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HAYMARK

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MODEL GRID

G-30

DIP METER

83 Y 721

G-30 GRID DIP METER

G-30 GRID DIP METER
The G-30 Grid Dip Meter is a tuneable oscillator covering 1.5 to 300 mc in 6 overlapping ranges. Its main use is to determine the resonant frequency of tuned circuits. It can also serve as an absorption wave-meter, oscillating detector, signal generator or relative field strength meter. Plug in a crystal and you have a crystal oscillator-or use it with a known coil or capacitor to determine the value of unknown capacitors or coils. The unusually convenient color coding and extremely compact size make the G-30 one of the handiest instruments for lab, shop or ham shack.

You Have Not Used Enough Heat: If your connection is rough and flaky-looking. flaky solder. • Compare your soldering with the pictures on this page . or Irons Cleaned on a Sal Ammoniac Block will ruin any Electronic Unit and will Void the Guarantee. wipe the hot tip clean with a cloth. iron in this range with a clean. metal surfaces take a longer 3 . until the contour (shape) of the connection shows under the solder. Use only enough solder to flow over all surfaces of the connection. • • Apply the solder between the metal to be soldered and the iron tip. apply your iron and reheat. making an unbroken path over which electricity can travel. If you are using an old tip. Any HERE'S HOW TO DO IT ••• • Join bare metal to bare metal. following the shape of the surfaces. Remove the iron. Do Not Move Parts Until the Solder Hardens. It should appear smooth and bright and all wires in the connection should be well-soldered. unless It is properly soldered. chisel-shaped tip will supply the correct amount of heat to make a good solder gun but make sure the tip reaches full heat before you solder.. When necessary. unless otherwise specified. Paste. Remember. or if the solder has formed a round ball instead of spreading. clean it before you start soldering. Apply enough heat to the metal surfaces you are joining to make the solder spread freely. Keep the i ron there whi Ie you . AN ELECTRONIC UNIT WILL NOT WORK . Use a fine file or steel wool to expose the bright metal.. Use Only Rosin Core Solder We supply the right kind of solder (rosin core solder). Make good mechanical connections and keep resistor and capacitor leads as short as possible. Coat the tip of a hot iron with solder. and all wires in the connection. Then Firmly Press the Flat Side of the Tip against the parts to be soldered together. The difference between good soldering (enough heat) and poor soldering (not enough heat) is just a few extra seconds with a hot iron firmly applied. insulation must be removed. Keep the iron or gun tip brightly coated with solder. Use the Right Soldering Tool A soldering iron in the 40-100 watt range is recommended. Do not use any other kind of solder! Use of Acid Core Solder. Read these instructions carefully to understand the basic ideas of good soldering.. You have a good connection if your solder has flowed over all surfaces to be connected.USE ENOUGH HEAT This is the main idea of good soldering. If you accidentally move the wires as the solder is hardening.. Enough heat must be used so the solder can actually penetrate the metal surfaces. larger time to heat. You are not using enough heat if the solder barely melts and forms a rounded ball of rough. Heat the iron and immediately coat the tl p with solder.

Spaghetti (flexible tubing supplied with the kit) is used wherever it is needed to cover a bare lead to prevent it from touching other metal parts. ~nd terminals 1 and 2 of C-1. o Mount the V-1 tube socket on the tube bracket Prepare V-1 as follows: ifBend attached to C-l. Do not wire this kit from the pictorials or schematic diagram alone because it must be assembled and wired in a definite sequence. Symbols used to give the value of parts include n for ohm. Position the keyway (wide space between two pins) as shown. /L for micro or one millionth and fd for farad. For your convenience. a box is provided to check off each step after you have completed it. the thinnest are the 3-48. Secure with two 3-48 x 3/16" screws and nuts. . First check each part against the parts list. All parts are illustrated in the pictorial diagrams. The self-tapping screws resemble woodscrews. Keep the different sizes and types of screws separate to save time during construction.CONSTRUCTION HINTS CONSTRUCTION MOUNTING SEE FIGURE 2. The thickest screws are the 6-32. Cut off terminals 3 and 4 of C-l. pins 4 and 5 down to the metal saddle of V-l. Be sure to follow the step-by-step instructions exactly. Use only the color of wire specified in the instructions because the colored wire has been stripped and precut to definite lengths. K for one thousand. as shown. Be sure to cut ONLY THE CORRECT TERMINALS. Meg for one million. THE OSCILLATOR PARTS ~ose the plates of the C-1 tuning capacitor to protect them from damage.

COIL BRACKET ~ ~h ~ ~nt ~~tach the coil bracket to C-1. SOLDER SADDLE BRACKET COIL SOCKET INSERT SCREW TO ~th your cutters. the coil socket on the coil bracket with a 3-48 x V2" screw and nut. your pliers. twist pin 1 as shown. EXTRA HEAT IS NEEDED TO SOLDER THE TUBE SADDLE TO THE BRACKET. Bend the shortened pins into the center of the socket as shown. Be sure that as much of the saddle as possible is soldered to the bracket. solder pins 4 and 5 to the saddle. APPLY THE SOLDERING IRON AN EXTRA MINUTE TO BE SURE YOU MAKE A GOOD SOLDER CON· NECTION. . cut off the tops of pins 2 and 6. as shown. a right angle bend in pin 3. Cut off the top of pin 1.FIGURE 2 ~older the V-1 saddle to the tube bracket. off the top of pin 7. At the same time. Use two 6-32 screws with rounded heads. as shown.

~ount C-4. use your pliers as a heat sink to protect the capacitors. a 10Kn resistor (brown. the other lead of R-l to the )unction formed by pins 2 and 6 of V-1. / c0 Center '~Sing your pliers as a heat sink. the other end to pin 7 /of V-I. d! Solder one end of a Ih" bare wire to pin 1 of V-1.u. Solder the other lead to terminal 2 of C-l and the coil socket. Solder one end to the junction of pins 2 and 6 of V-I (2 wires). B IMPORTANT! KEEP ALL LEADS TO TUBE AND COIL SOCKETS AS SHORT AND STRAIGHT AS POSSIBLE. ~arefullY bend the top lead of C-S and solder to pin 3 of V-1. Connect. using your pliers as a heat sink. orange) between C-6 and pin 7 of V-I.fd feed-through capacitors. but do not solder. ar§horten the top leads of C-4 and C-6 to %". C-S. C-6. NOTE: (2 wires) means there are 2 wires or leads in the terminal and both should be soldered at this time. as shown in Figure 4. to d pin 7 of V-I (3 wires). Clamp the tip of your long nose pliers around the lead near the body of the capacitor then solder the lead. C-S and C-6 to the tube bracket.fdisc capacitor.WIRING THE OSCILLATOR SECTION SEE FIGURE 3. solder one lead of R-l. cJ Cut a %" . R-2. A rubber band can be used to keep the pliers in position during this procedure. length of the bare wire supplied with the kit.0 ~older the collars of C-4. a ISO. Solder one lead of C-2.u. Solder one lead of R-2 to the top lead of C-6. Be careful to avoid cracking the ceramic body of C-S. black.. the other lead of R-2 to pin 7 of V-1. so the body of the resistor is seated between the tube socket and the frame of C-1.u. orange) to the top lead of C-4. Do not allow solder to flow to the end leads and short the capacitors. black. Solder the other end to terminal 1 of C-l and terminal 1 of the coil socket as shown in figure 4. the 1000 . but do not solder. Connect. . Connect. a 10Kn resistor (marked with color bands brown..u. C-S and C-6. The pliers will conduct the heat away from the capacitor body. NOTE: When soldering to the leads of the feed-through capacitors C-4. but not solder..

.. DETAIL ruOLLAR ~ SOLDER C-2 LEAD TO TERMINALS 2 OF C-l AND COIL SOCKET. 1000 JJJJfd FEED -THROUGH CAPACITORS ..FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 • . SOLDER BARE WIRE TO TERMINALS 1 OF C-1 AND COl L SOC KET .

~nd the mounting foot of TS-1. ~ount the two solder lugs on the meter as shown. /J1-.w. [73 Slightly b~nd ter~~~~s 1 and 2 of S-1. a %" lockwasher on the shaft of J-1. the meter. Mount J-1. i. ~sa!ta. Replace the bracket on the meter's mounting screws. with the nut supplied. Use the two nuts supplied. Q"'femporarily remove the mounting bracket from M-1. Replace and tighten the two nuts on the M-1 mounting screws.. Do not replace the nuts at this time. positioning the terminals as shown. ~~ition C-1 in the case. insert the meter so the plus (+) terminal is positioned as shown. From the front of the case. Notice that one screw also secures the coil bracket to the case. Slip two #10 lockwashers under the C-1 mounting holes as shown in Figure 5. a 3-terminal strip. to allow positioning on the M-1 mounting screw as shown. o Mount R-3. ~move the screw attaching the coil bracket to the shaft side of C-l. the jack for PHONES.MOUNTING PARTS IN THE CASE SEE FIGURE S. ~. /1 c. Mount C-1 with three flathead 6-32 screws inserted from the front of the case. as shown. Wface the case on a cloth or other soft surface to protect the finish of the case.ch$d to R-3. Mount TS-l.c~ / I. Secure with the flatwasher and nut supplied with the jack. as shown in Figure 8.1 ~~. The ~-.c1C{' . the 100Kn GAIN control.

Replace and tighten the two nuts on the M-1 mounting screws. with the nut suppli~d. to allow positioning on the M-1 mounting screw as shown. From the front of the case. Slip two #10 lockwashers under the C-1 mounting holes as shown in Figure 5. a 3-terminal strip. the 100Kn GAIN control. positioning the terminals as shown. insert the meter so the plus (+) terminal is positioned as shown.ta~7d to R-3. Mount C-1 with three flathead 6-32 screws inserted from the front of the case. Wlace the case on a cloth or other soft surface to protect the finish of the case.1 ~wi~chi. Replace the bracket on the meter's mounting screws. ~emporarily remove the mounting bracket from M-1. The S-. ~' ::~c . the jack for PHONES. ~ a %" lockwasher on the shaft of J-l.MOUNTING PARTS IN THE CASE SEE FIGURE S. Do not replace the nuts at this time. ~nd the mounting foot of TS-1. Notice that one screw also secures the coil bracket to the case. as shown in Figure 8. as shown. o Mount R-3. . ~ightlY /b~nd te~mrn~. Secure with the flatwasher and nut supplied with the jack. the meter.sa. Mount J-l. ~ount the two solder lugs on the meter as shown. ~sition C-1 in the case. Use the two nuts supplied. ~move the screw attaching the coil bracket to the shaft side of C-l.~ of S-1. Mount TS-l.

but do not solder.cJ'1&. The plus and minus ends of C-3 or CR-1 must not be dslip 2" spaghetti on the lead from the negative (-) end of C-3.7~ ~ Slip 1" spaghetti on e~c~ lead of CR-1. Sli~~" ~l'aghetti Oft the po~itiHe ( . the 20 J. Connect. Connect. ) -~ Connect.FIRST WIRING IN THE CASE SEY1GURE ¢'~~p the about 6.lJ(_ _ ·J/. 7. this lead to terminal //~ 2 of TS-1. . Read the next two steps very carefully.2" from the bare ends. rubber grommet on the line cord to interchanged or the instrument will not work. ~~lder one of the line cord leads to the bottom hole of terminal 1 of TS-1. the tubular shaped selenium rectifier. . of R J. thi-s -lead to terminal 3 o£ R '3. then separate the 2 line cord wires back to the knot. btlt de not solder. 41. Connect.OlIi the RED END to terminal :3 o£ R 3 -{-2-~. Solder the other line cord lead to terminal 2 of S-1..__r'~:lJ'-. -8elW-. the other end to terminal 2 of TS-l.-_--IZ 4.--tae leed {.' . but do not solder. Push the grommet and line cord into the slot in the case. but do not solder. r..tfd tubular capacitor.g!Sold8F one end of a yellow wire to terminal -l . as shown. the other lead to terminal 3 of TS-1. Knot the cord. ~older one end of a red wire to terminal 1 (marked +) of M-1. Solder the other end to terminal 3 of J-1. Route as shown.

FIGURE 6 C-3 20 jrf d 150 V .

~Solder the remaining red lead of T-1 to terminal 3 of TS-l (2 wires).E:(Turn the GAIN control OFF. ~lder rook one end of a blue wire to terminal 1 of J-1. then solder the other end to C-6. PRELIMINARY TEST WHEN azf Solder the short red and the short green lead of T-l to terminal 2 of TS-1 (4 wires). er'Solder the short black lead of T-1 to terminal 1 of TS-1. iV' Position T-1. apply a hot iron to it until solder flows over all wires in the terminal. . Push the power transformer as a mounting of T-l. 50-60 cycles AC. if you did not get a meter reading in the last step. Solder the other end to terminal 2 of J-1. and solder. Be careful not to break the ceramic body of C-6. turn the shaft of C-1 fully counterclockwise. Carefully check the wiring to be sure all connections are correct and all terminals are soldered. The . Hook the long green lead of T-1 to the free end lead of C-5. 0Solder one end of a green wire to terminal 2 of R-3. / one of the coils into the socket. I1('Wiring of the grid-dip meter is now completed. stop here and read the Service Hints. You are now ready to mount the cover. However.FINAL WIRING SEE FIGURE 7.clip over each mounting footshown. remove the line cord from the outlet. ~~lder one end of a red wire to terminal 2 of M-1. Turn the GAIN control to the right until the meter needle rises. If in doubt about a solder connection. ?se your pliers as a heat sink. Plug the line cord into an outlet supplying 105-125 volts. ~~ert ~g the 6AF4A tube in the tube socket. the other end to C-4. indicating that the unit is oscillating. ~der the long black lead of T-l to terminall of S-1. Hook.mooth side of the clip should be positioned as shown. CAUTION: NEVER TOUCH ANY OF THE WIRING THE LINE CORD IS CONNECTED TO AN OUTlET. and solder. gently bending the C-6 lead as needed. .

FIGURE 7 .

points to the center of the coil socket. ~ttach the cover to the case with 4 round-head . If your model has reference lines on the case. self- the calibrated dial on the shaft of C-1. Tighten SEE FIGJJRE 8. set the dividing line to the center reference line.rPPing screws. An open paper clip or piece of heavy bare wire can be used to align the holes in the mounting clips with the holes in the cover. Position the serrated edge as shown.5 calibration.MOUNTING THE COVER AND DIAL wires away from the T -1 mounting clips. ~ the cover over the case so the notch in the cover slides into the groove in the grommet. next to the 1. so the wires will not be squeezed by the cover. . Turn the shaft of C-1 fully counterclockwise so the dividing line. They must rest firmly adjust to prevent it from moving with the dial. o Place ~cure the T -1 transformer to the cover by inserting the 2 flat-head self-tapping screws through the countersunk holes in the cover and tightening the screws in the mounting clips on T -1. Tighten the dial knob setscrew. FIGURE 8. ~~e the hairline adjust on the shaft of C-1 so that the hairline side faces away from the case. the setscrew. washer seated on the tuning the fiber washer and the countersunk lockall the way down on the shaft until they are on the hairline adjust. MOUNTING THE DIAL ~sh . /ta"Place the small knob on the shaft of R-3.

The high-Q tank circuit between plate and grid can be tuned across a wide range by adjusting C-l and changing coils (L-l through L-6). it will absorb energy from the source. the grid will attract electrons from the cathode and current will flow through the meter. By tuning for the greatest rise in grid current. Tuning the oscillator for the dip gives the resonant frequency of a circuit without the need to apply power to the circuit under study. the two frequencies will mix and an audible beat note or click will be heard. this instrument is a variable frequency oscillator. the 6AF4A. Oscillation takes place because the voltage applied to the grid (across C-IB) is 180 degrees out of phase with the voltage applied to the plate (across C-IA). the unknown frequency can be determined. The desired range of grid current is obtained by using R-3 to adjust the plate voltage. .HOW IT WORKS HOW IT WORKS This circuit is built around a Colpitts oscillator using an ultra-high frequency tube. Part of the voltage developed across the tank circuit is fed back to the grid. the un activated circuit will absorb energy from the oscillator. The loss of energy shows asa dip in grid current. As your oscillator is tuned close to the frequency under study. If it is coupled to an unactivated circuit which is resonant at the oscillator frequency. Since the grid is driven positive during part of the cycle. OSCILLATING DETECTOR Plugging phones into J-l disconnects the meter and provides an audible means of finding the fundamental or harmonic frequencies of energized RF circuits. grid current flows and is read at the meter as average DC current. the plate is grounded and the grid functions as the plate of a diode detector. ABSORPTION WAVE METER GRID DIP OPERATION In itself. During positive peaks. When R-3 is turned fully counterclockwise. If the tank circuit is tuned to the frequency of a nearby RF source.

it can be used as a crystal oscillator to check receiver calibration or as a visual marker. C~"'".4 . Used with phones. it is used to find the resonant frequency of tuned circuits without applying power to the circuit under test. With a crystal. grid current is increased. the reading may be slightly higher or lower than the resonant frequency. As a signal generator. As a grid dip oscillator. As an absorption wavemeter.8. On this range grid current is normally below 8 and correct calibration is obtained by turning the GAIN control fully clockwise.5 . the needle should rise.5 mc is needed. See Figures 9. 50-60 cycle AC. For the most accurate reading. absorption wavemeter. On these sections normally drops as frequency have a real dip. and 12 for suggested methods of coupling. Connect the grid dip oscillator line cord to an outlet supplying 105-125 volts. Be sure you appear as a hesitation in the needle. At either side of this dial setting. it provides a sensitive means of determining the frequency of low-power radiations. oscillating detector Or signal generator. start with the lowest-frequency coil in the grid dip oscillator. At the high end of the bands very careful reading of the range. Plug a coil into the grid dip oscillator to cover the expected frequency range. it can be used to check receiver operation and to measure the Q of a circuit. 1. This method is preferred to starting the search at the high frequency end where a dip may be found for a harmonic before the fundamental is located. . If the coupling is too tight. The grid dip oscillator dial is calibrated for this value of grid current except for the 110-130 mc range.. 11. This dial setting gives the resonant frequency of the circuit under test-just read the scale that matches the color of the coil. which may the downscale movement of Remove power from the unit under test.\c-~ '"' To search for a dip when the range of the resonant frequency is unknown. until a dip is found. Turn the grid dip oscillator dial until the meter needle makes a pronounced dip. it is used to find the frequency of strong oscillations.5 mc and 3. Turn the GAIN control as needed to maintain a meter reading of 8 (marked with a triangle on the meter face). Tune through the entire range of the grid dip oscillator. going to the next highest frequency coil.MODES OF OPERATION This instrument can function as a grid dip oscillator. move the grid dip oscillator away until the dip is barely perceptible.3. as an oscillating detector. HOW TO USE AS A GRID DIP OSCILLATOR Couple the grid dip oscillator to the circuit under test.

.FIGURE 9 A LOOP OF WIRE CAN BE USED TO COUPLE TO HARD-TOREACH CIRCUITS.

To improve radiation. HOW TO USE AS A CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR Plug the desired coil into the grid dip oscillator. HOW TO USE AS A SIGNAL GENERATOR Plug low-impedance phones into the PHONES jack. Rotate the grid dip oscillator dial until you hear the modulation clearly. Continue turning until a maximum meter reading is obtained. In this application. The dial will then be set for the frequency of the oscillations being absorbed. turn GAIN down. Place the grid dip oscillator close to the source of the oscillations. Wrap one end of the wire a few turns around the crystal. but keep the GAIN all the way down (no meter reading). To detect unrnodulated signals. For greater sensitivity. Select a coil for the expected frequency range. a few inches of wire can be used as an antenna. plug in a coil to cover the expected frequency range. the GAIN can be turned up slightly and operated as a l'egenel'ation control.HOW TO USE AS AN ABSORPTION WAVEMETER HOW TO USE AS AN OSCILLATING DETECTOR CAUTION: NEVER BRING THIS INSTRUMENT CLOSE TO LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUITS. The frequency will now be fixed by the crystal and will not be affected by the dial setting. A higher meter reading shows a greater field strength. For modulated signals.486" will fit the coil socket. turn GAIN fully clockwise and couple closely to the test circuit.093" and spacing of . but never close to high-potential circuits. Coupling must remain fixed during this procedure. Turn the dial until the meter needle begins to RISE. Turn the switch on the GAIN control ON. CAUTION: NEVER BRING THIS INSTRUMENT CLOSE TO LIVE HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUITS. . Any crystal with pin diameter of . Turn the grid dip oscillator dial until you hear a beat note or click in the headphones. Set gain properly and turn the dial to the desired frequency. the instrument can be used as a relative field strength meter. Use of a crystal in place of the coil converts the grid dip oscillator to a crystal controlled oscillator.

SUGGESTED APPLICATIONS ADJUSTING THE HAIRLINE RECEIVERS TUNING AND TRACKING 1. If the hairline is not directly under the desired frequency. Now this portion of the grid dip oscillator dial will be as accurate as your receiver. and GAIN properly set. the dial can be read with sufficient accuracy when the hairline is positioned as shown in Figure 8. except grid dip oscillator is used as an oscillating detector and phones are used to hear the beat note or click. Now read the resonant frequency of the local oscillator by coupling the grid dip oscillator to the oscillator coil. Again. These stages correctly track if for all positions of the tuning dial. signal generator. Similar to using the receiver as standard. TRANSMITTER AS STANDARD. Use in place of a signal generator with an activated receiver. The standard can be a receiver. . SIGNAL GENERATOR AS STANDARD. the hairline can be set to match a standard. if tracking is correct. Turn the receiver tuning dial near the high end and repeat the readings made at the low end. reset the hairline. Peak RF or oscillator coils as recommended by the receiver manufacturer. the difference between the resonant frequency of the RF and the oscillator stages is the IF frequency. except that the grid dip oscillator is used as an absorption wavemeter (GAIN turned down and tuned for peak). turn the grid dip dial until the signal is heard at the receiver or until the S meter shows a peak. the difference between RF-mixer and oscillator readings should be the IF frequency. or transmitter with accurately calibrated dials. Similar to receiver as standard. Set the receiver dial at the desired frequency. Repeat the procedure for the middle of the dial. For the greatest accuracy on a particular section of the band. With the correct coil in the grid dip meter. RECEIVER AS STANDARD. For most purposes. An "S" meter serves as an excellent indicator for peaking. 2. The difference between these two readings should be the IF frequency. couple the grid dip oscillator to the receiver's RF or antenna coil and read the resonant frequency. The same reading should be found at the mixer coil. Use as a grid dip oscillator to check the tracking of RF and oscillator stages. Remove power from the receiver and make this check on each receiver band: With the receiver tuning dial set near the low end.

HARMONICS AND PARASITIC OSCILLATIONS NEIITRALIZATION Use the grid dip oscillator as a variable frequency oscillator for an approximate check of the calibration of your receiver. If the local oscillator is working. doubler.SUGGESTED APPLICATIONS LOCAL OSCILLATOR OSCILLATOR STAGE Plug in phones and use the grid dip oscillator as an oscillatng detector. If the coupling remains constant. Use as an absorption wavemeter. Or plug in a crystal and use the instrument as a crystal-controlled oscillator for a very accurate check of receiver calibration at the frequency of the crystal. Remove plate power from the transmitter. Parasitic oscillations can be found by tuning the grid dip oscillator through its complete range. Adjust the tuned circuits of the oscillator. Use as a grid dip oscillator. After reading the fundamental frequency of the transmitter output. buffer. . the meter reading will indicate the relative strength of fundamental and harmonics. Adjust the neutralizing control until there is no change in the grid dip oscillator reading when the output of this stage is tuned throughout its range. bring the grid dip oscillator close to the receiver oscillator coil. Be very careful that the instrument does not touch any high-voltage circuits. you should hear it on your phones. Do not apply power to the transmitter. With the receiver power on. TRANSMITTERS TUNING Use as a grid dip oscillator. If a parasitic is found. The rise of the meter needle at the correct frequency setting indicates the oscillator is functioning. use suitable coils in the grid dip oscillator to see if harmonics are present. Apply power to the transmitter. The range of the controls used in any of these circuits can be checked by tuning the control and the grid dip oscillator. CALIBRATION Use as an absorption wave meter. driver and RF amplifier stages to obtain the desired frequency reading on the grid dip oscillator. its source can be located by removing power from the transmitter and using the instrument as a grid dip oscillator (GAIN at 8) to· locate circuits resonant at the parasitic frequency. Couple the grid dip oscillator to the input of the stage to be neutralized and read the resonant frequency.

Figure 10 shows that the reactance of a line.SHORTED LINE ---OPEN LINE INPUT IMPEDANCE/LINE LENGTH IN WAVELENGTHS FOR A LOSSLESS LINE . All possible values of reactance can be obtained by selecting a suitable length of line up to 1f4 wave long. A stub of this length will be an inductive reactance if shorted. I I I I I I I I I CAPACITIVE . also input impedance.FIGURE 10 STUBS Use the instrument as a grid dip oscillator to find the resonant frequency of stubs. inductive coupling can be used. The method of coupling varies with the type of line used for the stub. In most cases. Stubs are often used as circuit elements. At this point. varies with the electrical line length. it is helpful to have some understanding of transmission line characteristics. as capacitors or inductors. This fact should be remembered when grid dip readings are taken. capacitive if open. Figure 10 also shows that a 1f2 wave open line has the same resonance properties as a 1f4 wave shorted line because in both cases input impedance (parallel resonance) is at a maximum. INDUCTIVE + I I I . Stubs are also widely used for impedance matching or isolating devices.

. Inductive coupling can be conveniently used because current is at a maximum at the shorted end. Multiply the reading by 2 to find the correct resonant frequency. % WAVE SHORTED LINES Select a coil to cover the expected frequency range. For coax. Incidentally. Readings should be made with all fittings in place. For % wave lines. Divide the reading by 2 to find the correct resonant frequency. % WAVE SHORTED LINES Same as for % wave shorted lines except the reading must be multiplied by 2 to find the correct resonant frequency. short one end and proceed as for % wave shorted lines. % WAVE OPEN LINES For open wire. select a coil to cover the exnected resonant frequency. Select a coil for the grid dip oscillator to cover a frequency approximately half the expected frequency. Couple the grid dip oscillator as shown in Figure 11. For coax. Remove the short after you have recorded your reading. short one end. Select a coil for the grid dip oscillator to cover a frequency approximately half the expected resonant frequency. This reading can be used directly. this reading can be used directly. Tune for a dip to find the resonant frequency of the line. Inductively couple the grid dip oscillator to the center of the line and tune for a dip. % WAVE OPEN LINES For open wire.A transmission line terminated in a pure resistance equal to its characteristic impedance will exhibit no resonances. Couple inductively to the center of the line and tune for a dip. Couple inductively to the shorted end and tune for a dip. characteristic impedance is not a function of line length and should not be confused with input impedance. Remove the short. select a coil for the grid dip oscillator to cover twice the expected resonant frequency.

temporarily disconnect the feed line and short across the feedpoint with a short length of wire. Resonance readings made at a multi-band antenna may include undesired resonances and be difficult to interpret. Set the bridge control to match the rated impedance of the antenna. the antenna is connected as the load for the bridge and a loop of wire is used to loosely couple the grid dip oscillator to the input of the bridge. Readjust the bridge control and the grid dip dial until the deepest dip is obtained. FIGURE 11. As shown in Figure 12. then tune the grid dip oscillator until the SWR meter shows a pronounced dip. Read the resonant frequency of the antenna. Tune for a dip and read the resonant frequency. a maximum current point occurs at the center of a half-wave antenna. To make the check directly at the antenna. TWIN LINE LINE SHORTED OPEN LINE AT ONE END LINES.ANTENNAS AT THE ANTENNA Use the instrument as a grid dip oscillator to determine the resonant frequency of an antenna. Clear readings can be obtained by using the grid dip oscillator as a signal generator with an SWR bridge and a meter movement of 200 fLa or less. Couple inductively to a maximum current point. For example. COUPLING TO TRANSMISSION .

Most matched lines have some degree of mismatchtheir characteristic impedance does not exactly match the antenna impedance at the resonant frequency. A sensitive meter used with the SWR bridge will show a deep dip when the grid dip oscillator is tuned to the resonant frequency of the antenna. . couple the grid dip oscillator to the link of the antenna tuner at the transmitter. DRIVEN ELEMENT of ANTENNA AT FEED END OF LINE Sometimes it is more convenient to check the resonant frequency of an antenna at the feed end of the transmission line. Only slight dips will be produced by the irrelevant resonances which result from the mismatch. and these can be disregarded. If a tuned feeder is used. The grid dip oscillator will then show many dips without providing information on antenna performance. In turn. COUPLING TO AN ANTENNA THROUGH AN SWR BRIDGE. as shown in Figure 11. KNIGHT GRID DIP oSCILLAToR VOM KNIGHT RF Z-BRIDGE FIGURE 12. In a mismatched line. clear readings can be obtained by using the grid dip oscillator as a signal generator to feed an SWR bridge. At many frequencies.ANTENNAS If the mismatch is not too serious. This method is useful if line and antenna are closely matched so that there are no resonances in the line to interact with antenna resonance. couple the grid dip oscillator to the feed end of the line. the combination of line and antenna reactances results in resonance. Tune for a dip to find the resonant frequency of the antenna. the reactance of the line depends on the electrical length. as shown in Figure 10. The feed end of the transmission line is connected as the load for the SWR bridge. the electrical length is an important factor and varies with frequency. If an untuned feeder is used.

p. If the capacitance you are checking is between 10 and 50 p.fdon the capacitance line. With the coils supplied with the kit.1 me is read.5 p.fd be connected across the unknown capacitor and the selected coil.fdfor the blue.p. violet coil (40 p. Subtract 4.h).p.fd. it is suggested that a known capacitor of 50 to 100 p.fdfor the red.fd to more than 7000 p. known capacitor is added.5 p. Alligator clips such as Mueller #30C can be used for convenient connection.CAPACITANCE Use the instrument as a grid dip oscillator to find the value of an unknown capacitor.5 p. 4.h).the value of the unknown capacitor.1 me on the frequency line passes through 860 p.fd.h) and red coil (200 ph) are marked on the chart in Figure 13. The added capacitance should be subtracted from the reading obtained from Figure 13 to find the correct capacitance.5 p. With the red coil plugged into the instrument.fd. Values below 50 p. subtract the distributed capacitance of the coil. Make up a tuned circuit by connecting the unknown capacitor across a suitable coil. a resonant frequency of 2.p.7 p.p.3 p.7 p.h). The capacitance can now be calculated from the formula f the capacitance line at a point which gives the value of the unknown capacitor.p. blue coil (6.the distributed capacitance of the blue coil.fd.p. DO NOT SOLDER THE CAPACITOR TO THE COIL. A straight line connecting 6. Couple the grid dip oscillator to this tuned circuit and find the resonant frequency.p. It will cross .p. 5 p. For this range. For example.p.fd. The distributed capacitance of the orange coil is 4 p.p.p. it is possible to check values from 50 p. The inductance of the orange coil (1.7 p. For greater accuracy.fdcan also be checked if another.it will fall in a range that cannot be directly checked without duplicating one of the oscillator coils. consider an unknown capacitor connected across the blue coil (6. = ------== 271' V LC 1 Or use the handy chart in Figure 13 as follows: Draw a straight line between the resonant frequency point and the point for the coil inductance. to get 855.fdfor the violet and 6.h on the inductance line and 2.

disconnect the line cord and recheck all the wiring to be sure there are no wiring errors. reading indicates a stronger field. Tube operation can be checked by reading the voltage from pin 1 or pin 7 to ground. fll. with R-3 fully clockwise and a coil plugged into the socket. The coupling must remain the same. although the tube is operating. the unknown inductance must be connected across a known capacitor.7% of its valu. with R-3 set for a meter reading of 8. for which the VTVM reading drops to 70. Calculate Q from this simple Q= __ fo_ f1 -f~ formula: If the meter shows grid current is flowing. depending on the choice of coil. Resolder any connections that are not well soldered. The reading should be + 120 to + 130 DC volts. A higher meter CIRCUIT Q If a VTVM is available. check C-2 for an open condition. check correctness of wiring at J-l. Poor solder connections are the most frequent cause of faultv operation. The reading should be + 25 to + 60 DC volts depending on the setting of C-1 and the choice of coil. Tune the grid dip oscillator for a maximum VTVM reading and note this frequency. the grid dip oscillator can be used as a signal generator (GAIN at 8) to measure circuit Q. to find frequencies f1 and f. In this case. Connect the RF probe of the VTVM across the circuit under test and couple the grid dip oscillator to the circuit. check C-4 for a short. then to the left. for fo.INDUCTANCE The value of an unknown inductance can be found in a manner similar to finding an unknown capacitance. as described above. SERVICE HINTS If your grid dip oscillator does not operate. . RELATIVE FIELD STRENGTH Use as an absorption wave meter. the instrument is oscillating.. If there is no grid current reading. Operation of the power supply can be checked by reading the voltage from terminal 2 of R-3 to ground. Retune to the right.

. 'I" "I "" I ' I ' I '1'1'1 ' . I ' . 0 "-" 0 0 0 "" 0 N 0 0 tAl COO 0 • 0 VI 0 0 0 0 I ' I ' 1' l' l' I' 1'1'1'1'1 ' . .. a ~ E· r l> . I' " 'I' . 'I' '" 1'" 'I ""I~"'i"" I'" '1"'1""1'"'1 ' 1'1'1'1'1'1'1'1'1'1' I . I' '" I" '1""1" 'J" I"" I"" I" '1""1 'I . ~ r-- o o o - --..2 e"J "C ~ 0 :::0 0r rC fTl rr ~-t 0 "C: 1m 00 0m rO rn (j) :. . .:. I "" I ' . I '" 'I' .. .: 8 e 13 ~ g g g I"" I' . .. I"" I" "I ' I ' I ' ! is .I "" I ' . 1""1" "I' I ~ . .:: ---INDUCTANCE--L JJ HENRIES '" N '" JJ HENRIES ~ g g p g g ~_:.. . 1'1'1' . g "-" 1'1'1' I""I"'~" 0 '" g g- r--w 0 0 c rARADS IV 0 0 0 0 '" 0 N 0 0 UI '" pop "-" P\I 0 boo "-" 0 P -f 08 '" JJJJ rv VI rARADS 0 0 8 P g 0 g 80 V 0 ~ 1'1'1' 1""1""1"" 1'1'1' 1""1''''1''. .1 I" II I' I"'i" I' "II "" 0 go· ~ VI 0 1'1 'I -FREQUENCYf MEGACYCLES/SEC. ' I' '" I"" I" "1""1""1"" rv w .."~' . I ""I" "I ' I ' 1'1'1'1 ' .. .FIGUBIl13 tl o . _ i. . . I' '''f''''I' I' 1'1'1' I ' . .. "" II '''1''''1''''1''''1' I' I '1'1' 1'1'1'1'1'1 ' .a MEGACYCLES/SEC 0 "" '" 0 W 0 . ... I"" 1""1 ' I ' I ' I' 1'1' ... '" 0 0 0 i'l " " I""I ~. . . 't= en zr I N 't: ~ ~ ~ o o -CAPACITANCEr-III JJ rARADS "" '" --. . . o "" o 1""1""1""1'1'1' 0 - 1""1""1"" 1'1'1' r"'I""I"" - 0 Ut POI:> N·" 1'1'1' t"'I''''I'''' 0 boo P\I 0 -. ..' 1'1'1' 1""1""1"" 1'1' 1'1""1""1"" 1'1'1' 1'1'" I"" 11'1'1'1' 1\. no ri m o -c n:::o 0 IV N '" 0 ~ ~ .

10 oz.300 Yellow coil Green loop ------c-2 /c-3 /c-4. 6 Description 2-section variable.5 mc 8.-I ~-2 ~-3 COIL SOCKET: 10Kn. electrolytic Part No.5 mc 20 mc mc mc mc Red coil Violet coil Blue coil Orange coil CAPACITORS ----c-l Symbol .2-20 me) Orange (19-45 me) Yellow (45-115 me) Green (110-300 mc) 152036 152037 152038 152039 152040 152041 DIMENSIONS: RESISTORS NET WEIGHT: .2" 1 lb. with tube bracket attached 150 fLfLfd.5 mc) Blue (8.2 19 45 110 3.5 me) Violet (3.115 .486" spacing. . copper stators.J:::-2 L-4 /L-5 . . 1h watt. 5.5 3.4-8. L-6 Red (1./H. /L-l POWER CONSUMPTION: ::""1:. 10% 10Kn. 50-60 cycle AC 3 watts 6% x 3% x 11.-3 .4 8.5-3. disc 20 fLfd.45 . 150 v. 10% 100Kn Gain control with 8-1 on-off switch 301103 301103 390141 .093" pin diam.SPECIFICATIONS AND PARTS LIST SPECIFICATIONS FREQUENCY COVERAGE: PARTS LIST 1. 600 v. 040059 276158 203201 294003 1000 fLfLfd feed-through COILS type POWER REQUIREMENT: 105-125 volts. 1h watt.

1/2" self-tapping. . flat head ~. . .. . .. ..ockwasher. plastic Knob.. . .. .PARTS LIST MISCELLANEOUS Symbol Description Part No. .. 20" ~aghetti. . rounded head tMl-32x3!16". . # 16. SOLDER AND SPAGHETTI </13are wire. 10" ~' 1 1 1 1 1 1 801004 801005 801006 802001 930004 812011 Description /]?racket for coil socket /c:ase. ./Line cord ~der./#4. . ... . /'CR-1 ~-1 'M-1 '1'-1 . . ... . . . 3/8" z. mounting 3-48 large ... . .. 531010 570110 579751 560340 563347 560114 560113 562292 562293 590703 581500 582700 587900 Screws t iir32x1/8".1/4" self-tapping. Symbol Description Part No... .. aluminum // Case cover . plastic '" J::oil socket J Dial and knob assembly ~mmet. 1 Selenium Rectifier Phones jack Meter.. . round head v#4. . 2 3 1 2 3 2 1 4 2 1 2 1 1 . . 620005 502228 652206 101321 610059 Part No. 3-48x3/16" i<·3. 1 v-Ifisulated wire 2" red 2 806400 801002 .. . rubber . ... PNUt. . . flat head ~:~swasher .-Hairline adjust. . . .-48xl!2" .. ~uts. . small . Quan. . 0-1 rna DC Power transformer 6AF4A tube .. ..Lockwasher. countersunk WIRE. .. ... . . .. . 5" green ·O"blue _. .Lockwasher. . #10 l. 3". . ./f../~oil case.Instruction manual Pad for coil case ?~erminal strip (3 terminals) ~ube socket »> 1 1 1 1 1 "1 1 1 1 1 "1 1 1 470164 462245 463109 880012 501220 040078 830100 870047 764529 750230 890002 440301 501270 HARDWARE ~lips. ..V.. yellow .

000 INDICATED OHMS IN IN OHMS 6AF4A L-l THROUGH L-S FREQUENCY C COVERAGE CAPACITORS INDICATED MICROFARADS UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED m= CHASSIS GROUND L-l L-2 L-3 L-4 L-5 L-B US 3.FIGURE 14 V-l NOTES RESISTORS C-S lOO~)lfd K = 1.45 MC 45 110 MC l05-300MC 117V AC C-5 M-l 60 CYCLES SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF GRID DIP METER .5 MC B.2 20 MC 19.4 - 3.5 MC B.

NOTE: The new gain control action has been reversed as compared to the action described in the Operating Instructions tion. MI-488 750467-164 KNIGHT ELECTRONICS CORPORATION . Please make the following connections to your manual before starting construction. Therefore. the connections to terminals 1 and 3 have been interchanged. if instructions and Circuit Descripetc. this lead to terminal 1 of R-3. but N/8" on the positive (+) lead of C-3.GRID DIP METER 83 y 721 An improved type of GAINcontrol has been added to your kit. Be sure to position R-3 so that the terminals are facing toward PHONES jack J -1. Column2. are given to turn the gain control clockWise. as shown in Figure 5. Page 10. Step 2. Step 3. 1 of R-3 (2 wires).ngethe first sentence of this step to read: Solder one end of a yellow wire to terminal 3 of R-3. Cba. Solder the lead from the REDENDto term1naJ. Column 2. Slip Column2. Column2. PARTS LIST. Page 28 . Page 10. Step 1. it must nowbe turned counterclockwise. spaghetti Change the last two sentences to read: connect . Wi h this t control. Step 1. Change the part number of R-3 to 392190. do not solder. Change the second sentence of this step to read: Page 10. Page 8.