Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 20

Diseado por : LUIS VILLANUEVA ANTEZANA

TRILATERACIN
1. Planillas de Campo y Datos
2. Hojas de Clculos

1) Determinacin de la distancia Horizontal para cada lado

2) Verificacin de las precisiones lineales de cada lado


3) Calculo de los ngulos interiores
4) Ajuste de estacin
5) Ajuste de figura

6) Fuerza de la Figura
7) Clculo de Lados
8) Clculo de Coordenadas
9) Clculo Angulos Verticales Promedio
10) Clculo y Compensacin de Desniveles
11) Clculo de Elevaciones por "Metodo de los Pesos"

1.- Planillas de Campo


De Pto.

A Pto.

DEC

MET

DEC

CAN

DEC

CAR

De Pto.

A Pto.

EST-MET

DEC

EST-MET

CAR

EST-MET

CAN

De Pto.

A Pto.

CAN

EST-MET

CAN

DEC

CAN

CAR

DI (m)
262.335
262.336
262.335
262.335
400.976
400.972
400.965
400.963
323.549
323.549
323.549
323.549

Punto DEC
Ang. Vert
85
7 44
274 52 14
85
7 49
274 52 12
83 55 33
276 4 36
83 55 31
276 4 34
91 50 45
268 9 12
91 50 42
268 9 19

Punto EST-MET
Ang. Vert
DI (m)
262.318
94 53 4
262.319
265 6 39
262.318
94 53 3
262.318
265 6 46
372.699
95
1 33
372.699
264 58 10
372.699
95
1 36
372.698
264 58 8
199.816
84 11 30
199.814
275 48 10
199.814
84 11 34
199.816
275 48 13

DI (m)
199.862
199.862
199.861
199.862
401.013
401.013
401.013
401.013
329.756
329.755
329.755
329.756

Punto CAN
Ang. Vert
95 44 44
264 15 16
95 44 32
264 15 16
96
3 46
263 55 41
96
3 42
263 55 23
99 12 5
260 48 8
99 12 8
260 47 52

A.I. (m)

A.P. (m)

1.363

1.485

1.363

1.500

1.363

1.495

A.I. (m)

A.P. (m)

1.357

1.300

1.357

1.495

1.357

1.500

A.I. (m)

A.P. (m)

1.318

1.485

1.318

1.300

1.318

1.495

De Pto.

A Pto.

CAR

CAN

CAR

EST-MET

CAR

DEC

DI (m)
329.710
329.710
329.709
329.710
372.720
372.720
372.718
372.720
323.605
323.601
323.602
323.602

Punto CAR
Ang. Vert
80 46 24
279 13 24
80 46 24
279 13 26
84 57 54
275 2 5
84 57 58
275 1 55
88
9 54
271 49 54
88 10 2
271 50 8

A.I. (m)

A.P. (m)

1.325

1.500

1.325

1.485

1.325

1.300

Datos para el calculo de Coordenadas y Elevaciones


GRUPO

Pto

CAR

Elevacin
Inicio (msnm)
3,710.546

Azimut
Inicio
23

Coordenadas Inicio
Norte
Este

6 17 600146.357

10012459.4

2.- Hoja de Clculos:


1) Determinacin de la distancia Horizontal para cada lado
Punto DEC
De Pto.

A Pto.

DEC

EST-MET

DEC

CAN

DEC

CAR

Ang. Vert
DI (m)
-184 52 16
262.335
-184 52 14
262.336
-184 52 11
262.335
-184 52 12
262.335
Promedio (m)
-186 4 27
400.976
-186 4 36
400.972
-186 4 29
400.965
-186 4 34
400.963
Promedio (m)
-178 9 15
323.549
-178 9 12
323.549
-178 9 18
323.549
-178 9 19
323.549
Promedio (m)

D.H. (m)
-261.388
-261.389
-261.388
-261.388
-261.388
-398.725
-398.719
-398.713
-398.710
-398.717
-323.381
-323.381
-323.381
-323.381
-323.381

Punto "EST-MET"
De Pto.

A Pto.

EST-MET

DEC

EST-MET

CAR

EST-MET

CAN

Ang. Vert
DI (m)
-175 6 56
262.318
-175 6 39
262.319
-175 6 57
262.318
-175 6 46
262.318
Promedio (m)
-174 58 27
372.699
-174 58 10
372.699
-174 58 24
372.699
-174 58 8
372.698
Promedio (m)
-185 48 30
199.816
-185 48 10
199.814
-185 48 26
199.814
-185 48 13
199.816
Promedio (m)

D.H. (m)
-261.365
-261.365
-261.365
-261.364
-261.365
-371.266
-371.263
-371.266
-371.262
-371.264
-198.790
-198.790
-198.789
-198.792
-198.790

Punto CAN
De Pto.

A Pto.

CAN

EST-MET

CAN

DEC

CAN

CAR

Ang. Vert
DI (m)
-174 15 16
199.862
-174 15 16
199.862
-174 15 28
199.861
-174 15 16
199.862
Promedio (m)
-173 56 14
401.013
-173 55 41
401.013
-173 56 18
401.013
-173 55 23
401.013
Promedio (m)
-170 47 55
329.756
-170 48 8
329.755
-170 47 52
329.755
-170 47 52
329.756
Promedio (m)

D.H. (m)
-198.858
-198.858
-198.858
-198.858
-198.858
-398.770
-398.763
-398.771
-398.760
-398.766
-325.513
-325.515
-325.511
-325.512
-325.513

Punto CAR
De Pto.

A Pto.

CAR

CAN

CAR

EST-MET

CAR

DEC

Ang. Vert
DI (m)
-189 13 36
329.710
-189 13 24
329.710
-189 13 36
329.709
-189 13 26
329.710
Promedio (m)
-185 2 6
372.720
-185 2 5
372.720
-185 2 2
372.718
-185 1 55
372.720
Promedio (m)
-181 50 6
323.605
-181 49 54
323.601
-181 49 58
323.602
-181 50 8
323.602
Promedio (m)

A.I. (m)
-325.444
-325.447
-325.443
-325.447
-325.445
-371.282
-371.282
-371.280
-371.284
-371.282
-323.439
-323.436
-323.436
-323.436
-323.437

Promed

Lad

Promed

2.- Hoja de Clculos 2) Verificacin de las precisiones lineales de cada lado


DEC - CAN y CAN - DEC
Lado

DEC - CAN

Promedio (m)

D.H. probable (m)


-261.388
-261.389
-261.388
-261.388
-398.770
-398.763
-398.771
-398.760
-330.077

Error Medio (m) =


Precisin Lineal =

di
68.689
68.688
68.689
68.689
-68.693
-68.686
-68.694
-68.683
Sumatoria

di^2
4718.2452
4718.0787
4718.1711
4718.1859
4718.7350
4717.8034
4718.8478
4717.2947
37745.3618

25.961978
-12.714 < 50000

DEC - CAR y CAR - DEC


Lado

DEC - CAR

Promedio (m)

D.H. probable (m)


-398.725
-398.719
-398.713
-398.710
-323.439
-323.436
-323.436
-323.436
-361.077

Error Medio (m) =

di
-37.648
-37.642
-37.637
-37.634
37.638
37.641
37.640
37.641
Sumatoria

di^2
1417.3693
1416.9304
1416.5149
1416.2877
1416.6045
1416.8601
1416.7999
1416.8377
11334.2045

14.226613

Precisin Lineal =
-25.380 < 50000
Base por tener la mayor precisin lineal

DEC - EST-MET y EST-MET - DEC


Lado

D.H. probable (m)


-323.381
-323.381
-323.381
-323.381
DEC - EST-MET
-371.266
-371.263
-371.266
-371.262
-347.323
Promedio (m)

Error Medio (m) =


Precisin Lineal =

di
23.942
23.942
23.941
23.941
-23.943
-23.941
-23.943
-23.939
Sumatoria

di^2
573.2009
573.2081
573.1936
573.1912
573.2843
573.1554
573.2616
573.0925
4585.5875

9.049060
-38.382 < 50000

EST-MET - CAN y CAN - EST-MET


Lado

"EST-MET"CAN

Promedio (m)

D.H. probable (m)


-261.365
-261.365
-261.365
-261.364
-198.858
-198.858
-198.858
-198.858
-230.111

Error Medio (m) =


Precisin Lineal =

di
-31.254
-31.253
-31.254
-31.253
31.254
31.254
31.253
31.254
Sumatoria

di^2
976.8076
976.7547
976.8143
976.7398
976.7817
976.7817
976.7712
976.7817
7814.2329

11.812700
-19.480 < 50000

EST-MET - CAR y CAR - EST-MET


Lado

EST-MET CAR

Promedio (m)

D.H. probable (m)


-198.790
-198.790
-198.789
-198.792
-325.444
-325.447
-325.443
-325.447
-262.118

Error Medio (m) =


Precisin Lineal =

di
63.328
63.328
63.329
63.326
-63.326
-63.329
-63.325
-63.329
Sumatoria

di^2
4010.3821
4010.3859
4010.5845
4010.1711
4010.2337
4010.6231
4010.1086
4010.5582
32083.0473

23.935571
-10.951 < 50000

CAN - CAR y CAR - CAN


Lado

CAN-CAR

Promedio (m)

D.H. probable (m)


-325.513
-325.515
-325.511
-325.512
-371.282
-371.282
-371.280
-371.284
-348.397

Error Medio (m) =


Precisin Lineal =

di
22.885
22.882
22.886
22.885
-22.884
-22.885
-22.883
-22.886
Sumatoria

di^2
523.7012
523.5943
523.7815
523.7363
523.6971
523.7043
523.6349
523.7769
4189.6264

8.649552
-40.279 < 50000

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 2


3) Calculo de los ngulos interiores
Triangulo
CAR - EST-MET - CAN

"EST-MET" - CAN - DEC

CAN - DEC - CAR

DEC - CAR - "EST-MET"

Figura

D.H. Promedio (m) N de Angulo Valor del Angulo


-262.118
5
48
47
40
-230.111
2
41
20
12
-348.397
3+4
89
52
8
Sumatoria
180
0
0
-230.111
7
39
36
50
-330.077
4
66
8
59
-347.323
5+6
74
14
11
Sumatoria
180
0
0
-330.077
1
55
25
1
-361.077
6
64
14
26
-348.397
7+8
60
20
33
Sumatoria
180
0
0
-361.077
3
71
6
19
-262.118
8
43
22
43
-347.323
1+2
65
30
57
Sumatoria
180
0
0

-420.31

30158.07

-453.76

36548.95

-519.78

51785.07

-485.26

43066.93

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 3


4) Ajuste de estacin
Condicin
(1+2)
1
2
Error

65.516
55.417
41.337
-31.238

Angulo Calculado
65
30
57
55
25
1
41
20
12
-31
14
-16

(3+4)
3
4
Error

89.869
71.105
66.150
-47.386

89
71
66
-47

52
6
8
23

8
19
59
-11

56863.530
-56863.530
-56863.530
3+4

105
55
50
105

39
18
21
39

51
36
15
51

(5+6)
5
6
Error

74.236
48.794
64.240
-38.799

74
48
64
-38

14
47
14
47

11
40
26
-55

46558.248
-46558.248
-46558.248
5+6

87
35
51
87

10
51
18
10

9
42
27
9

(7+8)
7
8
Error

60.343
39.614
43.379
-22.650

60
39
43
-22

20
36
22
39

33
50
43
0

27180.037
-27180.037
-27180.037
7+8

67
32
35
67

53
3
49
53

33
50
43
33

Correccin ( '' )
37485.319
-37485.319
-37485.319
1+2

Angulo Ajustado
75
55
43
45
0
16
30
55
27
75
55
43

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 4


5) Ajuste de figura
N
2
3
6
7
1
8
4
5
S
Error =

Ang. Ajust. p/Estacin Correc. ( '' )


30
55
27
10505.446
55
18
36
10505.446
51
18
27
10505.446
32
3
50
10505.446
45
0
16
10505.446
35
49
43
10505.446
50
21
15
10505.446
35
51
42
10505.446
336
39
16
23
20
44

*Condicion de La
Ang. Ajust.
33
50
33
58
13
41
54
13
33
34
58
56
47
55
21
38
44
49
53
16
21
38
46
47
360
0
0

Sum. y Dif. de Ang.


92

Error ( '' )

14
10305.282

89

12

29

86

40

10

92

360

-19378.211

Correc. ( '' )
-2576.320
-2576.320
2576.320
2576.320
4844.553
4844.553
-4844.553
-4844.553
-

Ang. Ajust.
33
7
36
57
30
45
54
56
29
35
41
52
49
16
6
40
5
33
51
55
36
37
26
3
360
0
0

Prueba
90 38 21
90 38 21
89 21 39
89 21 39
360 0

N
1
3
5
7
S
2
4
6
8
S

*Condicion de Lados
Ang. Ajust. p/Est. y Fig.
49
16
6
57
30
45
37
26
3
35
41
52
S
33
7
36
51
55
36
54
56
29
40
5
33
S

logsen(Ang.)+10
9.879538695
9.926089595
9.783794885
9.766048218
39.355471392
9.737584476
9.896097483
9.913053482
9.808902202
39.355637642

logsen(Ang.+1'')+10
9.879540508
9.926090936
9.783797635
9.766051148
9.737587702
9.896099132
9.913054959
9.808904703
Suma de Dif. Tab.=

Error(DIF 10^7) = -1662.499


Correccion = -9.3985

Dif. Tabular 10^7


18.131
13.407
27.505
29.304
88.346
32.266
16.493
14.775
25.010
88.544
176.891

Correc. ( '' )
9.3985
9.3985
9.3985
9.3985
-9.3985
-9.3985
-9.3985
-9.3985
-

N
1
3
5
7
2
4
6
8

Angulos Finales
49
16
14.90
57
30
54.44
37
26
11.98
35
42
1.44
Sumatoria
33
7
26.86
51
55
26.72
54
56
19.86
40
5
23.80
Sumatoria

Prueba
9.879555734
9.926102195
9.783820734
9.766075757
39.355554421
9.737554149
9.896081981
9.913039595
9.808878695
39.355554420

Error(DIF 10^7) = 0.000000001

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 5


6) Fuerza de la Figura
Lado

Triangulo

CAR - "EST-MET" - DEC


CAR - "EST-MET"
CAR - "EST-MET" - CAN
CAR - CAN - DEC
CAR - CAN
CAR - CAN - "EST-MET"
DEC - "EST-MET" - CAR
DEC - "EST-MET
DEC - "EST-MET" - CAN
DEC - CAN - CAR
DEC - CAN
DEC - CAN - "EST-MET"

Angulo Opuesto
3=
58
8=
40
2=
33
5=
37
6=
55
7+8 =
76
2=
33
3+4 =
110
3=
58
1+2 =
82
7=
36
5+6 =
92
6=
55
1=
49
7=
36
4=
52

Dif. Tabular
1.316
2.509
3.242
2.794
1.474
0.525
3.242
-0.766
1.316
0.296
2.898
-0.074
1.474
1.830
2.898
1.645

DtA^2+DtA*DtB+DtB^2

Ri

11.329
23.224
27.378
3.223
7.103
8.614
2.208
6.239
8.191
8.222
14.456
15.872

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 6


7) Clculo de Lados
Lado

Formula

D.H. (m)
-361.07686

DEC - CAR

DH DECCIR
* sin(7 8 )
sin 6

-427.62675

CAN - "EST-MET"

DH CIRMET
* sin 2
sin(3 4 )

-247.80472

"EST-MET" - DEC

DH MET CAN
* sin(5 6 )
sin 7

-424.28769

CAR - "EST-MET"

DH CAN DEC
* sin 8
sin(1 2 )

-275.66152

CAR - CAN

"EST-MET" - DEC
CAN - DEC
DEC - CAR

DH CIRCAN
* sin 2
sin 5
DH CAN MET
* sin 4
sin 7
DH MET DEC
* sin 6
sin 1

-247.80472
-334.28416
-361.07686

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 7


8) Clculo de Coordenadas
Pto. Atras

Pto. Adel.

Ang. Horiz. (,','')

N.M.
CAR
CAR
DEC
75
DEC
CAN
92
CAN
"EST-MET" 109
"EST-MET"
CAR
82

47
22
26
23

25
32
21
42

Azimuts (,','')

23
278
191
120
23

6
53
16
42
6

17
42
14
35
17

D.H. (m)

-361.0769
-334.2842
-247.8047
-275.6615
-361.0769

Coordenadas Parciales
DN
DE

-332.1146
-51.6888
243.0258
140.7775
-332.1146

-141.6912
330.2638
48.4316
-237.0041
-141.6912

Coordenadas Totales
N
E

600146.3570
599814.2424
599762.5536
600005.5795
600146.3570
599814.2424

Pto. Adel

10012459.3670
CAR
10012317.6758
DEC
10012647.9396
CAN
10012696.3711 EST-MET
10012459.3670
CAR
10012317.6758
DEC

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 8


9) Clculo Angulos Verticales Promedio
Lado
DEC - CAN
Promedio
DEC - CAR
Promedio
DEC - "EST-MET"
Promedio
"EST-MET" - CAN
Promedio
"EST-MET" - DEC
Promedio
"EST-MET" - CAR
Promedio
CAN - "EST-MET"
Promedio
CAN - DEC
Promedio
CAN - CAR
Promedio
CAR - "EST-MET"

-184
-184
-184
-184
-184
-186
-186
-186
-186
-186
-178
-178
-178
-178
-178
-175
-175
-175
-175
-175
-174
-174
-174
-174
-174
-185
-185
-185
-185
-185
-174
-174
-174
-174
-174
-173
-173
-173
-173
-173
-170
-170
-170
-170
-170
-189

Angulo Vertical ,',''


52
52
52
52
52
4
4
4
4
4
9
9
9
9
9
6
6
6
6
6
58
58
58
58
58
48
48
48
48
48
15
15
15
15
15
56
55
56
55
55
47
48
47
47
47
13

16
14
11
12
13
27
36
29
34
31
15
12
18
19
16
56
39
57
46
50
27
10
24
8
17
30
10
26
13
20
16
16
28
16
19
14
41
18
23
54
55
8
52
52
57
36

CAR - "EST-MET"
Promedio
CAR - CAN
Promedio
CAR - DEC
Promedio

-189
-189
-189
-189
-185
-185
-185
-185
-185
-181
-181
-181
-181
-181

13
13
13
13
2
2
2
1
2
50
49
49
50
50

24
36
26
31
6
5
2
55
2
6
54
58
8
1

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 9


10) Clculo y Compensacin de Desniveles
Lado
DEC - CAR
CAR - DEC
CAR - "EST-MET"
"EST-MET" - CAR
CAR - CAN
CAN - CAR
DEC - "EST-MET"
"EST-MET" - DEC
DEC - CAN
CAN - DEC
"EST-MET" - CAN
CAN - "EST-MET"

Ang. Vert. Prom. ,',''


-186
4
31
-181
50
1
-189
13
31
-185
48
20
-185
2
2
-170
47
57
-178
9
16
-174
58
17
-184
52
13
-173
55
54
-175
6
50
-174
15
19

D.H. (m)
-361.077
-275.662
-427.627
-424.288
-334.284
-247.805

D.V. (m)
38.431
11.560
44.772
28.027
37.667
-69.267
-13.671
-37.333
28.484
-35.538
-21.184
-24.930

A.I. (m)
1.363
1.325
1.325
1.357
1.325
1.318
1.363
1.357
1.363
1.318
1.357
1.318

A.P. (m)
1.500
1.300
1.500
1.500
1.485
1.495
1.495
1.495
1.485
1.300
1.300
1.485

Desnivel (m) Correc. (m)


38.294
-24.940
11.585
-24.940
44.597
-36.240
27.884
-36.240
37.507
15.968
-69.444
15.968
-13.803
25.637
-37.471
25.637
28.362
3.579
-35.520
3.579
-21.127
23.112
-25.097
23.112

Desnivel Correg. (m)


13.355
-13.355
8.356
-8.356
53.476
-53.476
11.834
-11.834
31.941
-31.941
1.985
-1.985

2.- Hoja de Clculos - 10


11) Clculo de Elevaciones por "Metodo de los Pesos"

Elev.(CAR) [msnm] =
Elev.(DEC) [msnm] =
Elev.("EST-MET") [msnm] =
Elev.("EST-MET") [msnm] =
Lado
CAR - "EST-MET"
DEC - "EST-MET"
Sumatoria

3710.546

"Elev(CAR)+Desn(CAR-DEC)" =

3697.191

"Elev(CAR)+Desn(CAR-"EST-MET")" =
"Elev(DEC)+Desn(DEC-"EST-MET")" =

3718.902
3709.025

Peso 1/(Dhi)^2 [Km]


13.160
5.555
18.715

Peso*Observacin
77.670
-22.079
55.592

M (m) =
Elev.("EST-MET") [msnm] =
Elev.(CAN) [msnm] =
Elev.(CAN) [msnm] =
Lado
CAR - CAN
DEC - CAN
Sumatoria

(Elevacin de Partida)

Observacin
5.902
-3.975
0,056 / 0,019 =

2.9705

3713 + M =

3715.9705

"Elev(CAR)+Desn(CAR-CAN)" =
"Elev(DEC)+Desn(DEC-CAN)" =
Peso 1/(Dhi)^2 [Km]
5.469
8.949
14.417
M (m) =
Elev.(CAN) [msnm] =

Observacin
18.022
-16.868
-

3764.022
3729.132

3713

3746

Peso*Observacin
98.553
-150.946
-52.393

-0,052 / 0,014 =

-3.6340

3746 + M =

3742.3660

Centres d'intérêt liés