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SAA/SNZ HB86.

1:1996

This is a free 4 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Handbook
A guide to the selection, care, calibration and checking of measuring instruments in industry Part 1: General principles

This is a free 4 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

A guide to the selection, care, calibration and checking of measuring instruments in industry Part 1: General principles

PUBLISHED JOINTLY BY: STANDARDS AUSTRALIA 1 The Crescent, Homebush NSW 2140 Australia STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND Level 10, Standards House, 155 The Terrace, Wellington 6001 New Zealand
ISBN 0 7337 0689 4

SAA/SNZ HB86.1:1996

PREFACE
The Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee QR/9 on Quality Management Measurement and Test Equipment has prepared this guidance document to assist organizations which require advice about setting up assurance programs for control of measuring equipment as part of quality systems certification; quality systems auditors who need to assess the compliance of organizations with the AS/NZS ISO 9000 clauses covering the control of inspection, testing and measuring equipment; and any other organization interested in setting up a measurement system.
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NO TE: ISO stands for the International Organization for Standardization.

This Handbook contains statements which reflect the experience of Committee members and the many measurement practitioners who have provided the Committee with advice. However the document is not prescriptive and users must interpret the suggestions in a manner appropriate to the particular quality systems or measurement systems which are being implemented in their organizations. At the present time, national laboratory accreditation organizations are: in Australia in New Zealand National Association of Testing Authorities, Australia (NATA) Testing Laboratory Registration Council of New Zealand (Telarc)

Reference is made in this Handbook to the policies, documents and information provided by these two organizations. Should additional organizations be approved to accredit laboratories, users of this Handbook may also need to reference these additional organizations policies, documents and information.

Copyright

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/ STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Australian requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. New Zealand requests should be directed to Standards New Zealand. Up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard may be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand. Inclusion of copyright material in computer software programs is also permitted without royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia or Standards New Zealand at any time.

SAA/SNZ HB86.1:1996

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 TERMINOLOGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 QUALITY AND TRACEABILITY OF MEASUREMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Physical and engineering measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Chemical and biological measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 MEASURING SYSTEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The method of measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The object or process being measured . . . . . . . . . The measuring instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .... .... . .. .. .. .. ... .. ......... ... .. ... ........... ....... ... .. .. . . . . . 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9

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5 PRINCIPLES FOR ESTABLISHING A SYSTEM TO CONTROL MEASURING INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Designing the system to control measuring instruments Management direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurement needs analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inventory control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technical support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. . ... ... ... .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. . . . . .. .. .. . . .. .. ..

... 9 . .. 9 . . . 10 . . . 14 . . . 15

6 SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 7 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 8 BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C APPENDIX D Glossary of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 The International, Australian and New Zealand metrology systems . 31 Examples of categories of calibration and checking . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Typical information provided in a calibration certificate . . . . . . . . . 36

First publi shed as SAA/SNZ HB86.1:1996.

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HB 86.1:1996, A guide to the selection, care, calibration and checking of measuring instruments in industry General principles

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