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Study Guide

1. What are greenhouse gases? Green house gases are gases in the atmosphere that traps and radiates heat 2. What is atmosphere? Atmosphere is the thin layer of gases that surrounds the earth 3. What is weather? Conditions in the atmosphere at a particular place and particular moment 4. What is troposphere? Atmospheric zone above the mesosphere 5. What is a nimbus? It is the type of dense cloud that yields rain or snow 6. What is global warming? It is predicated increase in Earths temperature due to an increase in greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. 7. What is nature? Nature is the elements of the natural world 8. What is ozone? Ozone is a form of oxygen with molecules made of three oxygen atoms 9. What are CFCs? CFCs are human-made chemical compounds that are restricted in use because they destroy the ozone. 10. What is climate? Climate is the average weather in an area over a long period of time 11. What is Air? A mixture of nitrogen, oxygen and other gases that form and surround the atmosphere 12. What is the Statosphere? One of the five layers of the atmosphere, lying immediately above the troposphere 13. What is Green house effect? warming effect on the air caused by heat rising from the surface of the Earth and being trapped by Gasses in the troposphere. You need to know that The atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surround the Earth. The atmosphere is made up of 5 individual layers The ozone layer is NOT its own layer Global warming is due to a increase in greenhouse gas in the atmosphere CFCs can damage/ destroy the ozone In this chapter we learned about the Atmosphere, Climate The atmosphere makes life possible on Earth Solar energy heats the ground latitude strongly influences climate because the amount of solar energy an area receives depends on its latitude Temperature and precipitation DO change with the seasons

water holds large amount on heat Oceans tend to make climates more moderate Oceans DO have a great effect on climate Temperature, humidity, wind, and precipitation are important aspects of climate Latitude is the distance from the equator You also need to know that. The Troposphere is were all living things live like humans and animals Carbon Dioxide released when organisms break down food molecules during cellular respiration Stratosphere is above the Troposphere 78% is the total percentage of Nitrogen in the atmosphere weather occurs mostly in the troposphere the sun hits Earth in an Oblique angle The movement of surface ocean currents is caused largely by winds and Rotation of earth Mountains and ranges also influence the distribute of Precipitation Sunlight streams through the atmosphere and heats Earth As heat radiates up from Earth, some of it escapes into space Scientists think that more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will result in a Warmer Earth If the Earth heats up significantly, the oceans will absorb more heat energy, causing Hurricanes & typhoons to occur more often If sea levels we to rise, sea levels would be higher UV is absorbed by the ozone At earth surface, CFCs is chemically stable UV rays penetrate to the Earths surface Carbon Dioxide adds to the greenhouse effect Holes in the ozone layer allow more ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earths surface Green house gases trap some of the heat near the Earths surface. 3 Greenhouse Gases are Methane, Nitrous oxide, Carbon dioxide In the atmosphere is 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen, what is the remaining 1% made of Water vapor, argon, carbon dioxide the last 3 layers of the Atmosphere are Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere