Appendix F

This is a pre-test that will help me understand what you know coming into this course. Please answer all questions. This does not count toward your grade. Please don’t write on this test.
1. Which of the following represents the correct order from smallest to largest? The smallest should be listed first. A. An atom, a DNA molecule, a cell B. An atom, a cell, a DNA molecule C. A cell, an atom, a DNA molecule D. A cell, a DNA molecule, an atom 2. What is TRUE about cells? A. All living things are made up of many cells, and all cells are the same size and shape. B. All living things are made up of many cells, but not all cells are the same size and shape. C. All cells are the same size and shape, but not all living things are made up of many cells. D. Not all cells are the same size and shape, and not all living things are made up of many cells. 3. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. DNA is made up of proteins C. DNA is made up of amino acids

B. Proteins are made up of DNA D. Proteins are made up of amino acids

4. What does the information in genes provide instructions for? A. Assembling protein molecules B. Assembling chromosomes into DNA C. Rearranging DNA into protein molecules D. Rearranging DNA into traits 5. The DNA molecules in skin cells contain information about which of the following? A. Eye color and skin color B. Eye color, but not skin color C. Skin color, but not eye color D. Neither eye color nor skin color 6. Which of the following is TRUE about genes? A. Genes are traits. C. Genes are sequences of nucleotides.

B. Genes are proteins. D. Genes are sequences of amino acids.

7. A change commonly referred to as a mutation occurs to a DNA molecule in an organism's skin cell before the organism reproduces. When the organism reproduces, how many of its children will have the mutation? A. All of the organism's children will have the mutation. B. Some of the organism's children will have the mutation. C. None of the organism's children will have the mutation. D. It will depend on how much time passes between when the mutation occurs and when the organism has children. 8. A doctor tells a couple that they have a one in four chance of having a child with an inherited illness. Which of the following is true? A. If they have only three children, none will have the illness B. If their first child has the illness, the next three will not. C. Each of the couple’s children will have the same risk of suffering the illness. D. If the first three children are healthy, the fourth will have the illness. 9. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the carbon dioxide that is used by plants? A. It is combined with oxygen to make sugar molecules. B. It is absorbed through the roots of plants. C. It comes from the air. D. It is food for plants. 10. Where does the food that a plant needs come from? A. The food comes in from the soil through the plant’s roots. B. The food comes in from the air through the plant’s leaves. C. The plant makes its food from carbon dioxide and water. D. The plant makes its food from minerals and water. 11. Milk contains water, carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and fat. Is milk food for people? A. No, because liquids cannot be food, and milk is a liquid B. No, because for something to be food it must provide both energy and building materials, and milk does not provide energy C. Yes, because for something to be food it must provide energy, and the minerals in milk provide energy D. Yes, because food is a source of energy and building materials, and milk provides energy and building materials

Appendix F

12. According to the theory of natural selection, what would happen to a species of lizards when a new predator is introduced into the environment where the lizards live? A. The lizards that already have the physical traits needed to avoid the new predator would be more likely to survive and reproduce, and the ones that do not would be less likely to survive and reproduce. B. All of the lizards would try to develop new physical traits to avoid the new predator. C. Some of the lizards would try to develop new physical traits to avoid the new predator, and the other lizards would die. D. Because all lizards of the same species have the same physical traits, one lizard would not have an advantage over another lizard. They would either all survive or all die. 13. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the evolution of plants and animals? A. All plants and all animals share a common ancestor with each other. B. All plants share a common ancestor, but all animals do not share a common ancestor. C. All animals share a common ancestor, but all plants do not share a common ancestor. D. No plants share a common ancestor with each other, no animals share a common ancestor with each other, and no plants share a common ancestor with any animals. 14. How do antibiotics work? A. They kill viruses B. They kill bacteria C. They kill viruses and bacteria D. They kill something else 15. A student is interested in the behavior of fish. He has 4 fish bowls and 20 goldfish. He puts 8 fish in the first bowl, 6 fish in the second bowl, 4 fish in the third bowl and 2 fish in the fourth bowl. He places each fish bowl under light, he keeps the temperature at 75°F for all 4 bowls, and he observes the behavior of the fish.

What can the student find out from doing just this experiment? A. If the number of fish in the fish bowl affects the behavior of the fish. B. If the temperature of the fish bowl affects the behavior of the fish. C. If the temperature of the fish bowl and the amount of light affect the behavior of the fish. D. If the number of fish, the temperature, and the amount of light affect the behavior of the fish.

16. A farmer wants to find out which type of soil is best for growing his corn. He also wants to find out which type of fertilizer is best for growing his corn. He does the following experiment using two different types of soil and two different types of fertilizer:

What can the farmer conclude from this experiment? A. He can conclude that Soil B is the best soil for growing his corn. B. He can conclude that Fertilizer Y is the best fertilizer for growing his corn. C. He can conclude that Soil B is the best soil for growing his corn and that Fertilizer Y is the best fertilizer for growing his corn. D. It is NOT possible to conclude from this experiment which soil is best for growing his corn or which fertilizer is best for growing his corn.

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