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ELECTRONIC PROJECTS ¢ BLECTRONIC PROJECTS 20 PASSIVE PROJECTS AC LINE FILTER @ AUDIO SQUELCH ® CW MONITOR TAPE DUBBING FILTER @ FM TUNING METER : TWEETER CROSSOVER ® WATIMETER @ & MORE PAGES 4-14 IOILOW COST PROJECTS WIRELESS MIKE FOR FM @ SCREAM GENERATOR @ GUITAR TWANG AMP ELECTRONIC TOUCH ALARM @ FUZZ AMP CRYSTAL TESTER SPEECH CLIPPER @ BLACK-OUT ALARM @ MINI-LIGHT BLINKER ‘AM REBROADCASTER @ RC FROM WALKIE TALKIE AND MUCH, MUCH MORE PAGES 15-16 12) EXCITING & USEFUL PROJECTS YOU GIN BULD IMPORTANT, The various circuits described in this hook are for 117 volts A.C, Necessary changes in the power supplies and component substitution may be necessary in some of the circuits. Published by G C Jain for Business Promction Bureau through the courtsey of Page Publications of Qus Australia and Printed et: GOYAL OFFSET PRINTERS 308/6-E, Shahzeda Bagh, Daya Basti, Delhi-11(036 th this 1974 issue of “101” the Editors have gathered a number of new circuits labled passive. 1 is a group of 20 circuits usually consisting only of resistors, capaci- tors, diodes or inductors. We define passive circuits as those that do not connect directly to a battery, AC supply, solar cell or similar power source. Amphtication devices such as discrete transistors or operutional IC ampli- fiers ure not used in passive circuits, As an example, the BC-CB DUPLEXER project prevents transmitted and received CB RF power from eniering your auto radio even though both use the same CB whip an- tenna, The duplexer is @ passive circuit, com- PASSIVE CIRCUIT PROJECTS posed entirely of resistive. capacitive ductive clements, that clectrically permits the .55 to 1.6 MHz AM signal to pays only to the AM radio, not to the CB set. Similar ly, «27.135 MHz CB signal (CHIS) picked up by the same antenna will be electronically routed directly 10 the CR set—hypasing compleicly the AM radio, So, passive circuits you find in this issue do net require way type of “gain” devices: they are, in addition. fairly simple projects that are used to improve the operation or make measurements of other ele equipment. How about you gettins active with a passive circuit today? Here's an easy way to measure an ampli fier's output power without trying to con. vert voltage to power measurements. Re sistor RI provides the load for your ampli- fier and should be rated at least twice the meximum amplifier power output: for ex- ample, if your amp puts out 26 watts, RL should be rated at least 50 watts. The meter scale must be hand calibrated, and will take some time and effort, but once done it's done for good. Remove the 4 ij Audio Wattmeter scale cover from meter ML and borrow an AC variable autotransformer, or ‘connect a 1000 Hz signal generator to the ampli fier output. Connect the output of the auto- transformer (or amplifier) to binding posts BP1 and BP2, and connect an AC volt. meter (VOM) across the binding posts. Set R2 to off—full counter-clockwise if correct- ly wired. Adjust the autotransformer (or amplifier) output until the AC meter indi- cates 20 V rms—the voltage for 50 watts