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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain clearly, the fractional slot winding with all related calculations. (b) A part of an alternator winding consist of six coils in series, each coil having an EMF of 10 V RMS induced in it. The coils are placed in successive slots and between each slot and the next; there is an electrical phase displacement of 30o . Find the EMF of the six coils in series. [8+8] 2. (a) What are harmonics? Explain how harmonics are present in generated e.m.f of alternator? What are the eects of hormonics an generated emf? (b) A star connected 3- alternator has an induced EMF of 400 V between the lines. Due to presence of third harmonic component, the phase voltage is 244 V. Find the value of i. Find the value of third harmonic voltage. [10+6]

3. (a) Explain the Zero power factor method of nding voltage regulation of an alternator. (b) The no load excitation of an alternator required to give rated voltage is 1 pu. In a short circuit test with full current owing in the armature, the eld excitation was 0.75 pu. Determine the approximate excitation that will be required to give full load current at 0.866 PF lagging at the rated terminal voltage. [8+8] 4. A 4 kVA, 3-, 110 V, 50 Hz, star connected alternator has d = 3 & xq = 2 . The machine is delivering full load current at 0.8 pf lagging at rated voltage. Find the induced EMF, load angle, maximum power delivered. [16] 5. (a) A 3-, star connected, 440 V, synchronous motor takes a power input of 5472 W at rated voltage. Its synchronous reactance is 10 /ph and resistance is negligible. If its excitation voltage is adjusted equal to rated voltage of 400 V, compute the load angle, power factor and armature current. (b) Derive an expression for the synchronizing power developed by a synchronous motor. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the importance of power circles in determining the characteristics of a synchronous machine. (b) Explain the phenomenon of Hunting in synchronous machine? [8+8]

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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 1

7. The following test results were obtained in case of a 220 V single phase induction motor: Free running test: 220V, 5.8 A, 310 W Blocked rotor test: 120 V, 13.8 A, 530 W Stator winding resistance = 1.4 Determine the approximate equivalent circuit of motor. [16] 8. (a) Explain the torque-speed characteristics of reluctance motor. (b) Explain the dynamic characteristic of stepper motor. [8+8]

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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain clearly, the fractional slot winding with all related calculations. (b) A part of an alternator winding consist of six coils in series, each coil having an EMF of 10 V RMS induced in it. The coils are placed in successive slots and between each slot and the next; there is an electrical phase displacement [8+8] of 30o . Find the EMF of the six coils in series. 2. (a) Explain the factors aecting synchronous reactance of alternator. (b) The SC, OC & DC test data for a star connected 25 kVA, 240 V, 60 Hz, alternator are (between two terminals): VOC = 240 V, ISC = 60.2 A - - - - For same eld current VDC = 120.6 V, IDC = 50.4 A Determine: Synchronous reactance. [8+8] 3. A 3-, 1200 kVA, 2.2 kV, 50 Hz star connected alternator having an eective per phase resistance of 0.22 gave the following results: [16] Field Current (A) 8 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 OC Voltage VL 700 850 1250 1700 1950 2200 2430 2700 SC Current (A) 180 240 320 Find the voltage regulation by MMF method at (a) 0.8 pf lagging (b) 0.8 pf leading. 4. A 200 MVA, 11 kV, 3-, star connected alternator is operated at rated speed and voltage and at no load. A sudden 3- short circuit occurs at its terminals. The pu reactances are d = 1.3, d = 0.25 d = 0.15 (pu). The initial DC component is 60 % of the initial AC component of current. (Take Td = 1 Sec & Td = 0.05 Sec) Find: (a) AC component of current at the instant of short circuit. (b) Total current at the instant of short circuit. (c) AC component of current after 1 cycle (d) AC component of current after 2 sec. Td = 1 Sec & Td = 0.05 Sec. 5. (a) Explain the V-curves & inverted V curves of synchronous motor. 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark. [16]

Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 2

(b) A 75 kW, 400 V, 4 pole, star connected synchronous motor has an eective per phase armature resistance & reactance of 0.04 & 0.4 respectively. Compute the open circuit voltage/ph and mechanical power developed for full load at 0.8 pf leading. Assume an eciency of 92.5 %. [6+10] 6. (a) Explain the procedure to plot V curves & inverted V curves for a given synchronous machine with help of its circles diagrams. (b) A 2 pole, 50 Hz, 3- turbo alternator is excited to generate a bus-bar voltage of 11 kV on no load. The machine is star connected and the short circuit current for this excitation is 1000 A. Calculate the synchronizing power per degree of mechanical displacement of the rotor and the corresponding synchronizing torque. [8+8] 7. The constants of a quarter HP, 230 V, 50 Hz, 4 pole single phase IM are as follows: Stator resistance = 10.0 ; Stator reactance = 12.8 , Magnetising reactance = 258 , Rotor resistance referred to stator =11.65 , Rotor reactance referred to stator =12.8 The total load is such that the machine runs at 3% slip, when the voltage is at 210 V. The iron losses are 35.5 W at 210 V. If mechanical losses are 7 W; Calculate: (a) Input current (b) Power developed (c) Shaft power (d) Eciency. [44=16]

8. (a) Compare AC series motor & DC series motor. What are the operational diculties of each? (b) Explain the variable reluctance motor principle. [8+8]

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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What are the various terms related with windings? Explain each of them with their importance. (b) A star connected 3-, 6 pole synchronous generator has a stator with 90 slots & 8 conductors per slot. The rotor revolves at 1000 rpm. The ux per pole is 40 mWb. Calculate the EMF generated, if all the conductors in each phase are in series. Assume sinusoidal ux distribution & full pitched coil. [8+8] 2. (a) A 16 pole, 3- star connected alternator has 144 slots. The coils are short pitched by one slot. The ux per pole is = 100 sin + 30 sin 3 + 20 sin 5. Find the harmonics as percentage of phase voltage & line voltage. (b) Dene i. synchronous reactance ii. Synchronous impedance and iii. leakage reactance in an alternator.

[10+6]

3. A 3- , 440 V, 50 Hz, delta connected alternator has direct axis & quadrature axis reactance of 0.12 and 0.09 respectively. If the alternator supplies 900 A at 0.8 pf lagging, calculate the following: [8+8] (a) the excitation EMF, neglecting saliency (Xd = Xq ) (b) the excitation EMF, taking into account the saliency. Neglect armature resistance. 4. (a) Explain the two bright one dark & all dark method of synchronization of alternators. (b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000 200 & 2900 00 V. Their synchronous impedances are 2 + j20 /ph & 2.5 + j30 /ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8] 5. (a) An industrial load of 800 kW is supplied at 11 kV, the power factor being 0.71 lagging. A synchronous motor of 400 kVA is installed for an additional load and improve power factor. The synchronous motor load is 160 kW at eciency of 90 %. For synchronous motor operation at rated kVA, calculate total kVA & resultant power factor. (b) Obtain the condition for the maximum power developed by a synchronous motor. [8+8] 1 of 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.

Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 3

6. (a) Explain the procedure to plot V curves & inverted V curves for a given synchronous machine with help of its circles diagrams. (b) A 2 pole, 50 Hz, 3- turbo alternator is excited to generate a bus-bar voltage of 11 kV on no load. The machine is star connected and the short circuit current for this excitation is 1000 A. Calculate the synchronizing power per degree of mechanical displacement of the rotor and the corresponding synchronizing torque. [8+8] 7. (a) The following data pertains to a single phase Induction motor: No. of poles = 4, Supply voltage = 110, Rated output = 125 W, Slip = 6%, total full load copper losses = 25 W, Rotational losses = 25W. Calculate the full load eciency & the rotor copper loss caused by the backward eld. Neglect stator resistance. (b) Give the comparison between capacitor start-capacitor run single phase Induction motor & capacitor start-run motor single phase Induction motor. [8+8] 8. (a) Explain how the speed of Universal motor can be controlled. (b) Explain conductively compensated AC series motor & inductively compensated AC series motor. [8+8]

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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2009 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain the construction & working principle of 3- alternator. (b) One phase of a 3- alternator consist of twelve coils in series. Each coil has an RMS voltage of 10 V induced in it and coils are arranged in slots so that there is a successive phase displacement of 10o electrical between the EMFs in each coil and the next. Find the RMS value of the total phase voltage developed by the winding. If the alternator has six poles and is driven at 1000 rpm, calculate the frequency of the EMF generated. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain the factors aecting synchronous reactance of alternator. (b) The SC, OC & DC test data for a star connected 25 kVA, 240 V, 60 Hz, alternator are (between two terminals): VOC = 240 V, ISC = 60.2 A - - - - For same eld current VDC = 120.6 V, IDC = 50.4 A Determine: Synchronous reactance. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the assumptions made in calculation of voltage regulation of an alternatator by synchronous impedance method. (b) The following table gives the OCC & SCC of a 2 pole, 6.6kV, 50 Hz, 3- star connected alternator. The stator resistance between two terminals is 0.02 . Calculate the regulation at full load current of 350 A at 0.8 pf lagging (by synchronous impedance method) [6+10] If 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 EOL -kV 5.3 6.2 6.8 7.2 7.5 7.7 7.9 (where EOL is the line voltage at no load) 4. (a) Why parallel operation of alternators is necessary? What are the advantages of connecting alternators in parallel? (b) A 5 MVA, 10kV, 1500 RPM, 3-, 50 Hz alternator is opening on innite bus bar. Find synchronizing power per mechanical degree of angular displacement at: [8+8] i. No load ii. Full load at rated voltage & 0.8 power factor lagging. Also nd synchronizing torque for a 0.5o mechanical displacement in each case. s =20% 5. (a) Justify statement An over excited synchronous motor acts as synchronous condenser

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Code No: V3111/R07

Set No. 4

(b) A 600 V, 6 pole, 3-, star connected, synchronous motor has a resistance & reactance of 0.4 /ph & 7 /ph respectively. It takes a current of 15 A at UPF when operating with a certain eld current. With the eld current remains constant, the load torque is increased till the motor draws a current of 50 A. Find the gross torque developed and the new pf. [8+8] 6. Construct curves showing the relation between armature current v/s eld current & power factor v/s eld current for a star connected synchronous motor with a synchronous reactance of 8.25 /ph and negligible resistance. The machine takes a constant power input of 800 kW at 6.6 kV. The OC characteristic is as follows: [16] V (kV) If Amp 3 4 5 6 6.6 7 7.5 8 16 23 31 41 50 56 69 85

7. (a) Why single phase motors are not self starting? (b) Explain the necessary arrangements made to make single phase Induction motor self starting & with neat diagram explain the operations of same. [8+8] 8. (a) Derive torque equation of AC series motor. (b) Explain the operation of permanent magnet stepper motor. [8+8]

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