Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

Technical Communication Tuesday 0700-1030 CEA 105A Facilitator: Mr. Jose V. Clutario Different Kinds of Writing 1.

Expressive- subjective response to a personal experience 2. Expository- exposes a topic analytically and objectively such as news reports 3. Persuasive-depends on emotional appeal. Its goal is to change attitudes or to influence actions Expository Techniques Expository Writing- a writing technique which intends to explain something, to analyze an idea, to classify a thing, to give the correct definition of a term, to make others follow directions, to point out similarities or differences, to clarify causes and effects, to present data, to interpret research work, and others. Expository Techniques Used in Technical Writing A. Classification- dividing something into groups, categories, etc. This is normally done in accordance with several criteria. It is also the act of locating a specimen of different kinds of objects which possesses a given characteristic. It permits a clear, systematic presentation. a. The relationship among the things classified must be significant one b. The system of classification brings order out of chaos. Accurate knowledge depends greatly upon the classification of existing relationships through the process of classification c. To classify any group formally and completely involves considering every representative of the group and breaking down classes into sub classes and so on until the ultimate discussion is done i. Some Points to Consider in Classifying: 1. Make clear what is being classified 2. Choose and use a simple principle of classification 3. Limit yourself to one basis at a time in listing members of a class 4. Make sure that each species is separate and distinct so that there is no overlapping 5. Make your classification reasonably complete 6. Introduce subclasses as needed 7. Make sure that in a subclassification you discuss characteristics peculiar to that one subclassification ii. Hazards to Avoid: 1. Overlapping among the members of the class 2. Simplistic Treatment iii. Classification in Reports- systematic arrangement of things that belong to one general class. A general class contains two or more items that have one or more similar characteristics 1. 3 Kinds of Classification: a. Unlimited b. Limited c. Formal iv. Using Classification in Reports: 1. Classification is not to be confused with partition. 2. Use only facts that can be verified 3. Symbols and abbreviations are used only when space is limited 4. Must be complete

5. A classification presented as a list, an outline, or a table is an integral part of the text. It is introduced, presented and discussed. B. Definition in Reports to classify a technical term which may be unfamiliar to one or more readers, not to clarify words chosen for general discussion. a. Informal Definition- a familiar word or phrase that immediately follows the technical term being defined; one word definition, synonym b. Formal Definition- written as one or two complete sentences and is consist of 3 parts: i. The specie ii. The genus iii. The differentia c. Amplified or Extended Definition- if the item cannot be described in a few words i. Techniques: 1. Further definition 2. Concrete examples 3. Word derivation 4. Negative statement 5. Physical description 6. Analysis 7. Basic Principle 8. Cause and effect 9. Location d. Operational Definition- observable, scientific relationship C. Description of a Process a. Process- method of doing something that involves a series of operations, directed to an end. A process report explains how a product is produced, a test is completed, or a machine is operated by including the details of the procedure used to perform a series of operations. i. General Process Reports- written for a person or persons not directly involved in performing the process ii. Detailed Process Reports- gives the reader an insight into all technical procedures needed to complete a process. b. Guidelines: i. Analyze the subject ii. Analyze the reader iii. Analyze the purpose of the report c. Point of view-indicative mood D. Description of a Mechanism- any system parts that operate and function properly a. Parts: i. Introduction ii. Part-by-Part description iii. Conclusion