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DESCRIBING THINGS, PEOPLES AND EVENTS A.

Describing Things
1. We can use adjective to describe things related with its colour, shape, origin, measurement, material, amount, and quality. Here some kind of adjective: a. Adjectives of colors ( red, yellow, blue, orange, green, etc ) Example: I wear my red shirt b. Adjectives of quality ( soft, rough, beautiful, bad, hard, miserable ) Ex: this is a bad dress c. Adjectives of size ( big, small, medium, large, tiny, huge, little ) Ex: elephant is a big animal d. Adjectives of age ( old, young, middle-aged, aged, new ) Ex: this is an old stamp e. Adjectives of origin ( Indian, American, Indonesian, Arabic, Chinese ) Ex: I like Japanese food f. Adjectives of material ( wooden, leather, plastic,glass, silver, paper ) Ex: my brother makes a paper aeroplane g. Adjectives of shape ( square, round, rectangular, circular ) Ex: she has a square face

2. Sometimes there are two or more fact adjectives. We put the adjectives in the following orders:

determiner a/the/two

quality nice

size big

shape round

age old

color blue

origin french

material glass

purpose/type noun fruit bowl

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Ex: A big modern house ( 1-3-5-10 ) Wide blue eyes ( 3-6-10 ) A small black plastic bag ( 1-3-6-8-10 ) An old Russian song ( 1-5-7-10 ) 3. The expression below can be used when asking for descriptions of things. Expression What does it look like ? How big is it ? How much does it weigh ? What color is it ? What is it made out of ? Response It is big, with eight hairy arms It is 3 feet, by 4 feet, by 5c feet It weigh 75 pounds It is light yellow, brighter than a banana It is made of plastic and aluminium

B. Describing Peoples
1. Profession Profession is any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill. Profession is similar of job. 2. Contry and Nationality Here is the list of nationalities completed with their countries and language Country Nationality Official Language(s) Australia Australian English Britain British English Canada Canadian English or French China Chinese Mandarin Denmmark Danish Danish Egypt Egyptian Arabic England English English France French French Germany German German Italy Italian Italian Japan Japanese Japanese Spain Spanish Spanish Switzerland Swiss French,german,Italian The Netherland Dutch Dutch The UK British English The USA American English 3. Describing People a. how tall is she/he? She/he is about 160 cm tall b. how much does she/he weigh? She/he weighs about 100 pounds c. how old she/he? She/he is 17 years old d. what colour is her/his skin/eyes/hair?her eyes are black/brown/blue/green/grey e. what does she/he wear? He wears tight-fitting jeans and open-necked shirt.

C. Describing Events
1. Asking and telling times The expressions about the time are as follows: Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please ? What time is it ? It is half past It is quarter past 2. Days a. What day is it ? b. It is thuesday 3. Date, Month, Year a. What date is it ? b. It is Sunday, 14th of August 2012 It is 2nd Sunday of June 4. Preposition of Time a. We use at for times and certain expressions. Ex: at 8.00 At lunch time

b. We use on for days and date Ex: On Friday On Saturday On Monday c. We use in for longer periods such as months,years, and seasons. Ex: in April d. There is no preposition before last,next or this. Ex: Last weekend Next month This afternoon

THE WORLD IS ROUND A. Colours


Colours can make our life bright and interesting. Imagine how boring our life would be if there were no colours. We cannot enjoy the beauty of flowers,rainbow,butterflies,etc. Wherever we are, we will find colours: at home, at school,in the park, in the garden, etc. we will also find colours from the time we get up in the morning until the time we go to bed at night. So colours are very meaningful in our life, he are the colours :

BLUE

RED

WHITE

BLACK

GREEN

COLOURS
BROWN PINK

YELLOW

GREY

BLACK

Mention several things that use colours by filling the bubbles. Number one has been done for you
FLAG RED

GREEN

COLOURS

1. The circle is red. It is a red circle 2. The square is blue. It is a blue square 3. The triangle is yellow.It is a yellow triangle 4. The rectangle is green. It is a green rectangle 5. The parallelogram is orange. It is an orange parallelogram 6. The oval is white. It is a white oval 7. The cylinder is black. It is a black cylinder 8. The pentagon is grey. It is a grey pentagon 9. The hexagon is purple. It is a purple hexagon 10. The box is brown. It is a brown box

UNIT 3 A. NUMBERS
1. pas por ts

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3.

4.

5.

NUMBERS

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7.

8.

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10.

1.

CARDINAL NUMBERS Cardinal Numbers are used to : 1. Show prices 2. Show time 3. Show physical appearences such as weights, heights, ages, etc. 4. Show speed 5. Announce flight numbers Ex: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine,..

2.

ORDINAL NUMBERS Ordinal Number are used to : 1. Show dates, 2. Show ranks / positions. Ex: 1st, 2nd , 3rd , 4th , 5th , 6th ,..first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth,.

B. DAYS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday a. To day is Sunday, tomorrow will be b. To day is Friday, yesterday was.. c. Tomorrow will be Sunday, to day is.. d. Yesterday was Thursday. To day is

C. MONTH
1. January 2. February 3. March 4. April 5. May 6. June 7. July 8. August 9. September 10. October 11. November 12. December a. This month is January. Last month was.. b. September is after c. May is between ..and. d. Next month will be june. This month

D. DATE & YEARS


1. 2. 3. 4. July 31, 1963 March 16, 1992 May 20, 2004 November 13, 2012 a. July the thirty-first, nineteen sixty-three b. March the sixteenth, nineteen ninety-two c. May the twentieth, two thousand and four d. November the thirteenth, two thousand and twelve

1. 2.

Reading a large number 77,503,911 = seventy seven million,five hundred and three thousand,nine hundred and eleven. Fractions A half 2 Two and half A quarter Three quarters American English also three fourths 0,5 2,5 British English nought point five American zero point five Two point five

0,25 British nought point to five American zero point two five 0,75 Nought point seven five Zero point seven five

3.

Addition 45 + 76 = 121 Forty five added seventy six is equivalent to one hundred and twenty one (American) 45 + 76 = 121 Forty five plus seventy six is one hundred and twenty one (British)

4.

Subtraction 98 43 = 55 Ninety eight minus forty three is fifty five 98 43 = 55 Ninety eight reduced by forty three is equivalent to fifty five

5.

Multiplication 24 x 11 = 264 Twenty four times eleven is two hundred and sixty four 24 x 11 = 264 Twenty four multiplied by eleven is equivalent to two hundred and sixty four Division 150: 30 = 5 One hundred and fifty divided by thirty is equivalent to five

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E. Ways of expression the number 0


0 = nil In football and other sports, for scores of 0 ( American zero or nothing ) 0 = love In tennis 0 = zero In temperatures to refer to freezing point ( 0o celcius, 0o Fahrenheit ) Taxes and interest rates 0 = nought In mathematics (American zero) 0 = oh For telephone numbers 0 = oh or zero For flight numbers

A. EXPRESSING FEELING AND SYMPATHY 1. Expressing feeling


Is an expression to experience something physical or emotional: Ex: 1. How would you feel about moving to a different city ? 2. He is still feeling a bit weak after his operation 3. A: how are you feeling B: not too bad, but I have still got a slight headache.

2. Expressing sympathy
Is an expression of understanding and care for someone elses suffering. The expressions used are as follows: Sample phrases (from formal to informal) 1. A: I am / was deeply / truly sorry to hear about your grandmother. I understand what you are going trough right now. B: thank you very much. Im deeply moved/touched 2. X: I was sorry / shocked / upset to hear you didnt win the scholarship. I know how disappointed you must be. Y: I appreciate your sympathy/kidness. I hope III do better next year. 3. A: How shocking / auful to hear about your accident. Are you OK/ B: its very nice / kind of you to be so concerned but really, Im fine now. 4. X: too bad you didnt get the raise. I was hoping you would! Y: thanks for your support. Sometimes things dont go the way we want, do they.

B. Asking for & giving permission


Asking for permission Do you mind if I borrow your book? May I borrow your book? Could, I borrow your book? Please Excuse me, could I borrow this? I wonder if I could borrow your book. Giving permission (granting/acceptance/positi ve response) Of course Certainly Yes, why not By all means sure Refusing permission (denying/refusal/negative response) Im afraid you cant do that Id rather you wouldnt No, Im sorry you cant Sorry, you may not borrow it You, should not borrow it.

C. Expression Command & request


A command is a sentence that orders someone to do something. It ends with a period (.) or an exclamation mark (!) Ex: go to your room!b

D. Offering things & services E.