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LUNG CANCER

Midterm BSN IV B

Prepared by: Castrillo, Yum

Bronchogenic Carcinoma Squamous cell CA (35 50%) Adenocarcinoma (15 35%) Small cell carcinoma (10 20%) Undifferentiated large cell CA (10 15%)

Leading Cancer sites - Lung Leading site in Males - Bronchus Females - Bronchus

More common in Males 90% of patients over 40years 60% incurable at time of detection 35 50% of coin lesions (x-ray) Indisputable association with smoking

Risk Factors
Cigarette Radon Radon is a radioactive gas that you cannot see, smell or taste. It forms in soil and rock. People who work in mines may be exposed to radon. In some parts of the country, radon is found in houses.

Risk Factors
Asbestos and other substances: People who have certain jobs (such as those who work in the construction and chemical industries) have a higher risk of lung cancer. Air pollution Slightly increase risk of lung cancer. Family history of lung cancer. Personal history of lung cancer. Age over 65.

TYPES OF LUNG CANCER:


Small cell lung cancer: - About 18% of lung cancers are small cell lung cancers. This type tends to spread quickly. Non small cell lung cancer: - Most lung cancers (about 87%) are non-small cell lung cancers).