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]Ell COUClIE QlE L ]LUOHLUE JHHEUl H]OJ1HUl O:.
HUUL

3 1940-1950 CE31 U1Il3OU UlU 3HU_ UOlLHl U\11


HH1IEJE LUCOIE ULX]OILL JE, QlL H IHL ILOl!II\
3E31 H1L EHlCOl] ]13 Hl ULHl UE3 3lE13 QlL Ul 3! ,
UL CE QlL E CULHH H 0 UJE Hl HOUUL, ]lll QlE UL H
ULIL UL E l UJE iL ULO-JLH3HE n UE3l- ]OU1 UHU+!
lU lHHU3HE HHU1 Ut1IL lU 31E UE H3E EU 3CLU '
11 CE 31L l-HtHL UE 3L ULJU1- ]H3 E33EU!LLUU'1\1
]HJ lU L1HCUHLU1 UEHU1 H JLH1L
.l33 EU UOlJE U1LU1OU UE31-EE ]H3 UE ]IUEJ |E 1[('
3H3 QlEE ]JLLHUEUCL UE H OIHE 3lI E OUU. iHJ1 ]U\l1
HJ1 n, UE3

l ]H3 HOJU3 LIL1QlE Hl CULHH. l3, ]El1-I!


WHJ8 H 3UjE1 UOlLHl, OIHE UOlLE 11 LE3l LUCOIL UJJi
HOU UL HElX COH]JEUUIE LE QlE E 1JH CEJCE 0 UO\
UJE QlL UE 3HOI COHHLU1 L U!.
1U 1938 Ol 19:j9 UOUC, L CULHH ]HIHU1 LOUUH33u1l
3lJlOl1 L

\ JHUCL L1 EU .HLIQlL, lUE HHULIE UE ]EJi


lIOU CH88JQlE, OUULL, UlU ClL, 3lI H HH1lJ1L GE3 LUI.
UIHHH1QlE3 LHOJL3 UE]l3 UX HU3 Ol LJ1L3 Ul C

ULI\\:
HlEl, UE Hl1JE 3lJ H 31H3H1OU UL3 ]IO_JL3 lLCUQl(:.
iE3 HUULE3 U OU1 LlL 0 H O3 CEL3 Ul 3OU L1 UE H ]LCUl
]HUCIOHH1IQlE. .HU3 UOl1E LQl]LHLU1 UE3 31lUU:
UH-1- ]H3 Ct33L UE 3L ]EIEC1OUULJ HH3 CE3 HHLOIH1O!:
UL1HEUl QlE UL UL1H HlClUE UEU1JE EE3 UOlIHEU!
UE ]O33lL3 IHUCHEHEU1 UOlEL3 0 H H3E EU 3CLU(
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E1lE

31lH1OU
A
UH UHLlI

]H3 CHU_L UE]l3 1940,


8J

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L31 ]El1

L1IL lOl1 UL HEHE QlHUl 0 H ]O1O_IH]v,


_IHCE H HCCIOJ33LHEU1 UL H 3LU3lL UE H ]LClE. i\
]HUCIOHHlQlE H OlLLI3L LQlIE UL3 HElI3 dt
HH_E, P3 LHl3OU3 l1JH-3LU3L3 OU1 ]LIH3 UEU HOU
11LJ E UL33U. iJL UL HJL UE3 ]I3E3 UL lL EU 31lUO HEi
UE3 UH
|
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lCOl] ]l3 EIHL3, O]LJH1LlJ H ]l,


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3 ECEHUl LJ!1\IULJ E Ol UE3 HJILJE-]HU3 Ql L1Hl


_LULJHEHLU1 UE I_lElJ. wH3 OU 1IOlLJH1 LU ULS
LXEH]L3 HU1LIL

J3 ULH]O UL H ]JOOUUElI UL CHH


(CLZ JLHU LUOJI ]H EXEH]E} CEL-C H 1Ol|OlJ3 L1
]O33L EU LX1LJElI E1 HtHL LU 31lUO Hl ]JX UL QlEQlES
]IOlL33E3. 3lJ3HlUE E OlOI. 1U3OJ1E Ql3H_1 HOUS
Hl OUU UlH ]IOLHE 1ECUQlL, UOU1 H 3Ol1OU E3l
IH, H L1L _IHUUEHEU1 HClLL, QlE UlUL JECLIE U'
3lE, 3lJ QlO UOl3 ILEUUJOU3. 1U 3OHHL, UE]l3 H l_H-
3H1OU UEH]O UC H ]HUCIOHH1Q1L H COUUH33HUCi
L'VOLUTION DU LANGAGE
139
0E3 IE33OlJCL3 Ul HJCIO L1 H _LULJH3H1OU UE H _JlE UHU3
LQl]LHEU1 UL3 31lUO3, OU ]El1 1EUJ ]OlJ

Cl3L3
`

3
COUG1OU3 lLCUQlL3 ULCL33HJE3 E1 3lJ3HU1E3 H HJ1 LJE-
HH1O_JH]QlL UE]l3 1930.
.
"
`
\l3QlE L3 ULlEIHU3HL3 lLC)QlL3 L1HIEU ]JH1JQlE-
HEUl LHUL3 Hll UOUC CLILLJ HElI3 L3 8J_UL3 E1 E3
,
, \
IUC]L3 UE LOllOU Ul HUH_E UHU3 HJEHI3L

EU CH

3E
UE3 3l|E13 E1 ]HJ OL UL COU3LQlEUCE UE3 3lE3

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u ElJ EX]IL33OU. 1U 1939 E CJULHH ]HIHU1

U E
.
lI1 HJI,L
u CE QlE L3 pLO_JH]E3 H]]LEUl E ]IO1 LQ

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.
GlU
!ElL. IE31-0-UIL 0 CL1lE COlJL HHlLHH1!QlL JULHE
Ql L3l L IL3llH1 UlUE 3lJ3HU1L LIO3OU. .11EUT 3OU
|
JOJ
ULQlJE, E !LlE COlE 3HU3 EOJ1 UE 3H 3OlJ

L H 3OU
LHOlClJE El CL33E UE CILl3LJ UHHU1H_L 3OU 11. HJ8
3lJEUUL QlEQlL HOlEHEUl _LOO_QlE Ql 3lILLE
H]LUL]HUL, HOU1E H11lUL UEH3OlICE EHlUE UOlEHl
1IHHE, ]LUL1JE E3 lEIIHIU3 3Ol3|HCLU!3 3EUOUCE, HHE
L1 CIEl3L. HIO3, 3 3H_1 UE COlCE3 CHCHJE3 3L UL33HE
HOI3 lOl1 lU UOlEHl ILE EU CIElX QlH3 II\`'3L 3lI L
]HlLHl, HH3 COH]LXE El lOlJHEUlL ]Ol!l QlOU 3lL
L CEHU UE EHl.
fVOLUTION DU DCOUPAGE CINMATOGRAPHIQFE DEPUIS LE
PARLANT
1U 19:j8, 0U IL1IOlE UOUC ]ILBQlE ]HJlOll E HtHE _LUIL
UE ULCOl]H_L. . UOl3 H]]LOU3 lU
.
]El COJ\`'LU1OUUEE-
HEU1, EX]IE33OUU3lE Ol 3HOJ31L n E l]L UE 1H3
HlL13 OUUL3 3lJ H ]H31QlE L1 L3 HJ11JCE3 Ul HOUlH_E,
UOl3 ]OlIJOU3 QlH1EJ H UOlLE OIHE UE ILCl U HU

-
1QlE L1 UIHHHlQlE. .O1, ]OlI JL]JLUUIL lU
`
UE3 EL
HLU13 UE EX]LILUCE UE OlECO, lUE 1HE 3E1E Ll lU
]HlJL LJE HHHL. lU ]Ll1 HH_ULI EU 1936 E ULLOl]H_E
5lHUT
1' ]HU _LULJH CHUJHUl 0 H O3 HC1ElJ E1 H lHE
`' lIHElJ) HHU1 1JUI33HUT 3lI lU _IO3 ]HU Ul 3H_E
Qli EX]JHE

lU HLHU_E ULHLILLHEU1 E1 UE UL3J_


3" 3LIE UE _JO3 ]HUS UE \C1lHE5
4' IL1OlJ Hl ]LI3OUUH_E CHUJL EU EU, Ql H\HUCL EU-
lEHLU1 EJ3 H CHHLJH
m
140 QU'EST-CE QUE LE CINlIA ?
n' LLJ 1JHLH HJILJL ]OUJ ]LJHL11JL UH ]HH H11]('
JCHH UL HC1LUJ 3H333HHl UHL HL UL OHv.
_ULL3 QUL 3OLHT L3 HJHH1L3 QUOH ]LUl HHHLJ H t''
ULCOU]HL, LUJ JL3lLJH1 UL3 ]OH13 COHHlH3
10 H JH3LHHHCL UL L3]HCL, UHH3 LQUL H ]HCL G
]LJ3OHHHL L3l lOU|OUJ3 UL1LJHHLL, HHL QUHHU lH JU:
]HH LHHL L ULCOJ
20 H1LHlOH LT L3 L1Ll3 UU ULCOl]HL 3OH1 tXCl3t'
HLH1 UJHHHlQUL3 Ol ]3_CHOOQ\lL3.
1H UHU1JL3 1LJHL3, jOULL 3UJ UH 1HvH1JL Ul vt UJ1\
Hl1LU UOJCHB3!JL, CL1lL 3CLHL HUJH1 LXHC!LHLH1 L HPHi
3LH3 LLHLHLHl COHlHlLJHl ULX31LJ O]LlLHHT
L3 CHHHLHLHl3 UL ]OH13 UL lL UL H CHHLJH H_ H|Ol1L1l
JLH. 3 ]JL3LHlLHl 3LULHLH1 H JLH1L UlHL HHHLJI
]U3 L1CHCL. HOJU LH ]LJHL1lHH1 UL H HLlXOJ.
LH3UlL LH J)| LT]{Hl CCLHl 3UJ CL QU L HLJlL.
\LJ1L3, lOU1 COHHL lcHL1lLUJ LH 3CLHL UL 1HHTJL,
HLl1LlJ LH 3CLHL UL CHLHH U3]O3L UlHL HHJL CHTLJ]J-
lHlOH UHH3 HQULL HLCHJ L 3LJ3 CL HlOH. H3 (t
HL31 QUlHL HHJL L1 QU HL 3HlJHl HOUiLJ H OQl
OJHLL UL LLHLHLHT. JLHOH3 ]HJ COHlJL L HOH!Hi
GL3 OH3 UL ]LJJ( UHH3 La Fin de Sainl-Ptersbour; :
HHLHLHl JH]]JOCHLL3, UHL 3LJL UL 3CU]1lJL3 UOHHLHl
H]JL33OH UUHPHLHHHH QU 3LUJL33L (COHHL L ]Ll]L}.
\L1lL HUHJHL lJOUHL UL HOH1HL L3l H]LH3HL UL3
1932. HH3 Pury, J1Z HH H1JOUU1 LHCOJL LH 1935
H]JL3 UHL 3UTL UL ]HH3 UL JLHHL3 CHHCHHHH1, HHL U
]OUL3 CHQUL1HHl UHH3 UHL H33L-COUJ. \L3l UHL 3UJHHCL
UU HOHlHL H1lJHClOH QU CHOQUHl ULjH H L]OQUL L1 QU
]HJHT HU|OlJUHU lOUl H H1 HL1LJOLHL HU JL31L UU H.
` ULC3 QUL 3O1 HJ1 UUH |HJHL, ]HJ LXLH]L CHH3 H H3L
LH HLlJ UL3 3CLHHJO3 UU Quai des brumes Ol UU Jou]' se lve,
3OH ULCOU]HLULHLUJL HU HLHU UL H JLH1L QU HHH_3L,
- HL31 QUlHL JHOH UL H LH OJ. \L31 ]OUJQUO OH H3331L
H H U3]HJlJOH ]JL3QUL lO1HL UL3 lJUCHL3 3JL3, IL3
QUL H 3UJH]JL33OH, Ll HPHL, 3UJlOU1 LH .HLJQUL, UU
JO3 ]HH UOH1 L1L1 ]H_3QUL lIO] OLH1 JLHUJH1 3LH3L
L HOH1HL. HH3 H COHLUL HHLJCHHL l_]QUL, L HL1lLUJ
LH 3CLHL JLLHl CHHQUL O3 QU L ]LUl HU CHUJHL UL3
]LJ3OHHHL3 HU-UL33U3 UL3 LHOUX, QU 3HLJL P1JL L ]l3
COHJOJHL H H11LHlOH 3]OH1HHLL UU 3]LClH1LlJ, L ]OH!
ULQUJL HHllJL UL 3OH HCCOHHOUH1OH HLH1HL.
L'VOLUTION DU LANGAGE 1,1 1
1H HT, CL1!L ]JH1QlL UU HOH1HL H 3L3 0IJUS HJ: l
HLHH 1ULl. \L31 H ]Ll ]JL3 L JL QlLI ]i:t tI:tz
lJ1J1H, UHH3 Le Lys bris ]HJ LXLH]L, CHJ, HLC Inlolrance,
lJ1!IlH H1JOUU3H1 UL|H CL11L COHL]lOH 3_H1HL!QlL Ul
HOHlHL QUL L CHL1H 3OL1QlL ]Ol33LJH H 3L3 ULJHLJL3
OH3LQULHCL3 LlQU3LJL1JOUL, HOH3LXCl3LHLHT, HUH3L
lH ]Ll ]HJ1Oll H H iH Ul HULl. 'H COH]JLHU, UU JL31L,
QUL HHL 3OHOJL, LHUCOU] HOH3 HHLH!L QUL HHv
Y3lLL, H1 JHHLHL L HOHlHL LJ3 L JLH3HL, LHHHHT
t ]U3 LH ]l3, HU33 LH LX]JL33OHH3HL ]H31QUL QlL
L3 JH]]OJ13 3_HOQUL3 LHTJL L3 HHL3.
.H3 LJ3 1938, L3 iJH3 L1HLH1, LH JH1, ]JL3QlL UHH-
HHLHLHl CvCOl]L3 3LOH L3 HPHL3 ]JHC]L3. H31OJL
LlH! ULCJ1L ]HJ lHL 3UCCL33OH UL ]HH3 UOHl L HOHJL
YHJH1 JHTLHLHl ]Ll (HUlOlJ UL UUU}. H lLCHHQUL
CHJHClLJ3!QUL ULCLULCOl]HL LlH! L CHHH]COH1JLCHHH]
CL31, UHH3 UH UHOUL ]HJ LXLH]L, H ]J3L UL UL H1LJHLL
3LOH H OQlL Ul lLX1L, UL UH OU HllJL H1LJOCU1LlJ.
\L3l CL l_]L UL ULCOl]HL, QU HH1 ]HJH1LHLHl COHL-
Hl HlX HLLUJ3 UL3 1H3 UL3 HHHLL3 30 H :-9, QUL3l XLHl
JLHLTIJL LH CHU3L L ULCOU]HL LH ]JOJOHULUJ UL CHHH]
U'J3OH `LL3 Ll UL `HH `_LJ.
H HO1OJJLlL UL Citizen Kane HL 3HUJHl TJL 3lJHlL.
lJHL H H ]JOOHULlJ UL HHH], UL3 3CLHL3 LHlLJL3 3OHT
!JH1LL3 LH UHL 3LUL ]J3L UL lL, H CHHLJH JL31HHl HPHL
HHOL. L3 L1L13 UJHHH1QUL3, ULHHHUL3 HHlLJLUJLHLHl
Hl HOH1HL, HH33LH1 lOl3 C UU UL]HCLHLHl UL3 HC1LUJ3
UHH3 L CHUJHL CHO3 UHL JO3 ]OUJ lOUlL3. \LJ!L3, ]H3 ]l3
QUL \JJ1H L JO3 ]HH, 'J3OH `LL3 {( HHLHlH1 H
]JOJOHULlJ UL CHHH] 1Ol3 L3 ]JH!3 UU CHLHH U!-
3HLH1, Ll ]OUJ CHU3L. L iOU UHH3 HHL HL3l H]]HJU
QlHLC L HOH1HL. HL1H1 ]H3 3LULHLH! lHL 3LJ1UUL
!LCHHQlL COH3LCUlL H LH]O UL3 ]HH3 JH]]JOCHL3,
HH3 H COH3LQULHCL OQlL Ul HOHlHL, 3OH LQlHLHCL
]H31QlL. `, H lL HOHLH! UL HC!OH, L HL1lLUJ LH 3CLHL
JH1, ]HJ LXLH]L, COHHL ClHH3 L ULCOU]HL HHHL ]l3
HHlT, UH JO3 ]HH ClUHL COU]L UL JJU13, L3T HOJHH QU
3OL HU33 UHH3 L3]HCL ]HJ H H3L Hl ]OHl UL O|LC1J.
L 1!OU UL3 HJJLJL-]HH3 COHTJHL UOHC L1Ll Ul HOHlHL,
HH]]HJ1LHl QlHCCL33OJLHLH1 Hl 3l_L UL H ]HOlO-
JH]HL, HH3 L33LHlLLHLH1 H CLlJ Ul JLCl. L|H ,LHH
LHOJ HH1 ]HJJHTLHLH1 COH]J3 QUHHU LCJHl LH
1938, CL31-H-UJL H]JL3 La bte humaine L1 La Grande illusion
142 QU'EST-CE QUE LE CINMA?
Ll HHHl La Rgle du jeu: " 1U8 |HHHCL CHH8 JOH JL1L,
]U8 jL 8U8 HJLHL H HIL CL H J8L LH 8CLHL LH ]IOOHCL\'`
]HI IH]]OI1 H LCIHH , ]U8 H H ]U8 |L ILHOHCL HUY COJ
IOH1H1OH8 LH1IL CLUY HC1LUI8 ]HCL8 8H[LJLH1 CLHH1 :
CHJLIH COJJL CHLZ L ]HO1O[IH]HL. Ll LH L|L1 8 O1\
ILCHLICHL UH ]ILCUI8LUI H 'I8OH ``LL8, CL HL81 ]H8 OUS
UJLIL OU ZLCCH JH8 JLHH LHOI. \HLZ LHOI, H It
CHLICHL CL H COJ]O81OH LH ]IOOHCLUI CL 1JH[L COIILS
]OHC LLCILJLHl H UHL 8U]]IL88OH ]HI1LL CU JOHlH[i,
ILJ]HCL ]HI CL ILQULH18 ]HHOIHJQUL8 L1 CL8 LH1ILL:
CHH8 L CHHJ]. LL 8U]]O8L L IL8]LC1 CL H COH1HUlL U
L8]HCL CIHJH1QUL L1 HH1UILLJLH1 CL 8H CUILL.
L81 LCLHI H QU 8H1 OI QUL L8 ]HH8-8LQlLHCL8 tt'
``LL8 CHH8 Jlagnificenl Ambersons HL 8OHI HULJLHl
LHIL[8lILJLH1 ]H88 CUHL HC1OH ]HOIO[IH]HLi
UHH8 UH JPJL CHOIL JH8 HU COHIIHIL QUL L ILU8 Ci'
JOICLLI LLHLJLHI CHHH_8LI CHH8 L ILJ]8 HIL CIHOH
1QUL L81 UHL O]LIH1OH ]O81L COHl L1L1 L81 8U]LIL1 t
CLU QUHUIHl ]U ]IOCUIL L CLCOU]H[L CH88QUL.
8U1 CL COJ]HILI CLUY ]HO1O[IHJJL8 LH ]IOOHCLU
CL CHHJ] UH CL 1910, HU1IL CUH 1J CL ``LL8 OU Gi
``_LI, ]OUI COJ]ILHCIL H H 8LUL UL CL JH[L JPJ
8L]HILL CU J QUL 8H OHC1OH L81 1OU l HUlIL. 1L CHCIH[i
CL 1910 8CLH11JL ]IH1QULJLH1 HLC L QUH1ILJL JUJ
H8LH1 CL H 8CLHL CU 1HLB1IL OU OU JOH8 LH LY1LILUI,
HNLC L JLLUI ]OHI CL UL 8UI HC1OH 1HHC8 QUL L OLCOI,
LCHIH[L L1 HH[L COHHLH1 H H 8LCOHCL J8L LH ]H[L,
UHL 8O1L C1LILH1L. `UJ H 8UIHCL CL LCIHH L JL1lLU1
LH 8CLHL Ll O]LIH1LUI OH1 8U OI[HH8LI UH LCHQULI OIHJH-
1QUL COH1 HUCUH CLIH HL81 LYCU. 'H LH 1IOULIH L8
LYLJ]L8 L8 ]U8 CHI8, 8HOH L8 ]U8 OI[HHUY CHH8
Li/Ile Faxes O\ H J8L LH 8CLHL ]ILHC UHL I[ULUI CL]UII
(CHLZ `LL8 H 8UICHHI[L HIOQUL ILHC HHH_8L ]U8
COJ]LYL]. H J8L LH ]HCL CUH O|L1 ]HI IH]]OIl HUY
]LI8OHHH[L8 L81 1LL QUL L 8]LC1HlLUI ne peul pas LCHH]]LI
H 8H 8[H!CHlOH. `[H1CHIOH QUL L JOH1H[L HUIH1 CL-
IHLL CHH8 UH CLIOULJLH1 CL ]HH8 8UCCL888'.
LH OHUlIL8 1LIJL8 L ]HH-8LQULHCL LH ]IOOHCLUI CL
CHHJ] CU JL11LUI LH 8CLHL JOCLIHL HL ILHOHCL ]H8 HU
JOH1H[L COJJLHl L ]OUIIH1- 8HH8 IL1OUIHLI H UH
1. On trOU\'erl, dans j'tude lIi\'al1te SUI' vVilliuIll \V;'leI\ des illllslrations
prcises de CEtte nnalvsr,
L'VOLUTION DU LANGAGE 143
DHU1LJLH1 ]IJ1 HIL[IL H 8H ]H81QUL. L ILC1
UL `LL8 OU CL ``_LI HL8l ]H8 JOH8 LY]C1L QUL CLU
CL JOHH OIC JH8 H 8UI CL CLIHLI HHH1H[L CL HL ]OH1
ILHOHCLI HUY L1Ll8 ]HI1CULI8 QUOH ]LUl lILI CL UH1L
(L JH[L CHH8 L ILJ]8 L1 CHH8 L8]HCL. HL8I ]OH1
HC1LILHl LH L1L1 (CU JOH8 CHH8 UHL OUIL QU H11LH1 HU
Sl_L] QUUH LLHLJLHl 8O1 HHH_8L ]HJ' IH[JLH18 OU IL]IL-
8LH1L CHH8 8OH UHlL ]H_8QUL. 8LIH1 LCLJJLHI H8UICL
CL HLI L8 ]IO[IL8 CLC88 H]]OI1L8 ]HI U8H[L CU JOHlH[L
CHH8 L HH[H[L CL LCIHH JH8 8 OHI LIL HCQU8 HU ]IY
CHUlIL8 HLUI8 HOH JOH8 8]LC1QULJLH1 CHLJHlO[IH-
]HQUL8.
\L81 ]OUIQUO H ]IOOHCLUI CL tHHJ] HL8l ]H8 UHL JOCL
CO]LIH1LUJ COJJL U8H[L CL8 lIHJL8 CU 1IL OU IL 81_L
CLCHIH[L, JH8 UHL HCQU81OH CH]1HL CL H J8L LH
8CLHL UH ]IO[IL8 CHLlQUL CHH8 H81OIL CU HH[H[L
CHLJHIO[IH]HQUL.
Ll CL HL8I ]H8 H QUUH ]IO[IL8 O!1L | H ]IOOHCLUI CL
CHHJ] LH UI8LL HL81 ]H8 8LULJLH1 UHL HOH ]U8 LCO-
HOJQUL ]U8 8J]L Ll ]U8 8U1L H H O8 CL JL1lIL
LLHLJLHI LH HLUI LL HLCIL HLC L8 81IUC1UIL8 CU
HH[H[L CHLJH1O[IH]HQUL L8 IH]]OI18 H1LLClUL8 CU
8]LCIH1LUI HLC JH[L Ll ]HI H JPJL LL JOC1!L L 8LH8
CU 8]LCIHCL.
! 8OI1IHl CU ]IO]O8 CL CLl HIlCL CHHH_8LI L8 JOCH1L8
]8_CHOO[QUL8 CL CL8 IH]]OI18 8HOH LUI8 COH8LQULHCL8
L81HLIQUL8, JH8 ]OUIIH 8U!IL CL ILJHIQULI [IO88O JOCO
1 QUL H ]IOOHCLUI CL CHHJ] ]HCL L 8]LC1H1LUI CHH8 UH
I'H]]OII HLC JH[L ]U8 ]IOCHL CL CLU QU LHlIL1LHl
HLC H ILH1L. L8l COHC |U81L CL CIL QUHCL]LHCHJJLHl
CU COH1LHU JPJL UL JH[L 8H 1IUC1UJL L81 ]U8 ILH81L
2 QULL J]QUL ]HI COH8LQULHl UHL H1lIUCL JLHIHL
]U8 HC1L Ll JPJL UHL COH1IU1OH ]O81L CU 8]LC1H1UI
H H J8L LH 8CLHL. .OI8 QUL CHH8 L JOH1H[L HHH_lQUL
HH QUH 8UIL L [UJCL, COULI 8OH HI1LH1OH CHH8 CLL
CU JL11LUJ LH 8CLHL QU CHO81 ]OUI U CB QU HU1 OI
L81 ILQU8 C H UH JHJUJ CL CHOY ]LI8OHHL. L 8OH
H11LH1OH L1 CL 8H OOHIL CL]LHC LH HI1L L Hl QUL
JH[L H1 UH 8LH8
3 CL8 CLUY ]IO]O8lOH8 ]ILCLCLHlL8, COICIL ]8_CHOO-
[QUL LH CLCOUL UHL lIO8LJL QUOH ]LU1 QUH1LI CL JL1H-
]H_8QUL.
LH HHH_8HH1 H ILHlL; L JOH1H[L 8U]]O8H1, ]HI 8H
144 QU'EST-CE QUE LE CINMA?
JHllJL JJL, lJlL UL 3LJ5 UL LLHLJLJl UJHJHlQ
^HH3 OOllL lJ Hl1JI CHLJHLJJl HJH\lQlL LlHl ]O33J,
JH3 HOJ3 CLl1 L!L lH HllJL iJ. 1H 3OJJL, L JOJ!:},`
3O]]O3L L33LJ1JLLJLH! L1 ]HJ JHllJI H LY]JL33JOJ H
IHJlJ1L. Y]LJLHCL OL OlLCHOY L ULJOHlJL |l3l
JLHl ]HJ H3lIL IH GOHHHH1 CHQlL JOJ3 lJ 3LH3 ]Ji'iI
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Qu'est-ce que le Cinma ' 1 {J.
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146 QU'EST-CE QUE LE CINMA?
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148 QU'EST-CE QUE LE CINMA?
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LE RALISME DE \YYLER
. L!1UJLJ UHU8 L ULlH, H H8L LU 8CLUL UL ALJ
JL'LL ]O1J CHHC1U UL 8L8 JH8 UL lJL8 8L8 UiLJLUCL8
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UL H ]HOlO_JH]HL. LU UL8! ]18 O]]O8L 0 H ]H8lQ1L
UL8 Plus belles Cnnes de noire vie Q1L CLL UL La Lel/re.
_1HUU OU LOQ1L L8 8CLUL8 C1HUHU!L8 UL8 JH8 UL ``LJ
OU 8H]LJO! Q1L H HH!LJL UJHHHlQ1L LU L8l lJL8 HJLL
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UOUl Q1L ]L1 UL JH]]OJ! LUlJL LL8. _1 8H_88L UL H
JOL JO1_L U1 H UL L'Insoumise, U1 UHO_1L ]LUUHU!
L JH8H_L UL HJL O1 UL H HOJ! UL LJLJl HJ8HH UHU8
La Vipre, UL H HOJl U1 8HLJ UHU8 Le CClvalier du dsert,
U1 !JHLU_ UHU8 H ]HUlHlOU H1 UL1l UL LCl Lel/re, UL
H 8CLUL U1 OHHJULJ UL8HiLC!L UL8 Plus belles Clnnes
de notre vie, OU U lJO1VL ]H8 CL _Ol ]LJHHULUl UL !HLHL8
COHHL ]HJ LXLH]L 8 CHLH1CHLL8 UL JOHU OJU lL8
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8 `LJ L8! ]H88L HH1rc UHU8 L lJHlLHLU! UL CL _LUJL
UL 81|Ll Q18 8OLU! lJL8 U1U JOHHU COHHL Jezebel
O1 U1UL ]LCL COHHL The Little Faxes, 8 8OU 1JI H88v
UHU8 LU8LHL H UOlJL HLHO!JL _OUl 1U ]L1 u]J L1
1. Revue du Cinma, 1948.

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