Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 45

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEMORIAL MASONS

NATIONAL ASSOCIATIONOF MEMORIAL MASONS

founded 1907 incorporated 1987

founded 1907 incorporated 1987

1907 incorporated 1987 founded 1907 incorporated 1987 RECOMMENDED CODE OF WORKING PRACTICE Head Office: 27a Albert

RECOMMENDED CODE OF WORKING PRACTICE

Head Office:

27a Albert Street, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 2SG Tel: 01788 542264 Fax: 01788 542276

e-mail: enquiries@namm.org.uk

web site: www.namm.org.uk

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MEMORIAL MASONS 27a Albert Street, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 2SG Tel: 01788 542264 Fax: 01788 542276 E-mail: www.namm.org.uk

RECOMMENDED CODE OF WORKING PRACTICE

The following Recommended Code of Working Practice was originally adopted by members at the Association's Annual General Meeting on 10th October 1990 to come into effect as from 1st January 1991. It has since been subject to several revisions and amendments ~see below).

Revisions and Amendments

Each page of this loose-leaf booklet is numbered and dated. The Association will publish individual replacement pages when any revisions or amendments are made - see overleaf

Note:

This Recommended Code of Working Practice will be regularly revised and updated to include any changes such as:

i) Changes in British Standards, which may be applicable

ii) New information coming to light as a result of research and development being undertaken regarding memorial stability etc.

iii) Results of tests of a range of memorial sizes, types etc which may not yet be included in this recommended code.

iv) Any other matters, which the National Association of Memorial Masons deems to affect this recommended code.

RECOMMENDED CODE OF WORKING PRACTICE

AMENDMENT DETAILS - REVISION DATED 1 ST MAY 2001

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials: Addition of Memorials of up to 5’ in height with suitable foundations and fixing methods.

A few small changes to the Bolting Method section 3-6

A few other changes have also been made.

This version now supersedes any version you may already have.

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

NAMM’s Recommended Code of Working Practice

INDEX

Preliminaries

 

iii

Section 1

-

Memorial Stability the basics

1 - 1

Section

2

-

Adhesives

2 - 1

Section 3

-

Lawn Memorials (i.e. memorials fixed to a base (ground level) and foundation)

 

- Foundations

3 - 1

- Fixing to foundation and ground

3 - 3

- Fixing plate to base

3 - 4

- Dowels and dowel holes

3 - 4

- Size of dowels and dowel holes

3 - 5

- Joggles

3 - 6

- Fixing thin slate memorials

3 - 6

- The ‘Bolting Method’

3 - 6

Section 3a

-

Recommendation re crosses

3a - 1

Section 4

-

Upright memorials consisting of a plate set directly into the ground

 

- Amount of plate below ground level

4 - 1

- Fixing (Foundation & Infilling)

4 - 1

- Dowels, dowel holes & joggles

 

- Dowels and dowel holes

4 - 2

- Size of dowels and dowel holes

4 - 3

- Joggles

4 - 4

 

- Fixing thin slate memorials

4 - 4

Section 5

-

Upright memorials with Kerbs

 

- Foundations

5 - 1

- Sloping ground

5 - 1

- Fixing plate to foundation

5 - 2

- Dowels and dowel holes

- Drilling and filling

5 - 2

- Number and type

5 - 2

-

Size

5 - 3

 

- Joggles

5 - 4

 

- Fixing thin slate memorials

5 - 4

- Fixing kerbs and posts

-

Size of dowels

i

5 – 4

/Section 6 Kerb surrounds …

Index (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 6

-

Kerb surrounds (i.e. where there is no upright memorial)

 
 

- Foundations

 

6 –

1

- Fixing kerbs and posts

 

-

Size of dowels

6 –

1

Section 7

-

Tablets, plaques and open books

 
 

- Memorials on rests

- Foundations

 

7 –

1

- Fixing to foundation and ground

7 –

3

- Fixing rest(s) to base

7 –

5

- Fixing book / tablet to rests

 

- Dowels and dowel holes

 

7 –

5

- Tick rests

7 –

6

- Support rests

7 –

6

- Low risers

7 –

6

- Recumbent tablets

7 –

6

- Wall plaques

7 –

6

Section 8

-

Lettering, Finishes & General

 
 

- Exposed surfaces

 

8 –

1

- Lettering

8 –

1

- Additional inscriptions

8 –

1

- Tidiness

8 – 1

Appendix I

Fixing systems for memorials

Appendix

I – 1

Appendix II

NAMM’s testing criteria for methods of memorial fixing

Appendix II – 1

Appendix III

Concrete

Appendix III - 1

Glossary

Glossary - 1

©Copyright NAMM

ii

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

PRELIMINARIES

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Note:

Throughout this document the imperial sizes quoted are approximate and are included only to

assist those not yet fully conversant with metric measurements.

(i) Memorial Strength: The Association recognises that the determined vandal will probably break a memorial if it cannot be pushed over. For this reason the fixing standards recommended in this Recommended Code do not attempt to be “vandal proof”.

They are, however, designed to:

- ensure memorials are strong enough to withstand all reasonable forces to which they might be subject;

- ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, that, should a memorial fall as a result of excessive force being applied, it will only fall slowly - i.e. in a manner unlikely to cause an accident.

Note: The Association, under the guidance of its consultant structural engineer, has calculated that a resistance to a 70kg force applied at its apex or, in the case of a tall memorial, at a height of 1500mm (5’) – i.e. notionally shoulder height, would permit a memorial to withstand two 14 stone people pulling themselves up on it at the same time.

This Recommended Code therefore recommends that every memorial be erected in a manner which enables it to withstand such a force.

ii) Test strength: 70kg force is taken as the proof load but, in order to build in a substantial safety margin, NAMM’s testing criteria dictate that

at least 100kg load is applied when testing a system which is designed to fail slowly if excessive force were to be applied, and

at least 150 kg when testing a system which is designed to stand rigidly

iii) Tested methods of fixing: In recent years some “ground anchor” or “ground support” fixing systems have been devised as one way to achieve the above memorial stability. Those, and any other methods of fixing, which have been proved, to NAMM’s satisfaction, to pass the Association’s testing criteria are listed in Appendix I

iv) Criteria for testing: For details of NAMM’s criteria for testing methods of fixing, see Appendix II

v) Preparation of grave area: The recommendations in this Recommended Code assume that the grave area has been suitably prepared for the safe erection of any memorials permitted under the relevant Burial Authority’s regulations.

vi) Unusual-sized memorials: Unless stated otherwise, the sizes quoted in this Recommended Code in respect of dowels and dowel holes etc. in general refer to the more usual size of memorial – e.g. up to approximately 1500mm (5’) in overall height and erected on a single grave space. Larger memorials will require independent calculations made by a suitably qualified person or body.

Memorial Height: Unless obviously otherwise, all measurements of memorial heights are taken from ground level.

viii) Materials: ‘Stone’ memorials supplied by members of the Association shall be of natural quarried materials and subject only to those variations in colour, natural characteristics and regional variations as are accepted by the trade and approved by the NAMM Region or Regions concerned.

©Copyright NAMM

iii

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

THE RECOMMENDED CODE

Section 1

MEMORIAL STABILITY - THE BASICS

(See also “Preliminaries” on page 2).

1.1 Proof strength: Every memorial should be erected to withstand a minimum pull/push force of 70kg applied at its apex or, in the case of a tall memorial, at a height of 1500mm (5’) – i.e. notionally shoulder height.

1.2 Adhesives: All adhesives used

- shall conform to the relevant British Standard (BS)

- shall be confirmed by the manufacturers as being suitable for the purpose

- shall be applied correctly on correctly prepared surfaces.

1.3 Fixings: All fixings used shall conform to the relevant British Standard (BS) and shall be confirmed by the manufacturers as being suitable for the purpose.

1.4 Drilling & Filling of Dowel Holes: All dowel holes shall be drilled with great care to ensure the sides of the holes are not fractured in any way.

Attention shall be given to the careful drilling, filling and sealing of all dowel holes.

A good quality adhesive or cement (see Section 2) shall be used.

1.5 Level: All memorials shall be set at the proper level for the design, with due allowance being

There shall be no backward or forward lean unless a specific design

made for sloping ground. dictates otherwise.

1.6 Drainage: Provision shall be made for adequate drainage on all memorials and their foundations, as well as in vases and bases.

©Copyright NAMM

1 – 1

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 2

2.1 CEMENT:

ADHESIVES

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

a) MIXING: Great care must be taken when mixing cement.

The cement must be mixed to a thick, creamy consistency. Uncontaminated water should be used.

Once the correct consistency has been reached, additional water must not be added as this is likely to reduce its strength,

b) SECURING DOWELS: When using cement to secure dowels, it is important that the dowel holes are properly filled.

Precautions should be taken to ensure the cement is not allowed to come out of the holes during fixing.

- This may require the plate to be held upside down while the dowels are being inserted and until the cement has set.

c)

SURFACES KEYED:

All surfaces to be fixed shall be completely roughened to form a

good key for good and lasting adhesion. and foundation/s.

This applies equally to the memorial plate, base

d)

BEDDING SURFACES: Except where the design of the fixing system being used dictates otherwise, all meeting surfaces shall be fully bedded.

Note: When using porous stone (eg Portland and sandstone) the stone should be pre- wetted to avoid hydraulic shock.

d)

POINTING: All joints shall be properly pointed.

2.2 RESINS: Great care has to go into the mixing of resins.

a) All the manufacturer’s instructions must be strictly adhered to.

b) All surfaces to be joined must be clean, dry and free from dust.

c) When using resin to secure dowels it is particularly important:

i) that the holes are completely dry, clean and free from dust. (Note: after drilling the hole, a strong blast of air should be used to thoroughly remove the stone dust);

ii) that the dowel holes are properly filled.

Precautions should be taken to ensure the resin is not allowed to come out of the holes during fixing.

-

©Copyright NAMM

This may require the plate to be held upside down while the dowels are being inserted and until the resin has hardened.

2 - 1

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 3

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

LAWN MEMORIALS

UP TO 1500MM (5’) IN HEIGHT

3.1 FOUNDATIONS

a) SIZES & TIME OF LAYING

Note

i) In the Association’s opinion the following foundations are sufficient for most ground

However, it is possible that additional foundations may be required where

conditions.

unusual ground conditions prevail or where the memorial is unusually large.

ii) Where it is possible for the foundation to be wider than the width of the grave this is always preferable. Where the memorial is being fixed on disturbed ground it is really necessary.

Minimum sizes & times of laying:

i) This type of foundation when used with memorials over 500mm (20”) in height,

must always be in conjunction with a suitable ground support system as in

Appendix 1

Type of foundation For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high) (see also b) below

Time

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum depth (i.e. front to back)

foundation

size on

thickness

laid

plan

 

Hydraulically pressed slab conforming to the relevant BS

Can be when memorial is erected

Always

65mm

375mm (15”)

larger than

the

(2 ½”)

 

memorial

 

base

 

ii) This type of foundation when used with memorials over 500mm (20”) in height,

must always be in conjunction with a suitable ground support system as in Appendix 1

Type of foundation

Time

Minimum size on plan

Minimum

Minimum depth (i.e. front to back)

foundation

thickness

For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high

laid

 

Reinforced

Can be when memorial is erected

Always larger

75mm

375mm

concrete slab

than the

(3”)

(15”)

memorial

 

base

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 1

/minimum sizes etc. continued

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

iii) This type of foundation does not require a ground support system, but does

require the memorial being doweled to the foundation

Type of foundation

Time foundation to be laid

Minimum

Minimum size of each concrete block

size on

plan

Height

Width

Depth (front

 

to back)

For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high

         

2

pillars (below

At least 14 days prior to the memorial being erected

Always

212mm

212mm

375mm

ground) each 2 concrete blocks high – the blocks being cemented together and dowelled - with compressed backfill in between

larger than

the

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(15”)

memorial

base

For Memorials up to 1500mm (5’) high

         

2

pillars (below

At least 14 days prior to the memorial being erected

Always

212mm

212mm

375mm

ground) each 3 concrete blocks high – the blocks being cemented together and dowelled - with compressed backfill in between

larger than

the

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(15”)

memorial

base

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 2

/below gro und foundations

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

iv) This type of foundation does not require a ground support system, but does

require the memorial being doweled to the foundation

Type of foundation

 

Minimum size on plan

Minimum

For Memorials up to 1500mm (5’) high

Time foundation to be laid

depth

Poured concrete

At least 14 days prior to the memorial being erected

Always larger than the memorial base

350mm

14”

b) BELOW GROUND FOUNDATIONS

i) Bricks: If bricks are used underground they shall

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS) and

be of the appropriate durability designation in accordance with the principles of the relevant British Standard (BS)

ii) Concrete blocks:

If concrete blocks are used underground they shall

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS)

iii) Poured concrete: see appendix 3

3.2 FIXING LAWN MEMORIALS TO FOUNDATION AND GROUND

Note: In addition to the fixings detailed below, an adhesive suitable for the purpose (usually Portland cement) and conforming to the relevant British Standard (BS) shall be applied between base and foundation. For details of the correct mixing and application etc of cement and resin see ‘Adhesives’ – i.e. Section 2.

a) MEMORIALS OVER 500 MM (20”) IN HEIGHT:

When the memorial is fixed to a base and

foundation, a method of fixing which conforms to the standards laid down by this Recommended Code (see ‘Preliminaries’ (i) on page 2) shall be used.

(Note:

i)

If a ground support system is used it must be suitable to the height and material of the memorial - see Appendix I)

ii)

If a ground support is not used, the base must always be doweled to the foundation, using the correct size dowels

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 3

/memorials up to 500mm …

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

b) MEMORIALS UP TO 500 MM (20”) IN HEIGHT: A ground support system need not necessarily be used.

However:

the base must be doweled to the foundation using 2 solid threaded stainless steel or fully galvanised dowels galvanised to BS 729(1971); and

the number, type and size of dowels and dowel hole must be the same as the minimum for fixing memorial plate to memorial base (see 3.3 below).

3.3 FIXING PLATE TO BASE

Note 1:

For thin slate memorials see 3.3 b) below For the bolting method see 3.3 c) below

Note 2:

In addition to the fixings detailed below, an adhesive suitable for the purpose (usually Portland cement) and conforming to the relevant British Standard (BS) shall be applied between base and

For details of the correct mixing and application etc of cement and resin see

foundation.

‘Adhesives’ – i.e. Section 2.

a) DOWELS & DOWEL HOLES

i) Drilling of Dowel Holes: All dowel holes shall be drilled with great care to ensure the sides of the holes are not fractured in any way.

ii) Filling of Dowel Holes:

Attention shall be given to the careful filling and sealing of all dowel holes.

A good quality adhesive or cement (see Section 2) shall be used.

iii) Number & type of dowels:

2 solid stainless steel dowels (smooth or threaded),

or

2 solid fully galvanised dowels - galvanised to the relevant BS

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 4

/dowel size table…

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

iv) Size of dowels & dowel holes

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Plate – Size

 

Dowels - Size

 

Dowel holes - Diameter

 

The sizes below relate to the minimum dowel diameters (see col 3 below). If a thicker dowel is used the dowel hole diameter may be increased accordingly

Height

Minimum

Min.

Total

Length in

Length

In

In me - morial

Thickness

dia-

length

plate

in

plate

meter

memor-

(i.e. up

base

ial base

to 4mm

(i.e. up

larger

to 8mm

than

larger

dowel

than

dia-

dowel

meter)

dia-

meter)

up to & incl

up to & incl 63mm

12mm

100mm

50mm

50mm

16mm

20mm

600mm

(2½”)

(4”)

(2”)

(2”)

(2’)

over 63mm

16mm

20mm

24mm

(2½”)

601mm

over 63mm

           

(over 2’)

(2½”)

16mm

150mm

75mm

75mm

20mm

24mm

to 900mm

BUT SEE

(6”)

(3”)

(3”)

(3’)

NOTE 1

BELOW

901mm

over 75mm

           

(over 3’)

(3”)

16mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

20mm

24mm

to

BUT SEE

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

1200mm

NOTE 1

(4’)

BELOW

1200mm

Over

           

(over 4’)

100mm

25mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

30mm

35mm

to

(4”)

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

BUT

BUT

1500mm

(5’)

BUT SEE

SEE

SEE

NOTE 2

NOTE 3

NOTE 3

 

BELOW

BELOW

BELOW

* recommended maximum length

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 5

/fixing thin slate memorials…

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Note1: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial will depend on the type of stone being used. However, generally, the minimum thickness for any stone (other than slate – see below) should be as shown

Note2: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial is 4” for Granite and 6” for soft stones like Portland.

Note3: These diameters are recommended due to the fact that 25mm dowels do not bend, and consequentially do not ride out of the holes.

v) Joggles between plate and base: Joggles, when used between plate and base, can create weaknesses and stress levels and are therefore not recommended unless there is also adequate doweling.

b) FIXING THIN SLATE MEMORIALS:

Thickness of

Height of memorial (measured without base)

Method of fixing plate to base

 

memorial

50mm (2”)

up to 675 mm (2’3”)

as for similar sized memorials in 3.3 above

   

not be

fixed

to

a

base,

but

set

in

a

50mm (2”)

over 675mm (2’3”)

concrete

(see

Appendix

III)

or

hardstone shoe which is set below ground (see Section 4)

Less than 50mm

Slate memorials less than 50mm (2”) thick, and irrespective of height, should not be fixed to a base, but should be set in a concrete (see Appendix III) or hardstone shoe which is set below ground (see Section 4)

(2”)

c) THE ‘BOLTING METHODFOR FIXING PLATE TO BASE:

Note: It is recommended that threaded dowels (rods) and nuts must be of different grades of stainless steel (e.g. dowels could be A4 grade, nuts A2) to prevent the possibility of their binding together.

i)

Dowels

Height of

Type of dowel

Diameter

Length of dowel into memorial plate

memorial

of dowel

Up to

Threaded stainless steel

10mm

Minimum -

75mm (3”)

750mm

Maximum - 100mm (4”)

(2’ 6”)

Up to

Threaded stainless steel

12mm

Minimum -

75mm (3”)

1200mm

Maximum - 100mm (4”)

(4’)

Up to

Threaded stainless steel

16mm

Minimum -

75mm (3”)

1500mm

Maximum - 100mm (4”)

(5’)

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 6

/bolting method continued…

Section 3 – Lawn Memorials (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

ii) Fixing the dowels The dowels shall be fixed into the memorial plate in the workshop. The dowel holes shall be dust free and dry when fixing takes place.

iii) Resin: (See also Section 2) Resin shall be applied with great care as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Only resins recommended by a reputable manufacturer as suitable for this purpose shall be used.

iv) Nuts & Washers:

- Size of washers

Total thickness of washer(s) per bolt

Diameter of washer(s)

3mm minimum

50% or more bigger than the dowel hole size

v) Dowel Hole Size:

The maximum dowel hole size should not exceed twice the diameter of the dowel.

vi) Countersinking:

Either: the nuts and washers shall be counter-sunk in the base.

Or:

sufficient

accommodated.

Note: Care must be taken not to weaken the foundation.

provision

shall

be

made

in

the

foundation

vii) Fixing memorial plate to base:

slab

for

them

to

be

Membrane:

A suitable membrane shall be placed between plate and base to prevent

movement and impact damage to both. (This membrane could be a damp-proof course made of one of the newer plastic materials, which do not cause staining.)

Minimum recommended torque:

Up to 12mm - 30lb.foot (approximately 40Nm (Newton metres) ).

Up to 16mm – 65lb.foot (approximately 90Nm (Newton metres) ).

Note: Care must be taken not to over-tighten the nuts.

©Copyright NAMM

3 - 7

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 3a

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

RECOMMENDATION RE CROSSES

There are so many different types of crosses that the Association feels it is unable to legislate exactly how they should be fixed.

However, it does recommend that, in addition to the traditional method of fixing, each section (i.e. the cross and each of the steps) should be doweled to the next section.

Thus the cross should be both doweled and fully bedded to the top step and the dowel holes should be carefully filled and sealed.

Where a cross has been joggled, one dowel in the centre is sufficient. In other cases two dowels should be used in order to prevent twisting.

Each step should then be independently doweled to the step below, with dowels, and the bottom step should be doweled to the foundation. (Note: Dry dowels may be used if removal is envisaged.)

Dowel Size :

To determine the size of the dowel between the cross and first block/tier, measure the height of the cross and first block/tier, then refer to the dowel size table in section 3-5.

For all dowels between the other blocks the minimum recommended size is 100mm (4”) in length x 12mm (½”) in diameter.

Note: Dry dowels may be used between the blocks/tiers, but in this instance the dowel size must be the same as between the cross and first base/tier.

As for all memorials, the foundation used shall be appropriate to both the size, weight and design of the cross and the prevailing ground conditions.

©Copyright NAMM

3a – 1

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 4

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

UPRIGHT MEMORIALS CONSISTING OF A PLATE SET DIRECTLY INTO THE GROUND

(i.e. where they are not fixed on to a memorial base)

4.1 AMOUNT OF MEMORIAL PLATE BELOW GROUND LEVEL

This shall be equivalent to at least 25% of that above ground level

4.2 FIXING (below ground):

a) FOUNDATION: These memorials shall be either

set securely into a concrete (see Appendix III) or hardstone shoe,

or

doweled direct onto a concrete (see Appendix III) or hardstone foundation slab of the necessary thickness – i.e.

Type of foundation (see also Note below)

Minimum size

Minimum

Minimum depth (front to back)

on plan

thickness

Pre -cast concrete slab conforming to the relevant BS (but see Note below)

Always wider than the plate

65mm (2 ½”)

300mm (12”)

Other than above (but see Note below)

Always wider than the plate

75mm (3”)

300mm (12”)

Note: Wide foundations – i.e. over 900mm (3’): Where a concrete (see Appendix III) slab is used for such a foundation, it should be reinforced.

b) INFILLING: It is recommended that concrete infilling around the memorial should be used; such infilling to extend from the bottom of the stone to just below ground level.

c) OTHER B ELOW GROUND FOUNDATIONS

i) Bricks: If bricks are used underground they shall

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS) and

be of the appropriate durability designation in accordance with the principles of the relevant British Standard (BS)

ii) Concrete blocks : If concrete blocks are used underground they shall

©Copyright NAMM

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS)

4 - 1

/Dowels, dowel holes & joggles …

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 4 – Upright memorials consisting of a plate set directly into the ground (continued)

4.3 DOWELS, DOWEL HOLES & JOGGLES:

In addition to the fixings detailed below, an adhesive suitable for the purpose and conforming to the relevant British Standard (BS) shall be applied between the plate and the foundation. For details of the correct mixing and application etc of cement and resin see Section 2.

a) DOWELS & DOWEL HOLES

i) Drilling of Dowel Holes: All dowel holes shall be drilled with great care to ensure the sides of the holes are not fractured in any way.

ii) Filling of Dowel Holes:

Attention shall be given to the careful filling and sealing of all dowel holes.

A good quality adhesive or cement (see Section 2) shall be used.

iii) Number & type of dowels:

2 solid stainless steel dowels (smooth or threaded),

or

2 solid fully galvanised dowels - galvanised to the relevant BS

©Copyright NAMM

4 - 2

/Size of dowels & dowel holes …

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 4 – Upright memorials consisting of a plate set directly into the ground (continued)

iv) Size of dowels & dowel holes

Plate – Size

 

Dowels - Size

 

Dowel holes - Diameter

 

The sizes below relate to the minimum dowel diameters (see col 3 below). If a thicker dowel is used the dowel hole diameter may be increased accordingly

Height

Minimum

Min.

Total

Length in

Length

In

In me - morial

Thickness

dia-

length

plate

in

plate

meter

memor-

(i.e. up

base

ial base

to 4mm

(i.e. up

larger

to 8mm

than

larger

dowel

than

dia-

dowel

meter)

dia-

meter)

up to & incl

up to & incl 63mm

12mm

100mm

50mm

50mm

16mm

20mm

600mm

(2½”)

(4”)

(2”)

(2”)

(2’)

over 63mm

16mm

20mm

24mm

(2½”)

601mm

over 63mm

           

(over 2’)

(2½”)

16mm

150mm

75mm

75mm

20mm

24mm

to 900mm

BUT SEE

(6”)

(3”)

(3”)

(3’)

NOTE 1

BELOW

901mm

over 75mm

           

(over 3’)

(3”)

16mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

20mm

24mm

to

BUT SEE

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

1200mm

NOTE 1

(4’)

BELOW

1200mm

Over

           

(over 4’)

100mm

25mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

30mm

35mm

to

(4”)

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

BUT

BUT

1500mm

(5’)

BUT SEE

SEE

SEE

NOTE 2

NOTE 3

NOTE 3

 

BELOW

BELOW

BELOW

*recommended maximum length

Note1: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial will depend on the type of stone being used. However, generally, the minimum thickness for any stone (other than slate – see below) should be as shown

/Notes continued …

©Copyright NAMM

4 – 3

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 4 – Upright memorials consisting of a plate set directly into the ground (continued)

Note2: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial is 4” for Granite and 6” for soft stones like Portland.

Note3: These diameters are recommended due to the fact that 25mm dowels do not bend, and consequentially do not ride out of the holes.

v) Joggle s between plate and foundation: Joggles, when used between plate and foundation, can create weaknesses and stress levels and are therefore not recommended unless there is also adequate doweling.

vi) Fixing thin slate memorials:

Thickness of

memorial

50mm (2”)

50mm (2”)

Less than 50mm

(2”)

Height of memorial (above ground)

Height of memorial (above ground)

up to 675 mm (2’ 3”)

over 675mm (2’3”)

Method of fixing plate to foundation

over 675mm (2’3”) Method of fixing plate to foundation as for similar sized memorials in Para

as for similar sized memorials in Para iii) above

not to be doweled to a foundation, but set in a concrete (see Appendix III) or hardstone shoe

Slate memorials less than 50mm (2”) thick should not be doweled to a foundation, but

Slate memorials less than 50mm (2”) thick should not be doweled to a foundation, but should be set in a concrete (see Appendix III) or hardstone shoe

(2”) thick should not be doweled to a foundation, but should be set in a concrete

©Copyright NAMM

4 - 4

Section 5

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

UPRIGHT MEMORIALS WITH KERBS

Notes: 1)

2)

The following deals with memorials where the headstone/footstone is an integral part of the kerbs. Where the memorial consists of a lawn memorial set as a separate entity within a kerb surround, the lawn memorial and the kerb surround shall be erected in accordance with the standards laid down in Sections 3 and 6 of this Recommended Code respectively.

The paragraphs below assume the memorial is being fixed on level ground. For sloping ground see c) below.

5.1

FOUNDATIONS

a) SINGLE GRAVE SPACES: The kerb surround shall be fixed on a suitable one -piece foundation which is at least slightly larger than the surround.

(Note: Sectional foundations are not recommended unless they are set on top of a suitable one-piece foundation

However, it is recognised that there may be a few situations where the design prohibits this. For fixing methods in these circumstances see b) ‘Multiple Grave Spaces’ below.)

b) MULTIPLE GRAVE SPACES SECTIONAL FOUNDATIONS :

For reasons of practicality,

sectional foundations are usually necessary in the case of multiple grave spaces.

i) Fixing the sections: The sections shall be fixed securely, using solid stainless steel (grade 304 or higher), non-ferrous or fully galvanised dowels or cramps (galvanised to the relevant BS (see Appendix I)).

ii) Dowel sizes

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum Length into each section being joined

Diameter

Total Length

12mm (½”)

150mm (6”)

75mm (3”)

iii) Supporting the joints:

foundation.

All joints must be fully supported by a suitable load-bearing

c) SLOPING GROUND : Note: The fixing of kerb memorials on sloping ground requires special consideration as it is to some extent dependent upon site conditions. However, the following is the general rule:

Foundations shall be of even thickness laid plumb across the contour and with a minimum of slope with the contour to allow effective drainage, to avoid problems of soil slip and erosion.

©Copyright NAMM

5 – 1

/Fixing plate to foundation …

Section 5 – Upright memorials with kerbs (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

5.2 FIXING PLATE TO FOUNDATION: (For thin slate memorials see 5.2 b) below)

In addition to the fixings detailed below, an adhesive suitable for the purpose and conforming to the relevant British Standard (BS) shall be applied between the plate and the foundation. For details of the correct mixing and application etc of cement and resin see Section 2.

The memorial plate shall be either fixed to the foundation using a ground support system which conforms to the standards laid down by this Recommended Code (see (i) in ‘Preliminaries’ on page 2) or, but only when a one-piece foundation is being used, dowelled to the foundation as follows: (Note: Dry dowels must not be used.)

a) DOWELS & DOWEL HOLES

i) Drilling of Dowel Holes: All dowel holes shall be drilled with great care to ensure the sides of the holes are not fractured in any way.

ii) Filling of Dowel Holes:

Attention shall be given to the careful filling and sealing of all dowel holes.

A good quality adhesive or cement (see Section 2 – ‘Adhesives’) shall be used.

iii) Number & type of dowels:

2 solid stainless steel dowels (smooth or threaded),

or

2 solid fully galvanised dowels - galvanised to the relevant BS

©Copyright NAMM

5 – 2

/Size of dowels & dowel holes …

Section 5 – Upright memorials with kerbs (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

iii) Size of dowels & dowel holes

Plate – Size

 

Dowels - Size

 

Dowel holes - Diameter

 

The sizes below relate to the minimum dowel diameters (see col 3 below). If a thicker dowel is used the dowel hole diameter may be increased accordingly

Height

Minimum

Min.

Total

Length in

Length

In

In me - morial

Thickness

dia-

length

plate

in

plate

meter

memor-

(i.e. up

base

ial

to 4mm

(i.e. up

base

larger

to 8mm

than

larger

dowel

than

dia-

dowel

meter)

dia-

meter)

up to & incl

up to & incl 63mm

12mm

100mm

50mm

50mm

16mm

20mm

600mm

(2½”)

(4”)

(2”)

(2”)

(2’)

over 63mm

16mm

20mm

24mm

(2½”)

601mm

over 63mm

           

(over 2’)

(2½”)

16mm

150mm

75mm

75mm

20mm

24mm

to 900mm

BUT SEE

(6”)

(3”)

(3”)

(3’)

NOTE 1

BELOW

901mm

over 75mm

           

(over 3’)

(3”)

16mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

20mm

24mm

to

BUT SEE

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

1200mm

NOTE 1

(4’)

BELOW

1200mm

Over

           

(over 4’)

100mm

25mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

30mm

35mm

to

(4”)

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

BUT

BUT

1500mm

(5’)

BUT SEE

SEE

SEE

NOTE 2

NOTE 3

NOTE 3

 

BELOW

BELOW

BELOW

* recommended maximum length

5 – 3

/Notes …

©Copyright NAMM

Section 5 – Upright memorials with kerbs (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Note1: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial will depend on the type of stone being used. However, generally, the minimum thickness for any stone (other than slate – see below) should be as shown

Note2: The minimum thickness for these heights of memorial is 4” for Granite and 6” for soft stones like Portland.

Note3: These diameters are recommended due to the fact that 25mm dowels do not bend, and consequentially do not ride out of the holes.

iv)

Joggles between plate and base:

Joggles, when used between plate and foundation,

can create weaknesses and stress levels and are therefore not recommended unless there is also adequate doweling.

b)

FIXING THIN SLATE MEMORIALS:

Thickness of

memorial

Height of memorial (maximum)

Method of fixing plate to foundation

50mm (2”)

up to 675 mm (2’ 3”)

As for similar sized memorials detailed in Section 3

50mm (2”)

over 675mm (2’3”)

Should not be doweled so

NOT SUITABLE FOR THIS TYPE OF MEMORIAL

Less than 50mm

(2”)

Should not be doweled so

NOT SUITABLE FOR THIS TYPE OF MEMORIAL

5.3 FIXING KERBS AND POSTS:

These shall be fixed securely, using solid stainless steel

(grade 304 or higher), non-ferrous or fully galvanised dowels or cramps (galvanised to the relevant BS).

Size of dowels

Minimum total length

Minimum length into each component being joined

Minimum diameter

75mm (3”)

Approx 38mm (1½”)

10mm

©Copyright NAMM

5 – 4

Section 6

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

KERB SURROUNDS

(i.e. where there is no upright memorial)

6.1 FOUNDATIONS:

Note: The paragraphs below assume the kerb surrounds are being fixed on level ground.

The fixing of kerb memorials on sloping ground may require special consideration, as it is to some extent dependent upon site conditions

a) SINGLE GRAVE SPACES: The kerb surround shall be fixed on a suitable one -piece foundation which is at least slightly larger than the surround.

(Note: Sectional foundations are not recommended unless they are set on top of a suitable one-piece foundation

However, it is recognised that there may be a few situations where the design prohibits this. For fixing methods in these circumstances see ‘Multiple Grave Spaces’ below.)

b) MULTIPLE GRAVE SPACES SECTIONAL FOUNDATIONS: For reasons of practicality,

sectional foundations are usually necessary in the case of multiple grave spaces.

i) Fixing the sections:

The sections shall be fixed securely, using solid stainless steel

(grade 304 or higher), non-ferrous or fully galvanised dowels or cramps (galvanised to the relevant BS).

ii) Dowel sizes

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum length into each section being joined

Diameter

Total length

12mm

150mm (6”)

75mm (3”)

iii) Supporting the jo ints: All joints must be fully supported by a suitable load-bearing foundation.

6.2 FIXING KERBS & POSTS: These shall be fixed securely, using solid stainless steel (grade 304 or higher), non- ferrous or fully galvanised dowels or cramps (galvanised to the relevant BS).

- Dowel sizes

Minimum total length

Minimum length into each component being joined

Minimum diameter

75mm (3”)

Approx 38mm (1½”)

10mm

©Copyright NAMM

6 – 1

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Section 7

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

TABLETS, PLAQUES & OPEN BOOKS

7.1 MEMORIALS ON REST(S) (books, tablets etc) :

Note:

1. This section deals with the way the book, tablet etc is secured to the rest(s) and base.

2. The rest(s) shall be doweled to both the memorial (e.g. book) and the base.

a)

FOUNDATIONS

SIZES & TIME OF LAYING

Note: i) In the Association’s opinion the following foundations are sufficient for most ground conditions. However, it is possible that additional foundations may be required where unusual ground conditions prevail or where the memorial is unusually large.

ii) Where it is possible for the foundation to be wider than the width of the grave this is

always preferable. necessary.

Where the memorial is being fixed on disturbed ground it is really

Minimum sizes & times of laying:

i) This type of foundation when used with memorials over 500mm (20”) in height, must always be in conjunction with a suitable ground support system as in Appendix 1

Type of foundation For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high) (see also b) below

Time

Minimum

Minimum

Minimum depth (i.e. front to back)

foundation

size on

thickness

laid

plan

 

Hydraulically pressed slab conforming to the relevant BS

Can be when memorial is erected

Always

65mm

375mm (15”)

larger than

the

(2 ½”)

 

memorial

 

base

 

ii) This type of foundation when used with memorials over 500mm (20”) in height, must always be in conjunction with a suitable ground support system as in Appendix 1

Type of foundation

Time

Minimum size on plan

Minimum

Minimum depth (i.e. front to back)

foundation

thickness

For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high

laid

 

Reinforced

Can be when memorial is erected

Always larger

75mm

375mm

concrete slab

than the

(3”)

(15”)

memorial

 

base

©Copyright NAMM

7 – 1

/minimum sizes etc. continued …

Section 7 – Tablets, plaques & open books (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

iii)

This type of foundation does not require a ground support system, but does require the memorial being doweled to the foundation

Type of foundation

Time foundation to be laid

Minimum

Minimum size of each concrete block

size on

plan

Height

Width

Depth (front

 

to back)

For Memorials up to 1200mm (4’) high

         

2

pillars (below

At least 14 days pr ior to the memorial being erected

Always

212mm

212mm

375mm

ground) each 2 concrete blocks high – the blocks being cemented together and dowelled - with compressed backfill in between

larger than

the

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(15”)

memorial

base

For Memorials up to 1500mm (5’) high

         

2

pillars (below

At least 14 days prior to the memorial being erected

Always

larger than

212mm

212mm

375mm

ground) each 3 concrete blocks high – the blocks being cemented together and dowelled - with compressed backfill in between

the

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(8 1 / 2 ”)

(15”)

memorial

base

iv)

This type of foundation does not require a ground support system, but does require the memorial being doweled to the foundation

Type of

Time foundation to be laid

Minimum size on plan

Minimum

foundation

depth

For Memorials up to 1500mm (5’) high

   

Poured concrete

At least 14 days prior to the memorial being erected

Always larger than the memorial base

350mm

14”

©Copyright NAMM

7 – 2

/Below ground foundations …

Section 7 – Tablets, plaques & open books (continued)

b) BELOW GROUND FOUNDATIONS

i) Bricks: If bricks are used underground they shall

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS) and

be of the appropriate durability designation in accordance with the principles of the relevant British Standard (BS)

ii) Concrete blocks:

If concrete blocks are used underground they shall

conform to the relevant British Standard (BS)

iii) Poured concrete: see appendix 3

c) FIXING MEMORIALS ON RESTS TO FOUNDATION AND GROUND

In addition to the fixings detailed below, an adhesive suitable for the purpose (usually Portland cement) and conforming to the relevant British Standard (BS) shall be applied between base and foundation. For details of the correct mixing and application etc of cement and resin see Section 2 - ‘Adhesives’.

i) Memorials over 500 mm (20”) in height: When the memorial is fixed to a base and foundation, a method of fixing which conforms to the standards laid down by this Recommended Code (see ‘Preliminaries’ (i) on page 2) shall be used.

(Note: If a ground support system is used it must be suitable to the height and material of the memorial - see Appendix I)

ii) Memorials up to 500 mm (20”) in height: A ground support system need not necessarily be used.

However:

the base shall be doweled to the foundation using 2 solid threaded stainless steel or fully galvanised dowels galvanised to the relevant BS; and

the number, type and size of dowels and dowel holes must be as follows

©Copyright NAMM

7 – 3

/Dowel table …

Section 7 – Tablets, plaques & open books (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

Memorial - Size

 

Dowels - Size

 

Dowel holes - Diameter

 

The sizes below relate to the minimum dowel diameters (see col 3 below) If a thicker dowel is used the dowel hole diameter may be increased accordingly

Height

Minimum

Minimum

Total

Length

Length in me - morial base

In

In foun-

thickness

diameter

length

in

base

dation

found-

(i.e. up

(i.e. up

ation

to

to 8mm

 

4mm

larger

larger

than

than

dowel

dowel

dia-

dia-

meter)

meter

Maximum

up to & incl 63mm

12mm

     

16mm

20mm

600mm

150mm

100mm

50mm

(2’)

(2½”)

(6”)

(4”)

(2”)

       
 

over 63mm

16mm

20mm

24mm

(2½”)

©Copyright NAMM

7 – 4

/Fixing rest(s) to base …

Section 7 – Tablets, plaques & open books (continued)

d) Fixing rest(s) to base:

Dowel & dowel hole sizes etc:

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

   

Dowels

 

Dowel holes

 
 

Dia-

Total

Length of

Length of

Dia-

Dia-

Minimum contact area between each rest & the base

Height of

memorial

meter

of

dowel

length

of dowel

dowel in

rest

dowel

in base

meter

of

dowel

meter

of

dowel

hole in

hole(s)

rest

in

base

up to

16mm

100mm

50mm

50mm

20mm

24mm

75mm x

600mm

(4”)

(2”)

(2”)

100mm

(2’)

601mm

16mm

150mm

75mm

75mm

20mm

24mm

75mm x

(over 2’)

(6”)

(3”)

(3”)

125mm

to

900mm

(3’)

901mm

             

(over 3’)

16mm

200mm*

100mm*

100mm*

20mm

24mm

75mm x

1200mm

(8”)

(4”)

(4”)

150mm

(4’)

*recommended maximum length of dowel

e)

FIXING BOOK/TABLETS TO REST(S): Threaded stainless steel dowels and resin shall be used.

Note:

This assembly must be completed in the workshop prior to fixing. Cement has been found to be insufficiently strong for this purpose.

The threaded dowel is used in order to give a proper key for the resin.

i) Dowel & dowel hole sizes:

 

Dowel sizes - Minimum

 

Dowel holes

Diameter

Total

Length into

Length

Diameter in both rest and book/plaque

Position

length

book/plaque

into rest

12mm

60mm

30mm

30mm

16mm

Midway on the inclined face of the tick or support rest(s) - or as near as possible

(If a thicker dowel is used the dowel hole may be increased accordingly – See col 5)

(2½”)

(1¼”)

(1¼”)

(i.e. 4mm

larger than

dowel)

Note: The above details apply to all books, tablets etc. on tick rests and support rests.

©Copyright NAMM

/Where the memorial is on tick rests …

7 – 5

Section 7 – Tablets, plaques & open books (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

ii) Where the memorial is on tick rests , the lip shall be at right angles to the slope of the rest and deep enough to support the memorial’s weight.

iii) Where support rests are used, a ‘V’ groove or channel shall also be cut into the

surface of the base into which the bottom edge of the book can fit.

channel shall be of sufficient depth as to prevent any forward movement of the book.

This groove or

iv) Where low risers are used (i.e. the tablet etc is set at ground level but raised at a low angle by means of a riser): When fixed at an angle of more than 10º to the horizontal, two adjacent parts of the memorial should be doweled together.

7.2 RECUMBENT TABLETS:

Unless cemetery regulations dictate otherwise, recumbent tablets

shall always be fixed on adequate foundations with a minimum 10º slant and a drainage hole

provided in the ground at the foot of the slope.

7.3 WALL PLAQUES: Wall plaques shall be fixed with stainless, non- ferrous or fully galvanised dowels which should slope at least 10º from the horizontal.

The back of the plaque shall be roughened and fixed to the wall with mortar or resin using a guide template for drilling the holes in the wall.

©Copyright NAMM

7 – 6

Section 8

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

LETTERING, FINISHES & GENERAL

8.1 EXPOSED SURFACES

a) FINISH: The selected finish of the memorial shall be of an even character - except when a natural or quarried face has been chosen.

b) SCRATCHES: Exposed faces of memorials shall be free from scratches. All natural surface holes shall be filled, if required

c) REMOVING THE ARRIS: If it is necessary to remove the arris, the chamfer formed shall be equal along its length and all corners and checks shall be properly squared, unless the design dictates otherwise

8.2 LETTERING

a) LEGIBILITY & SPACING: The inscription shall be legible and the letters spaced in a ratio suitable to their size. The edges of the letters shall be clearly defined (except when illegibility is caused by the style of lettering requested by the customer).

b) PAINTS & OTHER APPLIED FINISHES shall be carefully chosen as being suitable for memorial work and shall be applied strictly in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. (Note: All applied finishes have a limited life and therefore need periodic renewal)

8.3 ADDITIONAL INSCRIPTIONS: shall be cut/engraved in a style compatible with the original

8.4 TIDINESS: Memorials and surrounding areas shall be left in a clean and tidy condition.

©Copyright NAMM

8– 1

This page is intentionally blank

©Copyright NAMM

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

APPENDIX I

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

FIXING SYSTEMS FOR MEMORIALS

The following methods of fixing memorials to the ground have passed the criteria for testing laid down by NAMM

(For NAMM’s criteria for testing fixing systems, see Appendix II)

Note:

i.

The systems listed below have been found to be appropriate in soils with a California Bearing Ratio of 3% or above - i.e. for over 90% of UK burial grounds.

ii.

If the

ground is high in chlorine ( e.g. if it is likely to be soaked with sea-water) it is

recommended that the memorial be set directly into the ground.

1. NAMM’S GROUND SUPPORT FIXING SYSTEM (‘NAMM Fixings’)

This system, which has been developed and carefully tested by NAMM in conjunction with their consultant engineer,

can be used with

- all types of stone generally deemed suitable for memorials

- all types of memorials up to 1200mm (4’) in overall height (see “Two kits are available

below)

is of the “progressive failure type” - i.e. it is designed to ensure that:

a) the memorial is strong enough to withstand all reasonable forces to which it might be subject;

b) should the memorial fall as the result of an excessive force being applied, it could only fall very slowly - i.e. in a manner very unlikely to cause an accident.

Because this system does allow for this very slow failure it is very unlikely to

cause a breaking of the stone itself, even when excessive force is applied. Hence it is

Note:

suitable for all types of stones deemed suitable for memorials.

Two kits are available

Kit A - for memorials up to 900 mm (3’) in overall height.

Kit B - for memorials from 900mm (3’) - 1200mm (4’) in overall height.

For further details and information on implementation, contact: ‘NAMM Fixings’ Tel: 01782 745533 Fax: 01782 745555

2. FIXING DIRECTLY INTO THE GROUND:

The method of fixing memorials directly into the ground, and to the standards laid out in Section 4 of this Recommended Code, has also been tested extensive ly by the Association and has been found to easily meet all the criteria laid out above.

©Copyright NAMM

/Myatt & Leason’s Memorial Anchor System …

Appendix I – 1

Appendix I (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

3.

MYATT & LEASONS MEMORIAL ANCHOR SYSTEM:

This system

can be used with

- all memorials made from marble or stronger materials;

- all memorials up to 1050mm (3’6”) in overall height

is of the “rigid type” - i.e. is designed to stand rigidly even when excessive force is applied .

Note: Because this system is designed to stand rigidly - i.e. it does not allow for progressive failure - excessive force being applied to memorials made of very soft stone could result in a breaking of the stone. Hence it is only suitable for marble and stronger stones.

For further information contact Myatt & Leason Tel: 01782 848369 Fax: 01782 845750

4. W. BURTS MEMORIAL FIXING SYSTEM

This system can include one or two rods as indicated below

When only 1 rod was used the system met NAMM’s testing criteria for :

i) memorials of any natural quarried materialas strong or stronger than marble up to a size of :

above ground overall height

2’71/2”

maximum

width

1’10” maximum

thickness of plate

3”

minimum

thickness of base

4” minimum

other dimensions of base

foundation (concrete)

24” x 11” minimum

42” x 20” x 3” minimum

ii) granite memorials up to a size of:

above ground overall height

2’10” maximum

width

2’1” maximum

thickness of plate & base 4” minimum

on foundation (concrete) size

42” x 20” x 3”minimum

When 2 rods were used the system met NAMM’s testing criteria for

granite and stones as hard or harder than Yorkstone only of :

above ground overall height

4’1” maximum

width

2’1” maximum

thickness of plate and base

3” minimum

on foundation (concrete) size

42” x 18” x 3”minimum

For further information contact W Burt Tel & Fax: 01782 657883

©Copyright NAMM

Appendix 1 – 2

APPENDIX II

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

NAMM’S TESTING CRITERIA FOR METHODS OF MEMORIAL FIXING

Pre-requisite:

Proof must be supplied that all materials used in the manufacture of the system being tested have been chosen for their longevity - i.e. at least 25 years in typical soil conditions. Any metal parts must be made from stainless steel because this is most likely to provide longevity in most ground conditions.

Tests:

1.

The memorial being used in the test should be subjected to a steadily applied load, applied at its defined apex (see ‘Height of memorial’ below), of up to 100 kg. This load should be sustained whilst the memorial is examined for signs of distress.

2.

The load should then be steadily increased to 150 kg. It should then be sustained at this level for a period of one minute during which the assembly is examined for signs of distress.

Should a system failure be witnessed between the loads 100 - 150 kg, such failure must be of a progressive and controlled nature - e.g. by the plastic bending of fixings. Substrate failure or sudden collapse is not acceptable.

Notes:

(i)

Material of memorial: The memorial being used in the tests should be made of the softest stone for which the system is designed.

(ii)

Thickness of Memorial: The memorial being used in the tests should be of the minimum thickness for which the system is designed.

(iii)

Height of memorial: Each system must be tested by the force being applied at a height equivalent to the height of the tallest memorial for which the system is designed - this is the “defined apex” referred to above - but see a) and b) below.

a) If the system is designed to stand rigidly, a smaller memorial may, for ease, be used if the correct type of testing rig (see “testing rig” below) is attached to it.

b) If the system is designed to allow progressive failure , a memorial of the

maximum size for which the system is designed must be used.

This is necessary

because once the memorial has fallen beyond its centre of gravity the size and

weight of the memorial will affect the speed at which that fall continues.

(iv)

Fixing of plate to base: The plate and base of the memorial being used in the test must be joined together very securely (eg by bolting). Movement in this joint could make it impossible to test the system properly.

©Copyright NAMM

Appendix II – 1

/Type of ground …

Appendix II (continued)

RCOWP – 1 ST May 2001

(v)