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HB 203:2006

Environmental risk management


Principles and process

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

ISBN 0 7337 7214 5

HB

HB 203:2006

This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Handbook
Environmental risk management
Principles and process

Originated as HB 2032000.
Jointly revised and designated as HB 203:2004.
Third edition 2006.

COPYRIGHT
Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of the publisher.
Jointly published by Standards Australia, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards
New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020
ISBN 0 7337 7214 5

HB 203:2006

Preface

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This guide was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards


New Zealand Task Group on Environmental Risk Management,
operating under and with guidance from, Committee OB-007, Risk
Management. The principal editors and contributors to the 2000
edition were:
ERMA New Zealand

Mrs Janet Gough

Queensland Cement Limited

Mr Ted Anderson

CSIRO

Prof. Tom Beer

Sydney Water

Dr Gary Bickford

University of New South Wales

Prof. Jean Cross (Chair, OB-007)

University of New South Wales

A/Prof. Ronnie Harding

Australian Industry Group

Mr David Collins

University of Canterbury

Prof. Emeritus Roger Keey

TechSearch

Dr David Moy

BHP

Ms Michelle Zaunbrecher

Environment Australia

Dr Frank Ziolkowski

The contribution
acknowledged

of

the

following

individuals

is

Broadleaf Capital International

Dr Dale Cooper

Australian National University

Dr Stephen Dovers

Vic EPA

Dr Elizabeth Gibson

Corporate Interlink

Mr Tony Lamond

gratefully

The guide was revised for reissue in 2005 by Mrs Janet Gough,
Professor Jean Cross and Dr Dale Cooper.
This guide is intended to help individuals and organizations to
understand environmental risk management, and to implement
environmental risk management programs based on the generic
process set out in the Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard,
AS/NZS 4360:2004, Risk management.
Section 1 introduces fundamental concepts and principles of
environmental risk management, and outlines the environmental
issues and criteria that need to be considered during decision
making and in developing an environmental risk management
strategy.
Section 2 is based on the steps described in AS/NZS 4360:2004,
and elaborates on issues noted in Section 1 by detailing how the
principles and process can be applied in implementing environmental
risk management.
Section 3 comprises an illustrative case study.

ii

HB 203:2006

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A series of informative appendices further expands on particular


concepts. These include a glossary of terms and a bibliography for
further reading that includes Standards referred to in the text.

iii

HB 203:2006

Contents
Page
1

Introduction
1.1 Using the guide................................................................ 1
1.2 Risk management............................................................ 1
1.3 Environmental risk .......................................................... 4
1.4 Benefits of environmental risk management .................... 4
1.5 Special features of environmental risk management ....... 6

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1.6 Applying environmental risk management ....................... 6


1.7 Environmental risk management in the organization ....... 7
1.8 Terminology..................................................................... 9
2

The risk management process


2.1 General.......................................................................... 13
2.2 Communicate and consult ............................................. 15
2.3 Establish the context ..................................................... 20
2.4 Identify risks .................................................................. 26
2.5 Analyse risks ................................................................. 33
2.6 Evaluate risks ................................................................ 41
2.7 Treat risks...................................................................... 45
2.8 Monitor and review ........................................................ 50

Case study
3.1 Environmental risk management for a suburban crash
repair shop .................................................................... 53
3.2 Context .......................................................................... 53
3.3 Scope ............................................................................ 54
3.4 Communication and consultation................................... 54
3.5 Identification of environmental risks............................... 54
3.6 Risk analysis ................................................................. 55
3.7 Evaluation...................................................................... 57
3.8 Treatment ...................................................................... 57
3.9 Monitoring...................................................................... 58

iv

HB 203:2006

APPENDICES
A

Glossary ........................................................................ 59

Sustainability principles ................................................. 67

Links between environmental risk and environmental

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management systems.................................................... 73
D

Risk criteria: What is a tolerable risk?............................ 77

Sources of information for risk identification .................. 81

Examples....................................................................... 83

Methods used in risk analysis (from AS/NZS 3931)....... 87

Cost benefit analysis ..................................................... 89

Bibliography................................................................... 95

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HB 203:2006

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vi

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