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# HYDRAULIC MACHINES III

## Solution by DF Sozinando, Mechanical Eng. student at Vaal University of Technology

1- A pump operating at 1650 rpm is used to transfer water, the system characteristic is Hsys = 68 + 124.3 Q and the pump characteristic is given below:
Q

m3 s

0.075 72 55

0.15 70 82

0.2 66 90

0.25 60 93

0.3 50 91

H( m)
( %)

## a) Obtain the operating point of this pump ?

b) Obtain the most effective speed at which the pump should operate and the power required to drive this

pump ?
c ) Plot the characteristic of the pump at this new speed ? Solution: %1

## 0.075 0.15 m3 Q pump_1650 := 0.2 Hpump_1650 := s 0.25 0.3

N 1 := 1650rpm

72 70 66 m pump_1650 := 60 50

## 55 82 2 s 90 % zpump_1650 := 68m kpump_1650 := 124.3 5 93 m 91

TO OBTAIN THE N EW CONSTANT (K) VALUE AT MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY FOR THE NEW SYSTEM:

)2

m s
3

## Hmax.eff_pump = kmax.eff Q max.eff kmax.eff = Hmax.eff

)2

( Qmax.eff )

max := 93%

Hmax.eff_pump := 60m

Q max.eff := 0.25

(AFFINITY LAWS): KQ = Q N d
3

KH =

g H N d
2 2

KP =

P
N d
2 5

K = ( 1 - ) d

0.25

NB: Since the pump are similar the impeller diameters are the same.

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## Solution by DF Sozinando, Mechanical Eng. student at Vaal University of Technology

kmax.eff := 1 Given

2 5

)2
kmax.eff = 960 s
2 5

)2

100 90

## Head & Efficiency at 1650 rpm

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0.05 0.077 0.104 0.131 0.158 0.185 0.212 0.239 0.266 0.293 0.32

Flow rate at 1650 rpm Pump Curve 1650 rpm System 1 Curve Efficiency Curve 1650 rpm System 2 Curve

a) The operating point of this pump at the operating speed is the interception between pump curve N 1 & system 1 curve, where can also be taken the reading of head(H) and the flow rate(Q) at the operating speed.
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## Solution by DF Sozinando, Mechanical Eng. student at Vaal University of Technology

b) NB: Obtaining the most effective operation point should be at the interception between system 1 curve & system2 curve and take the reading of Q most.eff and Hmost.eff,and then use the AFFINITY LAWS to obtain the most effective speed ( N most.eff). m s
3

## N most.eff := 1rpm Given Q max.eff N1 = Q most.eff

Q most.eff := 0.285

Hmost.eff := 78m

FROM AFFINITY

N most.eff LAWS

:= 9.81

kN m
3

Preq :=

## Hmost.eff Q most.eff max

100

Preq = 234.491 kW

c) Use the AFFINITY LAWS to c ompute the flow rat e(Q pump_1881), head( Hpump_1881) and the efficiency( pump_1881) and plot the characteristic of the pump at the speed of 1881 rpm . Be aware that whatever system curve to be plotted, it's always against operating flow rate. Q pump_1650 N most.eff N1

Q pump_1650 N1

Q pump_1881 N most.eff

## FROM AFFINITY LAWS

Q pump_1881 :=

0.086 0.171 m3 Q pump_1881 = 0.228 0.285 s 0.342 93.571 90.972 Hpump_1881 = 85.774 m 77.976 64.98

g Hpum_1650

g Hpump_1881

## H := FROM AFFINITY pump_1881

LAWS

g Hpump_1650 g N 1

(N1)2

( Nmost.eff.)2

( )2

N most.eff

since d1 = d2 1 - 1

d2 = 1 - 2 d1

## 0.25 FROM AFFINITY LAWS

pump_1881 :=

pump_1650 - 1

+1

( 1)

0.25

55 82 pump_1881 = 90 % 93 91

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100

## Head & Efficiency at 1881 rpm

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0.05 0.082 0.114 0.146 0.178 0.21 0.242 0.274 0.306 0.338 0.37

Flow rate at 1881 rpm Pump Curve 1881 rpm System 2 Curve Efficiency Curve 1881 rpm

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