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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 EF ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٤٢٥ 
   ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ، 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬??‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

   W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

 W K١
‫א‬،
 KEF‫א‬

 W،‫א‬K
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬

 W‫א‬EFK
‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬EF‫א‬EF‫א‬
EF‫א‬EFEF‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬EF‫א‬

 WEF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬K
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
 KE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬

 WEF،EF‫א‬‫א‬K
E،F‫א‬EFE،F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

-٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 WEF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬K
‫א‬EF‫א‬EF‫א‬EF
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،
K‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،
 K

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬K١
 WEF‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬E،،F J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E،،F J



 ٢DECCFZ‫א‬ 
 ٢DECCFZ‫א‬ 
 ٢DECCFZ‫א‬ 

 W‫א‬‫א‬K٢

 K‫א‬ZE–FE–FE–FZ‫א‬

 ٢DECCFZ‫א‬Z

-٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 C٢DECC٢FZ‫א‬
 C٢DECC٢FZ‫א‬
 C٢DECC٢FZ‫א‬

 ٢ZZ‫א‬K٤
 E٢D٢FZZ
 ‫א‬Z،‫א‬ZW



 ‫א‬C‫א‬Z‫א‬K٥
 K‫א‬C‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬K٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬C½Z‫א‬K٧

 K‫א‬C‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬K٨




-٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W
‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬





-٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١
 ٠E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E،،


 E٢F
،،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٢
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬،E ،
 ٠‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٤
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬
-٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٦
 ٠E٢F‫א‬


 E٢F‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧
 W
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬

-٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬


 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

- ١٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬١٣
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬١
 ٠٢
 ٠٣
 ٠‫א‬٤
 ٠٥

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
EF٩١٤‫א‬‫א‬E١٢FE٤F‫א‬E٣F‫א‬٢
 ٠‫א‬ ٢٠،‫א‬٣٠٥٥٦‫א‬١٥
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬
 ‫א‬١٥Z‫א‬WEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬EF٩١٤‫א‬

 WEFG
 ‫א‬‫א‬٩١٤‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
‫א‬٢٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠
 WE،F‫א‬EF
 ٠‫א‬ ١٥Z

- ١١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E٣F‫א‬
 E٩١٤‫א‬١٥‫א‬٥٥٦‫א‬F


 E٤F‫א‬
 ٩١٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ٢EFH٢EFZ

 ٢٥Z٢E١٥FH٢E٢٠FZ

 EFEF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٢٥Z٢E١٥FH٢E٢٠FZ

 ‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EFEF٤
 W
 ٩١٤‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬Z
 ‫א‬٤٥Z٣٠H١٥Z
 WEFEF‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ


 K‫א‬ ٤٩{٢٤Z٢E٤٥FH٢E٢٠FZ
 KEF‫א‬

 K٢٠ZEFWE&F‫א‬EF‫א‬٥

٢
 EFH٢EFZ


 K‫א‬٢٥Z٢E٢٠FH٢E١٥FZ

- ١٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 WEFEF‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ
 

 K‫א‬ ٣٦{٠٦Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٣٠FZ
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬١٥ZEF
EFE،F‫א‬‫א‬EF٦
 EF‫א‬EF‫א‬٠‫א‬٢٠ZEF،‫א‬ ٣٠Z
 ٠EF ‫א‬٠‫א‬٣٦{٠٦ZZEF
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬L
٩١٤L‫א‬١٥L٥٥٦L


 W‫א‬
K‫א‬٣٠٩١٧‫א‬W  •
K‫א‬٣٠‫א‬٢٠W  •
K‫א‬‫א‬٢٠‫א‬١٥W •
K‫א‬٢٠٩١٥W •
KE‫א‬F٢٦٠٠Z‫• א‬
،،،،‫א‬

- ١٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١
 E
‫א‬ E٢٠C٢٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢
٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٥FEF٣
‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٥ZEF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF
 ٠EF‫א‬E٩١٩F‫א‬‫א‬


 E٥F
 EF‫א‬EF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

- ١٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬



 K٣٢{٠٢Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٢٥FZ

 ٠‫א‬٢٦ZEFEF‫א‬‫א‬EF٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
 EF
 WEFEF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٥٤{٧٨Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٢٥H٢٦FZ

 WE،F‫א‬EF٥
 ‫א‬ ٢٠ZEF

 K‫א‬ ٣٢{٨٠Z٢E٢٦FH٢E٢٠FZ

 ٠EF‫א‬
 WEF‫א‬EF‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٣٢{٠٢ZZ
 ٠‫א‬١٨ZE،FE،F‫א‬EF‫א‬٦
 ٠EF‫א‬‫א‬٢٧،٨٥ZEF
 K٣٣{٠٥ZEF‫א‬EF‫א‬G
 W‫א‬‫א‬٧
 ٠٢٢٦٠{٠٠ZEF‫א‬
 K٢٢٥٠{٥٨ZEF‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٥١٠{٥٨Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٨

 
 ‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬L
٩١٨L‫א‬١٦L٥٥٦L


 W‫א‬
K‫א‬٢٧{٨٥٩٢٣‫א‬W  •
K‫א‬٢٦‫א‬٢٠W  •
K‫א‬١٨‫א‬٢٠W  •
K‫א‬٢٠٩١٩W •
 ٥١٠{٥٨Z‫• א‬
  F٢‫א‬
KE
،،،،‫א‬


- ١٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

- ١٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 
 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠ K١
٠ K٢
٠‫א‬ K٣
٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
٠ K٥
 W‫א‬‫א‬
٥٥٦١٥ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١
 ٠E٧FE٦F‫א‬


 ‫א‬E١٥F‫א‬٥٥٦‫א‬
 E٦F
- ١٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ١٥‫א‬‫א‬
 E٧F
‫א‬ ٩٢٠‫א‬‫א‬ ٢
 ٠١٥‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬ ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬١٥ZF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠EF‫א‬ 
 WEFEF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬ ٢٥Z٢E٢٠F٠H٢E١٥FZ

- ٢٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

Z‫א‬EF‫א‬E،F‫א‬٤
 ٠E،F‫א‬٠‫א‬ ٣٠Z
 WEFEF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٤٩{٢٤Z٢E٢٠H١٥FH٢E٢٠FZ
E‫א‬٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٢٠ZE،F‫א‬EF٥

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 ٠EF‫א‬ K‫א‬٣٦{٠٦Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٣٠FZ
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF
  ‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬١٥ZEFE
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF ٦
 ٠EF‫א‬‫א‬٢٠ZE
 WEFEF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٢٥Z٢E٢٠H١٥FH٢E١٥FZ

F‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬G
 ٠EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٠ZE
 WEFEF‫א‬G

- ٢١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٥٠Z٢E٣٠FH٢E٢٠H٢٠FZ

 K‫א‬ ٣٠ZE،F‫א‬EF٧

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬ ٣٦{٠٦Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٣٠FZ
 ٠EF‫א‬
ZZWEF،EFEF‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬ ٥٠Z
 ٠‫א‬٢٠EF‫א‬‫א‬G
F‫א‬EF
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FEF ٨
 ٠EF‫א‬ ‫א‬٣٠ZEFE
ZEFEF ‫א‬G
 ‫א‬ ٥٠Z
،EFEF ‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬٤٠
EF
 ‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬ ٢٠EF‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ٢٠
 ٠ ‫א‬ EFEF٩
 WEF،EF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬G
EF‫א‬‫א‬٠‫א‬ ٣٦{٠٦ZZZ
 ٠E‫א‬ ٢٠F
 ٠ ‫א‬EFEF١٠

- ٢٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

Z،،،‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬G
 ٠‫א‬٣٦{٠٦ZZZZ
 W،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١١


 K‫א‬ ٧٢{١١Z٢E٢٠H٢٠FH٢E٣٠H٣٠FZZ
 W‫א‬١٢
 ٢٢٤٠٠Z٤٠C٦٠Z‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ١٣
 K
 
 L‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬L
E٩١٧،٩١٦،٩١٥،٩١٤F‫א‬١٥L٥٥٦L


 W‫א‬
K‫א‬ ٦٠‫א‬٢٠W •
K‫א‬ ٦٠‫א‬٢٠W •
K‫א‬ ٤٠‫א‬ ١٥W •
K‫א‬٤٠‫א‬ ٢٠W •
٢
 F ‫א‬٢٤٠٠Z‫א‬‫א‬ •
KE‫א‬ 
 ،،،،‫א‬

- ٢٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬١
 ٠٢
 ٠٣
 ٠‫א‬٤
 ٠‫א‬٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 W‫א‬‫א‬
٥٥٦‫א‬E٩١٤F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EE٩FE٨F‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬


 E٨F‫א‬
 E٩١٤‫א‬١٥‫א‬٥٥٦‫א‬F

- ٢٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E٩F‫א‬
 ٩١٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬١٥ZEF‫א‬E
 ٠ ‫א‬EF‫א‬
EF‫א‬EF G
 ٠‫א‬١٥ZW

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٢٥Z٢E٢٠FH٢E١٥FZ

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬‫א‬ ٣
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬

- ٢٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬ ٤
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EF‫א‬E‫א‬٣٠F‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ ٥
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F
 ٠‫א‬٣٠‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬
 EF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF٦

  ٣٣٤١٢٤ZE٣٠D٢٠F١J Z‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬ ٣٦{٠٦Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٣٠FZ
 
٣٣٤١٢٤‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ ٧
٤١٢٤ZE٣٣٤١٢٤H١٨٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬٢١٣
 ‫א‬E‫א‬ ٣٦{٠٦F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬٨
‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F
 ٠‫א‬٣٦{٠٦‫א‬٢١٣٤١٢٤‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬EF ٩
 ٠E٢٧٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E‫א‬٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬١٠
٢٧٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F
 ٠‫א‬٢٠‫א‬

 ‫א‬E&F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١١
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٠&‫א‬ ٣٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢

- ٢٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
 
 ‫א‬L‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬L
٩١٤L‫א‬١٥L٥٥٦L



 W‫א‬
K‫א‬٣٠٩١٧‫א‬W •
K‫א‬٣٠‫א‬٢٠W •
K‫א‬٢٠‫א‬١٥W •
K‫א‬٢٠٩١٥W •
KE‫א‬F٢‫א‬٦٠٠Z‫• א‬

،،،،‫א‬



- ٢٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٩FEF٢
 WEF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٢٥Z‫א‬
 WEF‫א‬EF‫א‬G

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬ ٣٢{٠٢Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٢٥FZ

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬EF ٣
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF٤
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬  ‫א‬٩٠‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬E‫א‬ ٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ٥
٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬ ٢٠‫א‬
 W‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬٦

 CC٢DE٢–٢H٢FZ
 ٠{٥٤٢١١٨٠٠٣Z٣٣{٠٥C٢٠C٢DE٢٢٧{٨٥–٢٣٣{٠٥H٢٢٠FZ
 ٥٧١٠١٩Z‫א‬

- ٢٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

EF‫א‬٥٧١٠١٩‫א‬‫א‬EF ٧
١٤٧١٠١٩Z٥٧١٠١٩H ٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬٣٣{٠٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ٨
١٩‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٣٣{٠٥‫א‬١٤٧١٠
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF  ٩
 ٠EF‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬E٢٦{٠٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ١٠
١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF E
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬٢٦{٠٠‫א‬
 &&‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١١
 ٠E‫א‬ ٣٢{٨٠ZFE‫א‬ ٢٧{٨٥ZFE‫א‬١٨{٠٠ZFJ W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٢
 ٠

- ٢٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ٠‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠١
 ٠٢
 ٠٣
 ٠٤
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥
 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬  ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٥Z‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬،،
 ٠‫א‬ ٢٥ZEFEF‫א‬G


 ‫א‬٥٥٦١٥‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬FEF‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ٣
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٣٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

،‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ٤
‫א‬١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬
EF‫א‬٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬  ٥
 ٠E،F‫א‬ EF‫א‬٦٠‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬EF٦

 ١٨٢٦٦ZE٦٠D٢٠F١J ZEDF١J Z‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬ ٦٣{٢٥Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٦٠FZ
٢٦٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬٧
٢٦٠٦ZE١٨٢٦٠٦H١٨٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬١٨
 ٠EF‫א‬‫א‬١٩٨
F‫א‬٦٣{٢٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ٨
 ٠‫א‬EF‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ٩
 E٣٣٤١٢٤H١٨٠F‫א‬‫א‬٢١٣٤١٢٤‫א‬‫א‬

 ٣٣٤١٢٤ZE٦٠D٤٠F١J ZE٣٠D٢٠F١J Z‫א‬Z‫א‬

 ٠٣٣٤١٢٤‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
EF‫א‬٣٦{٠٦‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ١٠
 W٠E،F‫א‬EF‫א‬٧٢{١١‫א‬‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ‫א‬

- ٣١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 K‫א‬٣٦{٠٦Z٢E٢٠FH٢E٣٠FZ‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ‫א‬

 K‫א‬٧٢{١١Z٢E٤٠FH٢E٦٠FZ‫א‬

 WEFEF‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬١١
 
 ٣٦٥٢١٢ZE٤٠D٣٠F١J ZEDF١J ZEF‫א‬

٢
 EFH٢EFZ

 K‫א‬٥٠{٠٠Z٢E٣٠FH٢E٤٠FZ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
F‫א‬
  ٢٣٣٠٧ ٤٨ZE ٣٦ ٥٢ ١٢J  ٢٧٠F‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬E
EF‫א‬‫א‬٥٠{٠٠‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬EF‫א‬ ١٢
 ٠EF‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E،F‫א‬ ١٣
‫א‬‫א‬E،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٢٧٠‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬٢٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ ١٤
 ٠E،F‫א‬EF‫א‬٤٠‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ ١٥
‫א‬‫א‬٤٠EF‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬٦٠
 ٠‫א‬٧٢{١١EF‫א‬

- ٣٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ١٦

  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٦{٠٦Z‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١٧
 ٠

- ٣٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J WETotal Station )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  J W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬،E Total Station )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ 
 KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
KEF‫א‬ J ٢
   K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣

‫א‬‫א‬ E Total Station )‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
SOKKIA ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EPOWER SET Total Station )
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

(EDM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬، 
‫א‬E١١F‫א‬، ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 

 ،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 EE
 ‫א‬FF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬




E١١F
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EPower Set Total Station)

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K J ٢
K J ٣
K J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
 E١١FW‫א‬‫א‬
- ٣٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ON‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١١F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
(Opening ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Creating New Job)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬an existing job)
K‫א‬‫א‬

  Creating a new job W

 W‫א‬‫א‬function job‫א‬



 J WJ
job‫א‬E create job F
  J ١
Kfunction 
W‫א‬create jobnew soft key‫א‬ J ٢



 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
- ٣٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E job) ‫א‬ J


 K١٦‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬:(S.F.SCALE FACTOR)‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬W POINT ID ‫א‬ J
W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬NUMERIC (4) J
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ALPHA(14) J
‫א‬ 
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬RECORD ELEV :‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K(NO) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(YES)‫א‬:(ATMOS CRN)‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ :(PPM SET UP)‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬EYES)‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬YES‫א‬ :(CAND R CRN)‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬(EDM) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬REFRACT CONST : ‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬YES‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٣٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

YES, ‫א‬ (SEA LEVEL CRN)W‫א‬ J


K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬NO

 ENTER ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬NOTE SCREEN ‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ :( OPENING AN EXISTING JOB ) 


 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬(FUNCTIN) (JOB) ‫א‬ J ١



K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬VIEW‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣



K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ESCENTER‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤




- ٤٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ID J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ JOB SIZE (K) J
K ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ RECS USED J
(POINT POSITION, 
  ‫א‬‫א‬
OBSERVATION, NOTES, ETC.)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬DATE AND TIME J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬POINT COUNT J
‫א‬ ، ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ESC , ENTER



‫א‬‫א‬E STATION DATA F‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EBACK SIGHT )
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬REC SOFT KEY‫א‬J
 KCOGO  SET OUT COORDINATE‫א‬J


- ٤١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬ -




‫א‬ESTNF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬


  K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬STN -
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬NORTH ,EAST ,ELEV -
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬THEO HT -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ( CD ) -
 K‫א‬١٦
STATION ENTER
 ‫א‬ -
 DATA
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
- ٤٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 W‫א‬‫א‬



( KEY IN COORDS ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
KEY IN F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬EAZIMUTH
 ‫א‬



- ٤٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬READ
CONFIRM W ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
YES ‫א‬ORIENTATION
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ 
K‫א‬


- ٤٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
KENTER‫א‬


F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AIMH.OBS
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EDH.O=0F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
 READ SOFT KEY  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬


- ٤٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

ENTER ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E RIGHTL LEFT F -


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ INLOUT -
OUT‫א‬IN‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AIM H. OBS -
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AIM V. OBS -
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H . OBS -
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬V . OBS -
‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬S . DIST -
IN OR OUT F‫א‬READ  -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E
K

- ٤٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ENTER  -
W‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
SETTING‫א‬ESC‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬STORE SOFT KEY‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬

- ٤٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K J ٢
K J ٣
K J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦

 E١٠F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ١
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F‫א‬E١٠F‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ ٢
(Orientation) (Back Sight)EF‫א‬ (Station) E‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٣
 J W‫א‬‫א‬

- ٤٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬


 Easting  Northing Point
٥٠٢٥ ١٠٠٠ 
٥٠٠٠ ١٠٠٠ 
٥٠٠٠ ١٠٢٠ 
٤٩٨٥ ١٠٠٠ 
٤٩٥٥ ١٠٠٠ 
٤٩٢٥ ١٠٠٠ 
٤٩٨٥ ١٠٢٠ 
٤٩٥٥ ١٠٢٠ 
٤٩٢٥ ١٠٢٠ 
٤٩٨٥ ١٠٤٠ 
٤٩٥٥ ١٠٤٠ 
٤٩٢٥ ١٠٤٠ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬W
KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ON‫א‬‫א‬
function job‫א‬ Creating a new job 
KE create job F
ENTER ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬NOTE SCREEN ‫א‬
EFE STATION DATA F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، 
EFEBACK SIGHT ) ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬E١F
 KE٢F‫א‬

- ٤٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬REC SOFT KEY‫א‬J
 KCOGO  SET OUT COORDINATE‫א‬J
E‫א‬‫א‬FESTNF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
W‫א‬E١F‫א‬
North 1000.000
East 5000.000
KTHEOHT‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ( CD ) -
 K‫א‬١٦
 STATION DATAENTER‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 J W( KEY IN COORDS ) ‫א‬
North 1020.000
East 5000.000


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
٢EBACK SIGHT ) ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،READ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E٢F ‫א‬‫א‬١‫א‬
YES ‫א‬ CONFIRM ORIENTATION
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 


Remarks Point Coordinate  ‫א‬ ‫א‬
Point No Point
 North ١٠٠٠ ٣ 
  East  ٥٠٢٥
 North ١٠٠٠ ٤ 
  East ٤٩٨٥
 North ١٠٠٠ ٥ 
  East  ٤٩٥٥
 North ١٠٠٠ ٦ 
  East  ٤٩٢٥
 North ١٠٢٠ ٧ 
  East  ٤٩٨٥
 North ١٠٢٠ ٨ 
  East  ٤٩٥٥
 North ١٠٢٠ ٩ 
  East  ٤٩٢٥
 North ١٠٤٠ ١٠ 
  East  ٤٩٨٥
 North ١٠٤٠ ١١ 
  East  ٤٩٥٥
 North ١٠٤٠ ١٢ 
  East  ٤٩٢٥
‫א‬E٣F‫א‬ -
ORIENTATION
- ٥١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬E٤FEF‫א‬‫א‬ -
KENTER‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬AIMH.OBS
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EDH.O=0F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
 READ SOFT KEY ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬


ENTER ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E RIGHTL LEFT F -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ INLOUT -
OUT‫א‬IN‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

IN OR OUT F‫א‬READ  -


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E
K
‫א‬
  -
K‫א‬‫א‬
ESC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
KE٤F‫א‬E٥F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  -
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬ ‫א‬ -
K‫א‬
 ٠‫א‬‫ א‬-

- ٥٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬ F
E‫א‬‫א‬F

‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
 K ( Total Station )
 

- ٥٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ٠ K١
  K٢
 ٠‫א‬ K٣
 ٠ K٤
 E١٢F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W‫א‬‫א‬
 K  EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١F
‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬ E٢F
 K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٣F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٤F

   ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

- ٥٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E١٢F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬E١٣‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 E١٣F‫א‬
، EF‫א‬‫א‬E١F E١F
 KEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬KE١FEF‫א‬‫א‬ E٢F
‫א‬EF
 E٢F
 KEF‫א‬‫א‬EF
E،F   E٣F
 K‫א‬E،F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬EF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF

 ،‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬EF

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬J W‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬E١٤F
 


 E١٤F
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

  
 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١F
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬٢ ١  ‫א‬‫א‬
 KE
‫א‬EF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢F
 KEFE٢،١F
‫א‬EF  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٣F
 K‫א‬EF
،‫א‬‫א‬xEFz‫א‬ E٤F
‫א‬xz‫א‬‫א‬xEFz‫א‬‫א‬

 KxEFz‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬‫א‬
 K 
 EFLEFZEFLEFW‫א‬ 
 EF‫א‬‫א‬EFLxEFCEFzZEF

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬KE١٥F‫א‬


 E١٥F


 ‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E١F
 KxEFz‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E١٤FEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢F
E ‫א‬‫א‬F  E،،،،F‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬EFEF
،EFz‫א‬E،،،F E٣F
‫א‬xEFz‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬xE F،EF،EF
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬xEFz،xE F z
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬xEFz‫א‬ J
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٦٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J W ‫א‬‫א‬


 WE١٦‫א‬F‫א‬
 


 E١٦F‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬ E١F
E١ F‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬
 E٢FEF‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢١FEF،
EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬ E٢F
‫א‬
 
 EF‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬KE٢،١F‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٣F
K‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W ( Total Station )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 J W
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ESokkia Power Set Total Station)




- ٦٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

SETTING OUT A LINEJ W



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K J ٢
K J ٣
K J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧

 E١٧F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ON‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٦٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

COGOSET OUT LINE  ‫א‬ -



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
W‫א‬‫א‬EFROMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -

 ‫א‬
‫א‬ TO POINT
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ AZIMUTH
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ GRADE
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ VERTICAL
ANGLE

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 J W‫א‬‫א‬

- ٦٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ENTER‫א‬ SET OUT LINE -


K‫א‬‫א‬



  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬     OFFSET
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬  E‫א‬ ‫א‬F  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F K‫א‬‫א‬
KE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ LEN INCR


E٥٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٠ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ 
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  SEGMENTS
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (TO,FROM)
LEN LNCR‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ LINE LEN
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ENTER ‫א‬

- ٦٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
( CREATEIYG NEW JOB) ‫א‬‫א‬ W
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ JOB‫א‬FUNCTIONJ
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬NEW‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(BACK ‫א‬‫א‬( STATION DATA)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬SIGHT)
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬SEC‫א‬ J ١
KFUNCTIONSET OUT COORDINATE‫א‬ J ٢
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
KSTATION DATAE‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ENTER ‫א‬ J ٤
(KEY IN COORDS)‫א‬‫א‬( BACK SIGHT )‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
KEKEY IN AZIMULH)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬READ‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ENTER
 ‫א‬ANGLE‫א‬ ‫א‬
K‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٨
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬READ،EDH.O=0F
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬ESC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
 K

- ٦٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K J ٢
K J ٣
K J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
 E٦٢FE١٧F‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،ON‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 (SETTING OUT )S-OW‫א‬



‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
J W
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ES-OFF3 ‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
SO . DIST KE
 F4 (OK) ‫א‬‫א‬SO H .ANG‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K ENTER
،‫א‬DHO = 0.0‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EREADFFI ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(DIST)‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬(DIST)‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KEREADFF1‫א‬ J ٧
(READ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬DIST = 0 
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩

- ٦٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ E١F
،،‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ E٢F
K‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬  E‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ E٣F
 K‫א‬‫א‬
J W‫א‬ E٤F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ -
 K‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ -
K‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  E٥F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ ،
- ٦٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬ E٦F
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬-
 K

  ، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫ א‬-
K
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -
 W‫א‬‫א‬E٧F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -
‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  -
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬E١F
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬– 
‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ E٢F
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬

- ٧١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬ F
E‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ٥٠٠٠W١‫א‬–‫א‬E١٨F‫א‬

E،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٨F‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٠٠٠W١
EF‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٥٤٢EF
W،‫א‬٥٣٨
(‫ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﻧﻘﻄﺔ )ب‬- ( ‫ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ) أ‬ = ( ‫ ب‬، ‫ﻓﺮق اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ ) أ‬
٤Z٥٣٨J ٥٤٢ZE،F‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬١٧٦E،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
. ‫ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬: ‫= ﻓﺮق اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب‬ ( ‫ ب‬، ‫إذن إﻧﺤﺪار اﻷرض ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ ) أ‬
 ١٧٦W٤Z  E،F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ٤٤W١Z  E،F‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬١{٠٠‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬،١٥٠‫א‬
 K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٧{٠٠

-:‫ﺗﻮﻗﻴﻊ ﺧﻂ ﻣﻮاﺳﻴﺮ اﻟﺼﺮف اﻟﺼﺤﻲ‬


‫א‬٢٠١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١٩F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠( Manholes )
 KE١٩

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 E١٩F
 J W‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W
 W
‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬E٢٠F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 E٢٠F‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 E٢١F
 ‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬E٢٢F ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬ 
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢٢


 E٢٢F

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫( א‬TF‫א‬
 E٢٣FK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 E٢٣F

- ٧٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E٢٤F‫א‬‫א‬


 E٢٤F‫א‬

J W( Manholes )‫א‬
 E٢٥F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



 E٢٥F

 E٢٦F‫א‬


 E٢٦F
- ٧٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  
 E٢٧F


 E٢٧F
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 E٢٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 E٢٨F
‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٢٩F‫א‬‫א‬،


 E٢٩F

- ٧٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
 


 E٣٠F

‫א‬‫ א‬Q,R ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬P 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ٥٤{١١‫א‬٢٧{١٢‫א‬١٥٠W١Z‫א‬
 K R , Q , P ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬٢{٥٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬R ,Q , P ‫א‬
 J W‫א‬‫א‬
  ٠{٣٩Z  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٨٩{٥٢Z      ‫א‬
  ٠{١٦Z P‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٠{٣٥Z Q ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ١{١٧Z R ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٢{٨٤=   P‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬

  ٨٩{٩١Z  ٠{٣٩H٨٩{٥٢Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٨٧{٠٧Z  ٢{٨٤–٨٩{٩١ZP‫א‬
 ‫א‬٨٩{٥٧Z٢{٥٠H٨٧{٠٧ZP ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٨٩{٧٥Z ٠{١٦–٨٩{٩١ZP‫א‬‫א‬
 
 P ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–P‫א‬‫א‬
  ٠{١٨HZ  ٨٩{٥٧–٨٩{٧٥Z
‫ﻣﺘﺮ‬ ٠٫١٨ = ‫ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻌﻠﻮﻳﺔ ﻗﻀﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ارﺗﻔﺎع‬
 P‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٠{١٨J Z E١٥٠L١FC٢٧{١٢J ZQP‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ٨٦{٨٩Z   ٠{١٨–٨٧{٠٧ZQ‫א‬
 ٨٩{٣٩Z ٢{٥٠H٨٦{٨٩ZQ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٨٩{٥٦Z  ٠{٣٥–٨٩{٩١Z  Q‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
  ٠{١٧HZ ٨٩{٣٩–٨٩{٥٦Z
   ٠{١٧  Q ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬٠{٥٤J Z١٥٠LE٥٤{١١H٢٧{١٢FJ Z R P‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٨٦{٥٣Z   ٠{٥٤–٨٧{٠٧Z  R‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ٨٩{٠٣Z ٢{٥٠H٨٦{٥٣ZR ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ٨٨{٧٤Z  ١{١٧–٨٩{٩١Z R ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ٠{٢٩J Z ٨٩{٠٣–٨٨{٧٤Z
 ٠{٢٩‫א‬R‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W
E،F‫א‬E،F‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF٢٠٠ ١٥٠ ١٠٠ ٥٠  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF
٥٤٦{٣٠ ٥٤٥{٧٠ ٥٤٦{٥٠ ٥٤٦{٧٠ ٥٤٧{٥٠ ‫א‬

 K‫א‬٪،٣‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
 J W‫א‬
  ٥٤٦{٠٠Z ١{٥J ٥٤٧{٥٠Z  EF‫א‬‫א‬
 E٥٠C١٠٠L٠{٣FJ ٥٤٦{٠٠Z EF‫א‬‫א‬٥٠‫א‬
     ٥٤٥{٨٥Z
 E١٠٠C١٠٠L٠{٣FJ ٥٤٦{٠٠Z EF‫א‬‫א‬ ١٠٠‫א‬
     ٥٤٥{٧٠Z       
 E١٥٠C١٠٠L٠{٣FJ ٥٤٦{٠٠Z EF‫א‬‫א‬ ١٥٠‫א‬
     ٥٤٥{٥٥Z       
 E٢٠٠C١٠٠L٠{٣FJ ٥٤٦{٠٠Z EF‫א‬‫א‬ ٢٠٠‫א‬
     ٥٤٥{٤٠Z       

- ٨١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬ F
E‫א‬‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٥

- ٨٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J WE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬J E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬J ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬K
‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
  
٢٠‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K١٠٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E٣١F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬٧٥‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KE٣١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 E٣١F

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ٠{٠١٠±Z  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ٠{٠١٠±Z ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   ٠{٠٠٥±Z ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 K
 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬B.M. J 
، A ‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬EF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KB ‫א‬‫א‬


 E٣٢F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،C ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬B‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Eh.i. F‫א‬‫א‬B‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬ZE‫א‬F‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 
 K‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
- ٨٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ٤٥{٠٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٤٧{٠٠‫א‬‫א‬٤٨{٥٠،٤٨{٠٠K،٤٧{٥٠،٤٧{٠٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٠{٥٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬٣{٠٠،٢{٥٠،٢{٠٠،١{٥٠
 K
‫א‬EEF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬K
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
K J ٨
 K J ٩
K J ١٠
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٢
W‫א‬
 K‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
- ٨٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١W٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١W١،‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ١W١‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠J ٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٣٠J ١٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠J ٥‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬،
 ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬EF
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

- ٨٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬B.M.
   J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ElevelF‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
KEH.IF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
K٨،٧،٦،٥‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
،‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٨٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ١٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
  ‫א‬ J ١٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ١٥
K‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
K J ٢
K J ٣
K J ٤
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
W‫א‬
K‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬٥٠–١٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬level‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  J ٢
K‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
EB.M.F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
K
E ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
٥‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
K٨،٧،٦،

- ٩٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ١٢
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ J ١٣
K‫א‬‫א‬
 J W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J
station F‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬EEor chainage)
‫א‬
 
  J
‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬ElevelF‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
staff ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Eman )
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J
‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J
  ‫א‬  ،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K،‫א‬

- ٩٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 J W‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 K‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 KJ ٢
 KJ ٣
 KJ ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
 W‫א‬
 K‫א‬J ١
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 J W‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬EF‫א‬‫א‬
، ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬

- ٩٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
K ‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ J ٥
E Booker  kepper orNoteF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
  J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬F
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨

 ‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
 ‫א‬
K
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
KE‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠
‫א‬ Tripod ‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬،‫א‬

- ٩٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١٥
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٦
KEF‫א‬E‫א‬F
‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ،
 ‫א‬ 
K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،
 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٨
،‫א‬،E ٤٠ J ٢٠F،،،
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬،،
K،،
KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٩
W‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬، ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
E‫א‬‫א‬F  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
‫א‬ 
 
K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ •
،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢٠
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS