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TURBINE

STRESS EVALUATOR [T S E]
S. Mundle. DGM. CW

T S E (contd)
IMPORTANT FOR TURBINE OPERATION o To GUIDE THE OPERATOR during o START UP & SHUTDOWN OPERATION WITHOUT STRESSING THE TURBINE

PREVENTING FATIGUE

T S E (contd)
INPUTS TO T S E: WALL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT (TSE THERMOCOUPLES Ti / T100 ) MEAN TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT (TEMPERTAURE Tm / T50) TURBINE SPEED ACTUAL MW LOAD

T S E (contd)

COMPUTING CHANNELS:

HP STOP VALVE

HP TURBINE SHAFT
IP TURBINE SHAFT

T S E (contd)
INDICATING AND RECORDING VALUES:

BARGRAPH INDICATOR(back
up panel)

MINIMUM TEMP MARGINS

MMI + TG DCS
TEMP MARGINS, TEMPERTAURES.

ACTUAL LOAD, LOAD MARGINS, SPEED,

T S E (contd)
IMPORTANCE OF MARGINS
THERMAL STRESS CAN OCCUR: DURING STARTUP

LOADING OF TURBINE
MARGIN INDICATES THE THERMAL STRESS IN TURBINE

STRESS OCCURS WHEN MARGIN IS CONSUMED

ZERO MARGIN IS AVAILABLE

T S E (contd)

How to Re-gain MARGINS ?


Bring Changes in:

Steam Temperature Steam Flow Steam Pressure

T S E (contd)
SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS:
It is a P (Procontrol P ) Based System Two Separate DC Supply Analog & Binary Signals are exchanged with other system.

T S E (contd)
FUNCTIONS
Load
MW

T100

T50
Function Generator

T
TpermU
TpermL

Upper Load Margin Upper Temperature Margin [dTu]

LowerLTemperatureMargin [dTl] pper Load Margin

T S E (contd)
SHAFT TEMPERATURE SIMULATION [for HP / IP Turbine Shaft]

T100

FUNCTION GENERATOR

T50

SHAFT TEMPERTAURE DIRECT MEASUREMENT NOT POSSIBLE

T S E (contd)
ADMISSION
HP Stop Valve Body HP Computing Channels

TURBINE
IP Computing Channels

Upper Temp Margin

Lower Temp Margin

Upper Temp Margin

Lower Temp Margin

Upper Temp Margin

Lower Temp Margin

MIN SELECTION Upper Temp Margin

MIN SELECTION Lower Temp Margin

T S E (contd)
SIGNAL EXCHANGE:
SIGNALS RECEIVED SIGNALS SENT

Turbine Speed

GENERATION MW

Upper Temp Margin

Lower Temp Margin

Turbine Controller

T S E (contd)
SIGNAL EXCHANGE (Contd..)
Shaft Temperature ( Simulated) Upper & Lower Tem Margins
Actual Load / Speed Upper & Lower Load Margins

RECORDER

T S E (contd)
SELF MONITORING OF THE SYSTEM

T t
>

Pre-determined gradient

[T= Temperature & t = Time]

DYNAMIC MONITORING OF THE SYSTEM

T S E (contd)
FAULTS & ALARMS:
Failure of Thermocouples Dynamic Alarm

ATRS & Turbine Controller

THANK YOU !