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# ADVANCED DESIGN SYSTEM

Lab Report-3
By Ashok Kumar. Sunkara Anandkrishnam Raju. Uddaraju

## Transistor sizing and Characterization

1. If the transistor operating in the saturation region then The Expression for the drain current is

In order to double the value of the current ID (for the given VDS & VGs). We simply need to double the gate width W. COX Is the Capacitance of the Oxide. 2. When VGS < VTH Transistor is turned off so no conduction between drain and source. There is a weak inversion current sometimes it is also called as sub threshold leakage.

Where IDO= Current at VGS=VTH terminal voltage VT= KT/Q and the slope factor n is given by n=1+CD/COX. With CD= Capacitance of the depletion layer. COX= Capacitance of the oxide layer.

## Polarization of class A Power amplifier

1. Class A amplifier has a general property that the output device always carries a significant current level. And hence have a large quiescent current. It is also defined current level in the amplifier when it produces a zero output. In order to obtain varying the large quiescent current which leads to very poor power efficiency, additionally the Class A amplifier dont have harmonics. They have excellent linearity for the whole input and output range. They conduct for 360 degrees of the input cycle, which means that the transistor is never off. In Class B amplifier conduction period is of the input cycle -180 degrees and for the other half of the period. The device is turned off. The linearity is worse than in class A but the drain efficiency is higher. 2. Threshold voltage VT of the NMOS transistor is approximately equal to 0.3v and maximum input peak voltage swing is 0.45v then the DC voltage should be applied to gate to operate in class A is 0.75V.

## Performance and linearity

1. We performed the instructions and we plotted the output voltage against the input one i.e logarithmic scale for the output power of 30dBm. 2. The value of back-off=0.69656.

## Optimal load impedance Zopt

1. 2. If we reduce the value of R1 and R2 (we divide by each by two). While keeping some ratio in order to not change the DC Voltage we obtain the following results. We may observe that the power added directly did not changed much. The response for this phenomina is that the current following the drain is much.