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# EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE

KINGS
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING ACADEMIC YEAR 2011- 2012 / ODD SEMESTER

SUBJECT CODE

: EC1402

## SUBJECT NAME : MICROWAVE ENGINEERING

UNIT I
MICROWAVE NETWORK THEORY

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. Define junction. 2. State the properties of S matrix 3. Compare [S], [Z] and [Y] matrices? 4. Give ABCD matrix for a two port network 5. What is ABCD matrix? 6. What are the advantages of ABCD matrix? 7. Define S-matrix? 8. What is the Scattering matrix for N port device? 9. Give the S matrix of uniform transmission line 10. Give the properties of impedance [x]&admittance[y] matrix?

## PART B (16 Marks)

1. Derive the expression for S matrix representation of multi-port network 2. Explain about properties of S parameters 3. (a)Explain symmetrical Z and Y matrices for reciprocal network. (b)Comparison between [S],[Z] and [Y] matrices. pp. Express S parameter in terms of impedances. (16). (16) (8) (8) (16)

## Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam

EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE

## UNIT II MICROWAVE PASSIVE DEVICES

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. Difference between Isolator and Circulator 2. Give the applications of directional coupler 3. What is the principle of Microwave phase shifter? 4. What are junctions? Give some examples 5. What is Tee junction? Give two examples 6. What is the other name for magic TEE? 7. Give the S-matrix of E-plane Tee. 8. Give the S-matrix of H-plane Tee 9. Give the S-matrix of Magic Tee 10. What is hybrid ring? 11. What is the other name for Hybrid ring? 12. Name some wave guide components used to change the direction of the guide 13. What are the different types of Directional coupler? 14. What are nonreciprocal devices? Give two examples 15. Give some coupling parameters of directional coupler?

## PART B (16 Marks)

1. 2. 3. Derive the S-matrices for E-plane and H-plane tee Derive the S-matrices for magic tee Derive the S-matrices for Directional coupler (b) Explain the concept of waveguide corners bends and twists 5. (a) Explain in detail about Attenuator (b) Explain the concept of phase shifters 6. .Explain in detail about Isolator and Faraday rotation of Isolator? port circulator? (16) (16) (16) (8) (8) (8) (8) (16) (16)

7. Explain the concept of circulator and derive the s-matrices for three port and four

## Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam

EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE

8. A magic T is terminated at collinear ports 1 and 2 and difference port 4 by impedances of reflection coefficients 1=0.5, 2=0.6 and 4=0.8 respectively. If 1W power is fed at sum port 3, calculate the power reflected at port 3 and power transmitted to other three ports. find s- matrix (16) (16) 9. A three port circulator has on insertion loss of 1 db, isolation 30 db and VSWR = 1.5

## UNIT - III MICROWAVE VACCUM TUBE DEVICES

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. What are the assumptions for calculation of RF power in Reflex Klystron? 2. What is the condition for oscillation in Reflex klystron ? 3. Give the drawbacks of klystron amplifiers. 4. What is the effect of transit time? 5. What are the applications of reflex klystron? 6. What is the purpose of slow wave structures used in TWT amplifiers? 7. How are spurious oscillations generated in TWT amplifier? State the method to suppress it? 8. State the applications of TWT. 9. How the klystron amplifier can act as klystron oscillator? What are the 10. Define phase focusing effect. 11. What do you mean by O-type tubes? Name some O-type tubes. 12. Define Transit time in Reflex klystron. 13. Write the parameters on which bunching depend on? 14. Compare TWTA Klystron amplifier 15. Give the performance Specification of Reflex klystron? 16. What is CFA? State the applications of CFA. 17. State the characteristics of magnetron and of 2-cavity klystron amplifier. 18. What are the advantages of TWT? .19. State the applications of magnetrons. Why magnetron is called as cross filed device?

## Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam

EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE

1. With neat circuit diagrams and relevant equations, explain the velocity modulation process and bunching in a klystron amplifier. klystron amplifiers. (16) (16) (16) 4. With neat diagram, explain about Magnetron (16) 2. Derive the equation for power output and efficiency of two cavities and four cavity 3. With neat diagrams and relevant equations, explain about helix traveling wave tube.

## UNIT IV MICROWAVE SOLID STATE DEVICES AND CIRCUITS

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. What are the applications of Tunnel Diode? 2.What are the elements that exhibit Gunn effect? 3. What are the applications of Gunn Diode? 4. What is negative resistance? 5. What are the applications of Backward diode? 6. Why are FETs preferred to bipolar transistor at high frequencies? 7. What is the main advantage of TRAPATT over IMPATT? 8. Define GUNN EFFECT. 9. What is MESFET? 10. Explain stable amplification mode. 11. What are the factors reducing efficiency of IMPATT diode? 12. What is negative resistance in Gunn diode? 13. What are the applications of GaAs MESFET? 14. What is Transferred electron effect? 15. List the type of circuit used for IMPATT diode circuits. 16 .What is Transferred electron effect? 17. What are time parameters for TEDs? 18. What are the various modes of transferred electron oscillators?

## PART B (16 Marks)

1. Explain in detail about Gunn diodes and modes of operation 2. (a) Describe the conceptual view microwave diodes crystal diodes (b) Explain the concept of Schottky diode harmonic mixer (16) (8) (8)

## Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam

EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16)

3. Explain in detail about PIN diodes and its applications 4. Describe the conceptual view of IMPATT diodes 5. Explain in detail about tunnel diode amplifier 6. Explain the concept of varactor diode 7.Describe the conceptual view of VCO-parametric amplifier 8. Explain in detail about microwave bipolar transistor 9. Explain the concept of microwave unipolar transistor 10. What is Transferred electron effect? Explain some of the TEDs . 11. Explain the operation of TRAPATT diode

UNIT V
MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS

PART-A (2 Marks)
1. List some of power detecting elements 2. What are microwave detectors? 3. Differentiate baretter and thermistor. 4. What are tunable detectors? 5. What is slotted section with line carriage? 6. What is the main purpose of slotted section with line carriage? 7. What is a VSWR meter? 8. What is Bolometer? 9. What is calorimeter? 10. Mention the disadvantages of single bridge circuit 11. Define insertion loss 12. How will you determine the VSWR and return loss in reflecto meter method? 13. List the different types of Impedance measurement methods 14. How do you measure microwave frequency? 15. What is a wave meter? 16. Define dielectric constant 17. How the S-parameter of a microwave circuit measured? 18. List the methods for measuring dielectric constants

## Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam

EC1402

Microwave Engineering

ECE

19. What is radiation pattern? 20. What is radiation efficiency? 21. How do you measure the polarization? 22. What is spectrum analyzer? 23. List the types of spectrum analyzer 24. List some application of spectrum analyzer. 25. What is network analyzer?

## PART B (16 Marks)

1. Explain about the slotted line VSWR and Frequency meter. (16)

2. Explain in detail the measurement of VSWR through return loss measurements. (16) 3. Discuss in detail the power and impedance measurement using microwave devices. (16) 4. Write a brief note on insertion loss and attenuation measurement 5. Explain in detail about the dielectric constant measurement of a solid using waveguide. 6.Explain in detail about spectrum analyzer 7 . Explain in detail about network analyzer 8. Explain the different types of Impedance measurement methods 9. How do you measure microwave frequency? 10. Explain the power measuring devices baretter and thermistor? 11. Explain in detail power detecting elements 12. Explain in detail about microwave detector (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16) (16)

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