Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

BIOLOGY Concept Maps Class VII (Foundation)

Soil Nutrition Transportation in plant Nutrition Transportation in plant ADAPTATION

Weathering

Factors Responsible for formation of soil

(Sun, water, wind, living organisms)

Formation of soil
Soil Polution

Soil Erosion

Tilling or Ploughing

Soil Preparation

SOIL

Types of Soil

Levelling

Soil Profile

Soil composition

Soil Air

Organic matter

Some Important Points


Percolation rate (ml by minutes)

Soil water

Mineral matter

Clay and loam are suitable for growing whea Clay soil is used to make pots, toys and statues. Amount of water (ml) Percolation time (min)

The best of soil for growing plants is loam The rotting dead matter is called humus.

Holozoic Photoautotrophs Saprotrophic Parasitic


MODES OF NUTRITION

Hetrotrophic

Autotrophic
Chemo autotrophs

NUTRITION IN PLANTS

? NUTRITION

NUTRITION IN ANIMALS

Unicellular animals e.g. Amoeba

Photosynthesis

Multi cellular Animals e.g. Human

Chloroplast

Transportation in plant
Complex parmanent issue
Stomatal transpiration From roots to leaves Water conduction only in upward direction 80-90%

Xylem

Transpiration

Cuticular transpiration Lenticular transpiration

3-9%

0.1%

Water conduction

Transpiration cohesion theory

Transportation in plant

Food & Mineral condction

From leaves to all parts of plant

Food conduction in upward and downword both direction

Phloem

Translocation

Complex parmanent issue

IN

A PL

S NT

IN

AN

IM AL S

Aquatic Plant with reduced root system Presence of aerrenchyma Heterophilly in Emergent hydrophytes eg. Hydrilla

Stream line body covered with mucus, Presence of gills, Fins for locomotion. eg. Fish

Hydrophytes

AQUATIC

Aquatic Animals

Xerophytes (Desert Plants) Well developed & deeper root system Leaves convert into spine to reduce transpiration. Stem is modified for photosynthesis.eg. Cactus

ADAPTATION

Desert Animals Hygroscopic skin or other modification to retain water in body. Nocturnal (Active during night) Sandy colour of skin. Concentrate urine and Urecotelic.eg. Camel Polar Animals Thick fur , Blubber beneath the skin Show camoflauge (white skin). Show Hibernation Mainly carnivore Fig. Polar Bear

Halophytes (Mangrove plants) Grow in highly saline area. Viviparity Pneumatophore (respiratory root)eg. Rhizophora

TERRESTRIAL

Mesophytes Found in the most favourable conditions so there is no need for specific Adaptation, eg. Mango tree

Amphibian Animals Can live in water as well as on land. Can respire through gills, lungs & Skin also.eg. Frog Tropical Rain forest AnimalFound in most favourable conditions. Highly colourful & Diverse forms of life.eg. Butter fly

AERIAL

Fore limbs are modified into wings. Beak & claws present. Hollow bones.eg. Birds