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DISPROPORTIONALITY RATES

FOR

CHILDREN OF COLOR IN FOSTER CARE

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE BULLETIN

May 2012

Brief Authored by: Alicia Summers, Ph.D. Research Associate Steve Wood, M.S. Research Assistant Jesse Russell, Ph.D. Senior Research Associate

The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) headquartered on the University of Nevada campus in Reno since 1969, provides cutting-edge training, wide-ranging technical assistance, and research to help the nation's courts, judges, and staff in their important work. Since its founding in 1937 by a group of judges dedicated to improving the effectiveness of the nation's juvenile courts, the NCJFCJ has pursued a mission to improve courts and systems practice and raise awareness of the core issues that touch the lives of many of our nation's children and families. For more information about the NCJFCJ or this report, please contact: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Permanency Planning for Children Dept University of Nevada P.O. Box 8970 Reno, Nevada 89507 (775) 327-5300 www.ncjfcj.org caninfo@ncjfcj.org 2012, National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Mari Kay Bickett, J.D., Chief Executive Officer

This report is a publication of the Permanency Planning for Children Department of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges wishes to acknowledge that this material is made possible by Cooperative Agreement No. 2009-MU-MU-K001 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view or opinions are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice or the National Council of Juvenile and Family Courts Judges.

Disproportionality Rates for Children of Color in Foster Care Children of color are disproportionately1 represented in the United States foster care system. In most states, there are higher proportions of African American/Black and Native American children in foster care than in the general child population. In some states, Hispanic/Latino children are disproportionately represented. Data also vary at the county level, with some counties experiencing more disproportionality than is evident statewide. This Technical Assistance Bulletin presents disproportionality rates for all 50 states and the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges Model Court jurisdictions.2 Starting in 1997, the Adoption and Safe Families Act (P.L. 105-89) required child welfare agencies to submit data regarding children in foster care to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS). Released annually, the AFCARS data include the number of children who have entered foster care, the number who have exited foster care, and the number who are still in foster care at the end of the year. The dataset also contains the race of each child. In 2000, African American/Black children represented 38% of the foster care population while they comprised only 16% of the general child population, indicating a disproportionality index of 2.5 (i.e., African American children were disproportionately represented in foster care at a rate 2.5 times their rates in the general population). Native American children represented 1.9% of the foster care population, yet only encompassed 1.3% of the general child population. Hispanic/Latino children, although not overrepresented nationally, were disproportionately represented in 7 states. In 2010, ten years later, these numbers have changed. While disproportionality rates increased between 2000 and 2004, African American/Black disproportionality has now decreased to 2.0 from 2.5 nationally. Native American disproportionality has increased over the last ten years from 1.5 to 2.1. Hispanic/Latino children are now overrepresented in only five states. Table 1 (page 3) illustrates the 2000 and 2010 disproportionality rates for children in foster care for each state and nationally. The 2007 Government Accountability Office report identified every states disproportionality index using 2004 population estimates from the U.S. Census and 2004 AFCARS data. We have duplicated these calculations using the same sources for 2000 and have included 2010 data for comparison. Some states have substantially reduced their disproportionality. Other states show slight increases or decreases, or have remained consistent in the ten-year time span. In particular, Indianas African American disproportionality rate has decreased 41% in the last decade, dropping from 4.1 to 2.4. In contrast, some states have shown increases in their Native American disproportionality; Minnesota, for example, rose 38% since 2000, increasing from 8.1 to 11.2.
1

Disproportionality is the level at which groups of children are present in the child welfare system at higher or lower percentages or rates than in the general population. An index of 1.0 reflects no disproportionality. An index of greater than 1.0 reflects overrepresentation. An index of less than 1.0 reflects underrepresentation. 2 Small jurisdictions are not uniquely identified in the AFCARS dataset. Therefore, data were not available for all Model Courts. Ten Model Courts were excluded from the report because they were not identifiable in the dataset (this includes the four Tribal Model Courts who are not required to report to AFCARS).

Using This Report In May 2011, the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) published its first Disproportionality Rates for Children of Color in Foster Care. Since that time, the report has gained national attention. The information provided by the report has been used in a number of ways and by a broad spectrum of stakeholders and interested parties. Delineated below are some of the ways that this information may helpful to states, courts, policy makers, professional stakeholders, and academics who are interested in racial disproportionality and child welfare. These examples provide a few illustrations of the many ways that this report can be used in informing ongoing discussion and research of this important issue.

Evidence or Reference. In October of 2011, National Public Radio (NPR) used the report for its series on Native Foster Care: Lost Children, Shattered Families, citing the report as evidence supporting their position and drawing national attention to the issue, and
pointing out behavior in one state in particular. NPR used data from the report to create an interactive map on its website that focused specifically on disproportionality rates of Native youth.3

published a paper on Race and Child Welfare Policy: State-Level Variations in Disproportionality.4 The paper used data from the report to explore how state African American populations relate to disproportionality rates. The paper finds that states with larger African American populations have dramatically lower levels of racial disproportionality among their children in foster care.

Foundation for Further Research. The report has also been used in scholarly research. The journal Race and Social Problems

Means of Extending Dialogue. Individual states have also used the report to explore their own disproportionality score trends.

Oregon, for example, noted that their internal state data appeared to be different from the data used for the report. Through a series of dialogues, differences were identified in how mixed-race children are counted and categorized in AFCARS data, in U.S. Census data, and in Oregon state data. These differences in how racial groups are defined, counted, and assigned to data categories can have significant affects on a states disproportionality profile and may explain discrepancies between data. Results of this discussion and analysis were presented in a NCJFCJ Research Memo available on the NCJFCJ website.5

Sullivan, L., & Walters, A. (October 25, 2011). Native Foster Care: Lost Children, Shattered Families. National Public Radio. Available online at http://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141672992/native-foster-care-lost-children-shattered-families. Interactive map for Native American disproportionality available online at http://www.npr.org/2011/10/25/141475618/disproportionality-rates-of-native-american-children-in-foster-care. 4 Foster, C.H. 2012. Race and child welfare policy: State-level variations in disproportionality. Race and Social Problems, http://www.springerlink.com/content/q102663736113101/. 5 National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. (April, 2012). Oregon State Disproportionality Profiles. PPCD Research Memo. Available online at http://ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/Disproportionality%20in%20Oregon%20Research%20Memo.pdf

Table 1: Disproportionality Index of Children in Foster Care by Race and State for 2000 and 20106
African American/ Blacki STATE Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii* Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan** Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana
6

Caucasian/Whiteii 2000 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 2010 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 1 0.9 0.7 1 0.7 0.8 0.8 1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6

Hispanic/Latinoiii 2000 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.8 1.1 1.7 1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3 1.7 0.2 1.8 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.9 2010 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.3 2.1 0.2 1.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.7

Asian/Pacific Islanderiv 2000 0.1 0.2 0 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 1.6 0.2 0 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 2010 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2

Native American/ Alaska Nativev 2000 0.3 3 0.4 0.1 2.3 2.9 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.2 -6.6 0.8 1.4 5.7 1 0.4 0.4 1.6 0.4 0.9 1.8 8.1 0.1 0.5 3.6 2010 0.2 2.9 0.8 0.1 1.9 1.5 0.3 0 1 0.1 -4.2 0.8 0.2 5.7 1 0.3 0.6 1.6 0.1 1.1 1.3 11.2 0.2 0.7 4

2000 1.7 2.7 3.6 2 4.8 3.7 3.4 2.7 2.2 1.7 1.3 6.4 4 4.1 3.8 3.2 2.3 1.6 2 2.4 1.1 3.0 4.4 1.3 2.9 3.7

2010 1.3 1 2.4 1.3 3.9 3.4 2.5 2.3 1.7 1.4 1 3.1 3.3 2.4 3.4 2.8 1.6 1.2 0.8 2 2.2 2.5 2.5 1.1 1.9 2.7

States with disproportionality indexes of 2.0 or higher are indicated in bold. *Hawaii Native American numbers were so low that it makes interpretation difficult; as such, the indexes are not reported. **Michigan race data was unavailable for 2000 & 2001. The data in the table are from 2002, the first year data was available for this state.

African American/ Black STATE Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming United States 2000 3.2 2.8 3 4 3.8 2.5 1.9 2.5 3.3 2.1 5 4.1 3.8 1.7 2.2 1.8 2.3 4.6 2.6 2.2 3.4 2.2 8.3 6.2 2.5 2010 3.5 2.8 2.4 3.3 2.2 3 1.6 2.4 2.4 1.8 0.4 3.5 2.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 2 4.7 1.4 1.7 2.3 1.5 4.1 5.3 2.0

Caucasian/White 2000 0.8 1 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.7 1 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.3 1 0.6 2010 0.7 1 0.9 0.5 1 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7

Hispanic/Latino 2000 0.9 0.3 1.8 0.5 1 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.6 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1 0.8 0.8 0.8 2010 0.8 0.6 1.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9

Asian/Pacific Islander 2000 0.3 0.5 0.2 0 0.4 0.1 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.3 2010 0.5 0.2 0.5 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Native American/ Alaska Native 2000 6.6 0.7 1 2.9 0.5 0.6 1.5 4 0.6 1.5 3.2 1.1 2.3 0.4 4.7 0.8 1.3 4.2 0.9 0.3 4.9 0.3 1.4 1.1 1.5 2010 6.2 0.8 3.6 0.3 0.9 0.8 1.3 3.1 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.7 0.4 3.9 1.1 0.6 3.5 0 0 5.6 0 3.9 0.9 2.1

Children identified by the child welfare system as African American, non-Hispanic, and with only one race category. Children identified by the child welfare system as White, non-Hispanic, and with only one race category. iii Children identified by the child welfare system as having Hispanic origins; not a racial category. iv Children identified by the child welfare system as Asian, which includes Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic and with only one racial category. v Children identified by the child welfare system as Native American, non-Hispanic, and with only one racial category.
ii

CALCULATING DISPROPORTIONALITY
Disproportionality is defined as the level at which groups of children are present in the child welfare system at higher or lower percentages or rates than in the general population. Hill7 developed the disproportionality index as an indicator of the degree a given jurisdiction is disproportionate. The disproportionately index is calculated by taking the proportion of children in foster care for a given race and dividing it by the proportion of the same racial group in the child population. This creates a ratio where scores ranging from 0.00 to 0.99 are indicative of underrepresentation, scores of 1.0 indicate no disproportionality, and scores of 1.1 and greater indicate overrepresentation. For example, in a community where 40% of the children entering foster care are African American, and only 20% of the child population is African American, the disproportionality index would be 2.0, indicating African Americans are twice as represented in foster care as they are in the general population. Disproportionality scores are calculated for the number of children entering care, exiting care, and remaining in care at the end of the year. These calculations require (1) the child population (by race) for any given state or jurisdiction, available from census data; and (2) the number of children in the child welfare system (by race), available from the AFCARS. DATA SOURCES Available From The U.S. Census Bureau (Total Population Adult Population) www.census.gov National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglects Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) www.ndacan.cornell.edu

Data Element

Child Population
(by Race)

Most Recent Date 2010

Number of Children
In Care Entering Care Exiting Care (by Race)

2010

Hill, R. B. (2006). Synthesis of research on disproportionality in child welfare: An update. Casey-CSSP Alliance for Racial Equity in the Child Welfare System. Available online from http://www.racemattersconsortium.org/docs/BobHillPaper_FINAL.pdf

The results of these disproportionality calculations are presented numerically and graphically. The graph on the left compares the racial breakdown of the population to the percentage of each racial group entering, in, and exiting foster care in 2009. In this chart, the race of African American/Black children in the population is approximately 14 % (first oval). Compare that to the rate of African American/Black children in foster caremore than 30% (larger oval). These differences are also reported in a corresponding table under the graph (see below).

The graph (right) and table (below) portray the disproportionality index. The Racial Disproportionality Index graph depicts the disproportionality scores for each race in terms of entries, exits, and in care rates. Bars moving to the right of 1.0 indicate overrepresentation; bars moving to the left of 1.0 demonstrate underrepresentation. The highlighted text in the Racial Disproportionality Index table below identifies disproportionality indexes in which the racial group is overrepresented.

Underrepresented Overrepresented

Race/EthnicityProfile UnitedStates

Disproportionality in the United States

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 14.5% 55.6% 20.1% 4.6% 0.9% 3.9% 0.3% 100% Entries 24.1% 44.6% 18.2% 0.9% 2.0% 7.2% 2.9% 100% Incare 28.8% 40.4% 18.3% 0.8% 1.9% 7.7% 2.1% 100% Exits 26.8% 43.0% 17.9% 1.0% 2.0% 7.3% 2.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.7 0.8 0.9 0.2 2.2 Incare 2.0 0.7 0.9 0.2 2.1 Exits 1.8 0.8 0.9 0.2 2.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

Disproportionality continues to be a trend throughout the nation. As shown in the graphs above, African American/Black children and Native American children are consistently overrepresented in the foster care system. These graphs illustrate the national disproportionality scores across all 50 states. Within this national trend, there are considerable variances at the state and local levels.
7

Comparisons of Disproportionality by State African American/Black African American/Black children are the most overrepresented racial group in the United States. Nearly every state has a disproportionate number of African American children in foster care. The map below illustrates the varying degrees of disproportionality of African American children in foster care throughout the United States. Colors on the map range from white (no disproportionality) to red (a score greater than 4). Some states, such as Oregon, may show reduced or no disproportionality because of the way they count mixed race children. Rates of African American Disproportionality in Foster Care

Red = Highest > 4.1 Orange = 3.1 to 4.0 Yellow = 2.1 to 3.0 Green = 1.3 to 2.0 Blue = Lowest 1.1 to 1.2 White = No Disproportionality
8

Comparisons of Disproportionality by State Native American Across the United States, Native American children are overrepresented in foster care at a rate of 2.1 times their rate in the general population. While not all state show disproportionality, 21 states do have some overrepresentation. Twenty-seven percent of the states that have overrepresentation have a disproportionality index of greater than 4.1. In Minnesota, the disproportionality is index 11.2, in Washington State it is 5.6. Rates of Native American Disproportionality in Foster Care

Red = Highest > 4.1 Orange = 3.1 to 4.0 Yellow = 2.1 to 3.0 Green = 1.3 to 2.0 Blue = Lowest 1.1 to 1.2 White = No Disproportionality

Comparisons of Disproportionality by State Hispanic/Latino The rates of Hispanic/Latino overrepresentation across the country are less pronounced. Only a handful of states demonstrate an overrepresentation of Hispanic/Latino children. Overrepresentation rates vary from 1.1 to 2.1. Maine is the only state that has a disproportionality index score of greater than two (2.1). There may be, however, more overrepresentation at the county or court jurisdiction level. For example, Santa Clara County, CA (see page 82) has a disproportionality score of 1.6, showing overrepresentation of Hispanic/Latino children. Yet, California as a whole does not demonstrate disproportionality of Hispanic/Latino children. It is important to examine state and jurisdiction disproportionality indexes to gain a more in-depth understanding of how disproportionality rates vary by location. Rates of Hispanic Disproportionality in Foster Care

Red = Highest > 4.1 Orange = 3.1 to 4.0 Yellow = 2.1 to 3.0 Green = 1.3 to 2.0 Blue = Lowest 1.1 to 1.2 White = No Disproportionality 10

Changes in Disproportionality As illustrated in Table 1, disproportionality indexes have changed since 2000. The first set of maps portrays the African American disproportionality in the United States in 2000 (left) and 2010 (right). The reduction in disproportionality is illustrated by fewer orange and red states (highest disproportionality) and increases in the blue/green states, which represent disproportionality at rates of 2.0 or lower.
African American Disproportionality 2000 African American Disproportionality 2010

The second set of maps illustrates the disproportionality of Native American children in foster care for the year 2000 (left) and the year 2010 (right). While the number of states that show disproportionality has decreased from 23 to 21, several states show increases in disproportionality rates, including many of the states in red, whose disproportionality rates have risen even more dramatically in the last decade.
Native American Disproportionality 2000 Native American Disproportionality 2010

11

State Level Data

12

Race/EthnicityProfile Alabama

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 30.2% 59.5% 5.9% 1.2% 0.6% 2.4% 0.2% 100% Entries 31.3% 56.6% 3.4% 0.2% 0.0% 5.6% 2.9% 100% Incare 39.8% 51.0% 2.9% 0.1% 0.1% 5.1% 1.1% 100% Exits 34.6% 51.8% 3.6% 0.1% 0.0% 5.6% 4.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.1 0.0 Incare 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.2 Exits 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

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Race/EthnicityProfile Alaska

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 3.1% 52.5% 7.9% 6.6% 17.7% 0.2% 12.0% 100% Entries 2.7% 27.1% 3.4% 2.5% 47.5% 11.4% 5.4% 100% Incare 3.2% 26.8% 3.1% 2.0% 51.4% 10.9% 2.8% 100% Exits 3.0% 24.2% 1.7% 2.1% 54.1% 13.0% 1.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.4 2.7 Incare 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.3 2.9 Exits 1.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 3.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

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Race/EthnicityProfile Arizona

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 4.1% 41.6% 43.2% 2.5% 5.0% 3.3% 0.2% 100% Entries 9.3% 39.3% 35.0% 0.5% 4.3% 7.7% 4.0% 100% Incare 9.8% 38.2% 37.2% 0.2% 4.0% 7.9% 2.7% 100% Exits 9.2% 38.0% 37.5% 0.8% 3.9% 7.8% 2.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.3 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.9 Incare 2.4 0.9 0.9 0.1 0.8 Exits 2.2 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

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Race/EthnicityProfile Arkansas

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 18.7% 65.3% 10.5% 1.6% 0.7% 3.0% 0.2% 100% Entries 20.1% 64.7% 5.1% 0.3% 0.2% 9.0% 0.6% 100% Incare 23.6% 60.6% 4.8% 0.2% 0.1% 10.5% 0.3% 100% Exits 21.8% 61.9% 5.6% 0.4% 0.3% 9.6% 0.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.1 1.0 0.5 0.2 0.2 Incare 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 Exits 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

16

Race/EthnicityProfile California

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 5.6% 27.4% 51.2% 10.7% 0.4% 4.4% 0.3% 100% Entries 17.7% 23.1% 47.6% 2.0% 0.7% 8.0% 0.8% 100% Incare 22.1% 21.9% 43.9% 2.0% 0.8% 9.1% 0.3% 100% Exits 19.9% 22.1% 46.9% 2.2% 0.6% 7.8% 0.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.1 0.8 0.9 0.2 1.8 Incare 3.9 0.8 0.9 0.2 1.9 Exits 3.5 0.8 0.9 0.2 1.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

17

Race/EthnicityProfile Colorado

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 4.1% 58.0% 30.5% 2.8% 0.6% 3.9% 0.2% 100% Entries 11.4% 43.4% 35.8% 0.9% 0.9% 7.5% 0.1% 100% Incare 13.8% 43.8% 32.9% 1.1% 0.9% 7.4% 0.1% 100% Exits 11.8% 43.4% 36.0% 0.6% 0.7% 7.4% 0.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.8 0.7 1.2 0.3 1.6 Incare 3.4 0.8 1.1 0.4 1.5 Exits 2.9 0.7 1.2 0.2 1.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

18

Race/EthnicityProfile Connecticut

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 10.9% 61.2% 19.6% 4.1% 0.2% 3.5% 0.5% 100% Entries 25.6% 33.9% 27.2% 0.5% 0.2% 12.0% 0.6% 100% Incare 26.8% 32.0% 27.9% 0.4% 0.1% 12.5% 0.3% 100% Exits 27.3% 33.4% 27.2% 0.6% 0.2% 10.6% 0.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.3 0.6 1.4 0.1 1.1 Incare 2.5 0.5 1.4 0.1 0.3 Exits 2.5 0.5 1.4 0.1 0.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

19

Race/EthnicityProfile Delaware

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 25.2% 53.0% 13.2% 3.3% 0.3% 4.8% 0.3% 100% Entries 54.7% 33.1% 5.8% 0.2% 0.0% 6.1% 0.0% 100% Incare 58.2% 28.4% 6.4% 0.0% 0.0% 7.0% 0.0% 100% Exits 48.6% 38.9% 5.3% 0.9% 0.4% 5.9% 0.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.2 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.0 Incare 2.3 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 Exits 1.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

20

Race/EthnicityProfile Florida

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 20.4% 45.6% 27.6% 2.5% 0.3% 3.2% 0.4% 100% Entries 31.2% 49.3% 12.4% 0.2% 0.3% 6.2% 0.4% 100% Incare 34.3% 46.7% 12.3% 0.2% 0.3% 5.9% 0.3% 100% Exits 33.8% 47.6% 12.1% 0.3% 0.4% 5.6% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.5 1.1 0.4 0.1 1.1 Incare 1.7 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0 Exits 1.7 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

21

Race/EthnicityProfile Georgia

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 33.6% 47.0% 12.6% 3.2% 0.2% 3.0% 0.4% 100% Entries 45.5% 41.0% 7.6% 0.3% 0.0% 5.5% 0.0% 100% Incare 46.3% 41.3% 6.7% 0.2% 0.0% 5.5% 0.1% 100% Exits 47.3% 39.7% 7.4% 0.4% 0.0% 5.0% 0.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.2 Incare 1.4 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 Exits 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

22

Race/EthnicityProfile Hawaii

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% PacificIslander 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits 0.0 Black Asian Hispanic/Latino White Black White Asian PacificIslander

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian(d) PacificIslander(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.4% 13.1% 14.9% 26.0% 12.4% 32.1% 0.2% 100% Entries 2.3% 14.7% 1.1% 10.8% 19.8% 45.9% 5.5% 100% Incare 1.4% 8.9% 2.2% 11.1% 19.5% 54.4% 2.5% 100% Exits 1.8% 14.1% 0.8% 9.7% 20.4% 49.8% 3.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian(d) PacificIslander(e) 1.6 1.1 0.1 0.4 1.6 Incare 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.4 1.6 Exits 1.3 1.1 0.1 0.4 1.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasHawaiianorPacificIslander,non Hispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

23

Race/EthnicityProfile Idaho

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 0.7% 76.8% 17.0% 1.2% 1.2% 2.9% 0.1% 100% Entries 1.7% 75.2% 12.7% 0.3% 3.5% 6.1% 0.4% 100% Incare 2.3% 73.1% 12.2% 0.5% 4.9% 7.0% 0.1% 100% Exits 1.5% 71.6% 11.8% 1.1% 6.3% 7.3% 0.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.3 1.0 0.7 0.3 3.1 Incare 3.1 1.0 0.7 0.4 4.2 Exits 2.0 0.9 0.7 1.0 5.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

24

Race/EthnicityProfile Illinois

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 16.5% 53.0% 23.1% 4.1% 0.1% 2.9% 0.2% 100% Entries 43.2% 48.0% 4.3% 0.4% 0.2% 0.3% 3.7% 100% Incare 55.0% 37.4% 3.5% 0.3% 0.1% 0.3% 3.4% 100% Exits 50.3% 41.2% 3.9% 0.3% 0.2% 0.4% 3.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.6 0.9 0.2 0.1 1.1 Incare 3.3 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.8 Exits 3.1 0.8 0.2 0.1 1.3

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

25

Race/EthnicityProfile Indiana

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 10.9% 73.9% 9.6% 1.6% 0.2% 3.5% 0.3% 100% Entries 21.1% 63.7% 6.7% 0.4% 0.0% 7.6% 0.4% 100% Incare 25.9% 59.5% 6.1% 0.3% 0.0% 7.8% 0.4% 100% Exits 23.5% 61.7% 6.5% 0.3% 0.1% 7.7% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.9 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.2 Incare 2.4 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 Exits 2.2 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

26

Race/EthnicityProfile Iowa

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 4.1% 81.5% 8.7% 1.9% 0.3% 3.4% 0.1% 100% Entries 12.1% 63.9% 7.9% 1.4% 2.4% 4.5% 7.8% 100% Incare 13.9% 64.8% 7.8% 1.1% 2.0% 4.7% 5.9% 100% Exits 14.2% 62.9% 8.5% 1.4% 2.3% 3.9% 6.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 6.9 Incare 3.4 0.8 0.9 0.6 5.7 Exits 3.5 0.8 1.0 0.8 6.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

27

Race/EthnicityProfile Kansas

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 6.4% 68.6% 16.8% 2.4% 0.8% 4.8% 0.2% 100% Entries 15.1% 68.3% 10.0% 0.5% 1.0% 4.7% 0.3% 100% Incare 18.2% 65.6% 9.9% 0.4% 0.8% 5.1% 0.1% 100% Exits 18.8% 66.0% 8.6% 0.6% 1.2% 4.5% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.4 1.0 0.6 0.2 1.2 Incare 2.8 1.0 0.6 0.2 1.0 Exits 2.9 1.0 0.5 0.3 1.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

28

Race/EthnicityProfile Kentucky

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 9.0% 80.9% 4.9% 1.3% 0.2% 3.4% 0.3% 100% Entries 12.4% 75.7% 4.3% 0.3% 0.0% 4.8% 2.5% 100% Incare 14.4% 74.2% 4.0% 0.2% 0.0% 5.4% 1.8% 100% Exits 13.4% 75.2% 4.3% 0.2% 0.1% 4.3% 2.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 Incare 1.6 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.3 Exits 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

29

Race/EthnicityProfile Louisiana

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 37.8% 52.5% 4.9% 1.4% 0.7% 2.4% 0.2% 100% Entries 47.1% 46.8% 1.6% 0.4% 0.1% 2.2% 1.9% 100% Incare 46.8% 47.2% 1.2% 0.1% 0.4% 2.6% 1.6% 100% Exits 49.3% 46.1% 1.5% 0.2% 0.1% 1.4% 1.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.2 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 Incare 1.2 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.6 Exits 1.3 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

30

Race/EthnicityProfile Maine

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 2.2% 90.1% 2.3% 1.4% 0.8% 3.1% 0.1% 100% Entries 1.3% 67.9% 6.6% 0.8% 1.7% 10.1% 11.6% 100% Incare 1.9% 76.6% 4.8% 0.5% 1.2% 8.3% 6.7% 100% Exits 2.1% 79.5% 6.7% 0.0% 1.4% 5.9% 4.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 0.6 0.8 2.8 0.6 2.2 Incare 0.8 0.9 2.1 0.3 1.6 Exits 1.0 0.9 2.9 0.0 1.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

31

Race/EthnicityProfile Maryland

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 32.1% 46.5% 11.0% 5.3% 0.2% 4.6% 0.4% 100% Entries 55.8% 31.7% 2.6% 0.4% 0.1% 4.3% 5.2% 100% Incare 65.6% 23.9% 2.5% 0.3% 0.0% 4.7% 2.9% 100% Exits 66.0% 24.1% 2.1% 0.2% 0.1% 4.0% 3.6% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 Incare 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 Exits 2.1 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

32

Race/EthnicityProfile Massachusetts

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 7.3% 67.3% 14.9% 5.5% 0.2% 3.7% 1.1% 100% Entries 14.6% 45.3% 24.5% 1.8% 0.3% 8.5% 5.1% 100% Incare 16.0% 45.6% 23.3% 1.9% 0.2% 8.9% 4.1% 100% Exits 15.4% 46.3% 24.2% 1.9% 0.1% 8.4% 3.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.0 0.7 1.7 0.3 1.4 Incare 2.2 0.7 1.6 0.4 1.1 Exits 2.1 0.7 1.6 0.3 0.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

33

Race/EthnicityProfile Michigan

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 16.4% 68.7% 7.3% 2.6% 0.6% 4.1% 0.2% 100% Entries 35.9% 47.8% 4.7% 0.2% 1.0% 10.1% 0.3% 100% Incare 41.8% 42.9% 4.6% 0.2% 0.8% 9.5% 0.2% 100% Exits 43.0% 42.6% 4.8% 0.2% 0.7% 8.5% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.2 0.7 0.6 0.1 1.6 Incare 2.5 0.6 0.6 0.1 1.3 Exits 2.6 0.6 0.6 0.1 1.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

34

Race/EthnicityProfile Minnesota

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 7.4% 73.4% 7.9% 5.3% 1.4% 4.5% 0.2% 100% Entries 22.0% 45.7% 6.9% 2.0% 10.0% 11.4% 1.9% 100% Incare 18.6% 45.8% 6.1% 1.5% 15.2% 12.3% 0.5% 100% Exits 21.9% 43.6% 7.3% 2.5% 10.7% 11.4% 2.6% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.0 0.6 0.9 0.4 7.4 Incare 2.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 11.2 Exits 3.0 0.6 0.9 0.5 7.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

35

Race/EthnicityProfile Mississippi

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 43.6% 49.5% 3.5% 0.8% 0.6% 1.9% 0.1% 100% Entries 42.0% 52.3% 2.4% 0.3% 0.1% 1.6% 1.2% 100% Incare 48.8% 46.1% 1.9% 0.3% 0.1% 1.9% 0.8% 100% Exits 47.3% 47.2% 2.6% 0.3% 0.1% 1.8% 0.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.0 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 Incare 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 Exits 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

36

Race/EthnicityProfile Missouri

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 13.9% 74.5% 5.7% 1.7% 0.4% 3.7% 0.2% 100% Entries 20.7% 72.5% 3.4% 0.3% 0.2% 1.4% 1.4% 100% Incare 26.6% 68.0% 2.4% 0.3% 0.3% 1.2% 1.2% 100% Exits 23.8% 69.2% 3.6% 0.3% 0.3% 1.8% 1.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.5 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.5 Incare 1.9 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.7 Exits 1.7 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

37

Race/EthnicityProfile Montana

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 0.5% 80.3% 5.0% 0.6% 9.4% 4.2% 0.1% 100% Entries 1.7% 50.5% 3.2% 0.6% 34.8% 7.0% 2.2% 100% Incare 1.3% 47.0% 3.7% 0.1% 37.3% 8.8% 1.7% 100% Exits 1.3% 52.1% 3.8% 0.7% 32.4% 7.1% 2.6% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.3 0.6 0.6 1.0 3.7 Incare 2.7 0.6 0.7 0.2 4.0 Exits 2.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 3.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

38

Race/EthnicityProfile Nebraska

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 5.7% 72.5% 15.1% 1.9% 1.1% 3.5% 0.2% 100% Entries 16.7% 55.3% 13.9% 0.7% 6.9% 3.3% 3.2% 100% Incare 19.8% 53.2% 12.2% 0.9% 7.0% 4.1% 2.9% 100% Exits 15.8% 56.9% 13.7% 0.3% 7.6% 3.1% 2.6% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.0 0.8 0.9 0.4 6.1 Incare 3.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 6.2 Exits 2.8 0.8 0.9 0.1 6.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

39

Race/EthnicityProfile Nevada

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 8.4% 39.5% 39.4% 6.1% 0.9% 5.5% 0.3% 100% Entries 21.0% 40.9% 25.3% 1.9% 0.6% 10.1% 0.1% 100% Incare 23.8% 39.5% 23.6% 1.4% 0.7% 11.0% 0.1% 100% Exits 23.2% 40.8% 23.4% 2.6% 1.1% 8.7% 0.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.5 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.7 Incare 2.8 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.8 Exits 2.8 1.0 0.6 0.4 1.3

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

40

Race/EthnicityProfile NewHampshire

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.5% 87.8% 4.8% 2.6% 0.2% 3.0% 0.2% 100% Entries 2.9% 73.8% 7.9% 1.3% 0.8% 6.1% 7.3% 100% Incare 3.5% 76.2% 7.5% 1.2% 0.7% 5.4% 5.6% 100% Exits 1.9% 78.3% 5.5% 0.4% 0.2% 5.1% 8.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.0 0.8 1.6 0.5 3.9 Incare 2.4 0.9 1.6 0.5 3.6 Exits 1.3 0.9 1.1 0.1 1.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

41

Race/EthnicityProfile NewJersey

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 14.2% 51.6% 22.3% 8.4% 0.2% 2.9% 0.4% 100% Entries 39.6% 28.0% 16.9% 0.5% 0.0% 4.3% 10.6% 100% Incare 47.5% 25.2% 14.7% 0.3% 0.1% 4.7% 7.5% 100% Exits 43.6% 26.6% 16.3% 0.8% 0.0% 4.9% 7.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.8 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.3 Incare 3.3 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.3 Exits 3.1 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

42

Race/EthnicityProfile NewMexico

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.5% 26.2% 58.2% 1.1% 10.3% 2.4% 0.2% 100% Entries 3.7% 28.3% 51.1% 0.1% 10.4% 5.7% 0.7% 100% Incare 3.4% 25.5% 53.3% 0.2% 9.4% 8.1% 0.0% 100% Exits 3.3% 26.4% 51.1% 0.1% 10.8% 7.4% 0.9% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.4 1.1 0.9 0.1 1.0 Incare 2.2 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.9 Exits 2.1 1.0 0.9 0.1 1.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

43

Race/EthnicityProfile NewYork

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 15.9% 51.0% 22.5% 6.6% 0.3% 3.0% 0.6% 100% Entries 42.1% 22.3% 20.2% 0.8% 0.3% 5.0% 9.2% 100% Incare 48.1% 18.7% 20.5% 0.6% 0.3% 4.1% 7.8% 100% Exits 43.7% 21.7% 20.3% 0.6% 0.2% 4.9% 8.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.6 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.9 Incare 3.0 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.8 Exits 2.7 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

44

Race/EthnicityProfile NorthCarolina

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 23.6% 55.2% 13.5% 2.4% 1.3% 3.6% 0.3% 100% Entries 32.6% 50.1% 7.5% 0.4% 2.1% 6.9% 0.5% 100% Incare 38.2% 46.3% 6.4% 0.4% 1.7% 6.7% 0.4% 100% Exits 36.2% 47.7% 6.9% 0.5% 1.4% 6.9% 0.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.1 1.6 Incare 1.6 0.8 0.5 0.1 1.3 Exits 1.5 0.9 0.5 0.2 1.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

45

Race/EthnicityProfile NorthDakota

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.7% 81.6% 3.6% 0.9% 8.5% 3.5% 0.1% 100% Entries 4.0% 55.7% 3.2% 1.2% 24.3% 8.5% 3.1% 100% Incare 4.2% 51.4% 3.5% 1.4% 26.8% 11.2% 1.4% 100% Exits 4.1% 58.5% 4.9% 1.1% 22.5% 7.7% 1.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.4 0.7 0.9 1.4 2.9 Incare 2.4 0.6 1.0 1.5 3.1 Exits 2.4 0.7 1.4 1.2 2.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

46

Race/EthnicityProfile Ohio

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 14.5% 74.3% 5.0% 1.7% 0.2% 4.1% 0.3% 100% Entries 30.6% 47.5% 2.5% 0.2% 0.1% 5.5% 13.6% 100% Incare 34.9% 48.8% 2.6% 0.1% 0.1% 5.9% 7.6% 100% Exits 35.0% 50.4% 2.8% 0.2% 0.1% 6.0% 5.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.1 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 Incare 2.4 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.5 Exits 2.4 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

47

Race/EthnicityProfile Oklahoma

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 8.2% 55.9% 14.3% 1.8% 10.8% 8.8% 0.1% 100% Entries 11.4% 42.6% 9.0% 0.3% 9.2% 27.5% 0.0% 100% Incare 15.1% 36.9% 8.5% 0.2% 8.8% 30.5% 0.0% 100% Exits 16.4% 38.6% 9.1% 0.2% 8.3% 27.4% 0.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.8 Incare 1.8 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.8 Exits 2.0 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

48

Race/EthnicityProfile Oregon

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 2.1% 66.1% 20.8% 4.1% 1.3% 5.5% 0.2% 100% Entries 1.1% 59.5% 12.5% 0.6% 1.3% 17.3% 7.7% 100% Incare 0.8% 58.4% 11.1% 0.6% 1.0% 23.2% 4.9% 100% Exits 0.7% 57.9% 13.2% 0.3% 1.0% 21.6% 5.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.1 1.1 Incare 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.8 Exits 0.3 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

49

Race/EthnicityProfile Pennsylvania

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 13.0% 71.0% 9.3% 2.9% 0.1% 3.3% 0.3% 100% Entries 42.4% 41.4% 9.3% 0.7% 0.1% 4.0% 2.1% 100% Incare 45.9% 38.6% 8.5% 0.5% 0.1% 4.0% 2.4% 100% Exits 42.1% 42.8% 9.2% 0.6% 0.2% 2.9% 2.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.3 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.8 Incare 3.5 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.9 Exits 3.2 0.6 1.0 0.2 1.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

50

Race/EthnicityProfile RhodeIsland

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 6.4% 63.8% 20.5% 3.0% 0.5% 4.7% 1.1% 100% Entries 15.7% 45.1% 22.9% 1.2% 1.4% 10.6% 3.2% 100% Incare 16.1% 47.0% 20.9% 1.4% 0.8% 11.2% 2.4% 100% Exits 14.9% 46.7% 21.3% 2.5% 1.4% 11.2% 2.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.5 0.7 1.1 0.4 3.0 Incare 2.5 0.7 1.0 0.5 1.7 Exits 2.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 2.8

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

51

Race/EthnicityProfile SouthCarolina

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 32.1% 55.3% 7.5% 1.3% 0.4% 3.1% 0.3% 100% Entries 39.1% 45.8% 5.9% 0.2% 0.2% 6.7% 2.2% 100% Incare 42.4% 44.8% 4.6% 0.1% 0.2% 7.2% 0.8% 100% Exits 41.9% 45.2% 4.5% 0.2% 0.1% 6.8% 1.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.5 Incare 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.4 Exits 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.3

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

52

Race/EthnicityProfile SouthDakota

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.8% 75.2% 4.5% 1.0% 13.4% 4.0% 0.1% 100% Entries 5.3% 30.6% 2.7% 0.5% 49.0% 11.5% 0.2% 100% Incare 2.4% 30.1% 2.2% 0.5% 52.5% 12.4% 0.0% 100% Exits 5.7% 30.2% 3.0% 0.4% 49.0% 11.4% 0.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 3.7 Incare 1.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 3.9 Exits 3.2 0.4 0.7 0.4 3.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

53

Race/EthnicityProfile Tennessee

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 20.0% 67.7% 7.2% 1.6% 0.2% 3.0% 0.2% 100% Entries 28.1% 60.9% 4.5% 0.4% 0.1% 0.6% 5.4% 100% Incare 26.7% 63.5% 4.7% 0.3% 0.3% 0.4% 4.3% 100% Exits 31.0% 58.4% 5.0% 0.3% 0.2% 1.8% 3.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.5 Incare 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.2 1.1 Exits 1.6 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

54

Race/EthnicityProfile Texas

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 11.8% 33.8% 48.3% 3.4% 0.3% 2.1% 0.2% 100% Entries 21.6% 32.0% 37.1% 0.5% 0.1% 6.9% 1.8% 100% Incare 24.2% 29.6% 37.6% 0.3% 0.2% 6.9% 1.2% 100% Exits 22.7% 30.2% 38.5% 0.4% 0.1% 6.8% 1.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.8 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.4 Incare 2.0 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.6 Exits 1.9 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

55

Race/EthnicityProfile Utah

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.1% 75.6% 16.5% 2.5% 1.0% 3.2% 0.2% 100% Entries 4.5% 62.7% 25.2% 1.2% 2.2% 3.9% 0.2% 100% Incare 5.2% 63.0% 22.4% 1.3% 3.5% 4.4% 0.2% 100% Exits 4.3% 63.9% 23.8% 1.1% 2.7% 4.2% 0.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 4.1 0.8 1.5 0.5 2.3 Incare 4.7 0.8 1.4 0.5 3.5 Exits 3.9 0.8 1.4 0.4 2.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

56

Race/EthnicityProfile Vermont

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.6% 91.0% 2.2% 1.6% 0.3% 3.1% 0.1% 100% Entries 2.5% 94.1% 1.6% 0.4% 0.0% 0.2% 1.3% 100% Incare 2.3% 95.5% 1.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.9% 100% Exits 2.1% 94.9% 1.2% 0.5% 0.0% 0.0% 1.2% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.6 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 Incare 1.4 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 Exits 1.3 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

57

Race/EthnicityProfile Virginia

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 21.0% 56.8% 11.1% 5.6% 0.2% 4.9% 0.4% 100% Entries 31.3% 52.2% 8.0% 0.7% 0.0% 7.1% 0.6% 100% Incare 35.8% 47.0% 7.9% 0.6% 0.0% 8.0% 0.8% 100% Exits 34.2% 49.6% 7.0% 0.6% 0.0% 7.9% 0.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.0 Incare 1.7 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.0 Exits 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

58

Race/EthnicityProfile Washington

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 3.9% 60.7% 18.9% 7.2% 1.5% 7.4% 0.3% 100% Entries 8.8% 54.4% 13.8% 2.3% 6.3% 13.0% 1.3% 100% Incare 8.9% 51.6% 12.8% 1.5% 8.5% 16.0% 0.7% 100% Exits 9.8% 54.7% 12.8% 1.9% 5.7% 13.8% 1.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.3 0.9 0.7 0.3 4.1 Incare 2.3 0.8 0.7 0.2 5.6 Exits 2.5 0.9 0.7 0.3 3.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

59

Race/EthnicityProfile WestVirginia

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Hispanic/Latino

Exits Incare

White

Entries

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 3.6% 90.2% 1.9% 0.7% 0.2% 3.3% 0.2% 100% Entries 4.9% 85.7% 1.2% 0.0% 0.0% 6.8% 1.4% 100% Incare 5.3% 84.6% 1.3% 0.1% 0.0% 7.9% 0.8% 100% Exits 4.7% 86.6% 1.3% 0.1% 0.0% 6.6% 0.7% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 Incare 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.0 Exits 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

60

Race/EthnicityProfile Wisconsin

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 8.7% 73.5% 10.2% 3.1% 1.1% 3.3% 0.1% 100% Entries 27.1% 50.3% 9.1% 1.3% 4.7% 4.9% 2.5% 100% Incare 35.6% 44.1% 8.3% 0.6% 4.1% 5.5% 1.7% 100% Exits 29.2% 49.0% 8.8% 1.6% 4.7% 5.3% 1.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.1 0.7 0.9 0.4 4.5 Incare 4.1 0.6 0.8 0.2 3.9 Exits 3.4 0.7 0.9 0.5 4.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

61

Race/EthnicityProfile Wyoming

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 0.8% 79.3% 13.4% 0.7% 3.0% 2.8% 0.1% 100% Entries 2.7% 75.8% 11.5% 0.5% 1.8% 0.8% 6.9% 100% Incare 4.3% 74.1% 11.5% 0.1% 2.5% 1.6% 5.8% 100% Exits 3.6% 77.2% 9.7% 0.5% 1.5% 1.7% 5.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.4 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 Incare 5.3 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.9 Exits 4.5 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation. Anindexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

62

Model Court Data

63

Race/EthnicityProfile BaltimoreCity,MD

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 74.0% 16.2% 5.2% 1.2% 0.3% 3.0% 0.2% 100% Entries 77.5% 16.0% 0.7% 0.1% 0.0% 3.5% 2.1% 100% Incare 85.1% 10.2% 0.6% 0.1% 0.0% 2.7% 1.2% 100% Exits 83.8% 11.9% 0.6% 0.0% 0.1% 2.4% 1.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 Incare 1.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 Exits 1.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

64

Race/EthnicityProfile ClarkCounty,NV

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 10.7% 33.5% 42.1% 7.1% 0.4% 5.9% 0.3% 100% Entries 27.9% 33.4% 26.6% 1.9% 0.0% 10.1% 0.1% 100% Incare 30.2% 32.2% 25.0% 1.7% 0.3% 10.5% 0.1% 100% Exits 31.4% 33.5% 23.0% 3.1% 0.4% 8.5% 0.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.6 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 Incare 2.8 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.9 Exits 2.9 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

65

Race/EthnicityProfile CookCounty,IL

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 27.8% 30.2% 34.3% 5.0% 0.1% 2.4% 0.2% 100% Entries 69.6% 17.5% 7.0% 0.6% 0.0% 0.4% 5.0% 100% Incare 78.9% 11.1% 4.8% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 4.5% 100% Exits 76.3% 12.5% 5.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.6% 5.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.5 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.0 Incare 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.5 Exits 2.7 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

66

Race/EthnicityProfile DistrictofColumbia

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 65.3% 17.4% 11.9% 1.6% 0.2% 3.2% 0.4% 100% Entries 76.4% 0.4% 1.5% 0.1% 0.1% 6.7% 14.8% 100% Incare 87.8% 0.4% 2.1% 0.1% 0.0% 5.6% 3.9% 100% Exits 84.0% 0.8% 2.3% 0.1% 0.1% 5.2% 7.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.8 Incare 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 Exits 1.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

67

Race/EthnicityProfile EssexCounty,NJ

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 41.5% 27.3% 23.5% 4.1% 0.2% 2.6% 0.8% 100% Entries 69.7% 4.2% 12.0% 0.3% 0.2% 4.0% 9.7% 100% Incare 77.7% 3.1% 10.1% 0.2% 0.0% 2.9% 6.1% 100% Exits 77.5% 3.2% 10.4% 0.2% 0.0% 3.3% 5.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.7 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.8 Incare 1.9 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 Exits 1.9 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2000Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

68

Race/EthnicityProfile HamiltonCounty,OH

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 31.8% 57.8% 3.9% 1.8% 0.1% 0.5% 4.1% 100% Entries 49.1% 24.8% 0.9% 0.1% 0.0% 4.3% 20.8% 100% Incare 54.9% 28.4% 1.0% 0.1% 0.2% 5.5% 10.0% 100% Exits 58.8% 28.5% 1.3% 0.1% 0.1% 6.2% 5.0% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 Incare 1.7 0.5 0.3 0.0 1.4 Exits 1.8 0.5 0.3 0.1 1.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

69

Race/EthnicityProfile HonoluluCounty,HI

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% PacificIslander 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits 0.0 Black Asian Hispanic/Latino White Black White Asian PacificIslander

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian(d) PacificIslander(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.9% 11.9% 13.6% 29.6% 12.0% 30.6% 0.3% 100% Entries 3.5% 12.9% 1.1% 12.3% 15.5% 48.4% 6.3% 100% Incare 1.6% 6.9% 2.5% 12.8% 17.0% 56.7% 2.6% 100% Exits 2.2% 9.0% 0.9% 12.0% 28.4% 44.7% 2.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian(d) PacificIslander(e) 1.9 1.1 0.1 0.4 1.3 Incare 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.4 1.4 Exits 1.2 0.8 0.1 0.4 2.4

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof 1.0reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechild welfaresystemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)Childrenidentifiedbythechildwelfare systemasNativeAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

70

Race/EthnicityProfile JeffersonCounty,KY

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Series3 Hispanic/Latino Series2 Series1 White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 26.4% 59.4% 6.5% 2.6% 0.2% 4.5% 0.4% 100% Entries 38.8% 46.5% 5.2% 0.6% 0.2% 4.7% 4.0% 100% Incare 43.2% 43.8% 4.2% 0.1% 0.2% 6.5% 1.9% 100% Exits 46.6% 41.5% 4.4% 0.6% 0.3% 3.3% 3.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.5 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.9 Incare 1.6 0.7 0.7 0.0 1.4 Exits 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.2 1.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

71

Race/EthnicityProfile KingCounty,WA

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 7.6% 52.7% 14.3% 15.4% 0.7% 8.9% 0.4% 100% Entries 27.1% 32.7% 11.8% 6.1% 3.8% 17.9% 0.6% 100% Incare 27.0% 32.1% 9.8% 4.1% 5.0% 21.5% 0.5% 100% Exits 28.3% 32.2% 10.1% 4.7% 3.6% 20.1% 1.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 5.6 Incare 3.5 0.6 0.7 0.3 7.4 Exits 3.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 5.3

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

72

Race/EthnicityProfile LosAngelesCounty,CA

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 7.8% 17.0% 61.9% 9.7% 0.1% 3.0% 0.3% 100% Entries 24.7% 10.2% 58.1% 1.7% 0.2% 4.7% 0.3% 100% Incare 30.9% 9.5% 52.2% 1.5% 0.3% 5.6% 0.1% 100% Exits 26.1% 10.0% 57.6% 1.7% 0.1% 4.4% 0.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.2 0.6 0.9 0.2 1.5 Incare 3.9 0.6 0.8 0.2 1.9 Exits 3.3 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

73

Race/EthnicityProfile MarionCounty,IN

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 31.9% 46.0% 14.5% 1.9% 0.2% 4.9% 0.6% 100% Entries 45.5% 34.9% 8.7% 0.0% 0.1% 10.4% 0.5% 100% Incare 47.1% 37.4% 5.9% 0.1% 0.0% 9.0% 0.5% 100% Exits 48.3% 33.8% 7.7% 0.1% 0.1% 9.7% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.3 Incare 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 Exits 1.5 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.6

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

74

Race/EthnicityProfile MecklenbergCounty,NC

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 33.9% 40.3% 16.8% 4.6% 0.3% 3.5% 0.5% 100% Entries 67.6% 12.2% 7.8% 0.0% 0.0% 10.5% 2.0% 100% Incare 69.8% 10.2% 5.2% 1.0% 0.0% 12.1% 1.6% 100% Exits 70.4% 12.5% 1.2% 0.5% 0.2% 13.6% 1.6% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.0 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 Incare 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 Exits 2.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.9

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

75

Race/EthnicityProfile MiamiDade,FL

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 21.6% 15.5% 60.3% 1.2% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 100% Entries 56.7% 5.2% 33.1% 0.3% 0.0% 4.3% 0.3% 100% Incare 59.4% 5.6% 30.9% 0.1% 0.0% 3.9% 0.1% 100% Exits 57.4% 7.2% 30.7% 0.2% 0.0% 4.3% 0.3% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.6 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 Incare 2.8 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.0 Exits 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflectsno disproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexoflessthan 1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

76

Race/EthnicityProfile MultnomahCounty,OR

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 7.4% 56.3% 20.1% 7.7% 0.7% 7.6% 0.3% 100% Entries 4.0% 37.9% 12.8% 1.6% 0.2% 37.0% 6.4% 100% Incare 2.4% 37.9% 8.7% 1.0% 0.6% 46.2% 3.2% 100% Exits 1.8% 41.3% 10.4% 0.6% 0.1% 42.8% 2.8% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.3 Incare 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.8 Exits 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.2

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflects nodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexofless than1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

77

Race/EthnicityProfile NewYork,NY

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Hispanic/Latino

Exits Incare Entries

White

Black

0.0

2.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 16.3% 33.1% 37.7% 8.3% 0.2% 3.8% 0.6% 100% Entries 50.2% 3.8% 28.6% 1.1% 0.1% 3.1% 13.1% 100% Incare 55.5% 3.7% 27.0% 0.7% 0.1% 2.5% 10.5% 100% Exits 51.3% 4.0% 28.5% 0.7% 0.1% 3.6% 11.9% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.7 Incare 3.4 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.6 Exits 3.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.5

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

78

Race/EthnicityProfile PimaCounty,AZ

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 3.4% 36.1% 51.6% 2.2% 3.2% 3.4% 0.2% 100% Entries 5.7% 40.7% 38.1% 0.2% 2.5% 8.5% 4.4% 100% Incare 6.7% 37.9% 40.6% 0.0% 3.3% 8.8% 2.8% 100% Exits 6.3% 37.6% 41.5% 0.5% 3.5% 9.2% 1.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 1.7 1.1 0.7 0.1 0.8 Incare 2.0 1.0 0.8 0.0 1.0 Exits 1.9 1.0 0.8 0.2 1.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

79

Race/EthnicityProfile PolkCounty,IA

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 8.1% 70.9% 12.4% 3.9% 0.2% 0.3% 4.2% 100% Entries 18.0% 49.7% 8.2% 3.3% 0.2% 6.7% 13.9% 100% Incare 21.5% 47.4% 8.5% 2.0% 0.1% 6.2% 14.3% 100% Exits 16.8% 49.8% 10.8% 3.3% 0.0% 6.8% 12.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 Incare 2.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 Exits 2.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

80

Race/EthnicityProfile SaltLakeCounty,UT

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.8% 66.1% 22.9% 4.6% 0.6% 3.7% 0.3% 100% Entries 7.1% 54.0% 31.0% 2.4% 0.9% 4.7% 0.0% 100% Incare 7.4% 56.6% 27.9% 1.8% 1.4% 4.8% 0.1% 100% Exits 6.5% 57.5% 29.3% 1.4% 1.3% 3.8% 0.1% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.9 0.8 1.4 0.5 1.4 Incare 4.1 0.9 1.2 0.4 2.2 Exits 3.6 0.9 1.3 0.3 2.1

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

81

Race/EthnicityProfile SantaClaraCounty,CA

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 2.0% 24.4% 36.6% 30.3% 0.2% 6.2% 0.3% 100% Entries 7.7% 14.8% 58.4% 5.4% 0.3% 13.0% 0.4% 100% Incare 8.1% 15.3% 59.0% 3.7% 0.2% 13.5% 0.2% 100% Exits 8.5% 15.8% 56.0% 5.9% 0.2% 13.2% 0.4% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.8 0.6 1.6 0.2 1.3 Incare 4.0 0.6 1.6 0.1 0.8 Exits 4.2 0.6 1.5 0.2 1.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.An indexoflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

82

Race/EthnicityProfile TravisCounty,TX

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits American Indian/AlaskaNative Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Hispanic/Latino

Exits Incare Entries

White

Black

0.0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 8.9% 35.8% 46.8% 5.1% 0.2% 2.9% 0.3% 100% Entries 29.4% 18.8% 42.4% 0.2% 0.0% 7.7% 1.5% 100% Incare 32.5% 17.1% 41.5% 0.1% 0.0% 7.8% 1.1% 100% Exits 27.1% 20.4% 43.3% 0.2% 0.0% 8.5% 0.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 3.3 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 Incare 3.6 0.5 0.9 0.0 0.0 Exits 3.0 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.0

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfare systemathigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0 reflectsnodisproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindex oflessthan1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

83

Race/EthnicityProfile WashoeCounty,NV

Race/EthnicityofChildreninOutofHomeCare,2010
100% 90% 80% 70% AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Inpopulation Entries Incare Exits Asian/PacificIslander Hispanic/Latino White Black

RacialDisproportionalityIndex,2010

AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative

Asian/PacificIslander

Exits Hispanic/Latino Incare Entries White

Black

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Race/ethnicitybreakdowns AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) Morethanonerace Missing Total Population 1.7% 36.8% 25.9% 31.0% 1.1% 3.5% 0.2% 100% Entries 4.2% 53.5% 26.0% 2.4% 1.0% 12.5% 0.3% 100% Incare 6.7% 53.5% 24.2% 0.9% 1.2% 13.4% 0.1% 100% Exits 4.1% 54.9% 27.3% 1.8% 0.8% 10.6% 0.5% 100%

RacialDisproportionalityIndex Entries AfricanAmerican/Black(a) Caucasian/White(b) Hispanic/Latino(c) Asian/PacificIslander(d) AmericanIndian/AlaskaNative(e) 2.5 1.5 1.0 0.1 0.9 Incare 4.0 1.5 0.9 0.0 1.1 Exits 2.5 1.5 1.1 0.1 0.7

Disproportionaltiyisthelevelatwhichgroupsofchildrenarepresentinthechildwelfaresystem athigherorlowerpercentagesorratesthaninthegeneralpopulation.Anindexof1.0reflectsno disproportionality.Anindexofgreaterthan1.0reflectsoverrepresentation.Anindexoflessthan 1.0reflectsunderrepresentation.

Source:OutofhomecaredatafromNationalDataArchiveonChildAbuseandNeglectData,2010.Generalpopulationdatafromthe2010Census. (a)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAfricanAmerican,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(b)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasWhite,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.(c)Childrenidentifiedbythtechildwelfare systemashavingHispanicorigins;notaracialcategory.(d)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasAsian,whichincludesHawaiianandPacificIslander,nonHispanicandwithonlyoneracecategory.(e)ChildrenidentifiedbythechildwelfaresystemasNative American,nonHispanic,andwithonlyoneracecategory.

84

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