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Course of Study 2068 Sociology and Anthropology

Unit I Introduction to Sociology and Anthropology A) Anthropology Major sub-fields, nature and scope Relations with other disciplines (history, political science, economics, biology, archaeology, sociology, population studies and psychology). Development of anthropology in Nepal B) Sociology Major sub-fields, nature and scope Relations with other disciplines(history, political science, economics, biology, anthropology, population studies and psychology) Development of sociology in Nepal Unit II Theoretical Perspectives Evolutionism(L. H Morgan and E. B. Tylor) and Diffusionism (F. Boas and G. E. Smith) Structural- functionalism(E. Durkheim, B. Malinowski and Radcliff-Brown) Conflict Theory(K. Marx, and L.A.Coser) Cultural Ecology( J. Steward and Marvin Harris) Theory of social system(E. Durkheim, Max Weber and H. Spencer) Ethnomethodology (H.Garfinkel), phenomenology(E. Husserl) and symbolic-interactionism(H.Blumer) Unit III Basic Concepts on Society and Culture Society, culture, sub- culture, values and norms, status and role, institution, community, secularism, pluralism, diversity, Identity, fatalism Class, caste, ethnicity, marriage, family, kinship, custom, religion, indigenous knowledge Unit IV Socio-Cultural, Economic and Political Institutions Family- types, function and importance Kinship-types, kinship usages Marriage-types, and importance Religion-function Gift, exchange and transaction Function of economic institutions (production, distribution, consumption and exchange) Unit V Social Process, Stratification, Social Control and Social Groups Socialization-concept and process Agents and stages of socialization Factors of stratification(education, occupation, caste, ethnicity, class, gender, religion, regional etc) Nature, types and objectives of social control Agencies and institutions of social control Structure and characteristic of social groups

Classification of group-Lester ward, MacIver and Page, Sorokin and Cooley Characteristics and functions of primary and secondary social group

Unit VI Social Change and Rural- Urban Problems Conceptual model (Evolution-unilinear, multilinear, cyclical and Diffusion) Processes of social change(acculturation, assimilation, innovation, sanskritization, urbanization etc) Social problems(untouchability, gender bias, discrimination, illiteracy, social crime, alienation) Economic problems(poverty, unemployment, beggary, malnutrition, migration, health and sanitation) Unit VII Research Methods historical etc. frequencyetc. Importance and uses of social research Research design-descriptive, formulatory/exploratory, experimental, cross-cultural, Sampling-types, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages Methods of data collection-interview, questionnaire, observation, case study Data analysis and presentation-tabulation, diagram, pie-chart, mean, mode, median, Proposal writing for basic research and applied works

Unit VIII Basic Concepts and Process of Development Underdevelopment, third world, sustainability, political economy, transformation Federalism, inclusion, exclusion, decentralization, self-reliance, employment, poverty Planned/ induced development, innovative development, development from below and above Equitable development, participatory development, women and development, environment and development, human right and development Modernization, indigenization, localization etc. Unit IX Theories on Development Modernization-R.R.Rostow and N.J.Smelser Dependency-A.G.Frank and P.A.Baran World system-I.Wallerstein and S.Amin Unit X Development Approaches in Nepal State-led development approach Market-led development approach NGO/INGOs-led development approach People/community-led development approach Unit XI Society and Economy of Nepal Sectoral structure of production-agriculture, industry, tourism, forest etc. Village economy, land reforms and co-operative movement Traditional labor organizations- jajmani, kamaiya, halia, Parma etc. Traditional socio-economic organizations- guthi, dhikuri, rodhi and bheja Trends of land tenure system and changes in mode of production and sources of income

Rural- urban and regional differences in economy

Unit XII Society and Industrial Relation Cultural and social aspect in industrial society Relation between community and industry Impact of community on industry and vice-versa Trade unions and their functions Approaches to industrial relations and role of government Development of industrial relation in Nepal Unit XIII Industrial bureaucracy and conflict Concept, types and characteristics of industrial bureaucracy Merits and demerits Causes and characteristics of industrial conflict Prevention and settlement of disputes in industrial sector in Nepal Unit XIV Structure of Nepali Society and Current Issue Population composition by age and sex, caste/ethnicity, religion, language etc. Gender and development, human right and development Inclusion, exclusion, pluralism, diversity and identity politics Trends, factors, types and consequences of migration Unit XV Role of Sociologists and Anthropologists as; Animation and matchmakers Motivation(change agent) and facilitation Mediation and advocacy Social and cultural interpretation

Some Model Questions 1) Anthropology is the study of; a) insects c) society

b) man d) all of above

2) Which is not the sub field of anthropology? a) archaeology b) physical anthropology c) ethnology d) geology 3) Sociology is the science of;

a) society c) history

b) culture c) animals

4) The structure of social system involves; a) similarity b) differences c) both of above e) non of above 5) Conflict theory of Marx is based on; a) economic determinism b) environmental determinism c) political determinism d) communism 6) Exchange of rings is a symbol of the institution of; a) family b) church c) marriage d) court 7) Social status may be; a) ascribed c) both of above 8) Family is; a) process of socialization c) stage of socialization 9) Socialization is defined as; a) learning process c) changing process b) achieved d) non of above b) agent of socialization d) all of above b) development process d) controlling process

10) The segmental division of society is called; a) stratification b) acculturation c) integration d) assimilation