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AIDS stands for Acquired Immune

Deficiency Syndrome
AIDS is a medical condition. A person is
diagnosed with AIDS when their immune
system is too weak to fight off infections.
.

.

AIDS is caused by HIV.


HIV |

HIV is a virus that gradually attacks


immune system cells. As HIV progressively
damages these cells, the body becomes
more vulnerable to infections, which it will
have difficulty in fighting off. It is at the
point of very advanced HIV infection that
a person is said to have AIDS.
It can be years before HIV has
damaged the immune system enough for
AIDS to develop.
HIV | HIV

|

This state is called AIDS. ( )


It may take many years for AIDS to develop and till that time
Infected person will remain healthy
HIV |

Following body fluid of infected


person are rich in HIV
1. Blood ()
2. Semen ()
3. Vaginal fluid ( )
But following body fluid do not
pose any danger
1. Sweat ()
2. Tears ()
3. Saliva()
4. Urine ()

Unprotected sexual intercourse with


infected person (
)
Transfusion of infected blood (
)
Infected mother to her baby (
)

During Pregnancy ( )

During Birth Process ( )


Through Breast Feeding ( )

By use of infected needles, syringe and


other equipment ( ,
)

HIV can be transmitted by ( )

Unprotected sexual intercourse


( )
Homosexual or Heterosexual
( )

Transfusion of
infected blood
( )

By infected
needles
( )

Through Breast
Feeding
( )

During Pregnancy
( )

From Touch ( )
From Handshake ( )
From Hugging ( )
From Kissing ( )
From Coughing ( )
From Saliva ( )
From Sneezing ( )
From Eating Together ( )
From Sharing Utensils ( )
From Using Swimming Pool (
)
From Sharing Clothes ( )
From Sharing Bathroom or Toilet (
)
From Mosquito Bite or Insect Bite (
)
From Patient Caring ( )

HIV can not be transmitted by ( )


From touch
( )

From Sneezing
( )

From Kissing From Sharing toilet


( )
( )
From Swimming pools
( )
From Handshake
( )

From Hugging
( )

From Coughing
( )

From Eating together


( )
From Mosquito bite
( )

From Patient caring


( )
From Sharing clothes
( )

By always having safe sex (


) Always use condom ( )

Be faithful to your partner ( )


Have only one sexual partner ( )

Use only HIV safe blood or blood product (


)

Before marriage and before planning a baby check


that you are not HIV positive. (
)

Don't share your shaving blade with someone, ask


barber to use new blade for shaving and haircut.
( |

)

Do not inject drugs and other intoxicants (


)

Doctors and nurses should always use sterile or


disposable needles and instruments. (

)

How can HIV infection be prevented?


( ?)

Always use condom


( )
Have only one sexual partner
( )

Use only HIV safe


blood (

)
Use Disposable Needles

Do not inject drugs (

)

Ask barber to always use new blade


( )

An HIV infected person initially looks normal and


perfectly healthy.
. The symptoms
of AIDS develop after few years. (
.) Most of these
symptoms are due to infections.
, ,
.
Long standing high fever ( )
Sweat, particularly at night. (,
)
Swollen Glands ( )
Chills ( )
Persistent Cough ( )
Persistent Diarrhea ( )

Persistent unexplained fatigue and weight loss of


more than 5 kg within short period (
5 )
White blotch in the mouth or on tongue(
)

Symptoms of AIDS ( )

Sweat, Particularly at Night.


(, )

Swollen Glands
( )
Persistent Cough
Long Standing High Fever ( )
( )

White Blotch
( )

Chills ( )

Persistent Diarrhea
( )

Persistent Fatigue and


Weight Loss (

By taking a blood test "HIV Antibody


Test" also called "HIV Test. (
" ,

)

The HIV test can tell you if you have


the virus and can pass it to others.

(

) |

The test is not a part of your regular


blood tests you have to ask for it by
name.(

)
It is a very accurate test. (
)

If answer of any of below questions is yes, then you


should take HIV test(
, )

Have you had unprotected vaginal, oral or anal


sex ?( , ,
?)

Have you shared needles to inject street drugs or


steroids or to pierce your skin?(
/ ?)

Have you had a sexually transmitted infection


(STI) or unwanted pregnancy?(
()
?

Have you had a blood transfusion or received


blood products before April, 1985?( ,
1985
?)

Take advice from a healthcare professional, take test for TB


and other Sexual Transmitted diseases (STDs). (
. (STDs) )

Inform your sexual partner(s) about their possible risk for


HIV.(
)

Protect others from the virus by following the precautions


like always use condom, do not sure needles etc. (


, / )
Protect yourself from any additional exposure to HIV. (
)

Avoid drug and alcohol use, practice good nutrition, and


avoid fatigue and stress.( ,
.
Seek support from trustworthy friends and family (
)

Find a support group of people who are going through


similar experiences. (
.

Do not donate blood, plasma, semen, body organs or


other tissue.(, , ,
)

GENERAL CARE:
Sympathetic attitude from family and people(
)

Patient should be advised to take adequate rest and


diet rich in proteins and vitamins(

)

As far as possible patient should avoid eating outside


food(
)

Patient should be encouraged to give up all bad habits


i.e. smoking, alcohol or chewing paan or tobacco (
, , ,
)
Patient should drink boiled water(
)

Patient should be advised to do regular exercise or


yoga(
)
If patients follow above general care tips they can live
1-2 year longer.(
1-2 )

SYMPTOMATIC TREATMENT( ) :

Early treatment of common problems like fever,


cough, diarrhea etc.( , ,
)

Early detection and treatment of opportunistic


infections like TB (
)

SPECIFIC ANTI-HIV TREATMENT (


)
Many new anti-HIV drugs are coming. These
can prevent the spread of the virus and can
delay various complications. These can be
used to prolong life of patient. (
.
.

.)

AIDS is an attack on mankind. Prevention of AIDS


is our joint responsibility. Let us fight it by
spreading awareness. And by showing
compassion and understanding to people who
are victim of HIV/AIDS.
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