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Phys 202
7:30 10:30 Th
Name: Genelle N. Estremos Date performed: November 24, 2011
Course and Year: BSChE 2 Date submitted: November 30, 2011
Group number: 4 Instructor:

Ohms Law

I. Objectives: To verify Ohms Law for
a.) Constant Voltage
b.) Constant Current
c.) Constant Resistance

II. Apparatus: Resistance Board, (Voltmeter, Ammeter) or Multi-tester, Dry Cell,
Connectors
III. Figures of Experimental Setup
Standard Value of Resistance

Part 1: Constant Voltage

Part 2: Constant Current

A B
C
D
E F
Multitester
(Ohmeter
A B
C
D
E
F
V
-
+
CELL
+ -

A

+ -
A B
C
D
E
F
V
-
+
CELL
+ -

A

+ -

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Part 3: Constant Resistance


IV. Data and Results
Part 1: Constant Voltage
V (volts) R (Ohms) Io (Amps) Ic (Amps) % Difference
1.45 V 17 0.080 0.085 5.88%
1.50 V 30 0.043 0.050 14.00%
1.50 V 50 0.030 0.030 0.00%
1.50 V 65 0.020 0.020 0.00%
1.50 V 80 0.0190 0.019 0.00%
Part 2: Constant Current
I (Amps) R (Ohms) Vo (Volts) Vc (Volts) % Difference
0.019 A 17 0.30 V 0.32 V 0.06%
0.019 A 30 0.60 V 0.57 V 0.05%
0.019 A 50 0.90 V 0.95 V 0.05%
0.019 A 65 1.25 V 1.24 V 0.00 %
0.019 A 80 1.55 V 1.52 V 0.02%
Part 3: Constant Resistance
R (Ohms) I (Amps) Vo (Volts) Vc (Volts) % Difference
18.13 0.08 A 1.45 V 1.44 V 0.60%
18.60 0.043 A 0.80 V 0.77 V 3.75%
16.67 0.03 A 0.50 V 0.54 V 7.41%
20.00 0.02 A 0.40 V 0.36 V 10.00%
16.67 0.018 A 0.30 V 0.32 V 6.20%

V. Computations
To find the magnitude of volt per line (
v
Inc
) of the tester that has been used
during the entire experiment,
I
linc
=
Rongc Ioluc
numbcr o lincs

=
2.5 I
50 lincs

= 0.05
I
linc

A B
C
D
E F
V
- +
CELL
+ -

A

+ -

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To find the magnitude of ampere per line (
A
Inc
) of the tester that has been
used during the entire experiment,
A
linc
=
0.25 A
50 lincs

= 0.005
A
linc

Part 1: Constant Voltage (The constant voltage was generated from a 1.5 V battery.)
From point A to point B
To find the observed Current (Io),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 16 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 8 A
To find the computed Current (Ic),
I
c
=
I
R

=
1.45 I
17

= . 85 A
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the resistance,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.085 A 0.08A
0.085 A
100%
= 5. 88 %
From point A to point C
To find the observed Current (Io),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 8.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 43 A
To find the computed Current (Ic),
I
c
=
I
R

=
1.50 I
30

= . 5 A
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the resistance,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.050 A 0.043A
0.050 A
100%

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= 14. %
From point A to point D
To find the observed Current (Io),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 6 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 3 A
To find the computed Current (Ic),
I
c
=
I
R

=
1.50 I
50

= . 3 A
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the resistance,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.030 A 0.030 A
0.030 A
100%
= . %
From point A to point E
To find the observed Current (Io),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 4.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 2 A
To find the computed Current (Ic),
I
c
=
I
R

=
1.50 I
65

= . 2 A
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the resistance,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.020 A 0.020 A
0.020 A
100%
= . %
From point A to point F
To find the observed Current (Io),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
A
linc


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= 3.8 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 19 A
To find the computed Current (Ic),
I
c
=
I
R

=
1.50 I
80

= . 19 A
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the resistance,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.019 A 0.19 A
0.019 A
100%
= . %
Part 2: Constant Current
To calculate the magnitude of resistance (I) used throughout the process,
I = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 3.8 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 19 A
From point A to point B
To find the observed Voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 6 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 3 F
To find the computed Voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
= (0.019 A)(17 )
= . 32 F

To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the Voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.32 I 0.30 I
0.32 I
100%
= . %
From point A to point C
To find the observed Voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc


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= 12 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . F
To find the computed Voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
= (0.019 A)(30 )
= . 57 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the Voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.60 I 0.57 I
0.60 I
100%
= . 5 %
From point A to point D
To find the observed Voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 18 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 9 F
To find the computed Voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
= (0.019 A)(50 )
= . 95 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the Voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.95 I 0.90 I
0.95 I
100%
= . 5 %
From point A to point E
To find the observed Voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 25 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= 1. 25 F
To find the computed Voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
= (0.019 A)(65 )
= 1. 24 F

To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of theVoltage,

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%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
1.25 I 1.24 I
1.25 I
100%
= . 8 %
From point A to point F
To find the observed Voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 31 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= 1. 55 F
To find the computed Voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
= (0.019 A)(80 )
= 1. 52 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the Voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
1.55 I 1.52 I
1.55 I
100%
= . 2 %
Part 3: Constant Resistance (The average of the resistance was found to be 18.014 )
From point A to point F
To calculate the current (A),
A = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 16.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 8 A
To calculate the observed voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 29 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= 1. 45 F
To compute the resistance (R),
R =
I
o
I

=
1.45 I
0.08 A

= 18. 13
To find the computed voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
uc

= (0.08 A)(18.01 )

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= 1. 44 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
1.45 I 1.44 I
1.45 I
100%
= . %
From point A to point E
To calculate the current (A),
A = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 8.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 43 A

To calculate the observed voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 16 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 8 F
To compute the resistance (R),
R =
I
o
I

=
0.80 I
0.043 A

= 18.
To find the computed voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
uc

= (0.043 A)(18.01 )
= . 77 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.80 I 0.77 I
0.80 I
100%
= 3. 75 %
From point A to point D
To calculate the current (A),
A = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 6 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 3 A

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To calculate the observed voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 10 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 5 F
To compute the resistance (R),
R =
I
o
I

=
0.50 I
0.03 A

= 1. 7
To find the computed voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
uc

= (0.03 A)(18.01 )
= . 77 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.54 I 0.50 I
0.54 I
100%
= 7. 41 %
From point A to point C
To calculate the current (A),
A = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 4.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 2 A
To calculate the observed voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 8 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 4 F
To compute the resistance (R),
R =
I
o
I

=
0.40 I
0.02 A

= 2.
To find the computed voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
uc

= (0.02 A)(18.01 )
= . 3 F

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To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.40 I 0.36 I
0.40 I
100%
= 1. %
From point A to point B
To calculate the current (A),
A = numbcr o lincs
A
linc

= 3.5 lincs 0.005
A
linc

= . 18 A
To calculate the observed voltage (Vo),
I
o
= numbcr o lincs
I
linc

= 6 lincs 0.05
I
linc

= . 3 F
To compute the resistance (R),
R =
I
o
I

=
0.30 I
0.018 A

= 1. 7
To find the computed voltage (Vc),
I
c
= IR
uc

= (0.018 A)(18.01 )
= . 32 F
To compute the percentage difference between the observed and computed
values of the voltage,
%
]]
=
Biggcr Ioluc Smollcr Ioluc
Biggcr Ioluc
100%
=
0.32 I 0.30 I
0.32 I
100%
= . 2 %

VI. Graphs
(Note: x and y axes are not proportional to each other on the following graphs)


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VII. Data Analysis

1. A cell of emf 3.0 volts and internal resistance of 0.01 ohm is connected through an
ammeter of 0.05-ohm internal resistance to a 5.0 rheostat by wire having a total
resistance of 0.85-ohm. In the calculation of the current, what percentage error would be
made by neglecting all resistances except that of the rheostat?
2. A dry cell when short-circuited will furnish about 30 amperes for a brief time. If its emf is
1.5 volts, what is its internal resistance? An ordinary household electric lamp takes
about 1 amp, will it be safe to connect it directly to the dry cell?

x
3
+ 4x
2
3x +5

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