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is to be cleared of trees, grass roots of trees etc. completely and leveled horizontally to enable easy marking of centre line of the building. Dimensions The excavation shall be done in accordance with the dimensions of trenches shown in the working drawings. Shorting The sides of the trenches should be vertical and the bottom of the trenches should be flat. In the case of loose soils the sides of the trenches should be shored with steel sheets. Fencing Suitable temporary fencing is to be provided around the sale of excavation to avoid any accidental fall into the trenches. Dumping the soil The excavated soil to be dumped and heaped at a minimum distance of 1.5 metre away from the trenches so that it does not slide again into the trenches Treatment of the bottom The bottom of the trench shall be watered and compacted by ramming before the foundation concrete is laid. Excessive excavations should not be adjusted by filling with loose excavated solid. Sand or plain concrete may be used for the adjustment of levels that too with compaction.

Detailed specification of random rubble masonry in foundation and basement Stone The stone shall be obtained form the approved quarries. It shall be sound, free from cracks and decay and shall have a specific gravity of not less than 2.5 Mortar Cement mortar 1:6 to be used Method of laying The stones are to be laid on broadest face which gives better opportunity to fill the spaces between stones by the mortar. The stones be laid layer by layer with sufficient mortar in between then for better binding. The outer face of the basement should be vertical and the joints are to be staggered. There shall be no gap, between the stone, unfilled by mortar. Curing The masonry should be kept in wet condition by sprinking water thrice daily for atleast 7 days after construction. Detailed specification for birch work in cement martor 1:5 using grade 5 bricks in upper structure. Brucks shall be table moulded. Well burnt in approved kiln. Copper coloured free from cracks and with sharp and square edge. Bricks shall be uniform in shaps and shall be of standard size and shall give clear rining around when strucks with each other. The characteristic compressive strength of brick shall not be less than 5 N/mm2 Bricks shall be well soaked in water for atleast 12 hours their use, preferably in a tank provided at site of work. The proportion of mortar shall be one part of cement to five parts of sand by volume and shall be prepared as per standard specification of cement mortar. The cement and sand shall confirm to the standard specification.

Broken bricks shall tobe used except as closers. All corners shall be truly to plumb mortar joints shall break for bonding and shall not exceed 100mm to thickness. Only skilled masons shall be employed on the work and the work shall be kept well watered for acleast 15 days. All brick work shall be carried out in such way that no portion is raised unduly above another. The length and height shall eb measured as on site. The thicknesss of wall shall be measured as one brick, one and a half bricks, two bricks and so on. The rate for brick work includes necessary scaffolding also. Detailed specification for plastering with cement mortar Materials Portland cement of initial setting time not less than 30 minutes and medium size clean sand free from organic matters and salts are to be used for making mortar. The water to be shall be cl Mixing mortar The sand and cement shall be first mixed dry in the required proportion thoroughly to get a uniform colour. The required amount of water shall be added slowly and gradunity and the mortar wet to the give a uniform paste. Application of mortar. The surface to be plastered shall be cleaned and wetted with water before the mortar is applied pastered surface shall be made level and flush with wooden straight edges and rebbed thoroughly with wooden floats to ensure smooth and even surface. Curing Plastered shall be kept wet by sprinking water for atleast 7 days.

Detailed specification for painting new wood work Paint Ready mixed point of approved quality and colour shall be used. Preparation of surface The surface to tbe painted shallbe rubbed down smooth with medium and fine sand papers and cleaned offany duaty Knots, cracks holes etc. shall be filled with putty, made of 2 parts of whiting 1 part of white leading mix I together in linseed oil, and leveled to the surface. A primer coat is applied to the surface with ready mixed wood primer of best quality. Application Painting shall be carried out of the driest season of the year oaint shall be applied with brushes, smoothly spread with out any visible brush mark. The second coat shall be applied when the first coat is perfectly dried. The paint shall be stirred often with stick as that it does not settle down. Detailed specification for form work and centering to R.C.C. roofing Strutting Props used for strutting shall be of casurina posts of 100 to 130 mm diameter. The props are to be vertical and rest on firm ground or on wooden sole plates of thickness not les than 40 mm. all props ahsll be provided with double wedges to facilitate tightening and loosening of shuttering. The horizontal spacing of props in both directions shall not exceed 750 mm. when the height of strutting exceeds 3.5m suitable horizontal bracings should be provided. Splicing of props shall be as per the approved drawings. The props shall be constantly watched, by a carpenter, during the process of concreting and immediate remedial measures are to be take if any of them get loosened. Form work The form work shall be of stiff and strong wood, easily workable with nails and light in weight the form work shall be true to shape and

size specified in the structural drawings and strong enough to withstand the forces caused by vibration of concrete and the incidental loads imposed on it during concereting. The unsupported length of the planks, particularly of the side plates shall not exceed 1.0m to avoid bucking. The levels of the form work are to be checked before placing the reinforcement bars in position Centering Well seasoned wooden planks or steel sheets are to be used for the shuttering work, the joints shall be water tight to avoid leakage of cement slurry during compaction. The surfaces of planks and sheets which would come into contact with concrete shall be cleaned well and coated with oil of approved quality to prevent adhesion of concrete. The complete centering work shall be assembled so that it can be removed. On completion of the specified period easily without causing any damage to the concrete surfaces and edges. Detailed specification for providing and fixing A.C. rain water pipes. The asbestos cement pipes shall be of 100mm internal diameter 2.0m length weighing 12kgeach and free from cracks, flaws etc. the wall thickness is to be uniform and the surface shall be smooth. Galvanished iron bat clamps are to be provided at 1.0m interval to fix the pipe with the wall in bertical position. The clamps are to be rigidly fixed to the wooden plugs by 75mm long serews. The spigot end of the upper pipe shall be centrally placed into the socket end of the lower pipe, with uniform gap around which shall be filled with spun yarn soaked in bitumen to one-third depth and with cement. Motar 1:2 to the remaining two-third depth, the top being finished smooth with 45 slope. The keeping them wet A.c. shoes are to be fitted at the bottom end of each pipe with a clear gap of 150 mm above the ground. Detailed specification for weathering course A weathering course of brick jelly concrete is to be laid over R.C. slab, when there is no storey over it to protect the slab against alternative shrinkage and expansion after 15 days of laying of the slab. A layer of 100 mm thick brick concrete ( 0.96 m3) broken brick of 20 mm gauge and 0.375 m3 slaked lime for every 1 m3 of weathering course) shall be laid

over the slab and well beaten to 75 mm thickness with wooden hand beaters. Necessary slope to drain the rain water shall be given in the weathering course itself the beating shall continue until the concrete is well consolidated and the breaker makers no impression and readily rebounds from the surface when struck on it the whole shall be contently wetted by sprinkling line water After 6 days or after the concrete laid has hardened one course of pressed tiles of size 200 mmx200mmx20mm shall be laid in oiled cement mortar 1:3 and rubbed smooth. Reinforced Cement concrete in CC1:2:4 Proportion of concrete : Proportion of cement concrete shall be 1 part of cement 2 parts of fine aggregate and 4 parts of course aggregate by volume. The cement shall be ordinary port land cement. Sand should be course and clean. The stone jelly be hard strong and well graded. Mixing : The Materials are in dry state and they turned atleast twice in dry state and twice in wet state. The concrete shall thoroughly mixed to get uniform colour. The reinforcement shall be checked in accordance with drawling before placing the concrete. Placing : The mixed concrete shall be placed in position after wetting the form work by cement slurry. Concrete shall be placed in layers not exceeding 200mm. the concrete shall be tamped with steel not or with vibrators. Curing : The concrete shall be kept wet for 20 days. The centering for beams shall be removed in 20 days Payments shall be made based on volume of concrete, weight of steel used and area of form work provided. Detailed Specification for colour washing Lime : the lime for colour washing shall be fat lime and shall conform IS 712 1973.

Preparation of surface : the Surface to be colour washed shall be cleaned and prepared. Preparation of colour wash : First white wash shall be prepared as per specification and requisite colouring matter shall be added. Colour wash : First one coat of white wash shall be given to the surface. After this one or two coats of colour wash shall be applied. Detailed specification for cement concrete flooring Bottom layer The base shallbe of cement concrete of 12:4 Mix 25mm thick. The coarse aggregate, 12mm size stone chipping, shall be hard, durable, strong and free from dust and organic matters. The fine aggregate, 5 mm size river shallbe also free fro, dirt, clay, mud etc. fresh Portland cement having initial setting time not sess then 30 minutes and of grade 33 shall be used. Potable water, free from harmful substances shall be used for mixing and curing (For method of mixing refer item nymber 11.) The Concrete mixed as mentioned above shall be spread over the well prepared base to a uniform thickness of 25mm, compacted and leveled using wooden floate. The top surface shall be roughened with 2mm deep lines at 100 mm intervals, with seratching sticks, to provide the required bond to the top layer. The bottom layer shall be owned for atleast 3 day before the top layer being laid over it. Top layer The top layer is of 1:3 cement mortar, 12 mm thick finished with a floating coat of neat cement. Fine sand, sifted through 5 mm size mesh and free from clay and dust shall be used. To have a red coloured finish, 3 kg of red oxide of approved quality may be mixed with 50 kg of cement and is used in preparing the mortar. The cement with red oxide is mixed with sand in the ratio 1:3 by volume in dry stat to obtain a uniform colour. Water is then added slowly, a paste of uniform consistency is prepared and laid over the base layer to a uniform thickness of 12mm. it is leveled and smoothened by wooden floats. In the process of finshing cement slurry mixed with enough red oxide in sprayed on top of cement mortar layer. The surface should be covered with a thin layer of water constanly from next day for atleast seven days for better curing.

DESIGN OF STAIRCASE

Effective span : C.c of supporting walls ( Horizontal distance) Left = 3+1+0.23 = 4.23m Load : Consider 1m width of flight slab. Imposed Load Weight of steps = 5 KN/m =

Assume the total thickness of waist slab as 4.25x45 = 190.35 ; say 190mm. Self weight of slab per m2 of inclined area = 1x0.23x25 = 5.75 KN/m2 Self weight of slab per meter of horizontal length. = Weight of finish : Weight of marble tiles, = 1x1x0.02x26.70 = 0.534 KN/m2

Weight of cement mortar =1x1x0.012x20.40 = 0.25 KN/m2 Total weight of finish Total Load Design Load (wu) = (0.534+0.25) = 0.80KN/m2 (w) = 5+1.5+6.43+0.8 = 13.73 KN/m = 13.73x1.5 = 20.60KN/m

Design Bending moment : Design B.M at mid span = Mu = 46.07KN/m Depth required: M15 grade concrete. Fe 415 grade steel

Effective depth = 190-15d reg < 170mm Hence (ok) Main reinforcement:Mu = 0.87 fy Ast 46.07x106 = 0.87x415 Ast A = 9.99, b = 61.378x103, c = 46.07x106 Ast = 875.29 mm2 Number of 10 mm bars required for 1 m wide flight = Provide 12 Nos 10 mm bars say 12 nos in each flight Distributors :Minimum Area of steel required =(0.12/100) Ast Min = 228 mm2 ]

Spacing of 8mm bars = =219.28mm Maximum permitted spacing i) 5d = 5x170 = 850mm ii) 450mm

Provide 8 mm bars of Distributors at 215mm C/c Check for shear: Design sheer force at support = S.F = = 43.569 KN

Nominal shear stress, v = = Minimum value of permissible shear stress v = 0.28N/mm2 Hence safe. Check for stiffness Percentage of Tension steel = Stress in steel, fs = 0.58xfyx Fs = 0.58x415x Fs = 224.65 N/mm2 Modification factor = 1.4 Effective depth required for stiffness = Hence ok Design of sunshade

Consider 1m length Assume a uniform thickness of 80mm Effective depth, d = 80 15- 3 = 62mm Imposed load = 0.75 KN/m2 = 1x0.6x0.75

Self weight of sunshade = 1x0.6x0.08x25 = 1.2KN Total Load Design Load (wu) Design Bending moment B.M = Eff span (1) Leff = Clear span + of the support = 0.6 + x0.23 = 0.725m (2) Leff = Clear span + of eff depth Effective span = 0.631m Bending moment: B.M = Eff depth required M15 concrete Fe 415 steel

Area of steal: Mu = 0.87 fy Ast 0.494x106 = 0.87x415xAst a = 9.99 b = -22.385x103 c = 0.49x106 Ast = 22.29 mm2 Ast min = 96 mm2 Minimum area of steel: Ast min = 0.12% gross area = Ast min = 96mm2 Spacing (Main Reinforcement) Using 8 mm bars S= Max permitted spacing (i) (ii) 3d = 3x62 = 186mm 300mm =

Provide 8 mm bars main reinforcement @ 185mm C/c Distributors: Minimum Area of steel = 96mm2 Using 6mm S=

Max permitted spacing: (i) 5d = 5x62 = 310mm (ii) 450mm Provide 6mm bars of Distributors @ 290mm C/c. Check for shear : Max sheer force at support wu = 2.48 KN Nominal shear stress c = (2480/(1000 x 62)

Yv<yc<yc max = 2.5 N/mm2 @ Hence the slab is safe against shear

Working stress:Ld =( s/4bd) Ts = Ts = 81.70N/mm2 Ld = Ld = 272.33 mm @ Say development length Ld = 275mm

Two way slab: Length to breath ratio:

Effective depth required Steel = Fe 415 grade Concrete = M20 grade B.V = 40x0.8 = 32 M.f. = 1.5 Clear cover = 15mm dreq= Total depth D = 80+15+ Say D = 100mm Effective span: Shorter span Lx= 3+0.080 = 3.08m Longer span Ly = 4+0.080 = 4.080m say d = 80mm

Loads: Weathering course = 1x1x0.075x18.8 = 1.41 KN/m2 Mortar Load Roof tiles Self weight Imposed Load Access not provided = 0.75 KN/m2 = 1x1x0.012x20 = 0.24 KN/m2 = 1x1x0.02x25 = 0.50 KN/m2 = 1x1x0.10x25 = 2.5 KN/m2

Total Imposed load = 0.75KN/m2 Total Load = 4.65+0.75 = 5.4 KN/m2 Design Load (wu) = 5.4x15 = 8.1KN/m2 =1.32 Positive moment at mid span: 1.3 1.4 0.1 0.049 0.053 0.004

x = 0.049 + y = 0.035 Negative moment at continues edge 1.3 1.4 0.1 0.065 0.071 0.006

x = 0.065 + y = 0.047 BM at shorter span(Positive moment at mid span) Mx = x wu lx2 = 0.049x8.1x3.082 = 3.76KN/m Bmat longer span My = y wu lx2 = 0.035x8.1x3.082 = 2.689KN/m BM at shorter span ( Negative moment at continues edge) My = y wu lx2 = 0.047x8.1x3.082 = 3.61KN/m Mx = x wu lx2 = 0.066x8.1x3.082 = 5.07KN/m Effective depth required: Dreg = ,

Hence (ok) Area of steel: Positive moment at mid span Mu = 0.87 fy Ast[ 3.76x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ a = 7.49, b =28.884x103, c = 3.76x106 Ast = 134.89 mm2 Ast Min = = 120mm2

My = 0.87 fy Ast[ 2.69x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ a = 7.49, b =-25.273x103, c = 2.69x106 Ast = 110 mm2 Ast = 120mm2 Negative moment at continuous edge: My = 0.87 fy Ast[ 5.07x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ a = 7.49, b =-28.88x103, c = 5.07x106 Ast = 184.34 mm2 My = 0.87 fy Ast[ 3.61x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ a = 7.49, b =-25.273x103, c = 3.6x106 Ast = 149.46 mm2 Spacing of 8mm dia bar ( positive moment at mid span) S= S= 370mm Max permitted spacing (i) (ii) 3d =3x80 = 240mm 300mm

Spacing ( Negative moment at continuous edge) S= S= 271mm Max permitted spacing (i) (ii) 3d =3x70 = 210mm 300mm

Adopt 8 mm bar @ 210 mm C/c Edge strip reinforcement: Ast min = 120mm2 Spacing using 8 mm bars = Maz permitted spacing = 5d = 5x80 = 400mm = 450mm Adopt 8 mm bars @400mm C/c Torsion Reinforcement: 0.2 lx = 0.2x3.08 =0.616m Reinforcement at mid span Ast x = 134.89 mm2 per m width Area of steel required per layer of torsion reinforcement = 3/4x83.09=62.32 mm2 No of rods 6mm = Corner having one condign edge:

2

Roof slab

Total depth D= 80+15+5 = 100mm Effective span:(1) Left C/c distance between support = 3+0.115+0.115 = 3.23m (2) Left = Clear span + eff. depth = 3+ 0.08 = 3.08m /Left 3.08m Lx = 3.08m Ly = 4.08m

Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 4.65 KN/m2 = 0.75 KN/m2 = 5.4 KN/m2

x = 0.839 + x = 0.039 y = 0.028 Negative moment at continuous edge:1.32 1.3 1.4 0.1 0.051 0.055 0.004

x = 0.051 + x = 0.052 y = 0.037 Bending moment:Positive moment at mid span Shorter span Mx = xwulx2 Mx = 0.039x8.1x3.082 Mx = 2.99 KN.m

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.028x8.1x3.082 My = 2.15KN.m Negative moment at continuous edge:Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.052x8.1x3.082 Mx = 3.99KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.037x8.1x3.082 My = 2.84KN.m Depth check:

Hence ok Area steel positive moment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 2.99x106 = 0.87x415 Ast[ a = 7.49 b = -28.881x102 c = 2.99x106 ]

Mu = 0.87 fyast[ 2.15x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 2.15x106 Ast = 87.33mm2 Negative Moment of continuous edge:Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 3.99x106 = 0.87x415 Ast * a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 + c = 3.99x106

Ast = 143.47mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.84x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a= 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 2.84x106

Spacing

Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing ,3d 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing, 3d 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c

Ast min = 120m2 (1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c Torsion reinforcement:0.2lx =0.2x3.08 = 0.616m Reinforcement at mid span Ast = 106.45 mm2 per m width Ast = 106.45x0.616 = 65.57mm2 of 0.616m width Corner edge discontinuous = x65.57 = 32.78 mm2 6mm bars Assume No of rods = 3 Nos 67

Floor slab

Length to breadth ratio:Depth required = Total depth D = 80+20 = 100mm Dreg = 80mm Effective span:(1) Left = 3+0.115+0.115 = 3.23 m (2) Left = 3+0.08 = 3.08 Lx = 3.08m Ly= 4.08m Loads:Design Load Wu = 10.23 KN/m

One short edge discontinuous. Positive moment of mid span:1.3 1.32 1.4 0.1 x = 0.039 + x = 0.039 y = 0.028 0.039 0.041 0.002

1.32

Positive moment at mid span Bm at shorter:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.039x10.83x3.082 Mx = 4.00 KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.028x10.83x3.082 My = 2.87KN.m Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 Mx = 0.051x10.83x3.082 Mx = 5.23KN.m

Longer span:-

Hence ok

Positive Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 4.00x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 28.884x103 c = 4x106

Ast = 143.85mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.87x106 = 0.87x415 Ast A = 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 2.87x106

Shorter span Mu = 0.87 fyAst 5.23x106 = 0.87x415 Ast[ a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 5.23x106

Ast = 190.47mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 3.80x106 = 0.87x415 Ast A = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 3.80x106 Ast = 157.73mm2 Ast min = Edge strip reinforcement:Astmin = 120m2 (1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c 67

Spacing

Positive moment at midspan Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c 7 67

Roof slab

Total depth D= 80+15+5 = 100mm dreg = 80mm Effective span:(1) Leff = 2+0.23 = 2.23m (2) Lelf = 2+0.08 = 2.08m Lx = 2.08m Ly = 4.08m Loads:Dead load = 4.65 KN/m2

Negative moment at continuous edge:1.96 1.75 2.00 0.25 x = 0.064+ x = 0.067 y = 0.037 Bending moment Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.051x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.79 KN.m 0.064 0.068 0.004

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.028x8.1x2.082 My = 0.98KN.m Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 Mx = 0.067x8.1x2.082 Mx = 2.35KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.037x8.1x2.082 My = 1.29KN.m Depth check:

Hence ok

Area of the steel Positive Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.79x106 = 0.87x415 Ast A = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.79x106 Ast = 63mm2 Longer span:-

Ast = 39.23mm2 Negative moment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 2.35x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 28.884x103 Ast = 89.67mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.29106 = 0.87x415 Ast A = 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 1.29x106 c = 2.35x106

Spacing Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars@ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars@ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c

Astmin =

120m2= 67

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c Torsion reinforcement 0.2lx =0.2x2.08 = 0.416m Reinforcement at mid span Ast = 63 mm2 per m width = 63x0.416 = 26.20mm2 for 0.416m width Corner having one discontinuous edge Ast = 50% steel required for corner Ast= x26.20 = 13.10mm2 Assume No of rods = 3 Nos

Floor slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Total depth D= 80+15+5 = 100mm dreg = 80mm Effective span:(1) Leff = 2+0.23 = 2.23m (2) Lelf = 2+0.08 = 2.08m Lx = 2.08m Ly = 4.08m

Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 3.22 KN/m2 = 4.00 KN/m2 = 7.22KN/m2

Negative moment at continuous edge:1.96 1.75 2.00 0.25 x = 0.064+ x = 0.067 y = 0.037 Bending moment Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.051x10.83x2.082 Mx = 2.39KN.m 0.064 0.068 0.004

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.028x10.83x2.082 My = 1.31KN.m Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.067x10.83x2.082 Mx = 3.14KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.037x10.83x2.082 My = 1.73KN.m Depth check :

Hence ok

Area of the steel Positive Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.39x106 = 0.87x415 Ast[ a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 2.39x106 Ast = 84.60mm2 Longer span:-

Mu = 0.87 fyAst

Ast = 52.66mm2 Negative moment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 3.14x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = - 28.884x103 c = 3.14x106 Ast = 111.96mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 1.73x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 1.73x106 Ast = 69.90mm2 Ast min = ]

Spacing

Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @210mm C/c

Astmin =

120m2 67

2

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars@ 400mm C/c Torsion reinforcement:0.2lx =0.2x3.08 = 0.416m Reinforcement at mid span:Ast = 84.60mm2 per m width Ast =84.60x0.416 = 35.19mm2 for 0.416m width Corner having one discontinuous edge:Ast = 50% steel required for corner Ast= x35.19 = 17.59mm2 Assume No of rods = 3 Nos

Roof slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Total depth D= 80+15+5 Effective span:(3) Leff = C/c distance between the support = 2+0.23 = 2.33m (4) Lelf = Clear span + effective depth = 2+0.08 = 2.08 Lx = 2.08m Ly = 2.08m Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 4.65 KN/m2 = 0.75 KN/m2 = 5.4 0KN/m2 = 100mm

x = 0.024 y = 0.024 Ve (-) moment and continues edge:x = 0.032 y = 0.032 Bending moment Positive moment at mid span:Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.024x8.1x2.082 Mx = 0.84 KNm Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.024x8.1x2.082 My = 0.84KNm Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.032x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.12KNm

Depth check:-

Hence ok Area of the steel Negative Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyxAst 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.12x106 Ast = 39.17mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 1.12x106

Ast = 44.91mm2 Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 0.84x106 = 0.87x415 Ast[ a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 0.84x106

Ast = 33.57mm2 Ast min = Positive moment at mid span Spacing Shorter span: (1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @240mm C/c Longer span:-

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Edge strip reinforcement:Astmin = 120m2 67

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c

Floor slab

Design Load

= 10.83KN/m

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Over all D= 80+15+5 = 100mm dreg = 80mm Effective span:1. Leff = 2+0.115+0.115 = 2.23m 2. Lelf = clear eff depth = 2+0.082+0.08 = 2.08m Lx = 2.08m Ly = 4.08m

Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 3.22 KN/m2 = 4.00 KN/m2 = 7.22KN/m2

Bending moment:-

Positive moment at ,mid span:x = 0.024 y = 0.024 Negative moment at continuous edge:x = 0.032 y = 0.032 Bending moment:Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.024x10.83x2.082 Mx = 1.12KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.024x10.83x2.082 My = 1.12KN.m

Positive Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.12x106

Ast = 39.17mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = - 25.2731x103 c = 1.12x106 Ast = 44.91mm2 Ast Min = 120mm2 Bending Moment:Negative moment of continuous edge:My = xwulx2 = 0.032x10.83x2.082 My = 1.49KN.m Depth check

Hence ok

Area of steel

Shorter span Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 1.49x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.49x106 Ast = 52.29mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.49x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x102 c = 1.49x106 Ast = 60.02mm2 Positive moment at mid span Spacing Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s=(2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c

Shorter span: (1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Edge strip reinforcement Astmin = 120m2 67

2

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c

Roof slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Total depth D= 80+15+5 = 100mm Effective span:(5) Leff = C/c distance between the support = 2+0.23 = 2.23m (6) Lelf = Clear span + effective depth = 2+0.08 = 2.08 Lx = 2.08m Ly = 3.08m Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 4.65 KN/m2 = 0.75 KN/m2 = 5.4 0KN/m2

Negative moment at continuous edge:1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.055+ x = 0.056 y = 0.037 Positive moment at mid span:1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.055+ x = 0.043 y = 0.028 Bending moment; Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.043x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.50 KN.m 0.041 0.044 0.003 0.055 0.057 0.002

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.028x8.1x2.082 My = 0.98KN.m Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.056x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.96KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.037x8.1x2.082 My = 1.29KN.m Depth check:

Hence ok

Area of the steel:PositiveMoment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyxAst[ 1.50x106 = 0.87x415 Ast[ a= 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.50x106

Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 0.98x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 0.98x106 Ast = 39.23mm2 Astmin = 0.12/100x1000x100 = 120mm2 Negative moment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.96x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.96x106 Ast = 69.09mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.29x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x102 c = 1.29x106 Ast = 51.84mm2 Ast min =

Spacing

Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c

Astmin =

120m2 67

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c Torsion reinforcement 0.2lx =0.2x3.08 = 0.416m Reinforcement at mid span Ast = 52.65 mm2 per m width = 52.65x0.416 = 21.90 mm2 for 0.419 width Corners having ones discontinuous edge Ast 50% area of steel required for corner Ast = x21.90 = 10.95 mm2 Assume No of rod = 3 Nos

Floor slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Over all D= 80+15+5 = 100mm dreg = 80mm Effective span:(3) Leff = 2+0.115+0.115 = 2.23m (4) Lelf = clear eff depth = 2+0.082+0.08 = 2.08m Lx = 2.08m Ly = 3.08m Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load Design Load Bending moment:= 3.22 KN/m2 = 4.00 KN/m2 = 7.22KN/m2 = (wu) =7.22x1.5 = 10.83 Kn/m2

1.48

x = 0.055+ x = 0.0566 y = 0.037 Positive moment at mid span:1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.041+ x = 0.043 y = 0.028 Bending moment Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.043x10.83x2.082 Mx = 2.015KN.m 0.041 0.044 0.002

Longer span:-

Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.056x10.83x2.082 Mx = 2.62KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.037x10.83x2.082 My = 1.73KN.m Depth check:

Hence ok

Positive Moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.01x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 2.01x106 Ast = 70.89mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 1.31x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 1.31x106 Ast = 52.65mm2 Ast Min = 120mm2 Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.62x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 2.62x106 Ast = 92.95mm2 ] ]

Longer span:-

Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.73x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a= 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 Ast = 69.90mm2 Ast min= 120mm2 Spacing Positive moment at mid span Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d , 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c c = 1.73x106

Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d , 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d , 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Edge strip reinforcement:Astmin = 120m2 67

2

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c Torsion reinforcement:0.2lx =0.2x3.08 = 0.416m

Ast = 70.89 mm2 per m width = 70.89x0.416 = 29.49 mm2 for 0.416 width No .of rod=29.49\28=1.5Nos Assume say 3 Nos.rod Corners having ones discontinuous edge Ast 50% area of steel required for corner Ast = x29.44 = 14.74 mm2 Assume No of rod = 3 rod

Roof slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Total depth D= 80+15+5 = 100mm Effective span:(1) Leff = C/c distance between the support = 2+0.23 = 2.23m (2) Lelf = Clear span + effective depth = 2+0.08 = 2.08 Lx = 2.08m Ly = 3.08m Loads:Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 4.65 KN/m2 = 0.75 KN/m2 = 5.4 0KN/m2

x = 0.039+ x = 0.041 y = 0.024 Negative moment at continuous edge:1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.051+ x = 0.053 y = 0.032 Bending moment Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.041x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.42 KN.m 0.051 0.053 0.002

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.024x8.1x2.082 My = 0.841KN.m Negative moment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.051x8.1x2.082 Mx = 1.84KN.m Longer span:My = xwulx2 = 0.032x8.1x2.082 My = 1.12KN.m Depth check:

Hence ok

Area of the steel:PositiveMoment of continuous edge Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyxAst[ 1.42x106 = 0.87x415 Ast ] ]

Mu = 0.87 fyAst 0.84x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 25.2731x103 c = 0.84x106 Ast = 33.61mm2 Negativemoment at mid span Shorter span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.84x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b =- 28.884x103 c = 1.84x106 ]

Ast = 64.80mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 1.12x106

Spacing Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s = (2) Max permitted spacing 3d 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars@ 210mm C/c

Astmin =

120m2 67

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/c

Floor slab

The slab designed as a two way continuous slab Depth required:say 80mm Over all D= 80+15+5 = 100mm dreg = 80mm Effective span:(1) Leff = 2+0.115+0.115 = 2.23m (2) Lelf = clear eff depth = 2+0.082+0.08 = 2.08m Lx = 2.08m Ly = 3.08m Loads:Mortar load = 1x1x0.012x20 Self weight of slab 1x1x0.10x25 Floor tiles (Marble) 1x1x0.018x26.7 Total Dead load Dead load Imposed Load Total Load = 0.24 KN/m2 = 2.50 KN/m2 = 0.48 KN/m2 = 3.22 KN/m2 = 3.22 KN/m2 = 4.00 KN/m2 = 7.22KN/m2

Positive moment at ,mid span:1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.039 + x = 0.0406 y = 0.024 Negative moment at continuous edge:x = 0.052 y= 0.032 1.48 1.4 1.5 0.1 x = 0.051+ x = 0.0526 Bending moment:Positive moment at midspan Shorter span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.040x10.83x2.082 Mx = 1.87KN.m 0.051 0.053 0.002 0.039 0.041 0.002

Longer span:-

My = xwulx2 = 0.024x10.83x2.082 My = 1.12KN.m Area of the steel:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 1.87x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a= 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 1.87x106

Ast = 65.86mm2 Longer span:Mu = 0.87 fyast 1.12x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x102 c = 1.12x106 Ast = 44.91mm2 Ast Min = 120mm2 Negative moment at mid span:Mx = xwulx2 = 0.052x10.83x2.082 Mx = 2.43KN.m

Longer span:-

Hence ok

Area steel:Mu = 0.87 fyAst 2.43x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -28.884x103 c = 2.43x106 Ast = 86.05mm2 Mu = 0.87 fyAst[ 1.49x106 = 0.87x415 Ast a = 7.49 b = -25.2731x103 c = 1.49x106

Spacing Shorter span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x80 = 240mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1) Scalping using 8 mm s= (2) Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3) 300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c Negative moment at continuous edge Shorter span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s= (2)Max permitted spacing 3d,3x80 = 240mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 240mm C/c Longer span:(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 3d, 3x70 = 210mm (3)300mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 210mm C/c

Astmin =

120m2 67

(1)Scalping using 8 mm s = (2)Max permitted spacing 5d, 5x80 = 400mm (3)450mm /Adopt 8mm bars @ 400mm C/cs

SYMBOLS

A b D d DL fck fy W Wu Lx Ly M S V Vu c st v # Cross sectional Area breadth of the beam Over all depth effective depth Dead load characteristic compressive strength characteristic yield strength Total load Design load Length of shorter side of slab Length of shorter side of slab Bending Moment Spacing of strips Shear force design shear force Permissible shear stress in concrete Permissible shear stress in steel in Tension Nominal shear stress Diameter of a Reinforcing bar.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick load = = = 230x450x25x1 7.22x3x0.77 3x0.115x19x1 = 2.587 KN/m = 16.68KN/m = 6.55KN/m

Total Load Design Load Eff Span:Leff = 4.3m Leff = 4.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Shear force:=

Hence ok Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 59.66x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =-148.03x103 c = 59.66x106

Ast = 446mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 29.82x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =-148.03x103 c = 29.83x106

Ast = 211mm2

/

Shear force:Vu =

v =

/mm2

y.age of tension steel at support c = c= ? 0.54 0.50 0.75 0.25 c = 0.48 + Yc = 0.49 N/mm2 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 83.25x103 ( 0.49x230x410) Vus = 37.04x103N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.48 0.56 0.08 04

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing:a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

2.

d = 450 30 Total Load = 25.82 KN/m Design load (wu) = 25.82x1.5 = 38.72 KN/m Effective Span:Leff = C/c distance between support = 2+0.3 = 2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 = 2.41 m /Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA= MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 17.06x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 17.06x106

Ast = 118mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.53x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.53x106

Ast = 58.37mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c = c = 0.35 N/mm2 C Max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

3.

d = 450 20 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick work Load Total Load Design Load Wu Effective Span:Leff = C/c distance between support =3+0.3 =3.3m Leff = 3+0.41 = 3.41 m /leff = 3.3m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

18.51x1.5

=27.76 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 25.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 25.19x106

Ast = 177mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 12.59x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 12.59x106

Ast = 86.7mm2

/

c = 0.35 N/mm2

c Max= 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 45.80x103 ( 0.35x230x410) Vus = 11.53x103 N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

4.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4+0.41 =4.41m Leff = 4.3 m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

230x450x25x1 7.22x1.5x0.77

24.04x1.5

= 36.06 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 55.56x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 55.56x106

Ast = 412mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 27.78x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 27.78x106

Ast = 196mm2

/

c= ?

0.48

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 77.53x103 ( 0.47x230x410) Vus = 33.21x103N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

5.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 7.22x1.5x0.84

24.78x1.5

= 37.17 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 16.38x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 16.38x106

Ast = 113mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.19x106

Ast = 56mm2

/

c= ?

0.17

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 42.74x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 15.39KN Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

6.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Leff = 2.3 m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

28.87x1.5

= 43.30 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 18.11x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 18.11x106

Ast = 118.68mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 9.55x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 9.55x106

Ast = 58.52mm2

/

c= ?

0.17

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 44.64x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 17.29KN Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

7.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Eff Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4+0.41 =4.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

19.96x1.5

= 29.96 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 46.16x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 46.16x106

Ast = 336.75mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 23.08x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 23.08x106

Ast = 161.67mm2

/

c= ?

0.36

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 64.42x103 ( 0.41x230x410) Vus = 25.76 KN Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

8.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= = =

26.52x1.5

= 39.75 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 17.53x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 17.53x106

Ast = 121mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.77x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.77x106

Ast = 60mm2

/

c= ?

0.17

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 45.75x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 18.40x103N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

ROOF BEAM

1.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x3x0.84

22.99x1.5

= 34.48 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 15.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 15.19x106

Ast = 105mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.59x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.59x106

Ast = 55mm2

/

c = 0.29

Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 39.65x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 12.30x103N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

2.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load (wu) 1.33 1.3 1.4 0.1 = 0.25x = 0.77 Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:= 0.25 0.20 0.05 16.37x1.5 = = = 0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x3x0.77 0.6x0.115x19x1 = 2.58 KN/m = 12.48KN/m = 1.31 KN/m =16.37KN/m = 24.55 KN/m

M20,

Fe 415,

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 37.83x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 37.83x106

Ast = 271mm2

/

At Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 18.92x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 18.92x106

Ast = 131mm2

/

Shear force:-

Vu = v = /mm2

y.age of tension steel at support c c = ? 0.43 0.25 0.50 0.25 = 0.36x c = 0.43 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 69.72x103 ( 0.43x230x410) Vus = 29.17N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.36 0.40 0.12

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.13mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

3.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= = =

16.37x1.5

= 17.16 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 26.45x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 26.45x106

Ast = 186mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 13.22x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 13.22x106

Ast = 91mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c c = 0.34 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 70.72x103 ( 0.34x230x410)

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 nos legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load 1.33 1.3 1.4 0.1 = 0.75x = 0.76 Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 3+0.3 =3.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =3+0.41 = 3.41 m Leff = 3.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:= 0.25 0.20 0.05 11.37x1.5 = = = 0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x1.5x0.76 0.6x0.23x19x1 = 2.58 KN/M = 6.19KN/m = 2.62 KN/m =11.39KN/m = 17.08 KN/m

M20,

Fe 415,

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 15.5x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 15.55x106

Ast = 107mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.75x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.75x106

Ast = 53mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c c = 0.29 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 28.18x103 (0.29x230x410) Vus = 833KN Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.2 =3.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =2+0.41 = 2.41 m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

12x1.5

= 18 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.94x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.94x106

Ast = 54mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 3.96x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.94x106

Ast = 27mm2

/

017

015

0.28

0.6 0.08

6.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =4+0.41 = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x2.5x0.50

9.33x1.5

= 13.99 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 24.54x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 24.54x106

Ast = 172mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 12.29x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 12.29x106

Ast = 89mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c c = 0.23 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 34.31x103 (0.23x230x410)

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing a) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm b) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

7.

d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =2+0.41 = 2.41 m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

12.73x1.5

= 19.09 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement

At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.41x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.41x106

Ast = 57mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 4.20x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 4.20x106

Ast = 28mm2

/

BEAM Beam Size = 230x450mm d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick load = = = 230x450x25x1 7.22x3x0.77 3x0.115x19x1 = 2.587 KN/m = 16.68KN/m = 6.55KN/m

Total Load Design Load Eff Span:Leff = 4.3m Leff = 4.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Shear force:=

Q =2.759

Hence ok Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 59.66x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =-148.03x103 c = 59.66x106

Ast = 446mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 29.82x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =-148.03x103 c = 29.83x106

Ast = 211mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c = c= ? 0.54 0.50 0.75 0.25 c = 0.48 + Yc = 0.49 N/mm2 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 83.25x103 ( 0.49x230x410) Vus = 37.04x103N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.48 0.56 0.08 04

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing:c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

2.

Beam Size = 230x450mm d = 450 30 Total Load = 25.82 KN/m Design load (wu) = 25.82x1.5 = 38.72 KN/m

Effective Span:Leff = C/c distance between support = 2+0.3 = 2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 = 2.41 m /Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA= MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 17.06x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 17.06x106

Ast = 118mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.53x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.53x106

Ast = 58.37mm2

/

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

3.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick work Load Total Load Design Load Wu Effective Span:Leff = C/c distance between support =3+0.3 =3.3m Leff = 3+0.41 = 3.41 m /leff = 3.3m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

18.51x1.5

=27.76 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 25.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 25.19x106

Ast = 177mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 12.59x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 12.59x106

Ast = 86.7mm2

/

c = 0.35 N/mm2 c Max= 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 45.80x103 ( 0.35x230x410) Vus = 11.53x103 N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

4.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4+0.41 =4.41m Leff = 4.3 m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

230x450x25x1 7.22x1.5x0.77

24.04x1.5

= 36.06 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 55.56x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 55.56x106

Ast = 412mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 27.78x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 27.78x106

Ast = 196mm2

/

c= ? 0.48 0.25 0.50 0.25 c = 0.36 + Yc = 0.47 N/mm2 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 77.53x103 ( 0.47x230x410) Vus = 33.21x103N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.36 0.48 0.12 23

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

5.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 7.22x1.5x0.84

24.78x1.5

= 37.17 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 16.38x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 16.38x106

Ast = 113mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.19x106

Ast = 56mm2

/

c= ? 0.17 0.15 0.25 0.10 c = 0.28 + Yc = 0.29 N/mm2 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 42.74x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 15.39KN Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.28 0.36 0.08 02

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

6.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Leff = 2.3 m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

28.87x1.5

= 43.30 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 18.11x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 18.11x106

Ast = 118.68mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 9.55x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 9.55x106

Ast = 58.52mm2

/

c= ? 0.17 0.15 0.25 0.10 c = 0.28 + Yc = 0.29 N/mm2 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 44.64x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 17.29KN Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.28 0.36 0.08 02

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing e) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.5mm f) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

7.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Eff Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4+0.41 =4.41m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Mid span:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

19.96x1.5

= 29.96 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 46.16x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 46.16x106

Ast = 336.75mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 23.08x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 23.08x106

Ast = 161.67mm2

/

c= ? 0.36 0.25 0.50 0.25 c = 0.36 + c = 0.41 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 64.42x103 ( 0.41x230x410) Vus = 25.76 KN Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.36 0.48 0.12 11

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

8.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab B.W Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB Support:MA = Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= = =

26.52x1.5

= 39.75 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 17.53x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 17.53x106

Ast = 121mm2

/

Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.77x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.77x106

Ast = 60mm2

/

c= ? 0.17 0.15 0.25 0.10 c = 0.28 + c = 0.29 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 45.75x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 18.40x103N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.28 0.36 0.12 02

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

ROOF BEAM 1. Beam Size = 230x450mm d = 450 30 Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 2+0.41 =2.41m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x3x0.84

22.99x1.5

= 34.48 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 15.19x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 15.19x106

Ast = 105mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.59x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.59x106

Ast = 55mm2

/

c = 0.29 Yc max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 39.65x103 ( 0.29x230x410) Vus = 12.30x103N Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

2.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load (wu) 1.33 1.3 1.4 0.1 = 0.25x = 0.77 Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = = 0.25 0.20 0.05 16.37x1.5 = = = 0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x3x0.77 0.6x0.115x19x1 = 2.58 KN/m = 12.48KN/m = 1.31 KN/m =16.37KN/m = 24.55 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 37.83x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 37.83x106

Ast = 271mm2

/

At Mid span:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 18.92x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 18.92x106

Ast = 131mm2

/

y.age of tension steel at support c c = ? 0.43 0.25 0.50 0.25 = 0.36x c = 0.43 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 69.72x103 ( 0.43x230x410) Vus = 29.17N Vertical stirrups:( ) 0.36 0.40 0.12

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307.13mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

3.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load (wu) Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415,

= = =

16.37x1.5

= 17.16 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 26.45x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 26.45x106

Ast = 186mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 13.22x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [ 410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 13.22x106

Ast = 91mm2

/

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 nos legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load 1.33 1.3 1.4 0.1 = 0.75x = 0.76 Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 3+0.3 =3.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =3+0.41 = 3.41 m Leff = 3.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = = 0.25 0.20 0.05 11.37x1.5 = = = 0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x1.5x0.76 0.6x0.23x19x1 = 2.58 KN/M = 6.19KN/m = 2.62 KN/m =11.39KN/m = 17.08 KN/m

Q =2.759

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 15.5x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 15.55x106

Ast = 107mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.75x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.75x106

Ast = 53mm2

/

v =

/mm2

y.age of tension steel at support c c = 0.29 c max = 2.8 N/mm2 Vus = vu c bd = 28.18x103 (0.29x230x410) Vus = 833KN Vertical stirrups:( )

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.2 =3.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =2+0.41 = 2.41 m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

12x1.5

= 18 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 7.94x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.94x106

Ast = 54mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 3.96x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 7.94x106

Ast = 27mm2

/

017

015

6.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 4+0.3 =4.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =4+0.41 = 4.41 m Leff = 4.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= =

0.23x0.45x25x1 5.4x2.5x0.50

9.33x1.5

= 13.99 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 24.54x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 24.54x106

Ast = 172mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 12.29x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 12.29x106

Ast = 89mm2

/

/

) Min = = 0.25

Provide

Sv = Max permitted spacing c) 0.75d = 0.75x410 = 307mm d) 300mm /Provide 8 mm 2 legged stirrups@ 300mm C/c

7.

Load consider 1m length:Self weight of beam Weight slab Brick Weight in Load Total Load Design Load Effective Span:Leff = c/c distance between support = 2+0.3 =2.3m Leff = Clear span + eff depth =2+0.41 = 2.41 m Leff = 2.3m Bending moment:MA- MB At Support:MA = At Middle:MC = Depth Required:M20, Fe 415, Q =2.759

= = =

12.73x1.5

= 19.09 KN/m

Hence ok

Tension reinforcement At Support:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 8.41x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 8.41x106

Ast = 57mm2

/

At Middle:Mu = 0.87 fyAst [ 4.20x106 = 0.87x415 Ast [410 = a =32.57 b =- 148.03x103 c = 4.20x106

Ast = 28mm2

/

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