Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

STP MATHEMATICS

N A T I O N A L

C U R R I C U L U M

9A

ANSWERS
CU
RR CO
IC VER
UL S
UM TH
RE E L
QU AT
IR EST
EM
EN
TS

L BOSTOCK
S CHANDLER
A SHEPHERD E SMITH

STP MATHEMATICS
N A T I O N A L

C U R R I C U L U M

9A

ANSWERS
L BOSTOCK
S CHANDLER
A SHEPHERD E SMITH

Text # L. Bostock, S. Chandler, A. Shepherd, E. Smith 1997, 2001
The right of L. Bostock, S. Chandler, A. Shepherd and E. Smith to be identified as
authors of this work has been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy,
recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in
writing from the publisher or under licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency
Limited, of Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street London EC1N 8TS
First published in 1997 by
Stanley Thornes ( Publishers ) Ltd
Second edition published in 2001 by:
Nelson Thornes Ltd
Delta Place
27 Bath Road
CHELTENHAM
GL53 7TH
United Kingdom

10 11 /

10

9

A catalogue record of this book is available from the British Library.
ISBN 978 0 7487 6496 9
Page make-up by Tech-Set
Printed in India by Multivista Global

125 kg ii 54 m.00202 3. a b c 3.08 3.008 0.2 0. a 2. a b c 6.7 i iv 0. a i < ii > 49 b i 17 ii 7 9 24 iv 1 vi 22.3 (p. a b 2.785 2.5 ii d i £20. 42 m iv 30 min.832 0.68 9 a 16 b i 36% ii 0.820 b 0. we have given a likely value.25 4.46 d 1485 50 a i £24 ii 25.5 8.65  102 iii 7.c i 1 19 Answers are supplied to questions asking for estimates but there is no `correct' estimate.02244 0. a b c 4. a b c d 2.8 0. a 1 13 24 b 9 10 c 1 2.157 g 3.113 .50 b i 37 ii £25.95 21 i 17 ii 20 50 i 44% ii 28% 85%.19) Revision Exercise 1.009 64 3.7104 e f g h e f g h e f d e 11 12 1 34 1 20 1 1 40 5 3 18 4 7 3 22 i g h i g h f 2 i 1 4 i e 7 f 4 10 j 5 7 4. £25 iii 0.1 (p.2 h c 2.0345 iii 0.001 f 13 36 1 36 7 30 5 9 1 10 10 21 7 30 13 21 2 14 2 3 d 5. a b c d 5. a 1.599 m ii 13 40 iii 2 : 3 iv 7 : 5 iii 17 : 60 iv 2 : 125 iii < iii 18 5 iii iii iii iii iii v vi v vi 625 e 139 f 5280 g 24000 h i 64 ii 243 ii 73 i 27 3 i 2  5  33 ii i 21 ii 18 iii 40 iv 12 25 e 81 f 32 g 125 h 27 d not possible e 54 f 1 e 2 1 10 56 i 29 7 j 20 r 9 192 k 17 4769 l 14 r 17 iii 504 iii 54 iv 36 2 2 2  3  7  13 iii 23  52  32 v 78 iii 11 vi 20 iv 3 b i 2 v 8 ii 3 vi 14 144 i 325 1600 j 8010 864 k 720 2744 l 1 100 000 25 g 33 1 7 h 26 4 3 i 56 1 1 i 16 8 f 1 36 j 12 14 c 3 g 125 k d 1 12 h 36 l 7.825 iv 18 iv 92. 8. 115% 20 e f 475%.157 0.163 254 9.15 0. 3. a b c d e d 1 17 48 g 2 15 e h g 2 56 k h 1 l 71 126 1 23 42 2 11 12 1 8 31 40 14 81 12 49 4 12 2 5 1 12 2 3 1 3 12 i j k l i j k l 0. 1. 11.042 0. 17) 1.5 b 15 16 c 123 124 Revision Exercise 1. Summary 1 Revision Exercise 1.nelsonthornes. Possible answers are given to questions asking for opinions or reasons or interpretation.0733 h 0. a 7.6 m 234 cm2 iv £28. a b c d 7. 4 h a 1 : 10000 b 4 cm a £24.08 f 61.5 cm iii 24 kg 9 b 34 of 5 c 35 of 10 1. 16) 1.8  10 1 iv 7  10 6 vi b i 0.78 f 7.60 33.7 0.73 v ii 0.001 d 0.54 iii 13 20 iii 138% v 3 7 Revision Exercise 1.043 2.82 3. Allow a reasonable margin of error for answers read from graphs.17 8. a b c d 5.75 3. a b c d e 1 p ˆ 70 q ˆ 110 x ˆ 70 i 24 ii 18 i 135 ii 160 i 24 ii 20 i yes 9 ii no i yes 6 ii yes 18 c p ˆ 50 d x ˆ 27 123 37 81 1 4.036 0.0 km 20% 2:3 1:2:3 9:2 2:5 ii 4 14 ii 19. a b c 3.01 19.85 3 .5  105 9. 10.299 c 0.9 0.96 0. 21) 1.4 0.30 0.25 kg.36072 2.4 (p. a i 2.5% 5 .02 0. 2 12 h.8 g ii £144 ii 0. 0. a b iii 7 12 iv > iv 39 4 9 6 47 iv 1 17 12. 0.000 637 vi 8.com for a downloadable file of Year 9 lesson starters.36 iii 25 25 4.36 ii 0.35511 0. a 41.85 a 21 b 12% c 0.1 mm 3 0. 9. a b c 4. any reasonable alternative is also valid.000 926 0.375 8 4.151 0. 4. 62.2 (p.0575 400 23 . a i i i i i i ii b i ii 8 25 18 kg £696 17.1 6.625 kg. a b c d 6. Visit www. 0.0501 iv 0.0364 iii 0.361 1. 7.0068 0.2  10 2 140 000 283 000 7. 3 7 6. a b c d 5.49 0.3 d 132 g b 239 000 e 29.5% 8 23 .08 f g h i j c d i 0.214 0.11 40.83 0.2 0.3 0.073 0.2 2.010 e 254.648 0.67  104 v ii 1. a b c 2.56% iv 16 3:5:4 18 : 8 : 9 9 : 20 50 : 3 10.151 i 0.

E d none 2. 1.5 (p. 4. y ˆ 3 b 0. a C b D c A. a 20 cm2 b 10 cm2 c 17 cm2 d 19.55 0.5 sq units b 30 sq units d 16 sq units 5.525 1.08 12. 4) (6.5 g 32 h 53 iv x 4 4 c 60ab2 b £18 a 19 40 a mode 8.7 cm ii 54.5 cm vii 6000 cm2 ii 560 m viii 432 sq inches iii 4 feet ix 5 cm3 iv 39 feet x 2000 cm3 2 v 500 mm xi 4 m3 2 vi 0. 1. y ˆ 2 f a ˆ 3. 26) 1.4 cm2 c i 65 cm ii 69. 1) (6. 29) 1. 0 ii 2. 2) (3. a no correlation c strong positive correlation b moderate negative correlation 7. 1. 5) (4. a (5. a i 4 i 1.7 (p. 5x ‡ 21 3a 2 10x ‡ 1 2x 6 e f g h 2x 6 6a 3 6 3x 6x 8 d 7a 15 e 23 2.045 0. a y ˆ 2x ‡ 2 b i obtuse ii obtuse iii acute iv acute c i neither ii parallel iii perpendicular iv perpendicular 5. 2) (1.2 9. 25) 1. 1). 25 m2 6. 0.1 8.35 10 17. 3) (6. 2) (4.45 1. a b c d Revision Exercise 1.3 cm2 3 9. 6) (4. a 23. 0.62 9 c 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 (1. y ˆ 3 4. 6) (5.2 mm c i 5. a i 42 cm ii 20 cm i 10x 35 j a ‡ 20 k 4x ‡ 6 l 18 2 f 50x 9 ii 14 ii 8 b un ˆ 3n ‡ 1 e 3 f 5.3 2 b i y ˆ 4x ‡ 2 ii y ˆ 4x 3 c a ˆ 1. 0 0. 6 iii . a 24abc b 40x 2 y 3. 5 15 16. range 6 7 7 a 20 b 10 a 1st dice 2nd dice Revision Exercise 1.25 1.25 4.03 0. 2. 6. a b c d i 105 miles ii 5 miles i 1 h 15 min ii 2 h 24 min 12 km/h 35 miles Nina: 2 h 24 min.686 b c 7. 0.09 cm 12.35 cm2 4.5 cm2 d 5 m. 5) (3.895 12. b ˆ 1 Chapter 1 Exercise 1B (p.16 11. a 12 sq units c 12 sq units e 24. 2) (5.265 0.3.145 22. 2 6 15.255 0.155 6. C 6. 6) b 10 c 30 5 5. a i 50. a b c 8.804 m ii 1015. Revision Exercise 1.515 21. 12. B. a i 3.25 6. 1) (4. a 5. iii x < 1 e x ˆ 19. x 5 0 5 7. 4) (2.15 10.96 g iii 116 inches b i 4. a i 4.4 m xii 720 cubic inches 8. a b 8. a 2025 cm b 900 cm3 c 2262 cm3 3 10. 0. 1) (5. median 9. 6) (6. 1) (2. y ˆ 5 d x ˆ 3.255 24. a 60 cm2 b 40 cm2 c 30 cm2 7. 2) (2. 3. a 4 cm c 5 cm e 4 cm b 4.1 0. 1) (1. 4) (5. 5) b 10 7.15 5 18. 6) (2. 33) 1.15 6. 5) (6. 1) (3. a 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 c 37.15 0.05 0. 5. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 4. 3) (2. 0.6 (p. 0. scale factor 3 1 3. 3) (1.5 g 11. 5) (2. 3) (3.55 0.19 cm ii 6. 3) (5.5 C ˆ 6x 5 4 2 10 i x < 10 ii x 4 5 v x< iii x > 5 i 1<x<8 i 2<x<4 x ˆ 3.05 0. a b 4. 2) (4. 3) (4.94 cm c 5 cm b 1130 cm3 d 1447. b ˆ 1 4. 6) (3. 0.79 m b 25. a b y y 2 13.885 23.13 19. 0. 5) (5. 0. father 1 h 45 min father by 5.08 0. a 2. 4) (3. 3.3 cm ii 201 cm2 b i 35.055 . 5) (1.5% b 9. x 10 2.65 0 15 14. 2) (6. (3. a b c d 6. a 12 b 14 c 23 d 13 6. 0.4 mph 1330 at 15 miles from F b g 6a2 h x y i 4 iii 4 iii 18 h f 18 < h 4 23 23 < h 4 28 28 < h 4 33 33 < h 4 38 38 < h 4 43 7 24 8 17 4 c i 29 ii 39 e i and ii y d 23 < h 4 28 25 i 7 j 14 20 15 10 vii x > viii x 5 ix 5 4 1 5 5 0 x41 18 43 x 8.02 0. a 36 b 100 s c yes (18 out of 36) d not possible to say.80 vi x > 4 ii 2 < x < 4 ii 4 < x42 c x ˆ 2. 4) (1. 6.245 20. 36 were timed but more may have run.

75 1 18 1 10 6 25 1 2 2 3 4.15  10 f 7. b 7. 35.3_ 5. 0. 34.2  103 b 3. a a a a ii 5 . 0. 6.2 6. 10 cm 35. a 7. 49) 15. 0. 27. 36. 0.375 2.65 27. 31. a 6.083 3. 6.05_ 4. 3. 0. 7 41.15 mm 4 box side < 34.54 24.65 b perhaps c not accurate enough for measuring the space for a new cupboard 452. 5. 4. 20. or 5 6 not 6 5 6 i b independent 3 1 . 28. 2 9.3 misses misses b 0. 0.55 2450 4 x < 2550 28. b 25 18.8  10 2 5 1. a 3.5 m 395 g 4 weight of pack < 405 g 2985 cm 4 length < 2995 cm. 2 5 22 63 1 14 21 68 1 14 1 4 1 36 3. 74 500 4 x < 75 500 1. a b not independent (you cannot eat the same sweet twice) 2.24 22.0_ 9_ 9 9 exclusive independent independent dependent 4.15 c 0. a 3.45 4 x < 12. a exclusive b 43 117 4 7 32 63 1 2 13. 12. 40. 7. 36 not 6 iii 5 36 iv 5 18 d 0.245 4 d < 1. 2 14. 52) Chapter 2 2.25.54 5. 97.83_ 7. a 29. a 2  103 b 3  10 2 3. 0.4  10 3  100 3. 13 30 69 112 8 25 1 2 18 3 5 10 57 110 4 23 42 b 5. 0. 12. 1 10 5. a 2. 4 15 2 5 5 16 5 8 1 13 independent exclusive exclusive independent Exercise 2C (p.15625 c c 1 3 1 26 5 6 b 15.04 2 c 15 a 0. a 16. 1. a b 1 b 1 26 1 3 1 6 c c c 1 13 1 2 1 3 b b b 11 14 17 36 1 2 c c c 1 14 191 252 5 . a 0. a 3. 34. 45) 1 6 6 5 6 not 6 1 6 6 6 4. 47) Exercise 1C (p.4  105 b 1. 38.5 0.08  1010 2. a 2 5 c 0.49  10 10 1. 4. 50) 42. a (ignoring the chance that it is in a pocket in a garment in the car!) Exercise 1D (p. 6. a 1 4 3 10 1. 1.35 1 225 7 20 Becker 9.07692 3_ 2 13 b 2 13 d 0. 7 20 27 125 51 250 9 1 25 3 100 3 250 21.25 mm so the cube may be larger than the box 364 days 38. 29.0625 23. 0. a Exercise 1F (p. 26. 0. or b 7. 0. 12. 2 36. 3.3 misses 0. 24. 8 6. a i ii 16 25 c Exercise 2A (p. 39. 3 32. 14 40. 0.7 hits 0. 249 4 x < 251 a 118 mm b £1 073 800 a The scale shows that one nail has weight between 7.55 4 w < 5.35 c 1 169 .5 mm 4 cube side < 34. 36 8 25 5 6 Red 1 6 3 40 hits 5. 2.5 11. 2 12 10. 26. 0. 2. 0. or 9 16 b 6 25 1 4 3 4 Exercise 2F (p. b b b b Exercise 2D (p.15 Day 1 1 5 4 5 a no wait b 1 . 40) 1.7 hits 0. 0.23_ _ 12. 9 50 1.2  102 5 1. 0. 7 20 30.5 4 x < 457. 31. 1. 3.2 6 d 61 252 is both even and prime 1 45 5.75 g 1 4 8. a 1 26 1 6 1 6 74 117 1 200 1 1 100 11 100 1 2 20 13 1 125 1 10 000 b 14. 7. a 1 3 1 13 1 3 b 21. 276 cm 33. 14 81 2 3 12 49 1 18 4 12 18. 5.2  10 2 4.5 32. 0. 6 14 23.54  10 4 e 3.3125 17.13  10 3 5. 16.255 a 1. 0.06_ 13. a 1 36 3 26 c c d b 1 4 c c 1 4 1 6 4. 33. 11. 42) 1.5 g. 4. a 8.6 d 3 4 b Exercise 2E (p. 25. 9.416_ _ 10. 37. 4 12 2.5 mm but 34. 6 b Day 2 1 5 wait 4 5 no wait 1 5 wait 4 5 no wait wait 1 25 6. 39. 19.071428 5_ 3.64 Crossby 0. 0. 5 8 22. 41) _ 1. 2 1. 30. 10.15 8.31  105 4. 0. 8. 14.14285 7_ _ _ 2. 17. 3 23 1 100 13. 44) Blue Exercise 2B (p. and b 20. a Exercise 1E (p. 0. exclusive 2. a 59 1. 11. 1 25 2.5 g and 8. 0. 5. 39) 1.002 4.125 c c d c d c d b 19.55 4 x < 1.23  10 3 d c 0.8 3. 3 1 2 7 12 3 140 37.16 1. 33. 0. a 2.

3 rain no rain 1 4 b £33.87 £43.8. 28. a 0. 4. 17. 2.84 labour £33. £32.80 11. 2. £12.20 b £6. 80% c 80% d 20% 20.42061 4. 3. 24. 4.60 £50 £160 £17 £160 £2000 £120 £125 21. 17. 4. 4.30 £21. 3. same £34.57939 ii 0. 22. £373.7 no rain d i 0.54 7 8 1 2 d 6. 25% 30% 25% 10% 20% 20% 15% 8. 4 £30 £731.87 b 1 4 0. 20. 44 275 £13. 24 1 6 no card b 1 3 0. because P(rain on Sunday) > P(rain on Saturday) b Sat Sun Mon 1. 9.60 £38. 3.70 a $383 b £2. 10.15 £14. 9. a Sunday. 18. 3. 33 13 % 5. 24.08 £60.28 £250 a £1000 b £12 500 .04375 b 1 11. a 0 £28 £92 £25. 0. £3300 12. loses 31 p £200 £17. 15.70 £702. VAT £13.e. c 7 20 2nd Class £1150 £1840 £1495 £2875 £1483.89 c i 0. 16. 3. 10.25 10. Alexis 5 6 card 1 6 no card 5 6 card 5 8 1 . 73) 1.3 no rain rain 0. Exercise 3F (p. 12. 15.60 £58 rain rain 4 11 d £116 525 Exercise 3E (p. 8. 2. parts £27.00 £80. 26. 14. £77 520 Exercise 2G (p. 18.69 4.04875 3 8 0. 2. 13. 19. 12.00 b i £55. £2. a 6. 28. 17. the multiplying factor that changes £P to £S.50 a £180 b 150% £35 500 a £69. 6.00 £9. £1200 6. 7. 10.50 a £154. a 5.91 £13.54 c £755 b £6498 c £11 926 Exercise 3D (p.25 £26. 66) R 9.50.90 £18.7 0. 71) rain no rain 2. 5. £1600 13. £7680 15. 6. 25. a c 1 4 £260 £184 £92 £12 £650 £160 850 cm3 25 cm £1546 a £335 b £108. no rain c 4 11 £70 £40 £16 £6 £32 £800 £448 £20 £40 £80 1. 64) 8 15 Boys 2 5 8 21 Chapter 3 Exercise 3B (p. 0. 9. 2. 7.07 0. b £2900. 26. 5.97 b 0.50 £75. 21.02 c £755 b £2716.76 8. 27.38 £103. 18. 14. they are certain. 61) 1. £37.48 Exercise 3G (p.50 a £1158 a £1126 a £8088 L 4 20 a 1.50.3 no rain rain 0. 57) 3.93 1.80 6.83 £45. 8.11 0. 25. 16. 2. Girls fair 3 5 dark 2 5 fair 3 5 dark 2 6 dark 1st Class 16 20 6 24 L 18 24 R 6 24 L 18 24 R Derek 1 4 1. a 18 b 18 c 38 11.00 ii £82.30 9. 23.00 b £8 b 70 p 22. i. 17. 11.80 ii £60. 16. 10.3 rain 0. a £12.40 £425 £215. 8. 20. £1899.60 £18. fair 4 6 8. 18. 10.10 b £161. Exercise 3C (p. 68) no card 1 because the outcomes cover all possibilities. £4000 14. 12. 19. a 3 32 4 15 4 63 b b b 15 32 1 5 2 9 c c c 7 16 2 5 5 9 d 3.99 b £10. 19. 7.00 £24. 4. £172 a £7.11 0.00 £21. 13.47 c 43 p £250 a i £28. 8.50 7. 10. 30.00 £27.52 £9. 6.26 11. 5. b £14. a 5.25 £16. 24% £56.1646 b 13. 7. 16.0077 3 8 ii 0.00 15.00 £142. 14. 13.89 0.7 no rain 0. 29. 27. 5. 9.5% £41. 23. 11.7.90 a 70% b £32. 7. 9.7 0. 8. a £1200 £1610 £1770 £2112 £4270 card 3 4 12.

5.78 700 bottles 65.6  107 x 2 4 6 8 y 10 20 30 40 c 1. a 6 units 5. 3. a £1.5 units a £70 £321. 20.35 8. 6. a 72 km 4.99 8.475 c c c 1 676 1 32 1 12 . 4. 16 cm 8. £1. b b c c 21 32 1 2 26 49 14 27 2.78 21.5 hours 2. a 6 b £10. 1 : 0. 4.21. 19.75 17. 95) 2:3 c 3:5 9 : 5 c 21 : 23 d 6 : 5 1:2 c 1:8 d 1:1 e 1:3 f 1:8 1:4 c 4:9 10.916_ c 4.65 b 1 : 1. 1. £191. 5.2 Revision Exercise 2.5 p 7. a 26 b 26 Exercise 4D (p.5 1 : 2. 203 lines 3. 86) 5. £8.56. 9. 13. Exercise 4A (p. 2. 570 ml 2.32 5. 2. 3. true a i 21100 ii 22261 b i 18 957 ii 17 969 a 2 b 4 c 8 start of 2015 a 2 b 9 a £(1. 7. 48 9. 600 g 4. 8. 10. b 11. £76.8 km b £7.44 m not possible 10. 21. b 3 h 36 min b 225 miles 7. 20.68 £76. 1.20 11 20 3.6 p ‡ 1 p ˆ 82.6 14. 1 : 1. 6. 5.465 1 1 6. a 5 1.30 10. 25 : 24 a 3:2 b a 2:3 b a 1:1 b a 1:9 b 1 : 1. 1 : 0. Puzzle p q £2734. £218. 6. 10.70 2.80 9.01 100 0 Exercise 4G (p.50 4.75 12.01 b £1.88 6. 15 km/litre 6.5 2. 6. 4 13 km 8. 5.35 b i 6.80 a £3880 b £4500 a i 330 ii 280 iii 230 b false.4 p ‡ 33. 1 : 1. 8. 40% 5. 2.5 20 7. 1.30 b £4. 3. 1 : 0. 1 : 1. a 195 4 n < 205 b 2.5 km 7. Sarah £45.857 1 : 2. 2. 20 20 0. 3.5 cm 10. 72 p/20 screws 22.25 cm 8. Charles £15 360.57142 8_ 5 b 9 5. 13. 17. £252.25  107 15 volts 24.39 5. 25 cm 6. 82) 1.46 d £(1. £143. £9. 5. 500 ml bottle 1. 99) 1.06_ 4.72 9. 14.33 16.92 8. 12 10. a i 0. £69 984 £103. David £51 840 a i £12 300 ii £6781.6 114.50 £37. 92) 3. b 2 5 1 8 1 6 15 49 8 27 c 2 12 ii 0. not possible 49 12. 3. 66 rows 10. 6. £1097. a 0. 11. 4.94 b 44.05. 15.5 m 12. 85) 1. 3. false.5 amps a directly proportional c inversely proportional b neither Exercise 4B (p.00 11.3125 iii 0.Exercise 3H (p. 83) 1.63 15.04 £768.2 litres 3 hours a 12.77 7. 34 3. 75) Exercise 4E (p. 1 : 0. 11. 1 : 2. a 9. 12. 3. 4.08)P c £(1. 18. £206. 8. a £2. 1. a b 118. 528 p 9.40 2. 9.50 3. 20. 24 £145.9 min Summary 2 Exercise 4C (p.1 (p.6 p ˆ 83 p (to nearest p) Exercise 3I (p.6 : 1 £7. £1024. a 12 : 15 : 14 b £878.7 joules 7. 1. a 280 ml b 170 ml 3. 88) 1.47 26 iv 2 125 c 0. a 3816 b 2001 1.83 b 54. 18. true.46875 ii 7 8 3 iii 200 _ b 0.9% a £4.08)6 P £1079.6 km a 2. 12.0025 iv 0.46 cm 11. 79) 1. £79.5 hours 9.5 5 2 0.4 1 : 0. a James £25.3 km 6 h 40 min 3 kg b 1 12 2. 5. 19. 7. 19 p ‡ 10. 6 weeks 4. 15. 4. 14.20 3. 480 pesas 16. £42 4.43 11. 8 days 5.23 3.333 13.80 b 34 unit a 0. b 3. £3245.08)n P b £(1.2 p ‡ 4. 2. neither neither proportional neither neither a 17 743 lira b 3.08)2 P 15. 16.35  105 Exercise 4F (p. 93) 1. 49 0.04 francs 7.38 Chapter 4 proportional neither neither proportional inversely proportional inversely proportional 4.8% a i £6560 ii £4410. 2. 13.73 £38/tonne 70 p/doz 15 p/cm Exercise 4H (p.

13. 2. £592 9. 15. 24.75 : 1 ii 0. 18. 23. a £1748 b £22 b £88 000 8. 41. 35. 102) 1. 108) 1. 6. 17. 106) 1. 34. 6np 10nq 8.8 ii 1 : 0. a 4 : 3 b 3:4 c 3:7 8. 2ps 3pt ‡ 2qs 3qt ac ad 2bc ‡ 2bd 6uw 30ur 5vw ‡ 25vr 6ac 9ad ‡ 8bc 12bd 9xz ‡ 6x ‡ 6yz ‡ 4y 12pr 9ps 4qr ‡ 3qs 9ac ‡ 12ad 12bc 16bd 21x 14xz 6y ‡ 4yz 10ac 4a ‡ 5bc 2b 15a 10ad 12b ‡ 8bd Exercise 5C (p. 28. a 5. 31. 14. 11. 3ab ‡ 3bc 1.67 : 1 7. 42. x2 ‡ x 6 x 2 ‡ x 20 x 2 3x 28 a2 7a 30 p2 25 x 2 ‡ 5x 14 x 2 ‡ x 30 x 2 ‡ 9x 10 b2 b 56 z2 11z 12 6 x 2 ‡ 2x ‡ 1 x 2 ‡ 4x ‡ 4 a2 ‡ 6a ‡ 9 b2 ‡ 8b ‡ 16 x 2 ‡ 2xz ‡ z2 y 2 ‡ 2xy ‡ x 2 c 2 ‡ 2cd ‡ d 2 m2 ‡ 2mn ‡ n2 a2 ‡ 18a ‡ 81 t 2 ‡ 20t ‡ 100 x 2 ‡ 24x ‡ 144 x 2 ‡ 16x ‡ 64 p2 ‡ 14p ‡ 49 p2 ‡ 2pq ‡ q2 a2 ‡ 2ab ‡ b2 e2 ‡ 2ef ‡ f 2 u2 ‡ 2uv ‡ v 2 M2 ‡ 2Mm ‡ m2 4x 2 ‡ 4x ‡ 1 16b2 ‡ 8b ‡ 1 25x 2 ‡ 20x ‡ 4 36c2 ‡ 12c ‡ 1 9a2 ‡ 6a ‡ 1 4x 2 ‡ 20x ‡ 25 9a2 ‡ 24a ‡ 16 16y 2 ‡ 24y ‡ 9 9W 2 ‡ 12W ‡ 4 x 2 ‡ 4xy ‡ 4y 2 9x 2 ‡ 6xy ‡ y 2 4x 2 ‡ 20xy ‡ 25y 2 . 25. 19. 7 days 10. a 2 13 4. 30. 101) 1. 20. 15. 8.5 m 4 thickness < 4. 5. 25. 9a2 ‡ 12ab ‡ 4b2 9a2 ‡ 6ab ‡ b2 p2 ‡ 8pq ‡ 16q2 49x 2 ‡ 28xy ‡ 4y 2 9s2 ‡ 24st ‡ 16t 2 9s2 ‡ 6st ‡ t 2 x 2 4x ‡ 4 x 2 12x ‡ 36 a2 20a ‡ 100 x 2 2xy ‡ y 2 x 2 6x ‡ 9 x 2 14x ‡ 49 a2 2ab ‡ b2 u 2 2uv ‡ v 2 9x 2 6x ‡ 1 25z2 10z ‡ 1 100a2 180a ‡ 81 16x 2 24x ‡ 9 4a2 4a ‡ 1 16y 2 8y ‡ 1 49b2 28b ‡ 4 25x 2 30x ‡ 9 4y 2 4xy ‡ x 2 25x 2 10xy ‡ y 2 9m2 12mn ‡ 4n2 49x 2 42xy ‡ 9y 2 a2 6ab ‡ 9b2 m2 16mn ‡ 64n2 25a2 20ab ‡ 4b2 9p2 30pq ‡ 25q2 Exercise 5F (p. 27. 5. 55.7 cm 2. 18. 56. 40. 6. £82 2. 36. 18. 3.8 iii 1 : 2. 20. 23. a 34. 59. 2. 29.Exercise 5D (p. 15. 10. 16. 44. 38. 107) Revision Exercise 2. 7. 30. 37. 13. 14. 14. 26. 22. 32. 11. 5. 8. 5. 8. 12. 16xy ‡ 12yz 7. 42. 24. 20. 36.2 (p. 7. 9. 6. 11. 9.4 (p. 10 days Revision Exercise 2. 5. x 2 ‡ 7x ‡ 12 x 2 ‡ 6x ‡ 8 x 2 ‡ 7x ‡ 6 x 2 ‡ 7x ‡ 10 x 2 ‡ 11x ‡ 24 a2 ‡ 9a ‡ 20 b2 ‡ 9b ‡ 14 c2 ‡ 10c ‡ 24 p2 ‡ 15p ‡ 36 q2 ‡ 17q ‡ 70 11. 4. 7. 3xy ‡ 6xz Exercise 5B (p. £39. 28. 29. 52. x2 a2 a2 y2 z2 p2 14x ‡ 48 17a ‡ 70 3a 10 3y 18 6z 40 3p 40 13. 53.50 b 200 miles 9. 12xy ‡ 8xz 12. 33. 41. a i 1 : 1. 9. 12. 10. 26. 18. 21. 34. 16rt 8rs 10. 24. 19. 28. 7. a 3 weeks 7. 39. 37. 20.818 b £40. 30.25 b 1 12 c b c c 3 8 23 45 2 3 21 40 7. 12. a2 3a 70 y 2 ‡ 8y 20 z2 11z 12 p2 11p 26 Exercise 5E (p. ac ‡ ad ‡ bc ‡ bd ps ‡ pt ‡ qs ‡ qt 2ac ‡ 4ad ‡ bc ‡ 2bd 5xz ‡ 15x ‡ 2yz ‡ 6y xz 4x ‡ yz 4y ac ‡ ad bc bd xy ‡ xz ‡ y 2 ‡ yz 6ac ‡ 2ad ‡ 3bc ‡ bd 5xz ‡ 10x ‡ 4yz ‡ 8y 15x 3xz 10y ‡ 2yz 11. a 4. 58. 27. 38. 10.95 4. a £2029. £85 5.91.93 Chapter 5 5. 3x 3 3. 25. 12 days x 2 ‡ 9x ‡ 20 a2 ‡ 7a ‡ 10 x 2 9x ‡ 20 a2 7a ‡ 10 x 2 ‡ 14x ‡ 48 a2 ‡ 17a ‡ 70 7. 50. 27. 110) Exercise 5A (p. 40. 2.75 b 16% 6. £40. 9. 3. 17. 8. £136 3. 10. 47. 57.7_ 2_ c 11 40 b 29 5. 23. 2x ‡ 2 2. 22. 32. 12. 12. 3. 60. a £19. 2. 33. 15. 45. 105) 1. b 14 27 3 20 4 15 6. 15xy ‡ 5xz 6. 8. 1. 17. 22. using a corrected number for further working introduces errors 1 91 2. 25y 2 4 9x 2 1 16x 2 8x 35 10 3x x 2 8 ‡ 2x 3x 2 1 ‡ 2x x 2 20 ‡ y y 2 21 4x x 2 2 ‡ 7x 4x 2 6 ‡ 5x x 2 20 2p 4p2 6x 2 ‡ 5x ‡ 1 4 ‡ 8x 5x 2 3 ‡ 19x 6x 2 6 ‡ 29a 35a2 8 ‡ 10x 3x 2 15x 2 ‡ 26x ‡ 8 12 ‡ 13x 14x 2 9 ‡ 27x 20x 2 12 p p2 x 2 3x 10 31. 105) 1. 6. a £446. Revision Exercise 2. 16.3 (p. 16. a 0. 6. 10. 16. 19. £65 9. 48. 13. 14. £6144 b 3. 9. 103) 1.125 : 1 iii 3. 4x ‡ 12 4. a 1 12 3. 17. 43. 3. 26. a 23 b 15 c 150 3.5 m b 1 57 c 23 b 1. 3ab 15ac 11. 4. 29.33 b i 1. 14. 4. 3. 4. 49. 3x 6 2x 2 ‡ 3x ‡ 1 5x 2 ‡ 12x ‡ 4 5x 2 ‡ 17x ‡ 6 3x 2 ‡ 19x ‡ 20 3x 2 ‡ 5x ‡ 2 3x 2 ‡ 11x ‡ 6 4x 2 ‡ 7x ‡ 3 7x 2 ‡ 23x ‡ 6 6x 2 ‡ 13x ‡ 6 12x 2 25x ‡ 12 10x 2 3x 18 21a2 58a ‡ 21 10x 2 ‡ 31x ‡ 15 21x 2 20x ‡ 4 12x 2 5x 2 6b2 5b 25 4a2 9 9b2 49 49y 2 25 20a2 ‡ a 12 16x 2 9 x2 x2 a2 x2 b2 x2 x2 b2 a2 p2 5x ‡ 6 12x ‡ 35 10a ‡ 16 13x ‡ 30 10b ‡ 25 7x ‡ 12 12x ‡ 32 6b ‡ 8 8a ‡ 16 15p ‡ 56 21. 54. 21. 1200 b £9415. 35. £44 8. 16. 51.90. 15. 19. a 79 6. 4. 46. 39. 9. 13. 2.

10. No Exercise 6C (p. 20. 116) 1. No x42 23. 8. 5. 10. 12. 5. Identity 2 4 2 x 2 2 4 2 5. 23. 2. 2 4 y 4 2 y<3 24. Identity x y 6xy ‡ 9 25 10yz ‡ y 2 z2 x 2 y 2 ‡ 8xy ‡ 16 9p2 q2 ‡ 48pq ‡ 64 a2 2abc ‡ b2 c2 a2 b2 4ab ‡ 4 36 12pq ‡ p2 q2 m2 n2 ‡ 6mn ‡ 9 u 2 v 2 4uvw ‡ 4w 2 16. Yes. y 4 2 2 2 4 4 2 x x 2 4 x 2 2 12. Identity 2. 2 4 2 4 6 8 2 No. 16. y y 4 2 4 2 x 2 2 2 4 x 2 10. 17. 3 4 x 4 6 Yes. 6.Exercise 5G (p. x 4 2 y 2 4 y 2 y 2 ‡ 4yz ‡ 4z2 36y 2 ‡ 24yz 5z2 16a2 ‡ 8a ‡ 1 25a2 70a ‡ 49 36z2 156yz ‡ 169y 2 6 3a 8ab ‡ 4ac 10ac ‡ 25ad ‡ 4bc ‡ 10bd x 2 19x ‡ 84 a2 ‡ 16a ‡ 63 a2 a 20 6x 2 ‡ 11x ‡ 3 25x 2 4 9x 2 42x ‡ 49 25x 2 4y 2 4. 16. y 3. 3. 7. 5x ‡ 10 24pq 16pr 6a2 13ab 5b2 12x 2 17x 5 x 2 ‡ 16x ‡ 60 x 2 20x ‡ 96 16y 2 16y 21 16y 2 81 25x 2 ‡ 20x ‡ 4 4a2 28ab ‡ 49b2 8 20x 16a 24a2 12a2 35a 33 99 2x x 2 5 48x 20x 2 8. 4. 27. 11. y y 4 4 2 2 2 2 4 2 x 2 19. 9. y 4 4 2 Exercise 5H (p. y y 4 4 2 2 2 4 6 4 2 x 2 17. 13. 9. 22. 6. 21. 23. 11. 4. Identity 4.5 Yes. 14. 4. 9. 13. 20. 2 4x 1 9x 2 1 49a2 4 25a2 16 25x 2 1 4a2 9 100m2 1 36a2 25 17. 27. 18. 116) 1. 15. 22. Yes. 12. 26. 21. 5. Yes. 1 4 x < 2 x< 1 25. No. y 2 2 4 2 2 Exercise 6B (p. Equation 2 2 11. 2 x y 2 Chapter 6 2 2 2 Exercise 5J (p. 5. y y 2 4 2 4 2 2 2 2 4 2 4 x 6. 8. 18. 21. 30. 3. 124) x 1. Expression 6. 120) 2. 14. 22. 14. 3. 4 2 2 1. 10. 13. 20. 18. 16. 2. 7. 7. 15. 14. 15. 2 9x 16y 4a2 25b2 1 4a2 49y 2 9z2 100a2 81b2 25a2 16b2 1 9x 2 9 25x 2 2x ‡ 9x ‡ 12 2x 2 ‡ 9x ‡ 2 x 2 ‡ 15x ‡ 32 a2 9a ‡ 36 2a2 10a 3 x 2 ‡ 13x ‡ 25 x 2 2x 21 x 2 2x 23 16x 2 ‡ 6x 10 12x 2 ‡ 8x 20 11. 2. 28. 113) 1. No.5 < y < 2. 25. 26. 12. Equation 6 2 2 Exercise 5I (p. y 2 4. 0. 19. 31. 114) 1. 15. No. y 2 2 4 2 2 x 2 7 y 4 2 x 2 2 4 x x x . 29. Expression 8. 24. 19. 3. 13. 7. 17. 6. 24. No 34x41 29. Yes. 8. 2. 18. 2 16 36 9 144 25 49 100 64 x b2 c2 x2 x2 a2 q2 x2 9. 2 2 4 x 2 2 x 4 2 2 2 y 2 2 2 2 x y 2 x 2 x y 2 4 4 2 3. 19. 4 y 4 4 2 7. 2 4 y < 3 4<y< 1 30. 28.

11. 18. y y 4 4 6 6 2 2 4 4 2 2 2 2 4 4 2 2 7. x 2 4 6 10. 2 < x 4 2. y 2 15. y 4 1 x < 1. y 19. 17: No 2 17. 2 2 4 x 6 20. 129) 2 x 8 2 1. 9: Yes. 10. y > 2x 4 y 5 12 x ‡ 2 y> x‡2 y 5 74 x 2 y < 12 x ‡ 2 y 4 2x ‡ 2 2 4. 11. y 2 x 4 2 x 4 2 2 2 9. y y 2 4 2 x 6 y 4 4 2 2 2 4 2 2 x 2 2 4 2 x 2 6 x x 6 4 x 14. y 2 4 2 2 x 4 2 6. 2 4 x 4 1. 4 4 5. 4. 6. 21. 1 < y 4 3 x 5 2. 127) 8. 15. 2 4 2 < x < 2. y 4. y 6. y 4 4 2 4 4 2 2 2 x 2 2 2 8. 5. 2 < y < 2 16: Yes. 6. 2 4 y 4 1 11. 4 4 2 y 3. y 4 x 4 y 6 2 1. y > 0 14. 132) 4 x 2 2 2 4 x 2 8 4 6 x 2 4 . y 2 2 x 2 x 4 Exercise 6E (p. 7. 2. 2 < y < 2 1 < x < 3. y 4 x 4 2 4 x 2 6 2 2 2 y 6 2 x 4 2 x‡y43 2x ‡ y 5 2 x ‡ 2y < 2 x‡y<2 3x y 4 3 2y 3x 4 6 y4x‡1 8. 2 4 x 4 3. y 2 2 6 9. y 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 Exercise 6D (p. x < 0. 17. 10: No 12. 18. y y 4 4 2 2 2 2 x 2 1. 7. x 4 y 4 2 2 x 2 2 y 6 2 4 2 x 4 y 2 2 4 4 22. 9. 13. y 2 5. 12. 16. 1 4 y 4 2 10. Exercise 6F (p. y 5 1 13. 4 2 x x 4 2 2 y 2 4 2 2 2 4 2 4 4 x 4 y 4 2 y 6 2 12. 4 x 4 2 2 2 4 x 2 y 2 2 2. 2 2 2 6 13. 3.5. y 3. 2 2 2 2 4 2 x 2. y 16.

y 5 2 b 4x ‡ 5y 4 65 c (pens) y 2 2 2. y 5 a x ‡ y 4 3. (22.5x ‡ 0. 46). 3x ‡ y > 3 y > 1. Other points in the region that lie on the line do not have integer coordinates. y 4 8 2 6 2 4 1. y 4 2x ‡ 2 y < 3x ‡ 3. 2 2 y 2 4 6 x 12. 10). 3. x x (pencils) 10 4 2 8 x 2 6 4 4 5 O 2 6 4 2 2 y 2 4 4 2 4 9. x ‡ y 5 1 e x ‡ y 4 1. 135) y 1. y2 y 4 O 2 4 2 6 4 8. 8. x 5 2y b 2 y y  2x 5 2 3.g. (15. x 8 11. 2. x ‡ y 4 3 y 4 x 3. y 4 x ‡ 1. a C b A 4 2 2 8. 4. 6) ii e.g. a x > 2y. y 5 13 x 1. 7. y 5 2x ‡ 4 f y 4 2. y 6. a 1. 10. 8) or (20. x ‡ y 4 4 x 4 1. x 4 20. 50) The number of trays and the number of pots must be integers. x ‡ y 4 3. y 2 4 4 2 6 2 2 4 4 8 6 x 7. 2y 5 x 6 y 5 0. y 4 x ‡ 3 b 4y 4 x. a x ‡ y 4 1. y 4 2x ‡ 4 d y 5 2x ‡ 4. y 4 x ‡ 2 y 4 13 x ‡ 1. 9. 5. 15 c 2x ‡ 5y ˆ 60 10 2 4. y 4 x ‡ 3 10. y 4 x ‡ 3 e y 5 x ‡ 3. 5. 4y 5 x. x 5 1. c B d 14 e 3 pens and 12 pencils 10 2 4 7 y   4x  13 5 8 x x Exercise 6I (p. x y 2 4 4 2 2 5 10 15 20 x small tents d i (15. x ‡ y 5 3 c y 4 x ‡ 3. a Region consists of one point (1. 10 large tents y y 2 5 2. y 2 Exercise 6H (p. 4 x 9 . a y 5 5. 137) 4 x 5 3 y 2 40 y 2 4 2 4 x 2 O 2 2 4 6 20 25 30 x trays e e. 6 4 2 4 6 x y 2 4 x 2 2 2 9. x 5 1. 2y 4 x ‡ 2. 4y 5 x d 4y 4 x. y > 3x 3 y 5 0.5y 4 60 or 3x ‡ y 4 120 b x 5 20 c y 5 2x d pots y x 2 60 2 4 6 x 50 10. x ‡ y 5 3. 134) 1. in the area with integer coordinates that lies on the line. 6). (5. x ‡ y 5 1 c y 5 2. 3. 2) b Yes y 4 2 2 x 4 Exercise 6G (p. y 4 2x ‡ 4 b y 4 2. y 4 2x ‡ 4 11. 4) e There is only one point. 6. (10. (22. x ‡ y < 3. y 5 2.7. x ‡ y 5 3 f 4y 5 x. It does not exist 13.

46. 61. Chapter 7 Exercise 7A (p. 33. 25. (x ‡ 20) (x ‡ 1) 6. 36. 18. 10. 16. 13. a x > y. (x ‡ 1) (x 1) . 22. (x ‡ 4) (x ‡ 3) Exercise 7G (p. 5. 8. 21. 12. 2. 43. 20. 30. 37. 56. 16. 24. 35. 51. 53. x 5 120. 146) 1. 26. 168) and (216. (x ‡ 2) (x 10 5) 2) 3. 19. 29. 5. 11. 58. 17. 27. (2 (6 (5 (2 (6 (4 (3 (4 Exercise 7C (p. (216. 33. 14. 5. 16. 15. 52. 18. 13. 20. 30. 112) y ˆ 116. 67. y 5 80 and x 4 2y c y 250 (x (x (x (x (x 8) (x 4) (x 15) (x 7) (x 7) (x 1) 3) 2) 4) 6) 2) (x 3) 15) (x 1) 3)2 16) (x 2) 7) (x 9) 200 Exercise 7D (p. 15. 9. 13. 66. 9. 11. (x ‡ 20) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 8) (x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 3)2 (x ‡ 18) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 3) (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 5) (x ‡ 10) (x ‡ 4) 6. 34. 31. 17. 27. 5. 40. 44. 60. 45. 7. 22. 148) x ˆ 219. 150 100 70 O d e f g 100 150 200 250 x Exercise 7E (p. (x ‡ 8) (x ‡ 1) (x 3)2 (x ‡ 7) (x ‡ 4) (x ‡ 5) (x 4) (x ‡ 3)2 (x 8) (x 1) (x ‡ 15) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 9) (x 3) (x ‡ 11) (x ‡ 2) (x 13) (x ‡ 2) (x 1) (x 7) (x ‡ 7) (x 6) (x 8) (x ‡ 3) (x 7) (x 2) (x ‡ 27) (x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 9) (x 7) (x ‡ 5)2 (x 5)2 (x ‡ 2)2 (x 7)2 (x ‡ 6)2 (x 6)2 (x 2)2 (x ‡ 8)2 9. (260. 3. 3. 63. 54. 44. 4. (x ‡ 5) (x ‡ 3) 5. 4. 43. 48. 5. 9. 29. 6.g. b ˆ 1 c y 7. 9. 50. 32. 65. 41. 59. 28. 42. 8. 23. 4(x ‡ 1) 3(4x 1) 2(3a ‡ 1) 5(a 2b) 3(t 3) 5(2a 1) 4(3a ‡ 1) 2(a ‡ 2b) 7(2x 1) x(x ‡ 2) x(x 7) a(a ‡ 6) x(2x ‡ 1) 2t(2 t) x(x ‡ 5) x(x 4) b(b ‡ 4) a(4a 1) 2x(x 3) 2z(z2 ‡ 2) 5a(5a 1) 4x(3x ‡ 4) 5b(a 2c) 24.4. 46. 42. b y 5 200 d 350. 15. 150) 1. 4. 39. 12. 55. 38. 13. 7. 21. 8. 4. 8. 112)] 1. 250 < x ‡ y < 350. 19. 62. 12. 64. 35. 39. 49. 3. (x 6) (x ‡ 4) (x ‡ 9) (x 3) (x 11) (x ‡ 2) (x 7) (x ‡ 5) (x 10) (x ‡ 2) 25. (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 1) 2. 2. 41. 17. 23. 38. (x 3) (x ‡ 2) (x 4) (x ‡ 5) (x 4) (x ‡ 3) (x ‡ 7) (x 4) (x 3) (x ‡ 5) 5x2 (2 3x2 ) 4(3x ‡ 2) 4x(2x ‡ 3) 3(3x2 2x ‡ 4) 5x(x2 2) 4q(2p ‡ r) x(x 8) 3(4 ‡ 3y2 ) 4x(3y ‡ 4z ‡ 2) 2x(2x2 ‡ 3) 4bc(3a 2d) 1 h(a ‡ b) 2 m(g a) 1 m(v2 u2 ) 2 RT P(1 ‡ 100 ) pr(2r ‡ h) p(R2 ‡ r2 ) 2g(h1 h2 ) m( 12 v2 gh) 1 pr2 (4r h) 3 pr(3r ‡ 2h) 1 m(u2 ‡ v2 ) 2 1 c(b 12 a) 2 (x ‡ 7) (x ‡ 2) (x 7) (x 3) (x ‡ 7) (x 2) (x ‡ 6) (x 5) (x ‡ 8) (x ‡ 1) (x 5)2 (x ‡ 9) (x 1) (x 13) (x 2) (x ‡ 8) (x 7) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 30) (x 9) (x ‡ 3) (x ‡ 20) (x 4) (x ‡ 13) (x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 14) (x 2) (x ‡ 10) (x 8) (x 6) (x 5) (x ‡ 12) (x 4) (x ‡ 12) (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 4) (x ‡ 13) (x 14) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 8) (x ‡ 3) (x 14) (x ‡ 3) (x 16) (x 2) (x 12) (x ‡ 5) Exercise 7F (p. a a ˆ 500. 14. all of them Coordinates that are integers in the region and on the line 4x ‡ 3y ˆ 1200 [between (174. 12. 6. 6. 18. 69. 68. 2. 37. 2. 240) not in region f i £2600 ii £3250 500 200 O 500 (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 12) (x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 15) (x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 10) (x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 4)2 (x ‡ 12) (x ‡ 3) (x ‡ 18) (x ‡ 1) 14. (x ‡ 5) (x ‡ 1) 3. 16. 36. 10. 147) x 1. 40. 57. no: x > 2y e. 10. 10. 7. (x ‡ 5) (x 2. (x ‡ 10) (x 10) 4. 26. 7. 34. 10. 3. yes e no. 2. 4. 3y(y 9) 2a(a 6) 2p(3p ‡ 1) 3y(3y 2) 2(x2 ‡ 2x ‡ 3) 5(2a2 a ‡ 4) b(a ‡ 4c 3d) 4(2x y ‡ 3z) 3a(3b 2c d) 3(x2 2x ‡ 3) 4(a2 ‡ 2a 1) x(5y ‡ 4z ‡ 3) 5b(a ‡ 2c ‡ d) 2y(x 2z ‡ 4w) x2 (x ‡ 1) x2 (1 x) 5a2 (4 a) 4x2 (3x 4) 4x2 (x2 ‡ 3) a2 (1 ‡ a) b2 (b 1) 2x2 (2x 1) 9a2 (3 2a) 47. 8. (x (x (x (x (x 6. 45. 142) 1. 15. 31. 48. 32. 11. 28. 19. 9. 3. 20. 7. 14. 47. (x ‡ 7) (x ‡ 1) 1. 151) 4. 147) 1. (2 ‡ x) (1 x) (3 x) (2 ‡ x) (1 x) (4 ‡ x) (4 x) (2 ‡ x) (2 x) (3 ‡ x) (2 x) (1 ‡ x) (2 x) (4 ‡ x) (1 x) (5 ‡ x) x) (5 ‡ x) x) (2 ‡ x) x) (1 ‡ x) x) (7 ‡ x) x) (1 ‡ x) x) (5 ‡ x) x) (5 ‡ x) x) (3 ‡ x) Exercise 7B (p. 11. 8. 10. 5.

69. 3. 994. 9. 4.com for a down-loadable worksheet with extra questions on stem and leaf diagrams. 20. 11. 6. c (x ‡ 5) (x ‡ 8) (x 9) (x 2) (x 6) (x ‡ 6) not possible (x 6) (x 2) not possible (x ‡ 7) (x 1) (x ‡ 15) (x 2) (x 8) (x 3) not possible (x ‡ 15) (x 1) (2 x) (14 ‡ x) 13.5 22. 8. 10. 50. 420. 8.6 cm 11 . (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 2) (x 6) (x ‡ 5) (x 7) (x ‡ 7) not possible not possible (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 7) (x 3) (x ‡ 3) (x 6) (x 4) (x 4) (x ‡ 17) (x ‡ 13) (x 2) (a 7) (a 9) (7 x) (4 ‡ x) a a a a a a a 10(a ‡ 2) 4b(a 2c) (a ‡ 6) (a ‡ 3) (7 ‡ x) (3 ‡ x) (a 6) (a ‡ 6) 18. 5(x 5) (x ‡ 2) 4(x ‡ 4) (x 2) 3(x ‡ 2) (x 2) 2(x 2) (x 7) 4(x 5) (x 1) 3(x ‡ 2) (x ‡ 4) 5(x ‡ 3) (x 3) 3(x 7) (x ‡ 3) 3(2 x) (3 ‡ x) Exercise 7M (p. 11. a 195 Exercise 7J (p. 233. 126. 195.2 12 3±5 6±8 9±11 Frequency 10 7 2 1 . 10. 3. 55. 4. 66. 7.2 8 140 75. 12. 21. 972. 2. 2. 154. 155) 1.5 p Defective screws 5. 18. Cumulative frequency: 8. 17. 5. 22. 8. 164. 136. 17.5 17. 81. 72. 5.2 20.9 178. 5.5. 1000 336 53. 6. 15. 72. 2. 26 a 26 b 11 2. 8. 7. 6. 2. 167) b b b b b b b 5p(3p 2) 5(b2 ‡ 3b 1) (x 8) (x ‡ 1) (5 x) (2 x) (4 x) (4 ‡ x) 23 4. 6. Cumulative frequency: 7. 7. Exercise 8B (p. 7. 152) 1. 311. 15.336 13. 22. 154 b i 67 miles ii 101 miles 4. 18. 7. 160.5 Frequency 25 35 100 25 10 Exercise 8C (p. Frequency: 77. 19. a a a a a a a 6z(2z 1) (x ‡ 5)2 (a ‡ 3) (a 2) (b 7) (b ‡ 7) (15 x) (2 x) 264 0. 15. 92. (x ‡ 8) (x (x ‡ 4) (x (x ‡ 6) (x (x ‡ 9) (x (x ‡ 7) (x (3 ‡ x) (3 (6 ‡ x) (6 8) 4) 6) 9) 7) x) x) 12.286 1. 9. 15. 190 b £190 c Thursday Exercise 8D (p. Frequency: 2. 775. 124. 187.106 b b b b b b b 4y(2x 3z) (x 6) (x ‡ 4) (x ‡ 11) (x 4) p(16p 1) (4 ‡ x) (3 x) 36. 54. 31. 144. 126.5 18. 22. 26. 611. 2. 6. 18.45 0. 4. 0±2 d 11.5 7. 383. 151. 10. 2. 23. 182. 14. 14. 23 a 162 b 348 c 17 d 15 Visit www. 18. 111. 15. 185. 15 are in range 71±80 but we do not know how many of these scored 75. 32. 1. 9. 201. a (£) 25. 73. 3. 6. 14. 13.04 5. 4. 3.5 17. 5. 172. 5.4 cm 6. 108. Cumulative frequency: 3. Allow some leeway.2 5.8 0. 200 a 200 b 108 c 49 d No. 11.5 400 a a a a a a a 4z2 (2z 1) a(7 a) (x ‡ 7) (x ‡ 5) (10 x) (10 ‡ x) (x ‡ 8) (x 1) 49. 19. 3. 16. 228. 153) 1. 4 a 13 b 23 Exercise 7L (p. 4. 16. 139. 14. 11. 502 2. 1003 a 136 b 611 c 666 d could be shared 5. 2. 13. 70 a 70 b 55 c 48 4. 8. 152) 1. 23.5 min Exercise 7K (p.1 b 20 min Midclass value 2. 164) 1. 154) 1. 39. 7. 73. 6. 12. 170. 9. 17. 3. 4. 7. a miles: 10. 13. 6.nelsonthornes.2 b b b b b b b 5y(x 4z) (x 9) (x ‡ 3) 2(a 4) (a ‡ 1) (x 3) (x ‡ 3) (a 7)2 30. 7. 21. 25. 8.97 9.9 358 800 Exercise 7H (p. 61. 4. 54. 175. 3(x ‡ 4) 5x(5x ‡ 2) 4(3x2 2) 7(2x ‡ 3) 2(2x2 ‡ 1) 7(3x 1) 9x(x 2) 4(5x ‡ 3) 4x(2x 1) 3(x ‡ 1) (x ‡ 3) Chapter 8 Answers read from graphs will not necessarily match those given here. 188. 375. 162) Exercise 7I (p.5 12. 3. e need to know estimation of distribution within 51±60 range 3. 867. 3. 24. 10. 154) 1. 16. 16.7 35. 9. Questions in text: 26 cm. 12.4 12. 940. 118 3. 7. 12. 5. 4. 15. (10 ‡ x) (10 x) (a ‡ b) (a b) (3y ‡ z) (3y z) (4 ‡ x) (4 x) (5 ‡ x) (5 x) (9 ‡ x) (9 x) (x ‡ y) (x y) 11. 9 Cumulative frequency: 77.526 4.

iqr 17. iqr 22 2. 48. question 2.3. question 3. iqr 2.5. Q1 16. Q3 60. median 44. a 80 5. 150 100 150 median  56 100 50 0 0 50 40 60 Mark 80 100 Cumulative frequency 20 b 20 c '113 P 70 36 cars/hour f 70 60 50 median  36 40 30 20 10 60 0 0 50 40 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Cars/hour Exercise 8G (p. f 200 Cumulative frequency 30 20 150 100 50 0 0 10 0 0 2 3 Score 4 5 6 200 Cumulative frequency b 35 b 48 56 200 2. Q1 35.4. Q1 0. 46 a 328 12 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Age b 63 c Q3 74. Q3 56. question 1. a 22 b Q3 33. Q1 49. Exercise 8E (p. 171) £57 000 1. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 Price (£  1000) 3. Cumulative frequency 1 median  £57000 20 40 b 6 60 80 Score 100 120 140 Exercise 8F (p. Q1 34. iqr 25 .5 3. 0 0 3. question 2. question 3. 30 Cumulative frequency 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Mark 6.9. iqr 25. 177) 1.5. a 48 4. 173) 300 200 100 0 0 1. question 1.2. crossings 62 7. 1. Q3 3.

43 89 54 ii 125 i 250 20 £2.5 25 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 4 11 20 29 35 38 39 40 Cumulative frequency 0 0 b 20 c 20 d 69 e can be found directly from the table as the scores are not grouped d e 2.8 13 10 20 b 39. Q1 3.5 ii 68. Q1 29. a b c 3.4. iqr 22 7. Exercise 8H (p. 180) 1. a Score 20 30 40 Number of bulls 50 50 b Q3 17. a 53 c 250 70 225 60 200 50 175 40 30 20 10 150 125 100 75 0 0 10 a 9 5. Q1 10. 6.7 cm 10 11 12 Length (cm) 13 14 0 1 2 3 4 5 15 b Q3 12.60 60 children receive £1. 160 Cumulative frequency b 90 80 Cumulative frequency Cumulative frequency 90 140 20 40 60 Mark 80 i 57. c 28 120 50 40 30 Cumulative frequency 100 20 80 10 60 0 0 40 a 33 f Mark 20 0 0 9 a 11.20 e £735 f £3.4. 24 30 Mark c 18 40 d 27 1j2 means 12 50 60 e 3 8 8889 23356889 011333444567777899 01112222233334445566677778888999 0133456777889 22478 .50 or less 100 d £4.06 80 120 100 70 80 60 60 40 0 0 Cumulative frequency 20 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 a 38 b Q3 51.

x ˆ 21. 2. iqr £3.7 25. B ˆ 17.7 b dˆa b b ˆ 2(c 2 b n ‡n b 4 c a) . a 159 cm b fˆ 3. 11. 2. (x ‡ y) 2 (l k) tˆ 4 (x w) yˆ 6 (It N) sˆ 2 y ˆ 4x 3 (u v) tˆ 5 I ˆ 10(A P) 5. 9. w ˆ a) 3u) 14 b 9. H ˆ W ˆ W . n ˆ p ‡ p2 2. 8. 9. range 20. 4. R ˆ Np 4. 11 11. 15. 9. 5 5.80. 18. N ˆ 10X 27. 6. y ˆ z x 5. v ˆ u ‡ at 3. 7. 1. 3. 17. R ˆ x ‡ 10 5 (nx) 100 10. P ˆ N ‡ Q r 19.4141 a 10 b 8. Y ˆ X ‡ Z 6. 5. A ˆ 3b (b a) 4 4 3 3 8 2. b ˆ ac 1000 y 13. s ˆ 2 (u v) 2. v ˆ u ‡ 5 14. 1 . 9. 196) Exercise 9D (p. 192) 1. A ˆ 2ac ‡ 5a 2 5. Herd B: median 11. 9. 3. 28.61 a a a a a a b 6 13 4 17 3. 4. b ˆ a 3 26. v2 ˆ u2 ‡ 4us 2. 8. 6. s ˆ p 18. a 4008F Exercise 9C (p. 17 4 4 2 10. P ˆ 4V 2 (p ‡ q) 8. u ˆ v t 28. 16. 17 1 . 2. P ˆ 13 (2 S) 2 2 10. m ˆ 2(n ‡ p) 7.9 any jump over 6 m i 25 ii 179. s ˆ r 2t 17. 5. 3. n(n ‡ 2) n3 4 n n2 ‡ 5 2n2 ‡ 1 12 n2 n3 ‡ 2 2n . 7. 4. u ˆ v 20. 2 9 1 3 10.80 f Both the range and the interquartile range of the boys' spending money is higher than the girls'. 7.96 c 1.5 15. 8. t ˆ 3 at. 11. z ˆ xy 8. b ˆ a c 23. On average the boys have over a pound more spending money than the girls. 2. 6. Q ˆ P 5. c ˆ b Gˆ e2 ) c fˆ 1 2 (F 6. 7. u ˆ 140 C . C ˆ 10 18. u ˆ v 4. 180 6. 200) 1. 5. iqr 5. 1. a d ˆ C p (a c) 4. 1 16. p ˆ v 2 3. 2 8. a 4. 7. t ˆ 2v 22. The yield per cow in Herd A is less variable and generally slightly higher than for Herd B. 16. n ˆ (p q) 2 1. 13. 15 13 128 49 5. m ˆ k l 7 8 7. z ˆ 3x y 2.30 Boys: median £3. 3 15. a ˆ b ‡ c 6. c ˆ 2(a 250) c 8 25 (h 40) c 33. iqr 5. 198) 21. b) Exercise 9G (p. p ˆ nq (V 3. a ˆ 10c ˆ 5c 4 2 4. X ˆ 2(z ‡ 3t). 5.5 b The median yield of Herd A is higher. (VI) 2 (p ‡ w) 14. m ˆ kl 25. y ˆ x 2. a Herd A: median 13. 2. 4. The ranges are the same but the interquartile range of Herd A is lower. R ˆ z) 24. N ˆ y ‡ z 12.26% 9. 189) 1. (2n ‡ 1)th c n2 ‡ n m b 20 m Exercise 9J (p. 3. y ˆ x 2 Exercise 9F (p. p ˆ r 4t2 Exercise 9E (p.01 m I I 2 23 2 32 21 6 1605. 186) 1. 48 8. 14. 2.86 cm The formula is only valid for adult women. a b ˆ 7 5.5 d 2. 15. 3n n n‡1 n 1 4n 5n 5 ‡ 2n 3(n 1) 1 9. w ˆ 100z (b 10 c b ˆ a 2c c yˆ x 2z Exercise 9H (p. 13. d ˆ e f 11. 12.5 100 19. iqr £3. 14. r ˆ 2 13. 10.71% b 4. 6. 4. B ˆ A 20. 1. 11. a i 98 ii 102 b i 102 ii 0 e Girls: median £3. Exercise 9I (p.5 cm3 103 mm/Hg a 9. 187) 1. a 48 7. a d ˆ e2 ‡ 2f b f ˆ 12 (d 10t 3. 8. a 5. 1 . 10. (n ‡ 2) 18.24 3. s ˆ 2us ‡ 20s2 7. 7. a 2 m 0. 193) (p r) 1. v ˆ 5. 197) 12.00. 7. 2. 16.7 bˆ6 a ˆ 100 b b b b b c d 4 5 3. r 1=2 26. 16. range 20. 6. 15. r ˆ 5(q 1. 4. y ˆ 3(x Chapter 9 Exercise 9B (p. 3. 12. 10. b ˆ a ‡ c 1 13 p) 17. 8. 9.61 4 a 9 b 141. a x ˆ 2yz b 12 23.4. 8. 7. u ˆ 3t 24. 12. C ˆ PN. 2 3 3 13. 3. v ˆ 21u 29. 4. 5. 1.56 11. 5. a a ˆ b ‡ 2c b 4 22. 3 16. X ˆ xy 2 3 4 30 24 a 6 b 14. a ˆ 2bc 9. 6.

x ˆ O x O x ‡ y ˆ 15. 18. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 1. 205) 1. y ˆ 5 x ˆ 3. 206) 1. 24. y ˆ 5 x ˆ 3. y ˆ 6 x ˆ 4 12 . y ˆ 6 x ˆ 3. y ˆ 5 x ˆ 3. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 2. 6. 5. 2 4 y 4 3 ii 1 < x 4 5. 17. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 2. 7. 9. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 1. 10. 23. 11. 5. x ˆ 2. 18. 4. 209) 1. 11.5 3.5 x ˆ 1. 11. a (x 5) (x ‡ 3) c (3 ‡ x) (6 ‡ x) b (x ‡ 4) (x 2) d (7 x) (2 ‡ x) 10. a Q ˆ 10P (P R) b Qˆ 3 5. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 1. 4. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 0. a x2 ‡ 10x ‡ 25 y 4. y ˆ 3 x ˆ 1. 17. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 1. 1208 3. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 6. 10.1 4. a 56 10 b 550 b 21. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 3. 21. y ˆ 6 x ˆ 1. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 1. 19. a 0±5 2. 12.2 (p. 14.1 40 30 Cumulative frequency 20 10 0 1 3 y4x x y  3x  2 Exercise 10G (p. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 1.1 1. 7. 12. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 1. y ˆ 23 q ˆ 2. 14.5 b n2 1 Revision Exercise 3. 11. 17. 3. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 1. 2.4. 26. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 5. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 13 . 12. 15. 7. 3. 14. y ˆ 1 9. 22. Q3 9. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 1. a i (a ‡ b) (a b) iii (4x ‡ y) (4x y) ii (p ‡ 2q) (p 2q) b i 3400 ii 46. x ˆ 2. 4. a (x ‡ 9) (x ‡ 2) b (x 2) (x 4) c (x 5)2 9.4 y ˆ 1. 7. x ‡ 3y ˆ 19 b x ˆ 10. y ˆ 2. 200) 1.10 95 1. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 5. q ˆ 12 Exercise 10C (p. 2. O x b i 2 4 x 4 4. 204) 1. x ‡ 3 ˆ y. 20. a i h2 7. 16. y ˆ 0 x ˆ 0. 5 a 4a ‡ 6b ˆ 200. a 2.Summary 3 Exercise 9K (p. 1. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 8.2 Revision Exercise 3. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 4. 8 m No. 25. 23. iqr 7. 24. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 12. x ˆ 3. 13. x ˆ 4. x y  3x Exercise 10D (p. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 3. 8. 8. y ˆ 7 12 O b y 6.4 y ˆ 1. x ˆ 0. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 3. 19 20.4 y ˆ 0. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 2. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 4.5.5n c 25 8 a C ˆ 3n b C ˆ 50 ‡ n c n ˆ 25 y ˆ 2x ‡ 1 13. 7. y ˆ 7 x ˆ 4.75. 2y ˆ x. x y xy5 O y  2x x x1 7. y ˆ 5 13. y ˆ 0 x ˆ 2. 213) 3.9 2 < y42 xy2 Exercise 10F (p. 70 mm a 3x ‡ y ˆ 33. 16. y ˆ 10 x ˆ 73 . a 37. 6 6. y ˆ 3 10. a x2 ‡ 4x 21 3. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 1. 218) b a2 ‡ 3ab ‡ 2b2 c x2 9x ‡ 18 b 3x2 7x 20 c 15x2 7x 2 b 4x2 9y2 c 2x2 ‡ 6x ‡ 2 y ii 0. 8. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 2. y ˆ 1 p ˆ 3. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 2. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 4. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 3. 12. 21. 8. if the glasses are the same price it costs £1. a 3 3x 2. p ˆ 1 15. 22. 5. x ˆ 2. y ˆ 2 x ˆ 0. 6. 6. a c x ˆ 3. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 2. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 3. 27. y ˆ 3 x ˆ 1. y ˆ 3 12 x ˆ 3. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 3. 4.35 15 . 97 6. 15. y ˆ 23 x ˆ 1. 4. 9. a ˆ 4 Chapter 10 O Exercise 10B (p. p.5n b C ˆ 50 ‡ 0. P ˆ 4x 2. Q1 2. y ˆ 3 x ˆ 1. y ˆ 3 x ˆ 1. y ˆ 0 x ˆ 0. 9. y ˆ 27 5. 12. 10. a 4(a ‡ 3) b x(x 5) c b2 (b 3) 8. x ˆ 6 4x ‡ y ˆ 540. 2. 10. 2. 3. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 1. 11.6 y ˆ 1 23 5 10 15 20 25 Number of bad oranges 30 median 3 (from graph). y ˆ 5 x ˆ 12.8 calculated. y ˆ 28 x ˆ 2. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 2. a ‡ b ˆ 48 b 44 45 a C ˆ 2. x ˆ 3.2 2.5. y ˆ 3 x ˆ 3. x ˆ 3. y y 5. 219) 1. 28. b 6.

y ˆ 1. 8. 5. 221) 1.4. 0 4 y O c d c d (x 7) (x 3) 2(x2 ‡ 2x ‡ 4) (3 a) (3 ‡ a) (5 x) (5 ‡ x) 10 5 10 15 Flowers per plant 20 b sˆ 1.55 8. y ˆ 11. x ‡ 2y ˆ 23. a 9. Q 3 9. y ˆ 9 5 i 90 100 413 1 6 ii 5 900 iii 5 9 iii 8 90 _ iii 0. 10. 222) 1.8_ 1_ ii 0. 5.6 xy 10 15a c p 11p ‡ 24 3x 6xz ‡ 2y 4yz d 12 ‡ 5x 3x2 9x2 6x ‡ 1 b x2 ‡ 9x ‡ 10 x 4 3.05 ii 8 b i 0. a b 7.4 (p. a b 6. 0 4 y 3x ‡ y 4 6. 24 mm. a T ˆ x 2y  x  0 5(3 x) (x 5) (x ‡ 3) (4 x) (3 x) (4 x) (3 ‡ x) 9. a 55 c b 17 c med 9. 10. y ˆ 3 3x ‡ 2y ˆ 24. a 3t(1 2t) b 3(x2 ‡ 3x 4) c (x 6) (x ‡ 2) d (x ‡ 4)2 8. ii Q3 80. x ˆ 0.8 min c bˆ (a ‡ c) 3 . a b 4. 4. 3. a x ˆ 4. a b c £2. iqr 0. y 4 12 x ‡ 4.3 (p.25 b V ˆ 24x3 10. 4. Q 3 13.88 b 40 2 y c y 6. 8 (v2 Revision Exercise 3. 74 mm 16 (p 2 q) d 8. 6. 90. 0. 2 < x 4 5 7. y ˆ 1 35 0 0 x) (2 x) 6) (p ‡ 6) 30 9.76 c 7x2 ‡ 10x ‡ 3 d x2 8xy ‡ 16y2 4) 0 0 y4x 2 36 x O 7.08 cm c (4 d (p med 9. a 48 b 18 min 2.5.6. 12 x 4 y. C ˆ nx 9. 2 < y < 2 c 2y 4 x ‡ 4. a x ˆ z ‡ 2y 10 b rˆ 10.1. a 0.00 a 48 b 6:7 a 10ab ‡ 15ac b a ‡ 3b a2 3ab Cumulative frequency 0 0 4. 3. 7. 9. 7. Revision Exercise 3. 74 mm.3.5. 28 b 4n xˆ3 b R ˆ 15t2 x ˆ 4.75 1 a 16 b 36 £220.23076 9_ iv 6 90 a b 25 36 £150 a 1 : 2 13 b 2 cm a 15xy 6xz b a2 ‡ 10a ‡ 24 c 5xz ‡ 20x ‡ 3yz ‡ 12y d a2 ‡ 6ab ‡ 9b2 6. a 16. Q 1 8.85.Tˆ2 PR 10. y ˆ Cumulative frequency 50 40 Revision Exercise 3. a i 0.65 b 45 55 c 192 30 20 2. a x ˆ 3. Q1 71 x ˆ 3(p ‡ q) b z ˆ 2xy c zˆx‡y 7 b 5 c 7 1. 10 a a a a a a a b 60 65 70 75 Mass (kg) 80 85 90 i median 75. y ˆ 3 b x ˆ 5. y ˆ 1 x ˆ 2.25 x ˆ 2. 1 9. x ‡ y < 5. 0 4 x. iqr 7 y  4  3x 5. y ˆ 2 b x ˆ 2.5. y ˆ 1 b x ˆ 2.916_ c d 20 10 9 Length (cm) u2 ) 2a b x ˆ 3. a x(x ‡ 6) b (x 6) (x 8. 4. a 3. 5. 224) 30 Cumulative frequency 20 (100I) .5 (p. Q 1 6. a b 2.

2 5. 3. 5. 13 2. 13. 8 9. 7. c. 39. 4 12. 34.0 4. 11 11. 5 5. 10. 0. 11. 4.2. 6. 0. 3 3.1 6. 1 17.1. 4 10. 0. C : 30x b x2 ‡ 50x ˆ 104. Exercise 11H (p. 2. 3. 1 7. 10. y ˆ 7 or 12. 22. 30. b 30.4 5. 2 19. 6. a. 0. 39.84 4. 53 5. 5 16. 2 0. 7 27. 38 8. 2. 0. 4 5.9 9. 0. 5 4 10. 5 3. 8. 229) 1.6 1. 12. 8. 2 3. 1 4. 6. 6. 2 5. 10. 1 7. 0. 5 b 0 b 5 b 7 b 0 b 0 b 0 9. 9 Exercise 11I (p. 13.0. 0 20. 33.7 or 11. x2 ‡ x ˆ 56. 7. 7 3. 31. 13. 3 3 . 6. 0.0. 0. 20. 6. 3. 27. 0. 13 2. 5 7.8 4. a. 10 9. 7. 6 5. 0. 1. 5 5. a x2 5x b x2 5x 14 ˆ 0. 12. 3 4. 4. 11 28. 6. 0. 32. 24. 2 16. 2 28. 0. 1 22. 8.55 0. 0. 19. 3 5. 9 or 8 d 58 4.86 Chapter 12 3 14 Exercise 12B (p. 246) 1. b 1 2 x (x 5) 2 10. 5x 50 ˆ 0. 3. 7 4. 2 0. 3. 2. 7 7. 23. 1 7. 2. 4 1. 2 4. 13. 2 7. 18. 3 11. 1 0. 3 6. 4 9. 32 . 23 17 3. 3 7. 233) 1. 1 4.4 c d e f g h 4. 0. 0. 2 2. 15. 2 4.7 4.1 2. 9. 9. 32. 4 20. 2. 0. 0. 3 4. 5. 2. 11. 3. 9. 2 7 20. 9. 2 6. 5.8 1. 2. 9. 36. 3 4. 4 2. 16. 25. 14. 2 2. 0. 8. 8. 11. 6 9. 6 cm by 11 cm 10 sec a A : 20x. b x(x ‡ 3) c x2 ‡ 3x 28 ˆ 0. 3 5. 1 11. 11. 12 7 3 2 5 8 5 3 7 6 7 12 16. 4 15. 1. 13. 5. 1. 9 10. 3 5.7. 4 c 0 c 0 c 0 c 0 c 0 c 20 11. 4. 1 27. 4 7. 0.3 1. 33. x ‡ (x2 ‡ 2) ˆ 44. 0. 12.8 3. 2 7. 1 5. 9 20. 5. 3 5. 14. 10 12. 15. 2. 38. 6. 6. 2 6. 0. 15. 231) 1. 12. 18. 235) 1. 9. 7. 2 12. 0. 4 4. 3 1 12. 3. 2 18. 0. x ˆ 10 or 5 c x d 5 cm x(x ‡ 5) ˆ 66. 1 17. 8.18 1. 13. a b c d Exercise 11F (p. 12. 2 18. 2 6. 8 26.3 3. 13. 0. a x2 6 b x2 ‡ x 6 c x2 ‡ x 6 ˆ 66. 0. 2 26. 1 25. 6 4. 20. 8. 3 1. 5 3 7 5 11. y( y ‡ 5) ˆ 84. 0. x ˆ 7 or 6. 6. 5 5. 7. 4 cm by 7 cm Exercise 11D (p. 0. 12 7. 0. 10. 40. 2 m 50 tonnes a x2 ‡ (x ‡ 1)2 b 9 Exercise 11J (p. 40. 11. 12 4. 4 5. 38. 6 14. 12 6.7. 0.55. 2 19. 5. 0.8. 2 12. 0. 0. 1 8. 43 0. 237) 19. 9. 3 21. 9. 14. 15. 0. 35. 37.3 4.Chapter 11 Exercise 11G (p. 6. 9 13. 3 5 3 4 5 6 10 7 7 9 2 12. 5. 4 2. 0 10. 3. B : x2 . 4. 241) 1. 3 4. b 29. 13. 5 2. 0. 36. 29. 5. 1 4. 1 4. 1 1. Exercise 11E (p. 3 6. 3 24. 1 2. 7.1 2. a. 11 3.4 2. 7 3. 1 2 7. 5 10. 16. x ˆ 4 or 7. 2 25. 7. 8 16. 26. 234) 1. 3. 4 11. 3 5. 14. 1. 10. 2 0. 49 6. 0. 4. 10 11. 12 12.4. 13. 4 7. 20 15. 2.6. 2 15. 3 1. 14. d 31. Exercise 11B (p. 2 7. 3. 28. 15. 7. a x2 b 6x ‡ 16 c x2 6x 16 ˆ 0. 1 8. 74 . 2 18. 3 9. 1 23. 37. 35. a b 2. 5 13. 7 6. 2 7. 0 Exercise 11C (p. 1 29. 1 6. 0. 0. 14.8. 5 7. 5. 5 5. 7 14. 30. 9 10. 1 31.2 0. 2 6. 18. 5. 21. 34.21 or 7. 8. 6. 12 32. b 24. 17. q 23. 12. 19. 2. 1 0.17 1. 8 p. 19. any b 0 b 0 17. 16. 4. 238) 1. 4. 17. 0. 8 4. 2 10. one answer only no. 6. 9 1. 1 3. 3 21. 10 3. 8. need to plot to y ˆ 10 . 1 8. 1 2. 5. 3 5. a 8 a 0 a 0 a 33 a 24 a 72 0 0 a 0 a 0 0. 8. 5 8. 10. 17. 1. x ˆ 11 or 6. 22. 227) 1. 0.

16. Cannot divide by zero.8 ii 1.7 5.7 b 2.5 b xˆ2 a i 3 ii 8 b 0. Exercise 12D (p. x ˆ 2.8. 0  y 6ˆ 1 6. 2.4  106 metres c 12.3. a i A to B and D to E ii B to C iii E to F b 7. 262) Exercise 12E (p. 1.4 b 0. 263) y x i 2.5.5 m d 5 sec b 5a ‡ b ˆ 0 c a ‡ b ˆ 10 d 2. a y ˆ 1 at x ˆ 12 c approaching zero b 0. x 11. (x 2) or (x 3) or (x 4) is zero. 6. C B 18.1 and getting smaller b No.6 b y ˆ 3 5x x2 b 0.5t a 6. climbs slowly then more quickly then rate of increase slows until cruising height is reached and this height remains steady 7.5 and 12.5t2 ‡ 12. a b 3. only 1 solution b 1. 1. a b c d e 4. B B no scales given so it is not possible to check other points 1 x time 18 . decreases to zero at B and continues to decrease until large and negative at C b i at A and C ii at B 6. h ˆ 2. i. C 17.6 min There is a value for temperature when time is zero so not the form y ˆ 1 x a 13. 1.5 min c 240 km/h2 9. b ˆ 1 Exercise 12G (p. D 5. 1 b not possible 4. x2 ˆ 0 Exercise 12F (p. B±C constant stopping to take breath large and positive at A. 2 lines of symmetry 3.3. a y ˆ x2 ‡ 2x 6. 1. 2.3 1 3x 14. 8.5  106 .0 c i c < 0. 5.5 ii 0. decreasing to C then increasing ve increasing ‡ve increasing to C then decreasing large ‡ve decreasing to zero then ve increasing Exercise 12H (p. 400 4.75 a ˆ 18 . A 10. 2. zero room temperature increase. 4.9 c 1. 5.8 kˆ3 i 138 ii 48 3. car stops D E bursts A±B increasing. 2. 15.12 d no 5.7. 3. a b c 1.85.3. ii B±C max red. y 1 x 8. x 13. C±D increasing more quickly i A±B. D 19. 3. 3 or 4. a b c 2.9. a cannot divide by zero b i 0. A 20. 254) 1. the line y ˆ 1 cuts the curve once only. a 2. c > 1 ii 0.85 < c < 1 6. C 3 6. a The temperature falls. a 0. 253) 5. y 3 ‡ve increasing ‡ve decreasing ‡ve large. 6. a 2. 259) Exercise 12C (p. 4. a b 2. a 0. 3.5 m c 1 sec and 4 sec b 15. y x 12. 4 0.e. 2. keeping temperature within a narrow range. if y ˆ 1 then xy ˆ 1 and x  0 6ˆ 1 x c No.6. 4. y x x y km/h 9. 0. 2. B y 3. a y < 0. 3. no B±C constant. When y ˆ 0. 249) 1.1 4. a room temperature b increasing c thermostat cutting in and out.5 c yes xˆ 3 a 1. y y 1 x 7.1  106 metres b 3. 3. rapidly at first then more slowly.4 c 5 d gets larger very fast e cannot divide by zero f rotation order 2. 21. a b c 5.

2.5 cm b 26.6 hectares b 1. a 10. 11. 10. 5. a .16 m2 d 2. 282) time 1. so the answer may not be correct to 5 s. 13. 6. 7. 2.70 cm2 a 188 m b 6790 m2 a 3. time miles 11. 15. 9. c and e are wrong 7. a 2r ‡ pr b pr 2 14 pr 2 2 1 9. 11. A ˆ 2pr(r ‡ h) is the only one with correct dimensions 12.6 m2 a 316 mm2 a 72 cm2 20 560 mm2 35. 3. Exercise 13A (p. depth depth 12. V ˆ 3 pr h is the only one with correct dimensions 10. 14. 274) 1.1 mm a 2250 m3 b 30 000 cm3 c 5. 5.8 m2 a 2. 6. 13.5 cm b 52.8 in 89.26 cm2 a 4.66 cm3 a 44 cm2 a 60 cm2 28.4 m b 9 58. 3.5 mm 14.05 cm b 0. a 22. 5. volumes are equal. Puzzle 3 19 . 4.2 ha b 3 acres 42 cm2 21 cm2 94. 9.7 cm 14 mm 8. 8.6 m3 55. about 5 hours time time d depth depth b 1. 11.7 acres 6.75 cm2 a 5. 11. cuboid by 3 cm 34. 9.46 cm.19 cm b 6. 13.5 acres a 0. 26 Derek Carlos 0 1 2 3 hours 4 5 6 c Phyllis d 40 m c Exercise 13D (p. a L c A e L b V d V f A 2. 3. a p2 (R2 r2 ) b 14 p2 (R ‡ r) (R r)2 11. 10. a time time Chapter 13 14. 78 744 km2 . 3.98 m b 2.84 m2 a 19. 7. 4. a A d A g L b V e V h L c L f A i A 5. no. 2.72 m3 1728 cm3 9 cm 3. 2175 cm3 32 000 cm3 1920 cm3 17.144 litres a 0. 12. a L c V e A b V d L f A 3.1 g Exercise 13F (p. b 9 cm b 20 cm 88 cm3 2577 cm3 0. time time depth c depth b depth 15.9 cm 8. 5. 4. 12. 12. 271) 10. a Gita 16 sec b 0.2 m2 Exercise 13E (p. a pa2 b ‡ 4a2 c b 2pab ‡ 8ac ‡ 8a2 Exercise 13B (p. a cm c cm2 e cm2 3 b cm d cm f cm3 4. time depth 14.36 kg a 12 (a ‡ b) ch 1 b (a ‡ b) h ‡ c(a ‡ h ‡ b) ‡ c[(b a)2 ‡ h2 ] 2 10. 2 6.2 cm2 a 1. 287) 1.6 mm b 456 mm2 a 1. 10 c 1200 cm3 b 60 cm2 d 840 cm2 0.4 in 0. 6.f.4 cm2 a 10.09 m2 b 18 600 mm2 b 5. 276) 10.5 sq feet b 216 sq inches 6.047 litres b 2.f. because the conversion is given only correct to 5 s.85 m2 b 1. 279) 2. 3. 7.Exercise 13C (p.2 h 3 a 62.6 mm2 Green (102 cm2 rather than 92 cm2 ) a 94. 500 yards 1.5 sec 13. 2.0 m b 46 500 kg 9. 9.4 m3 0. 16. 12. 8. 8. 2pr represents a length 8.6 acres a 60 296 960 acres c 244 000 km2 b 24 400 000 hectares 6.76 m2 a 0. 6. 7. 10. 13. 4. 15.9 g 5. 30 33 56 12 150 mm2 c 2.5 cm2 8.83 litres a 13. 4.14 m b 18.88 cm b 2.

3). 0) SF 11. 2) 3.  g h a C' e d b f Exercise 14C (p. 1). 3    6 0 mˆ 2 4    3 4 n ˆ 1 2 5. 0). question 6 5 . 302) 7. (0. ( 2. mirror line y ˆ x 1 8. 4. SF 1 6. R. 2). 0) (7. 27. 1) ( 7.) 5. TL. Reflect about both axes. a (3. A b P 0. 908 anticlockwise 3. 1). 26.5). 6) 4. scalar 6. 1808 4. 9. vector  3 4   5 6. ( 9. 8. 5) ( 7. 37. 4) (1. . no. 4) ( 1. SF 4. 0) ( 1. 5) (8. mirror mirror mirror mirror mirror mirror line line line line line line yˆ0 yˆ1 xˆ2 yˆx x ˆ 12 y ˆ 1. bottom left RT. 2 2 5. 4. . 3) (1. Reflect about the line y ˆ 2 then translate 5 units right. B' A' C 20 Q . R2 . 1) (8. 2). ( 1. 35. centre (0. 2 C' (2. 2). ( 1. scalar 4. Exercise 14I (p. they are of different lengths 10. (1. vector Exercise 14H (p. 1808 2. 5. top right RL. 0) C 12. 8) (2. 25. (2. 31. Exercise 14E (p. 19. 1808 6. 24. SF 8. 0) 6. 300) 1. 4 4. A B' B C A' C' C A' B' B A 3. 2. g ˆ i ˆ k ˆ 0 2      4 6 h ˆ j ˆ l ˆ 0 7 8±16. R3 . (1. 828 anticlockwise e ˆ 2a. (0. 2. mirror line y ˆ 1 x 11. 2) ( 3. 308) P 1. 3) ( 6. Rotate 908 clockwise about ( 4.Chapter 14 6. 296) 1. 8. 23. (5. 3 1 b Rotation 1808. 304)     2 1. 299) 1. d ˆ 3c (7. 29. I e Top left R. 2 2     2. 3) (3.  Exercise 14J (p. . 7) (1. 38. TLRR. 2 3 5. i c 7. 18. 22. 4 6  ( 2. Reflect about the x-axis then translate 6 units right. 306)     5 5 1. 6. 32. SF A B' C' C 2 C A' B A B (3. a L b T c LT d (Bottom shape first) RR. 1) ( 2. (1. 10) ( 6.  5 3  7. R7 Exercise 14B (p. A' 3. 9. P      5 . 21. 908 clockwise 2. 1008 clockwise Exercise 14F (p. 1). SF 3 B' 7. 34. 3. vector B A C' Exercise 14G (p. 2. 7. 1). (1. scalar 2. 3 1 0      5 6 7. mirror line y ˆ 9 4x 12. 28. A' B' 13. 5). 3) (1. question 5 P 2. Exercise 14D (p. 0). 300) 1. 1 3 2   question 8 4 3 9. 36. (0. 1). 3) then reflect about the y-axis or reflect about y ˆ 2 x then translate 5 units right and 3 units down. mirror line y ˆ 9 4x 1) invariant 17. scalar 5. a (0. 30. bottom right RTL f (Bottom first) I. 20. SF 2 2. 908 clockwise 5.5 C' B (In questions 5 to 9 the transformations given are not the only possibilities. 1. 3 3. 3. 0). 293) 1. question 7 4 . (2. 6). 4) ( 9.  33.

similar 6.8. 3.5 depth 1. B 6. C0 B0 2. 5.5 cm. 316) 1. 7. not similar y B Centre of enlargement (3. 2). E a T b F d F e T x ˆ 4. similar. 5.4 cm. C0 B0 3. 6. C. AE ˆ 13. 8. 8). 326) Chapter 15 yes no yes no yes yes no 5. DE ˆ 10. 6 cm B' similar. 4.75 cm 8. Q c b 2. b CD ˆ 9 cm. 313) time time d depth b time 7. 10. not similar Exercise 15H (p. 334) 1. 10 cm C d 3. 3) points (2.5 cm 7. 4. C0 B0 45 mm c 1. 0) and (0.3 cm c 0. a 7. 12. similar 6. 21 b A 00 (13. b EF ˆ 5 cm b DE ˆ 18 cm. 5. similar 6. 5 b 0. centre (12. C0 B0 17 mm c 0.7 d all the same 3. 8.6 cm 31.56 km 900 m 18 m  10 m 4. B00 (10.2 cm 8. 13 iii 2. A 0 C0 20 mm. b 4 cm 4. E 1. 7. 2. A 0 C0 30 mm. a similar AB ˆ BC ˆ CA DF FE ED b not similar 3. 315) a a a a b 2 time 2 19. similar b 0.6 d all the same 4.5 cm 7.8 cm.8 2.5 cm 12. A 0 C0 2. A. a yes b AC 20 mm. C. similar. z ˆ 4 Summary 4 Revision Exercise 4. 9. 2). B3 (10. a 2 b 5. 6. 2. a 2. P b b ˆA bˆA 2. 1) Scale factor 2 B" C A C" A" A' C' Exercise 15D (p. ABC similar to PQR. 6. C00 (7. a 4. 4. 332) c T f F Exercise 15B (p. 4. 2 c depth 1 a yes b AC 2 cm. 11. 324) 1. 5). 8 cm B A 3. a yes b AC 3. similar 8 cm 2.6 cm. 2 3.53 cm ii L iii A iv A Revision Exercise 4. 9. a depth no yes yes A. 3. intercept 3 (4. 1)     1 1 a i ii 7 7 b 1 unit right and 7 units down x . 2. P b 4. not similar bˆA 1. A 0 C0 4 cm. y ˆ 3. a i 3. D A. y ˆ 9. 4. similar 7. 5 ii b x(x ‡ 5) ˆ 24 4. a Exercise 15E (p. Exercise 15A (p. 13. z ˆ 7. CB 30 mm. CB 26 mm. 2. 321) c (11. 7. 10. similar. w ˆ 1. a yes b AC 33 mm. 8. 2). CE ˆ 4. 6 cm Exercise 15G (p.1 (p. x ˆ 2. a b c Scale factor 3.2 cm c 2 d all the same 2.5 cm. y ˆ 10. 3.5 x ˆ 6. 4. 24 cm Exercise 15F (p. AB ˆ BC ˆ CA PQ QR RP 1. 3. 2) 908 clockwise A 3 (6. 3) gradient 1.5 cm similar. 908 clockwise C3 (6. 6. C3 (10. CB 1. ABC similar to PRQ.2.4 cm i 26 cm2 i V 258 cm3 b 354 cm b 188.3 cm not similar 9.6 5. y ˆ 4 x ˆ 5. 13.2 (p.7 x ˆ 2. CB 3. 3 2. 10 iv 2.5 cm2 ii 9 cm b 5.5 cm 2. 8 cm  3 cm 5 c 6 d 0.5 d all the same 5. 3 c 6 0.5 cm similar. AB ˆ BC ˆ CA PR RQ QP 3. 0)   1 d translation defined by the vector 3       1 4 5 e i ii iii 13 3 4 1.6.3 cm 10.8 in 11. 311) 5. 7. Exercise 15C (p. x ˆ 4. 322) b 3. 5) 1. 5.

5 0. 6 b three: i 14. 345) 10 0 0 6 c C2 (10. 12. drawing is not accurate to 3 s.5 c c c c 0.501.125 cm 11. 7 c 1.364 3.08 5.66 0. 0. 3. 3.005 iii 0. QR ˆ 16 cm C C c 4. 30. 2.066 0. 1. 8. 7. 9. a 2. 6. 338) 1. 10 20 30 Marks 40 50 22 73 39 d 69.4 (p. 4. 1.32 v 0. 4. Revision Exercise 4. O 7.277 9.75 AB BC ˆ 8 cm b CD ˆ 6. 20. 5.5 cm 2. 5. 2. a i x 0 8 11 20 C2 reflection in x ‡ y ˆ 9 no. 0. 5 ii 129. a i 0. 1.532 4.7 cm DE ˆ 8 cm similar. 7. 4.58 b 26. a b 9.5 e data not grouped c c c c c 0. 7 b 3. B2 B3 A1 4 B1 x y B b x ˆ 3.568 10.f.06 cm 6. 5 a a a C a b 0. 4 B A1 7. 8.58 b 26. 4. SF 13 10. 10. 7.33 0. 6.5 (p. 3. i F ii T iii F iv T DE ˆ 12. y c 4. A 2 y 6. a x ii 14 25 68 11 b 20 c 20 b 26.054 ii 5. 336) 1. 3 2. Cumulative frequency 60 50 40 30 20 3 4 7 11 b i ii iii 125 iv 2000 2 c 5 9 a 35 c 25 d 12 25 a £45. 3. 10. 0. 3 b 8. 3) d (9. 8. 8.202 11. 7 d 3.00 b £7550 a 32 cm and 56 cm b 20 a a2 3ab ‡ 2b2 b 3x2 ‡ 7x ‡ 2 c p2 ‡ 2pq ‡ q2 a a(a 3) c (x 7) (x ‡ 7) b (x ‡ 7) (x 1) d (7 x) (2 ‡ x) a r ˆ 2.5 0.75 0. 45 c 8. 10. iii x ˆ yz 3 48 square units B ii t ˆ 3x 0. 340) A2 B B12 C1 1.5 0.6 0.5 4 w < 5. ratios of corresponding sides are not equal. 3).4 cm 5. angle P ˆ angle A x ˆ 9 cm y ˆ 2 cm z ˆ 5 cm 5. 4 a 9 m2 b 36 m3 c 96 litres EF ˆ 3.125 b 4.6. 132 d P ˆ 4y2 ‡ 10y ‡ 4 a 0. 6 D A A A2 C 2 C C1 x O A3 C3 d 8.75 1. 9.5 0. 1.3 (p. Q1 23 37 23 7 40 i qˆp 5 V ˆ 7b x ˆ 3. Score Cum freq 67 4 80 Chapter 16 70 Exercise 16A (p.78 vi 1.58 yes b 378 b 318 b 378 b 508 69 20 70 29 71 35 72 38 1.74 74 40 . a yes b DF ˆ 0. Revision Exercise 4. 2. b Revision Exercise 4.25 : 1 b £11 358 y 3. 7.625 iv 0.5 2. y ˆ 3 4. 343) 1.2 Exercise 16B (p. 6. 8. 9.58 b 26. y ˆ b 7. 7 1 cubic b 7.58 b 26.4 c 5(n 1) b 6. 9.6 cm a b c d e a b a a D 31 Q3 38.

48. 8.9 cm 3. 56.998 65.5 cm 14.60 cm 7.50 cm 15.58 44.23 cm 16.68 66.429 11. The moat is 22.88 24. 38. 13. Exercise 17E (p. 29. 13.95 cm 1. 20. 5. 0.18 25.68 b 5.09 cm 1.1 cm 13.2 m b 13. 30. 350) 1.3 cm 16.28 8.44 cm 19. 57.2 km b 18. 1.48 63. 34. 6.78 cm tan cos sin sin tan cos tan sin cos sin tan 12.8 cm2 d 1. 38. 17.2 m high. 24.1 cm angle CAB ˆ 24.68 10. 3. 367) Exercise 16E (p.99 m b 8.51 cm 9.00 cm 5. 29.06 cm 28.0 cm 1.48 30.48 8. 0.60 cm 9. 8. 0.88 cm b 172 cm2 2 a 35.22 cm 3. 4.08 CAE b ˆ 18. 32. 21.68 a angles: A ˆ 59. 4. 0.603 5.78 12.708 5. 3. 41.08. 23.58 7. 33.08 a 31. 31. 23. 12.9 cm 9. 10.68 CAB b ˆ 45.77 m c 39. 7.08 11. 56. 73.08 42. a 513 m b 22 m 33.98 24. a 62. 2. 14. a 235 km b 128 km c 268 km 5. 2. cos 36. 5.63 cm 2. 4.08 44. 374) 1. 3.48 EAB 3.66 cm 56. 15. 3.9 cm 6. 368) Exercise 16F (p.88 22. 30. 7. 2. 33. 20. 45. 64. B b ˆ 45.78 55.38 a 10. 8. 15. 41. 15.78 26.78 14.68 64. 16.77 cm 4.0 m 26. 5.6 cm 13. 18.40 cm 0.98 23. 5.40 cm 13.38 33. 364) Exercise 16D (p.68. 4.08 cm 6. 15. 5.72 cm 3. 5. 75.18 68. 32.78 9.7 cm 0. 4. 19.88 17. 19.438 2.05 cm 6.78 7.38 50. 10. 40. 60. 16.48 27. 1.38 Exercise 17G (p.85 cm Exercise 17D (p. 355) 1. 5. 33. 15. 2.48 8.02 cm 9 9.08 b 70. 0. 3.40 cm 8.0 m 187 m 8.38 23. 6. a 8.9 km b ˆ 26. 24.08 1.7 m (or 10 cm less if the distance between Sam's eyes and the top of his head is taken into account!) 4. 4.8 cm 17.07 cm 3.50 cm b ˆ 71.58 51.08 41. 5.981 6.08 C ˆ 59. 0. 37. 4.68 19. 89.64 cm 11.0 m 6.78 32. 354) 1.515 2. 14. 76.77 cm 6.18 9.55 cm 10. 43. 7.88 59.48 32. 42.08 b 11.18 X 35. 10. 4. 6. 35. 14. 10. 0. 51. 2. 30. 8. 3. 11. 31. 28.98 b 54.6 m 17.33 cm b x ˆ y tan 488 c x ˆ ( y ‡ 12) tan 368 d Tower is 25. 29.28 4. 22.282 cm 1.37 cm 320 cm b ˆ 44. 28.98 49. 2.98.38 cm 12.88 9.08 18. 18. 19. 14.68 A 4. 0.2 cm b 11.38 56. 32. 364) 7.58 59. 39. 21. 34. 19. 42. 3. Exercise 17C (p.78 25.48 26. 63.33 cm 10.98 51.81 cm 8. 382) 12 Exercise 17A (p.28 26.88 67.2 cm 5.28 12.00 m 17. 0. 3. 20. 24. 4. 15.68 3 6 23 2. 6. 4.13 cm 2. 17.98 13.2 cm 13. 3.68 36.08 13. 16. 42. 2. 47.88 28. 8. 9.68 cm 2.75 cm 2. 14.4 cm 41. 25.64 cm 7. 5.4 cm b 2. 14. 4. 14.6 cm a 6.38 8.68 Exercise 17F (p.61 m 138. 36.48 18. 130. Z b ˆ 18. 5. 16.4 m b 22.83 cm 6. 8. 17.58 23. 6.975 cm 9.38 54. 20.08 38. 4. a 168 a 110. 53. 12. a 23.48 31.2 cm 2. 7.22 cm 10.66 m 18. 9. 44.48.08 cm 3.9 m 3.28 34. 31.68 cm 5.78 38. 59. 10. 347) 1. 14. 27. 8. 24.28 52 m 10. 14.54 cm 4. 6. 22.28 16.99 cm 12.4 m 209 m 11.78 29.8 cm 9.08 41.48 23. 12. 376) Chapter 17 4. 13.08 m 26.18 33. 7. AB ˆ 166 m C 12.48 45.43 cm 11. 9.68 3. 30.58 66. 5. 18. 6.68 cm 8.1 cm 5. 9. 2. 9.68 a 104. 7.38 76.995 3. 1.12 cm 1.498 6.3 cm b ˆ 59.58 39.9 cm 126 cm 5.08 6. 3.7 m wide.40 m 8. A complete circle 1.88 20.50cm 7. One twelfth of a circle . 22. 30. 19. 17.22 cm 1.48 8. 23.6 cm c 33. 3.08 23. b 17. 9.96 cm 10. 4. 15.78 21. 8. 24. 370) Exercise 16G (p.43 cm 6.23 cm 5.0 m 26.08 38. 33.24 cm 16. 33.78 22. 9. 26.Exercise 17B (p.67 cm 5. 26. 3.48 cm 5. 4.58 41. 11.669 3. 12.28 2.88 61. 7.39 cm2 Chapter 18 Exercise 18B (p.98 15.4 m2 19.68 35.38 20.08 18.78 36. 31.1 cm 10. 0.08 B ˆ 62. 17.88 7. 20.58 17.10 m 69.06 cm 32. 2. 39.68 19. 11. 18. 20. 33. 69.38 22. 2. 5. 36. 16.88 15. 27. 42. 21.08 53. 1. 14.78 10.

The perpendicular bisector of AB b 15. a i C 3. radius 4 cm b A circle. 386) 1. An arc 6. a A straight line parallel to the road at a distance equal to the radius of the wheel from it b An arc at a constant distance from the curve forming the bend 120° B road b BA turns through 1208 6. An arc from the bowler's hand to the wicket 4. centre C.5 cm P 1. X E earth N' 2. A spiral 120° B C' ii N 7. The bisector of ABC 16. distant 2 cm from it on the same side as A 24 3 cm A 6 cm f 1 . It divides 4LMN into two identical triangles. 8. radius 3 cm 13. PB ˆ 4. AD ˆ 7. DX ˆ 4. centre O. 11. radius 5 cm A straight line parallel to OX. radius OM A straight line parallel to AB distant 4 cm from it A circle. 18. road 7.5 cm 15. A straight line parallel to AB and CD which is twice as far from AB as it is from CD. CD ˆ 10. 13. of the square b Yes.5 cm AP ˆ 8. A semicircle A 9. distant 3 cm from it and joined by semicircles. It is the midpoint of AC. 6 cm A A circle. Exercise 18C (p. a A circle of radius 80 cm b A semicircle of radius 80 cm 12. 4. AC. 2. centre C. a The perpendicular bisector of AB b The perpendicular bisector of BC 10. 391) 6.9 cm c 1 d 2 e 1 Exercise 18E (p. of the square ii The diagonal.5 cm A B 1. a A circle perpendicular to the plane of the paper with AB as diameter b A circle perpendicular to the plane of the paper with AD as diameter c A circle perpendicular to the plane of the paper with AC as diameter d A circle within the plane of the paper with OA as radius Y Exercise 18D (p. 11. centres A and B respectively.5 cm 2.2 cm 17. Approximately a circle 10. a 1 b infinite 16.3 cm 18. a A circle of radius 4 cm. centre A. C 2. concentric with the circle of radius 5 cm 8. 396) 1.1 cm 14. 3. A circle (approximately) B S A This curve is called a parabola. A straight line (assuming the ground is flat) 5. Two straight lines parallel to AB. BD. radius 8 cm 14. C 9. a A circle. The centre of the square 17.5. a i The diagonal. concentric with the circle of radius 5 cm b A circle of radius 6 cm.

a (circle radius 4. radius 1000 m (this assumes that the loci intersect) 7. centre A.3. a 3m N ii 908 Chapter 19 b 3m P 3m 4m P Exercise 19A (p. 400) B 1. parallel to the top of the page and 3 cm A B below it. 4. perpendicular to the plane ABCD. 6 cm 3 cm A 5m B 3. bisecting AD and BC c Two lines.5 cm) c 4 points.5 cm from X A b A C D Near to the boundary line between the two areas. b A circle.) C A B 4. 8 cm above and below plane ABCD and parallel to it b A plane. The line. The circle of intersection of the plane which bisects AB at right angles and the sphere. 60 m C D X Y 50 m 50 m 7. 405) Exercise 18G (p. parallel to AB and DC. a 5 b 2 c 2 d 7 e 4 2. Two spheres.5 m 4m 5. centre C. perpendicular to ABC. centre B. 1 2m 50 m D 100 m A 100 m C 50 m Exercise 18H (p. radius BA c The curved surface of a cone. 399) 1. 2. centre the centre of the moon. a d g b e h c f f 2 . radius 1800 km 5. that passes through the circumcentre of 4ABC 8. B B 8. L A 5. A straight line. 6. A sphere of radius 15 cm 3. A sphere. 4. 8 cm above and 8 cm below the midpoints of AD and BC B M D C e i 97. vertex at C and base radius AB 6. a A sphere. centre D. a Two planes. a A circle. a 1 b 1 c infinite d 1 e 0 (the pedals destroy any symmetry) 3m 7m Exercise 19B (p. of radius 5 cm b The plane that bisects AB at right angles c A circle of radius 3 cm which lies in the plane that bisects AB at right angles 2. radius DA 25 1. each 4.28 9. There are two possible spheres in this case but only one in question 2. one of radius 5 cm and one of radius 15 cm. 403) 3m 4m 1. (Assume the drive is horizontal.

4. O moves in a horizontal line 20 cm above the ground. Diagonals of a rhombus cut at right angles and a rhombus is a parallelogram. Not when x ˆ 4. 90 2. i.3 cm: area  56. a E b i ii G A C b 5.e. a i ii 2. 120 . The square root of any number between 0 and 1.7 cm2 c 15. b tangent. 90 5.66 cm c i c 22. BD  11. 3.49 cm G c 31.6 cm2 e 24 cm3 b f Cut (a) E F Area  40 cm2 Chapter 20 4. 415) 1. 26 . a i ii E B D Isosceles. 2 52 ˆ (3 52 ) 6. a 1 point b 20 cm c radius. 109 38 iii 4.6 cm3 . 418) 1. 2. a i ii Exercise 19C (p. a P Q b c R Area  24 cm2 Area  32 cm2 c 152 cm2 d 5. 109. a P b Q i ii b 17. 3.g. e.4 cm3 or 15 58 .2 cm2 iii B 3. 4. square root step. cannot divide by x y since x y ˆ 0 or b d 96 cm3 c Exercise 20C (p. 408) 1. a Exercise 20B (p. 40 and 40 5.2. a E b 8.6 sq cm d yes e E H ii B C Congruent with EACG 3.

i b b Revision Exercise 5. 432) ii 1.0117 m 8. CB ˆ 2 cm x ˆ 30 a 40 b 50 b ˆ 22. 420) 1.28 c BC ˆ 4. a 84 km b 20 litres 3. a 6 cm b 4 cm 10. z ˆ 90 1. 76 9. 8.3 (p. a i 1.48 b 11.5 (p. 9. AB ˆ 7.0039 m2 3 b 0. a 55.18 Revision Exercise 5.  OB ˆ 5 cm. y ˆ 2 6. 3 iii 7.3 cm Exercise 20D (p. a variety A: median 13. 1.68 angle A ˆ 32.921 b 0. OA ˆ OB (radii).48 d 0.87 m d 3. a 5 b Revision Exercise 5. d PC ˆ 6.457 d 57. radius 8 cm ii plane parallel to and 6 cm above page iii circle in plane. a i AB ˆ 6. x ˆ 30. b ˆB b (opp € s of a kite are equal) b ˆT b ˆ 90 .68 c 53. a two infinite parallel lines 6 cm above and below AB b i sphere.83 cm b (base angles of isosceles 4) bˆA 10. O A ) OATB is a square.77 cm.48 b i 26. a i 0. 427) 1.0 cm b i 158 ii 14 cm 5. iqr 4.1 (p. 10. AX ˆ 5.3 cm 6. 431) 1. a 2 6.773 ii 32.38 a 55.914 c 0. 6.48 a BC ˆ 4.07 c 0.8 cm a 32. iqr 6. a 4 cm 3. variety B: median 10. .36 cm 30 365 4 365 iii 65.6_ 3_ 7 7 b i 9 ii 90 1 c 65 2. a 4 c 6 2 cm 6 cm 6 cm 10 2 cm b d trapezium 4. B b (ext € property of 4) b ˆB b‡A A CD b ˆ 2B Revision Exercise 5.82 m 3.8. 8.732 a 31. A BE . 425) 1. 4.62 cm ii BC ˆ 10.6 cm b i PR ˆ 9. a i 39 cm2 ii 0. a i 4.63 cm b AC ˆ 19.88 b 73. 4. a 11. OBA 5.8 km a 0.678 a 28.2 (p. 5 cm Exercise 20E (p. a A b i slowed to halt ii accelerated through iii slowed then accelerated through 7. 5.36_ ii 0. centre 6 cm above A.28 c 60. a x ˆ 6.9 cm 10. a b Revision Exercise 5.424 b 1. y ˆ 4 b x ˆ 6. a 60 (equilateral 4) b 30 (90 60 ˆ 30 ) c 90 (30 ‡ 60 ) b ˆ BEF b (tangent/radius) 10.80 3. 2. AB jj EF (alt angles) d 60. 3. a 5 14 (4z ‡ 2y) iii c ˆ 5(A b) b i bˆa‡c ii x ˆ 3 2 c n ‡4 d i A ˆ 6pr2 ii A ˆ 3ph2 /2 6.5 km b 18.g. a i a (1 ‡ a) iii (x ‡ 6) (x ‡ 4) ii (x 7) (x ‡ 3) iv (x ‡ y) (x y) b 50.08 ˆ 6 73 c d 30 365 60 365 ˆ ˆ 6 73 12 73 e 35 365 ˆ 7 73 leap year so 366 instead of 365 in denominator 2.18 10. B 8. radius 5. range 20. 9.6 AB ˆ 12 cm. a angle C ˆ 57. a 4ab 12ac c 4x2 ‡ 19x 5 b x2 4x 12 d 25p2 4q2 2 4.2.6% b £69.28 b 43. centre A. 421) 2.80 cm 8. TA ˆ TB (tangents from a point) ) OATB is a kite.9 cm 3.47 cm ii QR ˆ 8. a 5. y ˆ 60. b BD ˆ 3 cm 9. 5.8 cm 4. y 5 0 b other triangular region shown 4.38 9.38 b 22.08 27 . 9 ii 0. 5.4 cm Summary 5 7.08 b 51.8. a perpendicular bisector of road AB b line bisecting angle ABC 2. a 0. 2.3 b Variety A tends to be about 2 cm taller and less variable in height.88 a 12. 429) ii 0. 9 b 7 7. a 3.4 cm iii 3. 30 7. 3.8 5.84 m b 4. 7. y 4 x . range 20. e.25 d 11.4 (p. a x 4 1.38 c 30.6 cm 4.

6) C2 (6.94 cm . 12) B2 (12.27 cm angle A ˆ 35.66 cm 28 ii 8. 3) 5. 4) A 2 (9. a y 12 9. a 12 x centre (6. a b 2 4 6 B 8 C1 10 C 10. A2 d No A A1 10 8 A 6 B2 4 B B1 C2 C 2 O b c 8.18 b i 5.7.

.

.

9A $ .  ) .

.

.

.

    .

Centres d'intérêt liés