This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Guide to Plastering

First edition HB 161—2005.

HB 161—2005

This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

GPO Box 5420 Sydney NSW 2001 Administration Phone (02) 8206 6000 Fax (02) 8206 6001 Email mail@standards.com.au Customer Service Phone 1300 65 46 46 Fax 1300 65 49 49 Email sales@standards.com.au Internet www.standards.org.au

COPYRIGHT
© Standards Australia All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher. Published by Standards Australia GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia ISBN 0 7337 6704 4

HB 1612005 Guide to Plastering

PREFACE
This Handbook was prepared as a result of a decision of the Standards Australia Committee, BD-096, Plastering on Solid Backgrounds, to produce a general guide to plastering. Plastering is an art involving adjustment of the use of materials and the physical manner of application in order to achieve a durable, visually pleasing surface. It is difficult to define the performance required of the finished surface. Therefore, it has been published as a Handbook, rather than as a Standard, to enable the inclusion of "best practice" information and advice.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Particular thanks should go to the Chairman of the BD-096 Committee, Colin Stretton of the Builders’ Registration Board of Western Australia for his considerable effort in the drafting of this Handbook. The following organizations assisted with peer review and comment: Cement and Concrete Association of Australia Housing Industry Association Master Builders Association Master Plasterers' Association of W.A. National Lime Association of Australia Union of Employers West Australian Solid Plastering Association West Coast College of TAFE

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:
While this Handbook includes references to and extracts from various sources of technical information, which refer to frequently encountered situations, it does not contain all the requirements that may be of critical importance to their assessment. In addition, this technical information was considered to be current at the time of publication of this Handbook, at any subsequent time the information may have been amended or superseded.

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HB 1612005 Guide to Plastering

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HB 1612005 Guide to Plastering

CONTENTS
PAGE CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................. 1 CHAPTER 2 GENERAL PROCEDURES .................................................................. 2 2.1 DEFINITIONS ......................................................................................... 2 2.2 BASIC PROCEDURES........................................................................... 2 2.3 MATERIALS............................................................................................ 3
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CHAPTER 3 PREPARATION OF BACKGROUNDS ................................................ 6 3.1 SOLID BACKGROUNDS........................................................................ 6 3.2 METAL OR PVC LATH AND BEADING................................................. 7 CHAPTER 4 PLASTER SYSTEMS ........................................................................... 9 4.1 GENERAL............................................................................................... 9 4.2 CEMENT/LIME/SAND-BASED PLASTERS (INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL)............................................................................................ 9 4.3 BATCHING AND MIXING .................................................................... 11 4.4 APPLICATION OF PLASTER............................................................... 14 CHAPTER 5 GYPSUM INTERNAL FINISHING (SETTING) COATS ..................... 20 5.1 GYPSUM/LIME FINISH COAT APPLIED TO BASE COAT OF CEMENT-BASED PLASTER AND CONCRETE BACKGROUNDS .... 20 5.2 BOARD MIXING ................................................................................... 20 5.3 TUB MIXING ......................................................................................... 21 5.4 APPLICATION TO A BASE COAT OF A CEMENT-BASED PLASTER............................................................................................. 21 5.5 APPLICATION TO CONCRETE BACKGROUNDS ............................. 22 CHAPTER 6 CONDITIONS, PROTECTION, CURING AND DRYING ................... 23 6.1 CONDITIONS DURING APPLICATION AND CURING ....................... 23 6.2 CURING AND DRYING OF CEMENT PLASTER ................................ 23 6.3 BOND COATS ...................................................................................... 23 6.4 GYPSUM PLASTER ............................................................................. 24 CHAPTER 7 TABLES .............................................................................................. 25

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HB 1612005 Guide to Plastering

APPENDICES A B C D E F G
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INFORMATION ON MATERIALS......................................................... 31 PROBLEMS AND REMEDIES ASSOCIATED WITH PLASTERING... 41 CRACKING RELATING TO PLASTERING SYSTEMS ....................... 44 SOLUTIONS FOR GYPSUM PLASTER PROBLEMS ......................... 48 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ............................................................. 50 DEFINITIONS ....................................................................................... 54 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................................................................... 60

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HB 1612005 Guide to Plastering

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

This Handbook is intended as a Guide for qualified plasterers for the plastering of homes and commercial buildings on masonry backgrounds. It covers plastering to solid walls, ceilings and soffits and the use of lath as well as exterior cement-based plastering and interior plastering as follows: • • Exterior and interior plastering using cement, lime and sand plasters. Interior finishing using gypsum and lime plasters.

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This Handbook does not cover gypsum based plasters used as base coats.

No amount of theoretical knowledge can compensate for the failure to understand the overriding importance of the conditions under which on-site finishes are accomplished. Practical, workable instructions that allow contractor and applicator to utilise their knowledge and experience are more likely to be successful than those obtained with over-complicated and restrictive specifications, which may not be compatible with site conditions.

For craftsmen to produce good workmanship it is critical that they have the facts regarding the materials they work with. This is especially important with plastering because of the chemical nature of the various ingredients. The entire process has a chemical affinity and operates in obedience to chemical laws. The apprentice or inexperienced person cannot contemplate plastering as his/her livelihood unless he/she learns about materials and their interrelationships with each other.

Plaster is basically made up of three main items, “water”, “aggregate” and “cementitious materials or binders”. Combining them together in proportions best suited to all the purposes of the job at hand is called "mix design", which is just one of the numerous skills a plasterer accrues with experience. According to the unique aptitude of each operator, plastering adds up to being an art form, rather than a science. It is always the same only different.

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HB 161-2005, Guide to Plastering
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