z
D Y w V ~ ] lyZ (Zs VZzg rZ

" gzZ R~gze *


N'g,
6 ZVzi O
ZgzZ D Y ng /
]Zg VZg gzZ \*
! V yZ Cg]
X Q7$
-J

zi/
Z H yWp z ~ Z i yZ

e 7iZ ~ :W{zN Y| ,
(Ju kZ ]%Z yxg
M
o *

c Za \5 yxg Vz yZ BgH 7& Vz


Z e *
* (Z ( 35 : Y Z ) } {z wq

gzZ ` ~ *
!WC4~ib)gzZgZY)r
gsp vZZz

$ *
e
c Y ?Zg Z V;z/
ZpgZ N
ogzZ ,Z~yZ+
0{

-z i*
!g Z V *
c Z V ) <

c*
( V g Z)fis %ZgzZb)wb Zs

qs zZyZ {z YY Hw~}g*
!yZg Z)f$
e

XV
]~gz~)*
* b ~:]qSy*zyn kZ

*
*4Z B ]*
c Z@
on zigzZ ] z

VZ/
VpZ\WLZ ybkZgzZ iV-g Z ZgzZ
o

]uZzg Zp *
*R~gze V ]uZzt :X V-g *
!
qs Z lgzZ{zne]*
!t n@gzZYzg
X
b t H$
A%)*
* b eg1 ,
6 *
c+
&Z wW L L~: Z

93

VZiz

{ *
c igzZ ,
6] 0@gzZ]~gz0b )*
*

zi~)*
* b kZBBp fp )*
* b zt ,
F
~
yWgzZ #t :&gzZt ~Vx]*
c Z@~gzn

yxgyZ3 Z Z.
}/
Z Dzi~T )*
*g Z ZqZ

n @ kZgzZ
*
U$
e *
c Y ?ZgZ Za q Z ,
4
~i]%Zb*
!zits:)*
*g Z Z kZ wJ.

qw ZgzZ $
ex Y ?Zg Z Za

X Y

]|Y ZZ )*
* b { iX{$
A%eg1,
6 *
c+
& Z wW

sZ ~:)*
* b kZgzZ ~xsZ@W *
*
-dxqZ ~| /
Z;gE- *
c+
&Z O Z}
}g7 ~gkZ 3gg E
5.G
q Z~,
(VgZgzZ +C gZ Y Y Z *
!g ZgzZ Y f o

c {zqZ )*
* b ~gCZeg1 Q N,
6 V U ZgzZ

qZgt yZN Wt Y ZgW,


6{zkZ H
H7nzggzZ
gzZn g Zeg1 {z)*
* b B]y,
F T w

p
ngt yZ N WY Zg W ~kZQ H: ZzgygzZ Y f Z

7~ x Z {WZ n > eg1


ys *
! gzZ I ]y,
F ~z
b
X ~^~
yWn

;g Y HwL Z s ZZg*
! gzZ { IV )*
* b kZ

g Za Vx bb~}g *
!)*
* b r Z Zgfz

H 1h t : Vz%)*
* b kZ *
@Y L

Vgx kZ Z i ZzW } H
*
c } h t :]g

VZiz

94

x Z<Zz '*
!~g t A 7~ib)

1t :h% et n kZ ; $7~pJ#~

Vg It bZ Y *
c vt : h]g % *
c Y

gzZ Vg kZ 7
g A 7 kZ ~ ib)

%~ z kZVY ; A ~ ib) Vz Vz%

~i *
!)l` *
0 t LZ@gzZ n s Za
y
t| q$
ex rZLZV gzZ n $

x gzZ ` ZzgkZgzZ ` VAZ *


* gzZ VZ,
' Y)*
* b
! ]gz
Y 2005~gz&11| 1426x ZZxJ
   

VZiz

95

]gzzZ DDY ,
gZMZ/
Z *
0 <xZ V~ *e y
V ~gY 2Z~,
kgzZ Z< ~ V; Vgze v*
!
(Personal Low)2Z
{z~ZiW] z{oZ)%Z

yZ/
<
Zp x Zw[Z~xsZ q ~ Zi W,
6
yZ/
<
Zp *
0 ZugzZx Zwg~xsZ ]i YZ W
[Z~

<yZ/
ZJV3,
k~o sZ {z ]i YZ~

sKZ ~kZ#]i YZ b g Zgx


X b)}uz+
0i Z+
0{gzZ wq}7Z

)/
Z y Z yo) <

+
0i (gzZ Z qV),
6 g Z MZ *
c V Z o

C*
!g (ZyZ {zVY ;7#
ZZz,
6V *
**
* 2Z 0
xsZ bZ <x Z g Zg (Zz ]gKZ yK
ZgzZ

2Z yZ qZVYN YG 7*
*~VyZ Y Zwzx
`2Z

Z
`~ xsZ}uz V {zgzZ #sZ h *
*
V ZwyZxsZp K,
F{ *
c igzZgJGN Zw

gzZ x V; _,
( s { H
k *
@ Zwj (ZB

)gzZ *
*gn]gz%{~ Zw *
*i uzgV

V;z V *
* 2Z sZ V p *
* Z} hnV {~

~*
0,
6 o %ZVggzZ Vz% Y *
c Z Vg,
6 [sy

96

VZiz

Vz,
ke V Z Z]gz%gzZog ]]z
,
6[Z ~*
0,
6Vz+
h
`gzZ V1 VIt Z[% Vz77

Z Z,j~ ,
6zgzZ bZ%L
:pz
~g+
$ V;z H Y Hx Z V*
! yZ ~ wj T < g Y

: ~*
0,
6 ] Zz ] s { H
kV gzZ ?N W7]uZz
2Z J, Z/
Z V;z *
@Y H~g Y *
*i*
! s#gzZ

X 7s Z+GtN YG*
*

p;*
0 <xZ~] z {o{z V}Vy

z q Z,
4~ yZ n kZ { kZgzZ yK
Z m] gzZ {oVa

K
Z *
@ 7Za Z~ Zz t gzZ CW7,
6 gx $
"s %Z

myZVa ~gz*
*Zy,
6X,Zz+
0i
yZ n kZ u|gzZ *
@,
'B}uz qZV-z o

gzZ ]& ozt CW$


" ZgzZ s %Z ]zZ ~
X ]5

zZgzZ +Zz ~Vx*ZzggzZ]Z+


0{ Z% ]& o

b ]& oL LZgzZt Vzq$


"Z gzZVzg ZgZyZ+
0{
; D ]& o L Lb)x0 +
0i Z+
0{Y gzZ fp

gzZ *
@W~z yZ+
0{ Z C
gzZ kZ Vgx b VY

y}uzyqZ,
6gx ~+
0ikZ *
@Y` l
@c g c

V-z Z% ]5 ]5% Zuz *


@7gn

gzZ gz'gzZg #
|zz+
h
ygZ0 + A yxg
#gzZ C,
6 w L L C
]gzZ*Zzgb*
!yZb)g ZtZ

VZiz

97

h,
M
6<y ,
6 gLZvpZ < e y

]i YZ e
h#h
MX ]Nz] \WLZgzZ

VVz yZ,,
6 e
hp ~g(Z}g ]*
!tp

X ~gz*
*,
6qx Z nZ)~

*
@ Za s %ZgzZ Z~ b) 0 ]5gzZ]& o

]wgkZgzZvZZ \vZ YZa q Z,


4 bkZ #
Z

wggzZvZ ( 59:Y K
) $ ] # ] oF % o j ^ i z *
Ns

]wgkZgzZvZ {z? ]gH*


Nns ]
Bg]wggzZ Z.
b
} YH qg
ZkZgzZ YH,
6
: g Z \vZOC,
6 C
kZgzZ

e
` n e r ^ n v m oj#u + m
] m k n ^$ ^q u ` *] ] r m $ $
( 5 6: Y K
) ! ^ n i

7yZZ E
Jz kZ {z ! ng gz,
6 \W
L 8-

B7\W~} b*
!LZJ#
Z h
M

ugzZ ,: kC;\W~ w LZQ

X ,nt

=g fy {z ]5 ~gzn kZt

'g9 b ZX b Zh
MYKi
L L,
6 V VY ; ~gz*
*ykZgzZ 0

7 z y)gzZ *
@{z,
6 Y $
ez Z Cq $
ez

VZyY ~:kZ x)kZ n kZ Y

VZiz

98

~kZ V Y  *
c g Z #
ZZz x Y ,x n

: D x 0Z)]%

a ^ j] rm ^_ m ]
] f ^] `n g n] e e
rm ` u] o ]jm n] o grm
! `ne m ] a m ^n^ m ^n]
( 724&4: m] xj)

sT ,+Z : gzZ: y#
Z

yZ V 6
g g {)z
kZ 6 H
V),
6 X wq V

6,~ LZ #
ZZz,
6V \ z
c*
}gH{zQ ( Z ) Zz yZ {zBt Z

X}yxgVp{z
<Z~ V1 ~uz }]*
s Z 311 &6 :tiZ ,
) z : ) Q G
!t

kZ Y y~g Zz Z ZO( 339 &1 : ~zD 14&1 : A {EZ Y 298 &6 : ZZ


E

y z [ L L[ KZ ~z+
0 y) g D,
6$
eZ@

V,Z {u#
Z yb ([g H~ ]
M
._ yW gH 7n V su{

)*
*^y*zyg *
c 0ZgzZ *
@ H]i b*
! V
-rL L$
nV ,
6x *
* g .G
dkZg H~ :
Z$
T L L
| 304TDDDD ~&bZ y ; 0Z kLx *
* T gH {L L

{L Ln V ~y ! DDDD #
s( y*zy ~

]5V {L L *
c i0G1Zx *
* X Hf g

VZiz

99

~q{ { L Lt D H ~g7 Vgz yZgzZ D

Zx kZ YYH Z,
F q{gzZ Cx
q
x gzZ]g Zx #y~!y*zy

X Y ,

[W~~g ZVz,
mZ9y*zy#
Z ~Y 1857

D Z ]H n V zy gzZ ~ VpZ n V
Vz,
mZ ~ ,
m+Z{ ]| H
*
c {t~Y 1862

{ *
r
#
c : Y ,gzZ ]g Z g *
!

: D

Zz n V sg ~ [Zg Z/
Z

:gz
g *
* - ]i YZ kZ gH

gZuCZgZ$
-*
c gzZ}ZqZ eV

,Z x +gzZ- ]iYZ kZ B}gZ

wVB: zXb V*
!*
*
$
VZgz._{{<~]lZ,
4
gzZZ~Z2W~{)z

(32&1:t,
mz)X Y:~iZ+
0Z

Zi WV@*
!kZ q~y*zyO

x Y ,gzZ ]g Z,
6 Ry*zy}g7 w Y f*
! kZ

gl]*
!tng/gzZ e7et{zp,
E
xsZ L! #
Z W~ x ]g Z ~ ( Y 1921 )
V ;z
Y ?Zg Z kZg Y fZ =Z1Z *
* ]|

VZiz

100

~w:eM*{zkZ H
*
c B]g Z `

~V1}uzgzZ _]g Z ~S*


*gzZ,
6ZO+
0Wx W

.Y ,
6#
Z ~Y 1972 ;g^x Y ?Zg ZB! x
p x ]g Z ~fVg ,
) z kZ Z

eg1 Y ,
6 gzZ m7g7~kZ B:g i ]q
X N Y,
6xg PqZyx *
@*
c W~x

CYf,
(Z ]g Z *
@Y *
@g*zV V |qZt

n Z CY C ,
F+
h+
h]gzY , LZV gzZ

X 1~B; LZY ?ZgZ ,


6 gqqZ eg1 Y ,
6

,
6 ZO+
0W S*
* g 3h Z zg x ]g Z~ V1
V;z: ]g Zx VgzZN YG Y ?Zg Z ]g ZV;zx W

| ,
( eg1 z kZ VY }Y ?Z gZ eg1 Y ,
6
Zg Z,
'
X 7q Z {gzZ zi[*
!g Z L L

i+4b)Z+
0{V(
Z)Y ?ZgZt|

z gzZ VZigZ {gZ Z ~C

Zz ] Z/
u
Z~gu9

VpZ~<2$
guzyWgzZ=gf wsZ~

o kZ {z 9V gzZ =gf ,
W [ *
!]Ze
G
E"
53E
ex kZ n E
$
<: Zg g,
6 \WLZgzZD <~
G

X VqgY ?ZgZni]ib*
!gzZb)LZgzZN

Y 2005ag &11| 1426x ZZx&29


   

VZiz

1 01

x Zz[Z WDD ]q
Wt 0 ~g /
]Z| ,F~ ]Zg ZO Z

s V,Z D W + k*
0 yZ v wq y.,
6
z]JV zx g~g Zl )yZwZ Vzq]gz

` ]uZz},
'gzZiZ u \Zzgu]uZz~i Zg
,
6 z,
'W

gzZ *
@Y{gzgz Z,
'~{#
ZgzZTg D W7]Zgzy~

CYZ ]uZzyZ~{V D Y0w{%izgZ


`

pg
GyZ ygzZ Z @W#
Z p
o*
* X]*
!

/Z ]uZz p *

@ Y*
@ kZ )
gzZ ^kZ N Y

gzZ +gzZ @^a ,


6 w N Wt VogzZ /
Z%

X *
@bzg Zz OZ +IZ

*
c gZgngzZY yW\vZ

wyW~Z DDD ( 82:Y ZuZ) n u ^ a^ p]

^*
@ ]~gFtgzZuz{zY nV-gF

nK
Zi Z tL vZ HpDDD ( 57:-) ] o ^

yWt Zg Y gzZDIZ ZgzZ s %Z~ kZ ? Y )


*
!
vZ wg DDD( 212&8 :gzZB 316&10 : ?) Cq KY

B g,
6 {+
h/
W7]uZz, Z~zmvZ -

-vZ wgpDDD ( 215&8 :gzZB) Y \vZgzZ H


Hx| ,
7
E
f KY =g f k*
* z ggzZB g~ ]Z gZ zmvZ

VZiz

1 02

X
zmvZ -\WN n Y V-gF bZ
V-g F N gzZ n ~g F N w
x*
* g f I Z [ L Lg f ZgzZ V g N ~z *
c i1Z x Z _g n

2DDD N +Z~kZgzZ [?qZt *


c

[*
c yZgzZ D 3V Zz ~ X7s
yz =]*
!t
vZ/
Z Za ]{*
*gzZ St ~ yZ D

kZ7)
*
!tG,Za~]gzZp ZA
&z|*
@z\
Y *
c x *
c ",
7 $
eW,
6Z @]*
!K
Z,
6

9n Z *
@/ kZ nyK
ZgzZ CqY zz ",
7
p
ng|*
@Y Y Z\vZgzZ ]*
c WW N
XZgzZ!vZY Z~zg[ZtgzZ

Y *
c f $
eW *
*Y 'gZ ` =g fqzg

gzZ C
ZgzZ rY Z\vZ *
c Y $
eWyW *
*x | ,
7
c*
n LZ { Zp ]*
!Y Y JV DDD *
*d
\~ +
jZ

]|>Zx Z7s %Z ~,
^YkZ n}uz

Y t DB; V*
c Z,
6 : { IZ LZ zmvZ -vZ wg ~z%

: D

( o^] k ( f] ga] ( ^] h `]
! ^ ^m ^ ( ^ ^
( m ^] ^ h^e 5351:$
gu ~g g)

Y gzZ gz1 !g gz,


6M
+K
Z !vZ} Z

VZiz

1 03
~g F Y +Z h
M Y \W
X} hg:

wJxsZ= ~z%mZ1Z0y]|

1,
6V *
c yZ zmvZ -vZ wg Lg kZ g~
: ,
7i]gzZvZpi&gB;V;z

$u () ! ^u q ^ i ] e ]
g
( ^] ] o m h^fvj] h^e 2202 :

VzqyZV*
@W~{ C]ggzZ\vZ~
X V*
@g eTgzZVg ez~T

]| $
"*
U$
gut YgzZ x | ,
7]g~uz
D ug Iwz zm-vZ wg ~z%
6,
zZ LZ| ,
7 ^] he ] gzZ ] he ] ( u] ] a z

( ]Z f . Za[*
! 5017:$
gu ~g g)X D x

*
@,
7g F~Vy#
Z $
eZzgt ]|DDD
E
\W#
ZQ D *
c x | ,
7 k*
* ggzZ g]Z f !\W,
6 kZ
:$
gu ) C Hx ,
6 \W ]| ~
q ]z n%

gzZ H
H ( 7,
6 Y Zg )g~ $
gux gzZY DDD ( 5670

: iv~zZg 0s]| $
"*
U]i YZkZ\W Z

}g *
! kZ zmvZ -vZ wg D7Y h ~ qY

: ]*
!: ~kZ/
Zz7,
6 *
c \W H*
c g~
{ Z,
'#
ZDDD ( 5688:$
gu) n m ^ o^e e 7`w
c*
Y *
c !%ZgzZ Y Hx ,
6*
0/
Z ]i YZ 7Yh
Zg

VZiz

104

X e
g ]gtY kZgzZ YHx ,
6%
I
Y 0\gzZ *
c yZ*iY *
c$
eWyW,
6@,
']gt

-Z k0vZ]|0Z) $
q
"*
U Y *
c ZgzZ

^vf ( m] nv] ] ] ] ( ] eL LY ZZ T Y s

@,
's Y kZ C n^] h v] ( n] ] h
9
E
45F
45H
G
~g G
s *
* t~ VZzg gzZ Y *
c Z~
: s)Dw+ZZN Y
^n o] n h^ gjm rm
! oF m m |^f] ]^e ] h^j
( 64&19: nni e] pF ^j)

~f *
c [\vZ n2gzZg F
X ,
^Y*
* gzZ *
* rzg ,
^Y

Y q T ~gzt Hf 0Z) 6%Z


: Z Z" yW *
@ u*
0 {z Y ,
6 q TgzZ u*
0 {z
6+
0Z ~ (Z w1 Y { H
kJ Z Z" yWVY
X 7,
^Yrg f Zz]*
c WWyp Z

?7*
c,
^Y*
*d
\~ +
jZ +
jZ ]ga

gzZ *
c zi *
! *
*d
\~+
jtZg]Z| s %Z~kZ

]: ,
^Y kZ Zg ~uz 7,
^Y +
0*
! ~{

zmvZ -vZ wg C x
g { *
c i Zg gzZ {

tVLZ mZ0z/0vZ]| CY {)zv


Y nyZ7} ,
(~yQgzZD *
c *
! Y

VZiz

105

DDD ( 39&8:!Z0Z') n ^` ^`fj m zyZ


bzZgzZ +
j{z H *
@Z! Z0Z)

`w Y ,
6}l /
Z D "0G_g

/gzZ }g*Y f*
@t*
0 },
( u ? +0@W Y 7
[ZgzZ ]| wi Z +
j
y Z C*
c

n`] ]: ) []*
! sZx Z~+$

gzZ Y ~{ ig]g0Z)DDD ( 33&13:


*
c Wf |+
0*
!~zi *
!]ggzZ,
6~kZ ]*
!

i Z +
j ! g;Z Y k0vZ]| bkZ
X $
"*
U

gzZ 7Y h *
c V,Z ~z% &0vZ]|
G
-.' ) +
kZDIZ : i}g zz ZgzZ u *
*d
\ ( *G
j
Y A &0vZ]| Y Hg,
6 p Z$
gu/
Zp DI

h k*
0 ~ qZzzi &0vZ]|t ~ $
eZzg kZ gzZ

t&0vZ]|$
"*
!ZC *
c Y~}g*
!7Y

-Yh k*
7
0 V)Y A \Wn kZ DDD ( 3883:$
gu Z1Z : )

]*
!kZ~ Z ` yZVY e
h+
j yZgzZ Z

&0vZ]|n Z V DwEZ ]: {z6+


0Z ~
X $
"*
UV(u9*
*x gzZ YVq *
c g Z u7Yh

'*
! P ~ ]gC +
jZ *
c *
* gzZ7Y h

: bkZv0ZqT~gz
h N Y *
0 & t Z ,
6 ]*
! kZ Y f

VZiz

1 06
Y Z\vZ *
c x \vZt wzZ ,
^Y7Y
+Z *
c ~ y*
!i ! }uz Y Hf ]gzZ

]*
!kZ}*
@W~pT~y*
!i

\vZ ,
WZ 7,
Wzp]Z +
&7Y h t
( 195&10:~g ]Z )X ]Z f

gzZ vZ g n kZo]zY ZgzZx\vZ


Wx|kZ *
*~y*
!i! : Za J< ugzZg Y
n Z o~ Y: : ~gzn Z

{ u +
jgzZ 7Y h Z *
c g ,
6 Z.
} yK
Z
n m ^ o^e e :*
c zmvZ-vZwgp 6
gzZ +
jk*
0 V) W]*
! t Z DDD ( 5688 :$
gu)

2~7Yh gzZ +
j: ~]gkZVY e *
* Y 7n

V,Z_g*$
eZzg&0vZ]|O6+
0Z ~ Y

VY Y ` V)yV; *
c IzzZZ KZ
$E
]|O#
ZZz*
*}uzqZ0G
K
ZgzZ #.
} K
Zt
FZu)qZ V $
"*
U$
eZzg ~g.
}G1Z

(215&8:gzZB)X H `

P~kZ tzgyZgzZi]Z|XZ

: Cx~gz#
szgQ

7I yZ x Z ~VgbZt wzZ

x)% *
c I]]*
!kZ zmvZ -vZwg

X 7,
^ Y*
*g (Z B]gx)nkZB]g

107

VZiz

VY B;x){ *
c ikZ~<}uz

c*
z i ~ ` T ~ 6+
0Z { *
c i kZ

C
n%=g f KVY CW7]gzg

kZ 7]gzkZ n
n%~ ` T qzgC

{nx)wq e *
*7k,
6~Z e]gkZ n

yZ ]Z|,
6gx ~gz{,
6 {ny{ *
c yZ/
Z
E
4& -,
-G
Vzuz Dgezpg 0E
@G
'7o Z~}g *
!gQ
X W
)
*
! Zg+IZz+gzZD2~

~ * ]q#
Z ~gzo Z ^}

V*
c gF*
c gZ],
6 kZ *
c g D z Y *
c C 4 (Z (

c*
2~ z kZC { Z ({ Zp nq _JZ *

~ yZp D7(Z ]Z| x G {i L


W *
c g{z *
@Y
{H
kn kZ ^t V,Z Z{ hZ qZ

X { H
k*
!

V zmvZ -vZ wgt qz. a

x pZzvZV*
!(gzZ h : *
c hV

c*
z Y V# ? D Zgz*
! V ` ,
ki LZ ]Z|,
6g
FzzV*
! bkZ{)zHsV ZzwZO}g v,
6?

gzZ gzZ gzZ k yxg zZgzZ +Zz )yZ+


0{

-V _~9g Z- ]yxg~Vx bq Uyxg


J
]g}uzqZ {z H
Za h (Z~]eV ]zZ

hVV wgkZgzZvZ 7g Z Zzg J

108

VZiz
X 3IO
aw=g fV*
!+Zp *
c

Hz Y Y7~kZyK
Z q@yRqZz Y

]k/
ZD VZ {+
Z];V Zz Wv i ?

Vzg Zg yZ s %Z ~ V *
c ~ `z # {>

8yZ Ug W~:]{>gzZ CY~s

V#= D ZZ VyZ w ]Z|

]*
!t n kZ $~zV K
Z t+ZqZX 5
sZ XyK
Z ]| t wZp XZz% 1 t Zz e
H Y *
* h N ZggzZ s1 ^gkZ {z H
*
c ]JZ
? YYH,
6C]*
!X

z Y,
6 *
c I/
z Y *
c H
*
c g Z u~ $
guz Y

$ugzZ *
g
* x ZZ
~x tqZ *
c ,
6kZZg *
* x ZZ Z
,
6 Y n Z H
H I y~
m{ ]Z|p So Z { *
c i { *
c i~

*
@Za s%Z C7o Z ~z YsgZg *
c

CYW$
"ypzOiJV CYf,
(]~s %ZgzZ

}g *
! L
:1 , C Y /s *
c e]Z| DDDD
m,
S+
/
0K
N C L
W *
c H/
Z *
c }7]*
! B~
7]*
! DgzZ 9~kZ vZDkZ,s gzZ ,

Xh
M

Dg (Z{)z+
jgzZ7Yh vt]*
!z.

V *
!*
!L L Zz i gzZ,
6wqZyZ O]Z f \vZ yZ

1 09

VZiz

CY Za 4,
6 gzZ ~ NZ ~ V kZ *
@Y ,
6
Tg D 6VvOYk*
0 nnV-g F

bC J) Z7{+
Z y/
ZgzZ

[Zzw CW~kZ,
6gm{&ZpDY{ W,
6:

n kZ CZryZZ CZgzZ CB; z,


'Wz ] C

~$
g q ZgzZ Y Z V {gN ]*
c W WyZ e]Z|

\vZ Y N ]*
! kZVm{gzZ OgzJg f Z w

X 7~g (Z}g *
@

K
Z +
jgzZ7Yh ,
6g~ C
e
h]
` Z,
6+
jX ZqZ

;gi Gx ebx ZU#.


}kZgzZ #.
}

? $Y ]
`Z +
jHg Z pDDD UZ X t

*
c g Z ,
^YkZ DIZ Z Zgs %ZyxgY ~kZ

6,Vzg ZMzmvZ -vZwg ~z%~g.


}G1Z]|VY

k*
0 ~ *
!W[qZ3t{z~X *
c : Zzg3qZ
V ,MyZZp V gzZ Hx kZ V;z Zg*

v{z 1ke $
, *
c Fg Zut Z *
c g ZyZ
~ \W H $
d]g Zu Zg H*
c ggzZ Wk*
0 ]Z|yZ

p! V; ~g.
}G1Z ]| ? Zz + Y7Y h
~g.
}G1Z ]| 7 V-M V yZ ,h

X H[*
c Z\vZ*
c x ,
6yZ| ,
7Bgi]

c_t ~g.
}G1Z]|Va , V*
c {zD
VyZ

n kZ 7$
eZ@ zmvZ -g~kZgzZ F
F,
6 Z LZ

1 10

VZiz

3 gzZ g q~ 3gzZ
gZ ]Z|

]| q ~ #.
} zmvZ -g]Z|t #
Z*
c gZ

Zx H*
c g \W wzZ HyZz Zg7 ~g.
}G1Z

)~ w}]*
! t Hn V,Z ? YY Hx !%B g

Z =gzZ 3: *
c g Z zmvZ -\WQ Z e ( vZ $
+Y
Zx $
gukZ DDD ( 2063:$
gu ~,
F ) H$
eZzgkZ $
X *
c g Z ,
^YkZY ZnZ $Y ]
` Q,
6+
j

m{x *
* ~Ci[0Zx Z~X H I kZ Y %Z

> ) *
*q ]
` Q,
6 yWt q ,
4 yZVY f .,
6g

$ g f x]qt 4n kZ DDD ( 647&5 : ~gZ


Y *
c : l 0G
]| B t@ ,
6+
j Dg (Z l Zg f }uz

(C~: i e b
Dg~f ]*
!t ~$
eZzg ~g.
}G1Z

Z^ yggzZ D 7[7
g Zi *
! n y gzZ T n x
n kZ *
@Y ~ 3 Zg {z D Y B v y *
@ s
Zz ._ $
eZzg D]*
! t n Z *
@ o ~,
( +)

{/z el IZ wQZ Y *
c yVz) ~]Z

g ZskZ :D Hx Z MV ZzWn

n kZ e _h bqZZg *
*g Z M V~ *
!W

Z 4ZDDD *
c z LZ ~g.
}G1Z ]|
E
$
$ gfx
X Y*
c x Z0G
#.
}gzZ Y*
c : l 0G
ggzZ~T e ]
` Q +Z Y ]
`Q/
ZgzZ

: :Zz*
!gzZN Y a
yN Y|Y Z { *
c it Z%:

VZiz

1 11

c Y |{z7[q *
c N Y
DDD N YG wzb kZ *

zgzZ kZ Y ]
` Q Z z *
c t Z% g

&[zgz VR
[B6]
` QqZ,
6gwV+
ZZi]
`Q

J/
Z C*
0 g Z [zgJ]
` Q ] qZ kZ $J[zg

& g Y ]
` Q gzZ z S [zgO[zg
e$
eg qwQgzZyiZ~]
`QnZ H
*
c gZ {z(

#
|z]Zg-i LZ Vg{ ]zZ CWt tD +Z

t Z,
7*
* Yg Z,
'
ggzZ I WVwqy.,
6z$
dgzZ } ,
7
X wq]g{1qZ

~gznyZVhZz x TgzZV}V y

~ kZ ,: % xC*
! kZgzZ g ,
6 zu<

V Dx , Z vm{gzZ b # *gzZ ]
yW

**
g (Ztzgo Z ~}g *
!g ZLZyZ Z Z
a +g X

C *
*+
$+ IZgzZ + ; 7Z s V*
@yZ e
X
Y 2005s,
6ZB15D8
   

VZiz

1 12

_Zh]g~xsZ
A
& Z% w ,
6 w C
x Z x sZ<

L w t p V-g Z)f gzZ V-g Z)f g Z

Z _Zy xsZ BLgzZ *


@ ~,
'Z,
'gzZ]Zz)

;g _Z Z Z ~ 2Z gzZ <Z Z xsZ F


F,
6 wZ

z s V p
ng fZ gzZ v t, V1

xz_ZV*
!*
* ]zZgzZVg{z n Z_Z
V zy *
@Y`U,
6_Z~g7 VV-

~~,ZVg~\g- pC7g Z,_Z'gV


X xzhkZ {zkZ 5_Zh

: gp,
6gm{'*
!&~e_Z~yW

gyZVg Z,_Z,
6gig Zg Rt]*
! /

'gg Zg zg ZgzZ%~yZ *
@Y nzZ ~zf L LVzg Z

'g~nzZ Z ]*
!t ~gzZCegzZ C
gV gzZ\*
!

_g Zz wnzZ~ Vpq {,'g { *


c iVz% /

X ~Vpqbs%gzZ
k

kZ /z kZ V *
c V*
c g Z)f T : }uz /

6,TgzZ ;ggx~ yZy V-g Z)f Z H


3g g Zg

H3g { *

c izyZV Zz WV*
c g Z)f { *
c iLZ~w

@*
_g Zz W
d\*
!#
ZVY ;H
3g { *
c i hW
d\*
!

1 13

VZiz

lz *
c *
@ [ lz V-g Z)f 0 +
0i {z ,
6 gx

kZ {z,
6 gx *
@_g Zz \*
! LZ #
ZC
g gzZ *
@ $
d
D Z Z t ZgzZ *
@z [ V-gZ)f

X egzZV wq

gzZ zyZC0V*
c g Z)fTt]*
!~ /

Vw*
!)f\*
! *
@{ *
c i z yZV0V*
c g Z)f { *
c iX
+ZzgzZ zZ ~KZ,
6W
d 7
KZp)fV

gzZV z \*
! n Z 7V*
c g Z)ft ,
6 e ~g Z)f

; Z *
*:gzZ & ,
6 :t H
3g ZC ze z W
d
<,
6 kZ X wZ {zt t p V-g Z)ft

X HgH_Z

7V7
V-g Z)f~Vgx VggzZVz%Vap

yxgVggzZ Vz%g Zgzg qZ~ Vg n kZ *


@
~ < Bv,
6 gx 7p
zgzZqZ~_Z 0~8
Z/
Z W*
*gzZ .t H
3g
z ]g%
G
G
-o$
z]g~e_ZLG W/Y Hg,
6XkZ
X$gzZ+
h ,
FkZ *
@YH{"z,
6gzZCYVZiZzW

Vzg ZggzZ ]gz%zg gZ_Zt |

: CY*
0 'gg e~

X % _Zh]g~T]g{z ( 1)
X ,
'Z,
'z]ggzZ%~T]g{z ( 2)

X{*
c iz]ggZgzgZgzZ z%~T]g{z (3)

VZiz

1 14

g Zg % zg Z C _g Zz ]gs~ T'g{z ( 4)
X*
@7_g Zz

: z]g

: *
@J W%z]g~VgyZ

XZhg:~zC*
c zZV\*
!/
X CBC*
c B /

~~]gkZ Yhg}uzgzZ Y%qZ~zi /


z ~~,
FC~ kZ A C~,
F

,
FC,
6%CzgzZ A C,
6%~z
gzZ AzVZ^W~~w C zZ#
rbZ a ~
X A aC~w~ zZ#
r

:,
'Z,
'zVz

: D,
'Z,
'{g Zg]gz%zg qZ~Vg

X VgzZAz\*
!V\*
!VgzZqZ /

AzzV@~ ]gkZ VV z s /

X A \*
!gzZV

;AzVz *
*gzZ\*
!Zhg *
*gzZ C
g\*
!Zz% /

X gz\*
! g *
*Vq

X *
@,
'Z,
'zVgzZ qV Z /

g Z,,
F}g7]g*
c g Zg%~Vg /
V s*
c g Z, ,
F}g7\*
!,
69Z hg\*
!s
Cg
qZ s*
c A Z g L Lg zgzZ z-Z kZ qZ Z hg

1 15

VZiz

~hge qZ s/
ZgzZ g Z, ,
F}g7 ,
6 9{z Z hg

X YZ g L gL *
!gzZ zZ kZ

Z *
c B~X'g bkZ

X *
@z,
'Z,
'B

: { *
c iz]g

~zfz e VY ; *
@Y | ,
( %z ]g~ Vg

[Zz W
d *
@Y*
c i w~nzZ

g Z _Z Z%Z 7 *
c w~ nzZ

zt *
@YZzZXw~9
L L
~ nzZ LZ *
@Y { kZ ]g]zZ
}iI ZJz]z KZ ]gqZ < n M w
gzZ A }iI Z ( 16)!eC Z hgV@zgzZ V ZzCgzZ ~hg

I Z {g *
! h z W
dC Z hgVz OV@z~]gZ/
Z
C~XgzkZgzZ ~hgZg ZI Z 156~,
F ]gqZ bZ
COe /
g
Z~ ]gZgzZ ZB72z e e gzZ V Zz

%~X'g bkZO I ZB 65z kZ

X *
@{ *
c iz]g

: _g Zz]gs

]gzgZ/
Zp M7z%~T'g+Z

\*
! C~ y+
0 : ]g C*
0 z~_Z{z g Zg

*
@7 OC7 gzZ C { z C7 Zhg C7 gzZ e V

Z hgCgzZ C ]g Zz % bZ M7zZ

VZiz

1 16

Z C O C Cg Z,{z C

kZ ~ Z.
]ZgzZ C_g Zz ~ Z ]zZ bZ M7z

X *
@7_g Zz{z.

z ]g% ~X +Z 'g ~ <n

+Z b & Z e *
@ xz%gzZ Cg Zz]g*
c*
@ { *
ci *
c,
'Z,
'

qkZ V,Zf *Z~M%ZsZeY Z ,


5~^y

M H$
"*
UgzZ *
c VZyZ ]^] n ] ']nL ,
6L
{z *
c C*
0 z{ *
c i kZ *
c,
'Z,
'%]g~X +Z q { *
c i

/z ]g~Xqg e#
Z *
@xz%gzZ Cg Zz

Y Hg,
6X_Z]g~:kZ/
Z *
@ J W%

. *
@Y *
c z %]g 't *
@xs

p V-g Z)fgzZ Zt~ yZ z ]g~ VgXgzZ

}g ,
6 % VY p$
eg Vg~ kZ H
3g
p kZ 7~g Z)f
KZp,
6 ]g ~g Z)f
yZ+
0{

$g ~gz$~]gp e *
e
* z ]gC
X H
*
c g Z Z D

Y 2005y &17| 1426 zZ ~ )&9


   

VZiz

117

` gzZn%DD k+
iZ
4E
&-~gCY 2005yB1918
c,
^H
kgWwzNk+
iZD
L siG

{z+C ~ T H
3g q Z I SqZx OZ,
ki 5

Ytg WtzxO@~V zyq}VI:e


~ V| } VgzZ ~g },
' Y .,
'

g *
0
Zz Veg WgzZ z,
6
V q~ x Z/
z,
6 v I FgzZ Hi+
$

kZ qI;gE-
gzZz {zHkZ
4E
-G
~z WZgzZ k+
iZ q Z kZ H
*
c x *
* +
& ZgH
Z L Lx Z/
z,
6
X *
*g~x uzg

iZ
Y 1981RkZ *
@Y C Hiv L L^ZZ k+

(Z qZg*
! ~ Y 1986 ~ ze *
*
*
c g y*zy *
c Wt ~M%Z ~

~z WZ~y*zy~Y 2005[ZgzZ {i ~z WZ Z*
c g !%

",
(~g FkZ~ y*zygzZ _yzH Z ZV%{ ,
WO
k+
iZ { *
c i
* gy*zy6+
0Z+C kZ

z t } hg iZ !+
hgzZ Y 0o ,
WO

! 7/VZ g Z
E
E
E
E
I
I
$
$
EjZ Z ]gqZ EjZt C HivL LY ZZ k+
iZ

ze *
* Z*
c gg e [~ y*zy CY Aids L L]g~
y W

C *
*gzZxgzg7*Z*
c g&twgzZZg 'gzZ,
6ZO+
0WS*
*

118

VZiz

CZ ~!~g Ft ~ VyZgzZ *
0 { *
c i
Rk+
iZ ~

X ,
WO{ *
c i ~uuS*
*~,
6ZO+
0W gh

)gzZ ~z { Zg" L
:~ C
Za n%kZ

x ]}uz Z~ ~g F kZQ ~g F kZ m
!%, ZuTgzZ *
*nq ]g{ik+
iZ yp~XD

X *
*wEZ n!%}uzuZH
*
c bZ

*p s ZZ L
:~ C
k+
iZm 5~ * ~g7 ]*
!t
I
8
g hgZ,
'{z ~g=, Z g F]gzZ Hz kZ

<gzZ
Itu Se*
*,
6ipZ,
' 7
[ xZ Z~)kZ '*
!mp}

ce]gz% *
c gzi,
6 kZ~ [kZ V,ZgzZ ;g YZ

~ o V,Z m ) OgzJu ,
^YmLZ

X wZ Vgt gzZ *
c g Z u*
*M
+*
c f,
(
IL *
kZ V-g *
0 | ]*
! t ]
! { *
c i n }
kC5~ ]*
! ~g { H
kgzZ { H
k {z Hg (Z U x,
3 ~
LZ g qZ g : K
V gzZ xsZ% n x *
* g

gzZ I[Z Z.
}~g Fn kZ *
@Vzx Z.
} ~[

yZ kZ W~g *
! szZ Zg #
Z 7
g bg Z C*
c [Z
$E
* T 70G
*
sZ p
ng7V*
!
:
o

]~g Z z]kZgzZ H Za Z.
}T L L

]z kZ G,]z ] /
Z n kZ

1 19

VZiz

Z.
} v WgzZ *
c Z.
} *
0 } ,
7*
* VZ yvgzZ Zw
s+
& Z?v W,
6zZ LZ O.*
0 /
Z[Z Za
-Zg+
q
0Z yK
Z bZ ;gy ]KZ p{zC

gHy \vZ n]gzkZ H


3g ]gz@

kZgzZ Y ~g7 =g fmb*


!]gqZgzZ%qZ]gzt *
c
%%mkZ/
Z[Z ,g Z *+
0i{gg Z z}uzqZ ~Vx~m

]gqZ N YKg Z2Z g ,


^Y*
**
c ~g7 ]g]ggzZ

yjz #
sZg n yK
Z m Y Vz% { *
c i qZ m
@*
Y$gzZC yY nkZ g Z K
Z ,
6 TgzZ=g f

Y] *
*i~ {z/
#
Z *
c gZ ]vZ wgO

: w~}g *
!~g FkZ L Z.
]ZzY *
!WyZVZaV*
c g F+Z
! wVZzkZk+
iZZz H

^ LZyK
Z Y *
c ZI
gC[8 *
@7t

igzZ ~B; LZv WO wY^ /


C
Z C
3CigzZrv W{z$7{gZ]*
!t\*
!V b 3

kZ Y{g ZVY r
g tKZ { *
c i
Z.
}Q

{H
kn ZV Zz { n]
y WgzZ * kZ ,wdZ,Z}
X 7s R)zg

gzZ u *
*kZg ) g Y t]*
! t ~ * ~g7 ` W

v Z,
'gzZ v Z,
'v ]*
! =p L
:Z ~g F{ n
] kZgzZ]*
! Z,
',
6ipO]

Z YVqZ {z *
c J+
0Z (ZyK
Z ]

120

VZiz

~kZZ,
'vcet] ~g Vq 7g hg

X gzZ >kZpgzZ g Z.
}

yK
Z n kZ *
c W< gzZ ~ <C g [Z NgzZ { H
k

bZ h
M7qZ O g *
@gzZ zg Ci9 g Z*+
0i

%Z h
M 7,
'Z,
' Vz s Z.
} gzZ ._ Z.
}

~g^kZ7]Vzg { H
k]{ H
ktxsZ

yZ H7t xsZ ~}g *


! V%, Z n kZ /.
_ b & ZgzZ

u|gzZ ~g^ ` {z ; Y Hu|g"B

kZ n!%pgzZ *
0 : ~g FY C,
'gzo Z +Z yZ
] vZ wg Y *
c 7^ }Zp ~gzgw

}g *
!yZgzZN nVzg { H
kp gz] { H
k
X g Z]W~

gzZ ~gF kZ *
@xtVIg7g~k+
iZ

{VV|gzZV zyVY ; ;gzZ ,


(&Zp{~;

wZ kZ% { ~/]g/
Zt 7g b
n kZ CY0 yJZ n` gzZ n LZ {zgzZ D

X
~$
eZ@xsZ 6ceb ` ZzgV

m,
zgzZ Hg Z ]yZ LZ~ q Z I! kZ szZ Zg
-d W+gHkZ ] \vZ X7
kZ V E
$E
~w,
mzHkZ *
c g Z ),
F]0G
sZgzZ W!Zj

kZxsZ VgzZ *
c Wt X ~T H
H

Z7]gz Hn,
6gs szZ Zg *
@I

121

VZiz

+Zr 0 g0L
:yv{ *
c i{+
Z

- wjZ ; n kZ D Y 2~ VZ,
J
' Z a *
@t

t V~)
) , *
c , { *
c i { *
c ice [Z

gzZ *
@ 2~ V-g F u *
*tyK
Z s ZZ ce Y C ]*
!

Y*
c Y sxz,Vt? *
@,
7*
* VZyvHZ

gzZ 7wJ./
C Y*
c Ci mpL~b Z ` WgzZ
4$
oG
-G
bkZq ZIkZ
<Zx #w *
*iVY ;ce*
* Y7 E

~$
guz yWng K
Z Hnt ~ Xm5~

$gY gzZ {,
e
6b~g7~kZp Z e zg,
6m]gz%

C7Z Z,js ZZ Z kZ~,


6i Z+
0Z kZ]*
c Z@gzZ

ZV gt ,
m?gzZ HwJ]*
! kZ Ju ~,
( M,
m?vZh

X Y*
c C~}g *
!+
0iT 7Zq/ r 0agzZ Y~

Zt {z p .n V ]*
! ~ q Z Z kZ
GL Bt
GL !.
~k+
iZZZgzZ)
}]Z||m{gzZ<Z

Zoeg WgzZz,
6VVV| Hf VLZ
H45_
{ *
c ig ZDx ~o 5GF; sX7] .
} KZ Z
YE $E
z,
6$
d$
d Z {z kZ n
W5h gzZ n
W

x uZ V zy oeg Wg Vz yZ ] .
}
$E
c Z n 7 0G
*
kZ k*
0 V p g
X #~L W

}
a uI yZ }g Z Zt V}uzgzZ V|Q
$E
0G
DwEZ n VuLZVzg Z ZyZ {znkZ

VZiz

122

/
ZVV p *
@ Z` jV'
HF
45_; ,
bzg n kZ Cg {z,
6gx 5G
6

7B OZ}g7 ]xsZ~ V<+Z {

g ! M
+K
Z kZgzZ ]+ xsZVY ; M

kZV~uz~yZyizzV-g KZyp
GLG3I
458/V *
G

@x" *
*7yZ~ V<g
GL !.
9I qZ n }g
}ce z,
6 V g #Z
X az,
W +gzZ

|n%u *
*kZ ~g Z)f Vok& ZgzZ I [ZY f

N Ct 7ZgzZ N ZZzV ]xsZ~kZgzZ

@~g Ftzz{)zyp *
@7Za ~g +
$sk+
iZ
ce : +
$ ~}g *
! yZ V g D n%kZ v n kZ
XV2~~gZZ+
${z!
Y 2005y &24| 1426 zZ ~ )&16
   

VZiz

123

gx Zw
Z% L L H Za wtqZyK
Z \vZ

,qgzZ w',q nkZ g Z)f qZ {zt

z k] C
*
* 3 0 Vx +
0i y x Zwz w't x Zw

yK
ZuzgVzq *
@kC(ZC g *
!zg z]5*
c u 7

nyK
Z ~*
0 tt|p H
*
c z~ Zi WkZgzZ*
0
t , uzg ~v WgzZ 3Ci\W=g f b &z

>kZ~~*
0 kZ Zz]*
!kZ Wg ZfCp ~*
0qZ
X gzZ

g 3gy x Zwzw'~b < bZ

Tg ~ { ,
]Z VZ VggzZ Vz%x {z yZgzZ x Zw

Bt x ZwLqv Yb }uzqZ
xg bL L{ xZwpZ ! 7(Zp 0Z]q{z

*
C
!xwzu {)zg DxwnZpxw1zg pT

Z {z *
c g Z x ZwVPyW7,
^Yg+
0Zxwzu ,
^Y
I
\
c uzg ~[ Z*
*
c 0 i q NB
k~ kZn

* L
9oZgzZ U x Z Z~ kZ n Z *
@Y
X B x ZwK L K
L aZ

gt k Z x~ b Z }*
.
c Vgx Zw

mb BVgyZgzZ *
0 gzZ k~VgyZx Z Z

124

VZiz

z~,
(~YbgZ x ZwVg YHg
:p .'*
!P~kZgzZ

VwZ,
'gzZ Cgz +
$gzZz#wVg

gzZ R*
**
*Z Z~yZxg~lgz,
6\*
!JbV@CX

w *
0 VgyZg Z-t #w *
@ xgB zZ KZV D
*
@{VZ/
gmkZ nVzg Zg yZp CX

uw kZ CYVCLZ #
Z wj kZ}uz

VzgZg x) Z/
ZVq Lg p V ]2z
X gV*+
$%~g Z*+
0iyxg

ongZ ]gz%g Zg+,


F$
d _$
"*
U]*
! t,
6g

Za6+
0Z ]*
! kZgzZ {+
0vgzZ $
e.nZz Za
XgDZaUgzZ*
cgzm,
6g6f^Zz

~ m z g } n kZ #wVg

{z *
@Zg~ 7gzZ Y gzZ!{ Vz N Y: sp

6,gDW ~b LZ%qZVzqg Rz yZ/


Z7y Z
X Ysp~z>WzzgZ 0E
!.
_gzZ~$
"gt

Z YgzZ ] K
Z *
*x Zw Vg n kZ

]gzZ ]*
!.
_ r kZ | ,
( z { yK
Z VY

X $7ZzgzZ ]]_

& #w : g bz #w b ~ sZ<
4h*
EE
! #w L L*
c P#w L L& #wg gzZ {+
$#wL L

,gzZgzZg |z g u: C Za [Z &#w *
@Y

125

VZiz
X ]Cr#wL &
L g
: CW{Z ]gu

X*
!Zg7yZgzZ*
*~ ZV ~kZ:(N )]'Z (1)

X4Z,,
kiZg7yZgzZZC7e~kZ:(V)] (2)

XqV *
c \*
!s*
c Vq\*
!V: (3)
( Y ( 4)
5F
xguxyZVgzZ (7)V(6)N{(5)V G

(23:Y Z)XZ~yWpf

zy xZw b b 7gzZ e H
Hf 6:

<Z ]*
!+
$ H
3g Zz bgzZ V ~ <
V~]Ytz]]zZzz,
W*
@{zygzZ W*
*

bhZXkZ~V,Z nkZDYW7]uZz,Z V
kZ H
-/
ZgzZ xZw b Vce *
* Zz
Xce*
* Y{uUg}uzqZxX7gZ

g,
6gZ Vg Zz x Zw,
6Y |zn~uz

kZ%ZDx Zwzz|z g {zDx Zwzz

.tV~V1$
gu,XI'g
|z 7
gt C Za #w Z s \ |z *
NT

X x Zw zZx Zz|z,
6 ZzW
*
c ZzW

G
V- *
@Y ]Cr
L !wL L& ]g{z#w}

B~kZ/ zZ ~( 23:Y Z )*
! *
*z ~ Z kZgzZV

kZ *
c Z D7 VW
d { Zp V*
c zZ ( 23:Y Z ) [m
$ V $ V*
c *
**
* Z Z \*
! ( 5 : Y Z ) Vzg Zgn

VZiz

126

Xm5q ,
4Y *
*x ZwVgx yZ ( 22:Y Z) *
*$~ Z
]gzKkZgzZZ,
6gm{'*
!&~]Cr#w

*
*i q ,
4 Y  gzZ s Z ]Cr#wt wZ
V ]gkZ Z,
'B]g /
Z Z CY$
"*
U

\vZVY ;Vx Zw,


6]gkZ Z Z \*
!%kZgzZ,
6%kZ zZgzZ

7,
^Y b yZ n }g v H b \*
!}g v X *
c g Z

VhVz ,
^ Y*
*z ,
^Yt p~Zb gzZ ( 23: Y Z)
V ~KZ T ~z% a0yZ/]| ,
6
n kZ ; N Yx Zw Vz Z lpgzZ ~kZ,
6 kZ ~g +
$B
G
Za *
*i bZ CZa zz b ,
6i,
^Y]Cr
L !w
X C

GL !wt]*
CY$
"*
UVwyZ *
*i]Cr
!Z ~uz

%}B] *
*g)zk1 Y~KZC&

VY ;9{T]gB]*
*B;z]g

kZ nkZ s{ T]gT :*
c ]vZwg
EG

]Z[ 269&3: - g Z ) x Zwe gzZ V ]g


wg~ VZzg( b d

kZ *
c t Z% ]gzZ ( . 0Zj ) ,
6, Z ]vZ

( 535&2: E
5{Z Z+
$)XZa y~*
c Wp~KkZzz

Zz|zg*] w J egzZ #wut ]*


! ~
GL !wp C7Za b #w
W~zb ]Cr

/
ZO; Y\W \Wb {z~]g+ZgzZ $ Za
Z Yx Zw,
6 kZ ~ kZ >% ~g +
$ k *
c e KZ

127

VZiz

kZ }[g Z
w+ZBV $KZ *
c KZ /
Z b
GL !wn kZ Y b \*

! kZ V gzZ b W
d
bhZ~}g *
!kZV x gzZ ui *
* Z,
(X ]Cr
E
YVY ; ]gz#
sz X[ZgzZ EG4Zz Y fgzZ

{ *
c i ]uZz bkZ [Zzz g $
d! fgzZ VZ,
'
X W7

gzZ!{ ~uz~ qZ : [Z Z#wg

/ZgzZ7,

^ Y*
* b }uz~qZ~7gzZ Y
D W7b ]uZz` W *
@7b Y*
c J ,
7-

gmkZgzZ 7 b ZzYH~gzZ x Zwt

X
g b ~uz Yt :*
c Y]qZ/
ZV; { H
k

wJxsZ {zJ#
Z: |gzZ ~gzZ: y]g bZ

9/
Z ]g|gzZ ~ %) 7 b :

p ~]i YZ b kZ Z *
0 gzZ,
6<LZ~Vs
gzZ 7,
6 < Z LZ {z,
6 gx ` W 7 { > Z{z

V n kZ ; ;g Y r g*Z *
0 z ~ { |gzZ ~
X 7
gC/*
* b yZ

~ ]]z *
c t:*
c ~ b }uz ]g bZ

}: t :Z J#
Z 7
g b Jz kZ kZ
E
t
Y:g*]ZzgZ*]gzZ}: ZbkZ< 0 *
c }
c*
*
@: ~g7 ]*
c gzC/
Z ]zZ CZ" ~ kZ ` W

b kZ vZ Zb *
c Kqt :% $
T

VZiz

128

**
qg Y ?Zg Z s %k hgzZ ,Z 7
g t
Xc e *
* b Zuz kZ YKZb sgzZce
GL q/ x Zw,

6 kZ ]g{z ~ ]gkZ ~} t :&~/


Z

t ZgzZ Z b Zuz ]gkZ/


Z V; Y7b {g *
!z kZ {z {

C. [ ]gkZ {z 2 ~} t : kZ

X Yb kZ {g*
!z

zz,
F*
* Z.
}gzZ "/Zz*
*<Z
k\Z

xZwz w'~ZZby t wqg[Z

yZD Y+
0MVzu \vZgDk*
c 7Zz
E
xZ yZ<V{z9 EG4Zzz Y fgzZY hz[Z~ ]q

X N
Z,
4zZkZ7ZgzZ,{ WbhZ

Y 2005 &22| 1426


yZ ~ )&15
   

129

VZiz

# zz+
|
h
ykZgzZZ|z K
Z
Z TgzZ Hfg *
!g *
!T\vZ yW

m{ Z~ $
eW]gyWJV H
H7B
I
\
]gz A
& 0 pM
1g M
1g \vZ {z *
c Wf
zqZ M
1g Z *
*lgz,
6 kZ p gzZ

,q Zz,
6}i *
c g Z\vZ bZtiga

O( 6:) ^` # ] o $ * ] e$] ^ L L,
6\vZtigyZ
JgzZ w ,q Zz #3H ; gzZ pIBEZ xgzZg!
Z s \vZ yK
Z/
Z *
@ ykZ svZ y ~izg
!g:xz$
eZ@zyZZ }g,
6qZ

akZakZ ]gzZsZ~]x VayK


Z

},
(Z ; H
Hx OZ tig +
jz Vzi{ *
c igzZBZ f lp ~_s
yK
Z]|t C,
7 )
,
6kYkvZpg Ywze se
N Z ~!gzZ
yZ+qZqZnyZ

]zx gzZ]:SKZ KZ ]KZ KZ qZC b


CgzZ

X 9qZqZ n

*
@gz$gzZ ui *
* { *
c i~ Vzg Yx {z+
h *
@ Za #
Z yK
Z

gzZ$akZ Zw(7 k^ C Z ]~ kZ

Za^ Vt1qZ M
1g \vZO $$
"*
UL

3kY kv CY ~g ZkZ ~B V *
@

130

VZiz

V p CZZj#
sgzZY Z Z s z s ayK
Z
yp ZngzZu *
0*
* z *
@WC*
!=g f3g yp{ztwq |z

Z+Z ^t Z0*|zqgzZu*
0 szs ~BV

utakZ *
c %Zz~vg K
Z V; ]g&

X *
**
0*
@

|zV J/wza^ t Z,
6 ]*
!kZ +C W

yK
Z|z V 7ZgzZ zigzZ j y z p{*
ci

H/ *
@Z~]kCgzZg
G kZjVv*
0
yZ ,
WZ kZgzZD'gzZf {*
c i aZzW
|z V H

z}g7 eV N*
@yWakZ *
@,
7,
6+
0i/

c*
(233:{Z) n ^ n u $ a ]* m l ] ] ] N|zVw

[gzZkZ akZ|zZ hZ,


6V V
ZzY~$
eWkZ yW+O7s%Z ~
G
(413:L: )X *
c gZ ! E
5B-dZ%ZL

ZgZ,

't {z HgHx a |zp ]gQ

$
eZ@zg K
ZgzZ iZzW]s:t[|z^BV
|z CY j{+
Z $
e.aV kZgzZ^ gZ

/gzZI~ kZ Lgp ~gF*%gzZ wZzz W

]gtaV pgzZCZaA
&wJ
E
G
gzZ3g CY Cq$
e~x - ZpikZ ZgY SZ

*
@yizZzY| ,
(yZgz Q~yZ
Cgez ~gFyp&ZpZz|zgzZ *
@ZayiZ~

131

VZiz
XLg`
oyxgVzgzZ

/.
_Zz (Z *
!zg ZakZgzZ zZ KZg+
0Z]g Z.
}

kZt *
c C0Z bkZ ~,
( ~,
(a^ LZ {z 3g
IL *
LZg+
0Z]g[fp #
sZg ;7
!a

V *
c 7Yg(Z W
O: { gzZ z Y

H
qZ *
* :|zV` WO CYi Z+
0Z4t kZ
ZC ;g| ,
( ~! 3ggzZB~ VgZ+
hgzZ
a +
0i yZt wp Ca X[z LZ &Zp

|z B LZ V {z9 Z V a kZ x
h
^kZgzZ ]gpgzZ i ZzW] $
eZ@<t N
X=g f

V!}v P Q *
@h Vzu]i qZ W#
Z

gzZ V s yDg :|zVO *


@Y `
"~ wY

V ~{kgzZ #wV [Z Z,
7 7,
WZ,
6V

&ZpZz |z LZ vqZ *g W~ ]ZgZ

~/e|z K
Zt H#
|z,
6: eCgZgzZ |z

H
W,
6RVzgYyK
Z[Z *
c n[7
qZCgzZ #
|z
# z|zyK
|
Z[Z bZ DYK #
|z|z~gzZ

?7s kgzZ#wK
ZtH<gV

Zm{kZgzZ Z Zz q=g fyK


ZVa|z V

gzZ^ ZzW
|zt C
T0x ZF|zakZ
W s#wt Q D Yxa}uz
qZ ]g Zz |z

132

VZiz

-Vz gZ $
J
"Z sVz Sg 7z,
6 Zz gzZ Zz

q wZgZt ZvZwg~kZ *
@YWz{,
]Z #w

x Zwzz |z )
g {z D Yx Zwzz g

kZ g( 3304:K
) g] vm ^ ^] vmL LD Y
X~V1},TI

-Z v : V*
q
! F#wZz Za zz |zt Q

ayZ 7
g *
* b}uzqZayZVx}uz

W
d\*
!LZ Y I
ZXgzZ $
egS~xZ{,
6}uzqZ

/
Z bZ ,
^Y t VzgZg xyZ ,
^Y t

/Z[ZViW^sB}uz
qZ]gz%{z :6+
0Z

|z Y H a|z bkZ~ * ~g7 gzZ Y0xg~,


ke |z K
Z
F/
Z Y  ?n {g *
! b#
| Zz gzZZz W

]gZl[ gzZ
|z e Yo|z Vg
K
ZakZ 0#wVgxyZ,
6gV7 :gZ gzZ

,Y*
^
*#
|z|z]g p
ngt VE ~uzgzZ xZZ

]q nre a ] q ] f ne rm L
L *
c gZ
(81&6:ZZs Z)X nf^e ]je]

kZ *
@,
7 7,
W Z,
6 K
Z Z t U qZ g

Vg
` z DIZa Z *
@ $
A% ,
WZ kZ ,
6 g ZZ z t Z
|zVg|gzZ ~ G
0 gzZ H7I |z
l^m`n] % i L L:D g0Z)O{z(

(71&2:g0Z]l)X l^n]]

VZiz

133

zVgt Y`%#
|zz+
h
y|z K
Z~` /
ZtQ

VgvyZ+
0{kZgzZC6 e(Z Y0L
:wZ
,
6i~)CgzZ|z { *
c i {*
c i7ZN bZ,Z

~nVzgY *
@{+
0vgzZayK
Z *
*q q
i5]gC#
#
Z akZ ZC,
WZtkZ ,
6|zgzZ ,
6g Y

]LZ ZegzZwe kZ Y{Z9kZg6,


6
IL *
VY7
!VZPt ]g|z K
Z/
Z Y={
kZ7]gz~/
e gzZakZ YY1]gCx t

gzZ yK
ZgzZ uzg ]~g7 ,
6 V@+Z {z ~gZ)f Va
!!}pgiqZyxggY

Y2005~Z&12|1426#
ZZ#
Zg&6
   

134

VZiz

]gzY ZqZ DD Y ?Zg Z


$E
y [0G
) ~^g*4~Y ?Zg Z

` ~w kZgzZ *
c {QgzZ Oib)
Zpg
n{{zFx Y ?Zg Z YZ~])

X ]gzgw}Q,
6kZgzZ q$
e Z

gzZ *~ yZ D Y ] l ~ VpZt ]*
!

Y zCgzZ6
=] l._Z CY7

Zzg )ln kZ C 7p Z *yxg


$E
0G
n kZ *
@Y ` *
@Z~: QgzZ:yZ Ci Zg

~ ` }g C7VZP nyZ ;)lgzZ Grb*


!

{gzW,
'un i]%Z b*
! DLZ CY *
0 7a+Z

V 2 , Z\5 Bs ZgzZ ~g ZY) ~g7 gzZ N WWv

v| ,
7 yZ *
c ,
7 t 9 z Z wq ]gV;z Ct
Y ?Zg Z DDDDD *
0 {g7g ZY)~J/ n{zgV

B ~g ZY) ~g7 ~ zg sZ <V xg P (Z qZ

~yZD W]5gzZ CYZ *yxg

i *
@Wi,
6ig ZpgzZ D Y*
0 =g fz Z

Dg *
! D W V/
z
}uz qZ
XZz{i WgzZ|iqZ 7]*
! t

z s nZ)l~ VpZt ]*

! ~uz

135

VZiz

]lgzZ VL
: Z,
(
[Z FnkZgzZ *
@gg
OS+
0 Zg+
0Z VZgz,
ki~ VpZ]lB35 Z ]

~gZ LLgzZ~kZp Zzzs*


!C)l

x:gzZ VZgz,
kiY 1945)l|0K~,
'*
! w{g*
!

# # _ W$
Z
eZ@ ^g*4V g bZJ

o1% ykZ *
@ } g V Z 2Z6
XItn,
6kZJu#pYG]l
yQs LZ& T tzzqZ w)l
ZgzZ *
@Y*
@J ,
(Wug*
@7g ZZ {z C

C ~ g *
@qZzz ]] lQ Cg6,
6
ssZzg bkZ CW$
" g *
@Z{ F]zZ
CYg*1qZqZ~]l{)z CYC,
F

Cgg ] s~ ] l0 b Zt kZ

n yZX b }uz {W CY| ,


( Z /VYyZ gzZ
SE
&n kZD]5~Y ?Zg Z *
G
@Y)
*
! ~g Z
X Q#
sZggzZD Y*
0 J/ ~z

{ *
c i ~ ]q Z *
*q s Z
Zt ]*
! ~

: Lg )lJ#
ZgzZ *
@,
7 gVz *
@)
*
!]YZ
yZ

Z~] l] l /
ZQ Lg ~g z~g Y

D Y| ,
(Z]YZ
yZ] lbkZD ,
7 Z Z xg

wq]gt *
@Y a
y { *
c i kZ *
@qi

Z,

' .*
* Zzg rZ n Vaz " gzZ $
d)
*
! T

136

VZiz

gzZ D *
0 7 q VpZv CY0

~Y ?Zg Z *
@Y`g{)lyZgzZe
fg (Z {~yxg

s {zVg Z *
*gzZD Yn]YZ
yZ97s

8
p b
`gzZ]Z}g VY C7]gzVzD Y
X *
@s zs nZg7gzZ

VpZ%]z+
h U ZgzZ t ]*
! a

Te*
* qg
Zv i Zg qZt 7%Zg Zp *
* q

n Y *
c ~ ]d Zm *
@Y *
c {gtZ

Z 3ngzZ VZ yWp~
ZQ *
@Y 1x y ~

{z *
@Y Hg ,
6gm{{ ZD ZCBZ^
st yZ D Wv VVY ,Z y*
!i KZ^

v WZg *
* kZgzZ ~pz g wggzZ Z.
} *
@ *
*q+
ZZ

L LgzZ *
@,
7*
*y*
!t Zz + *
@ w bkZ *
@7g

BwZv~Y ?Zg Z Cwq]g ] ^n]


Zz ~pwggzZvZ V
Z]
y W7 *t D W

X D%1s { Zm{gzZ nkZ *


*q

Y ?ZgZ k*
0 } *
@kC
o*
*/CZ fqZ~kZ
I
2_~ ezgm ~T *
.G
H
c W)l (ZqZ~ *
!Wg{ sZ I]g Z

Wn{ {zVY} N[Z!{z+


h{ispgzZ

WnkZ \vZY | ,
7 i gz *
c yEZZ V

nKgzZ yWZgzZ *
c Zz yZ W} i
yW~B; mQ gez~}g*
! w *
!zkZgzZ #

137

VZiz

4E
& B; kZ *
/F
B; }g yW i Z+
0Z: ZpgzZ E
c
Q H
1 B; yW,._kZ } \W k
-Z}gzZ V *
8
@6 VZ :7 gzZ VpZy W~

[ sp"
ZgzZ :7 ~ n kZ ]*
*K
g :7 ,
68Z

Za 7L kZ Za " gzZ ? Z<g+


0Z} ` W1 V

Cg+
0Zyg +
$g +
$~g ct yZZ DDDD
~,
(
Y ?Zg Z ZgzZ CZa sp vZg+
0ZkZq

gzZ .Z ~uz n : q sp Z.
} TgzZ

yZ npDVpZ+,
FdZ nZ $7g Z
X*
@*
0 7f

nyZ g ~,
(n&Zp,
6gm{z Y ?Zg Z

LZgzZ *
*7 .,
6 KZ *
* q Y ?Zg Z
Zg { Z,
'%azgzZZz
Vzg ZDw A~Z]5X *
@yW*
*ib)

'g$
dCY~vhzgzZD W]YZ
yZ[zg

CZiV-g Z KZgzZCqt {z LZa


y%~

/
ZgzZ CW7 ~g Z ~ q gVzgz$gzZ V'JVpZ

^g*4gzZ ^g; 1q s Z ~ ^g
7e V,Z b
X C~yZfZiZ%J

Z ozz ]YZ
yZgzZ
sx Y ?Zg Z

ni]5b*
! LZ V ) ~ Y ?Zg Z

~ gQ Z ,
4yxg V)gzZ V H qg

gzZ g ]*
c Zzgg Z+
0Y ?ZgZ ~ y*zy n Z ~ ,
FY ?Zg Z

VZiz

138

tp kZD *
0 =g fVzgZ Z ^Z,
6yZ] lVzg ZD

]*
! kZ=g f{)z
Zu^g~o }g Z Z yzD
] l,
6VpZgzZ N YC*
! VpZ g Y

LZ {zgzZtX{z/
DbZV{z1

#n kZ *
@Y HwJ,
6gYZgzZ Dpb)b*
!

]yZgzZ Y Ht w Y ,x V e

y~kZ , Hi{zb) Zz W~{,


]ZY ,
6 *
@Y
n wx o pgzZ
n &Zp > `

kZN Zi=g fY ?Zg Z]5LZ {z eV 2 yz

~g Z nyZ~kZgzZ ]
y WgzZ ~4 * yZ~
! 7^zggzZ

Y 2005~ZB26
   

VZiz

139

b) Z{ izg
] ]L +
0
L egzZ `g)g fz+ YznyK
Z

%bz+,
F *
*Zzg g `gp( 5:Z) ^fve
VY ;nY H{ i Z+
0Z g *
@N ` 7e]*
! t gzZ 7e

kZ ~g Bw}g7 LZJW qzgzZ *


@ q: Zizg `g
kZ Lg k,
(gzZ Q
Q p V:g *
@ {g ( (Z+
0e *
@W }i
g+
$Y Z kZgzZ *
@~ ^{,
]Z qg *
! C whY ZZ

+
0e n kZ *
@Wzg {,
]Z Zg7 +
0e~ T+
0e ,a C,
6

kZgzZ V:g *
@+
0e ~: igzZ YY H{ i Z+
0Z V:g *
@N

+.
h
]] V {z * ` W =g fuZz + Y
0+
0eV ~
a V:g *
@~xsZ n kZ 7[7
bz
X H
3g
g O
_Z s %Zt gzZ *
@Y Za s %Z ~ +
0e ]zZ

] *
! *
*gzZ Z *
* t Bg]<Z v C
L
:

wh$
eg~ V1Zo~Z Zz *
! x Z<
CW$
"g O
_Z z s %Zzz o ngZ yxg V

~ :W{zgzZ t z qZ,
6 R o wwh $
eg /C ]gz

ts: bkZ,{gt}uzqZgzZ,! n]

,
6 r Z Zg fm{gzZVzuzg O
_Z b *
! y

140

VZiz

+
0e Vz Y ZgzZY ZZ { izgwq nug Z +
DkZ M
X 7g Z ] zwQ C~kZgzZ 0

`g { ,
6gQ4Zg+
0Z I Vzq +Z { izg

<pz *
c Y yp /
Z n Z I7{ izg Vzq Zz

yp ZV; L I7{ izgkZ Yz


bgzZ n
X {z(6+
0Z Y^I{ izgzz~gz${ *
c i

UI { izgZ,
6gx Y }g Y Z e Z z ~ y/
Z

gzZ 3 Zg yxgr sgzZ yY SZ *VY *


c g Z )
*
!

+.
h
]p CY VJ r s q Zz Y Z e ~ y w yZ

y *
@Y 73 Zg J r y s ,
' kZ pz

{ izg Z e Zz ~ y~ Zg HkZ n kZ *
@Y ,
6)
,
6 c Zg

X 4*
*o Z%Z 7@n

Zx kZ HwEZ )u~
q{ izg ]vZ wg

W]*
!t{g 7{ izg kZ kZ Z e Zz ~WgZ { izg/
Z
W ytzz kZ Y  *
@ kC~ BZ f Zz
I
I
I
I 4Z 0\Z { izggzZ ( ,
WZ 0\kZ B70\ZJ

X ,
WZq:

V%n Z7s %Z ~kZ *


@Y *
c*
0 s3 Zg u *
*

^I { izg t *
! Y Z e Zz ~ u *
* Z CY Z u *
*

kZ HwEZ 7 *
c CY 1s +Z Zz /
Z%Z Y
I
s C74Zg+
0Z0\Z=g fVY L I7{ izg
X CuZg Z kZ)]yK
ZgzZ (J,
WZ kZ

141

VZiz

4Zq ~ 3 Zg ~ C
z ~ q J{n

gzZ Y1\y*
!isqt]gqZiZ%Z

VY L I7{ izg kZp; {z( *


* (Zg Y *
c u\
I
Yn t]g~uz x *
* ,
F Z 0\n*
*3
I
kZ VZ g z/
V]Zg f 0\q Zz Yp

kZ]zZ VY L I7{ izg H


n { Zg Z tt ~

N Y ,q +Z Up/
ZgzZ ~g6qZt *
c *
@g Z
E
5;X(Z n V%) *
yZVY Y { izg G
c {g

gzZ$
fr~~ZJn]Zg fY Z~Vg
UpVZ *
c tt Y^I{ izgyZ

]Va {)z $
frp 7#
ZZz {g L I { izgzz e
h
#
sZY  *
@#
ZZz {g kZ n kZ 0gzZ
X *
@xt
Y: Z hg~ {nZpY q J{n=g f/
Z

O nkZ~ V1 } L I7{ izg kZ Y 1w


QD YJ{n{"gzZ,
]Zzqg *
!D, Z<pz

D Y~z zg+
0Z{n]Wpz2 *
@Y 1w:ZzZ

7{ izg kZ *
@YW:Zz Z
n<pz
X L I

~: i * 3 Zg yK
Z3 Zg ~ Zuz Zz Ys{n

w(=gf~uDwEZu~` nZ%ZY SZ
~ nZ%Z ` it[ZCY J{n
Zg { Z,
'N Zz

142

VZiz

]zZ ]tX %,
6Vz~Z1bZ *
@wEZ
{ izg ~ VgyZ D Y|
m s,
6zZgzZ D,
6 z zg+
0Z
=g f,
]Zz~TY 8jZz+
& Z n<pz/
Z%Z Y^I

kZgzZ {)zni *
@ CYq I gzZ *
@Y*
c J$
- W{"

X L I7{ izg Y:wEZ Zz ~kZgzZnYH{ i Z+


0Z

x Z+
0Z ~ Vg3 Zg ~qZ sz zg+
0Zz z

wEZ V Zz +Z CY Z e ~ .x Z+
0Z N Zz .
X *
@Y^I{ izg

q gJz zg+
0Z =g f (ZqZ Zz bZ

=g fbZ *

@ZzgzZ *
@ c Zgqg *
!n

{ izgzzbZ nkZ B7Zz~{n


Zg { Z,
' BZz~Vg *
c
{+
h/
6*
@Y*
c ~{n
Zg { Z,
'bZ /
ZV; L I7

-Z bZ *
q
*J
m i Y^ I{ izg kZ *
@Y *
c

/Z%ZL I7{ izgJ

mi SZgnkZ ]g
k\ z uzz J
mkZgzZn Zg7 ]gzZi

7 { > Z]gt ~ w HkZ *


@Y kZ
Zz ~kZ gzZ *
**
0 1,
6 ]ZpgzZ ]Z { izgVY

bzt { izg : g ez VyK


Z/
Z *
*
Z,
'V

X e*
*iZ ZkZnkZH
W~zgTO]gzZH

6,yZgzZ ~ ]i YZ pg: { izg,


6gzz V~ <

eb
Dg~f]*
!t~kZ!%gzZ) #
ZZzY ,
kZgzZ }^ , { *
c ia
77 yLZ {z Z% )

VZiz

143

}~zZZy /
Z H
qz Y ZZ { izg^

{ 1 *
c {x ZgW{ Zp^ 7,
^Y *
* h { izg nkZ Z)~
X nqZC~g Zg g!*
c ~g Zg g

c*
Z~ ~gF kZzz pg { izg (Z Z% !%

g 8

h { izgzz V-g F 6+
0Z *
@{~ ! *
c kZ

pgzZ e *
* C
{gt yg Z .~kZ 7
X exg )aV

R Z Zt(kZgzZpg: {izgnh1

7/nkZ *
@YH L L~b Z }, Z

{ *
c i/tD Z Z VZVY

, Zg: *
!]
Z,
'k\ z uy}g7 zz
X: [*
c ~g FkZTgzZg F n

{z%Z 7,
^Y g { izg nyZ V~
q k *
c 'g

6,
gx Z Zypgp b
Bg 7{ izg &Zp ,Y ,~
Vzg Z { izg xg g W
3 {z( *
* (Z Sg g W
3

kZ *
*g (Z x { izg ~
q kZ gzZ n g (Z x
X HIkZY nkZ s Z Z Z"]

Y 2005,
' ZB21
   

VZiz

144

Zg Z z~b
a y K
Z ]|z @gzZ !z Wzt ]

a yZ gzZ #.
} yZ izg z
J5 ]*
* ZgzZ ]Z )gzZ

#QgzZ xg *
!WJ#kZw'~bZVp

Z Zg+
0ZyK
ZaZ 0~ *
!W c izz A
Vzg *
!W7Z

~]gz%apg ~g z ~g Yx kZ H
3gx CgqZ

ng z,
'A
&kZgzZ g A
& ~6nm

Sg *
!Wz tkZ gZp zZgzZ]*
!.
_@g+
0ZyK
Z
6 Zi W y z wZ mt ]gz%t ]gqZ [Z

p $ Za V +
0i @: Z Zi W+Z ~ Vzg Y
g yV-q$
"Z ZOgzZ *
* Z yK
Z Y W7~z yZ+
0{

& Z~,
C] LG
(qZ~BkZ *
@g Z*+
0iKZ#
Z~
*
@qDZ+
0{yK
ZkZ C gzZ *
!zp
t

~ +
0i i*
*g Vg ,
) kZgzZ
kyTgzZ #
| kZ ~ `

gzZzqZ ] K
Zx YZzi Z : W
)
*
! gzZ ~q,j

X ]gzZ ` K
Z

wg H7I+
0igzZ N *
@~,
( b xsZaZ

b g+
0Z X ~ yZ N *
@V Z ,
6 gm{ ]vZ

^f] ^_j] L L e8
b ZA
&Zg7V

145

VZiz

v H
Hz` ~V Z s:t tjn

zz{z[ZgzZ~ *
c : ~ yZ Z { ZpV~
q

b VY ( 32:g ) oF ^m * ] ]v ^ YH b yZVggZ/
+
0i

Z ~ ` kZ gzZ { yva Z Z K
Z ,
m/

X wVZzkZ {! f` WOCw *
0 ,g

$z e
qZ ~ yZ GgH*Z <~b

g Z \vZO{)z 4,
6u Z 4z p$
ez
Zz}uzqZ {z z}uzqZ]gz%

Z ( 71:/pZ) e ^n *] ` e l ^ + ] + ] L LZzgzZ

*
*,
6 }uz Zg KZ Z% $
ez L L~ b Z } z
Xg (Z
WB#
szgzZ,~$
ez~ V1 }
]Z f lZZ$
ez:9&$
ezgZx ZO

Z$
ez CW~gZ)f {)z ~x ` b ~ kZ $
ez,
6
kZ*
* a
y,
6kZw$
ez,
ki~kZ$
ezgZwZ
wZz lZ Z$
ez n~ 4Z *
*{)z & gzZ ~g tu

X ZgzZ 4,
6uVzw zyY

VY ; Cq,
6VYgzZV2Z ,
F gzZ *
!*
*,
6g~ C
$
ez

p
ng7A
&{iZ+
0Z 9yvzLZgzZ
gpVzt

Y 1zZ Y7b CZp2Z ,


F gzZ *
!*
* 5Y ,
6 ]*
! kZakZ

Y 1zZti? *
! p , b kZ h
g A,

6 C
|VgzZ/LZ {zakZ Y H b ~ OZ

146

VZiz

]Zg (Zq ,
4s ZaZ h
M7VHgzZt p h
M
GL G
GL G
" z x ZZ
" z Zg & $
[+
0$
ezgzZg Z
ezg Z
GL G
" z
Yxi~ h$
ez,
ki b Z H zt Z% x ZZ

*
c *
!*
*/
Z Z Z *
c ZzO;g 7*
! hg b kZgzZ

{zgzZ;g:~
qzD b z H
xib {z*
c b
*
! VHgzZ: szc~ wEZ ]Zg (Z LZ

Xh
M7gb kZ
GL G
GL G
" z g Z
" zzg Zuz
$
ez ,
ki t Z% g Z

/Z*

!:xi,
6kZtp
g b b kZ%]i YZ

r 0 Lg (Z kZ p
ngg (Z gg kZ {z W:Ig 7Z

,X) {)z R Vzg Zg}uz {zZ Z\*


!$
ezt
G
1Zx Z s %Zg~kZ%Z Cq ( ~} E
L 3

*
@Yqg (Z~}g *
!]Z f KZ *
! q ,
4

z *
!q ,
4 Y }uz gzZ $ b CZ {z gzZ

X Y7b kZ%z
GL G
" z z
p q h b CZpX [+
0
L g Z

gzZ Vt } b ~qg z {z t i4gzZ

]q Sg: { zg+
0Z Va VHp a Vz VY
CYW~x ZVz%i zz M
L*
!.
_ KZgzZ '7Zz

~kZ&Zpa Z { *
c i Z kZaVga kZ

*
!VH ZgtY aZgzZ N *
@{ *
ci
X 7b CZp

147

VZiz

1Z]| H
H Zz]gz zBZ ~,
( ~ V (u

~,
F ) e |^ L L YH7 z%b ~z%~Z

7
g b z% kZ q ,
4g/( 1101 :$
gu

vZg ]|74*
* b % zt Z%kZq ,
4gzZ
]i YZ zkZ ]gT *
c g Z ] \W $
eZzg

gu ~,
F ) *
! b kZ 1 b %
kZ q ,
4g/ ( 1102 :$

kZ e
f Z% kZ 7
g b kZt Z%$
gu

Vgp~ X]*
c W{z yW7 *
@ 7j b

wg 7]*
!t 2( 230 232: {) b s
]|gzZ % z yZ *
c b vZ g]|] vZ

a kZ %a ]i YZ *
c b 7KZ vg

$
g q Zz]*
c WyZwq *
c g Z g U,
6LZpVY*
!
~b VY,
6gm{ Zz]*
!tp Y =

X 7
o,
6gbi Z+
0ZZgkZgzZ Zm{ z

{zv *
@Y1x yzo ZZ~kZ` Wk\Zp

kZ {gt %gzZ xz [NZ h kZVY

xg {z ~gza zVq ; g

{ *
c i]Z f KZ zLZ *
c ] gO} b kZ
u m ]L LY ]i YZ~b ~g Z.gzZg Z h

( 1136:$
gu x Z )X '
^`n ^`e

~ #.
} ] g~g Z.qZ ~zZg k0vZ]|

\W CI*
*g kZ {zVq *
c b kZ ZzkZ W

148

VZiz

Z1Z ) } *
c g *
! bkZ e *
c g(ZkZ ]

a]i YZgzZi7%tzgtV2,
6uakZ ( 2096:$
gu
GL G
$ gzZ B Vgt 7
~ ~ sZ
g , b
X s Z bz~ Zi W

*
c g b CZVHyZ ]zZ t U Zuz

zz{ Zz b t eD W ~b LZ7Zgzv

1gh" /
ZgzZ s bzg<tp;Y
g
gzZ nZ Z,
6 kZY 1zZ )
*
! ~g)n yZ+
0{ IZ kZ

b ]vZwg qg (Z g b kZ=g f
~b akZ ( 285&4:>,
kC! Z+
ZZzZ ) ] |^ o`L L*
c I

~KVY ; ~(,
F b ~KgzZ H
*
c g ZzyZ

q] |^] ]a ]L L C Z{hZ +q,


6gx

: *
@tyZyxgx Zwzw'Z~VZzg q^]
( 7041:$
gu+
ZZzZ )X ] ]v] v] ne ^ L L

,Z ?: b J\*
!~T yb Z,
'{ *
c ib kZ[Z

$*
"
Ux *
*g Zx Z LZgzZD YK]*
!.
_zz,
6gx b

gzZW ^z ]gVHg /*
*gzZ yZ ~ Vg,ZVY ; D

bkZ ,
F { *
c i H
gzZCY{ W,
6b ,
WO Z

]*
!tg Zb gzZ ` akZ D7$
"*
U*
0,
k b

V vm{ Y1~ OZ
,
6u~b ~gz

ob %q zVY { *
c iZ kZayZV0

w'~ #.
}+ vgzZ t{ Zg +
$ kZ *
@ Za

VZiz

149

]2z u\WLZgzZ xggz oZ,


6 gm{ayZ V
X ~gz*
* X(

VY
gt: ]gzwZZgzZ yi Z ~kZn

yZ Y*
c g6,
6g, ZqZ7ZgzZ Y*
c yp IgzZZp,
^ Y

{gt V2,
6uVHm{gzZ
ot:gzZ: wJw
X B b %a~ OZ7ZgzZN:~{

Y 2005&18| 1426xZwZ&15
   

VZiz

1 50

YEH
E
G
45"y
G
0$ sZ DD 5F
]gzZ []T *
c t+Z qZyK
Z \vZ

gzZ *
* W,
6 x {z yj g zZce ~&)u Z&
n 0&/
L{z xg} ,
7 g Z+
hgzZ HgzZ Le *
*V*
c

1 IZ gzZ Zz Z { Le xg bkZgzZ Le *
*
kZ gzZ ]gzqZ a kZ B Va kZ : Zz

XzqZ ]

]x~eVzU Vz yZ+
0i K
Za Z~xsZ

}uz qZ {z ~
q ~ ZZ kZgzZ ? Hi kZ~ +
0iZ
}uzqZ~+
0iZt]*
!~ C
~ekZ ?}g (Ztzg HB

gzZ ] yK
Z V gzZ Y 1x g Z Y Hu|4B

] ZZYK_y'YX~i Z+
0Z4V;z Le7

kZ Z q g Z z kZ gzZ ,
6 }uz qZ ++
Z(

VzgZgzZ K
Z0gzZ ~zg { Zg"Z ZzY*
0 ~] (

6,RkZ t Z z $
-*
c ++
Zz Y qi #
Z *
c x *
! i Z Qg *
!qZ *
0
?? Hx Z}g gzZf H Vzuz N Z ,
FZ

~ y}uz 8
egkgZ ]i YZ *
c7
y

*
c g Z ]vZ wg $
eZzg ~g Fgf1Z]| s Z
kZq,.: {IZgzZ ~y]i YZ gzZ *
c U{,
6 T

z kZ/

Z7,
^YakZ H
Vu+ZqZ {z W~

VZiz

151

~} hYW Zz kZ {zgzZ Yo ~Vy

QgzZ: {,
6gzZZ{ i Zzg/
ZgzZ ( n ln ^ ) V 7Ws@Z

:$
gu ~,
F ) y Z+
0{ IZg] 7g Zzg]{z A Zz g/

] g #
rqZ ~ $
eZzg qZ Z ]|( 2757
c*
J,
(skZgzZ} 9 e] \W ~ Vzv
{z ~ ]*
?
c Zzg ( 5171 : $
gu Z 1Z ) ,g Zz ,
6 kZ

( 2708:$
gu ~,
F )X H

C gzZ,
6 ] Zy $Y .
~ Z ]*
! t ]*
c Zzg yZ

]i YZ g
G V g
F Y i ZzWXy~, Z *
c ]i YZ g
G
**
eg gkZ%]i YZ #Zya Zz yp

: 0Z *
@YHaA
]*
!yxg ZZygzZ7
g

W]*
! Vzq,. ~ $
gu DDDD *
*_:gzZ
g 7

gpzgzZ Z ~skZgzZ Y3g7kZ/


Z

zCL C,.WVY ; ~ kZ A
]*
!
VggzZ Vz%yZgz WL DW" ,
6 y~

t C'*
!i ZggzZ qZ *
@YW{+
Et~}g *
!
! 9 yZZg *
*+ YgzZ 7
yZgzZ,.
J5G4G
5_Z L L,
6 gm{akZ yW
HgHy yZ E

4Z ~ y ]i YZ zC a Vx \vZO
~yzC]i YZ ,
6gx DDDD xgzZaBB $
eZ@
: ~$
eZ@~}g *
!yZ DDDD Tg D W

V*
!*
*~?gzZx}g v!`yZZ{z} Z

VZiz

152
i , 1]i YZ?~]zZ&{zce

e
fg *
@Z} ( +
ZZi ) LZ ?#
Z ~Pz
{,
6( yZ )a}g vz&tY (i gzZ

`w,
6yZgzZ,
6?( ]i YZ )]zZyZ
Dg z W ],
6 }uz qZ ? VY ; 7
Dyx Z LZa}g v\vZ bkZTg
( 58:g )X ZzgzZ Zz+ Y\vZgzZ

a+ZzgzZzZ~T,Z Z] Zx'

XCgzW%]iYZgzZCY~gz$
eg,

ZpyZgzZVT egp~{,
]Z LZZzg
GgzZ%1]*
!T

-ZZg 8
q
n ZgzZ *
*g
GyZ V7~ kZv}uz

VO H
H ~gakZ~yWpgzZ ~ga b

,
6vyZLgVae
hkZy-*
@Y *
c E
&OgxZ
~ga ]*
!LZ \vZkZy-Tg w *
UL L

4Z~ ~gaL L*
*g
GV*
!akZ DDDD (18:v) H
z w bt akZ C0z,
'Wz]yK
Z kZVa gzZ

~ga kZ yvkZ]zZ 7~ga zg ~ga [Z


X *
@Y|,
(

{z *
@ g /.
__ZgzZg
G yVzuz

*
@y+
$}uzqZ yK
Z #
Z*
*Zz V*
!i Zg }uzgzZ

r
g ~ w LZ ]*
!.
_]gzgzZ ]~}g *
! kZgzZ

; CW,
F Z,
6 VwhzZ +Z WgzZ CsyK
Zq

153

VZiz

YH
45"y7~kZakZ
5F
G

wK
Z)gzZsZ): d) E

$.gz
e
w+Z ] Izo~V;XV, ZgzZ

! x)
*
!gzZu*
* k\Z

~/
}kZt {z $ I]g/
Z kZ

]Z~ ]~ ZZVY ;*
* X]Zx zogzZ *
*
gg+
$z~T C,
7zgZzkZ,
6kZ { *
c iZ

IZ~w*
!LZ T Z]guqZ Z]|]
*
@Y ]Z i Zg Y V T 3g (Z qZ x *
*l

? *
c Z]| 7g ~+
0*
! q ]|
~ Z ,
7*
*k]" aqkZgzZ 7!Zj,
k W

Zx kZ DDDD H!Zj kZg e *


*zg e Vz7$g kZ

,. #
Z gzZ YY 1x a ZgzZ s
0<Eg+
$*
*p=g feg g_yZgzZ 7
V*
! ,
^YakZ 9 z
X
g \zZ

Vzg Z Z 0 s~]q )gzZ V*


!i Zg KZ
-di q Z ~kZ
gzZ#xgzZ q~kZ aV E
g g Zzg *

@,
'ZCzgzZ *
*tyxgZgzZ$
eZgzZx ZgzZg7 *
c g

CY g (Z lzg & z i q Z UkZ~o}g k\Zp; 7


kZ npgLgZ MZ LZgzZ gz$s %Z [
xg Z MZ [
x
}g *
! VoI {gzZxZ bZ *
@wEZ g
z,
'W" x zo vy gzZM
++
$, Z *
@Y *
c CZit ~
tz]| ;g Y*
@g DZ ` zzyZgzZL
:

VZiz

154

V*
! gzZ i ZgV ?/
Z ] vZ wg ~ $
eZzg

`i ^] l] kfi] L
L z2~h 7Z z,
7
( 4888: Z1Z )X ai l

Y 2006~g&27
   

VZiz

1 55

m,
?gzZ { ,
^YDDcZg b
VzuzgzZ ( p{z 3gz Z~]yK
Z Z.
}
kZ~T H yZ+
0{ WzqZ ]gyK
Z n Z

+ b ,
6g~ C
gx t wZOgzZ w*
* w Z

b kZpwZOgzZ *
@W~zb \*
!V w *
*gzZw Z

gzZ Z Z,j~,
(kZ Zm{ b ~xsZ nkZ
G y,Z}p0b ~yW H
HI+
0i

Y }g JV 7gZz ,Z x Zi

X *
c g Z 4]] g Z /
+
0i{~

-Z ~ Vx~ T {@q
qZ,
6g~ C
b ~ sZ <

gB }uz
qZ ~ x/
z u +
0igzZ Z Z t }uz

~z=g f wJz [XZ ]Z@x n Z D{ m

-Z Z% [XZ *
q
@=g f wJz [XZ b D W

s}uz Z% wJgzZ 7n s &

{@~ b %Z *
* Y Zg,
6 kZ gzZ 8
t
kZ

-vZwgt 0 K
ZkZVY ; UkBB

{H
kgzZz,
'Wz ]~ kZgzZ L
<ug IY C
mZ}uzgzZ zmvZ

+Z b O {@+,
F ZgzZ klqZtn Z X
X 7~]Z@}uz G 0[Z WgzZ_ Z

b $%]g/
ZJV H
*
c g Z ~gz$~ b

156

VZiz

**
y;Z~ ]5x bZ #
Z Zz$$
A YZg,
6

:%gzZ Vz%yz zwJz [XZ~ b p 7#


ZZz

vZ wg vZ g ]| *
* ~gz *
* VgzgzZ%qZ

*
*y;ZqZ~yZ nbzmvZwk0vZ]|bZ( ^fu e] xnv ]ve17&11: ] ])

b 2( 1104: pi ) nfe |^ L LY7y;Z%b


G!
~ kZgzZB yZ zg Z b [ t ~ ] E
5B-o
Xx Z z

iu * ~,
k]Z@ugIzmvZ -vZwg
V,ZgzZ *
cZ5ZZ]|ZzmvZ-\W Z{@~
zmvZ-\W#
ZbZf kZ~V19]z$
guZ

yxgbDV-gzZV p=gzZ ]
z,
'Wz]gzZw zyY}uzqZv
tqTZ{@,
6wQ

gzWC*
! /
Z%Z ,gZ/
+
0i,
6 iLZ LZgzZ,xZZ

bDxgzZ *
cZzmvZ-\W{@kZ,fZ

,
6]d 52 *
@Bx {@t 1\,
6kZVz
h ZyZZ}@ zmvZ -g DIZ

(273:$
guZ~iZZe : )X$
dge

x ~uz x qZ D R Z Z gzZ Z ]Z@

D ~ ZZgzZ ]Z@gzZ }n ~ wZB


r]Z@, Z {)z S #
|zz+
h
y}{@B

zmvZ -\W~ V1 $
guO $
"*
U zmvZ -g

VZiz

157

]5 gzZ ~ ZZ , Z *
c Wf ~,
k{@ #
|zz+
h
y
\I
k *
,
! 5Z Z 0 0 {@kZ #
Z z kZm{~}g *
!
: g Z \vZO ~(,
FyWW ~
( 282:f] ) ! fj^ oF q o me jm]i ]

X z 1Z zn+n]qZ#
Z

oz L L[*
!xqZ DIZ~yZ,
6Y ,n Z

CY0n ]Z ,
mz*Zg Z% ozL L H
X
*
* ~,
k b @ $Y ]*
! t ~: kZ
b ~ zi3 Z Z.
}/
Z *
@Y peg kg b =g f kZ
c*
Za q Z ,
4~$ Yu^}gZ

m,
z* Z b Z9s %Z $
"*
!:gzZ _Z

b n kZ ; Y yz~ q Z ,
4gzZ J9,
6 ZyZ
X ._t Zz` Z'<*
* W ~,
kkZgzZcZg
y kZ g y 0cZgb zkZy#

]*
! cZg JV Y *
c g Z xicZg { i Z+
0Z zg

w*
0 gzZ m{Vy*zy 7#kZ y

kZgzZ iE$
e. ` Zg+
0Zb =gfeg1z~
b k*
0 .
]) 0*J'Z ~ Vz} ,
( o bZ *
@YH,
6
pD Z `g] b ~]ZZgyZvD]ZZg

xb %kZgzZ YHtcZg n]ob ]*


!t

wQ$
"*
U%Z ~<VY ; wJ.*
* Y7

158

VZiz

~DgzZ yZ+
0{ *
c {@x LZ 'gzgzZ%qZ *
c %yxz/
Z gH

n kZ n $
"*
Ub t , Z b ,
6C
]

kZ7cZg b TgzZ bgZ xinb ocZgb


X6+
0Z ~kZgzZ 7
g *
* Y*
c g Z x)

o kZ { *
c i ~ *
!WkZ o Wz qZ y*zy

zz bzg zZ $
" Sg ~ ]Ytz ] $
eZ

zz +
0Zp 7g OZ #V , Z

c*
g Z xi bkZcZg b /
Z ~ ]q yZ g~ V

6+
0Z Y : x b %kZgzZs b ,
6ZY

)f 0 b vk,
F*
* Z.
} Y 3 Zg C *
c iz kZ
_g ZzXgzgzZ Y_hBY *
Ugz,g(Zg ZZgV-g Z

c*
}g Z m )m ~ Vx Y *
c gZ +

nxb cZgb ,
6i ! fnkZ Y
$E
]q Y{ y*zy:gzZ
g 0G
sZ: bg Z i
X }W

~gz b n m ]gz%V;z gzZ ` Z' !f

| ,
(Z ZV Zz W~z Vg ) *
@Y 7
zg kZ ~ t VggzZ Vz% ;g 7g )
*
! V yZt [Z

)B]*
!kZ4 "~ ~gze b v yi Z

BWgzZ e Y #
ZgzZ,g Z /
+
0iB}uzqZ,
6i

o }g 7]*
! .,
6 ~,
( *
* : $
"*
U b V;z n kZ

TYYH7wJV-zg*
!gzZit Z, Z,
6g~ C
~y*zy

VZiz

159

X N Y{g)7zg *
@x Z+
0{~w
: ~gz$
egV*
!P~2Z cZg0b nkZ
c*
gHVZp b =gfeg1 z,
6 ] X ( 1)
yZ V;z D~g Y*
* b .
]) 0*J'Z V

b Vzg Z ZIVZgzZ YHt,


6g
X Y*
* i WncZg
2Z sZ~ hV ~2Z cZg ( 2)

y;Z b Y 3g p

*
* y + *
* z ~ b V*
!*
*
{z b % $
eg kZVY ; {)zf $
$E
X x)0G
sZ
c*
7g Z xi cZg n ]o b ( 3)

]o b ._ VQ /
Z ; Y
X YHtxZ

c*
J RV V x cZgb ( 4)

:*
* WJ V V n cZg *
@ Y
V {z i W eZg b v gzZ } ,
7
X ,7wz: yZgzZ: wZ

]*
! kZ Y ~ n cZg ( 5)

mqZ e7cZgz-/
ZR

Y k*
0 g ZZg zig+
0Z { b *
c { &]
V# g *
@V#Vz ,g Z ZBy;Z

VZiz

160
Vx b t VZ V# V#,
6 x
V *
@ 1 b ~ :W D $
eg

X:VV;z 7
cZg

**
Z Z T e :cZg ( 6)

X:)
*
! ~g *
!,
kigzZ ~g Z nVx
$E
gzZ ]q Y y*zy z Z 0G
sZ V ]t
bgzZ Y: $
eg yZ/
ZqZ gZbzz Zgf

X { *
c iyvgzZ{+
ZkZ6+
0Z Y*
c }gZicZg

Y 2006ag B24
   

VZiz

161

V*
c g Z)fgzZx DD
c*
o w } e Ze L L g*
@kZ _g* g*
@ J

* kZyK
Z \vZ Z m{ gzZ Z e~ ` *
@Y
V-g6gzZV{BBV6&gzZVp~T H z(Z~

gzZ ~,
(~,
(]twq]zyK
Z CY*
0 lW
kZBBkZpZhyK
Z t+,
Fg !g !
-Zh
q
MyvZ } hc} Qtwq z*
*gzZ ~gz$
X $h wWZV*
c g FgzZ YyYkZ $
,*
!
gzZ *
c Za t *
c,
F kZBBCi~ ]kZ \vZ

\vZ : *
c g Z zmvZ -vZ wg ` kZBBV-g F
) ]] ] ] ^L L Za Zz ~g FCZ9J ,
(

]/gzZ = ~ \vZ {z x yK
Zt [Z ( 84B5 : +
ZZzZ

kZ e gzZ pzx kZ }*
c g V Zz DwEZ

] .
} yZ U#.
} K
Z7~ kZ n kZ x Z

gzZ *
* JB; ~x gzm *
* z} ` Z *
* *
* 3 Z $
e.

{ *
c i
yK
Z p #.
} t
t *
* ~g7 #
~q q]gz

,
6x kZyK
Z ~g F!%{z#
Z *
@zkZ ` Z#.
}

xqZ {zp #sV *


0 B; Y73{zz*
! *
* 3

-vZwgnZ *
@Y` Zxz3gVzg gzZ ~g Z gzZ Y7^

162

VZiz

\W *
c g Z )
*
!
` Z u" ~g Z g gzZ ] !% zmvZ

~r*
! A
{z *
c Lg~ ] !%qZ J#
Z :*
c ]
@*
t Z]$
gukZz}g7 K-e KZ *
c Z e bkZ ( 6551: )
V {z4
~V *
c g Z zmvZ -vZwg

| ,
( gzZ Z e nV K
Z ygzZ { *
c i

+4) ^] n L LZ e{ g *
!zmvZ-g*
c bkZ ?*
*
zz Z Z Yi Z Z HgzZ| ,
( yZ 5eg Z-Z ( yK
Z
ig Z*+
0i}:zDZ ~z%Z]|*
*

^m ] V ^ ]L Ln]g,
6b & Z K
Z *
@gzZx
( 267B1:> iZ b )X XX ]e g_]

z yZ kZgzZ Z ,
(
M
+K
Z {z/
tZz

!%*
c Z7{+
Z~ ` *
@(Zi 9 ` *

yY kZ i gzZ D YQ Z e v Zz ]
p ~g (ZyK
Z ` n kZ {)t D Y,
7
(80:Y Z) nm a k ] L LC7q%! Z.
}z

s Z% Z e1 { *
c i A
& kZ,
6 kZ bg Z X+
0i
C V*
c g Z)f kZ Z *
@q x T

~ C
Z e e z,
6 V-g Z)f KZ]Z| gzZ Z e n kZ

{z h
M7t g xlU #.
} ~& kZ {z t9

kZ gzt p , N Zz yLZgzZ , ` j V%

163

VZiz

3gpU
` ZBB]
`ZgzZ Y *
c : ,
)gzZ]g &

]gg *
!zg
,
'i qZ ` gzZ t wqgz kZ Y
H4]
sp~ 5F
; T zz gzZ g (Z
~e:Q 01
Z,
'.*
* n!%:VzZ e

Z Z :g *
! C Y n }gtg *
! !% g t $
eZzg 5qZ
Z *
!WQe
fwz:iZ eC ]zZ bkZ}

+
h
yZzV zzmgzZCYN Zz n Za Zg f

A
KZgzZ% Z e1 ,
6 !%n z yZ *
@ *
@Y

spZz 7{z ZN Zz *
@ (Z n
Z +
$ zz Y w+
$ vx *
* T Zz ~uz !g ZgzZ CY ~

C7~gkZ#
rZ e!%}g CY~ *
@

w+
$~ VPgzZ ~{ *
c i kZ [Zz H
t

~g gzZ CY ~ N Zz { *
@ t Ig Z N Zz +
ZZigzZ H
*
c
X CYwz7V Zz

D Y Z<" Z
n < nZ%Z

yz y^g7g {z e *
c Z< Z e}uz /
Z !%

*
@Y *
c g Z ~gztgzZ *
@Z<}g7 QZ e *p: VY
GF
4&TZ e
~] Z Z y Z Y *
c Z<VZ *
c {gt -G

KZgzZ *
* { *
c i { *
c ikZ Z *
@ g *
*z f /.
_ z [:
H4]
; m{ *
c Z e}uz Z e qZ *
@ (Z *
@ *
*A

!%5F

yZ $
AV/.
_>!%/
Z 'gx t *
@(Refer) eg

6,
V Zz *
@*
* 3z
yZk\Zp YYH7g Z$
e Z

164

VZiz

z V;z eV V gzZ z,
6 !% z,
6 < z

$gzZ ~ h # !% Vj f,
d
( yZgzZ VyZ w
H4]
]gg Z zt *
@1 qZ g Y 5F
; n V
X x ZwC
Zz~kZgzZ x Zw8
kZ

4]; ~g u ~*
5F
x ~ V H
0,
6 ]*
! kZ s #

yxkZ: sp Z.
}&p N` x,
3LZ Z Z e Zz

D `x,
3 V*
* iZ e ~g u,
6gx O? Yx
H4]
mg Z *
c ZgzZ " Z *
@W~ 5F
; ~g u!%

; *
@Y *
c g6,
6kZZ,
6gi*
c CY~] W~x,
3Z

gzZ gzZ ^~kZ YZb { *


c i { *
c i yZ *
@

b z*
! kZ [Z Z *
@Y *
c zZ : ?,
6 i

kZyWtgzZ : qw ,
6ix Zw?,
6^Z,
6
ne ]] ]^i L L,
k 3: w ,
6j*
! g Z

( 188:{)X ^f^e

e=g f V Zz ` nZ%Z Xt wqg5qZ bZ

Z/
t !%gzZg *
!VZ/
` *
@ *
@Y *
c {gt c,
6W~ yZ

bkZ ]~R] zm{ )


*
! Zig Z n

#gzZ CY Zci { *
c i { *
c i=g f c,
6WgzZ CW7]*
!
bZ *
* g z,
') Z *
!tVY CZ Z,jkZ

t g k,
(. *
@ *
@Y 3g,
6 w0WZz*
!]!%
Xi+ *
*zg

Z eo ,
6 c,
6W Wt ]uZz,Z

165

VZiz

% Z eg t kZkZgzZ!%gzZ *
@Wt _*s
x ZwW~VgZgzZ{ H
kgzZ ,
^ Y*
* 'gx tDg6,
6
Z e 2~VH
kyZzz dKZ vg Zg k\Z

kZ!%2 :kZ ~ ]g ` ^Z,


6 gzZ { Z 9kZ sn
X ,
^Y7zz%gzZszcyZ~N Zz

J ,
7,
6g*
! LZ kZ ~gzt n

g Z zmvZ -vZ wg 7
g b qz ` ,
6 V *
! P
g_i yv{z} ` {zH:qDT *
c

V7,ZY nZ ( 630B2: Z1Z) ^ ` g_] f m

T {z Z% Zz*
* ( 169B7 : 5E{Z Z+
$) *
c ~*
0,
6
2 : Zz ]Z ,
WZ V Zz : A
& K Zz kZgzZ ~g F ~
^] om r
g:DV Zz Zz1zg Z ~gkZgzZ}N Zz

! ZzsZ GEZ ) o] o n$^i j] ] ]] o m ^` ]

~ ZwyZgzZ VyJ.V*
@D{ *
@gzZZz*
*,Z Z ( 449B5 :
+
X-BEZ G
( 233B 2: <G
!Z+
$)X VpgzZ { $iu KZwt Y
G

7
o1x *
@~` kZpC*
c

kZgzZ g Z)f {z $
A yv!%,
6 *
@kZ kZgzZ
` ._wQgzZ J ,
7 kZ/
Z V; Y Hwz: YC

kZ {z[Z H
gzZn%kZ *
c m7!%z*
!kZpH
l^ ^ gnf s^ ]:D ,
kg)gO 7g Z)f

` ` Wk\Z ( 220B4:R) n h_] q m]


~!%~qgzZ 8Xu i CWt V*
@+Z

VZiz

166

n ` {zgzZ x ; 7x {M
+K
Z Z eg ,Z *
@Y w
gzZ q Z ~,
( ~ xsZ ` z n i O g

~c LZ {z x Z ~g Z)f Z
g Z#.
} K
Z

Y*
0 ]
y WBB *gzZ
` ZBB ]
`Q

U#.
}~ kZ }:g (Z,
6g]g & kZ {z
X XZ LZl,
6ix ZwgzZ^gzZgp

Y 2006B7
   

VZiz

167

$E
0G
sZ DD}/
g } ~+,
RgzZi g Y_,
(]uZzV}/

~ C
kZx { Zp{ ] g0: K
yZ ] [Z
Z Z" V+Z *
@ *
* Z.
} ._ {o yZ
x J Z Z e iM
+K
Z G*
*ZC yY,
6V ZzWV;zg*

.$
#
e.]g,
6 K ZgV d
` gzZKY *
c ,
6 gq
x K
ZOs: {z H[g Z x
`kZ TgzZ u \ZgzZ
X LVzgK
Z0gzZZt Z

% ] uZz Z.
}gzZ y \vZ ._{o}g ,K

p 7y Z{z ~yqZ z yZ n kZ

" V] <Z}uz xsZ p


ngp zk*
0 ]*
!.
_ K
Z

x Z%ZV] ~L# yWO H7Iw


L L KQ Hf { ] V|gzZV- Df

] ] ^`n m r l] ne ] k` `e ^] ]

{@bD)zmvZ-vZwg bZ ( 40:Z) ] n%
yZgzZ N Y J e 7] yZ]*
! t ~ kZ *
c Z

` tm ne ` `i ]XN Y7 V;zZI
( 3041:$
gu Z1Z ) !

V*
! X ' /~ B
k
q gzZ ]*
! Z
q

VZiz

168

t qZ~yZ ]*
c Z@ z ` zmvZ -wggzZ CY S

vZ]|O YH: OV {V] gzZV ZI C


z D: Zzg ` zmvZ -vZ wg ~ $

eZzg vZ g k0
: ] *
c Z@t

vZ V Zz : yZZd x *
*vZv ?

gzZVz:?z: $
- z:z n
( {)zZ!Zf 316B5:+
ZZzZ )X z: OV Zza
l

-GZ Wz .
YY *
c { i Z+
0Z { gzZ E
} ZxsZ kZ

# ~: i kZ t gzZ *
Z
@Y *
c wZ e 1 :y Z #
Z z B
k

G \ V,
6 y B
k :gzZ 7{@ yxg V
}uzgzZ *
c M
+K
Z B
k2Z [vzmvZ -\W,
6gq

X 3gp]*
!.
_IV
$E
: egpgQPn+ Y0G
sZ~eV}/

g]" 'Y 73Y }gzZg Zzg]s~ V} yZ ( 1)

X D YW~ikZ v

X W
: K
'ga h1~V}yZ ( 2)

DYh Z,
6yZCYbkZ3YW ( 3)

X CY~x Zxg~
yWu% *
@$
T (Zui

V Zz g D } n Z g lW,
6g~ C
t ( 4 )

gzZ CZa v W,
6g~ C
{)zzg *
! Zg7 D Y}n
CY)~wj LZB~g7 Vz $}uz v W

X CYCJ eW BJVgzZ

169

VZiz
$E
X ,g0G
~}g *
!]yZ W[Z

**
VZB; ,
6 kZ: x Zz wQ <~ Z
q (1)

pF ] ] i L L7,
6}uz~gZ)fqZVY7,
^Y

gzZVzgz'v~[ H
*
cpgpkZ ~B
kZyJue

~qgyZDY ~B
kBLZ 4,
'igzZe
fV

:K
~ B
k VgzZ Vzgz' zmvZ -\Wn Z C7
(Z!Zf315B5:[-Z+
ZZzZ)! ^] ^] j ] ^^`X *
cI

:K
~B
k
q ? ~]qx VggzZVVh1 ( 2)
w9/ vZ g k0vZ]| H
H I
y*Z ( 316B5 : +
ZZzZ ) *
c I OVgzZ Vg] \W

( 315B5:. 0Zj) w} Z 0]|$


eZzg
gk0vZ]|~zZgkZgzZ f Vh1~$
eZzggzZqZ

6,
kZ @ l&Zp]\W~Vl ( 317B5:. 0Zj ) vZ

Vh1 ~ B
k
q #
Z ( 316B5 : . 0Zj : ) *
c g Z ~g Z *
*J

Yi Z x ZZ, ZVY~~]qw5 $
egt VgzZ&Zp

?N Y3YVzgz$yZ~T

~]qxtH
HI?g*
!g*
!~$
gu ( 3)

LZ #
Z {z ti V1VY H
*
c I,
6gm{kZ ~ B
k
QgzZ e
fyYyZg Z +
jZ$
e. DOyZs: D *
0 ,
6V7

JV ^y e
f w@W ^ u*
* D?yZ
zmvZ-vZwg Dg Z ]gzZ Z ,
(KZ8[Z~~ ,
7w>
O/
Z *
c gzZ H I ]$
e.
w K
Z)kZ

VZiz

170

] \W,
6 B
kz:?gzZ : Z +
jZ zO,
6i4Z

4 [*
!: ) f ? ] ~ yZ ~ ]*
c Z@

Z+
jZ z DOg]" /
Z ( 315D 18B5 :+
ZZzZ Z f)zgZ
YHOZ~!+
$#
Z $
AHg (Zi?gzZ g

} (a0yz0Z) n^e Y*
c Og ZJ
X ]g+,
F+
$? G{z *
@ K
Z=g f

}uz yK
Z *
c I ]*
! kZ zmvZ -vZ wg ( 4)

y*
c vZ b ZwtVY} Zw~v WyZ *
c yK
Z
VX]\W ( Z1Z) ^] h ] ^^e hm

Xg >W,
6g~ C
/gzZ ( 317B5:y*
!N+
ZZzZ ) *
c I
$E
b *
*~ ]qx {zB
k } / 0G
n kZ
*
c ` ZzgVz/
c ~Zg~Y ZV}bkZ7
g

V|gzZ V G}/~,
6 e } ,
(~Y 1947 V2

~o H
g J+
0ZqZ ` Zzx Zt[ZgzZ *
c : K
kZ
4E
5r~V;zVYg uZz nV
*,
6g: EG
~g/Xp gx O VggzZ Vh1 V $g " {zgzZ

V;zgzZ SgB}uz qZ~Z,


6C
{@ ~g2 ~

7i Z V}, ZV;zA 5 Zg ,
^Ys ZwgzZ ` Z

yvkZ *
c H,
6 @ T : *
c g Z zmvZ -vZ wg Y

X VZ90& y#skZ~*
c

! ^n] m rnru ^ ] a^ ]
( 3052:$
gu Z1Z )

VZiz

171

@Zz ]ot qZ : g.'*


!z n#~g %Z

@*
Y 3g Zzg,
6 V Z *
* ?b Z9~} x%

g Zzg]Vzg Z+
h:7gzZV
,
6zG#p

yv}$
eZ/
ZgzZ *
@Y17 Z ~s yZpCZI

ykZ ~ ]*
! kZVq *
@Y *
c :K
V ]o
X cgli s yZV2,
6nx *
*+
$V

V>,
6 kZ *
@ 0z ,
6 yZ DkCy: }uz

s ZyZ Z: s ZZ:7 : D Y 7B;


p H
.
x O]Z|gzZ *
!W Z%ga CW~
wn
# p H
Z
Zi Z V,
FVzg Z+
hZ @ 7Zzgg f

CY kZB ~g g t,
'$
e. *
@Wx ZZ ,
6 V

tJ#
Z *
@Y *
c Z9~ } xVg]" JV

X n: WzZ ~o 7~zgzZ Z *
*

gnM
+K
Z Z.
}ZgzZ#QZqZy! wq

]*
!.
_gzZ,j i Wg Z ]q9yZ nkZ 5

~ZOg~zu<\WLZ {zpV:VY Zz Z,
'
X >yZ
Y 2006mB 15
   

172

VZiz

}gt: DDX wh$


eg
7 ]zg st V*K
~,
( z vZ+
0egzZ `g

}i 7y Uzgc [8nVzgzZD
0Zzzg,
6}ixl/
gzZZgb*
!Vzg(gzZ

}i `g~zg L
:~C~ yZ ],
'*
c /
~u
$NgzZ $
x~pVgzZ w=gfZ bZ 4 E
"
`ggzZ+
0e gZ \vZOCW~zug*
@gzZ]zZgzZ C

( 5:Z )X ^fve ] ]L L=g f []zZn}g v

vxnkZ*
@BwgzZqZyCzegzZ_
`g

[zz q+
0e h
MyY7~p g*
@gzZgzW=gfkZ

gzZ *
@q~^{,
]Zqg*
!qZ {z H
3g (Z$
+ Y]gx

kZ *
@izZ {B[*
@z[W~g7D^CZ g*
@,a
~Vg7~w]gzZw wV" E
L j8
- g*
J
@2827

gzZ *
@ qzwZzi +
0ekZQ Za

xqZgzZCxug*
@ J
mg*
@QgzZ Z *
@Y[ze *
!
yWnZYZzgzW=gfkZWx

+Y ]zZgzZ g*
@Q
RgzZ ,
( kZ ~}g*
! +
0e,
6gm{
(189:{Z)X sv] ^ kn] oa L
L az

k?qgzZ Z]xx kZgzZ <{ qZxsZ

173

VZiz

5+
*
c [Z*
c { izg H0g HE
0ex Z xsZ n Z
m{zx C *
* { W yZVY ;0 V:g *
@~
{)z Z
q7 eZ/
Z ]*
! p U C;qZ~ kZ yWn

){z z]gHzqZ/
ZgzZ CY*
!z p
lg *
! ~ /
/
Z p q wqZ lg *
! ~ ],
' C 7Za

C*
! VzynwL Z lg *
! v *
@ 7: 1] Y
%N Z[Z CtF
/
qZ g OZgzZ[+
&+
E g *
@B29bZD W

7D*
*qT Cq]+ZqZ W+
0e 29

X YYH7y~p ZkZ *
@Zao K
C;kZ

`ggzZ+
0e}i *
@~czC+
0eC]*
!t

Dl/
}i4Q *
@W7+
0e nV&zzzYWyxg
4Q (gzZ O g *
@ i +
0e CJ ,
(WxCZ D

+
0e ;3g7gZ,
6+
0ezmvZ -vZwgnZ ;

{ izg N+
0egzZg { izgN+
0e *
c g ZgzZ *
c g Z g YA

1909:$
gu zma oe V p^e)X jm ]_ jm ]L Lz
( ]_ jm ] ] ] jm ] V o@ f] h^e

yK
Z ~ kZ gzZ $ t~ W +
0e Va Q
:gzZ s in kZ ; ykZ Y V\Wg*
*
& Y  p
ng U Z ~gZ z {izggzZ p

W,
'Zsit]gGgHxZ Z ZVg{u

+
0e VZ ~gz ypg *
c +
0e ~]gkZ:
+Z o L~ b Z }Z : e*
* ,
6 ^yZ S

174

VZiz

. vM
+(gzZ 4VY 7 q :Z Wgez ~ ]g
[ZgzZ W,
'Z it]g~uz (95&2:ZgUg ) h
M2~

',
Z it]g~ ~gzZV Wxz X +
0e

WxqZ~]gkZ n +
0eugMZ ypggzZW

y*
! z (Z Z% x( 49 : ~gz) +
0ep T

y
wwh$
egxkZ *
c <~}g*
!T

kf ^] ] o g ]~q :ZE~kZkZ
(101&1:tyz)X ^`e u i^`

: @
En Z 8g Z~ V xxsZ7~ kZ

Za ]g)
) qZ D}g7~-InB)
),i
V e CY V*
c*
!W Kg Kg V ~ +

qZ]*
!t []uzJuqZ~ +n kZ q Z Z Z

W,
OZ V kZ 7i
oy&&zz~
t U u*
* k\Z
gzZ CY " Vp C
,ZVar Z Zg f CW$
" dgzZ *
@Za g O
_Z~V
]uZz,ZgzZDV*
c gzZZ {z n kZTg~u*
@]uZz
X DwEZ nh CV gzZxsZgzZ Zg O
_Z

+e,
0
6 C
CtwqZ nwgkZ

Z VgHug *
@ypgi WgzZ z *
c Y H

}g p g,
m?Z Z L L^qZ M%Z ~ wq
$E
x gzZZx Z wx Z x Z1Zx Z ;gs kZ0G
Y 
g Z g Z.*
*wZ Z+C C~$
eg +
0e Y f.

175

VZiz

Bzzu {)zg (ZgzZ o


Z)Zs *
c
^] ^]L!
L g LZ ++
$0Z)g z.Z

x Z]/+Z W,,
6kZ~ ^ a ^u o

]Zi q Z ~ C
<x Z ,
] kZ *
* g n <

kZ ~Vzi Z+
0Z/ ykZ t~$
eg,
6i{ Q ~
' /gzZ zmvZ -vZ wg 9 +
0e {zkZ wZ
+e ypggzZ y@ #
0
Zg ,
6gm{ zmvZ -\W L
<qZ

z
,
'~T 2Y x,
6 +
0e N *
@

] pOg OZ ] *
@Y vZ xsZ z yZZgzZ s

x t Tgg OZ *
0 Zun { izggzZv~ ]g $
eg V\W

%Z 7wJ.Zgt n kZ 7q=g f $
eg /'*
!
kZ:ykZ whq g *
@T YY*
c VQ{+
ZgkZC
q g Z /y TgzZ Y wJ ] $
eg izg

X Y1g Z ykZ{ *
c iykZ wh

}w~ * ~g7 t yDggzZ qZ n Za ]uz ~

V1~ V\g- gzZM%ZO Y H._$


eg <

[~:v ~6,
' Hg(Zi V}uzgzZ

p D,
6$
eg Z%o yR V;z vgzZ ._
$EYHg,
t
0G
6$
eg[~:V!ZP~y*zy
-\W ]y:gzZ }W ugIgZzmvZ -g:

\WpO x$
egV;znC *
cgHwQzmvZ

gzZ H
qzypg~qZ *
c W7ZzttzmvZ -

176

VZiz

Za M
+7 ~Vz yZ zmvZ -\Wp~~{g

( ] `jm e ^ne h^e ( ^n] h^j2528:$


gu m ) 7

z z ~* ~g7 gzZ w *VY : ._]z=]*


!

[~:zT Y 7 e*
* Za M
+7 yz]ZggzZx

Y nZzz}gzZgYS,
7i[f}gi~

Z Z iVz/
Z gZ Zi5,
6] *
!kZ
xZVq ; 7(~uz*
c ypgzz YW+
0e(qZ
DIZ ~ sZ Y p Z kZ ZgZ 1Z

(~uz *
* W+
0e(qZgzZ gZ s%Zi Hg(Z
(321&1:{Z355&3:6{g*
@*
@z436:~z Bzb *ZZ%: )X :xn

y qZVZ*
c qZ~* ~g7tnkZ

V Zzg LC
L $
guzZ wJ. Y: [:

vZ -\Wt ]*
!z.~ $
gukZ g Z $
eg Z n

t :Z ~y*
!i!? H{,
]Z kZ *
c 7x|
Lzm
,
6oqZgzZ *
@,
6qZ ,
6} ,
(gzZ *
@,
6 L g
LZkZ Y  ? Hg n ~ $
gukZt wZn kZ
L LqZkZqZ iV Zg7 {z

g Zz Z* YHg Z kZ(~uz YW+


0e}~kZgzZ Y
kZ DDD? YqZ iJV V g Z *
*t~

~XDDD ,Zt{z H
*
* &wSZgV+
y OY ~
)Y gzZ Y iqZkZ DDD J{ qZ )

gb ) { qZ ~: i kZ { i Z+
0Z kZ D { i Z+
0Z

VZiz

177

& A
( C!
Z*
* 255&1:z2Z G
vz2Z G
: )X CY

VZP *
* ]*
! kZ +C C~gz C*
c ,
F ` W

+Z~ZgDIZgz kZO? qZ iJVV7g Z


Y 1967#4 3Y Z Z i*
@YtyqZ~Xz

Z~ T Z,
6 qkZ m{ kZ Y !Z >z+
0]>

yZ G ~ kZ q}gzZ Y Z *
!g Z$
Ak
: CYV6*
@3]d

s %Z 7qZ i * ~g7 ~%Z ( 1)


O !
x ZY ~kZ qCuZzqZt h _
X CG *
@kZ $
gugzZ 7s %Z

xg ZgzZx Z~ [*
! kZ Y %Z ( 2)

s Z >DDDD ?7*
c x is %Zt ~ [*
!
>~ zg byZgzZ ]%#QY fgzZ

is %Z ~ [*
! kZ ~ { Zg.
X x

Zz ~gzgkZ~ yZt Z% { ( 3)

~qZ *
@ t y qZ~ $
eg yZ m

y qZ ~}uzgzZ *
@W+
0e y qZ

~xi n}uz $
eg qZ/
Z ~ { yZ

g Z y 30(gzZ Y {g y 28(Y
wZ $
eZzg k0ZvZ]| *
0
X CG*
@

VZiz

178
tyqZ S ~ $
eg X{zS ( 4)

600*
c 500~gz ){ qZY  *
@,
77

S kZgzZ g Z { *
@

T ]gz^g e, Z qZ ~kZ >

VgzZ m+
$,
6)XiYx
X ? qZ i
VRgzZ V9 y *
0 z y*zy ( 5)
6,Z u*
0 zyY f qZ i {)z wC
{}
VyZ *
@ $
"*
U /gzZ ;g

y qZ ~ 7) gkZ ~ Vz

+
0e V ~ VVz ,
6 C
kZ *
@,
7 t
IZx VVz ' kZ]o Y

X xi,
6

iu *
0 zyiVi Zggzi sgzZ^ ( 6)

VyZ gzZ n VyZ $


eg V {u
7wJ.gzZ xi~
qC n V $
eg

-Z ~gz Z~u *
q
0 zygzZ~yZn kZ
kZ ]zZ gzZ *
@Y Zz ~ yZ t y

X { *
ci

)f yzZV ~Z yZ +
0et UZuz X

~ LZ g Z)f /
Z e *
*,
6 kZ V x gzZ ~g Z
y~oy*zy V {+
$Z {zvZ *
@,
'7VQ

179

VZiz

$ggzZ wwh$
e
eg *
c Zz gH $
+ Y V x
V x gzZ} D$
eg VQ ewwh
X ,,
6kZ gO
_Zzs %Z e

,
6V+6fb*
!{ *
c i b) C
s %Z~+
0e

-Z v Zz pg m $
q
A k Z C~z/
gzZ | qZt

zz
b*
! bZ T e *
*7*
c D7 OZ,
6 }uz

VZ{zkZ '7t,
6}uzqZ]zZ
kZ n kZ 7x OZ
o ! n] yxgVwh$
eg

~Vwh$
eg)
ZzL
<IZ *
@WC is %Z

~,
'Y f- Y f~ L
<IZ V}$
A kx L
<IZ
~ V D Y *
0 ~ V X o $
guIZ Y fgzZ
$EyZp 4} DIZ, Z
=z b)0G

g eY~,
6ZO+
0W Zg~,
'Y fgzZ-Y f~
ZgzZDIZ,
' Z VyZ ~8 - p~g Z]{ {~
o1%/
Z%~zdyZIZ ,
(qZ +4}gzZg DZa

gzZF!ZPD Y*
0 w}~VbZ

qw~/
%~
*
c g ~g7.
])bZ {)z

yZ~:C/
ZKl~ *
!WgKZ.
}*
*~KY~

$g V2*
e
c g Dq[Z.
])yZgzZ $
A kx

6,
oZ2V+C]zqZ~kZgzZ Ywwh

yQ , o ng Z b*
!
t gzZ *
0 wwh ~/
%qZ

gzZ g ezy *
* z kZ T : Za ]g{z g O
_Z z s % Z

180

VZiz

kC]gz/
ZN W:B; Z#gzZY ZZ r Z Zg fvZY K
Z
] Y ~ ,
( y*zy n ,
W+
h'VyZ Y

kg 8eY ggIxZ sZeY ~Y !Z >z+


0xZg Z - xZg Z
) gzZy Y f GG3.9Eh z3h Z g ]g ZVZogzZ
)

ypgz +Va YY H~ kZ Vz {)z sZ

~Q}n kZ 7s %Z ~C yxgIZz L
<IZ~

IZ x YY HyZ (Z +gzZ ypg Y f


X1]uzyxg

WzJ]YgzZ q HZugz$
. VyZ ~gz]*
!t

+
0ek*
0 yZY*
c g Z i WY f&zsw~VyZgzZ
V,
6zZ LZ=g f{)z ygzZ BZ]Z|t Y ~ ]

_$
"*
U]*
* VZ]*
!p; 7xb Z,
6y,

X ] :tVY ; $Y~ q :Z kZ,


6y

-Z iXz,Zz.Xq
qZg Z /gzZ %Z

[zgzZ Za ,
k,
6 Q +
0e L
L et H s igzZ

*
@[z[W V(+Zzz g *
!Jz [W

~]g+Z 2?W7+
0eV;zCze `g,
kVgzZ YW+
0e

+
0e~gg *
!kZ 6 ?xn(~uz $
eg (qZ H

WYA+
0eV: *
c CgzZ]Z|gS*
* $
eg

s i }~ DZ 3h QgzZ ,
6 ZO+
0W ZZg 'p

X B7q :Z +
0ez*
!

C z,
'W" + Y fgzZ + y W~X$
eg wq

VZiz

181

{zZz *
@ zgg O
_Z z s %Z yxgV ~ o}g7 gzZ

gzZ gzZcX7x { 1$
e.nVqggzZ k

t|! wzZizgi~n1`,
6qkZg gzZH
x V *
@W7 gzZ Z kZ i kZ H
Hf ,
6zZ 6

J Q},
6]%Zz
,
WZ *
!~V gzZ}g Z Z$
A k)
-+
iggzZ} wh$
eg ,wqZ,
6 R~/
%{z V

Z.
}gzZ n $ s %Z} ,
(qZ #Q bkZ YyZ kZ

+gzZgZ Z.
},
6 Y kZgzZ z,
'W" Zz ~b*
! Y f<

X n{gpzV: "

C gzZ #w<z + g O
_Z ]uz V

<} {gzZ + Y fHn~g Z ,


'gZzgz-zi*
!gZgzZY f
??7g n{ gzZc ZZ

Y 2006B 17D 10
   

VZiz

182

]xsZgzZ]
o}g7kZ VZy ` Z #zZ,
6X]

LZy ~g YV: Zg ZZ,


6kZgzZ Z e ,
WZ CZ,
6
gzZ $
"*
U
Z /Z i ZzWyZ1 g Dc_]n

~g Z)f ~g w yqZ ~z,


6 t yZ
$E
X ,g0G
sZ,
6XkZ
{ ~g Z)f n{z/
pp DL L

` !% q~D~Vg bp#i 5*
c

kZ ~ qpz T $Y ~Z ]i YZ

%kZ T Yi Wz n#%kZgzZ wEZ


<gp CY 7]gzn&~gz' S,
78 bZ

,
( Zgz'~g Z/
*
*a Zgz'y y]~ kZ

v Z Z n x gzZ v xn x
T T $Y ~ 7]i YZ 8Zg eZ }Y 7*
*8Zg e

]
t *
@YH7wJ~yZyg+
DzZ:q/Zz
X 'g
qZ x ~TF
F,
6 A
&x L L]t

74x {zkZ7qZ x T~TgzZ Yx kZ z

\vZ N *
@g *
! g*
!~$
guz yWT wQ {zt YY H

\WT+4 ( 26:) n] p] lq^j] n ]: g Z

183

VZiz

x Zx kZ qZV'*
!z~T {zBx gzZOgxi 5

b) ~ Vx +
0i $
-*
c z $
- Z}uzgzZ qZgzZ A
&z ]
~kZ *
c*
@Y*
c !ZjVZ *
*x {z *
c : '*
!z C
yZDZa

X*
@YH7Zg7VngzZ$
-*
c

{z: Zz : *
c g Z zmvZ -vZ wg

z ` B d : *
c t zmvZ -\W}: ` V

Z yvkZ {z YVyv!%kZgzZ}qz
Zz*
* ` ]*
! ~*
0,
6 ,Z Y n

~*
0 ,
6VyZY bZ}Y7]Z ,
WZtgzZZzgzZ
kZ~V1}VD *
c :B"~gzZd

}uz YYH ?w{gZzW L


L ,
F T *
c W X ?L Ln

Y A <D g Z qZgzZ A
& ~ V

n kZ p qzigW zmvZ -wg f ' x Z/


X ^ i p ^i ZzWyZ H
H[NZ w]|

1Z ]|JV ~g Z)f Z $
e.~} # Z

mvZ -g#
Z Hw+Z ]*
!Z '/,
6&
# Z H[NZ \Wn# Z i ~]z % z
zmvZ -\W {g Z [NZ \Wt n
*
c p~hVyZ~g Z)f kZgzZ *
c g Z g zDn# Z

X V #
rgzZD#
r

7,
FL<Ez#
| Z+
0{gzZ #,
6g~ C
zmvZ -vZ wg
]t#gzZx DV;zZa ~wj TzmvZ -\Wp *
c

184

VZiz

gzZ *
!]t#sqZ~]qyZ zmvZ -\W Z ,
(

7` Z'VgzZ]q ikZs~uzgzZ
gzZ ] .
} bDZn xsZgzZ ]:SZ+
0{ gzZ p
ng

zmvZ -\W ],
6g~gp
ngpVE*
!

/Z ,7t] gzZ {z [ { i Z+

0Z [p kZ
Za ~ZZ gzZ )Z `Z ~B; LZ ] FgzZ [
{ Z,
'u L[
Z L: *
c gZ zmvZ -\W~: Z Y
( 2508:$
gu 305B4:+s Z ) m ]L Le~

yZgzZ m#VgzZkQ~V1 ZzO


X ZLg Z MZ
:*
#
c zmvZ -vZwg $
eZzg{,
kC1Z]|

gzZ ~ |IZ yZ f Z ~g Z Y , ~ A
&

o ]] ^] o ^] m o ] ~^IZi Z$
-Z
( 3936$
gu ~,
F )X ] o ^] fv]

Za Zpt~wgZ]z zmvZ -vZwg

mvZ -g~]g Z V,Z VQ *


@ ~ yZZ

kZ:gzZ qZp{{zkZ: *
c ntu$
guz
V tzg yZ n kZ ng Z MZ LZ V,Z
Y ,gzZ ;g u *
0 ]tgzZ: Zg ZY): ~}g *
! Vz/
x

Y , zmvZ -\Wn kZ h
MVziv, Z Gnx
9kZ '/~g Z FgzZ *
c g Z Vzi{ *
c iZ nV-g Z)f

X*
c x ZB$
- Zz$
-*
c VgzZ! |Qlp$
e.

185

VZiz

zmvZ -\WSkZ C#
|gzZ !i ZzW|IZ

$.Z~: i kZ Zz *
e
c g Z g ZzZw{ *
c iyZ n{yf

V1$
-*
c z $
- ZgzZ Z lppx,
3^IZ *
@Y x gzZid

pyZ,
6 Z zmvZ -\Wn Z g qz~

zB
k %z*
! pg{ hZ t wq ~I |^IZ

Xm{ DDDD {z} ~# HwJxsZ V,ZwZ.


]
g C]gz~g Z$
- Z Z nyZDDDD ]1 m

~ V-g Z)f +Z *
c {g Z s]*
! kZ ~ gZ kZ zmvZ -

g Z kZzmvZ -gCn Y 3gu|,


FB^IZ

qZgzZ A
&t ~ |p *
@Wu|,
F,
6C
Z+
0{gzZ #~
X ],
F,
6

$gZ n 6gz$ VgUe


qZ ]

V VzH Vz) Vzg F ` Z'm{ sZ <t Y ~

wdZ KVtgtgtg,
6xxnVh1gzZVg

g Z ~]5 z~ gzZ e { izgi ~

n y Z ~ w Z M
sZ gu]z > 2i nV {+
0 :

t H
*
c g Z IyZ V-gZ)f gSyz
X qZ D

gzZ+ZqZeYGgH} ,
]Zz~]n kZ

6, qZ ~gz~kZ hZz ozx T Vi5

nyZgzZ *
* VQ zZ"gzZx/
ZgzZ H
*
c V
#i5 pz e oA
&+,
FZ $
A bD

VZiz

186

Z V*
c gZ)f ,
WZ WzgzZ k bkZgzZ}gzZ 0gQ

pzx *
* gzZ ' ` Z e IY .x *
*/
Z CW~ {,
]Z

Dt {)zVg ,
6Z h Zi ZvA
&" YZ~V

X N Y,
7~ 3YVY:gzZ {+
Z ZZP

A & 7[/gzZ $

- ;f n X {z x

X,Z bZ h
M}x ZV,Z v

~VyZZ i 5 7{ yvZ

h
MY ]JukZBo+
0?nm{
X: Z *
*BVzuz

zA
&kZ kZ 7m# C
]~ xsZn

A
&~ V ZgzZ k Vi 5gzZ +
0? gzZ qZ

oA
&/+,
FZ $
A N Y ]/
ZgzZ e *
*Y *
c C

p h
MY ] r z ~ V}uz e

e*
*s ZB]4x gzZ e *
*C
+
0?~ kZ

]yZgzZ bi Z+
0Zgg/
+
0?+,
F+
$z kZV
X ^zg~,
FogzZs wGgxz}+
Z
Y 2006yB23
   

VZiz

188

N ZwsZgzZy*zy
{W*
<
*zpLZgzZ XZ Z + L
L Z { *
!h~y*zy

zg ! lWByZZ ? H Z + L L *
@Y *
* Y nzigW

|!y{ZpgzZLZ~yZ.
}gzZ ~g+
0kOg*
@B

w=*
*zxzZzZ ZgZ Z~gzCgzZgZqZ Z+ L
L t
GL !ZG;gv
VzggzZV gpF,ZysZ

*Z L/
Zp~fyZ Zx*
*vZ$
eZ@[gzZ Y*Z

g,
6y,ZqZV gzZ,Z0i*
!Z Z #
r ZZ

!fgzZ*
@YHw{xZ bvZ~T,] q
IL *
lgz,
6 ~wj TyK
Z 7%Z
!t G *
@Y *
c g]*
c

VA
&td{gZiWyZ k,
7XgzZ k,
7X *
@*
0
T z ~#
r ZZ*Z DZwj v{ *
c i *
@~
:_: Z ZiW gzZ W:C*
! gy kZ {z/
Z ~ wj

X e'gzmZN *
0

Zg ~}g*
! yZ wgZ qZ Z,
6 ]*
! kZ k\Zp

Zt {iZ+
0Z Zga ga W OZgzZ (Z CY *
0
)kZ !gzZ_,
7{*
c i {z~n<

nT *
@ ",
7z {z L L:D *
c ~z+
0y
T erz|,
7qZvk\Zp X H
J,
7z
+
CZVz,
k+Z 70@ k*
0 yZ nWgzZ

VZiz

189

X *
@,
7*
*g)

/Z V,Z ~}g*

! <swDZ)

$;
DZ \,
w
G bzg kZ G t J%kZ L G
: {iZ+
0Zt Zz`Z'VZp,ZLZ

o zZ
y i
g+
0Z
Z
-#F b ,
CG
' Zg x
o F

Zi
' Z MZ
F p Vg ,
,

}gfox Z~: io zZ~

}g*tip{ *
c i ZV
X YY Z MZV
yZ kZ V,Z ~ }g *
! eg1 ,
6

( ?

eg1x7t yZ YY H{ i Z+
0Z /Zz*
*

K~,
'*
! wyZ ? 3ggz\WLZ bkZ

'*
!+Zt Z ]*
!.
_ V {z eg1~

?yZyZ Zzpgmb)gzZ]k~y*zy
)*
* izg ) l L L~ZB10 YiyK
V*
! Zz gzZ V!
# z V*
s
!zp _ W,
k: ZI|qZ~kZ~( L L

gzZ< 7 eg1,
6smX CkC
o

Vz%~Y ,
6 }uzgzZX Zw ~ga qZ Y ,
6

X nZ Z Z *
*BVggzZ ~g Z

gz [v{Z #
r ZZ * Z ]*
! Zw ~ga JV

1 90

VZiz

b &Zs 7*
* Z +
jZxtayZDwo
eg1gzZ V 7
ogz kZ N Zw+Z n kZ

Zw ~ga Q 7g Z Zzg~p~Y ,
6{z/
Zc_yZ

* Z #
sz .n kZ ]*
!t?*
@Y H7VYc_ ~g Y

IgzZ 5#,
6 7(Z ]*
! tg*
! #
r ZZ

X g]*
! bkZg *
!g *
!vg Z-,
6

+
0i KZ yK
ZmX{z2Z t |
o * y~yZ {)z _Z t :z b ]Z

=g f
Z {z 2Z *
0 ,
6< V~

V C]gzwj
on2Z yZgzZ h
M *
*

._Y AxsZx DgzZ : ~B; V v*


! y

gzZ m kZVY D 7f .2Z ,Z V;z YY 7

gZt V Z 4Z ~ 2Z , Z mzzu 7 *
@,
' ~ ZZ

X 7kZ {zV;zV:~1V
$ }uz
x
` kZVV;z g N ZwJV ~ sZ GL G
} h80 Zw[Z H
H Zwj
on X

[ZgzZ h
M7{g[Z~ #sZBBkZp
ykZ[Z lp~ wj , ZC $ 7#
|zz+
h
y
&g gzZ N Y
! Z/
Z ~ wj ,Z n : VJ: e *
! /LE

{g [ZV p Y7: *
*t N Y } h

V;z $ Z[Z b egzZ V *


!W V {wg Zi *
! V

V ZwsZ(C Y n Z ]*
! G b Zw+Z,
6 [Z

1 91

VZiz
X ~ xsZg Z L Lf kZ #
sZDf ( zu)

pZwJqZGRB;Zw~gakn~ga[Z
a ~T HgHx,
F WzqZ
z 0GE$E
xsZBBkZ

gXgzZH
H:xOZ
T7JgzmqgzZh1
/ZgzZ 7 Z{z g ~gZ)ft,

6VzgZ
z
kZ # : A
&
kZp *
c :gZg

~wj,Z/
Z ~g7]*
cgz~C
V-x& lgz,
6

{zgzZ z mw 7~g6nkZt *
@~ga

)gzZ
xZ#/
ZnZ; ZwJG
XY7*
*Zw~ga~]qyZN YZa]q

~sZw~ga~gz+
h~KZ/]|

gzZ *
@YH7xi,
6g
VzgZg `Z.*
*,
6gZ Vp

Sg^~VZgWx,
)gzZ VHKZ i*" xZ^KZ #

~ysZnkZ 7VziG*
*YH*
* ZwJ+Z,
6~gaV;z
XH
Ht~f2ZZgzZ2Z

x
`v ]nV TxgzZ b & Z x Zw

g 7i *
! x
`Z Zw Vqf: *
c V ~

V;z f zusZ~ VX~gz kZ n Z C*


0
x Cb & Z x Zw/
Z H
Ju )
x
`

Y H{~ { kg ZgzZ Y Y 3g ~ k ; LO
G
5xQ Y
MgzZx Zz {gzZ C,
7 : ]gz Zw *
! LG

ZwkZ {g *
!z ]Zw Hp CW: $
"

VZiz

1 92

7 ,
F C *
c i x $
d! fk\Z ?7g6,
6~g Y

HZa yDgx
qZ ,
3gzZ ~g^B}Z~* ` WgzZ H

kZgzZ Z *
*Bxg*ggzZ,
3B B7Z {zp
Vg gzZ CZ Z,jy;f Z: kZZ~
X Q

~ga~okZ/
Z nY fgzZV *zyJV,z

V Zw+Z tgzZBwJZ {z+


h Y*
* Zw

} Z ZgZ,
W~w z yY VgzZ ]uZz: f
,gHZw$
- dBB$
- #
r ZZ*Z/
Z

$dgzZ *
@,
WOqZ$
- : nZZ ,
6kZY f
!K*
*
|gzZ[W[ZuvgzZ*
@{Ze `Zg7

Y 2003~Z&15| 1424{Z ~ )&16


   

VZiz

1 93

&ZpgzZ ,
6
p w~ y*
!i zg Z wZZgzZ wi q Z Z ,
(
sZ<

Cpw 7),
FkZtpD YG s Z L L
4E
& ~g Z)f p A
/F
kZgZ]gzkZgzZ E
&kZ

wk qZgzZ YVZ yiz*


0 qZ t

qZ Y H VZ1 p kZVzt

p ]gzkZVztw Kzgz }uzgzZKzgg e uZgp

gzZ *
@Y*
c*
0 o ZZ}~kZ CY?wq N YVzg
X CwZZZgzw]*
! nkZy}

w~t gzZZyxgVz/
ZV K
Z xsZ

Z 0 VggzZ Vz%~ +
0i Z+
0{gzZ Y Hg(Zi

] K
Z b~g7 gzZF
F,
6VZ: $
e.{zgHt gzZ

c*
:gzZ *
c :,
6 wZ~,
'Z,
'gzZ ]Zz)]kZ Z.
} }W

3g]z,
6ZZgZVgzgzZV6&]

yv ]z ]gzZ ]z ]t e *
* SZ/
Z yK
Z
X C

gzZ gZ sVz% eg1,


6
L w #
r ZZ * Z

p,
6 iZ *
! t n t Vz% Z~g kZ

eg1 7/
Z s ,
'kZ |p,
6 < gzZ ,
6

.t/
CyZ ~ {z sZ2Z LG $
A%

1 94

VZiz

Zz*
0 ,
6VZyxg]gz%b ~2:i C7

: H
Ht& z {@kZ]gz% bkZ H
*
c g Z {@

Z g kZgzZg(Z]g~ b !yZVggzZ Vz%

/
Z H
~84:i D]Z kZ 2

*
!*
* kZ $
"*
U{)z$
eg CZ f p Z Z\*
!~n

z ]*
! t ~ 91 :i 7xi{z H b

q h b zgz *
c },
m/
b w

H]i YZkZ b *
! ~g Z xi]*
!t~104:i

? kZC H
*
c g (Z]g~122:i 7
g b :gz Y
X $ Zb CZ {z:

128:iX G yBN *
@z,x Z$~kZ

$$
A Y o: $zb ]g/
Z H
~
$Vg~uz yZ+
0{ $ : $zb /
Z #
Z Zz

g yZ+
0 { *
!W]gnkZ~148:i *
@#
ZZz$~g Zl

LZJ5 Z kZ]g$/
Z ]*
!t~150:i H
*
c
X $uzg\W

kZgzZ G y ,x Z 0p~kZ bZ

*
c y~ H
~163:i Dt ]g~ C

5!]gb #
G
Z Zz,
6 CpkZ gF*
c
gH $
d*
c Z

pkZ~ 166:i :g ZYVCLZZp;~


5! ]i YZ C~ 173 172:i H
}~ G
*
c gZ #
ZZz)fC
]YZ
C
yZ Zz W,
6 ] zgzZ ` kZ Tg V;z 2]g

1 95

VZiz

H
C
*
c g Z g Z, kZ]g~182:i g Z #
Z Zz)f

183:i : w /
ZgzZ qp CZ {z w } hg

kZ $
A}s p~/
Z H
~184:i $ n

]g~ 188 :i q hc_p{g *


!zkZgzZ 7gZ

H
~189:igzZ H
*
c $
egsgzZ~nu 7
{u,
6Vgz~ C
gwq
on;g~,
6C

X ~gzb(

~206:ivgZ+
jZgzZu|B}uzqZ~205:i

~208:igzZ #
ZZz Zg7Zp}uzqZBwZZ
%]iYZ ]g~209:i xZ~*
0 i~~m
*
c bZ~ ~ 210:i H
H I wEZ|z,
3%
/Z H

H{gZ$
+ YkZ~207 :i YYH7g6,
6wEZY Z

qZ/
Z Y7g6,
6YB~^ZC {C~

u| ~,
'Z,
'yxgyZ~*
!
gzZ k];guZgp VV*
c {*
ci

:ieZ+
Dwq &Zt:~216215214:i~gz
X 7,
^YbwyLZ~~wqnCH
*
c C~217

[g Z kZ *
c +Zz kZ *
c ]*
! t ~ 220 :i

/Z bZ #

ZZz*
*:ZzkZgzZ x ZwgzZ]g 8
y *
c c_
1qzg b g~` Zzgzsp:c_

zC H
~ 222:i H
*
c g Z ,
^ Y*
*gzZ ]g Z~ 221 :i
~ kZ ]ggzZ ! Z {z , j [g Z *
c Y 1zZ ~
b gzZ H Z4 n \*
! /
Z q hs

1 96

VZiz

~kZ Xgz}uz !Zy {z ]kZ


( 226:i :5)X 7h

-V( 231:i ) ~ ,
J
FVzg Z$
"Z kZgzZV ~lgz,
6h
E
*
!ot$
A~ o ~g Zn
S lgz,
6h]g~ 7/
Z

\*
! ^ {z lgz,
6,
ki kZ^ gzZh]g/
Z ( 245 :i )

g Z,]
` Z |zBkZ g |zgzZ lgz,
6
`Z
T ]d 0 t :!~ [*
! t : ( 247 :i )

X *
@qhZzt :,
6\WLZ]g=g f
E
zz n ]g~ T ,
6 ]dg e [*
! xqZ 7

,
6344*
@322:i[*
! & zZ C{ ZguC%C

c*
sC H
H7i ~g Z VgyZ~ ]d yZ
b Z~ VgyZgzZ ~g6z" *
c Up_ht { Zp g D _h
Sq~/
Z ]*
!t~ L L:373:i gR

y u yxg zi YY H7qg kZ

G y ,t {)z ~ Z *
* V e ~~_Z
&ZpyZ xz _Zh{)z e vbZgzZ
X ~h

L G $
A% eg1 Y ,
6 *
c+
& Z wW0 +
0i t

~ < YY H { i Z+
0Z T ,
^Y ~uu sZ 2Z
&Zp} ^g ZzikZ eg1 gzZ $
eg { *
c i X&Zp

)*
* b qZ eg1{zkZ ? ,
WgzZ4XDt

n&ZpxZ *
* b kZg,
ki Z H$
A%

VZiz

197

X *
* XZ/
uVpZgzZ *
*yWs Z

eBZ/
Z *
@Y {y ]]g$
d!fT ` W

kZ,
6 x*
*~ Zi WgzZ g 7*
! ~ ?+
E]g kZ Y
$ gzZ}Z Z ~g Z{z H
z ~g+
3 0~EG
*
c g6,
6] *
!kS

lgz,
6 yZgzZ *
* |zV LZ *
* Za a Z )f LZ
#i 5BBgzZ ~g Z: {Z bx Z ~gZ)f
H bkZ y zu Zg kZQ *
* JB; ~ l E
L igzZ

kZ(CJg3ZVIgzZVz]Zg-ie \ H

c*
V KZ yK
Z p H *
@Y Hk]" Y z ])gzZ [s"

VYyZ gzZyZ yZ Q }{g Z 9 ~


q]"e

` Z z $
"yZgzZ CY +
h
yVZ ])yZ XB
Zz Y 3g ZzgB]gVzgZ .x *
*}gk\Z *
@Y*
c VZ {+
Z

g,
6 Vg1Z: Z%gzZ x "Q *
@W70t

KKZ#
Z ]ggzZg YDAg ;g)x Z+
0{zz

CY7" by {gzZ Z,
6qZ~ `
IF
4&]Z|tUkZ
Xp
ng7L G

VY ; gn]4K
Zx sZ<t|

*
*gzZ+
0igzZy z nyK
ZgzZ }W ] {z

n LZ *
* hkZb
Bg_] \vZ Y
! b]~ *
!,
'g x Z

   

VZiz

198

$E
0G
K
ZgzZsZ DD
4E
&^zzLZT ~} Z8Z! X
5E
G
LgzZ*
@YH#
|zx*
* YxZgLnkZ*
* ZgzZ*
*o
@*
YHq{ge^zz,
6x*
*kZgzZ*
@Yy*
!i"S

bkZV} 9JZ,
6XkZyt! 8 Z!

VvZhp Y HwZ ( VzygzZ N Y}gZ ]*


!.
_: ZgZz

M
L*
!.
_gzZw9Zg LZ1x~qZgzZ ~gZf~kZ

X {gZ%*
*zx*
*Zp8Z!bkZgzZ*
c 74Z~{,
]Z

gzZ Vo) } Z ~ e +Z V- 8 Z ! V2*


c g w

#gzZWkZ Vo) ci7Z Zhg

Zz } Z ~ e +Z pp s ~ g (Z {

Xg ~ .kZwZ {z *
c g6,
6] *
!kZ8Z! #
$EK
$E
0G
ZgzZ ]gzg0G
sZ,
6X

yZgzZ z]q q ~]kZ \vZ

]gzgzZA
& KyZ nbzg ~ fZp $
- Jtig

gzZ $
eg ng Z]Z,Z uZgp Z Zg Z

*
@ ZKZ tx]gzZV@,
ke
f CZ

D CZV YgzZV#
|g kYkv{)z~
gzZ *
@ rZ,
6 ZC*
@m g Y Z ,
(
.6;

KKZ y K
Z D ugZp
Vzg Ygz$ LZ }+
0g

VZiz
+A
' ~K
Z Z gzZ ` Z ZCmgZ]gz
1 99

Cq V]gzZ ~g ,
F ~!~ yZ [Y Z
bZgzZ &&

bVz n kZ n kZ
Vzg Y ZgzZ

z]/
Z bZ|*
@ Z Z~]*
@mZQ~gzN Z
Xg Y}uz Cq
g YqZA
&

n kZ Zz !l ]gzgzZ]tKZ]{Va

3g w'yZ *
* n y K
Z ,q Hwi *
* y x Zwz w' kZ

O *
c g Z x ZwyZ { yvgzZ Vg ]n yK
Z ,q gzZ

x ZwY Z Zz2~gzZY Z Zzuh$~]*


@m

y K
Z {zg ZZ KZVY H
*
c g Z w']*
@mx *
! *
c g Z
X {+
0v:n

GL Bt *
K
Zzz X *
c {+
0vn K
Z
* 3 X~ ]*
* Z

*
@,
WZ V Z,
6 K
ZVY ;H
H IyZ Y,
7,
WZ,
6t Z

~[f *
@,
WZ Z,
6t Z K
Z bZ Z gzZ CY0Ci Z

L Z kZ *
:
@Y~}g *
!kZ Z*
c Wy ~i z kZ

~ C
{z H
*
c gZw'VzgY}uz *
! wEZ ]{ ,
kgzZ[Z

X jgzZnyK
Zg
$E
yZ zgzZ {] ~g7\vZVat0G
xsZ
GEE
!
x Zw *
c w' n kZ { W b~g7 VgzZ V 33 gzZ yvz
Z g Z,
6gzZqZ ( 154:yZ/wW ) # $ * ] $ h\vZ bg Z
# $ v ] vZsh~}g *
!q

6,
gLZ]\W H
*
c 7hkZ ]vZwgJV( 40:-)

200

VZiz

& )g Y *
c n kZ ; ( 1 : *Z ) ,w'x Zw *
c x Zww'

yW#
Zh
M} 7zg x Zw,
6 gLZ y( H
Hw'~ <
( 144:x Z )X Hf w' Z

Z.
}{zZg >%xZww'*
c w'xZwx*
c /
Z

w'nyK
Zn Z *
@ 4~]Zg(Zz t

xs0vZ]|7
g *
*w'xZw,z7,
^ Y*
*xZw

V,Z n kZ xZw
$
.zZ.t ~ V- ~
x ZwxsZ e ]iYZ] vZ wg wJxsZ
$gzZVzq
^m :*
!ggZ,
6ZVzqx Zw~.GL G
( 208:{Z ) _6 n $ ] l ] _ ] f j$i $ $ ^ ] ] ] ]  m $] ^` m%*]

: ~zc xy-gzZ Y 4Z}g7 }g7 ~ xsZ ! } Z L L


~g7sZ< ~gzn4Z~xsZ wi *
* z

,
6<~XgzZ YH,
6<kZ~Xt:qnZ ~g7

Vzq x Zw~xsZ {z 7R]*


! kZ nV Z
; ,}zg x ZwY Z Zz Y gx Zw~ <Z }uzBB
X ZZ
ayZZ og kZVY

IZ~7.]| ;g~V~uzk

bkZ ~LZuZxzzgByZg*,
6^
LZuZ qZ *
* ~% L DVZ {+
Z kZ H
Za g

c*
qZyZgzx~# ZzgxdgzZ]^

@ Za iZzW ~ kZ 3g,
6 cgZtzZi kZZgzZ *
c Z
\vZ 7 .]|#
Z -,
6kZz kZLZuZ

201

VZiz

kZgzZ ~%zZ W 7 .]| ,


6 g]Zg

{z [ ~ V $
" xZZW0p ~ ZwZzgZ

X *
c*
0 7b~g7Z

qZ~LZuZ ZV- `kZ$


+ Y]g

;e'Y~}g*
!LkZ7.]|V *
cO}uz

kZ
kZgzZ, %f~mqZ{z Zs\vZ

kZOCx*
* LLZp{zgzZY{+
0i{z,w>

]| H
H+
h
yVZQZ Bk*
0 dqZ
ys *
! qzl

QgzZ *
c Cx *
* L{+
0i{%gzZ %f ._$
eZ@ 7.
XHfZzkZ,~{{gyWH
]n
LZuZ Z %f ~QgzZ DIZ

HY: %f VY ; *
*gzz kZgzZ kZ f

-,
6gYs:xsZ YYH{iZ+
0Z kZ YWgzZW

X*
@7ZgZNZzxZZWI~}g*
!kZ
$EK
| ~ uZgpVt B 0G
Z/
Z
CwEZ
Xtx Z Z<gzZ {z/
D Hi+
$ y

Z x W xgzD C *
* Z*
c g y*zy

zy ~ {)z!ZPm{ V2*
c g ! y*zy 2 ~ wX

*
@Y 'Z f V zy XV*
c g Z,
' {z D *
c 3

V s Z+]*
!tHD 3~o}g7t 0 h h

V'gzZ Y*
c xz ZqZ yZV}gZ~xZ ZZp

?Y*
c ,
FVZ/
VZ/
3
n

VZiz

202

6, /
Z ._yg ZZeg ^gE Zg6

gzZ yv
,
'i]ZW,
' ]g6 kZ Y *
c +
h q p Z

]o $
dy*zy V kZ Y Zz M

~ZB 21 : )*
*izg ) ,
WOg izg ZZ{gG V;z yvZ e

]kZgzZg6 ~]ZW,
'y*zy#
Z( Y 2003

bkZ ~y*zyzJ Vw~* ~g VY


X ,
WO,
6gm{y*zygzZ ,
WZ,
6R@

tgzZCY %f N qZ: Zizg ._{iZ+


0ZqZtUZuz

|z {z #
Z CY #
|zz kZ N ,
F{*
c i |qZ
c*
hz&h ZyZ I7%fN w/
Z bkZg7

lgz,
67t Y1y {g *
* ~yZ/
Z${ *
c ikZ

V ZyZ~w{GkZgzZ Y1Z,
(HnVZz

XN Y0iOgn`N tGgzZYVV

kZgzZ H
*
c zg V kl~<zyZz H tQ

u+
h L
L *
@x .
~ I zy %f

x ~gp
s:~ r
gzg yzZ L L~ g *
@Izy
} h~+
hzD Y3
kZgzZC*
!

nkZ ( 87:20:+
hz) Mf g +
2 *
@-VhgzZV*
!+
&
:gzZK
Z: ._=:c_ ~*
0,
6 t |

X ._]*
c ZzggzZV1Izy

Y 2003~Z&29
   

VZiz

203

$E
0G
sZ DDf
]x Zz~]{z M
1g\vZ
vZ ~yWn Z }x OZ Zwq E
L ^o ( V ` Z Z ) n

c*
g ZBN *
@\vZgzZ H
Hfg *
!g *
!t Z g\

\vZ ~izg yZJ; } Qbzg ~ f ~}i

X)f

{z]Z ) b&Z]Z~]kZ YHg

Zzu Z}i]*
@m CY*
0 7%,
6gx ~T,qk^

gx D ZKZgzZ bzg ~ f Y Zg Z+
0Y ]*
* Z ,q

gzZ yK
Z g Z+
0Y}uz Z]*
* Z gzZ ]*
@m Z+
0,
6 z+
0
l,
6

{,
]Z@\vZgzZ 7 {z ] ~ * {zV
$ ,
c *
*
0 Z yK
Z 7~*
0 x Z G
=
6yZDx {g~

;] ZgzZ *
@Y g ZzKVam Z H

X*
c $
ey -x Zwzw'0ZyK
Z \vZnkZ

ZVzi p yK
ZVa {)z ;]Z )

I*
*3Y ZyZ n kZ YVyvkZkZgzZ 7
7`w~3`ZgiZ%Z *
c gZ{z(Z Y gzZ H
H

z y y,
]W~tz Z ~wZgzZ t ZgzZ ~+
0e ~ V Zz *
*- 6

n kZ H
H Za yK
ZVY ; D Y Z e Y Z
bZ{)
yZ npg *
!yi Z ~g ZlyZgzZ z kZY Z
bZ Zz3

204

VZiz

CqZZz{)z]*
@m C]gzkZ Y Z CZ )
X
g wEZ ]Z )` g/Z Sg

: H
H IVzq b& ~Y Z Zzu Z }i]*
@m

D Y0L
:
h y K
Z,
6 g~g }7 {z ]*
@m$w Z
C ,
WOtgzZ =yK
Z kZVY Y ZgzW}uz Ci
c*
g Z ] vZ wg D$
A%]Z ,
WZ[Z
y,
6t ZkZgzZ
[ZY*
c Vw( { ZpY ZgzW ]u L L x ZwqgzWC

gZVY ;xZw]gx *
*gzZ *
c CY*
0 x *
*
X Vg]{ *
c i]w(]Y ,
'Z,
'Vz

~fn yK
Z gzZ C yv g +
D/ Y Z {z }

n L L~ $
guVzq +Z
kL
: 2~ nZ%Z

*
c g Z g :)
*
!L
DDDD 'gZwEZ kZgzZ wVkZ H

7 zgzZLZyK
ZVY ;DDDD {)zH ~$
fr

gzZ}x Z $
- :zkZ #
ZZz ]*
!t,
6kZgzZ }Z kZ {z
X}wEZTg~{,
]Z<x Z

q /q |z Zz qg Y =g f Z ,
( Z]*
* Z

~!,
6 K
ZgzZ j]$
e.
kZgzZ *
@Y HwEZ,
6 Vh

kZ *
c bkZK
Z ]gQ Z Zz i Z+
0Z ,
WZ
A+
yZ ~ kZ g Z gzZ Z gzZ C,
7 ]gz ZCm
\vZ n Z < z A
& V Z bVz

gzZ KyK
Z%Z g RV Z bVz nyK
Z

x Zwg YgzZ G w'g Y p


ngt z r Z

205

VZiz

; g Z x Zw+
0,
6 z+
0
l {+
0g x Zw} hc} Q,
6 g~ C

3yZ Gx Zwn kZg Y Y0:{+


0g}yK
Z

$
.zZg YhgyZ,
k CYZa ZZ",
6gZ
XH
*
c g Z w'{)zV#%}
yZ GgHwZ [v n3Vg Y w'yZp

K
ZmqZgzZ<z{omz~X~ C
'*
!&~
yZz %fg Yt KkZgzZ

vZ,
6kZzD %f}uzb oZ {z|*
c ~

H,
m/
e
hx*
* vZ Up:gzZ H
1x *
* vZ): H
1x *
* vZ sgzZ

yZ *
c nVzqLZ~x Z Z ZgnkZtH

: vZXt ` Z'xsZ ;ggy*


!g Y,
6x *
*

oZyZ D hcg yZxsZD HwEZ n

cgkZ p
ng *
!gzZ *
@wEZ nogzZ tZg

] 7{oI qZ s oVY ; *
@spgzZ

g Z+
0Y qZ {zgzZtqZ Z.
} CkZgzZ C+,
F Zz
X YHs Z Z *
c gzZ$
eqkZ DwEZ

g Yt DDDD VK
ZmTDDDD o~

g YgzZ Y bhZ yp Z c Vg Y H %f,


6 i, Z

HHit %f~

q~1g YO1
c $
*
. *
c,
6g8g Y/
Z N Y
vgL`IVzgzZV1*
* ZgzZ
$
eg ~ kZ 7w'{z Y%%G %fzzgzZ
GL BtgzZ *

@Yg+
0Z yp~ ]g Y% bkZVY ;

206

VZiz

3gBVzg Y~ kZU Zuz *


@ Vg ]JnK
Z

g Y Vh: g" Zv *
@ 7iqZ %f/
Z ;

ZKZ Z^ zqZ g Y v,
6 ] xsZ D : K

x~D 3LZgzZ e
f^ y;$
.zZ[e
f

g Z gZ%ZgzZ H IVhyZ xsZC *


c 3LgzZ^z
Xn]*
! OL]: BVzg Y *
@*
c ZIwEZ.*
*}
Eh!
gz ZXu *
* qZX f~}g z kZ

~%f T p ; Hg ez ~g Zz ;V

g YwEZ yEZ ]*
!qZ2~[ZCZzv
t CY wEZ ~ iZ%%f ; ;g 7n %f

x Z=g fDDDD {)z Vzl


DDDD iZ%
X 7`w~kZh
MY

lZ D Yu *
c bZ, Zg Y %f%Z
|p 1 g Y kZ CY yt kZ ,

z lg Y > L LKZ { *
c i >g Y~ kZt
$
enkZ ZZ gzZ *
@yWg~1kZ H
xzg

C { *
c ifZ ~ kZ ~
qggzZ lg YgzZ D Y

ZZ { *
c in~1gzZ $~g Z~ %fyZ n kZ ;
<g?4)*
c 4itl"twZ C,
7]gz

x g Yp *
c Y| ,
(gg Zl Zz/
Zn kZ wZ 4)it

YgzZ Y0)
*
!]nkZtgz$ Vzg Y
"t ]*
! ~uz [ gZ%g Y z kZ ;g Y H %fg Y #
Z

VZiz

207

kZ # ]*
! kZt gz$ b,
6

7`g {,
6i4yp ypZgz#
ZgzZ *
@,
WOypZgz

bhZyp Y `g {,
6g4yp { *
c iypZgzgzZ n
E
$
kZ U ce9 70G
IY
$E
g Y %fg YJ#
Z 0G
Zz ce gp

X 7 {> Z]gtp ;YY*


c 7g Z x ZwZ: ]

%fgzZ Y *
c }g Z x Zwg Y *
c ZZ" K
Zt

vZ Y *
c i Z+
0Ztg Z%z {+
0iQ *
c Y *
c ZIzg yZ

Z 5 z { kZtVY *
@X ZZ" kZyK
Z + Z 5
j] ] _L L { Wb~g7 zrgzZ]K
Z y

yK
Z Y]z#
Z] kZ ^`n ^] _
zkZ ~ Z%*
*z *
*UzC]
y Wz*gzZg ezyvO
! W~
Y 2004~g&16| 1424{Zzf &23
   

208

VZiz

!wV{i*
@~iZM
+K
Z[f
szcnA
&Z ZgzZ ~ XZ KZ~* ~g7\g- z kZ

b! f *
c yW])+
0inyK
ZT]Z XZ
` Wg&
h ~ * U/ UkZ {xVz V Z

` Zg *
@z { nu5ZkZgzZ uhyK
Z { *
c i { *
c i~z gzZ

sqZ =t + [f{z ]WgzZ Zgf

zs~uzgzZ g ZagzZt K
ZgzZg ZbWzZ[f

f Z ZgzZ ~ XZ kZ LZ kZ /
Z VngzZ V-&
h

LZ bZ H a
yn ! 1nbzgzZ bZ#
sZg Z

1gzZ$ b bgzZ g $
ef Z yZ z $
d 5#

XqZ XZVh6 $
-~

y-NZ 3g Zzgtzg V,ZBV x~7


1

}Z {e Z YLZ ~ *
!YV-{ y
jjZ M%ZQ Zg)

g Z +
jZ V K
Z }+
0gwW H 3g~
q K
Z)T~ V*
*
BV-{~ t Z ` Z Z ~ ,
'[ZgzZ N *
0 q]g '+Z~

!*
* ~g7kZgzZ _ W,
6~zKqZT Hg (Ztzg {1

yZs ZgzZt K
Zt wV{ i *
@kZ {z *
c g *
0,
GV K
Z;

[Z]Zgy sZgzZ .Z)*


*g Vzg Z*
0

pg Zzg u| (ZB V-{gzZ 5#LZ !f/


n
Z a 7
\g- t _Z Z.
]ZzY *
!WyZtVY e *
*:]*
!V

209

VZiz

~{,
F{ *
c i )V~kZ *Z} ,
(} ,
((V

gzZ *
@Y*
c Z}uzqZ *
!ZpgzZVz+
0g Vzg Y1( D Z

Wz,
6CY
V1*
@,
6kZgzZD YA
h: Zg" yZ
Y
58E~ $
xL E
d Hf kZ ,~\g- t Z g*
@ 9

E
0 +
$,
6M
+K
Z {z 3g Zzgu|BV-{[f kZgzZ
6 gx )V~ LZ
,
ZO%Z JV 7
YE
kZ ? Zg*HxL 58E 3g~Vw( D Z~{

yZ q ,
4 kZ *
c Z $M n kZ V-{u,
Fg ZD g e Az ,
6

V-{ ` Z Z 8 g- z O%Z/
Z ` Wn kZ 1 qZ *
*x OZ W
3

? H 3g Zzg *
@,
'W$
- ;ZgzZb, ZB

B Zy xsZ : <5]xsZ ~kZ Zg f [Z


k

c ZgZBV{gp ~z]P
`gzZ ~g ~
ikZ'/\WgzZ] vZwggzZ *
cJ,
7$ gzZ

V*
@KZ V *
!y~g Zz ZgzZ *
c 3],
',
6g

gz,V ~g *
@Vl H7:% V UkZz*
!
G

-Z WzB<gzZ c ZBV7 g*
X]uZz E
*
c N Y n{v ~ $
eZ@ Z~kZ yW

e ^& ^$ YHwztyZ *
c Y*
c hgV-yZyZ

YHwzzyZtqZ$
Vz t( 4:) ] ^$

! n V-{V ] vZ wg Y H! n~ :W V-{t }uz

Zu ] \W!+
$ y0]|O ~ ,
F! n;z e

210

VZiz

gzZ wyZ yZ h
M Z Ztv *
c ;gW
dy1Z
Z Ztv gzZ H
Hqt p R

]\W G{v,~g+
$z *
c Zi WV-Z]\Wi

p
ng 7A
& Z Ztv gHg ZltwD

;gZgzZ , 2,
7 rVk H
*
c yZ Y ,
7 rp
E
3rgzZ 3E
7 ,
7 gzZg Z *
*g!Z0 G
c
E !0 Y*

X*
c s V-]\WZ

HnV,Z *
* y0vZ0{ 1ZqZ~V-{

g*g yZ ]\W <n3gB}VH*


0 *
0 ~

:gzZ 7N ZVs V {z 1{z yZ%Z *


c n
YE
L 58EgzZ e7z{z kZ {zpVq~ B
ks V

z/0qZ~V-{yZ H
W,
6 s V Q~uZ

7VZ ~ ]ZCi s V gzZ zg ZZ } ,


(t
{ Cn/]| ;e *
*g*gyZ ] gp
ng

: ]ZCis V t *
@N Yb Zd$
- ZzWyZ
B}vZn Vz h Y I
ZkZ~/
Z7*
c ]\W

X Vwg Z.
}~p/
Z

k]| *
c n u|gB V-{ ] \WQ

H
Hl *
@nyZ 7*
@,
6 g /
~wqkZ

soZ k Pg! Z0vZ *


@W:*
@n kZi ZgVa

~: ikZ H
*
c zk]|t H7 *
@ CZ V,Z#z
H
*
c |+
0*
!~]~tKV-{nkZ7

211

VZiz

\W Wi ZzW ZyZ~]Zg#
Z { *
c iV

Z ] \WV-{yZ I~Le / yZQ u" ]

/ Y 3gB#
sZggzZ x Zg WZ N *
@gzZ *
c ,
6' /

]| D VzgV-{gzZ D 3gLp 3g w Z $
eZ@ kZ '
V-g ZX D {z ~ V-{,
k1Z @0 E{!
}gzZ D *
* 3B LZ= t wq yZ 3g{~ yLZ=
~ Cq,
6u|E
L j8kZyZ= D 3gLpgzZ gVzgt
]vZ wgVY D7B; Z {zp N 3Kzg {z *
@g ZZ
8 V-{yZ
]\W#
ZQ tzgtyZ nkZ*
c u|E
L jB
E
L j8V gzZ ]vZwgBx ZZzi Z Z$
e.*
c :ZzV-{

y ~qggzZ ZpKZ Vl ~{g+


$ Zt u|

X
6,
i]*
!%nV-{g ZDb ]\W
z
A $
E37E *
Yg { E0Z#
Z twq Z]|*
*Zg 0G
c ;g

t \Wh+
$tgzZ Hg Zc~Ci,
6\W
*
c
u|4BkZ~{gzZgg /
kZ : *
c g Z \W H
V Y%/
ZgzZ V m *
c Vzs Vzg H
$ {+
0i~/
Z z

kZgzZ Y Zg :gzZ ~x Z Y1 yY qZ!+


$yYqZ
X N Y7L Y I
ZgzZyu*
* Y*
c :?
~ ]vZ wgt s: u|E
L j8~}g *
! V-{
Vzg yW ~ (,
F u|E
L j8B V-{ yWp

t Qz qZ sZ e zg,
6 g Zz s zZ yZgzZ [Z Nz
`Z ( g Z,
'Z )

VZiz

212

KZ L L( 8:C ) ] n *] $ ^ n j m $ ^ n f u oF ^ _$ ] _ m : *
c f

X D *
* 3V-{gzZd ,
F,
6> e

kZ wi *
*$
eWt z T ~z% k0vZ]|

n m ] ^L LW{z~{ VV z
8 V-{~xsZ ZxkZ ( 455&4:M0Z)
nu|E
L jB
V7 nVz V)gzZ V gzZ 7& ,
6 C
< ~

wqt [fVgzZ ~{~ Zt VDDDD

g (Z]gt ]z WV~ ug *
c E#
Z ~Y 1741gzZY 1712
+
2 {+
0i *
c *
@Y *
c Z1nVV-h Z D W /
x CY

X*
@ Y*
c >W

x])zggzZY]tnxsZgzZV

*
0 gZMZ LZgzZ p"Z.
}gZMZ Z)gzZs%Z3WV,Z

xsZ{z *
c ]*
!kZgzpnpg Xa
GL !Z,
yZgzZ , Zgz ?fZ z])sZ
F Z~

X N Y@~* ~g7,,
k+
h.*
* ~iM
+K
Zz$
dgzZ$z?+
E

C~ ]kZ ~gzZ *
c zg { (s Zz w ! ]Z

0zzmgzZ~}ZCx *
*} gg )M
+K
ZgzZ
S ]g KZ s@ V-0Z gzZ V-&

! =Zg *
c }W ~ #ZgzxkZgzZ uzgV;

Y 2004#&7| 1424wzZ g&16


   

VZiz

213

+
0i~]
+
0i L~,
(
~ yZ ~ ? ]gyK
Z

]%ZgzZCi nkZ xz +
0i 0 +
0i'~g

:~q+
0ikZ7tyxggzZ}gzZ
|gzZ *
*

s Z.
} 7 kZ
zt g (Z: 4{ ZgZkZ

KZ +
0i{ Zp ~gzx Z Z +
0inZ ZZ7"gzZj

X }uz *
c

yY H
Hx Zwpn Z ~ ]i YZ +
0i KZ: xsZ

] *
! kZ: gzZ ~ (,
F ` gzZ H
*
c g Z #
ZZz 3g X
+
0igzZ gzZ} yY Vzuz ~ ]i YZ

gZ 3n {z *
c LyWn Z 9g
)
zmvZ -\W ~z% vZ g/0vZ]|( 93:Y K

Lg~ zzz + LZ *
@7>%x ZwpJ#
Z : *
c
( 6862:$
gu:~g g)X

/
Z ey Z N Y ~ /
Z {z ?~g *

Z Z 7 kZ *
c :Zzq }i *
c nb
gzZ s Z Z tKZ q ~ y $ kZ

c*
Wni}~ *
@Y {ikZ:=g f Zp]gm

:Zz +
0i=g fcgz ,
WZ/
Z CW7:Zz YyYp Y`
` W 7*
! y K
VzGX { *
! },
(},
( * $Y

214

VZiz

h
MY +
0*
! B; V ] Vzi giz /
Z D
zg] Wz D/
Z C: Zz ] y Vzq
z

_,
7 ~ V1 g *
@x *
* X VZ bgzZa#} ,
(},
( YY

=qZ ] < Hp e
f N V\WuKZ ` WZ

Vzgz$: [
g !: VzM: [
{ *
!: |yY J
~+
0z Z.
} U Zz,
6gzZ C3g,
6V: C3k,
F,
6V Z: { W

.*
*qZ 8
yY y K
Z n kZ 1 Wg D LZ D *
0
X x
`

x
` Zw Y ~ Zw L
9ox
` bZ ;

[zgqZ" z ` ZqZ /
Z $[x~1zg

VYz Z Z[zgg ZDs ~ZwkZ \WgzZ n 4,


'i

]*
!s ZtH C *
c izB Zz8
{ *
c ikZ

*
*Z~xZgg*gB?Os Z *
c

O/.
_: g (Zz { Zg Z LZyK
Zg]" qZ bZ
E
3LkZ#
Y*
c Jg ZLG
Z Zg7 z Z s Z *
c

H
3g~{ *
c i,
6x *
*{/*
c ~} Zw{wPZ/
Z

Z Z,jx
`kZ Y*
c Z Z[zgqZ (Zt
n: kZ OW
])
*
!ZwnxgzZ
X }x

vZ (45:{+
ZZ)^e ] gOZwO,
6g~ C
xsZ nZ

OqZC m *
c f my ,
6 qZ \

+
0i K
ZgzZ=g f 1zgOt ~ |pZzO}uz

215

VZiz

ZO( 179:{Z) h^f] o ^m ^nu ^] o y D

kZgzZ | ,
(g Zlx
` ] Zw H
H/~V

kZqgzZ *
@,
WOgTsp ]yK
Z VY 5,j}
/]Zgy t X C7,
W~pgi *
! Z
`gzZ C7,
WOzg
gz VgzZ *
@/zg,+
DZ XnX+
0i KZ W

*
c sp z{ { P7e *
@ ,
m/
pg xV ;z {
X$
"*
U,
Wzg kZ~pgi *
!x Z6+
0Z
`

6Y Y 2004~Z &14Z
G
0{ z z] Zw,
0 Z# W kZY 1999 ag &5 Zzg V qZ $
d
~ G
0g *
G43X
c OBg" Z~g Ng *
*
0 5G
c!{a qZ}

&14gz Z LZ w {a D g* iZ%Z)lt
M kZ ~ } M Z W g e h ~ g7 Z~Z
}&24~ +
0i KZ kZ { z w 83/o *
N*
* Zz
X [} M

Vz,
mZ p y ]Zw ~ Zi W~ y*zy
Y
58EgzZ *
~ H
k" x
`+@W~ Zi WL E
@ wEZ Zzg *
* y kZ V;

&15gzZ gg Z ,
']Zw Zi Wo *
@Y *
cd
\,
6 M

H
*
cd
\,
6M ~x
`OS+
0 ' ex Zg*
*Y 1949

K
Z t ~ y*zy ~ ]Zw~ Y 1989 VS+
0 Zg+
0Z
MY Zgc_ c]Zw

Js kZgzZG}Cb Vt K
Z ,
6 Y

Z+,
F dZ o kZ ^g; Q
Z p H ` Z

216

VZiz

Zwx
Zpg 3g $
+ Y tg/ggzZ

X {g7*
!]gZ

K
Zt H ? Y Y
g Hc_ ;]Zwt wZ

YY*
c gZ 9]*
!kZ H ?7*
*t?n`
yY xgzZp z k*
0 hkZgzZ ~g^ ~}g*
! y Y

p zk*
0 hK
ZkZgzZ}Q:/.
_4zM
+K
ZgzZ 3g~

c_ ;]Zw,
6x *
*K
Z t ]Z{zt?Y H:
X z.nV Zz

]*
!gzZ H
H/{ ]Zw~ *

Z i Zg +
0i K
Z ~ ] Zw ] L
L H$
"*
U

]ZwkZgzZ y qZ~Y 1956~d


]~uo z,
7 }g

m26JVZ~!~Z
`kZtZp H
*
c
5J" *
* Zg WZ,
kiz qZY 1959
~g" $
e.ZgzZ *
c W~ y G
u g *
0 x Z ] g ~
y W WZ,
kizO *
c OB

Hwb y ]Zw{g *
!zIz c]g egzZ ZkZ
K
Z)]Zw,
6gm{~ ! f ]*
!=t

XH

" yC ~ OyK
Z V~ 7
1 CY ]*
!
CY ~g iM
+K
Z y W~ t ZgzZ y
jjZ D Y Og]

t K
Zp H
3g~
q ,
F+
$Vzg Y{+
0gV-{~*
!Y

$*
"
UqZ}/
Zp CW7x,
6]uZz yZVzg ZNa Vzg Z,
'D
bzg[f ZuM
+K
Zg Y~g Y]Zw,
6x{

VZiz

217

Wt O
% s Z T *
@Y *
c*
0 (Z ~C +
0i ~
Z x g Zw]t | *
<
@,
7*
* -CgzZ CY

gzZ ~yWgzZ ~ *
! ~ V1 I zy ~
!=g f sgzZkZgzZ K
Z

| 1425#
Z Z #
Zg&3
   

VZiz

218

h N Zg
kZ ,
6 z ]gz K
ZgzZ w C
x Zx ~ <

wgzZ ,
] g Z ]Z ,
WZgzZ } LZ xsZ n

V*
!4Z \vZ ,
6gs yW Y7s

F,
6~g ZZlpgzZw
xsZ ( Z>g) ^ u ] ^e ^+m # ] $ VF

gzZ,um *
c 7m,
F *,
6Y ` Z'Z KZ

>Z ) agzZ ( 18:>Z )w SVZ {+


ZTg~zuyZ

qkZ,
6 iZzg *
*gzZx Zwp H
*
c p Z id( 198 :
]gz%Zi ZwJ
gzZ H
*
c g Z x Zw *
*i #zg Z

*
c g Z L
<KZZ ]xsZ9gzZ ~(,
F b p gH

z ] K
ZgzZ wZZz yi Z xsZ ~ +
0i ; %}uz wq

X WgzZ _kZ

D Y *
0 ~ Z~,
( Zz+ X<Z, Z*

,
Fg|~ \g- JV g Z g ^I Z b
E
$t
0G
WZ,
,
kig|JwzZ ,g~,~ y4gzZ C*
c
L
:gzZ {z( Z +
Dg Z|) *
*i qzggzZ *
*i K *
@Y*
c*
0

t & ~ VgyZgzZ $7& ~ ~Vx


zy 7b Zuz {z p N Y {u }uz qZ zi

Z+
ZY%w]gVY 7gugzZt :~<
Xq]Zg (Z~}g *
!]Z f KZ & , ZqZ:

219

VZiz

& z {@kZ ~ zCgzZ H


*
c g Z {@ b ~ sZ<

]g]Zg (ZkZgzZ ~ wyZ+


0{Z,
'u%Q *
0 g Z
g: *
c z)Vzg (Z :gzZ wJ b O g+
ZZig

gZ1gzZA
&yZV*
c gZ)fgzZtVz q,
6
6g~z)xz5Z Z]Zzzt }uzqZp
% $ ` ,

uCwyZ+
0{ Z,
'u%Z ( 228:>Z) $ ` n $]

g(Z kZ1 Y} t:~,


6 gqZ {z H
*
c g(Z { *
c i~
X}7xZZt :%L
:
o{zgV*
c *
0 ZB

z s%,
6 kZ/
Z g Rn~ s~uz

-Z {z Za ]+
q
h+Z yxg zi zz *
c g C *
ci

b CZ=g f
Z h
M7Z Zt Zz+
Z}uz

kZ /
Z gzZ }
oX 8Z kZ
Z $Z Z

sCLZ]gkC{zgzZ Y$
"*
U~ ]gq ,
4

~< *
*gzggzZ *
* { i Zzg Va 2~ggzZ

X } Zb nkZ Z
*
* sg tZz ;g q *
c zZz m{qZ V*Z

wP H
Zi Z ]Zi Z Z Y& xi 5~ ` qZ

Jw& e^7 kZ ` *zy+


h 1{Z y *
0

x*
* T ) ~ kZ,
6C
Z *
c e {%Z YYY: *
@Z
Zg*wqZ $
db 1 b *
* = ( *
c/

C}uz *
c/
#
ZH
;g sg {@qZ u *
0 zy

{z ,
ki^gzZ ?Y~Z Za wZ[Znq

220

VZiz
?[s

$E
$'g& Y%/
Zt0G
sZ~kZ

$ g fgzZ Z+
~kZH
7hg W0G
ZYZ KZ {zt]g

ZgzZ b
Bg7A
& Zg7 pp CZ ]gpn y zu p

gH]m{ nkZ } Zb kZ
Zg b

$g Z /
7+
0ip%]g~}g *
! 7
X } Zb ,
6]Z

Z Zp ~ T~hg Z+
ZY +Z Ct ]g~uz

2~gzZ{zzz :CCkC]gpY

Z bVY} ZbQp $

+]~kZ ]gz@,
h
6i,
^YgzZz

:$
"{ ge ~ KZ %/
Z { ge ] Y Z%Z 7
YZz*
!:,
6]gBg/
]kZ 3n

gzZ { *
c i { ge ~gz kZ C}c_]*
!kZ]g*
c

X $
+ Ohc_tkZ Y*
c ZbkZ

C nLZ]ggzZH
hg[ZpCt]g~

Y gzZ1Z x Z~ ]gkZ C7kC6+


0Z CgzZ Z ,
(

nkZ Y: Zz ]V/C kZ J#
Z w
x Z Z]| *

*~/gzZ 7R b }uz

s]g g (Z ZgtD C
qZ/]|

kZ gzZ } g OZ Jwg e
Z X 8Z ~
Z
kZgzZ } Zb wgeQ g CnkZyxg

221

VZiz

:ZzC yxg ]/
Z ]z ] y kg e ]

~ kZ {z *
c Wg /
]/
ZgzZ h *
N]gZ YW

zz{ C*
c :p'gz bZ g7*
!
yxg]/
Z ~*
! :{z } Z b
Z

X b {g *
!zui Z Zg {z/
Z,
6g (Z]g$
AH
W:ZzC

6,}t f, 0VgVyZ C

Y f$
"*
! b)yZ ~ ]q y*zym{~gz {gzZ F
F

},
6b)yZ~2Z 0 Y ,
6~xsZ *
c ~ :,
6Z

$
e.t ,
6 X~ C{ Y Hg H
.{ *
ci
$E
Zg7 r C gzZ $
eg & Vz~ T 0G
w5gzZ yi Z
X p Zg7

H wZ CkZY ~t ]g/

Z gzZ wZqZ

~ ]mZ[Z kZ ? $ b Zuz OZ,


6 kZ {z H

VY YY H OZ,
6kZ *
@ZIkZ:(Z /
Z

x Z,
6 C
kZ t/
Z%Z xqZ~]5, Z

]g,
6 C
+Z/
Z ZN *
0 gZ ,
WZ"gzZx*
* wdZ ZzY

<g YCkZ z H
W:ZzwzZCgzZ 1 b Zuz

@*
YH:x Z YZzi Z hC/
ZVY ~,
(~kZ

@*
Y*
* *
!gzZxb ZgzZ CY~]i YZ b }uz]g,
6gzZ

]g<i/
Z v n
,
6 k Y3 Zg ~zg { Zg" kZ

DZ q :Z ]CkZ T e 8
~ sLZ

VP wzZCkZ Y (ZgzZ D W ~ b LZkZ n

222

VZiz
X*
@Yxz~KZg]{zgzZ e
f b pY ZZ

$g]gzZz]g~x ZsZ0~C{@:
e

t wq]g~ kZ *
c W7Zz [Z t CgzZ
E
~b gzZ H7,
]Z ~ b Zk*
0 < 0t]g

YY Z7 b Z skZ iW
Z

b D OZ,
6kZ]g ~zgqZ bg Z {%{g
Z7ZwzZCb kZ,
6g gzZp gzR
" b~g7 ]*
:ZzC kZgzZ Y $
"*
Ut /
Z =0E
0G
! t Z
F
F,
6q :Z b Zuz kZgzZ Y ~ wzZC{z YW

]gzZ Y { W,
6 t:wzZCkZ Z *
0 gZxzz

&~ s:t b kZ }uz {g*


!z g/

$E
X ] *
!JV$Zg
g0G
V
$E
gzZ]g+,
6Y .qZVatt0G
sZ~kZ
Bb ,
6gVzyZgzZ ZwJz[XZyxg%}uz
!zL Lm~:WkZnkZ ~gZ*+
0iB}uzqZ
gZ E
0kI*

,
6m,ZgzZ kZ~KZ]gkZ % *
0
E
* Ei4Z $
*
"*
UkZgzZ *
@[%Zz _{z *
@*
0 gZ

# Zz)fkZt xgzZ *
Z
0 gZ\*
!^ kZ%Zuz z Z *
@Y
3g pb~g7 Zz #Z K
Z xsZ ~ kZ V

kZgzZ iqZ kZ~ ]*


* ZxgzZ=gf #
|yK
Z
YeJVn kZ )
*
!gz )nkZ bxz

X$
"*
U

VZiz

223

gzZ *
*YZa .{%~}g*
!{+
0i t%Zz.

]*
!+ZqZ8
bZuz ]g,
6C
kZgzZ *
*Yg q:Z]
-,
q
4Vx]*
!t Sg CW7 $W7~]4x

tgzZ *
@7wJ.gzZx{z *
@Y H,
6 C
q:Z {t
-d]*
/nkZJ#
Z*
@7Jz kZ b tV E
!
pF
F,
6VZ0yZ {zb z Yf YH:g(ZgT

kZ [Za yDg x*
*+
$VgzZxsZg+
0ZrZ Zgf

kZ~ Vs *
c H
H7 iZ+
0Z kZZz szc)gzZ Z kZ

+kZgzZ *
@<sZ~kZgzZCW7*
c W7]*
! b
Y 2004,
'ZJ| 1425Zy@&15
   

!g]VZz

VZiz

224

g
{z < T: i +,
F$
dDDD ] ~E
L #G DDD xsZ

] X*
! z]vZwgw5707}]|VY ;|

gzZ VZ,
6 yW._ {o}g ~ wq Z7 }]|

+ \W#
Z b J
m,
6 g Z ._wV|gzZ V-
E
&
C ~V ZzyZZPyZgzZh
4}
gzZ EG
MYu,
6VZ Zz
` Z'V- 7 G
& Z ~~J V7,Zoo
g Z +
jZgzZ |+
$t g 4Z |+
$B Y C
mZgzZ J ]zl~

JV DtwggzZ p{z qBVyZ V,Z

yZ DDDD C[\WLZsXDDDD 7.]|

yZ D: t9{z 7 }]|g 7p iB

V-ByZ n kZ yZ ~g+
$ ZzZa : Z7
wZjZ 0kZ~+
h.
]*
! ` W 7g Z Z{z ;g u|

[ ] I gzZ Y f ~ 7 }]|gzZ h
MY ,
7
! l yZwEZ nyZ]$gzZ '*
! D
X YYH{ i Z+
0Z ]zZV-

:K
Z J e 0zg ,
6 7 }]| iZ V-

7q!x~kZZ#
Zp +
D%Zr*
!gzZ *
c
[|Z 4z O #gzZ O ] *
c w+
$ g V,Z [Z

gzZ *
* *|wJ| V ~ yZC gzZ Hg (Z

225

VZiz

| L LyZ *
c qz *
*p~ ]Zz ]x 7 }]|

KZ| hzZ { ]| T 7 L L, Z
~ V-
x Ng 7 }]| 1q (Z 1z $
- ;f

yZ s 7 gzZ *
c {g )DDD q|gzZ h+ DDD
X $
"*
Ui ZzW~{g ` Z Z

Z i W |Zz gzZ {ppqZ bkZ

: Z.
}V&tqZ *
0 g Z qZ ~ C
}oz~T

W~z | ~ ={okZQ k;Z bzggzZ C


g\*
!

t Q7wVkZ ~ g *
@<G wyz O, Z~ :W V,ZgzZ
C*
c v Hp71w{o qZ~&L gL zZ &~qZ L L

X b
Bg,
6Z$
eZ
* |

Y Zj]|gzZ7 x W]| {g o L L{o~ C


Zuz

g ( V|w ) { H
k L L{z H[g Z 3#
|gNT
E
G
yZ Z3g
L r Z.
}nkZ *
*g3
yZ nkZ ;g W`
n{g kZ YH Z Z {g V!yZgzZ Y+
DXc iz

Y 0 {g { H
k#kZ y*
!{z 5~ *W
d LZv*
! f Z.
}

gzZ gzZ t<g 0{g |


m,
6g Z 7[]|O
$ {zgzZ H \*
oF
X-I
;g v~ VYkZ 1 <G
! {H
k g Y ~gzZ Zw
} LZ {z gkZB; kZgzZ
b Z Z.
}QgzZ

??} J
m:W
dLZp W*
@Y7s

='*
!t,
6] *
!kZ]gzZC
|,
6VzoVz yZ

YZ !p/ Wx qZ ]Z
y+Z ; s
yz

VZiz

226

7? ,
6kZ~]g{p{V(Z{zkZp

(X ;*
@7G*
@kZ V-gZjyZ *
c 7}]| gZ gzZ

|z*
!kZk\ZD yZ gzZ$
eKZ7}]|
: m7C*
!J[Z$
dZkZV-*

V g* Vzg * Zz +
&e

e : ^ ~ * gZ LZ
Z* wJ.nVE*
*- |zz h kZ

V *
@- VV zyp ;ggV Z.
}& e L L~<Z
VVE*
*- gV Z.
}&zg +,
FZZ~` ZZM

VE*
*- ^ +
$t|n kZ ~gzZ C
g\ *
!:D Y Z.
}&

]Zg* LZ < kZ > *


! *
*- wJ.n

| Zt *
c*
0 gZ <~g ugzZ 1wJ,
6Y }W

Zq {z
gzZg Z MZz (Z|{pkZp Ca *
*
V ggzZV
Z i ZggzZgzZ g7*
!{ CYn$
ep

z ] vZ wg {z ~
qZ~ Ve/
{ C yZ ~ ,
7 h{C
X *
!W~{g

~ gZz ]g Z gzZ ZzgkZ ]t] vZ wg[ xsZ9

w g Z kZ n [ IZ y;,
' Zz Z n kZ
bT bZ\W{z yW 6 7L
:

xs0vZ]|gzZ (146:{Z) `^e m ^ mL L zZKZ


yT zZ KZ]t] g *
c ~:$
eWkZ

p Y $
- ~zg ~ p] zZVY Zz { *
ci

227

VZiz

O 7R~ kZ ZzgkZ ]*
*K
]t] \W

,
k
Zg f ~ t Z Z/
] \Wxzg *
! C #
Z

q H
H{z~ ` W T wg ~
y W{z \W7

]\WDDD 7yZZ,
6]\W DDD Vl skZ

q~yZZV-gzZV|p 7 wjZ
vZ wggzZ 7 t GZ ]|m# VyZt {z 0 ^zg
~ wJht J ` WgzZ 7 Z ]| ]
X Z{ Zg L]

N qz(#
ZH
| ,
(gzZz kZ V| V

._| 690 wz gzZ Z i W VlyZ ~ Y 1096 ._| 494

gzZ - * kZ x !Z B
ktB! x V ,
6 Y 1291

V HwJxsZ~Z~,
(V|~VgzZ *
cg N,j
G
4i*
G
0E
0 |Y 1453#B 29._|857 \zZ ~)B 20J

XVZV ZzrgzZH
W~V;V

|xsZ |kZ O Vl

V,Z D,
6 kZgzZ p
n,
6 w}QM
+kZ B
YE
V,Z xL 58E~uz
ys *
! Hg (Z 3 Zg gzZ x
/ VsZ Z VZ\g- gzZ b}}xsZ
[ZgzZ;ggZZ VC,
6zVaegzZZ6,
'~k1~wzNLZ
Xt }gwqgtZgzZy
jjZO~gYtJ

|V ,
6Vhzg t H
Hg (Z g ~f Zuz

*
@g Z ]2z ]Z Z Y" ,
6 xsZgzZ =gf V@

228

VZiz

kZ,
6 h+gzZ Y u~}g *
! + LZ 5V

|p WW ~}g*
!V@|V Y{gw
IG
$

5
V|gzZV-nZ 7u *
* G *
IG
IG
G ypt Z l4]Z z( Oraintalism ) t Zl4]Z L LxqZ
G
I
y: K
t Z l4]Z np_ V'gzZ <Z xE :
p ;g tZa Y VgzZg Z < x g xsZgzZ
c*
VZ :,
6VgzZ<Z}gz {z[gzZyxsZ

V~ \g- z kZ t wq Vz yZ ~ }g *
! xsZ

izgz
,
mSZ sZ~ ;gE- nkZ m{}g Z Z
: * |yC $
d$
d ;7gzZ wgzZsz^~x Z

gzZZz {*t CY T*
c CYgzs xsZ[

V|zZ ,
(~kZgzZ=g f sg xsZ~* |Z: Z+
0
D,
WZ,
ki{ +
E Z ~VM
W~)yZ *
c V-{ *
c i
X H^ z

&p~V f Zg
,
m|l< 0G

B! x~ x Z Z Z * V,Z g)
*
! ]]*
!tn

V Zzpg,
6xO u+
hzgzZ<|1 `q|

z*
!+
0?(gzZ$
"~V p wJ|
/

LZ ~ V ] ,
6 ]*
! kZ Z 7[x t yZ

gzZg Z <LZgZ5V|gzZ g Yf,


(Zz <

yZ Z{ hZ qZgzZ ` yZ,
kz y Y/
~ \g- m"

~6,
' CZ+
0 V;zgzZ _0K` W V/

229

VZiz

g ZD &54&8 ZV| Zz Y a
l ._g z ZZY 1995
cZ tg ZD &36&5 ZV Zz",
7 i ~K ~*
0 #
Z

gg ZD&14: ZV| Zzpgma


l ._} zu
X ;gZ g ZD&32: ~ ZV ZzYK#
Z

5Y 2-~g L L~ *
!WZqZ~iZwPHkZ

},
(
~ *
!WkZy-~KY c~/
%V;z

]*
! kZ kZgzZ W{@x - B\z/
LZ ~g *
0
|gzZ g cg VzK~ Z ~,
( VY yZ y 8
{,
^Y

Va
l V;z Z x ? g Zi " gzZ g " a
l VY yZ
yZ t pg x Z/
z,
6 wZnZgV Z

~ ~ wj *
! kZ s ,
'kZ 7$
"*
Uq~

wjZ {z ]]gzZ @ Sh Z ,
6 Vzn VyZ y

Dg* V g Zi *
! ,Z CWX,
'~$
A k W
4E
58EyK
{zgzZ K~ kZ CYn E
LG
Z pqZ
XgV-i

@*
Y H{ z,
6+
h As xsZ~ [f |qZ tQ

Z,
( Zuz xsZ ~ V8 g- Z VzZ izg g g xsZ JgZ

|V;zgzZ | ,
(V-~ *
!W~M%Z [0<

]Z| qq=xsZ~ &Zp


` xsZ < Z ,
(Zuz
xsZ J ZZgZD Ag e izgC ~ * ~ zg g z ZZ
Vog~[fgzZDwJxsZ |3500gs
J
]uZz,Z *
* W~ xsZ E
L !Z {)z xsZ - gzZ Ej$*
N& Z

VZiz

230

X *
c 2~? ],
m|T

gzZ g Y ~/n |V ,
6 gm{ n kZ

,
m|~ y *
0 ~g Y l+Z ~ xsZ ,
6 i/
V~ c Zs 77g ^zg ~ | VZ kZ

V,
6kz+
& Zo} ,
(
gx /
Z%| ,
le|
$Z |kz+
e
& ZJY 2000 yZ ~g Yg ,
m|
++
D%pn7[x~/kZ {z ] \vZ Y0o
~,
]Z
b kz+
& Z ._ ^g7g Y 1965 { *
c i
V;z Z

| zz! { *
c i g ZD gzZ }gZ Z ~gzZ a
l /Z &g ZD RZ
S|z kZ @ Lo$
d
gx

207Z,
ki J esWuagW._gzZZY1992Zs@
JV N *
cg/zgZiW yZe bZ gH~g*
0 )gzZ

XgY;|~

k*
0 .6,
'~Y1813Z,
6g*
@,
m|~y*zy

Y 1900Oh
MY~g*
0 ~o kZ n|VE*zy H
Zy*zy)V|ZgzZ`Wy*zyu42
M Z Wg-,
Rgeu
LJV 1~:WV

:
BqZ vg,
) }g bT Z

BqZ

V bZ |

Zz ~{< ~ o N Y |
E
4&g- gzZ VzgZ V1Z*
F
V 3G
! gzZ=gfV-g *
0

VZiz

231
xE~{ }f=gf{)zA
]*
!

|~ZVzgZD $
AN Y,
WZ~x
(41:~$Z*
*])X,Z

~gYgzZ]~g7l ,
m|~y*zy ZiW

& _sp~ $
eZ |Z*
c g FtwZ

6,gx ~ y*zy qZ
V|~g
*
cg

~~o kZtzz kZgzZ Z ,


WZ q~ Z +
Dg Z kZ,
6 V

2~$Z *
* ]|gzZ ~ ZPvZg *
* ]|,
6i Wq
kZV p Z'kZB]~g7 Y f}uz
|zz +
0?z $
"gzZ +
0Zp *
* z
Y t s

gzZ |V ~ Vm{gzZ V i Zggz,


m

X x/
u~+
D%

~ q HZ ,
6ZO+
0Ws: Zs Z ]*
!kZ V*

-|V ~{)z[8$VzR *
q
!Wg

*
@Y *
c g 0WVg,
6gm{nkZgzZ g^B]~g7

Z ZZgzZ n~)yZ D Yg]Z&Zp,


6VhZ
kZgzZ CY Z
gzZ ` D Y `z CY

|~S*
*gzZ wX 3h Z *
@Y *
c ~x Z LZZ b
X g : K
V ,
m

z ]qZ sZ ~ kZ g Z | ~ y*
!i zgQ

{ izg i vZ gx?Zm ]| \vZ CY wEZ ]Z


~p Z WOp Z Z*
!x *
*5gzZY C
mZ {)z >i

232

VZiz

V*
*x x *
*V ggzZV1 {)zx W Z} .LD Y
X3
bgz+
ZZ
`zg Z 13V|~ y *
0 s D b

[Z bgV|t Y7 V*
*
X V {gzZV-,
k$wq{)z]p Z

Y 1992F
F,
6yz )V|/z&*
*t ,
m|

~T qZ e O%Z$
dhz14nu,
m|~

tFwC H
H a
y~ Y Z { *
c i 30gzZ~iZ { *
c i 56

nZ *
! ~ V| CY ~ V *
!iZ * *
!
H4]
+ LZV tgzZ gx wjZgzZ 5F
; g ZD ; ZD ~o}g
gZ ZgZZ Z,
(~;|gzZ2~us
X { Zz,
6"gzZ"Vi ZzYs LZyk\Z

~g [gzZ zg Z n ug Z +
DkZ

Zx #
ZgzZ *
c hg *
*x ]~V)pt~g F~,
(

kZ g ez wqgZz kZ y CY0 {z Sg7*


!

bz {zkZ e *
* Za ` Z'zg Z: Z ~ V wzZ n
yZ bZgYG wEZ ns hZgV
: e

y yZgzZ Y H ZyW{ *
c i {*
c i ~ V *
!i /

|BB Zz ]x~ C
xsZ ~ kZ Y *
c
X+
h ,
F{gZYtgWgzZM
+*
c

]q ) N Y Vn~) L~ ~ *
!WC /

X , *
c n~{)z] ~ ~g F

233

VZiz

ZgzZ ,kg JwjZ ; { *


c i { *
c i y /

:( Vwp BZ ~ kZ a )N`,
6 & kZ

6, j$
dgt gzZ Y Hg ~ ZZ k~ ZgzZ Y
X Y a
y

! jnwkZgzZN YG J,~V /

V2,
6u yZgzZ VyyZ n J kZ N Y ~,
6$
eg

X `| ,
7V1yZ YY1{P!

G n
W L Ln ` nZ%Z x gzZ ZZ ~ V /
G
C/
ZVN Zz {)z_g J/
g g 3x i!,
4~T N Y
kZ}n
W(Z~ZKZg~/
%V;z*
c OZ KY~ *
!W

} )
z M
+K
Z *
c y,
6z *
c,
6 g~i Z Z n

kg:Z pzyZgzZ V hx OZ,


ki V n kZgzZ

X Yx )#.
} }q{PV Zz

VLZBBV.g gzZgzZkg Z /

J,
7Z~gz0M
+*
c gzZ| +kZ,g +qZ
C~V Y~VZ{zY3gg ,
6x ZZgzZ Y*
c
X ,x k& ZgzZ

-Z Z > is~g Z)f KZ {z9Vzg Ztuy /


J

u)
ZzxsZ,
6gm{zqZ
z KZ 7z

c
yw w Z,
6 Z}uzpgzZ { ~ ,pn

mn yz~ kZ kZ]YZ
yZ { iXLZ }uz
)+ZzqZ gKZ {z^i *
0 eSg ~,
(~,
(VXbkZ,

VZiz

234

{+
ZV $
d kZ *
@ , nnV P ~
Xn V

x Z M
,
Fl E
L i=gfVwyn&Zpy /

V bkZ {)z ~i H/
b
ZgzZ Hx J /
s Y H

**
zx *
* Z +
Dg Z=g f gzZ n kZ z~ +
0i l
X Y Z%
gzZDyz ,
m|,
6R~gu |k\Z

g kZp D ZVZSg ~,
( ~,
( n

7 k*
0 yZ nkZgzZ] xsZgzZ 7
kZ ,
6gLZV ~ y*zy ~ wqg{wq

y*zy Y1x ~/gzZ+


D/
ZgzZ

X h
M ` n%kZpy

Y 2005~gzB 25| 1426x ZZxB 15


Y 2005ag B4| 1426x ZZxB 22
   

VZiz

235

Z&Zp
#
]Z ) *
c V]*
@mn Z 3g,
6 g x ]kZ \vZ

USKZtCgzZ H
Zi Z]:S Z ZyZ]*
* ZgzZ

Zz/
>
Y j]gTkx W q{+
Z nM
+K
Z

uz CZ yK
Zp [gZ nyK
Z 4gzZ

,
3gzZ Vzq=gfB; [
_W wVZz g JV *
0

-Z V *
q
0 D Yx Zx Z}g V; gzZ $Y Y

z yp~ }g7 Cy y*
!i *
@( ~uz (

{z *
c *
@wzNx }g7 r gzZ s +
0i,
6 T *
@Z hz

~ yZ gP Z Z.
}g+
0Z Y I
Z ~Ct { *
!

9z izgz
} *
c {ngzZ {/
*
c g x g
E
7xZx!CZ~ z K
Z /
Z g Y G x CZ

)*

!n}gxz x kZkZVY ; Vzx Zuz V#~ Vz

?n^x+
0iH<g$
- ;Z

q 3g ]z V6& ~ V K
Z \vZ bZ

*
c N YZ evx /
ZC~g7'gzx yK
ZT

yxgkZgzZ]*
c gz~` 'g (Z8 bZ

VgzZN YZa v]gzi Z+


ZZi ~&qZ g7*
! yi Z
G
V3 Z z M
+K
Z bZ ]g N Y {g 0E
0kI$ 'gz~uz

gzZ KZ *
*~gz'x % 3g t V6& ~ VggzZ Vz%

236

VZiz

V*
c gZ)f : { yzgzZ *
*z,
'Wz ]gzZ w z yY yZ+
0{ L Z

.ngzZ z ]P
` z ]n Z Z Z b x Z

yZ bg\ V x Z V*
c g Z)f : { yzg+
0Z]g ]gz

V ~ yZ n kZ ZkZ C
yjzz nCLZgzZ *
*lgz,
6

Uw)zgzZ

Z,
4z~g VY 0E
!.
_ ~
E
E
43rVz ~gz]*
LZ LZ G
!tnY x Z+
0{gzZ H
3g

z yj +
0i~ kZ ,x Z ZLZ Tg~ {,
]Z
X x PZgzZY x Z+
0{gzZ

$ ,
sZ G
L G
6 ]z~ V-g Z)f p tV6&

Vz% 7n ,
6Vg n ,
6Vz%~ Vg

V~LZ,
6Vz%7~g Z)f l,
6Vg nl,
6
$ % 7~g Z)f
A
VgzZC,
6Vg ~gZ)f

Vz%7ne,
6kZ :x*
c CB]g ~gz*
* e,
6kZ
t H
3g I ]Zz yZ Vg #
ZZz )
) gzZ +z- ,
6
7Z *
*zB]gtgzZ $
egByZ 7$Vg
` ZkZ~]qx % C` Z]g s Zzw

@*
Yg Z " WpC*
0 V7,
6zgzZ hC*
!y/
Z *
@7

] *
! kZpt *
@ 7u"zg kZ yK
Z q: ]Zgp

~ *
@kZ\*
!e C` Z]g #

gzZ {,
6 CkZ zZ V Sg~C
< UkZ *
@[{,
6 { *
c i% ]g ,

~g Z)f # Z gzZ #Z z yZ f Z gzZ 3g 7#


ZZz )
),
6 ]g

237

VZiz

\Wi # Zp] vZ wg 0 Vz%,


6 g~ C

# Z s0 Z]|gzZ 1Z ]|( ]
f ]|~Y D $
"*
U*
*# Z 0y]|~VzK

\Wp &Zpaz DIZ~: i kZ D *


c # Z
E
vZ gx Z ]|gzZ ~8]| ]|>Zx Z ]Z0 ` Zzi Z ]
E
gzZ *
c 7g ,
6# ZZ ]\Wp&Zpw *
!E;XX # ZVz% ;g W`_g Z J ` W]~t

yZ~ b) Z)gzZ , Za g O
_Z~ V T e v

gzZ *
@Y H7~ r Z Zg fZz Z) nkZ ,g {Z

# Z &Zp ` WO *
@Y *
c q cgzZ W,
6 R@Z

ZgzZ *
#
c [-zzzZ~M%Z#
Z ZcqX
-+ZY Z~ Z e )nq]:QgzZ

;g Y H7 bkZkZgzZ H
W~ Vu{ Xt Z Z i gzZ *
c [

{ W,
6xz h,
^ YqZZgzZg,
6VgY f*
c
X
}# Z Vgp]gt qZ U z # Z Vg

]g' x Z )
)VggzZ Vz%]gt }uz

&ZpvZ g ]|>Zx ZVY ; ,


^Y q ,
4 gzZ Z
O~9WvZg ]|kZ # Z
&
' qug$
gukZ Gi) N~9~yxgQ
EG

9kZ gzZ H!Zj!Z0Z'gzZ -g Zt ZiZ


Vg vZgx Z]|>Zx Z bZ'( 30&2:tZZ)

VZiz
G
E
~ ! Z 0Z 'gzZ - g Z t ZiZ'$
eZzgt w*
*# Z
238

x&Zp%Z ( .!Zj ) *
c g Z 9kZ ~zx ZgzZ w

]vZwg ~z%vZg]|VY ; 74)


)

^q n L
L ~KkZ Z7~)
)&Zp:*
c
( 1219:$
gu 243&4:ZY Z )X ^q r ^]

Z VggzZ Vz% *
#
c Vz%s]g $t ]g~uz

: ~*
c beK
Z Zz $
e7,
^Yt *
!]gt}
xi ] ^] m ^q] ^ jm
! ^`] ne n j ]a ^q ] ^
( 204&6: n`] ] )

t Z E<X%x Z ~gzn # Z Vz%

6,]*
! kZ }# Z Vz%]g7
g ]*
!
X t Z Y 
V DDDD 7x Z Vz%'g DDDD ]*
! t gzZ '

: $
"*
U

*
c ~' /gzZ: i]vZ wgt ]*
! /

Vz% V,ZgzZ H
HgHKx Z&Zp M7Zz (Z~g Zz Z
X# Z

+,
F+
$gzZ QQ+4Vz% *
c g Z]vZwg /

QQ+,
F+
$ gzZ Q ~
y WQ+4 VggzZ Q ~
y WQ
gzZ'( ] mi h^e440) ^` ^a ^a ^] nL L

? $,
^Yn]gt CQWC# Z

239

VZiz

iL L$7# Z]g ~z%


! Z0Z]| /

*
c CgzZ H!Zj:z$
eZzgkZZ;*
* ]
( 1233:$
gu 250&4:ZY Z )X 9
tg Z

Vg{z#
Z N Yuh% ~z% {1Z]| /

!Zj ]gn LZ x ~ $
eZzg qZgzZ ')
Z
$Zzg~yZ ] o a ] xm L L$*
e
0 7b #{z}

Y Z : ) ~ ~g g p$
eZzg ~uzgzZ ~ q uggzZZ

zxKZgzZ*
@)
ZxZ ~~i'( 1234:$
gu 351&4:Z

?$
gVYY ZMZ]gn%Q!ZjxZ
w

~}g*
! &Zp~ t ( i &0vZ]| /

aL
L gZ bZ 3gx yZ\vZ *
c

(yZ '# Z'g/


Z ( 149&3:tZiZ') # ] a &nu

X *
0 g Z WO

%]g: *
c g Z ] vZ wg ~z% ,
'Y]| /

( r] h^e 1081:z 0Z )X q i L L:}: # Z

gzZ~
wz gzZ # Z } 9W]g /
J454X
G
G-E
4
5
G
G
Y I
Z~X+Z i VY ;6+
0Z " { zw

CuV*
c Am~x ZwdZ Zi gzZ CV*
c #
|

] I ~ <Z }uz 7s ,
6 xsZ zz

C 7 ! g L Ly{ V V- g 7~z &Zp


tg eZVV zy7gw*
0 \7*
c ~g *
0 y{VV|

VZiz

240

I5,
6] *
!kZ]*
c Zzgzg ZZIx *
c @7y{>z,
6*
ct
Vzg Z Z I Vg}V gzZ 7wq
on Vg# Z z ]

V(Z- V V zygzZ ]GZg V V| H


H4Z ~

yZ nZ 1VZ,
'ZzzkZgzZ ZwZ VgV;z
yZgzZ Za
nyZ xsZglzVg V-g Z)f

X *
c XwZVz%

wgDw+ZZzvZggzx Z]|]Z|
^a] a i ^a L L~]iYZ# Z: {IZLZyZ]vZ

\WZt~$
eZzg ( 27324:$
guZ 591:$
gu Z1Z )

]] ^a] a i L L~]i YZ # Z~Vzi n]

x Z ]| e *
* 37 x$
eZzg kZp( 1537 :$
gu )

q*
c ggzZ] H yWV2~VyZ vZgg
E
n kZ yW0Eq *
@x VZzg gzZ b
Bg tzf Z ,
(

~]i YZ # ZZ D$
egx SyZ ]\W
G
E

sZ~ $
#
eZzg -g ZO n &Zp ys]i YZt p

L L %]i YZ # Z &ZpsZ ] \W
EG

XnkZ ( ^] ^`a ^r] h^e279&1: -g Z ) ^`^ i ^`


gzZ Z% 'g IZ L LV;z *
c W gZ IZ L L~ V(u
kZ n kZ ZwEZ n: {y{ IZ L L~]*
c Zzg ~uz

X e*
* 37

q ZgzZ ~,
(qZX# ZVg]Z|wzg .x *
*

'# Z'gn*
!/
Z eOZg7w

VZiz

241

&Zp ?Vib)HyZgzZVq+
ZZ H&ZpkZ
b b ;gwZ Vg~ [ftXZ z kZ n

kZJ#
Z r
gmJz kZ ]gqZ% g Y C ,
F

k] * qZ n LZ {z CYt V ~zkZ n

Hy*
!nkZzgzZ+4+
0iKZ ]gTgzZ 8
l

{H
k LZ 'gx *
@ qz *
0 J h1#
Z gzZ 8 7< Z

CZ~
q zz :x Z+
0{gzZ CQ VZ1

]ggzZ ]gz ` n%kZ ~ Z Cg6,


6 U z

) ` Y *
c wj Y rZ,
6 m b ~ kZ >
V z,
6VggzZ YHLx Z+
0{ Y*
c X Vg

gzZ ,x Z ~g Z: {gZ {z H
*
c g1V-g Z)f Vz\*
!gzZ

Y *
c Xui *
* wZ kZ , Zg7 Z: Z%C*
! y

! ! ,g,
6XB/.
_: ZI|v ! lb)Vg
EE
Y 2005s,
6ZJ| 1426 . Z#&21
   

242

VZiz

li qZ DDy
L yWL
Bx LgzZo1%qZ,
k+
5 x ~T]!z Wzt

KZt p g}g ( Vz%~ Y c VZz VZz sw2KZ

KZ gzZ ~ Vzg ( 7D Z }uz qZ Lz*


! Z ,
( gzZ z

+Z Kg KggzZ ~,
( ~,
( ] rs

W7~z \W \W% Zz Za ] WzgzZ ]gzp


$

|{z Y{g 7*
! %=x o1%gzZEL ZgzZ
gzZT gz[ggzZ { ]kZ Cg6,
6+ t

X ~g z~g Yx Zg7t,
6{g Z

zgBCZ `g w'~ #.
}qC ] <gQ

7 Vzg Z+
0Y *
0 D W~z l/
+
0e *
@]gZwgzZ
g g Z +
0i ]*
* Z,
6V Z *
@uk\ Vz7 gzZ Vg

]Zg g yZ,
6 V+
0 LZ N Z Lg *
@ Za ]Zgg *
@gzZ Z

]*
@m
|*
c ;*
c C,
']gzD
w *
!gzZCVZ

7 { {+
ZgzZ q] w'~ #.
}
]*
* Z *
c

o? yxz$Vzg #.
}yZ7 {{+
Z$
,YCiJV

g kZ& y ? sz^~ #.
}izgz
>Wz [WgzZvz

nZ ] ,
) yK
Z ]|t <g? H
5 Zz,
3

t n yZ H
Hg ,
6 #.
} yZ g 3 Zg W

X zg1z8gyYkZx yZgzZ ]gzp

243

VZiz

Za nKZyK
ZpgzZ n#.
}yK
Z]kZ Z.
}

~g7Z.
}#
Z( 56:]*
c g ZZ ) f n $ ] $ r ] k ^ L L: *
c
s Z.
} n yK
Z gz HgHg qZ n ]

D yK
ZVY Y H{ W kZZgzZ gHx g Z *+
0i

yvz LZp{z Z~]*


!.
_gzZ]Z kZ *
*gzZz

] WztnkZVgzyg Z.
}O7{ Wb~g7
x*
* g Z g g Z*+
0igzZg~]kZz

=gftgzZ $
eZ@t H
HtnWyK
ZQ $
eZ@L L
GL G
" Z@qyZyK
kCZ*
!g
Z *
@ =g fV K
Z O
N:%ix ZZ.
}~+
0iyZpgzZ}{ .ZyZ
/}

X YkZ,
6g4NyK
ZVY ;
GL G
" Z@ W
qV[ug IyZgzY C
mZgzZ*
!g

g Z D Vzg Z gzZ V qzg yK


Zt
gzZ Vz9 *
* 3gzZ *
0 Z gzZ D K
Z gT ~gz

kZ bT7 x W]| ;g^ ZZ K


Z t V1

gzZ ;g *
@ ,
FV V y K
Z 9bZ yK
Z~ *

$Z@ 6 s Z.
e
} bZ g CWVp~ wZjZ kZ

*
!g yZ f: KZ V Z (Zg *
!g*
! g D W*
*
*
c bz bzg kZ=g f VIz5 KZgzZ ,/W~ V*
*$
eZ@
X `6=g fVz9~]g+Z

*
@W,
6 kZ k] wqZgzZ CY f,
( /yK
Z

[ZgzZ r
gx,
6 r Z yK
ZJV *
@Y *
Ngw}uz

244

VZiz

LgwEZ.nkZJ~
y W+
0i {z nnkZ k]
z kZgzZ r 3 y K
Zgz ] vZ wg[ xsZ9 bZ

kZ H
5=g f ] \W$
eZ@ ] n Z gz wg

!J#M
+zi
[]t,
6]Z f ]\WVa g *

~gzn kZ: wi *
* W[gzZ kZ[Z Z.
}gzZ
p \vZ Z E<X Y Hx OZ [kZ VW bC
( 9:Z )X ^v ^$ ] ^ $ v ^$ L L 1)f [ kZ

kZ py( 1:yZ ) H
H yL LyWn Z
I
Za tZzgzZ} i q Z L8Eyxg^gzZ sgzZ*
!gzZ h 0\
gzZ gzZ g Z zgZ $
eZ@ ,
6 [ Z n J#[ZVa }

yL[ qZ sn kZ {g 7*
!A
&t ~ [ I
X B

bzZ.
} <Z} ,
(z {zxsZzkZ~*

p) g *
@kZp < +,
F * * < zy |gzZ #zy

X s %Z~ ZVz+
hzp [ AZVz+
hz zy

z s,+
hz7m5 ZVZyZ *
@YHt` WVz+
hz

mqZgzZg WB/BwVzg ZD yZgzZw

1gzZ]g ' ZgVVzy` W g ~g Z {g YZ,


6kZ
c*
{z G g Z ~ V1yZ qZ ~,
(

yZQ *
@Y *
c*
0 Zgs %Z JV +zy ~}g *
! kZ ?u

vZ$
+ YV1yZ ' Z +Z~V1I

T1 p]uZzZ)gzZx Z] '*
!= C

245

VZiz

W x kvg ,
)zy} ,
(} ,
(J ` W S+
0 '

{z 7,
k HBVkgzZ J Zg Y ~~

Y ~ '
g yZgzZ 7y *
c { ( Z.
}/
C
X s Z bz,

x Z w5)gzZ yi Z ) ~ ]Zg gZ z ]Zg wq

- ]| o]| b ]| ,
] V w {z

H
5u(Z V7+
0i x ZY C
mZ {)zx?Z:y]|z Z ]|
4E
58E
Z & Vz9gzZ x+ZzZ yZgzZ CY n E
/
LG
| ,
7&

Y" v *
@Y J ,
7 ]qyZ=g f*
!sgzZ C:~yW

g " ~Vx*
* zxkZgzZ ZgZ D Y 2~ +
$

6,
g9~zZgyZxVV|` WgZg eQ]%Z

~y*
!i *
*-+,
F*gZgzZ *
c uy*
!i7}]|7
n ZSg C]y,
F~*
! x *
*b&Z,
6wPC

CZzgzZ |qZt gzZ Hs Z Z p~ *


! DIZ |
X 7J,
6ipt

= pV V swqZ qZ T [ W{zyW

kZ]*
c gzK
ZgzZwZZzyi Z W] _

[xsZ9 s Z Z V)7 V X
+Z

=z kZ=g f]z ]Z g Z LZ ] vZ wg
CgzZJ] \W$
guC $
guL Lx *
* ]yZ

p ZkZ=g f]Y Z z yWV p]q~zZgC

Z Zy zu yW=g f$
guz

246

VZiz

p {IgzZ 9yWt yL L[ kZ #
Zn
X C

*
c g ZwJ[kZ Vg FgzZ Zwi *
*#
ZyW

ZzXx nkZ { ZpN W [kZ {z H


H Zg *
!g *
!
B e TgzZ N W 'gk 7( 88 : LZuZ ) N Y
e 8
XgzZN W ]gqZ H
*
c Q( 13:)

#+,
F+
$xsZ H
H V1yZ ( 38:- 23:{) B

kZ p D Y{ *
! [ Z z y*
!i H
V yZgzZ

J#gzZ tyW`W 7]P


`[Z

X g

G}uz g7*
![ WpqZ k*
0 * ~gzZ |

gzZ g *
@Z LZ t<|~B
k#gzZ
a
l kZgzZ ]Z f Z.
}~ T ` ~ +
0i +Z qZ {z [Z

bkZv Zi Wg+
3 g +
0i ~g7 *
! zJV-g Z-g X

O ~g7 ]ZpKZ Tg ~ {,
]Z ][Z `

yZ H
*
c iZ V- gzZh#,
6]z]

[ gzZ + /
Z ~ gzZ ]Zpz ]ZgzZ 4,
6M
+^kZ
E
E
!
{
43 !fnZyWgzZxsZ {z ^zg
@yW EG

X G]ZZY",
6ZgzZM
+yWgzZW

gzZG qzW
*
! *
@li 5qZ r |gzZ ~[Z

yW[{" kZ gzZ $
A%x *
* /ZyL L[qZ

Z%*
* [ M
K,
F~ ]Z yWgzZ,
6 [|Q

VZiz

247

H7~i Z+
0Z[ AZ+
Z?|~kZ ,
6VgZ

Vzg Z ZM%Z x *
*gzZ i *
* *yWgzZ H

~ Z~,
(VygzZ gzZ H ~ Z~,
(Z

1,
6+
0egzZ g Z%*
* l Zz *
*t vZ Y yZ ;g Y HZj

gzZ e xga ~}g *


! VK, Z wqV p $
"*
U[
!! e*
*:unqZv W])sZz

Y 2005#&20| 1426{Z g&11


   

VZiz

248

: Y: Z/
yZ bZ *
c Za ]KZ bT~ * kZ \vZ

H3gazwZ ~ ]*

* Zx t Hx qZ Z Z
4$t ]gzZ Sg CW~z h wZ{ z,
*
!g hIE
3

~uz b ]*
* ZvZ H{g Z yW Sg *
!W._

c g Z f ) n q ^ o H Za Z h ~]
{gzZ ( 49:]*
E
~ ] *
* Zs ,
6kZ [Z DD L^CZ b

X ~] *
@mm{x bkZ ~]~uz7

7 Z] ~* {z XL LgzZ yK
Z L L

z[ZNwqZyZ n ZgzZx Zw:gzZ w'q: nyZ H

g (Zz { Zg ZkZ [z]kZyK


Zp 70[Z

H
Hi Zu t ZC A
&Kz ~]

*Z u *
0 z kZ ] kZ n Z H
3gK z x~ kZ
X Cc_$
egVzgZ~VZ+
0igzZ

1< wi *
*<nggzZ$
eZ@kZ\vZ

Z;kZ ][Z i ZzW]{z 7

-ZgzZ7x b ~]*
q
* Z Zg Zz~L
<z[ b s

K
Zp *
@7#
ZZa ~g FwZtX,
3F{

0gZ z}uz qZ ~ Vx H
~gz]*
! kZ ~ `
Vz%F ]gqZ/
Zzz ] t gzZ g

249

VZiz

` W T~g Fk+
iZCZa V*
c g F bb kZ V*Zzg

] K
Z t bZ%Z]s Z x Z+
0Z,
'{ i * ~g7

n Z Y g g Z- #wyxgVg+,
F$
dzqZ

x Zw{)z 7gzZ!{ YeV ~{z/


K
Zf .x

gx ` gzZ*
!]Z Hs kZ LgzZ H

X H
H

(22:YK
) *
cyB#
szz,VgxZwyW

~zge *
! VY ( 23: Y K
) f Z~ V gx Zwy Z

~(yK
Z D vgZ+
$ gzZ l+
$ ,Zk\Zp

bkZ D7wkVg {zgzZDyx Zwz w'~V~uz {zV Va pD~` C v


\WLZ V gH~ <yZ/
ZgzZ 7gH,u

Ciu]*
! ] yZ #
Z n kZ g *
@Zk] <

~,uu Zz x Zwz w' xsZ CY ~ 7ZkZ

n e v]L L:Zz*
!x Zwzw' *
c g Z] vZwgZ

Zz].(ZqZt *
@guukZh+
$/
ZnkZ n e ]v]

(,
6 }C/
Z: VYgzZ *
@Y 0q W~ ` *
@
]Zz (,
6} {(gzZ *
@WZz b *
c g Y/
{qZ

!! *
@7y/
{Y~s+
&Z

?f V gzZ x *
*+
$ xsZ {z g ` r Z Zg f z kZ

[pZ {z O ]uZz Z),Z n kZ ,

~ ` *
c D7,
k+ZgzZ D cqgzZ s YZ

250

VZiz

s [Z WtVqD W7]uZzbkZ]

7tkZp q hgzZ q,\W


VZ,
'~ ` fV*
! XgzZ N Y4Z~ { ZpV\W
Z N Y D !) a% E
/
L i8gzZ ,y Z'yZ V $

| ,
( kZ HkZ,
6kZA C *
c iZzB: Z/
}g7 *
c zgzZ Hz,
'W" Z ~ {# H r Z Zg f

~ C
gzZ wEZ ~ Zi Wt ;gz,
'W" Z ~ o
X s ZZ

{z CW~g Z ,0 y{ B Vu{ +Z #
Z

W L L~ *
!WgpwV Zz kZ CY {g0]gZ~ { LZ

7b kZJ ` Wn+Z kZ r Z Zg fnZz *


*
VyZ+
0{ N YW7]uZz [Z
ybkZ ~ ` /
Z e

@*
kZ Zg KZZn *
0 :n{ *
c ikZ CZp

gg*#t,
6[gZyZgzZ+Zz: Z/ GUkZ
,Z y T e v ? V D -CZ ` b{zgzZ
**
~ggzZ g ZV{+
Z"gzZ Y" yZgzZ N YZ~ ]uZz

Z~V*
!w*
* +ZgzZDY0=gf {ZyZt

x
` Z,
(
Oh+
$kZ 9/
ZZz0: Z/DY{g

XHz,
'W"Zt x~gT r ZZgf

2Z Z+
0 { *
@ Zg%Z~b) yxgY 

tqZ ~ b) %Z yZgzZ *
@Y *
c*
0 Zg %Z ~ b)0
;gY *
c:K
< s#
Z w Zp X

251
VZiz
4$T e bx Z9 q JZ},
0E
0G
6 s %Z z kZ
$E
Yg T w e*
*._0G
LZ,
6ZZg
!
eg1Y ,
6*
c+
&ZwW L LxgP h!gzZ},
(
V gzZ
X ;g~b)%Z

: $ 'g&m ]gz%t , Y 

#wVg t *
! zz kZ b ,
6 iw']gqZ

c*
d%kZ<ipgzZ CYx Zwe kZgzZ V <i CY
W

zL L~b Z }& m,
6Y ]g~uz CYx Zw,
6\ *
!
-oI*
kZ 0)
*
! m. W7]g+Z /
Z >XE
!
g0 b #wXD Yx Zwgx {z t *
!~]g
H *
*i ]g/
Z *
*imx Zw]g~

kZ {z *
*iKZh+
$*
c ?Yx Zw,
6ZiegzZV kZ
z~kZ ?Yx Zw,
6kZ ~kZ *
*ik*
c ,
6W
d

: D Y *
0
$E
7x Zw{zzz ~gx ZwkZ w'gt0G
qZ
b kZ 7x Zw,
6W
d kZ {z ~g +
$B KZ /
Z

x ZgzZ x Z~ [ZgzZ EG4h. Z0G ~Ci[0Z {z~ *


@
[Zgtsk0vZ]|~'/2w

( 526&9:hZ )X

~ }g *
! qZ ] vZ wg t ? ~ C
]Z|yZ

ekZ *
c kZ {zQgzZ Z,
'B]gkZ/
Z H
H*
c g

gw'x Zw *
c g Z ] \W ? Y b H e *
* b

252

VZiz

kZ ]v] v] vm L L: CZazz b #w*


@7x Zw

g ]| ZdgzZ vZ g/0vZ]|z 0Z$


eZzg

VYg ZtZzg Vztp HvZ


( 2025 :$
guz 0Z ) W~//0vZ~zZgqZ~ $
eZzg z 0Z
X-Z$
e nj] ^] h^j: 2 3489:,
F$
d E<G
d)tgzZ

~CiZ0y~$
eZzg ZzvZg ]|gzZ ( 29&3: r]

yZ 0Z)gzZ H
~zZgw=*
* uzyZ ( 269&4:+
ZZzZ )
X-Z$
<G
( 4493:,
F$
d E
dzg!Zj: )X *
c g Z ~zZg *
N

0G) Zg kZ sk0vZ]|

x ZpgzZ ( v] vm ^] h^e761&7: ^e rm q] h^e393&1:g


~g g x Zp HwqZ bZ k0vZ ~g g

yT s ,
'kZ$
eZzg1Zk0vZ]|
5_/ ~g N
qZ k0vZ]| H$
eZzg LE

:*
c k0vZ H
>% Z,
'BZpKZ {z Y7
( 60&9:~g ]Z )X i ]] n kuL L x Zw~~g v,
6?

$EZuz
g #w *
*i bE
0kI*
! zgzZ b t0G
-^I
vZgZ,
'ZgzZ E
k Y ~ybkZ~*
@D Y
bZ t GZx ZgzZ ~g NyZx Z 1Zx Z ~ +$[Z {)z

( 61 &9: ~g ]Z ) w bZ wqZ x ZgzZ ( 526&9 : hZ )

$E
bkZ P ]Z|yZ DDDD ( . 0Zj ) ZizZx Zq0G
ZgzZ

:
? $
" Z Z\*
!}gv VgX g Z \vZ ( 1)

VZiz

253

b ~$
eWkZ ( 22:Y Z) ^ ] ^e  x ^ ] v i z: b yZ

VY,
6 i,
^ Y*
**
c ,
6 i,
^Y { Zp ~_ ]Z|yZ Z%

pb -~yWt *
@W ~_ p~Z b
Z%p VgzZ m]gz%pZb p ZwEZ

X o Z~e
h
I
\
E
T7A s B kZ \vZ *
c ] vZ wg ( 2)
EG

Z% ( X=+Z [*
! 269 &3: - g Z ) { TVz e kZgzZ ]g

X *
*_Vz

T:*
c ] vZ wg ~z% vZ g ; Z ]| ( 3)

m L Lg7w'egzZV kZ,
6kZ s{ T]g

kZgzZ H! Z0Z$
eZzgkZ ^`je ^` vi ] t o
( 30&11:ZY Z )X x ),
6

]|ei0vZ g {]|>Z Z ( 4)

_g yZ ~ qY U igzZ ,
m yZ {z ~ mz ! Z 0

g]vZwg Za yZ,
6m,
^ Y*
*{Zzei0gzZ
mz ! Z 0sX
tyZ,
6 > ei0 H

yZ {z *
c vZ g {]|]gOg[

: 2 ] e] ^ o] h^e 67D 65:$


gu ~gZ9) , H{,
6

},
6vZg {]|zz *
*i~Zz kZ ( 1457:$
gu

[s%vZg {]| C: #ww'zzx Zw/


Z H
3g *
!
X C7{z]i YZ 3

qZ m{qZ g*
UW'xZ/~<Z (5)

254

VZiz

H{ .Z ] \WgzZ ] vZ wg
ZgZ,
'' /VY

#wVg *
*i Zg ' /~XkZ
ZpKZ T ~z% a0 yZ/]| CY
kZ N Y x ZwVz Zp kZgzZ ~ kZ,
6 kZ ~g +
$B

vZ]|( 30&11: ZY Z ) H
H$
eZzgw=~ t ZiZ'
T 7skZ \vZ ~z% &0
]|~ $
eZzggzZ qZ ( 61 &9 : ~g]Z ) { T e kZgzZ ]g

}g *
! , Z Vz vZ g ]|gzZ &0vZ]|

}uz qZ ~ Vx{z #
Z W7]*
! bkZ ~z%~

:+
ZZzZ ) ^jq] ^ nn] ]m L
L V Zz *
*iVlW

Zg ( 5015:$
gu ~gg : ) bZ {,
kC1Z]|( 269&4

( 61&9:~g ]Z )X +
hi0,
'Y]|~/

+i0,
h
'Y]| {,
kC1Z]| ]|&0vZ]|n

vZss ,
'kZ ~ :ZevZga0yZ/]|gzZ
ukZsk0vZ]|p w~ :k0
X wzbVzyZ DDDD Zg 6DDDDVY

b I#wVgVY ; ,
]gzZ k ( 6)

~_ Zz Y ,
6 ix ZwbZ *
@0 ~_,
6i
GL q /
x ZwtVq A ]g~
ZO *
@ 0

Z Z {gg /
Z bZ D Y g#wz*
! kZ
gT }~_~~
q{ izg *
c A ~

**
i n kZ CY$
"*
U{z0 wp 7 b s#w

255

VZiz
X eY$
"*
U g#wzz

o Z~K
Z m<*
!gzZ~A x Zwz w' ( 7)

Y wZ x Zwz w'#
Z HwZ Y n Z
2 ]v] g ]v] v] jq] ]L LY~ ,
FU#w

Z mvj] ^e] ]L
L *
*xZwZ~ez,
'WzK
Z

X eY~ ,
FU#wzz *
*i

E
%+ Z *
c S) ]gqZ i ZzW]t ,ggzZ

C;*
*mW
dZ *
c \*
!Z nkZ _ W~s
E
4G
58F
-G
qZ Vgx Zw *
@Zz E
])kZgzZ {1zgu,
6g

V][Z g Z- #wVYgpz c y t

*
@g/
Z,
'iqZ #
Z p gZ,
'n
LgykZ [g Z
wkZ {g *
!zkZQ g*
@Zg e {z

CkC *
! qZ ,
6zZ LZ ]ggzZ Sg *
! cz
[Z Yb G
00_Ig 4V C;gzZ rYnkZ

xg *
!g*
! zz ~g Z $
"Z g *
!z yZ+
0{ kZ ]g/
Z <g

?$
A%,
WZ H,
6kZ~]g+Z YoOZi LZ ]g

ZzZ kZgzZOZi kZ xZ ,
(
ZwgZzg]]*
!{g

xsZg Z {zgzZ J ZwkZ ~ #sZ e SZw


]gt $Y +
Z,
k ~ oy*zy mn

*
! Y,
6 kZ 2 N YG+
Z)fOZi kZ ]YZ
yZ~ ~uz
Xg+
0Z{,
]Zy Y,
kK+Z VgzZ YZ e

-eZ,
7
6 gx ]uZz bkZ *
@g Zzg]Cg~ kZ

256

VZiz

zk *
c CLZ]gxD W7~V%Z D W77
:G-!
JV *
@Y H X Z z Z *
c*
@Y *
c i Z+
0Z kZ p C

3g ZZ Cc_]g]zZbZ CYW7]*
!gZp *
*
7t~}g *
! M
+Vz%yZ+
0{ ZOLZ {zVY ; Y
~]5, Z nkZ *
@YHg6,
6gBV ZzwZOZp C

z ~VY C]gz tzgC

gzZ e iukZ gZzg]C/


Z ~gZ)f Z,
6 g~ C

: *
c kZg]2 Zf,
6zZ X$z N Zw~ wj y*zy

` Z {z g Clgz,
6VyZJ#
Z ]ggzZ)fZpV
g*kZp~ Z gHZ lgz,
6
` Z Y  g Z,lgz,
6
X Yy

]*
!Zp CYZw{ H
k{ *
* ZzZ g]"/
Z]g

pg *
!g]*
!t/
ZY3g *
!gkZ$7? ]*
!kZ

]g 1Y Z kZ *
c *
c } t :~KZzz C <g)
*
!
E
W
d *
c OLZ3 Z Z.
} %KZ kZ *
c Hq 7zz
" %~ VgVz gzZ ]g~ VgVz 1g Z2Z m
wZkZ/
Z ?Y*
!gkZzzg]" H g]

t | $ Za gzZ N Y ~ ]5}uz

kZ7yvg]"gzZA ZwZzZ yvkZg Zzg]


Zwg]" ~ X ]uZz ~ * ~ ]
y W7~ *(

7e*
* y (Z ~ * n Z D Y $g Zzg]gzZ D *
0

*v {oZg wyqZ*
@,
F Z Zg77wZkZ

257

VZiz

Zk Q gzZ$7

Z Z.
} {z D Y $ Zw~

! eg*
!n

su ~ Vxt wzZ g.UgzZ z ~MkZQ


T%pqZ C Zwn C C 7Zwn ~

t Z ~ kZ n Zz a w*
! gzZ Vg Zlp ~ KZ ]

gzZM
,
FzVLZ nkZ *
@Y)ykZ C7 i W

X e': Zw~h]gkZ nkZ *


@ZX lgz,
6

]okZZzH e *
*gUkZ,
6Xt]*
!~uz

,Z ]uZz C Vz t ]g*
c % ?
o]gn?fZgzZe
hx Z V ZzwZOD Wt

Ct gzZ CY'*
! +Z,
6 gzV}uz *
c

**

g kZ Yg ]*
! C n kZ C b Z !n Z,
'
/[p kZZDib)YbkZv 7~gz

oKoo,
6vZgi ]|*
*>Z Z<g

xZ #
Z 2~ . yb { ~ Z ZZgzZ

H *
*Za .~]uZzx $ .~}g *
!y{

T *
@x%{zp~ ]uZz e 6gp]*
! t n kZ ?

X CYZ,
's

Vg~<F
F,
6]2Z x xsZt q

gzZ F
F,
6 r C gzZ YgzZ i ZzW ] K
Z {z H
3g k
G
+
G
n#
Z Yz Z B w,
6w C
x Zx <

~gztZg~ZzgzZ Yg,
6V Ux

VZiz

258

p]*
! t V 2 Y kZ ._VZ0s Z
g Z]%ZyxgyZgzZ {Z~s %ZZ e b
Dg
~gg Z ~}g *
! V@u*
0*
* +Z eZ CY

{0<xsZ ZZgZ]%ZzgzZ,
6g~ Zg Z)gzZBx

! ! ,7%y*
!i~}g *
!

   

VZiz

259

{ z,
6gzZ CDD :
x Z9 g V ~ iZ%x +
0i *
c Wn kZ xsZ

zg ,,
6 wZ g Z*+
0i yK
Z ~ $
guz yWn Z }
g7 zw5yi ZniZ%Z+
0igzZ Z e

+
0i iwVz%2Z yZ 2Z }W K
Z gzZ

kZ ` Z'C gzZ H
H *
* ~ +
0i ~ ZZ z ZgzZ *
@,
'~
X Ht*
*gzZ$
e Z

gzZ}o ^Z x Z
ZgZ,
'{z 7A
&tg+
0ZCVa

~ \vZ X L Y yZ n kZ };,


6 ]uZz z ]qZ
4G
5k!x Zzg~L
3E
G E
<z[
*
c i Zu_WzgzZ]

x*
* Z *
c 7ngVx ~^o1%gzZ$
A%ZgzZ
a
y&&g.gzZP;f+4Y fy~~g WkZ }
LL

Htb) ZzW7~+
0i K
ZBO g *
!gzZ ZZgzZ

$7wVkZ ~ y ; x * H
H7i yZgzZ H

\g- kZ g Y fy C
X {z y

}g7 n $
gu Ds Z Z y +C } ,
( },
(
*
*x]*
!t~zg]qyZ V-zZg ZzW~M

V-zZgyZ 'Yt V Zj]g *


@QgzZ ?7*
c YY Hz,
6$
eZzg yZ

Z L LbZ DDDD? ^I~/


$
eZzg @
*
c yxg
H.
~ Z b<x Z CY Y ]*
! t=gf T }

260

VZiz

! fgzZ ` %~ * ~g7 x *
* y Z L L ` W ? Y

bZuY zY fyZ XZ kZDt+


g Y kC~ * ~g7 ` WZ X 2Z 0 Zz B
kgzZ


~ g *
@y Dty +C !fgzZ :

gzZ R
L LgzZ *
c VZ,
6qkZ y0x Z/
1Zx Z
X ;*
@y4Zx$
e.x *
*L
L L

Zg7 tVY ; Y7{ .Z


Zg Z,
' C ] .
} y Z Y 

7~gz*
C
* Zz y*
!i !sgzZ ~ y*
!i ! {f
E
+
C ZgzZ Y} 7{gt~` zVZ ~ ,
2G4E
.E
y.0 8 G
mZ
Zz y*
!i! {zC bZ $7q gZJVg *
!

A &l Cg{ Z kZ}r

gtzf KzggzZ

vZ[BBq/Zzy*
!i! V2Y f{z r
g7

<gzZ
H{ .Z {fdG $
A%Y  J ,
7 ]wgL

z *
c v r Z
l pgzZ *
c V\WKZ nq zg DgzZ
X h
MVZ {+
Z
ZgZ,
': Z
kZ

]g,
6yZgzZ Zz<Z nV x

b) +
0i KZ yZ ,{ .Z Y fZ,Z {z

Z e n !% ,,
6 kZ , [Z {zgzZ ,wZ~}g *
!
nV x bZ ~gz*
*,
6ZgkZgzZ *
*qg

* yZ~ ZgzZ ~gz *


* qg Y f,Z n G + Y< Z

V V ~: Z yZZ z +gzZ >]


y WgzZ
*
c g ~}g *
! x Z x : L L gz ZZ

VZiz

261

:L L[Z]ZyZgzZ tL LZz*
c ggzZ Y KZ L L

X *
@Y ?L L Zz[ZgzZ

*
@74 %KZ kZ~ kZ [Z wZ#
Z?

t p :gzZ *
@y),
F Y A] wgkZgzZvZ {z

b ,
^Y *
c #
ZZz q s \vZt
G
(53&4:ZtzZ[ ) u^e ] oF ^i ^fi # ] ^f pF j]L L

~ ? *
c g Z ] vZ wgp ]gzo Z ~,
( ~ :n Z

/( 57 &1 : gZ ) ~
`,
6 c iz Zg {z ~
`~ :
5! Z0Z twqo Z '
: DG
~ yZ ' /~g Z qZ ~
}Zuz }uz {z *
@Y H*
c gX qZ

S qg}uz qZ bZgzZ !Zj

X*
@W^sQwZtJV*
@
( 40&1:[vb)
xZ ) ] vZ wg [ xsZ9p ?
#Z

' x Z/,
' ZQ D *
c :,
6 Y Z kz ] \WgzZ ( 11 &1: EG4> Z
:X Hf '/MqZ 0Z) *
c x Z~g Z)f Z
G

Q ( 12D 14&1 : EG4> ZxZ : ) '+ZgY #~ yZ $


"*
U b
C kZgzZ *
c x Z9Z kZ~LZ LZ +$ 0*J'ZgzZ *
@

~kZ ]gzZg x Z#.


}kZY gzZY fgz

X g *
@u *
@gzZzg] .
}yf

< Z ~ x Zwz w'gzZpg} h < V

262

VZiz

~gzDn,
6 < Z z Z Z ,
( :~ *
0

` Y Z IZgzZ :n kZ ,
k/
*
*Zg DIZ n Wz DgzZ

` W #.
} ZgzZ l{ $
e.~ VH
k {gzZ b & Z

kZCV Zzg *
@Z t <gzZ Zzpg xsZVa

LO ;g Z ZgZ~pgo1% +Z g,
6{g Z Z

L *
@Y *
c g Z { e Z ~/
cVog L *
@Y *
c : K
VzK

*
!i,
6 Z'sZ L *
@Y *
* Z/
L
:Z 4,
6C
VgzZ Vo)

Zz *
* +Z CY ,i ZzWs x rZLgzZ CY
kZ gYVZ iZ ,
6xY ZgZgzZ :[ZtzqZ V@

@*
YHZZkZgzZ;gY*
c gZ *uZa4,
6 C
g+
0ZV

Out LookL L{izg8~ ,


mZszc,
mqZIizgPO

D z$

e.Y Zg ZgzZ :~ T zs {g c &12

+Z qZ,
6T H
*
c yZtgzuZgzZ s,
kZz s gzZ u *
*
c*
No makeup L L: H
yK
{,
6$
.T I ]g
,
k: Z/~ y*kZQ DI Zg Wz M,
HVg]Z|?

=g f I qZ
Z gzZ ` Z V Z s ~g yG

Uqg *
@0 : ]ZzZgzZ DV*
c
X 7Zg V .x *
*, ZZ2 3
v{zt ; p .*
*gzZ ZZ $
e./Zz~}g*
!xsZ

X + YxsZZxsZ5#V2

gzZ g*
! Vz z,
6 nkZ {z ~gzn V

VZiz
E
.-|Z LZ~ y*
6 iwgzZ {{z V h
,
M7G
!i ~ ,
mZ y
263

~ ,
mZm{gzZ , [Z=g f bg ~ ,
mZ V +Z

,7VCgzZ t Mg ~Vz,
k+Z yhZz
: e6g~f'*
!P~zgzZ< Z

$
guz yW~Zt 7'*
!p Zi TY f : /

{ z D : K
zY fgzZDW,
6zv nkZ =
V,Z nv z ,V gzZ g,
6 xsZpZg
X 3g wJ e nLZ#Y f

@*
Y*
c C ]uZz Zz W7~ +
0i K
ZVa ~ z /

JV },
'gzZ D W7 ]uZziZ ~ +
0i K
ZgzZ

kZ g +
0i K
Z + *
@[g Z wdZ r

}ZzY A<~}g*
!]uZz+*
* yZ {z ~gzn

kZt X x Z 0 wdZ+ *
* ~ V1 zz}n kZ

:g~}g *
!]uZzyZ/
ZVY w 7

(x Zg WVzq~ ykT Y {gx *


*gzZ *
* g +
gzZ i b) Vzg! ~ ` T :( n V-g F gzZ

x ZgzZY Z
b nwqZ4~y TgzZ: g nVzgz$
kZ Y *
* y gzZ ` {z yk {z : [ G
5Lz Zwn}gzZ

X e*
*:y+
$Nb),Z~V1zz}n
]Zg-i n ZgzZ ~ ]i YZ Zg Wz iVg xsZ /

H
*
c g Z ,
^YnVg{)z8g Z*igzZ cu ~m ~+
0e *
*
IM
iWInVz%%Z ; Z Z,jkZ,
6Z

VZiz

264

X H
H7

Y ZZg *
! g*
! kZ H
*
cCL
: UIz g z
y~ xsZ /

z ~,
( n yK
Z ~ kZ Y HgVq H
*
c :K
gzZ
H
)
*
! $
" Z.
},
m/
Z_~<Z
VX 7g~<ZIZgzZ<ZZ Y Z,
6gm{

X 7xi*
!kZVyZSZ_

kZ s: ] \W ~ Z ~,
( ]g z ~ xsZ

c*
g Z L
<<yqZ~ *
c $
A%x iZg7qZ kZ S

_ zz kZ C z { *

c iVa ]Z|yZ H

H
*
c g Z #
Z <[Z , Z n kZ *
@Y gzZ

@*
Wg { *
c iV *
0 B; gzZ {nbZD W7g *
!g *
!~+
0iV Z

g Z z *
* ,q +ZgzZ H
*
c g Z ~gzz n i Pz @
E n kZ

Z_gzZ xsZ bkZ Sg CW7g *


! g*
! yK
Z N *
0

x Z/
z,
6gzZx iqZ kZ 3g7zJ$
eZ@ZgzZtqZ
w x?Zm []|wVV {i[fgzZ [f ` W H
*
c }

zo zZ Z ]z ] YgzZ 3
$
.zZ {z b
kZgzZ wZ V$
d *
0 t K
Z~nV~uzg

xsZp 7f }yZ ~ ` yZpV*


c g F X

! *
@WZ w kZgzZZ
Y 2005c&30| 1426{~f &27
   

VZiz

265

g zgzZ$
- ;ZY C
mZ
u]*
!.
_ V {z t ` Z' ! fO Z
sV #
Z gzZ Dg* (Z *
c ]*
! Zz

~I],
6yZ qZD VQ {+
ZZCz kZ *
@Wt g ~

sV ~y {Z~]uZz, ZV }uz *
@Y*
c*
c f

$
ef Z6fV CY/1zgx_,
(yZ

yZ~g7+
0iiD YG bz]*
!.
_yZ CY

]g 6Z[Z *
@YHZggzZx *
*+
$ZBBgzZ *
@Yzg3 Zg

zmvZ -vZ wg[ xsZ9 g Z qZ ug e

` Z Zs kZ V #
Z gzZ H yIg &5
~ yZy]Zg Z \g- gzZ Z} zg *
* n*
0 #,
6Vi

t Z] { H
ki Z ,
F+
${ H
k{z ]gm,
6` Z kZ g ZQ} ,
7

kZp Z+
iZ {gug eOg ZsWVT zg+
0Z [fgzZ
}g q {{ yIg {g *
! { z ~ w }g
**
(]*
!.
_ yZ H g Z

s y ug e L
: yZ : 7
L
: VIg yZ p ~igz

yZ n kZ ~g Zi Ww V
X g Zp

: b

VZiz

266

I[fZgt 7]*
!{) r]*
!Zz *
c

~ Zi WkZp ~ Zi W` ~h ,
6 uv\W ~ Zi WW

{+
Z ~ Zi W *
c ,}~h Zz W #\W 7t
zJ {,
]Z Z ~ Zi W \W BZ e +
0zg { Zg wa D VZ

~ Zi WKZ \W ~gztgzZ C: #
Z ggzZ yvVzuz

g Z,
6x *
*~ Zi W ,B$
eg VzgZgzZ CwEZ
qz ZggZi *
!u,
' VidgzZ pgzZ x8 ]e

V- Zi W]*
!.
_z]Zpy nkZ wEZ Zzg *
* ~ Zi Wt}

]i YZ ~g7 Tg~zu
oZgzZ *
@z
y Z yY: ~ T Y {g0k` K
Z g: *
! zuzt /
Z
V2 ,
kigzZ Vzgz$gzZ D k*
* z ]: w :
G
X } ,
7C
,
F 0*V {oV2 *
!gzZVzg!

x ZY C
mZt wzZ : ]gzK'*
!z,
6 kZV

._]Z,
6V|gzZV- 7*[f
Xp xz ]Z|t ] X yZZ ,
6 zmvZ -vZ wg

y*
!iT ;gu o Zu|yZ ByZ yZZ yZ,
6Vz9

w ngZ+
$OzgyZpC7,
6gzZ

: D YG%Pg,
6

mx W]|v*
! f F
F,
6 ]*
! kZ ,
Fx {g o V|

7}]| z kZzg kZ ~g gzZg x?Z

/ kZ\W ;g {oY f |gzZ C vg JZa


X W7x=

267

VZiz

~} g *
! yZ 7 b ]| *
*qZ~ Vz9x+ZzZ

: ~]Zg

gzZ *
cr *
! gZqZ kZgzZ ~g b '
~},
ke LZ {zgzZ *
c WZgzZ 8 kZ kZ

gzZ ^,
'\*
!LZ x q\*
!ysgzZ H
^,
'
( 22D 20:9:Za )X ~ WC*
!VVz LZ

@z ~g *
0 g qZ z,
6 x?Zz > }ZmZ,
'Z ]|

\
XD H4,
6$
"~: iqZ ( v*
!f) ._y G-. Z

( Y 1zZ & :!Zf 352B3:W /Zg Z )

b ]\W {
` ; ]|~ {g ]| bZ

Xx
`Y fz,
6
o+ *
* +Z,
6+
0iu*
0 x?Zz> }Zmo]| 

y ]Zg O $Y 7 yK
Z p H 9T
EE
kZ V Vz kZgzZ Y,
6 h N krogzZ
EE
kZgzZ {zgzZ g e ~ krZVY B
Kg _U $
A g~g qZ V Vz
* 7% ,
6 }igzZ J h1 \*
! Zg

w \*
! LZ W Wk*
0 }g ._ g2

*
! \*
! LZ *
@ V lW kZgzZ N
_UgzZ w \*
! LZ ]Zg Z V,Z Og

{z *
* Y: kZ,
6 lW \*
! LZgzZ g+
0Z

VZiz

268
_U ZV- izg}uzgzZ J Q
gzZ p

lW \*
! LZ ~ ]Zg N Kg
kZ Y gzZ N wkZ ]Zg ` W W
]Zg kZ Og *
! \*
! LZ *
@ lW

kZgzZ KggzZ w\*


!LZ V,Z

o JZ
gzZp
{z *
* Y: kZ,
6 lW
(36D 30:19:Za)X Nnq\*
!LZVVz

~KZ V,Z x ZZt,


6x?Zz> }Zmt GZ]| 

X 1x rzg *
c ( 6:26:Za)

LZwJ+
& uV,Z H
~}g*
![ ]| 

VU{zJ#
Z ~ 7JwZ gzgzZ KzgJz kZ},
(
( 34D 29 : 25 : Za ) H
:gZn
S ~ h[ ]| hLZ w

QgzZ 0M
iZgx?Zm[ ]| ( v*
! f )~ ]Zg
(30D15:29:Za: )X *
cWflWiZggzZ1V@Vz0

bkZ,
kg Z { Z} ,
( x?Zm[ ]|

: CY s

LZuZgzZ]I{ .xw\*
!LZ Y0zg
( 22:35:Za )X H
xt

~ D \*
! ]*
! t gzZ Hz,
'W" ~ \*
! LZp W
d*
c

X Z7g Z gm{,
6kZ Q W

KZ sX { Z qZ ~ zZ 7 [ ]|

~ W
d {uh LZ { Z y ]Zg D

VZiz

269

X ]IKZ *
*pgzZ ~LgkZ(,
FJ ,
(
( 19D 16:38:Za: )

V,Z H]Zg ~}g*


! 7 yzg ; ]|

( 6D 1:32:`z
y )X ~] -,
6kZLZuZ gzZ *
c Z ]Zg-i

\vZ ( v*
!f ) ,
67 .]|._y]Zg 

V,Z ]*
!t~}g *
!7.]| ( 14:4:`z
y )
BLZuZ ( 19 : 32: `z
y ) Z e h ZgzZ *
c V]Zg ~

HgzZ g Z g Zzg] 7yzg ; ]|gzZ 7.]|]Zg


( 12:20:2 )X 7 Z.
}Vz9yZ

\
~}g *
! kZgzZ *
c Wf qZ *
* i. ~ `*
!

( 1 : 1 6: > , ) X H *
*iB]ggz&kZ H

gzZ y.*
* {z s~ *
!,
k 7 Z ]| 

]gkZ \W ~ ,
7 \W g<,
6<iv*
!ft{z

W~B
kZyCkZQ nq{zJV $
"kZZ3

~ xwLZZ \W kZgzZ Z (ZO Y Zg {z *


@ *
c
( ,kZ~[*
!,g *
!gzZ,g H
L)X W

r*
!*
*i y{ *
*yZ} Z qZ 7 Z ]| 

7Zzgg ,
6 kZ iz*
! 7 Z ]|gzZ *
@[g Z
( 13:[*
! 2:L)X D

yZ f ~ ]Zg x|1Z { Z7 Z ]|

Vw\*
!LZt LZuZ
,
6{z ~}g *
!
7 Z]|pv*
!fz,
'W" kZ]Zg ( 23:16:[*
! 2:L ) H
k*
0

VZiz

270

: H]Zg O g Z { i $

( Z ]| )}~N *
@V-+
0zZ.
}
~V-~~gzZV VZs }y

~}h Jy {zgzZVzt}t V\W

~,
6 Ht {zVY } V-
(1211:12:2:L)X Vz} h Jyz,
'zgLZuZ}g

{ *
c i 7 Z ]| ( v*
!f )7y]|]Zg 

gzZ e y{z *
@x ZZ,
67 y]| g Z g

~xwyZV*
c &gzZV*
c ZP]gzZ VgbZ

3 Zgu\W ( v*
!f ) V2uzV*
c t yZ

e 7 7 y]|z*
! Z.
}JV *
c w Z e,
6
: HDf V*
!xZ~}g *
!\W]Zg O
+
0
zZ.
} w kZVY Z nZg *
* y+
0zZ.
} gzZ

} 3 {g *
!zZ T H
Q Z.
}LZuZ
}: ~zcVzq){z H]*
!kZkZ

L kZ *
:
c +
0zZ.
}T : ]*
! {z kZ,
6

gzZ Z t Va : y +
0zZ.
}

*
* 7*
c N ~ XM W}gzZ}
X Vz}x {}}}gz~nkZ
( 11D 9:11:wzZvs )

n ~pV- KZ sx?Zmy]|{z kZ
X {$
"

271

VZiz

gzZ y Zg ~ wq ZgzZ Y { *
! *
* w ]Zg

( 32:91:1:L: )X *
@f gyZ]Zg ~g

t Z VzV|gzZV-,
6XP*
!]*
* t

hZ { Z [Z 7 { Vz+
E, Z +
h.
] *
! p

7}]|~gMp~/7}]|C H
*
c g Z gaZ~gZ - ( 27:gZ : ) Z e!ZjV-

z" w *
c Zg /
[]| V- #
Z ._y*
!
[ , z { *
c i
~ V-g ZjyZ Z \WB

H
*
c x ZZ m yZgzZ $
e7 }]|#
Z,
6 yZ kB
t ( 47 : 42: ) }Y 7 WkZ ~ 3ngzZ ,
6 [L L

o z K,
67 .]| V2 LZuZ

$D, Y[g\WgzZ\W: W$
"B
k<q
z 7]|( 24:{+
Z ) ^ ^`a ^] ( i^ e k] ga]L L
nnf] jmL L:Df ]g 6yZyWnkZ*
c }
X
a7OY C
mZt

gzZ VE *
*gzZ V*
@uX Z.
]Zz Y *
!W* ! f{wqt

H [ kZ ; 7 [gzZ f VgZgzZ VY|+


$BY C
mZ

>%x
`$
- ;Z Y C
mZ/
Z {zn kZp
ngyZZ {z,
6T

Z {zgzZ yZZ yZ,


67 }]| 5~_ZZf: t
qZ,
67 }]|~M%Zp JW

g Y J
m,
6 7}]|#
Z3]*
!t~T

~ f yZ ]*
! t }g *
! `ZqZ Zz yZZ ,
6 yZv*
! f

272

VZiz

#,
Z
6 kZ ?7VY ~g +
$B]gkZ V,Zgl/

-Z bZ H~ Zi WwZZ ,
q
]Z eZnZ Z Z

kZ qq=~,
(~\g- gzZM%Z& H
e Z e L Lwz*
*g

kZgzZ lW ]gx qZv*


! f []| C ]*
!t~

gzZ V- <g,
6 VTgzZ Vg 6 yZ q zZ kZ]g
+
$yZ g ZzgB Z.
]ZzY *
!WLZpgzZLZuZ Y C
mZ V|

X :],
6

zmvZ -vZ wg[ kZ sZ <gzZ xsZVa

]\W J ` W Vl* ! fnkZ,


6
+Z ,]\W~ V1 KZ : *
c : K
]Zz ]Z f

-V }Zzpg/Zz xsZT s,
J
k

i Z+
0Z]~t] o4,
6gzZ 4,
6$
",
6]\Wv*
!f

izgC gzZ { *
c i Z : n{ ZeVgzZ 7,
6
qZ ~g7 $
AN Y x*
* V1 yZ s ~g Y

X Y

n {oz yZZyZgzZ bz]*


!.
_V

[Z H Z9y*
!i+
$gzZ ++
$~gyG~` V,Z

kZVuwqgkZy *
@ H
3gJ (Mucca)lx *
* V {

p" [z [ z {o [Z ~]
y W ,
F*
* Z.
}n

ZgV gzZ$
V zg+
0Z ~g *,
6 ~I]~g*u
9 g D >% $
- ; Z Y C
mZ {zzz li /

zzmvZ -g+
h'qZ { *
0 gzZq~y ]xsZ

273

VZiz
X wVV

V Z
y W9m{gzZ Y C
mZ x ~ w #Q kZ \vZ

~
y WVYg KZ b unkZ ~ wZ e{ C" ]vZwg

Z {z yWs: *
*7: Zg +
2 w z yY~ { Zg kZ b yp

kZp YY H Z +
0i kZ kZ &] XqZ

Z,
' z,
'W" gzZ Zg KZ {z $Y 7~+
h
y
] gp Y

kZp $Yv WykZ Y7Zg Z~ " Z~y

kZ YY 7*
c uZ g VmZ ~B

pV~gzZ+Zz nkZ q O~,


(
%,
6x *
*9gzZ B~_Z Z.
] ZzY *
!WLZZ t b
Bg7

[ *
c*
*g qZ Vg ,
) LZZ,j y*
!\WLZgzZ/.
_

X Y7g Z,
'
kZ {z,
67 Zqb

{)~n<f"[fxZ Z 0E
!.
_ZgzZ{Zt

)
*
!nVxz kZ [Z ]
y WgzZ Z.
}
]\WVYgzZ Y VYkZ VkZ
y W
gzZ Y ,
Fgz$g yZ + *
@?Y H{ C" 0E
!.
_t #wz

0xgzZ lz yZ b~g7 {z~ 4,


6$
e gzZ ~g Zi" Z.
}[f

g ,
)z ]\Ww3 Z Z.
}/
ZVYN Y} 9

8 ZZ yZZ kZQ Y K] \WgzZ Y kZ

gzZ gG,
6 li @kZ {z ~gznV 7g Z VZP

**
yyZ,
6TgzZ B Vg,
)LZZ $
- Z zY C
mZ
X N JVYZZgzZ,W:w{ZZgf~$
- ZkZ{zs

274

VZiz

b): V xsZt U Zuz Zz kZ

gzZ N YQ~VzCbgzZ ` ZyV;Zp{zT e g {Z~

yZy Y a
y~fZgzZ ` Z A
&yZ :x ~y

xyZ ~ zb g74V ~V,


'Dq~

z Y Z ]]z,
F{ *
c i~ V-gE- \g- zM%Z g| ,
(W

,Zy Le[fV*
c $
e.] .
}yZgzZxsZ
X Yg Z ,
FdnyZgQ~b): ZI|)
,Z ]gz _~ zg kZgzZKwqgkZ

xsZgzZV p e*
*~Vzu+ZgZ WZg*
*gzZb,
',
6]uZz

W7]uZz F, Z~ ] vZ wg Y: {+
0vn

'/H
Hf ]\W[Z $
- ;Z ]\W~X
L] \Wp u'*
! + *
* bkZ,
6g~

gG i%,
6+]z~g7gzZ 3g,
6Z *
c 71" Z

*
*g (Ztzg ` W g Cx *
* /i V7 bkZ

]*
! t p e *
* g Z WZg *
*e*
*gz ` Z,
6 ]uZz, Z

]*
! t $
eZ@ Z.
} gzZ ] xsZ uZ Zg e b
Dg *
c
p]*
!.
_ ]4I x ~ b),Z y*zy Wlp

gzZ : ZI |gzZ: g IWZ,


kiz ~Zz kZgzZ 3g

3 { Zgx ~g7 g# ,
m? Zg t Z Z ,
6 ZO+
0W

# Zz kZ~g Zi Ww I )}uz
X e9 7qZ zx Z Z)x nkZ

}g *
! [Z W Cg \ xsZ e g7|kZ

VZiz

275

LZ *
c W [Z~ #.
} ] \W g ~

] \W H
*
c q~ ]tB\W= ~ [

[Z ~]mZ kZ ? yZZ,
6 kZ Zg vH Y7 h+
$kZ

c
O O}g v~ D:?/
Z L L: *
c gZ ] \W *

Zx kZ H
HOZ H
Z~w Cg\)t#
Z
n kZ H7I kZ xsZgzZ 7
o,
6 V {]g \

< W~ ]*
!.
_gzZ e : K
V )g]"
X e7*
* h zu{

Y 2006~gzB25D 17
   

VZiz

276

Zw Z +
Dg Z
bZ Hx OZ ZKkZ bTnyK
Z \vZ

s\vZ *
!g$
eZ@ ZtgzZ ZZnbzgkZ

ggzZ $
eZ@ M
+K
Z
yZ I~g *
@ Q ~ }i

zbC [t *
c Z~p Z yZ sg CZ yWO
n gm h^j] ]=g f $
eZ@nh|gzZ ,
F*
!

zY C
ZsvZ nz=V1yZQ( 2:e) nj pa

y) ,
F *
!gY AJx +
0iXgzZ$
eZ@*
0 ZuzX Wg
X CZ

ZgzZ @uyK
ZCe]*
!tng Z.
}

k\ kZgzZ$
eZ@g+
0ZyK
ZCbZ *
@7yjZ%3

* ~g7 bkZ *
@W7uZ % G wJ *
!g $
eZ@ gzZ CY ~ Za

*t n kZ Z 7(Z p Lg 7yK
z x *
* gzZ CY y

N Y~ A
viZ x ]
y W,
6 C
yJZ ZgzZ yJZg Z

\vZ nyJZ Z ciz(V Zz ]z vZgzZ

zg (Z LZZ *
c 7g (Z"gzZg6bgzZyK
Z

=g fV1gzZ Vz9LZ ZegzZ $


eZ@ %Z ~ wJ
$ {z /.
h
AXgE
_ hZhg+
0ZT *
c Zz bkZ
m] o ] X\ WLZVg *
@ZegzZ *
0 zg

( 256:f])X o] ] nfi

277

VZiz

++
0 H7g6,
6 xsZ xsZ n Z

k*
0 kZ Z i W ] xsZ #
ZVq ; gzigZxsZ

~ kZ gzZ 7gZ Z g Z CgzZ $


-Z z $
-*
c t Z

,gn r Z
l kZSegzZx*",gZVz%

-wg ZD J
qZ `g g Z MZ V ~ y*zy o }g p

@*
Hg (Z3 Zg zV,Z/
Z~Zy` Wp ;gVg

~kZ Zx ] xsZQ?D~Z~okZyH

g Z gzZ {+
h/
,
' o kZ Z g x *
* Z,
' V Zx

g +Z zZp]| ~RZ +Z zZp]| g Y 5gzZ Y x


s ]| #zg xsZ ~ y*zy Vz V@

) Vz ~gz Z#Z *
* ]|gzZ ~a
+ Z

y*zy ~,
kWZ ]| Wg yZZ ~ y*zy
Z^ Z vg ,
) qZ Zg7 gzZ Hzg r Z
l $
eZ@ ~ V ! f
Z gzZ ,
6 vZ k*
0 X v {zt *
c W~ xsZ E
L !Z
D [Vg Z gzZ 7Zg ~ ~C Z
kZ Yy*
! z hgzZzgi qZ p

~ y
jjZ z kZ wJ.*
* n xsZ R s Zez n

~g Y OL L Z +
Dg Z Zw,
6kZgzZ +
D%qZ *
* Z

K
Zt gzZ$
eg/ZgzZ u" * !f~g7 ~:ykZ

V/x OV ~ 7
1 ]*
! ;g Y *
c gZ ,
]

xsZ9 N Y = V ~ t ZgzZ y
jjZ Y H y"

278

VZiz

V * q ~ y zmvZ -vZ wg [

K
ZgzZ t K
ZZgzZ *
@ 7g Z ; [f N Y G bz]*
!.
_
M
~g7 *
@ ]z s xsZ qZp C7]*
!.
_
X C,
7m*

sZ<gzZ ;g Y*
c z,
6xsZ~eZw Z +
DgZ

:W'*
!P~kZg YG} "z,
6s

X #sZ V ~o kZ Zwt Z +
Dg Zt ]*
!

{gB }uz qZ x ~g/gzZ V ~ Z y~


,Z {zxi]*
! t,
6V %Z 7~g YZw Z +
Dg ZV;zVg

Y yZ V 7t{z/
ZgzZ , tgzZ N

t Yg7mykZ*
! Z.
}VY,^*
!

*
* ~ #sZ ( zu ) N Zwx ; 7s ,
6 Z +
DgZ

X N Y

Y7O+
D%,
6gLZC~#sZt ]*
!~uz

$*
"
Ux
`gzZ } } ~g7 Zz
Z,
6g
X }~g YZw,
6Y

2 Y tgzZ +
D%t]*
!~

wJ./kZ Y $
T*
@yxg kZ {z/
Z Y ~ zg
gzZ kZ/
Z 7R C *
c igzZ ~i Zg
b,
6 kZgzZ
~g Y OZw,
6 kZ % *
! z {zgzZ: $
T*
@{zz*
!

X Y3g~{Z}:/J#
Z]ggzZ Y

AxsZ qZ *
@Y HnZ Z V4z~Zw +
D%

279

VZiz

Zuz ,
]~ Zi WI kZ *
*O+
D% {z sV7

xsZgzZ ,
6 ]*
! C [f sV .x *
*pnZ Z

xsZ OL LZw Z +
Dg Z I yZ,
6$
"*
UkZ/~
Zwxg: ,
kg{z H
HO+
D%/
Z7 ~
X W,
6]Vz yZzkZ

~XkZ ]*
!]o Z +
Dg Z Zw $
guz yWJV

Rg Z nD#
r ]kZ/gzZ $
g q Z
(L
kZQwJyZZ \vZ 7
~}g *
!V Zz YF
m o ] a` e `^m ]% zwyyZ

B
kwggzZvZ yWbZ ( 12: ei) ] ]i^

v{z~kZq ,
4+gzZ ( 33:^]) ~gZ OZw

X Bg (Z3 Zg Z +
Dg ZwJxsZ

D g Z zmvZ -\W &0vZ]|

HO kZt qZ : w'~ Vg &yp y

^]YQxsZ}>% *
*i{~ }uz

]|gzZ ]|~K
$
eZzgy*Z ( l^m] h^j V p^e ) m
.1Z]|( ] e vm^ h^e V o^) ~z%"y
^ ] g 0 f ]|#
Z $
eZzg ~Z

f ]| H
+
D%Q Zy ~ *
c WqZ p=

c*
7OZgzZ: ~g Y wgkZgzZvZ,
6 kZ J#
Z g *
!&
o v] h^e V ]e]) \ WQH
HOZOY7~Y

+ZgY #gzZhu{g H
#
r?~kZO( i]

280

VZiz

~~uu~kZhuM gzZ *
c Vh{a
*
* bZ ( 165D 151&2: ] a]q ~
xsZZw+
D%L!L g: )I

J W~ T_,
6 qkZ Zw +
D% L L!g ~zZZ1Z

Y }uzgzZg Z[Z,
6 kZ ,nk {ZggzZ hu

kZgzZ $
"*
U#Q )ZgzZ$
guzyWZw Z +
Dg Z nkZ t Z
X 7Rz~

7'*
! z ~kZ ]*
! nZ Z [fIZ JV

gzZ h+xsZ YY7~zi Z ,


FqZ*
!gzZ htwzZeb
Dg

s: |+Zt nJ#]tzmvZ-vZwg
* ] ]g *
@+,
FR,
6 kZgzZ $
"*
U V [z d

{ Z,
6 ]tzmvZ -xsZ9gzZM
+xsZ I 9

bh <Z}uz *
* hkZQwJh+ n kZ

gzZ zggzZ ^gzZ s xgzZ *


@ 7t /
C ]Zz) 7

g *

*k,
6xsZ<Z}uz n kZ Yqzg qZO g *
@
X 7

x qZ C7{oswxsZ~sZ}uz

yqZV;z *
@*
* x (Z xsZV C
ZD Y t gzZ Cq] wg zcgzZ xsZ
gzZ s Z]z sZ Zg *
* +
D% yV;z

~sZsZ</
Z nkZ ]~Vx Zw*
!

;e*
*: nZ Z.Z g Z O#
Z Z +
DgZy Zz
gzZ H ~g Z z y kZp kZwJ$
eo kZVY

VZiz

281

:~* |~g Z MZ U iG Y~g YZwt,


6kZ ._Z

CY ~ ZwY {+
0iV Zz g (Z Z +
DgZ |s
o Zwu *
*g kZ Z Ds %Z ]%=I Gv

Z +
Dg Z Ys ZgzZ ~I|/
Z n kZ DDDD *
@,
7*
*

!X s Z ._Zwt
Y 2006ag B31
   

VZiz

282

&ZpgzZN Zw
\ ~g *
! { z H
Hfg *
! g*
! T \vZ ~yW

g `*
0 L L{z 7.
]gzZ { ]sZ.
} *
* [gL L

kZ ;g
ZgzZNgN Vzq x Zz Y *
0 ~ kZgzZ * {z

JVzhc} QgzZyZzyK
Z+
0egzZ `g~NgN

z 0 kZgzZ VgzkZ V6&kZ ]:StC {z n kZ

kZ C ] ZVY Zz !l VE yv
X H ZaB]:S

2Z gzZ x Z n ] kZ,
6 Z

~Z ]z b # * 0>]
y Ws:2Z yZ

6,
g~ 7 7nVyZx Zt\vZ

*
0 g g {z g6N Z g6,
6 ._Z {z
}g ( gzZ }igzZ+
0ez `g VZz VZzg ._~+
0zZ.
}
-]*
q
* Z sz^~ 6gzZ l/
B}uz qZ9z

._]g Za Z.
} {zp H
Zi ZggzZg (Z:

gzZ #6 )KZ ; gzZ *


@37kvH*
0

nyZ ]gx Z Z *
@7
z*
! ]

} D7]z ]{z Tg~} ,


]ZZ {z *
c

bV K
Z Zz]z] o %Z { z,
33 Zg ~o %Z

283

VZiz

XZh x kZ]V,ZQ7wVkZ~Vzg Y
$
*
c *
0,
6g G
= x Z LZ \vZ ] gzZ yK
Z

Z.
} {z ~]g~+
$gzZ nyZ nkZ 8
yJZ yZVa

yZ~,
6x ZZ.
}ph
Mh kZgzZh
M,
6
Vz]
y WgzZ *~~igzs ~+
0zZ.
}x ZgzZ >]
y WgzZ *

VgzZ *
c V *
! \vZO yZz yv
V*
! XgzZ *
*7yZ ]*
! T *
c I
~ b Z y sZ gzZ *
*gzZ C *
*>% yZ H
HI

kZ { Zp *
@nZg *
* Z.
} kZt C
x
` x
`
+
0i K
ZVa[fpB*
c H~qgV Wz

:gzZ x
`]*
!VyZ n kZ *
c wgZ.
}

gzZ V Wz mT 74 WZg *
*gzZ ~p Z.
}~
*
@YZ,
' HZ~zi Z ,
Ft ZgzZ<{ Zp VZg kZVz

C *
c iBkZgzZH
Hg6& }uz~TgzZ 7x
` {z
X x
`{z

gz yK
Z *
c wgZ.
}s: ekZx
`

6,]*
!kZ +C pzx *
c i Z+
0ZU]zkZgzZ

$Z V K
e
ZVa p {+
0v$
e.nK
Z 5

]+C *
c i ZZ y K
Z n kZ Se C


zgzZ L
:
z gZ O
z 5,
6 ]*
! kZ

~ gzZe
hVa p { yvn` *
* Y6%~ V;

Z y nkZ 1wJZ VZgzZ CY*


0 ~qgb*
!

284

VZiz

~)qZ gi E
L t Z V,
6]*
!kZ *
c } i Z
L i Z L

VVzg ZDgzZ k,
( zgzZ CZa i"~` kZi

Z Z ,
( qZVa p CY k*
0 ZZP
z k*
0
+C *
c DVg } y n kZ h#,
6 ~i *
!

] gzZ {+
0vZ nK
Z *
*i5,
6]*
!kZ
gzZ ~0Z k 4,
6 ] S,
( u [fp
a V-g F $

+Z,
6 ]ZpVxsZp *
c ZI,
^Y kZ ` W M
L

]Z z KgzZ $n M
+K
Z Y} 7]i YZ Vzq

X V)
*
!

#
ZZzkZ nV gzZ { H
k *
*C\vZ V-

U t Z z n ` K
Z { H
k} ,
( },
( p

zzu L LyZ N ZwJ <,


6 ~igz s Z $
e.
g i Z egzZO Z ,
Fo [Z ~ga *
*i :Z
`t *
@Y m
` Lg7zJ]Z f xsyvX{zZ
`x t<

kZ s: {+
Z2Z JyZ n kZ D ,
WO kZ v}uz
Z s ` }g7 {+
ZkZ Zg D x
` (
X ZS2Z yZ n

sZ<~g7 V *
c W~zB{Z y *
0 o z,
7

+
$ f zuyZz~ C
qZ < C Y *
*

~ }g *
! xsZ qz{z Hqg ZM Z ~ y *
0 VX

L V,Z n kZ 2~ t igzZ ~n+,


F+
$gzZ 74
$g/ngzZ 7*
e
*y sZB WwgzZm

285

VZiz

~,
(wq ~7wz)Zg~okZ Lzz

G ~g Y eg W *
0 0 zuV ~ Y 1979 z z KgzZ V@

$
"*
U L
<z [=g fegWkZ eg W *
* iqZ~X

HgHy ]2<nkZgzZ ~w *
*iu Zz

H
3gg Z ,
'Z HgHy ] < H
3gg Z ,
'Z

7 Z{z [wj n1zgJgzZ "~y *


0 Vq

Y 1 9 95 *
@Y 1991 } $
A%]Z ,
WZ y kZ z*
! kZ H
H

4Y8Z~ y *
0 #
Z 4Y 40 bZ~ *
*i~ y*zy
~qgb*
!~y*zyB5]*
!kZBkZ/
ZgzZ H
Heg kg

@ *
c B ~ y *
0 #
Z*
@Y 7*
*i mB
kZ < { i Z+
0Zgt ,kZ *
@ t :Z *
*i,
6 Vz ~qg

t *
@Y *
c*
0 t H~
x
` kZ yxgu *
0 zy
z+
$y
X *
@Y| ,
(gzZt

\g-zM%ZV2gzZgpy *
0 s,
mz,
6[

W! fLZ 3g)f J
m xsZ,
6{ y*
! ~p
c*
x *
* Y 2006&ZpDZgzZVn,
F~2Z zzu~z

&Zp=g fy n kZ *
c xzD&ZpxsZ *
c ;g Y

X qD
]okZgzZ {/gzZ ]Zwr*
!*
*i zg ,
F{ iXkZ

$ Z[g Z *
A
*i/
Z ~qgb*
!2 : ~gzoVZg e n

Z&Zp 7~gz *
*% VZyZpV ~gz{ Zg e
]gqZgzZ%qZ OVgzgzZ%qZ ~]5 2

286

VZiz

]gs~2Z 0 s obZ Y Z

Y7 s ]g% b
C
Bg h os %

< b x *
* &ZpDyZgzZ s <x Z Z'*
! t

X s Z]zh+gzZx *
*+
$sZ

$YVz%,
+
6gx D&Zp~zu t|

V2 i*
* *
@[*
! kZ y t C C *
c i,
6 Vg
} i Z yyZ )
] l0zuk,
'{g VZ {,

*
0 Y 1984*
@Y 1980._} zuqZ ~ ZwVz%~ ] l
ZwVg144gzZVz%145~R*
!*
*i~y *
0 ~w

ZwVgzgzZ 3gwbZw&Zp 30gzZVz%71~yZ


Zz

*
c ~,
' VgzgzZ g wb ZwVz%59
Z zgzZ
zu Q ZqD&ZpZg 2Z yZC kZ
X *
@YH{ "z,
6&Zp#

p" ZgzZ < z xg Zz t Z ~ [f t |

1 +
0i *
*g/
~g7kgzZ]Zz ]ZpgzZ p Z
gzZCi *
c J+
0Z (ZyK
Z kZgzZ V,
6x , Z 4,
6]t H

yK
Z DDD: VY ZCyYDDD]~{zgzZ H
tt *
c,
F

,Y*
^
* ]+Z *
*iV;ztwq { ! f g ^+
$
55~ y+
i._} zuY 1996 Z *
c W yqZ V z

],
^ Y*
* ' z48~} zg *
*gzZ32~M%Z 38~ Z

u*
* ZgzZ { 1X` K
Z~]z kZ]gQC

~,
( ]gnM
+K
ZpO {z ;gg ez V-g F

VZiz

287

g D nZ%Z }uz {z ~z W Z ._ g z ZZ Y 1996

g *
@ K
Z ~Q0~g F+Z i+
iZgzZ 30hz 33 ZV%

Y ZgzZiZ[Zp Z\g-zM%Z i WkZ SwVkZ~


kZgzZ ]z ][gt ~,
3 kZ

Xs ZZ]

z t Z gzZ g V {z ~ v WT { H
k T e !f

zxgzZ,
6{ ZgZ * ~g7 *
c g *
@g *
@V,Zk]TZ

LZ]Z ,
WZkZgzZ$
d! fVgzZ Z Y$x *
*
C e8
~y),
Fh*
!iwD Z)gzZ e*
* X\W
" C {
q
LG
E
! ~g { ,
mg V L 1 0 t

Y 2006mB8
   

VZiz

288

y: ZZ)\7
H[Z ,
4 l \7 g I @V| P

]g *
@ }'*
!+Z\7 *
c gZ ",
6gO0#QkZ

}uz } ,
(Z< F
F,
6d]*
!tyZ/
Zs
u*
* k\Z *
*wZB/Zz*
* kZQgzZ *
*Zz*
*gkZ <Z

k\Z.{ *
c igzZt 1x w1 Y\7/
ZgzZ ]*
!
gzZ rzg {z/
Z p
ng C VoIv u*
*xgzZ
?} OZ,
6yK
Z
y W N W,
F Z,
6 [

xsZgzZ 8
x $
- Up~7]xsZ[f

* | T C1 z {,
6g *
c,
6gA,
kz,
kC ~}g *
!

LZp{z~v W]gzZ *
c wCi ]xsZ~6gz vg
X wVqZ Z y#
r\7g P\W

gzZ xsZtqZ :g.'*


!z~yyZ

-V ;gzigzZg ZxsZt}uz x *
J
* Zuz

Hs yW 1zg V> 7 ]*
!
i^m m :;g YH,
6yZ~ nkZ]i YZ V

yZB
k WV v nZ ( 29:e) ] `^e
o ]i^:*
0 : C *
c i~x ZZ! Z kZ H
*
c QgzZ S

) ( 19:{Z) mj] gvm ] ] ]ji i^m m] ] nf

VZiz

289

V:9g~ Zi WIyZgzZ,7xzt ~ C
yZV
: g Z \vZO H
*
c u|ByZ

qm m] o i^m m] ] ^`m
gvm ] `n ]_i afi ] ^m
( 8:vj] ) ! n_]

:gzZ V D: B
k ~n+ ?v

B yZ ?vZ V s Vzy}g v
\vZ" zg7 s ZgzZ u|
X D IV Zzs Z

xsZ t fZ s : x *
* g zC

W V ~ u|BVyZ~ T
gzZ ?7*
c f ~ *
!B*
! p#
r\7 p V:g

x Z ,~30:[*
!Y ]Z[ ?B]

0g Z /
`*
!
{z , w{ i Zzg CZ v/
Z H
~ T

XVVzyZ {zgzZ e *
* LZuZ {z/
/
ZgzZ,#.
} ~
Vz%x q *
c 7LZuZ _Z Z.
}

Y*
c ~s[Zzw gzZ *
0 aa w*
!'g Y*
c Og Z

Z hg: {+
0ig Z+
0Y ~kZ *
c }_ZZ.
}VzXgzZ
*
!! <g ( 17D 10:30:Y ]Z[ : ) Y *
c 1*
*z *
! Y
! $MV-*
0 aJVVVg._kZ

@*
Y D$
eZ@ ~}g *
! B
k LZuZ ,
6 m{qZ

VZiz

290
ysogy,
k?#
Z}tLZuZ

yZgzZ buhVz*
!
o kZ 4Z~

gzZ Z e h VG J eyZgzZVzg ZC
( 51:33:2 )X bg UV kzZ
yZ

V] yZ OVz*
!os:~kZ

]|m{gzZ V *
! Z~ *
! bZ $
eZ@ g U

f V *
!W~^g]uZz x?Zm Z
: H
D

%]ggzZ Z e{ n}iukZ ( x?Zm ) ZgzZ

gzZgzZ gzZ V*
c yZgzZ Z hg:

( 98:27:L)X *
N} gzZ$
.zZ

u ( x?Zm) Z ]| VZg W,
6 gzZqZ bZ
: H
5~p ZyZ
WVg]VZg W ( x?Zm ) ZgzZ
Zg (Zg Zu` yZgzZ Z eOg Zg ZD :egzZ
( 18:10:*
UL)X H
%z

(x *
*ez,
6 V * | ]x yZ

! -Z+Z b &y
ys *
! I~V (]gzZX

~ 7 yWs t |n kZ qx Z *
0,
6
Xg ~|m{<Z}uz

s Z ]Zgy ;gzigzZg ZxsZ]*


!t

] \Wz kZ Zwi *
* x \vZ,
6 zmvZ -vZ wg#
Z

291

VZiz

bkZ w {~l g s CM
+K
Z ~g7 y

h N , Zg z,
6 yZZ IZgzZ h
M7Z Z i 6Z y}g/

gZV xyZ CY @WX g Y } h


] \Wg6 g $
ef Z l IZ #
Z Q ? Hg6,
6 wJxsZ

gzZxsZ Z W~ lWxsZ IZgzZ ]

?*
c x Z" xzmvZ -xsZ9gzZg Zb h+yZ T q
Vg Dg g *
!g *
!,
6KgkZ V l IZ ~+
0i Q
!
ph
Mg6,
6yZZlW ]\W zt Zl~|8

Vz ?` W~ L L: *
c D#V7 Y LZ g

j]) 7,
6?gzZ Zi W? VLZx?Zm-]|

qZ~+
0i ~g7zmvZ-vZwg ( n] n gm%i ^_]
V zz H
Hg6,
6 yZZA 7kZ wV
X ~
q]{ Z R

` LV {z gzZ nZ e,
6uxsZQ

V {z iZgzZ $
x kz+
& Z 3g 7x

Y 5V {z zg yZZ=g f Y fgzZ Vz
`*
@[

~ y*zy p H [ V g Z t ZgzZ Z e+ LZ

gz Z#Z *
~
* g +Z zZp ~RZ zZp]|

gzZ Vt xsZ/ smZ V,


6V; {)z

X Y
zV7c

` Wp,,
7e
cZ t ZgzZg *
@nX 3*Z t

I |s 7]gz Z/
tgz n { W ]q

VZiz

292

6,V\WugzZ gqq=xsZ~\g- gzZM%Z ` W [

M
f YxsZL
:kZghZzxsZZ
Zz Y
? HgzZ Z] +Zz ~gzZ kZ WkZ ]z=

~7]seo.*
*&~qZgzZqZ~&xsZ

v~{ H
k *
c g Zwz Z
b Zz W:~=6{g o kZ:

X C,
7}uz Zw{ H
kqZgzZ Lg *
@

]
yWgzZ
g z xsZ O ]Zg.*
* gzZ {,Z

+
<
0i ~g7 yK
Z ~0Z ,
WZ yWQgzZ *
@7{os gzZ Zz

[f ]:S{zt xz<Z }uz* T Ch


]*
! gzsxsZVz*
! Vz"z,
6 : #
c ]s xsZgzZ x *
*+
$ V Zzm{g H

gzZ *
c yvxsZ V V,Z l

gzZM%Z z *
c 3iz w Zig Z V ~ t Zz y
jjZ

xsZ~ ! f[ZgzZ *
c ,
F!g g xsZwJ~[f
? g Zt<g ;gZw<} ,
(}uz

Zt 3g ZzgG|pBwq IkZ[Z

s: 3*Zt W Vz+
0g+
hZ y*Z V[ Vp

V- {z CC]*
! kZ CC$
e,
',
'zV|
L L;*
@ ~g *
0 |qZ ~ ZPvZ g *
* Dg6,
6W
|
: D O Hg *
U s Z
E
g /
[gzZ {gp#
Z ~ c G3Z

x {+
0 *
! gzZ HOgzZ *
N I
Z

VZiz

293
nn~ x KZ { Q Hz ZZ

H
*
c C*
! zu KZ yZQg
yW G

{z H { W,
6 ]*
! kZ vs V}uz

V,Z t , *
@,
' (ZB V-

Q H Ju ~
y W\g- Y Z
4E
5_Z
3E
~V&yZ~w G
wJ< | izZ H
Hg6,
6 wJ qZ
'*
! Vz /
ZgzZ N Y G { : gt /
ZgzZ ,

yZ ~ Zo ,wJmz V: g
oqZ g e H
Hn nZ B
DQ}g }g ~} }uzgzZ ~}uz

yZ~vg ,
)ZgzZ *
@:: 1yZ}1

Z x O yZ ]zZ Z : qg Z z u

( 474B3:JyW*
!) X *
c W7~V 6

,
6]d *
0 s V-~g>qZ KZ

: bkZ 5:i~yZG

X Y~M
,
F~{<yZVyZ
( 476B 3:JyW *
!)

Dfx OqZ~yZ H
Hx OV-g *
!g *
!~Z
: y'
L Zx O V- ~ \o
V2 {z s{z n $ ~ yZ gzZ

VZiz

294
( 477B3:JyW*
!)X wJ|

{gtY Z%Z LZ { *
!zwzZ

~ xzg {zC H ~g Y t ~| 379

g (Z |gzZ xi*
*g (Z |kZ *
!W
( 479B3:JyW*
!)X Y*
c O{z}7

7 s V~uzgzZV-sC *
c itV|

z,
6 Hg (ZtZzg V,Z ~s %Z: ZgZz3W

;g y ) ,
F GzgO s z,
6 gzZ s
: y'|qZ~}g *
!kZ
&p~ ; g *
"w wLZgzZ < 0G
! Gzg
H
4H
5kz$ ,
3E
]{~V\g- G wEZ nV H
6

, Zg ZD Mi Z *
@YHw W7]uZzt
: yZZ,
6 \7 1 yZZ " ,
6 q v

lsn wqZgzZ yZZ LZgzZ p


ng
vVzg ZD ~ yZ ~v W g
4
4G
5E
qZt)=g f EG
gzZ k~Vzg Z) ~,
( ~,
(gzZ
( D Yn Zhy+
$TgZizZ
X yZ[Z+
hnngzZ GO

: Hg>x 'Z
@*
wJ xg~o kZ DgHy ?
# n,
Z
6Jz kZ {z: ]i YZkZ

|~ o LZ {z 3: n%Z kZ J

VZiz

295
X } hg7{+
0igzZ Z

{g VZ~yZGgH2Z i *
0 K{ *
!~Y 1724
: t]dz]

kZ v Y{g ~g Y < s~o}g ( 1)

^ w *
!Vg } ,
7 xg{+
0iyZDg (Z<gzZ {z
X N Yg{Jx D%gzZN Y

}uz V s +
Z? V2VkZz x yZ ( 2)

~ Zw] ]g ' *
c D+
Z?}uzXv{z *
c ' H ,
6+
Z?

X Y
H
E
5kz$ ,
34H
u \Z $
e. ~iM
+K
Z {z J e ,
6 V H
6 Q

s~uz c qZ t OyK
Z V~ TZz
H
4H
5kz$ ,
3E
Zz gWyp{z g Zzgb s V H
6

]*
! t ~ yZ G ~g Y 2Z #z,
6 O
/w{g VZ Y:z,
6/
Z *
0 7,
F \*
!V

qyZ:gzZ g yZ: 7i W+
h
y}i {z

Z Y ~ Zw{/,
6 ~igz s kZ ]i YZ

W 7x Z W Zz{o~
y
Z Y*
c 7{

{yZ B: wJ *
*z,
6

vt /
Z Z ~g Y tQg
} h:gzZ : hpgg yZ Y *
c zn

( 493D 478:3:JyW*
!: )X ]i YZ~g Z,
6

: D{+
E z,
6U bZ
~Y fgzZ<Zg yZ ?Z

VZiz

296
nkZ~ C ,
]WH kZ H
*
c 1e ~gg Z

~ < z,
6 V Z 4Z

yZ Z e Z/
x yZ ` kZ B4Z U
bT D Hg D bkZyZ {z HOY f

7Zvt *
@Y Hg DVzg Y zk

Z } Z/
ZgzZ

X OkZ
;g ` Z' m{ * |~ A < t |

zgzZ HO~ Z~,


(V|#pgzZV V-V,Z
: Zz+
hv X X XZ
+Z +Z $
e,
',
'

y u *
*yK
Z {+
0i b Z ZY I
Zg nm{qZ

kZgzZ *
* {+
0iyZ V +
D%._wyZvgzZ b ^ {)z
*
*{@xkZJVggzZ V 9 Y

~ y
jjZgzZ t Z/
Z6,
'gzZM%Z n Z *
* ZyK
Z Vzg Y {+
0g 2

,
6kZ D7%6 $
-~g Zi Wx%gzZD J e 0g.*
*
Y*
!WyZ g ZCZtgzZ $
eZzg *
!WyZtVY e *
*:

X g D~: iLZ Z.
]Zz

Zz Z *
c C yWs ~uz gzZ g *
@t V|sqZ

m] o ]]7R *
!gzZ~A <gzZ+wQ

nyZv{ozZV ( 256:{Z) o] ] nfi

,
6iLZ LZ WCgzZ YH:g (Z3 Zg zti9
>WZ,
kZqZ] /]| ( 6:yzZ) m o m }

VZiz

297

]z KZt wq /]|z*
!kZ V;
,
6
BZ)qZ~yZD z,
6gm{V*
!Xz

X u|

~I|Zg fgzZ e
fwZ e: Z,
]qZ,
6g*
@KZp#
r\7/
Z

a
lBBkZ/
ZgzZ C:
tZ+
h e
fx

V Zz%D]A
\7#
Z C~yZ g *
@{z
" $
e.gMx Z!+
$kZgzZD Y*
* ]nn
D ~ Zi W ~Is Z kZxsZ CYvZB

W,
kZ ~yK
ZgzZ W kZ ]z = h Zgg Z

A +gzZ[zZ ~ Zz W ,
WZxsZ~ * |pgzZg Z

yZ ]dz s Z Z 0] .
}n"gzZ_" xsZ Y f~

s Z Z|~Xv~| ! k\Zp D,
6y*
!i
X,jwJCgzZ

Y 2006,
' ZB6zmB29
   

VZiz

298

! [X
]gzgzZ ` Z bC{z ~i *"gzZ ym{\vZ
sZ yK
Z q]gzgzZq#
~q *
0 Zu] \vZ p ~,
'

Z`~ Vg Y Wz gzZ {,
]Z ]*
c gzkZ ]JZ
D 3kY kvg Y ` Z yk yK
Zp e
f

yZ+gzZ Y3 *
*3*
c yK
Zp D CZgD
KZ g z kZ n W z x ] jqZ qZ
%]ggzZ ]gn]gz@KZ% ]gz@~]*
c gz
X 0Z Z K
ZZgzZ C` Z

g8skZ *
@q#
~q qT Wt]*
!CgQ

p D ,
7 hz n 3 Z 3g kY kv CY *
0
Y yZ Z Z ,
7
C7g Z kZ uyK
Z
LegzZ 8 ggZ,
6zZa
Vz%tgzZ 6 n
t /
Z
Z *
* Z VQ {+
Z V

u" n3 WgzZ 4W *
0 ~gzZ CY uyK
Z
y K
ZN# V@yK
Z wq 4

\vZ n kZ e
h VZZ ]*
!.
_ Z~ kZ C Za gg+
0Z
" 2 8yK
Z *
@; Z Z,jkZgzZ 3gx b

Z ZyZ0ZVz%C]*
!tQ B:g (Z

299

VZiz

7~ x
` skZ n Z ]gzA
& ZZ n
Z,

4 bqZ nyZ0V*
c g Z)f Vg Lg { *
c i y kZ

` Z' x ZZg+
0ZkZ zqZ kZt ; [gzZ

77]uZzU~x
` s]g~ ]qx n Z *
@

n Z Cg Z gzZ fZ KZ ]zZ Z n yZ D W
:ZzgzZ H
#i 5Y *
c { KZ C*
!y /
Z \W

/
Z p D Y u" \*
! V *
@z~ W
X *
@Y,CgzZ *
@Yx Z~y B7y,
6z

V*
c g Z)f VggzZVz%xsZ p
ng7tZ

mIZ *
@;,ltig~Vz}i H
*
c Vz%
] ]je] ] o ]j^ F ] kn ]^ ~g7] *
c gz

{gygzZ,g~y{z ZnVggzZ( 10:q)

gzZVz%L
9oZ ( 33:h]u]) ine ~x Z~g Z: {gQ

{,
6 ~gz nVz%x Z Z},
6 0 Vg
EH
.eJ,
6zZ E
0B+yZ 4p JVR
Zs *
*
{,
6 nVg H
H7I ",
7 i BYW?n Z g

x{,
6qZCbZgzZx)xC g]YgZ

xg .e ~ yZg7 ]g{z VgzZ {n ,


6g Q x Z

kZ Y *
!#
Z : *
c gZ zmvZ -vZ wgO e

k^u ]] m^r] e W7qZB;JhgzZ {n

( ] pfi^ o h^e V ]e]) j] o] ^am ^``q ] ^` pF m ] xm

Vg\vZO ~gz*
* {nt bZgzZx)

300

VZiz

e
hZ/
bkZ,
6{nzqZ} [O ( 31:) *
c % Z e ( [O)

4{ *
c i` WgzZ *
@YH ~zg QZ Y{n x *
*

# ZkZ ~ V(uZ *
s
@Y H Zg7 ]gzkZ=g f [,
6g
D^~x ZwZ
q#
Z v ~z% *
*0.Zx Z

%#
Z gzZ D 1wZ e} ,
6 }nLZu D YWt }g %gzZ

y*Z ( ^``q o_i v] o h^e ( ]e]) e


fw{n D Y| ,
(W
wi *
* [sCs T wtZzggzZ

% *
c ~}g *
!e ]\WnZC H{,
6{n&Zp

p Og {n~]qx 'g~ {n]ggzZ ~ux ZwZ

*
@: {n &Zp/
Z N X } {n ~
q x ZwZ

x { 't n kZ C: ]gzSkZ n x ZwZ


q
X H
*
c 7{nVg~xsZ

~ Zi WyK
Z *
c x "gzZ{" +Z~ Zi W[fk\Z

[7n% H
{g0x ^]ZpgzZkzZ,
6x *
*

B Zg7 ~XH
*
c ` ZzgVzz +Z nyZ

g ] z +Z n VggzZ V Dg}iH*
0 B

V1HgzZVAzi *
!gzZB;N W{ *
c i{ *
c i{~T G
AgzZ V { | *
c ?"gzZ u BgzZ V ?

zqZqZ ZkZ *
*qg *
!gzZD
k]QV{ *
c i

[f Yg(Z,
6x *
*~ Zi WgzZ $
d[f YV*
c i Z

,
k
i~V gzZV[ZJV 1k]t&Zp

Wq :Zty /
Z x !+Z ,
Ft *
@Ye
hX)Y

301

VZiz

1 Zi W *
!\WLZ k]oL LkZ {z/
Vg~[f
X e7],
6kZ

T}wEZ k](Zy{ /
Z t ~ Zi W{" kZ

g k]" Vg p;]i YZ kZ YZg7


XsgeZ~Z ~*
0,
6 LZp ~ Zi W

6,
' rcx/
/
,
6X[~6,
'[Zg ^ q Z ,
4qZ
W~kZBZ Z]*
* WZ,
kizkZgzZzg {,
kiz

~ [f z kZX Z
6,
'*
c

xsZkZ ; 9s:,
6] *
c ! f g ~qZ KZ

wg Z,
6qkZ pZ: {g Z Z MgO zk]
x Z 7 {,
6 {n ~ xsZ *
c } y V,ZgzZ ~gz *
*

}g *
! D zVz (Z *
! b y yZ~}g *
! <

X wg Z~z=y bZ,
RgzZ~

~:+
0ipZ: ykZ {z7*
* ZvQ

,
6" KZ~7+
&Z{zZz]*
!kZv,:

n kZ tugzZX *
U Z Zg yZ {g ZzW L LgzZ g Cwz 7

@7hZ]*
!t ! Y: ZI|yyZ~}g *
!{,
6
CY " gzZ " ]*
!#
Z p; Y ~sw,
6 +
0i

X CY~g6qZ *
* 3sW

Zw{ sT Cui *
*gzZZq x Z.
}

egzZ! CY pg kZ *
@i Zg k
gzZ
Dr e yxgVgzZ V]Zgfp D W(C

302

VZiz

L
; Cp Tg } ,
7 }g ) VzggzZ V *
c g f7 "
ui *
* Az }g,
6 z LZ yK
Zp *
@ ~ Vzg Z-

z {z/
gzZ r z w yK
ZgzZ ,
6z Z V *
0 B; H
3g ZZ

y*
!i z n W,
6 }n bZ p~ Vq V-A

tJ e Zg7qZ,
6{nnu *
*gzZ$
- Z 32n

{,
6n&Zp bZ *
@J ,
( ;*
@7ZY I
ZyZg y


g It: s Z Z #wzyZ 7$yZ[z

X ~o ng Zb*
!&Zptt:gzZ ^zg~,
F{,
6

gzZpzB{,
6VHg "~y*zypgzZ~ ` W

/KZ~ ZZz A
&KZ gzZ gqdZ {)z8 bZ

~gzgzZ ,
^Y [t yZ |qZ t gzZ i gzZ ]]

Z e9%gzZ V%&ZpZ e Zz [ C
7^zg~ o ng Z

y{{,
6" qZCo1%bZ{]]gzZ]]{
X 7Za ~g Z L~` zz[nZ

` Z'kZ LZ n{z =[]gqZ #


Z gzt ~ kZ

gzZ" {z ] OzxgzZzq ,
4kZ Cg Z

YYHo ng Z{g~{,
]Zt Z kZ $7Zg ZV*
! "

u x t *
0 z u *
* KZ C & 7wY (Z {z
rg|+

0*
! Zzg *
*gzZyQ Y"V!%gzZwgzZ 8
x V;

[^zg~kZgzZ C
^zggz[~o ng Z Y" nkZ

KZ sy{*%]| x {zgzZ *
c ^zg kZ [f
E
G-
kZ *Z *
0 gzZ _ V Z " ~ * ` W b
Bg

VZiz

303

E
zZ Ei4Z 9V {z \g- [ $ ~e

kZ HyZB gzZ ]c zZ "


u Zz: 4,
6]JV 7y{*
!qZ~o

~ Vzg Z Z i y gzZ *
c *
! ] Z
+ h
JVM
+K
Z M
LgzZ kt x: *
c } i Z

!H:gy-TJx kZ

Y 2006B 3
   

VZiz

304

'&~i ZVa
z,
6x*
*xsZ m{ ouZz *+
h y *
0 L Lz,
7

,,
7V**
!+ZVR,
'nW~zokZ *
cW~
,
6gUz{g7Z+gHl,
6*
@WGfyZ

kZgzZo~Y1947D48p h
MZ9gfVzuL L

kZG*
@YH VzuV{g0yZ/
Z WypgzZ~,
mgVp
vZCY0ZzqZUtgzZDYygfF7qZVzuK
Z

!}WM
+K
Z~g7gzZokZ&,Z\

m{z /
Z HyZ w2Tn LZ V Zz y *
0

gzZ *
@Y ig Z p+
h D VZz VZzg sw2kZB

6,
}ivZ t H
Wx p yZ CVjzgY Z

[*
@z $
Ax KZ xsZ ~ T *
*, Z qZgzZ *
**
* +vZ

XnY,
6gi{Zg~TgzZizZ {B
G
(Zi kZ 0E
0kI$ J ` W[Zpt k\Z p
: }g xg z (JVx : Z

? +
0 & ~ i Z Va

y {z 0 D &Zp L LqZ ~ V*
! +Z DDDD

L/Z Y MwegWt 0zu ( egWzu L L T

*
*i bV ZwsZ ~uz=g f eg WkZ H
H ~g Y ~gz

305

VZiz

UZz *
*i { Zp H
*
c g Z x
` *
*i ~ kZgzZ H
H*
* u0
G
gzZV-~VZt LEEB+ ~qgb*
!*
c *
c W7
*
!/
Zt~ C
y kZpx x Z ]F

z kZ *

*i *
@W7~ {,
]Z*
*i {z ,~g +
$ ~q g b*
! ]gz%
&Zp ]z kZ sZ<gzZ ]g{ ZZz~ kZ #
Z g

X H
*
c x *
*]gzp D

g D X `z%xg: gzZ {Z~ y *


0 t |

1zgbyZ Zz Yg ZzgBVg#/
Z &Zp
z wtgzZ C ]*
!
ogzZ wqZt C y n kZ gzZ C

b ByW~Vy *
0 *
@._Vs Z

p,
)b $
ez,
ki LZ z~T `z%iZ"gzZw*
*

+
0i {zgzZ *
@Y H7b kZ+
0iQ yW

L LV Vy gzZ ]GZg L LV V|t *


c Cg6,
6 g Z /

,YggzZ uZuB]gtC g i Z+
^
0Z VZ-

~ _ZgzZ CY #
|zz+
h
yVg~ V y *
0 7
@*
Y*
c b yZ%G x%&Zp~ V *
@Y HZ
%qZ t ]gm{ qZ CY g xz $
Vg Zz &Zp

%g ZgxkZ *
c g ZgxKZgzZ} b ]g

H
g L L~ $
guT:$,
6VgyZ 2 Y *
c b

bZ `z%,
6g~x *
*
z L L~bDy *
0 gzZ

~i y ~}g *
!gQyZX :&%L
:w

O C ]*
! d.qZt G CY g (Z+
D[*
!yZgzZ CY

306

VZiz

6,V0 D.kZ Vo{$


A kZgzZY fy *
0
D &Zpt L L~ |=g fX HzsgQyZgzZ z
yn"gzZ 7z,
6kZ #yZgzZ s,
mz,
6wp Y

XH
k*
0 .tyz

sZ< V,Z 1w+


$CZ Igy *
0 ~Z

Z] ! gzZ 1gZ2Zg CZ <i [fO


c*
}B; CZ~B; V Zx6,
'gzZM%Z Ot ] X,
6

",
7
g zmvZ -gzZvZ ! k\Zg ZD gzZ k\Z
4E
58EV Zz
< wg kZgzZ + Z.
})
E
LG

X Y~+
hi Z{ H
k+,
F+
$*
*igzZn,
6aV2*
!

Z Z g x
` yxg [fgzZ xsZ t ]*
! Z

]gqZyvgzZyvyK
Z T {zx
`q ,
4[f
~xsZgzZ 74 ~ kZ p *
*gzZ ~pzY g Z.
} {ZZz

lpvZ T #
ZZz *
*,
6 V*
! yZ ]Z f \vZ*u y
Z.
} ]*
!{zC n kZ V lp *
*vZ X #
ZZz VzqyZgzZ V

x {zgzZ: 1yK
Z kZ { Zp x
`~{ xsZCh
X YH%{ ZZz

kZZ.
} x ZwnkZp *
@~qg3W+A

VY x Zwp C ~qg b*
! ~i*
! H I

:1ZzW
gzZ Y8+
h
y[Z *
c gZ x ZwZggz,
6} g

: *
c IkZ ]{pVY x Zw$
A
7*
c B1yK
Z kZ7s ,
6 ]*
! kZ *
*x Zwz w'

307

VZiz

kZ *
c)
*
!~pzY g Z.
}t,
6] *
!kZgZkZ ? B

n bqZgzZ]gv~qYU i ?p *
*gzZWZg *
*

D+
h ,
FkZ yW *
@YHq ,
6tu~VzVY

t ]*
! Q qZ Oy ]gzZ $
e Z ]g
] u]L L?x ZwgzZ 3gw']g Z.
}#
Z h
M,
'Z,
'Vz

gzZWZg*
* t g]*
!tQgzZ (275:{{g) ]F e] u nf]
X:Z p *
* {gzZ Yx
`p *
*

HHg6]g~kZ#

Z H
x
`z Z *
*i~V!f
$E
gzZz={,
60G
kZ7x
` {zH
17x ,
6]g/
Z

X ]gzgUK
Z

z*
!x Z ~qgb*
!X{zZ
` 

qZ x
`t p *
@ ZpKZ yK
Z p *
@Y *
*

x
`Oz*
!~qgsw> Z eOZ {z}]

gH{ *
c i bm{qZ 2Z 0~ VZ H

CgH ~qg btVq 7]i YZ

~ #
|zz+
h
y Vzq gzWVq ; ~*
0,
6 ]g ]
@*
$
"*
U X BV~g gzZ bkZ C ~qg

nM
+K
ZU DDDD n
g,Z

X 7 ~qgb*
!DDDD

yvz Vzuz T x~ ]*
! +Z ~qg yK
Z 

kZ yK
ZVY ; H
*
c g Z qNp~ y C n Z ; 70

yY Zz p D0t {)z ~zC zZ +Zz

VZiz

308

"gzZz *
@t LZBB
G-E
_C~~g +
$/
Z]gqZD0t mIZ}uz
GE
VV\*
!VkZ]*
!tp;: w - " KZp e
gzZ C)
*
! g zx$
e.nVzq$
"Z }uzgzZ V@gzZ V

{ 1gzZ ~ { *
c i nicz^a kZ,
6 wVq])
X $07i ZzznkZ ~qg]gkZnkZ C
-~zCm]gz% *
J
@YHI]*
!kZ~ `C 
E
$.
HtkZ tZYfyZgzZ 0G
<Z xt z
f ~,
^YDf Vo ~g*
@ K
Z p
ng7,
6<
~` ]iYZ *
*i~qgb*
!#
Z Bp: *
@YH

-ZyvZZz`}g7tCgzZN YC,gZ
q

?yv `}g7npKZ{z $Y~]iYZt

~$
d*
![fe~gZi*
!gzZ*
* Y~k]"/
Z
!(yvZ`zzkZ *
* nZ?VYkZ

kZ yZ+
0{ Zi Z yZ+
0{ L L Z.
}yK
Z 

]gzyZ+
0{yZ:gzZ *
@yZ+
0{: ~ Vzg Y}uz 0#
|
0g *
!#
|ugzZzzyZ+
0{ C
Za : og0g Z z %qZ n ]gqZ #
Z

LZX _hBVyZ Gt ?g *
!#
|V Zz

X:g wJ zZX*
c :D~}g *
!Zz

yK
Z Z.
} ]z K
Z *
*it ]*
! Z

+
0i ~g Z zB }uz qZ ]gz % g ]*
! t ~ ]

VZiz

309

-Z/
q
Z~ Vzg Yzz g%qZm]gqZgzZ ,g Z /

F ]gqZ p C 7Za ~g F kZ o %Z ,
3Z {

i+
iZ L L
zuz kZ~X CZa V*
c g F V lW%
X 7/VZg Z~&
h

Z gZwkZyK
Z Y]z #
Z ] 

]*
* vZzkZ C7,
WO6ZigzZ Zis] *
*in

V*
c gF Zz Za sZZ O e
f ~ KZ `}g7

n kZV*
c g F~ Zz ~!DDDD {)zi+
iZ uZiWDDDD

` gzZ zZ Zz t bZ LnVggzZ Vz%g +


$*
*i

zmvZ -vZ wg n Z { yvJnV}uz


`n ^ ^`e ]m oju ( o u^] `i L L: *
c g Z

0vZz 0Z ) ] m] ` o k i oj] ^q] ^_]

: Y]]~yZ ~VZzg2 ( 4019:$


gu/
( 367B2:k0vZ x Z )X l] `n % o ^] ^

x* ;xsZs:z#w *
*it|:
4)g!zZ<Z
iZzW K
Z5,
6Zzg*
*z
g*
*kZtZ EG
kZ *
* yzu ~*
!,
'z
h n LZ p]z ]gzZ

kZ`K
Z}g7 ;V>%{H
kp 7zJVyZsyv
DVut $
d!fz*
!
yZ *
@{i$

?uogzZu\ZgC iZ ~g+
$ *
* =+Z *
*i

Y 2006cJ
   

VZiz

310

*
0 ZZ
~)l0 ! ! 3h Q ^g*4 {
gzZZz Zz a qZ nV Zzpgwqg {z Hg
,
6<KZg: Zg gp{z *
@z$
+ YkZV
: ` ZO
nf <x Z~ ` LZgzZ N Yg n
Z ~} t :&g ~

q CkZ! ! g

~ ]i YZ gBqZ,
6 C
kZ]gz%gzZ *
c g Z Zz)V:yZ
~ t ~ C
yK
Z ]*
! t gzZ T e xgBVz {z

X}~}g *
!LZ~qgb*
!

s Z nV ZidgzZ x Z Z.Z"

B~gZY)~g7 VpZ~g |qZ tZg ~


yW
t * gzZ Z zZu o=g f X G ,Z

=y ZCp Wt Cq,jD *zy


kZ
Zg { Z,
' h
M Z Zv{zh =x Z<C
$E
P0G
kZp
ng,
6bzgx ZyZgzZZz]x<
: Cx~gz
z
: z.'*
!&~kZ
X t :
q ( 1)
X :&iqZ ( 2)

311

VZiz

-ZB ~qg b*
q
! ~ zC.z*
! t :gzZ ( 3)
X xgB

c*
Zz t :~~
qkZ ]*
!t :
qJV

$
guz yW 7 $
guz yW~}g *
! kZ ?7

wg
Zg { Z,
' + V,ZVY ; z ' /Z { *
c i

/]| Z~kZ z ' / zmvZ -vZ

393: hz ^_ e : ) g Z Zzt :
qtzg

Zzt :~~
qq ,
4"y]|gzZ ( ]] l^i
s %Z ~Y Zg W+$0*J'ZQ( 39&5:fn oe] e] ) 7
Zzt :
qq ,
4wx Z ._wqZgzZ x Z1Zx Z

gzZqZgzZm
N0Zx Z ( {)z253&3:xZ[130&2: pF f] ] ) CY

Zg C7Zz t :
qq ,
4wx Z ._$
eZzg

( 115&4:] e o] )X 'x Zwi

$E
Zzg/ *
c H
*
c U/
Zt ,0G

I
\
ZZazzkZ1wEZ 0 gzW~d*
c wEZqgzW
zgzZ]g/kZ/
ZV; 7Zzt :~} t :~
qkZgzZ

g6,
6wEZkZ {z#
Z HwEZ ~
qkZ 8 [Z

kZ , ) CY Zz t :~~
qkZ 7
kZ qx Zt*
0 gzZ ~zDx Z _g~pp Hf

~]gR *
c H
HwEZx Zwg/q ,
4yZ s %Z

( 75&2:pF ^j] 99&3:^] ]e: )X 7Zzt :


q

$EyZ *
t 0G
* 7xt :
q]Z|X

312

VZiz

x Zx +
h+
$Zzg (ZgzZ zg+
0Z W~
q
7Zz t :{ZpgzZ2Zo: l" *
0 Z C7A
&

XgzZ e 7Zz t : kZ ~
q bZ C

g Zp iuL
:kZq ,
4yZ *
c g Z Zzt :]Z|
y*zy,
6 Y Z DDDD Yxz ~KZ {z CY ~ Zw]*
! kZ

q Zg s Z Y f [Z ~ ]q {

,
6g 7xsZg Zy*zyVY ; e 7Zzt :

k7Zw n Vz%t :~ wj Y y*zygzZ ~ Zi W?

q~wj y*zyn kZ ; CY0ZwnVgg]"%Z


*
0 Y Zg W bVz~TX (Zt! wq e 7Zz t :
$E
X P n0G
LZ LZk*
0 VzgzZCY

N Y ~~VB Z Z &:&/
Z V:&X Zuz

b}BqZ:& t Z Y ,
6kZ N Y Zz:V

~ kZ ~igz s i{gH t :t gzZ 7


g

Zz :V } } :&BqZ /
Zp 7s %Z

x ZgzZg Z[Z DDD Y g/ s %Zg~ kZ ?t : qZ *


c V

yZgzZ0Z) N Y Zz:V Zg DDD {)z ~g g

{ C Zz t :qZ~ ]g+Zq ,
40Z)/
i
qo Vz ,
6 X kZ b Z ]Z|)~gz

| ,
( kZ {oZ +
$JV [Y s

{g Zsb Vz yZ nkZ H
1qwZ.
]b*
!
X C7kC]gz

313

VZiz

-Z~qgb*
q
!]gz%z*
!YZz t :X Z

7s %Z {z/
#Q~ kZgzZXZt X gB
$E
}uzqZ nyZ[Z Yb G
00_Ig ~Vx0G
#
Z

-Z ]gz %,
q
6 Vz C
w',
6g ~ C
b 7RgB
$E
*
@YH b 0G
sZ#
Z {@g Z*+
0iB}uz
{@kZ=g ft :,
6gq % CthkZ%]g

! Lz b {z Rt n ]gV; q h

y m{ #
Z q u hn LZgzZ Z t :

t :zb ZCpi Z]y kZ~{@ *


@YH{@

+ ~b @,
6 C
VQs:x Zx 0

H ~gzW,
6kZgzZ ~g Z*
0 x Zx yZg (ZgzZ ~qgKZ
xgB}uzqZz*
!YZa #w gzZ u=g ft :
X ! *
@u~+
0zZ.
}gzZ ~igzs ?kZ

*
!z{/
Z ~ Zi Wp Z ~,
(" t K
Z

g{ n{gzZ CY0Ci nM
+K
Z {zQ Y Zi W
k]",
6uvV H gk]" *
c k]{z hyK
Z

{,
]Zt ZgzZy {z#
ZxzkZ ~qg ?Y~}]i YZ

H V Zz~/
ni Z~qg@/
Z~
_,
(Q G x/
g Zi *
! ~g +
$ B ~qg b*
! {zg]
Zz gzZ Zz e
h ]g ~ kZ Y HB

ZI,
^YgzZ ~ Zi W{"t|nkZ C~qg

X$
e.n{~qgn

VZiz

314

` ~ Zi WVnDVAK
Z t K
Z

wY ~ Zi W{z $0L
: { nkZ OW
*
*gzZ Zg7
X }yj"` :T 7
x ,
6gA sZ <
y W x n V

/
Z D Y ~ VpZyZ ] lLZ *
* n Z ? DVY

7i *
! ,
6 kZ ,*
*<x Z,
6 \WLZp
kZ *
c 4 Z.
}\WLZ 4pp xsZ $g

LZOg ,*
@~p Z.
}]ZpKZ ]*
!t ~ 4
ZpKZg(Z LZ Z*
*y*
!t <x Z]Z zz

t 1wZ e t Z.
}~ y/
KZBggzZ ~qg KZ
n kZ [8{ *
c i ~~CtgzZ ,
m{ *
c i

t x Z Z.
}gzZ y\WLZ 7Zzgtgn }g
kZgzZvZ]Zp Zzg *
*gzZ ]Z HLZgzZ }Zz ntu

! !g Dw *
0 x Zwg

Y 2006#B5
   

315

li kggzgzZu *
*qZ

VZiz

~{zV ~ * z kZ |<
qZt
{g $
eZzg L LqZq ,
4yZ w< H
{gx *
* Z,
'g yZ
{zV } *
@YHU#
| qZf kZgzZ

VyZ Z
zkZ~V|{z/
I} ,
(z~*
~ ]
yWV XgzZ 7b
gz ]t Dg Z Z.
}

Wg ez ~g ZD g myZ < 7g ' yK


Z
!qZ~w bZD Y a
l yqZ~
bg Zq g *
gzZ b~g7 *
@7J< z ] Z~T D o
X *
@ Y*
c ob[qZgzZ Lg
8g
twqzyx*
* V1IKZ{ztwqVzy
4E
&ZVz+
6Vz hIF
hz{zCYg*/
D7B;{)zZggzZ 1 VZ,

{*
c ikZDgZq&)ugzZg,
6C] Y7'
t~gZqZ nVZz+<zy7m{z/
kZ<
<gzZ DgZ Z.
} n kZ 7Y *
cW< kZ
#4,
6$
"gzZbvgzZDYzy{zDZh QtZ

JVzy{zD Y7 Cg zy{z YtgW


JVzhzZ Z.
}VX,ZVzy
XB: gzZ mV zy: 2Z x Zwz w'gzZ x Z <
0 V V s Y ]Z/
Z kZ g zuV|
yZ k*

V ZI ,
6 ",
7 [ kZ ~ ]gp[ W
yJ ,
7 +
h Y| ,
7 yWyC 7~g Z {g YZ

316

VZiz

tz*
!V*
@ n kZxz*
! ]zyW (Z
]gz % {z ~ ZV k*
0 C y ~ yC [
=z,
FyWbZ 3gp~BLZyW V2
T ~ *
!W+
hV BJV ZVZz
FyWY fgez~
c kg yW~VzKV:Zzz,
*

X *
@ Y*
cJ ,
7swqZqZ yWB~g7~kg ZgzZ *
@Y
~ C
kZgzZb[ ?Z zx ZyWQ

gzZ > 2i e { izg i ) V KZ sy { Wyx x Z


]g _Zt :zb {z 7*
0 <x Z~ ( *
!z

,
6sZ<~2Z }uz0x Zwzw'gzZlz
g yZQ p
ng kZ q n7gzZ D
kZ m{gzZTggY f}uzgzZ { +
E Zkg Z.
]) 0*J' Z(Cn

X D YG*
c g]Z ZT Y ZgZ n
k*
0 YZ*
!gZgzZYf,
6iZzW;v ]*
!m+tQ
,
6T:gzZW:qDyV*
@gzZV!yZKZ W

Z.
}*
@spZ.
}sZZV!yRgzZ@yRtIy*
!i
gzZ
k~6gzvgV{oyvzs Z.
}gzZ
gYg Zzgb,
6V~* `WO qO~,
(
kZ
? X<LZgzZC_iZ+
0Z4tV>
CxgzZ/
Z
Xg.*
*]*
!tn0#QpCY{W,
6e
h{m
+ LZ g* V eZgzZ VU i Wg ZD #Q i Z xsZt

c*
g v WgYG { noo 7g nZg Zz
[ z
yu yp #Q kZ T ;g Y *
c

317

VZiz

g xz v LZ 'g XgzZ g \,
G/ Vx9
#/Z *
0 #QkZgzZs@V7qCz,
'Wz]gzZw zyYn

gZ CYUgT5yZZyZ *
@7w,
H~
Z CY uv W )yZ Q `gzZ CY
5gzZ!z6
qZyZ NeZgzZ i WD Y ?kZ

xsZ = Jt [f T |{z Cg h
X ~z,gzZ{ *
c ikZgzZ 3g2~[<Zz]
9gzZ ~}g*
!kZV7}g? HzzkZ
yW

yZZyZJzkZ L I7g #QkZyWJ#


Z {z

{+
0iqZyWVY h
M7,
ki[zy;f ZyZgzZ YYH7ZZ z

C|*
@~ Z CW" gzZ {+
0iq gzZ [ Z.
}W" gzZ

I zkZ~* bZ beqZ{%

Z ^z5 K
ZgzZ xz +
0i {z [ gz yZ s Z.
}

yWp 7Za [zZ ~zt n kZ *


c g|*
@"

Vp ~ ` K
Z x Z.
} 0Z [zZ $
e.
*
@ Za gzZ g+
0ZyK
ZgzZ r
g A
&

X gYUyWV ,
6RKzkZ nZ

ZgzZ YHx *
*+
$]xWtc qt

_Zg9 Z+
&zg {,
kiz O%Z { Y *
c g Z F
F,
6 ~/
cgzZ
*
@Za ~V Zz + kZ T ]*
! G~[kZ

g Cc_ w]*
c W W V1!x Z Z ! fgzZM%Z
G4)9
wJc_kZ D{Cb -G
"gzZ " V gzZ

qut kZ [f s[~:JV 1

318

VZiz

QgzZ YHc_ bkZ kgZ[Z+


hgW]:Z

p Y]*
!s.
v]*
c WyZVyWpv*
!f

X ^] j ]g Z%*
*zx *
*lx+ZG

V zmvZ -]|xsZ9tc Zuz

!g *
!O Y~
M%Z *
@YH[gZ q~ Z/
]\Wg *

gzZ [~B; qZ ,
6gkZ=Z ]\W~g *
0

!kZ *
c tg Z~B; }uz
KZgzig Z]\W {g Z ]*

u { i *
@QgzZ [ J Q yIg uge *
c Z[

9gzZxsZ *
c [WV Py: Z+
0\7{ *
c VZ

sx Z Z ! f qZ q~ y zmvZ -xsZ

gzZ *
*uV z 0E
!.
_ LZ V kZ ~g Y
X *
*x *
*+
$yZ}x *
* ~I]w9ZkZ

t {zgzZ gu*
0*
*gzZqZ~kZBBkZ

V*
!+ZV*
@Y~g
GkZy CYg*
!g*
!]*
!#
Z

VZ 0E
!.
_ #wzgzZzmvZ-9gzZ Y*
c~g
G
b g KZ,
6x*
*] \WnkZ DDD H
3gg+
0Z#QkZ
W WDDD ] XgzZ lpqZ bgVzgzZ zZ KZgzZ

]| y HBV|V- 6 Y*
c gzZ

f7 }]| |1 wg \vZzmvZ -

\g- `Wt wqgz*


! kZ Bq~ Z.
}gzZ C
g Z.
}v*
!

+*
*$
e.~}g*
! 7 }]|~ T DY wz*
*,Z~

gZZ,7 }]|~X CY `+Z CY '*


!

~ }g *
! +Z gzZ wz*
* ,Zt s: gzZ CY

319

VZiz

w=[fgkZ C7`Z Z,
Ws|

gZZ]{ *
0 Y C
mZV2 *
@~VIgzZz*
*
yW~ wyZ #
ZVY T e *
* Za ~ V

?g*
!VYyWg7*
! ]wgZz

yWZ\vZVYY*
c^Yf#QtcZ
yWgzZyWzzyZ *
c=gf )
ZzkZgzZ

Z {Zg+
$zZ {z/
g V <
yZ}9~Z+
DgZ Rz~ZzQ[fv
YfzmvZ -gn Z *
!ZZ)~ #Q V@

zmvZ -\W *
cg}
ayZ#QgzZ y~,
(
w2~Og*
@~,
Fz.N qbVzg*yZYf~}i :*
c
u] )N Yx3ZgvN Y^I}g*t/
Z*
@YH*
cg3Zg

G
3!
qD *
c:*
czmvZ-\W(12B1 V]] r ( z ]
DIZgzZD: ,v*
0 gzZZzpg yZ *
c Zzg
G ]*
!Yf*
c Zz
]\W( e^ ]u V e oe] o]f) YuhZzpg

gZ ]\W{]|(122B1:]] r )*
cgZaZzg,,
6+
$
:k%gzZ}:.,
6LggzZ}:xZZ},
(w
~$
eZzg )Z1Z]|( .!
!ZjZ)7~{z
G-G

Z]\W( e^ ]u )Yu| z"s#ZoB

o]f)N Y{Zz,
6"sYfv*
cgZ~V#

, ZYf\vZy#~$
eZzgqZ( e^ ]u ( pz ] ^ oe]

Vz[Z? *
c7qDLZnkZ?~}yZgzZ
(126B1:e^ ]u ( pz ] oF oe] o]f )X~]n~gv~ YnkZ

VZiz

320

o1% Y f #Q n Z ]*
c Z@t zmvZ -vZ wg
@Y *
*
c*
0 m ~V ` WgzZn: Uh{ ZgZ {z/
*
@g
x *
*+
$Y fgzZ kg Z ,
6 R@ n kZ Z {z
V ~}g *
!Y f *
@Y{ e Z ~/
c]o"kg Z g Y
w*
*
,
6#ZZ1,
6#Qt CY
yZ ~ V *
@ *
@Y *
c g Z IYgzZ*
* V ~)
Z,
' L0?gzZ :qzug MZypgZg: *
!wz
i t kZ *
c 3 x Z/
z,
6 iE g 6Z L yz
7
:Z,Sgg ZZ/,
6x *
*$
- Z ggzZjt@pV
WV Zz 7BzggzZ *
@Y *
c ~ }g *
! b)yZ H
*
c z
,
W*
@tgzZ H
*
c 3 :gzZe
hb ss.
v
XZz *
! Gq }
:%L LKZ}b
bzOZzgZyZ*
*wz"Z*
*x*
*+
$YfV@yZ
yWY^IYfg#QkZ/
ZVY RyZVgzZ *
*
~kzg7~gZVZP~*
!Z<z+gzZUgyZ
YxzYf=gfrZZgf
w~V*
cWx ZZ#
Z
JV G}"z,
6~}g*
!V{gzZ kgZ H
Hx*
*+
$[p
zg
tgzZ w" ,
]sZ GLYxzYf~Z~,
(
ZgzZ H
#
*
c *
!+XHV#yZ ;H7V
VnkZ;g7gZ *
*2~$
eCzZZ
YfxZ
7g 0WV7 LgzZe xg*
C
!Vi+Zexg )a[p
![ZZ
ZnyZgzZui*
*]qVY ;e
Y 2006,
' ZB2013