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IP Addressing Scheme IPv4 Structure

Subnetmask

Class A

N

H

H

H

 

255

0

0

0

/8

Class B

N

N

H

H

255

·255

0

0

/16

Class C

N

N

N

H

255

255

255

0

/24

2"n

2"12

2"11

2"10

2"9

2"8

2"7

2"6

2"5

2"4

2"3

2"2

2"1

 

2"S

4196

2048

1024

512

256

126

64

32

16

8

4

2

No of Subnets

2"H

4094

2046

1022

510

254

124

62

30

14

6

2

NA

No of hosts/subnet

 

/20

/21

/22

/23

/24

/25

/26

/27

/28

/29

/30

NA

prefix

 

2"7

2"6

2"5

2"4

2"3

2"2

2"1

2"0

 

128

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

192

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

224

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

240

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

248

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

252

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

254

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

0

255

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Prefix

-

subnetmask

/20

 

255

255

240

0

 

/21

255

255

248

0

/22

255

255

252

0

/23

255

255

254

0

/24

255

255

255

0

/25

255

255

255

128

/26

255

255

255

192

/27

255

255

255

224

/28

255

255

255

240

/29

255

255

255

248

/30

255

255

255

252

VLSM

--

255 248 /30 255 255 255 252 VLSM -- *Start with the largest number of host
255 248 /30 255 255 255 252 VLSM -- *Start with the largest number of host

*Start with the largest number of host :~*proceed with the next available subnet

/24

192.168.1.0/24

/25

/26

/27

/28

/29

       

192.168.1.0/29

192.168.1.0/28

192.168.1.8/29

192.168.1.0/27

 

192.168.1.16/29

192.168.1.16/28

192.168.1.24/29

192.168.1.0/26

   

192.168.1.32/29

192.168.1.32/28

192.168.1.40/29

192.168.1.32/27

 

192.168.1.48/29

192.168.1.48/28

192.168.1.56/29

192.168.1.0/25

     

192.168.1.64/29

192.168.1.64/28

192.168.1.72/29

192.168.1.64/27

 

192.168.1.80/29

192.168.1.80/28

192.168.1.88/29

192.168.1.64/26

   

192.168.1.96/29

192.168.1.96/28

192.168.1.104/29

192.168.1.96/27

 

192.168.1.112/29

192.168.1.112/28

192.168.1.120/29

       

192.168.1.128/29

192.168.1.128/28

192.168.1.136/29

192.168.1.128/27

 

192.168.1.144/29

192.168.1.144/28

192.168.1.152/29

192.168.1.128/26

   

192.168.1.160/29

192.168.1.160/28

192.168.1.168/29

192.168.1.160/27

 

192.168.1.176/29

192.168.1.176/28

192.168.1.184/29

192.168.1.128/25

     

192.168.1.192/29

192.168.1.192/28

192.168.1.200/29

192.168.1.192/27

 

192.168.1.208/29

192.168.1.208/28

192.168.1.216/29

192.168.1.192/26

   

192.168.1.224/29

192.168.1.224/28

192.168.1.232/29

192.168.1.224/27

 

192.168.1.240/29

192.168.1.240/28

192.168.1.248/29

/30

192.168.1.0/30

192.168.1.4/30

192.168.1.8/30

192.168.1.12/30

192.168.1.16/30

192.168.1.20/30

192.168.1.24/30

192.168.1.28/30

192.168.1.32/30

192.168.1.36/30

192.168.1.40/30

192.168.1.44/30

192.168.1.48/30

192.168.1.52/30

192.168.1.56/30

192.168.1.60/30

192.168.1.64/30

192.168.1.68/30

192.168.1.72/30

192.168.1.76/30

192.168.1.80/30

192.168.1.84/30

192.168.1.88/30

192.168.1.92/30

192.168.1.96/30

192.168.1.100/30

192.168.1.104/30

192.168.1.108/30

192.168.1.112/30

192.168.1.116/30

192.168.1.120/30

192.168.1.124/30

192.168.1.128/30

192.168.1.132/30

192.168.1.136/30

192.168.1.140/30

192.168.1.144/30

192.168.1.148/30

192.168.1.152/30

192.168.1.156/30

192.168.1.160/30

192.168.1.164/30

192.168.1.168/30

192.168.1.172/30

192.168.1.176/30

192.168.1.180/30

192.168.1.184/30

192.168.1.188/30

192.168.1.192/30

192.168.1.196/30

192.168.1.200/30

192.168.1.204/30

192.168.1.208/30

192.168.1.212/30

192.168.1.216/30

192.168.1.220/30

192.168.1.224/30

192.168.1.228/30

192.168.1.232/30

192.168.1.236/30

192.168.1.240/30

192.168.1.244/30

192.168.1.248/30

192.168.1.252/30

Figure 34-2. Classful subnets of a /24 network

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Chapter 34:

IP Design